It’s Not Your Timeout – Referee.com
A timeout provides officials with an opportunity to galvanize, regroup, clarify or simply maintain focus on the game at hand.
What can a person do in 60 seconds?
An Olympic-level swimmer can swim 100 meters. Nicolas Cage or Angelina Jolie can steal a car in the movies. Any of us can microwave one slice of bacon to perfection, and anyone willing to spend millions can air an ad during the Super Bowl.
And on game night, if we get 60 seconds, we can make the game better.
The timeout is certainly not the most exciting time for fans and viewers. It’s not a moment that anyone will remember after the game. But for officials, a normal timeout on the field or court can help us ensure that, regardless of the final score, the officials wind up winning.
In each sport, those brief opportunities for conversation vary. High school baseball and softball offers between-innings breaks of 60 seconds or five warmup pitches (whichever is shorter). NFHS football timeouts last 60 seconds, and high school basketball officials have either 60 or 30 seconds during a timeout. High school volleyball timeouts also last 60 seconds. College officials may have longer timeouts, depending on the level, including media timeouts, but most officials are limited to breaks shorter than a speed date.
If there’s a chance to talk, what do we say? How do we handle it?
First, let’s consider several reasons not to get together during a timeout. One, of course, is if the game is going smoothly. Why make the trip just to chat? Rich Fetter, who officiates NCAA basketball games from Division III through Division I throughout the Northeast, says that no meeting is sometimes the best meeting. “If we don’t need to get together, that means we’re on the same page,” he said. “If we’re shooting each other a thumbs-up, a wink here and there or a little smile, that’s all the better.”
Michael McGloon, veteran NCAA baseball umpire, agrees. “If things are going smoothly, I would recommend not getting together and talking,” he said. “I think it can be distracting.”
In some sports, logistics prevent full-crew meetings during timeouts. Jim Corpora, whose college football career features ACC championship games, bowl games and an FCS championship, says it doesn’t make sense to try to get the entire crew together in such a brief time window. “Frankly, it’s probably impossible to do that,” he said. “You’re spread all over the field. You almost have to run in and run back out, and you have other duties to perform.” Corpora says that a bizarre situation combined with a two-and-a-half minute college media timeout might make a full-crew meeting reasonable, but such situations are rare. He prefers quick meetings with one nearby official: the deep officials chatting, for instance, or the umpire and referee, but only if time allows and the situation merits it.
Joanne Venditto, CIF section representative from the Southern California Volleyball Officials Association, also suggests minimizing conferences. “You might do it once in a match at the most, so you have to pick your time,” she said. “If it’s something that you can communicate across the court — I might point to my eye to say, ‘Watch the centerline more.’ I try to communicate during the timeout with a silent signal.”
Time to Meet
So not meeting is preferable to meeting, especially when things are going well. But if there is something to say, and a timeout gives a crew an opportunity to say it, officials agree that conversation needs to happen.
“A crew should come together whenever necessary, whether it’s between innings or when a situation warrants a meeting,” said Tony Sullivan, whose softball career includes several NCAA conference tournaments, from Division I to Division III, as well as an Illinois state high school final. “The driver for any meeting should be a missing piece of information.” Communication can prevent a game from crossing the line from intense to ugly — but only if the communication is timely.
“Certainly I would tell my crew in a pregame meeting that if you see something, say something,” McGloon said. “I don’t want to find out after we’ve had something go down on the field that you noticed two innings earlier that guys were staring at each other from the dugouts.”
With that goal in mind, any official should be able to initiate a meeting. A partner who is afraid to talk may not share critical information. For that reason, Fetter said, “I think it’s the crew chief’s responsibility to see that the whole crew is comfortable with where we’re at. When the ball’s thrown up, we’re calling the same game. So I think it’s important that everyone has a voice because it’s going to be the crew that wins or loses at the end of the game.”
“The communication is key,” Fetter said. “I don’t want to come back to the locker room at halftime or the end of the game hearing something for the first time that would shock me. We want to make sure we leave everything on the floor.”
Where to Meet?
Imagine a common situation for high school officials: a crew of varying experience.
Venditto doesn’t think so. “A strong partner in high school is often partnered with a weak partner,” she said. “When that occurs, during timeouts or between sets, the strong partner will definitely call the weaker partner over. They’ll want to help the partner with signals or with what he or she should be looking for, ‘R2, you watch the bottom of the net and I’m watching the top.’”
That conversation during a timeout has multiple positive impacts. Most importantly, it can improve the quality of the crew. As long as the experienced partner limits his or her suggestions for improvement to one or two areas — more than that can be overwhelming — it can create better coverage and calls for the remainder of that game. It also makes the game an educational experience for the lessexperienced partner, which will be good for everyone down the line. That also can create crew cohesion. Fetter points out that he doesn’t want a less-experienced partner to feel like he or she is stuck out on “rookie island” while the more experienced partners make all the calls. A quick, encouraging timeout meeting can prevent that.
“We’ve all been there (as a rookie),” Fetter said, “so I would say the words that I would want to hear, encouraging them. Give them positives, telling them to be strong, be confident. Be encouraging, have fun. Obviously we want to be professional, but the more you can have fun and engage them.”
Challenging plays and situations that do not result in controversy can provide opportunities for the crew to stay engaged and cohesive, but only if the officials take advantage of opportunities to discuss them. Those can include timeouts. At a timeout, for example, Corpora would want to discuss a recent complex play.
“For example, suppose on the previous punt the receiving team subbed in guys fairly late,” Corpora said. “I might say to (the other downfield official), ‘Hey, did you get 11 (players)? That’s what I had.’ Or a team throws some kind of a trick play at you that you weren’t aware of or weren’t expecting. I might say, ‘Man, I almost got caught on that, I almost got beat deep.’ Things like that.”
That brief timeout conversation serves to keep both officials engaged and in the game. It causes them to review their own responsibilities and coverage areas, and to ensure that they are working together well. It only takes up a few seconds of the timeout, but both officials leave better prepared to take on the next challenge thrown at them.
Late Game, Close Score
Once the officials have worked out the kinks early, the game progresses. When it gets late, and the outcome is still in doubt, emotions can run high among participants and fans. Is it a good idea to chat during those situations?
Most officials agree that the right kind of conversations between officials during timeouts late in a close game can be beneficial for the crew and for the participants.
“You can referee a game for 39 minutes, 30 seconds and all it takes is that one slip at the end of the game that everyone remembers,” Fetter said. “For a close game, it’s obviously really important to talk through timing, score. Are we getting close to some kind of bonus? Specific players, tendencies, the arrow, who’s got timeouts left. Make sure everyone’s on the same page and the focus is there so we can get through without any issues.”
Corpora agrees. He calls it “situational awareness,” and there is some aspect of that in every sport. In football, Corpora says, it might sound like an official saying to his partner, “Hey, this team has one timeout. They’re on defense and they’re losing, so if the play is inbounds, let’s make sure we look at a coach.
Quick conversations like those can make a huge difference at crunch time, and a crew that neglects to have them because of some strict sense of decorum may be valuing crew appearance above the importance of critical calls at critical times. Officials should never go to the locker room wishing they had talked over the game situation that they wound up kicking at the worst possible moment.
Now, let’s move on to a pressure packed moment. Rightly or wrongly, a crewmember has made an unpopular call, and that’s the only thing on anyone’s mind, including the calling official. Timeout is called. The crew is faced with a complicated decision. Is it right to go talk to the official who made that call, in order to provide support and put the moment in the past? Or is it better not to talk to that official for fear of giving a wrong impression to the coaches and fans?
Most officials counsel against a big conversation at that moment. “I definitely would not recommend getting together immediately after there has been some controversy involving an umpire or an official,” McGloon said. “I think that just draws more attention to it.”
“In general, let the storm pass an inning or two before you initiate a meeting,” Sullivan said. Once that time has passed, Sullivan would not mince words with an experienced crew that had a rough stretch. “Get to the point and get it done quickly,” Sullivan said. He might tell his crew something like, “Guys, we were sloppy in the bottom of the second. We all know we’re better than that, so let’s work at getting back on point. Let’s set a goal of making them forget that half-inning with a well-officiated game the rest of the way.”
Corpora does not recommend coming together after a controversy, even during a timeout. When a crew comes together at such a time, observers are unlikely to interpret the conversation in a way friendly to the crew. Like it or not, Corpora said, “The message you’re sending is we’re not sure, or we’re trying to rationalize or justify. You can’t change it anyway at that point.”
Venditto agrees. “And if it’s controversial? No. You would not (come together),” she said. “Try to avoid it at all costs, because it makes the officials look weak. It just gives the spectators an opportunity to say, ‘Hey, get it right!’”
But a small gesture during a timeout, rather than a big production number, can help an official in the center of a storm to guide his or her craft to calmer waters to finish the game. While Corpora would not get his crew together, a quick act of kindness to a partner can help get him or her back in the game. He recalls a time when a partner “had just blown an inadvertent whistle. The guy just shut down,” Corpora said. “So the guy lived in a town called Worcester, Mass. I said, ‘Hey, how are things in Worcester? How cold is it?’ Anything to get the guy to react a little bit.
“Some guys, maybe you can try to bring back a little bit,” Corpora continued. “Other guys are going to shut down and that’s going to be it.”
Fetter points out that, in basketball, there might be a situation where a currently unpopular official is standing all by himself on one end of the floor while his or her partners are together at the other end. That might give an impression that the two officials are rejecting the third or even conspiring to say unkind things about their partner.
That may explain why Fetter goes against the majority on the question of officials getting together during a timeout after a controversial moment.
“Obviously emotions are high and tensions are high and adrenaline is running,” he said. “It may be important as a crew to go over and support him or her with that call, just getting that person and the crew to move past that because there’s the rest of the game to officiate. So I think the majority of the time it’s probably necessary to address it and get together as a crew.”
The net result: We must assess the risks and benefits of getting together after a controversial call. There’s a strong chance that coaches and spectators may read a post controversy timeout conversation negatively: as admitting a mistake or making one official appear weaker than the other. But if the possible negative is outweighed by the possibility of bringing a down, distracted official back into the game, a timeout conversation, even with just one partner, might be a good idea.
Ultimately, that’s the goal in any of the conversations: to maximize the quality of our officiating in that contest.
We want to use any tool at our disposal to attain that goal. That will include those precious seconds while the teams strategize: It might be a good idea for us to do that as well.
“If we have the opportunity to meet and we need to meet,” Fetter said, “let’s take advantage of that 30 or 60 seconds, however small it may be.”
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Still Work to Be Done When There’s a Break in Play
The referees accept the coach’s or captain’s request for timeout and blow the whistle, starting the timeout procedure. Both teams usually move to the benches for a quick rest and to discuss strategy. Even fans take a break from cheering or make a quick run to the concession stand. A glance at the court will show the officials still standing and working. It is important to understand the responsibilities of officials during timeouts.
Of the officiating crew, the second referee usually has the most tasks to perform during timeouts. After going through the timeout procedures and signaling to the first referee how many timeouts each team has taken in the set, the second referee ensures nothing on the court needs to be addressed and makes his or her way to the scorer’s table to communicate with the scorer and assistant scorer. In this short meeting, the second referee verifies the score, how many timeouts and substitutions have been used by both teams, and if the liberos are on or off the court. This is also a good time to glance at the scoresheet and libero tracking sheet to make sure all of the match action has been recorded correctly. After these tasks are complete, as the timeout ends, the second referee will ensure all players are on the court and sound a warning whistle and horn when appropriate.
The first referee and line judges may have less work than the second referee during timeouts. The line judges walk to their timeout positions when the timeout is whistled and can take a mental and physical break. Usually the first referee will watch as the players move toward the benches. He or she may make a mental note of which team had liberos in the match when the timeout begins. The first referee might have a quick discussion with the line judges about a technique or call that needs addressing to improve the match moving forward.
During a timeout, all officials — line judges, referees and members of the scorer’s table — should find moments for a mental and physical break. Officials may use breathing or mind-clearing exercises, imagery or simply glance at a dancing fan for a mental break. Officials can physically shift their weight to take pressure off their feet, and utilize small stretching movements with the hands and discreet shoulder rolls to loosen the shoulders. It is important to take a quick mental and physical break to come back refreshed and ready to work just like the players.
Before the match, officials should scan the playing site to confirm non-game balls are put away and examine the playing area for obstacles (bags, purses, fans, chairs on the court, etc.) that may interfere with play or cause a safety hazard, and make sure they are removed. During the match, however, these obstacles might find their way back to the court. During timeouts, it is a good time to ensure these obstacles are still off the playing surface. If needed, the second referee might offer the first referee water or walk over to the first referee for a quick conference about a potential call or situation that may need to be addressed in the match. The conversations between crew members should be quick and used only for important information that will help with officiating the remainder of the match.
During the entire timeout, it is important to act professionally. When talking with scorer’s table personnel, officials can show their personalities a little, but be sure everyone is communicating professionally. When all the tasks are completed and the officials are waiting for the timeout to end, it is important to relax but also maintain professionalism. Although the match might be stressful, referees should not relax too much by slouching or leaning on the scorer’s table or the referee stand. Line judges should not play with their flags. Officials should try not to fidget or nervously tap their fingers. All officials should relax with a straight and upward posture showing they are in control of the match and ready to finish the set or match strongly.
As a player and coach, timeouts are important during a match so teams can rest, replenish fluids and discuss strategies moving forward. Although officials do not have the same opportunities as the players do, officials can ensure important elements of the game are correct. Relax mentally and physically, and, if needed, strategize the best way to finish the set or match. Remember, maintain awareness of the court and its surroundings at all times.
Robert Doan Ph.D., has been a high school, college and USAV official for more than a decade. He is a resident of Berkeley County, S.C
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Note: This article is archival in nature. Rules, interpretations, mechanics, philosophies and other information may or may not be correct for the current year.
This article is the copyright of ©Referee Enterprises, Inc., and may not be republished in whole or in part online, in print or in any capacity without expressed written permission from Referee. The article is made available for educational use by individuals.
17. TIMEOUTS17. TIMEOUTS
17.1 – Charged timeouts
- If, when the ball is dead, a player, substitute inside the 9-yard marks or Head Coach requests a timeout (and his team has at least one timeout left), immediately blow your whistle and signal timeout (S3). Notify the Referee of the team and number of the requesting player, or that the timeout was requested by the Head Coach.
- If a request for a timeout is made when the ball is live, wait until the end of the play and then confirm with the requestor whether the timeout is still required. If it is, then follow the procedure above.
- [REFEREE] Signal a requested charged timeout by facing the press box, giving the timeout signal (S3) followed by a “chucking signal” with the arms shoulder high towards the requesting team’s goal line. There is no need for to sound your whistle.
- [REFEREE] If the Head Coach indicates that a timeout is a 30-second timeout, ensure that the opposing Head Coach and all players are made aware. Officials must neither encourage nor discourage a Head Coach from making a timeout a 30-second one, nor may the Referee designate a timeout as one if not requested promptly by the Head Coach. [LINESMAN AND LINE JUDGE] Assist the Referee by watching out for a 30-second signal from a Head Coach.
- [REFEREE] If the timeout is the third and final one charged to that team, in addition to the chucking signal, give three pulls on an imaginary steam whistle (without blowing your whistle). You must personally ensure that the Head Coach and the on-field captain of the team are aware that all their timeouts have been used.
- [ON-FIELD TIMEKEEPER] Ensure that all your colleagues are informed of the exact time remaining in the quarter and that they pass the information on to the Head Coach and on-field captain of each team, as appropriate.
- All officials must record all timeouts, including the quarter and time remaining on the clock.
- [UMPIRE] Time the timeout interval (Mechanic 5.13). If a team huddles near the sideline or leaves the field of play, ask the wing official to alert them when approximately 15 seconds of the timeout remain. Otherwise, alert the Referee when approximately 5 seconds of the timeout remain.
During the timeout:
- [UMPIRE] Remain with the ball at the succeeding spot.
- [LINESMAN AND LINE JUDGE] Inform the Head Coach of the team on your side of the field of the number of timeouts remaining for each team and the time remaining if a stadium clock is not visible.
- [LINESMAN, LINE JUDGE, FIELD JUDGE AND SIDE JUDGE] Observe the team from your side of the field, including checking the number of players in the huddle. If the team huddles near the sideline or leaves the field of play, stand near enough to them so that you can inform them when approximately 15 seconds of the timeout remain.
- [ON A 5/7-MAN CREW] [BACK JUDGE] [ON A 4/6-MAN CREW] [UMPIRE] Inform the defensive captain of the time and the number of timeouts his team has remaining.
- [REFEREE] Inform the offensive captain of the time and the number of timeouts his team has remaining.
- If a coach enters the field to speak to his players, this should not normally be a problem provided:
- he does not go on to the field more than 9 yards;
- [REFEREE] After one minute (or earlier if both teams indicate readiness to resume), be in the vicinity of the succeeding spot. Verbally inform both teams to get ready (e.g. “Defense, get ready. Offense, get ready”), blow your whistle and give the ready for play signal (S1). If the duration of the timeout is up, never ask the teams whether they are ready – tell them.
- If a team requests a timeout when all theirs have been used, all officials must ignore the request and order the team to play on. [REFEREE] In the rare circumstance where a timeout is granted incorrectly, blow your whistle and signal the ready for play as soon as practicable after the error is detected.
17.2 – Officials’ timeouts
- [REFEREE] If a timeout is not to be charged to either team, signal timeout (S3) and then tap your chest with both hands.
During an injury or other timeout, carry out the normal duties for a
charged timeout, and
- stay out of the way of the medical personnel;
- keep uninvolved players out of the way;
- ask uninvolved coaches and substitutes to return to their team area;
- if necessary, move the ball out of the way while noting the succeeding spot and marking it (if appropriate) with a bean bag.
- [REFEREE] Declare the ball ready for play as soon as the reason for the timeout has been eliminated (e.g. an injured player has left the field and is in the team area, or well away from the field of play and not in any danger). [ON-FIELD TIMEKEEPER] Remind the Referee of whether the clock should start on the ready or snap.
- If an injury timeout is prolonged, or the game is suspended for some other reason, send the players to their team areas.
- Only the Referee can stop the clock for a coach’s conference. The conference will take place at or near the sideline. If you are the wing official on that side of the field, you must go with the Referee to witness the conference. If after the conference the ruling is not altered, the team will be charged with a timeout, in which case the procedure for a charged timeout (including giving the team their full entitlement of time) will be carried out. If a team asks for a timeout which is in fact intended to be a request for a coach’s conference and the ruling is then altered, they should only be charged with a timeout if they subsequently request a further timeout.
- If the game is disrupted for any reason, record the down, the team in possession, the position of the ball and the chain, and the time remaining. In addition: [UMPIRE] record the lateral position of the ball with respect to the inbounds lines; [LINESMAN] record the position of the chain clip.
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Editor: Jim Briggs, Editor, BAFRA Manual of Football Officiating
Generated: 16/2/2016, 2057
In professional soccer, the game clock will keep ticking and not stop, which is also known as a running clock. You may be familiar with timeouts in other sports and how teams can temporarily stop the game clock at will. But in soccer, this is not the case.
Are there timeouts in soccer?
Because of the running clock, soccer does NOT have timeouts. The only time that the teams can regroup is in between the two-45 minute halves.
Can the referee stop the game?
However, the referee does have the authority to stop play, even though this is very uncommon. If he does stop play, this can be referred to as a timeout.
When Can A Referee Stop The Game?
Unlike other sports, soccer does not give teams the ability to call timeouts. However, the referee can signal a stoppage of play for things like an injury that requires excessive attention.
Referees can also stop the clock if there is an issue with either of the goals or a hazard on the field that needs to be addressed.
Even if the referee calls a timeout, the running clock does not stop. Instead, if the timeout takes significantly long, time can be added time to the end of each half, which is called stoppage time. This makes up for the time that was taken up during the referee’s timeout.
Benefits of Having No Timeouts
Players have some advantages that come with no timeouts. In fact, there are some advantages to having a running clock without timeouts in soccer, too.
The first is the most obvious, which means the game is (usually) continuous, meaning players can participate in the game with little stoppage, little stoppage means more action.
Other advantages include quick turnovers, which allows the game to be more exciting for players and the crowd.
Disadvantages of Having No Timeouts
Running clocks can easily tire out players. This is why it’s important to have many substitutions ready. Running clocks also mean that the players feel like they’re on a limited time, or even rushed, to perform certain actions, like throw-ins, corner kicks or punts.
A lack of timeouts can also prevent a coach from regrouping his team effectively. It may be hard to organize plays without periods of time for sideline coaching throughout the game.
College Soccer and Injuries
Remember how we said that the game clock never stops ticking in soccer. Well, there’s one exception.
In most professional matches, the game clock will not be stopped for any occurrence that happens on the pitch. However, in the United States, the collegiate matches governed by the NCAA does allow for the game clock to be stopped in the instances mentioned above, like prolonged injury on the field, or even a hazard on the field.
When Does The Referee Stop The Clock in a Soccer Game?
As a long time soccer enthusiast, I have always thought about why the clock in soccer games seem to never stop. It might be something hard to understand for fans of other sports like Basketball and American Football where there countless rules that talk about how time should be managed during the game.
So, when does the referee stop the clock in a soccer game? The clock in a soccer game only stops at halftime. In professional games, each half has a duration of 45 minutes plus the added time at the end of each half to make up for the time lost when the clock kept running even though nobody was actually playing.
In other sports, the clock usually stops when the player or the ball is out of bounce. There also exist timeouts that can stop the clock. This exists in indoor soccer but not field soccer, it’s a lot simpler. The closest thing to this in soccer is the recently incorporated “cooling breaks”. However, time doesn’t stop on these breaks either. Make sure to keep reading to understand how time management in soccer works.
Why time never stops?
I could tell you that the time never stops because there are no laws in the rule book that regulate how and when it will stop. The rules only say that there will be two halves of 45 minutes each. However, I know that what you really want to know is why are the rules like this? Does this even make sense?
I think every person that loves soccer is aware that this is not something normal. With that said, I truly believe it is made in this way on purpose. Making the clock run without stopping until halftime is the simplest way to do it and maybe what sounded more logical back in the 1800s when soccer was born.
However, if there would have been a problem with time running stop-less they would’ve probably changed the rules a long time ago, right?
So, why the clock in soccer never stops? The main reason why time in soccer never stops is that the essence of soccer is to make the game as fluent as possible. Also, it helps the end of the game to be unpredictable. This makes the game considerably more emotional.
I’m also a Basketball and American Football fan, but sometimes these sports become too predictable at the end of the games because you know that when the clock reaches cero the game automatically ends. It limits the options of the losing teams to make a comeback.
In soccer, it doesn’t work that way. When the time reaches 90 minutes the game won’t stop automatically. The game stops when the referee says so.
You might be thinking that this is crazy. What if a referee wants the losing team to score and won’t stop the game? Isn’t this unfair? Unfortunately yes, and it has happened a lot. However, it is not that easy, everyone in the field is watching the time and judging if the extra time given by the referee (stoppage time) was fair. I’ll tell you later what stoppage time is.
It makes the game more passionate
It is true that the way time is managed in soccer has some negative aspects, but I would say there are more positive things than bad ones. It definitely contributes the game to be more passionate. Apparently, it has worked well as soccer is considered to be the most popular sport in the world.
Passion has a lot to do with it. Remember we are emotional creatures and we love everything that makes us feel emotions. I wrote an article about 17 Reasons Why Soccer is the Most Popular in the World. I’m completely sure the way time is managed in soccer has to do with that.
I think that what makes soccer beautiful is that it is perfectly unperfect. It’s not about perfecting the rules. It’s beautiful to see how a game that is so simple to understand generates so much happiness in people.
Now let’s get technical. Everything about time in soccer is located in law #7 of the rule book. According to this law, the game is played in two equal halves of 45 minutes. Between each half, the players will have a maximum rest time of 15 minutes. This means that the clock in soccer only stops for 15 minutes at half time.
Section three of this law talks about the allowance for time lost. This rule is extremely important to compensate for the fact that the clock never stops in soccer. The clock won’t stop but there are game situations that will make the game stop like an injury, time-wasting, substitutions, among others, in which the clock will keep running even though nobody is playing.
Instead of making the clock stop, they make it keep going and allow them to play more minutes to compensate for the time lost during the moments the game was stopped. This added time at the end of each half is called stoppage time.
What is stoppage time? According to law #7, section 3, “allowance should be made by the referee in each half for all time lost in that half”. Allowance is given in the first half, and second half. However, it is usually longer in the second half as most time is lost in the second period of the game. Mostly you’ll see stoppage time of 1-2 minutes in the first half and even up to 6-7 minutes in the second half. I think referees do this on purpose to make it more emotional.
This is what makes the ending of the game so unpredictable because nobody knows how much time the referee will allow for the time lost during that half.
Another curious thing is that, from a marketing point of view, soccer is not as lucrative as other all-american sports. The time never stops, which means you can only advertise at halftime. I made an article about Why Soccer is Not Popular in USA where I explain how the fact that the clock never stops has resulted in it not being so popular in this country.
How does the referee determine stoppage time?
According to the rules, the referee must compensate for the time lost during the half for the following events:
- Assessments and removal of injured players
- wasting time
- disciplinary sanctions (red and yellow cards)
- cooling breaks
- any other cause that delays restarting the game (like excessive goal celebrations)
The referee in charge of deciding how much stoppage time will be added to each half is the fourth referee. If something happens during stoppage time that delays the end of the game (after the 90 minutes), additional time may be increased by the referee but not reduced.
It is important to know that the compensated time should only be for time lost in one half. For example, if the referee made a mistake and only added 1 minute to the first half when he should’ve given 2, he can’t change the length of the second half for his mistake.
What is time-wasting?
If you are new to soccer this is probably a concept you have never heard of. In other sports where teams can stop the time with timeouts they commonly use them to “cool down” their opponents when they are running over you.
When a player is on a streak of 3’s in basketball the opposite coach usually calls a timeout to make him lose his momentum. The same happens in American Football when a team needs to meet to discuss how they will stop the other team that is constantly getting better in the game.
If you can’t call a timeout or stop the game in soccer, how do you cool down opponents? Soccer players had to use their intelligence to make the game stop and they invented time-wasting.
Time-wasting can be done in many ways. The most common is by simulating and exaggerating a foul as you see in the picture above (that’s me). Normally teams that are winning start to delay the game by staying on the ground for too long to make opponents lose momentum, and prevent them to tie the game. Because the time doesn’t stop running it’s said they’re intentionally wasting it because it keeps running even though the game is not being played.
As a soccer player, I can say there is nothing more frustrating than being down by one goal, your team is in a good moment, but you still can’t tie the game because there is someone losing time intentionally on the floor while the time keeps running. It sucks but at the end of the half referees will compensate for that time at stoppage time and the end of the game will be even better.
It’s funny because most people that rarely watch soccer can’t understand why soccer players are so dramatic. The answer is not that simple, but it has to do with wasting time. I wrote an article with The Reason Why Soccer Players are So Dramatic and Fake Injuries? Take a look at it and maybe you’ll understand a lot more why some players act in that way.
Time-wasting in soccer is sanctioned with a yellow card. This is commonly seen when goalkeepers take too long to make a goal kick. Time-wasting is also vastly rejected by most fans and players, which is one of the reasons so many people hate Neymar jr, one of the masters at time-wasting.
It’s all about tactics. If you are on the losing side, obviously time-wasting will frustrate you. But if your team is winning, believe me, you’ll want them to do it. In the end, that’s what stoppage time is for, to compensate for that “dead time” during the game.
The controversy behind stoppage time
As you have seen, this a rule that can be very subjective to the referee’s criteria. In other sports, there is no discussion of when the game ends because it simply terminates when the clock marks 0s. In soccer you don’t know when it will end, the referee decides. You don’t have to be a fan of soccer to think that this can end up badly one day.
In fact, it has ended badly many times. There are teams that have lost games after the added time by the fourth referee already finished. We’ve also seen referees give too much time in comparison to the real amount of time that was lost during that half just to give the losing team more time to tie the game.
What’s worse is that normally it is a decision made by the referee that is hard to appeal because the stoppage time that a player or coach considers must be added will change depending on their perspective of the game.
Again, the only thing I can say is that these imperfections are what make soccer beautiful. Having your team score a game-winning goal in stoppage time is one of the most exciting things you’ll see in sports.
One of the reasons why soccer is considered to be one of the most physically demanding sports is that there was no chance during halves for players to at least hydrate. Players had to be able to play for 45 straight minutes without rest. This is why if you practice soccer I really advise you to take a look at my article on How to Improve your Stamina for Soccer in a Month.
In other sports, you could call a timeout where the players could rest for a few seconds and hydrate. In soccer, they never did anything like this until the World Cup of 2014.
During the world of this year in Brazil, FIFA realized players would be playing at extremely high temperatures in humid weather, which would make things even more physically demanding, but to a point, it wouldn’t even be healthy for the players.
For this reason, they decided to introduce a period during the half of each half that had a duration of a max of 3 minutes for players to hydrate. But guess what? Even then they didn’t permit time to be stopped. I really don’t understand why. Referees had to add the time lost during the cooling breaks to the end of each half.
After the World Cup, cooling breaks continued being used and are still implemented today. Just wanted to mention this because it is as close as it gets to a timeout in other sports. However, it’s different because teams can’t call a cooling break, it’s the referee who determines when the players can hydrate.
Should the time stop?
Frankly, I think there are situations where time can perfectly be stopped where the essence of the game won’t be changed at all. I simply don’t understand why they won’t permit referee’s to do it.
One great example is the last one I mentioned about the cooling breaks. For me, it makes no sense for time to keep running when you are letting players hydrate. FIFA says they compensate it in the allowance time. However, I think it makes no sense! Just stop the time and make it run again when you resume the game. It’s not that hard.
Another great example where I would pause time is when the referee suspends the game because of bad weather. I’ve seen games been suspended because of a storm and they let the time keep running in case they can resume the game some minutes later. Again, this makes no sense, are you going to compensate half an hour of stoppage time if the storm goes away? Just stop the clock and restart it after the bad weather goes away.
What about overtime?
I didn’t want to talk about overtime in the rest of the article because it will maybe make it more complicated to understand. Normally, a soccer game can end up in a tie. However, there are times there needs to be a winner (like in a playoff). Depending on the rules of the tournaments, teams will play two extra times of 15 minutes or go directly to penalty kicks.
In overtime, time works exactly the same way as in regular time. At the end of each overtime half (15 minutes) the referee will give allowance for time lost during that half. The difference is that in the halftime of overtime they don’t give players 15 minutes to rest as in the regular half time. The referee asks them to change halves, take a sip of water and start the second complementary half.
I’ve heard many professional players say they are against extra time. They claim that the people that make the rules don’t understand how physically demanding it is to make players play an extra 30 minutes after forcing them to play basically 90 minutes without letting time stop to help them rest and recover.
What Each Basketball Referee Signal Means (with Pictures)
If you are new to the game of basketball, you have probably wondered what the deal is with all of the signals from the referees. To a basketball newcomer, it can seem as if the officials have their own unique sign language. This can make for a very confusing experience if you don’t understand the signals.
Ever wonder what the referees are signaling during a basketball game? Read on to learn about a breakdown of each referee signal and what each one means.
Breaking Down Each Referee Signal
What It Means: When the ball handler takes too many steps without dribbling the basketball, the referee will blow the whistle and call a traveling violation. This will result in the offensive team losing possession of the ball (turnover). The traveling signal is made by the referee by making a rolling/spinning motion with both of his arms.
Five Second Violation
What It Means: When a team is trying to inbound the basketball, they have five seconds to do so. If the inbounder takes more than five seconds, the referee will blow the whistle. He will then stick out five fingers to signal the five-second violation call.
Double or Illegal Dribble
What It Means: When the ball handler dribbles with both hands at the same time, that is a double dribble and will result in a turnover for the offense. A double dribble also occurs when the ball handler picks up his dribble but then tries to dribble again afterward. The referee’s signal for an illegal dribble is to do a dribbling motion with both of his hands.
Ten Second Violation
What It Means: After a team inbounds the ball, they are given ten seconds to get the ball past half court. If it takes them longer than ten seconds, the referee will blow the play dead and call a ten-second violation. The signal for the ten-second violation is to simply put ten fingers up.
Carrying (or Palming) the Ball
What It Means: This isn’t called much by officials in college basketball or the NBA but it is called quite a bit during young kids’ games. Carrying happens when the ball handler either palms the ball or tries to scoop underneath it instead of dribbling correctly. The penalty for carrying results in a turnover for the offense.
What It Means: When an offensive player kicks the ball on purpose, the play is blown dead and the referee awards possession to the defense by allowing them an out-of-bounds throw-in. To call a kicking violation, the official simply does a kicking motion with one of his feet.
Over and Back (Half Court or Backcourt Violation)
What It Means: Once the offensive team crosses the midcourt line, they are not allowed to go back across it. If they do, the referee will blow the whistle and call an over and back violation. This will result in a loss of possession for the offensive team.
Three Second Violation
What It Means: An offensive player can only be in the paint for less than three seconds. If he stays in the paint for a full three seconds, the play is blown dead and the offense must forfeit possession of the ball. To make the signal for a three-second violation, the referee will put three fingers up on both hands and keep one arm high and one arm low.
What It Means: When a defender limits an offensive player with his hand, a hand check call is made by the official. The signal is an open hand in the air while the other hand grabs the wrist.
What It Means: When the ball handler runs over a defender who has set his feet and has established position, the referee will call a charging foul. This will result in a turnover and will count as a personal foul to the offensive player. It will also count against the number of team fouls and may result in free throws if the team is over the limit. To make the charging call, the official simply puts his hand on his hand and sticks out his elbow.
What It Means: A defender cannot hold an offensive player. If he does, a holding call will be made. To signal holding, the ref holds his wrist. This results in a personal foul on the defender.
What It Means: If an official deems that a defensive player fouls an offensive player on purpose, an intentional foul is called. This is usually done by a team near the end of the game with the hopes of extending the game by stopping the clock. To make the intentional foul signal, the ref raises both arms over his head and touches his wrists together.
What It Means: When a defensive player stands in the way of the ball handler’s path to the basket without setting his feet, a blocking foul can be called. If a blocking foul is called, the ball handler will get free throws if his team is in the bonus. If the team isn’t in the bonus, the ball will be taken out of bounds from the sideline. To make the blocking call, the official will put both of his hands on his hips.
What It Means: Technical fouls are usually issued for unsportsmanlike conduct. You may have noticed a referee “Teeing” up a coach who yelled too many curse words at him for a bad call. Technical fouls are also called on players who are fighting on the court. To signal a technical foul, the ref simply makes a T with his hands, similar to a timeout signal. When a technical foul is called, the opposing team gets awarded with one free throw attempt and possession of the ball.
What It Means: Pushing is usually called when a loose ball foul occurs. To gain possession one player may push another player out of the way. This counts as a personal foul and a loss of possession. The referee makes a shoving motion with his arms to signal a pushing foul.
Other Referee Signals
What It Means: When opposing players have their hands on the ball at the same time, a jump ball is called. When a jump ball is called, those two players have to perform the jump ball to decide possession or officials will use the possession arrow to determine who gets the ball. This all depends on what league you are watching. The referee signals a jump ball by giving the two thumbs up sign.
What It Means: When the shooter makes a basket but is fouled, the ref must determine if the foul occurred during the act of shooting. If the shooter wasn’t in the act of shooting, the basket doesn’t count. To signal that the shot doesn’t count, the official waves his arms in a fashion that is similar to the “field goal is no good” sign in football.
30 Second Timeout
What It Means: When a team calls a 30-second timeout, the referee lets the scorer’s table know by touching his neck with both of his hands.
What It Means: When the official is ready to start the clock, he raises one hand up and then lowers it quickly.
What It Means: When the referee wants to stop the clock, he raises one hand and keeps it there.
What It Means: To let the scorer’s table know that a player has attempted a three-point shot, the official will hold up three fingers.
What It Means: When a player hits a three-pointer, the ref will raise both hands to signal that it was a successful three-point shot.
10-minute time-out strikes the perfect balance between yellow and red
Game 3, 2021-22The home team’s number 7 is the key creative force in his side’s central midfield. Just before half-time, with his team 2-0 down, he goes on a long run through the middle and then passes to a team-mate on the edge of the penalty area. The striker’s shot is parried by the keeper, but the number 7 follows up and heads in the rebound. Half-time: 1-2. And what will happen during half-time, as sure as floods and fires in a twenty-first century summer? The away team’s coach will tell his team’s midfield and defence not to let that happen again.
How to stop the number 7? Start fouling him every time he embarks on a dribble. Despite the opposition’s best efforts, he often escapes with the ball anyway and I play advantage. The fouls that succeed are the tugs and obstructions, not quite enough for a yellow card until they accumulate to a persistent pattern of targeting this single player. It ends with the away team’s number six going in way too hard, the number 7 goes down with a shout of pain (though he doesn’t require treatment), and the home team and its fans are morally outraged. The tackle also thwarts a promising attack.
Yellow or red? I feel the foul deserves more than a yellow given its severity and location about 40 yards from goal, but that red for this particular player would be too harsh – he hasn’t been dirty so far. In our state – on a trial basis for the next three years – we now have an alternative: the time penalty. So I send the number 6 off for a ten-minute spell on the bench. Only the playerprotests, because according to his understanding of the new trial law, the time penalty is meant to replace the second yellow card. When I read the guidelines later, it turns out that he’s possibly right. At the moment of the punishment, however, no one else on the away team protests, and the home team’s transient apoplexy is assuaged by the Red Card Lite. No one’s unhappy.
I also find out after the game that the time penalty doesn’t apply to friendlies, and should only be enforced when league play starts in three weeks. That makes no sense to me. If you’re introducing a significant law change, it’s surely worth getting players and officials used to that new law before they start playing for points.
The time penalty’s already been in place in youth football here for years, except that it’s only a five-minute penalty. And there’s never been a problem when I’ve sent players straight to the bench for a cooling off without them first having seen a yellow. The guidelines for the adult version don’t (yet) mention this possibility – they’re focused on the second yellow being too harsh to merit a player’s permanent expulsion from the game. I think this will work well when it comes to punishing dissent, for example, or time-wasting. However, a direct time-penalty without a previous yellow should definitely be allowed – I’ve used this in youth games when two players square up and start yelling at and/or pushing each other. The hope is that a five-minute chat with their coach while their team’s down to ten men becomes the opportunity for a teachable moment about discipline and respect.
The number 6 comes to me after the game and very courteously asks for further clarification on his punishment. I explain the thinking behind my ‘direct time-penalty’, and he accepts that the decision was fair enough. “Your team was deliberately targeting the number 7,” I say, “and I needed that to stop. Last season, I’d probably have shown you a red card. I thought your foul was borderline red today, but with the get-out clause of the time-penalty I could afford to be slightly more lenient.”
That doesn’t alter the fact that I was wrong on at least one front: no time penalties in friendlies. And potentially wrong on a second: no time-penalty without a previous yellow card. On the latter, I’ll be looking for clearer guidelines. In this case, although officially wrong, the punishment between yellow and red was nonetheless the perfect solution.
Final score: 3-5 (4 x yellow, 1 x time penalty)
This blog is as free as the air and the streets of Rochdale, but you can support it by buying one (or all) of my books: The Quiet Fan, Rock n Roll Soccer, or For Whom the Ball Rolls90,000 The judges set a time-out in a split second and helped the Hornets. Draymond Green sent everyone, retired and brought defeat – Don’t play basketball – Blogs
Terry Rozier shocked the Warriors with a siren throw – 102: 100.
Terry Rozier once again made everyone who was skeptical about his prospects at Charlotte bite their elbows. A year ago, the defender was called upon to replace Kembu Walker, one of the best players in the Hornets’ history, but neither the exaggerated demands of the fans, nor the arrival of star new point guard Lamelo Ball could knock Terry out of the way.
Instead, he retrained as an attacking guard and is now having the most productive season of his career with 21 points (49.6% field, 46% 3-pointers), 4 rebounds and 3 assists per game. He also wins matches like this:
But the hottest thing about the Hornets-Warriors encounter was not Terry’s winning hit.
And not even this shot through Kelly Ubre:
With 42 seconds remaining, Rozier cut Charlotte’s gap to 2 points.Throughout the game, Golden State could not count on Steph Curry, who became ill shortly before the starting whistle, and therefore the key shot in the return attack had to be taken by Andrew Wiggins. The forward missed, but the offensive rebound went to Brad Wanamaker.
Unfortunately for the Warriors, the defender was unable to make sense of the ball (apparently trying to catch a foul) and was soon trapped by the Hornets players. The arbitrators of the meeting immediately appointed a “controversial” one.
Lamelo Ball won the throw-in and after a few touches, the ball ended up in the arms of Gordon Hayward and Draymond Green.
This is where the unfortunate incident began.
Instead of another throw-in, the judges called Charlotte time-out. Green was furious with the referee’s decision and, in his usual manner, expressed all his claims out loud, for which he received a technical one.
But this only provoked the swanky big man, he continued to pour curses to the right and to the left. The judges did not like this behavior, and they wrote him a second technical violation, which was automatically qualified for removal.Nine seconds before the end of the match, Golden State was left without the basketball player with the most experience in defense.
But Draymond’s anger can be explained. Here’s what the official NBA rules say:
“A time-out shall be granted at the request of a player on the court or head coach only when the ball is out of play or under the control of a player from team requesting the time-out. In all other cases, the request should be ignored. ”
Green simply could not believe that, in the four seconds long, someone had called for a time-out just as Hayward had secured possession.
Let’s try to figure it out.
As can be seen from numerous replays of the original video, Hayward was passionate about the fight for the ball and did not ask to stop the match. Move on.
Perhaps the Charlotte head coach made the request while only Gordon had the ball?
No, James Borrego managed to show the first “T” mark when the ball was already in the hands of Hayward and Green.
So who became the mysterious savior of the Hornets?
And here he is: P.J. Washington quickly realized that rushing into the thick of things was a futile business, and decided to guess the moment with a request for a time-out.
According to the chief referee of the match, Mark Davis, the correctness of the decision was confirmed when watching the moment after the end of the match.
PJ Washington has requested a time out. At the same time, we clearly saw that the possession of the ball was only in the hands of Gordon Hayward. We have given Charlotte time out in accordance with the rules. ”
Rozir hit both free throws for technical violations, the Hornets retained possession after the break, and then you saw it all.
36 points (20 in the final quarter), a great match for Terry.
The Warriors were in much worse mood. Club head coach Steve Kerr did not seek excuses for Green:
“Draymond has crossed the line. This is the main thing. We love his passion and energy, without him we would not be the team that we are. But this does not give him the right to cross the line, and he knows it.
As for technical fouls, Draymond shouldn’t have done that. He knows it.He made a terrible mistake by getting those technicals and giving his opponent a chance to convert two free throws and level the score. ”
What Dray said is anyone’s guess. But Judge Mark Davis explained his decision:
“He received the first technical foul for profanity and ridicule against the opponent. Then he continued to shout insults at the referee , received a second technical foul for this, and was sent off.”
Green, of course, is wrong about the way he behaved on the court.But it can be understood: the referees saw the request for P.J. Washington’s time-out precisely in those fractions of a second when the ball was only at Hayward’s (and the player himself was not lifted into the air). On the set, and in front of the screen without replays, it was almost impossible to make out.
“He said it was his fault. Took responsibility for the defeat. We stay with Dray no matter what. Everything happens in the NBA. We have a lesson to learn, ”said Golden State forward Eric Pascall.
The Warriors had a chance to win without Stephen Curry. Just a little was not enough – the endurance of Draymond Green. However, nothing new.
Photo: REUTERS / Nell Redmond-USA TODAY Sports
- Date of execution
- February 21, 04.00, Spectrum Center
- Rozir (36), Washington (15), Hayward (13 + 7 rebounds) Ball (7 + 7 assists + 5 losses), Zeller (5) – start ; Bridges (10), McDaniels (9 + 7 rebounds), Monk (7), Biyombo (0).
- Golden State
- Ubre (25), Wiggins (19), Green (5 + 7 rebounds), Tuscany-Anderson (3), Mulder (2) – start ; Pascal (16), Wanamaker (14), Lee (14), Basemore (2).
Children’s questions of the referee
Is it possible to play on someone else’s court, why do the judges raise their fists and what to do if a tennis player is bitten by a hornet? Leading Russian referee Kirill Mazaev agreed to answer such “childish” questions on the eve of the Old New Year.
– Why does the referee raise his hand with a clenched fist after playing a point?
– Because a few years ago the committee of judges and referees of ITTF decided so. There are only three main gestures: “point”, “replay”, “transition of the serve”. “Replay” (in common parlance “stop”) is the hand vertically upwards, “the transition of the serve” is the hand horizontally to the right or left, and the gesture “point” turned out to be something in between – the arm bent up at the elbow. It seems logical. And the hand is clenched into a fist, probably because with a free hand, the judge would look like a schoolboy who wants to ask a question.
– At what height should the lead referee sit?
– The height of the chair of the lead judge is not regulated. Some manufacturers make special high chairs equipped with pockets for a tablet, a folding table (not for soft or strong drinks, but in order to make it easier to make notes in the protocol). If there are none, a regular chair is used, under which sometimes (again, if available) you can place a small pedestal.
– Need Do the judges know how tennis players of different nationalities swear?
– I have not yet encountered obscene language from different countries and peoples in exam tests.But self-education has not been canceled, so if you wish, there is just an unpaved field ahead for studying the corresponding vocabulary. By the way, I don’t see masters of foul language among the players. It seems that no one lives in the villages and does not speak their native language. Everything is monotonous and dull.
– If the wind blows off the ball during the serve and the tennis player cannot hit it, did he lose a point?
– In the halls with hurricanes blowing off the ball, net, table, etc., have not yet had to collide.I have little experience of street competitions, and we have not replayed that. The wind, after all, it blows for everyone and interferes with everyone.
– How is the work of a referee and a referee in table tennis different?
– About the same as the work of a turner at the machine and a director in the office. While the first cheerfully overfulfills the plan, the second thinks what to do with everything produced? Seriously though, the work is completely different. The lead referee (umpire) has control over the current meeting, and the players and coaches of this meeting are in his area of responsibility.In this case, decisions must be made, if not instantly, then very quickly. The chief referee (referee) has an area of responsibility – the entire sports part of the competition, that is, many tasks that are essentially different. But, as a rule, there is always some time to think over and weigh your decisions.
Who loves and knows how to approach the subject comprehensively and systematically, welcome aboard, as they say!
– Should a tennis player be punished for wiping sweat with someone else’s towel?
– A question, rather, to the owner of the towel.
– Can a referee watch a video replay like in hockey?
– During a meeting – no, but at home on the couch as much as you like, even days and nights on end.
– Is it possible to play with two rackets – in the right and left hand?
– No. But you can play alone, shifting or throwing it from hand to hand.
– Can a tennis player write his last name not only on his back, but also on his chest?
– Maybe.Even on the stomach. But if in the regulation on specific competitions, for example, at tournaments of the World Tour series, it is said that the surname must be on the back, then it (surname) must be on the back.
– Is it allowed for a tennis player, jumping over the side, to reflect the balls while on someone else’s playground?
– Permitted. If he succeeds, I can only applaud.
– What if in a doubles meeting one player wants to take a time-out, but the other does not want to, while they do not have an assistant-advisor?
– If we are talking about a personal meeting, and not about a team match, then the presence of an assistant or advisor does not solve anything.The final decision is up to the player (pair). A time-out must be given if at least one player wants to take it. And the second timeout, in case the other partner later wants to rest or collect his thoughts, cannot be given, since only one timeout is allowed for each pair for a meeting.
– Do I need to replay a point if a tennis player is stung by a hornet and he stops?
– If the hornet stops, he will immediately fall to the floor and will be punished by the player. And if a tennis player has stopped, stung by a hornet, he will most likely have no time for anything, because the striped creatures bite very painfully.Formally, it is necessary to replay a point, since this is an obvious hindrance to the player.
Questions were asked by Ekaterina Knyazeva
photo Vladislav Volkov
Article 8 “Rules of the sport” American football “(approved by order of the Ministry of Sports of Russia dated 23.03.2020 N
When 30 seconds remain before the total team time-out (Rule 3-3-7-a) has elapsed, the referee must notify both teams and, 5 seconds later, declare the ball ready to play.
After a 30-second team time-out (Rule 3-3-7-b, c), the referee must notify the teams of its end and, 5 seconds later, declare the ball ready to play.
a. When a team takes a third team time-out in either half of the match, the referee must notify the field captain and the team head coach.
b. If a device other than a time clock is used as the official game clock, the referee must also inform each field captain and head coach that there are 2 minutes or less left before the end of any half. For this purpose, he can instruct to stop the clock. If the game clock starts and shows 2:00 and the ball is dead, the clock must be stopped and the referees must issue a two-minute warning.If the ball is live when the game clock shows 2:00, a two minute warning shall be given after the ball has been declared dead.
1. The draw hours can be interrupted to meet the above requirements and must then be set to 0:25.
2. After notification of the remaining 2 minutes of the game, the clock is started by snap.
3. The organizing committee has the right to oblige the referees to notify the teams of the remaining two minutes of the half, even if the clock is used as the official game clock.
c. If a device other than a clock is used as the official game clock, during the last 2 minutes of the game in each half of the game, the referee or his representative must notify each captain and head coach of the remaining time each time the clock is stopped in accordance with the Rules. In addition, a representative of the referee can leave the command area by moving along the boundary line to report the remaining time.
TENNIS AND TIME
Somehow one of the high-ranking sports officials in a private conversation delivered a speech, the meaning of which boiled down to, they say, what kind of sport is this – tennis? They don’t hit hard, don’t lift weights, don’t run fast, etc.e. in what the sportiness of this species? And it’s true what determines the pace of the game regulates the alternation of play and rest?
It turns out that one of the must-have items in the arsenal of a judge on the tower is a stopwatch. Each rally of a point for him ends with the inclusion of time accounts, the intervals of which are strictly regulated.
Before the start of the match, both players must be eligible for warm-up, the duration of which should not exceed 5 minutes, if otherwise not determined by the Chief Justice.For example, if the players did not have the opportunity to train due to rain or lack of training courts, the Referee may increase warm-up time to 10 minutes. Warm up is a must games, and cannot be canceled under any circumstances (late players using a toilet or medical break by one of the players etc.) At the end of the warm-up, the umpire speaks the word for the first time “Time”, after which the players should prepare within a reasonable amount of time to the game.
The rule that determines the further pace of the game says that a player, the receiver of the serve must be ready to receive when the server is ready submit . That is, the receiver must always play at the pace of the server. Time elapsed between the previous ball was out of play and put into play the next should not exceed 20 seconds (in the ATP – 25 seconds). After each odd game in the set, except for every first game, when switching sides this interval should not be more than 90 seconds (the announcement “Time” sounds after 60 seconds).After each set, players are entitled to a break, which called set-break , no longer than 120 seconds (announcement “Time” after 90 seconds). All of the above time intervals are maximum pauses allowed, and if the server is ready to serve earlier, the receiver must be ready to continue playing. Of course, this does not mean that after the ace, the server may immediately serve the next serve, but he has the right to use the regulated intervals to the maximum, while the receiver has a little less preparation time and largely depends on the desires and capabilities of the server.If the match is played without the boys serving balls, the umpire may add 5-7 seconds to the regular time. Violation of time, unpreparedness to continue playing at specified intervals, is penalized with a warning in the first case and a loss of a point in each subsequent. The temporary penalty does not entail a monetary penalty, so the player in can to some extent regulate the pace of the game, giving a point for the right relax. This is extremely rare, but it may well be useful. at the decisive moments of the game.
In addition to the usual inter-game pauses, other stops may occur in the match. The most common are toilet and medical breaks.
In men’s professional tennis, a player can use one dressing a break in three-set match and two breaks in five-set . No break time is regulated, but defined as appropriate.In women’s and junior tennis, the number of breaks is the same – 2 . Each break should not exceed 5 minutes, if taken on a set break, then the set break time is added to the time toilet break, and the total break increases to 7 minutes. Likewise the break time taken on the change of sides increases, with the exception of the transition after the first game and at the tie-break.
In men’s tennis, a toilet break can only be taken at a set break, for the exception of extraordinary situations.In women’s and junior tennis also preference is given to the set-break break, however there is a possibility using the break at any other time, at the discretion of the umpire and referee. One of the toilet breaks in women’s matches can be used for change of clothes. This break can only be taken during a set break, and should not exceed 7 minutes, including the set break time. By special decision of the Referee breaks can be increased if the respective rooms are far away from the courts, which must be announced before the start of the tournament. Time violation toilet breaks in women and juniors entails a warning after the first 20 seconds of delay and a point loss after every next 20 seconds.
If a player needs to take an over-limit break, he can do it during the usual pauses between games. The duration of such a break is not must exceed the duration of the respective regulatory interval. In this case, the player must definitely inform the umpire.Late for the start of the next draw entails corresponding penalties.
The umpire must inform the other player about the toilet break, there are no ads for viewers in this case.
During the match, the player has the right to ask for and receive the help of the tournament doctor in any time regardless of the account. The break required for the provision of medical care is called a medical timeout.The player can get one time-out for each injury . The length of the medical timeout is the same for everyone and not may exceed 3 minutes. The countdown starts from the moment of determination the nature of the injury or injury; and the ways of providing care. Having prepared the necessary instruments, the doctor informs the judge on the tower about his readiness, after which the stopwatch starts. In women’s tennis for the procedure for determining the injury also 3 minutes are allotted.As with determining the time of the toilet break in the case medical timeout is added to the set break and transition times. When assistance outside the court, the countdown is made by the Chief Referee of the tournament, with the moment the injury is identified, in the place where assistance is provided. After medical timeout, the player can receive the necessary assistance at two subsequent transitions, in this case the time for rendering assistance does not exceed transit time. Assisting during a match is strictly prohibited injections.
The timeout procedure is as follows:
Player : asked for help from a doctor;
Why did we dwell in such detail on things that at first glance are not are directly related to the game?
The point is that by skillfully using the allowed breaks, the player can influence the rhythm of the game, to bring down an opponent who has caught the courage or to give yourself extra time for rest and recuperation. As practice shows, in the professional In tennis, taking a break on time often drastically changes the course of the match. Many will say that there is a certain unsportsmanlike element in this, however fair play rules imply play by the rules, that is, the use of all permissible resources to achieve victory, not only physical and technical, but also legal.
These breaks include pauses caused by external factors (rain, darkness, possible technical problems, etc.). Naturally the duration of these intervals is impossible to determine, however, from it the procedure for further continuation of the match depends. So if the duration the forced break was less than 15 minutes, the game resumes without warm-up , if 15-30 minutes – warm-up to 3 minutes, if over 30 minutes, play resumes with the normal 5 warm-up.
If a player has more than one match to play in one day, minimum the time interval between games is defined as follows:
If the first match lasted up to an hour – a break of at least 30 minutes;
The break between the matches of the previous and the following day cannot be less than 12 hours.
The latter provision is very important, as it protects the interests of the players. Often, due to the lack of time, tennis players have to finish games very late, especially in winter, and the next day’s schedule obliges them play in the morning.In this case, the schedule can and should be revised, otherwise In this case, great harm to the health of the player can be caused.
P.S. We hope that all the above will be of great help to novice players who often complain about not the best schedule for them or a biased attitude. Knowing these provisions, you can defend your innocence and protect your interests in any tournament, as well as use them in tactical schemes of the most difficult matches.
Table tennis time out. Breaks between tennis matches. In the footsteps of the fiery tirade of Yulia Putintseva
Once one of the high-ranking sports officials in a private conversation gave a speech, the meaning of which was to say what kind of sport is tennis? They don’t hit hard, don’t lift weights, don’t run fast, etc. What is the sportiness of this type? But is it true that determines the pace of the game, regulates the alternation of play and rest?
It turns out that one of the compulsory items in the umpire’s arsenal is a stopwatch.Each rally of a point for him ends with the inclusion of time counting, the intervals of which are strictly regulated.
Play pauses in tennis.
Before the start of the match, both players must be entitled to a warm-up, the duration of which must not exceed 5 minutes , unless otherwise specified by the Head Judge. For example, if players have been unable to train due to rain or lack of training courts, the Referee may increase the warm-up time to 10 minutes .The warm-up is an obligatory part of the game and cannot be canceled under any circumstances (players are late, one of the players uses a toilet or medical break, etc.). a reasonable amount of time must prepare for the game.
The rule that determines the further pace of the game says that the player receiving the service must be ready to receive when the server is ready to serve. .That is, the receiver must always play at the pace of the server. The time interval between the release of the previous ball from the game and the entry into the game of the next one should not exceed 20 098 20 seconds (in the ATP – 25 seconds) . After every odd game in the set, except for every first game, when switching sides, this interval should not be more than 90 098 90 seconds (the announcement “Time” sounds after 60 seconds). After each set, players are entitled to a break, called a set break, of no more than 90,098 120 seconds (announcement “Time” after 90 seconds).All of the above times are the maximum pauses allowed, and if the server is ready to serve early, the receiver must be ready to continue playing. . Of course, this does not mean that after the ace the server can immediately serve the next serve, but he has the right to use the regulated intervals to the maximum, while the receiver has a little less preparation time and largely depends on the server’s desire and ability. If the match is played without the boys serving the balls, the umpire may add 5-7 seconds to the regular time.Violation of time, unpreparedness to continue the game at the indicated intervals, is punished with a warning in the first case and a loss of a point in each subsequent case. … The temporary penalty does not entail a monetary penalty, so the player can to some extent regulate the pace of the game by giving up a point for the right to rest. This is extremely rare, but it may well be useful at crucial moments of the game.
Tennis technical breaks.
In addition to the usual inter-game pauses, other stops may occur in the match.The most common are toilet and medical breaks. There are no breaks in our … Only intensified training.
In men’s professional tennis, a player can use one toilet break in a three-set match and in two breaks in five-set. The break time is not regulated, but is determined as appropriate. In women’s and junior tennis, the number of breaks is the same – 2. Each break should not exceed 5 minutes , if taken on a set break, then the set break time is added to the toilet break time, and the total break is increased to 7 minutes .Likewise, the break time taken on the side switching increases, with the exception of the transition after the first game and in the tie-break.
Men’s tennis toilet break can only be taken on a set break , except in extraordinary situations. In women’s and junior tennis, the set break break is also preferred, however, it is possible to use the break at any other time, at the discretion of the umpire and referee. One of 90,098 toilet breaks in women’s matches can be used to change clothes.This break can only be taken at the set break, and must not exceed 7 minutes including set break time. By special decision of the Referee, the breaks may be extended if the respective premises are far from the courts, which must be announced before the start of the tournament. Violation of the toilet break time for women and juniors will result in a warning after the first 20 seconds 90,099 overdue and 90,098 point loss after every next 20 seconds .
If a player needs to take an over-limit break, he can do it during the usual pauses between games. The duration of such a break should not exceed the duration of the corresponding regulatory interval. In this case, the player must definitely inform the umpire. Late for the start of the next rally will incur appropriate penalties.
The umpire must inform another player about the toilet break, there are no announcements to spectators in this case.
Medical time out in tennis.
During the match, the player has the right to ask for and receive the help of the tournament doctor at any time, regardless of the score. The time-out required for medical care is called a medical time-out. A player can receive one time-out for each injury. The duration of the medical time-out is the same for everyone and cannot exceed 3 minutes. The countdown begins from the moment the nature of the damage or injury and the ways of rendering help are determined.Having prepared the necessary tools, the doctor informs the judge on the tower about his readiness, after which the stopwatch starts. In women’s tennis, the procedure for determining the injury is also 3 minutes. As with the toilet break time definition, in the case of a medical timeout, set break and transition times are added. In the case of off-court assistance, the time is counted by the Chief Referee of the tournament, from the moment the injury is determined, at the place where the assistance is provided. After a medical time-out, the player can receive the necessary assistance on two subsequent transitions, in which case the time for rendering assistance does not exceed the transition time.When providing assistance during a match, injections are strictly prohibited.
The procedure for assigning a timeout is as follows:
asked for help from a doctor;
Tower Judge asks to call a doctor from any of the court staff or free judges and announces: “Doctor called to court” ;
After the doctor arrives, (if the match is female, starts the stopwatch) announces: “The doctor examines the player” ;
After the doctor announces his readiness, announces: “Player N has now received a medical time-out.” .
Announcements also follow: “2 minutes left (1 min., 30 sec.)” and “Time” .
After that, the player must, within 30 seconds to continue the match. If this does not happen, then the violator is fined according to the following scale:
b) after 20 seconds 90,099 (in the ATP – 25) point loss;
in) every next 20 seconds (in ATP 25) loss of game until the Chief Referee decides to remove the player from the match.
Why did we dwell in such detail on things that at first glance are not directly related to the game?
The point is that skillfully using the allowed breaks, a player can influence the rhythm of the game, knock down an opponent who has caught the courage, or give himself extra time to rest and recuperate. As practice shows, in professional tennis, a break taken on time often radically changes the course of a match. Many will say that there is a certain unsportsmanlike element in this, but the rules of fair play imply a game according to the rules, that is, the use of all admissible resources to achieve victory, not only physical and technical, but also legal.
Forced tennis breaks.
These breaks include pauses caused by external factors (rain, darkness, possible technical problems, etc.). Naturally, the duration of these intervals cannot be determined, however, the procedure for further continuation of the match depends on it. So, if the duration of the forced break was less than 90 098 15 minutes , the game resumes without warm-up if 15-30 minutes – warm-up up to 3 minutes , if is more than 30 minutes the game resumes from the usual 5 minutes warm-up.
If a player is to play more than one match in one day, the minimum time interval between games is determined as follows:
If the first match lasted up to an hour
– break at least 30 minutes
From one hour to one and a half hours – break at least 1 hour ;
More than one and a half hours – break at least 1.5 hours . The break between singles and doubles must not be less than 30 minutes .
Break between matches of the previous and following day cannot be less than 12 hours .
The last provision is very important, as it protects the interests of the players. Often, due to time constraints, tennis players have to finish their games very late, especially in winter, and the next day’s schedule obliges them to play in the morning. In this case, the schedule can and should be revised, otherwise, great harm to the player’s health can be caused.
P.S. We hope that all of the above will be of great help to novice players who often complain about not the best schedule for them or a biased attitude. Knowing these provisions, you can defend your innocence and defend your interests in any tournament, as well as use them in tactical schemes of the most difficult matches.
Our tennis section will give you a lot of experience and training. Come to study at the In-Tennis school.
Coaching time-outs in women’s tennis 90,099 have become such a custom that it is no longer possible to remember the times when they did not exist.Anyway, those who regularly follow.
BTA does not keep such statistics, however, it seems that no one calls his mentor in pauses during transitions as often as the first racket of Belarus. And it doesn’t matter whether it is dictated by the situation in the set or not. Sometimes Sobolenko resorts to the help of Dmitry Tursunov even with a winning account. More often – towards the end of the set, as if for an unused opportunity to communicate on the court, her agreement with the coach provides for a certain fine.
This is all ironic speculation, but in one of the episodes during the tournament in New Haven, a Russian ex-tennis player, summoned from the podium, literally asked the ward: “Why?” Not because he basically had nothing to say. Simply, looking at Arina’s successful play, reflected on the scoreboard, he quite rightly did not see any point in unnecessary tips and information that could only puzzle the Belarusian.
Be that as it may, Arina’s benefits from innovations in women’s tennis are obvious.Many fans and experts associate her unsuccessful performance at Wimbledon with the excessive workload taken on during the herbal stretch. They also panicked on the eve of the start of “US Open” , because none of the other contenders for the title dared to expose themselves to such a tough competitive regime on a hard series. But why not assume that it is more difficult for our athlete at the Grand Slam tournaments for another reason? Let us remind you that they are not subject to the rules allowing … to call a coach between games.
From this bell tower, all compatriots, as well as those who simply want Sobolenko to progress in every possible way, as if they should welcome the introduction of time-outs and even want to extend them to the US Open and other “majors”. Nevertheless, with your permission, I will refrain. Moreover, I will try to absolutely sincerely stand up for the opposite point of view. And here are the arguments I find …
Time-outs give the strong an advantage and deprive them of the weak
“Weak” and “strong” in this thesis should not be taken literally.It’s not about a favorite and an outsider in a single match – although in this one too – everything is much broader. As you know, in order to fully cover the costs of travel and flights, a sparring partner, a physiotherapist, rehabilitation and rehabilitation procedures and other things that are so necessary for a professional, a tennis player needs to be in the top 100 of the BTA rating. To have dividends and already earn seriously, you should knock on the first fifty.
Those who are much lower in the world table, at the end of the second hundred and beyond, often do not even have a coach who would accompany them at all competitions.The Belarusian women have, conditionally, the captain of the women’s team like Eduard Dubrov, who for a certain period played the role of either a coach or a consultant (it would be more correct to call him a coach-consultant) for Sobolenko last year. That is, at a time when she was not yet in the top 100. And there are plenty of such examples.
And they are especially typical for countries like Belarus. This is in the USA, where there are plenty of academies and students involved there, it is easier to attract attention and get hold of a more or less experienced mentor.Pupils from our country must have wealthy parents in order to knock there. Otherwise, the path to the tennis elite will be extremely thorny. And then there is also an indirect obstacle in the form of coaching time-outs. In order to grow in points and move up the rankings faster, you need to participate not in “Challengers”, but in tournaments of the “Premier” category. What can be done when all strong rivals have coaches who can turn the unsuccessful match in their favor?
Are women being denied the ability to think?
Women have fought for a long time to ensure that the organizers of the largest competitions reward them with prizes equal to those of men.Ultimately, this was achieved in 2007, when the organizers of Wimbledon were the last of their colleagues to agree to make the prize pools for the stronger and weaker sex identical. In this sense, tennis has gone much further than other playing sports, and, perhaps, quite rightly, because the audience, including television, for women’s tennis is no less than that of men’s.
And here – on you: an innovation with a sexist connotation! Is not it so? For some reason, the ATP does not think about the proposal to allow coaches to appear on the court once during a set.At least, even if this initiative matures, it is not dissected publicly, weighing the pros and cons. And without a broad public discussion, when leading athletes have time to speak out and reject or support the idea, such decisions, as a rule, are not made.
However, back to the BTA. What is the bottom line? Tennis players, unlike tennis players, are denied the ability to reflect and analyze their play during matches. To rectify the situation for them, it turns out, a coach is required.Or tune in to the desired psychological emotion, find peace and reject emotions. However, it doesn’t matter what goals the mentor’s challenge pursues – the very opportunity puts the girls in an unequal position. Implies insufficient athletic and gender competence.
Clears the way for executive functions
Choose any synonym if it seems to you that for the weaker sex this is too cruel and unflattering characteristic. However, it is difficult to get the words out of the song.The possibility of legal communication during matches with a coach (there are also all sorts of tricks, glances and conventional signs, easily interpreted by the parties) puts executive athletes in a privileged position, but less thinking.
Take, for example, Alexandra Sasnovich . She often has problems of a psychological nature, she can give up a seemingly won duel, but in the same way she can turn it in her favor. Simply because it promotes – most often on hard, although on other surfaces too – creativity.And most importantly – flexible tactics, which she is able to develop herself without any coaching suggestions. Change it in the course of the game, adjust, roughly speaking, to your opponent.
Do you want to watch athletes who strictly follow the coaching directive? Would you like a match against Rafael Nadal? So you like the struggle of characters in tennis, but not tennis itself. Tennis, which is exactly what kill, in my opinion, these time-outs.
Count as withdrawal
They say that sooner or later any idea and innovation is accepted.The only question is how quickly it will be possible to convince the retrogrades of its effectiveness. The abandonment of the once wooden rackets, the hou-kai system, the protected rating system and much more. The only catch is that coaching breaks are not new at all, but once happily forgotten old. That which was in time immemorial, even before the so-called Open Era. Once they refused, why take it out of the dusty box again?
When you are trading tennis, one of the key skills is determining when a reversal occurs.Usually in a tennis match one player dominates for a time, but it is quite rare for the entire match. When a player dominates a certain part of the match, the odds on him can be significantly lower than it really should be. And that can be a good time to bet against that player, so that when the advantage passes to his opponent, catch the big swings in the odds.
This will help you make profit on tennis trading. Here are 7 points at which a reversal can begin:
1) Break within a set
I often see in a tennis match Player A starting cheerfully and making an early break.It looks like Player B has not entered the game, and the market is overreacting to this, believing that Player A will easily win the set. The truth is, when players sit down between games, it can be a good opportunity for the loser to pull himself together and change the course of the game. Also, as a rule, coaches can give their advice to the players at this moment. Therefore, when you are trading a tennis match and you see the players taking a break, it can be a good moment to support a previously loser.
2) End of set
In a three-set match, the end of the first set is similar to the end of the first half in a soccer match.The player could have lost the first set 0-6, but this is only one set, and the loser can radically change his game plan as he realizes that he has to go for it, or the trouble continues. I lost count of the number of times, especially in the WTA, when a player easily wins the first set, but in the second, the underdog’s comeback begins and a completely different game. I’ve even seen 6-0 0-6 matches. Thus, one can expect that the initiative can go to the loser after the end of the set.
3) Early two breaks
After a player gets two breaks, the market considers the set to be over. Interestingly, the winning player may start to think so too. This can lead to negligence in the final stage. The loser is no longer under pressure, and this can help him return to the match. You should pay particular attention to the moment when the player who is losing two breaks receives break points. This could mean the beginning of a reversal, where the favorite begins to doubt itself and the loser may be inspired.
4) Medical break
Sometimes a coach approaches a player who seems to have taken a break and needs treatment. Unsurprisingly, this break is sometimes used to knock off an opponent’s attacking momentum.
During a medical timeout, the markets react in favor of the “healthy” player, but you must pay close attention to the situation. Sometimes the “injured” player starts playing much better after the break than before.
5) Pause due to rain
This is similar to a medical time out, as it gives the lagging player the opportunity to recover and adjust the game plan.If it’s a long pause, then you can be sure that they will watch the replay of the game to see what could have been done differently.
Here is a great example of using such a moment from an interview with a professional tennis trader:
When Serena started losing in the second set and was suffering from a seizure, there was some doubt about the severity of it. It was clear to me that in fact she could be ready to continue. The odds for Hantukhova were low, and I bet against her as soon as the first raindrops hit my window (I live a few miles from Wimbledon), and continued to bet when the first drops fell on the court.Serena went to massage, rested and won the match.
6) Lost Decisive Points
In tennis matches there are times when one of the players starts to “swim”. Watch out for players who are young and inexperienced, have a chance to win a set or even a match, but lose it. Once this happens, they can “float”, and this is a great moment for the opponent to seize the initiative. If an inexperienced player is swimming after important missed points, then an experienced player can usually pull himself together.
It happens to the best, though. A good example is Serena Williams’ departure from the French Open last summer after trading at 1.01 before the match and only two points short of winning the match. As a result, she lost the set and even started crying before losing the match to the little-known Razzano.
7) Red Mist
It goes without saying that when a player is angry, he will not be able to perform at his best. I saw a lot of matches where the player was the favorite, but then, if something went against him, I started to get angry and lost the thread of the game.Watch out for disputes with the judge. For example, Serena Williams has been very fit for this in recent years. At the 2011 US Championships, she lost her game after an argument with the referee, and she lost 6-2 6-3, although the home match was the clear favorite at odds of 1.25.
Translation (c) Nestor
For the first time, special timers will be used for the matches of the upcoming US Open 2018 tournament, which will count down the time to serve the ball. The interval between rallies will be 25 seconds, and for exceeding the limit, athletes can be punished with a loss of points.This innovation is planned to be implemented at all Grand Slam tournaments. The athletes’ opinions on the initiative were divided. The well-known tennis player Andrei Chesnokov believes that the introduction of the timer will be beneficial. However, the Spaniard Rafael Nadal is confident that this will lead to the degradation of the sport. About the reasons and consequences of changes in the rules of tennis – in the material RT.
- Novak Djokovic
Tennis is a fairly conservative sport, founded at the dawn of its history.In this regard, the human factor is still present in issues related to refereeing. This was the case with the introduction in 2013 of a rule prohibiting deliberate time-wasting, which stated that a tennis player must serve no later than 25 seconds after a point was played.
At the Grand Slam matches, the rule was even stricter: the players were given only 20 seconds. However, the main problem was that the watchdog was on the platform, who started and stopped it at his own discretion.This led to indulgences, especially when it came to the top ten tennis players.
In order to avoid “discrimination” in serving, the United States Tennis Association (USTA), which organizes one of the Grand Slam tournaments, announced that special timers installed directly on courts will be used for all US Open matches this year. The judges on the tower will also be responsible for their launch, but now the counter will be visible to both spectators and athletes, who will find it easier to control their time.The countdown may be delayed due to weather conditions, excessive excitement of the fans or fatigue of the players after a long previous rally.
Punishment for wasting time will remain the same. After the first violation, the player will be given a verbal warning. The second and third will be followed by more severe penalties – deduction of points and even a loss in a game.
The main goal of the innovation is to increase the dynamism of the competition, which, according to the organizers, will make tennis even more spectacular.
“Increasing the pace of the game is the main challenge in the world of sports at the moment. We are aware of this and do not want tennis to stay away from this trend, ”said USTA spokesman Chris Widmaier in an interview with The New York Times.
In addition, athletes will not be able to spend more than 7 minutes warming up before a match. The penalty for exceeding this limit through the fault of the player can be about $ 20 thousand
- Roger Federer
Both rules have already been tested in the junior and qualifying events prior to the 2017 US Open.The serve counters reportedly did not cause any discomfort to tennis players. Often .
In the near future, it is planned to limit the time of absence of players on the court, as well as to introduce similar changes to the rules of all Grand Slam tournaments. The organizers of these competitions reacted positively to the innovations.
“All Grand Slam tournaments have fully supported us in this endeavor. We are delighted to be taking the lead in this matter, ”USTA Chief Executive Stacy Allaster told The New York Times.
In the world of tennis, opinions are divided on the advisability of introducing service timers. Former Soviet and Russian tennis player Andrei Chesnokov became one of the supporters of the new system. He noted that the positive side will lie in stricter control over the actions of the players.
“I welcome this innovation. It will help reduce the number of claims. It so happens that the chief referee makes a remark to a tennis player, he flares up, a verbal skirmish begins.Here, this will not happen, since the time control will be carried out by the computer. Violation of the limit will be followed by a punishment that no one will dispute. It’s time to introduce video replays to determine a goal in football, because in all sports there is an auxiliary technique that really works, “Chesnokov shared his point of view with RT.
- Rafael Nadal
According to the coach, the service timers can make a significant difference in the preparation of tennis players, as the rest time between rallies will be limited.The hardest part will be for players who spend more time recovering their concentration.
“Before serving, the athlete needs to get ready, adjust his attention. Take Djokovic, who will not start serving until he has struck the ball 150 times. Now he will not have such an opportunity. Therefore, you need the right preparation – both physical and psychological. After all, there is Ferrer, there are “earthen” players who inflict 20 blows per rally, run a lot. For them, it is of great importance, given 20 seconds, 25 or 30.Therefore, all tennis players will initially become more prepared and resilient, because the recovery time will be significantly reduced. Let’s see what all this will result in, ”said the ex-athlete.
Of the active tennis players, no one has yet responded to the news about the innovation that they will face during the matches of the main draw of the US Open. However, in the past season, there were both supporters and opponents of the use of service counters among the players. So, the second racket of the world Roger Federer said that timers can be not only very useful in the game, but also create some inconvenience for the tennis players themselves.
“The serve counter is an interesting thing, since a lot of players go out of the time limit. Therefore, the rule is really worth tightening. However, what about cases with long rallies, when a tennis player barely has time to reach the net in order to get the short one, and he immediately needs to return to the back line? ” – quotes the words of the Swiss tennisnow.com.
The first racket of the world Rafael Nadal in his assessment.
“It all depends on what the fans expect. If they want short rallies and thoughtless play, then introducing a service timer may be the right decision.But if the audience wants to be present at matches like ours with Novak Djokovic with 50 blows per rally, then it is definitely not worth introducing a time limit. The counters and the show are two absolutely incompatible things ”, – quotes the Spaniard eurosport.com.
The most striking example of the use of timers in other sports is basketball, where almost all the actions of athletes are limited to time intervals. In addition, the Major League Baseball (MLB) has adopted a timer to reduce the gap between innings.Also, the organization, following the example of tennis, plans to limit the time allotted for the throwing of the ball by the pitcher.90,000% d1% 82% d0% b0% d0% b9% d0% bc% d0% b0% d1% 83% d1% 82 apg image | Vectors and PSD files
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KHL Chief Arbiter spoke about the new rules for the 2021/2022 season
Chief Referee of the KHL Alexey Anisimov told what changes to the rules will be introduced in the 2021/2022 season.
– In the new season, the judges will closely monitor the opponent’s hand holding. The main task is to exclude the impact of players on the opponent with their hands: this will allow hockey players to show their skills and increase the entertainment of league matches. I grabbed it a little with my hands – two minutes. Raises one hand, and does not let the other pass – two minutes. I put my arms around it – two minutes. Make the players take their hands away altogether. At the side, you can influence, but hugging, “putting on a jacket”, sticking one hand even into the thigh is not allowed.Sometimes the minimal impact of the glove is enough to stop the player.
Also, the arbitrators were given instructions to separate the violation of the rules and the simulation after this violation, so that there are fewer mutual penalties. The referee has the option of imposing a mutual penalty in such a situation. But we agreed that this should be done in extremely rare cases. Yes, we understand that we have guys who fall beautifully. But we will fight them, including with the ruble.
In addition, matching penalties received in the last 5 minutes of regular time or in overtime will be adjusted.Now on the scoreboard viewers in rare cases will be able to see 1 or 3 minutes of the penalty. Another innovation in terms of penalty time – for six violations of the rules, which were previously punishable by 5 minutes of a penalty and the removal of a player until the end of the match, the referees will now be able to write out only 5 minutes of the penalty. A second five-minute penalty will automatically mean the player is sent off before the end of the match.
The rules for playing with a high-raised stick have been changed – it will be considered as such if, in case of violation, it is above the level of the opponent’s shoulders.Accidental contact of the stick with an opponent as a result of a game action (throw, pass) will not be considered a violation of the rules if the player played the puck. Any other action if a player tries to play the puck but does not do so and hits an opponent with a stick above shoulder level is a violation of the rules.
The Working Group proposed to change the face-off procedure to make the game more dynamic. If a player arrives late for the face-off in an attempt to gain an advantage, the linesman will caution him.The second and subsequent warnings during the match will translate into a bench minor penalty. On a pass or majority, the attacking center will be able to choose at which point the throw-in will take place.
Coaches will be able to take requests for blocking the goalkeeper and offside, as well as playing with a high stick, throwing the puck out of bounds, passing with a hand and breaking the numerical composition immediately before a goal an unlimited number of times.In the case of the first error, the team will be penalized with a bench minor penalty, in the case of the second and subsequent errors, a double minor penalty. In this case, in case of an unsuccessful request, the coach will have the right to take a time-out. The referees will no longer consult with video specialists: views on controversial points until the 59th minute of the game will be made only by coaching requests, and from the 59th minute until the end of the match (including overtime) the video room will independently view all controversial moments related to the capture gate, – said Anisimov.