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Usbc Sanction Card Application
Can anything not yet been obtained, position round from pair to email card application
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Prepaid Cards | Sanction Scanner
The outbreak of the coronavirus was a defining moment in the usage of the currency. Several of us reduced our dependence on cash in day-to-day activities as a result of lockdowns enforced across many countries and worries about the possibility of catching COVID-19 via ATMs or banknotes. As our societies’ cashless habits grow more established, new financial instruments are created to meet various financial demands. Prepaid cards have proven to be a popular alternative to not just cash but also regular credit and debit cards.
Prepaid access can be used for a wide range of goods, features, and technology. Physical access, in the form of prepaid cards, is now the most common method of payment, and it is extensively utilized by governments, corporations, and individuals. Most payment networks demand that their branded prepaid cards be issued by a payment network member bank.
Prepaid cards can be used in either an “open” or “closed” loop. Open-loop prepaid cards can be used to make purchases at any retailer that accepts cards issued for use on the payment network linked with the card, as well as to withdraw cash from any ATM connected to the related ATM network. Payroll cards, general-purpose reloadable (GPR) cards, and some gift cards are examples of open-loop prepaid cards. Some prepaid cards may be reloaded, enabling the cardholder or another individual (such as an employer) to give money to the account. Closed-loop prepaid cards can mainly only be used to purchase products or services from the merchant who issued the card or a limited number of merchants or service providers who are members of a certain network. Merchant-specific retail gift cards, mall cards, and public transit system cards are examples of closed-loop prepaid cards. Closed-loop prepaid cards do not typically enable cash withdrawals, although they may frequently be traded on third-party platforms in exchange for additional closed loop cards or payment by check, ACH, or other means.
Prepaid cards are extremely adaptable and may be tailored to fit the demands of any program. Some prepaid card systems, such as flexible spending account (FSA) or health savings account (HSA) cards that may be used to buy particular health-related services, are created for specific limited-use objectives. State and federal government agencies utilize prepaid programs to dispense government benefits (e.g., disability, unemployment, etc. ) and give income tax refunds, while companies use them to send wage and salary payments.
Prepaid cards, like debit cards, are a convenient and portable way to save and access money. Prepaid cards are used for a number of purposes, including purchasing items, transferring funds to other cardholders within the prepaid program, and paying bills. They also provide an alternative to cash and money orders for people. A limited number of prepaid card systems may issue several cards per account as an alternative way of cross-border money transmission, allowing people in another nation or jurisdiction to access funds loaded by the original cardholder via ATM withdrawals or merchant transactions. Risk-based consumer due diligence on the initial cardholder should be undertaken for such schemes, and transactions should be exposed to risk-based monitoring.
Money laundering, terrorist funding, and other illegal activities can occur with prepaid access and prepaid card schemes, just as they do with conventional payment instruments if adequate controls are not in place. Some prepaid cardholders, for example, have used fake identities and financed their first loads with stolen credit cards or have acquired several prepaid cards under aliases, according to law enforcement investigations. Because many local and abroad banks offer prepaid access services or products with international currency access via ATMs, fraudsters may load cash from unlawful sources onto prepaid access products and transmit it to collaborators inside or outside the United States during the placement phase of money laundering.
Prepaid cards issued in the United States may often only be loaded there. Both open and closed-loop prepaid cards have been used in combination with, or in substitute of, bulk cash smuggling, according to investigations. Despite the fact that prepaid access is becoming increasingly regulated and issued by strictly regulated institutions, third parties that promote or distribute prepaid access programs may or may not be subject to regulatory obligations, supervision, or control. Furthermore, these criteria may differ from one party to the next.
Banks that provide prepaid access or otherwise engage in prepaid access programs should have strategies, procedures, and processes in place to manage the AML risks associated with them, as required by the FATF and implementing laws, as well as payment network standards.
AML risk mitigation is a critical component of prepaid access programs, and it entails several crucial elements:
- Carrying out comprehensive due diligence on any third-party service provider.
- Conducting a risk analysis of the prepaid access product, including its features and distribution and loading methods.
- Looking for unusual or suspicious activity in transactions done or undertaken by, at, or through the bank.
- Product characteristics and usage restrictions.
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Security Council ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee Adds One Entry to Its Sanctions List
On 17 June 2021, the Security Council Committee pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011) and 2253 (2015) concerning ISIL (Da’esh), Al‑Qaida, and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities approved the addition of the entry specified below to its ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List of individuals and entities subject to the assets freeze, travel ban and arms embargo set out in paragraph 1 of Security Council resolution 2368 (2017), and adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations.
QDi.429 Name: 1: MOHAMMAD 2: ALI 3: AL HABBO
Name (original script): محمد علي الحبو
Title: na Designation: na DOB: a) 1 Oct. 1983 b) 15 Mar. 1983 c) 1 Jan. 1980 POB: Raqqa, Syrian Arab Republic
Good quality a.k.a.: a) Mohamad Abdulkarim b) Muhammad Abd-al-Karim Low quality a.k.a.: a) Al-Hebo b) Al-Habu c) Alhobo d) Habo e) Hebbo f) Habu Nationality: Syrian Arab Republic Passport no: Syrian Arab Republic number 00814L001424 National identification no: a) Syrian Arab Republic national identification card number 10716775 b) Syrian Arab Republic national identification card number 2020316097 c) Syrian Arab Republic national identification card number 2020409266 Address: a) Gazantiep, Turkey (since 2016) b) Raqqa, Syrian Arab Republic Listed on: 17 June 2021 Other information: Turkey-based facilitator who provides financial services to, or in support of, Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, listed as Al-Qaida in Iraq (QDe. 115). INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/How-we-work/Notices/View-UN-Notices-Individuals.
In accordance with paragraph 55 of resolution 2368 (2017), the Committee has made accessible on its website the narrative summaries of reasons for listing of the above entry at the following URL: www.un.org/securitycouncil/sanctions/1267/aq_sanctions_list/summaries.
The ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List is updated regularly on the basis of relevant information provided by Member States and international and regional organizations. An updated List is accessible on the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee’s website at the following URL: www.un.org/securitycouncil/sanctions/1267/aq_sanctions_list.
The United Nations Security Council Consolidated List is also updated following all changes made to the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List. An updated version of the Consolidated List is accessible via the following URL: www. un.org/securitycouncil/content/un-sc-consolidated-list.
Driver License Sanctions – Montana Department of Justice
Driver License Suspension
When a driver’s license is suspended, the privilege to drive a motor vehicle upon public highways is withdrawn for a specified period.
There are other penalties after conviction for alcohol-related driving offenses:
- In the 24/7 Sobriety Program, drivers charged or convicted of a second or subsequent DUI offense can be ordered to undergo twice-daily breath tests or to wear a bracelet that monitors alcohol in their bodies.
- Authority of court to order participation in a sobriety program: MCA 44-4-1205
- Additional impaired driving information can be found through the Montana Department of Transportation.
Ignition Interlock Vendors
A driver who has been convicted of driving under the influence (DUI) or with an alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08 percent or more may be restricted to operating a vehicle that is equipped with an ignition interlock device. The following companies are approved interlock vendors:
10520 Hickman Road, Suite F
Des Moines, IA 50325
Smart Start, Inc.
4850 Plaza Drive
Irving, TX 75063-2317
#1 A LifeSafer of Montana – LifeSafer
1660 Jasper Street, Unit I
Aurora, CO 80011
Clean Start of Montana, LLC
P.O. Box 1332
Bozeman, MT 59771
Toll Free: 1-800-820-4637
For the following violations, Montana law and other established rules, regulations and standards mandate that a driver’s license is suspended for varied periods lasting from 30 days to one year (or in some cases, indefinitely). These violations include, but are not limited to:
- drivers convicted of three reckless driving offenses committed within a period of 12 months
- drivers who use a motor vehicle in the theft of motor vehicle fuel
- failure to obtain required medical evaluation or submit to testing
- fraudulent application for a license to drive
- falsifying a date of birth on a driver’s license application
- altering a driver’s license or identification card to obtain alcohol
- authorizing another person to use your license or identification card to obtain alcohol
- any unlawful use of a driver license
Minor in Possession of Alcohol (MIP)
Under MCA 45-5-624, MIP convictions are not recorded on an individual’s Montana driving record. However, a driver license suspension resulting from an MIP conviction is permanently recorded on the offender’s driving record.
Confiscation – A driver license confiscation is not the same as a suspension. Confiscation is between the violator and the court. If a person with a driver’s license is convicted of an MIP violation, the court must confiscate the license:
- first MIP offense – 30-day confiscation
- second or subsequent MIP offense – 6-month confiscation
A violator who drives during a period of driver license confiscation may be charged with driving without a license. A violator may also be subject to additional sentencing provisions imposed by the court.
Suspension for failure to complete substance abuse course – Under Montana’s MIP law, violators who fail to complete a community-based substance abuse course may have their driver’s licenses suspended:
- first failure to complete substance abuse course – 3-month suspension
- second failure – 9-month suspension
- third or subsequent failure – 12-month suspension
Driver License Revocation
When a license is revoked, it is terminated for a specific reason and may not be renewed or restored. When the period of revocation expires and the individual meets all of the requirements to be licensed, that person must then apply for a new license, completing applications, paying all fees and taking all applicable knowledge and skills tests.
To reinstate registration after a second or subsequent conviction for no insurance:
- Follow any instructions that the judge or court gave
- Provide proof of liability insurance to the Motor Vehicle Division Records and Driver Control Unit in Helena
- Mailing address:
P.O. Box 201430
Helena MT 59620-1430
If you have questions or need additional information, please call 406-444-3289.
When a license is cancelled, it is terminated because a person is no longer entitled to it. However, upon meeting certain requirements, a person whose license has been cancelled may reapply for another license. Examples of cancellation include:
- the death of the person signing a minor’s application
- fraud and/or falsifying information on an application for a license to drive
- paying for a driver’s license service with a non-sufficient funds check
- removal of parental consent
- voluntary surrender of a license
- a license is suspended or revoked in another state
Instructions for Paying a Reinstatement Fee
- Make your payment over the phone with a Visa, MasterCard, or Discover Card at (406) 444-3933.
- Send your payment (check or money order) to:
Motor Vehicle Division
Records and Driver Control Bureau
P.O. Box 201430
Helena MT 59620-1430
- Make the check or money order payable to the Motor Vehicle Division (U.S. funds only). Credit cards can be accepted by phone.
- Include your driver license number (if known) and full name and date of birth with your payment.
Economic and Trade Sanctions (OFAC)
The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury administers economic and trade sanctions against specific countries, individuals and entities. These trade sanctions programs apply to University activities. The most comprehensive sanctions involve Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan and Syria. For the most recent list of sanctions see this OFAC website: http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Pages/Programs.aspx.
What do I need to do?
Contact the Export Control Officer for guidance as soon as possible, for any of the following, involving a comprehensively sanctioned country, listed individual or entity:
- any imports/exports (examples include research samples, artwork, or any research material)
- collaboration with individuals residing in a sanctioned country
- research in
- travel to (including to attend a conference)
- transfer of funds to
OFAC sanctions change regularly. Please contact the Export Control Officer as soon as possible for the most recent guidance to avoid penalties and delays to your research.
If a license is required, it will likely take 3 months plus to obtain one.
Who this applies to
OFAC regulations apply to all United States persons. The term U.S. person means any United States citizen, legal permanent resident, or green card holder, regardless of whether they are located in the U.S. or abroad. It also includes any entity organized under the laws of the United States, or any foreign nationals who are currently located in the United States or in some cases outside the U.S.
Exempt Transactions/License Exceptions
Under OFAC sanctions, there is an exception for the export or import of information and informational materials regardless of the format or medium. This exception does not apply to export controlled technical data or to information and informational materials not fully created and in existence at the date of the transaction, or to the substantive or artistic alteration or enhancement of informational materials. See § 560.210 of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations Exempt Transactions.
There is also an exception for peer review activities. See § 560.538 of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations Authorized Transactions Necessary and Ordinarily Incident to Publishing.
Hong Kong Officials Condemn and Mock Trump Administration Sanctions
Hong Kong and Chinese officials by turns condemned and mocked a Friday move by the Trump administration to impose sanctions on Hong Kong’s chief executive, Carrie Lam, and 10 other senior officials for their roles in a prolonged crackdown on political dissent in the city.
The Hong Kong government and several of the officials targeted dismissed the impact of the penalties, while also condemning them as “blatant and barbaric interference” in China’s domestic political situation. The head of China’s liaison office to Hong Kong, Luo Huining, said on Chinese media that the American efforts were a waste because he had no holdings in the United States, adding that he could send $100 to President Trump to give him something to freeze.
The condemnations and dismissals come as relations between the United States and China have deteriorated to a historical low point, and follow on the heels of a move on Thursday by the Trump administration to penalize two of the most successful apps to come out of China, TikTok and WeChat. Analysts say there is little hope relations will improve in the short term, with the American election looming and many Trump administration officials determined to reset the relationship between the world’s two largest economies.
The new sanctions are the first against officials in Hong Kong and mainland China over the city’s harsh suppression of pro-democracy protests, and are yet another indication that the United States has begun to treat Hong Kong as simply another Chinese city. Last month, Mr. Trump also signed an executive order punishing China for its crackdown on Hong Kong, after Beijing imposed a national security law on the city in June that granted sweeping powers to security agencies and penalized some forms of political speech.
On Friday Treasury Department officials said that Hong Kong’s chief executive, Carrie Lam, was being penalized because she was “directly responsible” for enacting policies from Beijing to crush dissent in the city. Addressing the prospect of sanctions last month, Mrs. Lam said she would laugh off any penalties and said she had no assets in the U.S.
In a sarcastic response posted on Facebook on Saturday, Mrs. Lam questioned why, in publishing her personal details, the United States had gotten her address wrong, adding she believed it was because she’d written a previous address down in an application for a visa to visit the United States in June 2016.
“If my guess is correct, it’s worth discussing whether my personal information for visa application, handed over to the Treasury Department for purposes other than entry, has violated the protection of human rights,” she wrote, adding that she had no desire to return to the United States.
Still the sanctions are likely to hit her and other officials in less obvious ways.
On Saturday, Facebook said in a statement that it had “taken steps to prevent the use of payments services” for individuals on the list. That would mean Mrs. Lam can no longer buy advertising on Facebook or any of its other apps.
Credit cards could present another problem. Even if money is kept outside the United States, funds processed by Visa or Mastercard could also be affected. Visa did not immediately respond to questions about the impact of the measures. A Mastercard spokesman said the company was reviewing the action to “understand the impact it may have on any financial institution licensed to access” its network.
In a public letter issued to Mrs. Lam on Saturday, an official at the Hong Kong Monetary Authority said that the sanctions had no legal standing in Hong Kong.
The penalties stopped short of hitting the highest level of Chinese officials, who ultimately make the key policy decisions about Hong Kong. Last month, when the administration imposed sanctions on Chinese officials over rights abuses against the largely Muslim Uighur ethnic minority in the country’s west, it included one member of the Communist Party’s ruling Politburo.
Hong Kong’s government hit out at the new sanctions and used them to bolster claims that the United States has been interfering in Hong Kong politics. It released a statement using rhetoric characteristic of officials in Beijing: “The U.S. government’s claim that the imposition of the so-called ‘sanctions’ was in response to the enactment of the national security law in Hong Kong is a lame excuse that could hardly stand up to challenge.”
Hong Kong’s government also took particular issue with the release of personal information, including the addresses and identification numbers of the officials penalized.
“Such a deplorable move is no less than state-sanctioned doxxing that is a serious breach of privacy and personal safety,” the government said in a statement. “We reserve the right to take any necessary legal action,” it warned, adding that Hong Kong’s government would “adopt countermeasures.”
Another official targeted by the administration, Eric Chan, said he and his family had “no fears” about the punishment. And Hong Kong’s secretary for commerce and economic development, Edward Yau, said that he believed the measures would backfire against the United States, creating confusion for American companies based in the city.
He called the sanctions “unreasonable and barbarous,” saying that in the long run they will harm American interests in Hong Kong.
In recent months the Trump administration has taken a series of measures that have heightened tensions with China and pushed back against newly aggressive moves by Beijing to exert its influence in the region.
Last month, Mr. Trump issued an executive order that ended the special status that the United States had granted Hong Kong in diplomatic and trade relations. The Trump administration also arrested officers or affiliates of the People’s Liberation Army in the United States on accusations of fraud, and banned students associated with some military institutions.
Officials also shut down the Chinese consulate in Houston, citing economic espionage efforts by diplomats there. Hitting back, Beijing forced the closure of the U.S. consulate in the central Chinese city of Chengdu.
Such tit-for-tat actions are likely to continue. In May, the administration imposed a 90-day limit on stays for Chinese citizens in the United States on journalism visas, ultimately requiring all Chinese journalists to apply for visa renewal last week. U.S. officials are expected not to renew many of the visas.
Lin Qiqing and Elaine Yu contributed research.
90,000 London imposed sanctions against billionaire close to Lukashenka
The British government imposed sanctions against the Russian billionaire Mikhail Gutseriev. In a message from the cabinet, he is called “one of the main private investors in Belarus and a longtime associate of Alexander Lukashenko.”
London also introduced sectoral sanctions against Belarus in the areas of trade, finance and aviation. Restrictions package includes:
- Banning Belarusian airlines from flying over the kingdom and landing at British airports and banning British businesses from helping Lukashenka and other Belarusian leaders in the maintenance of aircraft;
- Trade restrictions on potassium, petroleum products, as well as goods and technologies for interception and monitoring, goods used in the production of cigarettes, goods and technologies for dual use;
- Financial measures that prohibit British companies from buying Belarusian securities associated with state-owned enterprises of the republic, as well as providing loans;
“Lukashenka’s regime continues to destroy democracy and violate human rights in Belarus.These sanctions demonstrate that the UK will not accept Lukashenka’s actions after the election rigged, “said British Foreign Minister Dominic Raab.
Alexander Lukashenko reacted to the next sanctions during a press conference on August 9: “Yes, you choke on these sanctions in Great Britain! We have not known this Great Britain for a thousand years and do not want to know. American henchmen”! Gutseriev has not yet commented on them.
- The previous – fourth – package of sanctions Great Britain, together with the USA, Canada and the EU, introduced on June 21 as a response to the incident with the forced landing of the Ryanair plane in Minsk, after which the opposition blogger Roman Protasevich was detained.The sanctions list consists of 78 individuals and 8 organizations.
- Sanctions on Mikhail Gutseriev on the same basis were imposed by the European Union in June, and later by Switzerland. After that, the businessman resigned from the directors of Russneft and the board of directors of the Safmar group. Forbes magazine estimates the businessman’s fortune at $ 2.5 billion.
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90,000 Crimea and ″ road maps ″. How will Lukashenka pay Russia for its support? | Belarus: a view from Europe – special project DW | DW
The tough reaction of the West to the incident with the forced landing of the Ryanair plane in Minsk, the sanctions already imposed by the EU and the US, as well as the restrictive measures announced by Brussels, which are likely to affect the Belarusian economy, have noticeably weakened the position of Alexander Lukashenko. Will Russia take advantage of this, on whose support Lukashenka is increasingly dependent, and if so, how exactly? And is it worth expecting that now Belarus recognizes Crimea as a part of Russia?
Russia and Belarus: agenda, interests and speculation
Alexander Lukashenko still has his own agenda, and he is still trying and will try to further promote it in relations with Russia, an expert of the Berlin Science Foundation said in an interview with DW and the politics of Sabine Fischer. “There are many assumptions and speculations that Vladimir Putin could carry out the final unification of the two states into one, which would become his historical legacy.But the decision-making process in the Kremlin is completely opaque, no one knows what Putin is planning. Therefore, it is impossible to comment on such things, “Fischer said.
Moscow is already taking advantage of the fact that Alexander Lukashenko has lost the opportunity to maneuver between Russia and the West as before, Minsk observer Andrei Fedorov is sure. Not everything is exposed to the public. ”The Russian authorities are not particularly happy that they have to deal with Lukashenka, so the Kremlin tried last year to increase its influence on Belarus against the background of a sharp weakening of the position of its authorities during the mass protests, Fischer continues.
“First of all, it was about persuading Lukashenka to initiate the process of reforming the constitution, which was supposed to end with new elections and, possibly, Lukashenka’s resignation. As we can see, nothing came of this,” the German expert states. According to her, despite the sharp deterioration in relations between Minsk and the West and the growing dependence on Moscow, Russia’s ability to promote its interests in Belarus still seems limited.
Alexander Shpakovsky, director of the analytical center “Actual Concept”, a member of the scientific expert group under the State Secretary of the Security Council of Belarus, does not see any serious differences in the interests of the two countries. All disputes between neighboring countries, in his words, have been settled thanks to the efforts of the collective West: “We are facing approximately the same palette of external challenges. Mutual interest is in intensifying integration processes to create a common economic space.”
“Road maps” and privatization of strategic assets
For this purpose, the so-called “road maps” are being developed, of which, as Lukashenko said after the meeting with Putin, only two remain.Alexander Shpakovsky admits that when agreeing on the maps, Russia, to a large extent, managed to carry out its own interpretation, “which is logical given the integration of the two countries, which are very different in their economic and political potential and resources.” But Belarus, he believes, has managed to defend its interests – Minsk insists on creating equal conditions for economic entities and considers their absence as the main obstacle to economic integration. And it is beneficial to Belarus, because half of its turnover falls on the Russian Federation, recalled Shpakovsky.
The Mozyr Oil Refinery is one of the strategic assets of the Belarusian authorities
The situation with the signing of the road maps Sabine Fischer also calls completely opaque. In her opinion, Lukashenka can still to some extent resist the active integration efforts of Russia. In part, the development of events, according to Fischer, depends on what kind of economic sanctions, currently being worked out in Brussels, the EU will introduce against Minsk, as well as on how they will weaken Lukashenka’s position and force further concessions to Russia.
Meanwhile, the interests of the Russian Federation and Russian business do not always coincide, Shpakovsky emphasizes. In the past, the authorities in Minsk have repeatedly accused Russian oligarchs of plans to buy up lucrative Belarusian enterprises on the cheap. Shpakovsky says that today we are not talking about large-scale privatization: “A number of our strategic assets are interested in large Russian capital, which would like to acquire them at a low price. If Western sanctions cause significant damage to the Belarusian economy, it may be necessary to sell state assets.In addition, in order to avoid extraterritorial sanctions, the United States may have to change the jurisdiction of certain enterprises. “
The issue of Crimea is not so important anymore? the position of small states is tougher. But I don’t think those who initiated these changes like them. ”Whether someone likes it or not, after Ukraine joined the EU blockade of Belarusian airspace, relations between Kiev and Minsk deteriorate before our eyes.Among the possible retaliatory steps of Lukashenka, observers often cite the recognition of Crimea as part of Russia by Belarus.
Sabine Fischer in this regard recalls that 7 years have passed since the annexation of the peninsula by Moscow. And if the first two years after that the issue of the status of Crimea was part of the game between Russia and Belarus, now it is no longer so important for the Kremlin. “Lukashenka can do this at any moment, it is absolutely unrealistic to make any predictions here,” Fischer says.Andrey Fedorov also agrees with her. “Moscow is neither cold nor hot from such recognition. It will not receive any special benefits here. Everyone understands in what dependent position Lukashenka is.” At the same time, Fedorov does not think that the Kremlin in this case is putting pressure on Lukashenka: “He is allowed to save face. Everything else is already in the mouth of Russia.”
For his part, Alexander Shpakovsky told DW that the likelihood of Minsk recognizing Crimea as Russian exists, but this does not happen under any pressure from the Kremlin.“Despite the hostile actions on the part of Kiev, the issue of Crimea’s ownership is not being discussed in Minsk,” the expert said. At the same time, he did not rule out that, given the closure of Ukraine’s airspace, flights from Minsk to the peninsula will be opened for Belarusian aircraft.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
The first treaty after the collapse of the USSR
In 1992 Minsk and Moscow signed the first treaty on friendship, good-neighborliness and cooperation after the collapse of the USSR. Since then, there have been hundreds of official documents on the deepening of integration. The Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation are part of various associations, including with other countries of the post-Soviet space – the Union State of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation, the CIS, the EAEU, the CSTO.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
“Russia is sacred”
“Russia is sacred for us,” Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko has repeatedly assured. In December 1999, he signed an agreement on the Union State of Belarus and Russia with the then President of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin.Lukashenko was eager to form an alliance with Moscow, hoping to become the head of this association. But with the coming to power of Vladimir Putin, Lukashenko’s hopes were dashed.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Union without an anthem
The Union State of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation has a common parliament, cabinet of ministers, the State Council and even the media. But there is no flag, coat of arms and anthem, and the leadership is carried out on the basis of rotation. This union is not recognized as a subject of international law. Moreover, Minsk and Moscow understand the meaning of integration in different ways.The Kremlin is counting on the political tie of an ally. Belarus, on the other hand, is seeking domestic Russian prices for gas and oil.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Social package in action
Citizens of Belarus and Russia received real benefits from the Union State. In 2006, a package of international treaties was signed that confirmed the equal rights of Belarusians and Russians to freedom of movement and work, as well as in the field of healthcare and education.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Trade as an engine of integration
Russia is the main trade partner of Belarus, accounting for about 50% of exports and imports for many years. The share of Belarus in the foreign trade turnover of the Russian Federation in 2016 was 5%. The main articles of Belarusian supplies to Russia are agricultural products, trucks, truck tractors and agricultural machinery. Mainly oil, gas and ferrous metals go from Russia to Belarus.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Minsk calculates profit, and Moscow calculates losses
The sale of oil products from Russian raw materials to the west makes a significant currency contribution to the budget of Belarus.For the export of these products from the territory of the Union State, Minsk pays duties to the Russian Federation. And Moscow is calculating the losses – the Russian budget in 2011-2015 alone did not receive 22.3 billion dollars due to the agreement to supply allied Belarus duty-free from 18 to 23 million tons of oil annually.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Life on loan from Russia
Most of Belarus’s external debt falls on Russia and the Eurasian Fund for Stabilization and Development, which also oversees the Russian Federation. In 2017, Minsk will return more than $ 1.2 billion to Russian creditors, and in 2018 it should transfer $ 1.5 billion – almost 80% of all debt expenses. According to Forbes, over the past 10 years Belarus has also received subsidies and discounts for $ 60 billion from Russia.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
Oil and gas wars
The history of integration of Belarus and Russia was accompanied by oil and gas wars. Serious contradictions among the allies arose in 2006, 2010 and 2016.In response to the rise in the cost of Russian energy resources, Minsk threatened to cut off gas to Europe, introduced transit duties, and refused to pay. Moscow has promised to cut oil supplies. The allies came to compromises, but conflicts appeared on other grounds.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
The Treaty on the Eurasian Union, in which Belarus and Russia participate together with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Armenia, since the beginning of its validity on January 1, 2015, declared freedom of the market and movement of goods. In fact, food scandals between Minsk and Moscow do not stop. Rosselkhoznadzor has more than once accused the Belarusian side of pasting labels and re-exporting sanctioned products from the EU and Ukraine.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
On the border of allied friendship
Although Lukashenko and Prime Minister Chernomyrdin in 1995 solemnly dug a border post on the land border of Belarus and Russia, in February 2017 the FSB demanded to restore the border zone and the border control.This is the reaction of the Russian Federation to the “visa-free travel” for foreigners introduced by Minsk. In the spring of 2018, Russian border posts will be returned to the border. Russia introduced customs control there back in 2007.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom is building a nuclear power plant in Ostrovets, Belarus. Official Minsk claims that the nuclear power plant will reduce dependence on Russian gas. But opponents of construction predict an even more dependent position of Belarus on Russia.We will have to repay $ 10 billion of the Russian loan allocated for the construction site and pay the Russian Federation for the purchase of nuclear fuel, and then for its reprocessing.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
After the collapse of the USSR, strategic military facilities remained in Belarus, subordinated to Russia on the basis of intergovernmental agreements. This is a naval communications center in the Minsk region and a radio engineering center in the Brest region. Both facilities are not endowed with the status of military bases, there are no lethal weapons.But experts point out that during the hostilities, these units will undergo the first blow.
Sworn friends – Belarus and Russia
“Slavianski Bazaar” in Belarus
The “Slavianski Bazaar” festival in Vitebsk was started in 1992 as a festival of arts uniting Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. In 2001, presidents Alexander Lukashenko, Vladimir Putin and Leonid Kuchma gathered here. 4 thousand participants from many countries came to the 26th International Festival in 2017.At the opening ceremony, Lukashenka likes to play the role of a hospitable host.
Author: Galina Petrovskaya
90,000 The Central Bank will support Russian banks affected by the new sanctions
The Central Bank will support Russian banks affected by the new sanctions
On Tuesday, the United States imposed sanctions against the Bank of Moscow, VTB and Rosselkhozbank and USC. The Central Bank of Russia promises, if necessary, to take adequate measures to support these banks in order to protect the interests of their clients.
Russian banks, which have come under new Western sanctions, work as usual, but if necessary, the Central Bank of the Russian Federation will provide them with support, the regulator said in a press release.
“In connection with the sanctions announced by the United States and the European Union against a number of Russian banks, the Bank of Russia informs that financial institutions operate as usual, providing a full range of services to their customers, including money transfer operations and settlements using bank cards,” message.
“If necessary, adequate measures will be taken to support these organizations in order to protect the interests of their clients, depositors and creditors,” the regulator adds. At the same time, the Central Bank does not specify what specific support measures can be discussed. The regulator also does not indicate which banks can be helped.
On Tuesday, the United States imposed sanctions against the Bank of Moscow, VTB and Rosselkhozbank. US citizens and companies are prohibited from purchasing debentures from these banks or related legal entities, as well as from conducting any transactions with them for more than 90 days.
In turn, the European Union restricts access to the European capital market for state financial institutions of the Russian Federation. Thus, EU investors are prohibited from buying new issues of shares and bonds of Russian state banks around the world on the primary and secondary markets. The EU economic sanctions against the Russian Federation are to be published on July 31 and take effect the next day.
Source: RIA Novosti
90,000 Germany lost 60 thousand jobs due to the sanctions – Rossiyskaya Gazeta
The export of German goods to Russia in connection with the sanctions of the European Union and the retaliatory measures of the Russian side decreased in 2014 by 18 percent, which in financial terms is about $ 6 billion.
This resulted in the loss of about 60 thousand jobs in Germany in companies working with Russian partners. This was announced today by the chairman of the Eastern Committee of the German Economy, Eckhard Kordes, who is on a trip to Moscow.
According to the expert, the sanctions regime caused significant damage to economic relations between the two countries. Trust between business partners suffered in the first place. If restrictive measures are maintained for a longer period, it is possible that Russian business will begin to orient itself towards Asian markets.This is evidenced by a joint survey of the Russian-German Chamber of Commerce on the business climate in 2015 and the Eastern Committee, in which 156 German firms participated.
According to the document, in connection with the ongoing sanctions, the majority of respondents expect changes in Russia’s foreign economic policy. About 49 businessmen surveyed predict Moscow’s withdrawal from the West and an intensification of the reorientation towards China and Asia. Last year, only 10 percent of those who took part in the survey adhered to this opinion.
In 2014, due to unfavorable foreign policy factors, EU exports to Russia decreased by 120 billion euros, said Cordes. At the same time, a slight increase in exports to Russia from the United States was recorded. This circumstance should become a subject of discussion in the European Union, the politician believes.
“The economic division of Europe into two blocs was a big mistake. We must turn off this path and start talking about a common economic zone in Europe from Lisbon to Vladivostok,” the chairman of the Eastern Committee believes. The EU and the EAEU are counting on a positive response from the Russian government. “
Bad cards of Russia in the game against Western sanctions
Europe and the United States are ready to confront Moscow in connection with the invasion of Ukraine, but this time the weapons will be banks, not tanks, experts say. The possibility of introducing coordinated economic sanctions against Russia, up to such drastic ones as were applied against Iran, is being considered.
US Secretary of State John Kerry said on March 11 that sanctions against Moscow could “quickly become unpleasant,” while German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on March 13 that Russia was at risk of “massive” political and economic damage.
US Secretary of State John Kerry (right) and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. London, March 14, 2014.
These statements were made despite Russia’s deep integration into the world economy and the inevitability that international sanctions against Russia will have a tangible price for the West as well.
However, experts believe that Russia’s ability to impose painful countermeasures in response to sanctions may not be as broad as it is commonly believed, even though Europe is dependent on Russian natural gas.
Europe is the main consumer of Russian oil and gas, the revenues from which make up the lion’s share of the Russian budget. Russian banks, both private and state-owned, rely on Western banks for funding.
DEPENDENCE ON THE WORLD MARKET
According to Anders Esland, chief expert at the Peterson Institute for International Economics in Washington, “London is the financial center of Russia” and Russia is highly dependent on the financial situation in the world.
According to Bloomberg, Russian companies received $ 58 billion in Western loans in 2013, and about $ 38 billion in 2012. Some $ 8 billion in loans are under negotiation, according to the Moscow Times, and the talks are threatened by rising tensions in Ukraine.
The sharp downturn in the Russian stock market since the onset of the crisis has also increased the cost of borrowing for companies with reduced market capitalization, and the cost of insuring their debts is also rising.
A report by the Washington-based non-governmental organization Global Financial Integrity (GFI), published in February, said Russia’s economy is closely tied to Western offshore zones.
The queue at the bank in Simferopol the day before the referendum in Crimea. March 15, 2014.
Cyprus, despite having a GDP of only $ 23 billion, is Russia’s largest source and destination of foreign direct investment.The report says that Cyprus “is the main vehicle for money laundering for Russian criminals. ”
The author of the report, GFI chief economist Dev Kar, says that in 2011, Russia’s shadow economy accounted for 35 percent of GDP.
According to the International Monetary Fund, the Netherlands, British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, Bahamas and Luxembourg are among the key investors in Russia and recipients of Russian investments.
BRITISH BANKERS, FRENCH LAWYERS …
Western financial institutions make huge profits from these transactions, and the financiers behind them often have strong political influence.Thanks to this, some experts, and possibly Vladimir Putin himself, believe that countries like Great Britain and Germany will be against serious sanctions.
British journalist and author of the book “A Fragile Empire: How Russia Loved and Stopped Love Vladimir Putin” Ben Judah believes that if 15, 20 or 30 years ago representatives of the Russian elite were afraid of European officials, now “they know very well that these very European elites help them plunder Russia. Since they are British bankers, French lawyers and German accountants are helping them place their money in the West. “
However, the unexpectedly harsh tone of statements in Washington and European capitals seems to be at odds with this opinion. On March 11, the European Parliament overwhelmingly approved measures against anonymous companies and holdings, obliging them to publish data on corporate beneficiaries.
GFI spokesman Clark Gasquane notes that the main driving force behind this move is the UK, which announced in October that it wants to create its own public register of information on real owners.
A worker at a gas distribution station on the Ukrainian-Russian border in the Kursk region.
According to Anders Esland, this will make Russian business and related officials more vulnerable not only to possible new sanctions, but also to stricter enforcement of anti-money laundering laws.
– When the crisis hit Cyprus [in 2012], everyone was surprised that these people, that is, Russians and Ukrainians, did not transfer their money from there. And it turned out that a large number of them were government employees who could not transfer money to another country simply because government employees are usually not allowed to open bank accounts, says Enders Esland.
Enders Esland believes that the role that many Russian state-owned companies play in allowing Russian officials to plunder the country makes them essentially “organized crime syndicates”.
Russian officials say the measures will be followed by retaliation. However, according to experts, Moscow’s ability to cause economic harm to the West may be limited.
Changes in the global energy market, in particular the significant increase in gas production in the United States, mean that Europe can cope with a sharp cut in the supply of Russian gas.
In addition, Russia’s integration into the world economy may complicate Moscow’s cessation of gas supplies to Europe even if sanctions are imposed by the West, according to chief expert at the Oxford Institute of Energy Sciences Jonathan Stern, since Russia has “international obligations to fulfill contracts” and their failure to fulfill them threatens serious penalties ”.
Traders on the New York Stock Exchange. On the table is the issue of Bloomberg Markets with Vladimir Putin on the cover.March 3, 2014.
After the end of the sanctions war, Moscow will have to deal with these refunds in order to reintegrate into the global economy and restore its reputation.
In addition, a severance of economic relations between Europe and Russia would accelerate the European Union’s efforts to get out of its energy dependence on Russia and give new impetus to anti-money laundering measures like the initiative of the European Parliament. After the conflict with sanctions, Russia would find itself in a much less attractive position in the global economy.
Affects “EMOTIONALLY AND PERSONALLY”
It is not yet clear whether Vladimir Putin takes these factors into account when making decisions on the situation in Ukraine.
According to the former British Ambassador to Russia in 1995-2000 and current expert at Chatham House, Andrew Wood, the situation in Ukraine “emotionally” and “personally” affects Vladimir Putin, in connection with which he may be ready for painful measures.