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“You will hear how the players talk about Chuck and what a father figure he was for these guys and the way he handled himself,” NBA Entertainment’s Dion Cocoros, an executive producer on the film, told Deitsch. “He’s not around to talk about the team, but you don’t miss him at all in the film. He comes across as truly the guy who tied it all together.”
Daly’s run in Detroit would include three straight NBA Finals appearances from 1988 to 1990 (two titles), playoff appearances in all nine seasons and five consecutive 50-win seasons at the Pistons’ peak. Of course, those successes aren’t always as memorable as the punches thrown, the trash talked and unrelenting anger these teams played with.
Detroit’s rivalries—most notably against Boston, Los Angeles and Chicago—were wars. Battles of attrition in which the Pistons used every possible angle—from over-physicality to trash talking to even race-baiting in the case of Thomas and Rodman’s famous comments about Larry Bird—to gain an advantage.
For years, the plan fell just short. The Celtics eliminated Detroit in hotly-contested series in 1985 and 1987, the latter featuring quite possibly the lowest point of the era. With five seconds remaining and the Pistons preparing to go up 3-2 in the conference finals headed home for Game 6, Thomas allowed Bird to steal his inbounds pass and dish it off to Dennis Johnson, who laid the ball in to give Boston a one-point win. The play is largely remembered as one of the best of Bird’s career.
But, as per usual, the Pistons would be undaunted. They overcame an aging Boston core a year later before being hit by a Lakers buzzsaw—before getting over their L.A. hurdle the next season in the NBA Finals. Their 1989 title was the first of a back-to-back, both of which included knocking the Bulls and an ascendant Jordan—by using the so-called “Jordan Rules”—out each time.
Chicago would sweep Detroit in 1991 to all but end the Bad Boy era of contention. Jordan and the Bulls would follow with six NBA championships in the ’90s, their reign only being interrupted by M. J.’s baseball dalliance.
In the annals of NBA history, too often the Bad Boys are viewed as a transitional blip between the Lakers-Celtics heyday and Jordan’s rise to becoming the greatest player this sport has ever seen. That they were a necessary evil—emphasis on the latter—that ended one great era so that another could begin.
Thursday night, you’ll see the Pistons’ run deserves to stand on its own.
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Is ’30 for 30: Bad Boys’ on Netflix? Where to Watch the Documentary
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Led by players like Isiah Thomas and Dennis Rodman, the Detroit Pistons of the late 1980s and early ’90s made their mark as the “bad boys” of the NBA.
Duration: 1hr 41m
Episode Length: 1hr 41min
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Director: Zak Levitt
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30 For 30 Review – Bad Boys
Director – Zak Levitt
Length – 2 hours with commercials (102 minutes without)
Installment – #61 of 30 for 30/ESPN Films series
Most Similar To – The Fab Five, The U
Grade – Mid to late twenties
Review– Spanning the entire sports documentary space, I have to admit I have a bit of a sweet spot in terms of preferred time setting for films. I was born in 1982 and by 1988 was the kid in class who prided himself on knowing the most about football and baseball. My thirst for sports knowledge would spread to basketball and beyond in the years to follow. That’s a long roundabout way of me telling you that the sports stories I like the most are frequently those right before when I started taking meticulous mental notes on sports as a young kid.
The pinnacle of the Detroit Pistons Bad Boys era sat right on that fence of what I knew personally to some degree and what was before my time and hence I was excited to be able to get some more knowledge and insight into the early days of the Bad Boys.
Directed by Zak Levitt (who directed The Dream Team and The Doctor in addition to editing work in The Announcement and Once Brothers) Bad Boys puts together a solid documentary on one of the NBA’s most infamous and divisive teams.
Nothing is really annoying and that includes me just now realizing Kid Rock is the narrator. Credit to Levitt (unintended fun rhyming) for getting great participation from the team, local media, front office personnel, and key rivals.
For many, it will bring back an era in basketball where rivalries boiled for years as the Pistons ascension required the forceful removals of both the Celtics and the Lakers from dynasty status as well as holding down/back the soon to be Bulls dynasty. I know many older than myself romanticize this era in basketball and I imagine seeing the Pistons ups and downs against these teams will have a lot of nostalgic value for those fans.
In terms of why this clocks in more towards the middle of the 30 for 30 series in terms of a ranking, the only thing I can really point to is that while it’s good all the way around, it was very rarely great. The story is interesting and told well, but I never found myself intensely awaiting what would happen next or rewinding to re-watch a pivotal moment, quote, or highlight. Maybe I knew this era better than I thought or perhaps the Bad Boys were just full of personality on the court but were a bit more reserved and mild when reflecting back on their days together.
Looking at the collection of 30 for 30’s and ESPN Films, the two hour films (with commercials) have for the most part been a lot more substantive with layers of backstory, unexpected insights, and new found footage or perspective on past events. With that in mind, Bad Boys is like you ordered a large pizza and while the pizza you got was pretty amazing, you’re not 100% sure they sent you a large and maybe you just got a medium.
That’s not to say I found 2 hours long and the film didn’t hold me, but I’d say lot of films in my totally Top 15 would be the 2 hour variety where new layers were peeled back and my sports knowledge grew a good deal or perhaps I was moved about a story that was foreign to me before watching. If Bad Boys was of the 90 minute variety with commercials or perhaps various narratives about that team were accentuated a bit more, I’d grade it a bit higher.
Ultimately, fans of the Bad Boys and those who enjoyed the NBA’s rise in stature in the 80’s will adore the film and perhaps many who have no real concrete knowledge of the Bad Boys at all will as well. But for those who may find themselves in a similar position as myself (modestly knowledgable but not emotionally attached to that era), Bad Boys will likely be interesting and entertaining but fail to hit that crescendo that makes you suggest it to friends, re-watch later, and discuss with others. Ultimately unless you hate the NBA or the Bad Boys, 2 hours of interesting and entertaining right before the NBA playoffs is probably a safe bet for your time should you find yourself with the luxury of two hours of free time to spend with your couch.
Bad Boys for life
Isiah Thomas’ phone screen lights up with text messages going back and forth.
Thomas lets out his distinctive laugh as James “Buddha” Edwards and Rick Mahorn are at it again, firing jokes at each other like it’s a Comedy Central Roast.
The Detroit Pistons of the late 1980s and early ’90s seemed willing to do anything to win. That characteristic made them loved — and hated. It earned them the title: Bad Boys. Directed by Zak Levitt. Watch on ESPN+
Another chime with another message, this one from another Bad Boy who’d run into the team’s longtime physician.
Later, John Salley sends a photo of a detailed Bad Boys tattoo. No, he isn’t having a midlife crisis; rather, the tattoo belongs to an enthusiastic fan.
The notorious Detroit Pistons of the late 1980s rip on each other and laugh it up like they’re still on the team bus heading to Chicago Stadium. Only now they’re spread out all over the country — or in Dennis Rodman’s case sometimes, the world — and busting on each other in a group text.
“We get on a Bad Boys chat, since modern technology put us in a group,” says Mahorn, who played four seasons with those Pistons and won a title in 1989. “They so silly.”Magic Johnson’s Los Angeles Lakers and Isiah Thomas’ Detroit Pistons faced off in back-to-back NBA Finals. NBA Photos/NBAE/Getty Images
As the 1989 team gathers for its 30-year reunion at the brand-new Little Caesars Arena on Saturday, Thomas wants to remind everyone that the Pistons left a lasting impact on the NBA — the back-to-back champions Thomas feels the NBA has relegated to a forgotten bridge from the Lakers-Celtics rivalry in the ’80s to the Michael Jordan Bulls of the ’90s.
“I mean, that’s how they wrote it [in the history books],” Thomas says to ESPN, laughing.
“There was a team that was after the Lakers that had a pretty significant run from ’87 to ’91. That part of history, the NBA — the league office — just took and said, ‘We are not going to talk about it. We are going to bury it.’ And everything that was bad that was happening in the ’90s, they blamed it on the Pistons.”
Thomas says the Bad Boys’ legacy is about much more than the blood they drew — and spilled — with brutal physicality. He scoffs at the notion that they’re most remembered for their suffocating defense.
And he still can’t resist taking a jab at Jordan, whose Bulls were eliminated by the Pistons in three consecutive postseasons (1988-90).
“Keeping it real right, we weren’t the only team that shut down Michael Jordan,” says Thomas, who is an analyst for TNT and partner in Cheurlin Champagne. “I mean, during the ’80s, they were finishing fourth and fifth in the division. I mean so … and people like to say, ‘Well, Isiah, you’re hating.’ It ain’t got nothing to do with that.”
Pistons NBA Rank by Season
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Thomas proudly remembers the Pistons as a team that had to deal with race and wasn’t afraid to fight against social inequality, even if it meant causing a furor. He believes this was just one of the many reasons why so many disliked the Pistons.
“Well, that was the narrative that was perpetuated to get us off the stage,” Thomas says. “Because when we were on the stage as champions, the things that we were talking about — the things that we were doing and discussing, at that time — the league didn’t like.
“When you talk about social justice, when you talk about race, when you talk about the perception of athletes, the perception of media coverage, bias in media coverage, racism in media coverage — those things — they were frowned upon.”
Race was at the center of perhaps the biggest Bad Boys controversy from the Eastern Conference finals in 1987, when Pistons versus Celtics suddenly became about black versus white.
When asked by reporters about Rodman saying Larry Bird was overrated due to his skin color after Boston eliminated Detroit in Game 7, Thomas fueled the controversy by saying if “[Bird] were black, he’d be just another good guy.”
Thomas would apologize during the Finals with Bird seated next to him, saying it was a joke that was misunderstood. But the point guard used the moment to discuss “the stereotypes that do exist” about white and black athletes; how black athletes are often credited with “God-given” or natural talent and not necessarily with working hard.
“They were definitely one of the first — Isiah, in particular, himself being one of the first guys — to mention black and white relationships,” former Lakers guard Byron Scott says. “When you look at Boston and the Pistons’ rivalry that they had, he was one of the first or that team was one of the first to come out and make a big deal of it. We just looked at Larry as a great basketball player, period, and that is what he was.”Mark Elias/AP Photo
All of this only led to more hatred for the Bad Boys.
“Man, listen, I remember the fire alarms would go off [at our hotels],” Mahorn says. “It got to the point where [fans] would call your room directly. I got called ‘n—-‘ so many times by fans. And I would laugh if I answered the phone. At that time I knew you are trying to disrupt me, you’re trying to degrade me to a degree that … I understand you’re a fan and you want your team to win, but don’t bring the racial stuff in there. … But sometimes it would hit you and it hurts. “
“The thing is you have to stand up for something,” Mahorn adds. “Isiah stood up for some social injustice down in Detroit. We were the murder capital of the United States [from 1985-87] and you know we don’t need to do this.”
Despite Thomas’ belief that the Bad Boys’ fame exists only in their infamy, he says the team’s DNA lives on in the NBA’s latest dynasty — the Golden State Warriors. Like the Pistons’ Hall of Fame backcourt of Thomas and Joe Dumars, the Warriors feature their own unstoppable point guard in Steph Curry and two-way shooter in Klay Thompson.
And then there’s Draymond Green, who grew up in Saginaw, Michigan. Detroit Bad Boys flows through his veins.
“They’re the toughest m—–f—–s to ever play this game, period,” Green says. “They’re champions, toughest guys to ever grace this NBA. That legacy will continue to live on.”
Much like how the Pistons’ defense overshadowed their offensive capabilities, Green notes, the Warriors’ beautiful offense makes people forget about how good their defense is.
“Obviously, me growing up in the state of Michigan, I know all about the Bad Boys, with Joe D. being sort of like a father to me in my life,” Green says. “I try to embody that and play with that same type of force and confidence that they played with.”
Mahorn admits to waking up some mornings and feeling the repercussions of that era. But then he gives a taste of what he dishes out to his old teammates via text.
“I’m 60,” Mahorn says. “Oh and I don’t color s— like Isiah. Let me stop. Ask them.
“Let us see your gray hair. Either they are going to cut it off or bleach it!”
Asked for a sample of the texts in the group chat, Mahorn politely declines.
“I will die with it,” he says, laughing.
Bad Boys for life.
5 basketball documentaries to watch post The Last Dance
Michael Jordan’s documentary, The Last Dance, has mesmerised basketball fans across the globe and has captivated audiences since episodes 1 and 2 dropped on April 19. With The Last Dance final episodes set to release on Sunday, (Monday IST), fans will be left with a huge void with the coronavirus pandemic having indefinitely suspended the NBA season. The Last Dance has established itself as one of the most talked-about basketball documentaries and here we list five documentaries that have gone under the radar and are a must-watch for fans.
Also Read: Scottie Pippen Reportedly Unhappy Of Being Portrayed As Frustrated In The Last Dance
The Last Dance final episodes: Five must-watch basketball documentaries
1. The Bad Boys
The Last Dance showcased the ‘Bad Boys’ Detroit Pistons as their fiercest rivals and the Isiah Thomas-led side have not been portrayed in the best of ways throughout the series. However, one of ESPN’s 30-for-30 documentaries entitled Bad Boys should provide an interesting narrative into the ‘Bad Boys’ Pistons and their story of back-to-back championship wins. The documentary covers a wide range of emotions and throws light on star player, Isiah Thomas. The NBA is divided when it remembers the famed Detroit Pistons side. While for some, the ‘Bad Boys’ were a team of gritty heroes who never backed down, for others they were a team with a willingness to do seemingly anything to win, a mentality that earned them the ‘Bad Boys’ title and the scorn of rival fans.
2. The Carter Effect
The Carter Effect explores the cultural and societal impact of Vince Carter’s arrival in the NBA and his career with the Raptors. One of the most underrated basketball documentaries, The Carter Effect covers Air Canada’s exciting and eye-catching brand of basketball and his iconic appearance in the 2000 NBA Slam Dunk Contest. Carter’s arrival led to an improved spotlight on Toronto and grew basketball’s popularity in Canada. The Carter Effect explores how Canadians were largely uninterested in the sport of basketball and how Carter’s arrival in Toronto brought through a cultural shift, which eventually translated into their eventual first Championship in 2019.
Also Read: Michael Jordan Would Request Reporters To Avoid Berating LeBron James: Report
Despite not lifting an NBA championship, Allen Iverson is regarded of the NBA’s finest and was included in in the basketball Hall of Fame in 2016. His documentary titled as Iverson, the former Philadelphia 76ers star’s career and life outside of the court has been expertly covered. A former MVP and Rookie of the Year winner, Iverson was portrayed in a negative fashion by the sports media during his time in the NBA. Iverson does well to portray his flawed genius on and off the court and does a particularly good job of humanising a true icon of the game of basketball and is one of the finest basketball documentaries.
5.The Fab Five
One of the most successful basketball documentaries produced by ESPN, The Fab Five explores the University of Michigan’s 1991 recruiting class. Widely regarded as the greatest recruitment class of all time, The Fab Five consisted of Detroit natives Chris Webber and Jalen Rose, Chicago native Juwan Howard, and Jimmy King and Ray Jackson from Texas. Four of the ‘Fab Five’ were amongst the top 10 prospects in America and it was the first time ever that four All-Americans declared for the one school. Eventually, all five became starters and the feat had never been achieved before. The ‘Fab Five’ though controversial, were seen as trendsetters, and all-five became the focal point in the University of Michigan’s run to the NCAA Basketball Championship finals.
Also Read: Udonis Haslem Would Have Fought Michael Jordan If Bulls Star Trash-talked With Him
The 30 best ’30 for 30′ episodes
Going without live sports has been rough on many who rely on them as a matter of income but mostly for those who use it as a break from the everyday grind of life. Though we can’t watch sports in real-time at the moment, there are plenty of said programming to keep a fan occupied.
Some of the most provocative and entertaining are ESPN’s “30 for 30” series, which also includes ESPN Films special presentations and other specific documentary-type programming that falls under the project’s blanket.
While the ESPN family of networks continues to air “30 for 30” episodes, the series library is available for streaming on ESPN+. That said, here’s our ranking of the 30 top “30 for 30” episodes.
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30. The Fab Five (2011)
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Four members of Michigan’s famed and trend-setting “Fab Five” (minus Chris Webber) got together to tell the story of what it was like to be part of an international sports phenomenon. Jalen Rose helped produce the project, which is considered an extension of the “30 for 30” library. Not hearing from Webber, who is said to have a contentious relationship with Rose, Juwan Howard, Jimmy King and Ray Jackson, takes something away from the film, but it’s still a fun trip back in basketball history.
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29. Fantastic Lies (2016)
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This goes behind the allegations and highly publicized criminal investigation involving members of the Duke men’s lacrosse team in 2006, who were accused of rape. The work of Emmy Award-winning filmmaker Marina Zenovich takes a detailed look into the major players, like accuser Crystal Mangum and Durham County District Attorney Mike Nifong, involved in a case that touched on topics such as race, entitlement, sexual abuse, power and due process.
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28. The ’85 Bears (2016)
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The 1985 Chicago Bears were one of the most colorful and confident teams in NFL history. A lot of that had to do with a defense that led the franchise to its only Super Bowl title and just might be the most dominant of all time. The architect of that defense was coordinator Buddy Ryan, the good ol’ farm boy who was hard on his players. But they loved him no less. This documentary offers an unseen look into the relationship members of that Bears defense had with Ryan.
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27. Four Falls of Buffalo (2015)
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Four straight trips to the Super Bowls in the 1990s and four consecutive defeats. It was easy to feel sorry for the Bills during that run, but after watching Ken Rodgers’ piece about what it was like for the franchise go through that, and how it deals with it today, it demands a large amount of respect. Those Bills still look back on that time and are proud of the fact they accomplished something (just getting to four straight Super Bowls) that might not be done again.
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26. Tim Richmond: To the Limit (2010)
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One of the more underrated “30 for 30” installments takes us into the wild and tragic life of Indy Car driver-turned-stock car racer Tim Richmond — known as “Hollywood” for his good looks, outgoing nature and zest for living. In August 1989, at the age of 34, Richmond, who won more than 10 professional races and was one of the more outgoing racers on the NASCAR scene, died due to complications of AIDS.
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25. Playing for the Mob (2014)
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This is an interesting look at the late 1970s point-shaving scandal involving the Boston College men’s basketball team and mob bigwig Henry Hill. In fitting fashion, actor Ray Liotta, who played Hill in the 1990 blockbuster “Goodfellas,” narrates a well-crafted documentary that looks into one of the darkest moments in the history of college hoops — and shows just how deep the corruption went.
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24. Bad Boys (2014)
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Aside from the fact Kid Rock was employed as narrator, this is a fine look inside the Detroit Pistons of the late 1980s and early ’90s. Whether a Pistons fan or not, it’s a nostalgic ride through the makings of a team that was not going to apologize for the physical way it played the game. Perhaps most compelling, is the players’ love and admiration for coach Chuck Daly.
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23. The Good, The Bad, The Hungry (2019)
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Admit it: There are many of us out there who get a kick out of competitive eating. Call it a guilty pleasure, but this specific episode provides some solid insight into the good and bad of this truly unique world. (We’re talking about you, George Shea.) Much of the focus, rightfully so, is on the sport’s biggest stars, Joey Chestnut and Takeru Kobayashi, and where this has taken their respective lives.
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22. This Was the XFL (2017)
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While the coronavirus pandemic cut short the rebirth of the XFL in 2020, over-the-top, WWF-style attitude and innovation of the first incarnation of the league led to its demise after just one season. This episode looks at the brief rise and fall of the XFL’s initial 2001 season, interviewing those involved and offering candid insight from wrestling mogul Vince McMahon and former chairman of NBC Sports Dick Ebersol.
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21. Small Potatoes: Who Killed the USFL? (2009)
One of the early “30 for 30” installments tells the tale of the short-lived United States Football League. Big names like Jim Kelly and Steve Young joined the league’s first star in running back Herschel Walker to offer an offseason pro football outlet for NFL fans. Perhaps most memorable is now-President Donald Trump’s interview with director Michael Tollin and how the commander-in-chief provided the title for the film.
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20. Benji (2012)
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Basketball fans from Chicago during the early-to-mid 1980s were well acquainted with high school star Ben Wilson. Through this, the rest of the sports world got to know Wilson, the nation’s No. 1 prospect who was tragically killed in a senseless act of gun violence on the eve of his 1984-85 season. Renowned filmmakers Coodie Simmons (a Chicago native) and Chike Ozah superbly document Wilson’s life on and off the court as well as introduce viewers to man responsible for his murder.
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While former NFL star Michael Vick does not have many sympathizers, this multi-part piece thoroughly goes into great detail (often graphically) of the quarterback’s life and NFL career and how it all unraveled amid the well-publicized dog-fighting scandal. Vick does not pull any punches during the film, and regardless how one might feel about him, the documentary is well done and provides an honest look at the rise and fall of the superstar.
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18. No Crossover: The Trial of Allen Iverson (2010)
Iverson did not directly take part in the film, but director Steve James (“Hoop Dreams”) does a fine job digging into one of the more uglier incidents in the history of Hampton, Virginia. Via camcorder footage, the film details the brawl at a local bowling alley in February 1993, when a then-high school-age Iverson and some friends were accused of attacking others with chairs. It also follows the trial and how the overall incident only fueled the racial issues within Hampton.
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17. Requiem for the Big East (2014)
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The true brainchild of former Providence College basketball coach and athletic director Dave Gavitt, the Big East Conference made sports fans across the country care about college hoops on the East Coast. It’s a well-done and extremely celebratory tribute to a conference that featured some of the most successful and colorful coaches, players and rivalries in the history of men’s college basketball.
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16. Nature Boy (2017)
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Ric Flair has always been, and still is, a larger-than-life wrestling personality in and out of the ring. But this stellar “30 for 30” installment digs deep into the life of the “Nature Boy.” Riveting at times, the episode shows Flair’s vulnerability while dealing with the many trials and tribulations he’s endured amid the fame, and continues to, during a life that’s far from always glamorous.
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15. June 17th, 1994 (2010)
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June 17, 1994, is a day plenty of sports fans remember just exactly where they were at the time. O.J. Simpson sitting inside that infamous white Ford Bronco being chased by police through Los Angeles, the New York Rangers Stanley Cup parade and Game 5 of the NBA Finals were just a few of the major sports moments of the day. This documentary brings them together in a creative and insightful way.
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14. Elway to Marino (2013)
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The 1983 NFL Draft should still be considered one that featured the greatest quarterback class in league history. Obviously, No. 1 overall pick John Elway and Dan Marino, who fell to the 27th pick of the first round, highlight the tale. Marvin Demoff, then-agent for both Elway and Marino, is at the center of the film that takes us back to one of the most notable times in the history of the draft.
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13. Without Bias (2009)
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This is an in-depth look into the hours leading up to the tragic death of college basketball star Len Bias from a cocaine-related heart attack just days after the Boston Celtics selected him with the second-overall pick in the 1986 NBA Draft. Director Kirk Fraser digs deep, not only into the circumstances surrounding Bias’ death, but the rising drug culture in American sports.
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12. Of Miracles and Men (2015)
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By now, those of a certain age are well familiar with the “Miracle on Ice,” at least from the victorious American side. But what about the Russians? This stellar piece of work by director Jonathan Hock, whom we will hear more from later in this list, shows how the Soviet Red Army turned it into a hockey power and what it was like for athletes under the rule of mad genius Anatoli Tarasov. Star Russian defenseman Slava Fetisov’s return to Lake Placid is quite gripping.
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11. Survive and Advance (2013)
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One of the most improbable runs to an NCAA men’s basketball title came in 1983 when North Carolina State made its way through the ACC tournament and then the Big Dance to stun favored Houston for the championship. Led by outgoing coach Jim Valvano and a trio of determined seniors, the Wolfpack capped their magical surge with a Lorenzo Charles dunk at the buzzer. Though not all associated with that team are still with us, Hock shows it’s still about survival and advancement for members of that squad.
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10. I Hate Christian Laettner (2015)
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After watching this personal look into perhaps the greatest — and most despised — college basketball player of all time, one might have a different opinion of the former Duke star. Maybe. Regardless, we truly get to know a lot about the competitive nature that drove Laettner to be the best, whether on the basketball court or in his own home. The Rob Lowe narration is a nice touch.
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9. The Best That Never Was (2010)
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Once again Jonathan Hock delivers. This time, it’s a poignant and honest look into the life of Marcus Dupree, the highly touted prep football player and second-team All-American running back as a freshman with Oklahoma in 1982. However, alleged laziness and injuries hampered his sophomore season and Dupree left Oklahoma. He surfaced in the USFL and had a cup of coffee in the NFL (15 games) during a career many thought was nothing but talent wasted.
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8. Celtics/Lakers: The Best of Enemies (2017)
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Brilliantly put together by Emmy Award-winning filmmaker Jim Podhoretz, this mulit-part documentary gets high marks for capturing the spirit, energy and emotion of the greatest rivalry in NBA history. Naturally, there is plenty Magic and Bird to dive into, but there are others associated with the two franchises who lend their time to delve into the history of this rivalry. This should excite fans beyond the Lakers and Celtics.
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7. Catholics vs. Convicts (2016)
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A look into the backstory of one of the most iconic T-shirts ever printed is a must for any college football fan, regardless if they’re backers of either Notre Dame and Miami. While the shirt’s origination and the effects it had on its creators are engrossing, first-hand accounts of those involved with the 1988 classic between the Hurricanes and Irish are even more intriguing.
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One of the most viewed and popular films among the “30 for 30” series, The U offers more than a glimpse into the rise of prominence of the Miami Hurricanes football program. It became became larger than life thanks to personalities like coach Jimmy Johnson and receiver Michael Irvin. However, with success and fame came plenty of controversy, scandal and disdain. We’ll include the 2014 sequel The U: Part 2, highlighted by the 2000s’ decline of the program.
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5. Pony Excess (2010)
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Corruption is as much a part of college athletics as “One Shining Moment” and the Rose Bowl. However, football boosters, staff and administrators at SMU took it to a new level. It’s still not completely known how much money or other gifts Eric Dickerson, or even Craig James, were given to play for the “Pony Express” in the early 1990s. Unabashed and seemingly unapologetic, the university kept players on the payroll and ultimately, yet temporarily, lost the program to what was known as the “Death Penalty.”
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4. O.J.: Made in America (2016)
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Perhaps the most ambitious of the “30 for 30” family of films, this five-part series takes the viewer deep inside in the life of once-great running back and celebrity O.J. Simpson like no other documentary of its kind has ever done. The film features plenty of interviews from those close to Simpson throughout his life, with some offering an honest take on his acquittal for the murders of ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman — not to mention, insight from those involved in the famed trial that captured the attention of a nation.
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3. Once Brothers (2010)
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The friendship between former Yugoslavia national basketball team members Vlade Divac and Dražen Petrović. The former NBA stars were great friends until war tore Divac, a Serb, and the Croatian Petrović apart. Divac’s personal struggles with regret in the years following Petrović’s untimely death in 1993 will leave the viewer enthralled and empathic at the same time.
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2. The Two Escobars (2010)
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This is one of the great and most powerful sports documentaries out there. Brothers Jeff and Michael Zimbalist creatively intertwined storylines involving Colombian soccer player Andres Escobar and that country’s famed drug lord Pablso Escobar (no relation). And, how the former’s death following his own goal during the 1994 World Cup was committed by drug cartel members as a result of his gaffe.
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1. Hillsborough (2014)
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This was part of a series of soccer-specific “30 for 30” projects and also one of the most riveting, candid and emotional sports documentaries available. It tells the devastating story, via accounts of those present and involved with the investigation, that followed the deaths of more than 70 people (nearly 800 injured) due to overcrowding at the April 1989 FA Cup semifinal match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England.
Jeff Mezydlo has written about sports and entertainment online and for print for more than 25 years. He grew up in the far south suburbs of Chicago, 20 minutes from the Mascot Hall of Fame in Whiting, Ind. He’s also the proud father of 11-year-old Matthew, aka “Bobby Bruin,” mascot of St. Robert Bellarmine School in Chicago. You can follow Jeff at @jeffm401.
The ESPN Sports Documentaries, Ranked
You can stream 30 for 30, ESPN’s award-winning sports documentary series, on ESPN Plus.
2020 has brought a few new entries to the table that made our list. The Last Dance covered an era-defining, Michael Jordan-led Chicago Bulls team. A compelling new Oscar Pistorius documentary, released Sept. 27, covers his career and the murder that changed everything for him.
Here is our ranking of the 30 best 30 for 30 episodes, all of which you can stream on-demand with a subscription to ESPN Plus.
The 30 best 30 for 30 episodes1) The Last Dance
When sports went on hiatus for the pandemic in Spring 2020, ESPN’s debut of The Last Dance wasn’t just a sports documentary event. It was a bonafide sports event. The eight-hour series followed the Chicago Bulls 1997-98 season—the sixth and final title for Michael Jordan and Scottie Pippen. It is an epic and fascinating look at a legendary dynasty.
2) Celtics/Lakers: Best of Enemies
The NBA’s defining rivalry forms the basis of one of 30 for 30’s definitive outings. Told over three parts and five hours, the doc is incredibly thorough and has many of the biggest names associated with the rivalry, including Magic Johnson and Larry Bird.
3) The Two Escobars
This outstanding doc covers soccer player Andres Escobar and drug lord Pablo Escobar, and how the two men, murdered within a year of each other, shaped and continue to shape the public image of Colombia.
4) June 17th, 1994
One of the most acclaimed 30 for 30s, this portrait covers the surreal summer day where major events in the NBA, NHL, PGA, MLB, and World Cup took a backseat to O.J. Simpson’s car chase. The doc juxtaposes footage from each event to create a compelling snapshot of America.
5) Youngstown Boys
Youngstown Boys examines the collegiate football scandal that brought down a legendary coach and his star player, the Ohio State University coach Jim Tressel and running back Maurice Clarett, but it zooms out enough to unpack larger issues with how the NCAA and NFL conspire to profit off of and use star athletes for their own ends. Youngstown Boys is a must-watch.
6) Without Bias
This was the first truly great 30 for 30, chronicling the death of Len Bias, days after the Celtics took him with the second pick in the 1986 draft. Bias’s death, the result of a cocaine overdose, rocked the league and the city of Boston. It’s a sobering look at what could’ve been and what never was.
7) The U
The high-flying and hard-partying Miami Hurricanes are the subjects of this raucous doc. The 1980s were wild, and the Hurricanes’ players enjoyed every bit of their success. The U offers straightforward, no-frills storytelling, but it doesn’t need to be with subjects this compelling and energetic.
8) Pony Excess
The NCAA’s most severe punishment has been handed out only a few times, most notably to the SMU football program. Pony Excess provides a thrilling look at the delirious highs that precipitated the program’s lowest moment.
9) No Crossover: The Trial of Allen Iverson
Allen Iverson’s Hall of Fame NBA career almost never happened due to a 1993 incident that resulted in Iverson receiving a 15-year prison sentence. As presented by filmmaker Steve James (Hoop Dreams), No Crossover offers a timeless tale about race and celebrity in America.
10) What Carter Lost
The Friday night lights burn brightest in Texas, and this excellent entry shines a light on every part of Carter High School’s football team in 1988. The team’s wealth of talent overflowed, and on-field success led to off-field notoriety. The team, the school, and the community were all upended when numerous players were arrested for their role in various armed robberies.
11) Elway to Marino
It’s rare for a single NFL draft to produce a Hall of Fame caliber quarterback. The 1983 draft had two in John Elway and Dan Marino. Both players shared an agent in Marvin Demoff, who fortuitously kept a diary of that year’s draft process. Football junkies will get a kick out of this one, while fans of the team that passed on Marino or the ones who didn’t trade up for Elway will be kicking themselves.
12) Fantastic Lies
Director Marina Zenovich strikes a captivating balance between covering the Duke Lacrosse scandal of 2006 and covering the coverage of the case. The intersection of race, privilege, sexual misconduct, media, the law, and court of public opinion combine to make Fantastic Lies a rewarding viewing experience.
13) The Best That Never Was
It doesn’t take an expert to know that college football recruiting is corrupt to high hell. Marcus Dupree is just one of countless stories about a system that eats up young athletes. Dupree, a prodigious talent, went through a wild recruiting process when choosing a college. A combination of injuries and bad advice sapped him of his potential and most of his money. The Best That Never Was is a sobering doc.
14) Run Ricky Run
Ricky Williams is one of the NFL’s greatest enigmas. His talent was off the charts (he led the league in rushing in 2002 and was voted 1st Team All-Pro), but his interests went far beyond football. Run Ricky Run does a great job presenting the different facets of a man trying to reconcile his on-field gifts, which everyone understood, with his mental health issues, which are less clear, even after this intriguing documentary.
15) Requiem for the Big East
This one focuses on the Big East, which dominated college basketball from the conference’s beginnings in 1979 until its dissolution in 2013. Requiem was directed by Ezra Edelman, who would go on to make the single best film to carry the 30 for 30 banner with O.J.: Made in America.
16) Four Falls of Buffalo
No NFL franchise has suffered a combination of success and failure like the Buffalo Bills in the early ‘90s. Four Falls looks at what it took to get to four straight Super Bowls and the ways in which they lost each one. The doc has great access to archival footage and interviewees. If this isn’t a top-tier 30 for 30, it’s just below.
17) Playing for the Mob
The intersection of sports, gambling, and the mob is an irresistible mix, and Playing for the Mob goes all in on that trio. The film covers the point-shaving scandal at Boston College University. One of the key players is Henry Hill, who everyone immediately recognizes from Goodfellas. Directors Joe Lavine and Cayman Grant got the fictional Henry Hill, Ray Liotta, to narrate the doc. Playing is propulsive and great.
18) This Magic Moment
Penny Hardaway and Shaquille O’Neal’s brief run together with the Orlando Magic could’ve and should’ve been much more fruitful than it turned out. This Magic Moment does a great job of detailing how a potential juggernaut came together and how it fell apart just as quickly.
19) The Price of Gold
Nannette Burstein’s approach to the Tonya Harding-Nancy Kerrigan story is straightforward, and The Price of Gold is all the better for it. The doc is thorough, or at least as thorough as it can be with only Harding participating in interviews for it. Still, it’s a fascinating document of a story that gripped the country in the winter of 1994.John samren/YouTube
20) The U: Part 2
The exuberance of The U comes to a crashing halt in Part 2. The Miami Hurricanes football program’s return to prominence reached its peak in the early 2000s under coach Butch Davis. After Davis left, the success continued under Larry Coker. But the scandals that had been vanquished under Davis returned in full force and brought the program back to Earth. Part 2 isn’t quite as good as its predecessor, but it’s still solid.
21) Once Brothers
Sports had a bonding power unlike any other. But the friendship between Vlade Divac and Drazen Petrovic, two men who played on Yugoslavia’s national team, was torn by the Yugoslav Wars. Tragically, the two never got the chance to reconcile, as Petrovic’s life was cut short by a car accident, a fact Divac struggles to come to terms with in this heartbreaking 30 for 30.
This is an emotional 30 for 30, similar to the great Without Bias. Ben Wilson was a Chicago basketball phenom who was murdered before graduating high school. Benji reminds us of the talent lost and never realized with Ben’s passing, but also of the social factors that played a role.Creative Control/YouTube
23)The Life and Trials of Oscar Pistorius
This would be fascinating as just an exploration of the “Blade Runner.” Pistorius was a Paralympics athlete who crossed over into Olympic competition after dominating his sport. But that’s just half the story. Pistorius was convicted for the murder of his girlfriend, and this documentary ably tells that part of his ultimately tragic story.Creative Control/YouTube
24) Rand University
Randy Moss was as dominant a receiver as the NFL has ever seen, and Rand University does his talent and story justice. It’s a straight-forward biography, telling Moss’s story from his upbringing through his NFL career. Moss is a compelling figure, and that helps elevate the run-of-the-mill presentation of Rand University.Fanatics View/YouTube
25) Mike and the Mad Dog
Among sports talk personalities, Mike Francesca and Chris “Mad Dog” Russo are legends and a once-legendary team. You don’t need to be familiar with the New York-based duo to be entertained by this insightful doc.Fanatics View/YouTube
26) Straight Outta L.A.
A passion project for director Ice Cube, Straight Outta L.A. ties together the Los Angeles Raiders and the rise of hip-hop (including N.W.A.), and its impact on both cultures. Cube gets great access for a lively doc about an L.A. fan base that has since seen its team go to Las Vegas. (Don’t feel bad for them, though; they have two teams to choose from.)DaRespoints/YouTube
Martina Navratilova and Chris Evert sat down with Hannah Storm for a series of interviews with the two tennis stars about their intense, 80-match rivalry. We should be so lucky to have more of these sessions between legends from all sports. Unmatched covers the on-court dynamic between the two, but it’s the off-court relationship that fuels the doc’s success.
Michael Vick is one of the most important NFL players of the 21st century. His prodigious talent made him appointment viewing on Sundays with the Atlanta Falcons. When his downfall came, it stunned the sports world. After pleading guilty to felony charges for the dog fighting ring he funded and ran, Vick seemed like nothing more than a cautionary tale. Then he returned to the NFL and became a star once again. Vick is a comprehensive look at the complicated career and legacy of Michael Vick and, even though most people know his story, it’s still compelling viewing.
29) When the Garden Was Eden
Die-hard Knicks fan Michael Rapaport directs this lively doc. Between his passion for the Knicks and the great interviews and ‘70s archival footage, When the Garden Was Eden will make you a Knicks’ fan for at least 90 minutes.
30) Survive and Advance
College basketball’s most famous Cinderella team was the 1983 NC State Wolfpack. The team’s run to the March Madness title is thrilling, but the doc gets its strength from the presence of the Wolfpack’s preternaturally thoughtful coach, Jim Valvano.NCStateAthletics GoPack/YouTube
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Live TV Service Guides90,000 Bad Boys Forever (2020 movie) – watch online in good quality Full HD (1080) or HD (720)
Miami’s best detectives return to deal with the ghosts of the past. An unexpected sequel to the 2003 action movie. Detectives Burnett and Lowry are the finest duo in the Miami police force, but even their partnership must end. 17 years later, the heroes of Martin Lawrence and Will Smith will uncover the last joint case. During their brilliant career, they managed to annoy many criminals, and now some of them are obsessed with a thirst for revenge.Bad Boys Forever was the highest grossing film of 2020 for several months.
Marcus Burnett (Martin Lawrence) and Mike Lowry (Will Smith) have spent many years investigating drug-related cases. For their dashing approach to work, they earned the nickname “bad guys”. Lowry is considered invulnerable, because for so many years he has never received a bullet. The man has not changed at all since the beginning of work with Burnett, remaining the same womanizer and adventurer. But his partner is an exemplary family man who becomes a grandfather for the first time.Burnett is easy to move, he is circumspect and constantly tugs at his comrade.
At the same time, a woman who is called the “Witch” escapes from a Mexican prison. This is Isabelle Areta (Keith Del Castillo), the widow of the head of the drug cartel. Once upon a time, detectives Lowry and Burnett were engaged in her case. Isabelle blames them for her husband’s death. She is rescued from the maximum security colony by her son Armando (Jacob Skipio), who, together with his mother, vowed to avenge his father. Armando is quick-witted, courageous and obsessed with the desire to win.He quickly eliminates rivals and advances in the underworld, and his father’s inheritance helps him in this.
With the filing of Aret in Miami, the real hunt for security officials begins. And one of the main characters almost becomes her first victim. A family holiday turns into a real horror. As Burnett and Lowry compete in running, an unknown man on a motorcycle shoots at the second at full speed. Due to severe wounds, the detective falls into a coma until he eventually comes to his senses.
But the long months of recovery are not in vain.The POMM special unit, led by Rita (Paola Nunes), has a clear trail of criminals. And Lowry has an unshakable belief that he must personally deal with the killers. It remains only to convince your partner of this, to dissuade him from retirement – and, of course, survive in the fight with the Witch and her son. Moreover, at the end of this confrontation, Lowry will have an unexpected discovery. And the future of the “bad guys” directly depends on him.
Reasons to Watch
▪ Bad Boys Forever is a direct sequel to two action films about tough detectives from Miami.The first part was released in 1995, and its sequel – in 2003. Both were filmed by Michael Bay, but he did not participate in the creation of the new part. The film was released exactly on the 25th anniversary of the franchise.
▪ Directors Adil El Arbi and Bilal Falla are two popular filmmakers from Belgium. Hollywood noticed their hits “Black” and “Banditos” and offered to work on “Bad Boys”. Both admitted that this was their only chance to make a Hollywood movie. If the film failed, Arbi and Falla could say goodbye to future projects. But their creation was a resounding success.
▪ The ratings for the third film unexpectedly surpassed the previous installments, which were criticized by many for their poor script. The new sequel received excellent media reviews, with a 6.7 rating on IMDB and 73% viewer recommendation on Rotten Tomatoes.
▪ Martin Lawrence and Will Smith enjoyed the reunion immensely. They were the first to announce that Bad Boys will have a sequel. And critics called their duet a real gem of the film – the actors worked together as smoothly as 25 years ago.
▪ Filming was announced back in 2013, but was constantly postponed.As a result, they managed to start only in January 2019.
▪ In a scene from the movie, Will Smith makes a joke reference to the High School Musical movie. The main role in this franchise brought fame to Vanessa Hudgens, who plays Kelly.
▪ Michael Bay worked on one scene in the film. This is the wedding of Burnett’s daughter, in which the iconic director played one of the guests. And at the same time I used my own proprietary technique – shooting in 360 degrees.
Jordan, Michael is… What is Jordan, Michael?This term has other meanings, see Jordan.
|Michael Jeffrey Jordan|
Michael Jordan 2006
|Nicknames:||His Air, MJ, Flying Jordan (Air Jordan)|
|Born:|| February 17, 1963 (1963-02-17) (age 49),
Brooklyn, NY, USA
|College:||North Carolina (1981-1984)|
|Draft:||3rd, 1984, Chicago Bulls|
|Points:||32292 ( 30.19,027 average per game)|
|Rebounds:||6672 ( 6.2 average per game)|
|Gears:||5633 ( 5.3 average per game)|
|Interceptions:||2514 ( 2.3 average per game)|
|Blockshots:||893 ( 0.8 average per game)|
|Served for teams|
|Basketball Hall of Fame|
Michael Jeffrey Jordan (English Michael Jeffrey Jordan ; February 17, 1963, Brooklyn, NY) – illustrious   American basketball player, former NBA player  … He played as an attacking defender. Jordan was instrumental in popularizing the NBA around the world in the 1980s and 1990s   .
Following a career with the University of North Carolina (1982-1984), with which he won the 1982 NCAA Championship, Jordan joined the Chicago Bulls in 1984. For his ability to jump high, Michael received the nickname “Air Jordan” and “his Air”. He also gained a reputation as one of the best basketball defenders at  . In 1991, he won his first NBA championship with the Bulls, after which he repeated his success in 1992 and 1993. Following his father’s death early in the 1993/94 season, Jordan abruptly retired from basketball and tried to pursue a career in baseball.In 1995, he returned to basketball and helped the Bulls win three more titles (1996, 1997 and 1998), along the way setting the NBA record for the most matches won during the regular season with the team – 72 wins (season 1995/96). Jordan retired for the second time in 1999, but returned for two more seasons in 2001 as a player for the Washington Wizards.
In 1984, Jordan signed an advertising contract with Nike, which designed the Air Jordans sneakers especially for Michael.The project was so successful that Air Jordans subsequently became an independent brand  . Jordan played himself in the feature film Space Match (1996). He is a member of the management team of Oakley Inc. Now he is the main owner and also the head of basketball operations of the Charlotte Bobcats club. In February 2010,  won the bidding for the right to buy a controlling stake in the team from the main owner, Robert L. Johnson. Thus, Michael became the first player in the association to own an NBA club.
Michael’s parents, James Jordan and Deloris Peeples, met in 1956 after a basketball game in Wallace, North Carolina. James was in the US Air Force at the time, and Deloris attended the Tuskegee Institute, and they were soon married. Michael’s parents were of average height and did not have an athletic build  .
Michael Jordan was born on February 17, 1963 in Brooklyn, New York, where his father studied at the General Electric School.Michael was the fourth child: he has two older brothers, Larry and James Jr., an older sister Deloris and a younger sister Roslyn  . Shortly after Michael was born, the family moved to Wallace, where his father worked as a forklift operator in a factory and his mother was a bank clerk. In 1970, the Jordans moved to the larger city of Wilmington, where James grew up  . Michael’s parents were promoted at work: James became the shop manager and head of the equipment department at the plant, and Deloris became the head of customer relations at the bank.The family became wealthy and were able to afford a new home on the coast. While all his brothers and sisters after school worked part-time and helped their parents with the housework, Michael was very lazy, did not want to work and dodged household chores as best he could. In high school, he did not try very hard, had discipline problems  .
Jordan was involved in many sports, but most of all he loved baseball and dreamed of becoming a professional pitcher in the future. In this sport, Michael achieved some success at the children’s level – at the age of 12, he and his team reached the final of the junior league championship, later became the state champion and was recognized as the best player in the championship.Later, Michael became seriously interested in basketball, the most popular game among local black youth. Although Jordan was not tall and powerful, he trained the jump to compensate for these shortcomings. Michael’s regular partner was his older brother Larry, with whom they often played against each other on the court behind  .
Emsley Laney High School
In ninth grade, Jordan was already a good basketball player. Although he still lacked growth (by the summer of 1978 he was 175 cm), Michael was distinguished by high speed and diligence.He tried to get on the basketball team of Emsley Laney High School, but the coach, appreciating Jordan’s playing qualities, still chose to form a team of older and stronger guys  . Missing the team greatly upset Michael and, in order to show the coach his mistake, he began to give all his best at the matches of the junior high school team. Playing as point guard, Jordan demonstrated a high level of play and averaged 28 points. All the following summer he trained hard and grew by 10 cm  .In tenth grade, Michael also played for the high school football team, competed in track and field competitions, and played baseball  .
Although Michael did poorly in high school and even ran away from school to play basketball, he took up his studies in high school and raised his GPA. He was especially good at mathematics and other exact sciences.
In the eleventh grade, Michael, who grew up to 186 cm, was finally taken to the school basketball team, where his brother Larry played under the 45th number.Michael took the 23rd number, explaining his choice by the desire to become at least half as good an athlete as his brother. He played with this number throughout most of his career. Jordan, taking the position of a heavy forward, successfully fit into the team and averaged 20.8 points per game   . He constantly worked on himself and trained every morning before school. During his first season on the school team, Jordan was little known among breeders and journalists: he did not even make the list of the 300 most promising basketball players among American high school students in 1980.However, in the summer of the same year, he attended a training camp at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and made an indelible impression on the coaching staff of the university team led by Dean Smith  .
After school, Michael wanted to go to the University of California at Los Angeles, but from there he did not receive any offers. The universities of South Carolina and Maryland were inviting Jordan, but the most active were the coaches of the University of North Carolina, who came to the Jordan in the fall of 1980 to persuade Michael to choose their university.The Jordan family liked this option, especially given the fact that Michael’s younger sister, Roslyn, was going to enter the same university. In November 1980, Michael made his choice and wrote a letter of intent to enter the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill  .
Having decided ahead of time with continuing education, Jordan had a great last season in the high school league. On average, he made a triple-double  per game: he gained 29.2 points, made 11.6 rebounds and 10.1 assists.His team ended the season with 19 wins and 4 losses, although they did not make the state championship. Michael himself was invited to Washington to participate in the American School League All-Star Game  , in which he played very well, gaining 30 points  .
University of North CarolinaMichael Jordan’s Mike under the arches of the Dean Smith Center
In the summer of 1981, Michael Jordan entered the University of North Carolina for an athletic scholarship.He chose geography as his main subject. Jordan’s roommate was Buzz Peterson, a talented local basketball player that Michael knew well from his high school championship games. The University of North Carolina’s Tar Hills basketball team, led by coach Dean Smith, was one of the strongest in the United States, having played in the final four of the NCAA Collegiate Championships six times, and reached the championship final in 1980/81. The team had a great roster, besides Jordan, which included future NBA stars Sam Perkins and James Worthy.Dean Smith has always relied on team play, in which even the most stellar player had to sacrifice his own personality for the success of the  team.
Jordan was initially nervous in a new environment for himself, in a team where his partners were players of a much higher level compared to the school. Smith began to play Michael as an attacking guard with an emphasis on defense, which was unusual for Jordan, who was used to playing with an attacking forward.Nevertheless, Michael very soon managed to settle into a new role for himself, to prove himself well in training games, and at the beginning of the 1981/82 season, Smith put Jordan in the starting five  .
Regular Season 1981/82 The Tar Hills finished first in the Atlantic Coast Conference with 32 wins, 2 losses. Jordan averaged 13.4 points per game and was named Best Newcomer in Conference  . In the semifinals of the student championship playoffs, the North Carolina team defeated the strong University of Houston team, which included Hakim Olajuwon and Clyde Drexler, and reached the final, where the opponent went to Georgetown University with powerful center Patrick Ewing in the  …Jordan became the protagonist of the finals, when, with an equal play in the last minutes of the match, he twice brought his team forward, and his last jump shot brought the University of North Carolina victory points and the championship title  . Jordan later referred to the shot as a pivotal shot in his basketball career  .
During his three seasons at the University of North Carolina, Jordan averaged 17.7 points per game with 54.0% conversion rate and 5.0 rebounds per game  .Michael was selected to the first NCCA All-American All-Star Team in its first (1983) and second (1984) seasons. After winning the Naismith award and the title of Player of the Year in 1984, Jordan left the University of North Carolina a year before graduation to participate in the 1984 NBA Draft. Jordan later returned to this university to receive a BA in Cultural Geography in 1986 at  .
1983 Pan American Games
While in college, Jordan became a member of the US basketball team.At the 1983 Pan American Games in Caracas, Venezuela, the national team was led by coach Jack Hartman (University of Kansas)  . The more offensive-oriented team in the USA also performed well on the defensive, winning all 8 games  and winning gold in their third consecutive Pan American Games, as well as extending the USA’s winning streak to 28 games. Along with Jordan, future NBA stars such as Mark Price, Chris Mullin, Wayman Tisdale and Sam Perkins played for the national team. Jordan averaged 17.3 points per game during the tournament and was the team’s highest scoring player.Team USA won a ticket to the 1984 Summer Olympics.
At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, there were no NBA professionals on the US team, but the roster is impressive – Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing, Chris Mullin and Sam Perkins. Jordan and Ewing were the team captains. In the first match of the group stage, the Americans defeated the Chinese national team with a score of 97:49. All 10 matches were won. Jordan became the leader of the team in terms of performance, averaging 17.1 points per game and was named the best player in the Olympic tournament  .
Jordan was selected by the Chicago Bulls as No. 3 in the June 19, 1984 NBA Draft, behind Hakim Aljuvon (Houston Rockets) and Sam Bowie (Portland Trail Blazers)   . Jordan’s friend from the North Carolina team, Sam Perkins, was selected fourth by the Dallas Mavericks. Charles Barkley was selected as the fifth Philadelphia 76er. Olajuwon, Jordan and Barkley were among nine players who went out of college and entered the NBA Draft.The 1984 draft was recognized as one of the best in NBA history     . Four of its members have become members of the Basketball Hall of Fame, and seven players have participated in the All-Star Games. However, it was noted that the Blazers made the mistake of choosing Sam Bowie over Jordan. Bowie’s career has been plagued by injuries for most of his career, making him one of the biggest failures in NBA Drafting history.     .Jordan chose the heavy forward Bowie, as the forward-looking Clyde Drexler, who was selected in the 1983 Draft   , already played in the position of an attacking defender in Portland.
Early years (1984-1987)
In his first season in the NBA, Jordan was in the starting lineup, averaging 28.2 points per game with 51.5 percent conversion rates.  He quickly became a fan favorite even in foreign arenas    , and after just a month of his professional career appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated with the headline “A Star Is Born.”   In 1984, Michael Jordan signed a contract with Nike to advertise basketball shoes. Black and red Air Jordan sneakers in the colors of the Chicago Bulls uniform were specially designed for Michael. On October 18, the NBA banned these sneakers due to the aggressive colors and lack of white  . Jordan was fined five thousand dollars for each game in them, but Jordan continued to play in Nike shoes – the company willingly paid the fines, using this fact to promote the sneakers.Already in his debut season, Jordan was selected in the starting five for the NBA All-Star Game  . This caused discontent among the veterans of the League, led by Isaiah Thomas – veterans were frustrated by the amount of attention Michael was receiving  . This led to Jordan’s so-called “freezing” on the court, with the players refusing to give him the ball throughout the game  . Jordan, withstanding this pressure, won the NBA Rookie of the Year title  at the end of the regular season.In his first season, Jordan became the third most productive in the NBA and entered the second five best players in the Association. Largely thanks to Michael, the Chicago Bulls, despite 44 losses and 38 wins, made it to the playoffs, which they failed for three years  Chicago lost in the first round of the playoffs in four matches to the Milwaukee Bucks “  .
Jordan missed most of the second season (64 games) with a leg injury. Despite Jordan’s injury and the team’s 30-52 result,  The Bulls made it back to the playoffs.Michael had recovered by this time and had a great elimination game. In his second leg against the Boston Celtics, often referred to as one of the greatest roster in NBA history in 1985/86,  , Jordan set a so far unbeaten record for most playoff points – 63  . Despite Michael’s excellent performance, the Celtics won the streak  .
Jordan fully recovered for the 1986/87 season, during which he became one of the highest scoring players in NBA history.With an average performance of 37 points per game and 48.2% of shots, Jordan became the second player in the history of the association, after Wilt Chamberlain, with 3,000 points per season.  Michael also demonstrated his defensive skills by becoming the first player in NBA history to score 200 steals and 100 blocks in a season. Despite these achievements, the title of Most Valuable Player in the League went to Magic Johnson. The Bulls had 40 wins at  and made the playoffs for the third time in a row, but lost again to Boston in the first round at  .
Mid-Career: Detroit Barrier (1987-1990)
In 1987/88, Jordan again topped the league’s top scorers, averaging 35.0 points per game on 53.5% hit rate  , and won his first regular season MVP title. He was also named Defensive Player of the Year with 1.6 blocks and 3.16 steals per game  . The Bulls finished the regular season with a 50-32 win rate  and made their first playoff round for the first time, beating the Cleveland Cavaliers in five games  .In the next round, the Bulls lost five games to the more experienced Detroit Pistons  , led by Isaiah Thomas. The Detroit team was nicknamed the “Bad Boys” for their athleticism and rough play.
In 1988/89, Jordan was again the best in the League in terms of points per game – 32.5 at 53.8% conversion, adding to his statistics 8 rebounds and 8 assists per game  . Chicago finished the season 47-35  and advanced to the Eastern Conference Finals, beating the Cleveland Cavaliers and the New York Knicks along the way.The series with the Cavaliers is notable for the fact that Jordan threw the winning goal over Craig Ello in the last seconds in the decisive fifth game of the series. However, in the next round, Detroit defeated Chicago again, this time in six games  using Jordan’s Rule, a defense method that doubles and sometimes triples Michael in possession of  .
1989/90 The Bulls were on the rise: Jordan became the team captain, young, rapidly progressing players Scotty Pippen and Horace Grant came, and a new coach, Phil Jackson, took over the team.Jordan averaged 33.6 points per game with 52.6% conversion, 6.9 rebounds and 6.3 assists  . Chicago finished the regular season with a record win rate of 55-27  . They made it to the Eastern Conference Finals again, beating the Milwaukee Bucks and Philadelphia 76ers along the way. However, despite an already seven-game streak, Chicago was once again beaten by Detroit for a third straight season at  .
First hat-trick (1990-1993)
Jordan won his second regular season MVP title in 1990/91, averaging 31.5 points per game, 53.9% conversion, 6.0 rebounds and 5.5 assists  .The Bulls finished the season in first place in their division for the first time in 16 years, with a record 61 regular season victories at  . Scotty Pippen has grown to be an All-Star level player. In the playoffs, Chicago was knocked out alternately by the New York Knicks and Philadelphia 76ers. They advanced to the Eastern Conference finals, where they were once again confronted by the Detroit Pistons. However, this time, when the Pistons used the Jordan Rule, Michael overcame the double ward by making partner discounts.Suddenly, the Bulls defeated the Detroit Pistons in four games   . At the end of the fourth and final game of the series, Isaiah Thomas took his team off the court before the end of the match. Most of the Pistons’ players entered the dressing room without the traditional handshake  .
In the playoffs, the Bulls won a record 15 wins and 2 losses  and for the first time in their history reached the NBA Finals, where they beat the Los Angeles Lakers 4-1.The most famous moment in the series was the episode in the second game, when, trying to score from above, Jordan, in order to avoid a block shot from Sam Perkins, shifted the ball while in the air from his right hand to his left to put in the basket  . In his first final, Jordan averaged 31.2 points per game on 56% conversion, making 11.4 assists, 6.6 rebounds, 2.8 steals and 1.4 blocks  . Jordan won his first NBA Finals Most Valuable Player title  while holding the NBA Cup he cried  .
Jordan and the Bulls dominated the 1991/92 season, setting the record for most wins (67-15), improving the 1990/91 record  . Jordan won his third consecutive MVP title with 30.1 / 6.4 / 6.1 on a 52% conversion rate of  . After winning a grueling seven-game streak against the New York Knicks in the second round of the playoffs, Jordan & Co. beat the Cleveland Cavaliers in the conference final in six games. In the final, the Bulls were waiting for Clyde Drexler and the Portland Trail Blazers.The media, hoping to re-establish the Magic Bird rivalry, noted the similarities between “His Air” Jordan and “Sliding” Clyde in pre-Final ad  . In the first game, Jordan set a record for the most points scored in the first half of a match in the Finals – 35 points, including a record six three-pointers  . After the sixth three-pointer, he looked out into the audience with a shrug. Marv Albert, the game’s commentator, later stated that it was as if Jordan were saying, “I can’t believe I’m doing this.»  The Bulls won the first game and then won the streak in six games. Jordan was named Final MVP for the second year in a row  , averaging 35.8 points per game, 4.8 rebounds and 6.5 assists, with a 53% conversion rate. 
In 1992/93, despite an excellent record of 32.6 / 6.7 / 5.5  , Jordan lost the regular season MVP to his friend Charles Barkley. Significantly, Jordan and the Bulls met Barkley and his Phoenix Suns in the NBA Finals.The Bulls won their third NBA championship with a decisive throw from John Paxon and a last-second block shot by Horace Grant. Jordan was once again the catalyst for Chicago’s attacks. He averaged 41 points in six games in the  series and became the first player in NBA history to win the Playoff MVP title in three straight years  . He scored over 30 points in every game, including 40 or more points in 4 games in a row. In addition, Jordan topped the League’s highest scoring list for seven straight seasons.However, the growing popularity worried Jordan, and his personal life went wrong  .
Larry Bird, Magic Johnson, Charles Barkley, Chris Mullin, Patrick Ewing, Clyde Drexler, John Stockton and other NBA stars went to the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona with Michael Jordan. The US national team was immediately dubbed the Dream Team – the “dream team”, and, indeed, there has never been such a team in the world before or since.  . In all 8 matches played, the Americans invariably scored more than a hundred points, their coach Chuck Daly did not take a single time-out for the entire tournament, not only fans, but also the players of the rival team lined up for the Americans’ autographs after the games.The Lithuanian national team was defeated in the semifinals with a score of 127: 76, Croatia in the final – 117: 85. Michael, with an average of 12.7 points per game (fourth highest scoring player on the team)  , won his second Olympic gold. Jordan, Chris Mullin and Patrick Ewing became the only US basketball players to win Olympic gold medals, both professional and amateur (1984)   . At the Olympic gold medal awards ceremony for the American basketball team, Michael Jordan stood on a pedestal wrapped in an American flag.This was caused not only by patriotic feelings, but also by the athlete’s contract with Nike, since the team’s uniform had the Reebok  logo.
During the 1993 playoffs, Jordan was seen playing at the Atlantic City, New Jersey casino the night before the New York Knicks game  . In the same year, he admitted to having lost $ 57,000 in gambling  , author Richard Eskinas wrote a book in which he claimed to have won $ 1.25 million from Jordan at  .In 2005, Jordan told host Ed Bradley on CBS’s 60 Minutes late night show about his addiction to gambling and admitted that he had been reckless. Michael stated: “Yes, I got into situations that I did not avoid – I tried to go beyond the limits of the possible. Is this mania? Yes, but it also depends on how you look at it. If you are ready to endanger your existence and your family, then yes. ”  When Bradley asked him if his addiction to gambling had reached a level when his existence or the existence of his family was threatened, Jordan replied, “No”  .
First retirementMichael Jordan is a Scottsdale Scorpion player.
On October 6, 1993, Jordan announced his retirement, citing a loss of interest in basketball. Michael later stated that the murder of his father this year only prompted this decision  . James R. Jordan, Sr. was killed on July 23, 1993, in a highway recreation area in Lamberton, North Carolina, by two teenagers, Daniel Green and Larry Martin Demery. Larry Martin Demery ). The attackers were tracked by calls from James Jordan’s mobile phone  , caught, convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Jordan was close to his father as a child and even imitated his tendency to stick his tongue out at work. Later, his protruding tongue became his trademark, he did so every time he attacked ring  . In 1996 he founded kids club “Chicago Boys & Girls” and dedicated it to his father   .
In his 1998 autobiography For the Love of the Game , Jordan will write that he was preparing to retire in the summer of 1992  . Exhausted by playing for the Dream Team at the 1992 Olympics, Jordan lost interest in the game and was constantly worried about celebrity status. Jordan’s statement shocked the NBA and appeared on the front pages of newspapers around the world  .
On March 31, 1994, Jordan surprised the sports world by signing a deal with the Chicago White Sox  .Jordan stated that he decided to fulfill the dream of his late father, who saw his son as a baseball player  . The White Sox were owned by Bulls owner Reinsdorf Jerry, who paid Jordan during his baseball career on an NBA contract  . During his short professional baseball career, Jordan played for the Birmingham Barons (Chicago White Sox farm team)  and also played for the 1994 Scottsdale Scorpions.Playing for the Birmingham Barons, Jordan averaged 20.2% to hit. In the same year, two semi-documentaries “Michael Jordan`s Playground” and “Come fly with me” were released.
I’m Back: Return to the NBA
1993/94 The Chicago Bulls finished 55-27 in Jordan’s absence  , losing to the New York Knicks in the second round of the playoffs. In the 1994/95 season, the Bulls were the pale shadow of a team two years ago. In the middle of the season, the Bulls fought only for getting into the playoffs, in the middle of March the team’s indicators were 31-31  .However, the team was reborn when Jordan decided to return to the NBA with Chicago.
On March 18, 1995, Jordan announced his return to the NBA with a brief statement: “I’m back.”  The next day Jordan donned jersey number 45 (his number with the Barons), as number 23 was retired in his honor. In his first game against the Indiana Pacers in Indianapolis, he scored 19 points  . The match has received the highest television rating of any NBA regular season game since 1975,  .
Although Jordan missed a year and a half, he played at the same level – already in the fourth game after his return, against the Atlanta Hawks, Michael makes the winning shot, and in the match against the Knicks at Madison Square Garden on March 28, 1995 of the year Jordan scored 55 points  . Strengthened by Jordan, the Bulls advanced to the playoffs and reached the semi-finals in the Eastern Conference, where they faced the Orlando Magic. At the end of the first game in the series, Orlando player Nick Anderson knocked the ball off Jordan from behind on a throw, later observing that Jordan “does not look like old Michael Jordan”  .In the next game, Jordan returned to his old number (23), but despite 31 points per game in this series, Orlando won six games  .
Second hat-trick (1995-1998)The protruding tongue is the trademark of Michael Jordan. Michael adopted this habit from his father James, and he inherited from his grandfather.
The defeat in the playoffs forced Jordan to seriously prepare for the 1995/96 season  . The Bulls roster was joined by rebounding specialist Dennis Rodman.From the start of the season, Chicago dominated the league (41-3)  , ultimately ending the regular season with the best record in NBA history: 72-10.  Jordan became the league leader in scoring, averaging 30.4 points  , won regular season and All-Star MVP titles  . In the playoffs, Chicago suffered only three losses in four series, beating the Seattle Supersonics in the NBA Finals. Jordan was named Final MVP for a record fourth time  , beating Magic Johnson with three Finals MVP titles.He repeated the achievement of Willis Reed, who during the 1969/70 season won the MVP of the regular season, MVP of the All-Star Game, and also the MVP of the NBA Finals  . It is symbolic that the victory in the first championship after the death of his father was won on Father’s Day. Jordan reacted very emotionally to the victory, crying on the floor of the locker room, holding the ball   .
In 1996, the family comedy film “Space Match” about the adventures of Michael Jordan was released (the film is also known as “Space Jam”, “Space Basketball”, “Feint with ears”, “Space Jam”).
In the 1996/97 season, the Chicagoans missed out on 70 wins, losing their last two games at the end of the season and ending with a 69-13 win rate  . Jordan lost the NBA regular season MVP title to Karl Malone this year. The team reached the final again, where they met with Utah Jazz. The streak against Jazz will be remembered for two of the most memorable moments of Jordan’s career. The victory in the first game of the series was brought by the ball, scored by Jordan in a jump along with the siren. In the fifth game, with the score in the series 2-2, Jordan played despite fever and dehydration of the stomach due to a viral disease, in connection with which the match was called the “flu game”.Jordan scored 38 points, including a decisive three-pointer in the last minute  . The Bulls won 90-88, winning the streak in six matches  . For the fifth time in the finals, Jordan received the MVP award  . Jordan did not receive the All-Star MVP that season, despite Michael becoming the first player to make a triple-double in all-star history (in 2011, Miami Heat forward LeBron James was able to repeat this achievement, and in 2012 – Dwyane Wade).
Jordan with Chicago won 62 games against 20 in 1997/98  . Jordan’s high performance – 28.7 points per game  – secured him the NBA MVP title for the fifth time. Michael was named to the NBA All-Star Team, the NBA’s First Defense All-Star Team, and played in the NBA All-Star  . The Chicago basketball players won the Eastern Conference Finals for a third straight season, playing a grueling seven games in the final series against the Indiana Pacers led by Reggie Miller; for the first time since 1992 when Jordan and Co. played a 7-game streak against the Knicks.After winning the conference finals, Chicago faced a rematch with the Jazz in the fight for the NBA championship title.Michael Jordan, 1997.
Chicago returned to Utah for their sixth game of the final on June 14, 1998, winning the streak 3-2. In the last seconds, Jordan knocked the ball out of the hands of Karl Malone  and, dribbling across the entire area, scored the winning shot. He tricked Brian Russell with a trick, as he did a year ago, in the last seconds of the first match of the Final ’97 between Utah and Chicago.John Stockton tried to save the match, but did not score a three-pointer in the last second. Michael Jordan at the end of the NBA Finals raised his hands above his head, showing six fingers this time – he led his team to the sixth championship title. This moment was recognized by the National Basketball Association as the greatest in its history of the playoffs  . Jordan was named MVP of the  Finals, averaging 33.5 points per game. The NBA Finals are still considered the highest-rated televised event, and Game 6 has the largest TV audience in NBA history at   .
Second retirementMichael Jordan achievement board at United Center.
The Chicago roster underwent significant changes ahead of next season: the contract with Phil Jackson ended, Scottie Pippen announced his desire to change teams during the season, and Dennis Rodman signed a contract with the Los Angeles Lakers as a free agent. The league was paralyzed by the lockout of the NBA players. Under these circumstances, on January 13, 1999, Jordan ended his playing career for the second time.
On January 19, 2000, Jordan returned to the NBA, not as a player, but as co-owner and general manager of the Washington Wizards basketball operations  . He had previously attempted to co-own the Charlotte Hornets as a full-fledged partner of team founder George Shinn. However, negotiations came to a standstill when Shinn refused to give Jordan full control of the basketball operations.
Jordan’s responsibilities in Washington were overwhelming.He supervised all aspects of the “Magic” basketball, his word was the last in all personnel matters. Various views have been expressed regarding Jordan’s competence   . On the one hand, he managed to reduce his team’s player salary costs by shedding several high-paying, unpopular basketball players (such as striker Juvan Howard and point guard Rod Strickland)   , but he also exercised first-choice in the 2001 Draft to select high school student Kwame Brown, who fell short of expectations and was traded after four seasons   .
Despite his claim in January 1999 that he was “99.9% certain” that he would never play  , in the summer of 2001, Jordan expressed interest in returning to the NBA   , but this time with a new team. Inspired by the return of his friend Mario Lemieux to the NHL in the previous winter of  , Jordan trained hard for most of the spring and summer of 2001. Michael ran several indoor training camps with NBA players in Chicago  .In addition, Jordan has appointed his old Chicago Bulls coach Doug Collins to coach the Washington Wizards. According to many, this appointment predetermined the return of Jordan   .
Washington Coming (2001-2003)
On September 25, 2001, Jordan announced his return to professional sports, announcing his intention to donate his player salary to help victims of the September 11, 2001 attacks   .The 2001/02 season was unsuccessful for the team, as most of the players were injured, Jordan became the leader in scoring (22.9), assists (5.2) and interceptions (1.42)  . However, Jordan’s season ended with a right knee injury after 60 games, with fewer games in his first season after his first comeback (1994/95)  .
Jordan played in his 14th All-Star Game in 2003, beating Karim Abdul-Jabbar in All-Star Points.Jordan was the only Washington DC player to play all 82 games this season, including 67 starting in the starting five. He averaged 20.0 points per game, made 6.1 rebounds, 3.8 assists and 1.5 steals per game  . He also shot 45% from the field and 82% from the free throw line  . Jordan scored 20 or more points 42 times; 30 or more points nine times; a 40 or more points three times  . On February 21, 2003, Jordan became the first 40-year-old player in NBA history to score 43 points per game  .During his Wizards appearances, all home games at the MCI Center were sold out, and Washington’s televised matches ranked second in the NBA. At home, the average attendance was 20,172 fans, while on the road – 19,311 and more than 90,240  90,241. Regardless, he has not led the Wizards to the playoffs in any of Jordan’s last two seasons. Jordan was often unhappy with the performance of those around him   , several times he openly criticized his teammates in the media, pointing out a lack of dedication and dedication, in particular, he pointed to the first draft of the 2001 Draft, Kwame Brown   .
The 2002/03 season was the last of Jordan’s career. Following his last play on the floor in Chicago, Jordan was seen off with a four-minute standing ovation  On April 11, 2003, the Miami Heat retired jersey 23, although Jordan never played for the team at  . Tracy McGrady and Allen Iverson  offered Jordan a place in the 2003 All-Star starting lineup, but declined. In the end, however, Michael agreed to be in the starting lineup instead of Vince Carter, who gave up his seat under great pressure from the public at  .
Jordan played the last game of his career against 76 Philadelphia at  . With only 13 points, Jordan went to the bench with 4 minutes and 13 seconds before the end of the third quarter – the team lost to Philadelphia-76 with a score of 75-56. Immediately after the start of the fourth quarter, fans at First Union Center began chanting “We want Michael!” After much admonition from coach Doug Collins, Jordan finally got off the bench and re-entered the game 2:35 before the end of the match, replacing Larry Hughes.1:45 to finish on Jordan, Eric Snow deliberately fouled to allow Michael to shoot free throws (both scored). After the second throw, rookie John Lososi, in turn, was deliberately stopped with a foul by Bobby Simmons, so that Jordan could return to the bench. Jordan was greeted with a standing ovation for three minutes by his teammates, his opponents and 21,257 fans  .
Jordan played as an attacking guard  and was the team’s chief offensive player (both in Chicago and Washington).The NBA leader in terms of points scored per game on average during the regular season (30.12 points per game) and playoffs (33.4 points per game)  . His jumping ability, demonstrated in overhead shooting competition when he scored from the free throw line, earned him the nickname “Air Jordan” and “his Air”. He also gained a reputation as one of the best defenders in basketball at  , averaging 6.2 rebounds, 0.8 block shots and 2.4 steals per game throughout  ‘s career.Jordan is the most versatile defender with excellent basketball intelligence, he is great at shooting, passing, playing under the shield, helping the defense  . Possesses a unique “explosive” style of play, due to a high starting speed and the ability to change the pace of the game at speed at the right time. In addition, Jordan is distinguished by a high level of dedication – in important matches, he was almost always entrusted with the right of the decisive shot. For good luck during the NBA games, Jordan always wore the University of North Carolina shorts under the Chicago Bulls uniform.
Jordan was moderately tall (198 cm) and impeccably built – broad shoulders, a thin waist and a minimum of fat. In addition to his unique physical characteristics, Michael had an uncontrollable desire to improve his game, sports passion, a passion for winning  .
In dealing with people, Michael is always simple, benevolent, tactful. Jordan sometimes showed intolerance towards his teammates, Luke Longley and Tony Cukocha he disliked and often made sarcastic remarks to them, as he believed that these two players did not always live up to their expectations  .
|2001/02||Washington||60||53||34.9||0.416||0.189||0.790||5.7||5.2||1.4||0.4||22.9||Did not participate|
|2002/03||Washington||82||67||37.0||0.445||0.291||0.821||6.1||3.8||1.5||0.5||20.0||Did not participate|
|Hover over the abbreviations in the table header to read their meanings|
After the end of the sports careerMichael Jordan is the owner of the Michael Jordan Motorsports team.Jordan at the golf course 2007.
Following his third retirement, Jordan intended to return to his previous position as Director of Basketball Operations at the Wizards  . However, on May 7, 2003, team owner Abe Pollin fired Jordan from this position  . Jordan later stated that he felt betrayed and if he had known he would be fired, he would never have played for the Wizards  .
Over the following years, Jordan kept fit by playing in charity golf tournaments for celebrities and spending time with his family in Chicago.Michael promoted his Jordan clothing brand and also became interested in motorsport  . Since 2004, Jordan has become the owner of the Michael Jordan Motorsports Professional Team, which has two Suzuki motorcycles in the American Motorcycle Association (AMA) premium Superbike race   . In 2006, Jordan and his wife Juanita donated $ 5 million to Hales Franciscan High School in Chicago  . On June 15, 2006, Jordan acquired a minority stake in the Charlotte Bobcats, becoming the team’s second shareholder after owner Robert L.Johnson. Under the terms of the deal, Jordan became president of the basketball operations team  . Jordan insisted on not participating in the club’s  marketing campaigns.
Johnson put the team up for sale in the summer of 2009, and immediately there were rumors that Jordan would be looking to buy the club. In February 2010, Jordan confirmed his intention to buy back shares in Team  . The main contenders for the purchase of the team were Jordan and the former president of the Houston Rockets, George Postolos.On February 27, Johnson reached an agreement with Jordan and his partners on the terms of the sale of Charlotte Bobcats  , and on March 17 the NBA Board of Governors unanimously approved the deal. Thus, Jordan became the first former NBA player to own a controlling stake in the League club  .
Jordan is not perceived as a talented manager: his transfer policy and use of draft picks generate a huge amount of criticism  . So, as manager of basketball operations for the Washington Wizards, Jordan picked Kwame Brown in the 2001 draft under the overall first number in front of such basketball players as Po Gasol, Joe Johnson and Tony Parker.And in the 2006 Draft, Jordan, already manager of the Charlotte Bobcats, chose Adam Morrison as the third number in front of such players as Brandon Roy, Rudy Gay or Rajon Rondo.
Under new ownership, the Charlotte Bobcats have won only 57 of their 140 games. The team’s best achievement remains the playoffs in the 2009/10 season. On April 26, 2012, the Charlotte Bobcats, losing the last match of the 2011/12 season to the New York Knicks with a score of 84: 104, set the NBA anti-record for the number of victories in the season (7 in total) – 10.6% of all matches.This figure is the worst ratio of wins and losses in the entire 65-year history of the league  . Thus, at the moment, Michael Jordan is the owner of the worst team in the history of the NBA  .
LegacyMichael Jordan statue, officially known as Spirit
According to research published in an article titled “The Jordan Effect” in Fortune magazine, the economic impact of a brand called “Michael Jordan” has been estimated at $ 8 billion  .
In late 1993, the first time Jordan announced his retirement, Chicago Bulls owner Jerry Reinsdorf decided to install a sculpture in his honor at the entrance to the new United Center stadium  . The creation of the monument was undertaken by the creative married couple Julie and Omri Rotblatt-Amrani. It was decided to make the sculpture dynamic and capture Michael in the game: Jordan hovers over the abstract silhouette of his opponents, preparing to make his trademark throw from above. The statue was erected on October 31 and unveiled on November 1, 1994.The basketball player was made of bronze, and black granite was used for the pedestal, the total height is five meters. The monument in honor of Michael Jordan is now one of the attractions of Chicago  .
On April 6, 2009, Michael Jordan, renowned players David Robinson and John Stockton, and Utah Jazz head coach Jerry Sloan were inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame. At a press conference announcing new Hall of Fame members, the legendary Chicago Bulls defender said he was upset to be included so early:
|I don’t like the fact that I will be inducted into the Hall of Fame now, because it means that my basketball career is over.I hoped that this day would come in 20 years or after my death. Yes, this is a great achievement and a great honor for me. But I want you to always think that I can return to basketball. After all, while this thought remains, no one knows what will happen, and what I am capable of  .|
Jordan is the fourth of five children. He has two older brothers, Larry Jordan and James R. Jordan, Jr., one older sister, Deloris, and a younger sister, Roslyn.Jordan’s brother James retired in 2006 as Command Sergeant Major of the 35th Brigade, 18th Airborne Corps, US Army  .
Michael married Juanita Vanoy (born Juanita Vanoy ) in September 1989 and has three children: two sons, Jeffrey Michael (born 1988) and Marcus James (born 1990), as well as daughter Jasmine (Born 1992). Juanita Jordan filed for divorce on January 4, 2002, citing irreconcilable differences, but soon reconciled with her husband.They again filed for divorce and dissolved the marriage on December 29, 2006, stating that the decision was made “mutually and amicably”   . Juanita received $ 168 million in compensation, making the divorce the largest payoff divorce to date among public figures  .
On July 21, 2006, an Illinois court ruled that Jordan was not required to pay compensation of $ 5 million to former secret lover Karla Knafel  .Jordan paid Knafel $ 250,000 to keep their relationship a secret    . Knafel claimed that Jordan promised her $ 5 million in silence and consent not to apply for paternity after Knafel found out she was pregnant in 1991. DNA analysis revealed that Jordan is not the father of the child  .
Since 2007, Jordan has lived in Highland Park, Illinois  , both of his sons attended Loyola Academy, a private Roman Catholic school located in Wilmette. Wilmette ), IL  . Jeffrey graduated from high school in 2007 and played his first game for the University of Illinois on November 11, 2007. After two seasons, Jeffrey left the Illinois basketball team in 2009, but later rejoined   . Markus transferred to Whitney Young High School after his sophomore year and graduated in 2009. His high school team, Chicago Whitney Young, became the Illinois State Champion. In the final game against Waukegan, Marcus was recognized as the most productive player of the match – he scored 19 points per game, and also implemented 4 of 4 free throws in the last 3 minutes of the meeting  .Has been attending the University of Central Florida since Fall 2009  .
Awards and achievements
Michael Jordan was voted NBA Most Valuable Player five times (1988, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1998), and was voted NBA Finals Most Valuable Player six times (1991-93, 1996-98). He is a six-time NBA champion (1991-93, 1996-98), two-time Olympic champion (1984, 1992), fourteen times participated in the All-Star Games of the National Basketball Association (1985-1993, 1996-1998, 2002-2003), was recognized three times Most Valuable Player in the National Basketball Association All-Star Game (1988, 1996, 1998), 3 times elected to the Slam Dunk Contest, two-time overhead throwing champion (1987, 1988).Along with LeBron James, he is one of only two players in basketball history who managed to become Olympic champion, NBA champion and most valuable player of the regular season in one season. The NBA leader in terms of points scored per game on average during the regular season (30.12 points per game) and playoffs (33.4 points per game). In 1999, he was named the greatest North American athlete of the 20th century by ESPN, and was the second after Babe Ruth in the list of athletes of the century by the Associated Press.On September 11, 2009, Jordan was inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame    .
Michael Jordan is one of three American basketball players to win Olympic gold both as an amateur (in 1984, becoming the leader of the national team in terms of performance, averaging 17.1 points per game) and as a professional (in 1992, with the Dream Team). During his performances in Chicago, Michael set about 200 club records, participated in 92 of the 100 most productive games in the history of the club.Among them    :
- Basketball Hall of Fame Member since 2009
- 2x Olympic Champion – 1984, 1992
- 6-time NBA champion: 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998
- 6x NBA Finals MVP: 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998
- 5x NBA regular season MVP: 1988, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1998 90 195
- 7X MVP Sporting News
- 10x NBA regular season leader in points scored
- 3X NBA regular season steals leader
- 14-time NBA All-Star
- 3-time MVP of All-Star Game (NBA): 1988, 1996, 1998
- 2x Overhead Throw Competition Winner: 1987, 1988
- Included in the NBA All-Star Team 11 times: 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998
- Included in the first NBA All-Star National Team 9 times
- NBA Rookie of the Year: 1984
- NBA Defensive Player of the Year: 1988
- Atlantic Coast Conference Newcomer of the Year (ACC) Atlantic Coast Conference ): 1982
- 2-times included in the first national team of stars of the NCAA (en: 1983 NCAA Men’s Basketball All-Americans): 1983, 1984
- ACC Men’s Basketball Player of the Year 1984
- Oscar Robertson Trophy (Player of the Year, College): 1984
- Naismith Student Player of the Year Award: 1984
- John R. Wooden Award 1984
- Adolf Rapp Prize: 1984
- Sportsman of the Year: 1991
- Included in the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History: 1996
- Named # 1 among 50 Greatest Players of All Time by SLAM Magazine’s
- Named # 1 by ESPN Sports Channel Among the 100 Greatest Athletes of the 20th Century
- David L.Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – Westport: Greenwood Biographies, 2007 .– 208 p. – ISBN 978-0-313-33767-3
- ↑ Top N. American athletes of the century. ESPN (15 March 2001). Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved on August 20, 2012. (English)
- ↑ Michael Jordan. Biography. Sports.ru (20 August 2012). Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved on August 20, 2012.
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 9000 8 9 10 11 12 15 16 17 Michael Jordan Bio). NBA.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- ↑ Michael Jordan Biography. ESPN.20 Aug 2012. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved on August 20, 2012. (English)
- ↑ Markovits, Andrei S. and Lars Rensman. Gaming the World: How Sports are Reshaping Global Politics and Culture . Princeton University Press, June 3, 2010.pg. 89. ISBN 0-691-13751-X. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
- ↑ 1 2 Berkow, Ira. “Sports of The Times; Air Jordan And Just Plain Folks, The New York Times , June 15, 1991, accessed February 11, 2009.
- ↑ Skidmore, Sarah. “23 years later, Air Jordans maintain mystique”, The Seattle Times , January 10, 2008, accessed February 12, 2009.
- ↑ Michael Jordan bought basketball club
- ↑ 1 2 David L.Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 1-2.
- ↑ Michael Jordan Biography (1963-). filmreference.com. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- ↑ Ties to Michael Jordan Still Remain in His Hometown of Wilmington, NC // Jet . – Johnson Publishing Company, 1997. – T. 92. – No. 5. – S. 50. – ISBN 0021-5996.
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 3.
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 Hwidelberstem A Player for All Seasons: Michael Jordan and the World He Created. – Broadway Books, 2000 .– S. 20-21. – 432 p. – ISBN 07673
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 4.
- ↑ 1 2 3 Michael Jordan NBA & ABA Statistics. Basketball-Reference.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- ↑ 1 2 Michael Jordan: The Stats. Infoplease.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 5-6.
- ↑ 1 2 David L.Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 7-8.
- ↑ Sportscenter , ESPN , air date February 2, 2007.
- ↑ Williams, Lena. PLUS: Basketball; “A McDonald’s Game For Girls, Too,” The New York Times , December 7, 2001, accessed January 16, 2007.
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 9.
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 10-11.
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 9000 8 9 10 Michael Jordan entry. databaseBasketball.com . Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. (English)
- ↑ 9005 David L. Porter. Michael Jordan: A Biography. – S. 12-13.
- ↑ qtd. in Lazenby, Roland. Michaelangelo: Portrait of a Champion. Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute . Bannockburn, IL: H&S Media, 1999. pg. 128. (eng.)
- ↑ Morris, Mike. “The Legend: A Highlight-Reel History of the NBA’s Greatest Player”. Michael Jordan: The Ultimate Career Tribute . Bannockburn, IL: H&S Media, 1999. pg. 67. (eng.)
- ↑ basketpedya
- ↑ Results of Pan American Games 1983
- ↑ 1 2 Games of the XXIIIrd Olympiad – 1984. USA Basketball, Inc. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved on February 16, 2009. (eng.)
- ↑ Goldaper, Sam Olajuwon Is No.1 Pick in College Draft. The New York Times . The New York Times Company (June 20, 1984). Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved on February 22, 2010. (English)
- ↑ Dupree, David NBA Draft ’84: Choosing from the Choice. Washington Post . The Washington Post Company (June 17, 1984). Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2010. (English)
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- ↑ Gross, Jane. Jordan Makes People Wonder: Is He the New Dr.J? ”, The New York Times , October 21, 1984, accessed March 7, 2007. (English)
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- ↑ Wilbon, Michael. Great Shot! Jordan’s Best Amazingly Goes One Better, Washington Post , June 7, 1991, accessed March 7, 2007.
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- ↑ Kurt Badenhausen Why Nike Owns U.S. Olympic Basketball. Forbes (7/20/2012). Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved on September 29, 2012.
- ↑ Anderson, Dave. “Sports of The Times; Jordan’s Atlantic City Caper, The New York Times , May 27, 1993, accessed April 8, 2008.(English)
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- ↑ Berkow, Ira. A Humbled Jordan Learns New Truths, The New York Times , April 11, 1994, accessed January 16, 2007.
- ↑ Mitchell, Alison. The Nation; “So Many Criminals Trip Themselves Up,” The New York Times , August 22, 1993, accessed March 24, 2008.
- ↑ Walsh, Edward. “On the City’s West Side, Jordan’s Legacy Is Hope,” Washington Post , January 14, 1998, accessed January 16, 2007.(English)
- ↑ Michael Jordan, family attend groundbreaking ceremony for James Jordan Center, Jet Magazine , August 14, 1995, available at findarticles.com, accessed April 16, 2008.
- ↑ Jordan, Michael. For the Love of the Game: My Story . New York City: Crown Publishers, 1998. pg. 100. ISBN 0-609-60206-3. (English)
- ↑ Thompson, Ian and Ted Rodgers. Europe loses a role model; even in countries where basketball is a minor pursuit, Jordan’s profile looms large – includes related article on Jordan’s stature in Japan, The Sporting News , October 18, 1993, available at findarticles.com, accessed April 25, 2008.
- ↑ Michael Jordan Chronology, sportsillustrated.cnn.com, January 12, 1999, accessed March 15, 2007.
- ↑ Michael Jordan A Tribute, sportsillustrated.cnn.com, accessed March 7, 2007.
- ↑ Araton, Harvey. Basketball; Jordan Keeping the Basketball World in Suspense, The New York Times , March 10, 1995, accessed March 24, 2008.
- ↑ Taylor, Phil.What Goes Up…, Sports Illustrated , March 20, 1995, accessed March 25, 2009.
- ↑ “Michael Jordan returns to Bulls in overtime loss to Indiana Pacers – Chicago Bulls”, Jet Magazine , April 3, 1995, available at findarticles.com, accessed May 2, 2008. )
- ↑ Hausman, Jerry A. and Gregory K. Leonard. “Superstars in the National Basketball Association.” Journal of Labor Economics , 15: 587, 1997.(English)
- ↑ Lawrence, Mitch. Memories of MJ’s first two acts, espn.com, September 10, 2001, accessed December 16, 2008.
- ↑ Kerr, Steve. The greatest team in history – day four: Chicago Bulls, bbc.co.uk, accessed March 16, 2007.
- ↑ Chicago Bulls 1995-96 Game Log and Scores, databasebasketball.com, accessed January 20, 2007.
- ↑ 1995-96 Chicago Bulls, nba.com/history, accessed January 15, 2007.(English)
- ↑ 1 2 Chicago Bulls 1996-97 Game Log and Scores, databasebasketball.com, accessed January 16, 2007.
- ↑ Burns, Marty. 23 to remember, sportsillustrated.cnn.com, January 16, 1999, accessed February 23, 2007. (English)
- ↑ 1 2 Greatest Finals Moments, nba.com, accessed February 6, 2007.(English)
- 900 04 ↑ 900 05 Cohen, Rachel. Lakers-Celtics should grab big TV ratings, charleston.net, June 5, 2008, accessed September 19, 2008.
- ↑ NBA Finals Game 6 nets ratings record for NBC, Jet Magazine , July 6, 1998, available at findarticles.com, accessed February 17, 2009.
- ↑ Sandomir, Richard. Jordan Sheds Uniform for Suit as a Wizards Owner, The New York Times , January 20, 2000, accessed March 24, 2008.(English)
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- ↑ Brady, Erik. “Wizards show Jordan the door,” usatoday.com, May 7, 2003, accessed February 23, 2007.
- ↑ Associated Press. Making his move, sportsillustrated.cnn.com, February 22, 2001, accessed February 23, 2007.(English)
- ↑ Matthews, Marcus. Losing never looked so good for Wizards, usatoday.com, March 1, 2001, accessed February 23, 2007. (English)
- ↑ Wilbon, Michael. “So Long, Kwame, Thanks for Nothing,” The Washington Post , July 16, 2005, accessed February 23, 2007.
- ↑ 1 2 Harvey Araton, “Sports of The Times; Old Coach Rejoins Old Warrior, ”New York Times, October 2, 2001, accessed February 12, 2009.(English)
- ↑ 1 2 Joseph White, Jordan comeback raises questions, cbc.ca, September 23, 2001, accessed February 12, 2009.
- ↑ Associated Press. Jordan watched Lemieux’s comeback very closely, espn.go.com, October 2, 2001, accessed March 7, 2007.
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- ↑ Pollin Establishes Education Fund, nba.com, September 9, 2002, accessed January 16, 2007.
- ↑ News Summary, The New York Times , September 26, 2001, accessed April 8, 2008.
- ↑ Jordan Pours in History-Making 43, nba.com, February 21, 2003, accessed January 16, 2007.
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- ↑ Heat Retire Jordan’s 23, sportsillustrated.cnn.com, April 11, 2003, accessed March 8, 2007.
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- ↑ Wise, Mike. “PRO BASKETBALL; Jordan’s Strained Ties to Wizards May Be Cut, The New York Times , May 4, 2003, accessed February 12, 2009.(English)
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- ↑ Meyer, Gregory. Jordans to pledge $ 5M to Hales Franciscan H.S., chicagobusiness.com, March 13, 2006, accessed July 28, 2008.
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|1984 NBA Draft|
1 Hakeem Olajuwon • 2 Sam Bowie • 3 Michael Jordan • 4 Sam Perkins • 5 Charles Barkley • 6 Melvin Tarpin32 • 931 Robert 831 7 • 9 Otis Thorpe • 10 Leon Wood • 11 Kevin Willis • 12 Tim McCormick • 13 Jay Humphries • 14 Michael Cage • 15 Terence Stansbury John Stockton 16 17 Jeff Turner • 18 Vern Fleming • 19 Bernard Thompson • 20 Tony Campbell • 21 Kenny Fields • 22 Tom Sevel • 23 Earl Jones • 24 Michael Young
25 Devin Durant • 26 Victor Fleming • 27 Ron Anderson • 28 Corey Blackwell • 29 Stuart Gray • 30 Steve Bart • 31 Jay Murphy • 32 Turner 33 Steve Colter • 34 Tony Costner • 35 Wilson Hotel • 36 Charles Jones • 37 Ben Coleman • 38 Charles Sitton • 39 Danny Young • 40 Antoni Teachy 4118 Tom Slaby • 42 Willie White • 43 Greg Vitier • 44 Fred Reynolds • 45 Gary Plumer • 46 Jerome Kersey • 47 Ronnie Williams
Personal awards and achievements
Michael Jordan Champion titles (6)
4 Steve Alford • 5 Jeff Turner • 6 Patrick Ewing • 7 Vern Fleming • 8 Alvin Robertson • 9 Michael Jordan • 10 Joe Copack 918 • 12 Chris Mullin • 13 Wayman Tisdale • 14 Sam Perkins • 15 Leon Wood • Trainer: Bob Knight
Traditional methods of memorizing foreign words, formulas, various facts and other things, take a lot of effort, moreover, their effectiveness is highly questionable. And in most cases, the study and memorization of large amounts of information seems to us something too heavy, so we get down to business extremely reluctantly. But in fact, everything is not so scary.
Interval repetition, as a way to quickly and effectively memorize any information, has been known to experimental psychology for about a century, and in the early 80s of the twentieth century, Peter Wozniak began to develop the Supermemo program, which is designed to serve as a tool for the practical application of this technique.Many of us creators of Quantified Self use these techniques. The purpose of this article is to share with you all kinds of mechanisms and our experience with them, we also welcome your active participation in the discussion. We hope you learn a lot. Therefore, if you are interested in this topic and you have something to say about its essence, or if you have any questions, comments are at your service.
So, below are the following subsections:
- The Basics of Spaced Repetition
- Learning Chinese with Spaced Repetition
- How Spaced Repetition Helped Roger Craig Win Jeopardy
- The Role of Spaced Repetition in Learning and Curiosity
- Interval repetition in determining the cognitive abilities of the brain
- What is “Correctly Formulated Knowledge” (i.e.(i.e. correctly formatted cards)
- List of teaching software based on the principles of spaced repetition
- References to scientific literature
The main meaning of spaced repetition
This method is based on the assumption that there is some ideal moment to review previously learned information. If you do it earlier than you should, you are wasting your time. If you do it too late, you manage to forget the material and, without realizing it yourself, simply learn all over again.The ideal time to revisit is when you are about to forget this information. The task of the computer program is to calculate this moment and remind you in time to repeat what you have learned. (For more details, see the article about Petr Wozniak and Supermemo on the Wired website).
The graph at the beginning of the article shows how these “reminders” change the shape of the forgetting curve. That is, with each timely reminder, knowledge is retained in memory for a longer period of time, and it will take you more time to forget what you have learned.Consequently, the intervals between sessions / repetitions increase. Thus, the program captures the time component of your training and assigns the next session accordingly.
Spaced Repetition Chinese Learning
Spaced Repetition is often used to quickly build up your vocabulary when learning a foreign language. In this video, Jeremy Howard explains how he once learned Chinese using this technique.
How Spaced Repetition Helped Roger Craig Become a Jeopardy Winner
Roger Craig is the record Jeopardy winner for the day. Below he will talk about his teaching method and how he uses the Anki program.
The role of spaced repetition in the accumulation of knowledge and the development of curiosityAt the Quantified Self conference, which was held in Portland, Stephen Jonas presented to the public a very interesting project, the essence of which is to use spaced repetition to accumulate general knowledge and stimulate curiosity.We are planning to post video footage of Stephen’s speech soon. In the meantime, let’s tell you in general terms what and how.
Stephen directs many educational programs, but our attention, first of all, was attracted by this discovery: the accumulation of even the most basic knowledge significantly improves the quality of life.
With the help of Supermemo and a set of 613 cards, he quickly learned the names of the capitals and the locations of all the countries in the world. He noticed that such a set of simple, even primitive knowledge made watching the news much more informative and interesting.For example, when he came across a report on the Tuareg uprising in Mali, he did not switch because he had a clear idea of where Mali was and what the capital of the country was called. Since the proscenium of events took place in his picture of the world, the news related to it aroused great interest in Stephen. He also noticed that the way he reads, talks, or learns has taken to a whole new level. The results exceeded all expectations.
From this it follows that the value of the information stored in the head is not that you know your cards well, but that this information creates a kind of intellectual field that gives rise to new thoughts and new knowledge.
Interval repetition in determining the cognitive abilities of the brain
Nick Winter is the creator of the popular Skritter program. This program is a Chinese and Japanese language course based on the spaced repetition method. Here’s a slideshow from Nick’s Quantified Self talk that reveals how spaced repetition can be used to determine the brain’s ability to acquire and accumulate knowledge, or simply how well the brain is functioning.Since spaced repetition is inherently complex enough, it can help detect some patterns that in turn answer the question of what hinders or contributes to effective learning.
What is “Correctly Formulated Knowledge” (ie correctly formed cards)
Perhaps here we are running a little ahead, but the more you will be interested in the topic, and the more comments and questions there will be, which is good. So feel free to share your thoughts.
On the website of Peter Wozniak there is a voluminous section called Effective learning: Twenty rules of formulating knowledge. There is a lot to learn here. But pay special attention to rule number one: Don’t learn what you don’t understand. He gives a funny example: it turns out, with the help of Supermemo, you can memorize a textbook on German history in the original language without knowing German. It is possible, but at the same time stupid and useless.
Interval repetition is aimed at only one facet of the learning process – memorization. Learning, you know, is not limited to just cramming. Remember Stephen Jonas talked about how useful it is to keep “primitive” knowledge in your head? Now our task is to find new ways and expand the area of application of spaced repetition methods in the learning process. And we would love to know what you think about this.
List of training software based on spaced repetition principles
Here is a small list of software.The explanation is simple – we have listed only those programs that we dealt with ourselves, or which friends told us about. If you are actively using this or that software and want to share your experience, let us know.
- Anki – is actively used everywhere, is constantly developing and improving. Open source. Free for PC and Android, iPhone version – $ 17.50
- Mnemosyne is also open source; works on Windows and Mac OS, cards can also be viewed on phones with Android and Blackberry operating systems.All versions of the program are free.
- Skritter – For Chinese and Japanese learning only. Nice interface, plus the author is a good friend of QS (the aforementioned Nick Winter). But, since I do not learn these languages, I have nothing to say – I am waiting for feedback from people who use the program. Subscription – $ 9.95 per month.
- SuperMemo is the first of its kind. Still widely used. There are licensed versions for other platforms, but mainly the creators are focused on interacting with Windows.($ 60)
References to scientific literature
We recommend starting with the General principles of SuperMemo, described by Petr Wozniak. The author describes in more detail the mechanism of his program, shares his experience and research results.