Top head: Headache on Top of Head: What It Means
Headache on Top of Head: What It Means
There’s no one-size-fits all way to know why you got a headache in a certain place. Different people may experience headaches differently, including in where they strike and how intense the pain is. Pain on the top of your head could mean a number of things, and you’ll want to watch for other symptoms that may suggest what’s going on and the reason for it.
It’s not always clear what causes them. But it may be that tension builds in your muscles when you hunch over your computer for hours or pin your phone to your ear with your shoulder. Or perhaps you tense the muscles in your neck, face, jaw, and scalp because of stress or anxiety.
A hot shower, warming pad, and over-the-counter meds can help. Regular exercise along with meditation and other relaxation approaches might stop tension headaches before they start.
A throbbing pain starts small and builds, sometimes to very high intensity. It’s usually on one side of the head, but it may also include some or all of the top of your head. Everyday movements, like house chores and walking, can make it worse.
During a migraine, you may be more sensitive to light, noise, and smells, and you could get nauseous enough to vomit. Another common sign is an “aura” that looks like flashing lights or waves that you see just before or during a migraine.
It’s often hard to tell what causes a migraine, but doctors do know of some triggers: Hormone changes, stress, anxiety, sleep problems, strong odors, tobacco, and missed meals. Trigger foods include coffee, wine, chocolate, aged cheeses, pickled goods, and processed meats. Talk to your doctor about lifestyle changes that can help lessen or prevent your migraines.
When you have a migraine, resting in a quiet, dark room can help bring relief. It also might be good to drink some caffeine and get plenty of fluids, especially if you’re vomiting. Your doctor might suggest or prescribe medication that will work best for you.
The “cluster” refers to the way they repeat, almost daily, sometimes for weeks at a time.
These headaches tend to be very painful, on one side of the head behind the eye, and happen at the same time of the day. Though the pain doesn’t usually start on the top of the head, it could radiate there as the headache gets worse.
You may have a migraine-like aura and nausea just before each one. Pain usually peaks 5-10 minutes after it starts and can last up to 3 hours. Your nose and eye may get red and swollen on the headache side, and you may be anxious and sensitive to light, sounds, or smells.
The cause usually isn’t clear, but sleep problems, alcohol, and smoking set off these headaches in some people. You may also be more likely to have cluster headaches if you’ve had a head injury before. Talk to your doctor about treatment.
“Secondary” means that some other problem caused your headache. There are many reasons, such as a fever, infection, high blood pressure, head injury, and mental or emotional problems.
Most headaches aren’t due to an emergency condition, such as a bulging blood vessel in the brain (aneurysm). But call 911 if you get a sudden headache with no obvious cause that’s extremely intense. It might be a sign the aneurysm is leaking or has burst (called a hemorrhagic stroke). If you think it might be a stroke, remember FAST: Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech problems? Time to call 911. You should also get emergency care if you:
- Have a stiff neck along with your severe headache.
- Have had a head injury
- Pass out
- Have blurry vision
- Feel dizzy, confused, or nauseous
Headache on top of head: 11 common causes
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A headache on top of the head may be worrying but, in many cases, it is not a cause for concern. However, there are several different types of headache, and each may have its own trigger in different people.
People have muscles and nerves that can contribute to a headache, and they may need to visit the doctor with certain symptoms.
It is important to understand the different types of headache to be able to identify what might be the underlying cause of a headache on top of the head.
The following types of headache may cause pain on the top of the head:
1. Tension headache
Most people experience tension headaches at times.
They describe them as a pain that feels as if it is squeezing or adding weight to an area, such as the top of the head. People will also feel pain in their neck or shoulders in some cases.
The pain from tension headaches is often described as dull and does not throb or pulsate. Tension headaches are usually uncomfortable but not severe.
2. Chronic headaches
Chronic headaches may be persistent sources of pain. Symptoms may mimic tension headaches, and they often cause pain near the top of the head. Lifestyle factors, such as stress and lack of sleep, can influence chronic tension headaches.
3. Migraine headache
Migraines are less common than tension headaches but can be more severe. Many people say the pain feels as if it radiates from the top of the head, along one side, or down the back of the neck.
The pain is often described as severe and throbbing, and it may be felt along with other symptoms, including nausea and extreme sensitivity to light or sound.
4. Brain freeze
Exposure to cold temperatures may cause a cold-stimulus headache or brain freeze. This can happen when eating a large piece of ice cream or consuming very cold drinks.
This type of headache is a sharp, severe pain that hits the top of the head and lasts only a few seconds. It disappears once the cold temperature in the head has gone.
5. Cluster headaches
As the name suggests, cluster headaches occur in groups. They appear suddenly on one side of the head, often behind the eye, and they cause severe pain. Nasal congestion or a runny nose, and a watery eye may accompany the pain.
People with cluster headaches may not be able to rest or find relief when they are having an attack.
6. Sinus headaches
Sinuses can become inflamed through sickness or infection, which could cause a pain in the sides and top of the head. The symptoms usually disappear once the underlying issue or infection has been treated, and doctors may recommend specific medications to help with inflammation.
7. Sleep headaches
Poor sleeping posture can bring on sleep headaches, also called hypnic headaches. Issues in the spine may become more pronounced during sleep, which could cause a headache on the top of the head after waking. Adjustments in posture may help with symptoms.
8. Occipital neuralgiaShare on PinterestHeadaches that are severe or long-lasting should be investigated by a doctor, as they may be caused by an underlying condition.
Occipital neuralgia is pain that occurs when nerves that lead from the spine to the top of the head are irritated.
This can cause pain in the back or top of the head and may also make people feel as if they have a tight band on their head.
People with occipital neuralgia may also experience tingling or jolts of shocking pain. Doctors will look to treat any underlying issue causing this nerve damage.
9. Overuse headaches
Taking too much medication can cause an overuse or a rebound headache. Many over-the-counter (OTC) medications used to treat headaches can lead to overuse headaches.
People with frequent headaches should avoid adding to the discomfort by not using OTC medications too much.
10. Sleep deprivation headaches
Lack of sleep or physical exhaustion can trigger a headache, even when someone is not prone to headaches.
The pain is often described as a heaviness or dull ache combined with sluggishness. If a person gets more sleep, it may reduce symptoms.
11. Exercise headaches
In some people, a headache may be triggered by sudden intense exercise, such as running sprints or having sex.
In some circumstances, such as when embarking on physical exercise, a person may be able to avoid symptoms by warming up first.
A person may experience certain rare causes of a headache on top of the head that are medical emergencies and require immediate attention:
Extremely high blood pressure may cause a headache on the top of the head. The resulting headache feels as if the hair and scalp are being pulled into a tight ponytail.
The pain is excruciating, and it can lead people to go to the emergency room.
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS)
RCVS often triggers a thunderclap headache. This is a severe, sudden headache that can be associated with life-threatening conditions, including bleeding in the brain or a stroke.
When a person has a severe headache that comes on suddenly, it requires immediate medical care.
There are not many muscles on the top of the head, but they may play a role in certain types of headaches.
Factors such as eyestrain, poor posture, or grinding the teeth weaken the muscles on the top of the head. An injury may also cause stress in the area.
Similarly, the muscles in the neck may be tight, which could cause neck pain or contribute to a headache.
There are a number of ways a headache on top of the head can be treated:
An occasional headache may be treated with OTC medications. These may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are available online, such as ibuprofen (Advil), aspirin (Bayer), and naproxen (Aleve), as well as pain relievers, including acetaminophen (Tylenol).
It is essential for people to follow the instructions on the packaging, and to check with a doctor about possible interactions with other medication that the drugs may have.
Some people with a headache on the top of the head find relief from diet changes. Caffeinated drinks such as coffee or tea may help, but other people might find relief from drinking water. Eating a light snack may also help.
A self-massage can sometimes relieve tension in the head and neck.
Massaging the muscles on the side of the neck and back of the head and the muscles along the jaw line, could reveal a tight area that is causing the pain. The tension can be released, and the headache can be relieved with a regular gentle massage of these areas.
Some people may find simple lifestyle tips help, including:
- reducing stress levels with breathing exercises or yoga
- getting more sleep
- maintaining good posture
- seeing a physical therapist or massage therapist
- getting regular acupuncture sessions
Takeaway and when to see a doctor
Anyone with a headache that continues after home treatments should see a doctor who may help identify triggers, and suggest lifestyle changes or stronger medications.
Severe headaches should be reported to a doctor for a diagnosis. It is important to be aware of the possibility of a more serious complication, although these problems are not as common as other factors.
Symptoms that confirm a need to see a doctor include:
- major changes in the patterns of headaches
- severe or persistent headaches or ones that get worse over time
- headaches that develop in older age
- headaches accompanied by pain near the temples
- pain that gets worse with movement or coughing
- changes in mental ability
- mood swings
- headaches after hitting the head
- headaches that prevent normal functioning
- headaches that wake a person up
- headaches in people with impaired immune systems or cancer
Other signs include:
- stiff neck
- decreased mental alertness
- slurred speech
- blurred vision
Anyone experiencing these symptoms should seek medical care and a professional diagnosis. Given a proper diagnosis and the right treatment, many people can find relief from a headache on the top of the head.
31 Causes of Headache on Top of the Head
High risk causes
Cervical venous thrombosis
Cervical venous thrombosis is a life-threatening blood clot that develops around the neck. The condition starts innocently enough, with a dull but deep pain within the affected area. The pain remains constant for several days. If not diagnosed or left untreated, death can occur. While there is sometimes no understandable cause for a clot, repetitive sports injuries have been linked to the condition. The clot will need to be dissolved and preventive measures may be discussed.
Cervical artery dissection
A tear in any of the large arteries in your neck is known as a cervical artery dissection. This may follow minor trauma, chiropractic neck manipulation and physical activities such as vigorous exercise Should you experience one, you can expect to develop a severe headache, pain in the neck, sight problems, a painful and drooping eyelid, and vertigo. Treatment will depend on the tear’s severity. For some, an injectable medicine is used to break up any clots. But if severe, surgical repair will be necessary. This is a medical emergency as a life-threatening stroke can result from the dissection.
Brain tumor (expansive intracranial process)
A brain tumor headache can be quite severe, and the pain typically worsens with activity. Seizures are also a common symptom along with changes in vision or smell, fatigue, memory problems, and personality changes. Diagnosis usually requires imaging with CT or MRI scans. Treatment will depend on the grade of the tumor determined following a biopsy along with the patient’s age and the tumor’s location. Treatment could involve surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation.
Pituitary apoplexy is rare but very serious. The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain and produces several hormones. A pituitary apoplexy is diagnosed when blood flow is blocked to the gland or there is bleeding into it. Symptoms include a sudden and severe headache, double vision, low blood pressure, and personality changes. Surgery is often required if vision is affected. If not, hormones can be administered to treat the condition.
Traumatic brain injury – moderate or severe
After a head injury, up to 90% of patients will experience a headache. Most are tension related and not considered dangerous. However, other types of headaches can ensue, such as rebound headaches and cervicogenic headaches. Headaches after a traumatic brain injury can become an issue if they continue to get worse and cause vomiting, arm or leg weakness, and insomnia. Treatment will depend on the individual case. Mild headaches can be treated with over the counter medications while chronic headaches due to a brain injury may require the prescription of blood pressure medication or Botox injections.
A headache can be a sign of a stroke, or a condition in which blood flow to the brain is temporarily interrupted. A stroke is a medical emergency and requires immediate care. Headaches associated with strokes typically appear in one of two headache locations. If the stroke occurs in the carotid artery, the forehead will begin to ache. But if the stroke occurs in the back of the brain, the back of the head will hurt. If you experience a headache like nothing you’ve ever felt in your life and feel weakness in your face, arm, or leg, have an inability to speak or have double vision, call 911 immediately.
Chronic subdural hematoma
Severe head injuries can cause blood to collect outside of the brain. This is known as a subdural hematoma. There are various levels of severity when it comes to subdural hematomas. If chronic, veins can tear, making the condition more severe. Symptoms include a headache, sudden change in behavior after a head injury, dizziness, vomiting, and lethargy. With small acute subdural hematomas, the best treatment is observation. But for a chronic diagnosis, brain surgery is often required to reduce pressure on the brain.
A brain aneurysm is a bulge in a blood vessel in the brain. It can leak or rupture and cause bleeding in the brain or a subarachnoid hemorrhage. This is a life-threatening situation and requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms include a sudden and extreme headache, a stiff neck, vomiting, seizure, and loss of consciousness in the event of a ruptured aneurysm. An unruptured aneurysm will cause milder symptoms, such as numbness on one side of the face and unilateral right or left eye pain. Surgery is often required along with lifestyle changes to prevent the rupture of a brain aneurysm.
Bleeding from ruptured aneurysm in the space between the brain and surrounding membrane is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). If untreated, the condition can lead to permanent brain damage or death. SAH is actually a form of stroke. Symptoms include a severe headache along with nausea and loss of consciousness. A CT scan is often used to diagnose the hemorrhage and treatment will focus on stabilizing your condition. Surgery or less invasive endovascular treatments may be needed to repair the aneursym.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Carbon monoxide exposure if high enough in concentration or long enough in time of exposure will lead to replacing the oxygen carried in the blood. Serious tissue damage and death can occur. The gas is colorless and odorless so knowing the symptoms is crucial if you believe you’ve been exposed. These include a dull headache and nausea, blurred vision, dizziness, confusion, and loss of consciousness. If you believe you are suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning, get into fresh air immediately and call emergency medical help.
A couple of the best ways to prevent top of head pain is to find your trigger points, avoid them, and focus on making stress relief part of your daily routine. Whether you suffer from mild headache symptoms or debilitating pain, don’t accept your fate without speaking to a doctor and reviewing your treatment options. There is hope beyond the headache.
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Head And Shoulders Pattern Definition
What Is a Head And Shoulders Pattern?
A head and shoulders pattern is a chart formation that appears as a baseline with three peaks, the outside two are close in height and the middle is highest. In technical analysis, a head and shoulders pattern describes a specific chart formation that predicts a bullish-to-bearish trend reversal.
The head and shoulders pattern is believed to be one of the most reliable trend reversal patterns. It is one of several top patterns that signal, with varying degrees of accuracy, that an upward trend is nearing its end.
- A head and shoulders pattern is a technical indicator with a chart pattern described by three peaks, the outside two are close in height and the middle is highest.
- A head and shoulders pattern describes a specific chart formation that predicts a bullish-to-bearish trend reversal.
- The head and shoulders pattern is believed to be one of the most reliable trend reversal patterns.
What Is The Head And Shoulders Pattern?
Understanding A Head And Shoulders Pattern
The head and shoulders pattern forms when a stock’s price rises to a peak and subsequently declines back to the base of the prior up-move. Then, the price rises above the former peak to form the “nose” and then again declines back to the original base. Then, finally, the stock price rises again, but to the level of the first, initial peak of the formation before declining back down to the base or neckline of chart patterns one more time.Image by Sabrina Jiang © Investopedia 2020
What Does A Head And Shoulders Pattern Tell You?
A head and shoulders pattern is comprised of three component parts:
- After long bullish trends, the price rises to a peak and subsequently declines to form a trough.
- The price rises again to form a second high substantially above the initial peak and declines again.
- The price rises a third time, but only to the level of the first peak, before declining once more.
The first and third peaks are shoulders, and the second peak forms the head. The line connecting the first and second troughs is called the neckline.
An inverse or reverse head and shoulders pattern is also a reliable indicator that can also signal that a downward trend is about to reverse into an upward trend. In this case, the stock’s price reaches three consecutive lows, separated by temporary rallies. Of these, the second trough is the lowest (the head) and the first and third are slightly shallower (the shoulders). The final rally after the third dip signals that the bearish trend has reversed and prices are likely to keep rallying upward.
Stock prices are the result of a continuous game of tug-of-war; whether a stock’s price goes up or down is the direct result of how many people are on each team. Those who believe a stock’s price will go up are called bulls, and those who believe the stock will go down are called bears. If more of a stock’s shareholders are bears, then its price will go down as they sell their shares to avoid losing money. If more people are bullish, then the price will go up as new investors buy in to take advantage of the opportunity.
Inverse Head And Shoulders
The Market Actions Behind the Head and Shoulders Pattern
Like all charting patterns, the ups and downs of the head and shoulders pattern tell a very specific story about the battle being waged between bulls and bears.
The initial peak and subsequent decline represent the waning momentum of the prior bullish trend. Wanting to sustain the upward movement as long as possible, bulls rally to push the price back up past the initial peak to reach a new high (the head). At this point, it is still possible that bulls could reinstate their market dominance and continue the upward trend.
However, once price declines a second time and reaches a point below the initial peak, it is clear that bears are gaining ground. Bulls try one more time to push price upward but succeed only in hitting the lesser high reached in the initial peak. This failure to surpass the highest high signals the bulls’ defeat and bears take over, driving the price down and completing the reversal.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do I identify a head and shoulders pattern on a chart?
The pattern is composed of a “left shoulder”, a “head”, then a “right shoulder” that shows a baseline with three peaks, the middle peak being the highest. The left shoulder is marked by price declines followed by a bottom, followed by a subsequent increase. The head is formed by price declines again forming a lower bottom. The right shoulder is then created when the price increases once again, then declines to form the right bottom.
What does a head and shoulders pattern indicate?
The head and shoulders chart is said to depict a bullish-to-bearish trend reversal and signals that an upward trend is nearing its end. The head and shoulders pattern is believed to be one of the most reliable trend reversal patterns.
How can I use the head and shoulders pattern to make trading decisions?
The most common entry point is a breakout of the neckline, with a stop above (market top) or below (market bottom) the right shoulder. The profit target is the difference between the high and low with the pattern added (market bottom) or subtracted (market top) from the breakout price. The system is not perfect, but it does provide a method of trading the markets based on logical price movements.
What is an inverse head and shoulders?
An inverse head and shoulders, also called a “head and shoulders bottom”, is similar to the standard head and shoulders pattern, but inverted: with the head and shoulders top used to predict reversals in downtrends.
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Chargers Three Top Head Coach List and One Reach Signing
The Chargers have a head coaching vacancy that needs to be filled. They fired Anthony Lynn and will be starting from scratch. They have many of the qualities that the candidates are looking for, which is a quarterback, cap space, and talented players at numerous positions.
When looking for a new head coach, the Chargers brass needs to know what they are looking for in a candidate. Since Tom Telesco has taken over as the general manager, they haven’t done a good job choosing a coach and correctly filling out the team.
Both Mike McCoy and Anthony Lynn started their Chargers tenure with winning seasons. McCoy started 18-14 and with one playoff win, while Lynn started 21-11 with one playoff win.
They need something different. They need to think outside of the box.
Dean Spanos, John Spanos, and Telesco need to hire a coach that is either an offensive play calling wizard for their rookie quarterback or a defensive genius.
Here are the three top choices in no particular order:
- Eric Bieniemy- Chiefs Offensive Coordinator
Starting with this, Bieniemy is a former Chargers running back who was on the Super Bowl team of 1994 and had the longest play by a Charger. So, he would be returning to the team who drafted him in the second round of the 1991 draft.
Bieniemy is a sought-after candidate by almost every team with a head coach vacancy. He has been the offensive coordinator since 2018 when quarterback Patrick Mahomes took over as the starting quarterback. The quarterback threw for 5,000 yards and 50 touchdowns in his first season as a starter and won the MVP award.
In his second season, Bieniemy had to play Matt Moore at quarterback because Mahomes went down with an injury and went 2-1 with him. When Mahomes came back, the Chiefs went on an 8-1 run on their way to winning Super Bowl 54.
Bieniemy has been through the most crucial part of Mahomes young career. The offseason between year one and two. He could come in and install an offense for Justin Herbert, who has some similar qualities to Mahomes.
2. Brian Daboll- Buffalo Bills Offensive Coordinator
This one seems like a slam dunk because of the ties between Daboll and the Chargers. Joe Buscaglia from The Athletic said that Daboll went to high school with Telesco in Western New York.
What Daboll brings is something unique. He was around the New England Patriots organization during their first dynasty and was part of the first two Super Bowls of the Patriot’s newest dynasty. He has been around the making of a championship team.
He went from learning from Bill Belichick to learning from Nick Saban at Alabama in 2017. He won the National Championship.
That is a great background but what he has done in Buffalo is impressive. The Bills drafted Josh Allen, a quarterback whom many experts saw as a quarterback with a big-armed, but no accuracy. In three seasons, Allen has gone from completing 53 percent of his passes to 59 percent last season and now 69 percent this season.
Daboll has designed a great offense for Allen. The third-year quarterback is now in contention for the MVP award, and the Bills are second in the AFC playoff picture.
Allen is a quarterback that Herbert was often compared to because they are big-armed, athletic, and smart quarterbacks. Daboll could really help ascend Herbert to the superstar level the way he has for Allen.
3. Robert Saleh- San Francisco 49ers defensive coordinator
What can be said about Saleh, except he should already be a head coach. He has been the defensive coordinator of the 49ers since 2017. He has built the defense into a powerhouse that was able to take the 49ers to the Super Bowl.
Saleh is a coach whom players love to play for, and it has been evident during the television broadcast when the defense causes a turnover, they run to him to celebrate.
2020 has been a very impressive year for Saleh and his defense. He has missed Nick Bosa, Solomon Thomas to ACL injuries, while also missing secondary weapons like Jaquiski Tartt, Jonathan Cyprien, and Richard Sherman for most of the season.
Saleh’s defense is ranked sixth in total defense, tenth in rushing defense, and fourth against the pass. Sherman, Pete Carroll, and numerous others around the league have advocated for Saleh.
He will have multiple offers, especially his hometown Detroit Lions, but the Chargers have special defensive players like Joey Bosa, Derwin James, and Kenneth Murray who could entice him to make his way to Southern California.
4. Jim Harbaugh- Michigan Wolverines head coach
The Wolverines head coach is said to be in negotiations for an extension, but Harbaugh has to have a burning desire to return to the NFL. He has unfinished business. He went to the Super Bowl with the San Francisco 49ers in 2012.
When Harbaugh arrived at San Francisco, they had a talented core, which he was able to make trades and sign players to piece it together. The Chargers have a better core than the 49ers had when he joined them. The Chargers have a better quarterback than the 49ers had at any point.
The Chargers aren’t complete, but they have some key building blocks, the 13th overall pick in the draft, and some cap space. They also have a fan base yearning for an out of the box type of coach after having Mike McCoy and Anthony Lynn as their coach.
Harbaugh doesn’t overstay his welcome, but he will get the most out of this team. It would also be awesome to see him play catch with Herbert pregame.
Rock Verkhnyaya Golov – National Reserve “Khortytsya”
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The northern part of Khortitsa is framed by high rocks, their height gradually decreases to the south, and closer to the floodplains the rocks go underground, becoming invisible. Here, at the northernmost point of Khortitsa Island, a rocky ledge several tens of meters high is very noticeable. Along the eastern shore, three rocky outcrops were named “heads” – the Upper Head at the extreme northern point, the Middle Head – a flat rock in the middle of the island, and the Lower Head – the southernmost of the outcropping rocks, also protruding forward to the water.A spacious panorama of the Old Dnieper opens from the Verkhnaya Golovaya, the arched bridge and the Dnieper hydroelectric power station are visible, the right-bank rocks are clearly visible. This is one of the best vacation spots in the northern part of the island. A stone woman is installed on the rock near the cliff.
In the rock, practically in the middle between the water and the upper plateau, there is the most famous cave in Khortitsa – Zmeeva. This is a rocky fault, a wide crack in granites about a meter wide, its height reaches five meters, and its depth is more than 4 meters.In 1879, flint chips, shards of molded utensils and several animal bones were found in this cave, and even earlier – a saddle, cloth and harness of the Cossack times. The name of the cave was given according to a legend, according to which a huge Serpent lived here, which during the time of the Cossacks flew out of the cave every night, illuminating the Dnieper with bright light. It is very difficult to get into the cave – the rock in which it is located looks like a sheer wall with a negative slope, it is impossible to go down the rock without special equipment and serious mountaineering training.The cave is also inaccessible from the water because of the same sheer cliff and the high altitude of the cave above the water.
The Upper Head Rock, according to one of the versions, is the likely place of the last battle and death of the Grand Duke Svyatoslav in 972. There are also versions of the death of the prince on the territory of the Dnieper rapids, which were located tens of kilometers upstream of the Dnieper.
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Rock Verkhnyaya Golov – National Reserve “Khortytsya”
- Views: 12458
The northern part of Khortitsa is framed by high rocks, their height gradually decreases to the south, and closer to the floodplains the rocks go underground, becoming invisible.Here, at the northernmost point of Khortitsa Island, a rocky ledge several tens of meters high is very noticeable. Along the eastern shore, three rocky outcrops were named “heads” – the Upper Head at the extreme northern point, the Middle Head – a flat rock in the middle of the island, and the Lower Head – the southernmost of the outcropping rocks, also protruding forward to the water. A spacious panorama of the Old Dnieper opens from the Verkhnaya Golovaya, the arched bridge and the Dnieper hydroelectric power station are visible, the right-bank rocks are clearly visible.This is one of the best vacation spots in the northern part of the island. A stone woman is installed on the rock near the cliff.
In the rock, practically in the middle between the water and the upper plateau, there is the most famous cave in Khortitsa – Zmeeva. This is a rocky break, a wide crack in granites about a meter wide, its height reaches five meters, and its depth is more than 4 meters. cloth and harness of the Cossack times.The name of the cave was given according to a legend, according to which a huge Serpent lived here, which during the time of the Cossacks flew out of the cave every night, illuminating the Dnieper with bright light. It is very difficult to get into the cave – the rock in which it is located looks like a sheer wall with a negative slope, it is impossible to go down the rock without special equipment and serious mountaineering training. The cave is also inaccessible from the water because of the same sheer cliff and the high altitude of the cave above the water.
The Upper Head Rock, according to one of the versions, is the likely place of the last battle and death of the Grand Duke Svyatoslav in 972.There are also versions of the death of the prince on the territory of the Dnieper rapids, which were located tens of kilometers upstream of the Dnieper.
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Headache is called pain if, according to sensations, it is localized from the eyebrows upwards, captures the temporal zones, and reaches the cervico-occipital region.It happens that there are unpleasant sensations only on one side. Sometimes the head hurts on the left side of the temple, closer to the crown or the back of the head. Such an arrangement of pain can indicate vasospasm in a certain area.
Types of headaches
As a symptom, headache under normal pressure signals a change in the state of the body. The symptom may be primary when it is not a consequence of organic changes. Secondary symptoms are also distinguished. In this case, the pain became a consequence of the disease that had arisen.
Primary pains include:
• pain from muscle strain;
• trigeminal cephalalgias.
The cause of the headache in the left side can be:
• hemostasis disorder;
• head trauma;
• taking or withdrawing chemicals;
• vascular disease;
• eye or ear diseases;
• intracranial anomalies;
• diseases of the oral cavity and teeth;
• mental disorders.
Sudden onset of one-sided pain can be a symptom of a serious illness or subarachnoid hemorrhage that threatens the patient’s life. If the left side of the head hurts for a long time, this may indicate that purulent otitis media is progressing. In the face of the skull, there are sinuses, the inflammation of which also leads to local pain. The existence of a large number of diseases, the symptoms of which include headache, greatly complicates the diagnosis.
What to do if the head hurts the second day?
Do not take pain medications on a regular basis.A headache at one point should be the reason for an early visit to the doctor. Diagnostics is reduced to an objective examination and collection of analysis. Additionally, neuroimaging may be required.
The specialists of the DorsumMed network of clinics have sufficient experience and are equipped with the latest technology. To make an appointment, fill out the fields of the proposed form. The responsible manager will call you back to suggest a convenient time for the visit.
Head on the right hurts? Get rid of pain in 1 dosePain in the head on the right
Unilateral headaches are a symptom of migraines, overwork or more serious illnesses.When headaches on the right side are common, pain relievers do not help. If over time the attacks are repeated more and more often, and the pain intensifies, you should immediately seek medical help. Ignoring the condition or self-medication leads to the progression of diseases.
Description of the migraine state
Migraine may come on suddenly, gradually increase or decrease. To such a symptom as pain in the right hemisphere of the head, concomitant ones can be added:
• deterioration of vision and hearing;
• photophobia and the appearance of “flies” before the eyes;
• nausea and vomiting.
Pain can be prolonged or repeated in short bouts up to 15 times a day. Pupils narrow, lacrimation increases, eyes turn red, nasal congestion appears. The state cannot be ignored. It is often the cause of the disability of women.
Signs of cluster pathology
At first you notice that your head is throbbing without pain. The state appears suddenly, as it disappears. Over time, a one-sided headache appears. It is localized in a certain area near the eye, ear, back of the head or at the crown.Vessels in the eyes burst, the skin of the face turns red, the pressure rises, and more and more blood rushes to the head.
The nature of cluster pain is poorly understood. The intensity of the attacks is not reduced by pain relievers and antispasmodics. Doctors advise to provide the patient with complete rest, dim light and silence. So you can alleviate the condition a little, but not get rid of the disease.
What to do when the right side of your head hurts?
You can not take drugs uncontrollably, trying to improve your own condition.It is necessary to make an appointment with a neurologist. The network of medical centers “DorsumMed” employs highly qualified specialists. They are equipped with all the means of accurate diagnostics. To get an appointment, fill out the fields of the proposed form. The manager of the company will call you back to suggest a convenient time and advise on any issues that have arisen.
Headache – causes of occurrence, under what diseases it occurs, diagnosis and treatment methods
The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication.In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, only the attending physician should prescribe diagnostic tests. For a diagnosis and correct treatment, you should contact your doctor.A headache – the reasons for the appearance, for what diseases it occurs, diagnostics and methods of treatment.
The headache is based on irritation of pain receptors located in:
- dura mater and cerebral vessels;
- periosteum of the skull, vessels of the soft tissues of the head, muscles.
Varieties of headaches (cephalgia)
Headaches are divided into primary and secondary. A headache is considered primary if it is the main manifestation of a brain disorder, such as migraines and tension headaches.
Secondary headache is a symptom of other disorders, such as head trauma, chronic cerebral ischemia, viral diseases, diseases of the cervical spine, etc.etc.Let’s dwell on the four most common types of headaches.
Tension headache is the most common form of primary headache. Psychoemotional stress, depression, anxiety and various phobias, overstrain of the muscles of the shoulder girdle are the main causes of tension headaches.
Migraine occurs in women about three times more often than in men, and about 60-70% of all migraine cases in women are the so-called menstrual migraine.However, the causes and mechanism of development of migraine attacks are not fully understood. At any age, both men and women, migraine attacks can be triggered by emotional and physical overload, eating disorders, alcohol intake, changes in weather conditions, loud noise, strong odors, etc.
Headache with colds
Headache in colds, it is caused by hyperthermia and the damaging effect of microorganism toxins on brain cells.
Headache in chronic cerebral ischemia
The cause of this pain, which is the most common secondary headache in elderly patients, is the pathology of the cerebral vessels, in which blood circulation is impaired and the blood supply to the brain tissues deteriorates.
Which diseases cause
Tension headache is based on irritation of the structures of the central nervous system (CNS), called the nociceptive system.Myogenic, stressful, psychogenic headaches refer to tension headaches.
Most often, tension headache occurs at a young and working age.
In cases of tension headache, a person experiences bilateral, usually not strong, pressing and squeezing, monotonous and dull headaches. Attacks of such pains are accompanied by fatigue, nervousness, impaired appetite and sleep, decreased performance.The duration of the attack is from 30 minutes to several days.
Indicates only one disease – migraine, since the attacks of such cephalalgia have a peculiar character. Migraine pain, paroxysmal, throbbing, of moderate or severe intensity. It captures half of the head.The pain can intensify with physical exertion, tilting the head, often accompanied by nausea, vomiting. Bright light, harsh sound, strong odor increase pain.A migraine attack can be preceded by an aura lasting up to one hour – a combination of visual, auditory, olfactory or other neurological symptoms.
Headache with colds
Occurs in most acute and chronic diseases of the upper and lower respiratory tract caused by bacteria or viruses. In some cases, the intensity of such cephalalgias correlates with the severity of fever, the strength of the cough, sore throat and other symptoms. The pain most often spreads over the entire head.
Headache in chronic cerebral ischemia
The concept of chronic cerebral ischemia includes: discirculatory or vascular encephalopathy (slowly progressive cerebrovascular accident), cerebrovascular insufficiency (pathology of cerebral vessels) (vascular, dementia lesion of the naked brain). In the clinical picture of chronic cerebral ischemia, dizziness, decreased cognitive functions, emotional lability (unstable mood), motor-coordination disorders, and perception disorders (tinnitus, “flies” in front of the eyes) become indispensable companions of headaches.Headaches are usually mild, spread all over the head, long-lasting.
Diagnostics and examinations
Tension headache and migraine headache, headache with colds
The diagnosis is made by a neurologist based on anamnesis and assessment of patient complaints.
Headache in chronic cerebral ischemia
Radiation examination (ultrasound Doppler ultrasonography of cerebral vessels), key in chronic cerebral ischemia
Brain freeze: why ice cream can cause headaches?
- Jason G.Goldman
- BBC Future
Photo author, SPL
According to some reports, “cold” headache (or, as it is sometimes called, “brain freeze”) is familiar to every third person. Correspondent BBC Future decided to investigate the causes of the phenomenon.
It has long been known that cold desserts can cause pain, but the reasons why this happens are still a matter of controversy.
The first report on this phenomenon is dated 1939. “Your nose and fingertips go numb, and if you don’t rub your forehead, you’ll get a cold headache,” says Rebecca Timbres’ book We Didn’t Ask for a Utopia: A Quaker Family in Soviet Russia.
Despite the fact that the phenomenon was discussed in the medical literature already in the 1850s, the phenomenon received recognition of the International Headache Society only in 1988. Then they started talking about him as a “headache caused by the cold.”
In the third edition of the International Classification of Headaches, published in 2013, a team of scientists concluded that this type of pain occurs only when cold is applied to the head or mouth. As soon as the irritant disappears, the headache also disappears.
The area in front of the head most often hurts from the cold. However, in some cases, pain occurs near the ears or as if directly behind the eyes.
However, wherever this pain manifests itself the next time, it will definitely be “sharp, short and sharp.”
Anyone who has ever had an attack of a brain freeze will tell you that this is not very pleasant.
Since cold headache is often associated with irritation of the upper palate, the scientific name of the phenomenon is sphenopalative ganglioneuralgia, that is, “neuralgia of the palatine ganglion” (a nerve node that transmits sensations from the palate to the brain).
Pain is thought to result from constriction or dilation of blood vessels that occurs in response to cold.
As soon as our body feels cold, it sends warm blood to the brain as an antidote. It is the rapid change in blood flow that can cause pain.
Cold headache was also considered a subtype of migraine headaches, since both phenomena are associated with a disordered response to stimuli. The widening and narrowing of blood vessels that occurs with cold headaches is similar to the causes of migraines.
According to another version, cold headache is an example of “reflected pain”, a mysterious, but at the same time well-studied phenomenon, in which irritation of one part of the body causes pain in a completely different place.
Photo author, GettyCaption,
Cold headache attacks are short but intense
The link between cold headache and migraine is still not fully understood; however, almost everyone recognizes that phenomena are related.
In 2001, neurologist Peter Mattson conducted a study at the Swedish University Hospital. He found that women who experienced migraines at least once a year were twice as likely to experience cold headaches as those who never had migraines.
Palate and Brain
In 2004, Turkish neurologist Matsit Selekler investigated those suffering from migraines and tension headaches (that is, the pain that occurs from stress or intense exertion).
Together with his colleagues, Selekler conducted the “ice test”. During the experiment, subjects were asked to press an ice cube with their tongue against the palate.
As a result, 60% of the participants in the experiment had headaches, and 80% of them had suffered from migraines before.
Photo author, GettyPhoto caption,
Children who were given enough time to enjoy the treat did not experience headaches
Taiwanese neurologist Zhong-Ling Fuh came to a similar conclusion while observing Taiwanese teenagers. Together with her colleagues, she interviewed almost 9 thousand people aged 13 to 15 years.
It turned out that about 40% of adolescents have ever experienced a cold headache, and it was 15% more common in those who, in principle, suffered from migraines.
According to Fuh, the link between the two types of headache can be explained by the dynamics of blood flow between the palate and the brain.
Scientists continue to study the neurological and vascular aspects of this phenomenon, but something, nevertheless, has already been clarified.
For example, one doctor at McMaster University found that teens who were asked to eat a serving of ice cream in five seconds were twice as likely to experience cold headaches as students who were allowed to stretch out the pleasure.
So these pains are more likely when the cold stimulus is in sharp contact with the palate.
It is also known that ice-cold desserts and drinks are not the only ones that cause cold headaches. For example, winter surfing can lead to it, the doctor at the British Olympic Medical Center, Mark Harris, found out.
“From my own crazy winter surfer past, I know of a nauseating frontal headache that comes on seconds after riding an oncoming wave,” he wrote in a 1997 letter to the editor of the British Medical Journal.“The pain lasts 20-30 seconds, increasing with each subsequent wave.” passing through the palate is likely the cause of the patient’s pain, “Australian neurologist Stacey Yankelowitz wrote in a 2001 report.
Fortunately, a relatively affordable remedy has been found to combat pain.”The pain persists as long as the stimulus is applied. So the patient gave up skating.”
Nearly 20 years ago, Joseph Halihan of Temple University concluded that it is not necessary for those suffering from cold headaches to give up ice cream altogether.
Photo author, GettyPhoto caption,
Preventive measures usually help avoid ice cream
Since pain mostly irritates the back of the palate (where it becomes soft and fleshy), you can simply try to eat so that the cold food did not touch the sensitive area.
“Most people are able to take these preventive measures without consulting a doctor,” he says. “Avoiding ice cream is not indicated.”
Eye pains and headaches
Is eye pain always associated with eye disease?
No, other diseases can cause pain in or around the eyes.
When can the causes of eye pain be hidden in other areas of the body?
The eye is an organ richly equipped with nerves, the sensitivity of which is provided by the trigeminal nerve, which provides sensitivity in the scalp, upper eyelid, lacrimal gland, cornea and mucous membrane of the eye, in the root of the nose, frontal sinuses, as well as in part of the lining of the brain – in its outer layer and in blood vessels.One of the manifestations of the disease of this nerve can also be pain in the eyes, although the eye, as an organ, is healthy.
Trigeminal (V) nerve and its branches
One of the nuclei of the trigeminal nerve is located in the cervical region, where its sensory fibers interact with the cerebral XI or accessory nerve, as well as with the nerve pathways in the upper part of the neck, thus bringing the pain that appeared in the neck region to the head, including and up to the eyes.
Nucleus of the trigeminal V-shaped nerve in the cervical region
Eye pain can also be caused by optic neuritis, as well as occipital neuralgia or nerve disease that occurs in the region of the first and second cervical vertebrae.
Anatomy of the optic nerve
What diseases cause eye pain and headache?
Migraine or a disease characterized by severe headache. The manifestations of the disease can also be increased sensitivity to light and sound, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, pain in the eyes or behind the eyes, blurred vision, changes in the field of vision (floating blurred points, flashes of light), etc.
Migraine is divided into two types – migraine with or without aura.In the case of migraine with aura, symptoms are felt before the migraine attack, which indicates the approach of the attack. A migraine attack can last from several hours to several days and usually occurs in several stages. Despite this, each patient has an individual attack.
There is also an ocular migraine, when, in the event of an attack, the main complaints are associated with changes in vision, blurring.
Migraine and cluster headaches
Cluster (beam) headache – one of the most severe headaches.It usually begins suddenly, without warning symptoms, and continues as episodic pains that recur periodically. Attacks usually last 6 to 12 weeks and can be seasonal. During an attack, pain usually occurs daily, and sometimes several times a day. The duration of one attack of pain can last from 15 to 180 minutes, moreover, pain every time occurs at the same time of day, most often at night, 2-3 hours after falling asleep. The pain is usually excruciating, in most cases localized around the eyes, but it can also radiate to the face, head, and even to the neck and shoulders.The pain is one-sided, it can also be accompanied by redness of the eye, tearing, swelling, and sometimes even drooping of the upper eyelid.
Occipital neuralgia (occipital neuralgia) is a common type of headache. These headaches are caused by damage to the greater or lesser occipital nerves that begin in the neck, near the second and third occipital vertebrae. Pain can be caused by tumors, trauma, infections, hemorrhages, or systemic diseases such as osteoarthritis, degenerative changes in the cervical spine, diabetes, and gout.Occipital neuralgia can also be triggered by prolonged head-downward tilting. As a rule, pain begins in the neck, then spreads upward and is reflected in the eye orbits, occiput, forehead and temples. The pain is sharp, pulsating, like an electric shock.
Trochleitis – inflammation of the oblique muscle of the eye, which causes pain above the eyeball or in the inner corner. Trochleitis can be caused by autoimmune inflammatory diseases of the connective tissue, such as Behcet’s disease, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, lymphoma, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, and rheumatic diseases – rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus or sinus inflammation, tumors.In the case of trochleitis, the pain is long lasting, in intensity it can vary from dull to severe. Various studies also suggest that trochleitis can exacerbate migraine attacks in patients who already have migraines.
Anatomy of the trochlear nerve
LASH is a very rare type of headache that is expressed in two ways. In the first case, the manifestations of the disease are episodic, and they are characterized by short-term and frequent attacks of headache, accompanied by symptoms such as conjunctivitis, lacrimation, drooping of the upper eyelid, nasal discharge.One attack lasts 2 to 45 minutes. In the second case, LASH manifests itself as a mild to moderate, prolonged, one-sided headache, during which migraine-like attacks appear with even more severe pain syndrome. In both cases, the localization of pain can also be behind the eyeball.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic condition that affects the trigeminal nerve, in which case even the slightest irritation to the face can cause an attack of acute pain.Pain can be caused by smiling, talking, touching your face, drinking cold or hot drinks, shaving your beard, brushing your teeth, etc. Seizures may initially be short and mild, gradually progressing in both duration and intensity. The pain of a cutting nature and is similar to an electrical discharge, the cause of their occurrence is completely unknown.
Optic neuritis is a demyelinating inflammation of the optic nerve, in which the optic nerve loses myelin fiber, resulting in impaired transmission of visual information to and from the brain.This inflammation is characterized by blurred vision and pain that is aggravated by eye movement. Changes in color perception are also common. Pain is often the first manifestation of optic neuritis. This inflammation is often caused by systemic diseases such as multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis.
Postherpetic neuralgia occurs in 7% of patients with herpes zoster, in whom the course of the disease also affected the eyes. After recovery, the patient may have episodic or even persistent pain for months or even years, including the area around the eyes.The greatest chance of developing postherpetic neuralgia is found in the elderly, as well as in people whose herpes began with a prodrome – symptoms similar to the common cold.
Paranasal sinus disease is inflammation or swelling of the sinuses that can result from exposure to various viruses, bacteria, fungi or allergens. The inflammation creates a blockage of these sinuses, which is characterized by symptoms such as nasal discharge, pain in the face and around the eyes, headache, fever, weakness, neck pain, and coughing.
Reflective pain. Eye pain also occurs with pain in the frontal lobe, reflecting pain from the frontal lobe into the eye, with damage to the posterior part of the brain, and with cervicalgia or pain in the neck.
The well-known philosopher Socrates, who lived before our era, said: “Just as you cannot start treating the eye without thinking about the head, or treating the head without thinking about the whole organism, so you cannot heal the body without treating the soul.