|This page will be maintained by the Lead Clinician and the Chief Referee to provide officials with the latest updates from the lacrosse rule-making bodies and the lacrosse leagues.|
2021 Rule change videos (posted 12/21/2020)
Click here to watch videos summarizing the 2021 lacrosse rules and points of emphasis for the men’s and boys’ games:
Changes to the youth rules (adopted by GHYLA and independent youth lacrosse clubs in Greater Houston for the 2020 season)
SECRET DECODER RING FOR PLAYING LEVELS – COMPARISON OF US LACROSSE’S BOYS’ YOUTH RULEBOOK VERSUS TXLOA’S CHEAT SHEET
The Greater Houston Youth Lacrosse Association and other independent youth teams have all agreed to adopt the straight US Lacrosse Boys’ Youth Rules without waivers and abandon the use of NCAA rules w/waivers as were used during 2019 and prior years. However, boys’ youth lacrosse teams in Houston use academic grade level as a proxy for the age-based divisions in the US Lacrosse Boys’ Youth rulebook. Thus what US Lacrosse calls 14U, 12U, 10U, and 8U (for age-based playing levels) corresponds to what Houston youth teams call 8U, 6U, 4U, and 2U (for grade-based playing levels). No other waivers have been imposed on the US Lacrosse Youth Rules being used in Greater Houston. A summary of the changes to the playing levels for 2020 is as follows:
More detailed information is contained on the “Rulebooks” tab, which contains links to the TXLOA playing rules “cheat sheet” and the actual rulebooks used by the lacrosse teams.
Faceoffs and restarts for 4th grade and below youth games (email from Tim Bohdan to Houston youth leagues on 1/19/2020)
The GHYLA and independent youth league teams in Greater Houston have adopted the US Lacrosse Boys’ Youth Rules for the 2020 season, but they use grade level in lieu of age level for the playing levels. THus, the 4th and 3rd graders are called “4U” in Houston although they play by the US Lacrosse 10U age division, and the 2nd and 1st graders are called “2U” in Houston although they play by the US Lacrosse 8U age division. The faceoffs and restarts are summarized as follows:
Restarts for a faceoff or for the initial possession to start a new period for the 4U playing level in Greater Houston for youth teams in 4th and 3rd grade (Note: the 4U games use the US Lacrosse 10U age-based playing rules):
Restarts for the playing level in Greater Houston for youth teams in 2nd and 1st grade (Note: the 2U games use the US Lacrosse 8U age-based playing rules):
Reduced size substitution area for high school games (adopted by THSLL on 9/28/2019)
The Texas High School Lacrosse League (THSLL) adopted the NCAA rule regarding the use of the reduced size substitution area. This was adopted by NCAA for the 2019 season, but it had been waived by THSLL for the 2019 season. Now THSLL has adopted it. However, the THSLL rejected the adoption of the goal crease jump/dive rule and rejected the automatic mandatory 80-second shot clock, both of which the NCAA had adopted for the 2019 season.
The KSONE has not been certified by NOCSAE (consumer alert released by US Lacrosse on 6/07/2019)
The KSONE lacrosse ball is not NOCSAE certified and should not be used. <Click here for more information>
Officials’ Procedure for Handling a Possible Concussion or Other Serious Injury (email from Tom Jank, TXLOA Chief Referee, on 2/21/2019)
An incident occurred recently during a high school game whereby a player was removed by the officials to be evaluated for a possible concussion, but the same player was returned to the game by that team’s head coach without the injured player being cleared by the trainer. The trainer was informed of the possible concussion. The coach then decided the player should go back without the trainer’s approval, which upset the trainer.
To prevent this situation from happening again, the following guidance is issued to all TXLOA officials:
Remember, we are there for players’ safety, not just to enforce the rules.
The String King “Composite Pro Faceoff” shaft is Legal (per NILOA Director’s Call #1 on 2/07/2019)The NCAA has ruled this handle is legal for play. This would include the faceoff player. The first pictures on the left shows the top portion of the shaft from two different angles. The second picture shows the cross-section of the shaft during different phases of the faceoff clamping process. Note that the cross-section of the handle is oblique, which is designed to give the player enhanced grip and torque for the faceoff player. The third picture shows the entire length of the shaft. The last two pictures show the front and side views and the three holes that are pre-drilled through the top of the shaft to secure the head from two different directions. The Composite Pro Faceoff shaft is fully authorized for use and LEGAL in all NCAA, NFHS, and youth play.
Clarification of the 2018-2019 THSLL Rulebook regarding Unsportsmanlike Conduct penalties, Section 11 Penalties, Ejections, and Fouling Out for Players and/or CoachesThe language has been clarified in the 2018-2019 THSLL Rulebook for the application of ejections and fouling out. These edits were approved via emails between Nancy Powers, Mike Ormsby, et al., on 2/07/2019. USC = Unsportsmanlike Conduct. Section 11 penalties are Unsportsmanlike Conduct, Targeting Head/Neck, and Unnecessary Roughness. BOTTOM LINE: The four cumulative USCs rule applies to both players and coaches, and so does the two USCs rule within a game. Also, fouling out is treated no differently than an ejection = automatic ejection from current game + penalty served by in-home + one-game suspension for the ejected player.
GAME BEHAVIOR PROBLEMS
Section 11 penalties:
2019 THSLL Shot Clock Waiver (Email from Mike Ormsby, THSLL South, Division-2/3 Coordinator, 10/10/2018)
The THSLL considered which aspects of the shot-clock are being waived and which aspects are being retained. Mike Ormsby wrote to Tom Jank and suggested that THSLL will keep the 30-second clear and the optional 20-second stalling shot-clock that gets imposed by the officials when they detect stalling by one team. However, the full THSLL Rules Committee decided against using any of the 80-second shot clock rules.
FINAL DECISION: THSLL decided to waive all aspects of the 2019 NCAA Rules, and is instead playing by the 2018 NCAA Rules. Thus, THSLL games will not use the 80-second automatic shot-clock and will instead use the old arbitrarily-applied 30-second shot clock that gets initiated by the consent of the officials.
2019 NCAA Shot Clock Rules and Mechanics (Memo from Tom Sutton, NILOA Director of Development, released on 10/3/2018)This email essentially contains the notes of a Q&A session, where several open questions about the shot clock have been clarified and addressed. The full memo/email is available at this link <CLICK HERE FOR MEMO #4>.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS FROM NILOA:
Faceoff violations and restarting play (mechanics change; released on 3/16/2018)
To assist us with a situation after a face-off violation, we will change who is going to blow the play back in. Teams are now using a faceoff violation to attempt to gain an advantage by either switching players or substituting players from behind the defensive area lines (restraining lines).
Under Armour Command X Lacrosse Shaft is NOT legal (NCAA Rulebook Committee announcement on 3/02/2018)
It has come to the attention of the NCAA Men’s Lacrosse Rules Committee that the Under Armour Command X Handle [i.e., the shaft] does not meet current NCAA rules specifications. Specifically, the handle violates Rule 1-17: “The circumference of the crosse handle shall not be more than 3 ½ inches and the handle must be relatively straight.” The circumference of the handle exceeds the allowable measurement and is therefore not allowed for use in NCAA competition, effective immediately. It should be noted, however, that the Under Armour Command X head does meet NCAA specifications and this ruling does not impact the legality of the head. Thank you and good luck the rest of the season. -Willie Scroggs, Secretary-Rules Editor, NCAA Men’s Lacrosse Rules Committee
Clarification of the rules on “warding” (NCAA, US Lacrosse, and THSLL announcements, circa 3/01/2018)
2/22/2018 – Slide presentation from the NILOA & NDOS Directors’ Call regarding the new (looser) interpretation for Warding, which makes the bull dodge legal if both hands remain on the crosse and the bull dodge contact is not a violation of any other infraction:
Note: The following video clip of a successful (and now considered completely legal) bull dodge is shown in this video clip, which lasts only 19 seconds https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KC2VzQ50rr4. You might have to watch the video clip several times to completely understand the new “bull dodge is legal” interpretation, which is no longer considered a violation of warding unless the bull dodge also meets the threshold for other more severe penalties (e.g., spearing by initiating contact with one’s own head, unnecessary roughness, illegal body check for targeting the head of the opponent, or unsportsmanlike conduct).
US Lacrosse supports this new interpretation on warding, which makes a bull dodge potentially legal. US Lacrosse writes: “Please inform your officials about this clarification. The last clip in this instructional video explains spearing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=geN0vhivv_k [at 4:30 in the clip, an explanation of defensive spearing, at 5:12 in the clip, an explanation of offensive spearing]. I am developing a video on warding with the Task Force. When it is ready I will let you know.” Regards, Gordon Corsetti, Manager, Men’s Officials Development Program, US Lacrosse
3/02/2018 – The THSLL Board of Directors voted to support the NCAA guidance on warding. THSLL writes: “We will be putting out a notice to the THSLL coaches stating that so there is no confusion around calls. Please let the LOA know the decision.” Regards, Ray Martin, THSLL Commissioner3/05/2018 – Videos of bull dodges – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bhVcPOJnaz0&feature=youtu.be. Note that for some of these bull dodges in the video clips, the attacker has both hands on the crosse (legal), but sometimes the attacker has only one hand on the crosse (illegal). You can tell which is which.
Clarification of over-and-back (email from Jim Carboneau on 12/15/2017)
Question: When does over-and-back occur on a failed back-pass? It is: (1) when the ball breaks the plane of the center line, or (2) when the ball is grounded on or across the center line?
Answer: When the ball is grounded on or across the center line. A loose ball that breaks the plane of the center line is not over-and-back because the ball has not touched the ground (or anything else) on the defensive half of the field.
Explanation: All interior lines, except goal line, are hot. If you touch them you are over. If ball is in flight, technically it must be grounded, i.e., touched by someone or something on or inside line. Since over-and-back is relatively new, there have been few situations that have been reviewed and interpreted. I would presume that an attackman could reach over midline and catch an errant pass before it became grounded much as he could wave the ball he possesses over the midline without penalty. -Jim
Two-person mechanics (changes for 2018; US Lacrosse video released on 10/9/2017)
Unified field size for boys’ and girls’ lacrosse (optional field size adopted by NFHS for 2018; NFHS announcement on 9/26/2017)The NFHS approved the use of an optional, new unified field size (120 x 60 yds) that is 10 yards longer than the traditional boys’ lacrosse field size (110 x 60 yds). Since most of our teams play on soccer/football fields, many of which have been permanently marked with a 110 x 60 yd outer boundary, it is likely those field markings will not be changed by the host organizations. However, there is a possibility that you will officiate on a unified field that is 10 yards longer, especially if that field is used for girls’ lacrosse. The unified field will have an extra 5 yards of space between each goal line and the top of each restraining box. Thus, each restraining box will be increased by five yards with the extra room residing in the attack area in front of each goal. <Press announcement>
Changes to the NCAA rules for “Faceoff Stick Positions” in 2017 (and adopted by NFHS for 2018)The NCAA faceoff has changed. The position of the faceoff sticks is now aligned as “TOP TO STOP” instead of being lined up evenly. The length between the top of the crosse and the throat of a crosse is 10 inches (minimum). The faceoff sticks must be lined up with Player A’s top lined up with Player B’s throat (i.e., the “ball stop” or just called the “stop” for short), and vice versa. This looks very different from past years. Talk to your faceoff players pre-game to review the new faceoff stick positioning. Rule 4-3 (“Facing Off – Procedures”) contains a diagram on page 30 of the NCAA rulebook.
Video examples of three common penalties with detailed explanations (by Gordon Corsetti of US Lacrosse)
Each video lasts several minutes. The videos utilize start/stop/rewind and slow motion to show the foul and give you advice on what to look for as an official. Knowing how to anticipate when a foul is likely to occur will help you see the fouls as they occur.
“Anticipating Timeouts” (5/02/2017 TXLOA document adapted from NILOA memo called “Officiating the Timeout”)
One of the strategic tools of a coach is the ability of the coach to call a timeout at just the right moment. However, if officials are not paying attention, then the timeout will go unheeded and coaches will be frustrated and upset (rightly so). The document gives advice to officials on when to anticipate situations where a timeout is likely and to use mechanics to enhance the officials’ ability to see/hear the request for a timeout.
-Adapted from Tom Sutton, President of NILOA.
Duties of the Chief Bench Official (4/25/2017 rulebook supplement from the TXLOA Chief Referee)
The Chief Bench Official (CBO) is an officiating role used during high school playoffs in Texas. The CBO is a fourth official who remains in the Scorer’s Table Area to supervise the timers, scorekeepers, and other table staff. The CBO also watches for certain infractions and communicates with the three on-field officials. Since the CBO is not mentioned anywhere in the NCAA rulebook, the TXLOA has prepared its own set of rules and responsibilities for the CBO.
-Tom Jank, Chief Referee.
Bench Decorum and Trail Mechanics in a Three-Person Rotation (3/24/2017 memo from NILOA)This memorandum provides guidance on how to better officiate and manage the Team Area, Coaches Box, and the Substitution Area.
Troubleshooting the Faceoff (3/09/2017 memo from NILOA)This short video provides guidance on conducting fair faceoffs using the top-to-stop method and provides examples of faceoff-related infractions.
Quick Restarts (2/23/2017 memo from NILOA)This short video provides guidance on how to conduct quick restarts that are controlled and fair, but not “pants on fire.” Although this video was published by NILOA, the collegiate officials’ organization, the advice is applicable to all levels of lacrosse.
Contact of the Crosse to an Opponent’s Head/Helmet (2/13/2017 memo from TXLOA Chief Referee)
Contact to the head/helmet by a defending player’s crosse does not make the contact an automatic nonreleasable penalty. The contact may just be a common slash, or it may be nothing more than a brush. This depends on a number of factors. First the level of play. 3rd and 4th grade?… Yes, any contact with the head should be a penalty. High school/College?… Contact with the head must be judged by the severity of the contact. Was the player just trying to check his stick, and he just barely touched the head? (this is a brush). Did he swing wildly and almost take the player’s head off? (this is 2-3 minutes nonreleasable). Was it a tap on the face mask as the player crossed his stick in front of him but did not even change the player’s momentum? (this is a common releasable slash).
If we take penalty interpretations to the highest level every time, then what do we have to go up to if some thing more severe happens? NOT EVERY contact to the head/helmet is a nonreleasable penalty.
-Tom Jank, Email to all TXLOA members dated 2/13/2017.
Changes to the NCAA rules and officiating mechanicsRecall that high schools in Texas play by the NCAA rulebook (with minor modifications by the THSLL). The NCAA rule change videos are training tools that contain an overview of changes to the NCAA rules as it relates to how the officials are expected to officiate a game of lacrosse when using the NCAA rulebook.
2020 NCAA Rules – Placeholder. Video is still to be added.
0:00 – Introduction
1:15 – Head Coach Pregame Meeting
1:25 – Team Conduct/Decorum Pregame and Postgame
2:30 – Substitution Box Procedures
3:00 – Faceoffs
3:46 – 80-second All Possession Shot Clock6:18 – Advancing the Ball into the Offensive Half of the Field8:06 – Plays Around the Crease12:47 – Personal Fouls14:38 – Lacrosse is still a contact sport15:45 – Offensive Screening/Picks17:38 – Fouls by the Defense18:17 – Warding19:58 – Faceoffs
22:00 – Thank-you
22:14 – END
0:58 – Current Status
2:15 – Points of Emphasis
2:30 – Player safety
23:20 – Future considerations
0:00 – Awards and miscellaneous speeches (skip this part)35:30 – The 2017 NCAA Rules Interpretation video (this is the part you want to watch)72:00 – The end of the video.
Rules InterpretationsALL LACROSSE RULE BOOKS
The Lacrosse Goalie Rules | Lax Goalie Rat
For new players or parents who are unfamiliar with the sport of lacrosse, the rules can seem tricky. There are so many little rules here and there that its hard even for experienced players to fully comprehend them all.
When it comes to goalies there are also some specific rules that govern how we go about our business.
The purpose of this post is to give you an introduction to the rules that pertain to lacrosse goalies.
Different Organizations with Different Rules
The first thing to note is that the rules depend on which league you’re playing in and whether its men’s or women’s lacrosse.
For example, here are the different organizations that each have their own set of rules:
- Major League Lacrosse – Rules
- NCAA – Women’s Rules / Men’s Rules
- NFHS (National Federation of State High School Associations) – Only printed versions available
- Youth Lacrosse (U-14) – Girl’s Rules / Boy’s Rules
- FIL (Federation of International Lacrosse) – Men’s Rules / Women’s Rule
The good part is most rules pertaining to the goalie are pretty standard across all organizing bodies. But there are a few differences that I’ll try to touch on throughout this post.
I’m not claiming to be an expert in every league’s rules both male and female. So if you see some discrepancy, please leave me a comment down below so I can get it corrected.
Goal Crease Privileges
The goalie is given certain privileges when it comes to the crease.
No opposing player may make contact with the goalkeeper or his crosse while the goalkeeper is within the goal-crease area, regardless of whether the goalkeeper has the ball in his possession. An attacking player may reach within the crease area to play a loose ball as long as he does not make contact with the goalkeeper or the goalkeeper’s crosse.
This means a goalie cannot be contacted while fully inside of the crease.
If you think of the crease an imaginary cylinder that extends upwards to the sky, as long as you are inside the cylinder you cannot be contacted.
An attackman can attempt to scoop up a loose ball in the crease but cannot make contact with the goalie’s stick nor body.
So remember if you are inside of the imaginary cylinder you cannot be contacted.
If contact does occur, the refs will yell “Play On”, meaning play continues and if the goalie’s team escapes with the ball no call is made. Otherwise, possession is awarded to the goalie’s team.
Keep in mind these rules only protect the designated goalie. If a defender or middie has the ball in the crease they can be checked, business as usual.
When the goalkeeper is in his own crease area, any portion of the goalkeeper’s crosse extended outside the cylinder of the crease area, but not the goalkeeper’s body, is subject to being checked under the same circumstances as the crosse of any other player, except when the ball is in his crosse.
Let’s dig into this rule.
First, if you have possession of the ball and are in the crease, neither the goalie’s stick nor body can be checked.
Here “in the crease” means just one foot in the crease. To be “out of the crease” a goalie’s stick and body must be 100% outside the crease. Note that if you have one foot out of the crease and lift the other foot in the air, you’re considered to be out of the crease.
If you have at least one foot in the crease, attackman may check your stick if it’s outside the crease cylinder while going for a loose ball but cannot check your body.
If the goalie’s stick goes outside the cylinder with no possession of the ball, it can be checked. So if both feet are in the crease but you’re trying to scoop a ground ball outside the crease, the stick can be checked.
A veteran goalie trick after a making a 1×1 save with the ball in your stick is to dangle it in front of the attackman you just stuffed for an extra second. The majority of the time they check your stick and give your team an instant free clear.
This protection also applies to a goalie’s follow through on a outlet pass. Even if the riding attackman stands completely motionless, if the natural follow-through causes contact, that’s a violation.
I emphasize natural because if a goalie is trying to draw the contact and the attackman doesn’t move, it won’t be called.
Same as the first section, a violation results in a “Play On”, play continues and if the goalie’s team does not retain possession, play is stopped and possession awarded to the goalie’s team.
The goalie may stop or block the ball in any manner with his crosse or body, and he may block the ball or bat it away with his hand. When the ball is on the ground and within the crease, whether moving or at rest, he may bat or direct the ball with his hand. He may not close his hand on the ball; thus he may not catch the ball with his hand, nor may he pick the ball up with his hand. He or any member of the defending team may receive a pass while in the crease area
Goalies can use any part of their body to make a save, including the free hand. As the rule states, you cannot catch the ball or pick it up and put it in your crosse.
That means a save like this is legal (and totally awesome) –
In the women’s game, there is a rule that states the goalkeeper cannot bat, throw, catch or carry the ball with their hand when outside the goal circle. So technically the save above is illegal in the women’s game as he’s outside the crease. Thanks to reader Dave for pointing this out.
However in the women’s game as I understand it you CAN pick up the ball with your bare hand and place it into your crosse if you are in the crease.
4 Seconds / 10 Seconds In the Crease
Once gaining possession, the goalie has 4 seconds (men) or 10 seconds (female) to either leave the crease or throw a pass.
The goalkeeper or any other player of the defending team may receive a pass while in the crease area. In that case the 4 second or 10 second count starts again.
If the ball is inadvertently dropped and picked up, a new count begins. If the ball is purposefully dropped, a new count does not begin.
Once the goalie or a defender leaves the crease with possession, he/she may not re-enter with possession of the ball or else the ball is awarded to the other team.
Goalie Equipment Rules
Here are the rules related to stick length –
The head must measure between 10 – 12 inches at its widest point with sidewalls no bigger than 2 inches. Measured top to bottom the goalie’s head cannot exceed 16.5 inches. You can be sure all standard lacrosse goalie heads are going to conform to these rules or else they’d be out of business pretty quick.
FIL rules state the goalie stick head must measure head 6 – 15 inches at the widest point. Any FIL goalies taking advantage of the larger goalie head allowance?
A goalie must use a chest protector, a protective cup, a mouth piece, and a throat guard.
By rule, throat protectors must be specifically designed for lacrosse. That said, I’ve seen some goalies use ice hockey throat protectors and it wasn’t an issue. But use it at your risk.
Shoulder pads, Arm pads, shin guards, goalie pants, or football pants are optional but must not increase the size of the limb (i.e. no field or ice hockey shin guards).
Specialized lacrosse goalie gloves can be of any color. Doesn’t need to match the colors of team’s gloves.
Other Goalie Related Rules
Here are some additional rules which might be helpful to understand.
Only Goalies Can Save Shots
In the attempt to limit injuries, non-goalies are NOT allowed to act as the goalie in the event the goalie is out of the crease. The only player who can attempt to block a shot is a legally equipped goalkeeper.
So if A1 shoots while B1 goalie is away from the crease and B2 steps into the crease to block the shot. That’s a violation.
It’s a play-on until the shot comes to its normal conclusion. If it’s B2’s first violation no time served. Any subsequent violation on B2 will result in 1:00 releasable foul.
Play Stopped for Broken Goalie Equipment
If a goalie’s stick or equipment becomes damaged or broken during play he/she can notify an official and play should be stopped. If a goalie shows the ref AFTER a goal that equipment is broken the goal still stands.
Intentionally breaking equipment (would any goalie seriously do this?) or falsely claiming broken equipment in the attempt to stop the play is a 2-minute unreleasable penalty.
Stuck Ball in the Crease
If at any point the ball becomes stuck in a players crosse the official shall stop play immediately and award the ball to the opposing team.
This does NOT apply to the goalie. If she/he is within his goal-crease area at the time the ball becomes stuck. In this case, a defensive player shall be awarded the ball laterally outside the goal area.
One Goalie at all Times
Each team must have 1 goalie (with full goalie gear) on the field at all times.
This is why at the end of the game you cannot substitute out the goalie in favor of a better defending middie in a full ride situation.
No Grace Period
Back when I played the goalie was a given a grace period to return to the goal. So after you chased out a shot, they waited a few extra seconds while you got back into the crease.
Such is no longer the case. There shall be no grace period for the goalkeeper to return to the crease regardless of where the ball is restarted.
Goalies can be called to slashing or illegal body checks just like normal players. In fact that’s how I ended getting my 1st ever save when our starting goalie was called for a slashing penalty and I came in.
During timeouts or between periods, a coach may enter the field for the sole purpose of warming up a goalkeeper.
Goalie Rule Scenarios
Let’s go through some scenarios to understand what the ruling would be.
A loose ball is on the ground in the crease or is in the air above the crease. Team B’s goalkeeper, who also is in the crease, uses his hand to bat the ball into his crosse or out of the crease.
RULING: Legal play. Goalies can bat the ball with their hands.
A loose ball is in the crease. The Team B goalkeeper picks up the ball with his hand and puts the ball in his crosse.
RULING: Technical foul. Goalies cannot pickup the ball. The ball is awarded to Team A outside the attack area.
Goalkeeper B1, after making a save, passes the ball to B2. B2 passes back to B1 in the crease.
RULING: Legal play.
Goalkeeper B1, with possession of the ball, extends his crosse outside the crease and still has one or both feet in the crease when A1 checks his crosse.
RULING: Interference, play-on.
A loose ball is in the crease. Goalkeeper B1 has his crosse over the ball and is about to rake the ball. A1 checks through B1’s crosse from the front, claiming he was playing a loose ball.
RULING: Interference by A1, play-on. A goalie in the crease cannot be contacted.
A loose ball is in the crease. Goalkeeper B1 has his crosse over the ball and is about to rake the ball. From the side of the crease, A1 pokes his crosse at the ball; and, as B1 draws the goalkeeper’s crosse back, contact is made with A1’s crosse.
RULING: Interference by A1, play-on.
Loose ball in front of the crease. Goalkeeper B1 reaches out and gains possession of the ball. A1 checks B1’s crosse while it is still outside the crease.
RULING: Interference, play-on.
The goalkeeper is in the crease, making a pass to begin his clear. The goalkeeper’s crosse collides with the crosse of A1, who is standing on the edge of the crease with his crosse in a covering position, thus causing the ball to drop to the ground.
RULING: Interference by A1, play-on. The goalkeeper, while clearing from the crease, has protection on passes for clear, regardless of whether the attack player moves his crosse. Play continues or award the ball to Team B at the center of the field.
A loose ball is in the crease. A1 covers the ball to rake it back. Goalkeeper B1 checks A1’s crosse.
RULING: No interference. Legal play.
A loose ball is in the crease. A1 bats the ball with his crosse, the ball enters the goal and then contact is made with goalkeeper B1’s crosse.
RULING: Legal goal—no interference. Contact occurs after play has ended.
A loose ball is in the crease. A1 bats the ball with his crosse, but the ball is still loose in the crease. Contact is then made with goalkeeper B1’s crosse.
RULING: Interference, play-on.
A1 is in possession of the ball on the edge of the crease. A1 breaks the plane of the goal with his shot, and then contact is made with goalkeeper B1’s crosse or body, the goal or the net.
RULING: Legal goal. Contact occurs after play has ended.
While team A is in possession, goalkeeper B1 drops his crosse.
RULING: Play does not stop for a dropped goalkeeper crosse, only a broken one, so B1 must retrieve his crosse. If B1 plays on without a crosse, he is guilty of illegal procedure.
The ball is loose outside the Blue crease. The Blue goalkeeper, his feet within the crease, begins to rake the ball back. Before the ball touches the goal crease, a Red attacker checks the goalkeeper’s stick
Ruling: Legal play. A goalie’s stick can be checked if outside the crease and without possession.
The ball is loose outside the Blue crease. The Blue goalkeeper, his feet within the crease, begins to rake the ball back. As the ball touches the crease, a Red attacker checks the goalkeeper’s crosse.
Ruling: Illegal play. Technical foul, as the goalkeeper is considered to be in possession when the ball is being raked back within the crease. The Red attacker serves 30 seconds.
The Blue goalkeeper, with his feet in the crease, is clearing the ball. A Red attacker is holding his crosse motionless outside the cylinder in a covering position. Before the Blue goalkeeper releases the ball, the crosses collide.
RULING: Technical foul, as the goalkeeper has the protection of the crease when clearing, whether the attacker moves his crosse or not.
Goalkeeper B1 makes a save, takes one step out of the crease, raises his rear foot off the ground in the crease and then places his rear foot down to the ground in the crease.
RULING: The ball is awarded to Team A outside the attack area. The goalkeeper is considered to have left and re-entered the crease while the ball was in his possession.
Goalkeeper B1 makes a save. When out of the crease, A1 legally checks B1 back into the crease, while he is still in possession of the ball.
RULING: The ball is awarded to Team A outside the attack area. Goalie cannot re-enter the crease with possesion.
Goalkeeper B1, after making a save, passes the ball to B2. B2 passes back to B1 in the crease.
RULING: Legal play. As a goalie you cannot re-enter the crease with possession once you leave it. You can however receive a pass from a teammate back into the crease. This rule doesn’t quite make sense to me. You can re-enter the crease via air but not via foot? Oh well.
Understanding all of the rules that pertain to lacrosse goalies is important so you know what rights you have in the crease.
I’ve never officiated the game so I’m definitely not an expert on the rules. If you see any errors, please let me know via the comments down below.
Until next time! Coach Damon
Any rules missing? Or see any mistakes in the rules I listed? Leave a comment down below.
Legal Sticks – Jersey Girls Lacrosse Association
For further USL explanations please see Legal Women’s Sticks – Listed by Manufacturer
- Depth of pocket 5/6 and 7/8 The top of a ball, when placed into the pocket of a horizontally held stick, at eye-level, must be visible/seen above the top of the entire sidewall after reasonable force with one hand (simulating receipt of a pass) has been applied to and released from the ball.
- Depth of pocket 3/4The top of a ball, when placed into the pocket of a horizontally held stick, at eye-level, must be visible/seen between the sidewall after reasonable force with one hand (simulating receipt of a pass) has been applied to and released from the ball.
- Pocket Attachments: Attachments to the sidewall must be through designated stringing holes and looped beneath the bottom rail of the sidewall.
- Attachment of Thongs: Thongs must be attached to the head though holes in the scoop and at the ball stop. A second material may be used to allow attachment of each thong to the scoop and the ball stop.
- Shooting strings (this is where most high school sticks have been found to be illegal and is not a fix that can be done at the field)
- Field crosses may have no more than 2 shooting strings. Any shooting string must be directly attached to both sidewalls in the upper 1/3 of the head, OR, if the bottom string is positioned in an inverted “U” shape it must be directly attached to both side walls in the upper 2/3 of the head.
- Shooting strings for field crosses may not be coiled more than twice between 2 adjacent thongs. This does not apply to the space between the outermost thong and the sidewall.
- Shooting strings may touch, but not be crossed, between adjacent thongs, and must neither touch nor be crossed outside of the outermost thongs.
- Flat laces may not be used as shooting strings for a field crosse.
- None of the requirements listed above apply to a goalkeeper’s crosse
NFHS Releases Rules Changes for Boys Lacrosse in 2020
PHOTO BY JOHN STROHSACKER
The National Federation of State High School Associations announced a set of 10 boys’ rules changes approved by its Rules Committee last month. Among the changes coming to boys high school lacrosse next season — a play may be restarted when a defensive player is within five yards of the player in possession of the ball.
The 10 rules changes were approved by the NFHS Board of Directors at the Rules Committee meeting July 15-17 in Indianapolis.
The most significant change might be that of Rule 4-22-1. Under the new rule, officials “will no longer wait for defensive players to position themselves more than 5 yards from the player in possession of the ball when restarting play.”
Both offensive and defensive players are still prohibited from being within five yards, but with two exceptions for defensive players. Those players standing within five yards of the player in possession will not receive a delay-of-game technical foul if he allows “the player a direct path to the goal” and he doesn’t defend the player until the player is five yards away from the defending player.
“This change allows for rapid restarts to increase pace of play while making the game more engaging,” said Dr. James Weaver, NFHS director of performing arts and sports and liaison to the NFHS Boys Lacrosse Rules Committee. “Additionally, the change balances technique between offense and defense.
Among other rules changes coming to boys lacrosse in 2020:
Shoulder pads designed for lacrosse must meet NOCSAE ND200 beginning January 2022. This change follows the rule change from 2019 which requires goalie chest protectors designed for lacrosse that meet the NOCSAE ND200 standard by January of 2021.
An illegal crosse no longer levies a tiered penalty. All illegal crosse penalties are two-minute, non-releasable and can be fixed before returning to play.
Read the full post from the NFHS on the 10 rules changes coming to boys lacrosse.
Lacrosse faceoffs could be modified or eliminated this spring
Are FOGOs about to become an endangered species?
No COVID-19 rules modifications for spring sports have been set yet by the MIAA. However, when it comes to lacrosse, faceoffs seem like an easy target if you’re trying to reduce close contacts during a pandemic.
There’s been talk of eliminating or drastically reducing draws — witness the suspension of jump balls in basketball this winter — and instead allowing goalkeepers to simply start the next possession after a goal.
That would alter strategy for both the boys and girls games, although the impact would likely be greater for the boys, given that some players earn their roster spots as designated faceoff-takers. Hence the nickname FOGO (face off/get off) for those kids who have perfected the art of getting down on one knee for a little hand-to-hand combat to determine which team gets to set up its offense next.
Faceoffs in the girls game are done standing up with both players pinning the ball between the backs of their sticks and then jerking their sticks upward, sending the ball flying into the air. There’s skill involved, but it’s also a bit of a coin flip. In the boys game, that 1-on-1 battle down on the ground makes all the difference.
Predictably, the possibility of modifying or doing away with boys faceoffs for the 2021 spring campaign, which is supposed to run from April 26-July 3 in the MIAA’s new “four-season” calendar, was a big discussion topic at Thursday morning’s virtual MIAA Lacrosse Committee meeting.
“It’s such a gigantic component of the game that it would have a huge effect on the outcome of a game, which is what we’re trying to avoid,” said Hingham boys coach John Todd, who was not on the committee but followed updates via social media. “(As coaches) we are clearly open to making as many other modifications as possible to mitigate those contacts.
“We’ve met a bunch of times as coaches since the summer discussing this as it unfolded for soccer and field hockey (in the fall) and the push-off of football (to Fall 2). We knew this was going to come our way. … I’m hoping we can find other areas to contribute modifications to that may allow us to continue to have faceoffs.”
Wayne Puglisi, the coaches’ representative on the lacrosse committee, likened faceoff specialists to kickers in football — take away the kicking game and there’s not much else for them to do.
“That position is a real thing that’s constant in the game,” Todd said. “It would really be a huge detriment to a good portion of the kids who participate. It would make them obsolete at this time, which I don’t think is fair.”
Separate COVID-19 rules modifications subcommittees for boys and girls lacrosse are set to meet for the first time next week to start formulating plans for the season. The subcommittees will bring their recommendations back to the full lacrosse committee for approval before sending them up the MIAA chain of command. The next rung on the ladder would be the MIAA Sports Medicine Committee.
Keep in mind that while MIAA modifications for fall sports were strict — no headers or throw-ins in soccer, field hockey played 7-on-7 instead of 11-on-11 — winter sports modifications are more modest. Basketball players are allowed to crash the boards, and hockey still has faceoffs and, in the boys game, body checking.
“I think we have some good things going in our favor right now with hockey playing with body checking and faceoffs,” Plymouth North AD Justin Domingos said. “If we play football (in the Fall 2 “wedge” season from Feb. 22-April 25), there’s going to be a lot of tackling, close contact when the line of scrimmage is set. We’ll have a lot of data going into our (lacrosse) season to hopefully keep the game as close to (normal) as possible.”
Todd thinks one good compromise might be to adopt the new NCAA men’s faceoff modifications that will be in place for the upcoming season. The new rule, adopted over the summer, mandates that both players start faceoffs with only their feet, gloves and sticks touching the ground.
According to a story explaining the rule change on NCAA.com: “Previously, players could start a faceoff on one knee and use a motorcycle grip, in which the stick is held with both palms down. Members of the NCAA Men’s Lacrosse Rules Committee felt this led to increased clamping of the ball and long stalemates.
“With the new rule, players will have to move the ball in a continuous motion. If the ball is withheld in a player’s stick, a violation will be called, and the opposing team will be awarded possession of the ball. If a team is called for three faceoff violations in a half, the player committing the penalty on all subsequent violations must serve a 30-second penalty.”
Todd said the rule was designed to speed up the game, but he pointed out that eliminating long 1-on-1 stalemates is an added benefit in a pandemic. Todd thinks the high school game inevitably will move in the same direction as the NCAA since it would be foolish not to prepare high schoolers for NCAA rules.
“The kids won’t be locking up for more than a second or two, very similar to hockey,” he said. “It’s avoiding that full-on, three-point-stance lockup like wrestling. It speeds up that portion of the game. In this environment, it’s a home run of an adjustment at the faceoff circle.”
Reactions to the New NCAA Stick Stringing Rules
With the NCAA’s announcement that the new stick stringing rules were passed, ILGear.com reached out to a wide range of individuals in the lacrosse world to get as many reactions as possible to the new regulations, which were passed along with some other elements of the original proposals that came through back in early August, some of which were altered just a few weeks ago.
From current and former players to coaches, from high-profile stick doctors to officials, the changes to what a college lacrosse player is allowed top do with his stick’s pocket have created some buzz. Here’s what is being said throughout the sport:
University of Virginia coach Dom Starsia: “We’ve found that the new stick stringing rules have not made much of a difference to the play on the field. The players all expressed some angst early on but quickly got used to the new stringing. I have not noticed an appreciable difference in our stick skills and the players now seem comfortable. I believe the main intent of the new rule was to be able to dislodge the ball more easily and, frankly, I have not noticed any difference in this area also. I would reserve final judgement until the spring, when everything seems to ratchet up to a new level.”
Denver University coach Bill Tierney: “Our take here in Denver is, ‘it’s about time.’ We suddenly have most players throwing overhand, accurate passes. We have attackmen and offensive middies learning to dodge with their heads up while protecting their stick, because they know a solid check could dislodge the ball. Shooters with huge bags, looking for velocity only and missing the goal by a mile, instead of working on their accuracy, is veering toward a thing of the past. The 4-inch rule leaves plenty of room for three shooting strings and the top stick stringers have already found solutions. Many are overlooking the back-of-the-stick inspection that the referees must now incorporate. This rule will create more illegal stick penalties than the shooting strings. Players really have to make sure their sidewall strings don’t cause the ball to stay in the back of their stick during this procedure. Thankfully, passing is now a first resort, not last. The new stick rules along with the changes in the pace of play, will only enhance the game. For some, it will take a while to get adjusted, but in the long run, it will be so much better for the game and those who play it. We have instructed the young players in our Denver Elite club program, to start stringing their sticks correctly, so they can enhance their catching, passing and shooting skills relying on their effort, not their stringing. For the spectator who thought lacrosse was getting boring, the new stick rules could play a part in helping creating more excitement. Hopefully, a move to a full shot clock in a couple years will complete the cycle.”
Dave Pinciaro, longtime NCAA and Major League Lacrosse official: “In regards to the stick stringing rules, it should really have very little impact on our actual checks. The 4-inch measurement will be looked at as we measure the stick as we normally would. The big impact on the players is now that if the stick is strung illegally, it will now be out for the rest of the game. In the past, it could be fixed; now it cannot.”
“What will have an impact on our stick checks will be the increased pace of the game. We will still be doing our six random stick checks, but we may need to do more after goals are scored. We will still do that at the end of the quarters and during timeouts as we have done in the past. The actual stick check procedure will still take us the same time as in past years.”
3d Lacrosse Founder and CEO Jamie Munro (former NCAA Division I head coach, current ESPN analyst): “Sticks and stringing is a very personal and cool part of the game. The NCAA committee has infringed on the rights of players to create their own pocket that’s best for them. That said, the majority of youth players have pockets that do not allow them to be accurate; (why trade hold for points?). I don’t believe the rule change is going to make it that much easier for defensive players to dislodge the ball, but I do think the rule change may have a positive effect on the players’ own ability to get the ball out of their sticks quickly and accurately. For the past 2 years many of Denver’s best youth players have used Player’s Bench Scott Q’s string job (which happens to be NCAA legal) and is very similar to what I’ve seen in Ontario minor lacrosse players: the result is accurate passing, plenty of hold, and quick release shooting. In the end, the NCAA’s rule change might help a passing game get back to it’s roots.”
Peter Baum, 2012 Tewaaraton Trophy winner: “I think even prior to the official announcement that the rule change related to the stick stringing had passed, everyone pretty much felt that it was a done deal, and therefore, we have been practicing with the new rules in mind since the beginning of fall ball. Taking away the ‘U’ and making all shooting strings no more than 4 inches from the top of the head has definitely been an interesting change. To my knowledge, the committee’s intent was to create a rule that would allow the ball to be more easily dislodged from attackers’ sticks, creating more fast breaks, up tempo games, etc. This certainly has not been the case from what we have seen thus far. The ball is not coming out more, but rather, it really has just created a challenge for guys who have played with the same stringing style for years, and essentially learned to pass and shoot with that stringing style. As a team we’ve been diligently working to find something we can all feel comfortable with, but it definitely will take some time. Ultimately, I think this Spring we might see less long-range goals, less guys able to really bring it coming down the alley, and certainly less of those exciting toe drags and face dodges that some players really rely on. That said, I think it is like any other change, and can be adapted to in time, so that is something we will just have to work towards as the season approaches.”
West Genesee HS coach Mike Messere: “At this point, we don’t know if the rule will be changed for HS. A lot of times, there’s a one-year wait to see if a rule works out in college before they try it at the high school level, so we don’t know yet. The U or the V, whatever you want to call it, that basically originated here with (Syracuse assistant coach) Kevin Donahue and some of the other guys in his time started using it too. With our kids (at West Genesee), if they can’t pass, we make them adjust their sticks. If they can’t pass, they are asked to go do work on it. So we’re not going to be hurt by it here because whether they have that in their pocket or not, if they can’t pass, they can’t play. But it’s funny how kids are. Even my kids, they always find a way. Every once in a while, somthing new comes along. In my day, with wooden sticks, it was tilting the (gut) stoppers back or putting a dip in the middle of the stopper so the ball would kind of sit behind it a bit. It’s like an ongoing process. Kids are creative so they’ll find something else.”
“But I think it ‘s a good rule, especially tipping the stick upside down and then on the back. Some players use heavier string than just sidewall, so they would have to make sure that when (the officials) put the ball in backwards, it will come out. But the idea of putting the stick at 90-degrees, that will prevent kids from having those big hooks. I like some of the things I’ve read. I agree that it will force the kids to do the right thing, and they’ll have to work hard to do it right, not because of a trick. It’s tough trying to get everyone to use a similar stick because everyone is different. But without that big hook, it’ll allow you to pass a lot better and not have to try to flick it.”
“We’ve actually been getting kids to move away from traditional. You can’t rely on it up here because of the weather. I used it with wood stick years, and I loved it. And traditional is better. It has a better feel. But one muddy game now, and you and you’re stick are out. It’s not worth it. So we have encouraged the players to go away from it because it wasn’t helping us. They loved it, but weather made it too difficult to work with. With mesh, we like the passing.”
ILGear.com contributor/stick doctor Erik Lemelbaum of Lacrosse Unlimited: “Contrary to popular opinion I am for the changes in the pocket this year. Placing the shooters higher and thus eliminating the V and the U does in fact reduce the level of hold in the stick. Switching to traditional will help with hold and improve the feel of the ball; but lets be clear that it is not a total solution to the problems caused by the changes. Bottom line: this rule change was done for a reason. No matter what kind of pocket you use, this change will force the modern lacrosse player to be more disciplined with the ball and use his feet and athleticism to avoid losing the ball, not a huge bag to run through five people. Players are going to have to play a more ‘up and down’ game with their stick as opposed to the toe dragging super swing style in the past. The best of all is the potential return of the pure ‘takeaway defender.’ I’m a lifelong attackman/midfielder and can’t wait for this possibility. Overall, this rule change is going to be hard on the current college player but it will be better for the game.”
ILGear.com contributor/stick doctor Shaun “Kaz” Kazimer (also manager of Lacrosse Unlimited in Fayetteville, NY): “It’s going to separate the actual lacrosse player from the athlete. Now you will have to have skill and knowledge of the game beyond just being a big strong frame. You will also now see more accurate passing and shooting because there isnt as much lip in the sticks. Going to be nice to see.
“D men will once again have a better opportunity to take the ball away from guys when they throw a great check. There is always loop holes to the stringing that will still create that ‘stuck-in’ feeling, so it will be a matter of who takes the time to string a stick a few times to find that hold they are looking for and how many different ways people come up with to beat the rule. … It’s not a bad idea for the game because of the huge advantage the O currently gets over the D.”
ILGear.com contributor/stick doctor Matt Simpson: “Let me start out by saying I am a fan of the goal of the stringing rules modification. There is no shortage of people recommending ways to speed up the pace of play, and in my opinion, rightly so. Further, I do believe that a large component of the current slow state of play lives in modern stick design, and an approach to remedy ‘stall ball’ by looking at the pocket is a large step in the right direction. Unfortunately, this is where the rules committee and I stop agreeing. There are several diagrams and articles out there now that define the new requirements, so I’ll not rehash that here, but I will reiterate the theme: Hold is not created by shooting strings. Legislating depth or dimension of shooters to regulate hold is a non-factor. Regulating the color of butt ends would be as effective.”
“There are two issues that are surprising and disappointing to me. First is that with all of the resources available, apparently no thought was given to actually consulting stringers, at least not any using modern techniques. If they had, the new rule wouldn’t have made it out of committee. Second, there is a TERRIFIC model for prescribing how the pocket should be made just one gender over. I am not saying that we should move to girls’ pockets, but it is clear that a concise description of a playable, passable, not ridiculously ‘holdy’pocket can be written. Obviously there isn’t a model for mesh in the girls rule book, but it wouldn’t be hard to write.”
“The reality of ‘hold’ in the modern pocket lives in both the modern ‘keyhole’ head and in stringing technique. Any mediocre stringer can put a modern pocket in even the most primitive head and generate unreasonable hold. The most mediocre pocket can be quite retentive in a maximum offset, narrow sidewall, pinched head. If the rules committee really wants to attack the pace of play question by addressing the stick and pocket, then cosmetic changes to shooting strings are not enough. The path to the fast-paced game we remember is dependent on the pocket, not in the face off or the substitution box. We played that way because we had to. Limit depth, pinch, and offset to match the period we remember, and the pace of play will follow.”
ILGear.com contributor/stick doctor Heeyoung Leem (also a player at MCLA’s Chapman University): “I do not think this rule will make too much of a difference in play. The issue of not being able to knock the ball out is better stick handling, due to a more balanced stick and the offset. Furthermore, a good stringer can string a pocket with enough whip to match a player’s preference. Whether that is with leathers or simple mesh, it doesn’t matter. The only problem for a player I see is if they like a low pocket with a lot of whip or a low pocket with a quick release.”
“It will only affect players and coaches that THINK this will make a difference. At Chapman, we’ve been practicing with the 4-inch rule for a while. The only real difference I saw was on the first day when people were getting used to their new sticks (and lucky for me, a couple switched over to custom traditional pockets). Like a said before, it will only affect players and coaches that think it will make a difference, which isn’t bad or good. Maybe they will have a more ‘box-like’ offense with picks and rolls rather than hard dodges.”
“Another thing is for certain: particular meshes will definitely be phased out, maybe Monster Meshes or even 20 MM (I’ve been having good luck with 20 mm meshes, however it might have a tendency to get illegal). As for the testing of the pocket: it is absurd, inverting the pocket to see if the ball falls out is trying to judge a length of a bus while the bus is facing you.”
ILGear.com contributor Greg Kenneally of East Coast Mesh: “I feel that the new 4-stringing rule will not help improve the speed of the game. Stringers will be able to find a way to have a stick that performs and holds just as well as their previous sticks that made use of V’s and U’s. There are various stringing techniques to achieve the same results when it comes to stringing. I think that a much more appropriate change would have been to disallow the use of X6 or ‘college-only’ legal heads. These heads measure 3 inches through the throat and only 6 inches at the scoop. This allows for a very pinched head that holds the ball really well. If only X spec heads (high school and college legal) were allowed, players would use a wider head which may lead to more turnovers. Then players who have used the same stringing style for their entire lives would have to make such a drastic change. I estimate that only about 5% of current NCAA players will be able to maintain their current stringing style. This change effects many more players in a much greater way than I think the NCAA intended or predicted.”
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NXT- Boys Lacrosse Rules
Mercy Rule- Applied when there is a (7) goal deficit in pool play. Teams down by (7) or more goals will get a free clear after each goal. Coaches can agree to waive this rule.
Official Score- Will be kept by the field coordinator and a referee. Post-game the field coordinator will certify the official score with both coaches and officials. Once scores are certified & reported they may not be challenged. If a dispute arises please call a tournament director to the field.
Playoff Seeds- Teams will be seeded according to their overall record based on points; teams receive 3 points for win, 1 point for a tie. If two or more teams are tied on points after pool play, the following tie-breakers will be used: 1) Head to Head, 2) Goal differential (max 7 per game +/-), 3) goals against, 4) coin flip. In the event of a 3 team tie, the tiebreaker process starts at step 2. Once a team is selected as winning the 3 team tiebreaker, the tie breaking process restarts at step 1 with the remaining 2 teams
Roster regulations- No player can compete on more than one team within the same age group or grad year (ex. A player could not play for a 2023 A and B team) Limited age exceptions can be made in advance at the discretion of tournament directors.
Sportsmanship- If a player leaves the sideline to get involved in an on the field altercation, or a player on the field runs from the opposite end crossing the midfield, that player is automatically ejected from the game. The player may also be removed from the tournament. The offending team may have to forfeit the game at the discretion of the tournament director. In the event that both teams have players exhibiting this behavior the game may be called and both teams will have the game recorded as a loss. The offending team or teams also may render themselves ineligible for the playoffs. The coaches and officials are expected to protect and promote the safety and well-being of all players.
No tolerance policy- alcohol, drugs, discrimination based on race, gender, religion, or sexual orientation by players, coaches, or fans. If a player, coach, or fan are proven to be in violation of this, the result will be an immediate ejection from the tournament venue.
Referees– can stop the game for any reason that he/she feels fit.
Issues or concerns- Tournament Directors will only communicate with team head coaches and assistants on all matters.90,000 news, tournaments, golf clubs, equipment, rules, technology and much more
R&A reserves the right at any time to change the Rules relating to clubs and balls (see Appendices II and III), as well as to make additions and changes to interpretation of these Rules
If a player has doubts about the club’s compliance with the Rules, the R&A should be consulted.
The manufacturer should submit to the R&A a sample of the put into production in order to make a decision on the compliance of this club with the Rules.Samples become the property of R&A and are used for reference. If the manufacturer does not provide a sample, or, having provided a sample and without waiting for a decision on the compliance of the club with the Rules, begins the manufacture or sale of clubs, he assumes the risk that these clubs may be found not in compliance with the Rules.
All terms in italics are listed in the “Terms and
Definitions” section in alphabetical order (see pages 29 – 43).
4-1. Club shape and model
A player’s stick must comply with this Rule and the requirements and descriptions in Appendix II. The committee may include in the competition conditions (Rule 33-1) the requirement that any driver’s head carried by a player, identified by model and loft (angle of inclination of the striking surface), be included in the current list of approved driver heads issued by R&A.
b. Deterioration and Changes
A stick that complies with the Regulations when new is deemed to be compliant after it has worn out during normal use. If any part of the club has been intentionally altered, that part is considered new and must also comply with the Rules in its modified form.
4-2. Change in game characteristics and extraneous material
a. Changing the playing characteristics
It is not allowed to change the playing characteristics of the club by adjustments or other means during the agreed round.
b. Foreign material
It is not allowed to put foreign material on the impact surface of the club in order to influence the movement of the ball.
PENALTY FOR CARRYING A STUD OR CUTTER,
NOT CONFORMING TO RULES 4-1 OR 4-2
(IF THEY DIDN’T PUNCH) *
In a match game on which a violation was found from the hole violators are deducted one hole for each hole in which the violation took place; the maximum reduction in the score per round is two holes.
When playing by strokes – two strokes for each hole on which the violation took place; the maximum penalty for a round is four strokes (two strokes on the first two holes where any of these violations took place).
In both match play and stroke play, if a violation is found between the play of two holes, it is considered to be found on the next hole and the penalty is applied accordingly.
For bogey and pairs competition – see Note 1 to Rule 32-1a.In stableford events – see Note 1 to Rule 32-1b.
* Any stick or clubs carried in violation of Laws 4-1 or 4-2 must be declared offside by a player to his opponent in the match or to his marker or colleague-opponent in hitting play immediately upon detection of the violation. If this is not done, the player will be disqualified.
PENALTY FOR KICKING A STICK,
UNCONFORMING TO RULES 4-1 OR 4-2
4-3. Damaged golf clubs: repair and replacement
a. Injury sustained during normal play
If, during a specified round, a player’s stick is damaged during normal play, the player has the right to:
(i) use the damaged stick before the end of the specified round;
(ii) without creating an unreasonable delay in the game, repair the club by yourself or with the assistance of others;
(iii) replace the damaged club with any other stick only if it is not playable.The replacement of the club must be made without undue delay to play (Rule 6-7). Substitution cannot be made by borrowing any of the clubs previously selected for play by any person playing on the field, or by assembling from components carried by or for a player during a specified round.
PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULE 4-Over
See Penalties for violation of Rule 4-4a or 4-4b, and 4-4c
Note. The stick is unusable if severely damaged.For example, a club that is unsuitable for play, in which the shaft has dents, is strongly bent or breaks into parts; with a loose, disconnected or severely deformed head; with a loosely attached handle. The club cannot be declared unfit for play solely due to changes in the longitudinal (barking) and lateral (loft) angles of inclination of the head, or the presence of scratches on the head of the club.
b. Injury not sustained during normal play
If, during a specified round, a player’s stick is damaged outside of normal play, resulting in a loss or alteration of its playing characteristics, the stick may not be used or replaced during the round.
PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULE 4-Zb
c. Damage before the start of the round
A player has the right to use a club damaged before the start of the round, provided that the damaged club complies with the Rules. A club damaged before the start of the round can be repaired during the round, if this does not change its playing characteristics and does not lead to an unjustified delay in the game.
PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULE 4-3c
Seepenalties for violation of Rules 4-1 or 4-2.
4-4. Maximum set of 14 clubs
a. Selecting and adding clubs
A player must not start an agreed round with more than 14 clubs. In this round, he must make do with clubs selected with this restrictive condition in mind. If a player starts the game with less than 14 clubs, he is entitled to replenish the set, provided that the total number of clubs does not exceed 14.
The addition of a club or clubs must not unduly delay play (Rule 6-7).A player must not add or lend any club chosen for play by any other person playing on the field, or add a club by assembling from components carried by or for a player during an agreed round.
b. Partners’ Eligibility to Use Shared Sticks
Partners may use shared clubs, provided they have no more than fourteen clubs in total.
PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULES 4-4a or 4-4b,
WHETHER DEPENDING ON THE NUMBER OF EXCEPTIONAL STICKS
In a match game – upon completion of the hole where the violation is detected, one hole for each hole is deducted from the violator’s score. which the violation took place; the maximum reduction in the score per round is two holes.
When playing by strokes – two strokes for each hole on which the violation took place; the maximum penalty for a round is four strokes (two strokes on the first two holes where any of these violations took place).
In both match play and stroke play – if a violation is found between the play of two holes, it is considered to have been found on the hole just played, and on the next hole, the penalty for violation is
Rules 4-4a or 4 -4b does not apply.
For bogey and par format competitions – seeNote 1 to Rule 32-1a.
In stableford events – see Note 1 to Rule 32-1b.
s. Announcing an Extra Stick Offside
Any stick carried or used in violation of Law 4-For (iii) or Law 4-4, a player must declare “offside” to his opponent in match play or to his marker or fellow opponent in play. at the expense of blows immediately after the discovery of the violation. A player must not use this stick or clubs until the agreed round has been completed.
PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULE 4-4c
Disqualification.90,000 Researchers measured head strike rates in four major sports in high school
As high school athletes return to training and playing in a variety of sports, the threat of concussion remains. A new study by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) used head impact sensors in four different sports and studied male and female athletes to determine which of these sports puts students at the highest risk of head bumps, which can lead to concussions. brain.The results were published online The Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine.
“Teens are particularly vulnerable to concussion because they often participate in sports and recreational activities and have slower recovery times than adults,” said Christy Arbogast, Ph.D., senior author and co-director of the concussion program at CHOP. “Providing reliable data on head impact impact and sport-related mechanisms can help sports organizations identify strategies to reduce impact impact and reduce the risk of acute injury.”
Building on previous research that has identified how to obtain accurate headband-mounted headband sensor data using video confirmation, CHOP researchers sought to quantify athletic and gender differences in heading speed and mechanisms in men’s and women’s high school football. , basketball, lacrosse, etc. women’s field hockey.
This is the first study to analyze head kicks for basketball and field hockey, and one of the largest studies of its kind as it includes multiple sports and people of both genders.Data were collected from 124 athletes (56 girls, 68 boys) in 104 games and over 1,600 headings in four sports.
Among the sports analyzed, football had the highest head impact rate for both boys and girls. This was due to the role of intentional headings, which accounted for 80% of headings in the sport. Male sports in high school are more likely to have a higher percentage of head punches than female sports such as soccer, basketball, and lacrosse.
Basketball had a higher heading rate than lacrosse and field hockey for women, and the same hitting rate as lacrosse for men. The similarity in hitting rates for men’s basketball and lacrosse was surprising given that men’s lacrosse is classified as a collision sport that allows for deliberate control and body contact and requires the use of a helmet.
The mechanisms of action varied depending on the type of sport, which made it possible to create specific sports goals for preventive measures aimed at reducing the impact of a blow to the head.For example, lacrosse has a higher proportion of kicks between equipment and head than other sports due to the club’s role in lacrosse. However, most of the heading in basketball was due to contact between players. These results indicate potential sport and gender specific equipment rules and strategies to minimize the impact of a head strike.
“It is important to understand that not all head bumps are the same, so future research needs to examine the magnitude of those bumps,” Arbogast said.”For example, lacrosse and basketball may have the same hit rate, but the severity of hitting in lacrosse may be higher.”
Selection of equipment | Russian Golf Association
Before choosing golf clubs, decide whether you will be practicing pitch and putt or golf. When we first start playing, the end result does not depend on the quality and price of the clubs. According to the rules, it is allowed to have no more than 14 clubs in your bag (if you want, in your bag).In the beginning, you will need a half set. For golf: sand-wedge, pitch, iron 9, 7, 5, 3, pater, woods 1 and 3.
And a good stick to pull the balls out of the water … The rest of the numbers may be needed no earlier than in a year, or even two. For the pitch-and-put, an even more abbreviated series is needed: sand-wedge, pitch, father, irons 9 and 7. Woods are not useful here. It is good to buy clubs, already having an idea of the game, holding the club in your hands.
Many clubs offer a “package” for beginners, which, in addition to training hours with a professional teacher, and an exam, may include a set of clubs that belong to the club and are given to you for use for each lesson.This is recommended for clubs by many national golf federations, so you should inquire about this in advance at the club where you plan to take lessons.
When buying golf clubs, be sure to try a shot, try to feel if it is comfortable for you, and buy only if it suits you. Agree – it’s hard not to make a mistake without experience.
Did you happen to be hot-headed, unreasonable, or just by accident to find yourself on a golf course in ordinary shoes, or at least make a dozen or two hits on a driving range? If so, then you probably remember how you later looked at your favorite pair of shoes with regret, realizing that you had caused irreparable damage to it.
Indeed, golf is contraindicated without “special training” of footwear of any kind. Long distance jumps (no joke, every 18-hole round is 8 9 km and about 50 golf rounds per year, that is, about 450 km on foot!), A monstrous twisting load, when all the body weight is concentrated on the left edge of the left a shoe, exposure to moisture for several hours in a row, sand, thorny bushes, sharp stalks of grass – all these tests are beyond the limits of normal footwear.
Actually, the conditions listed above, in which golf shoes are used, determine the requirements for them. Only real specialists can cope with the task. In this sense, it is highly recommended when choosing a new pair of golf shoes to give preference to specialists in the production of golf shoes, or at least to specialist footwear. If people have been making, for example, glasses all their lives, then why would they suddenly start making great shoes?
There are dozens, perhaps thousands, of gadgets in the golf world.Accessories, “bells and whistles”, promising instant and permanent improvement of game results, for the purchase of which golfers everywhere are thrown into the wind hundreds and hundreds, expressed in local banknotes. However, de facto, nothing has a greater impact on the outcome than the right golf ball.
Seemingly the same, golf balls actually have completely different characteristics, intended for players with different skill levels, physical and play levels.At the same time, perhaps, there is no other such area in golf, where there would be such a huge number of prejudices regarding the playing qualities of balls, determined by external signs.
For example, professional balls, which many golfers look at as soft, are actually tougher than the most “glass” ones. Meanwhile, at low swing speeds, more “professional” balls steal distance from players.
Golf bags will help you move all your golf clubs, golf accessories and balls comfortably.Golf bags are large enough with plenty of extra pockets.
No golfer can do on the course without a golf bag, which is designed to transport golf clubs to the golf course, as well as all the items, equipment and accessories necessary for a golfer in the game. Bags are made into three large groups: wearable, transportable and professional.
Wearable bags are lighter and equipped with special shoulder straps for carrying, as well as automatically deployable legs.Bags of the second category are usually moved around golf courses on a cart or on a special machine called a golf cart or buggy. Professional bags have undergone minimal changes over the past couple of hundred years; they are traditionally made from leather according to the patterns of the beginning of the last century.
Do not think that looking personable is a sign of luxury and excess. Even as you prepare to play with your mates, consider it to be a business meeting and requires appropriate clothing.
Many private clubs have branded clothing that usually prescribes the following items:
- First. A shirt specially designed for golf. If you are not convinced of the suitability of a given garment for play, it is best to wear a shirt from a reputable company that specializes in making such garments.
- Second. Shorts will work as well, but shorts must be tailored specifically for golf.Not sports, short shorts, but long, knee-length.
- Third. It is indecent to wear denim clothes.
- Fourth. On the trousers, as well as on the shorts, there should be belt loops on the belt. On the contrary, there should be no cuffs, because dirt collects there.