Iona girls lacrosse: 2022 Women’s Lacrosse Roster – Iona College Athletics
Iona College Women’s D1
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Fairfield University Athletics Women’s Lacrosse History vs Iona CollegeWomen’s Lacrosse History > Iona College
Women’s Lacrosse History vs Iona College from Apr 24, 2005 - Apr 18, 2021
Longest Win Streak
4/24/2005 – 4/18/2021
Longest Losing Streak
Last 10 Matchups
Smallest Margin of Victory
|April 18, 2021 4/18/2021||2021||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 16 - 12
|April 16, 2021 4/16/2021||2021||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 14 - 6
|April 17, 2019 4/17/2019||2019||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 17 - 12
|April 28, 2018 4/28/2018||2018||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 14 - 5
|April 18, 2018 4/18/2018||2018||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 12 - 9
|April 19, 2017 4/19/2017||2017||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 13 - 9
|April 6, 2016 4/6/2016||2016||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 9 - 7
|April 1, 2015 4/1/2015||2015||
Home Rafferty Stadium
W 13 - 6
|April 2, 2014 4/2/2014||2014||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 16 - 4
|April 10, 2013 4/10/2013||2013||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 15 - 8
|April 4, 2012 4/4/2012||2012||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 12 - 7
|April 29, 2011 4/29/2011||2011||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 10 - 8
|April 21, 2011 4/21/2011||2011||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 12 - 6
|April 16, 2010 4/16/2010||2010||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 18 - 11
|March 27, 2009 3/27/2009||2009||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 15 - 7
|April 25, 2008 4/25/2008||2008||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 11 - 8
|April 6, 2008 4/6/2008||2008||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 20 - 10
|March 30, 2007 3/30/2007||2007||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 18 - 6
|April 23, 2006 4/23/2006||2006||
Home Fairfield, Conn.
W 16 - 5
|April 24, 2005 4/24/2005||2005||
Away New Rochelle, N. Y.
W 14 - 13
|Apr 30, 2021||Fairfield, CT||Marist 11, Iona College 10||Box score|
|Apr 27, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Manhattan 12, Iona College 8||Box score|
|Apr 24, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Canisius 18, Iona College 8||Box score|
|Apr 21, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Manhattan 17, Iona College 10||Box score|
|Apr 18, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Fairfield 16, Iona College 12||Box score|
|Apr 16, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Fairfield 14, Iona College 6||Box score|
|Apr 13, 2021||New Rochelle, NY||Siena 19, Iona College 18||Box score|
|Mar 27, 2021||Niagara Univ. , NY||Iona College 16, Niagara 13||Box score|
|Mar 21, 2021||Hamden, CT||Quinnipiac 19, Iona College 15||Box score|
|Mar 19, 2021||Hamden, CT||Quinnipiac 15, Iona College 14||Box score|
|Mar 14, 2021||West Long Branch, NJ||Monmouth 15, Iona College 5||Box score|
|Mar 10, 2021||West Long Branch, NJ||Monmouth 15, Iona College 3||Box score|
Keene State Today: First Person Project
I grew up in Rochester, New York. When I was a little kid I started playing sports, and they became a really big part of my life. I played soccer, basketball, and lacrosse throughout high school. When it came to looking at colleges, I realized I really wanted to be able to pursue playing more than one sport. My lacrosse coach, who went to Plymouth State, told me about Keene State. She thought it would be a good fit for my personality, and that I would be able to play both soccer and lacrosse. When I visited, I fell in love with the school right off the bat. That Christmas, I got a Keene State hoodie in the mail – classic gray with red and black lettering.
I just loved soccer. I was the goalie, and loved the strategy behind the game and loved having the opportunity to direct the field. And in upstate New York, lacrosse is really established. It was starting to grow in other places as I was graduating from high school. The Keene State team was only a year or two old when I was a freshman. I thought, This is great – I can be a part of a really established soccer program with a lot of tradition and a history of success, and also play on an essentially new lacrosse team and go from the ground up.
Soccer was great as a freshman because the team came to campus a week or two before the other students, so you automatically become part of a family that supports you. That was really great. Our first tournament that year was at the University of Rochester. I saw all my high school teammates there, my family, my friends all came to the tournament. The coach, Denise Lyons, gave me the nod to start and I was given the chance to prove myself and make my family and friends proud. After that I didn’t look back. There was a really neat team dynamic. We were weird and kooky and had a lot of fun. We did a lot of team building. We all lived right next door to each other. We were always competing for Little East Conference championship. It was really special to uphold that tradition and try to improve on it. I know it’s still the same today.
Lacrosse was a different situation, because the team was so new and our talent was all over the place. We had people who had played for only one year. But we had some really, really dedicated players. And we had a ton of fun. We loved being around each other so we worked really hard. My junior year, we won the Eastern Collegiate Athletic Conference title, which was the first time Keene State’s lacrosse team won the championship. That year we started to change the culture and say, Hey we’re not just the new guys. Let’s be more competitive.
On the academic side of things, I’d always thought I’d get into outdoor education. I envisioned myself maybe moving out west and getting involved in Outward Bound or something like that. When I started to take geography classes, I thought, This is really neat because it brings in a lot of different information from all different avenues. It’s social science, which I really like. This is kind of cheesy, but I was flying down to Florida for spring break my freshman year. I remember looking out the window and thinking, Oh, that’s the meandering stream that I just learned about in Geography. I thought, I am kind of applying what I am learning, maybe for the first time ever.
I loved teaching and mentoring and leadership. At Keene I was a tutor at the Center for Writing for three years, and when I graduated the director offered me a position there. So I stuck around, and that’s when I started coaching, assisting in both sports. I had a really neat thing going on. I got to work with professors, work with students, and get my foot in the door with coaching.
After I’d been working at Keene State for a year, the former Plymouth State coach, who’d become a mentor for me, asked me to come to Pacific University in Oregon, where she was starting a lacrosse program. I said yes, I bought a used SUV, I got ready to move across the country, and then the athletic director at Keene State asked me to stay and take over the lacrosse program. I couldn’t say no. Coaching paid only a couple thousand dollars, so I got a job with the grounds crew. I ran the main plow truck on campus and took care of the athletic fields. It was really neat to be able to care for the field that my team played on, and I took a lot of pride in it. When I started coaching we started to recruit players and to bring in some talent, and Keene State became a place where people wanted to come to play lacrosse. After two seasons, I wanted to be able to devote 100 percent of my time to one job, so I started looking around and landed a full-time job as women’s head lacrosse coach at Iona College, a Division I school.
There is nothing like a team sport. When you have a good team, regardless of winning or losing, if you’re happy with the people you are around, you won’t fall out of love with the sport, even when it gets hard. Now I’m coaching at the Division I level, and a big part of my philosophy is that you want players to be happy and you want them to build to be themselves, but also to know that there are expectations. Wins come from providing great student athlete experiences. Wins also come from recruiting the talent. Talent wants to go where they can be themselves and feel like they fit in and can be a part of something special. That’s what was going on at Keene on the two teams I was on.
This is my eighth year at Iona, and just last year, I thought, OK, I think I know what I’m doing now. You don’t realize as a player or a young coach that most of a coach’s time isn’t spent on the field. Most of your time is on the computer dealing with budgets, dealing with fundraising, dealing with travel. I have two assistants and a volunteer and there’s staff development and dealing with academics and all of that. Now that I have that administrative piece down, I am able to just enjoy being on the field and being myself.
I really value an open door coaching policy. If people have ideas or feedback, I say, come on in. I have some players I talk lax with and that leads to talking about other things. We had a rough year in 2014, then bounced back big time last year and we’re on the upswing now. The relationship is making yourself available on and off the field for players, and not making them feel like they are just there to produce statistics. It’s really easy as a coach to be so worried about winning that you start to make decisions that are based on that. You have to go with your gut. As much as people tell you they want to be the top goal scorer, they also want to be cared about and feel like they can give more than that, have more to offer, and have a voice.
What else do I do? I coach a lot of lacrosse outside of Iona. I direct a club lacrosse program called Top Side Lacrosse, which I started about four years ago. We provide opportunities for players at all levels from youth to high school ages to grow their game throughout the year. Our elite team is the Snipers, which is a try-out team that travels to tournaments comprised of players from New York City and Westchester County. Every year we’ve added a team, and close to 200 kids participate in Snipers. Our first group of players is in high school now; most of them started with us as middle schoolers. My goal is that if these girls decide to play in college, that they be great teammates who love the game.
I am also involved with a number of youth programs in Westchester County. The lacrosse community is growing in the areas surrounding Iona, so we have a wonderful opportunity to give back to the game and grow our sport. Many of my Iona players, both current and grads, coach throughout the community and with Top Side. I really feel it gives them a chance to develop their game, but more importantly learn communication skills and grow as leaders.
When I’m not on the field? I love to bike whenever possible, road or mountain. I also run with the dogs. Coaching is a lifestyle, so making time for myself is really important – although I often find myself reading a coaching/leadership book or talking lax with coaching friends. I get to travel all over the country recruiting and working camps, and enjoy seeing new places. We head out to Palm Desert, California, during January to recruit, so it’s a good gig as it is absolutely gorgeous there and it’s easy to get out for a hike. I love traveling and look forward to more opportunities to travel overseas and along the West Coast.
Soccer and lacrosse? I love the sports differently. With soccer I loved playing goalie and I loved the game. Lacrosse just has a community that is unlike anything. It’s still pretty small, although it’s growing at a crazy rate. I love the way it brings people together. It provides good opportunities for young coaches. It’s a sport that people fall in love with once they start playing it. It takes a lot of running around with a stick, catching the ball. You have to be so athletic to play it. There’s so much strategy behind the game. You can run plays like basketball; you move the ball up and down the field like soccer. As a coach, you get to call plays in from the sidelines, which you can’t do to the same degree in soccer. The engagement is cool. Calling in a scoring play with 15 seconds left? That’s something I really enjoy.
Top Side Lacrosse: http://girls. topsidelacrosse.com/index.html
Iona College Athletics: http://www.icgaels.com/
Michelle Mason – Snipers Elite Lacrosse
Michelle Mason is the Varsity Head Coach at Rye High School. Mason left her longstanding tenure (2008-2019) as the Head Coach at Division I, Iona College to commit her entire passion and energy to Snipers Elite. She began the Snipers program under Top Side Lacrosse in February of 2012 to provide competitive lacrosse opportunities to players in Westchester County. In January of 2018, Mason officially took over ownership of the club with Catherine Conway, becoming Snipers Elite Lacrosse with an updated logo and color scheme. In addition to her positions at Iona and Snipers Elite, Mason assists with training local youth and middle school programs throughout Westchester County.
Mason entered her 9th season as head coach of the Iona College women’s lacrosse program during the 2017-18 campaign. She is the second-ever coach at Iona after being appointed to the position on Aug. 6, 2008. Mason came to New Rochelle from Keene State College in Keene, New Hampshire where she held the same position for two seasons.
After completing her fourth season in New Rochelle, Mason set a new single-season wins record, as the Gaels finished the 2012 season with a 9-7 record. The team picked up key victories over Big East member Cincinnati, Columbia, Long Island, and an exhilarating five-overtime win against Sacred Heart.
In 2016, Mason led Iona to its first-ever Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference Championship tournament birth, garnering a program tying nine wins in the regular season. Iona hit their stride late in the season, winning four straight MAAC conference games to help propel themselves to a playoff berth.
During her time at Iona, Mason has mentored 11 All-MAAC First Team members, 14 All-MAAC Second Team, and two MAAC All-Rookie Team selections including the 2013 MAAC Rookie of the Year Mary Kate McCormick, 2016 Co-Defensive Player of the Year Gabriella Di Domizio, and the 2012 MAAC Tri-Defensive Player of the Year Stephanie Sumcizk. Mason has also coached the Gaels to 13 MAAC Weekly honors including four MAAC Offensive Players of the Week, three Defensive Player of the Week, and six Rookies of the Week.
Prior to her tenure at Iona, Mason was head coach of her alma mater Keene State. Mason led the Owls to two consecutive winning seasons including a 13-8 mark in 2008. She was 21-14 in her two seasons, the highest winning percentage of the program’s five head coaches. In 2005, Mason served as an assistant coach before taking over the program.
As a player, Mason had no rivals as a record-breaking attacker for the Owls. A three-time All-LEC all-star, the Fairport, New York, native established Keene State career goal (202), assists (82), and point (284) records. She also rewrote the Keene State women’s soccer record book during her four seasons as the Owls’ starting goalie. Mason holds a Keene State women’s soccer record for most wins (66) and saves (437) in a career. The Fairport, NY native led KSC to a pair of NCAA women’s soccer tournament berths and was a four-time All-LEC and three-time All-New England honoree. A 2005 graduate of Keene State, Mason was inducted into the Keene State Hall-of-Fame in 2012. Mason was inducted into the Little East Hall-of-Fame in 2019.
Mason is a native of Fairport, NY where she was a standout three-sport athlete. She resides in Lake Peekskill, NY.
Kelly McPartland Named Head Women’s Lacrosse CoachStaten Island, NY – Kelly McPartland, a two-time National Champion at Maryland, current member of the Athletes Unlimited Professional Lacrosse League, and most recently an assistant coach and recruiting coordinator at the University of Delaware, has been named head women’s lacrosse coach at Wagner College.
“We are lucky to add Kelly McPartland to the Wagner family,” said Seahawk athletic director Walt Hameline. “She has competed and coached at numerous prestigious institutions where she has continued to cultivate her passion for collegiate athletics. Our student-athletes will gain a great deal under her tutelage.”
“I am extremely grateful to Walt Hameline and Brendan Fahey for this unbelievable opportunity!” said McPartland. “It is an honor to be named the Head Women’s Lacrosse Coach at Wagner. I am looking forward to working with the Wagner staff and continuing the great success of this program. I cannot wait to get started with this team!”
McPartland inherits a Seahawk program that, under Michelle Tumolo, reached a Northeast Conference-record seventh consecutive conference tournament championship game in 2021. Tumolo recently accepted the head coaching position at Army West Point.
Prior to her two seasons with the Blue Hens, McPartland spent the 2015-2019 seasons as an assistant at Columbia University, where the Lions made the program’s first-ever trip to the Ivy League Tournament in 2018. A Farmingdale, N.Y. native, McPartland is also a former coach of the Long Island Yellow Jackets lacrosse club, whose players have gone on to D-I programs across the country.
McPartland also played professionally in the Women’s Professional Lacrosse League (WPLL) as a midfielder for the Fight. Prior to joining the WPLL for its inaugural season in 2018, she played for the Long Island Sound in the United Women’s Lacrosse League for two years. In November 2018, McPartland was part of a 15-player team that traveled to Japan with the WPLL to help continue growing the sport around the world.
As a member of the US Women’s National Lacrosse Team from 2011 to 2015, McPartland won a gold medal for Team USA at the 2011 FIL Women’s U-19 World Lacrosse Championship in Hanover, Germany.
Prior to joining Columbia, McPartland spent four years as a standout midfielder at the University of Maryland. As a Terrapin, she helped lead Maryland to back-to-back National Championships in 2014 and 2015. As a junior, she finished the season with 61 goals and 94 points on her way to earning All-American honors. A team captain as a senior, McPartland was also a three-time NCAA All-Tournament Team member and a three-time selection to the Tewaaraton Award Watch List (2013, 2014, 2015).
McPartland graduated from Maryland in 2015 with a bachelor’s degree in hearing and speech sciences.
What They’re Saying About Kelly McPartland
“Kelly cares deeply about those around her and will help the women’s lacrosse student-athletes get better both on and off the field. “
– Cathy Reese, University of Maryland Head Women’s Lacrosse Coach
“Kelly’s knowledge of the game, recruiting ability, and passion for the sport make her an exceptional coach. Wagner is very fortunate to be getting one of the best in the game.”
– Amy Altig, University of Delaware Head Women’s Lacrosse Coach
“Kelly understands what it means to compete at the highest level and I have no doubt that her experiences will help her in this new exciting journey!”
– Lauren Kahn, Iona College Head Women’s Lacrosse Coach
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Kacie Scarduzio Recovers for Senior Seasons
Mahopac Shuts Down Carmel, Rams Knock of Brewster for 1st TimeBy Tony Pinciaro
Kacie Scarduzio was on her way to a brilliant and lengthy OSSINING lacrosse career when she made varsity as an eighth-grader. The current senior immediately established herself as an impact player her first two years. The future looked promising, but a major knee injury Scarduzio suffered in the first varsity basketball game of her sophomore year robbed her of two seasons — basketball and lacrosse. Then COVID denied all student-athletes of their 2020 spring season.
“I was devastated when I found out I tore my ACL, both meniscus and sprained my MCL,” said Scarduzio, who began playing lacrosse in fifth grade. “It was extremely hard for me to come back from an injury like that, but it was worth it.”
Scarduzio returned to the hardwood this past winter and has resumed her outstanding lacrosse career, scoring seven goals in Ossining’s 14-12 triumph over Our Lady of Lourdes. She netted seven more goals, and had an assist, in a 17-12 loss to Briarcliff.
Ossining lacrosse Coach Patrick Wheeler could not be happier for Scarduzio.
“I’m an Ossining guy so I grew up watching Kacie’s uncles play football and her family around our firehouse,” Wheeler said. “I have literally known Kacie since birth, and that is what makes my job working at Ossining such an amazing thing.
“A kid I love has faced such adversity,” he added. “I was in the gym as part of our basketball staff when she had her injury. Kacie is one of the toughest kids I have ever seen. She pushed herself so hard to be ready for 2020. I am just so happy she can have the opportunity to play with her teammates, because in all honesty, that’s all she cares about. That is why she has been such a pleasure to coach the last five years.”
Even though Scarduzio was injured her sophomore year and COVID halted the spring 2020 high school season, she will continue her lacrosse magic in September at Iona College in New Rochelle.
When Scarduzio was not doing school work, she was rehabbing. She overcame the physical and mental challenges because she was determined to resume her athletic career once the doctors cleared her.
“It was extremely hard for me to sit on the sideline for a full year,” said Scarduzio, who plans to major in Childhood Education. “My anger made me push myself harder and work hard to get back on the field and court. I was either at PT doing exercises or doing them at home, but I always had a stick in my hand working on my skills.
“The feeling of playing the sport I love kept me going and, surrounding myself with supportive friends and family who always pushed me and never let me give up.”
Ironically, Scarduzio joined her friends in fifth grade playing lacrosse. She said she didn’t like the sport, so she stepped away. It was brief respite as Scarduzio returned in seventh grade to lacrosse, joined a travel team and was a varsity player in eighth grade.
“I was honored to play on a varsity lacrosse team as an 8th-grader,” Scarduzio said. “I was more nervous than anything because I was playing with girls way older than me but, at the same time, I was extremely excited to be given that opportunity. It’s been an awesome experience to play on the same turf field for my whole high school career, especially lacrosse. I’m playing with some of my childhood friends, who I’ve known for years, and playing with them is fun and makes me grateful to play my senior season with them given the circumstances. And being able to play in college is a great opportunity and I am honored to continue my lax career.”
Scarduzio said Fairleigh Dickinson, Western Connecticut and Virginia Wesleyan showed interest in her. When she was contacted by Lauren Kahn, a former Nanuet basketball and lacrosse great, Scarduzio went to for a visit.
“I never looked into going to Iona because it was so close to my hometown but I’ve heard of Coach Kahn and how great of a player and coach she is,” Scarduzio said. “When she called me, I was extremely humbled and excited to get the opportunity to play for her. I visited campus to attend basketball games, but when I went to campus for my unofficial visit it felt like home so I decided to commit.”
Scarduzio said the great aspect of attending Iona will be having her parents, family and friends at games because of the easier and somewhat shorter commute.
Wheeler will be an Iona women’s lacrosse fan with Scarduzio wearing the maroon and gold.
“Undoubtedly, Kacie earned this,” Wheeler said. “She lost an entire season to injury and another to COVID. She has pushed herself as hard as anyone could to get back on the field and court. The adversity she has overcome is not seen by most, and she has punched it in the face!”
MAHOPAC returned to the field, opening its 2021 season with a busy schedule as the Indians defeated archrival CARMEL, 15-8, and registered a huge victory, 11-10 over perennial Section 1 Class A champion North Rockland. Suffern spoiled Mahopac’s perfect week with a 17-6 win.
Mahopac ran away from Carmel in the second half, outsourcing the Rams, 9-4. Avery Przymylski had a hat trick for Mahopac while Gigi Genovese, Mia Del Bene, Ava Jennings, Tatiana Moran and Amanda Beberman had two goals apiece.
“Carmel controlled most of the first half with a one-goal lead until about five minutes left when Mahopac went on a three goal run to take a 6-4 lead into the half,” Jim Lieto said. “After the first 20 minutes of the game, we finally shook off the rust and started clicking again. Our defense was very strong in the second half and I am really excited about how well we spread the goals around on offense.”
Carmel was led by Taylor Roth with a hat trick and an assist and Alex DeFillipo tallied two goals for the Rams, who also defeated Brewster for the first time ever earlier in the week behind two goals apiece from Izzy Faudar, Laila Rosenquest and Kylie Rosenquest.
The Indians raced out to a 9-5 lead at halftime and staved off a late North Rockland charge in the win. Przymylski finished with a team-high five goals. Jennings added two goals and two assists and Savino chipped in with two goals and an assist. Jennings and Przymylski each scooped up four groundballs. After Przymylski gave Mahopac an 11-9 lead, Mahopac coach Jim Lieto said the defense held firm.
“After that, it was a mad scramble for North Rockland with attempt after attempt to score,” Lieto said. “Our defense was phenomenal, holding North Rockland to only one goal with 56 seconds remaining. On the ensuing draw Ava Jennings was able to get possession and Mahopac held on for the victory.
“I’m really proud of the girls’ performance as they kept their heads on straight against a really talented North Rockland team. I love how they handled both being up and withstanding a late rally from North Rockland. So many girls stepped up in big moments. Ava Jennings ground ball on the final draw was incredible. She really put herself out there to come up with a huge possession.”
Mahopac had six players make college commitments, highlighted by seniors, Genovese (Pace University) and Moran (Mercy College). Four juniors also chose their colleges — Audrey Colucci (Lynn University, Fla.), Jennings (University of Cincinnati), Przymylski (Coastal Carolina, SC) and Savino (University of Indianapolis).
Genovese had a hat trick in the loss to Suffern.
Mahopac had a successful 2019 season, advancing to the Section 1 Class A semifinals.Somers senior Noelle DeMarinis (21) attacks the cage as Fox Lane’s Alix Riley defends in Tuskers’ 17-9 win last Wednesday when DeMarinis would score two goals and set up another for the rising Tuskers
SOMERS could not have asked for a better start to 2021, going 3-0 for the week with victories over Carmel, Horace Greeley and FOX LANE. The Tuskers opened the season with a win over Carmel as Ella Kittredge scored five goals and added four assists. Lauren McCartin, Noelle DeMarinis and Julie Sirchia each had a hat trick and Siricha collected three assists.
Teagan Ryan and Kittredge each had four goals against Fox Lane. McCartin, DeMarinis and Sirchia had two goals apiece. Eugenia Kaltsas netted four goals for the Foxes. Alix Riley added two goals and an assist.
Kittredge continued her early-season scoring spree with six goals against Horace Greeley, giving her 15 in three games. She also registered three assists. Ryan scored three goals and Molly Fink netted two goals.
It was only natural that HORACE GREELEY’s Grace Arrese would follow her older sisters in the family tradition — lacrosse.
“I began playing lacrosse in kindergarten,” said Arrese, now a senior captain for the Horace Greeley varsity lacrosse team. “My dad coached all of our youth lacrosse teams, so I’ve had a stick in my hand since I was really young. My two older sisters were both varsity and are college lacrosse players.”
Following the cancellation of the 2020 New York State high school season because of the COVID pandemic, Arrese is back on the field as one of the leaders and impact players for coach Dennis Hurlie.
Arrese, a four-year vet, was an important player on the 2019 Horace Greeley field hockey team that won the Section 1 Class A title, beating perennial champion Mamaroneck, and advanced to the NYSPHSAA Class A title game.
Arrese will attend Wesleyan (Conn.) in September and continue playing lacrosse and field hockey. Wesleyan is a member of the New England Small College Athletic Conference. The NESCAC has been referred to as the Ivy League of Division III based on its excellent academics.
“I was looking, primarily, at NESCAC schools for both sports,” said Arrese, who is considering Economics and/or Environmental Sciences as a major/minor. “I love both sports so much and wanted to try and play both in college, which is what drove me to go Division III and NESCAC specifically where there are two-sport athletes on many teams.
“The academic reputation of Wesleyan and the NESCAC schools was the key factor in my decision. I know how important my college education will be and I like to challenge myself in the classroom, so having the opportunity to attend such a highly competitive academic school was my greatest hope.”Fox Lane’s Grace Giannettiono looks to get ball out of defensive end as Somers’ Teagan Ryan tries to stay in front in Foxes’ loss to Tuskers.
Hurlie is impressed with the work ethic and leadership of Arrese. He feels she will continue to excel in both field hockey and lacrosse at Wesleyan.
“The first thing you need to know is how hard Grace worked in the offseason to keep her and a group of her teammates working and staying in shape in anticipation of this season,” Hurlie said. “I’ve only known Grace for a mere few weeks, but it is clearly evident to me how much respect she has earned from her teammates and how gifted a leader she is. She and her fellow captains, Grace Byrne and Mia Scott, have made the start to this season very smooth and enjoyable.
Arrese was happy to be back playing field hockey in the fall, especially after Greeley’s success in 2019 and winning the section. She is even happier to play her final season in the sport she began as a kindergartner.
“It’s been super enjoyable,” Arrese said. “We feel so lucky to be able to play our senior seasons and have our senior days. Most of our starting lineup at field hockey was returning and while we were so disappointed that states were cancelled, getting a pretty full season and winning the section considering the circumstances was just awesome. ”
Horace Greeley lost to Somers (14-4) and Tappan Zee (16-8) before bouncing back with a 17-4 win over Brewster.
Molly Byrne had three goals and six assists in the win and Taylor Rice added three goals and an assist. Erica Rosendorf contributed two goals and eight draw controls.
Byrne had a hat trick and Arrese chipped in two goals in the Tappan Zee game and Finley Pollard scored twice against Somers.
PLEASANTVILLE opened its season with a nice victory, defeating Class A power Lakeland/Panas, 20-15 as Reilly Byrne fueled the Panthers with eight goals and four assists.
Abby McAllister added seven goals and four assists and Jess Beck scored her first varsity goal.
“We trailed 6-5, and then went on a 5-0 run to go up 10-6,” Pleasantville Coach Jaime Williams said. “We made some adjustments on the draw because we weren’t getting the ball. Our defense made some key plays to get us back in the game.
“I was pleased that we didn’t panic or give up when we trailed. We have a lot of two and three-sport athletes, so they know how to compete in tough situations. It was nice to see how we could handle that in a first game and early in our season. That certainly builds our confidence as a team. We still have some things to work on but our goal is to get better every practice and game.”
BREWSTER had a rough start to the 2021 season, dropping a 10-6 verdict to Carmel and a 17-4 decision to Horace Greeley.
Brewster coach Sara Didio, who guided the Bears to the 2018 Section 1 Class B title and trip to the state final four, cited seniors and the defense’s backbone– Chelsea Steere and Gabriella Pastore, who will continue playing in college.
Steere is going to Mercer University (Ga.) and Pastore is going upstate to SUNY-Cortland.
“Chelsea and Ella are both strong leaders on the defensive end for us,” Didio said. “We had a tough week, but we’re glad to be back out there. We are young, offensively, so we just need some of our younger players to step up and create some good connections on the field, which will come. ”
In 2019, Brewster advanced to the sectional semis before a loss to Hen Hud.
BRIARCLIFF started the season 2-1 with wins over Putnam Valley (14-11) and Ossining (18-12). Cassie Lawler had four goals against PV while Dylan Krsulich and Rosie Swidler added three goals each. Lawler exploded for seven goals in the senior day win over Ossining while Krsulich (4 goals) and Swidler (3 goals) helped stuff the stat sheet. Charlotte Baer made six saves in net.
Paola Galiano and Grace Wickey had two goals apiece in the Bears’ 6-5 loss to Pearl River on Saturday.Putnam Valley senior M Catherine O’Sullivan is off to a blistering start for Tigers
PUTNAM VALLEY began the 2021 season with a new coach — Amanda Vasta, a Walter Panas graduate who played lacrosse for former Lakeland/Panas Coach Sharon Sarsen.
Vasta was the Putnam Valley varsity assistant last year before the spring season was cancelled after one week of practice.
“I am excited to be able to work with a hard-working group of young women,” Vasta said. “There are a lot of younger and talented players and I am determined to grow the program here at Putnam Valley while helping them achieve both academic and athletic success. I look forward to a great season!”
The Tigers suffered a 19-9 loss to Croton and a tough 12-11 overtime setback to Irvington.
Lindsey Cohen paced Putnam Valley with four goals and two assists against Croton. Natalie Mazza, Yarella Orellana,, Eva Dechent and Jordan Tucker had solo tallies for Putnam Valley.
Cohen also had four goals against Irvington. Cat O’Sullivan added a hat trick and Jordan Tucker rang up four assists for the Tigers, who also fell to Briarcliff.
Girls’ Lax coaches are encouraged to hit us up at — [email protected] — with game-by-game or weekly results (Sunday deadline) for inclusion in our Girls’ Lax Notebook.90,000 Bestiary and the elements. – M.: Intrada, 2013
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At Wagner Seahawks consists of 23 teams representing Wagner College in intercollegiate athletics. Sports sponsored for both men and women include basketball, cross country, golf, lacrosse, tennis, athletics (both indoor and outdoor, which the NCAA classifies as two separate sports for each gender), and water polo. Sports sponsored only for men are baseball and soccer. Women’s sports include fencing, soccer, softball, swimming and diving, as well as triathlon, and field hockey will be added in the 2019-20 academic year. The Seahawks compete in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Division (FCS) and are members of the Northeast Conference for all sports except water polo, in which women compete in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference and men compete in the Collegiate Water Polo Association and Triathlon. which all currently competing NCAA institutions are officially classified as independent. 
Northeastern Conference member Wagner sponsors teams in 10 NCAA-sanctioned men’s and 13 women’s sports, with a 14th women’s sport to be added in 2019-20. The field hockey team was launched as a club in the 2018 season, and in 2019 received the status of a varsity team. Competes in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference.
Canisius Golden Griffins
Canisius College Intercollegiate Sports Teams
At Canisius College Golden Griffins consists of 16 teams representing Canisius College in intercollegiate athletics. These teams include men’s and women’s basketball, cross-country running, track, lacrosse, soccer, swimming and diving.Men’s sports include baseball, ice hockey and golf. Women’s sports include volleyball, soccer and softball. Golden Griffins compete in the NCAA Division I and are members of the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference (MAAC) for most sports, with the exception of men’s ice hockey, which is Atlantic ice hockey.
|Men’s Sports||Women’s Sports|
|Football||Swimming & Diving|
|Swimming & Diving||Athletics †|
|† – Athletics includes both indoor and outdoor areas|
In 2008, the men’s baseball team won the MAAC regular season championship with a 41-13 record for the first time in history. It broke the school’s record for wins in a single season. One season later, the team entered their first MAAC championship game in program history. 
The Canisius Men’s Basketball Team played four matches in the NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball Tournament, last appearance 1996.
The Canisius Men’s Ice Hockey Team competed for the first time in NCAA Division I Men’s Basketball ice hockey, in 2013.
In 2008, Canisius Men’s Lacrosse won the MAAC tournament and received its first entry for the NCAA Men’s Lacrosse Championship tournament. 
Canisius won the 2012 MAAC Championship again. Sitting 2-7, The Griffs won their last 2 regular season games to advance to the MAAC Championship as 3rd seed. From there, Canisius avenged the regular season defeats to Detroit 12-10 and Siena 10-9 en route to their 2nd MAAC championship and automatic qualifiers. Griffs will eventually move to 2012 NCAA champion Loyola. In 2018, Family Guy will win the MAAC after entering the # 4 seed and winning the NCAA Auto Representative.Family Guy lost 12-6 to Robert Morris in the NCAA Play-in tournament. 
The Canisius College softball team recently won the 2009 Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference, winning their third consecutive title. This is the team’s 11th trip to an NCAA tournament in 15 years. The softball team has consistently won the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference tournaments. 
Canisius sponsored intermittent football from 1918 to 2002.
The Golden Griffins had a wrestling club two years before starting the varsity squad in 1970-71. Coached by Charles Mann, the Griffs set a 0-7 loss record. The following year, the team was kicked out after the first double competition due to “insufficient student participation.” 
Canisius Synchronized Swimming Team started as a club team in 1992 before being promoted to varsity team a year later in 1993.  Canisius reclassified the synchronized swimming team back to club level after the end of the 2014 season, following the NCAA. excluded this sport from its Emerging Sports classification. Canisius’ synchronized swimming team has ranked 3rd in the country since 2008, exhibiting several national champions each year in several categories. The team have been ECAC Champions since 1996.
Head Coaches, Synchronized Swimming
Canisius won the Canal Cup in 2008 and 2009.This trophy celebrates the sporting rivalry between Canisius College and the University of Niagara. Canisius has won the trophy twice in the three years of the Canal Cup. 
Both Canisius and Niagara maintain a rivalry with two other Division I universities in western New York. The joint rivalry between the two and the University of St. Bonaventure is known as the Little Three. The four-way rivalry between the three schools and the State University of New York at Buffalo (the only non-Catholic Division I public school in the region) is known as the Big Four (notably, in men’s basketball, both of its current coaches, former Buffalo coach Reggie Witherspoon, and his most recent predecessor , former Saint Bonaventure coach Jim Baron, coached other Big Four schools prior to joining Canisius. )
Talisman of Canisius – Golden Griffin. The college accepted it in 1932, after Charles A. Brady (’33) wrote a story in the publication Canisius commemorating Buffalo’s centenary as a city. Brady wrote about Rene-Robert Lasalle. Le Griffon, the first European vessel to sail the upper Great Lakes, built here in Buffalo. The name stuck, and the mascot of Canisius was born.
According to GoGriffs.com, the griffin is “a mythical creature of supposedly gigantic proportions, with the head, front legs and wings of an eagle, and the hind legs, tail and ears of a lion.”It represents values such as strength, alertness, and intelligence that are college-appropriate, and qualities that would be found in both students and athletes.
The college was also home to the Buffalo All-Americans of the early National Football League. Around 1917, Buffalo’s manager, Barney Lepper, signed a lease with the team to play their home games at Canisius College. All Americans played several of their games at Canisius before moving to Bison Stadium in 1924. 
Chapter VII What is a composition ?. Brainiac
What is a composition?
Someone always writes to Trivia. She does not just appear out of nothing, printing herself on the printing press of the Parker brothers, or flying off the lips of Alex Trebek, or displaying herself on the screen of a supercomputer of the type that Captain Kirk  skillfully overloaded with logical paradoxes. Someone has to sit and physically write questions.
This may sound too obvious, but it is one of those things that we rarely take into account. To paraphrase comedian Jacob Cohen (who accidentally started using the stage name Rodney Dangerfield already in his forties), no one – no one gives the trivia their due! Trivial Pursuit and other board games never list the names of anonymous freelancers who have worked on thousands of issues. The Emmy Awards for Television Achievement are awarded in separate categories to screenwriters of soap operas, programs for children and family shows, but not to quiz authors. Frequently Nominated Question Authors Jeopardy! are forced to compete in the all-encompassing Special Scripts category with the literary luminaries who create for The Ellen DeGeneres Show and The View.
I have nothing against those brave men who have to get up early at dawn to write lines for the irritable Joy Behar or Star Jones, but writing a trivia, by and large, is a task of a fundamentally different level of complexity . Critics have praised “scripted” TV shows like The West Wing or The Girls of Gilmore for their intense, wordy dialogue, but my dizzying first game of Jeopardy! reminded me that no one invests more material per unit of time than the writers of Jeopardy !.Compared to the endless machine gun line of Jeopardy! Girls from Gilmore is Pinter’s pause-filled play, and The West Wing is Bergman’s contemplative film.
But, you say, writing a triviality is certainly easy. Life, as we have seen from the school course, is replete with various facts. You take a fact, put a question mark at the end – and voila! Get Trivia! It’s like catching a whale shark (by the way, the largest fish in the world) in a barrel of water. The result is a foregone conclusion.Success is guaranteed.
But this is all an illusion. Libraries can be overflowing with facts, but looking for triviality on their dry, dusty shelves is like panning gold. The glittering grains are few and far between. As stated in the introduction to an early book of Trivia, “between the flower of the Trivia and the weed of detail” lies a chasm. In other words, all trivia is facts, but not all facts are Trivia with a capital “T”. I cannot explain the difference exactly, but I know that it is. “Comedian Albert Brooks attended Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh” is a fact.As well as the fact that Albert Brooks is 5 feet 10 inches . But this does not interest anyone except his tailor. Did you know that comedian Albert Brooks was forced to take a pseudonym because his real name is Albert Einstein? That’s it. This is Trivia.
Who are these unrecognized geniuses, alchemists who turn facts into gold of Trivia? At Jeopardy! there are nine or ten editors and the same number of authors, but on the set I can only see a few of them out of the corner of my eye.With sharply defined faces, glasses, they try to stay close to the stage and are always ready to intervene if the participant answers: “Johann Strauss” instead of “Richard Strauss” . But I have no right to talk to them. If I get even 30 feet close to them, a strong Sony guard will dive at me. To find people who make a living by writing trivia and who are not forbidden to communicate with me, I will have to go somewhere else.
I’m looking for Martin Brown from Sausalito (by the way, in Spanish it means “little willow tree”), which is located just on the other side of the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco.Martin has lived here for almost 15 years, ever since he left the advertising agency he founded in Atlanta and moved here to work as a freelance writer and journalist. His career took a dramatic turn when he was doing work for family psychologist John Gray. In 1993, this man shocked astronomers and anthropologists at the same time, discovering that men and women did not come from Earth, as everyone had long believed, but from Mars and Venus, respectively. Gray’s book  sold millions of copies and spawned an empire of related products, which eventually included the popular board game.So, Martin was engaged in the creation of a “cardver” (that is, questions in the slang of fans of board games, quizzes), after which he began a new career for himself, becoming the author of a trivia for popular board quizzes: Top-10 Game, Who Said That, mental _floss game, Snapple Real Facts game and many others.
“Can a simple definition of trivia be given? – thinks Martin, pricking a piece of crab cutlet onto a fork. – I like to give such an example. If we lived on the moon, all earthly problems would be trivial. “We sit in a sun-drenched waterfront diner in Sausalito, or “Mayberry by the Bay,” as Martin calls it. He points me out to every visitor he knows. Martin himself is a middle-aged man with a thin face and piercing, translucent blue eyes. He loves triviality. We met just a few minutes ago, and he already told me that “the lobster’s tentacles vibrate due to calcium ions.” I usually save these things for a second or third meeting.
Turning information, even interesting information, into an entertaining and “playable” question of trivia is a skill, in some ways even an art, says Martin.He had just returned from a trip up the Grand Canyon with his son, during which he offered his son a little exercise. “Here’s a baseball fact. The world-famous blow came from Bobby Thompson playing for the New York Giants in 1951 against the Brooklyn Dodgers in the last playoff game. This blow decided which team would take part in the World Series. So there are a lot of facts here. What are you going to do with them? What question will you write? ”
“Which baseball player took the Punch that the whole world knew about?” – suggested the son.
Martin pointed out to him that this issue could be “made easier” or, on the contrary, complicated. “Which team was the first in the National League when Bobby Thompson hit the world-wide punch?” It’s easier. Or again: “What is the common nickname that received the gun salute in 1775 in Concord and the home run performed at the Polo Grounds”? Conversely, you can make the question “heavier”: “Who played as a pitcher when Bobby Thompson …?” (Ralph Branca.) “What was the score when …?” (422.)
“There are a hundred different ways to adjust the difficulty of this issue. As if I took your finger and … – he pretends that he is holding a vice. – Painfully? And now? You can vary the pain you inflict.
One beat of the bat, the sun shining on the steel edging of the top tier, one event, one successful fastball raises hundreds of possible questions. What is the famous exclamation of commentator Russ Hodges that followed this blow and is preserved for history only because a single person, a Dodgers fan, recorded the broadcast of the game?  Thompson touched every base?  What comedian vomited on Frank Sinatra’s boots in the stands just as Thompson hit his home run?  What would-be Yankees Hall of Fame player was born on that a great day?  Which character gets killed when he listens to the broadcast of this game in his car? 
The facts are more than enough, but the author of the trivia must prepare the best possible questions out of them. A simple one-line question can be the result of a thousand small decisions: it’s a short but very demanding form. It is a bit like writing a poem in a tight, poetic-shaped straitjacket like villanelle or haiku. Everything should be accurate. Every syllable counts. And for all this work, the author of the trivia will perhaps get a pitiful dollar or two per question.
“Of all my freelancing work, I get paid the least to work on games. I get five bucks a card and could serve coffee at Starbucks for the same salary, ”Martin says regretfully.”On the other hand, this is often the most interesting thing I have to do in my life.”
After lunch Martin gives me a car tour of Marin County, during which, of course, we talk about trivia. It seems that the sight of the redwoods or the Golden Gate Bridge from the steep banks above Tiburon awakens the philosopher in Martin. Just like me, he is not happy with the word “trivia.”
“What is trivial for one may make sense for another,” he notes. By calling information a triviality, we devalue it.This approach gives many people a reason to believe that they don’t have to know this.
“For example, why do we need to know – now, let me draw you … – he fishes a pen out of his pocket and puts seven dots on a piece of paper. – What is it?”
“And what is the point of knowing that, say, in another million years the Big Dipper will look like so ?”
He shows me what he drew on the back of a piece of paper. Millennia of “true movement”, discovered in 1710 by Edmund Halley, have changed the Bear beyond recognition.Now it looks like a curved M, stretched out like a toffee.
He himself answers his own question. “For me, the point is to know that the sky and the stars that I see above me are not the sky and the stars that the dinosaurs saw. And the stars that the inhabitants of this planet will see in three million years will not be the stars that I saw. A lot of people, for example high school students, will say: “Well, what do I care about this?”It only seems constant, my friend, because your life is… ”he snaps his fingers,“ on the scale of eternity. Realizing this, you gain a connection with something b about more. This is what faith gives people. She connects them with something b about more. ”
Spiritual power of trivia. In the silence, under the ageless coastal sequoias, this reasoning looks almost undeniable.
If anyone could make money by spelling trivia, it is Ray Hamel. It is Friday morning and Ray has just taken his nine-year-old son to school.I park in front of his pumpkin-colored country house in a suburb of Madison. On the path near the house there is a light blue sedan with a license plate that says TRIVEYA.
“Trivia was already busy through the and,” explains Rey in a calm, good-natured voice with a midwestern accent. He is an outgoing man with sandy hair and a crooked, chipmunk-like smile. “Our driveway is also trivial. After signing the contract for the book, we were able to cover it with cement, not just asphalt. “
For six years, Ray wrote the Noodle Nudgers for The New York Times, which he eventually published as a book. He wrote a trivia for radio, for magazines and for the Internet. But despite this success, Rey does not quit her day job. He and his wife are consulting librarians at the University of Wisconsin. Ray also works at the university research center.
A 1940 study of rhesus monkeys at the University of Wisconsin at Madison led to the discovery of the Rh factor in human blood groups, which seems to me to be quite an interesting fact.Now that I am constantly in tune with the trivia wave, I completely refute Dr. Kinsey’s Reports. Unlike the average American, I now think about 90,318 trivia every seven seconds, not sex.
Like me, Rei can’t remember a time before he was absorbing trivia like a sponge. “Mom said that we didn’t need to buy a TV guide because I knew the entire program guide by heart.” In college, he began writing quiz questions for La Crosse bar in Wisconsin and amassed so many radio quiz winner prizes in his dorm room that the station asked him to host his own trivia show. He published the Trivia newsletter and hosted university tournaments. Along the walls in his basement there are literally thousands of trivia books and games based on it. In 2000, he even gave a lecture on trivia at the Smithsonian Institution.
I ask what he thinks the great question of trivia should be. Like Martin, he responds by talking about the problem of estimating difficulty, about making the question easy enough to be answered, but difficult enough that the listeners still have to scratch their heads.Trivia is uninteresting if it is not directly in this twilight zone, between the simple and the unknown.
But most of all, according to him, he expects something from the question that he has not heard before. Novelty.
I know this feeling. The more you play trivia, the more jaded you become. Of course, it was once exciting to learn that John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died on the same day, July 4th, or that Tom Selleck had to give up the role of Indiana Jones to play Private Detective Magnum. But after you’ve heard these questions several times, they are perceived as the day before yesterday’s news. You need more fresh trivia than the universe produces.
“Where do you find material for new questions?”
“You take two elements, between which you have not seen any connection before, and connect them, and then you say to yourself: ‘Yes, this is cool, there is a connection that no one noticed.’
Rey is right. In areas where all the good trivia has already been used, the only option is often to create new connections between old facts.Of course, the encyclopedia can tell you that the playwright George Bernard Shaw won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925. Film directories will tell you that Shaw received an Oscar in 1938 for his participation in the adaptation of his own play “Pygmalion” for the movie screen. But only the maniac of Trivia will study the pages of the lists of Oscar winners and Nobel laureates to confirm: yes, Shaw is indeed the only person in history to receive both the Nobel Prize and the Oscar. This is how the fact for trivia is born.
When Ray confused Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice with her own Northanger Abbey in a New York Times question, he received several letters from angry readers. I also wrote my share of the questions for the quiz tournaments, and I know if I make a mistake, the worst thing that can happen is that some grumpy high school student in an Escher print T-shirt will bother me after the game. But when you’re writing for a highly rated quiz show, the stakes are a little higher.Huge amounts of money can depend on the question you write.
“Those were really tough times,” says Bobby Patton of his years as an author and editor for Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? I found him in New York, in an office building on Sixth Avenue, where he is now writing the script for a new reality show. I’m not sure exactly what I envisioned as a quiz question writer, but Bobby is not at all like, say, the pot-bellied comic book store owner.Rather, he could be the lead singer of an emo band: ragged Beatles hair, big ears, a sensual, handsome face. Red socks are the only bright spot in his all-black outfit.
Bobby wrote for Millionaire when the show was at its peak. It was at the top of Nielsen’s rankings , and ABC aired it – I can’t imagine how this is possible – 137 times a week! At such an elite level, trivia becomes a serious matter, especially if it is the only cash cow on a television network in crisis.“First, they were real security fanatics,” Bobby says. “They were so worried about the quiz scandals that the only people allowed to enter the editorial room were the authors and editors. We all had to sign confidentiality agreements. We were forbidden to talk to anyone on the set. ” The ABC program director even came on Fridays to give the editors a parting lecture before they left for the weekend.“She said: you have no right to tell anyone where you work. She was really moved on this. For the curious, we just worked for ABC in the software production department. ” In other words, if any of the editors are kidnapped or killed, the company will deny any knowledge of their actions . ..
The channel took its content, that is, trivia itself, no less seriously. Questions could not be simply discarded. To ensure that no fact or particular topic was used twice, a complex database had to be created.It didn’t seem like a problem at first. “But the time came when it had everything whatever you were looking for,” says Bobby. Editors had to issue 25 questions a day. When all the topics were exhausted, it became almost impossible.
But nothing worried the show leaders more than the correctness of the questions. For each question, the review team had to find three sources. The slightest hint of ambiguity had to be eliminated. The editor-in-chief was a lawyer, a Yale Law School graduate, Bob sighed, so each question had to be formulated as clearly and undeniably as a legal document.”All questions had to be ‘sharpened’ for one answer.”
This is Millionaire slang which means that the question must be specific enough to rule out ambiguous answers. “Who first proposed daylight saving time?” The answer can be from many German, American or British thinkers, depending on which data to use. To “sharpen” the question, it is necessary to rewrite it so that it contains more definite facts: “Who first proposed the transition to daylight saving time in his 1784 essay” The Economic Project “?” 
A tiny mistake in the wording of the question could lead to the lawsuit, about which the producers of “Millionaire” were well aware.During the first season, the show already had a couple of troubles in the form of member complaints. The answer to the question of which of the lakes is larger, Michigan or Huron, depends on whether the area or volume is measured. The answer to the question whether Scorpio comes sooner or later than Aquarius depends on whether you are talking about the calendar year or the zodiacal circle.
On July 27, 2000, Rick Rosner got into the player’s chair. Rosner was a weird guy: a bouncer, a nude sitter and a cosmologist all rolled into one. B Most of his life, from 20 to 40 years, he spent trying again and again to return to school in different wigs and makeup, obsessed with the idea this time “to do everything right.”In general, when it came to the “Millionaire”, Rosner also wanted a second chance. His question for $ 16 thousand sounded like this:
Which capital is located at the highest point above sea level? 
A. Mexico City.
Having a reputation as a guy, to put it mildly, unusual, Rosner, no doubt, was unusually smart. In fact, he is the former editor of Noesis, the newsletter of the Mega Society, a high-IQ society that is swept into the stratosphere from Mensa’s smug 98 percent ideal. To join the Mega society, you need to be a 99.9999 percent intellectual, or literally, be one in a million. I don’t know who their members are, but given that even mathematically fewer than 300 Americans are eligible, they may not need that big clubhouse.
But that day, Rosner’s one-in-a-million mind let him down. His final answer was Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, which is actually located lower, than any other answer.Rosner went home with just $ 1,000.
Unfortunately for Millionaire editor John Sellers, who wrote this question, it turns out that La Paz, one of Bolivia’s capitals, is even higher than all the cities listed. If the question sounded: “Which of these capitals …” – then no problem would have arisen, but the wording announced on the air became a fateful mistake. Rosner claimed that he was deceived, as the list did not have the only correct answer to the question. He wrote letters to the management of “Millionaire” and ABC, in which he demanded a replay.He looked through dozens of Millionaire games to determine that the 16,000 question was unusually difficult. He conducted a study that proved that the curvature of the Earth does not accurately measure the height of cities above sea level. He assigned all cities in the world – and I’m not kidding – a “general obscurity index” to show that Kathmandu, the most incorrect answer of all, was in fact “an unusually attractive answer. ”
Millionaire used to bring players back into the game when producers acknowledged the ambiguity of the question, but in this case they must have felt that the difference between “which” and “which of these” was too subtle to base a complaint on.Rosner filed a lawsuit in Los Angeles District Court, but his vague notions of fair play and “getting it right” were shattered by the reinforced concrete contract of the Millionaire member, which gave ABC the final and final say in determining the correctness of the questions and answers. The judge granted the show’s petition for a summary judgment, which was upheld on appeal. Case is closed.
This whole four-year dispute was the result of a difference in one preposition and one pronoun.Writing trivia is a serious matter if you have climbed to the top.
They paid well. Freelancers like Martin Brown sometimes take on jobs for almost minimal pay, but the editors of The Millionaire – at the time a mixture of nearly equal numbers of TV comedy writers and the Trivia people from the world of scraping and crossword tournaments – couldn’t make less than the minimum. established by the Screenwriters Guild. In other words, their weekly salary was roughly what I can earn in a year of writing and editing questions for NAQT.
Speaking of big money, Bobby recalls that it was he who wrote the $ 1 million question that made Nancy Christie the first female millionaire on the TV show. “Who posed for artist Grant Wood as a farmer for his classic American Gothic?” 
“And how does it feel when someone’s financial well-being depends on your question?”
“Every time an expensive question of my authorship is asked, I am very sad if it is not answered correctly.When you write questions, when you come up with three wrong answers, you feel like you are trying to deceive them, do you understand? ”
“Nothing like that! Says a voice behind us. – I felt like I had defeated them! I felt great! ”
It was Ben Gruber who entered the room. A big bear-like man with a Michael Chiklis-style shaved skull and a shy smile, Ben also wrote questions for Millionaire. He is currently working next door on a pilot for another quiz. The Millionaire was not Ben’s first quiz experience: he started out as an assistant on the Where In The World Is Carmen Sandiego? so you might recognize him: he appeared in the frame as an alien from outer space, a chicken, a shark (many times) and a huge piece of cake.
Bob and Ben recall some of the expensive backfill questions they wrote that shaped the fortunes of would-be millionaires. Some of them are among their favorite questions of all time. “Which celebrity’s scary face was the painted rubber mask worn by Michael Myers in Halloween?”
I’m asking Ben and Bob my main question.What is needed for a good trivia question? What were they aiming for in their very best Millionaire questions?
“If you have interesting information, you want to pull out the best question and answer possible,” says Bobby. – On “Millionaire” I was sometimes returned a question with a postscript: “This is good material, but the question is from the category” Everyone does not care. ” I tried to reformulate the question and it usually got much better. ”
“You can ask questions about anything,” Ben says, “but some of them seem like just random facts.As they say, there is no reason to question. ”
That is, the question should relate to something important for the respondent and not be just a random fact? An interesting thought, I think. Trivia is bad if it is trivial.
The more trivia facts and questions I research, the more I am convinced that they tend to fit into clear categories. I don’t mean the thematic categories: the blue Geography sector versus the orange Sports and Leisure sector, but a completely new classification based on types of questions themselves, on what makes them interesting, worthy of being asked.In each of these types, you can write questions on any topic – from the work of the Pet Shop Boys to the cycle of sunspots and Haitian voodoo rituals. The nine most common types, in my opinion, are as follows.
Stool. This is the basis of trivia, the usual run-of-the-mill head-on questions. Your memory bank either has an answer to it or it doesn’t. Point. “What does the M in Richard M. Nixon’s name mean?” , “What was the name of Captain Ahab’s whaling ship?” Vienna Chair. The game of “stools” is most often a rather boring stimulus-response game, and since “stools” constitute the bulk of the trivia, sometimes you have to embellish them with irrelevant but more entertaining facts. At Jeopardy! they do it all the time. It’s boring to ask over and over again which state is nicknamed Golden, so you add another fact about California that doesn’t help at all, but gives the viewer an extra tidbit. “This ‘Golden State’ is named after a mythical island from a Spanish novel from 1510” or “This ‘Golden State’ produces 90% of America’s broccoli.”
The very thing. Obviously, from the point of view of trivia, it is much better to be first, best, or strongest in anything than to be second. “Which of the US national parks comes first in alphabetical order and is also the most eastern?” , “Which land mammal has the longest tail?” , “Which copyright book sold the most copies?” Such questions are especially popular among teenagers who have just received a copy of the Guinness Book of Records (by the way, it was she who was sold the largest number of copies among copyright publications) and want to test you on the knowledge of the most stupid records from there.Like the name of the crazy Nepal guy with four feet of nails, or those fat twins on motorcycles.
The one and only. Here we are talking about objects or people that are unique in something. “Name the only planet in the solar system named after a goddess, not a god” . “Name the only mammal that cannot jump” . “Name the only film based on a television series that was nominated for an Oscar in the category“ Best Picture ”” .The word “one” sounds authoritative and compelling, giving you the feeling that you are learning something important. The question obviously loses a lot if it does not have a single possible answer. “Which seven planets in the solar system have satellites?” “Name all mammals that cannot use a remote control.” “What 26 boring costume dramas were nominated for Best Picture Oscars?”
The problem with “one and only” is that determining the true uniqueness of an object can be an incredibly time-consuming process.Take the silly question about the only mammal that can’t jump. I’ve seen him dozens of times, and I still have doubts. The team of editors working on Trivial Pursuit tracked down every one of the other remaining mammalian species on the planet and politely asked for one small jump to be able to check the small box on the questionnaire and move on to the next view. “Okay Chihuahua, thanks, you can stop jumping. Invite the chimpanzee and tell the chinchilla and the Chinese water deer that they are next! ” I usually perceive such questions with a certain amount of irony, in other words, I divide the information in them into ten.
Super-Mega-Hyper. It seems as though it was once decided by some writers of the trivia that any fact with a mind-bogglingly large number is the basis for a great question. They can be found anywhere. The construction of the Hoover Dam took 8 billion trillion tons of cement. There are 110 thousand different words in Canadian slang for hockey. It would take 37 billion years to reach the Sun by Segway .
It always seems to me that I am missing the “outrageousness” of such facts.First, how can you simply imagine the amount of anything expressed as a number with nine zeros? Is it weak about to imagine the tail of the “Starbucks” rolls, which winds around the Earth 60 million times? Okay, then imagine at least something so big that it can wrap around the Earth 30 million times. Got it? This is an unrealistically large thing. Now, mentally double it!
But the real trouble begins when neophytes try to turn these exorbitant numbers into questions. “How many tons of cement did the Hoover Dam use? Oh no, sorry. You are 4 tons wrong. The correct answer is 8 billion trillion. ” Interestingly, these types of questions are useful in at least one scenario: they are often used to determine the winner of a tie in British-style quizzes that take place in pubs. There, good big numbers for the area of the largest waffle ever baked are almost guaranteed to nullify the chance of a draw.
Funny coincidence. Abraham Lincoln and Charles Darwin were born on the same day in 1809, just a few hours apart. Buzz Aldrin’s mother’s maiden name is Moon. All four Oscar winners in the Best Supporting Actress nomination from 1978 to 1981 had the initials MS
These amazing facts, obviously, are not the result of someone planned or deliberate actions. Little Abe and young Charles Darwin were not the victims of a sinister hospital swap plan; at birth, they were separated by an ocean (although Darwin might have found it interesting that Lincoln was once called a “well-intentioned baboon,” and not by anyone but Allied General George McClellan).And if NASA and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts could theoretically use some strange criteria when choosing astronauts for Apollo and Oscar winners, then the rest of the facts are pure coincidence. They may not be important or significant, but they are rare, funny, and remind us that truth can be more surprising than fiction.
The devil is in the details. How many beams does the Statue of Liberty’s crown consist of?  What color are the two Gs in the Google logo?  Which of the Beatles is barefoot on the cover of Abbey Road?  the most annoying form of our art, infant terrible of the kingdom of trivia, if you will.You have seen the Statue of Liberty, the Google logo and the Abbey Road cover hundreds of times, but memory does not always reproduce the picture with the required photographic clarity. Therefore, after such questions, players inevitably groan, pull their hair out and hit their foreheads. Questions of this type are often about money. For example, “What building is on the back of a $ 20 bill?”  It is especially fun to watch when players try to sneak coins or bills out of their pockets without anyone noticing.
Trivia veteran Rob Linham from Britain once shared with me the best question he has ever written in his life. It also fits well with the type “The Devil in the Details”, albeit with an additional bonus – the temporary humiliation of anyone who dared to answer it correctly. The fatal question sounded very simple: “What color is Viagra?” 
Trick. Trick questions go back to the rich tradition of schoolyards. Among them are pearls such as “Is it legal in California to marry your widow’s sister?” or “If a rooster lays an egg on top of a gabled roof, which way will it fall?” You furiously comb your memory for exotic knowledge of family law and poultry, but the questioner is just waiting impatiently to laugh at you.“Ha-ha, there is something to think about! Anyone with a widow is already dead! ” Or “Idiot, roosters don’t lay eggs! Chickens are rushing. ”
This may be silly, but this type of question has really come into vogue. Jeopardy! even too often attaches to the source of questions from the “Dumb Answers” category. When the creators of the recent edition of Trivial Pursuit had to choose one question out of 4800 to print on the back of a game box, they chose the trick question: “What appropriate name was given to the dinosaur found near the town of Muttaburra in Australia?” 
Regardless, I like the questions that, in addition to the need to demonstrate real knowledge, make the player look at the question from an unexpected angle.“The current head  of which state, besides Germany, was born in Germany?”  If you look at the right angle, get out of the plane, the answer is quite simple; otherwise, it is impossible. Here is Ray Hamel’s favorite question, which requires both exotic knowledge and a trained eye: “Which two US presidents were named Thomas?” 
Puzzle. Not as deceiving as the trick question, but even more cunning. The purpose of this type of question is to ask something that no one knows , , but at the same time include in the question the correct clues that, with the help of some common sense, deduction or associative thinking, will allow the player to experience a sudden flash of insight and find the answer.When you ask “Which university invented the Gaterade drink?” You don’t expect the player to know the history of the Gatorade Corporation. You expect their thought to go this way: Gaterade … Alligators … Team Gates … University of Florida!
This approach does not work on “Millionaire” or in other multi-choice formats from the proposed list. If the correct answer is necessarily accompanied by a click (“Yes! This is probably the correct answer!”), Then it is difficult to come up with three false answers that will not be worse.On Millionaire, all four options should be equally plausible … or implausible.
On the contrary, in Jeopardy! They just love puzzles, especially in the final round, where participants have a full 30 seconds to repeat the author’s deductive reasoning. Sometimes, for the correct answer to the final question, you just need to correctly reformulate the hint. When I hear the question in my seventh game, “This 1999 title character was created by former marine biology teacher Steve Hillenburg” , it is suggested that in my mind it should be paraphrased like this: “Which pop culture icon is strange an underwater creature? ” Sometimes it is necessary to understand the clue chain.When asked, “Experts believe that 16th century Dutch farmers selected by selection gave this vegetable its current color in honor of the royal house of ruling” , you are expected to first identify the correct ruling house, then move on to color and, in in the end, to the vegetable. It can take a lot of thought and luck, especially when at Jeopardy! ask a tricky question like, “According to the Department of Social Services, the list of the ten most popular boy names in 2000 includes these two apostolic names ending in the same letter.” This fact, of course, cannot be simply pulled out of memory. Instead, you need to make three overlapping lists in 30 seconds: the names of the apostles, popular baby names, and names that end with the same letter. This is a race against the clock, the goal of which is to find the only point where these three circles intersect. The question rewards speed more than skill, although factual knowledge is also necessary. If you are unlucky and start remembering names in the wrong order, then answer James and Judas (as I almost did) and you will lose a lot of money.
These nine types of templates show how trivia authors select and handle professional questions. Some of them are ways of presenting facts in a way that makes it more interesting for the listener to seek the answer. Others are ways to select facts that contain a unique reason for the question, so that the listeners feel satisfaction rather than apathy (“What difference does it make to me?”). Perhaps the best test of the quality of a written question is how the subject feels without knowing the answer.Anyone will love to answer a question correctly, even if it is poorly written or boring. It’s nice to show your knowledge. But the ideal question is so good that it is also pleasant to answer it incorrectly: it is interesting to wiggle your brains in search of an answer, and when you give up, you will be surprised when you hear the correct answer.
Ancient philosophers and medieval alchemists believed that in addition to all the known four elements that make up the Universe (earth, air, fire and water), there is a fifth essence that permeates everything in the world and gives nature its supreme power.This theory never had any evidence whatsoever, but before heading to where the disco era went, she gave us the word “quintessence”, that is, “the fifth essence.” She also gave us the awesome French sci-fi movie The Fifth Element, but that’s beside the point.
I have analyzed the questions and interviewed the authors of trivia in the hope of discovering the quintessence, the life-giving power of trivia. I wanted to hold in my hands the mysterious fifth element that separates the boring commonplace fact from that sparkling, shiny, memorable diamond that distinguishes triviality from banality.
So the goal of defining “good trivia” turned out to be illusory, but the more trivia I see, the more I realize that, as Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart said about pornography, I recognize and when I see it. But the trivia, at least, does not have to be hidden under the mattress so that mom does not recognize.90,000 Will World War III Begin? World War III Predictions You Did Not Know
In connection with the terrible events that are taking place in the world, most people began to ask more and more the question: “Will there be a Third World War?”Famous prophets and soothsayers have long had their answers to this question. Unfortunately, in most cases, their dire predictions are in favor of war. And the reality of the flare-up of the third world war in 2019 no longer seems so ephemeral.
World War III Prophecy
1: Michelle Nostradamus
All the predictions of the medieval seer are very vague, but modern interpreters believe that he predicted the Third World War in the following prophecy:
“Blood, human bodies, reddened water, hail falls to the ground … I feel the approach of a great hunger, it will often leave, but then it will become worldwide”
According to Nostradamus, this war will come from the territory of modern Iraq and will last 27 years.
The Bulgarian clairvoyant never spoke directly about the Third World War, but she has a prophecy about the most serious consequences of hostilities in Syria. This prediction was made in 1978, when nothing foreshadowed the horrors that are now happening in this Arab country.
“Many more cataclysms and turbulent events are in store for mankind … Hard times are coming, people will be divided by their faith … The most ancient teaching will come into the world … They ask me when this will happen, how soon? No, not soon.Syria has not yet fallen … “
Interpreters of Vanga’s predictions believe that this prophecy is about an impending war between East and West, which will arise on the basis of religious contradictions. After the fall of Syria, a bloody war will unfold in Europe.
3: Iona Odessa
Archpriest of the Lugansk diocese Maxim Volynets told about the prediction of Jonah of Odessa. When asked whether there will be a Third World War, the elder replied:
“There will be.A year after my death, everything will begin. In one country smaller than Russia, very serious sentiments will emerge. It will last two years and end in a big war. And then there will be a Russian tsar “
The elder died in December 2012.
4: Grigory Rasputin
Rasputin has a prophecy about three snakes. The interpreters of his predictions believe that we are talking about three world wars.
“Three hungry snakes will crawl along the roads of Europe, leaving behind ash and smoke, they have one house – and this is a sword, and they have one law – violence, but having dragged humanity through dust and blood, they themselves will perish by the sword “.
5: Sarah Hoffman
Sarah Hoffman is a famous American soothsayer who predicted the events of September 11 in New York. She also prophesied catastrophic natural disasters, terrible epidemics and nuclear wars.
“I looked to the Middle East and saw a rocket fly out of Libya and hit Israel, and a large mushroom cloud appeared there. I knew that the missile was actually from Iran, but the Iranians were hiding it in Libya.I knew it was a nuclear bomb. Almost immediately, rockets began flying from one country to another, and it quickly spread throughout the world. I also saw that many of the explosions were not from rockets, but from ground bombs. ”
Sarah also claimed that Russia and China would attack the United States:
“I saw Russian troops invading the United States of America. I saw them … mainly on the East Coast … I also saw Chinese troops invading the West Coast … It was a nuclear war.I knew this was happening all over the world. I have not seen most of this war, but it was not very long … “
Hoffman said that the Russians and the Chinese are likely to lose this war.
6: Seraphim Vyritsky
The seer and elder Seraphim Vyritsky undoubtedly possessed the gift of foresight. Back in 1927, he predicted World War II. According to eyewitnesses, already in the post-war period, one of the singers addressed him with the words:
Dear Father! How good it is now – the war is over, the bells are ringing in all the churches! ”
To this the elder replied:
“No, that’s not all.There will still be more fear than there was. You will meet her again … “
According to the elder, troubles should be expected from China, which, with the support of the West, will capture Russia.
7: Schiarchimandrite Christopher
Schiarchimandrite Christopher, a Tula elder, believed that the Third World War would be very terrible and destructive, Russia would be dragged into it entirely, and China would be the initiator:
“There will be a Third World War for extermination, there will be very few people on earth.Russia will become the center of a war, a very fast, rocket war, after which everything will be poisoned several meters into the ground. And it will be very difficult for those who remain alive, because the earth will no longer be able to give birth … As China goes, so everything will begin. ”
8: Elena Aiello
Elena Aiello (1895 – 1961) – Italian nun, to whom the Mother of God herself allegedly appeared. In his predictions, Aiello assigns the role of the world invader to Russia. According to her, Russia with its secret weapon will fight America and conquer Europe.In another of her prophecies, the nun said that Russia would be almost completely burned down.
9: Veronica Luken
American Veronica Luken (1923 – 1995) is the most beautiful soothsayer of all time, but this does not make her predictions less terrible … Veronica claimed that for 25 years Jesus and the Mother of God appeared to her and told about the fate of mankind.
“The Mother of God points to the map … Oh, my God! … I see Jerusalem and Egypt, Arabia, French Morocco, Africa … My God! It is very dark in these countries.The Mother of God says: “The beginning of the Third World War, my child”
“The war will intensify, the carnage will grow stronger. The living will envy the dead, so great will be the suffering of mankind “
“Syria has the key to peace, or to the Third World War. Three quarters of the world will be destroyed … “
“I see Egypt, I see Asia. I see a lot of people, all of them marching. They look like the Chinese. Ah, they are preparing for war.They sit on the tanks … All these tanks are going, a whole army of people, there are many of them. So many! Many of them look like small children … “
“I see Russia. They (the Russians) are sitting at a large table … I think they are going to fight … I think they are going to go to war in Egypt and Africa. And then the Mother of God said: “Gathering in Palestine. Gathering in Palestine “
10: Joanna Southcott
A mysterious clairvoyant from England who predicted the French Revolution in 1815 prophesied:
“When war breaks out in the east, know that the end is near!”
11: Gene Dixon
Prophecies of Jean Dixon – the famous soothsayer from America, who said that in the next century there will be global catastrophes on our planet, after which the Third World War will begin:
“A strong earthquake in the East will serve as a sign for an Arab attack on Israel.This struggle will continue for 8 years. ”
Finally, a little optimism from Juna. When asked about World War III, the famous healer replied:
“My intuition never lets me down … There will be no Third World War. Categorically!”
The recently forgotten threat of a third world war is again a topic of general discussion. A week ago, US and Russian military vehicles nearly collided in Syria.NATO is building up its military capabilities on the border with our country and is not going to give up its hostile rhetoric. What are the scenarios for a possible military conflict? It is necessary to think about this in order to prevent the not entirely adequate actions of our “Western partners”, who have long since turned back into “probable adversaries”.
Military analyst Valentin Vasilescu from Romania, a country at the forefront of the NATO anti-Russian front, is trying to answer this question on the basis of tactics characteristic of recent US military operations and the characteristics of the weapons used.On the pages of the English-language analytical center “Katehon”, he argues that the aggression of the United States and its allies against Russia is not at all an excluded scenario. The United States is obliged to stop Russia at any cost, which, by its actions in Syria, and before that in Crimea and Ukraine, is changing the American-centered status quo. In order to maintain hegemony, the Americans are heading for a major war.
The main direction of the strike
According to Vasilescu, the main direction where the US strike can be expected is the west.”The United States is not planning a landing in the Russian Far East; instead, like Napoleon and Hitler, the United States will seek to occupy the strategically important capital of the country, Moscow,” he summarizes. According to him, the goal of Euromaidan was initially to create a convenient base for aggression against Russia. Lugansk, the analyst notes, is located just 600 kilometers from Moscow. However, the plan of American aggression was thwarted after the reunification of Russia with Crimea and the creation of the people’s republics in eastern Ukraine.
After that, the plan of American aggression was revised, and the Baltic direction was chosen as a new zone of aggression.From the Latvian border to Moscow – all the same 600 kilometers, and to St. Petersburg and even closer. In order for the local population not to be outraged by the fact that their countries will soon be turned into a springboard for aggression, the American and local media and generals in unison began to talk about the fact that the Baltic and Northern European countries are in danger of attack from Russia. In Norway, they even launched a series about the future Russian occupation.
In addition, the United States increased pressure on Sweden and Finland.They are not yet joining NATO, but American troops have already deployed. Moreover, in May 2016, the northern quintet – a meeting of the foreign ministers of Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway and Iceland – announced the urgent need to neutralize the Russian threat. As a way out, they proposed defense cooperation between the Swedish-Finnish neutrals and NATO.
According to Valentin Vasilescu, the main task of NATO is to inflict a quick defeat on Russia, which will force the country’s political system to collapse.Pro-American agents of influence have been overthrown, Vladimir Putin, and the war can be considered won. Therefore, the United States will act according to Hitler’s logic, betting on blitzkrieg tactics. If Russia is defeated, NATO will occupy territories up to the line of St. Petersburg – Veliky Novgorod – Kaluga – Tver and Volgograd.
At the same time, as the expert notes, due to the rapid modernization of the Chinese army, which will pose a serious threat to the United States in the Pacific theater of operations, the Pentagon will not be able to throw all the necessary forces and means against Russia.At least a third of all US armed forces will have to concentrate in the Pacific region, awaiting a possible strike from the now allied China of Russia.
Probable time of strike
According to a military analyst, the United States has a chance of success only if it invades before 2018. After 2018, the chances of success will significantly decrease, since after the completion of the rearmament of the Russian army begun under Sergei Shoigu, the Pentagon will lose its technological advantage in conventional weapons.And in order to win the war, you will have to resort to nuclear weapons – and this is a step towards mutual nuclear destruction.
War in the air – colossal losses
The main targets of the first wave of air raids will be Russian airfields and air defense systems. Russia is armed with high-quality fighters and mobile anti-aircraft systems capable of detecting and destroying even a fifth-generation American aircraft. Therefore, even with the support of NATO allies, the US military will not be able to achieve air superiority.With great effort, they can achieve temporary air superiority in some areas on the Russian border with a depth of 300 kilometers. In order to secure flights in areas where Russian air defense systems are actively operating, the Americans will be forced to send at least 220 aircraft into the first wave of attack (including 15 B-2 bombers, 160 F-22A and 45 F-35). The B-2 can carry 16 GBU-31 laser-guided bombs (900 kg), 36 GBU-87 cluster bombs (430 kg) or 80 GBU-38 bombs (200 kg). The F-22A aircraft can carry 2 JDAM bombs (450 kg) or 8 bombs of 110 kg each.
A serious obstacle for the Americans will be the fact that the AGM-88E missiles, designed to combat air defense systems with a range of 160 kilometers, are too large to be loaded inside the F-22A and F-35s (4.1 m long and 1 m in height). If they are mounted on pylons, the vaunted “invisibility” of these aircraft will suffer. Previously, this problem did not arise, since in the past 20 years the United States has fought wars exclusively against opponents with outdated air defense systems.
As for the F-22A, most of them will be shot down. As the expert notes, the Pentagon reports indicate that the US military was satisfied with the results of the use of the F-117 (the first fifth-generation aircraft in the US Air Force) in Kuwait and Yugoslavia and intended to replace outdated models with new devices. The Pentagon planned to order 750 F-22As to replace the F-16s. However, Russia has developed a 96L6E radar capable of detecting American stealths.As a result, the Pentagon reduced the order to 339 F-22A aircraft. While the Americans were developing and testing these aircraft, Russia acquired S-400 systems capable of detecting these aircraft. As a result, the US Air Force received only 187 F-22A aircraft.
In order to complicate the task of Russian air defense systems, the United States will fire more than 500-800 cruise missiles from ships and submarines in the Baltic Sea. Russian aircraft, primarily MiG-31 fighters, and air defense systems will be able to neutralize most of these missiles, the expert is sure, but this is not all that the Americans can use.
At the same time, the F-18, F-15E, B-52 and B-1B planes, being at a safe distance from the Russian border and not entering the S-400 systems operation zone, will strike with AGM- mini-cruise missiles. 154 or AGM-158, the range of which is up to 1000 kilometers. They can strike ships of the Russian Baltic Fleet and missile batteries of the Iskander and Tochka complexes. If successful, the Americans will be able to neutralize 30 percent of the Russian radar network, 30 percent of the S-300 and S-400 battalions deployed between Moscow and the Baltic countries, and 40 percent of the components of the automated reconnaissance, command, communications and target designation system, in addition, airfields will be damaged. the departure of more than 200 aircraft and helicopters will be blocked.
However, the expected losses of the Americans and their allies will amount to 60-70 percent of the aircraft and cruise missiles that will enter Russian airspace already with the first wave of air raids and strikes.
But what will be the biggest obstacle to NATO air supremacy? According to the expert, these are effective means of electronic warfare.
We are talking about the Krasukha-4 complexes of the SIGINT and COMINT types. These systems can effectively wage electronic warfare against US tracking satellites Lacrosse and Onyx, ground-based and airborne radars (AWACS), including those deployed on RC-135 reconnaissance aircraft and Northrop Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk drones.
According to the expert, the electronic warfare systems in service with the Russian troops can effectively jam American bombs and missiles with laser, infrared and GPS guidance.
Also, Russia can create two zones on the border with the Baltic countries in the regions of St. Petersburg and Kaliningrad, impenetrable for enemy aircraft, combining air defense systems (S-400, “Tor-M2” and “Pantsir-2M”) and electronic warfare.
Currently, 8 S-400 battalions are protecting the skies around the Russian capital, one is in Syria.In total, the Russian armed forces have 20-25 S-400 battalions. Some of them can be deployed to the western border along with 130 S-300 battalions, which can be upgraded and equipped with a 96L6E radar that effectively detects NATO stealths. An even more advanced air defense system, the S-500, is currently being tested, which will presumably go into service in 2017.
The author is sure that due to Russia’s advantage in electronic warfare means, NATO will not be able to achieve an advantage in electronic warfare.As a result, in the first wave of attacks against Russia, NATO troops will strike decoys in 60-70 percent of cases. Due to the high losses in the first wave of air strikes and the impossibility of achieving air superiority, the NATO Air Force will suffer high losses. The American group of 5,000 planes will be joined by their allies. But they will not be able to provide more than 1,500 aircraft.
War at sea
At sea, the Pentagon can deploy up to 8 aircraft carriers, 8 helicopter carriers, several dozen landing craft, missile carriers, destroyers and submarines.These forces can be joined by two Italian aircraft carriers and one aircraft carrier each from Spain and France. Russian anti-ship defense means – Kh-101 and NK Kalibr cruise missiles move at subsonic speed and can be neutralized at the initial stage of approach. It will be more difficult for NATO to cope with the P-800 Onyx and P-500 Basalt missiles. And finally, in 2018, the Russian fleet will enter service with the “aircraft carrier killer” – the 3M22 “Zircon” missile, capable of traveling at hypersonic speed at low altitudes.”The United States will not be able to oppose anything to this means,” the expert concludes.
Superiority in armored vehicles
Currently in service with the Russian army, the samples of armored vehicles – T-90 and T-80 tanks and modernized versions of T-72 tanks, Vasilescu notes, correspond to NATO counterparts. According to the expert, only the BMP-2 and BMP-3 are inferior to the American M-2 Bradley.
However, the new T-14 Armata Tank has no analogues in the world. In all respects, it surpasses the German Leopard 2, the American M1A2 Abrams, the French AMX 56 Leclerc, and the British Challenger 2.The same can be said of the T-15 and Kurganets-25 BMPs and the new VPK-7829 Boomerang amphibious armored personnel carrier. After 2018, Russia will have the most modern armored vehicles, which will radically change the balance of power on the battlefield.
During the Gulf War and the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the United States used mobile groups of tanks, vehicles, armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles to break into enemy defenses. The actions of these groups in Russia will need to be supported by massive airborne operations. And here an unpleasant surprise awaits them.If against the Russian air defense systems Pantsir and Tunguska, as well as against the Igla and Strela MANPADS, American combat helicopters and aircraft can use the AN / ALQ-144/147/157 electronic warfare system, then against the 9K333 MANPADS “Verba”, which entered service with the Russian troops in 2016, this equipment is powerless.
Homing sensors “Verba” are capable of operating simultaneously at three frequencies in the visible and infrared spectra. “Verba” can work in conjunction with the “Barnaul-T” system, which is responsible for electronic reconnaissance, electronic warfare and automatic control of amphibious formations.”Barnaul-T” neutralizes the radar of enemy aircraft and interferes with the operation of laser guidance systems for missiles and bombs of the enemy.
As can be seen from the above analysis, even now a war with the use of conventional weapons can cost our Western adversaries dearly. The rearmament of the Russian army, which will take place by 2018, will completely eliminate the West’s technological advantage in the military sphere. The more ready, powerful and equipped our Armed Forces are, the less likely it will be that the West will decide on an open war against Russia.
The Third World War refers to a global military conflict. To date, questions like “will there be a Third World War and when will it start” are no longer fantastic inventions, but quite real fears of citizens. In addition, now, given the ever-growing tension on the world stage, such questions are more urgent than ever.
All preconditions in the world lead to a new extensive war. It would seem that in our time no one will ever utter the word “World War III”, because this very concept seems to have been erased with the liquidation of the “empire of evil”.And, it seems, there is no one with whom to wage a continental struggle (as it was in the Second World War) or nuclear (it is assumed that this is how the Third will proceed).
Someone thinks in images and imagines the Third World War as follows: trenches, cracks in the black, incinerated earth, an “enemy” somewhere beyond the horizon … These ideas are written off and formulated on the basis of many films and stories about the terrible and so distant war of our fathers and grandfathers. This is the Great Patriotic War. Or World War II.But World War III will not be like that.
Many are sure that the future war is already being waged. The media, at least every day and tirelessly, with the importunity of an annoying fly, we are told about this. The so-called information battle. So who are we fighting with and why? History repeats itself, bringing into the world a new global conflict over the right to own land. However, now this land, in addition to population and territories, must have another important quality: resources.
Gas, coal, oil. These raw materials are the engine of all economies in the world.And the central actors in the future war, as experts believe, will be “sworn friends” – two powers that have every opportunity to mutually destroy each other and the entire planet using their stocks of nuclear weapons.
Where to expect war
Do not think that the threat should come from Europe. She is engaged in deep introspection and elimination of “economic fleas”. Europe poses no danger to Russia. The true enemy will come from afar, he will come from across the ocean.It is unlikely that anyone will be surprised at the assumption, because since the time of the Fulton speech in 1946, the future enemy has been clearly defined and his name is not a secret to anyone in Russia.
It would seem, well, what does America care about us? What will Russia do wrong again? What benefit will the United States want to derive and what will it try to teach the “simple Russian peasant”? The answer is simple – the resources and, possibly, the ambitions of an equally powerful country that does not tolerate competition.
Also, we must not forget the “peacemaker” in the person of the EU. Now this peacemaker is more like a provocateur who cheerfully dances to the tune of the United States.As if an echo from the countries of Europe is heard the repetition of the exclamations of the United States – sanctions, sanctions, again sanctions and … the Third World War.
The global integration of societies and economies has led to the large-scale and inevitability of a new war that will engulf the whole world. The ability to receive news practically “firsthand”, online or, thanks to satellite television, has given humanity the tremendous privilege of learning everything much faster than a decade ago.
It is worth noting, however, that the stream of information flowing completely discouraged people from critically evaluating and analyzing the events and facts provided.Indeed, for most users, a string of democratic revolutions, coups d’etats and local military clashes are simply scattered parts of world politics that will eventually become history.
But is it so? This is a question that will remain unanswered. Whether we believe in freemasons, “world puppeteers” and “the almighty of the planet of all”, whether we rely on the common sense and prudence of the rulers in using or not using nuclear weapons – all this does not in any way affect the events taking place in the world.
It is quite possible that the Third World War is being fought only on the monitors of computers, televisions and in the headphones of radio lovers. But the fact that it is already beginning, unleashing, as if in a spiral, a global conflict is a fact.
At the same time, armed conflicts of a local nature in different parts of the planet clearly tell us that the Third World War is not far off, the only question remains – when will it begin. It is also worth understanding that this will not be simply a military conflict on a global scale, but, quite possibly, a real nuclear war, the result of which may be the almost complete extinction of mankind.
In accordance with conspiracy theory, the Freemasons intend to reduce the number of people on the planet to 1 billion. According to members of the secret society, this is the number of inhabitants that will be optimal for reasonable consumption and complete control of natural resources.
In any case, the use of biological weapons to reduce the population is too dangerous. We must not forget that substances are capable of mutating and, quite possibly, the Freemasons themselves will not be able to protect themselves from their own “seeds of evil”, since they will not have a vaccine.
Thus, it is the nuclear Third World War that is the most considered by experts option for the development of further events on the part of the Freemasons with their desire to establish world order with total control.
World War III: Clairvoyant Predictions
In a world frozen on the threshold of something global and terrifying, people listen to everything that gives even the slightest plausible picture of the future. It seems that a war that will engulf the countries is inevitable.Look only at the confrontation between different civilizations, radical ideologies and the threat of terrorism.
Do not forget about natural disasters and catastrophes that happened through the fault of humanity itself. They also provoked a struggle for the necessary resources – energy sources and clean water.
Both today and many years ago, sages, scientists and amateurs tried to decipher the ancient records, predictions and prophecies of famous psychics and wizards in order to find answers to many questions of interest to the people.The most important question to which one so wants to find a reassuring answer is whether there will be a Third World War.
Kasyan Hermit predicted a tectonic catastrophe, after which people would rush in hungry crowds to the remaining territories, causing even greater destruction, bringing in themselves the final death for the peoples.
According to Alois Ilmeier at the very beginning of the Third World War, bacteriological and chemical weapons will be used, atomic missiles will be launched.The East will declare war on Europe. Diseases, as if from a cornucopia, will begin to pour in on people, producing terrible, hitherto unseen epidemics. Due to the movement of tectonic plates, many areas will become uninhabitable and this will cause attacks by Muslims and Asians. The seer also says that Syria will become the key either to peace or to the outbreak of a world war.
Forest Seer Mulhiazl , in turn, noted that the main sign of the coming war will be “construction fever” – like bees in a hive, peoples will erect huge honeycombs, filling the planet.It is quite possible that the prophet had in mind the concern of mankind with the material side of life more than the spiritual.
The Great wrote in his quatrains that the war would begin in the 21st century and would last as much as 27 years. This bloody and destructive war will come from the East.
The Blind Woman said that a global war would begin in Syria, spread to Europe and move on. A massive battle is coming between the Christian and Muslim worlds.
Grigory Rasputin spoke of three serpents that will bring great destruction.There have already been two world wars, which means that humanity will face new trials.
The situation is truly threatening. But, despite the fact that the whole world is now asking the question: when there will be a war, we must not forget that it, quite possibly, has already begun. And the war began in our souls. Now, material wealth has been raised in the first place, and not the laughter of a child or the smile of a mother.
Sincerely to love, to sympathize, to help has become irrelevant for a long time. But if we begin to think more often about our own souls and the common good, perhaps we will be able to avoid the carnage.
The Internet is actively discussing the events of the last days in the world, which, hypothetically, could lead to the outbreak of the Third World War. On the forum of conspiracy theorists, users have collected all possible facts and guesses, which, in their opinion, prove the fact that the world is in danger.
The Third World War refers to a global military conflict. Today, questions such as “will the Third World War and when will it start” are no longer fantastic inventions, but quite real fears of citizens.
In addition, now, given the growing tension on the world stage, such questions are more relevant than ever. All preconditions in the world are leading to a new extensive war. It would seem that in our time no one will ever utter the word “World War III”, because this very concept seems to have been erased with the liquidation of the “empire of evil”.
And, it seems, there is no one with whom to wage a continental struggle (as it was in the Second World War) or nuclear (it is assumed that this is how the Third will take place).Someone thinks in images and imagines the Third World War as follows: trenches, cracks in the black, incinerated earth, an “enemy” somewhere beyond the horizon …
These ideas are written off and formulated on the basis of many films and stories about a terrible and so distant war our fathers and grandfathers. This is the Great Patriotic War. Or World War II. But World War III will not be like that. Many are confident that the future war is already being waged. The media, at least every day and tirelessly, with the importunity of an annoying fly, we are told about this.The so-called information battle.
The third world war – predictions, when there will be
World war – fertile ground for reflections, predictions. Whose guesses are closest to reality?
The most famous soothsayer is undoubtedly Wanga, whose prophecies come true with a high degree of probability. According to her, it is worth expecting an international conflict, but it will pass without the use of nuclear weapons. The war will begin because of the actions in the Middle East (Syria), and Russia will emerge victorious from it, which will take a dominant position in the world.
Another loud prediction was made at one time by the French astrologer Nostradamus. In his characteristic form, he hinted at a confrontation that would take place in one of the Islamic states with the use of nuclear weapons.
Soothsayer Jean Dixon saw the cause of contention in the search for new territories for China. Dixon stressed that China will capture all of Asia, as well as part of Russia, continuing its march in the Middle East.
In May 2015, the famous American billionaire George Soros said literally the following:
“If there is a clash between China and a US military ally such as Japan, it would not be an exaggeration to say that we will be on the verge of a third world war.”
Soon, Hans-Lothar Domröse, Commander-in-Chief of the NATO Joint Forces in Brunsum (Netherlands), expressed similar judgments.
These statements coincide in meaning with the predictions of the Western prophets made in the 1950s and 1970s for 2016 and beyond.
Moreover, in the divinations of clairvoyants, as in Soros’s forecast, Russia is assigned the role of “China’s flank ally” invading Europe. We refer to these prophecies as a kind of paranormal artifact illustrating the West’s inescapable fear of the “unpredictable Russian bear.”
Veronica Luken gained fame in the USA as one of the most beautiful fortune tellers of all peoples and times. As for the accuracy of her prophecies, it was not possible to verify this: the majority was made in 1976-1978 and attributed to the clairvoyant in 2015-2020. It is interesting that when predicting the third world war for these years, Veronica did not use the Aesopian language in the style of Nostradamus or the same Irlmeier.
“Three numbers: two eights and a nine” is the only cryptic phrase that Luken never bothered to explain.
In other respects, Veronica, an ordinary housewife in her life, operated with the directions of the main blows, the number and names of military groupings, like an experienced general.
The beginning of the Third World War in October 2017 – who predicted
The scandalous predictor and self-proclaimed “messenger of God” Horatio Villegas announced when the Third World War would begin. Back in 2015, the Portuguese clairvoyant predicted the victory of billionaire Donald Trump in the US elections. However, despite hitting the bull’s-eye, the prophet and his predictions continue to be mocked on the net.
This time Villegas decided to talk about the Third World War, the beginning of which all clairvoyants on the planet are trying to guess.
Self-proclaimed “messenger of God” Horatio Villegas claims that everything will begin with the US attack on Syria, reports the Daily Star.
Villegas believes that nuclear war will begin on the days when Christians celebrate the centenary of the appearance of the Virgin at Fatima. It is worth noting that the words of the “prophet” now, when the US and North Korea are exchanging hostile attacks, playing with nuclear muscles, are perceived rather sharply.
Horatio Villegas actually predicted the victory of Donald Trump back in 2015, saying then that the millionaire would become the “king of the Illuminati” who would “bring peace to the third world war.”
“I saw people running all over the place, trying to hide from the fireballs that fell from the sky. They symbolize nuclear missiles that will fall on cities and people around the world, ”the clairvoyant believes.
The “Messenger of God” claims that the third world war will begin before October 13th.“It was on this day, according to the Catholic faith, that the Mother of God visited a village in Portugal to warn people that if her requests to convert Russia to the Christian faith were not met, God would use this country to harm the world,” the publication specifies. Daily Star.
Villegas also said that in his research he used the predictions of Nostradamus, who, in particular, wrote: “Mabus will soon die, and then there will be a terrible destruction of people and animals.We will immediately see revenge, thirst, hunger, when the comet passes. ” According to Horatio, “Mabus could be the President of Syria, Bashar al-Assad.”
“If Assad is bombed and killed, it will mean that the prophecy is coming true” – concluded the seer.
Well, let’s see how true this prediction turns out to be. Despite the fact that Trump and Kim Jong-un continue to exchange threats, the likelihood that one of them will sacrifice millions of lives and still press the “red button” is not as great as Horatio would have liked.
Nobody can name the exact date of this event yet. Different predictors give completely different predictions about when the Third World War will start, the date and what will cause it. And in general, many clairvoyants are worried about a completely different question: will there be a Third World War in general? Here are just a few that are discussed on the Internet today.
The seer did not give specific predictions about what the war will be like and whether it will be at all.She only mentioned in her predictions that this would be a war for spiritual values and Russia would survive in it. Moreover, this country will become the savior of the world, salvation for many people and souls, it will become the spiritual center of the world.
However, Wanga’s predictions can be falsified. The fact is that after the death of the prophetess, many tried to write predictions themselves, hiding behind her name, in order to earn money or get their own benefit. Therefore, even when reading predictions on the Internet, you should be skeptical about them.Since her famous name is often used by charlatans to attract attention or cause some kind of scandal on the network. That is why you should not thoroughly believe the words of Vanga: will there be a Third World War or not. After all, it is difficult to trace the original source of information on the net.
Nostradamus and others
His predictions say that there will be a Third World War. However, some sources say that some countries will take part in it, others – others. There is no exact translation of this prediction yet, since all the prophecies of the author are encrypted.Therefore, no one can call his predictions accurate either. Yes, and on the Internet there are many different sources that, on behalf of Nostradamus, indicate different events of this, as well as the onset of war. Therefore, one should not believe such unoriginal sources either. It is best to turn to modern clairvoyants who have the gift of prophecy and can tell truthful information.
For example, the Orthodox clairvoyant Matrona of Moscow possessed such a gift. She was not only able to survive in an atheistic time, when a person could easily be imprisoned for going to church and praying, but she also predicted many things in their lives for people.They turned to her and, if the girl wanted to know whether to marry some person or not, how her life would turn out. Matrona also gave predictions about Russia. Many asked after the war, will there be another military invasion? The seer said: “even without war, people will die.” However, what exactly she meant is completely unclear. It is likely that it will be a virus, bacterium or something else that is unknown to science today or does not yet pose a threat to humanity.
Modern clairvoyants are of the same opinion.Many of them said live that the point of no return had already been passed in 2014. The world is not yet threatened by war, but a different kind of danger is brewing in America. There will be a volcanic eruption, from which many people will die, as it will release poisonous gases and dangerous substances into the air. This will be the punishment of the United States for all the atrocities that this power has sown between different countries. A similar opinion was expressed by other psychics.
Therefore, since it is not known exactly when the Third World War will begin, the date, and whether it will be at all, then both the time and place of hostilities are also hidden from humanity.You should not attach much importance to dates on the Internet, since many people who pretend to be prophets are not. Therefore, you should not guess when the thunder will strike, but you need to live in the present day and enjoy the simple joys of life..