Women’s Lacrosse players must adhere to traditional gender roles – The Beacon
Courtesy of MCLA athletics
By Tayler Brooke Wiese
Special to the Beacon
The women of the Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts (MCLA) lacrosse team are standing on the field, the sun turning their cheeks a bright shade of pink. Their skirts flip behind them as they run. A few players near the goal are adjusting their skirts back down to their rightful place, but they keep riding up. If you watch closely you can catch each player tug casually on their skirt every few minutes.
Despite their ladylike uniform, women’s lacrosse players are eager to participate in a more aggressive game. But women’s rules don’t give female players that right. The rules of person-to-person contact are one of the main differences between the men’s and women’s games, along with lack of padding, shallower stick pockets, and the traditional uniforms.
Some of these differences are frustrating to MCLA team members. Players don’t want the same rules as men’s lacrosse, but would appreciate rules that they don’t suggest women players are weak.
“They don’t let us have body-to-body contact in women’s lacrosse, but men’s lacrosse is
allowed to have it. It’s not fair because the rule is suggesting that we are weak and just because we’re girls we can’t handle contact,” Mackenzie Cutler, sophomore lacrosse player, said.
According to uslacrosse.org there are many differences between man’s and women’s rules. Women aren’t allowed to have a deep pocket. Men must wear helmets, mouth guards, and padding where women must wear mouth guards and protective eye wear. Aggressive checking and body contact are illegal in the women’s game, while they are legal in men’s.
“In some ways the women’s game is harder than the men’s game. To master the stick skills definitely takes a lot more work,” Coach Bartini, the women’s lacrosse head coach, said. “We have incorporated some of the rules of the men’s game while limiting some of the brute force that I don’t really see as athleticism anyway.”
According to Bartini, more physicality is allowed at the college level of women’s lacrosse. Contact is actually allowed in the rules and girls are supposed to use their hands to push girls out of the way on defense.
“Physicality changes from game to game. Some referee’s will allow more contact than others which leads to some much more aggressive games,” Bartini said.
Aggression is not desired by all
Not all women’s lacrosse players want more contact, like junior Rachel Green. She looks down at her un-bruised arms and smiles.
“It’s better without contact because it takes more skill to do it. We have to learn other ways to get the ball back without being as aggressive,” Green said.
The rules and regulations of women’s lacrosse differ from men’s lacrosse in more than just aggression. For example, in men’s lacrosse the pocket of their stick is allowed to be deeper, while in women’s lacrosse the pocket must be shallow.
Deeper pockets make it easier for players to keep the ball in their stick. Men are allowed to have deeper pockets because a deeper pocket requires more aggressive checking in order to get the ball out.
“Having a shallow pocket makes it harder to play because it’s much harder to keep the ball in it. But I think it makes us stronger players,” Cutler said.
Skirts in athletics
Another major difference between men’s and women’s lacrosse is the uniform. Women’s lacrosse players wear a skirt as part of their uniform because of tradition. Some MCLA players have no problem with the skirt and actually like it, while others feel very strongly against them.
“I hate the skirt. It would be more beneficial to have shorts because the skirt always rides up. Shorts are more comfortable. We practice in shorts so I don’t see why we can’t play in them,” junior Mackenzie Gregory said.
However, even the players who don’t mind the skirt still have some negative feelings about it.
“I just don’t like being defined by the skirt. Sometimes that’s the only thing people remember about lacrosse, and they comment on it all the time. Playing in a skirt doesn’t bother me, but it does sometimes feel a little bit sexist. We’re playing a sport, not a beauty pageant, so I don’t always understand why we have to wear the skirt,” Cutler explained.
According to Bartini, the skirts merely reflect tradition, and aren’t required to play.
Even though the women’s lacrosse players are frustrated by some of the gender differences within their sport, they do not think their rules should be the same as the men’s rules.
“Men’s lacrosse is more aggressive for a reason. We shouldn’t have the same rules,” Green explained.
Some of the girls on the team still wish they were able to be more aggressive.
“Just because we’re girls doesn’t mean we aren’t tough enough to handle a little more contact,” Cutler said.
In practice the girls sprint around the field in shorts, looking much more comfortable. The ever present tugging down of skirts is missing, and without referees they happily sneak in some more aggressive maneuvers.
Why Do So Many Women’s Sports Still Incorporate Skirts?
Laura’s daughter Anna (both names changed) wanted to try out for her private school’s lacrosse team, but she balked once she realized that the mandatory uniform included a skirt/skort.
“She did not want to wear the skirt as the uniform and felt it was too revealing and made her feel self-conscious,” Laura explains in an email interview. “If the girls uniform were similar to the boys, she would have tried out.” Adds her daughter, who is in the sixth grade, “Boys wear long shorts and girls have to wear short skirts and it’s not fair.”
Young Anna just had her first real-life run-in with the wild variations between what’s expected of women’s appearances versus men’s. Many sports have traditionally featured a skirt as part of the uniform for women, in the same way that women traditionally wore mainly skirts and dresses. But you might be surprised to learn that some of the sport skirt requirements are actually very recent.
For instance, women’s boxing became part of the Olympics for the first time in 2012. In 2011, the president of the AIBA, the international association representing amateur boxers, declared that the female boxers would wear skirts, because viewers had a hard time telling the difference between the male and the female boxers in competiton. After a huge outcry, the AIBA backtracked and said its athletes could wear either skirts or shorts, a policy that still exists today. A similar debate took place in the world of Olympic badminton.
“They [the governing organizations for boxing and badminton] both said out loud that they were doing it to make the women sexier and more marketable and watchable,” recalls Nancy Hogshead-Makar, Olympic swimming champion, attorney and head of advocacy organization Champion Women.
She insists that the intention of the uniform is what makes the difference. “Field hockey has over a hundred years’ history of wearing skirts so that’s just how the sport has developed,” she says, noting that female athletes shouldn’t be forced to look like models simply because they’re women. “If that’s what you’re looking for, then that’s a problem because it’s going to take away from the ability to look at the women’s athletic accomplishments.”
Jennifer Perkins, of Woodstock, Georgia, has coached lacrosse for 20 years, and played the sport in college. She describes lacrosse skirts as very comfortable and almost identical to tennis skirts and field hockey uniforms, which feature spandex shorts underneath. “I️ actually don’t like when a lacrosse team wears shorts but I️ am more of a traditionalist,” she says in an email. (For the record, the Federation of International Lacrosse says shorts or kilts are OK for uniforms).
Perkins isn’t alone in that sentiment, either. The Women’s Professional Lacrosse League (WPLL) recently consulted players about whether they prefer to play in skirts or shorts. Surprisingly, most indicated skirts as their uniform of choice, although there were strong opinions on both sides of the debate.
“I think skirts pay tribute to the tradition and gracefulness of the game as female lacrosse players have been wearing them for over a hundred years,” explains Courtney Waite, player for WPLL team Philadelphia Fire. “On a practical level, skirts are comfortable to compete in, while I have found some styles of lacrosse shorts on the market today to be somewhat bulky and more constrictive. Visually, skirts are attractive and offer a visual representation of the multiple facets of female athletes. Women can celebrate their femininity, strength, and athleticism.”
Fellow WPPL player Olivia Hompe, who plays for Upstate Pride, respectfully disagrees. “While I think skirts look nice and are comfortable to play in, I do think competing in skirts takes away a degree of legitimacy from women as athletes. It is unimaginable that any male professional sports would wear skirts to compete,” she says in an email.
Of course, some sports are more flexible in terms of dress code, but those tend to be individual sports like women’s golf or tennis. Even Wimbledon is OK with women wearing shorts — as long as they are white.
“They [women playing individual sports] can wear what’s most comfortable for them,” Hogshead-Makar says. “In a team sport it’s harder, but there’s no reason why one person couldn’t wear a skirt or shorts as long as they’re the same color. Just like individual sports, athletes should be able to have the choice,” she says. “To have a kid not participate because they don’t have a choice or are not comfortable with the dress code, that’s highly problematic.”
The Women’s Sports Foundation has a position paper with guidelines for athletic uniforms. It notes, among other things, that uniforms should take into consideration “comfort and drag reduction,” the “impact on body type and body presentation,” as well as issues related to “inappropriate marketing exploitation.”
One of the main parts of a lacrosse uniform are the shorts, which are worn by both male and female players. Lacrosse shorts give athletes the ability to run freely and stay comfortable, which are key in a sport where athletes will do a significant amount of running.
What are lacrosse shorts used for?
Lacrosse shorts are worn by both male and female lacrosse players, but many female players also wear lacrosse skirts. Shorts or skirts both give players the ability to move their legs quickly while staying comfortable and cool during games and practices. It has been reported that lacrosse players run between three to five miles during an average game, depending on what position they play. Shorts are great for lacrosse because they are not restrictive, can be worn at different lengths, and allow players to run freely.
Lacrosse season is typically in the spring or summer so keeping cool is very important, especially while doing so much running. Wearing shorts allows athletes to keep their legs cool without being restricted. Athletes can choose to wear leggings under their shorts, but most lacrosse teams will have shorts as part of their uniforms.
Things To Consider
When looking for lacrosse shorts, you’ll want to consider the following:
- What size shorts do you need?
- How much are you willing to spend on shorts?
- Does your team uniform have a certain type of shorts?
- Does your team uniform have a certain color your shorts should be?
- How many pairs of lacrosse shorts should you own?
What are you looking for in lacrosse shorts?
- To play men’s lacrosse
- To play women’s lacrosse
- To be as comfortable as possible
- To uphold lacrosse traditions
- To wear in a game
- To wear at practices
There are a few different types of lacrosse shorts; men’s shorts are typically similar in style, length, and material to basketball shorts, while women’s lacrosse shorts are typically shorter in length. Female lacrosse players also often wear skirts instead of shorts, which are also typically shorter in length.
Men’s Lacrosse Shorts
Men’s lacrosse shorts are worn by all male lacrosse players during games and practices. Men’s lacrosse shorts are very similar in size and material to basketball and regular athletic shorts. One difference between lacrosse shorts and regular athletic shorts is that lacrosse shorts can sometimes have bold designs on them. Shorts worn as part of a uniform will typically feature team colors/logos only, but casual lacrosse shorts can also be found with some unique designs on them.
Women’s Lacrosse Shorts
Women’s lacrosse shorts are shorter than men’s shorts and are typically worn higher over the waist. It was extremely common for female lacrosse players to wear skirts or skorts until Northwestern University’s team began wearing shorts in 2008. Wearing shorts allows female players to run freely with no restrictions. Many women’s teams wear shorts, but they also have the option of wearing skirts.
Women’s Lacrosse Skirts
Lacrosse skirts are specific to women’s lacrosse. Wearing skirts has long been the tradition in women’s lacrosse, but it is not uncommon for athletes to prefer wearing shorts. Oftentimes a skirt can ride up while trying to run and maneuver down the field, so some athletes are more comfortable wearing shorts, while others do not have a preference. These skirts are typically similar in length to women’s lacrosse shorts, but have been worn for a much longer period of time in the game of lacrosse.
Lacrosse shorts can be made from a variety of materials. Some of the most common materials for lacrosse shorts are cotton, poly-mesh, and polyester. Each of these materials has its own benefits and different athletes will have different preferences based on what is comfortable for them.
- Cotton: Cotton shorts are extremely popular and are favored by most people because they are warm, breathable, and comfortable. They are stretchy and offer flexibility while running and playing lacrosse.
- Poly-Mesh: Poly-Mesh is constructed with an open hole structure and made through a knitting process. Poly-Mesh is an extremely popular material for athletic wear and is an ideal material to use for water resistant products.
- Polyester: Polyester might not be the first choice for many lacrosse players when it comes to shorts because it is hydrophobic, meaning that it does not absorb perspiration or other fluids.
There are many different athletic brands that make and sell lacrosse shorts. Some of the most popular brands athletes wear are Nike, Adidas, and Champion. What brand you wear comes down to personal preference in style and comfort.
Champion is a popular and affordable brand to wear when buying lacrosse shorts. Champion invented the first mesh athletic shorts that are great for playing lacrosse. Their mesh material gives the shorts a breathable and very light feel that keeps athletes cool on the field. They offer nine inch shorts which are perfect for men’s lacrosse.
Nike makes shorts for both men’s and women’s lacrosse players and continues to be one of the largest names in sportswear. Nike’s shorts are great for lacrosse players, as they are lightweight and have an elastic waistband with an adjustable drawcord.
Adidas has a solidified place in the sports world as one of the top places to go for sportswear, and this is no different when it comes to lacrosse shorts. Adidas makes lightweight shorts that are great for mobility, feel, and performance. Picking Adidas over other brands comes down to personal preference, as most companies will make their men’s and women’s lacrosse shorts the same length and have a wide variety of colors available.
How much do lacrosse shorts cost?
Lacrosse shorts will cost anywhere from $20-$50 depending on what brand you choose, the style you want, and what size you wear. Typically, adult sizes will cost more than youth sizes, while price also increases when custom designs are added on to the shorts. Brands such as Champion offer cheaper options for shorts, while Nike will have more expensive choices.
What are the kinds of lacrosse shorts?
Lacrosse shorts are made in men’s and women’s styles. For men there is really only one kind of lacrosse shorts, which resemble regular athletic shorts. They will often be nine inches long and are made for youth and adult sizes. Women’s lacrosse shorts are made for both adults and youth as well, but are much shorter in length than men’s shorts. Women also have the option of wearing a lacrosse skirt that is the same length as lacrosse shorts. That being said, more often than not team leadership decides whether women lacrosse players will wear shorts or skirts on any given day.
How do you know what size lacrosse shorts you need?
If you know what size athletic shorts you wear, you can safely assume that that size will work for you when buying lacrosse shorts. This is because of the similarities between lacrosse shorts and athletic shorts. Being comfortable and fitting tight around the waist are key when looking for lacrosse shorts. Taller people may look for large sizes, while younger players and shorter people can look at small or medium sizes. Fit is important, but it is also just as important to be comfortable, because athletes will be doing lots of running in their lacrosse shorts.
Should Girl’s Lacrosse Continue To Wear Skirts? – The Paw Print
Can you imagine running down the field in a skirt that goes down to your knees?
Some women athletes almost know what this feels like. In 1926, the first girls’ lacrosse team ever was created. Their uniforms were long, loose pleated dresses that came down to their knees and they wore long-sleeved white shirts under their dresses.
Back in the 1950’s, many girls were participating in sports such as volleyball, soccer, cheer leading, and basketball. Although those are very different sports, they once had one thing in common: Girls were required to wear long, pleated skirts that reached just above their knees.
Today, girls who play sports like field hockey and lacrosse still wear skirts, even in a culture where girls wear shorts and pants. The tradition of girls wearing only skirts and boys wearing pants and shorts hasn’t been popular for decades.
However, at Wilde Lake, the girl’s lacrosse team continues with the skirt-only uniform.
“The thing is, the standard for girl’s lacrosse is skirts. It’s not a county wide policy, but it’s more of an establishment,” said Coach Williams, the varsity coach.
“Every three years, the coach at the time orders new uniforms and he or she decides if they wear skirts or shorts for the next three years,” said Williams.
Kelsey Diven, formerly on the varsity team said, “We never really got a choice with the last Wilde Lake lacrosse coach. He decided that he wanted us to continue the tradition of wearing skirts, so that’s the new uniform we got.”
Victoria Morgan, a sophomore playing on the JV lacrosse team, admits her dislike for the lacrosse skirts and says she wishes that she was allowed to wear shorts.
“They’re uncomfortable. When you’re running they ride up your legs and you start paying more at- tention to pulling your skirt down than to the game,” said Morgan.
Desmyn Stevenson, also a sophomore on the JV lacrosse team, says that even though she doesn’t mind having to wear the skirts, she would prefer not to.
“The skirts give us more of a free range of motion if they’re a bigger size, but if they’re too small you can barely move at all. I would prefer it if we wore shorts, it would make playing easier,” said Stevenson.
Another requirement is that players have to wear spandex un- der their skirt or else they are not allowed to play. If the girls forget to bring their spandex to a game, they have to sit on the bench for the duration of the game.
Some of the girls expressed their dislike for this rule.
“I hate the fact that if I don’t bring my spandex, I can’t play. It’s annoying and it wouldn’t be a problem if we were allowed to wear shorts,” Amanda Daughtry, a sophomore on Varsity said.
If the girls wore shorts , then wearing spandex wouldn’t be as big of a deal. Although spandex are still part of the uniform, you wouldn’t be forced to sit out of the game if you forget to wear them under your shorts.
In girls’ lacrosse, athletes continue to wear skirts because of tradition. However, some schools are allowing girls to wear shorts.
Mt. Hebron is one school that opted to switch from the traditional skirts to shorts.
Tradition is an important part of life. Girls used to wear skirts because skirts were symbols of femininity and modesty, but as the years go on, less and less girls follow this tradition. The assump- tion that because you’re a girl, you should wear skirts, is not as com- mon now as it once was.
Since the last time the lacrosse team got new uniforms was last year, they will have to wait another two years before they can decide if they are going to continue with the tradition of wearing skirts or not.
“If I am still coach when it comes time to order the new uniforms, I will leave it up to the team to decide if they want to wear skirts for another three years or if they want to make the change to shorts,” said Coach Williams.
She admits that she doesn’t want to force the girls to continue wearing the skirts if they don’t want too. “It’s their choice,” said Coach Williams.
Skirt Up! | FOR THE LOVE OF LACROSSE
For this week’s post, I am going to complain a little bit (alright, a lot) about the uniforms for girls for lacrosse. For those of you that don’t know, a girl’s uniform consists of some type of tight racerback or straight tank top with a skirt.
First of all, I don’t know about you, but if I’m playing a sport and running around and sweating my butt off, I really do not want to be wearing a tight shirt that is going to make all of the sweat stick to me and make me feel even more gross if that’s possible.
Give me a little breathing room. Is that too much to ask for? Apparently so.
To top it off, we have to wear skirts. Normally, skirts are associated with fancy, clean things. I have no idea what was going through the mind of the person who made these uniforms but I don’t want to know where they think skirts should be worn. They definitely do not belong on a lacrosse field. I mean if girls can do this,
then why are they wearing skirts… something’s not right. Now, I’ve played lacrosse for 8 years and field hockey for 8 years as well so I’ve gotten very used to wearing skirts in these sports. I don’t mind them so much anymore but in the beginning I just wanted to wear shorts. Soccer girls don’t wear skirts! Why should we? No one will ever know.
To make things even stranger, girl’s lacrosse has been getting so rough that the ref association has been strongly considering making girls wear helmets like the boys. Right now, boys wear helmets, gloves and a lot of padding. Girls on the other hand simply wear goggles and a mouth guard. Even though the rules won’t change, the game is very close to having girls wear helmets.
Now, tell me. Wouldn’t it be a little strange to see girls running around playing lacrosse in a helmet (=they’re so tough!) and a skirt (=they’re so delicate)? The two just don’t seem to mix for me.
This seems to be the image that people are picturing. A beautiful woman, no sweat, clearly not even playing, and wearing a helmet because she’s still tough! That’s just unrealistic.
I’ve accepted the skirts by now and gotten used to them. They’re not so bad practically, but the idea of them is still annoying. But if helmets are added to the mix, it will just all be bad.
Akwesasne mother designs ribbon skirt honouring Ireland Lacrosse
Back in September, Ireland Lacrosse, the organization that runs the country’s international lacrosse teams, announced that the Senior Men’s team was pulling out of the 2022 World Games. The reason? To open up a space for the Iroquois Nationals to compete.
The move was met with thanks by not only the Iroquois Nationals players, but many Indigenous lacrosse fans. One breathtaking example of this gratitude is this traditional ribbon skirt by Akwesasne mother Cheyenne Lazore.
Together as one
The skirt blends themes that are Irish (colours, names of places) with ones that are Haudenosaunee (beaded trees). (Cheyenne Lazore)
Cheyenne is a Kanien’kehá:ka crafter who turned this piece of Indigenous clothing into a symbol of togetherness between the two peoples. Her skirt combines the colour of emerald green and other Irish influences with symbols from Haudenosaunee culture. Her six-panel skirt represents a Gaelic (old Irish) slogan adopted by the two teams: I Dteannta a chéile – Together As One.
“I just want to thank Team Ireland for doing that,” Cheyenne told CBC. “It meant so much to Indian country. It meant a lot and inspired me to do this.”
Her 11-year-old daughter plays lacrosse and the family are big fans of the Iroquois Nationals. “It meant a lot for me to teach [my daughter] that humbleness and how lacrosse is our game,” she continued. “We gave it to the world, and for Team Ireland to give that back to us, it just meant so much.”
Why did Ireland leave?
Embed from Getty Images
Ireland playing the Iroquois Nationals in 2014. (Getty Embed)
Made up of players from the Haudenosaunee Confederacy, the Iroquois team is currently ranked third in the world. Sounds like they should be a shoo-in for a competition between the world’s best.
But at first the team was not allowed to participate in the World Games—an Olympic-style competition between countries—because the Haudenosaunee Confederacy is found on land that is within the boundaries of Canada and the United States. In other words, it wasn’t viewed as an independent country.
The Iroquois Nationals argued that they should be admitted. This was due to their excellence on the field, the Haudenosaunee’s status as a sovereign people, and the fact that lacrosse is an Indigenous sport—its roots go back thousands of years into Haudenosaunee history. Eventually the organizers of the World Games agreed … as long as another team that had already qualified backed out to make space for them.
This is exactly what Ireland Lacrosse—ranked 12th in the world—did. As they said in a September press release: …we have vacated our position in the eight-team tournament to ensure that there are no barriers to the Iroquois Nationals entry to the tournament.
This ribbon skirt honours Ireland Lacrosse for bowing out of the World Games
Cheyenne Lazore designed this ribbon skirt to say thank you to Ireland Lacrosse for its decision to withdraw from the 2022 World Lacrosse Games, ensuring the Iroquois Nationals entry the international tournament. (Jaiden Mitchell)
An Akwesasne mom’s love for lacrosse inspired a ribbon skirt that pays homage to Ireland’s national team for withdrawing from the next World Games to make room for the Iroquois Nationals.
“I just want to thank Team Ireland for doing that. It meant so much to Indian country. It meant a lot and inspired me to do this,” said Cheyenne Lazore, a Kanien’kehá:ka (Mohawk) crafter from Akwesasne, which straddles the Ontario, Quebec, and New York state borders.
The 11th edition of the World Games is set to be held in Birmingham, Ala., in July 2022, and it will be the first time men’s lacrosse will be included in the games. The Iroquois Nationals, which represent the Haudenosaunee Confederacy in international field lacrosse, were originally told they were ineligible to compete under International Olympic Committee rules.
After an international movement of support was sparked for the team, Ireland voluntarily vacated its men’s national team’s position in the 2022 World Games to ensure there were no barriers to the Iroquois Nationals’ entry to the tournament.
The bright green skirt is called I Dteannta a chéile – Together As One, after the slogan adopted by both lacrosse teams following the announcement. The skirt includes six panels with Irish influences and beaded celestial trees — a common symbol in Haudenosaunee cultures.
Cheyenne Lazore, a Kanien’kehá:ka (Mohawk) crafter from Akwesasne, created the skirt with Haudenosaunenee beadwork and Irish influences. (Submitted by Cheyenne Lazore)
Lazore’s 11-year-old daughter is a lacrosse goalie and one day hopes to play for the Haudenosaunee women’s team. They’re both huge lacrosse fans.
“We never miss any local games. When we go to her tournaments, we watch all the other games. We’ve watched the Iroquois Nationals on TV since she was little, when they played in Syracuse,” said Lazore.
“When most kids run around the arena, she would sit there and watch.”
Lazore said in making the skirt, she was able to teach her daughter about humbleness and the importance of lacrosse. The sport was invented by the Haudenosaunee. It’s referred to as a medicine game, as a gift from the Creator, to be played for his enjoyment and for healing.
“It meant a lot for me to teach her that humbleness and how lacrosse is our game. We gave it to the world, and for Team Ireland to give that back to us, it just meant so much. I just wanted to teach her all about that humbleness, and just how much it means to us,” she said.
Sky Timmons, who modelled the skirt, echoed similar sentiments.
“It was incredible because how Ireland Lacrosse presented themselves and stepped down and gave the position to the Iroquois. That’s what is making this so big,” said Timmons, whose mom is from Akwesasne and father is non-Indigenous with Irish heritage.
“Everyone had so much respect for them. That’s her way of giving thanks to them, to showcase her work with their symbol on it.”
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Preppy style – Fashion says “Me too”, style says “Only me” – LiveJournal
Let me jump a little ahead, and before the main styles tell you about an offshoot of the casual style, or rather smart casual – the chic preppy style.
This style is especially relevant in the fall, and here’s why.
In general, this word comes from the English phrase pre-college preparatory, which means studying at a prestigious college before entering an equally prestigious institute or university. The students of these colleges have formed their own subculture – characteristic words, manners and, of course, their own style of dress, which implied neatness, neatness and, often, high cost of clothing. In other words, it was the “golden youth” with all the attributes inherent in it.
In addition to school uniforms, they also wore sports uniforms for tennis, lacrosse and golf.
To wear clothes in this style means to give the impression of a person belonging to high society, and possessing a sense of style and measure. And at the same time, the style surprisingly fits into almost all situations: you can dress like this for study, for work, for meeting friends, for nature, and even for practicing some sports.
Particular attention should be paid to neatness not only in clothes, but in appearance: this means clean skin and hair, neat manicure.
It is not for nothing that the preppy style is usually called the style of success, because it is distinguished by a stable life position: respect for etiquette and people around, self-confidence, respect for traditions, good manners and love of life. This is not pathos and shocking, but naturalness and accuracy in everything.
Characteristic features of the preppy style:
Colors : deep blue, red, bright yellow, sand, gray, white, khaki, beige, green, emerald.
Prints : check, diamond, strip.
Fabrics : tweed, cotton, wool, cashmere, viscose, mohair.
Mandatory elements of women’s wardrobe : pencil skirt, pleated skirt, skirt and A-line dress; club jacket, knitted vest, jumper, pullover, blazer, sweatshirt, cardigan; trench coat, coat; shirt-cut blouse, oxford shirt, polo shirt, polo shirt; classic-cut trousers, banana trousers, skinny pants, shorts made of dense material.
Basic elements of men’s wardrobe : classic straight trousers, banana trousers, knee-length or slightly higher shorts, knitted cardigan, blazer, Oxford shirt, club jacket, sweatshirt, trench coat, pullover, jumper, polo, vest …
An important element is a stripe on clothes in the form of a college emblem.
Shoes : moccasins, loafers, ballet flats, oxfords, derby, brogues, topsides, low-heeled shoes.
Bags : satchel, backpack, postman, pochet, tote, weekend, clutch, briefcase.
Hats : Cloche, Beret, Trilby, Tyrolean Hat, Fedora.
Dressing in preppy style is as easy as shelling pears – many fashion houses produce entire collections in this style.
Tommy Hilfiger :
Brooks Brothers :
Get inspiration from famous people such as Keith Middleton
Justin 903 Timberlake 000 9323 Justin 903 Timberlake 000 9000 Emma Watson
… Or fashion bloggers
As you can see, this style can be worn in any season, but it is ideal for fall: natural fabrics, deep colors, “cozy” prints and layering.
Iridium Spark Plug ITR4A-15 Buick Lacrosse Spare Parts Same To DENSO VT16 HR9KII33 Y
Buick Spare Parts NGK Iridium Spark Plug ITR4A-15 For Buick Lacrosse Same To DENSO VT16 HR9KII33 Y
General order data
We take great pride in our work and in the wide variety of products that we offer.We are experienced in servicing the US market, European market and Africa market, Russia market. Please be aware that our production lead times depend on specific items and item quantities. Our success was based on our understanding of the requirements and the nature of the promotional and marketing deadlines. This is why we always ensure that every order is delivered on time.
Check below for more information on placing an order
2. Confirm price, lead time, packing requirement, term etc. compensation
3. BEE sales send Proforma invoice with BEE seal.
4. Customer makes payment for the deposit and send us the bank receipt.
5. Inform customer that we receive payment, arrange production & notify estimated time.
6. Photo of end Production-Mass production products for approval. You can also arrange a third party inspection.
7. Customers make payment for balance ship and BEE goods. Also can accept payment term-Balance against copy of B / L or L / C payment term. Provide tracking number and check status for customers.
8. The order can be say “finish” when you receive the goods and are satisfied with them.
9. Feedback to BEE about quality, service, market feedback & suggestion. And we can do better.
Product data sheet
|Electrode distance [mm]||1.5|
|Tightening torque [Nm]||20|
|Tightening angle [degrees]||15|
|Outside thread [mm]||14|
|Thread pitch [mm]||1.25|
|Thread length [mm]||17.5|
|Spark position [mm]||4|
|Number of Poles||1|
|BUICK||12 568 387|
|CADILLAC||12 568 387|
|CHEVROLET||12 568 387|
|DAEWOO||12 568 387|
|PONTIAC||12 568 387|
AFTER USE SPARK PLUG PLAN ANALYSIS
Break in insulator
Too much coke
Mounting torque too small
90,000 Pre-IB at St.Leonard’s School
The idea of going to a foreign school originally came from my mother, and we started thinking about it last winter.
I did not want to get higher education in Russia, and we decided that it is better to prepare for a foreign university in an English school. I am fond of drawing and would like to go to design or media, considering, in particular, the University of the Arts London.
At the time of admission, I had been studying English for 9 years, so I had a fairly high level.But I prepared specifically for the subjects – I studied mathematics at the StudyLab School, my teacher was Brian Semms.
In terms of language, mathematics was more difficult for me, because I had not come across such terms before, and the tasks were different than in the Russian school – more for logic.
We learned about StudyLab after an exhibition of universities, to which my mother came and took the contacts of managers for secondary education. We were very pleased with their work, and if we had any questions, the answers to them came very quickly.Natalia selected several schools for us, and we settled on three or four options: St. Leonard’s School in Scotland, the rest in England. I passed exams at all schools, and everywhere I was accepted, but my mother decided that it would be best to go to Scotland – it’s quieter there. At first I thought that I would miss my parents, but after a week I adapted. In St. Leonard’s I liked everything – the people, the house, the food, the teachers who pay a lot of attention to us – because they understand that we are foreign students and try to explain everything clearly.
The school in Scotland differs from the Russian one in that in St. Leonard’s we have a lot fewer people in the class, so more attention is paid. But in a Scottish school it is harder to study, primarily because of the language, there are more tasks on logic and reasoning, we often write long essays and discuss various topics. It’s harder to learn this way, but more interesting.
I study in the Pre-IB program, and from the compulsory subjects we have English language and literature, mathematics, biology, chemistry, Russian as a mother tongue, history and optional art.It was interesting for me to study the history of the world and the history of Europe. And next year at IB I will be studying economics. I believe that this is a basic subject, and in any case it will come in handy in life. I was in a trial lesson, and I really liked the teacher.
The good thing about the IB program is that learning takes place not only in the classroom, but also outside the school. We go out, conduct research, for example, in biology, participate in expeditions.
In my free time I like to draw, I study art history, and I also play tennis.In St. Leonard’s – a large selection of sports activities, including football, hockey, but lacrosse is the most developed. This sport is already 125 years old. At first it was difficult to grasp the essence of English games, because children who study at St. Leonard’s School, the skills are more serious. But if you are constantly engaged, training, then anything is possible. I even competed in field hockey, then lacrosse started.
St. Leonard’s School is a very traditional school. Here every day bagpipes sound, schoolchildren wear kilts.The kilt is part of the girls’ uniform, boys only wear kilts on holidays.
In general, people here are very strict about their appearance, form of clothing, hairstyle, and make-up. At first I didn’t like such long skirts, but I’m used to it. In addition, it will be possible to go to IB in your own clothes – there will also be a dress code, but without a uniform.
When I first arrived in Scotland, I thought that I could not do anything on my own, I would miss my home. But over time I got used to it: sometimes I cook for myself, I decide for myself what I will do.If you take me eight months ago and now, then these are two completely different people. In a foreign school, each person changes, becomes more independent. Parents and friends noticed that I began to think like an adult. For those who are planning to leave for an English school, I would recommend not to be afraid, because this is a very interesting experience, and it will only lead to the best in life. You need to be more confident in yourself.
St. Leonard’s School can be described as an open, traditional and very study-intensive school.We are constantly given new assignments, so we don’t sit around here.
How to make a mini skirt: 12 steps (with pictures)
It’s easy to make a mini-skirt yourself! Make a new skirt out of the fabric you like, or use an old skirt that you no longer wear and give it new life by turning it into a miniskirt. By simply cutting and hemming the fabric, you can quickly sew a mini skirt without having to buy a new one.
Method 1 of 2: Making a New Mini Skirt
1 Gather your materials. Find a fabric you like, comfortable to wear and easy to sew. Before purchasing an elastic band, measure the length of your waist where the skirt should sit. Your elastic should be this length. You will also need a tape measure and a washable marker, a pair of sharp scissors, a needle, thread, and pins.
- Before buying fabric, take your measurements to know how much fabric to buy. To take your measurements, use a fabric tape measure or wrap a piece of rope or tape around you and then measure it.Do not use a regular tape measure as it is not flexible enough to fit snugly around your body.
two Find your sewing pattern. You can buy a simple skirt pattern online or at a fabric / craft store. It may be easier to buy one from a store because online sewing patterns are often too large to be printed on a regular printer.
- When choosing a pattern, decide what style of miniskirt you want, such as an A-line skirt, wrap or round.
- Many patterns also offer suggestions for the types of fabric and thread that will work for your project, so it is a good idea to buy a pattern first and test it before purchasing other materials.
- You can also use an existing skirt and then copy the pattern and design from it.
- 3 Cut fabric to pattern. Place the pattern on the fabric and pin together. Then carefully trim the edge of the pattern. Depending on the pattern you buy, you will likely have two of the same pieces when you are finished: one for the front of the skirt and one for the back.
- Cut out a pattern according to your measurements.
- 4 Sew the parts together. Sew the front and back together along the right and left edges. Make sure the “right” side of each piece (the side of the fabric you want to show on the skirt) is facing inward, opposite the other. Sew a simple stitch around the edges evenly.
- This is a good time to try on the skirt carefully (you can turn it inside out). If at any point it needs to be smaller, sew it parallel to the inside of the previous stitching.
- 5 Make hem. Fold the fabric half an inch at the bottom of the skirt and hem to hem.
- 6 Sew the top with elastic or zip. If you are buying a pattern with an elastic at the waist or room for a zipper, you will need to sew on. Place a piece of elastic on the inner top edge of the skirt and sew the two ends of the elastic together. Then fold the top edge of the fabric down so that the elastic is inside the fabric. Sew this “sheath” around the elastic, sewing the pleat to the main skirt as you did with it.Advertisement
Two of 2 Method: Converting an Old Skirt into a Mini Skirt
1 Gather your materials. A longer skirt that you no longer wear, but that fits the part of your waist that you want to wear, is ideal. Then you will need a tape measure and a washable marker, sharp scissors, a needle, thread, and pins.
- Note that different materials are more difficult to cut and sew. Denim or corduroy skirts can be tricky, requiring sharper scissors and / or thicker needles.
- Choose a thread that matches the brightest color of your skirt to blend in with the fabric.
- two Measure the length of your mini skirt. A common school recommendation and good rule of thumb is to have the end of your skirt at least where your longest finger reaches when you keep your hands straight at your sides. Or take another mini skirt you like and measure the length. Find these measurements with a tape measure and mark them with a marker on the skirt.
- Add another half inch to your measurement.This explains the filing you will do later.
- When in doubt, cut less. You can’t get the fabric back after you cut it, so cut less than you think and then try it on. Then you can hem it exactly to the length you want.
- 3 Cut carefully. Slowly cut the marks you leave, being careful to keep the edge as straight as possible.
- To cut straight, make a few measuring marks as you did in the previous step along the entire length of the skirt to ensure it is the same length everywhere.
- 4 Remove the edges. When you’re finished, there may be loose ties dangling depending on the fabric. Cut them off carefully if they arise.
- 5 Measure hem. Try on the skirt after you cut it. If it’s about the right length, fold about half an inch of fabric back inside the skirt and pin it up. This is your land.
- If you want the skirt to be slightly shorter than where you cut it, your hem may be larger — an inch or more.Fold the amount you want to be shorter underneath, and then pin it up.
- 6 Sew on edge . Using a needle and thread, sew the folded section to the main fabric of the skirt, removing pins along the way. You can use a hem stitch, but any stitch will actually work as long as it holds the fabric in place.
- To sew a hem, insert the needle into the hem and then through a tiny section of the main skirt, just above the hem (this only shows a tiny dot of thread on the outside of the skirt).Pull the thread tightly but carefully. Then, insert the needle into the bottom of the folded edge and pull it up. Repeat this stitch along the entire length of the hem, evenly spaced between each point.
Search Add a new question
- Question: How much fabric do you need for a mini skirt? Mia Danilovich
Master Tailor Mia Danilovich is a master tailor who works at the start and on the red carpet in Los Angeles, California.With over a decade of experience, Mia specializes in couturier wedding and gowns, dressing up and custom design. Mia has worked for Oscars, Grammys, SAG Awards and Golden Globes. Her clients include a long list of headliners from the entertainment and fashion industries, major fashion magazines, luxury consumer brands and mainstream media. Mia completed her studies at the Fashion Design and Merchandising Institute and received her AA degree in Fashion Design and her BA in Business Management.Mia Danilovich The answer of the master tailor. It depends on your size and the type of skirt you are sewing. First take your measurements, then take a pattern or use an existing skirt from which you can copy the pattern and design. This will tell you how much fabric you need.
- Question What sizes do I need for a mini skirt? Mia Danilovich
Master Tailor Mia Danilovich is a master tailor who works at the start and on the red carpet in Los Angeles, California. With over a decade of experience, Mia specializes in couturier wedding and gowns, dressing up and custom design.Mia has worked for Oscars, Grammys, SAG Awards and Golden Globes. Her clients include a long list of headliners from the entertainment and fashion industries, major fashion magazines, luxury consumer brands and mainstream media. Mia completed her studies at the Fashion Design and Merchandising Institute and earned her AA degree in Fashion Design and Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration. Mia Danilovich Master tailor. Expert answer. You need to measure your waist, high and low hips. You should also measure from the waist to the point where the skirt should end.
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- Remember to add half an inch to the hem size before trimming.
- After cutting and sewing, iron the new miniskirt to keep it flat.
- Keep the cut straight and straight so that the skirt is the same length around the circumference.
- These are just a couple of ways to make a mini skirt. If you have a skirt pattern with other sewing instructions, feel free to follow them.
- If you have a school dress code and plan to wear a miniskirt to school, make sure the length of the skirt complies with the school code.