Wittenberg University Student Aid Information
Net Price Calculator
To fully understand the costs associated with attending a college or university, a Net Price Calculator is used to better estimate the total costs minus any grants or scholarships that students may be eligible to receive.Calculate Your Cost
Tuition and Aid Resources
Financial Aid: www4.wittenberg.edu/admission/financials/
Online Application: www4.
Undergrad Applicaion Fee: $40
Graduate Application Fee: $40
Undergraduate Tuition Costs
Tuition Plan(s) Options
|Alternative Tution Plan|
|Prepaid Tution Plan|
|Guaranteed Tution Plan|
|Tuition Payment Plan|
Wittenberg University – College Confidential
In 2021, tuition for full-time students at Wittenberg University was $41,422 a year.
Tuition increased 1.95 percent in 2021, from $40,630 the prior year. On average, colleges raise tuition about 3 percent each year.
If these numbers feel scary, remember, the “sticker price” of tuition doesn’t give you enough information to determine the actual cost. Many students pay far less than the total tuition after grants, scholarships, and tuition discounts kick in. Plus, student loans can make the amount you do have to pay for college more manageable.
Does Wittenberg University Offer In-State and Out-of-State Tuition?
Wittenberg University is a private, religious institution, so it has the same tuition for residents of Ohio as it does for residents from other states.
Public schools receive funds from the state to help them cover costs. Public, state schools can offer lower tuition for students who meet the requirements for in-state residency.
Attending a school where you qualify for in-state tuition can save significant money on the overall cost of college. Every state has their own rules about what makes someone eligible for in-state tuition. The most common requirement is that students must have lived in the state for a full year before starting school.
Explore other Ohio colleges
Wittenberg University International Student Tuition
Wittenberg University has the same tuition for international students as for those from out of state.
International students are not eligible for federal financial aid, but may be eligible for school-specific aid and scholarships. International students with need may be eligible for the following types of financial support:
Wittenberg University-specific scholarships
International students without financial need may be eligible for merit-based institutional scholarships.
Wittenberg University Living Expenses and Other Costs
In addition to tuition, there are other costs associated with college, like room and board, facility fees, and books and supplies.
Room and Board at Wittenberg University
Room and board at Wittenberg University is $11,046 a year. This includes the cost of living in dorms or other campus housing, plus a meal plan that allows you to eat in the school dining facilities. Students who live off campus but still want to use the dining facility can pay for a meal plan. The cost of board-only is $5,640.
Board costs may vary depending on how many meals are included in the meal plan you choose.
Cost of Books at Wittenberg University
The cost of books often surprises first-year college students. At Wittenberg University, you can expect to pay about $1,000 a year for books and supplies. This does not count the initial cost of a computer or other technology. The actual cost of books depends on the courses you take and the materials required.
Most schools also have fees to help cover the cost of facilties, like the library, gym and computer labs. Full-time undergrads at Wittenberg University pay $846 in fees each academic year.
There may also be optional fees associated with participating in certain activities, like joining a fraternity or sorority, or playing on an intramural sports team, may mean additional fees.
The total cost of transportation in college can really vary. It depends on if you drive or fly to get to school, own a car, or if you prefer to walk or take public transportation to get around campus.
A school’s location can impact transportation costs. The Wittenberg University campus is in a suburban setting in Ohio, not far from Columbus and Dayton. First-year students are allowed to park a car on campus.
For Wittenberg University students, $1,600 is good ballpark for transportation costs for on-campus students. $5,406 is a good estimate for transportation costs for students who live off campus.
Other College Costs
When creating a budget for college, don’t forget to leave some room in your budget for personal expenses, like entertainment, clothes, furnishings and toiletries.
Let’s look at the breakdown of all expenses, which can add up for both on-campus and off-campus students.
How much does Wittenberg University cost?
|2021 Total Tuition and Expenses|
|Room and Board||$11,046|
|Books and Supplies||$1,000|
|Total Estimated Costs|
The breakdowns above provide a good estimate of the total cost of attendance before financial aid and scholarships.
Wittenberg University’s tuition and fees change based on: Course load for part-time students
Wittenberg University Financial Aid
The majority of Wittenberg University undergrads use financial aid to to cover the cost of tuition. In 2021, 1,075 of the 1,445 undergrads enrolled received financial aid. Wittenberg University meets 83.8 percent of the demonstrated financial need for undergraduates.
The average financial aid package for a full-time, first-year student is around $37,141 a year. Around 68.7 percent of Wittenberg University undergrads take out student loans to cover any remaining costs. Wittenberg University graduates who have student loans graduate with an average of $29,421 of student loan debt.
The average debt for each loan type varies.
|Average Debt By Loan Type|
|Wittenberg University-Specific Loans||$0|
|Most Common Loans for Wittenberg University Students|
|Federal Loans||68. 7%|
Most students take out institutional or government loans, because they tend to have lower interest rates and more flexible repayment options than private loans. Loans from the federal government can be subsidized or unsubsidized. Subsidized loans do not accrue interest during school, while unsubsidized loans begin accruing interest at the time the loan is issued. If students do no qualify for enough federal loans to cover the cost of tuition, some take out private loans. Parents can also take out ParentPLUS loans, which are government loans for parents who are helping their children pay for college.
The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) helps colleges determine how much financial need students and their familes have, so they can offer a financial aid package that meets, or come close to meeting, their need. For more information on Wittenberg University financial aid, keep reading, or visit their financial aid website.
Scholarships at Wittenberg University
Some students may receive grants and scholarships to help pay for college. Unlike loans, scholarships and grants do not have to be paid back.
In 2021, Wittenberg University awarded 887 need-based scholarships to students, giving away total of $8,758,455 to help students with financial need cover the cost of school. An additional $31,259,871 in merit-based scholarship money was awarded to students without demonstrated financial need.
Net Cost of Wittenberg University
The net price of college is the actual cost of attending a school for one year. Net cost is calculated by subtracting any scholarships, grants or other aid that does not need to be paid back from the total cost. Student loans are not part of the calculation, because they need to be repaid.
Now that we have a sense of the total estimated costs for Wittenberg University students, we can subtract the average financial aid package to find the estimated net cost. Net cost can vary depending on a students’ need and the financial aid award received.
When considering whether a school fits your budget, it is important to consider the estimated net cost, not just the sticker price of tuition. Often, schools with the highest tuition also offer the most generous aid packages, so estimate your net cost before eliminating a school because it does fit your budget.
The average amount of financial aid received by a full-time first year student with demonstrated need at Wittenberg University was $37,141 in 2021. By substracting the average financial aid package from the estimated costs, we get a number that may make the cost of Wittenberg University seem more manageable.
|Estimated Net Cost for Full-Time Students|
What will attending Wittenberg University really cost you? The answer depends on several factors.
As of 2011, colleges are required to have a net price calculator on their website to help prospective students and their families understand the actual cost of attending that school, based on their financial situation. You can find the Wittenberg University’s net cost calculator on their website.
Wittenberg University Tuition Payment Plans
Some students choose to use payment plans to make the cost of tuition fit more comfortably in their budget.
Wittenberg University does not have guaranteed tuition.
The school offers a Prepaid Tuition Plan, which is a type of college savings plan that enables people to purchase future credits for their children at today’s rate. It is best for people who are sure they or their child will attend a public school in their state.
Wittenberg University offers an Installment Payment Plan, which allows students to pay tuition in a series of smaller chunks instead of one lump sum.
Does Wittenberg University offer tuition waivers?
Schools sometimes offer tuition waivers to certain groups to cover some or all of the cost of tuition. Some schools offer them for employees and their family, underrepresented students, or military students. Even with a tuition waiver, other expenses and fees are the responsibility of the student
Wittenberg University has some full or partial tuition waivers available for: Minority Students X Employees or Children of Employees X X
Check the financial aid website for more information on payment plans and tuition waivers.
Wittenberg University – The Princeton Review College Rankings & Reviews
Located in Springfield, Ohio, Wittenberg combines a “small school atmosphere” with “a wide horizon of learning opportunities.” The school offers “high academic standards and a dedication to research” that makes “an environment where students can excel in the classroom and out.” This “friendly, athletic campus” “offers a close-knit community where professors and students build professional and personal relationships.” The school’s motto is “Having Light, We Pass It On To Others. ” This is taken seriously by the “extremely engaging” professors who are “committed to helping students both in and out of the classroom.” The “fabulous” teachers at Wittenberg are “always accessible and willing to help” and really get to know students “on a personal level.” “I feel like I am learning from my best friends,” one happy student reports. An Environmental Science student agrees, saying, “I have become very close to a few of my professors and have really come to enjoy my classroom experience.” Some students say that “communication with the student body” and “upper level administration” “is not always the best.” Still, a Communications major lavishes praise on the entire staff, “not only just teachers, but I would go as far to say even down to the maintenance and janitor crew.” Part of the reason students love classes at Wittenberg is the small class sizes. This “means excellent attention paid to students.” “The class sizes and student-teacher ratio makes it an ideal place to develop professional relationships” and these relationships “really elevates the learning environment and makes classes far more interesting than large schools. ” The “open-minded and encouraging” faculty really pushes “students to build our own ideas and projects.” All in all, “the people, the faculty and students are a very happy, connected, and welcoming community.” This, combined with the “gorgeous campus” might explain the “high morale among the students.” As a Psychology major explains, “Wittenberg is a place where students can develop themselves as a whole person—academically, professionally, and socially.”
This “beautiful school” is filled with “friendly,” “outgoing,” and “quirky people.” “It is hard to describe a typical student because we are very diverse, but with that diversity we all are able to get in,” an Environmental Science student says. If you had to generalize, most students are “white, from Ohio, [and] middle class,” but “Wittenberg has a wonderful variety of students.” Students tend to be “fun personalities, engaged, curious and eager to learn, smart. ” “All types of students here are welcomed in with ease” and everyone can “find at least one friend group.” One student elaborates that these groups “are like amoebas that are constantly shifting, made up of many different people.” Overall Wittenberg is a “tight-knit community” where all you have to do to make a friend is “step out and say hello!”
Students are typically busy and even “often over-involved” at Wittenberg. Your average student might be “involved and overcommitted in at least two clubs and a sport or Greek life.” “With over 100 student clubs and organizations, it is easy to find things to get involved in,” one student explains. “Witt students generally know how to work hard and play hard” and “party every day.” One student says that partying is so pervasive that “if you do not drink then you have no chance of fitting in.” “The typical student is one who drinks constantly, and rarely ever gets in trouble for it,” since, students say, the University is lax on enforcing drug and alcohol rules. Still, there are plenty of other activities to do on campus from “just hang[ing] out and spend[ing] time with each other” to “Witt Wednesday” in which “comedians or musicians come to entertain.” “What don’t we do?” one student says. One quirky, or even “downright surreal” part of campus life has to do with the crows. “Our crow-deterrent alarms, which are mounted on the roofs of every building, are triggered by students walking by,” one student explains. “It’s downright uncanny at night to hear crow death screams played from the rooftops as you walk back to your dorm.” Students who love nature will enjoy “a reservoir to swim in, two playgrounds/parks, and three national parks for hiking.”
Scholarships Opportunity at Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University is one of the reputed liberal arts universities in Ohio, United States. Many bright and talented students get good scholarships opportunity at Wittenberg University.
Wittenberg University is a private liberal arts college in Springfield, Ohio. The college was founded in 1845 by a group of ministers in the English Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Ohio.
Wittenberg is one of the top universities in the United States, in fact, it ranks in the 148th position in National Liberal Arts College in 2018 edition of Best Colleges. It is known for its highly intellectual faculty and rigorous academics.
Likewise, Wittenberg collectively offers more than 40 undergraduate degree programs through its various departments. Each gives students the tools they need to think clearly, to debate forcefully, and to find possible solutions for every problem.Wittenberg University Scholarships
- Wittenberg has a need-based policy for domestic as well as international students.
- So, it may or may not meet the full demonstrated need of the admitted students.
Wittenberg is one of the selective universities in the United States. It has an acceptance rate of 76%.
So, the eligibility for admission and scholarship is highly competitive. However, few deserving candidates may get a generous scholarships opportunity at Wittenberg University.
- Applicants should be able to demonstrate high academic competitiveness.
- High GPA and SAT’s score will also bolster the chance of getting in.
- Active participation in extra curricular activities.
- Involvement in community service and leadership enabling platforms.
- Applicants should be highly talented and eager to learn relentlessly.
- Similarly, applicants should be full of creative ideas and innovative mindset.
- Admission office makes the decision regarding one’s admission considering the financial situation of the applicant.
- So, the university does not commit to meet 100% of the demonstrated financial need.
- Majority of the students receive some kind of financial aid at Wittenberg.
- Further, the average financial aid award in the year 2017-18 was $18,418.
All applicants apply online through the Common Application and the Wittenberg Online Application Portal. The application portal guides students through the application process.
Additionally, applicants need to submit the following documents:
- Wittenberg writing supplements
- Guidance Counselor Evaluation
- High School Transcripts
- Mid-year reports
- Teacher’s recommendation (at least 2)
- SAT scores
- English Proficiency Test Scores i.e. TOEFL/IELTS
Lastly, here is the official link to Wittenberg University.
Wittenberg University Student Reviews, Scholarships, and Details
About Wittenberg University
Founded in 1845, Wittenberg University is a Private college. Located in Springfield, which is a city setting in Ohio, the campus itself is Urban . The campus is home to 1,960 full time undergraduate students, and 28 full time graduate students.
Campus TopicsHow politically active are students?
“We know about current events and vote”
“We participate and encourage others to get involved”
“There’s nothing we won’t protest”Are there intellectual conversations?
“We save it for the classroom”
“Sometimes, but not often”
“There’s usually intelligent conversation to be found”
“All the time, including weekends”Is the arts culture a priority?
“It’s not really our thing”
“Occasinally we gallery crawl”
“There are a variety of opportunities”
“We’re a very artistic group”Do you feel safe on campus?
“I’m always terrified”
“I only go out in groups”
“I usually let someone know where I’m going”
“I feel extremely safe”What’s the sports culture like?
“We don’t play sports”
“We play recreationally”
“We live for the big game”How accessible are your professors?
“They keep regular office hours”
“They’re always available”How important is fraternity/sorority life?
“No greek life, but other groups to join”
“There is some involvement, but not a lot”
“Plenty of people join a sorority or fraternity”
“It’s everything. If you’re not greek, you’re a geek”Do students drink alcohol?
“We’re not into drinking at all”
“Maybe a little, but it’s not a big thing”
“We only party on weekends”
“There’s some drinking happening every night”Do students do drugs?
“Never, we’re here to learn”
“There might be people who do”
“People are known to partake on weekends”
“There’s a huge drug scene”
Admissions Requirements for Wittenberg University
Admissions at Wittenberg University are considered Less Selective, with 78% of all applicants being admitted. In the 2017/2018 school year, of the students who applied to the school, only 8% of those who were admitted eventually ended up enrolling. 79% of incoming freshmen are in the top half of their high school class. 48% were in the top quarter, and 23% were in the top tenth.
The application fee is $ 40 and you can apply online.
Total Undergrad Enrollment
of students living on campus
% American Indian/Alaskan Native
% Asian/Pacific Islander
% Black or African-American
The Wittenberg University Academic calendar runs on a semester basis. In the 2017/2018 school year the student to faculty ratio was 14:1. There are 117 full time instructional teachers. Degrees awarded at Wittenberg University include: Bachelor’s Degree, Masters Degree, Post-master’s certificate, Doctor’s degree.
The total cost to attend on campus is $49,816. Let’s break that cost down. Room and board will run $10,126 annually. Books and Supplies will cost another $1,600. And lastly, in state tuition and fees is $38,090. Additional cost elements for out of state students are as follows:
Cost Out of State$38,090
Tuition and fees(Out of state)$1,600
Books and Supplies
Actual Cost By Income Level(W/Financial Aid)
All students must apply yearly for financial aid. This process starts with the FAFSA. Though financial aid deadlines vary by school, it is a good idea to apply as soon as possible. For the upcoming school year, you can apply as early as October 1 for the FAFSA. Additional school aid will be dependent on the FAFSA results.
100% of students attending Wittenberg University receive some sort of financial aid. 30% were awarded federal grants. While 93% received federal loans. Many students do also need to apply for additional private student loans.
Wittenberg University – Big Data Degrees, Accreditation, Applying, Tuition, Financial Aid
Diving Into Big Data at Wittenberg University
In Fall 2017, Wittenberg University launched the B.A. in Data Science to prepare undergrads for CNBC’s #1 best job extracting useful insights from statistics in industry or government. Chaired by Dr. Adam Park in the BDK Science Center, the 43-credit major builds tech-driven analytical skills atop the liberal arts core utilizing a whole-person approach. Required courses include Introduction to Data Science, Database Design, SQL Programming, and Calculus before the capstone project-based seminar. Wittenberg juniors and seniors can find internships with J.M. Smucker Company, Prevedere, Procter & Gamble, Fifth Third Bank, and other Ohio companies. Students might also join Witt Math Club, study abroad in London, present thesis research at the Annual Analytics Symposium, and minor in Computer Science.
The M.S. in Analytics at Wittenberg University has attracted post-graduates since Fall 2016 to undertake high-impact learning that emphasizes Big Data case studies. Directed by Dr. Eugene Pierce, the 30-credit, 12-month program has a hybrid format that blends online modules on Moodle with three-day weekend residencies in Springfield. Number-savvy students will fulfill requirements for the Associate Certified Analytics Professional (ACAP) exam through courses like Data Mining, Business Intelligence, and Predictive Modeling. In the final term, master’s majors utilize real-world software, including Python, to yield valuable data conclusions for a four-part capstone project. First cohorts have found success with Provimi, JPMorgan Chase, the National Celiac Foundation, Palantir, and more.
About Wittenberg University
Wittenberg University was established by Rev. Ezra Keller in 1845 with the Hamma School of Divinity for the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Ohio. Named for the German town where Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses, Wittenberg became coeducational in 1874 and desegregated in 1875. Now endowed for $98.7 million, Wittenberg enrolls 1,900 Tigers as a private, nonprofit ECLA liberal arts college of the North Coast Conference. Near the Little Miami Scenic Trail, Wittenberg University occupies a 114-acre, tree-lined campus in Springfield, an All-America City Award winner. Known for its East Asian Institute for International Studies, Wittenberg engages in nearly 70 fields, including Data Science, with a 14:1 student-professor ratio. Linked to 15,197 LinkedIn alumni, Wittenberg University has produced noteworthy alumni like James Rebhorn, John McLaughlin, Sandra Postel, and Jennette Bradley.
The U.S. News & World Report ranked Wittenberg University as the 158th best national liberal arts college and 101st top high school counselor pick. On Niche, Wittenberg is America’s 46th best Christian school and 116th best small college with the 161st top faculty. Forbes declared Wittenberg the 233rd best private university and 127th best liberal arts school. The Social Mobility Index placed Wittenberg University 390th nationally. In Washington Monthly, Wittenberg stands out for the 60th highest Ph.D. completion rate and 78th most community service hours. PayScale recognized Wittenberg University for the 124th best median mid-career salary of $108,700. Home to seven Ohio Professors of the Year, Wittenberg was also honored for the 11th best student experience by The Princeton Review.
Wittenberg University Accreditation Details
At Level III, Wittenberg University had its regional accreditation reaffirmed for another 10 years in 2016 under president Michael L. Frandsen by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association (HLC-NCA). This institutional mark of excellence is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education to extend Federal Title-IV eligibility to all 45 bachelor’s and three master’s programs. Wittenberg’s curriculum is also authorized by the Ohio Department of Higher Education (ODHE).
Recommended: 30 Best Master’s in Data Science Online Degree Programs
Wittenberg University Application Requirements
Reaching Big Data goals at Wittenberg University will require passing the “selective” admission process that had a Fall 2016 acceptance rate of 78 percent. The B.A. in Data Science only considers first-year freshmen who’ve finished a college-prep curriculum, including four years of math, or the GED. Although tests are optional, admitted undergrads have an average GPA of 3.42, SAT score of 1160, and ACT score of 25. Transfers are accepted from regionally accredited colleges with grades of “C” or greater. Completing the Ohio Transfer Module for an A.A./A.S. degree guarantees 60 semester hours. Getting into the M.S. in Analytics mandates an accredited bachelor’s, preferably in STEM quantitative fields, with a 3.0 GPA. International students are accepted from 30+ countries with a minimum 550 TOEFL score or equivalent.
Wittenberg University has set deadlines of November 15th for Early Decision, December 1st for Early Action I, January 15th for Early Action II, and March 15th for Regular Action applicants. Transfers are reviewed until May 15th for Fall or December 15th for Spring. The School of Graduate & Professional Studies has rolling admission for the M.S. in Analytics. Hopeful Tigers can submit the Common Application or Wittenberg Application online and send any extra materials to 200 West Ward Street in Springfield, OH 45504. Data enthusiasts shouldn’t forget the following:
• $40 non-refundable application fee
• Official transcripts from every school
• Standardized test scores if desired
• Three professional reference letters
• Current résumé of work/education history
• Personal goal statement of 250+ words
• Exams of English proficiency if applicable
Wittenberg University Tuition and Financial Aid
Pursuing the B.A. in Data Science costs full-time Wittenberg undergraduates $19,340 per semester or $38,680 annually. Budgets should leave room for the $60 New Students Day fee, $300 student activity fee and $520 technology fee each year. Living on the Springfield campus will add $2,644 for housing and $2,534 for meal plans every semester. Total annual cost of attendance is roughly $52,056 for residents and $41,930 for commuters. Graduates are billed $1,090 per credit, which means the 30-credit M.S. in Analytics has a $32,700 price tag.
According to the NCES College Navigator, 96 percent of full-time Wittenberg Tigers share $43.39 million in yearly financial aid for average packages worth $24,268. Big Data gurus could earn institutional funds like the Broadwell Chinn Award, Honor Award, Phi Theta Kappa Scholarship, Martin Luther Scholar Award, Reverend H. Eldon Akerman Scholarship, Elizabeth Allison Scholarship, and more. The Yellow Ribbon Grant offers up to full tuition for military veterans and families. Filing the FAFSA form via code 003143 could open Federal Pell Grant and FSEOG Grant funding based on need. Students may borrow lower-interest Perkins, Direct Stafford, and Graduate PLUS loans. Federal Work-Study jobs pay at least $8.15/hour for campus employment up to 18 hours weekly. Wittenberg University also suggests the American Opportunity and Lifetime Learning tax credits of $2,500 and $2,000 respectively.
Learn more about Wittenberg University’s data science offerings at the Department of Mathematics and Computer Science website.
|Health and Physical Education/Fitness||29|
|Communication and Media Studies||20|
|Finance and Financial Management Services||19|
|Natural Resources Conservation and Research||15|
|Political Science and Government||15|
|Romance Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics||14|
|English Language and Literature||14|
|Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology||14|
|Accounting and Related Services||14|
|Fine and Studio Arts||10|
|International Relations and National Security Studies||9|
|Geological and Earth Sciences/Geosciences||7|
|Registered Nursing, Nursing Administration, Nursing Research and Clinical Nursing||5|
|Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations||5|
|Visual and Performing Arts||4|
|Germanic Languages, Literatures, and Linguistics||3|
|Liberal Arts and Sciences, General Studies and Humanities||2|
|Business Administration, Management and Operations||2|
University of Halle-Wittenberg | Cost | AdmissionUniversity of Halle-Wittenberg or Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg ( MLU ) – state higher education institution in Germany. MLU began operations in 1502. The university is located within Halle, a small town in Germany.
University rating. Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg is a prestigious educational institution in Germany, which is consistently among the top 40 universities in the country.The University of Halle-Wittenberg is considered one of the oldest and most distinguished universities in Germany. The university is in the top 5% of the most famous and prestigious educational institutions on the planet.
Admission and tuition fees. Upon admission to an educational institution, as a rule, the previous academic performance of the candidate is taken as a basis. When applying to a university, more than 60 percent of applicants are admitted to the university, but it should also be borne in mind that in MLU, the percentage of applicants can vary significantly depending on the chosen faculty.The academic year at the educational institution traditionally consists of two semesters. Studying bachelors at MLU can be considered inexpensive, as the tuition fees are less than 1,000 USD per year. Applicants planning to get a master’s degree should expect 1,000 USD per year of study. Even with low tuition fees, the institution offers financial assistance to students. When planning training at the university, it is necessary to clarify the information on the cost of training on the university website at http: // www.uni-halle.de.
Composition of the university. The University of Halle-Wittenberg is an average university in terms of the number of students, in which no more than 19 thousand students are educated. Along with local applicants, foreign citizens can enter the university. The percentage of international students at MLU is 8% of the total student population. The teaching staff of the university includes more than 2900 specialists. The university cooperates with other international universities on student exchange issues.You can learn more about student life on the university’s social pages: Twitter, Youtube, Facebook, Linkedin.
Infrastructure of the University. The educational institution has its own library.
German bus companies seek financial assistance from Berlin | News from Germany about Germany | DW
German bus companies organized protests in several cities in Germany, drawing the attention of the authorities to their critical situation due to the coronavirus pandemic.Three columns of about a hundred buses each drove on Wednesday, May 27, in the German capital, having gathered in the government quarter.
Similar actions were also held in Dusseldorf, Kiel, Mainz, Stuttgart, Dresden and Wiesbaden.
Many bus companies fear that they will not be able to survive in the face of a catastrophic drop in demand. They see a way out in providing direct financial assistance in a simplified manner. Participants in the “run” argue that medium-sized bus travel companies are on the verge of collapse as a result of the ban on passenger traffic, as well as school and other excursions.
According to the head of the federal association of German bus companies Bundesverband Deutscher Omnibusunternehmer (bdo) Karl Hülsmann, almost 240 thousand people employed in the industry may lose their jobs.
German Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer acknowledged that the pandemic has hit bus tourism businesses hard and assured that the federal authorities are ready to “urgently” allocate a total of 170 million euros to them.
Measures to combat the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, including, in particular, a ban on bus tours, were announced by the German authorities in mid-March.
Rating of cycling routes in Germany
The All-German Cycling Club (ADFC) is a German public organization with about 160 thousand members. Every year he conducts a survey to determine the most popular multi-day cycling routes around the country. We bring to your attention the top ten at the end of 2020. New in it – only the Rhine route instead of the Ruhr.The leader and some routes have changed their places.
Germany cycling route ranking
Cycling and pandemic
According to the ADFC, 88 percent of all multi-day cycling trips in Germany last year were on domestic routes, up 7 percent from 2019. About half of the respondents decided to refuse such trips abroad due to the pandemic. According to the club’s forecast, this trend will continue in 2021.
Rating of cycling routes in Germany
1. Elbe Route
Elbe Route – Elberadweg. Length: 1220 km. Starts in the Spindleruv Mlyn resort in the Czech Republic. Ends in the German city of Cuxhaven, where the Elbe flows into the North Sea. Sights and cities: Saxon Switzerland; Dresden, Meissen, Torgau, Wittenberg, Dessau, Magdeburg, Hamburg.
German Cycling Ranking
Weser Route – Weserradweg. Length: 515 km. It begins in Lower Saxony in the city of Hannoversch-Münden at the confluence of the Werra and Fulda rivers, forming the Weser. It leads to the confluence with the North Sea near Bremerhaven and then reaches Cuxhaven. Sights and cities: architectural monuments of the Weser Renaissance; Hameln, Bad Oeynhausen, Porta Westfalica, Minden, Bremen.
German Cycling Ranking
Baltic Route – Ostseeküsten-Radweg, also known as the Hanseatic Route. Length: 7,980 km through nine countries on the Baltic Sea, through Germany – 1,095 km. In Germany, the route starts in Flensburg on the Danish border and leads to the Polish border, the Ahlbeck resort on Usedom. Sights and cities: World Heritage Sites in Wismar and Stralsund, Rügen; Kiel, Travemunde, Greifswald.
German Cycling Ranking
Main Route – MainRadweg. Length: about 600 km. It starts in the Bavarian Bischofsgrune near the source of the Weisser Main river – the right side of the Main. It ends in Mainz, where this river flows into the Rhine. Landmarks and cities: World Heritage Sites in Bayreuth, Bamberg and Würzburg; Aschaffenburg, Hanau, Frankfurt am Main.
Rating of cycling routes in Germany
5. Danube Route
Danube Route – Donauradweg.Length: 2850 km, of which about 600 km in Germany. It begins in the German city of Donaueschingen in the state of Baden-Württemberg, also passes through Bavaria, and ends in the Danube Delta in Romania. Landmarks and cities in Germany: Sigmaringen Castle, Swabian Alb Biosphere Reserve; Donauwörth, Ingolstadt, Regensburg, Passau.
Rating of bike routes in Germany
6. Mosel Route
Mosel Route – Mosel-Radweg. Length: 239 km.Part of the international route Velo Tour Moselle. Starts at the French border in the commune of Perl. Ends in Koblenz at the confluence of the Moselle with the Rhine. Sights and cities: World Heritage Sites in Trier, wine-growing villages, Cochem Castle; Bernkastel-Kues is the birthplace of the philosopher Nikolai Kuzansky, Traben-Trarbach.
Rating of bike routes in Germany
7. Bavarian Lake Route
Bavarian Lake Route – Bodensee-Königssee Radweg.Length: 418 km. Starts in Lindau on Lake Constance. Ends in Berchtesgaden on the Königssee lake. Passes by the lakes along the foothills of the Alps. Landmarks, cities and communities: Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau castles, St. Bartholomew’s Church on Königssee, Kandinsky and Munter’s house-museum in Murnau; Fussen, Bernau am Chiemsee, Traunstein.
Rating of cycling routes in Germany
8. Boden Route
Constance Route – Bodensee-Radweg. Length: about 260 km.Laid around Lake Constance in Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Starts and ends in Constanta. Landmarks and cities in Germany: World Heritage Sites in Unteruldingen and Reichenau Island, Mainau Flower Island, numerous Baroque monuments; Lindau, Friedrichshafen, Mersburg.
Rating of bike routes in Germany
9. Altmühltal Route
Altmühltal Route – Altmühltal-Radweg. Length: 266 km.The route runs in the Altmühl River Valley, the largest natural park in Bavaria. It starts in Rothenburg ob der Tauber and ends in Regensburg. Sights and cities: Ansbach, Markt-Berolzheim, Weltenburg monastery, Eichstätt.
Rating of cycling routes in Germany
10. Rhine Route
Rhine Route – Rheinradweg. Length: about 1230 km. This transcontinental cycle route starts near the source of the Rhine in Switzerland and passes through several European states – Austria, Germany and France – to the mouth in the Netherlands.Sights and cities in Germany: Speyer, Worms, Karlsruhe, Koblenz, Bonn, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Xanten.
Author: Maxim Nelyubin
90,000 In Germany, flooding covers the northern regions. News. The first canal
From serious flooding, as it happened in Dresden, Magdeburg was saved by hydraulic structures built almost a hundred years ago. Then, after one of the floods, engineers built a whole system of drainage canals around the river Elbe.
That night, the maximum water level in the river was recorded – 6 meters 70 centimeters, but almost all the dams withstood. Only one broke through, slightly downstream. As a result, several small settlements were flooded.
350 residents were evacuated from the town of Dassau. Here, the situation is further complicated by the fact that the water washed the tanks with oil, which is used to heat houses. Soldiers and volunteers are trying to neutralize oil stains floating in the streets.Meanwhile, the flood continues to spread further north in Germany. According to the crisis headquarters, a second wave of flooding in the area of the cities of Wittenberg and Neuhaus is expected on Thursday. According to preliminary estimates, the natural disaster caused damage to Germany in the amount of 15 billion euros, but the final amount will be calculated only when the water completely subsides.
In the capital of neighboring Czech Republic, Prague, the authorities are now considering how to deal with the aftermath of the flood. 75 thousand people are still unable to return to their homes, in some areas there is no electricity.The subway does not work – the rescuers do not have enough pumps to pump water out of the subway. Due to the onset of heat, there is a great danger of the spread of infectious diseases, in addition, the water washed away the cemeteries, storage of hazardous chemical compounds.
Prague Zoo reported another loss. The seal Gaston, who escaped from his cage a few days ago due to the rise in water and swam to Germany, having covered hundreds of kilometers, died during transportation home. The German veterinarians who caught it believe that the sea animal was poisoned by freshwater fish and polluted water.
To restore Prague and other affected areas, 3 billion euros are needed, which is much more than the financial assistance promised by the European Union.
And another European capital, which was threatened by flooding, was frankly lucky. The dams surrounding Budapest weathered and the water in the Danube began to subside. Experts report that now a lot of water is moving towards Yugoslavia.
In Germany, in the areas of the natural disaster on the Elbe, gullies and crevices are increasingly appearing in dams in GermanyBERLIN, 24 August./ Corr. RIA Novosti Alexander Polotsk /. In Germany, in the areas of the natural disaster on the Elbe is “war of nerves” due to the fact that although the water level in the river is almost everywhere place or slowly falls, however, due to water pressure on the dams, gullies and crevices appear, which must be noticed in time and quickly liquidate.
As a RIA Novosti correspondent reports, the Prime Minister of Brandenburg, Manfred Platzeck, visited the Prignitz district on Saturday, where the water level in the Elbe dropped below seven meters for the first time on Saturday.
He examined the places that are still threatened with flooding and from where thousands of residents had already been evacuated a few days ago, and then told reporters that, in his opinion, “Elba did not fall asleep, but simply hid.” “The danger has not passed,” he stressed.
A tense situation persists in Saxony-Anhalt – in the Wittenberg region and the Anhalt-Zerbst region. Here, it may be necessary to deliberately blow up the dam in order to relieve pressure from it and allow the water to escape to the areas that were once flooded meadows.
In the area of Werlitz, the threat of flooding of the UNESCO-protected garden reserve called “Werlitzer Park” remains. Experts are still hesitating and only on Saturday postponed this operation twice. Here, near the village of Seegren, a dam has been broken, which has not been repaired for five days. Through this breakthrough, 4-10 million cubic meters of water flow towards the reserve every day. The planned blowing up of another dam should relieve not only tensions against the Werlitzer Park, but also the lingering threat of flooding of the Berlin-Munich expressway near the city of Wokkerrode.
The complexity of the situation in a number of areas is evidenced by the fact that, for example, in the Luggau-Pisselberg district on Saturday, professional divers and divers had to be involved in the work to protect the dams. They are trying to seal underwater cracks in the dams with foil canvases.
Relative calm reigned on Saturday on the banks of the Elbe in Schleswig-Holstein and in the south of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The water no longer rises, and the local dams can withstand its pressure without any problems.
Hamburg reported on Saturday evening that the Elbe level had not been increasing here for almost a day. As expected, Hamburg’s tall dams held out without issue.
According to information from Dresden, this weekend became the days of the first “big cleanup”. Local authorities are now focusing their efforts on cleaning up and removing from the streets of the capital of Saxony tons of rubbish, silt and sand brought by the flood.
The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany is now busy with a detailed study a multifaceted program of financial assistance to the population affected by floods.Tens of thousands of people have been evacuated so far and cannot return to their families. places, and those who returned found themselves in front of the ruins. Thousands of small and medium-sized enterprises. Now we need a whole system of concessional loans and tax breaks to enable them to get back on their feet – to get work and rebuild housing.
Education in Germany. Where are the universities located?
Germany is a huge and very diverse country, consisting of 16 regions, each of which is unique and attractive in its own way.
Regions of the country are called “lands”, have their own capitals, history and attractions. From the northern seaside state of Schleswig-Holstein to the fabulous green Bavaria, the lands of Germany offer foreign students a variety of conditions for study, life and leisure. All that remains is to choose the corner of Germany that is perfect for you!
In this article we will tell you about all regions of Germany and their best universities …
Baden-Württemberg is located in southern Germany in the historical region of Swabia and borders Switzerland and France.This is an important economic center of the country, here are the offices of Bosch , Daimler , Porsche , Mercedes-Benz , ELBA-WERK , IBM , SAP and many others. Thus, local universities provide students with not only a high level of education, but also excellent job opportunities.
Moreover, this land is a picturesque corner of Europe, perfect for nature lovers and travel lovers.It has everything from virgin forests to ancient towns, and neighboring countries can be reached in just a couple of hours.
What is the region known for?
Black Forest, huge Lake Constance, spa resorts on mineral springs
Stuttgart, Mannheim, Baden-Baden, Freiburg, Karlsruhe
University of Stuttgart, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, University of Tübingen, Heidelberg University, University of Hohenheim
Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern) is the largest state in Germany and its other economic center.The state capital Munich is the most expensive city in the country with the highest salaries, where not only many attractions are located, but also offices BMW , MAN , Siemens and other well-known companies.
In addition, Bavaria can be safely called one of the “calling cards” of Germany, the region is known for inspiring landscapes, ancient castles and, of course, beer. It is not surprising that many tourists come here all year round.
What is the region known for?
Fairy castles of Ludwig II of Bavaria, Oktoberfest, ski and spa resorts
Munich, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Starnberg
Technical University of Munich, Ludwig-Maximilian University of Munich, University of Regensburg , University of Bamberg, Technische Hochschule Nürnberg
Rheinland-Pfalz, with its capital in Mainz, is often called “German Tuscany” because the region is famous for its wine-making traditions.Moreover, it is here that the largest chemical enterprise in Europe is located, book printing was invented, and Karl Marx was born.
Studying in the Rhineland-Palatinate region, you can not only develop your knowledge in one of the local universities, but also get excellent opportunities for outdoor recreation, travel in Germany and neighboring countries.
What is the region known for?
Moselle Valley with extensive vineyards, woodlands of Pfälzerwald and Westerwald, mountain ranges and healing springs
Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz , University of Koblenz and Landau, University of Kaiserslautern, University of Trier
As the westernmost state of Germany, the Saarland region symbolizes the closeness of two peoples – the French and the German.It borders France and Luxembourg, and on the east side it is completely surrounded by the state of Rhineland-Palatinate.
French has had a major influence on the dialect of this unique region, which is also known for its natural beauty and low unemployment rate.
What is the region known for?
Saarbrücken architecture, Bliesgau nature reserve, Burning Mountain natural monument
Saarbrücken, Neunkirchen, Homburg
Hessen is one of the central and most beautiful regions of Germany.There are a number of famous cities here, each with its own character. Frankfurt am Main is the largest city in the world, its economic, financial, cultural and political center, and the capital of the Wiesbaden region is a renowned water resort. Here is Darmstadt, one of the cultural and scientific centers of the country, and Bad Homburg, where European and Russian aristocrats have always loved to relax.
This land can offer students everything they need for a fulfilling and fulfilling life.There are sought-after universities, all possible cultural attractions, theaters, museums, restaurants, bars and nightclubs. In short, this is a developed modern region, the ancient corners of which have retained their historical charm to this day.
What is the region known for?
Numerous castles and museums, banks and financial institutions in Frankfurt, spa resorts, nature reserves Naturpark Bayerischer Spessart and Naturpark Hessischer Spessart, university cities of Giessen and Marburg
Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Darmstadt, Offenbach
University of Giessen, Goethe University Frankfurt, University of Marburg, Technical University of Darmstadt , Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Bordering Hesse, Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen) is another central region of Germany, one of the most economically developed in the country.Thuringia is often referred to as the “green heart of Germany” and its capital, Erfurt, “a city dotted with flowers.” Historically, trade and crafts were developed in the region; Johann Sebastian Bach, Schiller, Liszt, Goethe and Martin Luther lived here.
In addition to the amazing nature of the region, numerous tourists are attracted by the sights and resorts of Thuringia. Here is also one of the pearls of Germany – the “city of art” Weimar.
What is the region known for?
Thuringian Forest, ski and spa resorts, places associated with the names of great scientists, culture and art
Erfurt, Eisenach, Weimar, Jena
University of Erfurt, University of Applied Sciences Erfurt, University of Jena, Technische Universität Ilmenau, Bauhaus University Weimar
Saxony (Freistaat Sachsen) is a historic land in the foothills of the Ore Mountains, where cities are renowned for their sophistication and culture.The region is associated with the names of many famous personalities, works of art and inventions. Composers Bach and Schumann lived here, and writers Goethe and Kestner, philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, politician Karl Liebknecht, composer Richard Wagner, Mikhail Vasilyevich Lomonosov and even Angela Merkel studied at local universities.
The state of Saxony is known for its ancient universities with a rich history and historical cities with architectural monuments and sights. The region also offers students affordable accommodation rates and excellent travel opportunities.
What is the region known for?
Ancient university culture, the Zwinger Palace in Dresden, music festivals
Dresden, Leipzig, Chemnitz
Leipzig University , Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, TU Dresden , Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, Dresden University of Applied Sciences
The state of North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen) is the main industrial region of Germany, and its capital Düsseldorf is the center of fashion and industry in the country.
This region is truly diverse. There are old towns with unique Gothic architecture, medieval castles and buildings, river ports, modern cities with high-rise buildings, fashion boutiques, offices of international companies, industrial enterprises and much more. Here is Cologne, one of the most beautiful cities in Europe, and Neuss, one of the oldest settlements in Germany.
What is the region known for?
Cologne Cathedral, Annual Cologne Carnival, World Ski Championships
Cologne, Dusseldorf, Dortmund, Essen
RWTH Aachen University , University of Düsseldorf, Ruhr-University Bochum, University of Münster
As Germany’s main agricultural region, Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) is renowned for the cultivation of cereals, vegetables and fruit crops.This land has always inspired writers and inventors, and today it attracts many tourists.
Lower Saxony is bordered by the North Sea and is known for the beautiful seaside resorts of Cuxhaven, Göttingen and Wolfsburg. In addition, the region includes the picturesque East Frisian Islands. There are nature reserves, historic cities, museums and everything you need for a rich cultural leisure.
What is the region known for?
Ancient castles, Harz mountains with resorts, seaside towns
Hannover, Braunschweig, Osnabruck
University of Hannover, University of Göttingen , Braunschweig University of Technology
Bremen (Freie Hansestadt Bremen) is the smallest state in Germany, which consists of two cities, Bremen and Bremerhaven, and is located inside the state of Lower Saxony.
The city of Bremen is one of the oldest in the country, known for its market square with the town hall and the main street with 16th century houses. There is also a small city theater, a museum and all the necessary shops. And also, in the city there is a monument to the famous Bremen Town Musicians.
What is the region known for?
Museums Mercedes and Porsche , the country’s largest folk festival Freimarkt
For lovers of Russian history, the land of Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt) is known, first of all, as the birthplace of the famous Empress Catherine II.This region attracts many tourists every year and is one of the centers of German history and culture.
In addition to the tourism industry, the region is developing agriculture, food and chemical industries, which provides students in these areas with excellent job opportunities. Here is one of the most famous educational institutions in the country – the Bauhaus design school in the city of Dessau.
What is the region known for?
Elbe River Nature Reserve, traditional half-timbered houses listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Magdeburg, Halle, Dessau-Rosslau, Wittenberg
Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Anhalt University of Applied Sciences
Brandenburg surrounds Berlin and is a great region to live and study.Brandenburg is located near the capital, known for its sights and beautiful views with picturesque forests, lakes and pine groves.
There are cozy resorts and sanatoriums here, and the cities are decorated with beautiful manicured parks. Popular among tourists are recreation on the rivers and lakes of the Spreewald, the ancient villages of Briesen and Halbe, towns on the healing springs of Bad Zarow and Luckenwalde. The state capital Potsdam is also known for its parks and cinema park Babelsberg , which is called the local Hollywood.By the way, there is even Pushkinskaya Alley and the Russian village of Aleksandrovka.
What is the region known for?
Sanssouci and Neuer Garten parks, Elbe-Brandenburg Biosphere Reserve, numerous protected areas, parks and lakes
Potsdam, Cottbus, Brandenburg
University of Potsdam, Brandenburg University of Technology, Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences, Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau
Do you want to study in one of the best European capitals? Go to Berlin!
Berlin (Land Berlin) is not only the capital and largest city of Germany, but also one of the country’s states, located in the center of the federal state of Brandenburg.
It is home to a number of the country’s best universities and attractions such as the Reichstag Building, the Brandenburg Gate, the Berlin Art Gallery, the Egyptian Museum and many others. Berlin has something to offer any student. Sports, culture, arts, nightlife, gastronomic delights, concerts and festivals – this city has everything to satisfy any interest!
Find out more about the benefits of living and studying in Berlin here .
What is the region known for?
Boulevard Unter den Linden with historical buildings and sights, Brandenburg Gate and Paris Square, Spandauer suburb, Museum Island, numerous parks and museums
Humboldt University of Berlin, Free University of Berlin , Technical University of Berlin, HTW Berlin – University of Applied Sciences, Berlin University of the Arts
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern with its wide sandy coastline, access to the Baltic Sea and thirty resort towns is deservedly considered one of the most picturesque in Germany.
The largest cities in the world, Schwerin and Rostock, are known for their traditional brick buildings, historic landmarks and port landscapes. Beach lovers will find the island of Rügen with ancient seaside resorts and an aristocratic atmosphere.
What is the region known for?
Schwerin Castle, monuments of medieval architecture, seaports, State Art Museum
Rostock, Schwerin, Neubrandenburg, Stralsund
University of Rostock , Hochschule Wismar, University of Greifswald, Rostock University of Music and Theater, Neubrandenburg University of Applied Sciences
Once the land of Schleswig-Holstein was part of Denmark and was called South Jutland.Today this region is a wonderful windy land, which is washed simultaneously by the waters of two seas – the North and the Baltic.
Not surprisingly, the land is famous for its seaside resorts, many of which are concentrated on the islands of Amrum and Sylt. These are great places for lovers of cold northern waters, gentle shores and picturesque seascapes. In addition, the infrastructure and tourism industry has been established here, and many music festivals are held. Moreover, the region is famous for its rich literary traditions, and it was here that the Russian emperor Peter III was born.
What is the region known for?
Travemünde Spa, Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival, Eutin Opera Festival, Wacken-Open-Air-Festival Metal Festival, Blues Festival, 250 different museums
Kiel, Lubeck, Flensburg, Neumünster
University of Kiel , University of Lübeck, Kiel University of Applied Sciences
Being a city-state and one of the states of Germany, Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg) is a large port city located between the states of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein.
Hamburg is considered one of the most popular cities in Germany among young people. There are many concert halls and theaters, clubs and shopping centers. For lovers of history and culture, the doors of as many as 60 museums are open! Hamburg also ranks first among the cities in Europe for the number of bridges, ahead of Venice and Amsterdam. In addition, the city is home to a number of offices of large companies, international enterprises and universities. Every year, thousands of students from all over the world come to study at 17 universities in Hamburg.
What is the region known for?
Medieval buildings and landmarks, Altstadt (“Old Town”), Art Museum Hamburg Kunsthalle, German National Theater, world’s largest port warehouse
University of Hamburg, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg University of Technology, Helmut Schmidt University, Hochschule für Musik und Theater Hamburg, University of Fine Arts of Hamburg
Why study in Germany?
Best Germany Scholarships for Students
Hasta la vista, baby: Social sphere: Economy: Lenta.Common crawl en
A third of professions will simply disappear in the next 10 years due to the fact that robots will be able to perform work in these specialties. This is the opinion of the former Russian Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin, who hopes that progress will help, for example, the tax authorities conduct an audit of enterprises without directly visiting the company. “Lenta.ru” figured out who in the coming years should fear for their jobs and, probably, begin to prepare for a change of profession.
The latest technologies become part of the everyday life of a modern person from early childhood.A child can play with a robot dog Aibo, smartly use a smartphone and still not even be able to read. Adults, on the other hand, can use their phone to open the door of an apartment or pay in a store.
However, experts predict that due to robotics and the development of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in the next 10-15 years, the world will change even more than you can imagine, and robots will replace people in many professions. Already now, according to the US National Bureau of Economic Research (The National Bureau of Economic Research), industrial robots are ousting employees from enterprises, and the subsequent automation of production has a negative impact on people’s wages.
Photo: Rodrigo Reyes Marin / AFLO / Globallookpress.com
According to a study by PricewaterhouseCoopers, by the early 2030s due to automation of processes, about 40 percent of Americans, 35 percent of Germans, 30 percent of Britons and just over 20 percent could lose their jobs. Japanese. At the same time, old professions will definitely be replaced by new ones, however, even experts cannot predict new professions. For example, Dell admits that new technologies will create new jobs, but 85 percent of future specialties have not yet been invented.
Experts explain that from the point of view of the employer, “hiring” robots is profitable, despite the high price, since they quickly become self-sufficient, they can work around the clock and do not need medical insurance. Already now, robotics is involved in areas in which previously no one could compete with humans.
According to a study by the University of Oxford, in the future, with almost 100% probability, people employed in low-skilled jobs, as well as those engaged in activities that require constant mechanical repetition of the same actions, will be forced out of their spheres by machines.The researchers predict that this will, in particular, affect postal operators and postmen, sales consultants, insurance agents, office clerks, realtors, builders and many others. However, robots will primarily replace humans in the fast food industry.
Robots are already being used in restaurants in the US, Singapore, China and Pakistan. For example, in the United States, Momentum Machines has developed a robot for making hamburgers. It is completely autonomous: the robot itself cuts vegetables, cooks meat, toasts rolls, and also collects a hamburger without human assistance.
The American restaurant Zume Pizza offers pizzas created by Marta, Giorgio, Bruno, Vincenzo and Pepe. All “chefs” of the restaurant are robots.
At the Pizza Hut restaurant, the intelligent humanoid robot Pepper, developed by the French company Aldebaran Robotics and the Japanese operator SoftBank, accepts orders, tells restaurant guests about current promotions and can help pay for the order. Pepper also provides detailed information such as how many calories a meal contains.
Photo: Marcio Jose Sanchez / AP
Meanwhile, robots have replaced waiters in several restaurants in Asia. In Singapore, the Rong Heng restaurant has people in the kitchen, but the robots Lucy and Mary deliver the food to the restaurant. In Pakistan, a robot also acts as a waiter in a restaurant. However, these robots are still only delivering the order to the visitor. The robots cannot yet put a plate or cup right in front of the guest. There are at least seven restaurants in China whose employees are robots.
In addition, robotic bartenders pour on board Royal Caribbean ships, and in a hotel in Japan in Nagasaki, the robot acts as a porter.
Scientific progress will also cause unemployment among professional drivers. Researchers predict that in the near future, taxi services will be provided by cars with built-in autopilot, and the trucker profession will begin to disappear, as a person will be replaced by a car that can independently deliver the goods to the destination.
Self-driving car technology is evolving rapidly. Currently, companies such as BMW, Daimler, Ford, Apple, Uber, Google and Tesla are developing in this area. In particular, Uber launched the Ford Fusion self-driving taxi in Pittsburgh in 2016, Tesla is preparing to present its self-driving truck, Google is going to sell self-driving cars since 2018. It is just a matter of time before self-driving cars appear on city streets.
According to the forecast of Goldman Sachs, by 2025-2030 the share of sales of cars with autopilot on the market will reach 20 percent.
Photo: Peter Nicholls / Reuters
As a result of the introduction of self-driving cars in the United States alone, about 25,000 drivers will lose their jobs every month. The number of drivers who have lost their jobs will reach 300 thousand people a year. Truck drivers will be hit hardest by unemployment, according to the study, as of the 4 million professional drivers in the United States as of 2014, 3.1 million were heavy truck drivers. In general, currently in the United States, according to the Center for Global Policy Research, 2.86 percent of the country’s population is professionally engaged in transportation.
Robots are beginning to penetrate into the field of intellectual work. In news journalism, it will be difficult for a real person now to surpass a robot in some areas. And this has already been recognized by such media as the Associated Press, The Los Angeles Times, The Washington Post and Le Monde, using artificial intelligence technology capable of generating natural language – that is, creating texts.
A program with this algorithm successfully analyzes information and generates text on topics that have well-structured data.In particular, we are talking about sports. So, robots were used in lighting the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. In addition, such algorithms regularly create texts about the financial statements of companies. Research firm Gartner estimates that in 2018 a fifth of all business content will be created by machines.
Natural language generation programs can also create texts about weather, traffic, and even politics. As the experience of Le Monde newspaper during the French presidential elections has shown, such a robot can successfully process information from polling stations.
In addition, the study showed that, in a number of ways, a text created by a robot can be qualitatively different from a material written by a journalist. In particular, AI is superior to humans in the reliability of data, the accuracy of their presentation, the information content of the material, the objectivity of presentation and the content of the text.
However, the machines managed to bypass humans not only in writing news. In China, robot reporter Xiao Nan created an article that was then published in Southern Metropolis Daily.The material contains about 300 hieroglyphs, it tells about traffic jams. The robot wrote an article in just one second.
The appearance of such robots, on the one hand, is good news for journalists, because now you can get rid of boring statistics and focus on really interesting and complex materials. On the other hand, however, automated journalism is much cheaper than human labor. It serves as a tool to reduce time and costs for news outlets while creating more content.
Experts predict a high probability of job loss due to the automation of legal processes. In particular, this concerns the work of insufficiently qualified lawyers, for example, in the position of an assistant. Here, the likelihood of losing a job in the future is 94 percent. At the same time, qualified lawyers have only 3.5 percent chance of being replaced by a robot.
AI technologies have already begun to be introduced into the field and replace ordinary employees. For example, the robot lawyer Ross, created by IBM on the basis of artificial intelligence, was hired by the international law firm Baker & Hostetler.Ross was assigned to the bankruptcy department. Such a robot is able to understand questions and answer them with hypotheses, which are supported by quotations with references to professional literature. Thus, the robot helps lawyers and as the number of requests increases, it increases its efficiency. The robot constantly updates the litigation database and notifies lawyers of precedents that may affect the consideration of current cases.
The US, Canada and the UK have already launched the DoNotPay robot, which provides free legal assistance.The robot looks like a chat, where a person is asked questions about his life difficulties, then specific circumstances are clarified, after which the robot finds a solution to the problem.
Initially, the robot acted as a service through which people could get help on the issue of traffic fines free of charge. Then the service had the opportunity to help people in solving legal issues related to flight and train delays, as well as insurance. Now DoNotPay clients in the UK, USA and Canada are migrants who apply for asylum.The robot helps the user fill out the appropriate form.
As the creators of the service explain, the robot lawyer is focused primarily on poor people who cannot afford the services of a law firm. DoNotPay founder Joshua Browder explained that the purpose of creating the service is to provide legal assistance to even the most disadvantaged segments of the population.
The real threat of being unemployed also flashes before the judges – it is estimated at 40 percent. As experts explain, the threat of losing their jobs for judges is higher than that of ordinary lawyers, since computer algorithms are well adapted to making decisions based on binary logic, where there is truth and falsehood.
For example, in London, researchers from University College have created a computer that, considering a case, can qualitatively analyze the facts and evaluate the ethical side of the issue. According to the results of the study, the computer considered almost 600 cases of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). All of them related to torture, cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment, as well as issues of privacy. As a result, the computer in 79 percent of cases issued decisions that were relevant to the verdicts passed by the current judges of the ECtHR.
Sports referees are also threatened. According to an Oxford study, sports judges are 98 percent more likely to be replaced by robots or AI.
Despite the fact that sport is precisely the area in which it would seem impossible to do without a person, even now the outcome of the match is largely decided not by the referee, but by modern technologies that determine exactly whether there was an out-of-bounds the ball with his hand and whether the tennis player managed to hit the line when serving. The technique turned out to be more accurate than the judges.According to a 2015 NBA study, basketball referees misjudged situations on the pitch or missed mistakes in the final minutes of the game more than 14 percent of the time.
Supporters of the automation of the rating system in sports also say that robots will not only make the scoring in sports more objective, but will also help reduce the level of corruption in this area. In particular, such a project is already being implemented in Japan in preparation for the 2020 Olympics.To assess the performance of gymnastic exercises by athletes, specialists are developing a special robot. They believe that the emergence of such a machine will make the scoring more objective and prevent controversy.
The robot is equipped with a system of 3D laser sensors, with the help of which it will be able to evaluate the actions of gymnasts without errors. The system is expected to read gymnastic movements without requiring athletes to wear any special marker suits.
The city of Wittenberg in Germany is now famous not only for the fact that on October 31, 1517, Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the doors of the castle church, which marked the beginning of the Reformation.The BlessU-2 robot was presented at the Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau as part of the events dedicated to the celebration of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation.
Shot: Volker Rahn / YouTube
The robot is essentially a large computer with a touch screen, head and two arms. BlessU-2 can bless parishioners in multiple languages with a male or female voice to choose from. When the blessing option is selected, BlessU-2 raises his hands to the sky, his palms begin to emit light, and the robot reads the lines from the Bible: “God bless you and keep you!”.The robot then offers to print the blessing. In addition, BlessU-2 should have the option to lead a discussion about the future of the church and the potential of AI.
The humanoid robot Pepper is commercially available in Japan. It is able to read people’s emotions thanks to built-in HD cameras and sensors. Initially, the robot was created for entertainment. He does not know how to lift objects and cannot help with housework, however, the robot can console and cheer the owner when he is sad. Japanese company Nissei Eco went further and at the Expo Ending Industry Expo, dedicated to the field of funeral services, presented Pepper, whose new software allowed the robot to act as a priest during Buddhist funeral rites.
As an advisor to Nissei Eco explained, on average, a funeral in Japan costs more than $ 25,000. It will cost $ 2,200 to bring in a real priest for the ceremony, while Pepper will do it for just $ 450. During the ceremony, a robot reads sutras and beats a gong.
Last year, a robotic monk appeared at the Longquan Temple in China. The temple leadership thus decided to attract followers. Xian’er is 60 centimeters tall, has a built-in touchscreen, the robot is shaved bald and dressed in a traditional yellow color.Xian’er can recite mantras and answer questions about love and life. For example, if you ask him about the meaning of life, he will answer that “the meaning of life is to help as many people as possible leave bitterness behind and find happiness.” To the question “Who are your parents?” he will answer: “It’s funny how a robot can have parents?” ().
Despite the fact that technology is infiltrating the Church, the threat of robotization in the field of religion is estimated at less than one percent.
Robocop is no longer a fantasy of director Paul Verhoeven.A real robot police officer enters the service in Dubai. The growth of the humanoid REEM, developed by the Spanish company Pal Robotics, is 170 centimeters, the weight of the robot is 100 kilograms. It has a touch screen on the chest. REEM is able to speak nine languages, including Russian.
Shot: Agencia Andes / YouTube
Robocop patrols shopping centers and tourist attractions in the city. REEM can provide people with information, accept fines and reports of crimes.The information collected by the robot is then processed by real policemen. Local authorities intend to bring the share of robotic policemen to 25 percent by 2030. The next robocop may enter service in 2018.
A similar robot sheriff has been working in the Chinese police since February 2017. The E-Patrol Robot Sheriff is 1.6 meters high. He moves independently with the help of cameras. Such a robocop is able to record an emergency, for example, a fire, immediately warn the nearby people about it and report the incident to law enforcement agencies.In addition, the robot can recognize people’s faces, identify criminals and track them until the police arrive.
The advancement of robotics may even leave the traditional relationship between the sexes behind. Abyss Creations used robotics and AI to create Harmony, a hyper-realistic silicone sex doll called RealDoll. According to the developers, thanks to artificial intelligence, Harmony is available facial expressions, as well as limited communication skills.
Silicone doll looks like an adult barbie.She is as tall as a person, has a thin waist, the size of her chest and any other parts of the body, the color of her hair, eyes and skin varies depending on the taste of the wearer. The developers even offer the “Elf Ears” service.
Harmony Sex Doll
Harmony is controlled using a smartphone, onto which a special application is downloaded. This program allows the owner of the doll to set a certain mood of the Harmony at will. For example, she may appear in love or jealous.
In addition, Harmony has a heating mode and is equipped with removable parts that can be washed even in the dishwasher. The doll is available on request. Harmony with facial recognition will cost 10 thousand dollars, without this feature – 5 thousand dollars. The doll is also available in a male version. Despite all its advantages, Harmony does not yet have the ability to move around and do any work around the house, although the developers claim that this will be possible in the future.
Humanity Harmony does not find understanding among people who urge to consider this issue from an ethical point of view.As Professor Kathleen Richardson of the London Science Museum, who deals with ethics in robotics and is the founder of the campaign against sex robots, explains, using Harmony leads to an ingrained idea that another person can be “owned” and a woman is a sexual object.