Pick and Roll for Basketball (Offensive Guide)
Let’s start out with a bold (and true) statement…
“The pick and roll is the most effective action in basketball. This is true from youth basketball all the way up to the NBA level.”
But there’s one problem…
Many coaches are missing out important details when teaching their players how to execute the screen and roll.
These simple details can result in your team missing out on many points every game.
Once you learn how the pick and roll should be run and fix up a few mistakes, your team’s pick and roll will be far more effective resulting in improved scoring opportunities.
In this article, I’ll explain what a pick and roll is, break down the perfect 7-step process that will have your team shooting wide open shots and layups, share drills and plays with you, and much more.
What is a Pick and Roll?
Let’s establish some base knowledge on how the pick and roll works with a simple breakdown before diving into much more detail.
The pick and roll (also known as the ‘screen and roll’, ‘on-ball screen’, or ‘ball-screen’) involves an offensive player setting a screen for a teammate in possession of the basketball.
1. An offensive player without the basketball sets a screen for the player with the basketball.
2. The player with the basketball reads the defenders and dribbles off the screen looking to attack and create a shot for themselves or another player on the team.
3. After screening, the screener rolls to the rim looking to catch the basketball and finish inside.
That’s as simple as it gets.
Looking for more advanced information?
How to Run the Perfect Pick and Roll
To make the pick and roll simple and easy for your players to learn at an advanced level, I’ve broken it down into 7 easy-to-understand steps.
The first three steps focus on the preparation for the screen which is the most important part of the pick and roll. If this isn’t done properly, there’s very little chance the pick and roll will be successful.
The final three steps focus on the execution of the pick and roll. These require the offensive players to read the defense and make the correct decisions based on how the screen is defended.
Let’s go through these steps in more detail…
1. Dribbler Creates Separation
The first step for an effective pick and roll is for the dribbler to create separation between themselves and the on-ball defender.
This sets up the on-ball defender to be screened effectively.
If the on-ball defender is too close, then it will be easy for them to lock on and trail over the screen without being put at too much of a disadvantage.
To create this separation, the dribbler should sweep through or jab step if they haven’t used their dribble.
If they are in the process of dribbling, a quick jab and crossover or inside-out dribble will be enough to make the on-ball defender take a step back in preparation to defend the drive.
2. Screener Creates Separation
The second step to an effective pick and roll is for the screener to create as much separation as possible between themselves and their defender before setting the on-ball screen.
By creating separation before setting the screen, we decrease the screener’s defender’s ability to provide help on the dribbler.
Without good help, the dribbler is often open for the shot or will be attacking a defender who is still closing out to the basketball.
So, how can a screener create this separation?
1. Don’t Telegraph the Screen
By giving away where you’re going to screen, the opposition is able to establish correct defensive position early and communicate with other defenders.
It’s also important that coaches implement an offense that doesn’t involve the same screens being set over and over again.
(I recommend: 5-Out Motion and 4-Out 1-In Motion).
This is another reason why it’s not a good idea to run the same set plays constantly throughout a game.
2. Sprint to Screen
When an offensive player is going to set the screen, they should explode towards the position of the screen to get an extra step or two on their opponent.
In fact, smart players are able to nudge their opponent off-balance (without committing an offensive foul) before exploding to the ball to create further separation.
Too often we see screeners casually jogging (or even walking) towards the screening position allowing their opponent to establish help position early.
3. Use a ‘Ram Screen’
The ‘ram screen’ is a great basketball action which involves a third offensive player setting a screen for the screener before the screener sets the on-ball screen.
This might be difficult to understand through words, so I’ve included this great video from Dan Carbaugh on the ram screen.
Since the screener’s defender is being screened, it will take them more time to get to the correct help position as they’ll have to fight through the first screen.
Again, this gives the dribbler a head start attacking the hoop and the screener’s defender must stop the dribbler while they have a full head of steam.
This can be incredibly effective if you’re able to incorporate it into your offense.
3. Correct Screening Angle
The angle that the screen is set on is arguably the most important part of the pick and roll yet is often overlooked by most coaches.
If you take anything at all from this article, let it be that you focus more on the angle your players are setting on-ball screens.
It’s one of those small details that can lead to big results on the court.
So, what’s the correct screening angle?
Players should be setting the screen on the back hip of the on-ball defender.
This will force the on-ball defender to fight over the screen and will lead the dribbler in the direction of the basket.
For an example, imagine a pick and roll at the top of the key…
Most of the players I currently see at a youth level will set the screen with their back facing the sideline.
This isn’t effective as it allows the on-ball defender to slip under the screen and re-establish position quickly.
The correct way to set this screen would be with their back facing the corner of the court.
This makes it difficult for the defender to slip under the screen and will give the dribbler (and offense) a big advantage when attacking the paint to create a scoring opportunity.
4. Screener Makes Contact
The final part of preparing for the pick and is for the screener to make contact when setting the screen.
This requires them to hunt out the on-ball defender, focus on the correct angle, and then make contact as they set a strong screen.
As this screen is set, 100% focus should be on setting a solid screen. I see far too many players set weak screens as they’re too focused on rolling quickly and getting the basketball.
The reason making contact is beneficial when performing the pick and roll is that it leaves no room for the defender to maneuver around the screen.
If the screen is set a step off and there’s extra space, it’s far easier for the on-ball defender to drop their shoulders and beat the stationary screen.
This rule also prevents young players from setting a screen on an area instead of seeking out one of the defenders which can be a big problem for young teams.
5. Dribbler Attacks Off the Screen
Once the screen has been set correctly, it’s now up to the dribbler to read the defense and use the screen.
When dribbling off the screen, the dribbler must drive by the screener shoulder-to-shoulder and use at least two dribbles to create separation and see how the defense reacts.
The dribbler must have an attacking mindset!
While we don’t expect the dribbler to drive and shoot every time they use a screen, it’s important to attack as it will force the defense to rotate and open up other offensive players.
If an obvious pass or shot appears sooner, players can take it. But in most situations, two dribbles is preferred.
Note – It’s crucial the dribbler is patient and waits for the screener to be stationary. The #1 cause of illegal screens is because the dribbler is impatient and attacks too early.
6. Screener Rolls to the Rim
Once the on-ball defender has fought past the stationary screen, the screener must then cut to the rim looking to catch a pass and score inside.
While it’s up for debate which one is more effective, here are the two ways that the screener can cut to the rim:
1. Reverse Pivot and Roll
This involves the screener sealing off the on-ball defender by reverse pivoting using the foot closest to the rim as the pivot foot.
2. Dive to the Rim
The other option is for the screener to immediately dive to the rim without reverse pivoting.
Instead, they turn their back on the dribbler for a split second and simply turn and run to the rim looking for the basketball.
7. Dribbler Makes Best Decision
The final step of the pick and roll is for the dribbler to read the defense and make the correct decision.
This could be to attack the rim, pass to the roll player, or dribble in and kick the basketball out to the outside shooters or players cutting to the rim.
Note – The ball-handler must be aware of their teammate’s abilities since this will determine whether they make a good decision. For example, it’s much better to pass to a shooter on the perimeter than a player who struggles from long range.
More often than not, it’s the decision in this step that will determine whether your team gets a great scoring opportunity or not.
That’s why it’s crucial that you’re putting players in the ball-handler position who have the ability to attack and have a high basketball IQ.
Reading the Defense
As the dribbler is attacking off the pick and roll, it’s crucial they’re able to read the defense and make the correct decision to give their team the best opportunity to score.
Here are the 5 most common reads ball-handler should be aware of…
1. Split the Defenders
Splitting the defenders is a great way to attack the rim if the screener’s defender hedges out too far to stop the basketball or attempts a steal.
This option involves the dribbler using the screen, planting the outside foot as they see the defender hedge out, and then pushing the basketball through as they explode towards the rim.
When doing this, the dribbler must quickly change direction and speed as well as keep the basketball low so that it’s out of reach of the screener’s defender.
If performed properly, this action will commonly lead to a layup or a pass out to an open player on the perimeter.
2. Attack the Hip
If the screener’s defender doesn’t hedge out high and stays attached to the screener, the dribbler must attack the outside hip and drive to the rim.
This ensures that the on-ball defender will be trailing the play providing that the screen was set at the correct angle and the dribbler has attacked shoulder-to-shoulder.
This is the most common action in the pick and roll and will force the other defenders to help leading to a pass out to a teammate or the dribbler attacking the rim.
3. Turn Down the Screen
When the on-ball defender anticipates that a screen is coming, they’ll often attempt to cheat over or under the screen early.
If they do, it provides the dribbler with a great opportunity to explode in the opposite direction of the screen towards the hoop.
This will often catch the defense off-guard and give the dribbler a 1 – 2 step advantage forcing other defenders to rotate and help.
Since this relies on explosiveness, it’s important that the dribbler is down in stance if they want this action to be effective.
4. Back Out
If the screener’s defender decides to hard hedge on the screen and the dribbler decides not to split, another great option can be to back out a step or two and see how the defense reacts.
Due to the separation created, if the screener’s defender chooses to hustle back to the screener, the dribbler will usually be open for the shot or drive.
If the defense chooses to switch on the screen, there’s a high chance that one or two mismatches have been created.
Then the offense has two options:
1. The dribbler can isolate and attack their new defender one-on-one. This can be very effective if it was a post play who switched onto them.
2. The screener can roll to the rim and post up. This can be very effective if it was a guard who is now forced to defend the screener in the post.
5. Shoot the Basketball
Last but not least… shoot!
If the on-ball defender decides to slip under the screen and the screener’s defender hasn’t stepped up to help, this can leave the dribbler wide open for a jump shot.
If your players can’t make this shot consistently, it will result in the on-ball defender being able to establish front position again.
That’s another reason why it’s crucial that teams never allow the on-ball defender to slip under the screen on a pick and roll.
Variations of the Pick and Roll
There are two main variations of the traditional pick and roll…1. Pick and Pop
When running the pick and pop, instead of the screener rolling to the rim, the screener pops out to the perimeter looking to receive the pass for an outside shot or catch and drive.
This variation is very effective if you have a post player who can knock down the three-point shot at a high percentage.
It also helps the ball-handler as it’s difficult for the screener’s defender to provide help due to the threat of the quick pass and open shot.2. Pick and Slip
The other variation of the pick and roll is the pick and slip.
When running the pick and slip, the screener dives to the rim just as they’re about to set the on-ball screen.
This variation is best used when the screener’s defender predicts the screen and helps too early instead of staying between their player and the basket.
This is also effective when the defenders attempt to trap the dribbler.
Different Types of the Pick and Roll
Below I’ve listed 11 different types of the pick and roll that coaches should be aware of.
I’ll also use this section of the article to show you the positions on the court the three off-ball players should be filling during each variation of the pick and roll.
Having great spacing from the three off-ball players is absolutely crucial if you want your team to be effective with the ball-screen.
1. Top Pick and Roll
The ‘top pick and roll’ (or high pick and roll) is a ball-screen at the top of the key.
When this is run, there will usually be one off-ball player in the short corner and the other two offensive players behind the three-point.
The two players behind the three-point line should be on opposite sides of the court.
2. Side Pick and Roll
The ‘side pick and roll’ (or wing pick and roll) is a ball-screen set on the wing leading the ball-handler to the middle of the court.
When this is run, the other three players will usually set up on the opposite side of the court.
One player on the wing, one in the corner, and one in the weak-side low post.
3. Corner Pick and Roll
The ‘corner pick and roll’ is a ball-screen set on a player with the basketball in the corner of the court.
When this is run, there will usually be off-ball players set up at the top of the key, in the corner, and in the weak-side low post.
The corner pick and roll is a common action in the Triangle offense.
4. Elbow Pick and Roll
The ‘elbow pick and roll’ is a ball-screen set on a player with the basketball while they’re on the high post (elbow).
This will usually be performed by two post players with the other three offensive players outside the perimeter to create space inside.
This should be utilized by more coaches as it only requires one dribble to get to the basket.
5. Single Drag Pick and Roll
A ‘single drag pick and roll’ is a ball-screen set in transition.
This is often effective because the screener’s defender who is meant to play help defense on the dribbler is caught out of position as they’ve sprinted back to defend the basket.
This will often result in a clear drive to the rim for the dribbler.
6. Double Drag Pick and Roll
A ‘double drag pick and roll’ requires two offensive players setting ball screens in transition.
In this variation, the player who sets the first screen (5) rolls to the rim.
The second screener (4) pops out to the perimeter.
7. Horns Pick and Roll
A ‘horns pick and roll’ begins with two offensive players simultaneously setting a screen on opposite sides of the ball-handler at the top of the key.
This allows the dribbler to attack either direction and opens up the court as they’re driving to the rim.
Whichever direction the dribbler elects to attack, the screener on that side rolls to the rim while the other screener pops out behind the three-point line.
8. Flat Pick and Roll
A ‘flat pick and roll’ is occurs when the screener sets the on-ball screen with their back facing towards the rim.
This variation of the pick and roll can be very effective if you’ve got an explosive player who can attack going either direction.
It’s also great for catching the on-ball defender off-guard since they won’t see the screen coming.
9. Spread Pick and Roll
A ‘spread pick and roll’ is a ball-screen action while the three off-ball players are all outside the three-point line.
This action is very effective for teams that are able to surround the pick and roll with 3 players who shoot the basketball at a high percentage.
This variation makes it very difficult for defenders to help off their player without giving up and open three-point shot.
10. Step Up Pick and Roll
A ‘step up pick and roll’ is a ball-screen set on that wing that directs the ball-handler towards the baseline.
The quick step-up from an offensive player in the ball-side low post can be very effective if it catches the defense off-guard.
The screeners defender will often assume the screen is being set in the middle so they won’t be prepared to help.
11. Spain Pick and Roll
The ‘Spain pick and roll’ consists of a regular pick and roll and then a third offensive player stepping up and setting another screen on the defender of the player rolling to the rim.
This creates a lot of communication problems for the defense and often they’ll get confused and leave one of the offensive players open.
I first read about this variation of the pick and roll from BballBreakdown on Twitter. Here is a great video he created of the Spain pick and roll…
Pick and Roll Plays
There are many fantastic basketball plays that utilize the pick and roll action to put players in great positions to score.
Here are 2 of my favorites you can use with your team…
1. Drive HammerOverview of the Play:
This box set play is designed to get a player attacking the rim off a pick-and-roll with two open passing option in the corners and also the ability to score at the rim depending on how the defense adjusts.Key Personnel:
- Two guards who can shoot the basketball at a high percentage (1 and 2).
- Another guard who can attack off the pick-and-roll and make the right basketball play (3).
Setup: The play begins in a box formation with 4 and 5 at the top and 2 and 3 on the low blocks. 1 starts out the top with the basketball.
1. 1 starts the play by dribbling the basketball to either wing. For this example, the left wing.
2. The ball-side low block player then cuts high off the screen on the elbow and receives the pass from 1.
3. As this is happening, the weak-side low post player retreats out to the corner to provide good spacing for the next actions.
4. On 3’s catch, 5 immediately steps across and sets an on-ball screen. We want this to surprise the defenders and give them little time to react.
5. While this screen is happening, 4 beginning the movement to set a hammer screen on 1’s defender as 3 is driving to the rim.
6. 3 uses the screen and attacks the rim looking to score while also having both players in the corners as passing options.Coaching Points:
- Very important that the screen from 5 is set immediately on the catch to try and catch the on-ball defender off-guard.
- The back screen for 1 must be set as 3 is driving to the hoop. Any sooner and x1 will have too much time to fight over the screen and pick off or deflect the pass.
- The weak-side corner defender will usually be the one that helps on the drive so 3 must be ready to pass out to 2 in the corner as soon as that happens.
2. Horns Side ScreenOverview of the Play:
A very simple play out of the horns (1-2-2) formation. Involves a guard receiving the basketball on the wing and then receiving and on-ball screen. On the opposite side of the floor, there’s a down screen set to keep the defense occupied.Key Personnel:
- 3 should be a good decision maker out of the pick-and-roll.
- 5 should be the team’s strongest pick-and-roll post player.
Setup: The play starts in a 1-2-2 set with the post players on the elbows and the guards in the corners.
1. The play begins with 3 cutting up to the wing and receiving the pass from 1.
2. 1 UCLA cuts off a screen from 5, and if they don’t receive the pass for the layup, 1 clears out to the ball-side corner.
3. 5 sets an on-ball screen for 3 who drives into the lane looking to create.
4. On the weak-side of the floor, 4 down screens for 2 to make the help defense move.
5. 5 rolls to the rim out of the pick-and-roll.
6. 3 now has numerous opportunities and must make the best basketball play.Coaching Points:
- A very simple but effective play that can be used for all levels of basketball.
- If 2’s defender is on split-line, 4 shouldn’t screen inside the key and congest it with players. Instead, 2 should simply lift to the wing and will be open for the pass and shot.
- 5’s on-ball screen must be set at the correct angle to make it effective. Don’t allow the opposition to simply slip under the screen.
Pick and Roll Drills
We’ve talked discussed how to execute the perfect pick and roll, but there’s something important we’re missing.
I can hear coaches yelling…
“I now understand how to run the pick and roll… But how do I practice it with my team!?“
It doesn’t matter how much knowledge you have, if your players aren’t experiencing and practicing the pick and roll regularly it will be difficult to be effective during games.
Here are 2 pick and roll drills I recommend you run during team practice…
1. 2-on-2 Ball ScreenHow the Drill Works:
The drill starts with 2 players on offense and 2 on defense. The offensive team will attempt to score out of the pick and roll while the defense will attempt to get a stop without switching on defense.Purpose:
This drill works the basics of both pick and roll offense and pick and roll defense.Setup:
- An offensive and defensive player on the wing.
- An offensive and defensive player on the low block.
- The rest of the players wait on the baseline.
- The offensive player on the wing starts with the basketball.
• The offensive team must stay within the quarter of the court. Crossing the split line is out of bounds.
• The offensive team must start each possession with a pick and roll.
• The defensive team is not allowed to switch.Instructions:
1. The drill begins with the offensive player on the low post sprinting out to set a screen.
2. The offensive player with the basketball must use the screen and attempt to create a scoring opportunity.
3. The defense can defend the pick and roll any way they want, but they must not switch.
4. If the offensive team scores, they stay in and the defenders rotate. If the defensive team gets a stop, they become the offense and new defenders must come in.
5. Continue this drill for a set amount of time.Variations:
Change the Screen Location – You can also have the players set the screen at the top of the key or on the opposite wing.Coaching Points:
- You must talk with your players before starting about how to set a screen. Make contact, correct angle, etc.
- Make sure all your players practice being both the ball-handler and screener. We need to create positionless players!
- Coach your players on making the right read off the pick and roll. Eg. If the defender goes under, shoot. If they go over, attack.
2. Ball-Screen PracticeHow the Drill Works:
Puts the dribbler in an advantageous position because there’s no help by the screener’s defender. The dribbler makes a read and should get an open look most of the time. Then the screener pops out and receives a second ball from a coach for a jump shot.Purpose:
By giving the dribbler a large advantage they are able to learn the basics of how to use a screen with a high success rate. Also, the screener works on popping out for a jump shot.Setup:
- Two lines: A dribbling line (with a basketball) and a screening line.
- One coach with a basketball.
1. The on-ball defender begins the drill by playing defense on the players dribbling the basketball.
2. The screener sprints over from their line and sets an on-ball screen.
3. The dribbler uses the screen and makes a read on whether they should attack the basket, pull up for a jump shot, step back for a shot, or not use the screen at all. They shoot the basketball.
4. Once the screener has set the screen they pop out to receive a second basketball from the coach and shoot a jump shot.
5. The dribbler becomes the defender, the defender joins the end of the screening line, and the screener joins the end of the dribbling line.Variations:
Another Defender – You can progress to add the screener’s defender and then play two on two. This means the coach won’t pass the ball to the screener for the outside shot.
Screen Other Direction – Make sure your players practice coming off the screen with both their left and right hand.Coaching Points:
- The screen must be set at the proper angle that doesn’t allow the defender to easily slip under the screen.
- The dribbler must explode shoulder to shoulder with the player setting the screen so that they can’t easily get through.
- The screener must hold the screen until the dribbler has used it. Don’t allow them to pop out too early.
- The dribbler also can’t use the screen too early or it will be an offensive foul. They must wait until the screen is set.
Extra Tips and Advice
As I was finishing up writing this article, it occurred to me that there were still a lot of pick and roll tips that I wanted to share with you that didn’t fit into any of the sections above.
Below are 5 extra pick and roll tips which will help you implement it into your system and could possibly spark a few ideas for your in-game coaching decisions.
1. Forget Traditional Roles
Don’t limit your players to being either a dribbler or a screener exclusively depending on their size and position.
Every player on your team should be practicing both roles.
Your post players must practice being the ball-handler.
Your guards must practice being the screener.
Being able to play positionless basketball is incredibly important for all players and that trend will increase even more in the future.
2. Set Screens With Your Guards
While your players will be practicing both positions, not all coaches will take the initiative to do this.
Since most guards don’t practice playing the help position on pick and rolls, they often get very confused and make mistakes when you put them in this position during games.
This can lead to a lot of easy scoring opportunities for the offense.
Also, point guards often set the toughest screens!
3. Attacking a Trapped Pick and Roll
If the defense decides to trap the pick and roll with both defenders, the dribbler should take two long retreat dribbles to create space between them and the screener.
The screener will make a short roll approximately a step closer to the rim and get ready to receive the basketball.
From here, the ball-hander can make the pass screener who will have a lot of space and can shoot the open shot or attack the rim 4-on-3 and make a play.
4. Off-Ball Players Must Be Ready to Shoot
The pick and roll puts the two defenders involved at a big disadvantage if a solid screen is set.
The other three defenders will be forced to rotate towards the basketball to prevent a pass to the screener or an easy layup in the paint for the ball-handler.
This will often leave at least one of the other three offensive players playing off the ball open.
These players must be down and ready to catch and shoot or catch and drive the basketball.
5. Drag Out the Opposition’s Best Rim Protector
This is a great in-game coaching tip I don’t see enough coaches taking advantage of…
If you’re playing against a team with a great rim protector, have the player they’re defending step out to set the screen.
Doing so will drag the rim protector away from the rim and forces them to play defense on the perimeter opening up the paint.
Simple, but incredibly effective.
There are far too many coaches teaching the pick and roll incorrectly or leaving out important details.
As it’s the most common action in basketball, it’s crucial you’re breaking down and teaching your players everything they need to know to run it effectively.
That knowledge will not only assist them as they compete on your team, but also assist them if they choose to pursue basketball at the next level.
Basketball Pick and Roll PlaysHome > Coaching > Basketball Plays > Basketball Pick and Roll Plays Here are a couple of simple, yet highly effective pick and roll plays provided by Don Kelbick to help you score some easy buckets.
Pick and Roll Play #1This is a simple quick hitter and also an entry that seamless gets you into Flex or a 4 Out 1 In Motion offense.
5 sets a back screen for 4. The first option is to hit 4 for a lay up.If that’s not open, 4 spaces out and clears the lane.
5 sets a ball screen for 1.
1 dribbles off the screen looking to attack, hit 5 rolling to the basket, or hit 3 in the corner.
If nothing is there, 1 back dribbles. 5 can set a flex screen on 2 to initiate flex. Or you can start your 4 out motion.
If your 5 man is a good shooter, another variation is to have 5 pick and pop. In this case, 4 will stay on the block and 5 goes to the right wing to initiate the offense.
If nothing is there, 1 back dribbles. 4 can set a flex screen on 2 to initiate flex. Or you can start your 4 out motion.
Pick and Roll Play #2The offense starts in 1-4 low set.
1 dribbles to the left to set up the pick and roll.
5 cuts to set the ball screen.
3 fills the wing.Option 1 is for 1 to score.
Option 2 is to pass to 4 if the helpside defense slides over.
If the defense forces 1 wide, 5 rolls to the basket to execute the pick and roll. 1 passes to 5.
If 2’s defender slides in to help on the dribble drive, 1 passes to 2 in the corner for the shot.
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Related Pages and Helpful Resources
Basketball Pick and Roll Offense
Executing The Basketball Pick and Roll
How To Use And Set A Pick In Basketball
European Ball Screen Offense DVD with Lason Perkins
Coaching Pick and Roll Basketball – 2 Vital Plays for your Offense
If you’ve got a player with great passing, scoring, and decision making ability, as a coach the pick and roll should be your best friend. When your player can do all three of these things the defense simply has to pick their poison.
Either they go under the screen and give your player a rhythm jump shot. They go over the screen and give you both the lane and the roll to the basket. Or they hedge, or trap the ballhandler, leaving the pop or one of your other players to spot up for an easy shot.
Head-On Pick and Roll
This is a great play to run at the end of the game. Usually the defense will not offer too much help as their men are miles away from the ball and it is tough for them not to concede an easy 15 foot jumpshot.
Have your ballhandler stand as close to halfcourt as they feel comfortable, and spread your wings in the corners.
Make sure your pick man standing right underneath the top of the arc, and the other post play in the Russian corner, just behind the backboard.
Just as the ballhandler starts to move toward the paint, have your picker step out and slide either to the left, to the right, or even right behind the defender.
When he steps in to the key, make sure your players all slide appropriately, and give the ballhandler easy passing lanes.
Step-Up Pick and Roll
This play is great for getting other players open shots, as it is very tough for the defense to cover the penetration along the baseline as well as the roll in the key without leaving one of your perimeter players wide open for a 3-point shot.Step Up Pick and Roll
Have your two best three point shooters spot up on the left side of the court, and your center head to the left block. Your point guard should be on the right side, and the pick man on that same side’s elbow.
The pick man should step up off the elbow into the point guard’s defender as he dribbles down to the baseline.
As he approaches the key, have one shooter drift “ up to the arc and another down towards the baseline. The roll man should be popping in behind the point, and your other post should be sliding across the lane.
- Your picker should be opening up towards the ball whether they roll or pop, always ready for the pass
- Remind your ballhandler that going away from the screen is an option as well
- Teach the “ ball handler to come at least two dribbles off of the pick before making their decision
If you enjoyed this article but are actually looking for ways to deal with the pick and roll on the defensive end, click here for some schemes you can work on with your team.
How to coach and teach the basketball pick and roll play
Before you can execute any of these eight fundamental plays, you must understand all the fundamentals of the play. Many teams use the pick and roll, yet fail to get decent shots. There are others, but here are seven reasons this play fails:
- The screen is not set on the correct position on the floor.
- Improper setting of the screen.
- The screen is not held long enough.
- Failure of man with the ball to maneuver his defender into the screen
- The roll is made incorrectly.
- The pass is deflected or intercepted.
- One, or both players, fail to take advantage of shifts made by defense.
Setting a Good Screen
The front screen is the most basic and should be taught first. In setting this, the player faces the defender to be screened. The rules allow the screener to set his screen as close as possible as long as the defender can see him. Set the screen to his peripheral side.
The legs of the screen should be wide with knees flexed an arms raised in a defensive stance. This makes your body big and allows the referee to see your hands. Too many players set screens like a telephone pole with hands protecting the crotch. This is wrong. Have the hands in the air, ready to catch the ball once the roll is made.
Making a Good Roll
If the legs are wide at the screen, it is easier to make a wide roll. This helps to screen out the defender on a switch. Make the pivot on the foot nearest the basket throwing the outside elbow toward the basket with hand extended as a target for a pass. The butt should make contact with the defender being screened. This puts the defender on the rollers back should a switch occur. Contact is necessary for best results. Even if the player with the ball shoots, the roller is in excellent rebounding position because he has the man on his back.
Guard Runs the Defender into the Screen
Success or failure of the pick and roll depends largely upon the player with the ball. There must be an inside maneuver to set up the execution. He must master these five fundamental moves with the ball:
- The cross-over step
- cross-over dribble
- behind the back dribble
- reverse dribble
- between the legs dribble
RULE: The player with the ball is responsible to run his defender into the pick once the screen has been set.
Improper Placement of the Screen
If the screen is not set in the proper place on the floor, the defense can easily adjust or does not need to adjust at all. When set in the middle of the floor, the roll is into a congested area. The defense can help and recover too easily. When a pick is set outside, or on a clear side, the defense must make more adjustments, or give up a shot. If the screen is set too far outside, the guard may have a shot beyond his range, then no switch is necessary.
RULE: If the guard is dribbling, let the guard make an inside move first, before setting the screen. Then, let the guard drive his defender into the screen.
Setting a Wide Screen
Another reason the pick and roll fails is because the screen is not wide enough. The screen, whether it be a front or back screen, should be set wide. The feet should be wider than the shoulders, yet the knees should be flexed to take the contact. If the screen is not wide enough, the defense can go over the top or slide through too easily.
If the screen is wide, the screener will take his first step wide to the basket. This also prohibits the defense from switching well enough to cover the roll. The long step produced by the wide screen keeps the defensive guard and the offensive forwards back. The short step allows the defense to front the roller with less difficulty.
Hold the Screen Long Enough
The screen must be held long enough that the defending guard is screened out of the play. Too many times the forward rolls before the guard is screened and no switch is needed to defend the play.
RULE: The screen should be held until the offensive ball handler is past the screen. The guard should be out of the peripheral vision of the roller before he executes his roll.
Release too early and the play fails; however, if the screen is wide and the switch is made, it really makes no difference when the roll is made. The offense should have the advantage because a guard will now be defending a forward. Even if a shot is taken from the outside, the offense has a better advantage of rebounding a missed shot. If not, the guard can take the ball to the corner and the forward can post up down low with a small defender on his back.
RULE: If the switch is made, especially a jump switch, the guard should try to take the defensive forward to the corner and the offensive forward should post his smaller opponent.
The Incorrect Roll
For some reason, many players turn rather than roll to the basket. A “turn” is a front pivot rather than a reverse pivot. A front pivot turns the offense into the defensive guard causing a moving pick. Also, the forward takes his eyes off his teammate who has the ball. The roll gets you to the basket quicker because the first step is toward the basket. The roll causes the defensive guard to be behind the forward rolling toward the basket. Players must be drilled early in the proper execution of Play #3.
The Incorrect Pass
Whenever a player passes through a defender on any offensive situation, either of two passes may be executed, a bounce pass or a high pass.
RULE: Use only the high pass or a bounce pass in executing the pick and roll.
Defending Play #3
There are four basic ways to defend the pick and roll:
- No switch
- Jump switch
- Slide through
- Help and recover
Whether this method is used or not, it should be practiced, especially early in the season. Aggressive players are necessary. Players should be talking constantly on defense and the guards must be quick and have the ability to change directions quickly. Defensively, the “no switch” is the best because the defense never gets involved in a mismatch.
The defensive guard must learn how to beat the screen. To go over the top: step-up, belly-up, and go over the top.
Whenever the defensive forward sees his man going to set a screen, for example, he should, instead of calling “screen left,” he should shout, “step-up left.” This helps to remind the guard to step-up with his left foot in order to beat the screen. This generally takes a couple of short quick steps to get in front of the screen. Then, the defending guard throws his hip and stomach forward and slides over top of the screen. Using the hand nearest the screen also helps him to find the screen.
RULE: Call out screens when your man is setting a screen. Use “step-up right” when the screen is on the right and vise versa.
If your opponents offense isnt strong, you can beat many screens this way, especially if the defense is communicating properly. Talking on defense is one of the most important factors in any good defensive team. Players must be drilled on this and penalties assessed to players not conforming, especially early in the season. Bench time, or laps, usually work.
If you choose to switch, the jump switch, if executed properly, is best. If properly executed, you may draw a charge, trap the ball, or cause a turnover.
For example, say you have been going over the top, usually the defense tries to adjust. Sometimes a change to the jump switch will often catch a very good offensive player off guard and cause an error.
The jump switch is just that. The defensive forward, or guard, makes a quick sideways move in front of the dribbler. The most common mistake is that the jump fails to make the dribbler alter his direction. In fact, they have accomplished what they wanted a mismatch or a defensive player out of position. If the switch is made properly, the offensive guard must stop, change direction, or charge.
RULE: If you jump switch, jump completely to the outside of the dribbler.
Most dribblers do not come close enough to the screen because they are driving hard to the outside. If a switch is made, they continue hard, but may have to move farther outside. Very few dribblers come back to the pick side when a screen is set for them. If the jump switch is hard and far enough, an error generally happens the first time.
This defensive action works better if the ball handler is weak; however, even good ball handlers are usually best with their strong hand. I always instructed my players guarding a dribbler to stay on his strong side.
RULE: If it is a guard to guard pick, always jump switch.
The Slide Through
Some coaches prefer to defend against the pick and roll by having the defensive forward step back and help the defensive guard through. Unless the guards shoot from the outside, this is not the best defensive option against the pick and roll.
Help and Recover
This is a combination of the no switch and jump switch defensive options. No switch is really involved. The defensive move made by the guard is “belly-up and over” while the forward uses the “helping” move. Do not teach this one until the no switch and jump switch has been taught.
The defensive forward should be outside as if ready to jump switch. This forces the offensive guard to go outside a little farther off the screen and helps the defensive guard to “belly-up and over.
DRILLS FOR NUMBER 3
There are many more drills for the pick and roll than is shown here. Some are strictly instructional; however, most can be put in competitive drills which can be run many different ways. “Make it take it” is a good method. That is, if the offense makes the basket, he or the team remains on offense. If the offense fouls, it is a turnover. If the defense fouls, the ball remains with the offense. A specific number of “turnovers” can be set up for the offense with score kept. Losers can do push-ups or laps.
Pick & Roll Chair Drill for Forwards
Functional Basketball Coaching | Pick and Roll Drill SeriesPick and Roll Drill Series
One of the most popular tactics used in modern basketball is the on-ball screen and the Pick and Roll Drill Series looks to provide an opportunity to explore some of the options out of this two-player situation. A good on-ball screen between two athletic players can be one of the hardest tactics to deny at least some sort of scoring option to. It is also impossible if performed well for both the screener and dribbler to be fully contained with no soring option.
The Pick and Roll Drill Series looks to provide a number of different options for players to explore and become familiar with. For junior players the Pick and Roll Drill Series is a great vehicle for first introducing all the options applicable to the on-ball screen situation. For senior players the drill becomes more about the instinctive reads on the run that must be mastered in order for players to take advantage of all the scoring options at the senior level of competition.
Pick and Roll Drill Series Diagram 1
The Pick and Roll Drill Series starts with players being divided into two groups. Because players need to become familiar with working in a restricted amount of space they will only be allowed to utilise half of the court.
On both sides of the court there will be two lines. One that is elbow extended and responsible for passing the ball initially and screening (Three and Four).
The other line is foul line extended on the wing and will take on the role of the dribbler (One and Two).
The Pick and Roll Drill Series starts with the passer slapping the ball and the wing player executing a deep v-cut to the basket in order to become free of their defender.
The pass is performed as the wing player is about to break the three-point line. It is important that the wing player can receive the pass in a position where they could, if they have long-range, still shoot the ball for a three-point shot. Anything longer then this range and defence will simply move under the screen to contain the defender and take away some of the possible options. By catching in a shooting position the defender will have to guard the ball handler and in doing so will be perfectly placed for the screen to take full effect.
The passer then cuts towards the basket and once in line with the wing player sharply changes direction to set the on-ball screen.
Pick and Roll Drill Series Diagram 2
The first series of options to be executed is the wing player dribbling over the on-ball screen and pulling up just below the elbow for a jump shot.
The second variation on this movement sees the wing player again reach the elbow area, but instead of shooting, the assist pass is made to the screener rolling to the basket.
The third option is for the screener to fade or flare to the baseline for a mid-range or long range jump shot. Depending on the screeners shooting range will determine where best they should be rolling to.
In all of these scenarios, the screener must roll and in general be active in finding space on the court to receive a pass. One common mistake made by the screener is when they are moving and finally come to a stop they are standing in line with a defender between the dribbler. The screener as they are rolling should adjust their position to have a clear passing land between themselves and ball handler.
The dribbler must in all situations take two dribble unless able to make a pass to the screener. Two dribbles helps create space or separation and makes a pass easier at pace for both the passer and receiver.
Pick and Roll Drill Series Diagram 3
The next variation in the Pick and Roll Drill Series is for the baseline drive by the ball handler. In this situation, the ball handler makes a read that the baseline side of the on-ball screen is open so they initially drive to the basket for the lay-up or close range jump shot.
It is probably worth noting that in this situation the most common shot is a pull-up jump shot from just outside the keyway.
The second variation is for the dribbler to finish at the edge of the keyway, but instead of shooting the player looks to pass back to the screener who has rolled to the strong side high post.
To roll correctly the screener must reverse pivot on the high side foot (foot closest to halfway). This will allow the player to maintain vision of the ball handler for the entire movement to the basket.
From this high post position the screener will have a number of options:
- Jump shot
- Shot fake and drive (one dribble, two steps) to opposite side of the basket (weak side lay-up)
- Shot fake, one dribble, jump stop and step through back for strong side lay-up
Pick and Roll Drill Series Diagram 4
The final variation in the Pick and Roll Drill Series is for the screener to slip the screen and roll straight to the basket. In the initial breakdown, this screener will receive the pass on the roll to the basket for the lay-up or power lay-up.
The next variation is for the dribbler to again attack the elbow for the pull-up jump shot.
The Pick and Roll Drill Series provides a range of different scoring options out of the on-ball screen scenario. Vision and pace is important to help make the right read at a realistic speed. Otherwise, players will struggle in game situations if they do not train with the right intensity.
Basketball Tips: How to Run the Pick & Roll and Pick & Pop
Looking to learn how to run a pick and roll and a pick and pop this basketball season? Former collegiate basketball players and current DICK’S Sporting Goods Associates Bob Garbade and Nick Rivers are here to show you how to perform these Pick and Roll and Pick and Pop Drills. These drills can help build chemistry between a guard and the center who is setting a screen.
To perform a pick and roll, the guard should create a sign that tells the center to perform a screen. Once the center sees the sign, he will come to the guard and set an imaginary screen. Before the guard makes a move, they’ll want to make sure their teammate is ready so they don’t get into foul trouble during a game. Why? Because if they aren’t set when the guard rolls, then they’ll get called for an offensive foul. Also, before a guard attempts the pick and roll, they should always fake the opposite direction they want to go using a jab step so their teammate can get into a good screening position.
Once the center is set, the guard gives the fake, and rolls past the center nice and low with their shoulder near the center’s hip. The center wants to keep their leg planted and open up toward the basket once the guard pulls away. Centers will do so by pivoting, never losing sight of or turning their back to their teammate. This is when the center reads the defense and decides whether or not to call for the ball. They should only call for the ball if there are no defenders in the lane. If they do call for the ball, they’ll go ahead and finish the play with a layup.POCKET PASS
The first pick and roll drill is the pocket pass play. This takes place when the center calls for the ball after realizing that the lane to the basket is clear for them to make an easy layup. When the center calls for the ball, the guard should perform a quick pocket pass, which is a low bounce pass that passes beneath the pockets of the defenders.
The second pick and roll drill is the over-the-top pass. To perform this drill, run a typical screen play, but instead of throwing a quick pocket pass, the guard should throw a lob to the center after they call for the ball. He or she should do so by showing his hand as a target for the pass. This pass is useful if the defenders are low enough that a pocket pass would just get knocked away or stolen if attempted. Since there will always be a defender nearby, the guard can attempt a pump fake. Even though you are just practicing, always pretend that you’re in a game situation, ensuring that muscle memory will kick in during game time.
The pick and pop series is a lot like the pick and roll series. However, the main difference is that there is a defender in the lane so the center can’t roll to the post. Instead, he or she will venture out toward the three-point line and call for the ball there instead of down low to take a deep shot. Remember, the guard will still come off the screen like they would in a pick and roll. Their job is still the same. It’s the center’s duty to read the defense and decide whether to roll down low or pop out to the perimeter.
Sometimes the center will not call for the ball if they are heavily defended after rolling or popping. If this happens, the guard should take the initiative to shoot the ball or pass to a different teammate after coming off the center’s screen.
These drills will improve teammate chemistry, passing skills and show you the many different ways to attack the basket so you can add more points to the scoreboard.
offensive plays in basketball
Duke Basketball Offensive Plays Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski opens up his playbook in this video and shares practice film to give you an inside look at the Blue Devils’ high-scoring offense. Now defensively, he plays with good effort and has the size to guard multiple positions. Great offensive and defensive plays by Letchworth and Geneseo 10U girls basketball teams. Top 5 Motion Basketball Plays is a video I made on my take on the top 5 motion Basketball plays that I have seen. What’s the difference between treasury bonds and OKC fans? Additionally, he plays well off the basketball getting set as a shooter, and cuts well to the basket. Basketball Isolation Plays. The Flex offense is an offensive strategy in basketball developed in the 1970s. The Point Guard is usually the shortest but the best ball handler on the team. “WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies is the one playbook you’ll need to break down your opponents’ defenses night in and night out.”–Geno Auriemma, Connecticut Huskies Head Women’s Basketball Coach “WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies makes basketball strategy both interesting and understandable.It’s a great place to go for anyone who wants to know the game better.” Although, only a couple of basic cuts take place, the key to its success is the players being able to read and counter the defensive over plays. Slowing Down a Basketball Game as an Offensive Strategy. Plays like that require a toughness Kuzma has … Just ask Virginia and Cincinnati, two men’s teams that consistently rank among the 20 most efficient defenses in … There are many variations. 28/05/2021. All you need to run some simple, yet very effective youth basketball plays are good basketball cuts and screens. 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The basketball positions diagram example “Basketball plays – 1-4 low stack offense” was created using the ConceptDraw PRO diagramming and vector drawing software extended with the Basketball solution from the Sport area of ConceptDraw Solution Park. Each play starts when the offensive team brings the ball across or inbound from half-court, and ends when an offensive player takes a shot either missed or made. Offensive Concepts vs. Match-up Zone. The double stacked basketball offense is a good choice of a set to use in . Free Form Offensive – Motion and passing game offensives; Called Play Offensive – Anywhere from 1 pass and cut to an elaborated pattern; Continuity Offensive – Flex and shuffle offensives; Quick Hitter Offensive – 1 or 2 passes with a cut; Man Offensive- Attack players; Zone Offensive – Attack zones A highlight of the sport is the famous dunk which is made at the end of a fast-paced offensive plays. 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Double Team – where two players will cover the player with the ball Offensive Basketball Strategy Offensive basketball strategies may include designed plays … Article by Stack Sports. So, we’ve organized everything for you in an easy-to-find way: 1) Offensive Plays Understand why making your basketball language simple breeds confidence and high performance in your players; Gain the key drills that help Coach Neighbors identify which players in his program can help their team win games; Learn how to organize your offensive plays into families and actions to help your athletes make good decisions on the court Coach Boeheim’s zone offensive principles are simple: ball movement, man movement, and patience. Whether you are an NBA head coach, a little dribbler’s coach, or just an interested spectator, you’ll find HoopTactics’ Offensive Strategies a very valuable resource. From this position, the offensive player can either shoot, dribble, or pass to a teammate … thereby being a ‘triple threat’ with the basketball and used in a variety of different game situations (half-court offensive play, sideline out-of-bounds play, baseline under out-of-bounds play, etc. This website has the information you need. Since all rules cannot be correctly followed, most basketball players end up making mistakes that lead to fouls. A basketball team can have a lot of players, but only five can play in a game at any one time. Free Form Offensive – Motion and passing game offensives; Called Play Offensive – Anywhere from 1 pass and cut to an elaborated pattern; Continuity Offensive – Flex and shuffle offensives; Quick Hitter Offensive – 1 or 2 passes with a cut; Man Offensive- Attack players; Zone Offensive – Attack zones Set plays are usually just run through one time in special situations. NOTE: Cutters should anticipate receiving passes late … The following nine slides explain the most common of the advanced offensive stats and metrics. The Complete Basketball Playbook is jam-packed with 35 tried and true basketball plays, guaranteed to work at every competitive level. Basketball offense is a fundamental strategy utilized in basketball in an attempt to produce scoring opportunities. Key Personnel: Two players who can knock down the open three-point shot (2 and 3). Air Ball: The ball misses the hoop and backboard entirely. This puts severe pressure on the defense if 4 can shoot the 15-foot jump shot. It’s a play that gets your athletes the ball in space very quickly. In youth basketball, most productive offensive plays are characterized by continuous passing and simple movement. A set play typically adds a twist to an offense. Aug 29, 2019 – Basketball diagrams of the Box offense. On a broad level, there are two categories of offensive basketball plays – … Baseline Out-of-bounds Play … UCLA Women’s Basketball PO Box 24044 Los Angeles, … Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender’s hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing … … A full-court press simply means that your defense applies pressure to the offensive team for … Basic Defensive Plays for Youth Basketball Coaches. I like motion Basketball plays when your trying to run the clock at the end of the game. For years, Syracuse has run the same basic five offensive plays. Here they are, broken down, to demonstrate the simplicity in the approach. Offensive player 3 crashes for the offensive rebound. But it doesn’t matter how fast you’re moving the ball if your players aren’t in the right spots. Create complex animated basketball plays using our free play maker or copy plays from our extensive play library. Published by bballtools on While we are strong advocates for running the motion offense at the youth level, we also think it’s okay to have a couple quick-hitters in your arsenal out of timeouts or in special situations. This basketball offensive play is stunningly effective, mega-simple to teach and ridiculously easy for players to understand. He started drawing and compiling offensive plays since he was 14 years old, … Hamilton Honey Badgers head coach and general manager Chantel Vallee was the first female in Canada to become a professional head coach and GM. Center. Ultimate Post-Season Checklist $17.00. Dayton Flyers Continuity Ball Screen Offense Playbook $15.00. 450. 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Tagged: Barcelona, cross screen, High Low, Mike MacKay, Offense, Offensive Concepts, Post Spacing, Sarunas Jasikevicius, small sided games, weak side. Now you can go beyond the book and join our website membership service today and take an inside look at the X’s and O’s strategy of some of the best collegiate basketball programs in the country. The Australian Men’s basketball team finished 4th at the 2016 Rio Olympics and at the 2019 World Cup. ). Up than 200 characters. Pick-and-roll The basic pick-and-roll play involves two players. There are a variety of reasons a basketball team may wish to slow a game down. Top 5 Offensive Basketball Plays, These are my top 5 offensive basketball plays that I use and score the most on. 4 High Quick Hitter. The Flex offense is an offensive strategy in basketball developed in the 1970s. The offense will spread the floor and let the players make plays when they feel the game dictates, according to Close, which allows for some little nuances and tweaks but not any set offensive plays. This is weighted by gallons of water or sometimes sand. Offensive Plays In Basketball – The 8 seconds- rule in basketball means that once a team has achieved position of the ball in it’s own half-court it must cross the half-court line within eight seconds or turn-over the ball to the other team. In addition to working on basketball fundamentals always try to teach a few basic plays during practice. Here we present the most important tactical plays and attacking moves in basketball. If you can force the defense to slide back and forth across the court, eventually you’ll be able to find a crack in their armor. Types of Offensive Plays. … When should you use set plays? After setting the backscreen for 1, 4 steps out to the perimeter near the top of the key. Players need to have all the basic skills before they are taught how to run any offensive plays. The Basketball solution from the Sport area of ConceptDraw Solution Park was designed as a tool that will help you produce the basketball plays diagrams in a few minutes. Key Considerations include the personnel and preferred style of play of your team and your opponent, as well as the game situation. “Kwame Brown couldn’t play a lick of basketball”: Stephen A Smith plays lowlight video of Kwame’s Hornets time with Stephen Jackson Amulya Shekhar. Plays like that require a toughness Kuzma has embodied this season, but also an improved basketball IQ. You want to take up as much room as possible. The two met at … NBA coaches teach drills, workouts, plays, tips and more with in a library of hundreds of basketball instructional videos. The following very basic offensive plays are provided to help a young team with floor spacing and floor balance. The goal of the attack is to break through the opponent’s defense and set up an uncontested shot.For this you will need strong fundamentals: dribbling, passing and shooting. He uses each of these principles in teaching a zone offense which can be run against a 2-3, 3-2, 1-3-1, and match-up zone (odd or even fronts). While at UCLA, Wooden led his Bruins to 10 National Championships in a 12 year span, winning 7 National Championships in a row from 1967 to 1973. Assist: A pass that sets up a score. Coach Wilkens was a successful player and coach in the NBA, and was inducted into the Naismith Hall of Fame as a player in 1990 and as a coach in 1998. Duke basketball’s overall tremendous improvement on offense. — Geno Auriemma, Connecticut Huskies Head Women’s Basketball Coach “WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies makes basketball … Offensive Player Skill Development. What do you call an unbelievable story about a basketball player? 0. He needs to have good court vision to create open shots for the receivers as well as drive the ball down the court and initiate offensive plays. The main purpose of any basketball offense is to create the best possible field goal attempts based on a team’s strengths while limiting field goal attempts that are to … Basketball Offensive Plays – 3 Things Coaches Need To Do To Run Effective Plays. – The 3 seconds- an offensive player remains in the key (free throw lane- the area under the basket) for more than 3 seconds. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers have allowed quarterback Tom Brady to call the offensive plays for weeks, head coach Bruce Arians told NFL Network’s Michael Silver. Portable – This is regarded as the most reasonable options deciding on a home basketball hoop. No. – College Basketball Offensive Playbook Dates…-Includes 12 individual calendar pages for noting each month/year.-Includes Index of Games pages to keep track of Opponent, Date, Location, W/L and Score-Includes Player Roster pages-Includes pages to create/record plays-Includes player Statistics At A Glance record pages by date/opponent-Includes pages to diagram plays-Includes Notes pages … Lütfenlog in or register to like posts. Isolation plays, also known as ISO plays, are offensive plays designed to create one-on-one game situations. Full-court press. Scouting America’s Top Basketball Programs has become one of the best selling basketball publications in America and quite possibly the only offensive resource you will ever need! What do you call a pig who plays basketball? Lenny Wilkens Offensive Plays by Wes Kosel. The pl … Read More. It’s common to have more than one offensive set, usually a primary offence and a secondary offence. Research different offensive and defensive strategies. Each player plays a different position in the team, this normally depends … 4 runs to corner as 1 passes to 3 (you want to keep your wings wide to help open up up the initial inside passing lanes) 3 will pass to 4, make cut straight to the basket and is first option for 4’s pass. Floor spacing is the key to many of these drills. The plays have been submitted by several of the top basketball coaches in the nation, including Tubby Smith and Fran Fraschilla. Basketball Set Offense. Yazı. Using the diagrams is the easiest way for coaches and other sport specialists to explain the rules, strategies and tactics of the basketball play. Lenny Wilkens Offensive Plays by Wes Kosel. CAUTION: Before undertaking any offense, you must fully understand and master all of its components. Offensive basketball plays that can be run from a variety of different offensive sets (1-4 set, 2-3 set, 1-2-2 set, 1-3-1 set, etc.) Lakers’ Kyle Kuzma is becoming one of the best offensive rebounding wings in basketball Sam Quinn 2/19/2021. It’s hard to defend your way to a national championship in college basketball. … all players should be skilled passing and handling the basketball. www.Online-Basketball-Drills.com for the complete video, including breakdown drills, coaching points, and advanced basketball plays and tactics. The 5 Out Spread and Go Motion Offense Playbook and the and the Spread and Go Motion Offense Drills Playbook is combined with Scott Peterman’s Ultimate Matchup Zone Playbook as this week’s eBook bundle. Professional basketball teams run complex offenses with numerous plays and options. “WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies is the one playbook you’ll need to break down your opponents’ defenses night in and night out.”–Geno Auriemma, Connecticut Huskies Head Women’s Basketball Coach “WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies makes basketball strategy both interesting and understandable.It’s a great place to go for anyone who wants to know the game better.” Coaching apps and basketball plays and drills. The Monks are off to a 10-3 start and averaging 93 points per game after dramatically changing their style. In our first motion basketball play we will have a 5 out offense that is just pass the Basketball and screen away. Get a wide stance – As you approach the defensive player, jump stop with your feet wider than shoulder-width apart. 4 has the option to break to the ball if his or her defender has switched or hedged to help on 2. Complete Basketball Playbook. Ryan created the National Sports ID as a platform to verify the age/grade of youth athletes and STACK Basketball to inspire young athletes to grow into mature individuals and basketball players. Additionally, he is extremely active on the boards being one of the rebounding guards in the county at 8.0 rebounds a game. Continued, he is solid off the basketball being a really good cutter for opportunities around the rim. Learn the most common defensive schemes with help from these Pro Tips. BYU Cougars Offensive Playbook $20.00. Welcome to the Advanced Basketball: Offensive Post Moves Course! 2-3. ZIPPER ACTION . x3 then passes the ball back to the original shooter, player 1. Identifying and analyzing the construction and effectiveness of offensive plays in basketball by using systematic observation Missle toe! A box set play can be used prior to running almost any offense whether it’s a motion or patterned offense and they can be useful at targeting a specific player you want to score or a defender you want to attack. Once you understand the basics, you can study complex schemes like full-court defenses and triangle offenses. Find free basketball plays, drills, tips, along with defensive and offensive strategies for basketball coaches of all age groups. Why bad offensive plays can ruin defense in the NBA Mar 2, 2015; Minneapolis, MN, USA; Los Angeles Clippers guard Jordan Hamilton (1) fouls … Backboard: The surface to which the basket is mounted. Stephen A Smith went on the offensive against Kwame Brown after a few days of radio silence about the issue. Box Set Plays. It’s common to have more than one offensive set, usually a primary offense and a secondary offense. BYU Cougars Offensive Playbook $ 20.00; Dayton Flyers Continuity Ball Screen Offense Playbook $ 20.00; Best Zone Plays in NCAA Division 1 $ 17.95; Game Winning Strategies & Plays from the ACC, Big 10, Big 12, Pac 12, and Mid-Majors $ 17.95; Wheel Offense Action Playbook: Continuity Ball Screen Offense $ … In addition, most basketball coaches will have a variety of set plays at their disposal. Michigan basketball center Hunter Dickinson has been an offensive force this season — but his defense was on display in Sunday’s win at Wisconsin. The Jet Sweep in my opinion is the best play in youth football. In our first article, we discussed the Two-Step rule for receiving the basketball. St. John Bosco basketball hurt by second-half offensive woes in loss to Mater Dei … (12-2, 3-2) on Friday plays host to Santa Margarita. Use colors, numbers, hand signals, or names, but always make them make sense to the player. If a basketball player gets athlete’s foot, what does an astronaut get? 5 Must-have Plays for every Youth Football Offensive Playbook Jet Sweep. Also, he is capable of making plays in transition with his ability to push the basketball and make plays for others. the whole basketball game into independent plays. John Wooden won over 600 games while coaching at Indiana State and UCLA and won over 80% of his games. First-year Tennessee offensive line coach Glen Elarbee says one of the Vols’ newcomers on the offensive line has gotten off to a good start. Additionally, the presence of … This course is for anyone that wants to learn offensive post moves. 1 passes to2 andinside cuts tothewing. 10Favorite Basketball Set Plays – pg.7 AllContents Proprietary Valpariso University CatholicGoRicky Catholic Go Ricky Valpariso University 4 2 5 3 1 Frame 1 Starting ina 1-2-2alignent (guards out),2 screens down for4 (and thenempties corner). Offense in Basketball On offense, there are many different tools available to your team. Zipper action usually is when the ball is in the wing position and a player on the ball side block receives a down screen from a post player. Jaquez Jr. has the ability to be a three-level scorer and the size to make tough contested shots. Random mascots, colleges, or animals are difficult to remember and differentiate one play from another. Pack Line Defense Drills $17.95. Disrupt normal offensive schemes; Control tempo; Force offense to play unconventional; It is my goal in this post to give coaches offensive concepts and strategies to help attack match-up zones. Occasionally, there comes time in a game where you need your best player(s) to make a play. It is a play that is beginning to gain popularity on all levels of football. Here is a comprehensive breakdown of the main types of defenses in basketball: Man-to-man defense: Man-to-man defense is a defensive formation in which a coach assigns each player on the line-up a specific offensive player to follow and defend on the court. Set plays are quick hitters to score points at a certain point during the game. Protect yourself – Cross your arms in front of your midsection, both for protection and as a reminder not to reach, grab, or push the defender. Jim Boeheim: Syracuse basketball’s prep for Italy includes new offensive plays, man-to-man experiment … Of those young guys, only Boeheim has played significant college basketball minutes. Start there before moving on to more advanced strategies. Offensive Plays In Basketball We’ve included plays for man to man offense, zone offense, quick hitters, inbounds plays, zone defense, press breakers and full court pressure. Buy WBCA Offensive Plays & Strategies: Read Kindle Store Reviews – Amazon.com Basketball Post Plays youth offensive basketball plays your one-bring to a standstill face for all there is to know on printable courts for. As a player progresses through our youth basketball program, they learn progressively more complex defensive and offensive plays. Offensive Plays. Submitted by Tubby Smith, University of Minnesota Head Coach. 1-4 Sweep. The two most important things to keep in mind when attacking any zone defense are spacing and ball movement. In basketball, there are several different types of fouls that include personal fouls, Technical fouls, offensive fouls, defensive fouls, flagrant fouls, etc., but the personal fouls are the most committed fouls on any basketball match. Annually among the nation’s most efficient teams, Gonzaga plays offensive basketball like a Formula One driver: fast but controlled, seamlessly able … To calculate that you simply take the number of points a team has scored on the season and divide it by the number of possessions – and then multiply it by 100 if you wish. This play was #6 on the most downloaded plays of 2018! C-Down & C-Up. Coach Wilkens was a successful player and coach in the NBA, and was inducted into the Naismith Hall of Fame as a player in 1990 and as a coach in 1998. The theory behind the play is to get 4 offensive players low and force 3 defenders to guard 4 players. Players 1, 2, and 3 are on offense. Center. In this clip, youll learn the basics behind the UCLA 1-4 set. They should not be your entire offensive system. One aspect of our kids basketball programs that sets us apart is that we like to go beyond the sport by teaching sportsmanship values each week. Toggle navigation. Player 1 has the basketball and shoots to start the drill. Set plays for attacking the 2-3 zone: It’s common to have more than one offensive set, usually a primary offence and a secondary offence. For example, a small forward will guard a small forward in this defense. Designed specifically for the women’s game, the playbook includes over 100 plays for scoring, inbounding the ball, and breaking a … See all 12 basketball plays here. A ball hog. A quick one (known as 1 or A) is to the immediate front of the setter, a back one (known as a back 1 or B) is set directly behind the setter. Here you’ll find offensive basketball plays utilizing the man to man offense.Just follow the key to understand the diagrams and follow along with the text descriptions. Check out the following offensive plays designed to attack man-to-man defenses. Check out my latest blog post for more #XsOs! Mumme needed an offensive line coach who would embrace the wide splits he wanted to have in his offense. Basketball 101: Common Defensive Strategies Man-to-Man. This article is the beginning of a series of articles covering the eight-basic fundamental plays of basketball. A tall tale. Save basketball plays for when you need them … It’s simple, easy to remember, and effective. Coach Boeheim’s zone offensive principles are simple: ball movement, man movement, and patience. Using the diagrams is the easiest way for coaches and other sport specialists to explain the rules, strategies and tactics of the basketball play. Key Personnel: 5 and 4 should be the players most capable of finishing at the rim with tight defense … See more ideas about basketball drills, offensive, basketball plays. Youth Basketball Drills, Plays, Skills, and Coaching Tips. Now that you know a little bit about the shots taken in basketball, let’s look at some offensive plays and some things to keep in mind when trying to score with a team. Info on Youth Basketball Plays, Offense and Schemes including Zone offenses, motion offenses, flex, overload, Pick and Roll plays, and more.
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Our site presents the fifth issue of the rubric Basketball language . In it, we talk about basketball terms – loan words, specific expressions and jargon – the language spoken by all participants and fans of the game. Each word is accompanied by a video tutorial with visual examples.
We bring to your attention the fifth series of the project The language of basketball , in which we will analyze in detail three terms: pick-and-roll, pick-and-pop and isolation.
Pick-and-roll (Eng. Pick and roll )
Pick-and-roll is the English name for an attacking combination played by two players, in which one player of the attacking team puts a screen (pick) for the player with the ball and, after both of their defenders have moved to the side of the latter, begins to move to the basket (roll) and receives a pass to the open shot.
In the classic variation, this combination should end with a pass from the defender to the center, after which he gains a simple two points from under the hoop.However, now there are many variations of the so-called “two”. For example, a defender, after leaving the screen, can shoot from a distance or go into the passage. Also, pick-and-rolls are often used to create unequal exchanges, which the attacking players then successfully use to exacerbate the situation.
Pick & Roll is one of the easiest ways for an attacking team to gain an advantage over an opponent. There is currently no uniquely effective defense system capable of handling this combination.There are many different options for building defenses against pick-and-rolls, but none of them guarantee success. That is why this combination is the most popular in modern basketball and is present in the arsenal of every team.
Pick and Pop (Eng. Pick and Pop )
Pick and Pop is one of the varieties of pick and roll. In contrast to the basic combination, the “big” does not fall under the ring here, but, on the contrary, rolls back to the arc.Having received the ball from the point guard, he attacks from a distance.
This interaction is not as effective and popular as pick-and-roll, but more and more teams are introducing it into their arsenal. The emergence of pick-and-pop has had an impact on the game as well. If earlier the fourth-fifth “numbers” spent most of the time near the three-second zone, now they are increasingly coming out into the arc, from where they attack with a fairly high percentage. Almost any VTB United League team has similar snipers among the “big” ones.
Moreover, the most effective “trucker” of the past season was CSKA forward Andrey Vorontsevich, who bypassed a whole group of recognized defensive snipers in this race. They also successfully use pick-and-pops and attack from a distance and other “big” ones. Among them are Sergei Monya, Konstantinos Kaimakoglu, Kaspars Berzins, Travis Peterson and Rolands Freimanis.
Isolation or “aizo” is a basketball term for a combination in which the attacker tries to beat his guardian one-on-one and hit someone else’s ring.At the same time, his teammates try to stretch the opponent’s defense with their movements and give the attacker space to outplay.
Isolation is often used by teams with individually strong players. Their success comes from the combination of athleticism, speed and good dribbling at the same time. At the same time, Keith Langford or Sonny Weems, for example, are characterized by power passages in which they literally push their opponents through. But Tyric Rice and Aaron Jackson rely more on their own speed.
Aizo usually come to the fore in the endings of tense matches, when the leaders are ready to take responsibility and the fate of the fight is decided by one throw. At the same time, isolation is very effective during the meeting, when the attacking player has a clear class advantage over the defender.
“There were moments when Lesha played pick-and-rolls from the position of a ball handler”. Coach Alexander Muntyan on working with Lan and Sanon at the youth level
Ukrainian coach Oleksandr Muntyan , who worked with Oleksiy Lane and Issuf Sanon at the youth level in Dnipro, during a joint live broadcast on Instagram, FBU spoke about the formation of star Ukrainian basketball players.
About Alexey Lan
“What distinguished Aleksey Len favorably was what young players often lack in the early stages – character. He never conceded to anyone in anything.For him, losing the micro-product in training was like a small tragedy.
There was once a moment when we played 2 vs 2 in practice. I noticed that Lesha treated some of the elements “with jelly”. I called him over and said: “Shame on you, well, you’re stronger, come on!”. It seems like he was not in tune, but immediately immediately joined the game – these words turned him on. This is his character.
Before he got to college, he played at the position of the fourth number in “Dnipro”. He played facing the ring, attacked from behind the arc.There were times when Len played pick-and-roll in the ball-handler position. There was such a thing.
The only thing that Alex did not like was crosses and he was very fond of mulberries. I caught him once: I stopped, the guys did not see me, they were running, I looked, a comrade was walking. He approaches the mulberry, begins to eat it. I come up and say: “Buddy, can we run?”. How he jumped, but how he drove and came running first in the end.
Have Lan’s strengths been leveled out in the US? To some extent, yes, and I can’t understand why they made such a choice there.It seems to me that the moment was missed and he can play more with his face, attack from behind the arc and bring points from the aisles. I talked about this to Lesha and he agrees with this: they locked him too much in a frame. It is clear that if you had to choose between Clay Thompson and Lan, then the throw would have been given to Thompson, but the throw would have been forbidden to a person who could actually do it … For me, this decision is a secret, but for some reason it went like this. Although the first year in “Atlanta” showed that he can do it and he could not learn it in one summer.
The best part of Lan’s career? It is still ahead. And of those that have already been, probably, the first season in “Atlanta”. He also likes the ending of the third season in Phoenix, but I think it’s still Atlanta and he can still do more. ”
On the emotionality of Issuf Sanon
“When his condition is unbalanced during the game, it is not easy to control it. He begins to eat himself from the inside, he may be offended by partners.But if you find a key for such a player and make him die for the team, then this will be a huge bonus.
I cannot say that it was easy with him, but I also cannot say that it was difficult. There are much more problematic people with less talent. He had some moments of his own, he knows them and, most importantly, he is working on them. I told him that if he directs his energy directly to the game and concentrates on completing tasks, then the efficiency will be much higher.
This season he gained playing practice, he was able to show his leadership qualities at the level of great professional basketball.What he did not always manage to do at Olympia. Everything at Dnipro was at a good level, he showed himself well in the European Cup. Yes, an upsetting injury happened, but I’m sure everything will be fine. This season, definitely, can be included in the asset, but as I said about Lan, Issuf can do better. We already have a plan for the summer for individual work, we are waiting for its restoration and are starting to work. ”
Most Common Kids Teams Training Mistakes
From Coach MAC
Have you ever wondered what mistakes you make when doing basketball practice? With this blog I have been blessed to interact with some of the most of the smartest basketball minds in the US.What better way to help you and collect answers to our simple question from all these experts? I asked leading basketball experts to answer, “What are the most common mistakes coaches make when training kids basketball?” There are two ways you can digest their answers …
1. I created this list so you can skip a few by going down so your favorite expert appears.
2. Grab a coffee, make sure you have 20-30 minutes to spare, and read the entire list (recommended).
Darrell Johnson – Cross Over Hoops
The most common mistakes coaches make when training kids basketball is neglecting the basics of fundamental technique. Some children’s coaches are too concerned about the results of their team’s games, how many wins they can get. Don’t get me wrong, winning is important, but developing fundamental individual technique skills is much more important at a child’s level.Nobody will remember your team record from elementary school, but what they will remember is winning their state varsity tournaments or maybe the US championships … Most kids’ training should be spent on skill development, not offensive and defensive strategies. What good is the game worth when your players can’t dribble, pass, or shoot the basket? The fundamentals of individual fundamental attack and defense technique must be taught correctly and then trained using repetition.If the player does something wrong, the error must be corrected before the bad habit is formed. Too many players end up in middle school and high school with terrible habits that are extremely difficult to break because they weren’t corrected in elementary school during their schooling period. Establishing a good foundation for the foundations of fundamental playing technique is the primary responsibility of children’s coaches for the future careers of their pupils.
Alan Stein – Stronger Team
The most common mistakes youth coaches make:
Training is not age-appropriate (physically, mentally or emotionally).Training is not targeted. Training is boring.
Brian McCormick – 180 Shooter
Exercises should have a goal and the coach should also know the goal for each part of the workout, even if the goal is to take a break to recover before intense exercise. However, the biggest mistake is to say too much and give all players answers to their questions. There is a misconception that players learn a lot from coach talk or briefing; but players learn more from doing.When the coach speaks, the players don’t do anything. Instructions should be short and concise. Players should be able to make decisions for themselves, what to do or what they should have done. When coaches are constantly giving advice, players stop thinking and rely only on the coach.
Randy Brown – Coach RB
1. Conducting a workout without a well thought out plan before starting practice. Note: The plan must be drawn up in conjunction with the assistant coach so that what is taught is the result of a collaborative effort.Every workout needs a goal.
2. Not maximizing the use of time, court space and high involvement for all players. those. – Gathering in line for throws is one of the most mediocre waste of time.
3. There is no methodology for evaluating each training session. Without a methodology to accurately assess the progress of the players and the team, how to measure the improvement of this workout, the necessary adjustments for the next workout, and use an analysis of how time was used and whether your goal was achieved in the workout, there can be no good results.
4. # 1 frustrating – Trying to do too many things and wasting time on offense and defense instead of dividing them up into parts of each and teaching / training / making players responsible for each skill. What for? – If you do not make the players accountable for their actions in training, then it is the coach’s fault, not the players’. How can a coach be disappointed, angry to make substitutions when he didn’t teach / didn’t train / and not every player / and the team as a whole listened to him, trained skills in exercises, and then embodied them in the game.Until this is done, the game is a joke, and a lot of the coach is to blame.
Bryan Burrell – New Age Elit Sports
In my opinion, the most common mistake in training children’s teams is the amount of time coaches spend on solving special game situations.
I believe that time in kids basketball training today is only spent on making their current team better, not working on things that will benefit the players throughout their future careers.
Chris Hyppa – Chris Hyppa BasketBall
Coaches are focused only on winning!
• Everyone wants to win, but the “development of individual fundamental skills” at the youth level is fading into the background for the sake of victory. I believe development should be focus # 1. Victories will follow. Development through learning and skill development, raises basketball IQ and strengthens relationships with players!
• Have a plan!
• I see a lot of kids’ workouts without a “goal”.Kids coaches will have more productive workouts and see the progress of the players if they document progress / setbacks and have a plan for each workout! “Confidence Comes with Preparation” – You have the power to inspire confidence, be prepared!
Courtney Campbell – Train to Ball
• I think it’s a common mistake coaches make to spend focused time 20% instead of 80%. This stems from the Pareto principle (or the 80-20 rule), which states that 80% of results come from 20% of your actions.I think that many of the exercises for young coaches are aimed at teaching certain skills that are rarely used in games. Exercises can be randomly selected without thinking about what are the dominant skills required to create an effective and productive player. I try to match my agility drills, footwork, individual ball handling, etc. to teach and improve the basics of what will be 80% applied in the game.
• In addition, there is an increase in the use of rubber bands and other training tools and equipment that will help increase the first stride, speed and agility of players.However, most coaches are not aware of the mechanisms of injury in our game. If the trainer does not have a knowledge of the general mechanism of injury, you are likely to increase the number of injuries with this equipment (knee, back and other injuries). Use this equipment with restriction prior to your proper self-study.
Dave Hopla – DaveHopla.com
I believe most coaches are more interested in managing the game or letting them play rather than teaching them how to play.It never seems to be enough to train passing, catching, or shooting. Too much dribbling.
David Nurse –Perfect Shots Shooting
I firmly believe that one of the biggest mistakes kids coaches make is that they want to start learning offensive play patterns by forcing players to become “robots.” The more coaches emphasize in exercises that put young players in a situation where they have to make quick decisions and think for themselves, the more and sooner they will develop their IQ of their game.It’s like when you want to learn a new language, it’s easiest to do it while you’re young, before your brain becomes developed in that area. It’s the same with the “feel basketball” IQ. It is very important to develop this feeling as early as possible and youth coaches should do their job much better. I’ve seen all of this all over the world, and this same theme is driving me crazy! I compare these bad habits of being a “robot” to sleep in comfortable beds – easy to get into bed, but very difficult to get out.Players must learn to think for themselves at a young age, and this habit will pay dividends in their development.
Drew Hanlen – Pure Sweat Basketball
• Too much flame, not enough fuel
• Too many old drills (eight of 3, throws without resistance on passes) and not enough individual skill development
• Too much play and not enough developmental exercises.
• Not enough correction (too many mistakes are allowed).
• Celebrate wins at lower levels instead of focusing on learning skills for long-term success
Duane Jourdeans – Rule of 5
1: No training plan
2: No focus on building relationships with players
3: Lack of enhancement and improvement of playing skills
4: Emphasis on game control rather than how to play
5: Screaming while learning
6: Lack of training for player leaders
7: Tall children learn to play only in the center position
8: Lack of mental preparation.
9: Fitness routines without a basketball goal
Galen Harkness – GalenHarkness.com
Major mistake: Too much emphasis on strategies for winning the game, which often sacrifice a long-term program of fundamental development for the players and the team.
1st: Too much emphasis is placed on game control and play combinations. Coaches have a good set of play combinations that they train to get the shot done.But what can players do when schemes don’t work? This strategy is structured in such a way that it neither allows nor encourages players to make correct game decisions.
2nd: Lost time. A lot of time is wasted when moving from one exercise to another. Exercises are rarely designed or performed in such a way that all players are constantly involved in them. Too many stand still.
3rd: Lack of professional development. Some coaches teach and train the way they learned to play.The basketball game is constantly evolving, but not all children’s coaches develop with the game.
Ganon Baker – Elev8Basketball
Problem – Coaches talk too much during training, where babies lose attention and their sweat. They are too verbose in their instructions. Solution – do instruction / correction for 20-50 seconds. Make your comments and then get out of them without disrupting the flow of an intense workout.
Problem Coaches don’t use humor or have no sense of humor. They seem to be tough and awkward in their interactions. Solution – A trainer with a childish heart, but with an adult mind. Have fun communicating, but don’t overstep your boundaries. For kids basketball game, help them have fun!
Problem – They use useless exercises in their training. The drills are boring and not like a game, and do not apply to their offensive and defensive systems! The solution is to examine your ship.Try to find ways to do professional training. Teach skill, choose exercises similar to the game, such as 1 on 1, 2 on 2 or 3 on 3.
Gary Maitland – Coach Maitland
1. Punishment. Children’s basketball training is an early experience of a long-term passion and commitment to the sport we love. The biggest mistake a coach can make is to create an environment where children are afraid to “do it wrong.”It is, unfortunately, too common for children’s basketball coaches to punish their players for mistakes. The player shouldn’t be afraid to make mistakes. Mistakes are an integral part of the learning process and therefore, it is important for children to know that they will not be punished all the time. Basketball involves a range of challenging ball handling and decision making skills. Skills must be trained, developed and mastered. When a coach punishes a player for a mistake, he / she discourages the player from taking risks; taking risks helps them learn the game and develop a sense of making quick decisions and actions.These early training years should be fun. Children should have fun learning new things. If a coach punishes children with endless push-ups or sprints, then they are unlikely to want to continue training with him and have fun. It will only be a matter of time before they stop attending these training sessions. It is very important for young players to understand the consequences of their mistakes (i.e. that poor performance has a negative impact on the course of the drill or game).Punishments do not teach children how to do a technique or how to make a better decision next time. This type of coaching behavior is so common that young players judge the quality of coaching / coaching by how intense the punishment was. “What was the training session?” “It was difficult. We ran a lot and did a lot of push-ups.” This answer shows that not much (or anything) became known during this workout.
2. Long Lines Children’s training should be structured so that each player has a lot of touches on the ball.Children’s training is developmental training, and therefore a sufficient number of repetitions of learning and improving the elements of individual technique should be planned. When the coach puts players in long lines, the number of times the player has the ball is reduced. Their chances of interacting with learning are diminished, they become bored and distracted. It is very important for young coaches to organize their training so that all children are active, busy and practice skills.
Greg White – Twitter Profile
The epidemic of poor coaching in youth sports is high at all times.I applaud US basketball for creating a coaching certification program, but there is a question we need to answer: “Who trains our coaches.” Here are a few things I see as bad in youth coaching. 1. Exercise is more important than Skills. Coaches use exercise for exercise in elementary school. Ever watched an 8 year old team run an eight of 3 players? There is no sense or purpose in this. Find a way to practice skills without overly difficult exercises. We learn the alphabet letter by letter.2. Fundamentals. Young players shouldn’t associate practice with shouting. Children’s basketball should be fun and cheerful while learning the basics of the game. 3. It is easy to play without complicated game schemes. Teach players how to play, not make combinations. That you gain by using exercises at the 5th grade level that are not well suited to the 7th grade. 4. Competitions. Too many games. It doesn’t take a genius to know that in an 8-year-old team game, the zone 2-3 wins games.At this age, competition is more for the ego of the parent than for the benefit of the children. Let the children be children. I think we shouldn’t play 5v5 under the age of 10.
Hal Wilson – Coaching Basketball Wisely
1) A big mistake that the coaches of children’s teams make when they train the way they were trained. Maybe these exercises were used when you were playing because they suited your skill level and developmental level, but they are not suitable for the level of the team you are training now.
2) The second big mistake is to just do something because successful coach X does it on TV. Great coaches have great players with great needs; again, your players may have other needs. Trying to get your players to use and execute elements of high and complex skills and concepts before they master the basics of fundamental individual technique, a recipe for disaster, for herbs, or disappointment. Coaches must look beyond their own experience and find cutting-edge ideas, but must adapt them to the current situation of their team.The training should be designed with clear goals: a) How this exercise can help your team in the games, b) Gradual progress (break down complex skills and concepts to more accessible to the level of your players), c) Applying clear goals and objectives of the game (players need to understand why skills and concepts are important and how they will help them to be more successful individually, and how they will help their team in their games).
3) The third big mistake is to train in a way that makes the coach look good, not to teach the team to play better.Yes, your hard drill may look great in practice, but as mentioned in point two, if it doesn’t have a clear use in games, then it is really more for you than for your players.
4) The fourth biggest mistake is to take away the pleasure of training and sports, often in the name of victory. Some well-meaning youth coaches try to dampen or extinguish the competitive fire of their players by overly emphasizing short-term outcomes.Enjoy the ride and let your players do the same! We want long-term sports development for our players, on and off the court!
Henry Barrera – shoot360
1. No training planning, 2. A lot of talk, 3. NO sufficient development of individual fundamental ball and throwing techniques
James Gels – Coaches Clipboard
Very A common mistake is that children’s coaches talk a lot and often.Players get bored and don’t learn anything. During training in high school, I always say that good training is when the players talk (communicate) and the coach is not heard.
Jeremy Russotti – 1Percent Club
It seems every workout I’ve watched includes mostly post dribble column shots, free throws, and both basket play. There is nothing wrong with these drills, but it is rare to see drills that include elements in which the players will make decisions.Therefore, I think youth coaches should add more IQ exercises that involve using their brains to make decisions. Simple 3 by 2, 4 by 3 drills will really help players think about how to attack and defend. These drills force the players to think about how to make an assist (and pass accurately), but also force the players to know how to defend correctly. Another area that coaches should focus on is what to do when a player touches the ball.Young players should catch, pass, or throw the ball into the basket as many times as possible in practice. The more reps they get in these areas, the more they will improve. Taking team shots (free kicks or spot shots), or just playing 5-on-5, does not give players enough ball possession to develop.
Jim Burson – JimBurson.com
There are some really obvious mistakes that go beyond training with children, such as not being organized and focused.Assuming that many of the youth coaches are not professionally trained, there are many dangers in not knowing them. Some of my immediate thoughts are:
• Coach and players, as a group and not as individuals,
• Preparation for training and play is not focused,
• Knows the difference between too much training and not lack of exercise; must know the emotional, physiological, conditioning and maturity levels of the players in order to evaluate this on a consistent basis,
• Worry too much about winning, rather than trying to make the players better,
• Doesn’t pay attention to anything other than X (defense) and O (attack),
• Does not teach children how to win and lose with character, class and perspective,
• Not only develop leaders; instead of the best player doing everything, having different children step up and take turns taking the lead in the exercises, eg
• Do not teach players how to communicate on and off the court; in the gym and away from the training room,
• Do not work on the development of internal motivation of the players, which is best done by supporting, encouraging, hearing them; it can’t be that players just do what they say
• Do not emphasize the importance of learning along with playing basketball and how school and sports interact,
• Forgetting what makes children better at basketball helps them to be better in life; although it can happen naturally or as a byproduct of training, the accumulation of knowledge, when planned and built into the program,
• Play with a select few, even unintentionally, often with their own child,
• Think that their coaching is the only one, what makes children better; they forget that you cannot force someone to become better – you can only influence them to make them want to become better,
• Doesn’t know the real reasons why he trains – are they correct?
Joe Haefner – BreackThrough BasketBall
1.Focused on offensive combinations rather than teaching them how to play.
2. Players standing in long lines.
3. Have a plan for what to do in training with a short and long term perspective.
4. Run without the ball to improve their physical condition, when they could do the same with the balls, developing basketball skills at the same time.
5. Do not separate the teaching of a team attack and exercises for the development of individual technique skills. You can do this at the same time.
6. The monkey sees. The monkey does. Just doing an exercise that they saw on YouTube or the internet without really focusing on the goal of the exercise. This is not what you do … this is how you do it. but. What are you trying to improve? What’s your goal? b. Why are you trying to improve this? Is it suitable for this age? Are there more important things to train? Will this benefit them in the future? in. How do you develop certain skills? Will this exercise fulfill your purpose? 7.Creating a high-stress environment with screaming and constant criticism, not realizing that the highest level of learning occurs when the stress level is lower.
Jordan Delp – Pure Sweet Basketball
When I watched youth basketball practice, the biggest problem I saw was that coaches spend so much time worrying about what to play instead of teaching children how to play.Instead of focusing on winning the 5th graders basketball tournament, we should focus on educating these kids to be successful later in their careers by focusing on ten developmental areas.
1 – Throwing technique. 2 – Dribbling with both hands / against pressing. 3 – Passing the ball with both hands / against pressing. 4 – Throws with both hands during passes / against pressure.5 – Basic footwork, triple threat reading. 6 – Creation of SB. 7 – Moving without the ball. 8 – Protective rack. 9 – Defensive positions, reading screens, helping a helper. 10 – Be a real teammate. If our young basketball players have spent their time working in these ten areas from a very early age, I trust that your game will be at the highest level. This means that training time must be targeted, it must be planned, and it must be effective.Younger players spend too much time playing games and not working hard enough on their skills. Kids naturally love to compete, and we can use practice time to encourage their competitive rush – you don’t need to play 5 games on the weekend (where losing or winning doesn’t really matter), you need to spend more time playing training room developing your game and your players.
Lamar Hull – Inspiration Basketball
Some of the common mistakes, in my opinion, are:
• Shouting and yelling at children (there are more effective ways to get your message across),
• Not providing your a team with the ability to fight,
• Do not focus on the basics of individual technique,
• Do the exercise without explanation and demonstration,
• Do not put any emphasis on defense,
• Make no effort to live like a team
Lemar Griffin – Grind Time Hoops
The biggest mistake coaches make with young players is not repetition.What I mean is, if you are not training things that you want your players to be able to do at game speed in game situations, how can you expect them to take passes, shots, dribbles in games? The answer to this question is simple, I believe that not doing exercises at playing speed in training and imitation of playing situations is a common mistake of basketball coaches of youth teams.
Mark Adams – Mark Adams BasketBall
1.Don’t spend enough time teaching / explaining the basic principles of fundamental techniques. 2. Spend too much time learning attack play patterns instead of teaching kids how to play. 3. Spend too much time teaching zone defense when kids need to learn the basics of personal defense. 4. In general, there are too many games played in children’s basketball and too much emphasis on winning. Children need to learn to play this game and have fun.
Matt Kramer – Beyond the Hardwood
1.Start by teaching the kids to play in personal defense before teaching the zone. This is the biggest for me. I watched a bunch of kids’ basketball games last winter because my son plays in the 9 and 10 year olds league. In almost every game I’ve watched, teams have played zones. This inhibits the growth of players on both sides of the ball. Defenders don’t learn to defend against someone, and attackers don’t know how to get through zone defense. This is bad for everyone. Teach player defense to player.
2.Teach offensive children to move without the ball. The world has gone crazy with screens and rolls. This is great at a professional and high youth level, but when the whole game of screens and rolls is at the children’s level, then two play and the other 3 children play on the site as in a parking lot, in the role of spectators. Dribbling kills experience for 90% of the players on the court and pick and roll requires a lot of dribbling. Teach the children to jump to the basket and even set up a screen if they already have an idea of how to do it.
3.Don’t waste time on tricky, child-proof, offensive throw-in combinations. Every time you waste time teaching kids about throw-in patterns, you are wasting time that could have been spent teaching kids how to play human defense and teach them to play offensively without the ball. If you really want to help your players get better, teach them custom technique skills.
Mihai Raducanu – No Limit Performance
Trainers should focus 100% on skill development.Age 6-9 – Children should learn motor skills. Ages 9-12 – Children must learn to practice / play in the right way. Learn basic game skills. Ages 12-16 – Children should keep learning to exercise. A more strategic specific model is here. Implementation of technical and tactical concepts. Age 16-18 – Train to Win. Emphasis on winning. Other game concepts. Advanced skill development. Age 18+ – Train to Win. Everything you need to play must be fully installed.Players will receive a higher level of education in everything. A lot of psychological preparation.
Mike Costello – Pure Sweat Basketball
I think one of the common mistakes in kids training is a lot of 5v5 games. Many children in training do not touch the ball much for their development. I prefer 3-on-3 games in which each child touches the ball.
Wow. Thank you! Many thanks to every professional who took time out from their busy day to answer this question for all of us. I’ve definitely learned a lot of what’s going on in kids and youth basketball through the experts’ responses, and I hope you’ve heard a lot from this article too. Please share with your colleagues if you think this article was helpful.
V. Melnichuk translation 10/16/201690,000 Preserving and multiplying »News of Perm and Perm Krai
Forced due to the spread of coronavirus infection, the simple in the activity of the flagship of the regional basketball clearly went to his advantage.The club not only managed to retain almost the entire backbone of the team and the coaching bridge, but also ventured into revolutionary reforms in its structure.
“PARMA” IN FAVORA
Almost four months ago, on March 27, VTB United League decided to end the 2019-2020 competitive season ahead of schedule. The leadership of one of the strongest basketball leagues in Europe has taken into account the scale of the spread of COVID-19, as well as the importance of retaining players and their families, club workers and fans.
At the end of May, the RBF (Russian Basketball Federation) Executive Committee at its meeting approved the results of the interrupted season.
– We have unanimously approved the current classification of Russian teams in the VTB United League as of the date of the last played match, without awarding the title of “champion” and without determining the winners. In their decision, they were guided by the recommendations of the Ministry of Sports of Russia, – explained the general director of the league, member of the executive committee of the RFB Ilona Korstin.
Previously, the regulations did not provide for such an extraordinary situation and all scenarios.Now, thanks to the amendments made to it at the last executive committee, VTB United League can itself determine the procedure for identifying the winners and prize-winners of the Russian championship and summarize its results, and the RBF executive committee will approve the data presented by the league.
The ended season was remembered not only for such a sad development of events, but also presented many, indeed, revolutionary club achievements. The first position of the VTB League regular championship was taken by the Moscow Region club Khimki, ahead of the capital’s CSKA.The result of Parma Perm was a real breakthrough: the Permians were among the eight strongest teams in the league, and among the Russian participants they took sixth place.
MAXVITIS AND OTHERS
Parma achieved such a high result thanks to the work of the head coach Kazis Maksvitis, who joined the team in the 2019 offseason. It is quite natural that the main task for the leadership of the Perm club was to maintain continued cooperation with him, as well as with several leading players.
– We used the option in the Maxwitis contract and renewed his agreement. The coach will remain in the team for the next season, ”Parma CEO Alexander Bashminov said after the successful completion of the negotiations.
Although at the beginning of July the Permians had to worry very much about Maksvitis’s future career in the team – his candidacy came to the attention of the legendary Lithuanian club “Zalgiris” from Kaunas. The fact is that the head coach of the Baltic basketball grandee Sarunas Jasikevicius went to work for the Spanish “Barcelona”, and his place remained vacant.Kazis Maksvitis seemed to be the best option for Zalgiris. Fortunately, the Lithuanian decided not to leave for his homeland yet and stay in Parma.
– Working in Perm is my first experience of living abroad. Most of all I can’t get used to the cold yet – I don’t remember such severe winters for a long time. In general, I like living in Perm, especially walking along the Kama embankment. I haven’t gone to the opera and ballet theater yet, although one colleague called me a couple of times. I hope I can do it now, – shares Kazis Maksvitis.
Together with him, Parma’s main actors on the basketball parquet last season remained: Adas Yushkevicius, Mareks Meyeris, Eigirdas Zukauskas, Robert Johnson, as well as Gleb Sheiko. Parma decided to look into the case and Boris Savovich, who came to the team on the very eve of the stoppage of the season.
– I have known Adas since childhood and I can say that he had one of the best seasons of his career. At the same time, he does not work miracles, but does what he knows best: scores three-pointers with a good percentage and plays pick-and-roll.Also his great advantage: he can close two positions – the first and second numbers. We guessed right with him, and I am glad that Yushkevicius remains at Parma. I would also like to mention Gleb Sheiko. It is a pity that due to the limited number of matches he received little practice. Yushkevichyus and Grigoriev played in his position. But, in my opinion, Sheiko is a United League level player, and he will still have a chance to prove himself to the fullest. I would also like to say a few words about Max Grigoriev – he is a very professional player. During the season he was an important basketball player for Parma, he didn’t have much playing time, but when he was on the court he made the difference.I think that in the offseason it will be very difficult to keep him in our team, – says the helmsman of the coaching bridge.
By the way, about the extension of his contract, Eigirdas Zukauskas says that his decision to stay with Parma was easy for him, and he accepted it with great pleasure. The Lithuanian forward managed to feel the beauty, rhythm, cordiality and hospitality of its inhabitants in Perm, as well as the warm support and love of the Perm fans, who became very close to him.
In addition to Grigoriev, Parma’s team still includes: Alexander Platunov, Artem Zabelin, Nikolai Zhmako, Konstantin Bulanov, Lorenzo Williams, as well as Yegor Chernyshev and Vadim Bondarenko.
As for the club recruits, according to Kazis Maksvitis, a difficult situation is still observed on the player market:
– The season is over, but no one is sure that the next one will start on schedule. It is unclear how much the pandemic will affect the budgets of the clubs.
Nevertheless, last week Parma already managed to make one high-profile acquisition – the center of the Russian national team, 30-year-old Boris Ivlev (height 207 cm), joined its ranks. Since 2016, he has defended the colors of the Krasnodar Lokomotiv-Kuban, in his line-up he managed to become the owner of the Russian Cup and the silver medalist of the European Cup.
– When the center of the Russian national team Vladimir Ivlev ended his relationship with the club from Krasnodar, we immediately began to think about his candidacy. We are glad that he chose Parma. Personally, I remember Vladimir from the days when he played in the Youth Basketball League (EYBL) for a team from Moscow, and at that time I was coaching a team from Kaunas. Vladimir is a basketball player who always plays with good energy, a real fighter. I think he will be able to strengthen our team, – comments on the arrival of the new recruit Kazis Maksvitis.
POLINA CALLS TO BATTLE
But this decision definitely came as a big surprise to the basketball community of the Kama region. At a specially assembled press conference, it was announced that a new women’s professional club was created in Perm, which will be part of the Parma structure.
– In this difficult time, in spite of everything, we start with our new project – the Perm professional women’s basketball team. We are trying to build a basketball system in Perm consistently.At the base of our pyramid there is always a large number of children studying. But she cannot do without the top – a professional team. So that every child who comes to play basketball has a goal – a team of masters. Without such a driver, children usually leave the region. In men’s basketball, a couple of years ago, we reversed this trend: if earlier talented guys left for Khimki, Zenit or Lokomotiv, now we have the opposite tendency – a lot of young players strive to Perm to get a basketball game from us. education, play, make a name for yourself and a career.We have no desire to put together a “project for an hour” so that the players come, play and leave. We are building this history for a long time, I would even say forever. So that Perm girls, like Perm guys, could play in their hometown, – says the president of the Parma BC and the chairman of the board of the Perm Krai Basketball Federation Sergei Boguslavsky.
The new team has no name yet. It is likely that she will bear the name “Parma”. The team will take as its basis the players of the winners of the ASB women’s super league championship, the team of the Olympic Reserve College of the Perm Territory (KOR PK).It will include several experienced players, including the MVP of the student championship and the all-time top scorer Polina Matushkina. The head coach will be Evgeny Sukhanov, and his assistants will be Vladimir Poluyanov and Andrey Laletin.
– The new club is not being born out of nowhere. The Olympic Reserve College is a large sports system that unites both very young basketball players and adult athletes. We were champions and silver medalists of the elite division of the student league in our country.Now is the time to take the next step in our development. In terms of the composition of the team, I can say that our philosophy is unchanged: the basis of the team is local players. I am very glad that we returned to Perm Polina Matushkina, for whom there was a serious struggle between many clubs. Options for enhancing the composition are being considered. I think we will have a very interesting season. Superleague-2 is a fusion of experience and youth, – notes Evgeny Sukhanov
The team from Perm will start their performances from the lowest professional division – the Super League-2 championship.Last season teams from Samara, Orenburg, Penza, Ivanovo, Rostov, Noginsk, Krasnoyarsk and Novosibirsk took part in it.
It is worth recalling that in 2006-2009, a team from Perm, “Katyusha”, already played in the championship of the Russian Major League. In the 2008-2009 season, she managed to take fourth place, after which she was disbanded due to financial problems. One of the team’s best players was local pupil Yekaterina Kiryanova, now the captain of BC Yenisei, playing in the elite women’s division (Premier League).Over the years, Katyusha has been coached by Anna Kiryanova and Elena Alferova.
Samara | Meet Ilya Gromovs
The Superleague basketball match against “University-Ugra” became the debut match of “Samara” for Ilya Gromovs. The 24-year-old Latvian center in 22 minutes on the floor has collected a good collection: 14 points, 13 rebounds, 2 assists and 2 block shots.It’s time to get to know him better.
Ilya Gromovs (Latvia). Center, height 208 cm. Genus. August 4, 1994. He played for the Latvian teams Ventspils (2012-2013, 2016), Jurmala (2013-2016, 2018), VEF (2016-2018). Champion of Latvia (2017), silver medalist of the championship of Latvia (2018).
In the summer of 2016, he played in the NBA Summer League for San Antonio. He played for youth and youth teams of Latvia of various ages. Silver medalist of the European Championship U20 (2013). He was a member of the extended squad of the Latvian national team to prepare for the 2017 European Championship.He spent the first half of the 2018/2019 season with Jurmala in the LEBL (Latvian-Estonian Basketball League) championship. Played 14 matches (about 22 minutes per game) averaging 8.1 points and 6.6 rebounds. Since January 2019 – in BC “Samara”.
Igor Grachev, head coach of Samara:
– With the signing of Gromovs, we expect, first of all, an advantage in mobility with his high growth. Plus we hope for help in defense: Ilya is tall, but light enough on his feet, has a good jump from two legs, long-armed – we expect that he will both pick up and help our little ones to insure deep passages.In the attack, Gromovs has the advantage – he plays pick-and-roll well and quickly and falls under the basket, now we want to add this component. At the first trainings, he looks good, although he played his last game in Latvia on December 15 and then only kept fit. But, I think, Ilya will gradually come to his senses and benefit the team.
Ilya Gromovs, Samara center:
– Only good first impressions of Samara. I was well received in the team. So far, of course, I know little here, but I hope to quickly get used to everything.I don’t know much about the Super League either. What was particularly striking? There is a lot of snow in Samara. In Latvia, of course, there is also snow, but much less. Goals? The main thing is to help the team so that it wins and at the end of the season shows the result that everyone expects from it.
source: bcsamara.com90,000 No longer defending in the NBA? Dealing with the main myth of recent years
The fans are grumpy people.They always have something wrong. That is simply bad, then “not as it was.” About the NBA, for example, it is often said that the league has stopped defending. The bills are huge, the stars are lazy, the heads are extravagant – and in our time there was no such garbage.
The data really looks powerful, the attacking ratings are growing continuously, and the performance is increasing even faster. And the numbers speak in favor of the fact that there is no protection as such, quite unambiguously.
And yet, to begin with, it is worthwhile to understand the reasons for the increase in performance in order to understand how much this is still a problem of modern defense.
The game has become faster now, the effectiveness of attack in such basketball is growing. The defense does not always have time to build up: someone has not returned yet, someone is against a player with whom they cannot cope, all this increases the effectiveness of an early attack, and today it is used more often. Actually, this is why not only the performance (points per match) grows, but also the attacking rating (points per 100 possessions). It would seem that the whole point of offensive and defensive ratings is to make it easier to compare teams playing at different rates.But at a high pace it is easier to attack, and it is more difficult to defend, so the attacking rating of 110 for the slow team, all other things being equal, speaks of a better attack than the attacking rating of 110 for the running team. And as the league’s average pace has grown, so has the effectiveness of the attack.
Part of the high productivity in an early attack is due to the fact that the defense has not yet organized, and you are out on a good shot. Actually, this is the idea to drive the pace. But part of this productivity has to do with the fact that if you decide to shoot quickly, you probably have a really good situation, otherwise you would just go into positioning.As Seth Partnow says, is your good early throw good because it is early, or early because it is good?
Anyway, an early attack is effective, and it is getting more and more. At the same time, it is important to clarify: the defense is trying to rest against transit, and the effectiveness of these shots does not grow from season to season, it is just that it is still higher than the effectiveness in positioning.
If we compare the eFG% at 2-6 seconds of possession last season and in some 2013/14 season, there won’t be much difference, now the defense is doing even a little better.The effectiveness of an early attack (points for possession) has not grown in recent years either, but the average transit share has increased.
The overall pace has also increased. This is how the average team’s possession per match has changed over the years: 9.0007
Game speed has increased by 10% in nine years.
And the point here is not that the teams are now somehow especially sluggishly returning to the defense, it’s just that now the players drive the attack even after the opponent hits.Everyone is trying to run, and yes, if someone slowly sits down in defense, the chances of doing so with impunity are less than before. But good running teams will get early offense opportunities and keep up the pace even against decent defensive opponents. After a lay-up, the attacking player often flies away under the ring: it is more difficult for him to catch the defense, and the opponent immediately starts a counter attack. When a defensive player is thrown at an opponent who is throwing a three-note, he no longer looks back and just runs forward, hoping to be the first to be at the wrong ring and score easy points.
Teams are just more aggressively looking for opportunities to run where they haven’t done it before, and use what they haven’t used before (or used less often).
Gone are those ineffective average throws. Well, they did not disappear, but they decreased decently. Just an approximate implementation with an average – in the region of 40-41%, this is 0.80-0.82 points per shot. Lay-ups, three-pointers and free throws are much more effective and give on average more than 1 point per shot (free throws give less, but they are usually thrown in pairs).
Reduction of averages and the impact of this trend are illustrated by two examples.
First example. Last year, the Spurs averaged 17% of their points with medium shots, while the rest of the teams had less than 14%. Let’s not go too far, in 2015, 26 teams in the NBA averaged over 14% of their points. For 6 years, only one team remained from 26 teams. Six teams averaged more than 20% of their shots in 2015 (there were no such teams last season), 15 teams averaged more than last year’s NBA leaders in this indicator.
Second example. If we look at the implementation from the game, then in theory it should fall, right? Because a good percentage from the game was always 50+, the average ones came across with a percentage of about 40%, and even the best shooters did not always reach such accuracy from beyond the arc.
As the number of 3-point attempts increased, the overall percentage of the game should have dropped, right?
The average percentage from a game in the NBA is 46. That was the case last year. And the year before.And all the last 15 years. At the beginning of the 2000s, there was bloody meat and 44% from the game on average, and during the first half of the 90s (the one about the cruelty of the defense of which they rub all game into us) the accuracy was more than 46%. In general, if you did not grow up in the gold finals of the Spurs and Pistons, where the average performance resembled a football one, and did not find the 50s, when the players did not understand very well where the ring was, then the current implementation hardly looks for you high. Since the 70s, accuracy in the NBA has staggered around 45-47%.
This all adds up to the fact that moving away from averages really works. Because three-pointers are still not caught very often (about 35% on average), their number is growing, but thanks to the increased accuracy of two-pointers, the overall performance can be kept at the same level. And the accuracy of two-pointers has increased precisely because the share of well-realized lay-ups among two-pointers has increased, and the share of middle ones has dropped.
At the same time, it is clear that the effective percentage, reflecting not only the frequency of hits, but also their value (that is, taking into account the difference between two-point and three-point hits), increased accordingly.
And none of this has anything to do with protection. It’s not that the defense has always blocked these advantageous options, but now it has stopped, it’s just that the attack recently realized their profitability. The attacking players did not start hitting shots with a new inadequate percentage (there is an exception, we will return to it), they simply began to take more effective attempts more often and abandoned what made little sense.
The attack has become smarter and more effective due to this. For defense, it remains to think about how to give up defense on the middle, but at the same time not get carried away too much, because an overly open middle will suddenly become a simple and effective throw.
When the analyst prioritized the effectiveness of the throws, the attack gained the upper hand. Lay-ups and three-pointers have become popular patterns with many teams. But the point of the idea is not only in the rejection of ineffective throws. Perhaps even more valuable was the fact that players now open on the arc, rather than on the middle one, which further stretches the court. If earlier many were throwing from the middle, it is much easier to bounce off the safety net, now the attack does not give such a chance. Everyone stands wider, the distance between the players has reached the maximum possible level (there is nowhere else – there the site ends), there is much more freedom.
Plus there are now more shooters themselves, and life has become more fun. Teams use squads with a bunch of throwing players, usually 4 people in the top five have a long-range throw (often all 5).
At the same time, it has become the norm to water the three-pointers with guidance.
And it has also become the norm to water three-pointers from the lead a meter and a half from the arc.
In general, the area to be defended has grown considerably. And the defense has no time to move. In fact, you have to choose whether you cover the “paint” or the arc, because you won’t be able to catch both here and there against a decent attack.You either insure or stay with the shooters, and that always leaves offense a relatively good option.
Due to the complication of the safety net, you have to trade more often. And regular exchanges, in turn, lead to the methodical targeting of the opponent’s worst or most convenient defender. It is now an integral part of the game. But – as Ben Taylor said – until the finals between the Warriors and the Cavaliers, the NBA didn’t do that much. It’s just that in some 2011 finals, Dallas and Hit did not have enough shooters to force the opponent to trade in defense: you could always play as a safety net.Now there are more exchanges, there is also room for these mismatches. So the teams purposefully hit the weak link in the opponent’s defense.
Of course, the defense is trying to adapt, avoid unequal exchanges and hide weak defenders. But traditional methods work less often here. So, spades are broken by pick-and-pops and handoffs – in both cases, you cannot move away from the player setting the screen. At the same time, there are more “big” ones with a throw, and the frequency of handoffs has been constantly growing in recent years.Spades can sometimes still avoid unwanted trade, but often cause more problems than the trade itself would seem to cause. Thibodeau’s “ice” defense scheme (when the ballhandler is not allowed to the screen, opening the way to the side) was successfully used against most teams a few years ago. Now this theme, too vulnerable to pick-and-pops and opening up the far corner, is becoming unplayable.
So they are looking for new options. And the concept is no longer about avoiding the exchange, but about exchanging, but not in the way the opponent wants.
So, if “small” switches to “big” under the ring, then they try to pull him out of there, replacing him with a larger player. But such a substitution or “scram” is only possible against a player who does not yet have the ball.
Someone replaces the player in advance: when an attacking basketball player goes to set a screen, someone universal switches to this screener, which makes it possible to painlessly exchange pick-and-roll. Actually, one of the disadvantages of this thing is on the video, and you can always just put another barrier – and then there is no place to hide.
And the Lakers last year first exchanged against Harden, and then threw the second player at James, preventing him from realizing the mismatch and forcing him to part with the ball.
All this helps a little, but so far it looks more like a point measure than a real solution. With the progress in the throwing component, the attack got too much.
The players began to take more correct throws, but some of the attempts still became more accurate. And it’s about lay-ups. In the 2000s, they were hit at 60 percent, which already made such attempts much more productive than the average throw (or three-point).And this is why abandoning averages would have worked with the previous implementation. But then the accuracy improved. By the mid-2010s, about 63% were already falling out of the ring. And now the implementation from under the hoop has reached an even higher level, since 2017 it is about 66% for throws from a meter distance.
This is dictated by a number of factors that we have already touched upon.
The pace has increased. Some of the easiest hoop shots are in fast breaks.
more shooters. With the defense extended, it is much more often to the player going into the passage, either no one has time, and this is an easy throw, or they are forced to pull in too early, opening the pass (and then there is no throw from under the hoop).This naturally raises the realization of short throws.
An increase in the pace and an increase in the distance to be covered, led to the fact that some large centers, decently defending the ring, did not find a place in the wonderful league of the future. Remember Roy Hibbert? He is only 34, but no one already knows when he last played in the NBA. In a couple of years, he went from being one of the best defensive players to being relegated from the Association. At the same time, Roy himself was not injured or sagged, he just stood still while everything around him flew forward.And this happened not only with the centers, throughout the NBA, size was sold for mobility and skill, which was useful for defense and the level of the team in general, but not very helpful under the basket.
The same centers that remained had to adapt: often they had to play in defense far enough from the ring, and their influence directly on the defense of the paint was reduced.
And teams that still value ring defense are forced to either turn on the “zone” (reducing the area of responsibility of the center, allowing him not to go too high), or give the opponent three-points because of the aggressive safety net in the “paint”.
And all this happens not because someone defends himself badly (although someone, of course, defends himself badly), but because one has to defend himself differently. It is much more difficult to be in time everywhere than before, and often you have to give something back.
There are several very striking factors that are the first to catch the eye and affect the perception of the game on defense.
1. Many people point out that in the modern game there is less contact, lower density, and this is kind of like defense’s fault. But with the current refereeing, playing more tightly is fraught.You climb over the screen after Lillard, he stops abruptly, you knock him out, and bam – three free throws, the worst defense you can think of.
This creates, in fact, a new kind of art, where attacking players too often can try not to hit the ball in the ring, namely to earn free throws.
Did you put your hand forward? The opponent caught her with his elbow and threw the ball – fouls.
Did you jump to prevent the throw? The opponent jumped at you – fouls.
Didn’t you jump to interfere with the shot? And the opponent jumped.And landed on you – fouls.
Are you defending yourself against Embiid in fasting? I don’t care what you did – fouls.
You are running in defense, and then the opponent running in front of you stops abruptly? You hit him – fouls. And I’m just waiting for some center in such a situation to not stop, but at full speed will demolish you-know-who. Like Rodriguez: “If you’re driving 70 miles an hour and a deer jumps out in front of you, if you start slowing down or dodging, you’ll just kill yourself.You just need to shoot down the deer. ”
This concludes the stream of petty bloodlust and gets back to the point. All these things with the search for fouls seem to have increased. It is relatively easy to score a violation right now, and the free throws themselves are damn effective. In such a situation, only the party line can be blamed for the lack of density in defense.
2. The second thing that hurts the eye is the protection performed by the stars. In recent years, it has seemed like too many top players have been useless defensively.Curry, Harden, James, Jokic, DeRozan, Westbrook, Beale, Towns, Irving, Walker, Sabonis, Young, Doncic, Ingram, Russell, Lillard – these are people who have been selected for all-star matches in recent years, many of them ended up in the symbolic NBA teams, but none of them played at a distance above average in defense. And many of them were real holes in the defense.
It is clear that when we compare this case with the early 2000s and Bryant, Payton, Garnett, Duncan, Kidd and Mutombo / Wallace, the contrast is harsh.And now there are also players who are useful in both halves, just stars who are successful in defense, as if there are fewer.
In order to somehow check this, I decided to compare how many players from the defensive fives did NOT get into the symbolic teams before, and how many – now. Roughly speaking, what was the share of “role players” in the defensive fives.
From 1997 to 2004, there were 3-4 people in the defense teams (average value – 3.7) who were not selected for the symbolic teams. Accordingly, the remaining 6-7 places in the defensive teams went to the most stellar players in the league.
From 2006 to the present, there are already 5-6 people in the defense teams (5.7) who have not been selected for the symbolic teams. That is, among the top defenders in the league, there are four or five, and not six or seven, as before. From the calculations, however, I had to throw out 2013, there were 6 people in one of the defensive fives (according to the basketball refe), so for the purity of the experiment the season was not taken into account, but, if anything, there were 6 people in the defensive teams of that season not included in the symbolic team.
Is it possible to trust people who select players for these fives? It’s a moot point, but if you trust it, it is clear that the number of main stars among elite defenders is indeed falling.
The stars have their own excuses. In recent years in the league, 15 people have an engagement rate over 30, and the top values go over 35%. With such a role in the attack, it is difficult to work out in defense. In the late 90s and early 2000s, there were usually 3-6 people in the NBA with such a high workload. And among these comrades there are a lot of Piers, Iversons, McGrady and Carters, who themselves never got into the defense fives.Now there are more attacking players with a huge load, who are forgiven a lot in defense.
Perhaps this is a question of the difference between generations and the abilities of specific players. Someone can do more in attack, someone else’s talent is more evenly distributed between the two halves of the site. Or maybe it’s all about rethinking the concept of a star. And now often the best player must carry the entire attack on himself, regardless of the position, and the team will somehow figure it out in defense.
If the second option is correct, then this is probably the only aspect in which the teams themselves really deliberately push the defense in order to attack.
3. Every year the regular season loses its prestige, and playoff basketball is more and more different from what is played during this marathon. The top teams do not care about the result for the season, all that interests them is to be in optimal shape for the elimination games. Naturally, this doesn’t add dedication, which is damn important for playing defensively. So for two years in a row some Cleveland was in the top ten in terms of defense efficiency in the regular seasons, but they added significantly to the playoffs.Of course, having the best teams spit on defense every now and then has a decent impact on perception.
However, the scale of all this is hardly large. Who really could afford to score on defense in the regular season and turn it on at the click, except for LeBron’s Cleveland and the Warriors prime? Most teams just aren’t good enough or don’t have the requisite knockout experience to dabble in this sort of thing. In recent years, you can often see the opposite picture, when Milwaukee or Utah, tore up the regular season with their defense, turn out to be not so formidable in the playoffs, and this has nothing to do with dedication.
4. Brooklyn stands out for its slightly Brazilian logic: you score as much as you can, and we – as much as we want. They are not going to “enter the playoffs”, they do not have the resource for this, they simply assume that the attack will be enough. It turns out that one of the most ambitious teams does not perceive defense as something worthwhile at all, perhaps it is such a conductor of new trends?
But there have already been such examples in the NBA. The same LeBron’s “Cleveland” reached the finals with a poor defense.Nash’s Phoenixes played decently on defense in their prime, but made it to the conference finals with 23rd defense in the league. Probably, if the Nets and Nuggets are constantly playing in the finals in the coming years, it will be possible to really talk about some new trends, but so far this model has no result, then there is nothing to talk about. There have been attempts before.
In short, there are things that are striking, but for the most part they either have completely objective reasons, or are something striking, but isolated and do not reflect the real picture as a whole.
In general, all the paths lead to the conclusion that the defense has not become worse, just the attack has become better. As you can see, in recent years, NBA basketball has decently changed and most of these changes are in favor of the attack.
These factors put pressure on the defense unilaterally: they simplify the attack, but do not give the defense any good in return. Now it is much easier not to try to completely stop a good attacking team with defense, but to punish it with attacks. You can push on the lack of size, which is often found in shooting teams.You can maintain the same high pace. You can use the fact that the opponent’s attacking shots are probably not very good in defense.
Basically, the only defense against recent game changes is that you don’t have to fight for rebounds. Trying to be in time in defense, players are much less likely to go to someone else’s shield, because of this, rebounding in defense has become easier and even more turned into garbage statistics. Counting defensive rebounds now is almost like counting attacks in which a team hasn’t lost the ball, or counting how many times a home commentator speaks nonsense in a ridiculous attempt to justify his team.All this is the normal order of things, why celebrate it?
And the defense is still trying to adjust.
Someone focuses on protecting the ring, removing the most effective throws. Many people try to play the zone: a couple of years ago it was exotic, and now almost all teams from time to time include this business at significant intervals. Universalism (who even thought about it 10 years ago?), Which is necessary with more frequent exchanges, is becoming a key factor in the formation of the composition and the selection of performers.Someone is trying to take advantage of the fact that the opponent does not take averages, which means that this is a dead zone that you can not really defend. But then, as already mentioned, the middle ones become too open, and this is not a bad shot, which is used by some teams in attack.
It’s just that the attacking advantages of the new basketball outweigh all of this, the defense lacks corny counterarguments. Not because of a lack of diligence and skill. And simply because it is much more difficult to cope with today’s attack.Protection, in general, does what it can, only this is no longer enough for the usual result. And now, the maximum efforts of the defense lead to the fact that the opponent in 100 attacks will score 103 points instead of 115, and not 95 points instead of 110. This is a new basketball and a new reality in which it has become easier to attack and more difficult to defend.
Of course, this doesn’t make defense less important, because the difference between the defensive ratings of good defense and bad defense remains quite impressive. We will not keep you 100 points in 100 possessions, but we will keep you 110 points, which is enough to win in today’s basketball.And in this regard, nothing has changed. Good defense still stifles attack decently and makes life harder.