The Beauty of Wesleyan’s Backer Zone
People hate zones. Not just in lacrosse, but in all sports. It’s a defensive concept that’s often seen as lazy, unoriginal and/or purposefully stifling. The NBA even outlawed zone defense until the 2001-02 season, and the league still employs deterrents to playing zone like the three-second rule. Should a defense not be stifling? Isn’t the point of playing defense to make it more difficult for the opponent to score? Several coaches don’t even teach a base zone defense in lacrosse because they deride the concept of it.
Zone haters think it is a lesser form of defending the goal because it doesn’t teach fundamentals of individual defensive play. The problem with that reasoning is that zones don’t do the teaching — coaches do. In order to coach the zone, players must still understand defensive principles. In an active and effective zone, defenders engage the ball-carrier in a similar way to how they would in man-to-man defense. Players away from the ball also have to be more attentive in a zone to prevent easy skip passes and backdoor cuts. Communication is the key to any great defense, but in a zone the effectiveness of that communication is the difference between an easy shot for an easy goal and a difficult shot for an earned goal. Zone defense is also looked down upon because many teams use it as their back defense or a situational defense and thus do not give it the same amount of attention they give their “everyday” defense.
The most sensible critique of the zone is that it hides lesser defensive players, but that logic is self-defeating. Doesn’t every coach want to protect their worst defender? Even in its most base form — let’s say a listless 3-3 that never applies pressure to ball-carriers — a zone defense can provide a foundation for a man-down unit. The universal truth of the matter is that like all things in sports, there are good and bad versions of zone defense.
The Wesleyan men’s lacrosse team has been on an incredible run. In 2017, after losing their first game 15-14 to NESCAC foe Bates, the Cardinals ripped off a 20-game winning streak. Their season ended in the NCAA DIII semifinals in which they fell to eventual runners-up RIT. Now in 2018, Wesleyan is 17-3 and has rattled off wins against Cortland, Cabrini and conference foe Tufts in the NCAA Tournament. Another test with RIT awaits in the Semifinals.
One of the most notable aspects of Wesleyan’s teams in 2017 and ’18 was the offense, which was as free flowing and exciting as a conversation with the ghost of Socrates.
But the defense is what has helped carry Wesleyan. The defense that Wesleyan employs roughly 90% of their time is the dreaded, mysterious and woefully misunderstood backer zone.
“The thing that we like about this defense — and we have played and tried many other defenses — is that it’s a six-man rotational defense,” coach John Raba. “Everyone is involved so we can play every point of the ball. A lot of zones at the Division I level play a five-man zone and lock the crease with a hard rotation. We don’t want to rotate. Sometimes we don’t have a choice, but the thing that’s nice about it is that even if we do rotate if they hesitate or pull the ball out for even a second, we are back in our set. So all the work that they just did to get us to rotate — if they don’t take advantage of that right away we’re settled and then they’re like ‘Oh my god, we just had to throw the ball five times with a big skip pass to get them to move and now they’re set again.’ ”
The roots of the backer zone are well established. Long time NYIT and IMCLA Hall of Fame coach Jack Kaley tweaked a traditional 3-3 zone in the ’90s by recessing one of the players up top in the 3-3 and employing them as a dedicated slider — also known as a “backer” — to all things the penetrate the defensive perimeter. As the years went on different adjustments and changes were made to the backer zone to improve the viability of it. The Wesleyan coaching staff — specifically Raba and (later on) defensive coordinator Will Parker — began to employ the backer zone soon after their tenure began. Raba had seen the damage that the defense could do first hand as a player on the University of New Haven lacrosse team that faced it at NYIT.
“It started almost 20 years ago when coach Parker and I used to play New York Tech, and they were great at that time, winning national championships,” says Raba. “It was so hard to score on them. So when we became coaches, we would take our team down to [Tech] and we would always hang in there on D, but we weren’t great. We struggled to score goals or generate anything whatsoever [on offense]. So we thought ‘Why don’t we try to incorporate some of the things that they’re doing?’”
There are a couple of things you need to build the base of your backer zone defense. Of course anyone can implement a backer zone defense, but it does function best if you have these elements.
1. A smart and capable goalie.
If you don’t have a keeper who can hold his pipe, hold onto rebounds and make saves from 12-15 yards out then maybe it’s best to play a man defense. If your goalie is a streaky reactionary netminder, your box score will be a mess.
2. An athletic group of longpoles.
There are no free lunches in the backer zone; you need to be able to get to your spot and play the passing lane at the same time. Most importantly you have to know where to go. That takes time and dedication from the players as well as the coaching staff. At the same time, it’s not a math equation.
3. Players who believe in the system.
What happens when your best O-mid gets stuck on defense? How often does it result in a goal? If you’re playing a zone defense that O-mid has a fighting chance because everyone else on the field knows where to go and that he will need help.
“People want to be on the ball,” says Raba. “Even our players at times want to be pressing all over, and they have a lot of pride. These guys are good players, and they want to be the takeaway guy. It’s not that glamorous to be an off-ball zone defender who sits in a gap and plays inside, more concerned about the nuances of cutting angles down. They stop things before they ever happen, so then things never happen. So, you may not notice him, but he may be the best guy we have on the field.”
You’re not convinced. You must have a PC. The zone defense is the pre-iPhone Apple to the man-to-man of Windows XP. Even if you hate the concept of putting a zone in for your own team, you still need to put in an offense that can break a zone when you eventually encounter one. So how do you beat a zone that will press out, manipulate dodgers and eat up bad shots taken out of frustration?
Ironically, the most conceptually sound way to beat a zone defense is actually the best way to beat a man-to-man defense — by causing a rotation, or an engagement of a slide package. In a man-to-man defense, that reaction is often caused by a ball-carrier getting past a defender and into a space where they can score. Against a zone, that rotation is most often caused by quick passing and minimal ball carrying.
“Teams will try and carry to get us to rotate, and we don’t want to rotate so our communication on the perimeter is crucial,” said Parker. “When to pass [the ball-carrier], when to let them carry a little longer. For all of our guys to understand that even if they’re on the carrier but they get that pass call to let them go. Just like if we played man, if someone dodges with the ball, there is always going to be someone to replace. Other teams will roll back because they’re trying to get the defense to shift with the ball and go back against the grain.”
Players in the Wesleyan zone constantly interchange their responsibilities once they’re comfortable in the system. Basic components of the Wesleyan backer zone include the backer and the longstick (who is usually deployed in the middle) being mirror images of each other. Likewise the high side midfielders and lower defensemen are similarly employed — especially when the ball is above goal line extended.
It’s hard to argue with the results, though as Wesleyan has produced several All-America defensemen and several player of the year candidates on the defensive side of the ball, particularly in the last 10 years. But how do you sell the system to those star defenders?
“The good thing is that when someone is coming at you and they’re being really combative and stubborn, know that you have guys to the right and guy to the left that are going to help you,” says Raba. “You can be as physical and aggressive as you want, and if they beat you, you’re still OK to the right and the left.”
The is the 22nd season for Raba and the 19th for Parker, the bulk of which have been dedicated to the advancement of the Wesleyan program with the help of an unorthodox defense that has consistently produced winners. The end of last season has not faded from the minds of the staff or the returning members of that team. They won’t dwell on past accomplishments.
“The goal is to make it as hard as possible for the offense to score,” says Parker. “We feel like this gives us the best opportunity to do that. We joke all the time that the biggest misconception [about our zone] is that we just sit back. We don’t do that.”
Lacrosse Zone Defense: The Complete Guide
As a goalie its vital that you have a complete understanding of how team lacrosse defense should be played.
That way in the heat of battle you can help command the troops to organize a successful defense stand.
Awhile back I covered the basics of a man-on-man team defense and today I want to cover the basics of a zone defense.
Zone defense in lacrosse is different from man-to-man defense in that, instead of guarding a particular player, each zone defender is responsible for guarding an area of the field, or “zone”, and any offensive player that comes into that area. Zone defenders move their position on the field in relationship to where the ball moves.
While lacrosse man-to-man defense is certainly the most common and the style initially taught at the youth levels, a properly executed zone defense in lax can be very effective in limiting what an offense can do. It can also serve as a change of pace or surprise to your opponent who might not be expecting or prepared for this defensive strategy.
Here we go. The basics of a lacrosse team zone defense.
First let’s cover a few reasons why a team might employ a zone defense.
Control the Tempo / Slow down the opposing offense
If you’re up against a real powerful offense, you’ll want to slow them down. A zone defense is a great method to accomplish that as it can really dictate the tempo.
You’ll notice that offenses going up against a well executed zone defense typically have much longer possessions as they don’t see any immediate opportunities and are content to pass it around the perimeter.
You simply can’t beat a zone defense with 1 pass or 1 dodge like you can a man-on-man defense. Beating the zone requires multiple passes.
A good zone defense can dictate how fast the game is played.
Want a faster tempo? Play more aggressive trapping zone. Want to slow the game down? Play a patient, packed-in zone with no traps.
You’re the less athletic team
If your team is outmatched physically, meaning the other squad simply has better athletes, then you might consider employing a zone defense.
Instead of seeing their 1×1 match ups that athletic offenses can exploit, the zone defense offers more built in help and protection.
Zone defense covers up slower defenders and can be used to counter an offense with fast, quick scorers. Additionally, a zone can eliminate penetration by encouraging quick double teams on the perimeter and packing the defense in.
It definitely helps your zone defense if you have athletic players, don’t get me wrong, however I believe less athletic players can do better in a zone defense compared to a man-to-man that leaves the individuals more exposed.
You have a hot goalie
When executed properly, the zone defense shuts down the opposing team’s inside game.
If your team has a great goalie who can suck up the outside shots, or even a mediocre goalie who is having a great day, many teams will pack in the zone and limit the opposing team to outside shots that they feel the goalie can save.
Just like a well run basketball zone defense requires teams to make 3 pointers, a well run lacrosse zone defense requires teams to take outside shots from 12+ yards out.
If your goalie is hot, you can pack in the zone even tighter which makes the zone more effective.
If your goalie cannot consistently save those outside shots, the zone defense will fail.
Surprise the other team
If your team primarily runs a man-to-man defense, your opponents will be expecting to face a man-to-man defense. Implementing a zone defense can be a fantastic change-up to confuse your opponents.
Since zone defenses are a little more rare teams might be thrown off a little when they go up against a zone. They might lack an offensive set that can adequately break down a zone defense and create good scoring opportunities.
How often do offensives practice going up against a zone defense? Probably not as much as man-to-man sets.
Other teams lacks outside shooters
In a zone defense your team is going to be content to pack in it and give up the outside shot. That’s why a zone defense really requires a good goalie – that was a point already mentioned above.
But a zone defense can also be effective if the other team doesn’t really have any shooters that can rip top ched.
In this case, your team is content to give up those outside shots with high confidence that the goalie can absorb them.
Regardless of which variation of a lacrosse zone defense your team is running there some general rules that apply to all types of lacrosse zone defenses.
Before we get into the particulars of the zone, I want to share with you these six crucial aspects of an effective zone. Keep these in mind while you’re reading through the rest of the article.
Implementing a zone defense is difficult, so be sure your team is following these rules during practice as you perfect your zone.
No Ball Watching!
Easily the #1 mistake in lacrosse zone defense is ball watching.
Where all 6 defenders have their eyes fixed on the ball and do not see cutters or screens in their area of the zone.
Teams need to rely on their goalie’s communication to know where the ball is.
Defender’s heads should be on a swivel looking for defenders in their part of the zone and communicating with their teammates on how to handle it.
To avoid ball watching a good rule of thumb is 2 seconds looking at ball carrier, 2 seconds head on swivel watching your zone.
A offensive player should NOT be able to run through your zone without you getting a stick on them.
Especially close to the goal.
Of course you cannot check them hard unless the pass is within five yards but you can always put your stick on their gloves with a check to let them know they’re covered and discourage a feed. I’ve never seen a penalty called for this.
If one teammate cannot get this concept of no ball watching and fails to see threats as they come into their zone, then the zone defense will fail.
Sticks in the passing lanes
Great passing is an easy way to beat the zone defense. If teams are able to effectively make passes through the zone, they’re going to get great opportunities to score.
The defense must keep their sticks up and in the passing lanes to the inside of the field (facing the crease) at all times to discourage passes inside and to get interceptions or deflections.
As a goalie be sure to remind your defense “STICKS UP” to close off those passing lanes and eliminate the skip pass.
Always in your defensive stance
Every member of the defense should be in their defensive stance at all times during the zone defense.
Being in an athletic stance makes it easier to react when a pass is made or attackman cuts into your area of the zone.
As a coach it pains me when I see a defender in the zone standing straight up knees locked. Not in an athletic stance and not ready to react.
Everyone must move on the “rotate” call
As we’ll discuss below sometimes the zone must rotate.
It’s key when the “ROTATE” call is made that everyone moves together.
When the defense fails to rotate together or one player rotates in the wrong direction, goals are certainly the results. So its crucial that everyone moves together on the rotate call – assuming you’re apart of the rotations that is.
For the purposes of moving together as a unit I often tell defenseman to imagine an imaginary bungee cord that runs from the center of their waist to just above the crease.
When the ball is in their zone, they extend out and stretch the bungee, putting pressure on the ball carrier. When the ball leaves their zone, the bungee cord pulls them back to the area above the crease.
This concepts helps defenders understand the need to extend out when the ball is in their zone and then recover and provide backside help when the ball is not in their zone.
Everyone must communicate
Communication is critical to every lacrosse defense and that includes the zone.
Players must communicate screens, cutters, bumping, who’s got the player with the ball, and most importantly ‘passing responsibility’ for a ball carrier or cutter as he moves from one zone to another.
All great zone defenses require great communication.
This may seem like an obvious point but its worth mentioning. In the zone defense we do not allow attackman to get easy goals on the door step.
In this defense we attempt to prevent the offense from getting inside at all.
We do everything we can to force the offense to settle for a 12-15 yard shot and we’re placing the faith in our goalkeeper that he/she will save those.
Now that you understand some basic principles of zone defense, let’s dig into 2 different types of zones that I’ve seen lacrosse teams frequently use.
While most posts apply to both male and female goalies this part will be biased towards the men’s game since that’s the zone I understand. If a female coaches wants to explain the intricacies of zone defense in the women’s game, please get in touch with me.
Even though these are frequently used zones there’s still so many variations even within the same zone defense. Hence the reason I’m calling this a basic review of zone defenses. Your team might run a slight variation compared to what I’ve described it below.
The 3-3 is probably the most common zone defense you’ll find. The basic setup of a 3-3 zone splits the field in 6 zones or quadrants, 3 up top and 3 down below.
There’s a few options for placements of the short stick middies – top left/top right; top center/bottom center; or back left/back right. The placement of the short stick middies is typically determined by the personnel you have and the personnel your opponent has.
In this example short stick middies occupy the top left and top right spots of the zone:
The zones of the back left and back right defenders probably extend a little lower below GLE than my diagram illustrates but you get the idea. Each defender has responsibility for their zone.
Each defender also provides adjacent help. To defend sweeps, as the ball carrier passes through zones the defensive players will yell “SWITCH” and pass responsibility.
In this clip of Virginia’s defense watch how defenders pass responsibility of the ball carrier as he passes through the different zones. After switching the original defender then retreats to be in good position in his zone. There’s no audio but we can assume they’re yelling “SWITCH” or whatever their designated defensive term is for that situation.
Virginia’s zone defense is also a great example of the bungie principle as defender press out to cover the ball carrier and then recover back towards the crease when the ball moves out of their zone.
If and when a defender gets beat, we slide to provide help – same as man-to-man defense. Also same as man-to-man defense, you CANNOT get beat topside. Defenders should always shade dodgers down the alley and not allow themselves to get beat over the top.
Like man-to-man defense there are different slide packages that teams use. The slide package our team utilized in the zone defense was rotation.
The adjacent defender served as the 1st slide and then everyone else rotates.
In the example below the offense is in a 2-3-1 setup. If the middie up top attempts to penetrate the movement looks like this:
Here’s what is happening there:
- The adjacent defender is the 1st slide to stop the ball
- If there is a crease attackman, the middle defender stays put to defense the crease
- Everyone else rotates
- Optional: With no crease attackman, you could do a full rotation where everyone on defense rotates.
Checkout Bryant University’s 3-3 zone in action:
The next type of zone we’ll look at is called a “Backer Zone”.
In this zone, the 4 long poles each take responsibility for a zone or quadrant. These 4 zones can overlap.
In a typical backer zone one short stick will serve as the “backer” who is always the slide. The other short stick locks off either the crease attackman or the offense’s star player.
So if the offense is setup in a 1-3-2 set, the defense might look like this:
M1 serves as the backer and ready to slide as soon as the offense attempts to make penetration. M1 is th slide regardless of where the ball is. Middie M2 is locking off the crease attackman.
When the “rotate” call is made only the 4 defensemen rotate. The 2 interior middies stay put.
A key benefit of the backer zone is that long sticks are always pressuring the ball. This takes away the offensive’s ability to dodge against a shortie.
Even though I’ve already mentioned this is, it’s worth repeating. You cannot ball watch! If D man watches the ball, an attackman will slip into a space in their zone and be wide open for a shot or direct dodge to the cage.
As a variation of the backer zone, M2 instead of locking off the crease man could lock off the offense’s star player. Then the D man furthest from the ball would assume responsibility for keeping a stick on the crease man and preventing an inside feed.
There are plenty of other zone strategies apart from the 3-3 and the Backer Zone but these are most common I’ve seen when a team employs a zone defense.
A properly executed zone defense with a hot goalie can cause a lot of upsets in the sport of lacrosse.
The University of Virginia rode that combination of zone D and a star goalie Adam Ghitelman all the way to a national championship in 2011.
Personally I think all kids and teams should develop their man-to-man defensive skills first before learning the zone defense. Even in the zone defense many man-to-man principles still apply.
The great majority of offenses must be initiated by winning the first 1v1 confrontation and a defender who can get good at defending an individual on and off-ball will make themselves extremely valuable to the team.
However if your team is looking to implement a zone defense than review this post to learn the basics of successfully installing a zone.
Until next time! Coach Damon
Any other variations of the zone defense your team runs? Or any questions on how to run a zone defense? Let know in the comments.
How To Beat A Zone Defense – 2Lacrosse Blog
How To Beat A Zone Defense
We had a great question posed to us the other day on our Instagram account (@2lacrosse): How do you beat a zone defense? The answer isn’t as simple as do X,Y,Z to be successful, so we break it down for you with 5 simple keys to success!
- Identify: What kind of zone are you playing against? It’s simple enough to say you’re playing against a zone, but are you playing against a backer zone, a true zone, one with rovers? It’s important to identify the kind of zone you’re going up against first so you can figure out the weaknesses of each zone. What are these zones? Let’s break it down:
- Backer Zone: A zone where there is literally a “backer” whose main job is to back up the defender on the ball. They will follow the flight of the path as the remaining defenders zone the rest of the field. Here is an excellent breakdown of how to run a backer zone defense.
- True Zone: A true zone defense involves all 7 players defending a “zone” on the field. Often times teams take the 8m and divide it into pizza-like slices. Sometimes teams opt for more square like zones. Whatever the case may be, players defend an area of the field and will pass players off through their zone- they will not follow them to another teammates zone. Furthermore, they are on their own with no backer behind them should they not contain the attacker.
- Zone with a Rover (or two!): Rover zones can be implemented with a backer zone or a traditional true zone. The “rover” is merely a player who acts as a connector between zone. Their only job is to mark cutters as they shift through zone, eliminating the gap between hand-offs. Many teams implement a rover and opt for a 6-player true zone or backer and one rover (leaving 5 players to zone the rest of the field). At times, teams may opt to have more than one rover, covering a specific part of the middle of the 8m.
- Know the Basics of Beating a Zone: There are some keys to beating a zone no matter what kind you are playing against.
- Overload: It sounds simple and the math behind it makes sense. If one person is marking one zone, they are responsible for any and all people in that zone. Contrary to popular attacking belief, this is the one instance where it is OK to have one defender marking two or three attackers. Why? Because as you send those attackers through, the defender will have to make a decision: Mark the first cutter or stay to mark the pack. Remember, only one person is marking the zone, so if you overload one zone, most defenders will get caught concentrating on person instead of all of them.
- Find the 3v2 and 2v1: Another popular strategy involves on ball marking. Everyone’s favorite drill is a good ole 3v2 or 4v3. Why? Because you have an extra attacker with a lot of options usually resulting in a 1 on none with the goalie. With many defenses running with a backer or a rover, they are naturally putting themselves down one (or two!) players. Find where they are short in marking you and attack the 3v2 (or 2v1).
- Keep the Ball Moving: One of the greatest strengths of zone defense is that players don’t have to follow attackers around and be taken out of position- defenders are always in position to help. With that being said, often times it does require shifting to the ball. While you won’t beat a zone by dodging into it, you will be able to beat it moving the ball quickly and forcing the zones to keep up with the ball movement.
- Find The Weakness: Not all zones are created equal, and as you can see from the descriptions above, they all operate in different ways. Depending on the zone, you’ll want to exploit different weaknesses:
- Backer Weaknesses: In a backer zone, defenses naturally put themselves in a man down situation. While they flood and put a lot of pressure on the ball carrier, the defense is playing man down behind the ball. This is where the weakness lies. Even (especially!) when a team locks off the adjacent passes, on the backside there is a 4v3. Furthermore, backer defenses tend to be weak where zones overlap and defenders hesitate in picking up the ball: on the corners. Low players generally don’t want to shift up high to mark the ball (leaving crease open) and high players generally don’t like going ball to ball.
- True Zone Weaknesses: We touched on this briefly, but true zones are great in that every player covers a compact area of the field. Often times true zones will pack it in, opting not to pressure the ball. This leaves the hands free of the ball carrier, but virtually impossible to dodge into the zone successfully. Luckily, as we alluded to, you can overload a specific zone and put a lot of pressure on one player. In addition to overloading of a zone being a big weakness, where the zones meet in the middle to pass off players is also a big weakness. There is time usually between the pass-off, and many times players turn back to get to their zone without focusing on the player they just handed off. This makes for a great opportunity for cut-backs, back door cuts and more. This big weakness generally leads to a rover:
- Rover Zone Weaknesses: The biggest strength is also its biggest weakness in a rover zone: the rover. As we mentioned, the rover’s only job is to mark people in the middle. This is great in that one person can mark much of the 8m and have a stick on anyone’s hands relatively quickly, but also hard in the sense that yet again the defense is starting out by playing man-down (or more). Furthermore, one rover has a hard time marking two players if you play it right and forces them to pick the lesser of two evils. If there is a rover, that is the weakness.
- Pick Your Weapon: Knowledge is power. Beating a zone defense isn’t about brawn, it’s about the brains. Use your knowledge to beat the zone at hand with the correct weapon:
- Attacking The Backer: When attacking the backer you’ll use two of the weapons: Finding the 3v2 and keeping the ball moving. As we mentioned, with a backer on the ball carrier, the defense is man down on the backside. Your goal as a unity should be to identify where the 3v2 is (and not hiding from it behind the goal!) and using ball movement to exploit it. You will most likely not beat a backer defense by dodging into it, but you will keep the on ball defender, adjacent defenders and backer occupied by at least making a move to goal. Don’t get caught getting too deep into the zone or you’ll be crushed. Once you’ve engaged, make sure to pass the ball.. and not just once. Change the point of attack by moving the ball twice which in all likelihood is where your 3v2 is. Move the ball too slowly and the backer will be able to follow (and the defense will shift) so it is important to move the ball quickly. Your points of attack will most likely be at those weak areas, too- at the corners.
- Attacking the True Zone: Attacking a true zone you have two options- overload or attack the gaps in hand-offs. Overload is simple, just send 2-3 people into one zone area and force the defender to choose. Either the first cut through will be open, or the second holding space will be and should have a good look for shooting space. Be sure both are threats and the second holding space isn’t too far out or too far in- allowing another defender to cover her or not in position to draw shooting space. Attacking the gaps in the hand-offs is two dimensional. The first is with flash backs off of cuts. As mentioned, most defenders will pass off through the middle and turn their back to return to their zone. This is an excellent time to cut next to ball and then flash back once the defender hands you off. You then have cleared some time for the dodge but most importantly put a defender on your back (the one receiving you, as the one who passed you off has their back to you). Another option is a wheel play. Whether you’re wheeling all 7 players, or forming shapes (triangles and boxes work best), the idea is to drive into a zone carrying your on ball defender with you, and then passing back in the direction that you came from. Essentially everyone will be moving in one direction, having everyone in the “wheel” following you and filling your space- hence the wheel- and the ball will move in the opposite direction (here is a great example). This forces the zone to follow you, and if done correctly, they will eventually end up too far shifted and the backside will be open.
- Attacking the Rover: Attacking the rover is all about attacking that main piece. You’ll use the same tactics that is base defense, whether it is a backer or true zone, but if there is a rover you will move likely opt for one of two options: overloading or finding the 3v2. The first option, instead of overloading a side or outside zone, you’ll look to overload the rover. Most teams try to beat a zone by putting one player in the middle, which most teams counter by putting a rover in to always mark them. When it gets tricky is when you put two in the middle and they work together to throw the rover off- by coming together and splitting, forcing the rover to choose, or by coming in and out at different points of entry to make it chaotic in the middle. The other option is finding the 3v2. To do this, you actually want to bring the rover towards the ball side. Sounds counterintuitive, but if you bring the rover to the ball side, you are clearing the backside to exploit that man down situation. In a true zone, especially without pressure on the hands (and NOT CUTTING), it is easier for the ball handler to find the open player(s) on the backside and hit them if the rover is closer to them.
- Less is More: Last but not least, one of the biggest mistakes a lot of teams make in trying to break a zone defense is doing too much. Again, it’s not brawn, it’s brain. Less movement and less cutting actually makes your offense more efficient. Why?
- You know where your teammates are: With less movement, there’s no guessing where your teammates are. If you’re set up in a set offense, you can focus your eyes more on how the defense is adjusting rather than trying to find your teammate to pass it to.
- Chaos = Defense wins: Most zone defense’s goal is to make it hard to dodge and to make it so chaotic passes to the middle are knocked down. The more you cut and move, the more space you are taking away from yourself and lending into the defense’s game plan. If you have a set plan of overloading or looking for flashbacks, that is fine, but know the goal. Don’t go crazy and cut just to cut. Make sure your team knows the Why behind everything that they’re doing.
- They can’t score without the ball: It’s not a race to score every goal. A zone defense usually means that the other team is also allowing you to have possession. If they don’t have the ball, they can’t score, so be methodical in your attack and make sure you find the right option- not the first option. Usually that first option is the wrong option and is what the defense is baiting you to do.
We hope you enjoyed this session of our Question Bin. Feel free to submit your own question by CLICKING HERE!
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Our mission is to use mental and physical training to help our athletes succeed not only as players, but as people off of the field as well. We live by 2 basic principles: Be Fearless, Never Stop Learning.
Zone Defense – Lacrosse IQ
In this animation I depict a basic zone defense for boys lacrosse. There is no audio however, there are text explanations throughout.
Posted in: Zone Defense
Tagged: lacrosse zone defense, Lacrosse zone defense drills
3-3 Lacrosse Zone defense quick run through of the basics. Used to perfection by the Virginia Men’s Lacrosse team during their 2011 Championship run.
Posted in: Zone Defense
Tagged: lacrosse zone defense, Lacrosse zone defense drills
For information on purchasing this entire video, go to: http://tinyurl.com/y8p3lutr with Andrew Fink, Mount Ida University Head Coach, 6x North Atlantic Conference Champions, 2x Great Northeast…
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Will Rey’s 31 Defense – The 1-3-1 Disruptive Zone Defense https://www.breakthroughbasketball.com/pr/will-rey-31-defense.html.
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The Albany women’s defense plays a backer zone against Stony Brook during the 2016 America East Tournament championship game. The backer was primarily midfielder Emily Mizer #17.
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The backer zone defense has been one of the staples of Scott Tucker’s defense during his time as head coach of the Limestone College women’s lacrosse team. In this clip, you’ll see some…
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Get the “Split Separation” video training – Free! Click Here: https://goo.gl/z4yJPB. Discover how Split Separation is vital no matter the position you play. BTB LAX Coach Jesse Miller discusses…
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football zone defense explained football zone defense principles flag football zone defense football zone defense drills football zone defense vs man man nfl zone defense soccer zone defense…
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Go to College Sports Live for full games*
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A Lacrosse Weekend 4/13/19
Welcome to “A Lacrosse Weekend” my weekly compilation of thoughts, ideas, stories, myths, truths, about the great game of lacrosse. I hope you enjoy it!
Virtual Lacrosse Summit
It’s coming Monday! 20+ hours of FREE educational lacrosse content! The schedule will be coming out shortly, but check out the speakers, it’s going to be an awesome week! Click here for more info on the Virtual Lacrosse Summit.
- Tom Schreiber – How Box Helps Field and How Field Helps Box
- Darris Kilgour – NLL Game Breakdown Bandits/Swarm
- Deemer Class – Duke / Notre Dame Game Breakdown
- Joe Spallina – The Backer Zone Defense
- Jim Berkman – Seagull Drills
- Casey Cittadino – “Mentalytics”
- Marty O’Neil – Box Lacrosse Goaltending
- Marie McCool – Dodging and Shooting
- Spencer Ford – The Art of the Hangup
- Kaillie Briscoe – A New Era in WLax
- Bill Olin – Women’s Lacrosse Goaltending
- Drew Wardlow – Redefining Success: Winning on and off the Field
- Greg “Beast” Gurenlian – Dominating the 50/50 Face-off, a study of the All-Americans
- Andy Towers – Game Breakdown Penn State / Maryland
- Dom Starsia – Zone Defense
- Brodie Merrill – Analyzing the LSM
- Ric Beardsley – Making Defensemen Great Again
- Terry Foy – Touring the IL Recruiting Database
- Damon Wilson – Developing a Goaltender
One of the skills I’ve been thinking a lot about recently is shooting on the run. If you listen to the Phi-Lacrosse-ophy Podcast with Yale Coach Andy Shay, you will hear a conversation about how Andy teaches shooting on the run. I have taken Andy’s ideas on shooting and added them to my coaching repertoire to create an “On the Run Shooting” teaching progression that I think you will find interesting.
I have found that if you teach your players how to shoot jump shots coming across the front of the goal from 8-10 yards parallel to the goal line they become much better shooters!. There are multiple reasons for teaching jump shots:
- The Jump Shot is an effective shooting technique that every player should learn
- Jump Shots force shooters to learn how to get a proper shoulder rotation
- Shooting Jump Shots teaches players how to load up on their “Jump Shot” foot
- Shooting Jump Shots teaches shooters how to change the timing of the release point, meaning they can delay their release by shooting at the top of their jump, on the way down, or even after they land.
- Shooting Jump Shots teaches players how to hold the goalie up and pull the ball low
It takes players differing amounts of time to get comfortable shooting off their opposite foot, but once they get a feel for it, you will see big time improvements in their swing, power, and deception.
Check out this video of the high school girls team I’m coaching working on their jump shooting.
Now back to Andy Shay. What Andy was explaining that I didn’t fully understand until recently (even though I realize now that I actually do this) is that proper shooting on the run technique involves loading up on your “Jump shot foot” just before releasing the ball on your “Shooting on the run foot.”
Check out this video where you will see examples of shooters loading up for their traditional shot on the run on their second to last step, their jump shot foot.
If you want to learn more about how to shoot, dodge, or play defense, check out the JM3 Academy. It is has the greatest wealth of teaching content that will literally teach you every variation of every skill. And I hate to say this, but it’s true: you will probably not learn these skills and techniques anywhere else. It’s a new opportunity to get world class coaching no matter who you are or where you live.
College Lacrosse Recruiting
If you have a son or daughter who wants to play college lacrosse, you need to watch the video below. I interviewed Lars Tiffany, Head Coach Virginia, Joe Breschi, Head Coach North Carolina, Kevin Corrigan, Head Coach Notre Dame, and Matt Madalon, Head Coach Princeton and I asked them about what they’re looking for in the following categories:
The great thing about this video is it puts the whole process in great perspective. Worry abut and work on the things you can control, like BEING GOOD ENOUGH!
How Do You Know?
If your players are serious about playing lacrosse, getting better, an opportunity to be recruited, I recommend the use of film. It’s like the old saying goes, “You really don’t know what happened until you watch the film.”
Division I programs do individual video instruction for their players EVERY DAY!
I have created a Video Assessment Tool that has been a game changer for the athletes I’ve worked with. I’ve done this for Division I All-Americans, for boys, girls, middle school, High School, box lacrosse, field lacrosse and even pick up games (actually, pick up game assessments might be the best!).
Here’s Calvert Hall Head Coach Bryan Kelly’s Video Testimonial:
Check out a couple of these assessments, they’re pretty in depth! Imagine your son or daughter getting this type of instruction! This one is of an attackman from McDonogh School in Baltimore, who plays the X position and is pretty slick! See what he can work on!
Here’s an assessment from a girl from Penn Charter School who is a sick athlete and a definite Division I prospect. See what she has to work on!
If you want more information on video assessments, feel free to email me! There are limited spots because this process is SO in depth.
Have a great weekend!
Syracuse women’s lacrosse confident its backer zone defense can slow down high-powered Florida
becca block syracuse lacrosse.JPG
Becca Block and Syracuse’s “Orange” defense has been clamping down on opponents in the past 12 games.
(Stephen D. Cannerelli | [email protected])
In the first meeting this year between the Syracuse women’s lacrosse team and Florida, the Gators got the best of SU’s defense in a 14-10 win on March 2.
A lot has changed since then, though, for the Orange’s backline.
“It’s hard to even compare because we’re a completely different team,” junior defender Natalie Glanell said. “We have a completely different defense. We’ve come together.”
In that first meeting, Syracuse was still rotating between its man-to-man defense, which the team calls its “Blue” defense, and its backer zone defense, which it calls “Orange.” Sixteen games later, SU plays its “Orange” defense exclusively and is on a run of 12 straight games holding opponents to fewer than 10 goals.
No. 4 seed Syracuse and its backer zone will look to slow down No. 5 seed Florida Saturday at 2 p.m. in the Carrier Dome with a trip to the Final Four on the line.
“We’re going to see how they react, how they adjust,” head coach Gary Gait said. “We haven’t seen them play against our type of defense on film or anything. We’ll have to make adjustments during the game, make sure we have options. … We’re pretty confident that we’ll wear them down.”
SU’s backer zone allows the defense to play more as a team than focusing on individual matchups. It follows basic zone principles for the most part — defenders cover the person closest to their zone.
The unique part of this scheme is the backer. Two-time first-team All-American Becca Block plays that role, chasing the ball around the field wherever it goes. The other Orange defenders pressure the ball carrier, and Block is there to back them up should they get beat or force a double-team.
Depending on the opponent, Syracuse can overplay the ball carrier, forcing them into a double-team with Block, or can play off and force the opponent to move the ball around.
The Orange has executed this defense excellently in the second half of the season. In its past 12 games, the unit has given up just 6.9 goals per game, and the defenders credit their familiarity with each other for making the team defense work.
“We just know what somebody is going to do when they do it,” Block said. “It’s just working together and communication. You can’t really explain it. You just know. You can read people’s minds from playing with them for so long.”
Florida should provide a good gauge of how far Syracuse’s defense has come this year. The Gators rank No. 4 in the country in scoring. Louisville, who SU held to seven goals, is the only top 25 scoring team the Orange faced in its latest 12-game stretch.
Syracuse, though, is very confident it can continue this defensive success Saturday.
“When we first started playing Florida, we were just getting used to our Orange,” goalie Alyssa Costantino said. “I feel like now we’ve almost mastered it. We’re still playing team defense. Florida’s not really changing anything. We’re just becoming more away of how we play it.”
Gait said SU may switch back to its Blue defense if it needs to Saturday, but the plan is to stay in the backer zone.
Before the team started perfecting its Orange defense, it was giving up 10.6 goals per contest through the first eight games.
But with the success of the backer zone of late, Syracuse believes the rematch with Florida will have a very different outcome.
“It’s been a complete 180,” Block said. “When we played Florida, that was one of our first times ever playing that style of defense. Now we’ve had so much experience, we’re like a completely different team on the defensive end.”
Follow Zach Brown on Twitter at @zjbrown13.
Towson Women Look to Carry Defensive Identity into 2019
Olivia Conti is the two-time Colonial Athletic Association Defender of the Year, but learning the Towson defense didn’t come easily.
Even as she was turning heads with her play, her head was spinning throughout her entire freshman year.
“I had no idea what a zone was or how you ran it,” said Conti, who will be a junior this year. “Coming in, it was kind of hard to learn and get a feel for how you play and where everyone was supposed to be on the field. The defense is so different from other defenses. A lot of teams run a zone, but no one can run a zone the way we run ours. It’s very different.”
Conti says it took until 2018 to get to a real comfort level with Towson’s defense. She emerged in that time to become one of only two sophomores among 25 Tewaaraton Award nominees.
“We practice every day and it’s not something you can just learn in a week,” Conti said. “It takes time. It’s a lot of communication and it’s your personnel on the field. You can’t just throw seven girls on the field and have them play zone defense. It all has a lot to do with who’s on the field and how they communicate with each other.”
Towson coach Sonia LaMonica credits the Tigers’ defensive scheme under third-year defensive coach Mike Molster, but also believes that last year’s personnel may have been the most talented the Tigers have ever had.
“Defensively, we just have some fantastic individuals,” LaMonica said. “The athleticism is something that’s a big part of what helps us. The mentality that comes from the type of players that we recruit here to Towson, they’re gritty and embrace hard work. They just work their tails off. Ultimately, it’s come down to pride.
“It’s become a bit of our identity. To become one of the best defenses in the country, that’s what we talk about and that’s how we act. Our players buy in and they go to work. Obviously, you can’t have much success without outstanding chemistry which we’ve had year after year. We’ve had really great leaders within the unit who have just done an outstanding job of bringing that group together and understanding that they’re one unit.”
“[Defense has] become a bit of our identity. To become one of the best defenses in the country, that’s what we talk about and that’s how we act. Our players buy in and they go to work.” — Towson coach Sonia LaMonica
Conti and fellow returning starters and juniors defender Sami Chenoweth and goalie Kiley Keating are hoping the Tigers can improve on last year’s 16-5 mark — the seventh seed in the NCAA tournament and a second-round finish. Towson is getting more dynamic on the offensive end, but it’s still a defense-driven squad. They ranked seventh in the country in scoring defense at 9.38 goals per game last year. They broke their program record with 232 caused turnovers, good for 10th in the country in caused turnovers per game, after also establishing a new program record one year earlier.
“Caused turnovers, that’s personnel driven,” LaMonica said. “There’s no question we talk about dictating defensively, playing aggressively, making plays, taking some risks. That’s a part of our approach and our philosophy. When you have the talent, you can do it. As we saw this past year, we caused over 200 turnovers this past season. We have a lot of playmakers down there.”
One significant defensive playmaker to replace is All-American defender Tianna Wallpher. Wallpher had a career-high 42 caused turnovers a year ago and was literally the center of Towson’s zone defense that LaMonica doesn’t characterize as a traditional backer zone.
“We’re guarding zones around perimeter and we have an individual who’s guarding the inside,” LaMonica said. “They’re sharing that workload. The backer to me is a little more of — I think back to the original when Northwestern came out with their backer and you had high pressure adjacent to the ball and there was a different goal in place. They were looking to create a different thing. Essentially the zone is where openings in the middle look open and they’re not when you get the ball in there. You get closed in on. That’s been the obvious hardest approach to the zone defense that we have been running.”
LaMonica had her teams previously using more man defense, but went almost exclusively to a zone defense in 2016 when the NCAA changed the 3-second rule to a minor infraction. Towson finished fourth in scoring defense. When the NCAA changed the violation back to a major rule, Towson stuck with the zone in 2017 and finished 16th in scoring defense, and when free movement came in 2018 the Tigers still stayed in zone about 70 percent of the time, but did play more man-to-man defense than in recent seasons in part because of their talented and experienced personnel.
“In years before that, we kind of lived and died by the sword with the zone,” LaMonica said. “This past year, I wanted to be more diverse in what we could do defensively. That, I think, allowed us to continue to do some good things defensively and continue to get stronger.”
With either of their defenses, Towson was aggressive. It was the fifth-most penalized team in the country in fouls per game, and it was whistled for a good amount of 3-second violations. Towson was willing to trade those violations for its overall defense, and out of the top 10 scoring defenses nationally, Towson was fourth in preventing free-position goals.
“With the 3-second violations that you might be a little more vulnerable for, that was an initial concern, but we worked through that,” LaMonica said. “We didn’t feel it would be that bad. Just because it put the shooter on the [8-meter], it didn’t necessarily translate into a goal like it did when we didn’t have free movement. I couldn’t tell you how many times we were able to negate an 8-meter shooter from scoring with those adjacent defenders.”
Towson is counting on its veteran returning players to take the lead while they find a way to replace Wallpher. Conti looks to build on a season in which she set a school and CAA record with 52 caused turnovers.
“I’ve never thought about defense being such a rewarding position,” Conti said. “In college, it’s so much more rewarding to have the caused turnover with your whole defense putting in that effort. It’s so different. I think it’s so rewarding. It’s such a rewarding position that people don’t realize until you play it. You make such a difference.”
Alongside her is Chenoweth, an All-CAA Second Team selection. She was second on the Tigers with 44 caused turnovers, and was second on the team with 51 ground balls.
“She’s one of our best defenders when it comes to your 1v1 defense,” LaMonica said. “She’s a key matchup player. Her instincts are just incredible. She’ll be another leader for us. This past year, she was an All-American caliber, but it’s tough to give Towson three All-Americans on defense.”
Protective strategy in sports
Zone Protection is a type of protection used in team sports that is an alternative to personal protection; instead of each player guarding the corresponding player on the other team, each defending player is given an area (zone) to cover.
Zone defense can be used in many sports where defenders are protecting the other team’s players.Protective zones and zone principles are commonly used in basketball, American football, association football, ice hockey, lacrosse, Australian football rules, netball and ultimate among others.
The names given to the zone defenders start with the number of players in the front of the zone (farthest from the goal) followed by the number of players in the backcourts. For example, in zone 2-3, two defenders cover the areas at the top of the zone (near the top of the key), while three defenders cover the areas near the baseline.
The Match Zone is a hybrid defense between humans and zones in which players apply individual defense to any opponent entering their zone. John Cheney, the former head coach of Temple University, is the most famous proponent of this defense. Hybrid defense also includes Box-and-one, in which four defenders are in zone 2-2, and one defender guards a particular player on the offensive. A variation of this is triangle and two, in which three defenders are in zone 2-1 and two defenders are guarding two specific attackers.
Zonal defenses are common in international competitions, competitions among students and youth. In the National Basketball Association, zonal defenses were banned until the 2001-2002 season, and most teams did not use them as their primary defense strategy. In the NBA, there is a three-second defensive offense rule that makes it difficult for teams to play in the zone, as such defenses usually place the player in the middle of a key to stop infiltration.The Dallas Mavericks under coach Rick Carlisle are an example of an NBA team that regularly uses defense zones.
History of Basketball Defense Zone
Frank Lindley, Newton, basketball coach at Kansas City High School from 1914 to 1945, was one of the early adopters of zone defense and other innovations in the game, and wrote many books on basketball. He ended his career with a record of 594-118 and led railroad workers to ten state titles and seven runners-up.Jim Boheim, coach of the Syracuse Orange men’s basketball team, is known for using Zone 2-3, which is one of the best in the NCAA. His zone, which typically features athletic, aggressive and aggressive defenders, has become a prototype for use on other teams, including the US men’s basketball team, where he served as an assistant coach.
Some of the reasons for using zone protection:
- The opposing team has a player / players too fast (in the case of defenders) or too large (in the case of forwards or centers) for the individual defense to be effective.
- Many zones gather defenders in the lane, but allow the attacking team to take long shots. If opponents are poor long-range shooters, the zone can be very effective.
- Unless a tackle is involved, zonal defense usually does not involve aggressive pressure on the handler and allows the attacking team to easily pass the ball around the perimeter. This can allow the attacker to use more time before attempting a shot, which is an advantage for teams looking to slow down the pace of the game.
- A poor defender can often be “hidden” in the zone because it is easier for teammates to help if he or she loses.
- The zone can help players under threat of fouls to relieve pressure from them.
- Playing in the zone is less tiring and therefore can help teams suffering from fatigue.
- To prevent easy results when the ball is in a confined space under the basket.
- Against teams with inexperienced capture zone guards may interfere with an attack and cause a transition.
There are some risks involved in playing the zone.
- Zones are generally weak around the perimeter, so they are not very effective against teams with good outside shooters.
- Zones have gaps (areas that are not covered by defenders) that can be exploited by teams that pass well or have guards able to infiltrate the area.
- If a team is behind in play, zone play can be a poor strategy because zones usually allow the attacker to take more time off the clock each time the ball is in possession, which limits the time left for the losing team to reduce the advantage.It also reduces the chances of stealing the ball from the attackers and trying to quickly counterattack through the open field. This is not always true; there is pressure zone protection, which can often cause faster opponent strikes or lead to interruptions.
- When a shot is attempted, it is often more difficult for players in the zone to find opponents to defend against the blow, which sometimes results in the attacker easily rebounding on the attack.
- Zone defense requires commitment to zone planning and training from both coaches and players.While most players are familiar with zone defense, they sometimes do not understand zone nuances such as intervals, which require knowledge and experience. When individual teams switch to zone defense, it is sometimes seen as a trick easily used by disciplined teams.
Zone Defense Attack
While the strategies for countering zone defenses vary and often depend on the strengths and weaknesses of both attacking and defensive teams, there are some general principles that are commonly used by attacking teams when dealing with a zone.
- Many popular zones (for example, 2-3, 3-2, and 1-2-2) have a gap in the middle of the lane. Hitting the ball in this area can be very effective because the defense is often forced to “crash” on the player playing with the ball, freeing other players for open shots. To exploit this gap, many teams instruct the attacker to operate in the high stance area near the free-throw line to catch and distribute the ball. The attacker in the high post area can also place screens on the players at the top of the area so that the guards can get inside.
- A quick pass is an essential element of attack in any zone. The defense will move as the ball moves, but if the attackers can move the ball faster than the defense can react, this can lead to open shots. A quick pass against the zone often results in an open three-point shot, and zone defense is less effective against teams with good three-point shooters.
- Penetration while dribbling is very effective in breaking the zone. If a defender is able to dribble between gaps in the zone, multiple defenders must converge on the ball.The player who plays with the ball can then often pass the ball to an open team-mate for a shot. This strategy shows why dribbling prevention is important for effective zone defense.
- Passing the ball into the zone can have the same effects as dribbling penetration: when the defense falls, a quick kick around the perimeter can result in either an open kick or a continuation of the fast pass as the defense is now unbalanced.
- Short Corner: Attacking the Short Corner or the basic zone behind the off-lane defense against zone 2-3 brings the defense into rotation and opens the middle stance.
- Backcourt Shielding: This allows weak players to miss a pass or spin.
Zone defense in American football is a form of tackle. See American Football Defense Strategy and Zone Blocking.
Zone defense tactics, borrowed from basketball, were introduced to Australian football in the late 1980s by Robert Walls and revolutionized the game.Essendon coach Kevin Sheedy used it most effectively.
This tactic is used by hitting a defender after hitting from behind. The opposing side of the kicking player places its attackers, including all forwards and center forwards, in evenly spaced zones in the 50 meter back arc. This makes it easier for them to block the leading players and makes the ball more accurate, which increases the likelihood of an error that could lead to a throw and re-shot on goal.As a result, the best way to get out of the zone is for the full-back to bombard it over long distances (over 50 meters), often requiring a low torpedo punt percentage, or to play a short defensive splinter game and then switch the game. when opposing players leave the zone. The latter has undermined the effectiveness of this tactic since the 1990s.
Another kicking technique is knocking down with feet , often used in front of the zone, where all the players from the non-kicking team are knocked together and then crashed in different directions.The kicker usually aims in any direction in which the designated target (usually the shooter) runs.
In hockey, players defend zones in the neutral zone trap and left flank castle.
Zone defense is not as common in lacrosse as regular male defense. It is used effectively at the D-III level in schools such as Wesleyan University. They almost always use a 6-man “defender” zone where they have three guys at the top and three guys at the bottom, and they try to stay in their zone and not spin as often as possible.When teams are losing, many teams use box-and-one zone defense, where the four outside players remain in their designated zone and the fifth player follows the ball while remaining on the kink.
Netball is a basketball-like sport with similar strategies and tactics, but with seven players per team. Zone defense is one of the main defensive strategies used by teams, along with one-on-one defense. Common variations include a center court block, a box-and-two zone, a diamond-and-two zone, a box-out zone, and a split circle zone.
Ultimate allows multiple zone defense tactics commonly used in bad (e.g. windy, rainy, or snowy) conditions to thwart long passes and slow enemy advance.
How to get permission to establish a sanitary protection zone in the Moscow region online
Before the construction or design of any structure, the question arises of establishing a sanitary protection zone around.Now the service for the establishment or change of the sanitary protection zone in the Moscow region can be obtained in electronic form. Read about what a sanitary protection zone is and what documents will be required to establish it in the material on the mosreg.ru portal.
How to carry out an environmental examination of the design documentation of objects in the Moscow region >>
About sanitary protection zones
Sanitary protection zones (SPZ) are established by Rospotrebnadzor.
Sanitary protection zone – a territory with a special regime of use, which is established around objects planned for construction or reconstruction, which are sources of chemical, physical, biological impact on the environment and human health.
The developer must submit to Rospotrebnadzor an application for the establishment or change of the SPZ 30 days before the date of sending the application for the issuance of a building permit.
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What is considered hazardous objects
Main Directorate of State Construction Supervision of the Moscow Region
Objects that are sources of hazardous impact on the environment are: chemical, machine-building, metalworking facilities and production facilities, construction, microbiological, textile industry facilities, complexes for processing wood, animals and food products, production of electrical and thermal energy, sanitary engineering and sewage treatment facilities, objects of the agro-industrial complex and small businesses, transport infrastructure, utilities, sports, trade, as well as warehouses, berths, places of transshipment and storage of goods and other facilities.
New requirements for emissions of harmful substances: clarifications of the Moscow region prosecutor’s office >>
Who can get the service
Photobank of the Moscow Region, Inna Borovik
The service can be obtained by individuals and legal entities, as well as individual entrepreneurs wishing to carry out the construction of a building or production, which are sources of chemical, physical, biological impact on the human environment.
How to submit a report on the use of forests in the Moscow region >>
Procedure for obtaining services
The service is provided free of charge on the portal of state and municipal services of the Moscow region.
To obtain a permit, you must submit:
– application for the establishment of a sanitary protection zone;
– project of the sanitary protection zone;
– expert opinion on the conduct of a sanitary and epidemiological examination.
To the statement on the termination of the existence of the sanitary protection zone, it is necessary to attach the results of studies of atmospheric air, levels of physical and biological effects on the atmospheric air outside the contour of the object and an expert opinion on the conduct of a sanitary and epidemiological examination in relation to the research results.
The conclusion can be obtained through the personal account of the applicant at the RPGU in the form of an electronic document signed by the electronic signature of the official.
The decision is made within 15 working days.
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What is the design of the sanitary protection zone
The design of the sanitary protection zone contains:
– information on the size of the sanitary protection zone;
– information about the boundaries of the sanitary protection zone;
– substantiation of the size and boundaries of the sanitary protection zone, taking into account the calculations of the dispersion of emissions of harmful substances in the atmospheric air, the physical impact on the atmospheric air and the assessment of the risk to human health;
– a list of restrictions on the use of land plots located within the boundaries of the sanitary protection zone;
– substantiation of the possibility of using land plots.
How to get permission to change construction parameters online in the Moscow region >>
Grounds for refusal
RIAMO, Nikolay Koreshkov
The applicant may be refused admission of documents if:
– required fields in the application for RPGU were filled in incorrectly;
– substandard electronic documents were provided, which do not allow reading the text of the document or recognizing the details;
– documents were signed using a simple electronic signature that does not belong to the applicant;
– documents contain text corrections or are damaged;
– an incomplete set of documents has been submitted;
– the documents are no longer valid.
The applicant may be denied the provision of the service if:
– the dimensions and boundaries of the sanitary protection zone do not meet the established requirements;
– restrictions on the use of land plots located within the boundaries of such a zone do not comply with the rules;
– the expert opinion contains information about the inconsistency of the zone design with sanitary and epidemiological requirements;
– the expert opinion contains information about the discrepancy between the measurement results.
How to amend the rules of land use and development in the Moscow region online >>
Lacrosse – Variants – it-brain.online
Lacrosse has many varieties, each with minor or basic rules. In this chapter, we will discuss the different varieties of lacrosse.
Usually lacrosse was played on large fields until the 1930s. Then, the owners of Canadian hockey arenas created a reduced size version of lacrosse called boxed lacrosse so that they could get more profit from their arenas.
Boxing lacrosse consists of two teams of six players each. Played on a hockey field where ice is removed or replaced with artificial turf. It can also be played on an indoor lacrosse field. The play area is enclosed in a box line, not in an open field as in a lacrosse field. Here, the gate marks are smaller than the field lacrosse, which are 4 feet by 4 feet at either end of the box.
Since there is more action on the small playing court, the goalkeeper must wear more protective pads, which include a chest protector and protectors called riding , large shin guards called foot pads, and a mask or helmets ice hockey style specially designed for lacrosse.
The box lacrosse match is fast and fast. After receiving the ball, the attacking team attempts to score a goal within 30 seconds. If the ball is on the defending side, players must pass the ball over the center line within 10 seconds.
In case of a violation, the player is sent to the penalty area, and the match continues without him for two minutes (5 minutes of the main penalty if he is assessed). Unlike field lacrosse, a player cannot be removed from the game if they are involved in combat.
There are very different rules for women’s lacrosse than men’s. Equipment and physical contact records are the most significant.
This sport does not allow physical contact, mainly because the player’s only protective equipment is mouth and face protection. Face guards are optional worldwide, except in the United States where they are required. There is a stick check here as well as a body check.
A typical women’s lacrosse match begins with two players placing their crosses in the air in front of them over their hips and placing the ball between the heads of the crosses.
In the United States, lacrosse is played on both club and sanctioned teams at the college level. There are currently 88 NCAA sanctioned Division I lacrosse teams, 46 Division II lacrosse teams and 208 Division III lacrosse teams. For women, there are currently 91 Division I women’s lacrosse teams, 57 Division II women’s lacrosse teams and 201 Division III women’s lacrosse teams.
There are 209 men’s teams that compete at the level of the Men’s Collegiate Lacrosse Association (MCLA), in which most major US universities participate.An additional 107 schools have club teams in the National College Lacrosse League (NCLL).
Field Lacrosse is played around the world with ten players per team. The team is divided into strikers, midfielders and defenders.
Attackers – Intruders are not allowed to cross the middle of the field. They can only do this if they are replaced by a midfielder.
Midfielders .Midfielders can move anywhere on the pitch, which also helps to prevent defeat by the other team. Mostly, midfielders pass the ball between the attackers and defenders of their team.
Defenders – Defenders are the main ones who prevent opponents from scoring a goal. The sticks of the defenders are longer than those of the attackers and midfielders.
Major League Lacrosse
Major League Lacrosse was launched in 1999 in the USA. A few standard rules are followed, but there are exceptions.In 1999, 56 matches were played from April to August. In 2001, six teams participated, and in 2015, eight.
Hours of hitting in Major League Lacrosse is a 60 second timer that starts when a team receives the ball in the attacking half of the pitch. The offensive team has 60 seconds to shoot at goal. The kick must hit the net or at least somehow hit the goal or goalkeeper. If the time of the shot is depleted during the attack, the opposing team receives the ball in midfield and resumes the throw-in game.