Lax rules: LAX Official Site | Travel Safely
LAX Official Site | Travel Safely
LAX On-Site Rapid COVID Testing
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) now offers guests two types of COVID-19 tests in the terminal area at four testing locations, the primary lab across from Terminal 6 and two satellite locations in Terminal 2 and the other in the Tom Bradley International Terminal. The tests are provided by Clarity Labs and processed in a state-of-the-art, on-site laboratory, providing a convenient and safe option for testing before or after travel.
All locations offer a standard PCR test (nasal-swab Polymerase Chain Reaction) for $125 with results returned in three to five hours. Rapid PCR tests with results in one-hour or less are available for $199 at the main lab near the Tom Bradley International Terminal. Antigen tests are offered at the main lab at terminal 6 and at the Tom Bradley International Terminal daily from 9:00 am to noon with results available in under 1-hour for a cost of $80.
Test results are returned to guests electronically. Guests will receive an itemized receipt to submit to their insurance providers for reimbursement, if the tests are covered by their healthcare provider. Please note that the airport does not receive test results or personal information from customers.
LAX’s COVID-19 testing lab is certified as a trusted testing partner by the State of Hawaii and tests are eligible to meet current travel requirements to the state.
Which Test Should I take:
PCR tests are required to enter certain destinations or skip quarantine periods upon arrival. Antigen tests provide fastest results, cost less and may be accepted by certain airlines and destinations that allow an antigen test in place of a PCR test.
Customers are responsible for knowing the type of test results that are acceptable for their destination or purpose for testing. Please check with your airline or destination to determine which test is accepted.
Appointments are recommended and can be booked online here. Tests will be available on a walk-up basis, depending on demand.
There are three testing locations:
|Test Site & Location||Tests Available||Cost||Turn Around Time||Hours of Operation|
|Primary Lab across street from Terminal 6
This lab is located on the Lower/Arrivals level.
Guests can access the facility by vehicle
drop-off along the outer arrivals curb at Terminal 6,
or by walking from any of the parking
For pedestrians coming from Terminals 1, 2 and 3
a shorter path to the testing site
is possible along East Way, Theme Way and West Way.
||Standard PCR Test||$125||3 to 5 hours||7:00 AM to 7:00 PM|
|Rapid PCR Test||$199||1-hour or less|
|Antigen Testing site inside Terminal 6
Located inside Terminal 6 on the baggage claim/lower level at the information booth.
|Antigen Tests||$80||1-Hour or less||7:00 AM to 7:00 PM|
|Satellite testing site at Terminal 2
Lower/Arrivals Level baggage claim area.
|Standard PCR Test||$125||Under 24-hours||7:00 AM to 7:00 PM|
|Satellite testing site at Tom Bradley International
Upper/Departures level at the check-in counters located in Aisle C, along the north side of the terminal.
|Standard PCR Test||$125||Under 24-hours||7:00 AM to 7:00 PM|
|Antigen Test||$80||1-Hour or less||9:00 am to Noon|
Contact for Clarity Labs: https://claritymv.com/contact-us/
Additional COIVD Testing Locations:
Passengers interested in getting a test prior to coming to or flying into LAX can visit a few websites to find the closest testing site. When choosing what type of test to get passengers should always check with their airline and destination to determine what, if any, testing requirements there are.
- Visit this site for nationwide testing locations, click here.
- For L.A. County residents, visit this testing site locator, click here.
- The CDC also has general information on at-home kits here.
If you should test positive for COVID-19, please visit the CDC’s website on instructions on how to take care of yourself and others. Please click here.
Definition of Lax by Merriam-Webster\ ˈlaks \
c : having the constituents spread apart a lax flower cluster
4 : articulated with the muscles involved in a relatively relaxed state (such as the vowel \i\ in contrast with the vowel \ē\)
Lax to the Max Rules
- The field is 60 yards long and 30 yards wide
- The Goal is 6’x6’
- All games will be played in accordance to US Lacrosse Rules and/or NFHS Rules.
- The game is officiated by one (1) official.
- There are no offsides penalties.
- A game will consist of two (2) 12-minute halves, running clock, no timeouts, and a 5-minute halftime. (Only officials can stop the clock).
- Games will begin every 45-minutes.
- Each team will shoot on their respective goals. Teams will switch after halftime.
- Initial possession will be determined by a faceoff or draw. Faceoffs/draws will take place at the beginning of both halves.
- Alternating possessions will take place the rest of the game with a team gaining possession after a goal has been scored on their defensive goal. Goalies will retrieve the ball from the net, then make a full circuit around the goal and the team will then begin their possession.
- Official will whistle and signal that goal is good.
- Official will whistle to restart play.
- Teams will consist of one (1) goalie and three (3) field players. One field player from each team must be a long pole and only one (1) pole will be allowed on the field at a time. (Applicable only to 5th grade & above).
- Substitutions are on the fly.
- One Pass Rule – Teams must attempt one pass over the midfield line before going to goal.
- This pass must be in the offensive zone – past midfield.
- The pass does not need to be caught, just attempted.
- If the attacking team intercepts a goalie clear after a saved shot or a goal, in the defensive zone, they may go directly to goal. No additional pass is required.
- OPR is not applicable on fast breaks – Official’s discretion
- The one pass must be executed by a field player to another field player. A goalie’s pass after a save does not satisfy the OPR unless the goalie has left the crease and established themselves as a field player.
- Stalling – Official’s discretion. The official will issue ONE warning and advise to attack the goal. If a team repeatedly stalls, it will result in a turnover.
- Stall warnings are not applicable during penalty time for either team.
- Stalling – Official’s discretion. The official will issue ONE warning and advise to attack the goal. If a team repeatedly stalls, it will result in a turnover.
- The ball is awarded to the team closest when the ball goes out of bounds due to a missed shot.
- If neither team has possession of the ball and the ball goes out of bounds, play will resume with a faceoff (Faceoffs only).
- Ball is awarded to the opposing team if ball carrier is pushed out of bounds.
- Crease violations will result in a change of possession.
- Clears – A goalie has 10 seconds to clear the ball once possession has been gained. If the goalie leaves the crease area with the ball, they may not return to the crease area with possession of the ball.
- Penalties & Fouls
- Technical Fouls: interference, holding, pushing and other technical infractions outlined in the NCAA rule book. On technical fouls, the ball is awarded at the end line and just inside the sideline.
- Technical Foul Enforcement: A technical foul results in a “man down” situation and the offending player will go to the sideline and remain there for 30 seconds or until one of the following events has occurred
- The opposing team scores one (1) goal
- The offending player’s team gains possession of the ball off a turnover. The player may then leave the penalty box, regardless if their penalty time has expired.
- Penalty time has been served.
- Personal Fouls are illegal body checking, slashing, tripping, and cross-checking as per age division appropriate interpretations. On a personal foul, the ball is awarded to the team against whom the foul occurred. All personal fouls result in a “man down” situation.
- Personal Foul Enforcement: the offender goes to the sideline and will remain there for 1-3 minutes (depending on the severity of the foul) until one of the following events have occurred:
- The offending player’s team gains possession of the ball (unless the penalty is locked in) off a turnover, regardless if their penalty time has expired.
- The opposing team scores two (2) goals.
- Penalty time has been served.
- Penalty release on turnovers –
- A turnover is not a shot by the opposing team that misses or is saved by the goalie or a crease violation, this is considered a change of possession and as such, the player in the penalty box should remain there.
- The team with the man down, upon gaining possession after a shot or save should do their best to kill the penalty. By rule, there are no stall warnings during a penalty.
- A caused turnover is credited to a player when the player’s positive, aggressive actions causes a turnover i.e. bad pass, check and ground ball recovery or a defensive ride that results in a player going out of bounds.
- Penalties & Fouls
- Teams will carry a minimum of 4 players, not including a goalie. (5th grade and above)
- Teams will carry a maximum of 14 players, not including a goalie. (5th grade and above)
- 5TH grade and above format will be 1 A, 1 M, 1 D and 1 G. (3 + G)
- K-4th will have a minimum roster size of 4 players, not to exceed a maximum of 12 players.
- Teams K-4th will play 4v4 with Hectors. (1 A, 2 M, 1 D)
- Teams 5th grade & above will carry at least 1 goalie.
- Teams 5th grade & above are recommended to carry at least 2 long poles.
Registration & Fees (Coach, Team, Player)
- Registrations for all coaches and players will be online through Sportabase.
- Players must register online.
- Early Registration Period (July 6th – August 7th) – $109.00/player
- Standard Registration Period (August 8th – August 26th) – $129.00/player
- Late Registration Period (August 27th – September 11th) – $149. 00/player
- Player must have a valid and up to date US Lacrosse membership.
- Head coaches must register online.
- Assistant coaches must register online (Maximum of two (2).
- Players will not be allowed to be rostered on more than one team unless the League Director receives a written request from the team’s coach. Requests will be reviewed and either approved or denied.
- Any written requests must be submitted no later than September 1st, 2020.
- If a request is denied and the player is found to be rostered on more than one team, both teams will forfeit any games that the offending player has participated in. The Head Coach of the team(s) will also be suspended two (2) games for the infraction.
- All rosters for all teams must be submitted and players must all be registered and paid no later than September 1st, 2020.
- Players who register after September 9th, 2020 will be placed on teams according to their school, territory or requests during registration.
- Teams must submit a written roster listing player information prior to start of the Tournament. (Number, name, graduation year, US Lacrosse #)
- Coaching: A Head coach can register to coach as many teams as they like but must have at least one (1) coach on the sideline for each registered team’s games throughout the event.
Grade Based – 2020/2021 calendar year students with proof of age grade (copy of birth certificate and/or progress report showing players current grade).
- Teams may combine grades, but all must combine up, not down (ex. 4th/5th).
- Players will not be permitted to play more than 1 grade up from their current one (ex. 4th playing up to 6th).
- Girls teams may combine grades as needed; but should try to form teams within the certain grade levels.
- Current Kindergarten/1st graders
- Current 2nd/3rd graders
- Current 4th graders
- Current 5th graders
- Current 6th graders
- Current 7th graders
- Current 8th graders
- JV – Current 9th/10th graders
- HS – Current 11th/12th graders (9th/10th graders may register and player for HS if they choose).
- Adult – 18+
- Sticks – 40-42”, 38” minimum/60” maximum
- Mouth guard
- Pads (rib & elbow/forearm as desired)
- Protective cup
- Mouth guard
Uniforms: all teams are required to wear a matching reversible jersey that has one dark side and one white side with the players number on the back.
- Teams will not take the field with both teams in dark colored jerseys.
- Teams listed first on the schedule will be considered the home team and as such, should wear white for their games.
- Teams must supply their own reversible to use during the season. Teams needing uniforms may contact Kristin at the Tiger Den for uniforms for their team(s) [email protected]. com
- All teams will play at least two (2) games per week = 8 games total.
- Any team that forfeits their game(s) will be required to pay a $50.00 fee for each game they do not play.
- Forfeit fees may be paid by cash or check only and only to the League Director or in person at our office:
Indian Nations Youth Sports
1005 S. Main St.
Broken Arrow, OK 74012
- The League has the sole discretion to determine if games should be cancelled due to weather (such as heavy rain, lightning, snow, high winds, extreme temperature). If there is drizzle/mist, we are still going to play if the threat of severe weather is not imminent.
- If we cancel, we will notify you via email. Please check your security and spam setting to allow emails from us.
- If we cancel, we will all post the announcement on our website and social media pages.
- If a game is rained out, we will do our best to make up the game – THIS IS NOT GURANTEED!!
- In the event a team has a game(s) cancelled where others do not, the Director will review the divisions and team affected. Upon review, the Director will throw out the affected team’s lowest scoring game, unless it is a win.
- Games may be shortened/cancelled at the discretion of the organizers to keep game times on schedule.
Weather Policy: Inclement weather is out of the control of the tournament directors, officials, and site managers. In the event of lightning or severe weather, all games will be suspended for 20-minutes from the last occurrence. If the lightning alarm sounds, play will be suspended immediately and players/fans will be asked to leave the playing area.
The INLC weather/lightning policy is 10/5 – Lightning strike within 10 miles of the facility will result in suspension of play. Play may resume once the last lightning strike is 5 miles from the facility and no other severe weather/lightning is detected.
In the event of extreme weather, once the event has started, it is up to the Director, officials and the site managers whether the conditions are deemed safe to play on. All decisions are final.
There shall be no refunds for individual games lost to weather delays or unplayable field conditions. No refunds will be issued for game cancellations, due to “acts of God” (i.e. rain, severe wind and/or thunder/lightning).
INLC is NOT responsible for any other expenses incurred by players/teams/clubs.
(Please understand INLC incurs non-refundable costs in preparation for the event. The withheld amount will help to offset some of these expenses)
In the event of adverse and inclement weather, the Director reserves the right to:
- Reduce game time in order to catch up to schedule
- Finish games before inclement weather arrives
- Cancel Games
Every attempt will be made to update cancellations on the website however, weather conditions can change rapidly and all teams should be prepared to play as soon as the weather clears and fields are playable.
If a game(s) is/are in progress, the period will end immediately. If the game(s) is/are in the second half, the game will be considered final and the score at that point will be recorded. If it is the first half, when play resumes it will be the start of the second half. If the start of the second half delays the onset of the subsequent game the following actions will occur:
The suspended game(s) will play one 15-minute running clock half. Subsequent games will begin immediately after proceeding games. These games will consist of one (1) 20-minute running clock half until games are back on schedule. Teams will have one (1) 30-second timeout for a game during which time the clock will not stop. Timeouts cannot to be used in the last two minutes of the game.
We will make every attempt to play every minute of every game, but we will not jeopardize the safety of any player, coach, official or staff.
CANCELLATION POLICY: This event may be cancelled due to occurrences beyond the control of INLC, Nienhuis Sports Complex and site management. Situations, such as inclement weather, public safety, health concerns and state and/or municipal directives, etc. apply. No refunds will be issued for weather cancellations. No refunds will be issued for any player/team who has played half of the league scheduled games in the event state/municipal directives force the league to suspend play before the league’s regularly scheduled end date.
REFUND POLICY: Due to the extreme circumstances caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected every aspect of the global economy, all, if any, refund requests shall be handled on a case-by-case basis.
Refunds for Withdrawal Prior to the Event
In the event a properly registered participating team wishes to withdraw and submits a refund request at least 7 days prior to the beginning of the scheduled event, INLC shall issue a full refund less a processing fee equal to 20% of the registration price. INLC shall not honor regular refund requests received less than 7 days prior to the beginning of the scheduled event.
INLC reserves the right to alter its policy on a case-by-case basis should unusual or extreme circumstances arise.
Refunds due to Event Cancellation
All deposits are non-refundable unless the event is canceled. If a team event is fully canceled due to weather or other conditions, properly registered teams will receive full refunds. INLC may, at its sole discretion, withhold a processing fee equal to 20% of the registration price. INLC shall issue refunds within 60 days of the event’s scheduled date of completion. Under no circumstances shall INLC be obligated to issue a refund to any team that completes half of their scheduled games. INLC reserves the full right to shorten or alter games at its events to complete as many games as possible. Any team that fails to participate in a scheduled game where referees and an opposing team are present at the scheduled field shall not be eligible for a refund.
In the force majeure event that an outbreak of communicable disease and/or a governmental order prohibiting mass events make holding an individual event impossible, impracticable, or illegal, INLC shall handle all refunds on a case-by-case basis. INLC further reserves the right to alter its policy on a case-by-case basis should unusual or extreme circumstances prohibit participation by a properly registered team/program.
In the event that a player (free agent) who has registered for an event seeks to withdraw, the following refund policy shall apply: INLC will grant, in full, any written refund requests made at least 7 days prior to the start of the event. All refunds will be issued either via check and will be sent to the address that on file that was entered during the registration process. Full refunds will be issued minus a 20% processing fee.
Beginning 7 days prior to the event, INLC will issue refunds for events only when the registered player has a medical issue that prohibits participation in the event. INLC, at its sole discretion, may request medical documentation before processing a medical refund request.
In the force majeure event that an outbreak of communicable disease and/or a governmental order prohibiting mass events make holding an individual event impossible, impracticable, or illegal, INLC shall handle refunds on a case-by-case basis.
Tourney Format & Rules – live love lax
Each team will have at 3 games on one day. Either the am block or pm block.
ALL teams will play in flighted pools based on competition level that is chosen by the coach/club manager.
Divisions: 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028/29
All teams should be warmed up and ready to take the field for their next game.
There will be one central horn used for all timing.
1 horn to signify the beginning of the game.
1 horn to signify the beginning and end of halftime.
1 horn to signify the end of the game.
Rules: Live Love Lax will follow all US Lacrosse & NFHS Rules as it pertains to each age level with the following tournament specific modifications:
There are NO timeouts
During an injury timeout, clock will run.
8-meter shots will be played out if the horn sounds for the end of the game or half. If the 8-meter free position is already in play when the game horn sounds, then the game is done at the time of the horn. If a shot is in flight and was released from a stick prior to the horn and goes in the goal, the ruling is “good goal.” (same as USL)
Alternate possession – The team listed first on the schedule receives the first alternate possession. After the initial possession is awarded, the possession will then alternate.
1 Yellow card – the player must sit for 2 minutes, running clock, the official will keep time.
2 Yellow cards – the player must sit the remainder of the game. And may return to the next game.
RED card (Player) – The player must sit the remainder of the game and the NEXT game.
RED card (Coach) – the coach must leave the game and remain away from the game until the completion of the game.
Fourth Grade: (Class of 2027)
12 v. 12 full field rules
Three-second rule for good defensive positioning is implemented.
NO minimum pass rule.
The four-goal rule will NOT be used.
5th/6th Grade: (Class of 2025/2026)
Three-second rule for good defensive positioning.
NO minimum pass rule.
The four-goal rule will NOT be used.
7th/8th Grade: (Class of 2023/2024)
The four-goal rule will NOT be used.
There will be a flip chart and score sheet on all fields.
Officials will record the scores and coaches will sign off on them.
Coaches are responsible for changing the flip charts. All official scores will be kept at tournament headquarters.
Inclement Weather Policy:
Inclement weather is out of the control of tournament directors, officials and site managers. Safety is our number one concern. In the event of thunder and/or lightening, all games will be suspended for 30 minutes from the last occurrence. Games will resume at their regularly scheduled time. No games will be made up or delayed.
The tournament will be held in the rain. In the event of heavy rain, it is up to the tournament directors, officials and site managers as to whether the field(s) is/are deemed safe to play on.
LAX Uber Rules Will Now Ban Taxi and Rideshare from Curbside Pick-Ups
It’s late and you’ve finally landed at LAX after flying for hours in a cramped airplane. You shuffle to baggage claim to collect your luggage, and you’re looking forward to just getting out the door, slumping into your ride home. Well, think again. Starting October 29, the LAX Uber rules are changing, and the airport will require travelers to board a shuttle to a designated parking lot to get picked up.
The new rules, announced on Thursday, require all passengers to ride a shuttle or schelp on foot to the “LAX-it,” as it’s being called (pronounced “L.A. Exit”), a parking lot outside Terminal 1. Airport authorities say the process will take about 15 minutes (though some have expressed skepticism of that estimate as too low), between waiting for the bus and the drive to the destination.
To make the waiting area as comfortable as possible, airport authorities say it will be outfitted with phone charging stations, restrooms, and food trucks from 5 a.m. to 1 a.m. Workers will be available at both the terminal and the LAX-it to help passengers load and unload bulky luggage, and accommodations have been made to help ease the process for individuals in wheelchairs or with other mobility challenges.
As travel industry site Skift reports, the shuttles are only intended to be a relatively short-term solution, and will theoretically be replaced by a “people mover” train in 2023. That system would connect drivers to the rideshare lot, a new rental car hub, and, ultimately, to light rail public transportation.
The motivation for the change is an attempt to manage traffic at the busy airport, which has been made even worse in recent months due to increased traffic and major construction projects, many of them justified as preparations for the impending Olympics. LAX seems to think corralling riders and drivers in the designated lot will ease the flow of other cars transiting through the airport’s campus.
“We understand that trying to get into the central terminal area is a challenge and has been for a long time, and we’ve been working to make that much better,” Keith Wilschetz, deputy executive director of the Operations and Emergency Management Division at Los Angeles World Airports, told the Los Angeles Times. “This is a way we can do that.”
Banning app-hailed and traditional taxi passengers from being picked up at curbside puts LAX in line with San Francisco’s airport, which adopted the practice earlier this summer, and Boston’s airport, which will soon institute a ban of its own.
And while this may add more time between exiting the aircraft and getting to your home or destination, it won’t impact anyone rushing to catch a departing plane. Curbside drop-offs will continue to be permitted. It’s also still fine to pick up a friend or family member in your personal car. You’ll just meet them at the median, rather than in the curb lane.
RELATED: California’s ‘Gig Worker Law’ Has Passed, but Uber Says It Shouldn’t Have to Comply
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Olympic Lacrosse Rules Take Shape
The Federation of International Lacrosse sent out a press release today that outlines the process to create a new set of rules for the sport of lacrosse in the Olympic Games.
While the inclusion of lacrosse in the Olympics is still an ongoing process, the FIL has created a working group to flush out the details of how lacrosse could be played at the Olympics, should the governing body of the sport gain the ultimate approval for inclusion that it currently seeks.
Check out the full press release below, and then read on for some additional thoughts and comments! Feel free to chime in with your own ideas in the comments section. We are VERY curious to hear what people think about all this!
Federation of International Lacrosse Launches Membership Consultation Process In Development of New Discipline and Playing Rules
New York, NY – The Federation of International Lacrosse (FIL), in partnership with its member-National Governing Bodies, is initiating a consultation process through which members are being asked – entirely on a voluntary basis — to experiment with a new discipline and related set of playing rules for the sport of lacrosse.
The new discipline and draft playing rules have been developed by the FIL Blue Skies Working Group, which is responsible for examining innovative ways to best position the sport of lacrosse for continued growth in the 21st Century, including the long-term ambition of returning lacrosse to the Olympic Games. This approach is consistent with work done by other leading international sport federations, including World Rugby and the International Basketball Federation, which have introduced new disciplines or other modifications to their sports while maintaining the integrity and traditions of their games.
The Blue Skies Working Group, which is chaired by FIL Vice President Steve Stenersen, began its work in September 2018. Through a series of in-person meetings, conference calls and consultation with players, coaches and officials, a new discipline and initial set of playing rules has been developed. In January 2018, the FIL Board of Directors endorsed the direction of the Blue Skies Working Group and recommended that FIL members be asked to experiment with the new discipline and playing rules.
Earlier this month, FIL members received the draft playing rules and have been asked to trial the new discipline, and provide feedback, during the next two months.
Based upon feedback from the FIL membership and further revision to the discipline and playing rules, the Blue Skies Working Group intends to present a final proposal for approval at the FIL General Assembly, August 12-13 in Peterborough, Ontario.
If approved, the new discipline will be a complement to the current field and indoor disciplines sanctioned by FIL, and in no way will replace those disciplines. The new discipline pertains to both men’s and women’s lacrosse, and is not a unified or coed division.
Appointed by FIL President Sue Redfern, members of the Blue Skies Working Group are:
Steve Stenersen – FIL VP / Working Group Chair
Fiona Clark – FIL Competition Director
Dana Dobbie – Athlete Counsel Representative
Terry Harding – Men’s Official
Jane Powell – England High Performance Manager
David Ryan – FIL Independent Director
Jim Scherr – FIL CEO
Scott Seymour – Octagon Executive
Mara Wager – Women’s Official
“The development of new, complementary disciplines of lacrosse is integral to the achievement of the FIL’s strategic plan,” said (FIL) Vice President Stenersen. “Our Blue Skies Working Group has had the unique opportunity to re-imagine the sport based on the goals of fueling continued international growth, increasing spectator appeal and maximizing media exposure. The rule drafts will continue to be refined based on feedback from our member nations, and we look forward to presenting final recommendations at the General Assembly in August.”
Key considerations being examined by the Blue Skies Working Group in developing the new discipline and playing rules include (in alphabetical order):
Degree of gender consistency
Linear and digital media appeal
Pace of play
· Eliminate violent collision
· Maintain current protective equipment
· Eliminate long sticks
· Maintain other current stick specifications
· Goalie stick specifications identical between disciplines
· Maintain current restrictions on body contact and stick checking
· Maintain current protective equipment and require eyewear for field players
· Maintain current stick specifications
· Goalie stick specifications identical between disciplines
Summary of Trial Rule Recommendations:
· Field size — 70 meters X 36 meters
· Field markings – perimeter markings, goal circles/creases, goal line, midline, draw circle, substitution and player boxes
· Goals – maintain current specifications
· Game structure – four 8-minute periods: running clock; 5-minute halftime and 2 minutes between quarters
· Time clock stops for a timeout, end of a quarter, injury, or during a dead ball within the last two minutes of the fourth quarter
· Shot clock – 45 seconds; resets on every possession change
· Game and shot clocks stop for a timeout, injury, or during a dead ball within the last two minutes of the fourth quarter; resets following the end of a quarter
· Two 30-second timeouts for each team per half
· Squad size – 10; 6 + 4 subs (allow up to two alternates in the case of competition-ending injury TBD)
· On-field players – 6 on 6; goalie and five field players on the field at one time
· On field staff – two coaches and one medical
· Substitutions – on the fly
· Offside – both teams must hold back two players behind the midline
· Over-and-back – prohibited
· Ball out-of-bounds – when the ball goes out of bounds for any reason, including a shot, it is awarded to the team that did not touch it last
· Goals – if a player is fouled in the act of shooting, the goal will count
· After a goal – goalies have 5-seconds to put the ball in play be either passing it or running it out of the goal circle
· All defending players can run through the crease but cannot act as a goalie
· Draws – at start of each period and OT
· OT – sudden victory
· Officiating – 2 officials per game
· Penalties – major/minor/technical fouls and related mechanics as close as possible between disciplines
· Pre- and post-game officiating mechanics identical across disciplines
Phew! That was a LOT of info to digest, but considering we’re working in the world of sports, where big announcements are usually kept tight to the chest, I actually find the FIL’s transparency on this issue to be very refreshing. It’s a BIG change for sure, but the FIL isn’t trying to hide it, or pull a fast one on anyone. The members have now known for a while (and been invited to participate in the process) and now we the public officially know as well. And it’s still a work in progress. But when it comes to transparency, this is a move that really should to be applauded. Creating a new version of your game is a tough thing to do, but the FIL isn’t ducking it.
The first thing that comes to mind is that set-in-their-ways reactionaries and traditionalists are going to hate these rules and probably flip out on Twitter and/or Facebook, and here are the questions they will likely ask:
“Why can’t the men’s and women’s games just stay as they are?” Have you ever watched the Olympics? Do men’s and women’s sports REALLY look that different to you? No, they don’t. Sure, there are some differences, but they are typically small, like limiting contact in hockey or adding rings for male gymnasts. Overall, the differences are minute. If lacrosse, a NEW SPORT TO THE GAMES, wants to get admitted to the Olympics, do you think it will need to be more like other Olympic sports in terms of rules similarity between the genders, or less? The answer is more. There is really no getting around this, and you can see the evidence of it in many of the points about a need for similarity between the men’s and women’s disciplines.Photo: Ady Kerry / England Lacrosse
It’s also important to recognize that these rules would ONLY APPLY TO THE OLYMPIC GAMES.
This portion of the press release makes that pretty clear: “If approved, the new discipline will be a complement to the current field and indoor disciplines sanctioned by FIL, and in no way will replace those disciplines. The new discipline pertains to both men’s and women’s lacrosse, and is not a unified or coed division.“
“Why can’t we just play the men’s (or women’s) game?“ Seriously? There is going to compromise here, on both sides. There simply has to be. Expecting the men to play the women’s game, or expecting the women to play the men’s game is quite silly, extremely divisive, and will NEVER HAPPEN. Please move on and save us all the headache.
“Why doesn’t everyone play box lacrosse instead?” Less countries play box than field, few women outside of Canada play box, there are no FIL championships for women’s box or the U19 box for either gender, and building rinks creates headaches, costs, and hassles that field sport events do not create. If lacrosse can be played on a field that can also be used for Rugby 7s, that’s a win for everyone. Building boxes at every Olympic location is not a cost-effective option, and it also means that the Olympic version of the sport can only be played in countries that have access to box facilities.Photo: Miroslav Šach
A small field on the other hand can be found in any country in the world right now. It’s going to be a field version of the game for all these reasons. Also, look at the emphasis on hitting. My guess is that doesn’t change no matter what the other rules are. It’s the way the game is going. And box without crosschecks and hitting isn’t really box. Who wants to do that?
“Why are we changing anything? Lacrosse has never changed!” Well, first off lacrosse has ALWAYS changed. College rules change all the time, MLL created new rules for their league, men’s field used to have 12 players a side, you could put 12 poles on the field at a time, women in Massachusetts used to wear helmets, fields used to be giant ovals with boards around them, women didn’t have boundaries, the shot clock wasn’t a thing, box players didn’t wear helmets, box wasn’t a thing before the 1930s… the list goes on and on and on. The game of lacrosse has ALWAYS changed. Many of the First Nations in North America had their own version of stickball, and they were all different. There is a long history and legacy of a changing game in lacrosse. You can fight it if you want, but don’t be ignorant to history.
And listen, I gt it… For a long time, I was a field traditionalist myself. It’s what I played, it’s what I knew, and it was the game I appreciated. I thought it was the purest form of the game, because it was the only form I’d ever played. Then I played box. It was fun, a new challenge, and a great sport. I love box, but I also love field. Then I played some short side lacrosse. It was also fun, and another new challenge. And this has held true with any version of the sport I’ve ever played. I played a women’s game once, and surprise surprise… it was fun! Have you ever played snow lacrosse, or beach lacrosse? When was any of it bad? For me, it never was.
The elements of lacrosse that make it fun – the skill, the athleticism, the toughness, the trickery, the teamwork required to win – none of these things have ever left the game, no matter how it’s been played. Does anyone really believe these things will disappear with the above proposed rules and changes to the game?
Yes, the game will be different and it will change, but nothing in the above rules makes me think the essence of lacrosse will be missing in any way, shape, or form.
At the end of the day, I’m keeping an open mind to these new rules, and this new direction for Olympic lacrosse, simply because I have yet to encounter a version of the game that I did not like. If it works out, and kids around the world see a short-sided game being played, and it makes them want to play, what’s the harm? To me, that sounds great. If it means that more kids in New York City or Paris or Hong Kong can play the game on smaller urban fields, then that’s great too. If an Olympic short-sided game makes it easier for kids in small town Iowa or Bavaria or Mozambique to play lacrosse, then I am absolutely all for that as well.
My personal experiences with short-sided lacrosse have been extremely positive. It’s fun to play, exciting to watch, and easier to understand for people who are new to the game. It keeps costs for national teams down, and allows the sport to continue to focus on growth around the world by introducing a new version of the game that can be played anywhere by anyone.
I try to live by the Grow The Game motto, and ask myself if I think something will help the game grow, or hinder efforts to see it expand. When it comes to a short-sided version of the game for the Olympics, I really don’t see much downside at all and I would definitely tune in to watch every 4 years when it was on the Olympic stage.
Nitty Gritty on the Rules
OK, my general feeling is positive on the rules, and obviously the change to 6v6 is huge and has big implications, but here are a couple detail points that interest me greatly. I definitely want to see more, and how some of the rule changes could play out!
Less Face Offs – Draws will only take place to start the 8 minute quarters, or to start OT. This basically means there are only 4-5 draws in any game, and after every goal the goalie picks the ball up and puts it back in play within 5 seconds. I like face offs personally, but they do slow the game down and can confuse people who don’t understand them well. This approach simplifies the game, but keeps draws in the sport as a compromise. It will also reduce goal celebrations, as action picks up right away. The hardest thing for fans will be to tell what was a goal and what wasn’t when crease violations happen and a goal is scored, but not counted. Referee mechanics will be very important there for players and fans alike. Will people be mad about less draws in the game? FoGos certainly will be.
No Longsticks – As a former longstick I… actually kind of like this rule? That was weird, and I can see where people will disagree with me, but again it simplifies the game and makes it more approachable to fans. Goalies can still use goalie sticks, but like hockey, lacrosse defenders and attackers will use the same sticks. It makes some sense really. But when you look at some of the other rules, and how they could layer on top of each other, I’m not completely sold on this idea. A great longstick is a great asset and is fun to watch.
Less Big Hits – There will still be bumping of hips, ball focused collisions, and plenty of physical play, but the idea of lining someone up and knocking them off their feet is not going to be part of this game. Olympic hockey is similar in this regard where huge hits have been limited or reduced. It does seem like the men will have more contact and padding than the women, but Kyle Devitte asked a good question to me on Twitter here: Does NO big collision stuff change the men’s game too much by taking out the threat of a big hit? It’s a fair question to be sure, but the women’s game seems ok without it.
45 Second Shot Clock – With a short field, the shot clock can be at 45 seconds and teams can still run a cohesive O and force teams to play good defense. How different teams use the clock on O and D could be really exciting and even lead to upsets. I like it. No clearing clock with such a short shot clock, but it does seem to take effective riding approaches out of the game to some extent.
Offsides – UPDATE: The old offsides interpretation was wrong. Here is the correct one: The intention is that a team must always keep at least two players on its defensive half of the field (typically a goalie and one field player)…and at least one player on its offensive half of the field…resulting in 4-on-4 play in the offensive half of the field, in addition to a goalkeeper. Of course, a time serving penalty would great a “man-up” offensive opportunity.
Both teams need to keep two players back, and if I’m reading this correctly, that means that each team will have 4 players on offense, and 3 field players and a goalie on defense. That means each O possession will in essence be man up, and every D possession will be man down. This one is interesting, and I really want to see how this plays out. I’m not sold on it yet, but it intrigues me greatly. You’d certainly see a lot of scoring if every possession is a 4 on 3 AND there are no longsticks. Definitely need to see this rule in practice.
Shot Back Up GONE – If you shoot the ball out of bounds, the other team gets it. Last one to touch it loses it. With a shot clock, and constant man up, this only seems fair. It also makes WAY MORE sense to the average sports fan. Team A threw the ball out of bounds, Team B now has the ball. That’s not how we’ve played the game, but it is much more simple and consistent across the sport and other sports. With a shot clock, teams HAVE to shoot the ball or drop it in the corner. Will we see more shots on cage, or less? Another one that has me all sorts of curious to see how it plays in practice.
The biggest issue for me on truly judging these rules is that I have not seen them in action with my own eyes. As we see more of that, it should be clear what works well and what does not. Having this preliminary info is great though, and it’s an interesting look into how the FIL is looking at the game of the future.
Overall there are a number of major changes, but as I said above, I’m not sure any of them (or the sum of them) truly changes lacrosse to anything other than lacrosse. The process here will take time, and even after a “final” set of rules has been agreed upon there could still be changes (see our current NCAA rules as an example of constant tweaks and changes). The rules may or may not appeal to you personally, but for the growth of the game they could do a lot of good, and it seems like the worst case scenario is that a new fun version of the game gets invented. At the end of the day, that’s pretty good.
Premier Boys Lacrosse Tournaments, Camps, and Clinics in Annapolis, Baltimore, and Pennsylvania
Only currently registered players on hoganlax.com, for the specific tournament and who agree to the “Release and Waiver of Liability, Assumption of Risk, and Indemnity and Parental Consent AGREEMENT,” may participate in tournament games. It is the coach’s responsibility to ensure all of his team members are registered. This can be confirmed on the Player Page for each tournament. Hoganlax.com will notify a coach if a player did not agree to the Release and Waiver of Liability, Assumption of Risk, and Indemnity and Parental Consent AGREEMENT.
Players may play “up” in age/grade groups, but may NOT play “down.”
Any team that forfeits a game during the tournament will be ineligible to compete in any playoff games. The score for any forfeit will be:
- Will take the winning teams average GA in games played, as the goals scored against them
- Their goals scored will be plus 7 of their average GA; since the most GD in a single game is 7.
- Example Team A gives up 10 and 6 goals in 2 games
- Their average goals against is 8. HoganLax does not allow a GD to be greater than 7.
- A team forfiets game to be played vs Team A
- The game score is 15-8 for the forfieted game.
No player may compete, or be rostered, on more than one team during the tournament. Any team with a player in violation of this rule will forfeit all games in which the player is known to have competed and therefore, forfeit the opportunity to advance to the playoff round.
Tie breaker information is available under Game Rules.
Any player, fan or coach ejected from the game will be prohibited from competing in his/her team’s next game.
Decisions on the field will be the final ruling. Any fighting or flagrant disrespect toward an official will result in expulsion for the remainder of the tournament. No Exceptions, No Refunds.
Spectators also need to respect the Officials and the Players. Bad behavior will not be tolerated. Should referees or tournament director deem a spectator, player, or coach needs to be removed from the site(s) of the tournament, it will be the responsibility of the coach from the offender’s team to remove the offender from the site(s).
Each field is assigned a Field Timer; the Field Timer will record the score on a scorecard for each game. At the end of each game one referee who officiated the game will sign the scorecard to confirm final score and expulsions. Coaches should check the scorecard on the field if they wish to validate or challenge a score. Any challenges must be made immediately following the game with the Officials and Field Timer, who will contact a tournament administrator to address the issue. Once the scorecard reaches the administration tent the score is considered final.90,000 Rule 31. “Strengthen” your weaknesses. Break the rules! And 45 more rules of genius
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4. Knows his strengths and weaknesses, as well as his uniqueness
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Rule 42. Methodically build support for the idea from others
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It looks like SQLite, apparently as a “compatibility feature”, parses double-quoted identifiers as string literals if no matching column is found.
I understand it does this for people who write sql incorrectly and for backward compatibility with legacy projects created by such people, but it makes debugging very difficult for those of us who write CORRECT sql on brand new projects.
SELECT * FROM "users" WHERE "usernme" = 'joe';
returns a query with 0 lines because the string ‘usernme’ is not equal to the string ‘joe’.
This makes me scratch my head wondering why I don’t get Joe’s string even when I know there is a user with that name, until I painstakingly go back to my code and realize I missed the letter “A”.
Is there any “strict mode” PRAGMA or API for enforcing quoting rules and treating all double-quoted strings as identifiers so that it tells me immediately if one is misspelled?
(And please no answers telling me not to quote IDs if I don’t need to, because any such answer basically tells me that in order to get correct debugging, you have to write bad code in the first place.)sqlite debugging escaping literals double-quotes
Share Source Dan November 14, 2012 at 17:14
Does Sqlite support weak entities?
Does Sqlite support weak entities or tables that have a composite key where multiple foreign keys make up the primary key?
How do I turn off sonar rules for specific files?
I have a project I am working on and some files break some rules but are not real problems and thus distracting noise.However, I don’t want to disable these rules globally, and I would rather not mark them as false positives one by one. Is there a way …
This is hardcoded in the SQLite parser and cannot be changed externally.
Share CL. November 14, 2012 at 18:11
I also asked on the SQLite channel and someone there was kind enough to go through the source and create the patch, and even started a mailing list thread describing the patch:
http: // www.mail-archive.com/[email protected]/msg73832.html
This is not the answer that works for official builds, but maybe someday. For now I’m just going to recompile it myself with this patch.
Share Dan November 14, 2012 at 21:02
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When should we discourage weak types? Aren’t weak types encouraged in large projects? If the left side is strongly typed as shown below, would that be an exception to the rule? int i =…
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I am using Play 2.5.x (Scala). The default server is Netty. I can’t seem to find a way to disable some (weak) specific ciphers as well as client renegotiation. Play doc refers to …90,000 Conjugation of German Verbs – Online German
German verbs, like Russian, consist of a stem and an ending -en or -n .
Let’s analyze the conjugation of the verb using a simple example:
The verb lernen (translation: learn, study) consists of a stem (red) and an ending (blue)
The endings of verbs, in turn, change depending on the person, number and the tense in which the verb is used.
In German, as in Russian, there is
singular: I, you, he, she, it, you (polite form), woman, cat, boy
and the plural: we, you, they, you (polite form), people, cities, books
There are also times.There are only six of them in German, but only five are used.
We start with the conjugation of the verb lernen in the present tense Präsens
Conjugation of weak verbs in Präsens
In German they also say: I teach, you learn, she teaches, we learn, and so on.
It can be seen that the forms for er, sie, es and ihr are the same and have the ending -t , also the form of the verb for wir, sie, Sie is similar to the initial form of the verb, that is, the Infinitiv of the verb and has the ending -en …
Peculiarities of conjugation of verbs in the present tense
– If the stem of a verb (weak or strong, does not change the root vowel) ends in -d, t or a combination of consonants chn, ffn, dm, gn, tm (e.g. antworten, bilden, zeichnen), the vowel e is inserted between the stem of the verb and the personal ending.
– If the stem of a verb (weak or strong) ends in -s, -ss, -ß, -z, -tz (e.g. grüßen, heißen, lesen, sitzen), then the 2nd person singular s in the ending drops out , and verbs end with -t.
– Please note that the polite form of the verb (pronoun you) in German is the same as the 3rd person plural.
As you can see, strong verbs also have the validity of conjugation in the present tense.
The conjugations of such verbs can be carefully studied on a table specially developed by the Start Deutsch team
In addition to weak verbs, German has strong verbs :
a) Strong verbs in the 2nd and 3rd person singular change the root vowel:
a, au, o get an umlaut (ex., Fahren, laufen, halten)
vowel e goes into i or ie (geben, lesen)
b) In strong verbs with a variable root vowel, the stem of which ends in -t, in the 2nd and 3rd person singular of numbers, the connecting vowel e is not added, in the 3rd person also the ending is not added (e.g. halten – du hältst, er hält), and in the second person of the plural (where the root vowel does not change) they, like weak verbs, receive connecting -e- (ihr haltet).
Also in the German language there are verbs, the conjugation of which must be learned by heart.These include:
sein (to be)
haben (to have)
werden (to become)
by their morphological features refer to irregular verbs that, when conjugated in presentation, show a deviation from the general rule.
Look and learn Präsens present pronoun conjugation. When studying German, you need to know these verbs, because they are used not only in the present tense, but also with their help, the past tense, the future tense and an important passive in German are formed.
AND modal verbs also need to be learned by heart!
Note that modal verbs in the 1st and 3rd person singular do not get the ending -e and some of them lose their umlaut in conjugation.
If you are not yet clear on this topic, then you can watch a video on the conjugation of German verbs in the present tense.
Now we turn to the conjugation of verbs in the simple past tense Präteritum.
To construct a sentence in simple past tense Präteritum you need to know the formation of three forms of the verb and choose the 2-form Präteritum
1 form – Infinitiv (initial form of the verb)
2 form – Präteritum (used for Formation of the simple past tense Präteritum)
3 form – Patrizip 2 (it is used to form the complex past tense Perfekt)
Let’s take the same verb lernen .As you already know, lernen is a weak verb. In order for you to better understand this you, we also conjugate the strong verb fahren. First, we need to choose the form of the verb we need (highlighted in red). Then look at the table and substitute the desired endings.
lernen – lernte – gelernt
fahren – fuhr – gefahren
That is, in the place in the table where there is a dash – the form Präteritum is used (lernte, fuhr, etc.)
You just need to remember the endings in this form and also correctly determine the 2nd form of the verb.And that’s it! Pretty simple, isn’t it?
By the same principle auxiliary verbs in Präteritum are conjugated:
Attention! Modal verbs are used in the past tense only in Präteritum, even if you speak in Perfekt!
Therefore, you have to learn by heart the modal verbs in the Präteritum form!
It’s not as difficult as it seems at first glance 🙂
Good luck in learning German!
Scientists may have discovered the “fifth force of nature” still unknown to science
- Pallab Gosh
- BBC Science Observer
The author of the photo, Reidar Hahn / FermiLabCaption to the photo,
The discovery was made while working with elementary particles – muons
Our whole life is subject to the laws of physics, be it a magnet from a trip that we attach to the refrigerator door, or a ball, flying into a basketball hoop.
And all these forces that we deal with every day can be reduced to four fundamental categories of interactions: electromagnetic, strong, weak and gravitational.
Four fundamental forces determine the interaction of all objects and particles in the universe.
For example, the force of gravity, or gravity, makes objects fall to the ground and does not allow them to break away from it without the application of another force.
But, according to an international team of physicists, in the course of research in the Muon g-2 experiment (“Muon Ji minus two”), carried out in the laboratory of the town of Batavia near Chicago, they may have discovered a new, fifth force of nature.
The British Council for Scientific and Technical Equipment announced that the results of the experiments provide strong evidence for the existence of a hitherto unknown subatomic particle or new force.
Unfortunately, the results of the Muon g-2 experiment do not yet give grounds to unambiguously declare a complete discovery.
There is a one in 40 thousand chance that this is a statistical error. In other words, the so-called statistical significance (or confidence) level is 4.1 sigma.
And in order for the discovery to be recognized, this level must be 5 sigma, that is, the error should not exceed one chance in 3.5 million.
“We found that the interaction of muons is not consistent with the Standard Model,” said in BBC interview with the head of the experiment from the British side, Professor Mark Lancaster. “It is clear that we are all delighted, because this opens up a future with new laws of physics, new particles and new forces never seen before.”
The Standard Model is the currently generally accepted theoretical construction that describes the interaction of all elementary particles in the Universe.
The new discovery is the latest in a series of promising results from particle physics experiments in the United States, Japan, and primarily at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) located on the border between France and Switzerland.
Photo author, FermilabPhoto caption,
Fermilab – the main laboratory for the study of particle physics in the United States
But back to our experiment.
It was delivered at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois to study the behavior of a subatomic particle called the muon.
The fact is that our entire Universe is built of particles smaller than an atom. Some of these particles are made up of even smaller particles, while others are no longer fragmented – these are the so-called elementary particles.
Muons are just such elementary particles: they are similar to electrons, only 200 times heavier.
Photo author, GIROSCIENCE / SPLPhoto caption,
The behavior of muons went beyond the usual, which prompted scientists to think about the fifth force
During the Muon g-2 experiment, particles were accelerated along a 14-meter ring in a circular collider under exposure to a powerful magnetic field.
According to the known laws of physics, this should have led to oscillations of muons with a certain frequency. However, physicists found that the frequency of their oscillations was higher than expected.In their opinion, this may indicate the action of a force previously unknown to science.
No one knows for sure what else, besides the effect on the muon, is subject to this new force.
Theorists believe that it may be somehow related to an as yet undiscovered subatomic particle.
There are several assumptions about this hypothetical particle. This can be the so-called leptoquark (a particle that carries information between quarks and leptons) or a Z-boson (which itself serves as an antiparticle).
As recently as last month, physicists conducting an experiment at the Large Hadron Collider noted that the results obtained may indicate the presence of a new particle and force.
“There is a real race going on to prove that we have discovered something new,” says Dr. Mitesh Patel of Imperial College London, who took part in the LHC experiment. “More data and more measurements will be needed, and if lucky we get evidence that these effects are real. “
Photo author, ESA / Hubble and NASAPhoto caption,
In recent years, scientists have faced many mysteries of the Universe, and the proven presence of a new force would greatly help in solving them
In addition to the well-known gravitational and electromagnetic forces behind the behavior of subatomic particles the so-called strong and weak forces are responsible.
And the fifth force could provide an answer to the many mysteries of the Universe that have arisen before scientists in recent decades.
For example, according to observations, our universe is expanding with acceleration, and this is attributed to a mysterious phenomenon called dark energy.But scientists have previously suggested that this may be the same unknown fifth force.
“This is simply incomprehensible,” admits the co-host of the BBC program Sky at Night, Dr. Maggie Ederyn-Pocock. “This could potentially turn all physics upside down. We had a lot of unsolved mysteries. and we may have found the key to solving them. ”
Rules of the game – Newspaper Kommersant No. 169 (3008) from 13.09.2004
The Russian banking sector in the medium and long term will strengthen due to getting rid of weak banks and mergers.This opinion was expressed by Jonathan Schiffer, vice president of Moody’s Investors Service, sovereign ratings analyst. He recalled that there are currently about 1.3 thousand banks in Russia. “It is quite normal that in the medium to long term, which means three to ten years, it will be possible to see many of these banks disappear or be acquired and then merged by other banks. This can happen faster or slower, and in this process nothing out of the ordinary, the analyst said.“Thus, the banking system will be strengthened by getting rid of weak banks and mergers.”
The analyst also expressed the opinion that the Russian government does not yet have an unambiguous view of what kind of private banking sector it would like to develop in the country. “The approach to the private component of the Russian banking sector remains an open question,” he said.
MDM-Bank placed Eurobonds for $ 200 million
MDM Bank placed the first tranche of two-year notes for $ 200 million on Friday.The yield on the Eurobonds was 9.375% per annum. The issue is organized by Goldman Sachs and UBS.
Declaration of intent
The Accounts Chamber will check ALROSA
The Accounting Chamber Board approved a program for checking the completeness and timeliness of receipts from the sale of rough natural diamonds on the external market. This was reported in a press release from the chamber. During September-November, it is planned to check the legality and validity of determining the price of rough diamonds sold by ALROSA on the external market, as well as the effectiveness of state control over the quality of sorting and evaluation of rough diamonds when sold on the external market.
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* By submitting the completed data in the registration form, I confirm that I am a healthcare worker of the Russian Federation and I give specific, informed and conscious consent to the processing of personal data to the Personal Data Operator of Pfizer Innovations LLC (hereinafter the “Operator”) registered at the address: …Moscow, Presnenskaya embankment, house 10, 22nd floor.
I grant the Operator the right to carry out the following actions with my personal data, as well as information about my hobbies and interests (including by analyzing my profiles on social networks): collecting, recording, organizing, accumulating, storing, updating (updating, change), extraction, use, transfer (access, provision), deletion and destruction, by automated and (or) partially automated (mixed) processing of personal data.
Consent is granted with the right to transfer personal data to affiliated persons of Pfizer Innovations LLC, including Pfizer LLC (Moscow, Presnenskaya naberezhnaya, 10, 22nd floor), and with the right to entrust the processing of personal data, in incl. LLC “Redox” (Moscow, Volgogradskiy prospect, house 42, building 42A, floor 3, room 3) and LLC “Supernova” (Moscow, Varshavskoe highway, house 132), which processes and stores personal data.
The processing of my personal data is carried out for the purpose of registration on the Operator’s website www.pfizerprofi.ru to provide me with access to information resources of the Pfizer company, as well as to interact with me by providing information through any communication channels, including mail, SMS, e-mail, telephone and other communication channels.
This consent is valid for 10 (ten) years.
I have been informed about the right to receive information regarding the processing of my personal data in accordance with the Federal Law of July 27, 2006 No. 152-FZ “On Personal Data”.
This consent can be revoked by me at any time by contacting the address of the Operator-Pfizer Innovations LLC or by phone. 8 495 287 5000.90,000 Rules for Effective Hearing. Difficulties, identification of weaknesses, practice
Author: Your Mentor. Date of publication: .
Effective listening skills can help you land your dream job, succeed in it, make a good impression on your colleagues, and become a great leader as you progress.Active listening is directly related to effective leadership, and this article is your chance to start working on improving your listening skills.
Listening is a skill that can be learned. Your learning is based on new information, increased self-awareness, new strategies and practices. You will get the most out of an article if you approach it with the firm confidence that your listening has room to improve.
We start by assessing your listening skills.We then look at the common problems people face when listening. Finally, we’ll look at six effective ways of listening. Since you are unlikely to be able to practice all six at once, pick a few that you can use over the next few weeks or months.
Assessing Your Listening Skills
Before you start improving your listening, assess what you are already good enough at and where you can improve. When it comes to hearing, there are five main directions or intentions of hearing:
- to remember details;
- understand the big picture;
- to evaluate the content;
- Pay attention to subtle prompts;
- empathize with the speaker.
Below we will describe all these areas in more detail, and you, in turn, take a piece of paper and arrange them in descending order, where number one is what you are good at at the moment, and number five is what what you pay the least attention to.
Store details . Everything is simple here, you know how to memorize names, dates and other specific information. If you’re good at the board game Trivial Pursuit, then you can probably call memorization of details your number one listening skill.
Understanding the big picture . This means that you can understand the general meaning of something, even if you cannot remember the specific details. If you always understand what the key ideas are when you listen, then this is one of your strengths.
Content rating . Here you are not only listening, but also evaluating the content of the conversation. For example, when you listen to what the salesperson is telling you, do you just agree with everything that they say, or do you have critical thinking triggered and you start to doubt what you are hearing?
Pay attention to subtle hints .Hearing is not only an auditory process. Much of the meaning of the message depends on the non-verbal signals that the speaker gives us: facial expression, body language, tone of voice. Are you good at noticing and interpreting these body language signals?
Empathy for the speaker . Certain situations require us to deeply understand the emotional state of the speaker. Consider this your strength if you recognize emotions and can easily tell when someone is upset, angry, embarrassed, happy, and so on.
Now that you have identified for yourself what your strengths are in listening, let’s talk about why this skill set is important to our overall listening ability and give you some tips to improve your weaknesses.
Improving listening weaknesses
Memorizing details is our ability to listen to specific details that the speaker says and then store them. This type of hearing is useful when your boss gives you instructions on a complex, multi-step task that you must complete.We need to listen to the details when people provide dates that require us to take action.
If memorization of details is an area you want to improve, then try the following steps. When someone speaks to you, assess whether you need to listen to the details at this stage. Ask yourself if I need to act on this information now or later? What information do I need to remember in order to perform this action?
Answering these important questions will help you decide what level of listening you should focus on.If you do not need to act on the information, for example, your colleague is simply sharing his observations, then understanding the big picture or empathy will be a more appropriate and effective method of listening.
However, if you often find yourself in situations where recalling details is important, try the following practical strategies to improve this skill. Listen to the weather forecast without looking, and then see if you can remember the daytime temperatures for this week. Try to achieve some success in this.
Next time, try taking notes when someone gives you instructions on how to complete a specific task. Perhaps your IT professional can explain to you how to clear the cache or how to create a macro in Excel. Then try reading the written instruction to that person or completing a task based on the notes you took.
There are situations when details, on the contrary, distract us. If we focus on details, we may miss the important point of what is being said. Sometimes it’s helpful to focus on the big vision, mission, big picture.Have you noticed people who, after a long meeting, can clearly describe the essence of the meeting in a nutshell? These are the very people who can listen and understand the big picture.
Ask yourself, how would you explain the information to someone outside the organization or a specific conversation? When you can clearly and concisely explain an idea to someone who is not even familiar with the information, you probably get the big picture.
In addition, you can practice understanding the big picture by attending a lecture and describing the main ideas presented afterwards.If your explanation goes beyond three sentences, then you’ve probably focused too much on the details. In this case, you should improve your understanding of the big picture.
In our daily communication, we most often use evaluative listening. This type of listening occurs when we have to form an opinion after collecting information or choose between two positions, or when we need to assess the strengths and weaknesses of a proposal.
In the business world, an appraisal hearing is essential to ensure the viability of the organization and to find the prerequisites for future growth.If leaders are not listening critically and weighing the information available, then the decisions they make may be wrong.
Whatever your listening style, ask yourself the following questions: Is the speaker making a compelling argument? Is the evidence he provides credible, timely, and relevant? Are both pros and cons presented? Is there any misleading information?
News or sports commentary is an excellent platform for learning assessment listening.In both cases, the announcers present the facts, and then, during the commentary, they present their analysis of the situation. Listen to each of the arguments, statements, evidence, and arguments presented.
At the end of the news release, decide if the opinion presented is also your opinion, or if you have your own counterarguments and points of view. Evaluation hearing requires discipline and a focus on content only. Give yourself time to compare, contrast, and make a decision based on what is being presented to you.
When we talk about understanding subtle cues, it is all about reading non-verbal cues, which are vital for conveying meaning. In many cultures, direct verbal communication is not the norm. Many things remain unsaid and listeners must read between the lines.
Some non-verbal signals are very subtle and difficult to decipher
Reading subtle signals is an important listening skill. If you are not that good at this skill, then watch people.This can be done while sitting in the park or watching various TV shows. Soap operas are best for this exercise, but try to figure out the plot.
Another daily activity you can practice is to go to a meeting where you do not know the participants and their positions and try to figure out who is whose boss. As mentioned earlier, subtle clues are very difficult to grasp. So try to find a mentor who is pretty good at this skill.
Empathy takes time and energy, but it’s worth it as it builds a relationship between you and the speaker.When you look at an empathetic listener, you can see that it reflects the emotions and even body language of the speaker. Empathetic listeners delve into the listening process in order to better understand the speaker’s emotions and feelings.
Earlier we wrote about understanding the big picture, so a sensitive listener listens and paraphrases both emotions and content. It is a way of listening that can build trust and respect between both parties.
Empathy with the speaker is important when you are dealing with conflict situations between your team members, with employees reporting to you, or just listening to a colleague who is very upset about a problem.If you listen with empathy and demonstrate understanding of a difficult situation, you can dispel emotions or even calm down a frustrated client.
Empathy begins with the language that sounds in your head as a listener. As you listen, put yourself in the person’s shoes and try on their feelings. Immerse yourself in the listening experience without judgment or distraction. Try to be a mirror of the speaker and, if you speak, use affirmative answers such as Got it , Yep.
If you are verbally participating in a conversation, use the following sentences: “Tell me more about this”, “I understand why you are so upset about this” , “Is this the first time this happened?” other.
While listening, remember to respect the speaker’s feelings and do not use phrases that would invalidate them, for example: “This is not so bad. Don’t be discouraged about it. ” or “ Everything will be fine ”.
Frequent practice will improve your skills, and it is best to do so in situations that do not drain you emotionally.For example, listen to a colleague tell you about a situation that happened to a friend, or how a neighbor talks about a situation at work.
Empathy will set you apart at work and in your personal life. Determine when it’s needed and put your skills into practice if you want to communicate better in general. But it is important to remember that you must correctly apply the methods discussed for the most appropriate situations.
Directions for hearing
Questions to ask yourself
|Remember this detail information or later? What information do I need to remember in order to perform this action?|| |
Listen to the weather forecast, then see if you can remember the daytime temperature for this week.
Take notes when someone gives you instructions on how to complete a specific task.
Understanding the big picture
How would I explain the information to someone outside the organization or in a specific conversation?
Attend the lecture and when finished, describe the main ideas presented.
After attending your next extended meeting, summarize the meeting in two sentences or less.
Is the speaker making a compelling argument? Is the evidence he provides credible, timely, and relevant?
Listen to political debate and identify flaws in the arguments of both speakers.
Paying attention to subtle clues
What do I see that I don’t hear?
Watch people in the park or on TV.
Go to a meeting where you do not know the participants and their positions, and try to find out who is whose boss
Empathy for the speaker
How is the speaker feeling?
Hear and paraphrase both the speaker’s emotions and the content.
When talking to a co-worker who has a different perspective on an issue, force yourself to identify two reasons why his or her argument makes sense.
Difficulties in listening effectively
When we try to listen carefully, a lot happens in our heads. Sometimes we are overwhelmed with thoughts, and sometimes we are too tired to follow the story. There are five specific tasks that occupy our heads:
- mental filters;
- distraction for message delivery;
- information overload;
- Inappropriate answer.
We’ll start with mental filters because this is the most common problem with good listening. These filters automatically sift through the vast amount of information we are exposed to each time and try to sort, organize, prioritize, and sort things out in order.
These filters evolve over time as we gain some educational and professional experience. Sometimes we start looking at the world through the prism of our own experience.When we listen, we tend to hear what we expect to hear, whether the speaker is saying it or not.
Our mental filters need a good cleaning if we react emotionally to certain words, phrases or topics. Our beliefs, our strong beliefs and assumptions about reality can ultimately complicate our ability to listen openly and without prejudice.
So, whether the filters are triggered by previous experience or deeply rooted beliefs, we must be able to put our assumptions aside in order to listen and understand better.
If you mentally catch yourself finishing someone’s sentences, or working out your rebuttal in your mind as you listen, then know that this is a sign that your mental filter is clogged and needs a good cleaning.
Multitasking is a huge barrier to good listening. These days, when we are constantly connected with everyone at once, it is so tempting to allow ourselves to be distracted. Author Marshall Goldsmith defines great listening as the ability to make the other person feel like they are the only person in the room.
More and more research shows that multitasking actually hurts, rather than helps, our efficiency and productivity. One such study found that people actually make more mistakes and slow down overall work hours when they try to switch between tasks. We already wrote about this in the article on time management.
When someone comes to you with a desire to tell a story or discuss work issues, you have two options: to postpone everything and listen to the person, making it clear that he is alone in the room, or ask to meet a little later when you deal with urgent deeds.Remember that multitasking, as seductive as it is, is not your friend if you want to be a good listener.
Have you noticed how your interest in the speaker changes when he often says a long “m” or “e”? Or when the narrator is constantly jumping from topic to topic, making the story completely uninteresting? This is called message delivery distraction.
How can you reduce the distraction of delivery? Remind yourself that you are not going to judge the speaker’s ability.Change your mindset and focus on content. Make sure you really focus on the content by forcing yourself to rephrase what is being said. When you force yourself to listen better, you are less distracted by the complexity of delivery.
If the speaker speaks too softly, quickly, mumbles, or their accent is difficult for you to perceive, then should you pretend to understand him? Of course not. Ask for clarifications if you do not understand someone. Or ask to speak more slowly, or maybe rephrase what was said.
Real listeners do not pretend to be listening. True listeners listen to understand. Don’t let the delivery stop you from being a real listener.
Try to remember the time when you attended the lecture and took notes to yourself. Has it ever happened to you that you are trying to keep up with the lecturer, trying to make more notes and catch his every word, but thereby more and more lagging behind and less grasping the essence of speech, and, in the end, you turn off and think about something of your own? ?
You were defeated due to information overload, but you can win this battle with some note-taking experience.You have to be very selective about what you write in your notes, otherwise you fall behind and miss more than you hear.
What should you record in writing? It depends on how you will use the information you hear. As you learn, you want to see the big picture, you need general principles, not specific facts. But if you are asked a little later to act in accordance with this information, then you can remember the details, so record some of them.
Remember that we have five main areas of hearing, and we must always know what kind of hearing is required in a particular situation.Once you decide what type of hearing you want, you will take the appropriate notes.
Think about how you will use the information you are listening to to help you know what to record. Find a note-taking method that works for you and stick to it. One popular approach is the Cornell method.
Just experiment until you find what works for you, and remember: never use a sentence when you can use a phrase, or a phrase when you can use a word.
Suppose you have avoided all the listening problems we just described. But the way you react to what you just heard, when the other person stops talking, says a lot to that person about you as a listener.
Let’s take a look at some of the most common mistakes people often make:
- Take it personally . This is also called an “autobiographical response.”
- Criticize .Even if it’s subtle, if you disagree or criticize someone right after they finish speaking, they will never think of you as a good listener.
- Giving advice without asking . We are all tempted to give advice to others. Of course, we want to be useful, but giving advice when not asked for it does not show us as good listeners.
- Focus on facts, not emotions . If we focus our attention on the details of the story and lose sight of the big picture or the speaker’s feelings about the situation, we cannot be good listeners, even if we catch all the details.
Correct Listener Behavior
Now that we have explored the five basic problems for effective listening, let’s turn our attention to the verbal and non-verbal responses that make us better listeners. How you respond with your words and actions during the listening will affect the quality of the conversation and the overall relationship with your interlocutor.
A distinction is made between the following listening behaviors:
- defining your listening role;
- using effective non-verbal phrases;
- respect for silence;
- paraphrasing and clarifying your understanding;
- reflection of the speaker’s non-verbal gestures and comparison of his emotions.
Let’s take a look at each of them separately, and you can decide which ones to include in your action plan for further practice.
Your main task as a listener is to be close to the speaker. If a person needs advice, you must give it. If he wants to speak out, you just have to listen to him. If he needs your help with his analysis, you should do that too.
Sometimes people define your role as a listener in advance with the phrases: “Can you speak out?”, “Can I tell you my secret?” etc.These prefaces help us a lot, so we understand what is required of us.
What if you do not receive this verbal prompt? In this case, we advise you to clarify your role at the beginning of the conversation. For example: “Do you want to hear from me advice?”, “Should I take notes?” or “You sound like you just want to talk.”
Simply clarifying your role as a listener will save you the consequences of a misunderstanding. American family counselor John Gray suggests that couples get into arguments because men in dialogue seek to solve problems, while women just want to talk and hear empathy.
Some of us instinctively listen to analysis first, use causal reasoning, and listen to the details that can have the greatest impact. Because of the attention to detail, logical listeners are sometimes criticized for being critical of information.
Unlike logical listeners, grateful listeners may miss important information and listen to emotions in the first place. Knowing your preferred processing style and clarifying your role will help you become a better listener for your conversation partner.
Albert Meyerabian of the University of California Los Angeles once published a statistic that said 93% of a message being transmitted is the emotional meaning of the message. This interpretation comes from non-verbal cues like tone of voice and body language.
In some experiments, the speaker pronounced a few negative words in a positive tone while the listeners evaluated those words. All words with a positive tone were rated as positive, even if the literal words were negative.
As an active listener, most of your words can be short signs of agreement: “Hmm”, “Yes”, “Aha”, “Seriously?” All you have to do is communicate that you are listening carefully, especially if you are listening on the phone. Remember, tone is more important than your words.
Now for non-verbal gestures that do not involve tone or short words. Let’s talk about facial expressions first. It is appropriate to smile back at the speaker when he shares a positive message. If you are unsure, smile about 20 percent of your full smile to show that you are mindful and open.
Like smiling, eye contact can have a variety of meanings around the world. Regardless of your geographic location, try to follow the speaker’s directions and look them in the eye. Even if you are not interested in the essence of the conversation, do not try to look down at the speaker, reflect his behavior and make him feel uncomfortable, from time to time looking down or to the side.
Depending on how well you know your speaker, your personal space can range from 50 centimeters to one meter in a familiar situation, or one meter or more in a social setting.
We just discussed the mental and visual distractions that we all have to contend with when trying to listen carefully. But there is also such a thing as physical and vocal silence, which will make you a better listener.
Physical silence, obviously, means the prohibition of fidgeting, wiggling, looking away and constantly changing position. When you sit quietly and listen, you feel like all your attention is focused on the speaker, which makes you a more supportive listener.
Several studies have clearly shown that silence in certain cultures, such as Korean, Chinese, and Japanese, can be interpreted as respect and courtesy. Wait a few seconds before rephrasing. Nod in the affirmative, but don’t say anything. Maintain eye contact even when the other person stops speaking.
Now for the rephrasing. Literally it is “to summarize the message in fewer words.” This active listening technique does two things: it tells the speaker that you are listening carefully, and it allows you to test your understanding and focus on the essence of the message.
If you paraphrase something that doesn’t fit the message, hopefully the speaker will relay it again and give you another example. Paraphrasing may sound like this: “So you say that …”, “You are upset because …”, “Can I take a moment and tell you what I have heard so far?”
Next time, try practicing paraphrasing and refining words when you have a chance to listen to someone. Both will allow you to add value and focus to your active listening.
Active listening also demonstrates matching levels of enthusiasm, concern, happiness, or seriousness in the listener’s physical response. Beyond matching, great listeners are the speaker’s mirror. Reflection can refer to physical movement or tone of voice.
For example, if someone is worried about what he shares, and he sits on the edge of his chair, you, stooping in the chair, during the entire conversation, do not physically say, “I can hear you.” If someone is sitting at the conference table with two arms outstretched, you need at least one arm to be in the same extended position, half repeating his pose.
Slight reflection of posture or gestures by the listener creates cohesion for the speaker. Mirroring also appears in the form of speech rate, vocabulary selection, volume and tone.
One caveat is worth making about mapping and mirroring. One of the first rules of dealing with a difficult client is to be understanding and empathetic. To a large extent, this is done through actions, not words. You may notice that salespeople are walking alongside or standing next to an angry customer rather than face to face.
In difficult verbal interactions, you want to relieve tension in the situation by using a spiritually appropriate body language or open body posture and tilting your head to the side. This is one of the situations where it is not advisable to reflect or reconcile the speaker’s emotions.
All of the behaviors listed in this chapter are easy enough to describe but hard to do. We encourage you to evaluate yourself and your colleagues. How many people use paraphrasing? Who is best at reflecting emotions when you share something with them? Defining behavior is the first step to becoming a good listener.
To improve your listening skills, try to practice at weddings, children’s events, family dinners, staff meetings, boring speeches, in general, wherever you meet other people.
We would like to offer you a simple strategy for putting into practice what you have learned about effective listening. Pick two people to talk to, and choose 2 effective listening behaviors from the previous chapter, and practice for a month.
For example, when communicating with my colleague Mikhail, I will try to paraphrase the information I receive from him. And when communicating with my friend Irina, I will use the method of reflecting emotions when she talks about her difficult family relationships. Try to exercise in such a way that you develop a habit.
Remember to develop your weaknesses in listening, like attention to detail, understanding the big picture, evaluating information, understanding subtle clues and empathy.All of these types of listening are important in different situations.