Full Lacrosse Wraps | Custom Helmet Wrapz
Make your lacrosse helmets reflect your winning ways. We can design lacrosse helmet wrapz for your specific helmet type including Cascade, STX, Warrior & more!
|• S||• CSR||• Stallion 100|
|• R||• CS Youth||• Stallion 500|
|• Pro 7||• S Youth||• Rival|
|• CPV||• Regulator|
|• CPX||• STR||• Evo|
|• CLh3||• T2|
MaterialsTrue Helmet Decal Material – 20 mil
Our proprietary formulation of materials is thick, conforming to helmets and easy to apply. They are formulated to conform to the curve of your helmet and can “take a hit.”Material for Major Universities
Our decals are manufactured for major NCAA college programs all over the US. You can be certain that you are buying the best material possible for your college, school, youth or masters lacrosse team!
When you choose a helmet decal manufacturer, it is important that they are not using cut vinyl, that will not conform properly to the helmets and will peel and bubble. Also, some “wrap only” companies print on a thin material that is very difficult to apply.
1. What if I only need one to three wraps for girls goalie helmets?
Our designers have pricing for small runs. Please call and ask.
2. What if my team has multiple helmet styles?
Don’t wear all of the same brand helmets? Simply add $20.00 per helmet style, that doesn’t meet the 15 minimum, to your order!
Do not worry, because our designers will do a full written estimate before you commit to the order.
3. Will I need a blow dryer or any other special equipment to apply my wraps?
No. We use a proprietary material that is made to be easy to apply, with no special equipment.
Color Chart (click on the image)
Monitor colors can vary. Upon request, we can send you a color chart in the mail to verify your choice. Please be very careful with golds/yellows. These are our most confused colors. Because every company has different names for colors, do not assume that colors with the same names will match from vendor to vendor.
Our easy-to-apply, fully conforming material can now be printed with chrome. Chrome and other metals are available at an additional cost. The helmet pictured above has a diamond plate pattern printed in chrome metallic.
At SchoolPride®, we are very excited about this product because we believe that it reflects the energy and attitude of the sport. Let us design a custom look for your players.
Production TimeStandard Production Time
Your wraps will typically ship in 3 to 5 business days after artwork approval and payment or school treasurer purchase order receipt. However, during February/March and August/September, production times can increase slightly. Rush production may be available at an additional charge. Ask your designer for an accurate production schedule.
SchoolPride’s 3-Day Promise: If you provide clean line art or use our stock art/ pro-style youth art, your decals will ship within 3 business days of when your order is placed.
CustomizationCreative Design, Quality Construction
We design and manufacture high-quality, custom decal products. We use your team name, colors and mascot to create the look that you want. Don’t settle for boiler-plate decals.
At SchoolPride®, “Design is the Difference.” We want to create a signature product for your school, club, group or team.1 Sheet, 1 Helmet
Equipment managers or team members receive one sheet per helmet. Each piece is labeled to make it clear where to place it on the helmet.Custom Wraps – Using Your Mascot & Colors
SchoolPride® is the premier stop for youth, high school, club and college lacrosse helmet decals. SchoolPride® LAX Decals are made of tough, durable, thick 20 mil vinyl that is easy to apply without wrinkles and will last the entire season
We will supply a quote for your project which includes shipping/freight to your location, so that you can prepare your purchase order and know your total out of pocket cost for your products.No Design, Set-up or Die-Cut Fees!
Remember, at SchoolPride®, we do not charge any Design, Set-up or Die-Cut Fees and we always have low minimums! Our low online pricing includes everything but shipping, so that you can feel confident knowing the exact price of your order. Sales tax is charged on all Ohio customers, unless an Ohio Blanket Tax Exempt form is provided prior to shipment.
ShippingShipping with Tracking
Most of our helmet decals are custom manufactured just for you. Therefore, we only ship UPS to provide tracking to you and delivery confirmation to us.
We may be able to ship small quantities of stock award decals via the USPS at a lower cost. However, all custom orders need to have tracking available.APO – DPO – FPO
We ship to these US addresses using the proper customs forms. Tracking is not available.International Shipments
We ship internationally using the United State Postal Service. Tracking is not available and speed is often determined by the customs process in the customer’s country. Priority and Express mail is available. Ask your designer for an international shipping quote.
When running down the field with the ball, the last thing a lacrosse player wants is their stick sliding out of their hand. To alleviate this problem, lacrosse players use tape to give their stick more grip that allows them to control accuracy when passing or shooting the ball.
What is tape used for in lacrosse?
While tape is not a necessity when playing lacrosse, it has the ability to improve performance on the field and make or break a player’s chance to score. Lacrosse sticks can be slippery, as players hold the shaft through gloves and will occasionally be faced with playing in the rain. To counter this issue, lacrosse players use tape on their sticks in a variety of ways that make it easier to handle and, in turn, easier to pass and shoot.
There is no universal way of taping a lacrosse stick, and it mostly comes down to personal preference. Extra grip is the number one reason players tape their sticks, but some do it out of habit as a pregame ritual that gets them in the zone and ready to compete.
Things To Consider
When looking for lacrosse tape, you’ll want to consider the following:
- What type of stick tape do you want?
- How much do you want to spend on lacrosse tape?
- What size lacrosse tape do you want?
- Do you have a favorite color or pattern?
Lacrosse sticks can be taped in multiple ways with different types of tape, all of them yielding slightly different results based on the way the tape is applied to the shaft.
Athletic tape is a good starting point for beginners who are mostly using tape as a marker to remember where to place their hands. The extra grip it provides is relatively average, but it is cheaper than most alternatives.
Grip tape’s water resistance makes this the best to use when weather conditions are less than ideal, but it is also very lightweight. The lightweight, cushiony tape gives a softer feel on the stick, however, grip tape is not as long lasting as other tapes on the market.
Lacrosse wraps are for those looking to spice up their style on the field. Coming in a variety of different colors and styles, lacrosse wraps provide a sturdy grip even through the player’s gloves. However, wraps are much heavier than other tapes and make for a much different feel for a player’s stick.
Lacrosse type is predominantly made with a combination of these three materials that together, make for a durable, flexible feel with plenty of extra grip.
- Cotton Cloth: Cotton is lightweight, breathable, and long-lasting making it a solid choice for taping your lacrosse stick.
- Polyethylene: Polyethylene is durable, with water-resistant qualities for outdoor lacrosse usage.
- Polyurethane: Polyethylene is a tough plastic able to withstand wear and tear, and will ensure you won’t have to retape your stick for a long time.
Many brands attempt to put out high-quality lacrosse tape, but these three are the industry leaders that never fail to impress.
- A&R;: A&R; provide reliable lacrosse materials across the country, including their lacrosse tape that is guaranteed to last multiple games.
- Lizard Skins: Lizard Skins combine looks with performance to create lacrosse wraps that are stylish with a strong grip.
- StringKing: StringKing changed the game with their easy to apply pre-cut tape that simplifies the taping process and allows for customizable tape jobs.
When purchasing lacrosse tape, players should do their research regarding durability, cost, and size to make sure they are getting their money’s worth.
Durability in lacrosse tape depends on each player’s personal preference, but some tapes last longer than others. Cotton cloth athletic tape is often perceived as one of the longest-lasting lacrosse tapes, but this all depends on how well a player tapes their stick. Some players re-tape their stick every game as part of a pregame routine, while others prefer to wait as long as possible between tape jobs. However, for the most long-lasting tape, look to the more reputable brands as opposed to cheaper alternatives.
Lacrosse tape can range in price from around $4.00 to $12.00 per roll depending on what type of tape is purchased. Regular athletic tape is typically on the cheaper side, while reputable brands like Lizard Skins are a bit more expensive. While athletic tape does the job well for cheap, some players prefer a more outgoing look for their stick.
More often than not, a player’s skill level can factor into what tape they should purchase. Youth players should stick to cheaper options like athletic tape that will allow for written instructions on hand placement, while more experienced players can figure out the nuances lighter and heavier tape jobs have on their performance.
What is the best way to tape your stick?
There are a few ways to tape your stick, and choosing the correct way comes down to personal preference. With all of the variations, it is important to start from the bottom up and spiral the tape tight around the shaft to ensure no gaps or air bubbles pop up. Once you have worked your way back to the bottom, tape over the butt end of the stick to ensure it remains in place.
Why do lacrosse players tape their sticks?
Lacrosse players tape their sticks to get more grip on the shaft when running up and down the field. Lacrosse sticks can get slippery, especially when playing in rain, so it is important to tape your stick so you can get more grip when passing, shooting, or taking a face off.
What are the benefits of taping your lacrosse stick?
Players that tape their lacrosse sticks often see an increase in stickhandling skills, plus increased passing and shooting skills. When handling the stick through a pair of gloves, it can frequently become slippery and hard to handle. With lacrosse tape, however, players can get a better grip on the shaft which will improve all facets of their game.
Rule 1—Field and Equipment — Upper Midwest Lacrosse Officials AssociationRule 1—Field and Equipment
There are often questions about legal uniforms for varsity play. The NFHS rules, which currently cover varsity and JV play (JV as of 2013), are as follows:
g. Jerseys shall be of a single, solid color with the following trim specifications permitted:
- Collar, cuffs and waistband may be of contrasting colors, but not more than 2 inches wide.
- Side inserts may be of contrasting color(s), but no more than 3 inches wide, and extending vertically no more than the armpit to waistband.
- Numbers shall be centered vertically and horizontally and at least 8 inches tall on the front and at least 12 inches tall on the back.
- Numbers may contain contrasting color trim(s) not to exceed 2 inches (the number shall contrast with the body of the jersey).
- The jersey shall completely cover the shoulder pads.
- Duplicate numbers on jerseys shall not be permitted on the same team. Legal numbers are 0-99. Double-zero, 01, 02, 03, etc. are not legal numbers.
- Contrasting colored piping not to exceed 1/8-inch wide is allowed.
- Jerseys shall be of contrasting colors for opposing teams. The home team shall wear light jerseys and the visiting team shall wear its dark color jerseys. The visiting team is responsible for avoidance of similarity of colors, but, if there is doubt, the referee may require the home team to change jerseys
NOTE: Beginning in 2022, the home team will be required to wear white jerseys, and the away team will be required to wear non-white jerseys.
h. Uniforms shorts: All players on the same team shall wear uniform shorts of the same dominant color.
i. A visible manufacturer’s logo/trademark may not exceed 2¼ square inches and 2¼ inches in any direction on the jersey and/or pant/short. No more than one manufacturer’s logo/trademark or reference on the outside of each item. (The same size restriction shall apply to either the manufacturer’s logo/trademark or reference).
NOTE: An American flag, not to exceed 2 by 3 inches, and either a commemorative or a memorial patch, not to exceed 4 square inches and with written state association approval, may be worn on the jersey provided neither the flag, nor the patch, interferes with the visibility of the number.
1.9.1 SITUATION D: Team A is wearing jerseys that include the team name, mascot and/or individual players’ names. RULING: Legal. The uniform may include the school name, school mascot and individual players’ names.
1.9.2 SITUATION A: Prior to the beginning of the game (a) Team A is wearing jerseys that do not meet specifications; (b) A2 is wearing multicolored sweatpants. RULING: Illegal in both (a) and (b). In (a), the official should instruct Team A to correct the problem prior to the beginning of the game. If it cannot, the team would be penalized for illegal procedure and the ball would be awarded to the opposing team in its offensive half of the field at the Center Faceoff X. In (b), the official would instruct the player to remove the multicolored sweatpants prior to the beginning of the game. Sweatpants worn by teammates shall be of a single, solid color.
See the NFHS Boys Lacrosse Uniforms document for more information.
A goalie must have a crosse whose length is legal for the level of play and whose head is between 10 and 12 inches wide at the widest point. Every goalie must wear:
- A lacrosse helmet (no hockey helmets are allowed).
- A throat protector.
- A chest protector
- Lacrosse gloves.
- A mouth guard.
For 14U and lower games, a golie must wear:
A goalie may wear:
- Arm pads.
- Sweat pants (subject to the uniform rules for that level of play)
- Shin guards (these should not increase the blocking area of the body).
- Shoulder pads.
- Rib pads.
- Football pants with or without pads (subject to the uniform rules for that level of play)
A goalie may not wear:
- Hockey goalkeeper gloves.
- Hockey blockers.
For other protective equipment, the officials will generally look at whether the equipment provides an unfair advantage by significantly increasing the blocking surface of the goalie’s body. So, well-fitting breezers would normally be allowed, but breezers several sizes too big would not.
Tinted eye shields are not allowed under any circumstances by rule, even if there is a note from a physician. Clear, molded, and non-rigid eye shields are permitted. Tinted or clear eye glasses may be worn under the helmet but tinted glasses may not be worn with an eye shield. This is a safety rule and will not be waived under any circumstances.
Field safety issues
There are still reports coming in of teams that do not have six yards from the bench sideline to the table and bench areas and six yards from the far sideline to the nearest spectator, as well as reports of unpadded obstructions on the end line. These are important safety issues that must be addressed if the game is to be played.
Under NFHS rules, if the fields are illegal, the officials are to hold the game if it can be done so safely and then file an incident report with the MSHSL. If the goals are illegal and are not corrected, it is a 3:00 non-releasable penalty on the home team (to be served by the in-home).
The most common field issues are dashed lines on the sides of the attack area (should be solid) and the midline not extending through the midfield logo (this is a technical foul if not corrected prior to game time). On artificial fields with permanent lines, these can be fixed with tape or temporary paint.
A complete summary of equipment rules and penalties is posted InsideLacrosse.com.
There continues to be confusion about illegal crosse penalties. The short version is that a deep pocket is 1:00 non-releasable and the stick can return if adjusted. For any other violation, the penalty is 3:00 non-releasable and the stick cannot return to the game. It is a myth that it can return if the violation is “fixable”; the actual distinction is whether the violation is a deep pocket or not. The only exception is detailed in this situation:
5.4 SITUATION I: During the crosse inspection, the officials discover that the ball does not roll freely from the pocket, with the ball either remaining in the pocket when the head is rotated toward the ground or the ball sticking momentarily before rolling out. RULING: 3:00 nonreleasable penalty and the stick is removed from the game whether the ball is being held by the head or by the stringing. COMMENT: If the pocket is too deep and the officials feel that the pocket depth is the reason the ball will not release, a 1:00 nonreleasable penalty may be assessed and the crosse may return if adjusted.
Key points about mouth guards include:
- A mouth guard violation is a 1:00 non-releasable equipment personal foul (not a technical foul as it is under NCAA rules) but not an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty.
- Mouth guards need not be attached to the facemask.
- They may cover all upper teeth or all lower teeth; a mouth guard that is worn out or cut so it doesn’t cover all of the upper teeth or all of the lower teeth is illegal.
- They must actually be worn in the mouth to cover the teeth; biting on the corners or “fish-hooking” is not acceptable.
- White and clear mouth guards are not legal.
- Players attempting to deceive the officials (e.g., by wearing fake mouth guards) will receive a 1:00 NR unsportsmanlike conduct penalty and a 1:00 NR equipment penalty.
Note that a player missing a mouth guard during live-ball play should result in an immediate whistle and flag (and not a flag down/slow whistle) since to allow play to continue creates a dangerous situation.
Hockey helmets may not be used for any field lacrosse games, nor for any indoor/box lacrosse games played under moified field lacrosse rules. There are no waivers or exceptions to this for teams based in the United States. In the rare cases where we have teams from Canada playing in Minnesota, their helmets must meet the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) standards, which means that players must have:
- A NOCSAE-certified lacrosse helmet and facial protector, approved as a complete unit for lacrosse or
- A CSA-approved ice hockey helmet with the appropriate CSA-approved facemask for lacrosse or
- A CSA-approved ice-hockey helmet with a CSA-approved facemask for ice hockey that (a) covers the wearer’s entire face to the lower line of the jaw and prevent the ball or the head of the stick from touching the face of the wearer and (b) is finished so that it does not create a risk of injury to the wearer or another person when used as intended.
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Helmet Fit and Cervical Spine Motion in Collegiate Men’s Lacrosse Athletes Secured to a Spine Board
Proper management of cervical spine injuries in men’s lacrosse players depends in part upon the ability of the helmet to immobilize the head.
To determine if properly and improperly fitted lacrosse helmets provide adequate stabilization of the head in the spine-boarded athlete.
Sports medicine research laboratory.
Patients or Other Participants:
Eighteen healthy collegiate men’s lacrosse players.
Participants were asked to move their heads through 3 planes of motion after being secured to a spine board under 3 helmet conditions.
Main Outcome Measure(s):
Change in range of motion in the cervical spine was calculated for the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes for both head-to-thorax and helmet-to-thorax range of motion in all 3 helmet conditions (properly fitted, improperly fitted, and no helmet).
Head-to-thorax range of motion with the properly fitted and improperly fitted helmets was greater than in the no-helmet condition (P < .0001). In the sagittal plane, range of motion was greater with the improperly fitted helmet than with the properly fitted helmet. No difference was observed in helmet-to-thorax range of motion between properly and improperly fitted helmet conditions. Head-to-thorax range of motion was greater than helmet-to-thorax range of motion in all 3 planes (P < .0001).
Cervical spine motion was minimized the most in the no-helmet condition, indicating that in lacrosse players, unlike football players, the helmet may need to be removed before stabilization.
Keywords: stabilization, emergency management, protective equipment
In all 3 planes (sagittal, frontal, and transverse), range of motion between the head and thorax was greater in both the properly and improperly fitted helmets than in the no-helmet condition.
Head-to-thorax range of motion in the sagittal plane was greater with the improperly fitted helmet than with the fitted helmet.
Helmet-to-thorax range of motion did not differ between the properly and improperly fitted helmets for the 3 planes.
Greater range of motion was available between the head and thorax than between the helmet and thorax, regardless of helmet fit, indicating that the head was moving inside the helmet.
The National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research reported 3 catastrophic spinal cord injuries in collegiate men’s lacrosse players from 1982 through 2007, with 1 resulting in permanent paralysis.1 This incidence is remarkably lower than the numbers commonly seen in football or ice hockey players. However, given the high-velocity collisions that typically occur in lacrosse and the sport’s increased popularity, the potential for cervical spine injury exists.2 Thus, certified athletic trainers may find themselves caring for a lacrosse athlete who has potentially sustained a cervical spine injury.
Given the potential for significant injury in lacrosse players, it is imperative that proper emergency management techniques be identified to prevent secondary injury while care is being provided on the athletic field. To reduce motion of the cervical spine and maximize space for inflammation, immobilization of the cervical spine through neutral alignment of the head and trunk has been recommended as the best position during transport to a medical facility.3,4
The Inter-Association Task Force for Appropriate Care of the Spine-Injured Athlete (IATF)5 advised that in equipment-intensive sports (eg, football, ice hockey, and lacrosse), the helmet and shoulder pads should be left in place when immobilizing the athlete with a possible cervical spine injury. However, it was also recommended that the helmet or protective equipment be removed under certain circumstances: for example, if securing the helmet does not effectively immobilize the head because of either helmet design or fit. Determining if the helmet will stabilize the head presents a dilemma for the certified athletic trainer during on-field management of an athlete with a potential cervical spine injury who is wearing protective equipment. It is important to recognize whether the helmet design and the way in which the athlete wears the helmet allow for adequate spinal stabilization if spine-board immobilization is necessary. Although movement within a properly fitted football, ice hockey, or lacrosse helmet is speculated to be minimal, that claim has not been thoroughly researched.6 Additionally, the amount of allowable movement considered safe after cervical spine injury has yet to be established.7 Finally, whether the lacrosse helmet and shoulder pads put the athlete in the most optimal position for immobilization has also been debated.8 Thus, the purpose of our study was to determine if the Cascade CPX lacrosse helmet (Cascade Lacrosse, Liverpool, NY) provides adequate stabilization of the head and cervical spine in the spine-boarded athlete.
A total of 18 collegiate men’s lacrosse athletes (age range, 18–22 years; height = 185 ± 6.7 cm, mass = 83.6 ± 7.8 kg) volunteered to participate. All participants had full, pain-free neck range of motion, and none had sustained a cervical spine or neck injury within the past 6 months. Additionally, none had experienced a cervical fracture or dislocation.
We collected 3-dimensional kinematic data at 50 Hz using the Motion Star (Ascension Technology Corporation, Burlington, VT) electromagnetic motion analysis system controlled by MotionMonitor software (version 7.24; Innovative Sports Training, Inc, Chicago, IL).
A custom-built rigid Orthoplast (Johnson and Johnson, New Brunswick, NJ) mouthpiece was used as the placement site for a sensor to represent the head. This mouthpiece allowed us to assess movement of the head as each participant bit down on the mouthpiece during testing. The Cascade CPX helmet we used for testing was the same style and brand used by all of the lacrosse players during competition. We chose this helmet because it is a popular brand and model used by several collegiate lacrosse programs. We asked participants to bring the protective equipment (helmet and shoulder pads) they would normally wear during game and practice situations. Participants were then fitted by the principal investigator with a Cascade CPX helmet per the manufacturer’s instructions. For immobilization, a rigid spine board (model 35850; Iron Duck, Chicopee, MA) was used. The principal investigator (M.A.P.) secured the participants to the spine board with the Best Strap System (Morrison Medical Corporation, Columbus, OH) for the torso and the Big Blue head immobilizer (Morrison Medical Corporation) for the head. We used a Stifneck cervical collar (Laerdal Medical Corporation, Wappingers Falls, NY) for immobilization when the athlete was not wearing protective equipment.
Participants entered the sports medicine research laboratory for testing with their helmet and shoulder pads and read and signed an informed consent form approved by the institutional review board (which also approved the study). Participants were fitted with a Cascade CPX helmet per the manufacturer’s guidelines. Each volunteer’s usual participation helmet was then assessed using these same guidelines. Participants were fitted with a cervical collar for use during the no-helmet condition, and motion sensors were placed and digitized on the athletes. Each participant was instructed on the cervical range of motion to perform and allowed adequate practice. Participants were immobilized to a spine board, and cervical spine range-of-motion data were collected for the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes for 3 conditions: a fitted helmet condition, a player-fitted (improperly fitted) condition, and a no-helmet situation in which the participant wore only a cervical collar. The principal investigator was not blinded to the conditions.
Helmet Fitting and Assessment
We fitted the Cascade CPX helmet by placing the manufacturer’s padding inside the helmet and adjusting the chin strap by holding the chin cup under the chin and tightening the top straps first and then the bottom, such that all had equal tension. Once the helmet was in place with the chin strap fastened, we performed the following 3 tests to make sure the helmet fit as well as possible: 1) The investigator pushed down on the helmet to make sure that pressure was felt evenly on top of the head. If it was only felt on the sides, the helmet was determined to be too tight. 2) The investigator moved the helmet from side to side and up and down to make sure that the skin on the forehead moved with the helmet. 3) The investigator asked the participant if the fit was “firm but comfortable.”
The helmet that the participant actually wore for practice and competition was then evaluated to determine if it fit differently than the properly fitted helmet. If we determined that the padding and chin strap were adjusted in the same way as on the properly fitted helmet, the participant was not eligible for the study because there was no improperly fitted helmet to be used for comparison. If the helmet was not adjusted in the same way as the properly fitted helmet, the participant’s helmet was considered to be improperly fitted and he was eligible to be included in the study. We removed the face masks of both helmets before testing.
Motion Sensor Setup
Each participant was fitted with 3 sensors: 1 on the top of the helmet, 1 on the mouthpiece, and 1 on the sternum near the sternal notch. Each participant was asked to bite down on the mouthpiece while he had it in his mouth to make sure the movement of that sensor represented movement of the head.
Using the following landmarks, we digitized each participant while he was sitting in a chair. The head included the bridge of the nose, the middle of the chin, and the occipital protuberance, and the thorax included the spinous process of T8, the xiphoid process, and the spinous process of C7.
Instruction for the Range-of-Motion Testing
Before data collection, we explained the range of motion each participant was to perform, and he practiced moving in the 3 planes of motion, a single plane at a time. We verbally defined and visually demonstrated flexion, extension, side bending, and rotation. Practice was allowed until we had determined that the athlete could perform each motion of the cervical spine in only 1 plane at a time. This practice helped him understand the desired motion of the cervical spine. Single-plane motion was also assessed during data collection. If the participant did not accomplish this, the trial was performed again.
Securing to the Spine Board
We secured the participant to the spine board 3 times in counterbalanced fashion, 1 time with shoulder pads and the properly fitted lacrosse helmet, 1 time with shoulder pads and the improperly fitted lacrosse helmet, and 1 time with no protective equipment and a cervical collar. Each time, the participant was in a supine position on the spine board with his head and torso stabilized according to the recommendations of the IATF5 regarding prehospital care of the spine-injured athlete. This included placing a spider strap around the torso with crossing straps in the front, stabilizing the head or helmet with bolsters on both sides, and applying athletic tape across the head or helmet and the chin. Four strips of tape were oriented in a crossing pattern across the helmet just over the visor, and then 1 piece was placed across the chin strap. The chin strap of the helmet was left in place (). When the participant was not wearing protective equipment, he was immobilized on the spine board in a similar fashion ().
Immobilization with helmet and shoulder pads.
Immobilization without protective equipment.
The orders of testing condition and range of motion were counterbalanced. For each condition, the participant moved into each of the 3 planes of motion according to the previously described instructions. The participant was instructed to “gently, actively move until you feel the resistance of the helmet or tape and then stop.” Each time, the participant returned to a neutral position and was told again to only move until he felt resistance. Each athlete performed movement into each plane 5 times. The procedure was then repeated for each condition.
Raw kinematic data were low-pass filtered with a fourth-order, zero-lag Butterworth filter with a 10-Hz cutoff frequency. We used an Euler rotation sequence that defined flexion and extension, followed by rotation and side bending.9 We calculated angles by examining the head sensor position relative to the thorax sensor position and the helmet sensor position relative to the thorax sensor position.
Once the angles were obtained from the sensor positions, the change in range of motion was calculated using the maximum value subtracted from the minimum value. The joint displacements in each of the 3 planes were then averaged across the 5 trials.
The dependent variables were average change in range of motion in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes for both head-to-thorax and helmet-to-thorax motion. A 1-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) assessed differences among each of the dependent variables across helmet condition (properly fitted helmet, improperly fitted helmet, no helmet) for head-to-thorax motion. An α level of P < .05 was set a priori, and a Tukey honestly significant difference post hoc analysis was conducted to identify specific pairwise differences.
A paired-samples t test was calculated to compare helmet-to-thorax range of motion between properly fitted and improperly fitted helmet conditions for each plane of motion. A 2 (testing condition: properly fitted helmet, improperly fitted helmet) ×2 (motion condition: head-to-thorax motion, helmet-to-thorax motion) repeated-measures ANOVA was performed on each of the average ranges of motion to identify any differences among range-of-motion condition and testing condition as well as the existence of an interaction. We used SPSS (version 14.0; SPSS Inc, Chicago, IL) for all statistical analyses.
Head-to-Thorax Range of Motion
Range of motion between the head and thorax was different among the properly fitted helmet, improperly fitted helmet, and no-helmet conditions, respectively, for all 3 planes of motion: sagittal (9.5° ± 3.0°, 11.4° ± 3.1°, 5.7° ± 2.4°; P < .001), frontal (15.0° ± 6.2°, 15.8° ± 4.7°, 10.2° ± 3.8°; P < .001), and transverse (14.0° ± 5.0°, 15.7° ± 4.3°, 8.8° ± 3.7°; P < .001; ). Tukey post hoc analysis indicated that in all planes, range of motion was greater in both the properly fitted helmet and improperly fitted helmet conditions than in the no-helmet condition. Also, motion in the sagittal plane was greater in the improperly fitted helmet condition than in the properly fitted condition.
Mean head-to-thorax range of motion for each plane and each condition. a Indicates difference between (1) properly fitted and improperly fitted helmets and (2) no helmet: mean differences = 3.7° versus 5.7° and effect sizes = 0.57 and 0.72, respectively. b Indicates difference between properly fitted and improperly fitted helmets: mean difference = 1.9°, effect size = 0.30. c Indicates difference between (1) both properly and improperly fitted helmets and (2) no helmet: mean differences = 4.8° and 5.6° and effect sizes = 0.42 and 0.55, respectively. d Indicates difference between (1) both properly and improperly fitted helmets and (2) no helmet: mean differences = 5.2° and 6.9° and effect sizes = 0.51 and 0.65, respectively.
Helmet-to-Thorax Range of Motion
No differences were noted for helmet-to-thorax range of motion between the properly fitted and improperly fitted helmet conditions for each plane of motion (P > .05; ).
Mean helmet-to-thorax range of motion for both the properly fitted and improperly fitted helmets in the sagittal, frontal, and transverse planes of motion.
A repeated-measures ANOVA using helmet condition (properly fitted, improperly fitted) as one variable and motion condition (head to thorax, helmet to thorax) as the second variable demonstrated a main effect for the motion condition in the sagittal (F1,17 = 279.59, P < .001), frontal (F1,17 = 184.05, P < .001), and transverse (F1,17 = 211.43, P < .001) planes (). Greater range of motion was available between the head and thorax compared with the helmet and thorax regardless of helmet fit, indicating that the motion observed between the head and thorax was a result of the head moving inside the helmet, rather than the helmet and the head moving as a single unit.
Head-to-thorax and helmet-to-thorax grand means across properly and improperly fitted helmets for all 3 planes of motion. a Indicates difference between conditions within planes.
The most important finding of our study was that participants secured to a spine board and wearing a lacrosse helmet and shoulder pads had more cervical spine motion than those not wearing a helmet and shoulder pads. According to the IATF’s5 prehospital guidelines for care of the cervical spine–injured athlete, the helmet and shoulder pads should be left in place when securing the athlete to the spine board unless the helmet does not sufficiently stabilize the head. The results of our study indicate that the Cascade CPX lacrosse helmet did not fully stabilize the head inside the helmet, regardless of fit. Surprisingly, the kinematic data indicated that the head was most stable when the athlete wore no protective equipment. Thus, an athlete with a suspected cervical spine injury may be at greater risk when the helmet is left in place during spinal stabilization on the field. The IATF5 did recommend that the equipment can be removed if the helmet does not fit in such a way as to stabilize the head, and our data suggest that this is a common situation in lacrosse players wearing a Cascade CPX helmet. Because the lack of a proper fit is more the rule than the exception, the recommendations of the IATF,5 which were based primarily on football, seem to be contradicted.
Our results disagree with those of Waninger et al,6 who concluded that the lacrosse helmet did sufficiently stabilize the head during cervical spine immobilization. They compared football, ice hockey, and lacrosse helmets and found no difference in participants’ head ranges of motion while wearing the equipment. However, these authors assessed only passive rotational movement when the athlete was jostled, which does not indicate the total available range of motion, and they did not compare this measure with a no-helmet condition. The active range of motion included in our study is important in that it represents the worst possible scenario. Although an individual is unlikely to use his full range of available motion after sustaining a cervical spine injury, a combative patient or motion resulting from transport can be very unpredictable. Therefore, if the patient can actively move, the stabilization procedure is not truly providing immobilization and does not help to prevent secondary injury. Additionally, Waninger et al6 did not evaluate flexion-extension, which is potentially the most damaging range of motion in the cervical spine–injured patient.7,10,11 Hence, given the design differences between their investigation and ours, it is not surprising that our findings differ.
Our findings indicate that a helmet can effectively be secured to a spine board. The motion of the stabilized helmet that occurred (helmet to thorax) was very small (1.9°–2.3°) in comparison with the range of motion available at the head (head to thorax: 5.7°–15.8°). Thus, the measured head motion included a minimal contribution from the motion of the helmet; most of the motion was that of the head inside the helmet. Additionally, the motion of the helmet relative to the thorax was not different among helmet conditions, which indicated that the helmet was stabilized similarly between fit conditions. As a result, we can conclude that stabilization of the helmet was adequate and that the difficulty lies in the ability to stabilize the head inside the helmet.
All the lacrosse players in our study were currently participating with helmets that were not fitted according to the manufacturer’s instructions, so none were eliminated because of a properly fitting helmet during the helmet screening. All participants wore the chin strap too loose (18/18) and 14 of the 18 required additional occipital padding to fit the helmet properly.
The addition of the padding and correctly fitting the chin strap likely resulted in the difference between the properly and improperly fitted conditions in the sagittal plane. The manner by which these helmets are fitted allows for padding to be placed on the posterior aspect of the head, just inferior to the occiput. This padding could prevent some flexion and extension but would not affect the additional planes of motion. Hence, properly fitting the helmet may offer better stabilization when trying to limit flexion and extension.
Given that in the other 2 planes, the fit of the helmet did not reduce the available range of motion, properly fitting the helmet may not be enough to provide satisfactory stabilization. Although fitting the helmet properly reduced some motion, less available range of motion was exhibited in all 3 planes when the helmet and shoulder pads were removed. This indicates that removing the helmet may be the best treatment plan until a helmet that properly stabilizes the head can be designed. Peris et al12 and Prinsen et al13 investigated motion that occurs during helmet and shoulder pad removal. Peris et al12 noted that when the IATF5 guidelines were followed, no significant motion occurred when removing the helmet and shoulder pads. They12 concluded that the IATF guidelines were effective in limiting motion. Prinsen et al,13 however, indicated that removing the helmet from the head did create significant angular displacement of the cervical spine in hockey and football players and, therefore, recommended that the helmet stay on the head for transport.13 We did not study the motion generated by removing the helmet, but we continue to believe that if the head is not stabilized inside the helmet, the helmet should be removed. Finally, we speculate that if the helmet does not fit properly, it may not be as difficult to remove and, thus, would not create much in the way of movement. Further research is needed in this area.
The face mask of a lacrosse helmet may also affect the fit of the helmet by bringing the temporal portion of the helmet in toward the head. If the current guidelines generated by the IATF5 are followed (ie, removal of the face mask), the fit of the helmet is potentially disturbed, which then affects its ability to limit movement of the cervical spine during spine boarding. A helmet that fits properly with the face mask in place may not fit as well when the face mask is removed.
Finally, it is necessary to educate the lacrosse community as to the importance of wearing a properly fitted helmet. However, this is a challenging task. The culture among lacrosse players is to wear the helmet fitting loosely. Coaches, younger players, and parents must be educated regarding the importance of a properly fitted helmet. Although this process will take time, as it did in football, we hope that the lacrosse community will require players to wear their helmets with the safest fit.
A cervical collar was not part of this investigation in the helmeted athlete conditions because one could not be used on every player. Because the lacrosse helmet protrudes posteriorly, a player with a short neck or head structure that positions the helmet lower on his head cannot be properly fitted with a cervical collar. Waninger et al6 indicated that it was very difficult to properly apply a cervical collar to a participant wearing football, ice hockey, or lacrosse equipment. However, in some cases, it may be possible, given the individual’s anatomy and helmet fit, to apply a cervical collar. Podolsky et al14 and James et al9 demonstrated reductions in all ranges of motion when using a rigid cervical collar. Podolsky et al14 reported reductions of 11° in flexion, 11° in extension, 3° in lateral bending, and 26° in rotation when comparing a Philadelphia collar with no immobilization. Similarly, James et al9 noted a 28° reduction in total angular displacement with a StifNeck collar compared with a softer vacuum immobilizer. Therefore, if a cervical collar can be applied, its use is indicated.4,9,14
During the no-helmet condition, participants were not wearing shoulder pads. Sherbondy et al8 indicated that the lacrosse helmet and shoulder pads put the neck in an extended position rather than neutral position, but they did not recommend removal of the shoulder pads and helmet together because of the potential motion that could occur with this process.8 They also did not recommend removal of the helmet because the shoulder pads–only condition was not optimal, leaving the athletes in a relatively flexed position.8 The position of the head without the shoulder pads depends on the type of shoulder pads worn. Whether the shoulder pads and helmet should be removed together or the helmet should be removed and padding placed under the head to maintain good alignment were not questions addressed in our study. Additionally, the type of shoulder pads used varies considerably among players, making a generalized recommendation difficult. However, the recommendation stands that if the helmet does not fit properly, it should be removed. More research is clearly needed on both men’s lacrosse and other types of equipment.
The amount of cervical motion required for secondary injury to occur is unknown, but the current line of thinking is that range of motion should be limited as much as possible.7 When we try to speculate as to how much motion is too much, difficulty arises because of the normal biomechanics of the spine when flexing and extending. According to Swartz et al,15(p157) “a vertebra may experience its greatest flexion and extension before the cervical column itself is fully flexed or extended.” Additionally, not all the vertebrae are moving in the same direction at the same time: for example, during flexion, C6 and C7 are actually extending at times, and the available space for the spinal cord varies.15 Tierney et al10 indicated that sagittal column space was greatest when the occiput was in a neutral position, compared with lifting it 2 cm and 4 cm. This lifting would, in theory, generate flexion. If a generalization about what happens to this space is possible, we could speculate that as flexion continued or as the occiput was raised, the space would decrease. However, according to De Lorenzo et al,3 the largest spinal-cord space occurred with 2 cm of occiput elevation; this space was smallest at C6 and greater at all levels from C2 to T1. Thus, as the spine flexes, the space changes are not predictable and vary among individuals. The spinal cord folds and unfolds in response to tension and compression.10 This change in sagittal diameter of the spinal cord means that even if the sagittal column space were predictable, the diameter of the cord is not.10 Therefore, given the changes and instability that could result from injury, it is difficult to draw any conclusions about the type or amount of motion that is potentially damaging.
The available cervical spine ranges of motion during spine-board immobilization as determined by our investigation could be significant in the cervical spine–injured men’s lacrosse player. Given that the goal of immobilization is to reduce the risk of secondary injury to the cervical spine, it may be necessary to remove the helmet. Because there is so much we still do not know about how to manage a lacrosse player on the field with a suspected cervical spine injury, we recommend that clinicians use caution when determining a protocol for treatment of cervical spine injury in men’s lacrosse players.
We recognize that this was an isolated sample of players and only 1 type of lacrosse helmet was tested. Thus, it is difficult to generalize our findings to the entire population of lacrosse players. We also realize that we did not remove the helmet and, hence, do not know how much motion would occur if the helmet was removed. One limitation of our study is that we did not control for the effort participants used. Additionally, the principal investigator was not blinded to the participant’s helmet condition, which is a potential source of bias. However, because of the repeated-measures design of the study, we do not believe either of these limitations affected the results. What is very clear is that more research needs to be conducted on lacrosse equipment to further assist in educating certified athletic trainers and emergency medical personal on how to most effectively reduce the chance of secondary injury in the spine-injured athlete. Furthermore, our results indicate that clear guidelines should be established for athletes wearing equipment in different sports.
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the ability of the Cascade CPX men’s lacrosse helmet to properly stabilize the head inside the helmet when the helmet was properly fitted and improperly fitted. We found that the helmet did not effectively stabilize the head in either condition. It is important to recognize that men’s lacrosse helmets and shoulder pads are not the same as those pieces of equipment in football and ice hockey and, therefore, we should not necessarily treat them the same way when an athlete has a possible cervical spine injury. As illustrated by our study, the helmet did an insufficient job of stabilizing the head; if the goal during immobilization on a spine board is to stabilize the head, that goal is not accomplished by leaving the lacrosse helmet in place. Although fitting the helmet properly offers some benefit when trying to limit sagittal-plane motion, the helmets of the participants in our study were not properly fitted. Thus, if a helmet was designed to help stabilize the head during these situations, players need to be educated as to the importance of both properly fitting their helmets and wearing them properly at all times. We encourage coaches, parents, and athletes to follow the fitting instructions for each helmet.
Syracuse Ends Tumultuous Day, Regular Season on High Note
Syracuse Ends Tumultuous Day, Regular Season on High Note
Fri May 7 2021 | Matt DaSilva | College
Syracuse freshman Owen Hiltz, one of several players wearing “1OVE” messages on their helmets as teammate Chase Scanlan faced a domestic violence-related charge in court, scored seven goals in a 21-14 win over Robert Morris at the Carrier Dome.
As suspended Syracuse lacrosse star Chase Scanlan faced a domestic violence-related charge in court Friday, his Orange teammates sent multiple messages in a 21-14 win over Robert Morris in their regular season finale Friday at the Carrier Dome.
Several Syracuse players wore athletic tape on their helmets inscribed with the word “1OVE” or showed similar displays in support of the One Love Foundation, which educates young people about abusive relationships.
The Orange then bolstered their NCAA tournament resume with a convincing display of speed and skill on offense, if not for their shaky defense in an entertaining up-and-down game befitting of both teams’ appetite for transition.
Syracuse’s 21 goals were its most in a game this season. Freshman Owen Hiltz (seven goals, two assists) and junior Owen Seebold (five goals, two assists) led the way for the Orange (7-5), whose No. 6 RPI and two wins over Virginia should be enough to earn an at-large bid when the NCAA tournament selections are announced Sunday.
Syracuse won 20 of 26 first-half faceoffs but led just 14-10 at halftime, as Robert Morris shot nearly 50 percent and got a late goal from Ryan Smith, who corralled a desperation full-field heave and took it in to score with one second left. It was Smith’s fifth goal of the half.
The Orange morphed into the more methodical version of themselves in the second half, controlling possession for longer periods of time and pulling away from the Colonials (7-5), who played this entire season on the road as an independent. Smith finished with seven goals on 7-for-10 shooting.
Syracuse faceoff specialist Jakob Phaup exited the game briefly after absorbing a body check in the first quarter but came back to finish 24-for-32 with 16 ground balls.Lehigh Advances to Patriot League Final
John Sidorski had three goals and three assists, leading top-seeded Lehigh to a 13-9 win over Colgate in the Patriot League semifinals Friday in Bethlehem, Pa.
The Mountain Hawks (10-1), ranked No. 8 in the Nike/US Lacrosse Division I Men’s Top 20, rebounded from a lopsided loss to Villanova in its regular season finale last week.
“It was disappointing to lose versus Villanova, but this week in practice we reset,” Sidorski said on CBS Sports Network after the game. “We put it behind us and we’re ready to keep going.”
Lehigh will face either No. 9 Army or No. 16 Loyola in the Patriot League championship game Sunday. The Mountain Hawks advanced despite committing 23 turnovers, their second straight game with 20-plus miscues. They were just 20-for-26 (76.9 percent) clearing the ball after going 8-for-15 (53.3 percent) against Villanova.
Lehigh will play in its third straight conference final and has made it to the championship game in six of the last nine seasons.
Ridley’s Cooper keeps mom’s memory in his heart and on his helmet – PA Prep Live
RIDLEY >> Even if he wanted to, Jimmy Cooper couldn’t untangle lacrosse from the memories of his mother.
The day Kathy Cooper was diagnosed with leukemia, seventh-grade Jimmy was on the lacrosse field with his Ridley teammates (they beat Strath Haven that day, on the way to a Southeastern Pa. title, inspired in part by the Cooper family’s strength). As Kathy fought the disease for nearly a year, Jimmy remembers the refuge provided by another Ridley family afflicted by the scourge of cancer, the Colleluoris and their Headstrong Foundation dedicated to healing through lacrosse.
And the day Kathy Cooper lost her battle to cancer — April 4, 2013 — Jimmy went to school and was on the lacrosse field that afternoon (another Ridley win).
“She passed away in the morning before I went to school,” Jimmy said. “I went to school because I knew I had a game and that’s what she wanted me to do.”
Four years later, Jimmy is still doing what his mother would’ve wanted him to, in a way that teammates and coaches who’ve known him for more than a decade attest Kathy would’ve wanted.
With Kathy’s name embossed on a yellow and white wristband, and “Mom 4-4” scrawled in Sharpie on white tape on his green helmet, Cooper and his classmates embark on their final playoff march, which starts Tuesday night against Council Rock North in the first round of the District 1 Class 3A playoffs. The defenseman, lining up next to classmates sporting “KC” helmet stickers, will get yet another illustration of how intertwined his two families are.
“They’re pretty much my brothers,” Cooper said. “They’ve been there for me since Day 1. They’ll always be there my whole entire life. We’re lifelong friends that bonded through lacrosse, and lacrosse has kind of built me up from the bottom.”
The next step on that pathway entails a long road trip to Newtown for the 17th-seeded Green Raiders (10-8), with the right to play top-seeded Avon Grove in Thursday’s second round on the line. And for as long as Cooper and his teammates have traveled together, it’s a trip he’ll relish.
While Cooper may never have guessed how pivotal Ridley lacrosse would become in his life, he knew from a young age that he wanted to be a part of it. Though he grew up in the Interboro School District, he had family ties to Ridley lacrosse through cousins, and his father, Jim, coached in Ridley (one of his pupils was the late Nick Colleluori).
When it came time for high school, the Coopers relocated Jimmy and younger sister Emily, who plays soccer and runs track, to Ridley.
“Ever since I was a little kid, I’d be sitting up in the bleachers wishing to play Ridley lacrosse,” Cooper said. “And now I’m doing it. It’s definitely awesome.”
Lacrosse was always central to the bond with his mom. Cooper estimates his parents attended 95 percent of his games; even now, Jim takes time off work to see his kids play. Members of Kathy’s extended family played lacrosse in Maryland, and that helped get Jimmy hooked at a young age.
“Anything I ever needed for lacrosse or life, she was there,” Cooper said.
“She’s always been there for us, whether it was hanging out at their house or youth sports,” said Ridley midfielder Brock Anderson. “She was an outgoing, loving person. She was always there, always smiling, always laughing. When we used to hang out there, she would be there, make us food when we were kids.”
Justin McQuaid was the head coach at Interboro and has long been active in the youth lacrosse community. He’s known the Coopers since Jimmy was in second grade, and since McQuaid joined first-year coach Rory Friel’s staff at Ridley this season, he’s gotten to travel the last leg of Cooper’s high school journey apace.
“Jimmy has had to deal with so many different things,” McQuaid said. “He’s resilient and he’s quirky and he’s different, and the way he deals with it is different than other people. But he gets through it with his smile and in his own little way.”
Cooper’s way involves giving back, including volunteering with the Headstrong Foundation. But it’s also the smaller gestures, like showing gratitude every day to the players who supported him through tough times.
The members of Ridley’s class of 2017 nucleus — a group that includes Anderson, Cooper, Cade Stratton, Mike Cowan, Cade Heverly and others — trace their friendship back a dozen years or more. Many have fond memories of Kathy Cooper, and the strength that Jimmy radiates and channels into his own brand of humor benefits them all.
“He’s just one kid that you just love being around,” Anderson said. “The way he is, if you know Jimmy Cooper, you know when you hear that name, you kind of smile. He’s an outgoing personality. He’s his own breed. He’s one of those kids that always puts a smile on your face.”
That’s why, when the calendar flipped to April and the four-year anniversary of Kathy Cooper’s passing arrived, Anderson and the team’s other leaders wanted to mark an occasion that impacted them all. In eighth grade, the team decided to don cancer awareness ribbons through a long playoff run. Others have since gone the homemade helmet decal route.
But when Anderson got Cooper’s helmet in the impromptu pregame decoration session, he designed a memorable embellishment — for Jimmy to show his love, and for the team to show its appreciation of their most resilient teammate.
“It just wouldn’t be right if we didn’t honor his mom like that,” Anderson said. “So people were passing around the helmets, and I got passed Jimmy Cooper’s helmet. And I didn’t want it to be the same as everyone else’s; I wanted it to be different. …
“You know that he has been through some stuff, and he doesn’t let it hold him down. He lives off the strength that what happened to him was tragic. But he pushes himself to be better. He pushes himself to be someone that his mom would love him to be.”
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