Lacrosse Stick Length Guide & Size Chart
Figuring out the right lacrosse stick length can be challenging. There are so many different sizes and variations that it can be daunting. This article will go over all of the in’s and out’s of lacrosse sticks and lacrosse shafts in order to help make the right decision for you.
How Long is a Lacrosse Stick?
In lacrosse, there are generally three different stick sizes used to enhance the player’s ability to succeed. Without the head installed, men’s shafts are typically one of three lengths; 30″ for the attack and midfield positions, 60″ for defense, and 40″ for goalies.
How to Measure a Lacrosse Stick
When purchasing a lacrosse shaft, the manufacturer will measure the length of the shaft. These will be the same lengths as listed in the above image. However, most leagues and tournaments will set their rules on stick lengths based off of the length of the entire stick. This includes the length of the shaft and the head combined. The head is typically 10 inches long.
Attack / Midfield Stick Length
The attack and midfield stick, or the shortie, is the classic lacrosse stick length. It is short enough to control with ease, but long enough to bring the power when shooting.
Adult: 30 inch long shaft
High school and college lacrosse players will need an attack lacrosse shaft that is 30 inches long and have a combined length of 40”- 42” inches long with the head. Attackman and midfielders use short sticks in order to make it easier to stick handle, pick up ground balls, and for better ball security.
Youth: 26-30 inch long shaft
Youth attackman and midfielders are allowed by rule to cut the shaft to a minimum length of 26 inches. Once they add the head to the shaft, the combined length will be within the youth regulation size of 36” to 42” long. It’s a judgment call when deciding shaft length for young lacrosse players.
However, when it’s time for the player to grow, it is possible that the player will become dependent on a small shaft and have trouble adjusting to a larger size. Even though it is allowed to cut down the shaft at the youth level, it is not recommended if the player is gifted with size at a young age. Think about what is best for the long-term development of the player and consult your coach before altering the size of the shaft.
Defense Stick Length
Defensive sticks or d-poles are the great equalizer on the lacrosse field. The longer length allows defenders to keep up with offensive players and take the ball away.
Adult: 42-60 inch long shaft
There is a variety of opinions about the length of which defensemen should have their defense shafts. As specified by rule, defensemen can have a stick length anywhere between 52” to 72” long. Typically the total combined length of the long pole should be the same height as the player. If the player is 5’10, then his lacrosse shaft should measure 60 inches with the addition of a 10 inch head that combines for a total of 70 inches.
Generally, the longer the shaft the more reach you will have when posting up on defense. Playing defense is a game of inches, and with a long pole you have the ability to check anyone within 6 feet of you. One inch could be the difference between a takeaway and a goal against. However with length comes added weight to the shaft. This will make your stick checks harder and more forceful, but not as quick. Longer shafts also have the ability to throw the ball farther when clearing, but are heavily exposed to riding attackman trying to get the ball back. Ultimately, bigger/stronger players are going to want the longest shaft length possible whereas, shorter/faster players are going to want their stick to be shorter and lighter for better handling because they can cover more ground with their feet.
Long pole midfielders tend to have shorter sticks than close defensemen due to the fact that they are more involved in the possession and clearing game. Most of their game is comprised of picking up ground balls and running the ball up the field. Therefore, the shorter the stick, the easier it is to pick up ground balls and fend off opposing midfielders.
Youth: 26-60 inch long shaft
As specified by rule, youth defensemen can have a combined stick length anywhere between 37” to 72” long, but make sure they are strong enough to handle it. It’s highly recommended that the combined stick length needs to be equal to the height of the player, and never taller. If a player is struggling with his stick skills, then maybe it’s time to cut down the shaft a few inches.
Goalie Stick Length
Goalies have one of the most unique stick lengths on the lacrosse field. Their stick sits in between the length of a defensive long pole, and a short attack or midfield stick.
Combined length between 40 to 72 inches
Goalies are allowed by rule to have a combined stick length anywhere between 40” to 72” long. Generally, the ideal shaft for a goalie is 40 inches “without” the head. Goaltenders need extra length in their stick due to the fact that they need to clear the ball farther than the average player. Goalies also have been known to need extra length to intercept passes that go across the crease.
On the other hand, some goalies like to have short shafts to minimize weight in order to increase their reaction time. The shorter the stick, the lighter the weight, the more goals you stop; once again it’s all based on personal preference and finding that happy median that is best suited for the player.
Lacrosse Stick Size Chart (With Head)
For a quick reference, check out our chart below. It consolidates the best length for each position and age.
|Length||Min. (inches)||Max. (inches)||Min. (inches)||Max. (inches)|
How to Cut a Lacrosse Shaft
There are several reasons why you might need to cut a lacrosse shaft, but the most common reason is to make it more appropriate for your own height. It is very popular in youth lacrosse to shorten the shaft in correlation to the player’s height.
- Lacrosse Shaft (New or Recycled)
- Tape Measure (Minimum 6 feet)
- Athletic Tape/ Permanent Marker
- Hack Saw
- Work Bench or Vise
- Sand Paper
Step 1 – Decide the best length for your position
Before cutting down the lacrosse shaft, the customer should have an understanding for what position they would like to play. Check out the above stick size chart to find the best stick length for you.
Step 2 – Measure twice, cut once
First, decide which end of the shaft is more beneficial for you to cut. If the shaft is brand new, choose the side with the butt end so you don’t have to drill a new screw hole for the head. If you are recycling an old damaged long pole, then it would be better to cut off the damaged area.
Once you have chosen a side, measure the shaft to the preferred length twice (without the head) and mark it by wrapping a piece of tape around the desired area. Make sure to have the edge of the tape match the exact mark you measure. The tape is there to use as a guide and help you cut a straight line.
Step 3 – Use a vise for safety
Here at Monkey Sports, Safety is our number one priority and that is why we recommend using a vise to keep the lacrosse shaft in place while cutting. Make sure you don’t crank the vise too much or else it will damage or compromise the shaft.
Step 4 – Make the cut
Use your hacksaw to precisely make the cut using a blade with small teeth. Start slow with long smooth strokes. Let the saw do the work. Once you make it almost halfway, start picking up speed with your saw strokes. Some people like to flip the shaft over and start cutting from the opposite side to prevent the shaft from snapping prematurely, but that’s your call. Let your tape strip be your guide and let the saw do the work. It’s not a race.
Step 5 – Sand down the jagged edge
Once you have completed the cut be sure to sand it until it’s smooth and then put the end cap or butt end back over top of it. You don’t want the metal to cut through the butt end and injure another player or yourself. Safety first, Batman!
Shop Lacrosse Shafts with LacrosseMonkey!
One of the best ways to figure out the right stick for you is to visit a store location for in-person advice. We have a well informed staff who can help you make the right decision on which stick is best for you. You can also shop lacrosse sticks and lacrosse shafts online on lacrossemonkey.com.
How To Cut A Lacrosse Shaft
Welcome back to another edition of #LaxHacks presented by LAX WAX!
Today I’m going to teach you how to cut a lacrosse shaft correctly. Did you know that you can get two full-length attack shafts from cutting one longpole in half? It sounds pretty basic, but if you’ve ever coached young lacrosse players, you know how important it is to instill those fundamentals. I think every lacrosse player should know how cut a lacrosse shaft properly too!
There are several reasons why you might want to cut a lacrosse shaft down into a smaller size. For starters, it’s a great way to recycle an old, dented up d-pole or goalie shaft. You might also want to shorten stick so its more appropriate for your own height, or the height/experience level of a player you are coaching. In fact, when coaching young defenders, a good rule of thumb is to cut the longpole down to match the height of the player from ground to eyebrow!
What You’ll Need
The following items are all you’ll need for your first attempt at cutting down a lacrosse shaft. It shouldn’t be too difficult to scoop ’em up from your garage or tool shed – just be sure to ask for permission if needed.
- One or more lacrosse shafts you’re ready to recycle
- Tape measure (min. 5ft in length)
- Hacksaw (small serrated blades are best for metal)
- A vise, or in our case, a couple of Adirondack chairs!
Five Steps to Glory
1. Determine the length you want
First, you’ll want to determine what length you’re trying to cut the shaft. Without a head installed, men’s lacrosse shafts are typically one of three lengths: 30″ for the attack and midfield positions, 40″ for goalies, and 60″ for defense. Women’s sticks can be between 35.5″ and 43.25″ including the head.
2. Measure and mark it
When you’re cutting a shaft, the most important thing to remember besides safety is the ever popular mantra,“measure twice, cut once.” Using a tape measure, determine where you want to cut the shaft. Use a permanent marker to mark the spot you plan to initiate your cut.
Protip: Instead of using a permanent marker, using a piece of tape to mark the placement of the cut works just as well. If you take this route, be sure to wrap the tape all the way around the shaft just as if you were taping an end cap on. The tape will serve as guide for your blade throughout the cutting process.
3. Vise city
We recommend using a vise to secure your lacrosse shaft before cutting. However, if you don’t have a vise, there are other workarounds available to you. Look no further than the trusty Adirondack Chairs I used in the video! Make sure you really focus on keeping the shaft stable as you cut, and keep the saw blade facing away from your body.
4. Start the cut
Use a hacksaw to slowly start cutting your way through the shaft before picking up to much speed. You may also want to flip the shaft over halfway through as it may help prevent the shaft from snapping in two pieces unexpectedly while you’re finishing the cutting process. No matter what, be sure to remember that this step is all about finesse, not strength or speed.
5. Smooth the ends
After you hear the satisfying clink of one part of the shaft hitting the floor, take both cut ends and either rub them against the concrete or use some fine grit sandpaper to help knock down the burrs and remaining fragments of metal.
When it all comes together, it looks a little something like this:
The following article will explain things in greater depth.
The head of the lacrosse stick is the most integral part of your stick. It is the front portion of the stick from which you catch the ball.
The head itself can broadly be said to be composed of two components: the mainframe and the pocket, which refers to the mesh that is strung onto the frame.
The frame itself contains the scoop, which is used to scoop up the ball and control it on the ground, the sidewalls, which are the sides of the frame on which the pocket is attached to the frame, and the offset, which is the curved portion of the frame which bends away from the center line of the handle.
The pocket is most of the mesh portion of the head in which the ball is caught and kept. The mesh itself is used to hold the ball while the strings above it are referred to as shooting strings.
These are used to control the ball’s speed and direction. The sidewall strings are used to connect the pocket to the sidewall.
The size of the head is specified by both the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) as well as the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
The NFHS sets the rules for boys and girls while the NCAA sets them for men and women.
According to the NCAA rules for men’s lacrosse, for instance, the head must be between 6 to 10 inches wide while for women it must be between 7 to 9 inches wide. Goalies of both genders can have wider heads of up to 12 inches.
Depending on which set of rules the heads adhere to they will be classified as universal heads, which satisfy both NFHS and NCAA requirements, NFHS approved or NCAA legal.
The width of the head is important because the wider the head, the greater is the surface area for you to catch and pass the ball with.
Conversely, a narrower head allows for greater precision and accuracy while controlling the ball and is preferred by more advanced players.
The shape of your stick’s head can vary according to your skill level as well as the position that you have on the field.
The popular head design is the offset head, first introduced in 1995.
It drops down at the throat of the head, which results in the ball being placed lower down in the pocket, giving greater control and accuracy while playing.
More traditional heads are generally used by beginners which extend in a straight direction from the handle.
There are also curved lacrosse heads in which the scoop and sidewalls curve towards the throat for improved accuracy.
Apart from varying with your skill level, different heads are appropriate for plays in different positions.
Offensive players choose heads which will give them better control over the ball while defenders choose stiffer heads which are more durable for defending. Goalies, as noted above, can have the widest heads, giving it a broad shape to block incoming shots.
Generally, wider heads are preferred by beginners as they give easier control over the ball while narrower heads are used by intermediate to advanced players who want precision and power while playing.
These days, heads are generally made of an advanced plastic capable of withstanding the impact of shots while also yielding slightly so that the head doesn’t break.
Heads have varying degrees of stiffness, depending on the polymer they are made of.
The strings on popularly manufactured models are generally made of nylon, although other more traditional woven strings are also available.
With these general characteristics of the head, let us elaborate on the specific parts of the head:
The scoop is the top of the head which is used to maneuver or pick balls up from the ground into the pocket.
It is also the section of the head where you attach the top of the mesh using top strings.
The important dimensions of a scoop are its width as well as its drop.
While the width of the scoop generally depends on the width of the head as a whole, the drop is a specific characteristic of scoops.
It refers to the amount that the center of the scoop dips. Flat scoops, which have minimal or no dips, are good for beginner players and allow for better control of the ball on the group.
More curved scoops with larger dips are better for more advanced players as it gives them greater shot accuracy.
These are the side portions of the head and are important for a number of reasons. These are where you will attach pocket so a number of regulations are related to them.
For instance, when the ball is in the pocket it must be visible from the sidewalls or else your stick will not be legal.
Because of this, the depth of the sidewall is an important feature.
It can come in high or low variants which will affect the depth of your pocket as well as how well the ball is kept in the pocket.
This is referred to as ball retention.
Like the rest of the frame of the head, the sidewalls are generally made of plastics or polymers.
Their stiffness and flexibility are often important considerations and determine the stiffness of the head in general.
Stiffer sidewalls tend to be heavier but can be used more effectively for defending because of their sturdiness.
However, if you are a player in an offensive position and prefer speed and agility for your attack then a more flexible and lightweight material is suitable.
The throat is the part to which your head attaches to the shaft.
If you are buying a complete stick, then the throat is a lesser central concern. However, the angle of the throat can still make significant differences to your gameplay.
For example, some heads have a throat which flares up towards the head. The sharp angling of this flare can add tension to the strings or mesh because they are pulled across the top of the throat.
Other innovations in throats include supports in the throat which reduce head rattling or Loc-Throat technologies, which give a more secure fit than regular throats.
Throats become an important consideration only when you are using a separate shaft and head, rather than a complete stick.
Generally, you can mix and match different components easily, even if they are from different manufacturers.
However, recently many new models of shafts have entered the market which do not fit the standardized shapes of shafts.
The general difference between these shafts is their shape and whether they are hollow or not.
You should check the shafts that your head will be compatible with before deciding on one, although many types of shafts are available on the market and compatibility isn’t a huge concern either.
Similarly, you should check whether the throat of your head has any special functions which may make it incompatible with some types of shafts.
Pocket and Strings
The pocket is the netted portion of your head in which the ball resides.
It is an extremely important part of the head, which is why there are a lot of rules surrounding it.
Pocket depth is the parameter which is most significant in judging the legality of a pocket.
In women’s lacrosse, for instance, the pocket shouldn’t be so deep that the ball cannot be seen above the sidewall.
There should also be no holes or gaps in the stringing which are larger than 1.5 inches. Generally speaking, the rules for women’s lacrosse regarding pockets are much stricter.
For boy’s lacrosse, guidelines include the fact that the pocket should be attached closely to the sidewall and it shouldn’t be loose enough for a ball to be able to go through the distance between the sidewall and the pocket.
Wide pockets are suggested for beginner players because they make it easier to catch the ball while narrower pockets give more accuracy to experienced players.
As far as depth goes, deeper pockets give more control over the ball while shallower pockets allow for quicker release.
The general test for seeing whether the pocket depth is legal or not is by turning the head, with a ball in the pocket, 90 degrees forward after holding the stick perpendicular to the ground.
If the ball does not fall out then it is too deep and you need to change your stringing.
Heads can either come strung or unstrung. If the head if unstrung, lacrosse pockets often come pre-manufactured for use by newer players. These can come in a variety of styles.
A very common style is the mesh style, which is made entirely of nylon, which has recently become possible for use by women as well due to changes in the rules.
These require little to no adjustment but this also means that they tend to be looser than other types of pockets, giving less accuracy. These are ideally suited for goalies.
Traditional pockets, on the other hand, consist of nylon strings which are woven around four straps of leather.
The leather can be either soft or hard, depending on your preference. Recently, hybrid models have also become available which have the leather straps as well as a pocket section made of mesh.
More recent innovations include synthetic pockets.
Phantom pockets, for instance, are a single solid piece of plastic which are attached to the head of the stick and are useful for beginners trying to learn the basics of the game.
Warp pockets consist of a single piece of plastic with multiple holes cut into it to make it resemble a traditional or mesh pocket.
While pre-strung pockets suffice for beginners, more experienced players can choose to string their own pockets with nylon strings and leather straps of their choice.
This lets them customize their pockets, giving them greater control over their sticks according to their own preference.
Finally, pockets can come in three styles: low, mid, and high, depending on where the pocket is located on the head.
Mid pockets are the most common ones, being used by new players and being suitable for all positions.
High pockets have a larger distance from the ball stop at the base of the head. These are preferred by defensive players since it gives them better control of the ball.
Low pockets are situated close to the throat of the head and let the ball rest near the stick so that it can be held with one hand.
This makes it useful for players in offensive positions as they can use their other arm while dodging.
A popular lacrosse channel on Youtube, ECD Lacrosse, has a number of videos covering various types of pockets, depending on their style or even the position of the player on the field.
One of these videos, covering attackman pockets, can be viewed here:
A number of other strings are used alongside the ones in the pocket to connect the pocket to the frame of the head.
These include the sidewall strings, which are needed to secure the pocket to the sidewall as well as strings which tie it to the scoop of the head.
Apart from these strings, the most important strings are the shooting strings, placed horizontally at the top of the head below the scoop and above the pocket.
They are used to control the ball’s direction and are used to direct it when it leaves the pocket. Three to four strings ensure that your ball leaves the pocket smoothly.
An in-depth guide to shooting strings as well as the various ways of tying them and their benefits can be watched here:
The second main component of the head is the shaft.
This does not have any components, unlike the head which is highly technical, as the previous section might have demonstrated.
The main considerations while choosing a shaft is the length of the shaft, which is governed by rules, and the material that the shaft is made out of.
Generally, players who choose wider heads also go for longer shafts, thus giving an overall ‘bigger’ stick.
For male players, attackers should go for sticks with a minimum length of 30 inches so that they have good control over the ball.
Defenders should get the longest sticks, which is around 60 inches so that they have a long reach. Midfield positions should look for sticks which have a mid-way length between the two.
Women’s hockey sticks tend to be much smaller, and only range from 36 to 44 inches in size. However, the same basic pattern applies to them as well.
The smaller sizes are suitable for attacking positions while the longer ones are ideal for defensive players.
A brief overview of choosing shafts for girl’s lacrosse can be seen here:
The second consideration is the material from which the shaft is made. Traditionally, shafts were made of wood but now either metals or synthetic materials are used to make them.
Aluminum is a common material, which is popular due to its affordability when compared to the other materials as well as due to its lights weight.
However, it does not have the sturdiness of other materials. It is ideal for younger players or players who prefer speed to sturdiness in their game.
Another metal used for shafts is titanium. It is both lighter than aluminum while also being extremely sturdy, giving you the best of both worlds.
Its strength and speed combination makes it perfect for defenders.
The final metal used in shafts is scandium, which is a favorite among professional and elite top-level players because of their high strength to weight ratio.
They are extremely durable and strong, being long lasting but also lightweight.
Apart from metals, shafts made of composite materials such as carbon-fibers are also available.
These are good for attackers and are designed for intermediate to advanced players. They combine strength with a lightweight while also having a natural grip, unlike metals.
Choosing a lacrosse stick can be a technical affair, especially due to the many different rules governing them.
However, this degree of specialization also means that you can customize your stick to your needs.
Even knowing the most basic parts of your stick will give you a better idea of what options you can look for in the market and which styles suit you better.
For experienced players, a comprehensive understanding of the parts of your stick can ensure that you always play at top form with a stick that is ideal for you.
The Difference Between Boy’s & Girl’s Lacrosse Sticks
Although the sport of lacrosse shares the same name for both boys and girls, the sticks used by each gender, as well as the game, differ. The difference in physical contact between boys and girls directly affects the type, length and pocket depth of sticks used in game play.
Evolution of the Lacrosse Stick
According to U.S. Lacrosse, “the oldest surviving sticks date from the first quarter of the 19th century,” and the sticks from northeastern Native American tribes are considered to be the predecessors of modern lacrosse sticks. The 3-foot-long Native American stick was “characterized by its shaft ending in a sort of crook and a large, flat triangular surface of webbing extending as much as two-thirds the length of the stick.” Around the mid-1930s, men’s lacrosse began evolving into a game with more physical contact, requiring protective gear and sticks designed to maintain ball possession during such physical contact. At the same time, women’s lacrosse remained similar to its origins, with the addition of minimal protective gear and new stick technology in the modern game.
Every lacrosse stick is composed of the same basic components: a shaft, head and pocket. Shafts are typically composed of lightweight composite metal and are where players grip their sticks. The plastic head, which has sidewalls, is attached to the end of the shaft and is strung to create the pocket. The head and pocket are where the ball is caught and carried. Lacrosse sticks can be purchased as a complete stick or customized.
Types of Sticks
Various types of sticks are allowed for use in lacrosse, depending on age and gender. In boys lacrosse, there are two types of sticks, the short crosse, and the long crosse. Girls lacrosse players exclusively use a regular stick, similar to a boy’s short crosse. Goalkeepers in both boys and girls lacrosse use goalie sticks with a much wider head to help block shots on goal. As boys and girls become more advanced players, more specialized sticks are available with various stringing techniques, different head shapes, offset heads and varying sidewall heights.
The length of a player’s stick can vary, depending on specific regulations, age and gender. In boy’s lacrosse, attack and midfielders use the short crosse, and defenders use a long crosse. Overall, a short crosse can range from 37 to 42 inches long, and the long crosse ranges from 37 to 72 inches long, depending on age division, according to U.S. Lacrosse. The length of a girls lacrosse stick can be between 35-½ and 43-¼ inches. Goalkeeper sticks are regulated from 35-½ to 48 inches in overall length.
Pocket Materials and Depth
The pockets of boys sticks are made from durable, interwoven synthetic mesh and hockey laces, and are considered legal if the top of a lacrosse ball is above the bottom edge of the sidewall when placed in the head, according to U.S. Lacrosse. Girls pockets consist of leather or synthetic thongs, cross-lacing and shooting strings, and the lowest age levels are also permitted to use mesh. Regulation pocket depth for girls, according to US Lacrosse is when “the top of the ball remains above the top of the sidewall after pressure has been applied to a ball dropped into the pocket of a horizontally held crosse.” Younger age levels of girls may also use a modified pocket where “only half the ball may fall below the bottom of the sidewall.”
90,000 Read House of Secrets – Wizzini Ned, Columbus Chris – Page 8
Dahlia handed Dr. Walker a gift and looked at each family member in turn. There was nothing in her eyes but equanimity.
– I know I am asking too many questions. This is all because I have almost no friends left, and there is not much time.
– Oh, I’m so sorry! Said Mrs Walker. – And how is your health? ..
– Don’t worry. Nothing lasts forever.I shouldn’t even have mentioned it! Please enjoy your pie and have a nice evening.
Having said this, the old woman left, closing the door behind her.
“How strange …” Cordelia began, but her father interrupted her with his “Shhh”.
– When you say goodbye to a person, always wait ten seconds before talking about him. – He began to count: – One … two … you can.
“What a freak,” Brendan said as he walked over.
Dr. Walker sighed, trying in vain to send his son to his room.
– I bet she’s not even sick. And you better throw the pie away. He’s definitely infected with anthrax.
“This time, Bren, I agree with you,” Dr. Walker said, tossing the pie into the bin.
– Wait a minute! Cordelia said. – You are unfair. Perhaps she just has senile insanity. Obviously, she’s not Kristoff’s daughter. He built this house in … Bren?
Her brother thought for a moment.
– In one thousand nine hundred and seven.
– Exactly, so how old is she? Hundred?
– If she was born in this house, then one hundred and six.And you should take a look at how she looks before taking a shower. And stick the whitening strips on your teeth.
Brendan wondered how he would sleep tonight. A lacrosse stick is not good – you need a flamethrower.
“She’s a little weird indeed,” Mrs. Walker agreed. “I don’t like the idea that she lived here.
– Don’t worry, this will pass. – Dr. Walker hugged his wife. – Let’s be glad that we have finally moved and have dinner.
He kissed Mrs. Walker on the cheek.
– Who wants to try pizza in a new place? Mrs. Walker asked. “They seem to be called Pino. “She was already looking for a number on her phone. – I think it will be delicious.
“I’ll go upstairs,” Cordelia announced, then whispered to Brendan, “I want to know more about Dahlia Kristoff.
“I’m coming with you,” Brendan whispered back, surprised at the sudden urge to do the same thing with his sister.
“No, you’ll have to talk about your antics,” Cordelia said, leaving Brendan, who had already noticed that his parents were looming over him, ready to have a long educational conversation about his gun threats.
Climbing upstairs, Cordelia took an old photograph from the wall, which, as Diana Dobson said, was of Kristoff’s mother holding a baby. She went into her room, took out a nail file, and returned to the hallway. Cordelia used a file to open the frame, gently prying open the holders. Finally, she pulled out a photograph, on the back of which, perhaps in the hand of Denver Kristoff himself, was written: “Helena K / Dahlia K, 70th birthday, Alamo Square, 1908”.
Cordelia flips the image to look at the baby – Dahlia Kristoff.It was definitely her, the same cold piercing gaze …
She almost jumped. It was my mother who called her:
– The pizza has arrived!
Cordelia framed the photo back, which was not easy enough, and her pizza was almost completely cold by the time she went downstairs for dinner. She found her family sitting on the living room floor, eating pepperoni pizza without plates and pouring soda for each other. Dr. Walker turned on the TV and chose the movie Duck Soup with the Marx Brothers.
– The Marx Brothers? Again? We watch these Marx brothers all the time! – Eleanor was indignant. – Can we watch some color film, the actors in which are still alive?
“It’s a family tradition,” Dr. Walker told her, and he was right. When the family celebrated something, they watched the classics with the Marx quintet. The opening credits appeared on the screen.
– What have you found? Brendan asked Cordelia in a whisper.
– Dahlia Kristoff is in one of the photos above.And if the date on it is correct, then it must be one hundred and five years old.
– Did you see her hands in the picture?
– Yes, but what?
– Because at some point she lost one brush. I have to tell you something, Delia. I didn’t want to speak because I was shy, but …
Someone rang the doorbell.
“Perhaps this call is the answer to all your whims,” Dr. Walker jokingly told Eleanor.
He left the living room and walked to the front door through the spacious hall.Dr. Walker opened the door without looking through the peephole as he was used to living in safe areas.
Dahlia Kristoff rushed in. She was still wearing a polka-dot dress, but there was no kerchief on her head and no shoes on her feet. Dahlia was completely bald. Dr. Walker jerked back at the sight of her mottled red skull and yellow fingers.
– Excuse me, what do you want? Miss? You cannot break into my house!
– Shut up! Dahlia hissed, heading into the living room.
Dr. Walker followed her, pulling out his phone to dial 911, but suddenly the phone jumped out of his hands. He described an arc in the air, as if he was whipped out by a strong gust of wind, until he hit the bust of the philosopher. When the doctor picked it up, the device did not turn on.
– Who was that, dad? Brendan asked, but Dahlia Kristoff entered the room instead of his father.
– My God, – Mrs. Walker was indignant, – what are you doing here? How dare you break into our house …
– How dare you consider this house yours? – Dahlia screamed, and at that moment a strange transformation began to take place with her.
Brendan got up from the coffee table with crooked wooden legs, watching the scene; it seemed to him that events were unfolding in slow motion. It all looked like a 3D movie, but the horror was that it was actually happening. The old woman threw up her hands. As Brendan had expected, there was only a stump in the place of his right hand. Dahlia arched her back, and there was a crackling sound, as if the bones of her spine were breaking, and then two gray wings burst from her dress!
Brendan was scared, dazed and surprised at the same time.His world had just changed beyond recognition. But all he could think about at the moment was: “I will not let this ugly creature hurt me and I will not let her harm my family.”
Dahlia Kristoff’s wings rose and fell, taking up the entire space. They did not at all resemble angel wings, they were dusty and greasy in appearance, and from them the room was filled with a rotten, sulfurous stench.
– Mom, what’s going on? Eleanor shouted.
“I don’t know, dear,” Mrs. Walker replied, taking her youngest daughter in her arms and hugging her to her.
Dahlia laughed a hoarse laugh that eerily resembled that of a dead man.
– Get out! Cried Dr. Walker, running into the room, but the old woman hit him on the back with a wing, so that he fell onto the piano, making a cacophonous sob. And on the screen, meanwhile, Groucho Marx was rolling down the burning pillar.
Brendan was about to rush for the weapon, but Dahlia never stopped flapping her wings, creating strong wind currents in the house, which prevented Brendan from carrying out his plan.He peered at Dahlia. Something disgusting happened to her face. The thin veins under the age-old pale skin, barely noticeable at the first encounter with it, now appeared to the surface and pulsed more and more with each flap of the wings. Soon they became blood-red altogether, like lines on the bark of a tree. Brendan thought that Dahlia was about to be torn apart and they would all be in her blood.
– You! Dahlia shouted, turning to Cordelia. – You stole a book from my library!
– I just … borrowed …
Golfers’ best friends are PBWM.RU
Handcrafted golf clubs with a personalized signature, gold or platinum plated – the world leader in premium golf equipment, the Japanese company Honma is able to surprise even seasoned golfers. Honma’s production is concentrated in the Sakata factory located near Tokyo. All the clubs here are handmade, so the working studios – exclusively Japanese – call themselves sculptors. “Each stick is evaluated in terms of mechanism, correct angles, roughness and coatings – everything is monitored by a person,” says Elena Vitovskaya, in charge of international relations at Golf Profi (the exclusive distributor of Honma in Russia).- In the creation of one copy – from the moment the design of a new model was developed to the final stage – 100 people are involved, and this process lasts almost a year. It will take a month to manufacture a club based on the existing model. ”
Honma golf clubs range from two to five stars. The most prestigious is the luxury segment (four- and five-star models), where precious metals are used. In particular, the plating of five-star clubs is always pure platinum or gold.“It can also be made entirely of gold, for example, a ring on a firulina (the part above the head of the club, in the place of its transition to the handle. – Ed.) Or a grip plate (the upper rubber part of the club. – Ed. Approx.) “, – adds Elena Vitovskaya.
Honma’s most prestigious series, Limited Anniversary 55, hit the market last year to mark the company’s 55th anniversary. “The elements of the clubs are made of gold,” explains Vitovskaya, “and the head of the pater is made of persimmon wood.A set of 14 clubs and a bag costs about 40 thousand euros. ”
Decorating game inventory with precious stones is available only on request. The most expensive golf club Honma (the company does not specify its cost) was encrusted with a diamond, and the back surface of the iron was covered with a special platinum overlay. Who ordered this copy is unknown, but the buyer is reportedly not from Russia.
Meanwhile, Sakata masters do not always take on a personal project. “They consider each order individually and take into account its value: how much it costs and for whom it is created,” explains Vitovskaya.“It is important for craftsmen to know who the equipment will fall into in order for the brand to be adequately represented.” In addition, the Japanese company will most likely not take on “unreasonable” orders: for example, it will refuse to make the hammer of the club out of gold, because precious materials that add aesthetic value must be located outside the contact zone with the ball.
The perfect gift
Honma luxury golf clubs are seldom purchased. “In 90% of cases, they are purchased as a gift,” says Elena Vitovskaya.“On average, 3-4 orders for luxury inventory are received per year”. The original equipment is already in the bags of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, billionaire and chairman of the Alliance of the Green party Gleb Fetisov, professional golfer Sofia Vdovina and entrepreneur Timur Khairutdinov.
Last year, the Japanese brand chose Dmitry Gagua, an individual trainer, a Russian athlete and a golf professional from the Moscow State Conservatory, as its brand ambassador to Russia. He is, of course, played by Honma. “Any golfer would love to own the Annivesary 55,” says Gagua.- But the main thing is the quality of the clubs, perfectly balanced and precisely calibrated taking into account the characteristics of each player. And gold and platinum are for an amateur and his sophisticated taste. ”
This opinion is partly shared by the president of the National Association of Non-State Pension Funds, Konstantin Ugryumov, who has been playing with five-star Honma clubs for five years. “It’s hard to believe, but the main motive for their acquisition was not the cost or prestige of owning luxury inventory, but the highest quality,” says Ugryumov.- They just fell into my hand – forged heads, a cool shaft – and immediately came to me (at that time an absolute “teapot”), and it became much more pleasant to play. ”
However, not all players are close to exclusive equipment. OMC President Viktor Naishuller, owner of the Honma bag, told SPEAR’S Russia that he would never buy a platinum or diamond-encrusted golf club: “In my opinion, decorations and non-standard materials harm its ‘fighting’ qualities by definition.” However, Konstantin Ugryumov, having acquired expensive clubs, did not notice that other players looked at him condemningly, on the contrary, in his words, they admired the “beauty of the gilded pattern.”
However, golf clubs from Honma are called Bugatti Veyron in the world of golf for a reason. Whatever the attitude of different players towards them, no one disputes their place – number one in the field of premium golf equipment.
Lacrosse – Quick Reference Guide
Lacrosse is a competitive sport in which two teams have to hit the opposing team’s goal with a small rubber ball using stick-like equipment called the crosse .A cross is a stick with a net at the end that is used to carry or catch the ball.
The main objective is to hit the crossbar and throw the ball into the goal while dodging the opposing players and their goalkeeper.
A Brief History of Lacrosse
Lacrosse was invented in 1100 AD and the sport was founded in the name of The Creator’s Game in 17th century Canada. At that time, each team consisted of about 100-1000 people on a large field, ranging from 500 to 3 km.
Considering the number of players and their passion in general, each match lasted from two to three days, from sunrise to sunset! They used a lightweight wooden ball about 3 inches in diameter, and the club was a sturdy staff about 5 feet long with a hoop at the end that was used to catch and pass the ball.
Lacrosse was perceived as a sport that required deep spiritual involvement, as this sport corresponded to the spirit of fighting in the players. This is why sport has played a special role in their tribal community over the years.
Participants played the role of warriors in the sport, and victory meant they brought glory and honor to their community. They played it for their creator, hence the name “Creator’s Game.”
The sport spread to other countries when the French Jesuit missionary Jean de Breeuf saw the Iroquois tribes play the sport in 1637 in what was later civilized and called New York. He named it La Crosse, hence the name lacrosse was coined.
The first lacrosse club, Montreal Lacrosse Club , was founded by Canadian dentist William George Beers in 1855. He systematized the sport in 1867 by shortening the duration of the match and determining the number of players on each team of 12.
In the same year, following the creation of modern lacrosse, the first match was played between the Montreal Lacrosse Club and the Toronto Cricket Club, with Beers’ team losing to the latter 1-3.
This sport was included in the 1904 and 1908 Olympics with teams from Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. At the 1928 and 1932 Olympics, it again became an exemplary sport.
Each time the playoffs were held in the United States to decide which team would compete in the Olympics, and each time the playoffs were won by the John Hopkins Blue Jays of the University of Baltimore, Maryland.
In 2001, a professional men’s field lacrosse league was organized. Major League Lacrosse , was founded in the USA. Starting with three teams, Major League Lacrosse has grown to nine clubs located in all major metropolitan areas in the United States.
At the World Championships, teams compete in different divisions. According to the 2014 World Lacrosse Champions, the following countries participated in the 2014 International Lacrosse World Championships:
- Iroquois citizens
- United States
- Costa Rica
- Czech Republic
- Republic of Korea
- New Zealand
- Hong Kong
These are 38 countries that participated in the 2014 World Cup.
Goalkeeper Long and Cross
Players may wear a long cross (also called d-pole ) that is 52 to 72 inches long. These long crosses are commonly used by defenders and midfielders. For players, the head of the cross must be 6.5 inches at its widest point and the neck of the cross must be at least 3 inches wide.
The goalkeeper must use a cross from 42 to 72 inches in length and the head can be up to 12 inches, which is larger than other players, mainly for catching and / or defending the ball.
Lacrosse Sticks & Head
Basically, each lacrosse club head has 3 parts – a scoop, sidewall and pocket. The cross is the top of the club that helps you pick up balls from the ground, pass and / or throw the ball.
Scoop can be flat shape for easier pick up or more U shape for better ball control during fast movements.
Both have their advantages and disadvantages: a flatter scoop helps lift the ball off the ground but makes it harder to keep it on your head, while a U-shaped scoop makes it harder to pick up the ball but helps keep the ball in place.ball with precision.
The sidewall is the side of the head that gives it depth and rigidity. Stiffer sidewalls and heads are better for protection in order to better perform checks. Flexible sidewalls are best used for balls, throws and faster moves.
The head pocket is a mesh that includes the width of the head at the basal part. A wider pocket helps you catch the ball, but reduces control over it. A tighter pocket makes it harder to catch, but increases ball control and accuracy.
The handle is another piece of the lacrosse club that comes in different types. Attackers use a lighter shaft to move the ball quickly, while defenders use a heavy shaft to prevent attacker’s throws. The different types of shafts are as follows:
Aluminum alloy shafts – These shafts are strong, lightweight and good for developing players.
Composite shafts – They are stronger and lighter than aluminum shafts with a strong grip.They are suitable for mid to elite players.
Titanium shafts – Tough and lightweight, suitable for both receiving and delivering checks.
Scandium shafts – They have the highest strength-to-weight ratio of any golf club and are much stronger.
Wooden shafts – They are strong but heavy and difficult to bend. They are good for tough checks.
Bamboo shafts – They are heavy and break easily.They are good for making painful tests.
All players on the field must wear a uniform with a unique number for them, and shorts must match the shirts of the same team. The number on the uniform can be any one-digit number or any two-digit number from 1 to 99.
We have already discussed cross and ball. So let’s take a closer look at the remedies. Protective equipment is standardized for all players except goalkeepers.The standard equipment for players is as follows –
- Helmet with mouth guard and chinstrap.
Goalkeepers must have the following equipment:
Helmet with mouthguard, chinstrap and neckline.
Trousers may be worn by goalkeepers; other players need to wear shorts.While not technically required, a crotch guard is highly recommended for all players, regardless of position.
The game environment of the lacrosse variants differs in various ways. Let’s discuss the field environment of each option.
The lacrosse field is 100 meters long and 55 meters wide. Goal areas measuring 6 feet by 6 feet on both sides of the field. There is a circle called crease which is 18 feet in diameter and the goalpost is located inside the crease.Both the defending and offensive sides are surrounded by restraining box .
Box of lacrosse
Boxing lacrosse has less pitch and goalposts than boxing lacrosse. The field looks like a box and the goal posts are 4 feet by 4 feet. The length of the field is from 55 to 61 m, and the width is from 24 to 27 m.
The course varies depending on the age group of the players. Players under 15 and 13 years old play on a regular size field, while players under 11 years old play on a regular size field with different markings.Players under the age of 9 play on a field that is 60 to 70 yards long and 30 to 40 yards wide.
A two-point line is an arc that extends from the center of the goal in a 16-yard radius. As with the three-point line in basketball, a shot from behind the two-point line counts for two points on the scoreboard instead of one. Both feet of the player must be completely behind the line when the ball is released.
Each team has ten players, of which three are forwards, three are midfielders, three are defenders and one is a goalkeeper or goalkeeper.Each player must carry a cross (lacrosse stick) 40 to 42 inches long.
Start of the match
As soon as the referee blows his whistle, players must use their clubs and torso to try to gain possession of the ball. Throw-in specialists try various techniques for getting the ball, such as swinging, pinching, pushing and pushing. A plunger is a movement in which the player uses the back of the club to push the ball forward.
At the start, after every quarter and after every goal scored, the match starts / restarts with a throw-in.
On a throw-in, a player from each team places his club horizontally next to the ball, the head of the club is very close to the ball, and one of them grabs the ball with his head and throws it to his teammates.
During a throw-in, only midfielders are allowed to move around the field of play trying to keep the ball. The attackers and defenders must remain in their restraining boxes unless someone picks up the ball and calls the referee. possession .
If the ball enters the restraining field before the referee declares possession, attackers and defenders are allowed to pick it up, but they still cannot leave until they have possession of the ball. No one other than the goalkeeper may intentionally touch the ball with his hands. Kicking the ball is also allowed to some extent (to score a goal).
Attackers and defenders may not cross the boundary line unless a player from the center of the field receives the ball or the ball itself crosses the boundary line.If a player touches the ball and the ball goes out of bounds, play is restarted by giving the ball to the opposing team and allowing them to continue playing.
During a match, if a player is to be substituted, he can do so freely by releasing the player and the substitute inside. This replacement must be done in a designated area called the box by the rules.
A lacrosse match is divided into four quarters of equal time.Professional and college matches are 60 minutes long, which means they are given 15 minutes for a quarter of a match. Most school-level matches are 48 minutes long, with 12 minutes per quarter.
If, at the end of four quarters, the match ends in a draw, it may be ended with sudden death , which are five-minute overtime sessions in which the match continues until one of the teams scores a goal and wins the match.All overtimes also begin with a throw-in.
If a player commits a foul, he is sent to penalty box , located between the benches of each team. The match continues without this player for the time specified by the referee after the foul. Most penalties are releasable This means the penalty ends as soon as the other team scores a goal.
A 30 second penalty is awarded if a player commits technical fouls such as offside or possession of the ball.A one minute penalty is awarded if a player commits a personal foul. If a player uses a stick that cannot be considered a cross, they will be subject to a mandatory 3 minute penalty.
Lacrosse has many varieties, each with minor or major rules. In this chapter, we will discuss the different varieties of lacrosse.
Box of lacrosse
Lacrosse was generally played on large fields until the 1930s. The owners of Canadian hockey arenas then created a scaled-down version of lacrosse called boxing lacrosse so that they could get more profit from their arenas.
Boxing lacrosse involves two teams of six players each. It is played on a hockey field, where the ice is removed or replaced with artificial turf. It can also be played indoors for lacrosse. The playing area is enclosed in a rectangular line, not in an open field as in field lacrosse. The goal lines here are smaller than the lacrosse field, which is 4 feet by 4 feet at either end of the field.
Because there is more action on the smaller playing court, the goalkeeper must wear a more protective pad that includes a bib and armbands called uppers , large pads called leg pads , and a hockey-style mask or helmets specially made for lacrosse.
The boxing lacrosse match is fast and fast. On receiving the ball, the attacking team tries to hit the goal within 30 seconds. If the ball is on the defending side, players must hop the ball over the midfield line within 10 seconds.
In case of violation, the player is sent to the penalty area, and the match continues without him for two minutes (5 minutes of the main penalty, if imposed). Unlike field lacrosse, a player cannot be excluded from the game if they are involved in a fight.
Women’s lacrosse rules are very different from men’s. Equipment and physical contact are most important.
This sport does not allow physical contact, mainly because the player’s only protective equipment is mouth and face protection. Face protection is optional worldwide, except in the United States, where it is. There is a stick check here as well as a body check.
A typical women’s lacrosse match begins with two players placing their crosses in the air in front of them over their hips, and the ball is placed between the heads of the crosses.
In the United States, lacrosse is played on both club and college sanctioned teams. There are currently 88 NCAA sanctioned men’s lacrosse teams, 46 Division II lacrosse teams and 208 Division III lacrosse teams. For women, there are currently 91 Division I women’s lacrosse teams, 57 Division II women’s lacrosse teams and 201 Division III women’s lacrosse teams.
,209 men’s teams compete at the level of the Men’s Student Lacrosse Association (MCLA), in which most major US universities participate.An additional 107 schools have National Lacrosse College League (NCLL) club teams.
Field lacrosse is played all over the world, with ten players on each team. The team is divided into strikers, midfielders and defenders.
Attackers – Attackers are not allowed to cross the middle of the field. They can only do this if they are replaced by a midfielder.
Midfielders – Midfielders can move anywhere on the pitch, which also helps prevent the other team from scoring a goal.Basically, midfielders pass the ball between the attackers and defenders of their team.
Defenders – Defenders – the main thing is to prevent an opponent from scoring a goal. Defenders’ sticks are longer than strikers and midfielders.
Major League Lacrosse
Major League Lacrosse was launched in 1999 in the United States. A few standard rules are followed, but there are exceptions. In 1999, 56 matches were played from April to August.In 2001, six teams participated, and in 2015, eight teams.
A shot clock in major league lacrosse is a 60 second timer that starts when a team gains possession of the ball in their attacking half of the field. The offensive team has 60 seconds to shoot at goal. The throw must hit the net or at least somehow hit the goal or goalkeeper. If the shot clock runs out during offensive possession, the opposing team gains possession of the ball in midfield and resumes the throw-in.
Each team playing in a match must comply with several rules. The rules may differ depending on the variant, but in all variants some general rules are followed. Here we will talk about the rules for the different varieties of lacrosse.
Field Lacrosse Rules
Both teams have ten players, divided into three forwards, three midfielders, three defenders and one goalkeeper.
The hitter and midfielder are 40 “long and the defenders are 60” long.
The field size is 100 mx 55 m and the goal post size is 6 feet by 6 feet.
Attackers and defenders are not allowed to cross their boundary line until the ball is in possession of a midfielder.
If the ball goes out of bounds by a team member, the ball goes into the opposing team’s possession.
Substitution of players may take place in a specially designated exchange area called a box.
The offending player is sent to the penalty box if the player commits a foul.
If the non-offending team scores a goal, the team violation penalty will be removed.
Fold diameter 18 feet by 18 feet.
Box Lacrosse Rules
Both teams have six players.
The match is divided into four quarters of 14 minutes each.
The attacking team must throw the ball within 30 seconds of possession and the defenders must throw the ball within ten seconds.
The lacrosse stick is 40 or 46 inches long.
The goalkeeper is not allowed to enter the fold while other players can enter.
The diameter of the fold is 9 feet by 9 feet.
The goalkeeper loses all privileges if he leaves the game.
Women’s Lacrosse Rules
As means of protection, women wear only a mouth guard, thin gloves and a face shield. Face protection is optional in international tournaments, but is mandatory in the United States.
The women’s throw-in is known as a draw.
No player is allowed to enter the goal circle unless the goalkeeper is out.
The defender cannot stand in the 8-meter fan for more than three seconds.
If a defender follows the offender or passes the ball, she will not be called after three seconds.
Major League Lacrosse Rules
- Each season starts in April and ends in August.
- Shooting clock shall be 60 seconds.
- There is a two-point goal line at 16 yards.
- The team has four defenders.
Many lacrosse championships are held around the world.Some of them are as follows –
Major League Lacrosse
Major League of Lacrosse or MLL is a professional lacrosse league, founded in 1999 in the USA, and featuring the world’s best lacrosse players. Each season consists of 56 matches that take place from April to August.
MLL uses normal lacrosse rules and regulations with a few exceptions such as a two-point 16-yard line and a 60-second shot timer.
The regular season play began in 2001 with 6 teams in the MLL and had plans to expand to 19 teams.
Currently there are 8 teams working in MLL. These are Annapolis, Boston, Columbus, Charlotte, Denver, New York, Palm Beach County and Rochester.
International Lacrosse Federation
There were two separate governing bodies for the male and female versions of the sport and this was one of the obstacles to international development. Male lacrosse is regulated by ILF and female lacrosse is regulated by IFWLA.
In August 2008, after four years of negotiations, the two organizations merged into one to form the International Lacrosse Federation (FIL).All championships previously held within the ILF and IFWLA have been transferred to the FIL.
The 2014 World Lacrosse Championships were hosted by the FIL in Denver, USA. The World Lacrosse Championships are held every four years and are sponsored by the FIL itself. However, at the moment, only eight countries took part in the competition – Canada, the Iroquois and the United States took the first three places in these competitions.
European Lacrosse Federation
The next largest international competition is the European Lacrosse Championship, run by the European Lacrosse Federation (ELF), which is held for both men’s and women’s teams.Since 1995 ELF has been hosting all European Championships.
Until 2001, they held these championships annually, then changed the format every four years between world championships.
Until 2004, only 7 countries participated in the EIL, but since then a record number of countries have participated with 12 men’s teams and 6 women’s teams, making it the largest international lacrosse event of the year.
In the 2012 ELF Championship, England defeated Ireland and Sweden finished third.In the 2014 championship, 32 countries took part in the ELF championship.
Lacrosse has always been played primarily in Canada and the United States. While there aren’t many lacrosse communities, they are definitely dedicated to it. However, lacrosse has thrived internationally lately, and its teams are especially popular in Europe and East Asia.
Lacrosse, not an official Olympic sport since 1908, the pinnacle of international lacrosse competition, consisting of world championships held every four years, began in 1968.The championship began as a four-team invitational tournament sponsored by the International Lacrosse Federation.
Until 1986, only four countries took part in the World Lacrosse Championships: USA, Canada, England and Australia. Scotland and Wales competed in the women’s version. They are now conducted at many levels, such as older men, older women, men under 19, women under 19, etc.
Following the international expansion of the sport, 21 countries and Iroquois nationals from six countries of the Iroquois Confederation took part in the 2006 Men’s World Championships.It is the only American Indigenous team (one of the first nations) to serve internationally.
In 2003, six countries competed in the first World Indoor Lacrosse Championship (WILC) at four different Ontario venues. Canada won the championship in the final against the Iroquois 21-4. WILC 2007 was held in Halifax from May 14-20, with Canada winning again.
Latest Ice Hockey Rules. Hockey for dummies
Today it is watched by millions of spectators from all over the world.This is a very tough and contact game. Nevertheless, the rules of hockey make it spectacular and exciting until the last seconds. It is not for nothing that it is generally accepted that such a game is subject only to real men.
Varieties of hockey
At the moment, there are several variants of it. The most popular is ice hockey. This is a traditional type of game where matches are played on ice. The washer is a rubber disc. Passes and hits are made with a classic club.A subspecies of traditional hockey is roller hockey. Here, instead of ordinary skates, roller skates are used.
The next variation of the game is field hockey. Here matches are played on synthetic turf (artificial turf). The projectile is not a puck, but a small solid ball. Indoor hockey is considered a subspecies of this game. The only difference is in covering the area – parquet is used.
Ice hockey is very popular in Scandinavia.Here the projectile is a hard little ball. A subspecies of such hockey is rink-bandy, which is played on a reduced-size site.
Rollerkey is a separate variation of the game. It is extremely popular in Spain, Portugal, Italy and Argentina. The hockey sticks are similar to the traditional ones, and the skates are roller quads.
Floorball has also become popular recently. Matches are held in the hall and played with plastic clubs. The ball is made of lightweight plastic materials.
Sledge hockey is a variation of the game for the disabled. Included in the Paralympics program.
The rules of the game of hockey of each type are similar, but there are also fundamental differences. This mainly concerns violations and fines.
This is a team game played on ice. The goal of traditional hockey is to skate between the two sides. Passing the puck between themselves with clubs, the team members strive to throw it as many times as possible into the opponent’s goal, leaving theirs intact.
The history of this type of hockey dates back to Canada at the end of the 18th century. In those days, matchmakers attached cheese cutters to their boots to better glide over the frozen surface of the lake. Initially, the washer was wooden, but then it was weighted down with rubber and even metal inserts.
At the end of the 19th century, the first generally accepted rules of hockey were published in Montreal. Since 1904, this game began to rapidly move to Europe: France, Belgium, Britain, Switzerland, etc.In Russia, hockey became popular only by the mid-1940s. It should be noted that the first game of the Soviet team against Canada in Montreal ended with a crushing victory for the guests – 2: 7.
Basics of ice hockey
Matches are played on ice-covered grounds with dimensions: length – from 56 to 61 m, width – from 26 to 30 m. In amateur categories, fields of 40 by 20 meters are allowed. The corners of the court must be rounded with a radius of up to 8.5 m.
The ice hockey rules determine the following goal dimensions:
- In the professional category, the structure must be 1.83 m wide and 1.22 m high.The diameter of the posts is 5 cm.
- On amateur sites, the gates can be 1.5-1.6 m wide, 1-1.12 m high.
Also international ice hockey rules describe the length of the endline. Depending on the competition, it varies from 2.44 to 3.6 m. The goal area is limited to a radius of 1.8 m.
Each team player must have special equipment, including not only uniforms, but also protective ammunition, especially goalkeepers.
Rules: Ice Hockey
The Rules of the Game restrict a team’s claim for a match.Each side must have between 20 and 25 people. There can be 6 players on each side at the same time, including the goalkeeper.
Duration of the match – 3 periods of 20 minutes. The breaks last for a quarter of an hour. If the game ends in a draw, a shootout is awarded.
Ice hockey rules allow only the chief referee to score a goal. A ball is scored if it crosses the goal line. A goal is counted only after hitting with a stick or ricochet about a player.
Ice hockey, the rules of the game in which allow tough power techniques within the field, is rightfully considered the most contact and dangerous sport on ice. Nevertheless, most of the points in the regulations are occupied by fines for violations.
Removal for 2 minutes is assigned to a hockey player for unsportsmanlike behavior, pushing an opponent to the board, hitting an opponent with a stick or hand, moving the goal, deliberately blocking the puck horizontally, time delay, trip.Such a fine is called small.
A penalty for 4 minutes is given to a player for injuring an opponent with a high stick. A double small fine is imposed if the arbiter does not discern malicious intent in the offender’s actions.
A hockey player is sent off for 5 minutes if he deliberately attacks the opponent with excessive force. For hitting the end of the stick, the offending player will be disqualified until the end of the match.
This alternative sport, also known as bandy, is a winter team game.Matches are played on an ice rink with a length of 90 to 110 m and a width of 45 to 55 m. The dimensions of the goal are 3.5 by 2.2 meters.
The rules of ball hockey regarding equipment and ammunition are similar to the rules of the traditional type of game with the puck. Ice skating should be done. The goal of the game is the greatest number of goals scored into the opponent’s goal.
The first mentions of this species date back to the 20th century BC. NS. A similar game at that time was extremely popular among the Egyptians and Aztecs.It was transferred to frozen bodies of water in Great Britain in the 9th century AD. NS. In Russia, the game with full regulations was introduced by Peter I.
Rules: ice hockey
The first regulations were written in Britain, where football was considered the main game at that time. This is why the rules of ice hockey and soccer are so similar. This applies not only to the size of the field, but many other nuances.
Players must pass the ball between themselves with clubs. The winner is the team that has scored more goals than the opponent.There should be 11 people in the starting lineup on each side. The number of replacements is unlimited.
The duration of the meeting is 2 halves of 45 minutes each. If the regulations require it, then extra time (2 periods of 15 minutes each) or a penalty shootout is possible.
Ball hockey, whose rules are similar to football, is not as contact sport as its classic variation. However, here players are also removed for a certain time. The punishment comes into effect after the judge presents the appropriate card to the offender.
Official competitions are held under the auspices of the international organization FIH, which includes about 130 countries. The game gained great popularity in Holland, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Belgium, Australia, Argentina.
Ball hockey, the rules of which were written into official regulations only at the end of the 20th century, is considered the most combinational variation of the traditional team game. In countries such as India, Malaysia, Pakistan and South Africa, it has become a national treasure.
Rules: field hockey
The main and only objects of passing and hitting the ball are the sticks. Any touch of the projectile with hands or feet is prohibited, this can only be done by the goalkeeper.
The Laws of Field Hockey represent something akin to football and hockey. Here the field is 91 m long and 50 m wide. The size of the gate is 3.66 by 2.14 meters. The shell is made from rubber and pressed sawdust. The diameter of the ball varies from 71 to 74 cm.The weight of the projectile should be no more than 163 g.
11 players start the game in each team. The match is played in 2 halves of 35 minutes. A goal is counted if the throw was made from the hitting zone. Also, the 2014 hockey rules determine fines for various categories of violations: green, yellow and red cards are provided. The first one removes the player for 2 minutes, the second one – for 5 minutes, the third one – until the end of the match.
How to learn to play hockey?
Hockey is gaining more and more popularity in the world. If you have not yet decided which game is better to play, then you should give preference to this particular sport.Every day the number of people who want to master the secrets of hockey skills or simply master the basic skills of this game is increasing. Here you will learn how to learn how to play hockey and what you need to do to get it.
- Protection selection. To begin with, you should acquire the following attributes of the game: skates, a hockey stick, shin guards and a helmet. You should not save on defense, since the number of bruises and abrasions on your body after the end of the game or training will depend on it.
- Exit to the ice.The ability to skate well on ice will greatly simplify the task, and if this skill is absent, then there is a lot to learn. Once you have mastered the ability to ride without a stick, it remains to practice the basic movements: acceleration, braking and cornering.
- Introduction to the stick and puck. You need to learn how to properly hold the club and control it. To do this, you should practice driving the puck with a stick, shifting it from hand to hand.
- Use of force against an opponent.At some points, the game requires perseverance and the use of force. For a non-professional game, light shocks to the shoulder are enough.
More information about hockey can be found here.
Dexterity and muscle, speed and strength, power techniques and clicks – hockey has it all. If you want to play the best game on ice, you can start by learning the basic rules and skills. Improve your game by learning tips and strategies from the pros. See step 1 for more information.
Learning the rules
Learn the basic principle of the game.
Hockey is a game played by two teams of six players each. Five of them are sliding on the rink trying to score the puck, and one is on the goal at the end of the rink. The goal of the game is to score as many pucks as possible into the opponent’s goal by passing the washer to each other – a small wooden cylinder or a rubber ball. Each puck scored into the goal is equal to one point.
- The game consists of three periods. The timing of each period varies and depends on the complexity of the competition itself. However, the periods in most games are 20 minutes each.
Understanding the dimension and the roller and the designations on it.
Hockey can be played on roller skates (roller hockey) or without skates. However, the most popular form of hockey is played on ice. Ice hockey requires an ice rink 61 meters long and 26 meters wide.It must have three sections, delimited by blue lines on the ice. There is a red line in the center of the rink that divides the field into two playing areas. Also, at a distance of 15 meters from the red line, two blue lines are drawn on both sides. The space between the two blue lines is called the “neutral zone”. The zones outside the blue line are the territories of each team that they defend.
- Thin red lines are drawn at the end of the roller. There is a net of the goal.The space opposite the goal is called the goalkeeper’s area. It is usually colored blue. This is the goalkeeper’s area.
- There are also five circles drawn on the rink for the throw-in of the puck at the start of the match, during play or after a penalty kick has been called.
Learn the basic principle of how the game proceeds.
Each game begins with the referee throwing in the puck in the center circle between two opponents who are close to each other. After that, the timer turns on and the game starts.One team gains possession of the puck and attempts to score a goal while an opponent defends the goal or attempts to intercept the puck.
- Hockey is a game with no transition, much like football or lacrosse, but with breaks after each period, goal or penalty.
Learn 5-minute and 2-minute removals from the game.
In hockey, the 5-minute and 2-minute suspensions are divided by the amount of time a player spends outside the rink or on the penalty bench.
- If the referee awards a penalty, the team must send the player to the penalty bench for the specified time without the right to substitute. If the opposing team scores a goal during the penalty shootout, it ends. For the referee’s consideration, repeated violations may result in a 2 or 5 minute suspension. Major violations:
- Sticking unsafely, wounding or knocking over an opponent
- Obstructing, holding an opponent with a stick or step
- Facing or stalking an opponent without a puck
- Power techniques from behind the enemy or aimed at the head
Get a hockey uniform. Players wear as much protection as American football players, if not more. The most basic sports equipment for a hockey player is a hockey stick and skates.
- Sticks are sticks made of wood or made of polycarbonate, hooked at the end. This part of the club is called the hook. Players use a stick to control the puck on the ice in an attempt to score a goal. The hockey hook is a key element in hockey. Choose a hook of the right size and learn how to wrap it around for the game.
- Hockey skates are sharpened and are suitable for playing ice hockey. Hockey skates are more curved than regular skates for better agility and speed. They need to fit tightly on the leg, support the ankle well, and they also need to be sharpened constantly.
- The helmet and padding should be right for you, your shape and your weight. Typically, a set of hockey pads includes elbow pads, knee pads and a safety helmet, allowing you to skate quickly and still play safely.
Learning the basics
Learn to ride quickly and efficiently.
Even if you are a professional ice skater, hockey requires you to acquire a whole new set of skills. You will take some time to learn how to change direction when driving and to brake correctly so as not to hit the side. However, constant practice will subtly develop your skills. Before you pick up your golf club, learn to ride to the point where it feels like a natural walk for you.
- The ability to roll backwards is essential for a good player. This allows you to instantly change directions and stay in pace with the game without the constant distraction of skating. Learn how the mohawk rolling element allows you to quickly change direction of travel. When performing this element, the player changes the supporting leg and, thus, it allows him to move with his back forward.
- Sweeping is also extremely important in hockey. Players often change direction by taking just a few quick side steps called sweeps.To improve your hockey game, train your grip on the ice as well as side steps.
Learn to hold the golf club correctly.
With your non-dominant hand, grip the end of the club, adjusting the position of the club with your body. Your second hand should be two gloves below your first hand. The grip should be firm, but not too tight.
- Hold the club in front of you. Your arms should be bent in a way that is comfortable for you, but they will still be in an even position for most of the playing time.Keep the club away from you.
- The difference between a good skater and a good fielder is how well you hold the stick and how skillfully you wield it. You won’t be an effective player if you can’t wield a stick.
Check the washer.
Like basketball or football, you must learn to play with the puck to prevent your opponents from taking it from you. Practice moving the puck from side to side without moving your legs.Look in front of you and try to feel the puck without looking at it.
- Surprisingly, the stick is controlled by a non-dominant hand, that is, the one holding the end of the stick. Learn to control your golf club with your wrist. Move the puck smoothly but quickly.
Make strong and accurate passes.
Imagine that the hockey stick is your arm or leg. To make a pass, you must flip the puck from the base of the hook to the end of the stick.Use the swinging motion with the stick to move the puck rather than hitting it. Shoot after completing the swinging motion of the stick after you have no longer control of the puck.
- To pass the puck, do not hit it hard. One of the biggest mistakes players make when playing hockey is hitting the puck in the hope of making a pass. However, in some cases, such a hit to the puck can be effective. Puck passes require precision.
To get a puck pass, make a pocket with your club.
It’s hard to learn how to properly soften the puck pass when you first step on the ice. Tilt the base of the club hook slightly to make a pocket out of it. This will help you “catch” the puck. Practice taking strong passes. The washer must not be balanced. In this way, you will become a valuable player for your team.
Use your wrist to make precise and powerful passes. To pass the puck, push it forward and at the last moment make a sharp jerk with your wrist to accelerate the puck. Complete the transfer by pointing the stick in the direction of travel of the puck.
- Like many other things, a precision hit is made primarily with the wrist. Learn to move your dominant hand down the club and take a 45 degree position relative to the goal you are aiming at. If you are doing a rearward pass, lower your shoulder and shift your weight to your back standing leg.The puck should be as close to the middle of the hook as possible. Make the same pocket with your club as you used to receive the puck. Then let the puck fly towards the target.
Move the team away from the center of the roller.
The attack and defense coordinator, aka center, is the player who scores the puck and is also the team leader on the ice. If you want to play in the center position, you need to be good at skating and also be a strategist.As the center player, coaches choose the smartest person on the team, as well as the most experienced.
Protect the gate.
Perhaps there is no more complex and iconic position in sports than that of a hockey goalkeeper. A goalkeeper, dressed in so many soft pads that he can stop an elephant, is sometimes all that stands between a wooden puck flying at a speed of 160 km / h and the goal net. A good goalkeeper has quick reflexes, good eye-hand coordination, and keen eyesight.
Get good results as a side striker.
Right and left forwards are powerful players who play on both sides of the ice rink, are physically fit and productive. Their main goal is to score goals. Attackers must be quick and accurate shooters. They can use strength techniques in the corners of the court and hammer in washers from the side positions.
Because ice hockey is a very intense game and players can move quickly on the ice, defenders are more involved in the attacking process than defenders in football or any other similar sport.The main task of defenders in hockey is more about knocking down the opposing side attackers and undermining their play, rather than making a pass to their attackers.
Offside on the blue line
on the blue line occurs when a player of the attacking team crosses the blue
the opponent’s zone line before the puck completely crosses it. Defining
offside factor is the position of both skates
the attacking player relative to the opponent’s blue line at the time of his complete
intersection.If at least one skate of the attacking player is in the middle
the zone or on the blue line when the puck completely crosses the blue line,
the out-of-play position is not fixed and the game continues.
Washer on the blue line
In a situation where the attacking team
is in the opponent’s zone and the puck is on blue when passing back
line and then re-passed into the zone, offside
is not fixed if the puck has not crossed the blue line AND has not entered the middle
zone.It must be remembered that if the washer is in the protection zone, the entire width
the blue line is considered part of the defending zone, and if the puck is in the middle
zone – part of the middle zone.
Passing the puck with a rebound from a player
If both skates of one of the attackers
of the players are in the opponent’s zone at the moment when, after the transfer of the partner
the puck hits a player of the other team, bounces off him or his stick
and completely crossed the blue line, an offside position is recorded.The introduction of this rule was the result of too many scoring goals.
situations created at the blue line of the opponent’s zone, and helped to prevent
situations where one of the attacking team’s attackers is sent to the opponent’s zone
and is then followed by a pass with an intentional bounce of the puck from an opposing player.
Washer pass-through is fixed in the volume
in the event that the puck after a shot or rebound from a player of the team in possession of
puck and being in the numerical majority or equal composition in relation to
to the opposing team, in the attacking team’s half (up to the red line)
in a straight line or with a rebound from the side half of the middle zone, the entire protection zone
and crosses the opponent’s goal line
The following are situations in which a puck pass does not count:
1.Both skates of the ice hockey player are half offensive
team (to the red line), but his stick and puck are at the moment of the throw.
in the opponent’s half (behind the red line). The puck goes through the entire half
opponent and crosses the goal line.
2. A player of the attacking team is completely in his own half of the court
(up to the red line) sends the puck in such a way that it hits someone
of the players (partner or opponent) who are in the middle zone in the half
opponent, or into his stick and, bouncing, crosses the defense zone and the line
goal of the opposing team.
3. A player of the attacking team is completely in his own half of the court
(up to the red line), sends the puck across the entire half of the opponent, but the puck
before crossing the goal line passes through the opponent’s goalkeeper area.
It must be remembered that the arbiter
has the right not to record the forwarding of the puck and continue the game if, according to his
opinion, one of the hockey players of the defending team (except for the goalkeeper) had
the ability to intercept the puck before it crosses the goal line, but intentionally
didn’t do it.
For athletes starting to play hockey, during training and companionship
meetings “offside” can not be fixed. This makes it possible
do not make frequent stops in the game, place the hockey players on the court
anywhere and apply any transfers.
As students master
basic tactical skills of the game, it is necessary to enter the position “outside
games. “In hockey, there are various types of punishments for guilty players
for violations of the rules of the game. We advise young hockey players to remember that the referee
be sure to send a player off the field for a game with a high stick (above the shoulder),
holding an opponent with a stick, pushing in the back and attacking an opponent who is not in possession
Various types of penalties are applied to the offender.
Minor penalty and bench minor penalty
– delete for 2 minutes. Command
plays in the minority until time runs out or a goal is scored
washer. For 2 minutes, the hockey player is removed for:
– unsportsmanlike behavior (for example, for arguing with the referees, insulting an opponent,
deliberate throwing of any equipment, etc.)
– playing with a broken stick (the goalkeeper can play with a broken stick until it stops
– pushing an opponent on board, using forceful reception after the whistle
– pushing and hitting an opponent with a club;
– deliberate shift of the goal
– deliberate delay of the game (for example, a hockey player tries to press the puck against
side when he is not being attacked by an opponent)
– hitting an opponent with an elbow or knee
– intentionally falling onto the puck or raking the puck under his body
– being too rude
– holding the puck in his hand for more than 3 seconds and deliberately holding the puck
in its own form
– holding an opponent with his hands, tripping
– violation of the numerical strength
Bench minor penalty is provided for punishing players and representatives
teams for breaking the rules and off the court.
Double Minor Penalty 4 minutes suspension.
Double minor penalty is received
hockey player for playing with a high stick and causing injury, if the referee
does not see a direct intent to injure an opponent. The team plays in the minority
until the time expires or the puck is thrown into its goal (if the puck
abandoned in the first 2 minutes of removal, the time before expiration is reduced
first 2 minutes of deletion).
– delete for 5 minutes.
Heavy fines may be imposed
on the player for pushing the opponent onto the board, if the hockey player attacks the opponent with
using excessive force and at the same time accelerates in more than two steps.
3a a thrust or end-of-stick blow is additionally imposed a disciplinary
penalty until the end of the game. 3a all other types of violations related to intentional
injury to an opponent, the player is punished with a large fine, and in some
cases and removal until the end of the game.
Major disciplinary fine
– removal for 10 minutes with the right to substitute
Removal until end of game
, expulsion for the remainder of the game with the right to substitute a player.
– removal before the end of the game with the right to substitute a hockey player through
5 minutes. The team plays in the minority for 5 minutes.
The biggest punishment, the so-called match penalty, is punished by a rude player
for trying or hitting an opponent with the head or foot.
Free throw (bullet)
– appointed for willful
a gate shift or a nuisance in the last two minutes
games or in extra time, for a club throw in the defense zone (incl.h
and the goalkeeper), for deliberately moving the gate during a throw, for breaking the rules
games (delay, tripping, etc.) when going one-on-one against the goalkeeper,
for a field player covering the puck in the goal area.
Young hockey players should also know
that the referee has the right to score a goal even if the puck does not cross the line
gate. For example, when the goalkeeper is replaced by an outfield player and the hockey player is attacking
teams go against an empty goal, and they violate the rules of the game against it
(club throw, running board, etc.)NS.).
Ice hockey from early childhood is a favorite game of children in our country, Canada, USA. How great it was to play with friends, when it was considered the highest chic to send a pass from your own goal to someone else’s so that your friend would throw the puck into an impromptu goal.
But according to the rules of big sport, the referees in most cases define such a “chic” as a violation and will not count, except when your team plays in the minority. Read about this later in this article.
Those who want to pursue a career in sports after yard hockey should definitely learn the rules of ice hockey. This knowledge will not hurt the fans in order to better understand what is happening on the site.
Rules for the professional game of ice hockey
How many hockey players can appear on the court?
The line-up of the team announced for the games usually consists of 20-25 people: three or four “fives”, the main and substitute goalkeepers, and the coach can also include several “generalists” in the list: either the third goalkeeper, or those “field” hockey players whom he hopes strengthen the game with one of the “fives” at the right time.
Six people from both sides start the game directly on the ice rink. Previously, these were goalkeepers, a pair of defenders, three forwards. But hockey does not stand still, coaches are experimenting: it has long been common to play with a “pulled back” center forward or, conversely, attacking defenders.
As the game progresses, due to penalties, up to four people may remain on the field on each side
. Sometimes, on the contrary, having gained an advantage by sending off an opponent or risking putting everything on the final assault, the coach releases the sixth field player instead of the goalkeeper.
Ice hockey rink markings and their meaning
The first thing that catches your eye at the ice stadium after playing in the courtyards with peers is ice rink markings
. Everyone knows how many periods there are in hockey, but few understand the meaning of hockey markings.
- On thinner red, sometimes blue
(the color of these lines is not regulated) three and a half or four meters from the “short” side of the hockey arena there is a goal. These lines are called end lines, “pass lines” or simply goal lines.
- Thicker red line
divides the court strictly in the center, sometimes it is not very correctly called the “line of the face-off”.
- Two thick blue lines
, each at a distance of 17, 2 or 17, 5 m. From “own” goal line means the division of the ice arena into the zone of one or another team. These lines divide the field into a defense zone, an attack zone, and a center zone.
There are two more associated with the same markup, usually very angry fans
, giving them a reason to accuse the judges of incompetence, violations: “forward” and “offside”.
In case the team plays in the minority, “pass-throughs” are not counted.
Throughput is not taken into account
, if a miracle happens and the puck, having flown through all the areas of the court, ends up in the goal, ─ in this case, congratulations on a rare goal follow!
However, the rules in big hockey change at the same speed as events on the hockey rink. 15 years ago, “forwarding” was strictly defined in any case, but for several years now it is not counted if, in the opinion of the referee, the hockey player of the defending side could stop the puck in the middle zone, but was too lazy to do it.Back in 2015, the NHL introduced the concept of “hybrid forwarding”, when it is not recorded as a violation if a player of the attacking team “catches up” the puck before any defensive player (including the goalkeeper).
(the famous “goalkeeper’s patch”) with a radius of 180 centimeters from the center of the goalkeeper’s line is colored blue. According to the latest rules – with a red “border”, edging.
Points and rules for throwing in the puck after stopping play
A newcomer in the stadium can also be stunned by numerous “face-off points”, usually in addition to the center one, indicated by small blue circles.At the red dot, it is clear to everyone, throw-in of the puck is made at the beginning of the game and each period, as well as after the puck is scored into the goal. It is worth adding that at the same point you need to make a throw-in when the game is stopped due to referee errors and in a number of other exceptional cases. But what are the other eight blue face-off dots for?
Four of them are located in the center zone (in the middle between the blue lines of the defense and attack zones), in them the referee throws in
- The game was stopped due to a violation that did not result in the removal of a player.The referee must select the closest spot so as not to give an advantage to the players of the offending side.
- If play is not stopped due to a violation (for example, the puck is out of bounds).
- If the puck is hammered into the goal net, the referee must also order a throw-in at one of the eight spots in the middle zone.
- If a penalty (sending-off) is imposed on a player for the rest of the game, the throw-in must also take place in the middle zone, closer to his team’s defensive zone.
In the blue, surrounded by a circle with a radius of four and a half meters, at a distance of six meters from each goal, there are four more throw-in points located in the defense zone of one and, accordingly, the attack zone of the other team, the throw-in is performed:
If a player is injured, the throw-in will take place at any of the nine (including the center) throw-in points, depending on where the player was injured.
Ice Hockey Rules: Regular Time, Extra Time, Shootouts
Ice Hockey Wikipedia article
(and the RHL statute) defines the duration of the match, ─ one period twenty minutes, three periods in total.
But three periods of 20 minutes in hockey can take a very long time, because only playing, “pure” time is taken into account. Immediately after the whistle of the referee or the siren indicating that the goal has been scored, time “stops”. This is an additional intrigue, no one, going to a match, can predict how long the game will last. There were cases, especially if the players did not start on ice hockey showdowns, that the twenty-minute period stretched to an hour of objective time.
If the match must end exclusively in victory, after three main periods are tied, periods of extra time are assigned – “overtime”
. The extra time lasts either until the “golden puck” or as long as to determine the winner.
Although it all depends on the rules and regulations of the tournament. If, after regular time, both ten-minute periods of extra time also end in a tie, a shootout may be ordered.Or ─ another period of time before the first goal is scored.
Sitting Well: Hockey Penalties
It is impossible not to notice that, although the ice playground is surrounded not only by a powerful board made of plastic or wood, one hundred and twenty centimeters high, but also by a strong plexiglass extended in height for at least one and a half meters, there are four doors in this high board
. Two of them are intended for players to go out on the ice and change line-ups, while the other two are prepared specifically for the worst offenders.
Deletions in hockey are appointed by the referee for a huge number of reasons, for example, you can push a player against the side with your shoulder, but you cannot touch his arms (legs) with a stick. You can read more about the rules of the game on the hockey rink on the Internet, or see the article “ice hockey wikipedia”.
In the meantime, it is worth noting that from rers have the right to appoint a player and his team:
True, bullet is not so “deadly”
like a football penalty.In football, a good penalty kicker usually leaves no chance for the goalkeeper, then the game of hockey is played at such high speeds and short distances that the turmoil at the “patch” is usually more dangerous for the goalkeeper than the only forward who has prepared in advance, starting from the blue line.
Hockey ─ the game is not only exciting, but also very difficult, but that is why it is interesting!
90,000 Average salary for football players – Other 2021
Major League Soccer (United States)
According to Deadspin.com, players in the MLS, the top soccer league in the United States, earn an average of $ 213,048 per season or $ 4,097 per week. The Best Active MLS Player of 2014 is Toronto’s Michael Bradley, who earned a base salary of $ 6,000,000 this season. Starting in 2015, when the league expands to 20 teams, Kaka Orlando will become the highest paid player, earning $ 6.66 million in base salary.
Premier League (England)
The English Premier League is arguably the largest football league in the world.According to Deadspin.com, the average EPL player makes $ 3,562,600 per year, or 68,511 per week. The highest paid player in the league is Manchester United’s Wayne Rooney, who makes about $ 470,000 a week. Below him is Manchester United’s Radamel Falcao, who makes about $ 415,000 a week.
La Liga (Spain)
La Liga, the highest football division in Spain, houses some of the best footballers in the world, including Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi.