Incumbent Joe Carfora (D) Hopes to Keep Moving East Haven Forward
Incumbent Joe Carfora (D) Hopes to Keep Moving East Haven Forward
10/12/2021 03:00 p.m. EST
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“When I’m re-elected, I will keep moving forward in a fiscally responsible way, which we are doing, and to continue methodically addressing the decades-long deficiency in our physical infrastructure,” said Carfora. “I wanted to bring integrity back to town government. This is a wonderful community of hardworking individuals and they deserve someone who has a healthy respect for them.”
In addition to facing COVID and a tornado among other challenges, Carfora has begun working on various infrastructure projects, including the repair and refurbishing of the ice rink, road improvements, working to obtain funding for a community pool, and competing the final phase of the West End project. He has also helped lead the Beautification Committee, which has completed work on the Town Green and at the beach.
“Our Public Works Department has been phenomenal and I look forward to continuing to address our open space issues and park rehabilitations,” said Carfora. “Over time, the town roads and infrastructure have not been properly maintained. I will see to it that we will continue to work on these over my next term. We are positioning ourselves for smart economic development.”
Another focus of Carfora’s time in office has been public safety and the protection of residents. He noted that “we must always provide our first responders with the tools to do their jobs,” which the town has done through additional staffing and significant grant funding.
“They always have me as an advocate,” said Carfora. “As long as I am mayor, I will always have their back.”
One of the most pressing issues in East Haven over the past several years has been the expansion of Tweed New Haven Airport. Carfora has heard residents’ concerns and said he will continue to fight for East Haven’s best interests.
“Though the courts have ruled that the expansion of some form is likely to take place, I ensure everyone that I intend to see to it that East Haven has a seat at the table with all decisions that are made,” said Carfora. “Clearly the debate on whether Tweed New Haven Terminal should be moved to the East Haven side is something that will be on the agenda—the misinformation that some self-interested parties are spreading is unfortunate, negligent, and frankly irresponsible—so we look forward to that debate and its analysis.”
As Carfora looks back on his first term and plans to move forward, he realizes that his “team effort approach” was instilled in him by his parents from a young age as he saw them “working so hard to feed and clothe four boys” as they raised Carfora and his brother in East Haven.
“You are only as good as the people around you who you must trust and allow to do their jobs and I am fortunate to have put together a team that works tirelessly and shares that same passion and vision that I have for our community,” said Carfora. “I share [the residents’] personal values and concerns and as their mayor and the residents of East Haven always come together as one to support each other regardless of their political views. I was brought up in this town and love this town. I want people to be proud to live here for generations to come.”
How five guys, new in their roles, remade Tweed Airport in a pandemic
Joe Carfora, owner of a trucking company, took the oath as mayor of East Haven on Nov. 16, 2019 after a rough election. Two days later Sean Scanlon, a state Representative from nearby Guilford, started his new job as executive director of the Tweed New Haven Airport Authority.
The two Democrats met in Carfora’s office soon afterward. It was hardly a pleasant afternoon tea between shoreline politicians of the same stripe.
The subject: Tweed’s new master plan to build a larger terminal on the East Haven side of the airport, sending thousands of vehicles that now wend through a New Haven neighborhood into the heart of Carfora’s working class town.
“We sat down, and 17 months later I feel kind of bad the way I treated him because I had all kinds of demands and they were harsh demands,” Carfora recalled Thursday at a ceremony announcing the deal to expand Tweed with a new airline, longer runway and new terminal. “I came at him hard.”
There was no deal on the table back then and of course, no one could know a global pandemic would soon ground the air travel industry for months. But the paths of Carfora, Scanlon and three other men, all of them new in their jobs, would come together to remake Tweed, succeeding where others had failed repeatedly for 20 years.
In northern Virginia, Avports, the company running operations at Tweed then and now, brought in a new CEO in 2019. Jorge Roberts, a blue-chip airport executive with a Harvard MBA, had recently overseen development of a $7 billion makeover at JFK International Airport in New York. He harbored big ideas for the nine small airports his company managed — especially Tweed.
In Houston, Andrew Levy spent 2019 preparing to launch the nation’s first new multi-region airline in 15 years. The ultra-low-cost carrier didn’t yet have a name, but Levy had the chops: He had co-founded Allegiant Air and served as chief financial officer of United Airlines until the spring of 2018, when he left United and bought a small charter carrier as a platform — a carrier that had supplied Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign plane.
In New Haven, Mayor Justin Elicker took office on Jan. 1, 2020, the same day that Chinese officials closed a wholesale seafood market in Wuhan after the market was linked to a strange, new, deadly virus.
Coronavirus didn’t stop Scanlon, Carfora, Elicker, Roberts and Levy from working through their Tweed issues as each man grew into his job. The little airport with a drive-up terminal was down to bare-bones service and had not seen a year with more than 100,000 departing passengers since 1995 — a quarter-century.
Scanlon and Roberts vowed to change that. Carfora and Elicker dug in on behalf of the hometowns they led, both of which had, and still have, a complicated relationship with the 90-year-old airport.
A crucial court decision
Levy was thinking about an east coast hub as he raised money to launch. Tweed came onto his radar for two very big reasons, the same reasons that would ultimately make the whole deal possible. Greater New Haven, a wealthy and sophisticated place, was, and still is, the largest U.S. market without robust commercial airline service.
And in July, 2019, the federal appeals court in New York struck down Connecticut’s ban on expanding the main Tweed runway, which the legislature had adopted a decade earlier. The state had overstepped its role, the court said.
Since no new airline would commit to Tweed unless its runway grew by 1,000 feet, and ending the ban was politically impossible, the court ruling changed the game. An appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court by state Attorney General William Tong was a long-shot.
Carfora maintained a tough stance publicly. But he knew that if Tweed came up with the money to expand and move the terminal — whether from the state or private investors — there was little East Haven could do. “Listen, it was a court judgment, you know, it’s coming, so we’ve got to make the best of it,” he said Thursday, explaining his position. “Right from the beginning I wanted to make sure that my town was taken care of.”
That meant economic development and jobs. It meant more East Haven appointees to the Tweed authority. It meant a guarantee of union labor at the airport — forever, not just in this expansion. It meant traffic controls.
East Haven, unlike New Haven, has a 4-lane road leading all the way to Interstate 95. Maybe, Carfora started to think, a flow of more cars wouldn’t be so terrible.
The Supreme Court declined to hear Tong’s appeal, leaving Tweed free to build without a blessing from the governor and General Assembly in Hartford.
Aviation stars begin to align
Elicker saw a benefit in the Tweed master plan. Yes, it would mean more commercial flights, which would anger some people in New Haven’s Morris Cove section, a middle class, residential neighborhood that hems in the airport.
But moving the terminal could also mean Morris Cove’s otherwise quiet streets, sometimes with children playing, would finally rid themselves of airport traffic.
Elicker, like Carfora, had no shortage of demands. Noise abatement measures. Soundproofing for more houses. Environmental remediation, even adding two acres of wetlands for every acre taken in the runway work. Limited hours of operation. Union labor guarantees. Racial diversity and inclusion in hiring. An end to subsidies by New Haven that had cost the city $22 million in 20 years.
Scanlon, a young Democrat who had worked for U.S. Sen. Chris Murphy and was rising fast in the General Assembly, had every reason to bargain with Elicker and Carfora. Both municipalities saw advantages for themselves.
Suddenly, by the late summer of 2020, as coronavirus abated, conditions were coming together for a historic expansion at Tweed.
Levy, working to launch an airline, was driven by a 15-year trend. “This industry has gone from having a lot of participants to having very, very few,” he said Thursday in an interview at Tweed. “Consolidation did what it was intended to do…reduce competition, increase fares. And it was negative for consumers.”
He aimed to reverse that precisely as the pandemic created an explosive, pent-up demand for travel. Giant airlines had cut back at regional airports and all but abandoned tiny outposts like Tweed, where American Airlines was down to one flight a day, and none on some days.
“This is just a phenomenal opportunity,” said Levy, whose Avelo Airlines had its maiden flight on April 28 between Burbank, its west coast hub, and Santa Rosa, Calif. “This is our kind of airport. This is our whole strategy, to take advantage of opportunities like this where you have secondary airports in a larger metro area.”
Anyone got $100 million?
One huge catch: Who would pay tens of millions of dollars for the improvements?
At just about every airport in the United States, it’s some combination of state, federal and local governments, often working through a public authority such as Tweed’s. That’s how it works at Bradley International Airport, under the Connecticut Airport Authority.
Public financing wasn’t going to happen for Tweed. Although Gov. Ned Lamont is all in for an airport along the shoreline, he favored a competition and public debate between Tweed and Sikorsky Memorial Airport in Stratford, which has better highway access and a location closer to the Gold Coast towns but short runways cropped by houses — and no commercial service.
And Lamont, who’s thrilled not to have to find new money, might not have had the political juice to make it happen for Tweed in the General Assembly, where Martin Looney, D-New Haven, the powerful Senate President Pro-tempore, has long been lukewarm at best about a Tweed expansion, though he has said he didn’t oppose it outright.
Roberts, the Avports CEO, had once before helped lead a deal in which a management company basically took over an airport in a long-term contract. That’s what he, Scanlon and the authority worked out for Tweed.
Avports happens to be owned by an affiliate of Goldman Sachs, the investment bank with vast public-private projects, some of them formerly directed by David Lehman. He was a Goldman partner and now heads economic development for Lamont.
Avports agreed to invest $100 million, including $70 million in the next three years. In exchange, the Tweed authority gives the company total control over revenue sources, from car rentals to food concessions to parking to airport fees from airlines, for 43 years — an arrangement in use in only three or four airports nationwide, none of them large. It’s a risk for both sides.
Roberts, raised in Mexico, was happy to abide by labor and hiring rules. “I am a product of such diversity and inclusion programs and I would not be standing here today without them,” he said.
‘There’s something to fresh blood’
Avports and Avelo, combined, will bring 175 permanent jobs to the airport on top of the estimated 1,000 temporary construction jobs. Levy said he’ll launch three flights a day on 147-seat Boeing 737-700 aircraft, starting this summer, to destinations yet unnamed; and will station three 737s, with crews, in New Haven.
The financial structure wasn’t the last piece to snap in place; it was the agreements with the Havens, tense to the end, even as “The New HVN” emerged as the tagline. But the whole puzzle was one. Carfora described a road trip to Long Island, to see an airport Avports had run. On the ferry ride home, he recalled talking with his economic development chief. “I says, ‘I’m completely sold with this company, they are a top-notch company.’”
As Scanlon said to a vocal neighbor who tried to stink up Thursday’s announcement, this isn’t a done deal. There are hurdles yet to go, including environment and traffic reviews. But taxpayer money and a nod from the state legislature are not among them.
If it works, Tweed could see 500,000 to 750,000 departing passengers a year, nearly one-fifth the size of Bradley, after improvements scheduled to be done at the end of 2023. Elicker believes the noise and environmental effects on the communities will be less than today, not more.
The deal reflects political winds and market forces creating overlapping interests in Sean Scanlon, Joe Carfora, Justin Elicker, Andrew Levy and Jorge Roberts — all new in their roles.
It’s a lesson for a state hungry for risk-taking, innovation, compromise. And lessons aside, southern Connecticut can’t have 21st century growth without a functioning airport.
“There’s something to fresh blood. This has been a problem, as everybody talked about, for a long time,” Scanlon said. “For a long time it was the same people fighting over the same issues and I think some fresh people definitely helped. ”
East Haven mayor recovering from COVID
“I’m feeling good,” Carfora said Tuesday afternoon, five days after his latest COVID test came back positive on Thanksgiving Day. “I mean, I had a bad couple of days, but I’m doing OK.”
But “I”ll tell you what, this thing is for real,” Carfora said, his voice hoarse. “It hit me like a Mack truck … but I’m hanging in there. Still coughing … last night, I had kind of a bad night with coughing. I was up all night,” he said. “But I’m managing it.”
East Haven Mayor Joe Carfora signs the COVID-19 “State of Emergency” declaration on Monday, March 16, 2020.
Contributed / Town of East HavenShow MoreShow Less2of3
East Haven Mayor Joe Carfora, right, with his father, Al Carfora Jr.
Joe Carfora / Contributed photoShow MoreShow Less3of3
He’s also still working remotely from home.
“I’m doing Zoom calls and Zoom meetings. Thank God for that,” Carfora said. “This thing is for real. There are people who are probably taking it for granted. But you’ve got to be vigilant and wear your mask.”
Carfora said he has some good friends who also have the virus.
“Back in March they said it was going to be two phases and the second phase was going to be worse — and it’s definitely worse,” he said.
Asked whether there was anything he would like people to know, Carfora said, “Just tell them that I’m coming along. I’ll be right back in the office in no time. I’m hanging in there and I’m getting better every day.”
He first first noticed that he might be sick on Nov. 23, “last Sunday, when I got home and I felt a little warm,” he said.
East Haven Mayor Joe Carfora waives to people lined up for the “East Haven Proud” Motorcade on Coe Avenue in East Haven on April 11, 2020. The motorcade traveled through East Haven ending at East Haven High School.
Arnold Gold / Hearst Connecticut Media
So on Monday, Nov. 24, he went and got a COVID-19 test “and then Thanksgiving Day it came back positive,” Carfora said. He also noticed that he lost his sense of taste, and said he’s just starting to gradually get it back.
Carfora on Tuesday said he no longer was running a fever.
He announced that he had COVID-19 in a Facebook post and press release Saturday.
“Late Thursday, I was informed that I have tested positive for COVID-19,” Carfora said in the statement. “Initially, my symptoms were mild allergy-type signs, which led me to get tested; they have further developed into flu-like symptoms.”
He spoke with the East Shore District Health Department and his personal doctor about it, and East Shore performed contract tracing, contacting all the people with whom Carfora had been in close contact in recent days.
“My situation should be used as an example,” Carfora said at the time. “As your mayor I am required to be out, and to meet with people on a regular basis. While that is the case, we certainly have cut back on in-person meetings and direct contact as much as humanly possible.
“But even in the new COVID-19 reality, there are simply some responsibilities that cannot not take place virtually in the day to day running of our community,” Carfora said. “With that being said, we have undertaken extensive safety measures in town hall and throughout our departments.”
“… This virus is unnervingly random, so I, like so many others, have no idea where, when, or how I contracted it,” Carfora said.
He urged people to “use face coverings,” said that “personal hygiene matters,” and said that if people have any questions, they should refer to the East Shore District Health District and/or CDC guidelines.
The mayor’s father, Al Carfora Jr. , 88, also fought COVID-19 — and recovered — last spring.
CT puts East Haven on coronavirus ‘red alert’ status
EAST HAVEN — The state classified the town as a “red alert” community Thursday, as the town’s local COVID-19 rate increased to 15.2 cases per 100,000, above the 15-case indicator, Mayor Joe Carfora said in a release.
East Haven previously was “orange,” between 10 and 14 cases per 100,000 people.
Many of the town’s neighbors, including New Haven, North Branford, North Haven, Hamden, Woodbridge and West Haven, also now are classified as red, as the number of Red Alert communities in Connecticut has grown from 19 on Oct. 23 to more than 60.
“We are not alone as a community; as of this afternoon, most of the state is now in Red Alert status including several of our neighboring communities,” Carfora said.
“We are extremely sympathetic to businesses who have been hit hard by the pandemic” and “today with my staff and the superintendent of schools, we have decided that we will undertake limited enforcement provided that business owners follow all state-mandated sector rules and continue to maintain social distancing, require face coverings and conduct regular cleaning, and disinfecting,” Carfora said in the release.
“We are currently issuing a public health alert,” he said. “When at all possible, we ask that you avoid in-person public gatherings with non-family members. We have canceled all town public in-person events that may contribute to spread of COVID-19. If you are sick please stay home. Information on current cases can be found at https://portal.ct.gov/Coronavirus/COVID-19-Data-Tracker.
“At this time our local health department is telling us that the spread of the virus is not happening in schools,” Carfora said. “Our schools have consistently employed key mitigation strategies that will allow our students to continue to safely attend school. At this time, schools will remain open. However, we will continue work with East Shore Health Department and the Superintendent of Schools to assess the situation and monitor the data and make adjustments to the current learning model if necessary.”
The town has joined with Fair Haven Health Clinic to hold a joint mask giveaway and COVID-19 testing event on Nov. 11 at the Joseph Melillo Middle School from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m., he said.
joe carfora – Opera News Kenya
DP Ruto’s Close Ally Sends US President Joe Biden a Message a Day Before Meeting President Uhuru
A file photo of president Joe Biden while in Kenya.
Deputy president William Ruto’s Dennis Itumbi has sent out a message to the president of the United States of America Joe Biden on their meeting with the Kenyan Head of State president Uhuru Kenyatta.
I’m his message, Dennis Itumbi has asked Joe Biden to focus on the development agenda of the East African country and not on loans between the two nations during their highly anticipated meeting.
What President Uhuru Kenyatta did Immediately After Arriving in White House
President Uhuru Kenyatta is on an official visit in the united states of America. He is the first African president to be hosted by president joe Biden since he assumed office in 20th January this year.
President Uhuru Kenyatta was warmly received by his counterpart, the president of the united states of America Joseph Biden Jnr in Washington DC.
Photos Of US President Joe Biden And President Uhuru Kenyatta At The White House
Photos Of US President Joe Biden And President Uhuru Kenyatta At The White House.
Friday, 15th October 2021, Nairobi Kenya.
President Uhuru Kenyatta on Thursday night met with the President of the United States of America Joe Biden at the Whitehouse in Washington DC where they discussed a number of issues and this was their first in person meeting since Joe Biden got into power.
Photos From President Uhuru Kenyatta’s Visit To The White House
History was made by President Uhuru Kenyatta when he became the first African President to be received by President Joe Biden into the White House on Thursday. President Kenyatta is the first African President to be hosted by Joe Biden since he became the president for America early this year. ￼
Uhuru’s Bilateral Talk With Joe Biden
United States of America president Joe Biden has met with his Kenyan counterpart president Uhuru Kenyatta in the Oval office at the White House in Washington DC.President Uhuru Kenyatta paid a visit at the White House for bilateral meeting with his United States of America counterpart Joe Biden.
President Uhuru Kenyatta has now been invited to the White House by three United States of America administrations since assuming office in 2013.He is the first African leader to hold talks with the United States of America president Joe Biden.
President Uhuru To Meet US President Joe Biden On Thursday At The White House
President Uhuru To Meet US President Joe Biden On Thursday At The White House.
Wednesday, 13th October 2021, Nairobi Kenya.
President Uhuru Kenyatta will meet with the President of the United States of America (USA) Joe Biden at the White House in Washington DC on Thursday and this was in a joint statement by the White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki and Kenya’s State House.
Coronavirus delays East Haven budget vote to May 28
EAST HAVEN — With the original town budget schedule suspended as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, officials are working to come up with a new schedule of virtual Town Council budget meetings via Zoom that will provide opportunities for public input, Mayor Joe Carfora said Tuesday.
A Town Council vote on the budget, previously scheduled to take place by April 28, has been postponed until May 28 as a result of Gov. Ned Lamont’s executive orders, said Carfora and Town Council Chairman Joe Deko, D-2.
An original plan to present a modified budget to the Town Council in a virtual Zoom special meeting on April 21 at 7 p.m. may be end up being delayed slightly, said Carfora. A conference call to hash out the details was to have taken place this Tuesday, but was delayed, he said.
“The budget doesn’t have to be (adopted) until May 28,” Carfora said. “The meeting next week is just to set up a resolution on all of the public hearings, the special meetings — the Board of Education part, my part. ”
As of Tuesday, the April 21 meeting still was scheduled to take place.
Asked whether the town likely would have to raise taxes, Carfora said, “We’re certainly getting inundated with extra costs for the town because of this COVID crisis, but we’re going to do everything we can to come in with a good budget.
“Really can’t tell you” for sure, he said, “because we’re still working on it.”
The mayor normally would have presented the budget and given the State of the Town address in late March.
Deko said he’s still waiting for clarification on this year’s process.
“I did meet with the mayor this morning” to discuss it, Deko said. “As far as the process goes, I don’t know yet.” But he said it goes without saying that the meetings will be accessible to anyone with an internet connection via online meeting software at Zoom.us.
“Of course, they’ll be on Zoom” and “yhere will be public hearings,” Deko said.
Deko said he had yet to see a draft of the budget.
“I do know that the mayor put some long hours in tweaking the budget, but as far as final numbers, I don’t know,” he said. “He hasn’t given me a hard copy or even a peek at his recommended budget yet.”
East Haven to conduct free mask giveaway Saturday at EHHS
EAST HAVEN — The town will sponsor a protective face mask giveaway at East Haven High School Saturday, beginning promptly at 8 a.m. and continuing through noon or when supplies are depleted, Mayor Joe Carfora said Tuesday.
There will be a limit of 4 masks per vehicle, Carfora said.
The Fire Department will conduct the May 30 giveaway under the direction of Fire Chief Matt Marcarelli and the East Shore District Health Department Medical Reserve Corps, Carfora said.
The distribution will be a drive-through event and will take place at the loading dock at the rear of the high school. 35 Wheelbarrow Lane. Those wishing to participate must have proof of residency, including either a driver’s license or tax bill, and will not be permitted to leave their cars, Carfora said.
“Unfortunately, face coverings will be around for a while,” Carfora said. “We want to make sure that everyone can have access to a face-covering to be worn when in groups or out in public.”
Earlier this spring, Gov. Ned Lamont passed Executive Order 7BB, which required face coverings for people out in public. The full executive order can be read at https://bit.ly/36vv5U0.
“In addition to masks, we must continue to practice safe social distancing, wash our hands and keep practicing all of the mitigating protocols that we have talked about since the very beginning of this,” Carfora said.
The town was not in a position to supply masks earlier in the pandemic as they were reserved for essential workers, as well as fire and police personnel, but now that the supply chain has loosened up, they are more readily available, Carfora said.
Questions or additional information may be directed to the Mayor’s Office at 203-468-3204.
Coronavirus in Connecticut
90,000 Movies about Music – File Catalog
Director : Francis Ford Coppola
Producer : Robert Evans
Cast: Richard Gere, Gregory Hines, Diane Lane, Lonette McKee, Nicholas Kuskin, Bob Hoskin Allen Garfield, Fred Guinn, Gwen Verdon, Lisa Jane Persky, Maurice Hines, Julian Beck, Novella Nelson, Laurence Fishburne, John P. Ryan, Tom Waits, Ron Carabatsos, Glenn Whitrow, Jennifer Gray, Winonna Smither, Telle Honey ‘Coles, Larry Marshall, Joe Dullesandro, Ed O’Ross, Frederick Downs Jr., Diane Venora, Tucker Smallwood, Woody Strode, Bill Graham, Dayton Allen, Kim Chan, Ed Rowan, Leonard Thermo, George Cantero, Brian Tarantina, Bruce McVitty, James Russo, Giancarlo Esposito, Bruce Hubbard, Billy Clan Lanic Cobbs, Joe Lynn, Oscar Barnes, Sandra Bill, Zane Mark, Tom Signorelli, Paul Herman
DOP : Stephen Goldblatt
Composer : John Barry
Film Company : Zoetrope Pictures : 127 min.
Country : USA
Year : 1984
The Cotton Club is a 1984 gangster movie. In the United States, the film grossed $ 25,928,721, and the budget was about $ 50 million.
Plot : The film is set in 1928-1930. Dixie Dwyer is a trumpeter at the fashionable Cotton Music Club in New York. Dixie is the only white man in the club’s Negro troupe. Dixie approaches one of the bosses of the American mafia of the time, “The Dutchman” Schultz.A brilliant musical and acting career awaits him, but unfortunately, Dixie falls in love with the Dutchman’s girlfriend Vera Cicero.
This love affair takes place during a turf war between the Dutchman Schultz, the owner of the Cotton Club Owney Madden and other mafia bosses. Vera and Dixie find themselves between a rock and a hard place.
Another storyline is the story of two brothers of the tap dancers, the dancers of the club – Sandman and Clay Williams, as well as the romantic relationship between Sandman and the mulatto Lila. The main events of the plot take place, as it were, against the musical background of the numbers on the stage of the club.
The Cotton Club actually existed, and many of the characters had real prototypes in 1920s American history.
Church of the Heavenly Herald in New Jerusalem
TIME OF THE NEW JERUSALEM CATHOLIC CHURCH
1886 (January 8): Giuseppe Maria Abbate was born in Isnello, Sicily, Italy.
1906 (April 22): The Abbot arrives in the United States.After a brief stay in Brooklyn, New York, he moved to Chicago, where he worked as a hairdresser.
1906: The abbot saw Jesus entering his barber shop. Sitting in a hairdresser’s chair, he announced that the Abbot was a Heavenly Messenger, asking him to preach to humanity and ordaining him to the priesthood.
1910s: The Abbot often received divine messages. He studied the Bible, in particular, the Old Testament prophetic literature and the Book of Revelations, gradually realizing that he was the Messiah, the Second Coming of Christ.
1912: While praying for healing from rheumatism in St. Mary’s Church, Jesus appeared to the Abbot. Subsequently, he had a vision of an angel. Leaving the church, the Abbot was lifted into the air and heard the voice of God saying: “My divine authority is already in you.”
1913: The Abbot saw a blue cross over Lake Michigan and the words “I am who I am” appeared before his eyes.
1915: The reincarnated Virgin Mary is born in Chicago.
1917: By this time God revealed to the Abbot that he was born on Mars but died at the age of seven.After that, his soul was taken to heaven. However, he stayed there for a short time, because God wanted him to save humanity from destruction. Therefore, he was transported to earth, revived in the family in Isnello.
1917: The Abbot founded La Chiesa Cattolica Nuova Ger Jerusalemme del Messagiero Celeste (New Jerusalem Catholic Church of the Heavenly Messenger). The church acquired a house on De Calb Street in 2021, which housed the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, a school, and the residences and offices of the Abbot and his closest associates.
1917 or 1918: The Abbot founded a male religious order, the Order of the Heavenly Messenger.
1918: The abbot consecrated Lumeno Monte as bishop.
1919 (May 2): The Catholic Church of New Jerusalem registers a common law trust in the state of Illinois.
1922 (April 10): The Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was damaged by a bomb explosion.
1922 (September 10): Abbate, now better known as Padre Celeste, was taken to the police for the sexual assault of a 12-year-old girl.
1923: Abbot is tried for sexual assault, found insane and admitted to Elgin State Hospital.
1925: The Abbot was discharged from the hospital.
1926: Authorities investigated New Jerusalem Catholic Church for tax evasion and confiscated the Abbot’s crown and pectoral cross.
1926: The Abbot founded a women’s religious order: the Order of Our Most Pure Mother, Reincarnation of the Queen of the World.
1931: Abbot was taken to the police for the rape of a thirteen-year-old girl. At a subsequent trial, he was sentenced to life in prison.
1932: The Illinois Supreme Court invalidates the first trial and proceeds to the lower court. At the new trial, the Abbot was sentenced to ten years in prison, but was later declared insane and again placed in a psychiatric hospital.
1933 (December): The Abbot was discharged from Elgin State Hospital, but was soon forced to return.
1935 (June): Abbot was last discharged from hospital.
1945: Members of the Catholic Church of New Jerusalem leave their old home and move to Old Irving Park in northwest Chicago. There they began construction of a separate church building – the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
1955 (June 4): John E. Schweikert was ordained a priest in the Old Roman Catholic Church of North America.
1958 (June 8): Schweikert was ordained bishop of the North American Old Roman Catholic Church.
1963 (October 13): The Abbot died and Marianne Monachino, General Mother of the Order of Our Most Pure Mother, Reincarnated Queen of the World, took over the management of the New Jerusalem Church.
1964–1965 ?: The Mother General approached the Roman Catholic Diocese of Chicago, trying to persuade them to send a priest to administer the sacrament at the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
1965: With the direction of the Roman Catholic clergy, the Mother General contacted John E. Schweikert, who had recently become Primate Archbishop of the North American Old Roman Catholic Church. He agreed to administer the sacraments while investigating the status of the Catholic Church in New Jerusalem.
1965 (September 16): Schweikert celebrated his first Mass at the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
1967 (December 1): The Mother General appointed Schweikert to succeed the Heavenly Herald Giuseppe Maria Abbate, although Schweikert did not believe in the Abbot’s divine status and did not accept his episcopal ordination.
1968 (18 February): Archbishop Schweikert was enthroned as successor of the Heavenly Herald and given the name Santo Padre Maria Michael I.
1969: The last remaining member of the Order of Heavenly Herald died.
1971: The nuns open the Little Sisters’ School for disabled children.
1987: Schweikert ordained Theodor Rematt bishop. Since Schweikert was very ill, Rematt was appointed his assistant and successor.
1988 (May 29): Schweikert died and was succeeded by Archbishop Rematt.
1989: The Cathedral of the Sacred Heart is closed.
1990-1995. A series of trials took place between Archbishop Rematt on the one hand and nuns and some church members on the other.
2004: Archbishop Rematt left the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, which was closed and sold. The parishioners scattered.
FOUNDER / GROUP HISTORY
Catholic Church of New Gerasimus de Messaero Celeste New Jerusalem Church of the Heavenly Messenger) was a religious group founded in Chicago in the late 1910s. It was led by the Italian-American Giuseppe Maria Abbate, [picture on the right], who claimed to be divine. He was usually called Padre Celeste (Heavenly Father).The abbot died in 1963, but the Church survived his death. However, since the mid-1960s, it was led by clergy who did not believe in his divinity. Nevertheless, veneration for the Abbot persisted among the members of his religious orders and the overwhelming majority of the community.
Giuseppe Maria Abbate was born in Isnello, Sicily on January 8, 1886. At the time of his birth, the city had about 4,000 inhabitants and, like many other rural areas of Sicily, the local economy was focused on agriculture and pastures.The Abbot’s father, however, was a police officer and the family did not belong to the poorest sections of the area; he attended school until the sixth grade. Nevertheless, for the Abbot and several of his relatives, leaving Sicily seemed the only viable option.
At the age of 1906, in the year XNUMX, Giuseppe Abbate immigrated to the United States. Arriving in New York, he stayed briefly in Brooklyn before moving to Chicago. In the years after the turn of the century, large numbers of Italian immigrants arrived in the United States.Many of them returned after a period abroad, but the Abbot was among those who stayed in the United States, never returning to Italy, not even to visit. Arriving in Chicago, he became a hairdresser, and at that time his name was often called Joseph or Joe.
According to news reports from the late 1910s and later publications of the Church, the life of the Abbot changed dramatically in 1906. However, it is difficult to establish an accurate chronology of the series of spiritual experiences he experienced several years before and after 1910, since the sources are somewhat vague.According to his testimony, one afternoon in 1906, while he was holding a razor, Christ entered his barber shop on Polk Street.Sitting in the barber’s chair, Christ asked the Abbot if he knew Hebrew. Answering in the negative, Christ used Latin to state that God had chosen the Abbot as his Heavenly Messenger, commanding him to preach and found a church. In this case, Christ also ordained him to the priesthood so that he could fulfill this mission.
However, the story of how he became confident in his mission and full powers seems more complex and gradual. In 1910, the Abbot regularly received messages from God and began to study the Bible.His research focused on the prophetic literature of the Old Testament and the Book of Revelation in search of clues that might explain his role and the future of the world as a whole.
Significant changes took place in 1912 or 1913. The abbot began to suffer from rheumatism and had problems with limb movement. To pray for his recovery, he went to St. Mary’s Church near his home. In front of the statue of Christ, the Abbot prayed to him and Our Lady of Lourdes. Suddenly he saw the image smiling and blessing him.After that, he had a vision of an angel who was dressed as a warrior. He wore a helmet, a robe, a staff with a five-pointed star, a sword next to him and a spear in his hand. When the Abbot went out into the street, he was suddenly lifted into the air and realized that he was healed. According to later church publications, he could have gone to heaven, but decided to fulfill his mission on earth. Then God said: “La mia Podestà Divina è già in Te” (“My divine authority is already in you”). For the Abbot, this was a confirmation that he possessed divine powers, that he was omnipotent and omniscient.
In addition to realizing that he possessed divine powers, the Abbot later claimed that God had revealed that he was of extraterrestrial origin. He was born on Mars, a planet he called free from sin and a place where humans showed great reverence for their creator. However, at the age of seven, he was hit by a chariot and died. After his death, the Abbot Journey led through the universe and appeared before the throne of God. However, he only stayed there for a short while, as God wanted to send him to earth to work for the salvation of an increasingly sinful humanity.At first Abbate hesitated, but then she said “Ekkomi, believe me” (“Here I am, send me”). After that, an angel took him to Isnello, [Image on the right], where he was reborn into a Sicilian family. Later Abbate made detailed drawings of Mars and its cities, significant events in childhood and travel in space. The images were printed in the Church’s missionary publications, supplemented with texts in Italian and English.
Abbot reported another vision in 1913. He then saw a blue cross over Lake Michigan with the words “Sono quel che sono” (“I am who I am”), a phrase that later appeared on his jacket.hands. [Image on the right] Another important revelation was found in the words “Alpha, Elf, Sette”, which were found in all publications of the Church and at many religious sites. This applies to people in the Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Apart from the stories of his past, his election to fulfill God’s mission at the End of Time, and his divine powers, there is little information about the content of the actual teachings of the Abbot in the early years.
For some time, since about 1915, Abbate combined his roles as a hairdresser and a priest, and he was able to devote himself to the full-time ministry, with particular attention to Italian immigrants, including newcomers. He became more and more famous for his healing powers. These reports naturally contributed to his popularity. The abbot kept a record of all miracles, and later publications included many such accounts. However, he argued that his credentials extended far beyond the Italian community of Chicago. Among other things, he claimed to have caused the Spanish flu to combat human sinfulness and that he was responsible for stopping the epidemic. Moreover, he thought that if humanity had only submitted to his power, the world war would have been stopped, since he was the promised Prince of Peace.
In the understanding of the Abbot, the Old Testament prophecies and the Book of Revelation foresaw his coming to earth, divine elections and the inauguration of a new church. Although there was a somewhat stable group of adherents until 1917, in the year XNUMX the Abbot established an official church organization. It was called La Chiesa Cattolica di Nuova Ger Jerusalemme del Messaggiero Celeste (New Jerusalem Catholic Church of the Heavenly Messenger). In Italian the word is usually written as “Messagero”, but the Church has always used “Messagiero”.Around the same time, the Abbot also established a male religious order, the Order of the Heavenly Messenger.
The headquarters of the New Jerusalem Church was located in a small three-story building at 2021 Decalb Street, in the Chicago area of the Middle West. , in one of the “Little Italia”. There was a school and a kitchen on the ground floor. At the top was the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, also known as Santo Tempio (Holy Temple) and sometimes Tempio del Sole (Temple of the Sun). On the upper level there was a monastery where the Abbot lived and had his offices.By the last years of the 1910s, the Abbot was calling himself Giuseppe Maria Abbate di Carmelo. After the founding of the church, the Abbot most often called himself Padre Celeste (Heavenly Father). Most, if not all of the early adopters were Italian immigrants, and the vast majority were women. It is difficult to establish the exact number of subscribers, but there were at least 300, and at some point there may be up to 500.
In May 1919, the New Jerusalem Catholic Church of the Heavenly Messenger entered into a common trust agreement with the state of Illinois, which subsequently included it.According to official laws, the Abbot was “the sole trustee of the Church,” and the document emphasized his absolute authority and his uniqueness as divinely chosen and even divine. Although he may have had successors as the leader of the church, none of them would have had the same elevated status as him. The list of members does not appear to have survived, but there is an official document from February 1920 confirming that the Abbot was a member of his own Church. He signed the certificate as Padre Celeste.
However, the Abbot was not the only celestial character present in New Jerusalem. Reporting on the 1919 trial, a journalist from Chicago Tribune noted the presence of a four-year-old girl, whom the group believed to be the reincarnation of the Virgin Mary. [Image on the right] She was of Italian descent, but was born in Chicago in 1915. She is present on the side of Padre Celeste in many photographs, at least until the late 1920s. In the eyes of believers, the resurrected Virgin Mary was another very tangible sign that God has chosen them as true Christians in recent times.The Abbot claimed that she was the result of a virgin birth, while some reporters claimed that she was the daughter of Padre Celeste.
In the 1920s and 1930s, the press devoted many articles to the Abbot. Media attention has focused on a long string of lawsuits against him. He was first reported to the police in 1922 for sexually assaulting a twelve-year-old girl. She was a member of the church, and the records and the subsequent legal process divided the congregation. At the trial, the members who had left and the Abbot’s loyal supporters had to be torn apart so that they would not resort to fistfights.Abbot was sentenced to prison, but was then declared criminally insane and admitted to Elgin State Hospital, a large mental institution located outside of Chicago. He was released in 1925. By that time, there were about 100 adherents in the church. A year later, he founded a religious order for women: the Order of the Most Holy Theotokos, the Reincarnated Queen of Peace, which will play a central role in the life of the Church throughout its existence.
Between 1931 and 1935, the press once again published many articles about the Abbot.Almost all were linked to a new series of lawsuits against him. This time, the Abbot was accused of raping a thirteen-year-old girl. The articles described complex legal twists and turns and debated whether he should be sentenced to prison or declared criminally insane. He was eventually taken to Elgin State Hospital.
The Abbot must have been a very charismatic person who could maintain control and attract supporters even when he was convicted of serious crimes and was absent for many years.The Church of New Jerusalem survived his long absence. Although the number of believers dwindled and dwindled, he always had a loyal group of at least one hundred church members. Some authors have suggested that the church of New Jerusalem collapsed in the 1930s and that the Abbot disappeared from the religious scene. However, it existed until his death in 1963 and even after that. However, it is easy to see why the few who researched the Abbot thought the group had broken up. After he was released from Elgin State Hospital in 1935, neither he nor the Church were mentioned in the Chicago papers.
In 1945, the headquarters of the New Jerusalem Catholic Church on DeKalb Street was demolished as the city of Chicago destroyed many of the old neighborhoods. At that time, the Church moved to the Old Irving Park area on the northwest side of Chicago, where they acquired a home at 4200 N. Kedwale Avenue, which served as a priest. The nuns’ monastery was located in a separate house nearby. In addition, Abbate initiated a project to build a new church located at 4154 W.Berteau Avenue. The foundation was covered with a roof, and the structure became known as the “Basement Church”, although, as before, the official name was the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Although the Abbot planned to build a more famous church, the project was stopped, probably due to financial constraints.
Padre Celeste died on 13 October 1963 at the age of seventy-seven. He was buried in Elmwood Cemetery, River Grove, [Image on the right], where the Church acquired burial sites for clergy, nuns, and believers in general.The Abbot’s tomb is quite impressive. The inscription on the obverse reads: “Rev. Father Giuseppe Maria Abbot, DC, Padre Celeste, January 8, 1886, October 13, 1963.” The central phrase of the Abbot appears there: “Alpha, Elfa, Sette”, as well as the coat of arms with the inscription “Sono kel che sono”. On the back of the tombstone, the following inscription can be read: “The Promised High Priest to Hebrews 7: 15–17 Founder of Chiesa Cattolica La Nuova Ger Jerusalemme del Messaggiero Celeste, Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus”.
According to the 1919 Trust Agreement, the Abbot was free to name a successor. However, he could not find a suitable candidate. Since Padre Celeste did not name a successor, after his death, the management of the Church was transferred to Marianne Monacino, Mother-Mentor of the Order of the Most Holy Theotokos, Queen of Peace. In the years that followed, she tried to find a priest who could administer the sacrament in the congregation. As far as we know, she first contacted the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago, asking for a priest who could say Mass “because their priest died.”Unsurprisingly, ecclesiastical authorities did not come forward, stating that the parish was not under their jurisdiction and that they would not send a priest to serve in a non-Catholic church.
There is some evidence that the Mother Superior also established contact with the Episcopal Diocese of Chicago, whose bishop agreed to send priests to the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus to celebrate Sunday masses. One of the reasons, according to the bishop, was that some of his priests “wanted to work in Latin.”However, the evidence of these contacts based on oral histories is somewhat hazy.
On behalf of individual Roman Catholic priests, the Mother Superior contacted the Bishop of the North American Roman Catholic Church (NAORC) John Emil Schweiker (1924-1988). [Image at right] In 1955, he became a priest at the NAORCC and three years later as a bishop. The NAORCC has an experience with European Old Catholicism, which became more prevalent in response to the First Vatican Council (1869–1870).In the decades that followed, old Catholic churches were founded in several European countries. In 1908, Arnold Harris Matthew (1859-1919) became Bishop of Great Britain and Ireland, but it was only two years later that he broke with continental Old Catholicism, considering it too Protestant. At that time, he founded the Old Roman Catholic Church in Great Britain.
Through Rudolph de Landas Berges (1873–1920), bishop consecrated by Matthew, Roman Catholicism entered the United States.The consecration by Landas of Carmel Henry Carfort (1878–1958), a former Italian-born Capuchin in 1916, was the starting point for the NAORCC. Three years later, Carfora became his primate metropolitan, a position he held for nearly four decades. During this time, he consecrated more than thirty bishops, although the majority left him and fully established the jurisdiction of their own or leftist ministry. During the time of Carfora, the NAORCC was a very multi-ethnic church that included, for example, Lithuanian, Ukrainian, Mexican, Afro-Caribbean, and African-American believers.The Archbishop of Carfort did not name a successor, and after his death in 1958, several people assumed the post of metropolitan-primate, which led to the proliferation of new jurisdictions with the same or very similar names. John E. Schweikert, who will serve in the New Jerusalem Church, was part of the jurisdiction headed by Cyrus Augustine Starkey (d. 1965). (For more on Carfora and the various branches of the NAORCC see Trela 1979 and Melton 2009).
On September 26, 1965, John E. Schweikert, who by then had become archbishop, celebrated his first Mass at the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.In correspondence from 1966 to 1967, he stated that he was somewhat reluctant to study the history of the parish and church of New Jerusalem (copies in the archives of Magnus Lundberg). Although Schweikert continued to celebrate Mass at the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, there is nothing to indicate that the archbishop ever believed in the deity of the Abbot or accepted his ordination and consecration, which, in his opinion, did not exist. Schweikert’s argument was that, thanks to his priesthood and apostolic succession, he first brought the actual sacraments to the Sacred Heart.(In Lundberg & Craig 2018: 54, 57–58, we have argued that Schweikert recited the masses at the Sacred Heart of Jesus during the Abbot’s lifetime. However, Schweikert’s recent letters do not support this claim.)
In the end, the nuns must have been reasonably pleased with Archbishop Schweikert, even though he was not a supporter of the Abbot. Thus, at the end of 1967, the Mother Superior decided to appoint him as successor to Padre Celeste: Il Santo Padre. On February 18, 1968, she officially took the throne, naming it Maria Michael I.(copy of the document in the archives of Magnus Lundberg). Although Schweikert is now appointed as the Abbot’s successor by his eldest mother, he never wore a white cassock and zucchetto and did not allow anyone to call him Santo Padre.
Over time, Schweikert tried to reduce the community’s devotion to the Abbot, replacing it with more traditional Catholic beliefs. However, he seems to have been quite diplomatic and cautious. He allowed the temple / altar dedicated to the Abbot to remain in the Church, and the nuns and believers decorated it with flowers and candles.Moreover, the barber chair that Christ sat on in 1906 retained a sacred status for the adherents. During Schweikert’s time in Sacred Heart, about a fifth of the permanent parishioners were local or disenfranchised Catholics, while about 80 percent were first, second, or third generation Abbot followers. There were also several elderly people who have been members of the New Jerusalem Church since its inception. However, there are clear indications that some of the group of outsiders knew a lot about the claims of the Heavenly Messenger; they said he was simply called the Bishop Abbot, the founder of the parish.
It was a really special church situation. The Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus was not formally part of the NAORCC, but served as the archbishop of that Church. Despite the fact that he was appointed head of the New Jerusalem Church of Santo Padre, officially he never wanted to act as such more than as a legal entity, being the sole trustee. At the same time, the nuns under his jurisdiction and most of the parishioners were adherents of the New Jerusalem Church of the Heavenly Messenger.One indication of this situation was that Schweikert was using a stationary medium called “The Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus” while the nuns had letter paper printed with the Catholic Church of New Jerusalem (see Copies of documents in the Magnus Lundberg Archives). However, it seems that this strange state of affairs worked out well enough for more than two decades when Schweikert was pastor of the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
By 1970, all the brothers of the Order of the Heavenly Messenger were dead, and five nuns remained, most of whom were between the ages of 65 and 75.At that time, and with the active support of Schweikert, who had a Ph.D. and earned a living as a college teacher, the nuns opened a school for children with special needs, the Little Sisters School. The youngest nun, Mary Bernadette (born 1925), played a significant role in the school until the early 1990s, although there were some outside workers.
In 1987, when Schweikert became seriously ill, he chose a priest in the ancient Catholic tradition as his successor.It was Theodor Rematt (1945–2016), whom Schweikert consecrated as bishop on June 22, 1987. In May 1988, Schweikert died and Rematt succeeded him. When Rematt came to the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, he knew nothing of the special status of the Abbot.
As Rematt took over after Schweikert’s death, his first decision was to complete the church building, which had been halted decades ago. In 1989, the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart [Image on the right] was completed and ready to be consecrated.A few days before the ceremony, an anonymous woman contacted Rematt by phone and told stories about Padre Celeste. Since the bishop was not convinced, she told him to go to the closet in one of the priest’s bedrooms. There, behind the false panel, he will find all the evidence he needs. Indeed, Rematt came across numerous documents about Padre Celeste and the history of the Catholic Church of New Jerusalem: transcripts of his trials, written testimonies of support, church publications, and photographs.The bishop was shocked by what he saw and later decided to burn all the documents.
In general, Rematt tried to end the veneration of the Abbot among his flock. He had the Abbot’s shrine in the church dismantled and moved, the famous barber’s chair was sold, and in every possible way he actively opposed the founder’s legacy. Thus, his form of proceedings was very different from Schweikert’s diplomatic approach. Needless to say, the nuns were shocked by this development, as were many of the believers, the Abbey believers as they were.The radical change met with stiff opposition and former connections.
There is no doubt that Rematt’s time in the Sacred Heart was turbulent, and in the first half of the 1990s, there were a number of legal conflicts concerning the governance and economics of the Church. Although he wanted to erase allegiance to the Abbot, in these court cases Rematt asserted legal succession with the ecclesiastical Abbot, founded in 1919, and that he, as the Abbot’s successor, was the only confidant and had absolute authority to make decisions, financial and otherwise.
With a diminishing group of parishioners, Archbishop Rematt served at the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart until 2004. The church building was sold at that time, and later it was converted into condominiums. At that time there was the only cleric remaining under the Schweikert-Rematt line. After the closure of the Sacred Heart, the parishioners were scattered. The priest, James W. Craig, [pictured right] kept in touch with several to whom he performed ordinances. Some former parishioners have become members of the Roman Catholic Church, independent Catholic groups, or have not joined any other congregation.Much of the traditional devotion to the Abbot ended with the closure of the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, although it was opposed for decades.
The New Jerusalem Church of the Heavenly Messenger was long lived and survived the death of its founder, albeit in a modified form. Although the Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus no longer exists, it is clear that the Abbot is still worshiped, although the number of devotees is minimal. One of the signs of the preserved memory is that fresh flowers are always present on his grave.
Doctrines / Belief
The doctrines of the Church of New Jerusalem focused on the Abbot’s claims of divine status and his role in salvation history. By the last years of the 1910s, the Abbot was calling himself Giuseppe Maria di Carmelo Abbate. When the Church was founded, he was called the Heavenly Messenger (Messaggiero Celeste). Later his title became Padre Celeste. However, he also referred to himself as the Ecumenical Protector, Archangel Michael, Prince of Peace, [Image on the right] Vicar of God on Earth and the Kingdom of Heaven.Thus, the Abbot claimed to be something of a combination of pope, archangel, prophet, king and God incarnate. In its interpretation, each first letter of his full name Giuseppe Maria Abbate di Carmelo, Padre Celeste, had a symbolic meaning in the Italian language, summarizing his mission on earth. In the English translation it was: Jesus, the Incarnate, Created Man, Holy Immanuel, Eternal Prince of Peace, sent to be reincarnated as an Abbot to Bless all forever.Divine incarnation. Heavenly Angel, King, Immanuel, Coming Messiah, Consecrated Angel. Door to God. Chosen Religious. Christ, Immanuel, Eternal Light, Sound of the Seventh Trumpet.
Some central parts of the Church’s beliefs and role in salvation history can be found in the Old Testament of Isaiah (chapters 9, 11, and 61). They all refer to the coming of the Messiah. Chapter 9 contains a prophecy about the coming of the Prince of Peace, who will establish justice and peace on earth. Chapter 11 deals with Separation from Jesse, who will appear with a spirit of wisdom and righteousness and create a world, as well as a world in which people and animals will live in harmony.Finally, chapter 61 is dedicated to the year of grace, when the world will be renewed, the poor will be raptured, the liberated captives and the grieved will be comforted.
In the last parts of the Book of Revelation there is a prophecy about a new world, New Jerusalem, descending from heaven. The arrival of the Abbot, the Heavenly Messenger, ushered in this new world that will mean comfort and a life abounding for the righteous and death, and the suffering of transgressors and oppressors. New Jerusalem began to unfold at the New Jerusalem Catholic Church in Chicago, and over time it spread to all corners of the world.
The Virgin Mary Incarnate, a girl born in Chicago in 1915, was another important part of the belief system, a clear sign that the Church had an exceptional place in salvation history. Like the Abbot, the Second Coming of Christ, the reborn Virgin Mary took a prominent place in religious services, both sat on thrones. Another important and related part of the Abbot’s teachings was that his followers, or at least some of them, were incarnations of celestial characters and were appropriately dressed.Faithful to this faith, images of living saints, members of the church, were displayed in the chapel.
Rituals / PRACTICE
Although the Abbot’s claims of divine status and extraterrestrial origin were unusual, the Heavenly Messenger’s New Jerusalem Catholic Church liturgically followed the liturgical books of the traditional Roman Catholic Church: the 1570 Missal and the 1614 Ritual. Copies of the Abbot of at least some of the books of the liturgy still exist.
In the early days of the Church, in 1919, the press reported that it was Bishop Lumeno who pronounced Mass in the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and Heavenly Father sat with the reincarnated Virgin Mary on his knees.Nevertheless, at least later, the Abbot himself said Mass on the great altar. At religious services, the Abbot may be dressed as a king with a crown, or as an angelic character, or in clerical vestments in papal whiteness. While in his office, he wore a white cassock, and on missions outside, he wore a black suit and a clerical collar.
Besides Masses, processions played a vital role in church life. During the holidays, parades were organized on the top level of the building on DeKalb Street.On some occasions they had processions in the street, but this inevitably led to clashes with the Roman Catholic clergy and others. The report tells of processions in which followers wore tunics of bright colors, silk stockings wrapped in ribbons, helmets and medals displayed in front of him. The girls were dressed as angels, and the women as saints. The photographs released by the Church match the journalistic reports.
ORGANIZATION / LEADERSHIP
In 1919, Illinois became part of the New Jerusalem Catholic Abbot.The trust agreement that was attached to the application included provisions on the church organization and the role of the Abbot in it. The Catholic Church of New Jerusalem has been defined as a hierarchical organization ruled by one person, Giuseppe Maria Abbate. He was “the sole trustee of the Church,” and the document emphasized his absolute authority and his uniqueness as a divinely chosen Heavenly Messenger and Heavenly Father. Although he may have had successors as the leader of the church, none of them would have had the same elevated status as him.
No successor can be named or considered to be Padre Celeste. All successors accept and bear the name Santo Padre, and who will, as far as God can give them authority, carry out and carry out the heavenly tasks entrusted to the said Giuseppe Maria Abbate, and who will have the same power to appoint and appoint a Successor, as provided by this Agreement for the said Giuseppe Maria Abbate, and all subsequent successors will be vested with the same powers as the first successor of the said, Giuseppe Maria Abbate.- He [the abbot, as well as his successors] can found small churches, societies or communities wherever he thinks the same may be required.
The Male Order of the Heavenly Messenger was founded at a very early stage, possibly by 1917. Apart from the Abbot, who was ordained by Christ, in the history of the New Jerusalem Catholic Church, as we know, there were only two other clergymen. In 1918 he consecrated the Italian bishop Lumeno Monte (1896–?). However, Monte seems to have left the Church in the 1920s.Besides him, one man was ordained to the priesthood in the 1930s. His name was John Higgins, and he seems to have been one of the few non-Italian church members. Most independent Catholic churches emphasize the importance of apostolic succession, which means that a bishop must be consecrated by an actual bishop who is believed to be in an unbroken chain from the apostles onward. For the New Jerusalem Catholic Church, this was not a problem, since the Abbot was ordained directly by Christ and was divine.
Most of the monks who joined the Order of Heavenly Messenger in the 1920s and 1930s remained there until their death three or four decades later. All of them had permanent jobs outside the monastery, in most cases as builders, at least when they were younger. However, some monks only stayed for a short period.
The Women’s Order of the Most Holy Theotokos, the Reincarnation of the Queen of the World, was founded in 1926. According to the 1930 US census, the monastery was headed by the 1904-year-old Abbess Francesca.In addition to her, 34-year-old Maria Mogavero was a nun, and Mary Monachino was a teacher. However, the latter took the vows a little later, as did Maria Falzone, who was called the “novice nun” in the census. The future Mother Superior Marianna Monachino (1989–1895) and Sister Maria Grace Falzone (1985–1930), who took vows in the 1940s, remained nuns until their death. In the 1950s and XNUMXs, three more sisters joined us.
Padre Celeste died without naming a successor.After his death, the nuns were looking for a successor to the Abbot and someone who could perform the ordinances. The decision came with John E. Schweiker, Archbishop of the North American Old Roman Catholic Church. In 1967, the Mother Superior named him Santo Padre of the New Jerusalem Church. To some extent he had jurisdiction over the nuns, but they remained a strong and somewhat independent group. It was assumed that the Mother Superior and a group of three parishioners would choose Schweiker’s successor after his death.But in 1987 Schweikert consecrated Theodore Remat as bishop. He succeeded Schweikert, but it was not possible to establish whether the nuns and the parish council participated in the elections. When Rematt took over, there were only two nuns left, and they had very little energy left.
QUESTIONS / CHALLENGES
Not surprisingly, from the very beginning of his mission, the Abbot met a lot of hostility in the streets. While publicly preaching his message, he was physically assaulted, persecuted and ridiculed for his spiritual claims, which most people considered outrageous.In the press he was often called a cultist, and the church was called a cult. The first mention of the Heavenly Messenger in Chicago Tribune on July 25, 1919, was about the trial of a young woman who was a supporter of the Abbot. She was charged with “facilitating the misdeeds of her two younger brothers, who too often brought them to the New Jerusalem Church on De Calb Street.” In the end, the judge decided that “the cult was morally pure,” and he could not be accused of leading young people to criminal behavior.
The Abbot also faced great opposition from the local Roman Catholic Church. In addition to declaring him a heretical church and a charlatan leader, they accused him of deceiving Roman Catholics, not least because he persecuted newly arrived Italians and wore a clerical collar. In the first two decades of the twentieth century, the vast majority of Italians in Chicago were men who came from southern Italy, including Sicily, and many were anti-clerical and infrequent parishioners.In general, Italians were considered a good missionary field that was difficult to convert, not least because there were Italian priests, Scalabrian missionaries, who were from northern Italy. The relationship between these priests and the laity was contradictory. It was also a major problem for the Roman Catholic Church that the Abbot mainly attracted female adherents, an important group of practicing Roman Catholic groups. (For the relationship between Italian-Americans and the official Roman Catholic Church, seeVecoli 1969 and D’Agostino 2004).
As a countermeasure to the Abbot and his Church in 1919, Roman Catholics opened the parish of St. Callistos at 2167 De Kalb Street, just a few blocks from the headquarters of the New Jerusalem Church, which was the pastor of the Italian clergy. The Archdiocese stated unequivocally that the founding was a reaction to the local presence of the Abbot and his community. Moreover, on Sundays and holidays, the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church stood near the Church of Heavenly Father, telling believers that they are automatically excommunicated if they attend religious services there.
In the 1920s and 1930s, the main conflicts involving the Abbot were related to serious crimes committed by the Abbot, accused of sexual assault and the rape of at least two young girls. In the first case, in 1922, he was charged with assaulting a twelve-year-old church member. One group part of the congregation reacted sharply to him and left the Church, while another group supported him, seeing in the Abbot an innocent victim persecuted by the enemies of God.After telling the judge the story of his mission and extraterrestrial origins, he was declared criminally insane and sent to Elgin State Hospital.
On April 10, 1922, a bomb exploded at the church headquarters on DeKalb Street, destroying part of the church hall. In testimony to the police, the Abbot said that since 1921 he had been threatened that if he did not stop preaching, he would be silenced. However, since the bomb at the headquarters was one of four that went off in different locations in the neighborhood within half an hour, and therefore it is likely that the crime was mainly economic and not clearly religious.It seems to have been part of Mano Nera, a more general practice of racketeering. In 1926, authorities investigated the finances of the New Jerusalem Catholic Church, accusing them of irregularities and tax evasion, and a court seized the $ 2,250 crown and pendant that members donated to the Abbot.
In a second major court case, in 1931, Padre Celeste was accused of raping a thirteen-year-old girl. [Image on the right] In the first trial, Abbot was sentenced to life in prison for rape.However, in early 1932, the Illinois Supreme Court dismissed the charge. The judge stated that the evidence was flawed and that the Abbot’s innocent convictions played a role in the verdict. In the second trial, the judge first noted that Abbate was sane enough when he committed the crime in 1929 and he was sentenced to ten years in prison. However, he was later declared criminally insane and taken back to Elgin State Hospital. By the end of 1933, he was released from the asylum.as the judge said, “he was just a harmless religious fanatic and regained his sanity.”
However, the Abbot was soon returned to the mental hospital as five psychiatrists were summoned as expert witnesses and found him dangerously insane. This time, he remained in Elgin State Hospital until May 1935, when the court found him sane enough to be released. But immediately after his release, the police arrested him again. Since he was not in Elgin, the state attorney again wanted to reopen the case so that the Abbot, whom he considered a threat to society, would serve his sentence in prison.However, there were no further legal proceedings, since the raped girl did not want to appear in court another time. In total, the Abbot spent about five years in the Elgin State Hospital. During these years, it is likely that the membership of the Church dropped to about a hundred.
Although there were conflicts during the time of Archbishop Schweikert, who was pastor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, the situation deteriorated significantly between 1965 and 1988 when his successor Theodor Rematt arrived and understood the origins of the church.His opposition to everything related to the Abbot led to protracted conflicts. He excommunicated some of the believers in the Abbot, forbidding them even to enter the church building when they protested in the street. On June 19, 1991, he moved to excommunicate Sister Maria Bernadette, stating that she “is no longer a religious woman; [she] no longer [has] the right to occupy any benefit or residence within our jurisdiction. ”
Disputes between the bishop on the one side and Sister Mary Bernadette and part of the congregation on the other side led to a series of lawsuits.Most of them were related to financial problems, as Rematt used money from the monastery and school to build the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart. However, the 1919 common trust agreement gave him supreme authority and he won the proceedings. The number of believers in the Abbot who attended the Church of the Sacred Heart decreased. When Rematt left in 2004, the church building was sold. Although one priest he ordained cared for a small number of parishioners, the closure of the Church meant that the Abbot’s believers were scattered, although some continued and continue to venerate him.
Image # 1: Young Giuseppe Abbate in Chicago.
Image # 2: An abbot on his way from Heaven to Isnello saving the life of his future father.
Image # 3: Heavenly Messenger in the late 1910s – early 1920s.
Image No. 4: Virgin Mary incarnate, c. 1920.
Image # 6: Archbishop John E. Schweikert
Image # 7: Cathedral of the Sacred Heart.
Image No. 8: Archbishop Theodore Rematt from Fr. James W. Craig on the day he was ordained to the priesthood in 1994.
Image No. 9: Giuseppe Abbate: Prince of Peace.
Image # 10: The Heavenly King and his Queen.
Image # 10: Abbot, Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the girl who brought charges against him in 1931.
** Unless otherwise noted, this profile was compiled by Magnus Lundberg and James W. Craig. 2018. Giuseppe Maria Abbate: Italian-American Heavenly Herald Uppsala: University of Uppsala, Faculty of Theology.See this volume for links to original sources, more contextual information and images.
Candelor, Dominic. 2013. Heavenly Herald of the 1920s. Chicago Conference of Catholic Immigrants. Accessed from http://blogs.lib.luc.edu/ccic/the-celestial messenger-1920s / on 15 May 2020.
Catrambone, Katy and Ellen Schubart. 2007. Taylor Street: Little Chicago. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing.
D’Agostino, Peter R. 2004. Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from Risorgimento to Fascism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
Melton, J. Gordon. 2009. Melton’s Encyclopedia of American Religions. at eight Detroit Edition: Gale Research Inc.
Randolph, Vance. 1943. The Americans Who Thought They Were Gods: Colorful Messiahs and Little Christs. Girard: Haldeman-Julius.
Trela, Jonathan. 1979. History of the North American Old Roman Catholic Church. Scranton: Straz Printers.
Vekoli, Rudolph J.1969. Prelates and Peasants: Italian Immigrants and the Catholic Church. Journal of Social History 2: 217-68.
Prior to publication Giuseppe Maria Abbate: Italian-American Celestial Messenger in 2018 there was only a brief mention in the scientific literature (see Randolph 1943: 18; Catrambone and Shubart 2007: 114; and Candeloro 2013) …
For links to the primary sources on which this group profile is based, I refer to our monograph while open access is available.However, after the publication of the book, new source material appeared, which helped to further clarify some aspects of the group’s history and correct some misunderstandings. In these cases, this profile will directly link to the original sources, copies of which are in the archives of Magnus Lundberg in Uppsala.
Copies of other original documents concerning the New Jerusalem Catholic Church and Archbishop Schweiker are in the archives of Magnus Lundberg, Uppsala.
Date of publication:
May 16, 2020
Barbara d’Urso’s biography | 1xmatch
biography • Explore the detail and apply it to art
Barbara D’Urso was born in Naples on May 7, 1957.She made her television debut at the age of 20 on TeleMilano, where she conducted Goal, a daily live program alongside Diego Abatantuono, Theo Teocoli and Massimo Boldi. In 1979 he hosted What Combination, aired on Raidue. She was noticed by Pippo Baudo, who in 1980 wanted her to join him in Domenica in.
Also in 1980, she makes her debut as an actress: Luigi Perelli chooses her for the feature film La casa rossa (with Alida Valli), which is broadcast on Raiuno.The following year, he was among the main characters in the series Crime on Teulada Street; he also hosts for three months “Fresco Fresco”, a daily early evening show live for Rai Uno.
In 1982 he presented Forte Fortissimo, another evening concert at Rai Uno. The following year, she again appeared on video as an actress in the script for Rai Uno’s “Skipper”, which was followed by the French production of “Le Paria”, in which she starred opposite Charles Aznavour. Salvatore Nosita invites her to the TV series Day by Day (1985, broadcast on Rete 4).Then it was Serata da Campioni’s turn to play Raiuno, and on Odeon Tv he hosts X Amore.
His film debut took place in 1984 in the film Erba Selvatica, directed by Franco Campigotto. In 1986 he played in the Metropolitan Blues (Salvatore Piscicelli, with Marina Suma and Ida Di Benedetto).
In 1990 she was featured in Francesco Salvi’s We Love Ourselves Too Much. In 1995, Barbara D’Urso starred in a movie with Renato Pozzetto in the film Mollo Tutto; He then starred in Ettore Scola’s film A Poor Young Man’s Romance.While still on the big screen in 1999, he starred in the drama by Nicola de Rinaldo, The Van Hecken Manuscript; then participates in the film “All the people of morons” by the group Giallappa’s Band
Among the most significant works of the theater of this period we remember “Appuntamento d’amore” (1993, directed by Pino Passalacqua).
On TV In 1995 she hosted “Agenzia” (on Rete 4), then the following season Michele Guardi chose Barbara D’Urso to host Tiberio Timperi on “In Famiglia” on Rai Due.In 1997, she was the protagonist of the successful television series Dottoressa Giò, which aired on Canale 5.
The following year, Barbara again participates in Rete 4 as an actress in the sequel to Dottoressa Giò 2 and as host of Festival della Canzone Napoletana “. In 1999 he took part in the feature film Rai Uno “Girls from the Spanish Steps”.
In 2000, he co-starred in an unusual (at least on television) dramatic role in “Donne di mafia” on Raidue.In 2001, he continues to play a dramatic role in The Inconvenient Woman, aired on Raidue. The following year, he ventured into the main character of the sitcom Hugo on Channel 5 alongside Marco Columbro; he also appears on the TV series America’s Uncle alongside Christian De Sica.
From 1999 to 2001 she worked in the theater as the main character together with Enrico Montesano in the musical by Pietro Garinei “… And, fortunately, there is Maria.”
In the summer of 2002 she performed Lysistratus directed by Walter Manfre.In 2003, he hosted the third edition of the successful Canale 5 reality show, Grande Fratello. He returns to the cinema with the film Per Giusto Omicidio (directed by Diego Febbraro), and on television plays on the set of Orgoglio (Rai Uno) and Rocco (Canale 5).
Subsequent (fourth and fifth) editions of Big Brother are also entrusted to her. In 2005 he hosts a new reality show “La Fattoria”.
He then returns to fiction as the protagonist of Rikominzio da Me (directed by Rossella Izzo, with Stefania Sandrelli, Ricky Tonyazzi, Arnaldo Foe).
In September 2006, he hosted Reality Circus on the first night of Canale 5. In March 2007, he took over as CEO of Uno, Due, Tre, Stalla.
Returned to the theater in 2007 with the comedy “The Oval Bed” directed by Gino Lundy with John Chapman and Ray Cooney.
In 2008, together with journalist Claudio Brachino, hosted the daily program “Mattinocinque”. In 2009 he will leave the morning strip to head the daytime Pommber Five. She is also the host of the Guinness World Records Show.
In 2009 she was entrusted with a Sunday container “Domenica Cinque” with a large plaster of paris.
Barbara D’Urso’s love life has made headlines several times over the years. She had a relationship with singer Memo Remigi (19 years her senior), flirting with Miguel Bose and Vasco Rossi (who dedicated several songs to her, including “Brava” and “Incredible Romantic”). In the 80s, he met entrepreneur and producer Mauro Berardi, with whom he had two children, Gianmauro and Emanuele: the couple broke up in 1993.In 2000, his partner was choreographer Michele Carfora (12 years younger): the two get married in 2002 and then separate in 2006. In 2008, she had an affair with ex-footballer (and ex-husband of Simone Ventura) Stefano Bettarini.
Future plans include starring Meryl Streep in the musical “Mamma mia” on the big screen.
Phrases by Barbara d’Urso
I received the best compliment from two very young girls who, accidentally meeting me, in tears told me: “Thank you for what you are doing for us raped girls”.
I’m popular, not an idiot.
There is a risk of inflation if three programs are run in the same period. The secret is to be honest: if you only act with the intent to cunningly please the public, you will be caught and that is the end.
Yes, I am torn apart, and over the past fifteen years, my children have grown up with a sign in the room: if mom doesn’t work, you don’t eat.
I’m not just a TV person: I started acting when I was 19, even with Alida Valli, when there were still great dramas.I’ve never played Shakespeare, so what? Of course, the audience is attracted by the famous name, but if you are a dog on stage, they will notice it! Rumors spread and the audience is empty.
With the strong and humble, I remain myself. I lost my mother 49 years ago. I worked on it, I went through grief, I did hypnosis and everything I could, but I can’t handle it. I have this hole of love, it is there, I can feel it.
Visit the entire Aforismi.meglio website.it phrases by Barbara d’Urso
Photos and images of Barbara d’Urso
Videos Barbara d’Urso
Related topics and biographies
Diego Abatantuono Theo Benocoli Massimo Boldi Pippo Charlletto Charlloda Iviedo Alieda Salvi Renato Pozzetto Scola Michele Guardi Christian De Sica Enrico Montesano Stefania Sandrelli Ricky Tonyazzi Guinness World Record Miguel Bose Vasco Rossi Simone Ventura Stefano Bettarini Mamma Mia Meryl Barjoe Filmed TV presenters in Barbara d’raturmé 9004 on the same day with Barbara d’Urso.
Pascha 2014 at St George in Cincinnati
What a joyous time of the year, as we emerge from the depths of the dark and cold and are rejuvenated with the coming of spring; the blossoming flowers, budding trees, warm weather, the whole earth comes alive again from a state of dormancy. After months of harsh winter weather, the past few weeks have brought about the change in the seasons, which is fitting as our Lenten period progressed up to Holy Week and finally culminated in Pascha.It seems only fitting that the whole creation would proclaim the Resurrection of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ!
Across the world, the Lenten period is a very busy time for Orthodox Christians, especially during Holy Week. Services were held at St. George on Great Thursday, Great Friday, and Great Saturday leading up to the Paschal Celebration on Sunday. The entire Lenten period was a time for self-reflection, a time to simplify our lives by focusing on fasting and prayer, and to contemplate what our Savior went through during the last week before His Crucifixion.
On Sunday, the faithful of St. George Serbian Orthodox Church filled the nave of the Church to capacity, with members overflowing the narthex and out into the front of the Church to celebrate the Resurrection of Christ! Father Petar, assisted in the altar by acolytes Thompson Brothers, Thomas Frazer, Veljko Uverici, and Adam Meador, celebrated the Paschal Divine Liturgy with many communicants coming to receive the Body and Blood in the form of the Eucharist. Leagsaidh Frazer read the apostle reading, while the choir, led by long-time parishioner Nancy Helbich, sang beautifully as some of our out-of-town parishioners came to sing and celebrate with us.The Heavens truly rejoiced to see so many of our families with children coming to take part in this most special day!
Following the Paschal Service, our children took part in an egg hunt in front of the parish. There were so many smiling faces to be seen on such a sunny, beautiful day – and not just from the children, but the parents and grandparents as well! Thank you to the volunteers who helped hide the eggs and watch over the little ones – may God bless you!
Afterwards, the faithful of St.George gathered into the fellowship hall for a splendid lunch prepared by Mirko, Djuka, and the Šebez family. After many weeks of fasting, the Šebez family demonstrated wonderfully on how breaking the fast is to be done – with delicious sarme, pig roast, and all the trimmings and dessert one could want! Thank you very much for your stewardship in taking on this huge endeavor and may God bless the Sebez family! Also, thank you to Joe and Rada Carfora and children Arianna and Nicole for taking up the stewardship role of being the sponsor for next year’s Paschal Celebration! May God bless you all as well!
Pascha 2014 was a huge success, as it always is.We recorded great attendance and donations, but more importantly, we were able to come together in good health to worship and celebrate Christ trampling down death by death! Let us remember those who could not attend due to poor health and may God bless them! A special thanks to the ladies of KSS who came to clean and prepare the fellowship hall and the sanctuary. Also, thank you to Protinica Gordana and Saša Krsmanović for their labor in painting and cleaning the refreshment area – it looks wonderful!
May we not forget what Christ did for us, with His Death and Resurrection, as we now move on from Pascha into the days leading up to the Ascension and Pentecost.Let us remember that we celebrate the Resurrection each and every Sunday in the form of the Divine Liturgy and the Holy Eucharist and that we should make an effort to attend services more frequently. Let us set the standard for our children and loved ones, that above all things in our lives – our jobs, status, education, sports, hobbies, etc. – that we are Orthodox Christians and this is what defines us. This is what sets us apart from the rest of the world! As a convert to Orthodoxy, I discovered later in my life the beauty of Orthodoxy, but my dear Serbian brothers and sisters, God has granted the Serbs this beauty long ago! Do not let it be diminished by the secular things of this country and this world! Do not let your children casually experience this beauty, but let us guide them in embracing this and carry the light of Orthodoxy to all those whom we encounter in our daily lives! May God bless us all and give us the strength and patience to do these things!
VAISTIN VASKRS! INDEED HE IS RISEN! VOISTINU VOSKRESE! ADEVĂRAT A ÎNVIAT!
VASKRS U SINCINATIЈU, OKHAЈO 2014
Kakvo joyfully doba to the year, climb out of the cudgel tame and cold and sweeten it with the dolasky passage; we bloom the bloom, pupotsima dveћa, we heat in time, the whole earth revives again from the old world. After the last Messeti Ostrog Zimskoe times, the last few weeks were brought to the exchange of gods, like our Posni period before Strasne Week and on the edge of Kulminiralo near Vaskrs. Out of nowhere and whole is the creation of the proclamation of Vaskrse, our Lord and Savior of Jesus Christ!
With a wide world of light, Posni the period is uniquely the time for the Orthodox Christians, deliberately by the current of Strasne week.Divine service su odrzhana at the church Svetog orђa on Veliki Chetvrtak, Veliki Petak and Veliki Subotu waterћand we will be glorified by not yet. the last week of the previous crucifixion.
At the end of the day, return the people of Srpsk to the Orthodox Church of Sts. Orga, with your own child, not the spuniotsrkv, the priory and the port and the glory of Vaskrseja of Christ! Otsu Peter, su were helped by Oltar Braga Thompson, Thomas Frazer, Veљko Uveriћ, and Adam Meador, at the Vaskrshњo Liturgy, a lot of henchmen ki su came and took the Body and Krv in sight of the Eucharist.Leslie Frazer e during the light of the liturgy the apostle read, the doc јe the choir, preceded by the arcane parochian Nancy Helbyћ, the singing of a certain parokhyјanima from other cities, ki su reached da singa and the glory of sa nama. Heaven was truly pleasing to the su se, but the sight of only a few of our parents was a child, who came to take part in the ovom uzvishen and posebnom danu!
Nakon Paschalne light-liturgie, our detsa su took part in the traditional catcher vaskrshњa јaјau crkvenoј porti, ispred parokhiјske crkve.What a beat it was to see only a few laughing faces on the sunchan, and the wondrous given – not the child itself, but the parents and the tank and the soundboard! Praise svim volunteers koi su helped sakriti vaskrshњa јaјa at the port tsrkve and pripazli our daughter, our future. – God bless you!
Nakon toga, return the people to Tsrkve Svetog Ђorђa se јe okupio u Tsrkvenoј sali on a friend and sјaјan ruchak koјi su pinned our mischievous parokhiani Mirko and wife Ђuka Shebez, the mother of orђem and Velom. After many weeks of fasting, the breed Shebez showed how this brzo and how can you inflict goodness for your good – with a bite sarm, oven, and we will remain specialty and kolachima who could self-desire! Praise you Puno for your diligence and for your great poduhvatu.Some God bless Shebez the breed! So, praise to Josef and Radi Karfora kao and deci Ariani and Nikol koјi su se took the ood of diligence and sponsorship for the year 2015 for Vaskrash Glory! Some such God bless them and give them goodness!
Vaskrs 2014 јe bio is a huge success, kaoi perpetuated. We noticed a great growing season and voluntarily an admission, or if it was important, then they washed it away from the herd, and the good health glorified Christ’s Vaskrseya, who is the one who has the gift of the belly of the grave! Setimo se these koјi nisu could have been present to Vaskrsu zbog losheg good health, and God bless them! And bit by bit the sister of the KSS will be taken over and cleaned and primed for the ova, the celebration is great.Takoђe, praise to Protinitsy Gordani and Sasha Krsmanoviћ for њikhov happy for chishћeњu and renoviru male crkvene sala koјa garden wondrously gone!
Neka is not taken away, it is that Christ did for us, for His sake and vaskrsem, because this garden from Vaskrs is approaching danim koјi water to Vaznese and Pedesetnitsa. Seti, behold, and glorified, Vaskrse Svaki, not in the form of the Light of the Liturgy and the Light of the Eucharist, and yes, the need for and all the work and the Czechs are present in the shining of the Divine Service. We put a motive for our child and it is voluntary, the shtones mean a lot in our lives – Our posao, status, education, sports, hobi, etc. – yes, see the Orthodox Christians and then it’s what is the definition of us.That ј it is in us since the rest of the world! Kao is an Orthodox Christian, and Veoma himself is concerned with the openness of his belly to the praise of Orthodoxy, ali moјa draga srpska braћo and sister, God is not done Srbim ov lepotu same! Do not allow the praise of Orthodoxy to be secular with the help of the earth and the light! Do not allow you to be so childishly lazy to live on, they learn to grab the Lordship of the Orthodox, not the very things of them who are susceptible to the day’s belly! God bless some of us and give us a snag and a fortunate taste!
VAISTIN VASKRS! Truly RISEN!
90,000 List of 20th century religious leaders
Wikimedia List Article
- List of 19th Century Religious Leaders – List of 21st Century Religious Leaders – Lists of Religious Leaders by Century
This is a top-level list of leaders for religious groups with at least 50,000 adherents, and it was in the lead in any time from January 1, 1901 to December 31, 2000.Likewise, only leaders listed in other articles and lists should be listed.
- Soka Gakkai –
- Thai Buddhism –
- Vajirananavarorasa, Somdet and Supreme Patriarch (1910-1921)
- Kromma Luang Jinavorn Sirivaddhana, Somdet and Supreme Patriarch 9048-487 1938-1944)
- Momrajavong Chuen Noppavong, Somdet and the Supreme Patriarch (1945-1958)
- Kittisobhana Fruit, Somdet Phra and the Supreme Patriarch (1960-1962)
- Yu Nanodayo, Somdet Phrah and 1948
- Chuan Uttayi, Somdet Phra and the Supreme Patriarch (1965-1971)
- Poon Punnasiri, Somdet Phra and the Supreme Patriarch (1972-1973)
- Ariyavangsaghatayana, Somdet Phra and the Supreme Patriarch (197348-1988) and Supreme Patriarch (1989-present)
- Utrecht Church –
- Old Catholic Church of America –
- Paul Francis Cope May, Archbishop (1925-1953)
- Archbishop (1925-1953)
- Archbishop Xavier 19531948 Rech Walter Xavier Brown, Archbishop (1963-1997)
- James Edward Bostwick, Archbishop (1997-2009)
- North American Old Roman Catholic Church –
- Old Roman Catholic Church in North America – North American Old Roman Catholic Church –
- Catholic Church, California Archdiocese –
- North American Old Roman Catholic Church, Archdiocese of New York –
- Old Catholic Church of Canada –
- Polish Catholic Church, (called the Polish National Catholic Church until 1951).) –
- Franciszek Khodur, Founder and First Bishop (1907-1953)
- Bishop College (1951-1957)
- Julian Penkala, Bishop (1957-1959)
- Maximilian Rohde, Bishop (1958-
- ) Julian Penkala, Bishop (1965-1975)
- Tadeusz Majewski, Bishop (1975-1994)
- Viktor Wysochanski, Bishop Rector (1995-present)
- Polish National Catholic Church of America –
- Brazilian Apostolic Church –
- Old Catholic Church of the Mariavites –
- Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan Church) –
- Gregorio Aglipay and Labayan, Supreme Bishop (1902-1940)
- Santiago Fonassier, Supreme Bishop (1940-1946) Xardio Bishop
- Isabelo de los Reyes Jr., Supreme Bishop (1946-1971)
- Macario V.Ha, Supreme Bishop (1971-1981)
- Abdias de la Cruz, Supreme Bishop (1981-1987)
- Soliman Ganno, Supreme Bishop (1987-1989)
- Tito Pasco, Supreme Bishop (1989-1993)
- Alberto B. Ramento, Supreme Bishop (1993-1999)
- Thomas A. Millamena, Supreme Bishop (1999-2005)
- Church of Constantinople – (full list), first among equals to Eastern Orthodoxy
- Constantine V, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1897-1901)
- Joachim III, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1901-1912)
- Hermanus V, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1913-1918)
- Patriarch of Constantinople IV (1921-1923)
- Gregory VII, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1923-1924)
- Constantine VI, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1924-1925)
- Vasil III, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1925-1929)
- Photius II, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1929-1935)
- Benjamin I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1936-1946)
- Maximus V, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1946-1948) (Maximus V, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
- Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1948-1972)
- Demetrius I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1972-1991)
- Bartholomew I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1991-present)
- Orthodox Church Church of Alexandria (full list) –
- Photius, Patriarch of Alexandria (1900-1925)
- Meletius II, Patriarch of Alexandria (1926-1935)
- Nicholas V, Patriarch of Alexandria (1936-1939)
- Christopher II, Patriarch of Alexandria ( 1939-1966)
- free (1966-1968)
- Nicholas VI, Patriarch of Alexandria (1968-1986)
- Parthenius III, Patriarch of Alexandria (1987-1996)
- Peter VII, Patriarch of Alexandria (1997-2004)
- Church of Antioch (complete list) –
- Meletius II (Doumani), Patriarchs of Antioch (1899-1906)
- Gregory IV ( Haddad), Patriarch of Antioch (1906-1928)
- Alexander III (Tahan), Patriarch of Antioch (1928-1958)
- Arseny II (Haddad), Patriarch of Antioch (schism, 1930-1931)
- Theodosius VI ), Patriarch of Antioch (1958-1970)
- Elias IV (Muawad), Patriarch of Antioch (1970-1979)
- Ignatius IV (Hazim), Patriarch of Antioch (1979-2012)
- Bulgarian Orthodox Church (full list) –
- Joseph I of Bulgaria, Exarch, (1877-1915)
- Sophia Party, Metropolitan (1915-1918)
- Vasily Dorostol-Chervensky, Metropolitan (1918-1921)
- Maxim of Plovdiv, Metropolitan (19821-1928) 9048
- Clement Vratsky, Metropolitan (1928-1930) 9 0488
- Neophyte (Karaabov) Vidinsky, Metropolitan (1930-1944)
- Stephan (Shokov) Bulgarian, Metropolitan (1944-1945)
- Stephen I of Bulgaria, Exarch (1945-1948)
- Mikhail Dorostolsky, Metropolitan (1948-1949 )
- Paisiy Vratsky, Metropolitan (1949-1951)
- Kirill of Bulgaria, Metropolitan (1951-1953)
- Kirill of Bulgaria, Patriarch of All Bulgaria (1953-1971)
- Maxim (Minkov) Bulgaria, Patriarch of All Bulgaria (1971- 2012)
- Cypriot Orthodox Church (full list) –
- Sophronius III, Archbishop of Nea Justinian and all Cyprus (1865-1909)
- Cyril II, Archbishop of Nea Justinian and all Cyprus (1909 90-1916)
Archbishop Nea Justinian and all Cyprus (1916-1947)
- Leontius, Archbishop Nea Justinian and all Cyprus (1947)
- Makarios II, Archbishop (1947-1950)
- Makarios III, Archbishop 9048-487 I of Cyprus, Archbishop Nea Justinian and all of Cyprus (1977-2006)
- Flavian (Gorodetsky), Exarch of Georgia (1898-1901)
- Alexey (Opochtsky), Exarch (1901-1905)
- Nikolay (Nalimov), Exarch of Georgia (1905-1906)
- Nikon (Sophia), Exarch of Georgia (1906-1908)
- Innokenty (Belyaev), Exarch of Georgia (1909-1913)
- Alexey (Molchanov), Exarch of Georgia (1913-1914)
- Pitirim (Oknov), Exarch of Georgia (1914-1915)
- Platon (Rozhdestvensky), Exarch of Georgia (1915-1917)
- Kirion II, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia ( 1917-1918)
- Leonid, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1918-1921)
- Ambrose, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1921-1927)
- Christopher III, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1927-1932)
- Kallistra , Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1932-1952)
- Melchizedek III, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1952-1960)
- Ephraim II, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1960-1972)
- David V, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1972-1977)
- Ilia II, Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia (1977 – present)
- Procopius II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1896-1901)
- Theokletos I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1902-1917 (first))
- Meletius III, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1918-1920)
- Theokletos I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1920-1922 (second))
- Zlatoust I, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1923-1938)
- Chrysanthus of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1938-1941)
- Damascus, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1941-1949)
- Spyridon of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1949-1956)
- Dorotheos of Athens, Archbishop of Athens All Greece (1956-1957) 904 88
- Theokletos II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1957-1962)
- James III, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1962)
- Chrysostom II, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1962-1967)
- Jerome I, Archbishop I and All Greece (1967-1973)
- Seraphim of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1973-1998)
- Christodulus of Athens, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1998-2008)
- Tikhon (Bellavin), Bishop of Aleutian and Alaska (1898-1900)
- Tikhon (Bellavin), Archbishop (until 1905)- Bishop) Aleutian and North America (1900 – 1907)
- Plato (Rozhdestvensky), Archbishop of Aleutian and North America (1907-1914)
- Plato (Rozhdestvensky), Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1922-1934)
- Evdokim ( Meshchersky), Archbishop of Aleutian and North America (1914-1918)
- Alexander (Nemolovsky), Archbishop of Aleutian and North America (1919-1922)
- Theophilus (Pashkovsky), Archbishop of San Francisco, Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1934 1950)
- Leonty (Turkevich), Archbishop of New York, Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1950-1965)
- Irenaeus (Bekish), Archbishop of New York, Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1965-1977)
- Theodosius ( Lazor), Archbishop of New York, Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1977-1980), Archbishop of Washington, Metropolitan of All America and Canada (1981-2002)
- George (Yaroshevsky), Metropolitan Warsaw cue and all Poland (1921-1923)
- Dionysius (Valedinsky), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1923-1947, recognized by Constantinople until 1960)
- Timoteusz (Schrötter) of Bialystok-Gdansk (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1947-1951, recognized by Moscow)
- Macarius (Oksanyuk), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1951-1959, recognized by Moscow)
- Timoteush (Schrötter) Bialystok-Gdansk (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw (1959-1962, recognized by Moscow, Constantinople since 1961)
- Jerzy (Korenostov) Lodz-Poznansky (acting), Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1962-1965)
- Stefan Polsky, Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1965-1969)
- Jerzy (Korenostov) Lodz-Poznansky (acting ), Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1969-1970)
- Vasily (Doroshkevich), Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1970-1998)
- Sabbas (Hrycuniak), Metropolitan of Warsaw and All Poland (1998 – present time)
- Joseph, Metropolitan of the Hungarian-Wallachian and Primate of All Romania (1886-1893, 1896-1909)
- Athanasie, Metropolitan of the Hungarian-Wallachian and Primate of All Romania) (1909–1948)
- Konon, Metropolitan of the Hungarian-Wallachian and Primate of All Romania (1912-1919)
- Miron Cristea, Metropolitan of the Hungarian-Wallachian and Primate of All Romania (1919-1925)
- Miron Cristea, Patriarch of All Romania (1925 90-19487)
Munteanu, Patriarch of All Romania (1939-1948)
- Vladimir, Metropolitan of Moscow (1898-1912)
- Macarius II, Metropolitan of Moscow (1912-1917)
- Tikhon of Moscow, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1 917-1925)
- Peter Krutitsky, Patriarchal Locum Tenens (1925-1936)
- Sergiy (Stragorodsky), Acting Patriarchal Locum Tenens (1925-1926)
- Seraphim (Samoilovich), Acting 908 patriarchal locum tenens (1948) Stragorodsky) Acting Patriarchal Locum Tenens (1926-1936), Patriarchal Locum Tenens (1936-1943), Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1943-1944)
- Alexy I, and.O. (1944-1945), Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1945-1970)
- Pimen I, acting (1970-1971), Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia 1971-1990)
- Philaret (Denisenko) of Kiev, Patriarchal Locum Tenens (1990)
- Alexy II of Russia, Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (1990-2008)
- Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia –
- Serbian Orthodox Church –
- George II Brankovic, Archbishop of Karlovci and Patriarch of Serbs (1888-1907)
- Lucian Bogdanovich, Archbishop Grub198 Mikhaylo and Patriarch 9048 , Karlovtsi and Patriarch of Serbs (1913-1914)
- Miron Nikolic, Archbishop of Karlovtsi and Patriarch of Serbs (1914-1918)
- George III Letic, Archbishop of Karlovci and Patriarch of Serbs (1919-1920)
- Archbishop of Serbs and Patriarch of Serbs, Pecs (1920-1930)
- Barnabas, Archbishop of Pec and Serbian Patriarch (1930-1937)
- Gabrilo V, Archbishop of Pec and Serbian Patriarch (1938-1950)
- Vikentije II, Archbishop of Pec and Serbian Patriarch (1950–1958)
- German, Archbishop of Pec and Serbian Patriarch (1958–1990)
- Pavle, Archbishop of Pec and Serbian Patriarch (1990–2009)
- Orthodox Church
- Montenegrin Orthodox Church –
- Orthodox Church of Finland – (full list)
- Orthodox Church of Estonia –
- Alexander, Archbishop of Tallinn and All Estonia (1920-1923)
- Alexander, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1923-1953)
- 0, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1944–0)
- Athenagoras I of Thyatira, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1953–1962)
- Athenagoras II of Thyatira, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1963–1978)
- Io Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1996-1999)
- Stefanos, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (1999-present)
- Orthodox Church of Latvia –
- Orthodox Church of Japan
- Orthodox Church of China –
- Macedonian Orthodox Church – Archdiocese of Ohrid
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia
- Ukrainian Orthodox Church Patriarch 9047 Kiev (1992-1993)
- Vladimir, Patriarch of Kiev (1993-1995)
- Filaret, Patriarch of Kiev (1995-present)
- Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), not canonically recognized –
- Theognost II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1900-1903)
- Flavian, Metropolitan of Kiev (1903-1915)
- Vladimir I, Metropolitan of Kiev (1915-1918)
- Anthony II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1918-1936)
- Nazary of Cherkassk, Metropolitan of Kiev 1919-1921)
- Mikhail Grodno and Brest, Metropolitan Opole of Kiev (1921-1924)
- Michael III, Metropolitan of Kiev (1924-1929)
- Dmitry, Metropolitan of Kiev (1930-1932)
- Sergius, Metropolitan of Kiev (1932-1934)
- Constantine III, Metropolitan of Kiev (1934 –1937)
- Nicholas II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1941-1944)
- John V, Metropolitan of Kiev (1944-1964)
- Joasaph II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1964-1966)
- Philaret II, Metropolitan of Kiev (1966-1992 )
- Volodymyr Sabodan, Metropolitan of Kiev (1992 – present)
- Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church, not recognized canonically –
- Oleksiy Hromadsky, (1941-1943)
- Panteleimon Rudyk, (1943-
Mstislav , Patriarch (? –1993)
- Croatian Orthodox Church
- Macedonian Orthodox Church
- Belarusian Autocephalous Church All Belarus (1922-1931)
- Vacant? , Metropolitan of Minsk and All Belarus (1931–1942)
- Panteleimon, Metropolitan of Minsk and All Belarus (1942–1946)
- Galaction, Metropolitan (1955–1956)
- Glicheri, Metropolitan (1956–1985)
- Sylvester, Metropolitan (1985–1992)
- Blasie, Metropolitan (1992 – present)
9048 Archbishop of Moscow (1934-1938)
- Nikola [RU], Archbishop of Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1923–1934)
- Stefan [RU], Archbishop Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1934–1937 )
- Mikhail [RU], Archbishop of Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1938-1944)
- John [RU], Archbishop of Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1944-1956)
- Epifani, Archbishop of Novozybkovsky (1956-1965)
- Ieyermiya [RU], Archbishop Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1965-1969)
- Pavel [RU], Archbishop Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1969-1977)
- Varsonofi, Archbishop iy, Moscow and All Russia (1977-1979)
- Gennady [RU], Archbishop of Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1979-1996)
- Aristarchus [RU], Archbishop Novozybkovsky, Moscow and All Russia (1996-2000)
- Alexander [RU], titled Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia (2000-2002)
- Armenian Apostolic Church –
- Armenian Apostolic Church –
- Grigor (acting 1895– 1902)
- Sahak II, Catholicos of Cilicia (1902-1939)
- Eghishe, Catholicos of Cilicia (1940-1942)
- Khad, Catholicos of Cilicia (1942-1945)
- Karekin I, Catholicos of Cilicia (1948-19487) (19487 Karekin I, 9043-487) (19487) Khad, Catholicos of Cilicia (1952-1955)
- Dawn I, Catholicos of Cilicia (1956-1963)
- Khoren I, Catholicos of Cilicia (1963-1983)
- Karekin II, Catholicos of Cilicia (1983-1995) Iram
Catholicos Key Lycia (1995-present)
- Matteos, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1889-1926)
- Cyril, Metropolitan
87) (19278-1948) Abraham, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1936-1939)
- Johannis, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1939-1945)
- Kirill, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1945-1950)
- Basilios, Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1951 90-19489) Basilios
- National Association of Evangelicals
- Harold Okenga, President (1942-1944)
- Leslie Roy Marston, President (1944-46, President
- Stephen W.Payne, President (1948–50)
- Frederick C. Fowler, President (1950–52)
- Paul S. Rees, President (1952–54)
- Henry H. Savage, President (1954–56)
- Paul P. Petticord, President (1956–58)
- Herbert S. Mikil, President (1958–60)
- Thomas F. Zimmerman, President (1960–62)
- Robert A. Cook, President (1962–64)
- Jared F. Gehrig, President (1964–66)
- Rufus Jones, President (1966–68)
- Arnold Olson, President (1968–70)
- Hudson T.Armerding, President (1970–72)
- Myron F. Boyd, President (1972–74)
- Paul E. Thoms, President (1974–76)
- Nathan Bailey, President (1976–78)
- Karl H. Lundqvist President (1978–80)
- J. Floyd Williams President (1980–82)
- Arthur Evans Gay Jr. President (1982–84)
- Robert W. McIntyre President (1984–86)
- Ray H. Hughes, President (1986–88)
- John H. White, President (1988–90)
- B. Edgar Johnson, President (1990–92)
- Don Argu, President (1992–98)
- Kevin Mannoya, President (1999-2001)
- Baptist World Alliance –
- John Clifford, President (1905-1911)
- President Robert Stuart 1911 MacArthur
- Edgar Young Mullins, President (1923-1928)
- John McNeill, President (1928-1934)
- George Washington Truett, President (1934-1939)
- James Henry Rushbrook, President (1939-1947)
- Charles Oscar Johnson, President (1947-1950)
- Fred Townley Lord, President (1950-1955)
- Theodore Floyd Adams, President (1955-1960)
- Joao Filson Soren, President (1960-1965)
- William R.Tolbert Jr., President (1965-1970)
- Carney Hargroves, President (1970-1975)
- David Wong, President (1975-1980)
- Duke Kimbrough McCall, President (1980-1985)
- Noel Vose, President ( 1985-1990)
- Knud Wumpleman, President (1990-1995)
- Nilson Do Amaral Fanini, President (1995-2000)
- North America
- Daniel Vestal, Coordinator (since 1996present)
- Paul S. Morton, International Presiding Bishop (1994-present)
- Southern Baptist Convention (Complete List) –
- W.A. Chrisell , President (1968-1970)
- Jimmy Allen, President (1977-1979)
- Adrian Rogers, President (1 time, 1979-1980)
- Bailey Smith, President (1980-1982)
- James T. Draper Jr. , President (1982-1984)
- Charles F.Stanley, President (1984-1986)
- Adrian Rogers, President (second time, 1986-1988)
- Jerry Vines, President (1988-1990)
- Morris Chapman, President (1990-1992)
- H. Edwin Young President (1992-1994)
- Jim Henry, President (1994-1996)
- Tom Elliff, President (1996-1998)
- Paige Patterson, President (1998-2000)
- James Merritt, President (2000-2002 )
- Bible Missionary Church –
- Roger Moyer, General Moderator (since 1987)present)
- Alvy Jarratt, General Moderator (1999-present)
- Christian and Missionary Union (US) –
- Albert Benjamin Simpson, Founder and President (1887-1919)
- Paul Rader, President (1919-1920)
- Frederick Zenft, President (circa 1920)
- Harry M. Schumann, President (c. 1920-1946)
- Louis L. King, President (until 1987)
- David Rambo , President (c.1987-2005)
- Church of Christ (Holiness) USA.-
- Senior Bishop
- Charles Price Jones, Senior Bishop, (1907–1949)
- Major Rudd Konik, Senior Bishop, (1949–1992)
- Maurice D. Bingham, Senior Bishop (1996–2004)
- Senior Bishop
- Church of the Nazarene –
- Phineas F. Brezi, General Superintendent (1907-1915)
- Hiram F. Reynolds, General Superintendent (1907-1932)
- Supgar Ellison )
- Edward F.Walker, General Superintendent (1911-1918)
- William C. Wilson, General Superintendent (1915)
- John W. Goodwin, General Superintendent (1916-1940)
- Roy T. Williams, General Superintendent (198-1946) 9048
- J. B. Chapman, General Superintendent (1928-1947)
- Joseph G. Morrison, General Superintendent (1936-1939)
- Howard Miller, General Superintendent (1940-1948)
- Orval J. Niz, General Superintendent ( 1940-1944, 1948-1950)
- Hardy Powers, General Superintendent (1944-1968)
- Gideon B.Williamson, General Superintendent (1946-1968)
- Samuel Young, General Superintendent (1948-1972)
- Daniel Vanderpool, General Superintendent (1949-1964)
- Hugh K. Banner, General Superintendent) (195482-1968)
-1968 H. Lewis, General Superintendent (1960-1985)
- George Coulter, General Superintendent (1960-1985)
- Edward Lawlor, General Superintendent (1968-1976)
- Eugene Stowe, General Superintendent 9048-1993) Orville Jenkins, General Superintendent (1968-1985)
- Charles H.Strickland, General Superintendent (1972–1988)
- William M. Greathouse, General Superintendent (1976–1989)
- Gerald Johnson, General Superintendent (1980–1997)
- Raymond Hearn, General Superintendent
- ) (1985–1 A. Knight, General Superintendent (1985-2001)
- Donald Owens, General Superintendent (1989-1997)
- William J. Prince, General Superintendent (1989-2001)
- James Deal, General Superintendent (1993-2009)
- Paul Cunningham, General Superintendent (1993-2009)
- Jim Bond, General Superintendent (1997-2005)
- Jerry D.Porter, General Superintendent (1997-present)
- The Primary Church of God or Consecrated Church
- Charles W. Gray, National Bishop (1907-1945)
- William Crosby, National Bishop (1945-1952)
- T. R. Jeffries, National Bishop (1952-1959)
- C.A. McLaurin, National Bishop (? -1966)
- Pillar of Fire International –
- Salvation Army (complete list) –
- William Booth, Founder and General (1865 / 1878-1912)
- Bramwell Booth, General (1912-1929)
- Edward Higgins, General (1929-1934)
- Evangeline Booth (f), General (1934-1939)
- George Carpenter, General (1939-1946)
- Albert Orsborne, General (1946-1954)
- Wilfred Kitching, General (1954-1963)
- Frederick Cutts, General (1963-1969)
- Eric Wickberg, General (19698-1974)
- Clarence Wiseman, General (1974-1977)
90 487 Arnold Brown, General (1977-1981)
- Jarl Wallström, General (1981-1986)
- Eva Burroughs (f), General (1986-1993)
- Bramwell Tillsley, General (1993-1994)
- Paul Raider General (1994-1999)
- John Gowans, General (1999-2002)
- Lutheran World Federation –
- Anders Nigren (Sweden) President (1947-1952)
- (Hans Lillier West Germany), President (1952-1957)
- Franklin Clark Fry (USA), President (1957-1963)
- Fredrik A.Shiots (USA), President (1963-1970)
- Mikko E. Juva (Finland), President (1970-1977)
- Josiah M. Kibira (Tanzania), President (1977-1984)
- Zoltan Kaldy (Hungary) President (1984-1987)
- Johannes Hanselmann (West Germany) President (1987-1990)
- Gottfried Brackmeier (Brazil) President (1990-1997)
- Christian Krause (Germany) President (1997-2003)
- Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod –
- Evangelical Lutheran Church in America –
- American Lutheran Church –
- Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Wisconsin –
- Lutheran Church in America –
- Telmor Sartison, National Bishop (1993-2001)
- Swedish Church –
- Johan August Ekman, Archbishop of Uppsala (1900-1913)
- Nathan Söderblom, Archbishop of Uppsala (1914–1914 1931)
- Erling Eydem, Archbishop of Uppsala (1931-1950)
- Yngve Briliot, Archbishop of Uppsala (1950-1958)
- Gunnar Haltgren, Archbishop of Uppsala (1958-1967)
- Olof Sundby, Archbishop of Uppsala (1972–1983)
- Bertil Werkström, Archbishop of Uppsala (1983–1993)
- Gunnar Veman, Archbishop of Uppsala (1993–1997)
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America –
–487 Karl Gouppie 1997
- World Assemblies of God –
- Assemblies of God, USA –
- N.Bell General Superintendent (1914, 1920–23)
- John W. Welch, General Superintendent (1914–1919, 1923)
- William T. Gaston, General Superintendent (1924–1929)
- Ernest S. Williams, General Superintendent ( 1929–1949)
- Wesley R. Stilberg, General Superintendent (1949–1952)
- Gail F. Lewis, General Superintendent (1952–1953)
- Ralph M. Riggs, General Superintendent (1953–1959)
- Thomas Fr.
- Zimmermann, General Superintendent (1959-1985)
- G.Raymond Carlson, General Superintendent (1986-1993)
- Thomas E. Trask, General Superintendent (1993-2007)
- International Circle of Faith –
- Ray Cornell, Bishop (1931-1969)
- Sandford Wede 1969-2001)
- Grace Community International (until 2009 the Universal Church of God from 1968-2009) –
- New Apostolic Church –
- African Methodist Episcopal Church –
- ClementFew, General Secretary (2000-present)
- Free Methodist Church in Canada –
- Iglesia Evangelica Metodista en las Islas Filipinas –
- Nicholas V. Zamora, General Superintendent (1909-1914)
- Alejandro J. Reyes, General Superintendent (1914-1922)
- Victoriano Mariano, General Superintendent (1922-1928)
- Francisco Gregorio, General Superintendent (1928-1939)
- Mathias B.Valdez, General Superintendent (1939-1948)
- Eusebio Tech, General Superintendent (1948-1952)
- Marcelino C. Gutierrez, General Superintendent (1952-1953)
- Lazaro J. Trinidad, Superintendent General
- Geronimo P. Maducdock, General Superintendent (1972-1980)
- George F. Castro, General Superintendent (1980-2000)
- Nathaniel P. Lazaro, General Superintendent (2000-present)
- Methodist Church
- Francis C.F. Grant, President (1961-1966)
- T. Wallace Coomson, President (1966-1973)
- Charles K. Yamoa, President (1973-1977)
- C. Avotvi Pratt, President (1977-1979)
- Samuel B. Essamois, President (1979-1984)
- K. Avotvi Pratt, President (1984-1985)
- Jacob S.A. Stephens, President (1985-1990)
- Kwesi A. Dixon, President (1990-1997)
- Samuel Asante Antvi, President and Presiding Bishop (1997-2003) 
- Methodist Church in Singapore –
- Methodist work in South and Southeast Asia
- James M.Toburn, Bishop and Superintendent (1888-1904)
- William F. Oldham, Bishop and Superintendent (1904-1912)
- John E. Robinson, Bishop and Superintendent (1912-1914)
- William P. (1914-1916)
- John E. Robinson and J.W. Robinson, Bishops and Superintendents (1916-1920)
- George H. Bickley, Bishop and Superintendent (1920-1924)
- Titus Lowe, Bishop and Superintendent 1924-1928)
- Edwin F. Lee, Bishop and Superintendent (1928-1948)
- Southeast Asia and Central Asia Conference
- Raymond L.Archer, Bishop (1950-1956)
- Hobart B. Amstutz, Bishop (1956-1964)
- Robert F. Lundy, Bishop (1964-1968)
- Methodist Church in Malaysia and Singapore
- Yap Kim Hao, Bishop (1968-1973)
- Theodore R. Doraisamy, Bishop (1973-1976)
- Singapore Methodist Church
- Kao Jih Chung, Bishop (1976-1984)
- Ho Chee Sin1996 )
- Wong Kiam Thau, Bishop (1996-2000)
- Robert M.Solomon, Bishop (2000 – present)
- Methodist Church of South Africa –
- William B Rayner, President (1900–1901)
- Alfred T Rhodes, President (1901–1902)
- Robert Lamplough, President (1902-1903)
- Nendrick Abrahams, President (1903-1904)
- Ezra Nuttal, President (1904-1905)
- Arthur P Chaplin, President (1905-1906)
- Richard F Hornabrook, President (1906- 1907)
- William J Hacker, President (1907-1908)
- George Weaver, President (1908-1909)
- Wesley Hurt, President (1909-1911)
- Joseph Metcalf, President (1911-1912)
- Albert H Hodges, President (1912-1913)
- William Pescod, President (1913-1914)
- T Edward Marsh, President (1914-1915)
- Robert Matterson, President (1915-1916)
- Griffith W Rogers, President (1916-1917)
- Henry Cotton, President (1917-1918) 90 488
- Samuel Clark, President (1918-1919)
- James Pendl Reebury, President (1919-1920)
- George Robson, President (1920-1921)
- Arthur J Lennard, President (1921-1922)
- Charles S Lucas , President (1922-1923)
- John W Househam, President (1923-1924)
- John W Watkinson, President (1924-1925)
- Frederick Holmes, President (1925-1926)
- Andrew Graham, President (1926 –1927)
- Theo R Curnick BD, President (1927–1928)
- William Flint DD, President (1928–1929)
- Geo HP Jacques, President (1929–1930)
- Allen Lea, President (1930–1931 )
- Ernest Titcomb, President (1931-1932)
- John A Allcock, President (1932-1933)
- William Meara, President (1933-1934)
- Henry W Goodwin, President (1934-1935)
- Thomas Stanton, President (1935-1936)
- A Arthur Wellington, President (1936-1937)
- Willia m Meara, President (1937-1938)
- Edwin Bottrill, President (1938-1939)
- Lorenzo SH Wilkinson, President (1939-1940)
- William Eveleigh, President (1940-1941)
- William B Allcock, President (1941-1942)
- Arnold Nichols, President (1942-1943)
- William W Shilling, President (1943-1944)
- William Whalley, President (1944-1945)
- William Meara, President (1945-1946)
- Cecil C Harris, President (1946-1947)
- E Lyn Cragg, President (1947-1948)
- Edward W Grant, President (1948-1949)
- Joseph B Webb, President (1949-1950)
- Stanley Le Grove-Smith, President (1950-1951)
- Alison EF Garrett, President (1951-1952)
- J Wesley Hunt, President (1952-1953)
- Herbert W Rist, President (1953-1954)
- Joseph B Webb, President (1954-1955)
- Stanley B Sudbury, President (1955-1956)
- William Illsl ey, President (1956-1957)
- Clifford K Storey, President (1957-1958)
- C Edgar Wilkinson, President (1958-1959)
- Leslie A Hewson, President (1959-1960)
- Frank H Edmonds, President (1960-1961)
- Joseph B Webb, President (1961-1962)
- Deryck P Dugmore, President (1962-1963)
- Stanley G Pitts, President (1963-1964)
- Seth M Mokitimi, President ( 1964-1965)
- Wilfred W Hartley, President (1965-1966)
- Robert C Bellis, President (1966-1967)
- LGS Griffiths, President (1967-1968)
- Cyril Wilkins, President (1968-1969)
- Derrick W Timm, President (1969-1970)
- C Edgar Wilkinson, President (1970-1971)
- Alex L Boraine, President (1971-1972)
- Stanley G Pitts, President (1972-1973)
- Jotham C Mvusi, President (1973-1974)
- Vivian W Harris, President (1974-1975)
- Abel E Hendricks, Presi dent (1975-1976)
- Charles R Stephenson, President (1976-1977)
- Abel E Hendricks, President (1977-1978)
- Donald C Veysie, President (1978-1979)
- Andrew M Losaba, President ( 1979-1980)
- Howard F Kirby, President (1980-1981)
- T Simon N Gqubule, President (1981-1982)
- Khoza EM Mgojo, President (1982-1983)
- Fremont C Louw, President (1983 –1984)
- Peter J Storey, President (1984–1985)
- Ernest N Baartman, President (1985–1986)
- John P Scholtz, President (1986–1987)
- Khoza EM Mgojo, President (1987–1988 )
- M Stanley Mogoba, President (1988-1998)
- H Mvume Dandala, President (1998-2003)
- Secretary General
- Alfred T Rhodes, General Secretary (1899-1901)
- Ezra Nuttal, General Secretary (1901-1904)
- Arthur P Chaplin, General Secretary (1904-1905)
- Charles P ettman, General Secretary (1905-1911)
- Henry Cotton, General Secretary (1911-1917)
- James Robb, General Secretary (1917-1920)
- John W Househam, General Secretary (1920-1923)
- William HP Clulow, General Secretary (1923-1926)
- Alfred A Stile, General Secretary (1926-1927)
- William HP Clulow, General Secretary (1927-1928)
- Thomas Stanton, General Secretary (1928-1934)
- Arthur C File, General Secretary (1934-1938)
- William H Irving, General Secretary (1938-1939)
- Arthur C File, General Secretary (1939-1940)
- William H Irving, General Secretary (1940-1942)
- Edward W Grant, General Secretary (1942-1943)
- FJ Rhead Marsh, General Secretary (1943-1945)
- Alison EF Garrett, General Secretary (1945-1951)
- Stanley B Sudbury, General Secretary (1951-1953 )
- Frank H Edmonds, General Secretary (1953-1960) 9048 8
- Lloyd G Griffiths, General Secretary (1960-1961)
- Alison EF Grant, General Secretary (1961-1962)
- Stanley B Sudbury, General Secretary (1962-1973)
- Cyril Wilkins, General Secretary (1973-1982 )
- M Stanley Mogoba, General Secretary (1982-1988)
- Vivian Harris, General Secretary (1988-2001)
- Seventh-day Adventists (complete list) –
- George …Irwin, General Conference President (1897-1901)
- Arthur G. Daniells, General Conference President (1901-1922)
- William A. Spicer, General Conference President (1922-1930)
- Charles H. Watson, General Conference President (1930-1936)
- J. Lamar McElhany, General Conference President (1936-1950)
- William H. Branson, General Conference President (1950-1954)
- Reuben R. Figuhr, General Conference President (1954-1966)
- Robert H.Pearson, General Conference President (1966-1979)
- Neil S. Wilson, General Conference President (1979-1990)
- Robert S. Folkenberg, General Conference President (1990-1999)
- Jan Paulsen, General Conference President (1999 2010)
- Reunification Church in Australia –
- Secretary General
- United Church of Canada –
- George C. Pidgeon, Moderator (1925-1926)
- James Endicott, Moderator (1926–1928 )
- William T.Gunn, Moderator (1928-1930)
- Edmund H. Oliver, Moderator (1930-1932)
- T. Albert Moore, Moderator (1932-1934)
- Richard Roberts, Moderator (1934-1936)
- Peter Bryce, Moderator (1936-1938)
- John W. Woodside, Moderator (1938-1940)
- Aubrey S. Tuttle, Moderator (1940-1942)
- John RP Sclater, Moderator (1942-1944)
- Jesse H. Arnup , Moderator (1944-1946)
- Thomas W. Jones, Moderator (1946-1948)
- Willard E.Brewing, Moderator (1948-1950)
- Clarence M. Nicholson, Moderator (1950-1952)
- Alexander A. Scott, Moderator (1952-1954)
- George Dorey, Moderator (1954-1956)
- James S. Thomson, Moderator (1956-1958)
- Angus J. MacQueen, Moderator (1958-1960)
- Hugh A. McLeod, Moderator (1960-1962)
- James R. Mutchmor, Moderator (1962-1964)
- Ernest M. Howes, Moderator (1964-1968)
- Wilfred C. Lockhart, Moderator (1966-1968)
- Robert Byrd McClure, Moderator (1968-1971)
- Arthur B.B. Moore, Moderator (1971-1972)
- Bruce McLeod, Moderator (1972-1974)
- Wilbur K. Howard, Moderator (1974-1977)
- George M. Tuttle, Moderator (1977-1980)
- Lois M. Wilson, Moderator (1980-1982)
- W. Clarke MacDonald, Moderator (1982-1984)
- Robert F. Smith, Moderator (1984-1986)
- Anne M. Squire, Moderator (1986-1988)
- Sang Chul Lee, Moderator (1988-1990)
- Walter H. Farquharson, Moderator (1990-1992)
- Stan McKay, Moderator (1992-1994)
- Marion Best, Moderator (1994-1997)
- Bill Phip , Moderator (1997-2000)
- Marion Purdy, Moderator (2000-2003)
Provinces of the Anglican Communion
- John Wright, Primate (1910-1933)
- Henry Le Fanu, Primate (1935-1946)
- Howard Mull, Primate (1947-1958)
- Hugh Gough, Primate (1959-1966)
- Philip Strong, Primate (1966-1970)
- Frank Woods, Primate (1971-1977)
- Marcus Loan, Primate (1978-1982)
- John Grindrod, Primate (1982-1989)
- Keith Reiner, Primate (1990-1999)
- Peter Carnley, Primate (2000-2005)
- Robert Mahray, Primate (1893-1904)
- William B.Bond, Primate (1904-1906)
- Arthur Sweetman, Primate (1907-1909)
- Samuel Pritchard Matheson, Primate (1909-1931)
- Clarendon Lamb Worrell, Primate (1931-1934)
- Owen Primate (1934-1947)
- George Frederick Kingston, Primate (1947-1950)
- Walter Foster Barfoot, Primate (1950-1959)
- Howard Clark, Primate (1959-1971)
- Ted Scott, Primate (1971-1986 )
- Michael Pearce, Primate (1986-2004)
- Thomas Clark, Presiding Bishop (1899-1903)
- Daniel Tuttle, Presiding Bishop7 Alexander 19048- Garrett, Presiding Bishop (1923-1924)
- Ethelbert Talbot, Presiding Bishop (1924-1926)
- John Murray, Presiding Bishop (1926-1929)
- Charles Anderson, Presiding Bishop (1929-1930)
- De Presiding Bishop (1930-1937)
- Henry Tuck er, Presiding Bishop (1938-1946)
- Henry Sherrill, Presiding Bishop (1947-1958)
- Arthur Lichtenberger, Presiding Bishop (1958-1964)
- John Hines, Presiding Bishop (1965-1974)
- John Allin Presiding Bishop (1974–1985)
- Edmond Lee Browning, Presiding Bishop (1986–1997)
- Frank Griswold, Presiding Bishop (1998–2006)
- George Werner, President (2000 – present) 9048
- G.Frederick B. Morris, Presiding Bishop (1955-1965)
- Stephen Carlton Bradley, Presiding Bishop (1965-1984)
- Dudley Foord, Presiding Bishop (1986-1989)
- Joe J. Bell, Presiding Bishop (1989-2000 )
- Frank J. Retief, Presiding Bishop (2000-2010)
- A. Donald Davies, Presiding Bishop (1992-2000)
- William Millsaps, Presiding Bishop (2000-2005)
Other Christian or Christian religions
- Church of President 1801
- Joseph F.Smith, President of the Church (1901-1918)
- Heber J. Grant, President of the Church (1918-1945)
- George Albert Smith, President of the Church (1945-1951)
- David O. McKay, President of the Church (1951-1970)
- Joseph Fielding Smith, President of the Church (1970-1972)
- Harold B. Lee, President of the Church (1972-1973)
- Spencer W. Kimball, President of the Church (1973-1985)
- Ezra Taft Benson, President of the Church (19785-1994)
- Howard W.Hunter, President of the Church (1994-1995)
- Gordon B. Hinckley, President of the Church (1995-2008)
Davat 905 Islamadiyah
Islam 905 Islamadiyah
- Turkey / Ottoman Empire –
- North America
- Senge Takaaki, Kancho (1887-1918)
- Senge Takamochi, Kancho (1918-1954) 9048 Takancho Senge Michihiko, Kancho (1963–2014)
- Setsutane Konko, leader (1893–1963)
- Kagamitaro Konko, leader (1963–1991)
- Heiki Konko, leader
- Kurozumi Muneyasu, Chief Patriarch (1889-1936)
- Kurozumi Munekazu, Chief Patriarch (1936-1973)
- Kurozumi Muneharu, Chief Patriarch (1973-2017)
, Spiritual Leader (1892-1918)
- Sumi Deguchi, Spiritual Leader (1918-1952)
- Naohi Deguchi, Spiritual Leader (1952-1990)
- Kiyoko Deguchi, Spiritual Leader (1990-2001)
West Asian origin
Universal House of Justice members
- Sri Akal Takht Sahib –
- Arur Singh Naushshera, Jatedar 90 (1
- -1920) Jathedar (1920–1921)
- Teja Singh Ji Akerpuri, Jathedar (1921–1923, 1926–1930)
- Udham Singh Ji Nagoki, Jathedar (1923–1924)
- Bhai Acchar Singh Ji, Jathedar) (19488–19
- Didar Singh Ji, Jathedar (about a month in 1926)
- Jawaher Singh Ji, Jathedar (very short period in 1926)
- Giani Gurmukh Singh Ji Musaffer, Jathedar (1930-1931)
- Mohan singh Jathed Nagaroki ( 1931-1938)
- Giani Partap Singh Ji, Jathedar (1938-1948)
- Bhai Sadhu Singh Ji Bhaura, Jathedar (1948-1963)
- Gurdial Singh Ji Ajnoha, Jathedar (1980-1983)
- , Jathedar (1963-1965, 1983-1986)
- Darshan Singh Ji, Jathedar (1986)
- Bhai Jasbir Singh Ji Rodae, Jathedar (1986)
- Bhai Gurdev Singh Ji Kaunke, Jathedar (1986-1990s)
- Manjit Singh Ji, Jathedar
- Giani Puran singh Ji, Jathedar
- Joginder Singh Ji Vadanti, Jathedar
- Gurbachan Singh Ji, Jathedar
Note : Some religions reject the council of such idea having a leader or leading can not be listed. “Donald Wolfram touched souls during street services.” Denver Post. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
Donald Wolfram, who was one of the earliest participants in a religious street meeting in Downtown Denver, died Monday of pancreatic cancer. Wolfram, 83, was a lifelong member of the Pillar of Fire Church, and as a young man he joined other members at religious meetings in the city center. Denver. The meetings were reminiscent of the Salvation Army meetings, with tape and speaker. “Preacher, racer – two of the same kind. The Dallenbach brothers follow different paths that intersect with love. ” Denver Post. April 30, 1990. Retrieved July 21, 2007.
This is a real turn from Wally’s life as a race car driver to Reverend Robert Dallenbach’s small Pillar of Fire church, where drinking, dancing and smoking are prohibited. While Wally is running the Denver Grand Prix this August, his older brother will likely be a few blocks away preaching at the Alma Temple. Methodist Church of Ghana (1835-2005): 170th anniversary souvenir brochure.