Irish Lacrosse Foundation (ILF) – Ireland Lacrosse
The Irish Lacrosse Foundation was created in 2001 to develop the sport of lacrosse in Ireland and to assist in fundraising efforts for the expansion of lacrosse in Ireland. The Foundation, which is based in New York, acted as the national governing body for Irish lacrosse while it helped to develop the game further in Ireland. As part of this initiative, the Irish Lacrosse Foundation was then instrumental in helping to establish a new organisation within Ireland – called Ireland Lacrosse – which would take over the reigns as the national governing body in 2009, recognised as such by the European Lacrosse Federation (ELF) and the Federation of International Lacrosse (FIL).
Now, the Irish Lacrosse Foundation provides general support and advice for the ongoing development of lacrosse in Ireland and the development of the Irish national teams. And a new entity – Ireland Lacrosse North America – has been established in 2015 which works with Ireland Lacrosse (and the Irish Lacrosse Foundation) to pursue the common mission of developing lacrosse in Ireland.
I Dteannta a Chéile – Together as One!
The members of the Irish Lacrosse Foundation are therefore the forefathers of the (re-)emergence of the sport of lacrosse in Ireland in the early 21st century.
The Roll of Honour of its directors consist of the following:
Richie Moran, President
John Cavanaugh, Senior Vice-President
James Carroll, Treasurer
Dick Pepper, Vice-President
Thomas Prior, Vice-President
Tim Weir, Coaching Development
Tony Devine, Director
Larry Griswold, Director
Larry Carroll, Director
Jack McGettigan, Director
Kevin Carroll, Director
Dan Leidl, Secretary
About Us – Ireland Lacrosse
Ireland Lacrosse shall, first and foremost, work to develop the sport of lacrosse throughout the island of Ireland for both men and women and at all levels from youth to adult. Arising out of this development, Ireland Lacrosse shall also oversee, manage and support the Irish national teams – for men and women and at under-age and senior levels.
In pursuit of this mission, Ireland Lacrosse works through Ireland Lacrosse North America, a subsidiary entity registered as a not-for-profit (501c3) organization in the USA, and with the Irish Lacrosse Foundation (also based in the USA), to raise awareness of our programmes, develop lacrosse in Ireland, and generate support for our national teams.
Ireland Lacrosse is also a member of the:
Ireland Lacrosse Sporting Association Company Limited by Guarantee (with the registered business name ‘Ireland Lacrosse’) has been fully registered with the Companies Registration Office since 5 October 2009 (company registration number: 475980). The registered address for Ireland Lacrosse is: 40 Wainsfort Crescent, Terenure, Dublin 6W, Ireland
Ireland Lacrosse is also registered with the Office of the Revenue Commissioners in Ireland as a Sporting Body with Tax Exemption under Section 235 of the Taxes Consolidation Act, 1997, registration number 2925.
Ireland Lacrosse North America, Inc. has been fully registered with the State Corporation Commission of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the USA since 4 February 2016 and has been confirmed by the Internal Revenue Service as being exempt from Federal Income Tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (and has been assigned an Employee Identification Number (EIN): 81-0842200)). Ireland Lacrosse North America is formally constituted as a sub-committee of the Ireland Lacrosse Executive Board. The registered address for Ireland Lacrosse North America is: 2785 Prince Harold Court, Herndon, Virginia 20171-2441, USA
The Irish Lacrosse Foundation is a charitable foundation registered in the state of New York in the USA that provides ongoing support and advice to the members of Ireland Lacrosse and Ireland Lacrosse North America in pursuit of the shared mission as articulated above. The Irish Lacrosse Foundation was previously recognised as the National Governing Body by the European Lacrosse Federation and the Federation of International Lacrosse; however, there has been a smooth transfer of NGB responsibility to Ireland Lacrosse (based in Ireland), commencing in July 2010, and since that time the organisation based in Ireland has been recognised as the National Governing Body by the European Lacrosse Federation and World Lacrosse, as well as all Ireland Lacrosse members.
Donate! (ILNA) – Ireland Lacrosse
Ireland Lacrosse North America (ILNA) represents Ireland Lacrosse throughout the United States and Canada. All efforts and activities of ILNA are directed towards pursuit of Ireland Lacrosse’s mission, which is to develop the sport of lacrosse throughout the island of Ireland for both men and women and at all levels from youth to adult. Ireland Lacrosse also oversees, manages and supports the Irish national lacrosse teams.
Ireland Lacrosse North America is formally constituted as a sub-committee of the Ireland Lacrosse Executive Board. More information about Ireland Lacrosse including its governance and policies and procedures is available on the About Us section of this website. The Terms of Reference for the ILNA Executive Board and the ILNA Role Descriptions are available in the Ireland Lacrosse Governance Manual. A copy of our current financial statement is available upon request by contacting Ireland Lacrosse North America at 2785 Prince Harold Ct., Herndon, VA 20171, USA.
Any queries about Ireland Lacrosse North America may be directed to ILNA President James Hoban at [email protected].
In 2019 the ILNA Executive Board comprises the following:
- James Hoban, President
- Michael Kennedy, Secretary & Treasurer
- Sarah Walsh, Director
- Rob Wallace, Director
- Ed Forst, Director
- Jim Delaney, Director
- Devin Kelly, Director
- Aaron Cahill, Director of Alumni
Ireland Lacrosse North America, Inc. has been fully registered with the State Corporation Commission of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the USA since 4 February 2016 and has been confirmed by the Internal Revenue Service as being exempt from Federal Income Tax under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (and has been assigned an Employee Identification Number (EIN): 81-0842200)).
This means donations received through Ireland Lacrosse North America are tax deductible in the USA!
Ireland Lacrosse (Dublin, Ireland) and Ireland Lacrosse North America (Virginia, USA) are 100% volunteer-led and driven organisations that currently receive no government funding. We depend on membership fees, fundraising activity and donations, and payments from players, to support all of our activities, the most important of which is developing the sport of lacrosse throughout the island of Ireland!
Become a member of Ireland Lacrosse via https://irelandlacrosse.azolve.com !
Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and LinkedIn !
Your donation will be used to help with:
EQUIPMENT – WE NEED GEAR, ESPECIALLY STICKS AND BALLS, TO GET MORE KIDS PLAYING IN IRELAND!
COACHING – WE NEED SUPPORT FOR OUR COACHES TO DELIVER LACROSSE INSTRUCTION, ESPECIALLY IN SCHOOLS AROUND THE COUNTRY!
FACILITIES HIRE – WE NEED HELP WITH FIELD RENTAL COSTS SO THAT WE CAN HOST CLINICS AND GAMES!
NATIONAL TEAMS – THE NATIONAL TEAMS ARE PRIMARILY PLAYER-FUNDED AND DONATIONS FOR A PARTICULAR TEAM OR PLAYER ARE WELCOME!
You can DONATE ONLINE :
Or DONATE BY CHECK by sending a check made out to ‘Ireland Lacrosse North America‘ to the ILNA headquarters at:
Ireland Lacrosse North America
2785 Prince Harold Ct.
Herndon, VA 20171
Here’s more information about what we do:
Upon receipt, the donor will receive documentation from ILNA of their donation for their files, similar to the following examples:
- Donations over $250: On behalf of the Board of Directors we want to thank you for your gift of $___, on [date]. You should retain this letter in your records for tax purposes. As you may be aware, the IRS no longer will accept a canceled check as substantiation of a charitable contribution of $250.00 or more. This letter further serves to verify that you did not receive anything of value in exchange for your contribution. Therefore, the entire amount of your donation is tax-deductible.
- Donations of non-cash or in-kind (estimated value of $250 or more): Thank you for your donation of _____. The Internal Revenue Code prohibits our organization from placing a value on your donated gift. Ireland Lacrosse North America is a 501 (c)(3) tax-exempt organization. No goods or services were provided by Ireland Lacrosse North America in return for the contribution. Your contribution is deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law. You should retain this receipt for tax purposes. If the organization receives an in-kind gift which has an estimated value of over $5,000, the donor must file an IRS Form 8283, and the donor needs to get an independent appraisal of the gift, the appraisal must be dated within 60 days prior to the date of donation. Additionally, if the organization sells all or part of the donated good within 2 years, they must report its sale to the IRS on Form 8282.
- Donations where donor receives goods or services (tickets to an event): Thank you for your donation of $____ for the Ireland Lacrosse North America. Ireland Lacrosse North America is a 501 (c)(3) tax-exempt organization. This letter further serves to verify that you received dinner and entertainment, which had a fair market value of $___. Therefore, only $_____ of your donation is tax deductible.
History of Lacrosse in Ireland – Ireland Lacrosse
The origins of lacrosse in Ireland lie with the establishment of the Ards Lacrosse Club in Newtownards, Co. Down (just outside Belfast) in 1872.
Four years later, William George Beers, the man credited with modernising and codifying the game in his native Canada, led a trip across the Atlantic that included members of the Montreal Lacrosse Club as well as a team of Caughnawaga Indians. The tour started in Belfast with a number of exhibition games by these teams before moving on to England where, amongst other games, the teams put on an exhibition for the Queen at Windsor Castle. A number of similar trips followed as the game developed further in Ireland, and an Irish Lacrosse Union was formed in 1879 to support this development and to manage the new Irish Men’s National Lacrosse Team.
In 1886, the Irish Lacrosse Union accepted one of many invitations to travel to Canada and the United States. This trip was lead by John Sinclair and Hugh C. Kelly (of Belfast and Ballymacarrett, Co. Down respectively), the latter of whom was captain of the Irish team at the time, a pioneer of the game in Ireland, and Deputy Sheriff of the County Down. The trip lasted nearly two months and included many games on the East coast of the USA and in Canada.
Men’s lacrosse flourished in Ireland at the end of the 19th century and into the beginning of the 20th. In these years, two trophies were awarded for lacrosse in Ireland – the Irish Championship Flag and the Irish Challenge Shield – and these trophies still exist and are held in Newtownards, the erstwhile spiritual home of lacrosse in Ireland as the first town to have established a lacrosse club in 1872.
Women’s lacrosse emerged in Ireland in the 1920s. Richmond Lodge, which was an all-girls school in Belfast, began playing the game at least as early as 1922. On Monday, the 29th of November 1926, at 2.45pm, at Trinity Hall in Rathmines in Dublin, the (suitably named) Dublin Pioneers ladies lacrosse team held its first practice. Notification of this was sent by Dorothy Griffith, Honorary Secretary of the club, to a Miss Leonard.
By the 1930s, the Dublin Pioneers and the Belfast Ladies Lacrosse Club (founded by the alumni of Richmond Lodge) were the only two senior women’s club lacrosse teams. However, they were joined by girls’ schools including Richmond Lodge in Belfast and Manor House School in Co. Armagh, and other schools based around the greater Dublin area – the French School in Bray (Co. Wicklow), the Hillcourt School in Glenageary (Co. Dublin), Alexandra College in Milltown (Dublin), the Hall School in Monkstown (Co. Dublin) and Glengara Park in Dun Laoghaire (Co. Dublin).
In 1930, the Irish Ladies Lacrosse Association was founded, as was the first ever Irish Women’s National Lacrosse Team which played its first competitive match in a tournament in April of that year at Merton Abbey (southwest London) which featured Ireland, Scotland, Wales and England.
Men’s lacrosse in Ireland emerged in 1872 and died out in the early 1900s, with women’s lacrosse then emerging in the 1920s and then subsequently dying out around 1970.
The Irish Men’s National Lacrosse Team was (re-)formed to compete in the 2001 European Championships tournament which took place in Penarth, Wales from 15-21 July 2001. The men’s senior team has continued to participate in major tournaments from that time. An Irish Men’s Indoor National Lacrosse Team was added in 2007 and an Irish Men’s Under-19 National Lacrosse Team was added in 2016.
In 2005, the Irish Women’s National Lacrosse Team was re-established and entered in the 2005 European Newcomers Tournament in Copenhagen, Denmark, finishing in 1st place, a remarkable feat for a team of players of whom only three had any previous lacrosse playing experience. The women’s senior team has likewise continued to participate in major tournaments since that time. In 2019, an Irish Women’s Under-19 National Lacrosse Team was formed.
In the 2009-2010 season the Irish Lacrosse League (ILL) was established. This league features men’s and women’s teams such as the Dublin Lacrosse Club, University College Dublin (UCD), National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway, University College Cork (UCC) and Queen’s University Belfast, with new teams emerging in various parts of the country. A new women’s Schools Cup will take place in March 2019, and concerted efforts are now being directed towards introducing lacrosse at youth level.
For more information on the History of Irish Lacrosse, check out this publication
by Ireland Lacrosse CEO Michael Kennedy (click image):
Women’s National Team – Ireland Lacrosse
21 July 2020 – The staff of the Women’s national team holds the health and safety of our player-candidates in only the highest priority, which has been at the forefront of all planning, expectations and discussions. As such, trials for the Wom
The Women’s National Team coaching staff and Ireland Lacrosse administrators are continuing to actively monitor this rapidly changing, unprecedented event of public health concern, COVID-19, the “novel coronavirus.” Ireland Lacrosse has note
Updated 21 July 2020 – The dates and process for the Women’s Senior National Team selection were updated, and announced, by Head Coach Sarah Walsh. The team, set to compete in the 2021 World Championship, have team selections in Dublin, Irelan
5 August 2019 – Peterborough, Ontario, Canada The Women’s Under 19 National team resumes their pool play today in the Under 19 World Championship. Currently sitting at 0-2, they will face an athletic team from Mexico. Head Coach Eileen Ghent r
1 August 2019 – Peterborough, Ontario, Canada Four captains were selected for the 2019 Women’s Under 19 National team, the first team to ever take the field at this age for Ireland. The four women selected by their peers and coaches are Eimear
1 August 2019 – Dublin, Ireland The Girls in Green have returned home after long but successful 2019 European Championship campaign. Ultimately, the Senior National team placed 7th overall, in a field of 16 nations. They have officially qualified fo
27 July 2019 – Netanya, Israel Eight of the Girls in Green were honored during the 2019 European Women’s Lacrosse Championship for their first time representing their country in international games. As is an Ireland Lacrosse tradition, each pl
20 July 2019 – Netanya, Israel The Women’s Senior National team came away from their last Pool A game with a 11-8 victory over Germany. The Girls in Green head to the quarterfinals for a match up with Czechia. A tepid start did not d
19 July 2019 – Netanya, Israel An incredible second half comeback fell just short for the Women’s Senior National Team against host nation Israel, 12-10. The Girls in Green had a difficult start to their fourth game in a row, ending
18 July 2019 – Netanya, Israel A massive victory for the Women’s Senior National Team, defeating Scotland 9-4 in a decisive “Blue Division” match up at the European Championship. The Irish came out strong, holding the Scots
Dancing at Lacrosseroads | Irish America
By John Kernaghan, Contributor
October / November 2006
A look at the impressive development of the sport of lacrosse in ireland, normally known for Gaelic games, soccer and rugby
It was not so startling to see the vivid green Ireland uniforms at the World Lacrosse Championships in London, Ontario, as it was to see the result, a sixth-place finish in just two years of life for the Irish Lacrosse Foundation.
How did this unstructured toddler go from an unranked, thrown-together development team in 2002, to within a couple of goals of fifth on the planet in 2006?
To hear head coach Richie Moran tell it, the surge to a point where Ireland rocked a shocked Germany 13-5 is a classic case of Irish-American cooperation. Ireland finished 5-2 overall and won its division in the 32-team global showdown two years after the foundation was incorporated.
“To get this result was sensational and thanks to the dedication of volunteers and players from both countries,” gushed Moran as he stood in a sea of green following the thorough victory. “There was a lot of volunteer help from the United States, people who went over to Ireland and helped develop some players there for this.”
Moran, who guided Cornell University’s lacrosse program across 30 seasons, fused 11 American citizens of Irish parentage, four Americans born in Ireland, and seven Irishmen into a team that was the surprise of the world championships, which are held every four years.
“The game was almost nonexistent in Ireland five years ago,” noted Michael Conway, a Long Island, New York native who has traveled back and forth to Dublin working with Michael Kennedy of the Dublin Lacrosse Club. “They’re adding teams, but it’s a slowly developing thing. You can’t rush things.”
Said Kennedy: “We’ve come on in leaps and bounds when you consider we were seventh in the European championships two years ago, when Germany was a finalist, and now we’ve beaten them here. ”
There was also an unseen hand at work, the inspirational No. 10 each player wore on his helmet. It was to honor Eamon McEneaney, a former Cornell star who died on 9/11.
The hall-of-fame player led Cornell to national championships in 1976 and 1977, and was a vice-president at Cantor Fitzgerald, the financial firm wiped out in the attack on the Twin Towers. “Eamon was involved in our early discussions about helping Ireland start a lacrosse program and wanted to help coach,” said New Yorker John Cavanaugh, vice-president and medical director of the Irish Lacrosse Foundation.
Surely there was some magic in the air, agreed Sean Bodie, a 21-year-old Boston native who moved to Dublin at age 16.
“Hard to believe we could do this, considering where the sport was a few years ago when I was looking for a place to play. All I could find was some leagues in England.”
Then roaming the Internet one day, Bodie saw a notice for the Dublin Lacrosse Club.
“I showed up expecting a lot of players but there were just three of us to toss the ball around in Phoenix Park. But soon enough people got friends interested and we had 30 guys and could have some real scrimmages.”
John Kelly, a 23-year-old novice at the attack position for Ireland, was one of the early converts in Dublin. He liked the passion of the game, seeing some similarities with hurling.
“I kind of stumbled into it but now, after two years, I’m hooked. I like the idea of having some input into a new sport.”
Kelly says lacrosse has some attractive parallels to hurling but noted “there’s probably more pace to lacrosse because of the rolling substitutions.”
There’s also more protection, with helmets, gloves and shoulder pads.
Even so, his parents were startled by the aggressive nature of lacrosse when they flew to London, Ontario, a university city about halfway between Detroit and Toronto, to watch their son play for the first time.
“They said, ‘Geez, it’s physical, isn’t it’?” A highlight for him and the other Irish players, which included another 11 from the developmental squad, was a scrimmage with the Iroquois Nation, a cross-border North American team made up mostly of native people from the Onondaga area near Syracuse, New York, and Six Nations in southern Ontario.
“They had our heads spinning, the way they could pass the ball around,” said Kelly. But Irish lacrosse had its own heady moments leading up to the World’s, stressed coach Moran.
“Last year using Irish players only, we defeated Wales and Scotland to win the Celtic Cup in Cardiff. That was unbelievable.”
It was also a touching moment for the veteran coach. “I saw young men win medals who had never won medals before. It was important for them to have that kind of success.”
Also, a young women’s Irish team composed of players with just four months experience won the European Newcomer’s Cup last year, a hugely impressive feat, considering that women’s numbers are lower than men’s and centered on the solitary University of Dublin lacrosse club.
“So, 2005 was a watershed year for us,” explained Kennedy. “And with our success here we can take a lot of enthusiasm back home to continue the work of getting more teams.”
He noted that well-traveled Irish know about the sport and many would like to try it but there has been no infrastructure.
“There’s not even a shop in Ireland right now where you can buy a lacrosse ball.”
Moran says that building up the game in Ireland and gradually supplanting American players with Irish-born talent will take getting lacrosse into the primary schools.
“It’s important that people in Ireland understand we’re not asking hurling and Gaelic football to move over. We’d love to have some of those players on the margins in those sports, people who aren’t playing that much, to pick up a lacrosse stick.”
He says that to get past Japan and Australia, the two teams which his team lost to, Ireland needs to get quicker and bigger.
“We were down 8-2 to Japan and came back to lose 11-9, but their quickness hurt us. When we lined up against Australia (which won 23-5) it was like men going against a junior high school, there was a considerable size difference.”
Australia, by the way, won the bronze medal with a convincing win over the Iroquois Nation, while Canada ended 28 years of American dominance in the sport with a 15-10 victory over the U. S. for the gold medal.
As a footnote, lacrosse is not entirely new to Ireland. The Irish Lacrosse Foundation points out it was played there in the 1800s and in 1908 a team composed of Irish and British players won the Olympic silver medal, losing 14-10 to Canada.
Kennedy says the notion of Irishmen on the Olympic podium in eight years, given the arc of improvement, is not a far-fetched goal.
Indeed, in their center-field celebration at the World’s, Moran drew the team together and held his hands above him like a steeple, asking the players to note the college divisional ring on one hand and championship ring on the other.
Leave a Reply
Ireland Lacrosse Announces North American Chapter
Dublin, Ireland — Michael Kennedy, Chief Executive Officer of Ireland Lacrosse, has formally announced the creation of Ireland Lacrosse North America (ILNA). ILNA will operate as a subsidiary of Ireland Lacrosse, the governing body of Lacrosse in Ireland. ILNA was founded to assist Ireland Lacrosse in raising awareness of its programs, expanding membership, to raise funds and to form strategic partnerships with corporations throughout Canada and the United States. In this regard, ILNA dovetails the work previously undertaken by the Irish Lacrosse Foundation.
The Directors of Ireland Lacrosse North America are Michael Kennedy, James J Hoban and Sarah Walsh. ILNA has been formally established in the United States as a not for profit corporation in the Commonwealth of Virginia. ILNA is in the process of obtaining 501(c)(3) status from the Internal Revenue Service. IRS Pub 557 indicates that the effective date of the exemption will be retroactive to the date of incorporation, which is February 4, 2016.
The primary functions of Ireland Lacrosse are:
-Promote the development of lacrosse throughout all parts of the island of Ireland, including through youth and community programs, schools programs, university-level programs and adult club programs.
-Establish a framework to provide opportunities at all age levels and in all regions of Ireland for boys, girls, men and women, to play lacrosse.
-Run clinics and exhibitions, publicizing major events and tournaments throughout Ireland.
-Establish practical and professional training programs for coaches & officials, aligned with any and all Irish Sports Council and/or Coaching Ireland requirements.
-Manage and oversee the running of the island-wide Irish Lacrosse League (ILL), as well as any other local, regional or indoor leagues or other similar activities (including camps).
-Manage and oversee all Irish national lacrosse teams – this includes a current portfolio of 5 teams (men’s senior, indoor, under-19, and women’s senior, under-19).
ILNA is proud to assist in all aforementioned functions of Ireland Lacrosse, as well as efforts to raise awareness of the great history of lacrosse in Ireland, and aid in the continued development of the great sport on the island of Ireland.
For any additional information regarding Ireland Lacrosse, please visit: www.irelandlacrosse.ie, For questions pertaining to ILNA, please contact Director James J Hoban at [email protected] For media inquiries, please contact Catherine Conway at [email protected]90,000 International Foundation Services Center, Ireland
It does not matter where your fund is legally registered and from where in the world the fund is managed. Your foundation can always be serviced in Ireland. The Irish stock industry service providers have a strong reputation among international professional participants. They managed to win such a high position in the stock market due to their professionalism, exceptional efficiency and excellent service. An objective assessment of the above characteristics allows us to conclude that Ireland is one of the best international centers for providing a full range of services to investment funds.
Ireland as a global hub for comprehensive services for stock market participants
Choosing Ireland to serve your foundation gives you access to a wide range of service provider options. At your service are well-known global players with a proven reputation and authority, as well as independent professional participants working with one or several clients.
Ireland’s high reputation as the world’s leading investment destination extends beyond the direct scope of funds incorporated in Ireland.You can also successfully work with foundations registered in the UK, Russia, Ukraine, Channel and Cayman Islands, with foundations located in the Caribbean. Today, the professional participants of the Irish stock industry are armed with the widest range of services: fund administrator; transfer agent; custodian, as well as legal, tax and audit services; listing and stock exchange; consultations.
According to the results of international statistical studies, modern Ireland is one of the best places in the world to do business.At the same time, Dublin acts as the central financial services sector.
Services for investment funds of non-residents of Ireland (Non Domiciled Funds)
Non-resident funds are provided with the following services:
- • transfer agent / services to professional investors;
- • custody services, bank account for AIFMD funds;
- • accounting services for funds;
- • listing, activity on the stock exchange;
- • mandatory secretarial reporting;
- • consultations;
- • IT services.
- Goalkeepers wear the same colors as the outfield players. This is because no specific rules apply to the goalkeeper and therefore officials do not need to distinguish between goalkeeper and outfielder.
- A Kamoji player may transfer any result from the game (manual passing has been prohibited since 1980).
- Camogie games last 60 minutes, two 30-minute halves (games among senior teams in the last 70 games, that is, two halves of 35 minutes). Draws are permitted for multiple 2 × 10-minute sudden deaths for additional periods of time; the first team to score wins.
- Passing the ball by hand is allowed by throwing the kamogi.
- Kamogi uses a smaller slotar (ball), commonly known as a size 4 slot, while a hurler plays with a size 5 slot.
- If the defending player hits a wide sliotar, the 45-meter puck is awarded to the opponent (on a shot, this is a 65-meter puck).
- After the score, the goalkeeper shoots the puck from the 13-meter line (when shooting, he must hit the puck from the endline).
- The metal strip on the kamogi must be sealed with electrical tape (not necessary when throwing).
- Side kicks are prohibited (allowed in throwing).
- Two points will be awarded for a result immediately after the sideline (since March 2012). 
- Players must wear skirts or shorts rather than shorts.
- Eleven counties competed for the elite All-Ireland Kamogi Seniors Championship 2018The O’Duffy Cup is awarded to: Claire, Cork, Dublin, Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick, Meath, Offaly, Tipperary, Waterford, and Wexford. The All-Irish Finals are held annually at Croke Park in September, usually a week between the tossing final and Gaelic football finals and attracts up to 33,000 people.  Kamogi Senior Championships finals are generally less eventful than their competitors in the men’s sport of curling. There are lower counts and rarely a goal.  Only fourteen points were scored by the winning team in the 2018 Final, and the majority of the points in the game came from the free games distribution.  Ten points were enough to determine the winner of the 2017 Final. 
- The Irish Club Championship is held at Senior, Intermediate and Junior levels and usually reaches the final stage in November – December or March of the following year.
- Eleven teams will compete for the 2018 Jack McGrath Cup second tier (Irish Interim Championship): Antrim, Carlow, Derry, Down, Kildare, Laois, and Westmeath, while the second teams are Cork, Galway, Kilkenny, and Tipperary.
- Seven teams competed for the third echelon of the Key Mills Cup (All Irish or Premier Junior Championships) in 2018: Armagh, Kerry, Roscommon, and second teams Claire, Dublin, Limerick, and Offaly.
- Six teams contested the fourth echelon of the Nancy Murray Cup (or Junior A Championship), Carlow, Cavan, Monaghan, Tyrone, Westmeath, and the second Team Offaly.
- Three teams compete for the fifth level of the Máire Ní Chinnéide Cup, (or Junior B Championship), Wicklow, and the second teams are Kildare and Meath.
- London competed in the ((National Camogie League)) in the 2010 season, although not in 2011.
- Although six counties do not compete at the adult level: Donegal, Fermanagh, Leitrim, Longford, Mayo and Sligo do not compete at the adult level, clubs from Fermanagh, Kerry and Mayo won awards and Donegal played in the division finals under the age of 14 Feile na nGael level. Both Louth (in 1934 and 1936) and Mayo (in 1959) have contested All of Ireland, the final among adults in the past.
- The Irish Championships are held by age group.Minor A, Minor B, and Minor C, and Under 16 A, B and C levels.
- Residence in residence: from 11 years old
Find out more about services in Ireland for resident funds and non-resident funds
In Ireland, foundations and fund service providers are most commonly exempt from VAT. VAT must be paid by lawyers, auditors and some other specialists accompanying the work of funds.
Ireland – the world’s largest hedge fund service center
Ireland is the world’s largest hedge fund administration center. Today, about 40% of the world’s hedge funds are serviced in Ireland, and most of them are not residents of this country.More than 40 companies of administrators are concentrated in Ireland, licensed by the Central Bank of Ireland. These stock market participants provide services to professional participants from more than 70 countries around the world.
Irish administrators have sufficient experience to successfully operate investment funds, their structures, asset classes and investment strategies that can be established in Ireland.
Irish professional participants. Fusion of experience and education
Today, more than 13,000 professionals in Ireland work exclusively in the service of investment funds and securities markets.Ireland is a recognized leader in promoting innovation in the securities industry and in the securities markets.
In the international investment stock market, the Irish demographic environment and education system received high marks. There is a large number of highly qualified specialists with modern knowledge and skills in working with market clients. According to statistics, there are 1/3 more Irish people with higher education (age group 25 to 34) than in the United States and Great Britain.
Contact Irish Consulting Partners e-mail
90,050 90,000 List of national lacrosse governing bodies
Irish Women’s Team Sports Stick and Ball
Kamogi (; Irish: camógaíocht ) is an Irish team sport played by women. Kamogi is played by 100,000 women in Ireland and around the world, mostly among the Irish community.  
A variant of the toss game (played only by men) adapted for women, organized by the Dublin Camogie Association or Kuman Kamogayohta.   The Annual Championship of Ireland in Kamogi record attendance – 33,154 people,  while the average attendance in recent years has been between 15,000 and 18,000 people.The final is broadcast live, and its TV audience will be over 300,000 people. 
UNESCO lists Camogie as an Intangible Cultural Heritage.  Play mentioned in Waiting for Godot by Irish playwright Samuel Beckett.
Game and rules
Goal posts and scoring system used in kamogi
The game consists of two halves of thirty minutes each. The break between halves is 10 minutes. In the case of extra time, the halves shall be 10 minutes each.Each team has 15 players on the field. A 15-player team must consist of one goalkeeper, three full-backs, three midfielders, two center field players, three midfielders and three full striker players. There are at least 12 players on the field at all times.  The rules are almost identical to toss, with a few exceptions. 
Due in part to these differences, some argue that Kamogi lacks the physical drama inherent in throwing.  According to the original 1903 rules, both the match and the field were shorter than their throwing equivalents. Matches lasted 40 minutes, increased to 50 minutes in 1934, and the playing fields were 125–130 yards (114–119 m) long and 65–70 yards (59–64 m) wide. From 1929 to 1979, a second crossbar was also used, the “spectacle rod,” which meant that the point would not have been allowed if it crossed that crossbar, which was a rather controversial rule for the 75 years it was used.The teams were regulated on 12 sides using an elliptical pattern, although it was more of a “squeezed lemon” shape, with the three midfielders grouped closer together than their rivals on the midfielder and midfield lines. In 1999, the Kamogi switched to GAA field size and 15 field size per side, adopting the standard GAA butterfly shape.
Field and equipment
The field does not have a fixed size, but must be from 130 m long by 80 m wide to 145 m long and 90 m wide.
Goals and Score
H-shaped targets are used. The team scores points by forcing the ball to pass between the posts. If the ball crosses the crossbar at a point, the team scores one point. If the ball hits the crossbar when a goal is scored, the team scores three points. 
The name was coined by Tadhg Ua Donnchadha (Thorna) at meetings in 1903 before the first matches of 1904.  It comes from the stick used in the game.Men play throwing using a curved stick called Camán in Irish. Women in early kamoji games used a shorter stick, indicated by a diminutive form. camoge . The suffix iománaíocht (originally “uidheacht”) was added to both words to give the names of the sports: Camánaíocht (which became iománaíocht ) and camógaíocht . When the Gaelic Sports Association was founded in 1884.The English name “throwing” was given to the men’s game. When a women’s organization was formed in 1904, it was decided to translate the Irish name into English. camógaíocht to camógaíocht . 
The experimental rules for the women’s game were Máire Ní Chinnéide, Sean (Scaleg) Ó Sellay, Tadhg Ó Donnchadha and Séamus Ó Braonáin. The official launch of Camogie took place during the first public match between Craobh an Chéitinnigh (a subsidiary of Keating’s Gaelic League) and Cuchulainn on July 17 at Fays in Navan.The governing body of the sport, the Camogie Association or Kuman Kamogayokhta, was founded in 1905 and reformed in 1911, 1923 and 1939. Until June 2010, she was known as Cumann Camógaíochta na nGael.
Maira Ni Shinneide and Keith Ni Dhonnchada, two prominent Irish language enthusiasts and cultural nationalists, are credited with creating the sport with the help of the scholarly brother Ni Dhonnchad Thadg O Donnchad, who drew up the rules. Thus, although the camogie was founded by women and independently governed (although it was closely associated with the GAA), from the beginning there was a small but strong presence of men in its administrative ranks.Unsurprisingly, Kamoji originated from the Gaelic League and did not depend on the structures and networks provided by that organization during the sport’s initial expansion. Of all the cultural nationalist organizations for adults that emerged at the end of the century, the Gaelic League was the only one that accepted female and male members on an equal basis. 
The Kamogi crew pictured at Waterford in October 1915.
Kuman Kamogayohta has a similar structure to the Gaelic Sports Association, with an annual Congress every spring that makes decisions on policy and major issues such as rule changes, and an executive board, Árd Chómhairle, which deals with short-term issues and management.The game is controlled from its headquarters at Croke Park in Dublin. Each of the 28 county councils take control of their affairs (all the counties in Ireland except Fermanagh, Leitrim and Sligo), with 58 clubs in Cork to one in Leitrim. There are four provincial councils and branches in Asia, Australia, Britain, Europe, New York, New Zealand, and North America.
There are 537 Kamogi clubs, of which 513 (95.5%) are located on the island of Ireland, 47 on the island of Ireland.Connacht (8.8%), 195 in Leinster (36.4%), 160 in Munster (29.8%) and 110 in Ulster (20.5%).
The District is the structural unit of elite competitions, responsible for organizing club competitions within the district and for nominating teams between districts in different classes of the All Ireland Championships and the National Kamogi League.
The National League is held during the winter-spring months with four groups of teams ranked by ability.
Provincial Championships are held at all levels, regardless of the All Ireland Series, which has been held on an open draw since 1973.
International & Interprovincial
Ireland plays a Camogi-Brilliant International against Scotland every year.The Gael Lynn Cup is an inter-provincial competition held at the senior and junior level. Sports are closely related to the Celtic Congress. Two former Camogie Association presidents, Máire Ní Chinnéide and Agnes O’Farrelli were also presidents of the Celtic Congress and exhibition matches have been held at the Celtic Congress since 1938. The Isle of Man in 1938 saw the first appearance of Kathleen Cody, who became one of the stars of the 1940s.
The Ashbourne and Purcell Cups and Father Michare seven to the side are the main intercollegiate competition.
There is also a program of Provincial and All Ireland High and Junior High School Championships, differentiated by year of the high school cycle, where grades 4-6 compete in the high school competition and grades 1-3 compete in the lower grades. Cumann na mBunscoil organizes competitions at the elementary school level.
Féile na nGael
Camogie competition for club teams with players under 14 is held in four divisions as part of the annual Féile na nGael festival.The constituency selected for a particular year, all of its clubs host teams from all over the country representing their constituency. Host clubs force families to take two or three children for a couple of days.
Cork won the most Kamogi All-Ireland titles at 28, most recently in 2018.
Cork won the most National Kamogie League titles with 16.
The Camogie All Stars Awards are awarded annually to the elite players who perform best in each of the 15 positions in the traditional Kamogi team. “The tide is on the rise, but we’re just at the beginning of a whole new ball game. “Camogie rules on the Camogie website. a b c Crow, Dermot (September 8, 2019). “New opportunities on the last day when Kilkenny hopes to bury the pain of defeat.” Sunday Independent . Retrieved September 8, 2019. Links to related articles The earldom was first created on 23 August 1622 by Thomas Ridgway, 1st Baron of Ridgway 1565 – 1631, who was the treasurer of Ireland and participated in the colonization of Ulster. On November 25, 1611, the title of Baronet was created for him, from Torrington in Devon. On May 25, 1616, he also received the title of Baron of Ridgway of Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland.along with the ducal title in 1622 he was granted the title of Viscount of Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland. he was succeeded by his eldest son, Robert Ridgway, 2nd Earl of Londonderry of mind. 1641 he was succeeded by his son, Weston Ridgway, 3rd Earl of Londonderry 1620 – 1672. In 1714, after the death of his last son, Robert Ridgway, 4th Earl of Derry, left no male offspring, the title of Earl was interrupted. 8 October 1726 Earl is restored again by the British military and politicians, Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron of Londonderry c.1688 – 1729. He sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain from Wilton 1713 – 1727 (And 1727) Old Sarum 1727 – 1728, was the governor of the Leeward Islands 1728 – 1729. On June 3, 1719, the title of Baron of Londonderry was created for him. along with the earl’s title, he also received the title of Viscount Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland. Thomas Pitt was married to Lady Frances Ridgway of Mad. 1772, daughter of Robert Ridgway, 4th Earl of Londonderry. Thomas Pitt was the dear uncle of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. he was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas Pitt, 2nd Earl of Londonderry 1717 – 1734, who died childless, and was succeeded by his younger brother, Ridgway Pitt, 3rd Earl of Londonderry 1722 – 1765.From 1747 to 1754 he sat in the House of Commons with Camelford. after the death of the latter in 1765, all titles were interrupted. On 17 August 1796, for the third time the title of Earl was created for Robert Stuart, 1st Viscount Castlereagh 1739 – 1821. He sat in the House of Commons of Ireland on a key from 1771 – 1783 years. On September 20, 1789, Robert Stewart received the title of Baron of Londonderry, and on October 1, 1795, he received the title of Viscount of Castlereagh. On January 13, 1816, Robert Stewart received the title of 1st Marquess of Londonderry. 90,000 Our troops in Ireland | Grant Life Foundation
Yesterday 25 children of the Grant Life Foundation flew to Ireland, to the Barrettown International Rehabilitation Camp. Do you remember Misha Soghomonyan? And what about Masha Krakhin, Seryozha Svyatkina, Nastya Radenko, Lida Shulgin, Misha Mamaev, Galya Bolshov, Nikita Merkulova, Madina Khashagulgov, Maryam Rizaev? These are children whom you helped pay for treatment, donated blood for them and visited them in the hospital. They got better. They have changed a lot, become fashionable and beautiful teenagers, and now you probably won’t even recognize them right away. Yesterday a Russian group of 25 cancer survivors flew to the International Rehabilitation Camp in Ireland.On the eve of the trip, everyone gathered at the hotel. Children got to know each other, painted T-shirts and caps on the road, played mafia, signed the first agreements in their lives, in which they promised to abide by the rules of the Barrettown camp.
Recent finals have had no goals and the scores have remained relatively low compared to tosses. We won ten points in the final two years ago. Last year, the winning amount was 14 points. “Team of the Century”. Camogie.ie . Archived from the original on July 23, 2010. Retrieved on January 15, 2018.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to the topic Kamogi .
Search for Kamogi in Wiktionary, a free dictionary.
Translator – dictionary and online translation into English, Russian, German, French, Ukrainian and other languages.| ★ How to translate “London 1908 – London 1908” | Translator
Earl of Londonderry
Links to related articles
The earldom was first created on 23 August 1622 by Thomas Ridgway, 1st Baron of Ridgway 1565 – 1631, who was the treasurer of Ireland and participated in the colonization of Ulster. On November 25, 1611, the title of Baronet was created for him, from Torrington in Devon. On May 25, 1616, he also received the title of Baron of Ridgway of Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland.along with the ducal title in 1622 he was granted the title of Viscount of Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland. he was succeeded by his eldest son, Robert Ridgway, 2nd Earl of Londonderry of mind. 1641 he was succeeded by his son, Weston Ridgway, 3rd Earl of Londonderry 1620 – 1672. In 1714, after the death of his last son, Robert Ridgway, 4th Earl of Derry, left no male offspring, the title of Earl was interrupted. 8 October 1726 Earl is restored again by the British military and politicians, Thomas Pitt, 1st Baron of Londonderry c.1688 – 1729. He sat in the House of Commons of Great Britain from Wilton 1713 – 1727 (And 1727) Old Sarum 1727 – 1728, was the governor of the Leeward Islands 1728 – 1729. On June 3, 1719, the title of Baron of Londonderry was created for him. along with the earl’s title, he also received the title of Viscount Gallen-Ridgway in the finger system of Ireland. Thomas Pitt was married to Lady Frances Ridgway of Mad. 1772, daughter of Robert Ridgway, 4th Earl of Londonderry. Thomas Pitt was the dear uncle of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. he was succeeded by his eldest son, Thomas Pitt, 2nd Earl of Londonderry 1717 – 1734, who died childless, and was succeeded by his younger brother, Ridgway Pitt, 3rd Earl of Londonderry 1722 – 1765.From 1747 to 1754 he sat in the House of Commons with Camelford. after the death of the latter in 1765, all titles were interrupted. On 17 August 1796, for the third time the title of Earl was created for Robert Stuart, 1st Viscount Castlereagh 1739 – 1821. He sat in the House of Commons of Ireland on a key from 1771 – 1783 years. On September 20, 1789, Robert Stewart received the title of Baron of Londonderry, and on October 1, 1795, he received the title of Viscount of Castlereagh. On January 13, 1816, Robert Stewart received the title of 1st Marquess of Londonderry.
90,000 Our troops in Ireland | Grant Life Foundation
Yesterday 25 children of the Grant Life Foundation flew to Ireland, to the Barrettown International Rehabilitation Camp.
Do you remember Misha Soghomonyan? And what about Masha Krakhin, Seryozha Svyatkina, Nastya Radenko, Lida Shulgin, Misha Mamaev, Galya Bolshov, Nikita Merkulova, Madina Khashagulgov, Maryam Rizaev? These are children whom you helped pay for treatment, donated blood for them and visited them in the hospital. They got better. They have changed a lot, become fashionable and beautiful teenagers, and now you probably won’t even recognize them right away.
Yesterday a Russian group of 25 cancer survivors flew to the International Rehabilitation Camp in Ireland.On the eve of the trip, everyone gathered at the hotel. Children got to know each other, painted T-shirts and caps on the road, played mafia, signed the first agreements in their lives, in which they promised to abide by the rules of the Barrettown camp.
Looking at these children, it is difficult to imagine how much they experienced during their illness – fear, pain, trials. Nevertheless, illness is the reality of their past, it leaves its mark on the present, and it is important to learn to live with this.
International Camp Barrettown in Ireland is located near the city of Dublin. The camp completely free of charge accepts children from all over the world for a rehabilitation program who have successfully undergone treatment for oncological and hematological diseases. The main idea of Barrettown is to bring sick children back to the feeling of childhood, to give them the belief that life after illness continues.
25 adolescents aged 14 to 18, who were once undergoing treatment in Moscow, were able to become participants in the camp in June this year.The children flew away for 10 days. No parents, no mobile phones. For 10 days of fun – learning how to cook pizza, canoe, ride horses, climb ropes and, most importantly, communicate – with each other and with children from all over the world. The children promised to bring photos and stories about the camp, we will definitely share these stories with you.
Our landing party will return from Ireland on June 17th. Parents and we, volunteers, will definitely meet them at the airport. Seeing children healthy and happy is a great joy.They are treated, they leave, new ones take their place. We are all used to working for those who find it hard now. And you rarely get the opportunity to stop, look around and see how successful, smart, kind and beautiful those who needed help yesterday grow up. The trip to Barrettown was a great miracle not only for the children themselves, but for all of us.
We are waiting for the return of the children from Ireland, but for now we want to say thank you to everyone thanks to whom this trip took place!
We are grateful to the International Rehabilitation Camp for Children with Cancer Survivors “Barretstown” for providing places for children from Russia, for the tremendous work, help and care for our children.Special thanks to Tracey O’Dwyer, Child Recruitment Manager and Andrea Smyth, Volunteer and Translator Recruitment Manager.
We are grateful to ZAO GlaxoSmithKline Trading and its General Director, Mr. Fabio Landazabal, for financing the project on the trip of the Gift of Life Foundation wards to Barrettstown in 2010.
We would like to thank Maldiviana LLC, its General Director Andrey Kazakov, as well as the company’s employees Tatyana Kuznetsova, Nadezhda Denisova, Natalia Dmitrieva, Marina Bedretdinova for financing tickets for children and volunteers Moscow-Dublin-Moscow, as well as for the huge organizational work and help.
We would like to thank Lufthansa and its regional director, Mr. Ronald Schultz, for the discounts provided on tickets Moscow-Dublin-Moscow for children and volunteers.
We would like to thank the Chartis company and Elena Eganova, as well as the Amadeus company, its general director Alexey Serykh and Svetlana Volkova for insurance for children and volunteers.
We would like to thank Mikhail Stepanyants, head of the Moscow Department of Physical Culture and Sports, and the Moskompsport Hotel for the opportunity for children, their families and volunteers to stay in Moscow for free on the eve and after the flight.
We are grateful to Aeroflot and UTair airlines for the discounts on tickets from the regions to Moscow for children and their parents.
We are grateful to the doctors of the Russian Children’s Clinical Hospital (especially Anastasia Evgenievna Rudneva), the Scientific and Practical Center for Medical Aid to Children in Solntsevo and the Morozov Hospital for their help in selecting children and preparing their documents. And also many thanks to all the doctors who treated and cured the children!
We would like to thank Renata Ravich, the coordinator of Barrettown in Russia, and the coordinator of this project from the Give Life Foundation, Laura Korobkova, for their tremendous work throughout 2010.
Thanks to the volunteers and translators who agreed to accompany the children to Barrettown.
We are grateful to the parents of the children for deciding to let their children go to Barrettown, for the work of collecting and processing documents.
And also many thanks to the children participating in the program. For what you are!
90,000 Harrogate Ladies ’College – boarding school for girls Harrogate, England
Features: Harrogate Ladies ’College is a private boarding school for girls aged 2-18 and boys up to 11 years old.The school, along with Stowe School and Westonbirt School, is a member of the Allied Schools Association, and is also a member of the Grils’ Schools Association (other schools included in the association: Badminton School, Godolphin School for girls, Roedean School, Royal Masonic School for Girls, Sherborne for Girls, Stonar School, St. Margaret’s School Bushey, Westonbirt School).
Location: Harrogate boarding school for girls is located in the resort town of the same name, in North Yorkshire.The nearest Leeds / Bradford International Airport is just 8 miles away. Manchester Airport can be reached in 1.5 hours by bus or train. The train connection between Leeds and London (King’s Cross station) allows you to get from the capital to Leeds in just 2 hours. There are excellent transport links between Lidssem and the school, the road will not take more than 30 minutes.
Description: Harrogate Ladies ‘College, an elite girls’ boarding school, was founded in 1880 as a boys ‘school, but in 1893, completely changing its philosophy, the school reopened as a girls’ school.
625 students study at the school, 175 of which are senior students. There are 170 girls living at full board at the school, half of whom came to England from different countries.
Harrogate Girls ‘Boarding School is proud of the results of its students’ exams: at the end of the last academic year, 70.45% of A-Level students received A * -B grades, 60% of GCSE students received A * -A.
The special pride of Harrogate Ladies ’College is its own business school, music and drama department, sports equipment.
Curriculum: 91,877 Harrogate Ladies’ College students study in the following programs:
Among the subjects studied by students: mathematics, English language and literature, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, foreign languages, social studies, psychology, etc.
Physical culture and team games are an important part of girls’ lives.
How to Apply to Harrogate Ladies ‘College, England: 91,877 girls aged 11, 13, 14 and 16 are the best candidates for admission to Harrogate Girls’ Boarding School.Prospective female students must be provided with grade sheets for the last 3 academic years from the current institution and pass the entrance tests according to age.
Accommodation: Since its inception, Harrogate Ladies’ College has always been a boarding school. Nowadays, the school is steadily following its traditions and still welcomes female students who choose the school as their home. There are 5 residences on the territory of the Harrogate girls’ boarding school:
Armaclare House is a small, cozy and truly homely residence in which 10 Year 12 students live.
Clarence House is a residence that has become home to 31 female students aged 14 years and older.
Lancaster House is a cozy residence for 31 female students aged 11 to 17 years.
Lincoln House is one of the school’s most historic residences, home to female students aged 13-17.
Tower House is a residence for high school students aged 17 to 18 years.
Meals: full board, girls eat in the school cafeteria. The menu is balanced and varied, taking into account religious, national characteristics and diets.
Equipment: Modern technical equipment of the school and a cozy atmosphere kept within the school walls are factors that contribute to the comfortable stay of girls. Academic buildings and residences, laboratories, school theater, music school and arts center, sports complex, library, shop and chapel – everything that includes the school campus.
Sports and Leisure: Unrivaled sports opportunities: school students are active participants in all kinds of sports championships, winners of competitions in Northern England and Great Britain in general.Popular activities include lacrosse, netball, running, football, basketball, swimming, horse riding and sailing.
Girls are professionally engaged in music: solfeggio, orchestra, church and pop choir, vocal classes, musical groups and instrumental groups.
The school has dozens of circles and clubs, including: a club for lovers of animals, astronomy, cinema, history; circle of debates, cooking, handicrafts, reading, ecology, gardening.
Harrogate Ladies’ College students compete for the Duke of Edinburgh prize.
Girls are involved in charity work, regularly raise funds to help children in Tanzania who are suffering from dangerous diseases of the XXI century. The school is in constant contact with local and international organizations and foundations such as the Yorkshire Disability Foundation, UNICEF, and WWF.
Wikipedia – the free encyclopedia
The transit of Venus across the disk of the Sun – a kind of astronomical transit (transit) – occurs when the planet Venus is exactly between the Sun and the Earth, covering a tiny part of the solar disk.In this case, the planet looks from the Earth as a small black speck moving along the Sun. Passages are similar to solar eclipses, when our star is obscured by the Moon, but although Venus is almost 4 times the diameter of the Moon, during the passage it looks about 30 times smaller than the Sun, since it is much farther from the Earth than the Moon. Such an apparent size of Venus makes it accessible for observation even with the naked eye (only with filters from bright sunlight), in the form of a point, at the limit of the eye’s resolving power.Before the epoch of space exploration, observations of this phenomenon allowed astronomers to calculate the distance from the Earth to the Sun by the parallax method, in addition, while observing the passage of 1761, MV Lomonosov discovered the atmosphere of Venus.
The duration of the passage is usually several hours (in 2004 it lasted 6 hours). At the same time, it is one of the rarest predictable astronomical phenomena. Every 243 years, 4 passes are repeated: two in December (with a difference of 8 years), then an interval of 121.5 years, two more in June (again with a difference of 8 years) and an interval of 105.5 years.The last December passages occurred on December 9, 1874 and December 6, 1882, and the June passages took place on June 8, 2004 and June 6, 2012. Subsequent passes will occur in 2117 and 2125, again in December. During the passage, the “Lomonosov phenomenon” is observed, as well as the “black drop effect”.
Massacre in Blagae (Serbo-Croatian. Masakr u Blagaju / Masakr u Blagaju) – the massacre of 400 to 530 Serbs by the Croatian Ustasha, which took place on May 9, 1941, during the Second World War.