Lacrosse Goalie Gear for Beginners
One of the first things that a head coach worries about at their first coach’s meeting, usually months before the regular season starts, is ‘who is our goalie going to be?’ Especially at the youth level, filling this position can be extremely hard. However, there are a few very brave players out there who end up loving the position of goalie! Once the season is over, usually players want to continue at camps to improve their skills but once the regular season is over, recreation town teams collect all the equipment. This is when it can get tricky and expensive if you don’t know what you are looking for, so here are a few tips:
#1-Right Helmet Fit
With all of the different helmet models today, it can confusing as to which helmet to get. If you are a youth player, start off trying on the Cascade CPV. This helmet comes in sizes and is adjustable. If the largest size of this helmet is too small, then move up to the one size fits all helmets: Cascade CPX-R, Cascade Pro-7 or the Cascade R.
Again, there are a lot of different models of these by different manufacturer. Some of the more popular ones are: STX Cell II, STX Women’s Sultra, Maverik Rome NXT, Brine Eraser II, and the Warrior Lockdown. The best thing to do is to try one one, get into your goalie position and move around to see if the pads are flexible enough to your liking or you may prefer a hard, stiff sternum protector. All chest protectors have a hard piece in front of your heart, but some come with an extra bubble (that is removable) to add extra protection.
Odds are that most boys do not want to wear goalie pants whereas girls will. Boys see this as not being tough enough and they love showing off their bruises. However, when you start to move up in grades, the shots start being much faster-average 8th grade boy can shoot around 65-70 mph. Not all goalie pants are huge, bulky pads like everyone seems to think. Some goalie pants have thinner pads and are more breathable than others.
This is all about player preference! If a player has been wearing them for years, they are most likely not going to be afraid of the ball and will step to it when the shots are being fired. If a goalie gets hit really hard in the shin, it can be extremely painful and really deter the player from being aggressive in the goal in the future. I think that having a confident goalie, wearing all the pads, is better to have on my team than someone who is scared to get hit because they want to “look cool and tough” by not wearing all the padding.
Having your own equipment allows you to play in the off season so you can always be on top of your game. There is nothing better than walking into preseason with the confidence that you haven’t lost any of your skills and are ready for whatever comes your way!
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What gear does a lacrosse goalie need? – Pursuantmedia.com
What gear does a lacrosse goalie need?
REQUIRED PROTECTIVE GEAR Goalies in men’s and women’s leagues must both wear helmets, and in men’s lacrosse, it’s nearly the same design that attackers, midfielders and defenders wear. The only difference is the addition of a throat guard that attaches to the bottom of the helmet to help protect the neck area.
What equipment do girls lacrosse goalies wear?
According to women’s lacrosse rules a helmet, chest protector, throat guard, leg pads, gloves, and a mouth guard are all required to be worn by the goalie during play. The helmet must be a lacrosse specific helmet, and must have a sticker that says it meets NOCSAE standards.
How hard is it to be a lacrosse goalie?
Pick your goalie up “It’s a hard part to teach,” said Holland. “Those kids just kind of have it.” “It’s definitely one of the toughest positions because it’s a mental game,” Girani said. That’s why lacrosse teams traditionally run toward their goalie at the end of halves or games.
Do lacrosse goalies wear arm pads?
At the youth level (Under 15 and below), arms pads are a required piece of equipment for all goalies.
Does girls lacrosse have a goalie?
The basics of women’s lacrosse Women’s lacrosse is a non-contact game played by 12 players: a goalkeeper, five attackers (first home, second home, third home, and two attack wings) and six defenders (center, two defensive wings, point, cover point, third man, and goalie.)
Do lacrosse goalies wear cups?
Many complaints on Amazon focus around the cup not being protective enough and that’s what I worry about too for lacrosse goalies using these style of protection. Although many goalies have told me this is their preferred method of protection.
Do girls lacrosse goalies?
Ultimately, in the sport of lacrosse goalie is goalie whether you are male or female. The technique to make saves is the same for men and women, but the game is different.
What is the hardest sport to be a goalie?
Being a goalie in any sport is not easy, but there is one sport where being a goalie is possibly one of the most difficult positions to play: lacrosse. In hockey, goalies get peppered with shots and are expected to make a high number of saves.
Why do box lacrosse goalies wear so much padding?
Lacrosse goalie gloves have an extra layer of padding on the outside of the glove to deflect damaging shots. This extra padding is on both gloves and serves to also protect the inner wrist of the stick-hand, which is often exposed in the crouch position when wearing hockey gloves as a lacrosse goalie.
What is illegal girls lacrosse?
The most important rule in women’s lacrosse is shooting space, this is a violation of the rules. In women’s lacrosse, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their body or cover the ball with their stick in order to scoop it into their stick or protect the ball from picked up by an opponent.
Are women’s lacrosse balls the same as men’s?
The men’s game is, typically, played with a white ball, while women use a yellow ball. But there can be some variation to the ball color if both coaches agree to use a different color for a game. This includes orange and green balls.
Indoor Lacrosse Box Rules | Panhandle Lacrosse
The basics of Indoor or Box Lacrosse is played inside the confines of multi-sport rink. Each team has six (6) total players on the floor to start a game with five (5) runners and one (1) goaltender. Players rotate on and off the floor in shifts with the objective of playing offense by trying to put the ball in their opponent’s goal and trying to defense by preventing their opponent from scoring on their goal.
The field of play is called a box (Indoor) and is usually surrounded by boards topped with wires or netting.
The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins.
Six players /(Optional 5) per side consisting of five ‘runners’ and a goalie.
The players are known as centers, forwards, attack, and goalies.
All players must use standard lacrosse sticks 40in (1m) to 46in (1.2 m) in length. Goalies may use a wider mouthed goaltender’s stick.
The game lasts 60 minutes and consists of three 20-minute periods. (Optional 2/20 min Half’s)
8U -10U (7v7)- 10 min warm up – (2) 15 min Half’s – 5 min halftime – running clock
12U-14U – (6v6) 10 min warm up – (2) 20-minute Half’s – 5 min halftime -running clock
HS – (6v6) 10 min warm up – (2) 30 minutes Half’s – 5 min halftime – running clock
Men’s – (6v6) warm up – (3) 20 minute periods – 2 min break – running clock
Players must also wear a certain amount of protective equipment, including a lacrosse helmet with facemask, mouth pieces, lacrosse gloves, arm, shoulder pads and rubber soled shoes. NO CLEATS!
Each period is started with a face-off with the ball placed on the ground between the sticks of two players. ( 0ptional Puck Drop) Play is also restarted in this way after each goal unless otherwise specified where goalie will start after ref blows the whistle.
Rule 38: Positioning of All players at face-off
38.1 Positing of Players Prior to the Whistle – The remaining players must take a position inside an offensive or defensive zone. Once the players are in position themselves, they must remain in those locations until the whistle sounds to start play at which time all players are released from their respective positions. Players may be moving prior to the whistle provided they are behind the zone line and not making contact with an opponent.
38.2 Contact in the Faceoff Circle – Players not involved in the actual face-off are allowed to enter the outside face-off circle (11’ radius) while the face-off is taking place. Any player who enters the outside face-off circle (11’ radius) and strikes one of the face-off participants prior to the player becoming upright in a vulnerable position shall be assessed the appropriate time penalty.
When the ball goes out of play, the team who touched the ball last loses possession.
A 30-second shot clock means that the attacking team must take a shot on goal with 30 seconds of gaining possession.
Players must advance the ball from their own defensive end to the offensive half of the floor within 10 seconds.
Players can check another player’s stick but for the check to be legal it must not be above the shoulders, below the waist, when the opponent is not on their feet, or when a non-ball carrier is outside the dotted line on the floor.
Back-Court Definition -Teams must keep the ball in their offensive half after gaining possession or carrying the ball with both feet across and making contact in that zone. Violations will result in possession being awarded to the non-offending team.
No faceoff when the goal differential is 6 goals or more. Possession is automatically awarded to the losing team. All periods will still start with a faceoff.
Games ending with a tied score are decided by a sudden death overtime. Each overtime period is five minutes long but the game ends immediately a goal is scored.
Teams may substitute players in and out freely while the game is in play.
There are no offsides, meaning the game is fast-flowing.
Minor penalties such as too many players, tripping, charging, checking from behind, elbowing, high sticking, holding the ball with your hands, inappropriate language or misconduct result in the removal of the offending player for 2 minutes.
Major penalties such as butt-ending, boarding, cross-checking, throwing the stick and face-masking, result in a 5-10-minute removal of the player from the field. (Referee’s Discretion)
Goalies Serving Penalties – A goalie does not serve minor or major penalties. In cases when a goalie receives a minor penalty or major penalty, the in-home will serve the penalty but the penalty is still recorded under the goalie in the official scorebook. If a goalie is removed from the game due to too many penalties and a substitute is not available then the offending team will forfeit the game.
Player who amass five penalties of any kind are expelled from the rest of the match.
3-man penalty – If a team Is already down 2 players down from full strength and is assessed and additional time serving penalty to a 3rd player, the non- offending team shall be awarded a penalty shot.
Penalty Shot – begin with the ball at the center faceoff spot and the player can begin moving towards the goal when the official blows the whistle. The player must continue in forward motion and is allowed one shot.
Overtime – If permitted by a league or event, an overtime period may be used in the event of a tie score at the end of the regulation game. Play will continue with sudden victory overtime periods until the scoring of a goal. Overtime length shall be 5-minute periods with a two-minute interval between periods. (Optional – Rock-paper- Scissors)
Shootout Procedure – In the event of a tie score at the end of the regulation or overtime a game can be decided via a shootout. Each teams head coach has two minutes to select three separate players to participate in a shootout immediately after the third period. The away team’s first player shall go first followed by a shooter from the home team and will continue to alternate from that point forward. Should the shootout remain tied after three shooters from each team the shootout shall continue until there is a winner. A player may only shoot once and can only shoot again until all other players have participated.
Each team shall have 2 timeout per game and may only call 1 timeout per period. Timeouts can only be called by a player on the floor when their team has possession of the ball or during a dead ball. Timeout shall be 30 seconds in length and may not be taken during the last two minutes of a regulation or overtime if playing a running time format game. Timeouts do not carry over to overtime and teams get 1 timeout per overtime period. Timeouts cannot be taken during a shootout.
Picks/Blocks/Screens are legal if applied below the shoulder and above the waist. Contact is made with the body or stick but under no circumstances may there be clutching and grabbing an opponent. At the discretion of the referee, picks/blocks/screens are allowed as long as overt forceful contact with the body, and/or crosse is not made to an opponent. Contact is expected but excessive contact shall be penalized under the appropriate rule.
A goalkeeper may catch the ball while in their crease with the gloved hand and place the ball in their own stick or their teammates stick if their teammate is in the crease. If the goalie throws the ball with their hand, possession shall be awarded to non-offending team. A goalie cannot use their hand to grasp, touch, or hold the ball outside their crease. A violation results in possession to the non-offending team
If the goalie has two feet in the crease and possession of the ball in their stick and both stick and ball are outside of the crease, they may not be checked. If a defender makes contact with the goalies stick while the goalie still has possession of the ball during an outlet pass while the goalie is in their crease, the defender will receive a two (2) minute minor penalty for goaltender interference. If the ball is clamped outside the crease circle by the goalie, a player may rake under the goalie’s stick.
Rules of Lacrosse – Beginner Lacrosse
This page provides details for the basic lacrosse rules governing boys & men’s lacrosse. However, please be aware that there can be significant rule differences between ages (i.e. rules for U8 boys lacrosse differs significantly from college men’s lacrosse). See the links & videos below for the latest rules.
Basic Lacrosse Rules
- There are 10 players allowed on the field – 3 attack, 3 middies, 3 defenders and 1 goalie.
- For each goal in boys lacrosse, the scoring team is awarded one point. In boys lacrosse, there is not a 2 point shot (unlike the MLL which has a 2 point scoring arc).
- There can be a maximum of 4 long poles on the field per team.
- A lacrosse ball may not be touched by a player’s hand except by the goalie.
- To avoid an offsides penalty, there must be four players behind the defensive-area line (when not in a man-down situation).
- No opposing player can make contact with the goalie or the goalie’s stick when the goalie is in the goal crease area.
- Play is stopped immediately when the ball goes out of bounds. When a shot on goal goes out of bounds, the possession is awarded to the team of the player closest to location of the ball when it went out. When the ball goes out of bounds, for any other reason other than a shot (i.e. an errant pass), the possession is awarded to the team that did not touch the ball last.
- Body checking is only allowed for older boys. At the 12U, 10U, and 8U levels, a player may not deliver a body check to an opponent.
- Lacrosse penalties vary by age. Please check the rule books below for the penalties by age. Some potential lacrosse penalties include cross checks, holding, illegal body checks, illegal screens, illegal sticks, etc. For additional penalties, please the wiki’s section on Lacrosse Penalties.
- The official length of a lacrosse field for older boys is 110- 120 yards max in length and and 53 1/3 and 60 yards in width.
Additional Rules – For the additional rules (i.e. penalties) and the most recent rule changes, please visit the links below.
Boys (Middle School & Under) – Rules for 2020
Boys (Middle School & Under) – 2021 Updates & Changes
Boys High School – Rules for 2020
Boys High School – 2021 Updates & Changes
NOCSAE ND200 Standard – Lacrosse Chest ProtectionNOCSAE ND200 Standard – Lacrosse Chest Protection – STX Skip to Content
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- NOCSAE ND200 Standard – Lacrosse Chest Protection
What are the new NOCSAE standards?
The new National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment (NOCSAE) ND200 standards for chest protectors and shoulder pads aim to provide safer equipment for lacrosse players and reduce the risk of commotio cordis (cardiac arrest induced by impact to the area over the heart).
Do I need to buy a new chest protector adhering to these standards?
Starting January 1, 2021, all lacrosse goalies are required to wear chest protectors that meet to the new NOCSAE standards. All other players must adhere to the new standards starting January 1, 2022.
How do I know if my gear adheres to NOCSAE standards?
The NOCSAE logo (pictured below) emblazoned on the protector indicates the gear meets the new standard of protection against chest injuries for players as set by NOCSAE. If your shoulder pads do not have this logo, then they do not meet the standard and you need to get a new one for the 2022 season.
All of STX’s Cell V™ shoulder pads, Stallion 200+™ shoulder pads, Stallion 75™ shoulder pads as well as the Shield 200, 400 and 600 Goalie chest protectors all have the NOCSAE label, meaning they all meet the standard.
Shoulder Pad Fit:
Protective gear is often rigid, hindering player movement in order to offer the utmost protection. We believe players shouldn’t compromise comfort for protection, and so we designed the Cell V shoudler pad with this in mind.
The soft, comfortable, lightweight padding allows for increased mobility, allowing players to perform at their highest level without compromising safety. The pad’s low profile compresses when worn by the player, offering a more natural feel.
Hockey – description, essence and basic rules in hockey
Popular and sometimes difficult for many fans, hockey is distinguished by its rules, equipment of players, and most importantly, injuries. Each player, stepping on the ice, is aware of the existing risks.
Hockey has an interesting history of origin, during which the rules changed, the number of players, the duration of one half. Over the years, sports have become clearer, even simpler. In the world, the hockey fan base is very large, it is distinguished by dedication and special unity.
History of the origin and development of hockey
The essence of hockey is clear without additional explanations. Two teams go out onto the ice, where with the help of washers and clubs, the puck is driven into the opponent’s goal. Each player goes out in bulky equipment, which guarantees him safety both in a collision with ice and in a collision with other players, because it is known that hockey is a cruel team game,
The history of the game itself, as well as its main parts, like a hockey puck , has many similar and at the same time different stories.It is difficult to single out one official version of how the sport originated. In most cases, the official capital and birthplace of ice hockey is the city of Montreal, which is located in Canada.
According to another version, hockey originated in Holland. According to research, you can find images of a game where there is a hockey-like field, clubs. Similar images date from the 16th century.
The first game is still dated March 3, 1875, it is officially recorded. The match took place in Montreal at the famous Victoria skating rink.According to many versions, it was the modern professional league that began its existence from that moment in 1875.
Already 2 years later, the first small rules were created. If the first games were played with wooden clubs, then rubber ones appeared to replace them. It was they who made it possible to perform many maneuvers. The first official and general rules were compiled in 1866.
What was included in the collection of the first rules:
- total number of players, 7 in each team;
- The entire team must participate in the game from start to finish;
- Only players who were injured or, for other reasons, cannot continue to play were allowed to be substituted.
The last condition required the consent of other players. The year of the main, officially assembled team was 1904. Canada also became the place of its creation. In 1904, there were some changes in the number of players. There are 6 of them, not 7, as it was since the inception of the game. The changes also affected the total area of the field for the game. The hockey player could be replaced, even if there was no good reason, like injury.
A couple of years later, a new system emerged, according to which each player was assigned a specific number.So the game became not only personalized, but also received all the opportunities for its globalization all over the world. Since 1945, another opportunity has emerged. At each gate, special lights were installed, which made it possible to determine the exact number of points for each team.
Ice hockey rules (briefly)
The rules of the game have not changed for several decades. Since the days of the hockey league, their implementation is unquestioning. The game has a system of fines, punishments for gross violation of the rules.
How the game takes place:
- Each game, also called a match, consists of 3 parts. They are called periods. The duration of one part is exactly 20 minutes.
- A throw-in occurs every period. A signal from the referee is required to end it. It is a whistle.
- The referee controls the start and end of the game.
- There are breaks between each part of the match. Their duration is 15 minutes. During this time, the players rest, and the location of the gate also changes.
- There are 6 people on the court during the match. Each team has the right to expand the total number of official players to 25.
- You do not need to wait for a break to replace a player. Substitution takes place during the match as well.
- Wrestling is an official part of the game, so built defense is also part of the general tactics of each team.
- What is prohibited during wrestling techniques on the ice: trips, elbow strikes. You cannot attack a player who does not “lead” the puck.
- If the result of the match is a draw, as in football, extra time will be awarded.
According to the basic rules, for breaking the rules, a hockey player can be sent to the bench.
Today there are 2 types of rules. They belong to a specific league. The rules of the game, as well as the size of the court, depend on the game of a particular league. There are 2 leagues in total – NHL and IIHF.
In the IIHF rules, the requirements for the site are set: the length is not less than 56-60 m, the width is also not less than 26-30 cm.The court must be of the correct size, otherwise the match cannot take place.
The NHL has different rules. The length of the field for the game should be exactly 60.96 m. The width of the court is also fixed and it is 25.9 m. Why are there such clear instructions about the size of the court: according to experts, if the field is smaller, then the spectacle will not be so enchanting. Each meter allows you to see every maneuver of the players.
The size of the site does not end with only general data.Field angles are just as important. The game does not allow a field of a classic square shape. In hockey, only rounded corners are allowed. This is how the fight against many injuries among hockey players takes place. According to the rules of the first league, an error in the roundness of the corners from 7 to 8.5 m is allowed. The NHL has set a requirement for a certain size. It is 8.53 m.
The entire outer goal line must be protected. Each side must have a height of 1.2 to 1.22 cm. The size of the protective glass, which is intended for spectators and other team members, is up to 1.6 to 2 m.They are installed on all front parts of the boards, along the field. The rounded parts of the field must also be protected.
Each point of the court is marked, it belongs to one of the playing zones. There are marks along all the gates, across the entire area of the field. The end lines allow you to determine the location of the goal. The indentation to the peculiar line is from 3 to 4 m. The line is called the goal line. The gate cannot be located closer or further to the sides.
The blue line is used to divide the field into zones.It is located 17.23 m from the line where the gate is located. Thanks to the line, the field is conventionally divided into 3 zones. There is a central zone, it is also called the main one. The two remaining zones belong to the opponents, one identical part to each team.
The red line is in the center of the field. She literally divides the entire site into 2 identical parts. The points of throw-in, hitting the puck are located along the red line. This ensures the fairness of the beginning of each half.
The throw-in points are near the goal post where the goalkeeper’s post is located.The distance from the goal itself to the point is about 6 m. The throw-off zone is almost 5 m. There are as many as 9 throw-in points on the court.
What points are there:
- end points – 4 of them, 2 in each zone;
- There are 4 more points in the neutral zone.
In addition to the main field, there is a place where the staff and other team members are located. The court is equipped with benches for players who are injured or who were fined during the game.If the player’s injury is serious, he is taken out of the main court.
Special attention is paid to the dimensions and dimensions of the doors. They also have to meet certain standards. As for the goal, the requirements for them are the same, regardless of the league, the level of the game itself. In ice hockey, the goal is 2 bars. At their core, they look like vertical barbells. There is a crossbar on top.
The rods must be at an equal distance from the sides of the site, they determine the general position of the goal.The total length of the crossbar is 1.83 m. The total height of the goal is 1.22 m. The crossbar and crossbar have the same diameter. It does not exceed 5 cm in diameter.
Hockey is a dangerous sport. The ice is no less dangerous than the opponents of the players. Equipment is the main protection of a hockey player. The rules for the appearance and durability of the suit are the same for all hockey players. Failure to comply with the equipment rule is punishable.
What is included in the basic equipment of a hockey player:
- A stick, which is a stick specifically for ice hockey.By its type, the hockey stick is a sports equipment. Only with its help is it allowed to transfer the puck onto the field. The height of one quality stick is from 1.5 m to 2 m.
- Skates. This type of equipment must also be made for playing hockey. Conventional skates are simply not suitable for such purposes, they create an even greater risk of injury. In addition, ordinary skates slow down the player’s movement, and do not allow half of the maneuvers to be completed. Skates are sturdy boots with attached blades.Moving on the ice during the game is allowed only on skates, otherwise there is a high risk of injury.
- Sink. It is also called the groin protection plate. It protects the player from being hit by the puck or getting injured in the area. The sink is one of the main pieces of equipment.
- Helmet. It is used to protect the head. The player is obliged to enter the court with a helmet.
- Elbow and knee protectors. A similar detail, like a shell, is needed for the knees and elbows – areas that are most affected when falling on ice.Protection not only protects the elbows or knees, but also the joints.
- For the chest, one more semblance of a shell is used – a bib. The player’s back also needs protection.
- Glove. It is used to protect the brushes. Wrist joints and forearms need protection. Hands, forearms are vulnerable when hitting clubs, in case of hitting the puck.
- Capa. It protects the teeth, especially if the washer gets into the mouth.
Hockey shorts are mandatory.They allow to reduce injuries during the fall of the player. If the puck hits a player, the shorts also reduce the severity of the injury. A plate is used to protect the neck area. It is rigid, completely covers the neck, both in front and behind. The plate also partially protects the clavicle, part of the hockey player’s back.
Leggings are additionally used – they are included in the basic equipment. Although the puck is not part of the equipment, it also has its own requirements. The puck speed is at least 180 km / h.All washers are exactly the same in size. The thickness is up to 2.5 cm, the diameter is slightly more than 7 cm, the weight is up to 170 g.
The goalkeeper is in increased danger. He often takes on the hard hits of the puck. Player attacks do not apply to the goalkeeper. Due to the increased danger, the goalkeeper’s equipment is slightly different from that of an ordinary hockey player.
What is included in the equipment of a goalkeeper in hockey:
- Goalkeeper stick.
- Skates. They have a thicker blade for better stability than regular ice skates.The outer structure is stronger and more stable and protects the foot in the event of an impact. There is also a special hole in the skate. It allows you to hook the guards.
- Helmet, face protection mask.
- Throat plate.
- Plate for chest, back.
- Groin Sink.
- Shorts for protection against injuries.
- Damn. It is a type of glove. Outwardly, it resembles a solid pancake. On the inside there are special holes for the fingers.
- Another glove is called a trap.Its main purpose is to grip the puck.
The goalkeeper, like his entire team, must have helmets of the same color. In some cases, it is permitted for the goalkeeper’s helmet to differ from the general color of his team’s helmets. The puck also belongs to the goalkeeper’s equipment.
Popular and significant hockey tournaments
The main goal of hockey, like any competition, is to win certain titles or awards. Tournaments show the skill of the players, and also bring popularity and money.There is a major hockey league for adults, there is a youth hockey league for juniors, a continental hockey league for different age groups.
Separate tournaments are appointed in honor of famous hockey players, and various funds are opened for talented youth. Any continental tournament is prestigious.
Among the popular tournaments is the Stanley Cup. Amateur teams participate in it. The Gagarin Cup is considered the most prestigious in Eurasia. The Spengler Cup is international, awarded since 1923.
Each match consists of 3 identical blocks. Each block lasts no more than 20 minutes. Time in blocks is also often called “clean” because it does not affect the extra time in any way. The need for extra time arises only if the teams have a draw. The breaks are also fixed. Their duration is exactly 15 minutes.
Overtime is optional. It serves as additional time. It is required to determine the winner.In addition to overtime, which is already overtime after the match, there are shootouts. They are essentially free throws.
Europe, Canada adheres to the same rule regarding overtime and its duration. The number of shots, as well as the length of overtime, is determined for each match. Such quantitative indicators are always individual. The regulations of each of the tournaments help to determine the indicators.
Positions of players in hockey
Each player has its own specific role and, accordingly, a position, so only the goalkeeper and defender are generally located along the goal line.The role of each player is used to create an overall strategy.
The hockey player responsible for a peculiar attack must make attacks. He does not play the main game, but rather interferes with the opponent. His main skill is the perfect form, he must skate well, be distinguished by resistance to impacts.
The forward must skate well. His weapon is not only riding skills, but also club ownership. Deceitful tricks, they are feints, are always in the forward’s arsenal. This is also his main training during the preparation for the match.
The forward must be able to direct the puck in any of the directions and at different ranges. So he provides the team with an advantage over the opponent. The forward’s responsibilities include defense. He learns to bypass blows, to protect other players. There is a separate division among the forwards. They are extreme, right or left. The center forward remains important.
The defender is responsible for the defense of the team. His responsibilities include helping the goalkeeper. Strength techniques are his main specialization.In hockey players of this position, strong, sturdy and persistent players are selected. The defender is obliged to look well over the field, to notice the threat to the players of his team.
The goalkeeper is protecting the goal. He must have the fastest possible reaction. He is distinguished by good movement coordination. The goalkeeper chooses the most comfortable and advantageous position. He repels the attack of the enemy. The goalkeeper has no other responsibilities.
Among other things, hockey is a spectacular event. In such games, especially with modern technology, where popularity is determined by some form of brutality, different techniques often work in hockey.
Among the unofficial roles of the players are the so-called fighters and bodyguards. The main role of the fighters is to eliminate any opponent. He injures, touches other strong players from the opposing team, but he does it within the rules. The bodyguard plays a completely opposite role. He must protect his teammates by any means possible, but also within the rules.
General division into roles allows building complex strategies. It depends on the coach how well the players work together.Oftentimes, performing only the main roles gives minimal results. Only clever strategies can create a spectacular game and win.
In the general sense of games, like hockey, there is one referee. In fact, a whole group of judges guarantees that the rules of the game are followed. They are called the brigade. Each panel has 2 or 1 head judge. He is the strictest and often oversees the entire game. Each area of the site remains under his attention.
Additionally, there are 2 line judges in the brigade.The head judge has a number of responsibilities. They include monitoring the entire field, tracking violations of any rules, as well as fixing changes in the gate area.
Line judges have a completely different task. They monitor the offside. Such issues, for example, include a violation of the number of players on the field, an incorrect throw-in of the puck. The remaining team of judges is working outside the main court.
Violations of the rules and penalties
Every official rule in hockey entails a violation, and it is a penalty or even an exception.
Which violations are completely excluded from the game:
- an attack by a player who does not have the puck or any illegal technique such as a trip; 90 022 90 021 an attack from behind is also unacceptable;
- Do not hold the puck with your hands;
- should not be hit with a high putter;
- Do not intentionally fall onto the puck in order to interfere with an opponent;
- you can not enter the puck as you like without the rules for throw-in points;
- Do not start a fight or throw a stick on the ice.
Any sabotage of the game is punishable. Insulting opponents is also unacceptable.
If hockey players break the rules, they face a certain penalty. In case of a team violation, a small penalty is assigned. Everyone except the goalkeeper gets it. The player is excluded from the game for 2 minutes.
A player is sent off for 5 minutes if he received the first big penalty. Further repetition of a similar crime entails the complete exclusion of the hockey player. A disciplinary penalty is issued in the event of aggression, after which the player is sent to the bench for a full 10 minutes.If he repeats the violation, he ends the game. In the future, he will face problems with going out on the ice.
Ice hockey federations
There are both national and international ice hockey federations in the world. In the USA and Canada, the NHL is the main organization. The IIHF has separate codes of practice for the United States and Canada. Individual countries have their own ice hockey federations.
“Kucherov is a Soviet player, but the American throws the ball during the warm-up” Vorobyov’s interview about the stars and hockey trends – Club news
Ilya Vorobyov is a coach with a unique experience for our hockey.The son of the master of the domestic workshop Pyotr Ilyich Vorobyov helped Canadians Paul Maurice and Mike Keenan, won the Gagarin Cup and worked as the head coach of the Russian national team. Now he is reassembling Magnitka, preparing for the first season without Sergei Mozyakin.
– I must admit that I got aesthetic pleasure from the game of Magnitka in the Champions Cup. And you?
– I am more concerned with the result. Even in the summer. I would like to increase the implementation of the moments.And so, I think my teams have always been playing. And this team is no exception.
– Magnitogorsk fans won’t agree with you. In many ways, what you call “modern hockey” has been difficult to watch over the past couple of years. Obviously, Magnitka has changed.
– We have become smaller and faster. There are different opinions, but I believe that we played hockey with the previous squad.
– Did Magnitka become smaller and faster consciously?
– Partly, yes.Although I still like big players more. But our selection was influenced by two factors: the market situation and changes in the rules. We had to go in the direction of speed.
– I look at Goldobin’s game with Korostelev and I think: have you decided to raise successors to Zaripova and Mozyakina?
– That would be fantastic. Ideal scenario. But the guys still need to grow up decently. True, I’m not at all sure whether it is possible to get such players as Zaripov and Mozyakin in 2021.They played with such a margin that they determined their time.
– What exactly was the timing?
– In reading the game. Honestly, as a player, I never read hockey like that. Against their background, he was a mere mortal. Of those whom I have worked with, Gusev, Malkin, Mozyakin, Zaripov, Kucherov are a separate caste. They see hockey in a way that we don’t. They can be compared to people in business who make money even out of thin air.
– I heard the opinion that even going to play, not being afraid to lose the puck is a manifestation of the fact that the player has eggs.What is an egg test for you?
– And the test, in fact, takes place in every game. For example, go to the beat and climb to the near post, and not go around the goal. I watch who behaves in skirmishes. When I was playing in Germany and there was a scuffle, it happened that some Canadian would drive up and say: are we fighting or are we going to play cards?
– As I understand it, you did not particularly shy away from fights.
– Me not.
– Did you catch yourself thinking that in the person of Brendan Lipsik you got a player unique for the current KHL?
– Yes, he is different. I talked about him with the guys from Washington last year. And I heard from them an interesting phrase: “Yes, he is a Soviet player!” Indeed, there is something in this. He is fast, nimble, reads the game very well, thinking outside the box. An interesting guy.
– And who of the Soviet players Lipsik reminds you of?
– Oh, I don’t want to compare here.It will be too loud. The bar is too high.
– But is he capable of becoming a KHL star?
– Frankly, we expect a lot. When we first met, I told Brendan that he could become one of the best players in our league.
– Is there a player you would particularly like to work with at the club?
– There are a lot of such guys. I played with Zhenya Malkin since he was 17 years old. And even then he took the puck outside his goal and brought it into the zone.Such was the roll in the majority. He received any transmission. The puck could fly a meter and a half away from him, and in a second he was already doing something with it. This is the quality of a great player. If we talk about Kuznetsov, then I have not seen more such a player who exited the bend with a higher speed than entered. Each has its own flavor. Kucherov’s game is very interesting to me. How he disassembles his game in detail. Nikita sits with an iPad and examines every square meter. When I played, my father told me about it, but I did not listen.
– There were no iPads then.
– Really. Only Nokia.
– How else does Kucherov catch you?
– To come back without playing for half a year and to show this kind of hockey is incredible! He continues to develop, even sitting on the injury with the iPad.
– Is Kucherov also a Soviet player?
– Soviet, maybe Soviet, but during the warm-up, an American throws a baseball ball (smiles).After all, he left a long time ago. Nikita reads the game incredibly.
– When it reads the game as central.
– And here the role does not matter. Yes, the center forward is the connecting piece. But there are also extreme attackers.
– At the World Championships in Bratislava, it was seen how difficult and uncomfortable for Alexander Ovechkin due to the fact that the defenders cannot give him a perfect pass under the shot. As he used to in “Washington”.So the game of such a great player is based on how well everything is debugged around him?
– No, not only. As addicted players do not score as much as he does. Sasha is guided by the throw-in points. His office is there. So if the puck goes a little wrong, you’ll have to adjust. Gretzky is not chased with just one instrument.
– I’m more about the fact that Ovechkin needs fine tuning.
– The setting should be.When you have a person with such a cast, everyone else should use it. You know, another great player, Pavel Bure, used to say: “let those who don’t know how to score give passes”.
– You and Nikita Gusev worked both in SKA and in the national team. Why can’t such a great master be able to realize himself in the NHL?
– Well, he had a good first season. In fact, in order to judge the true reasons, one must closely follow. I don’t want to act as a sofa expert in this situation.
– Well, maybe you at least have an idea?
– As far as I can tell, in the NHL, among other things, a player must have a huge supply of health. 82 games in the regular season is very serious. It’s hard to keep this bar. I have spoken to many former and current NHL players. And they admitted that they were sometimes stunned by how wrong the decisions made on the fatigue handicap were. But I believe in Nikita.
– I heard the opinion that he lacks sharpness in skating and in general in moving around the site. Hockey is faster in the NHL, and he loves to roll in a wide arc. This is especially critical when returning to defense.
– This, in principle, is quickly treated. Talking to Paul Maurice (head coach of Winnipeg – Sport24 approx.), I hear one thing: speed, speed, speed. At the same time, I do not think that Gusev is slow.
– Are you in touch with Maurice?
– We communicate, yes.We had an interesting joint season in Magnitogorsk. I learned a lot then. I thought there were gods in the NHL. But no – people. We keep in touch with both Paul and Mike (Keenan – approx. Sport24).
– Do you have an exchange of views?
– Now to a lesser extent. And after the Olympics, I was planning to go there as a guest coach. Now our communication with Maurice is more human. We congratulate each other on holidays and significant events.
– Do you have an understanding of why Russian hockey players are in demand in the NHL, but coaches are not?
– Language. This is in the foreground. At first, when I myself helped Maurice and Keenan, I did not understand how many details could be lost in translation. But after becoming the head coach, he began to pay attention to the fact that a cut off phrase or changed intonation is worth a lot.
– What else? Is the NHL closed?
– Maybe yes.This is a kind of closed world. But it’s hard for me to judge, I was not there. Better to ask Sergey Gonchar or Brylin. They deserve a chance with their excellent performance.
– As Keenan’s assistant, you went to press conferences with him as an interpreter. Is this also in order to clearly convey a thought?
– It so happened. Mike trusted me, and I could insure him if something happened. If anything, I’ll whisper in your ear, I’ll tell you.
– How did Keenan give it now? He was diagnosed with cancer three years ago.
– Thank God, now everything is fine. He overcame the disease and feels well. Sits on a well-deserved rest. After all, Mike is already quite an adult man.
– Was there any lesson from Mike that influenced you as a coach or person?
– Of course. He showed me how to work with the stars. He had great players in the NHL, and in Russia they fell into the hands of Zaripov and Mozyakin. He has this quality. Flexibility.
– Was Iron Mike flexible?
– With stars – yes.
– How to explain to the rest of the team that some can do a lot, while others can do nothing?
– And here everything is simple. Score 50 goals in a season and you will also be allowed a little more.
– With Alexei Kovalev, whom Keenan kept on the ice for about seven minutes, he was not flexible …
– We, of course, discussed all these stories in the coaching room.As I understand it, Mike tried to wean Alexei from replaying shifts in this way. A very original way, I’ll tell you.
– Have you ever wanted to repeat it?
– Yes, somehow there was no suitable opportunity. In general, it would be a copy, but the original should be one.
– You yourself remembered the work of Maurice and Keenan. Since then, there are much fewer foreign coaches in the KHL. Doesn’t that impoverish the league?
– Look at my headquarters.In “Magnitogorsk” there are foreign coaches, we discuss everything with him, we share.
– But isn’t Russian hockey brewed in its own juice?
– No I do not think so. I will not say for everyone, but many who I know personally are working on themselves. They go to seminars overseas and to Europe. Personally, I visit coaching sites where exercises and reports are collected. People are developing. If there is a desire, then the framework does not exist.
– You often say that hockey is changing.How exactly?
– Hockey has become more compact. Everyone is back on the defensive. There is no such thing as in the final between Magnitka and Lev, when one 3v2 attack was replaced by another. Players are trying to make sure their shifts are correct. The pace of the game has changed. Each next generation of players is stronger and faster. Now it has become important not to make your mistakes.
– Do I understand correctly that hockey is being driven in this direction by players who are becoming more and more perfect athletes?
– First of all, it is the result that moves.If you don’t play like that, you won’t win.
– Who started to think more about the result? Aren’t they coaches?
– Has something changed in this direction over the past ten years?
– It is hard to say. There is a recipe for success. If you don’t follow it, you will be left out. Remember how St. Louis took the Stanley Cup? Everyone who played nicely got out, and they won with their two-way working hockey.
– But after St. Louis, Tampa won twice.
– “Tampa” is a little different. I am impressed by their play. How they play passing. But in addition to skill, they have a guy who, if something happens, will make an extra save. I’m talking about the best goalkeeper in the world. And with a margin.
– So Vasilevsky unties Tampa’s hands?
– They still play hockey. Tampa are great.And with the onset of the playoffs, they not only rely on Vasya, but also act solidly in defense.
– What does it take for Magnitka to play like Tampa?
– I do not want such comparisons. But we, of course, strive to be a playing team.
– Maybe you need immunity from dismissal for three years?
– This is unrealistic.
– Why do all KHL teams play the same hockey, but in the NHL there are bearers of such polar styles as Tampa and Vegas?
– I would not say that everyone in our league plays the same way.We use a lot of what is in the NHL in Magnitogorsk. I have all these schemes. And Tampa? It’s probably just a different sport.
– Don’t you think there is a crisis of ideas in the KHL?
– Now the season starts and we’ll see. In the rules, the second hand was removed – this is a cool solution. Let’s see how this will affect hockey in the KHL. A crisis of ideas? Rather, a crisis in sports equipment. Now they make such equipment that you can painlessly catch everything on yourself, hence fewer heads.A trifle, it would seem. Because when I was playing, you will not lie down – your arm or leg will break.
– In general, it’s easier to be a terminator these days.
– Previously, 30 blocks per match was heroism, but now it is a common thing. But people want to see goals.
– In the last playoffs, it seemed that the teams only compete in who will overblock whom.
– You see, this is the development of hockey.Now there is such a turn.
– That is, I understood correctly that you support the changes in the rules that took place this summer in the KHL?
– Definitely! Now you have to ride, move. Well done, that the “jackets” were removed.
– Did you and your father talk about where hockey is heading? Pyotr Ilyich has made a name for himself at the expense of these very “jackets”.
– He made his name, first of all, on the fact that Panin and Emelin play in his league now, and he also brought up twenty defenders.”Jackets” were allowed, so he used them. After all, not only we had this, but also in the NHL. Could have carried out on the “pitchfork” from blue to blue. If there is no health, then the match is over for you.
Are national styles still alive?
– A complex concept. In Sweden and Finland, everything is more or less clear. They start from how they develop hockey, from schools. When, in 2011, we were still working with my father, I took over from the Finns. Spied on the World Cup, I liked it.And then we came to Finland, and I saw how the boys from the children’s team at the age of 12 make this very roll. What is this, if not systematic?
– Has self-identification been interrupted in Russia?
– We were in the 90s when it was difficult for hockey to survive. And not only hockey. Everyone left: players, coaches, and myself. Because in Russia they either did not pay, or paid little. Then this wound was formed. Now a lot is being invested in development. Probably, you just have to be patient.
– Have you ever regretted that you said the same catch phrase after the defeat in Bratislava-2018, that Russia has never played and will not play like Finland?
– She was interpreted a little differently. It is obvious that the Finns were playing defensively. Playing with Ovechkin, Kucherov and our other defensive attackers is just a useless number.
– That is, Russia without Ovechkin and Kucherov can or should play like Finland?
– Well, it’s not for me to choose.Now Valery Nikolaevich is responsible for this (Bragin – approx. Sport24).
– Can you imagine what hockey will be like in 5 or 10 years?
– Even faster. You know, I used to be somewhat ghostly about lacrosse and other similar tricks. Why train it? Now my worldview is changing. I once had dinner with an acquaintance. His son plays field hockey in Germany. I ask how that business is, and he replies that the son will definitely not play professionally.I was surprised the guy is only 12 years old. And there, even at his age, the ball almost never falls on the lawn. They are worn, all overhang. Technology on a completely different level. We, I think, will have a similar picture. First, the speeds will increase even more. The next generation is a priori faster and stronger. Secondly, the technique will be improved. Now all the guys are busy with small balls. We didn’t have that. They were brought in by the Swedes, including the NHL. You can spend time with them from morning to evening. I brushed my teeth and drove off.Thanks to this, not even the most talented guy can hone his game with a club. Many pucks are already being caught on the fly. What ten years ago was perceived as “wow” is now normal.
– Now one VHL player puts in lacrosse three or four pieces per season.
– And before the stamps were released. Although only ten years have passed. At the World Championships, my wife called me. I left the locker room. I saw Kucherov fiddling with a golf ball. Then I go on, and there is Johnny Goodro with a plastic washer.True, the story has a bad ending. I came to Magnitogorsk, told the guys. One started to study, and the other comes up and says “what are you, Kucherov?” And it all ended there. Now, however, the guys are studying. This is partly included in the warm-up, at least in the preseason.
– Now the Kucherovs are not ashamed to be …
– The Kucherovs are not ashamed to be. Turns out! Perhaps, if they obeyed, they would be close to Nikita. True, this is very difficult.At least they became hockey players of a higher level.
– A separate sport debuted at the Summer Olympics – basketball 3 × 3. How do you feel about playing 3×3 hockey?
– The rules will change and we will play 3 × 3. What else can you say?
– There are just those who don’t even consider 3 × 3 hockey. Just like someone does not recognize shootouts.
– Everything flows, everything changes.If you remember the volleyball of my childhood, then the points were counted only on their serve. And they played up to 15 points. So we don’t know where the hockey will go. So far we have five people on the field.
– With 3 × 3, creative players who cannot fully realize themselves 5 × 5 fully realize themselves. Isn’t that awesome?
– Yes. But 3 × 3 is probably going to be a little scam hockey. A kind of chaos. Attack here, attack there. Will it be interesting at the same time? Probably it will.
– At the last World Cup, the Russian national team lost to Canada in overtime, which generated a lot of discussion. Tell us from your own experience: do the 3 × 3 schemes take place or does everything happen on a whim?
– Of course. There are schemes, developments. We have separate meetings and videos in this direction. Defensive play, attack, cross movement, exit from the zone – we are working on everything. Most importantly, do not look at our statistics last season. Then confidence has disappeared, a lot comes from the head.
– What rule in hockey would you like to change?
– I like what everything is heading for now. There should be one rules and one size of ice for all hockey. The goalkeeping equipment should be the same.
– Do you often see “mattresses”?
– Less and less. But it still happens that T-shirts and panties are huge. The goalkeeper has a 32nd size and wears a 46th. It happens. Everything must be done to make it interesting for the audience.In fairness, the league is now doing this, removing the second hand and making face-offs after forwarding in favor of the attacking team. We must move towards the fan’s interest.
– Don’t you think that interest in hockey in Russia has just dropped in recent years? There are fewer stars, fewer spectators in the stands …
– Still, there are fewer spectators now for another reason. Covid disarmed us a little. Stars? The vision has changed slightly.Many were returned thanks to a large infusion of money, for some purpose – for example, the Olympics. But now there is a ceiling on salaries, more balance in the teams. There used to be passing matches, but now it’s gone.
– Is it more interesting for you to work with Malkin without a salary cap or without Malkin and with a ceiling?
– It is always interesting to work with Malkin. When there was a lockout, I told the young guys to watch and absorb. They won’t get another chance like that.Five people from the NHL came to Magnitogorsk then. Take the same Ryan O’Reilly. I ask one guy: what is the difference between him and you? He shrugs. And the difference is that O’Reilly stays in front of the goal after the throw, waiting for the rebound and the subsequent finishing move, and you drive by. And there are a lot of such nuances. As for the salary cap, there are the rules by which we play. Probably, now the situation in the country and in the world disposes to this.
Handball goalkeeper – Wikipedia
In handball, the goalkeeper is the most defensive player on his team.Its main task is to prevent the other team from scoring a goal.
To avoid confusion, the goalkeeper must wear a jersey that is different in color from all other players’ shirts on the field, including the other team’s goalkeeper. If such a jersey is not available, the goalkeeper must wear a bib to ensure sufficient differentiation between the players involved. Most goalkeepers also wear special long trousers, while male goalkeepers always wear special long trousers.bandage (underwear serving protective purposes). Rule 4: 9  (regarding equipment while playing) states that players must wear athletic shoes while playing. Unlike football, handball goalkeepers do not wear gloves, although this is not prohibited by the rules. [ citation needed ] Gloves are not actually accepted because they are considered a sign of weakness among fellow goalkeepers and also impair the goalkeeper’s throwing ability. [ by whom? – Discuss ] Additional protective gear such as face masks and helmets were discussed in the early days of the game, but are currently prohibited, as are any items that could endanger opposing players, including piercings, necklaces, earrings and goggles.Female goalkeeper during the seven-meter throw
All rules can be found on the IHF website. 
A team must appoint one player to the field of play as the goalkeeper. However, the goalkeeper can change to a field player at any time during the game. To do this, he needs to be replaced and his goalkeeper’s jersey replaced with a fielder’s jersey. In the same way, a field player can take the position of the goalkeeper. Rule 5  “Goalkeeper” deals with all the rules concerning the goalkeeper and a set of specific rules concerning the goal area.Within this area, the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with all parts of his body to parry the ball. In addition, several rules do not apply to the goalkeeper within the goal area. These rules are: the 3-second rule (7: 2), the 3-step rule (7: 3), the ball bounce rule (7: 4) and the ball touches repeatedly. -Rule (7: 7). However, if the goalkeeper deliberately delays play with the ball, the referee may declare play passive.
The goalkeeper is allowed to leave the goal area and onto the playing field if he does not have possession of the ball at all times.From outside the goal area, all rules relating to field players also apply to him. In addition, he is allowed to go outside the goal area with the ball while he is still trying to control it (5: 4). The goalkeeper is not allowed to leave the goal area with the ball under control if the referee blows his whistle for the goalkeeper throw (5: 6). This throw must be taken within the goal area. Rule 5: 7 + 8 provides that the goalkeeper, while standing in the goal area, cannot touch a rolling or stationary ball outside the goal area.Moreover, he is not allowed to re-enter the goal area from the playing field with the ball (5: 9). The goalkeeper must not touch the ball with his feet or leg below the knee if the ball is moving towards the playing court (5:10). During the 7-meter throw of the opposing team, the goalkeeper is not allowed to cross the goalkeeper’s boundary line (4-meter line) until the ball has left the hand of the opposing shooter (5.11).
If the ball crosses the outer goal line outside the goal posts and the goalkeeper was the last player to touch the ball, the goalkeeper receives the ball for a goalkeeper-throw within the goal area.However, if the ball crosses the sideline, the opposing team receives the ball for a throw-in.
Sometimes the goalkeeper is used as a seventh field player or replaced by a regular field player. This usually happens in the last minutes of the game, if the score is a draw or the attacking team is only a few points behind. An additional player is added to increase the team’s chances of winning or drawing.
Responsibilities and requirements of the handball goalkeeper
The main task of the goalkeeper is to prevent the other team from scoring a goal, which is achieved when the ball completely crosses the goal line.The game has become much more dynamic over the years, requiring the goalkeeper to get the ball back into play very quickly, resulting in quick breaks or losses that provide very good chances to score. Strategies like the second wave or the so-called Schnel Mitte are quick games designed to catch the opposing team by surprise. After the pass, the goalkeeper immediately passes the ball to the center of the court to award the ball. In some cases, the goalkeeper even scores a goal himself, using the fact that the goalkeeper of the other team is too far from his goal, and throws the ball across the entire field into an empty net.German goalkeeper Johannes Bitter managed to score two goals in this way in his 112 international games. 
Height is an important criterion for goalkeepers who want to play professionally. The rule of thumb in this regard is “more is better.” Dieter Bartke, a former goalkeeper of the German National League, was 2.16 m (7 ft 1 in) tall. Height deficiencies are effectively compensated for by other factors, such as jumping strength and body flexibility. Notable examples are Wieland Schmidt (1.85 m [6 ft 1 in]) and Henning Fritz (1.88 m [6 ft 2 in]).Skills such as quick reflexes, quick understanding, and strong foresight are considered more important than growth. Modern handball training aims to improve the goalkeeper’s presentiment of typical game situations by implementing a so-called standard situation, a concept that simulates a set of the most common scenarios that can occur in a game. Sports scientists have come up with the phrase Sharemaster, patterns of action that goalkeepers are trying to implant in their subconscious.
Common goalkeeper injuries
Problems in the elbow area are most common among handball goalkeepers. In 1992, a study in Norway found that 329 out of 729 (45%) goalkeepers suffered from elbow pain. In contrast to these numbers, only 166 out of 4,120 (4%) fielders complained of similar problems. In a follow-up survey of 729 goalkeepers, 41% had acute problems and 34% reported past problems in this area. Health problems caused recurring pain, and often goalkeepers had to stop playing for several matches due to injuries.The obvious cause of these injuries is repeated excessive extension of the elbow joint while trying to parry the ball. The authors of the study call the handball goalkeeper elbow syndrome .     This injury to the elbow joint during hyperextension can also occur frequently during the locking technique in judo.
This type of pain is most likely caused by damage to the ulnar nerve.  Accurate diagnosis is a major focus of ongoing research to develop adequate prevention and treatment options. 
If a goalkeeper receives a two-minute penalty, he must leave the field and be replaced by another goalkeeper, which usually forces his team to continue with one less player on the field of play. For several years there has been debate over whether goalkeepers should be prohibited from going outside the goal area during quick breaks, a rule that causes many accidents between goalkeepers and fielders. 
If both teams perform equally well during the game, the goalkeeper’s individual performance can have a huge impact on the outcome of the game.A saving factor of 25 percent or more is considered very good performance, with a saving of 50 percent very rarely achieved over a thirty minute period.
Into the bouncing jack, a typical defensive move by a goalkeeper when trying to save the ball.
When a player’s throw hits the goalkeeper’s head, for example on a seven-meter throw, the player is disqualified (rule 8: 5). 
- Matthias Andersson (repeated German champion, European champion with Sweden in 2000, multiple EHF Champions League winner)
- Johannes Bitter (EHF Cup winner, 2007 world champion, 2011 German champion of the year)
- Henning Fritz (2007 World Champion), IHF Player of the Year 2004)
- Martin Galia (best goalkeeper 2005-06 in German HBL with 508 saves, EHF finalist 2006)
- Peter Gentzel (213 international appearances for Sweden, three-time champion Europe, one-time world champion)
- Stefan Hecker (multiple champion and winner of the German Cup, German player of the year 1990)
- Silvio Heinewetter (European junior champion 2004, winner of the 2007 EHF Cup)
- Kasper Hvidt (European champion 2008, bronze medalist of the 2002, 2004, 2006 European Championships and 2007 World Championships)
- Niklas Landin Jacobsen (2012 European Champion)
- Andrei Lowrow (three-time Olympic champion, world champion and European champion)
- Cecily Legange ( World Champion 1999, World Player of the Year 2001)
- Thierry Omeyer (repeated champion of France and Germany, world champion in 2001, 2009 and 2011, European champion in 2006 and 2010, Olympic champion in 2008, world player of the year in 2008)
- Christian Ramota (2004 European Champion)
- Sigi Roch (1984 Olympic silver medal winner, one-time European champion, two-time German champion, three-time German Cup winner)
- Wieland Schmidt (1980 Olympic champion) “Regel 8 (www.