Does Eye Black Actually Do Anything?
Steven asks: Does eye-black do anything or do people just think it does?
For those that don’t know “eye black” is the substance used to make the dark markings athletes place under their eyes that are supposed to prevent glare from outside light sources, such as stadium lights and the Sun. It’s also supposed to help with contrast recognition (being able to tell the color of objects that make them distinguishable from objects in the background)- like when a baseball player is trying to see a ball coming at 100 mph when there is a gray background, such as a pitcher’s uniform. Before we talk about exactly how eye black is thought to work, it’s important to understand what light is and the effect it has on our eyes.
Light is merely electromagnetic radiation. Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental forces in the universe, the others being gravity (for now) and the nuclear weak and strong forces. This “light” radiation comes in many forms you probably recognize- from the long wavelength (low frequency radio waves, microwaves, and infrared waves), to the shorter wavelength (higher frequency ultraviolet waves, x-ray waves, and Gamma-ray waves).
Inside our eyes we have two types of cells that detect light (photoreceptors). They are known as rods and cones. There are many more rods in our eyes than cones (about 120 million rods compared to 6-7 million cones). The rods are more sensitive, but the cones allow us to see color. There are three types of color reception in our cones (thus, 3 primary colors).
How light is absorbed or reflected has to do with how the specific frequencies of light affects the electrons that are attached to the atoms within the molecules of the cells. Electrons travel around atoms at specific frequencies. When those frequencies match the frequencies of light waves hitting the object, that object will absorb the frequency of light. When it doesn’t match, that object will reflect those frequencies back. The rejected frequencies are what our eyes perceive as objects and color. Thus, if you see something that is green, that object is absorbing all the frequencies of light, except the ones associated with green. When an object appears white, it is reflecting nearly all light frequencies back at your eyes, and not absorbing any. When an object appears black, it is absorbing almost all light frequencies and reflecting none back.
When the objects we see, like a baseball, are perceived by our eyes, and there is another light source that is greater than the one illuminating the object (baseball), it produces a glare that is also picked up by our eyes. This glare also affects how the electron and light frequencies work to create an image. This scattering of light makes the object we are looking at appear less defined, playing havoc on anyone who makes a living at using their vision. If you’ve ever driven at night and had trouble seeing when there are oncoming headlights, you know what I’m talking about.
The glare associated with trying to perceive objects around you, when there are intense light sources like the Sun, or stadium lights, is known as “disability glare”. According the International Commission on Illumination (CIE), disability glare is defined as “A visual condition in which there is excessive contrast or an inappropriate distribution of light sources that disturbs the observer or limits the ability to distinguish details and objects”.
Basically, the rods and cones in our eyes begin to perceive light sources from different angles. These differing light sources begin to cause the rods and cones to be unable to distinguish specific shapes and objects, much like trying to hear someone talk over a loud radio.
The idea behind eye black is to reduce the amount of glare that reaches your eyes. Because black colors absorb most light frequencies, it is thought that the excessive light coming from sources we are not looking at will be absorbed by the black color.
The theory is sound, but does it work? The short answer is, probably. There has been only one seemingly legitimate study that I could find that has tested this theory, done by Brian M. De Broff, MD and Patricia J. Pahk, MD in 2003; it was published in the Journal of American Medical Association. They tested the difference between eye black, commercially available black stickers, and petroleum jelly. What they found was that you did get an increase in your ability to perceive contrast differences in objects with both the eye black and the commercially available stickers. They also found that the eye black was better than the stickers. The ancillary evidence of the popularity of eye black, also speaks to its ability to work. Being someone who likes irrefutable scientific evidence before he makes any statement as to the accuracy of a theory, I must point out this study is the only one done, and it had a very small sample group (only 46 people).
So not quite as definitive as I normally like to be, but seems reasonable enough given that the theory behind eye black is a good one and the only scientifically done study on the subject proved positive. (For those who put stock in somewhat non-scientific studies, MythBusters also agreed with the study after doing their own experiments.) The small sample size and the lack of any major studies that have replicated the results makes me hesitant to say that it absolutely works, but I’ll update this article if that changes in future. If nothing else, eye black sure makes a person look scary and intimidating, which will also help on the field of battle!
If you liked this article and the Bonus Facts below, you might also like:
- Reducing the glare from the sun is nothing new. The first known anti-glare devices were used by Eskimos about 2000 years ago. They made goggles from ivory and wood that had horizontal slots in them. This allowed them peripheral vision while blocking light that was reflected by snow and ice.
- The first known commercially available means of blocking glare came from the Sears, Roebuck and Company. They began selling sunglasses in 1886.
- Eye black grease is made from mixing carbon, paraffin, and beeswax.
- According to the advertisements on commercially available anti-glare stickers, the appropriate way to place the stickers is ½ inch below the eyelid, on the cheekbone.
- The first person credited with using eye black was Andy Farkas of the Washington Redskins. He was photographed with it on in a game against the Philadelphia Eagles in1942. It was thought that players at that time burned cork and smeared the ashes on their cheeks.
Why do Players Wear Eye Black?
It’s a movie moment: close up on a player getting ready to face the competition. He marks his cheeks with eye black and stamps his feet, growing determined to win.
This stuff isn’t just for show, though. The pros also wear it, because of what it’s long-held performance benefits.WHY WEAR IT?
Although wearing eye black may look intimidating and help to get you and your team fired up, there’s also another benefit you may already know about. According to Peter Zana, an associate at Black Lab Sports, eye black “reduces the amount of light reflecting off the cheek, reducing perceived glare in the sky.” Glare can muck up your vision and loses you valuable decision time during intense game moments.
Zana also tells a story about Andrew Farkas, the first player in the NFL to be credited with wearing eye black back in 1942. He says that Farkas would rub ash under his eyes, swearing that not only did it reduce glare, it increased contrast recognition, making it easier to track the ball.
Newer models of eye black are made of organic materials and come in multiple colors. So, beyond the standard play-focused reason to wear eye black, Zana says many people use these colorful options to show off their team pride, on the field or in the stands.
There are two main options of eye black from which to choose: a stick that you rub on your cheeks, or prefabricated stickers that you apply under your eyes.HOW TO APPLY & REMOVE EYE BLACK STICKS
Think of the eye black as lip balm for your cheeks. It’s just as easy to apply.
Pop off the cap and start at the outside of one cheekbone, right below the edge of the eye cavity. Draw a line across your cheek ending close to the bridge of your nose. Your resulting line should be between one and two inches in length. Repeat on the other side. Try to keep both sides even.
You may need to go back and forth a few times to get a solid line of black.
Removing this eye black can take some time. In general, an alcohol wipe or a cotton ball dipped in rubbing alcohol will get it off your skin after some scrubbing, but follow the directions provided on the box of your specific product.HOW TO APPLY & REMOVE EYE BLACK STICKERS
After taking the stickers out of the package, peel the strips from their sheet and adhere them to your cheek, about half an inch below your eye and centered so that the middle aligns with your pupil.
Repeat this on the other side. Make sure the stickers are level with one another.
Removing these stickers are much easier than the eye black stick. Simply peel them off of your cheek and you’re done.
Follow these tips to help guide you to make the most of this football accessory. When it comes time for your movie moment, help yourself avoid the effects of glare by using eye black and reach for the stars.
The message is out on eye black in college football and the NFL – Sports – The Florida Times-Union
Two simple strips of black tape, each slightly smaller than a Band-Aid.
Tim Tebow turned them into spiritual billboards.
For nearly two years, the former Florida quarterback printed Bible verses on the black patches he wore under his eyes. In his final game as a collegian, a 51-21 victory over Cincinnati in the Sugar Bowl on Jan. 1, Tebow chose Ephesians 2:8-10. It means that only through faith in God will you be saved.
That will be the last message he – or any college or professional player – will send via eye black, because NFL and NCAA rules forbid players from marking their uniforms, which includes those small strips, in any way. The NCAA announced its rule change on Thursday. The NFL adopted the rule decades ago.
Read: Draft scenarios: Three ways Tim Tebow could land with the Jaguars
“The NFL is looked upon as the highest level of sport and we want our players to look professional in every aspect of their game, including the uniform,” NFL spokesman Brian McCarthy said. “… The players understand the rationale behind it. Where you draw the line would come into play in some instances. A player may feel that, ‘I should be able to shout out to my friend or my family,’ vs. not allowing some other player to do so. We have this policy and it’s widely understood.”
The rule covers the helmet, jersey, pants, shoes, tape, wristbands, and headbands. No writing on any part of the body. Before each game uniform reps – former NFL players – prowl the sidelines looking for violators. When the teams go back into the locker room before the game starts, they are given a list of players who are in violation of the rule.
If they come out for the kickoff without removing the writing, they will be fined. According to Johnny Rembert, the uniform rep in Jacksonville and a 10-year NFL veteran, fines start at $5,000.
Tebow said last weekend he was unaware that he wouldn’t be allowed to write anything on his eye black next season, but said he’d continue to do it if allowed. He also said he’s disappointed with the NCAA’s rule change.
“It’s very unfortunate that you can’t do it in college anymore,” he said. “I think it’s taking away from people’s personality. I think it’s taking away from their freedom of speech. It’s something that a lot of guys did, a lot of players did to represent something they were proud of. I don’t think it was something that was boastful or saying, ‘Hey, look at me,’ in any way. It was something that [said], ‘This is where I’m from,’ or, ‘This is what I’m believing,’ or, ‘This is what I’m trying to show.’ “
Tebow doesn’t have much on his side if he challenges the NFL’s rule in court, according to a legal expert.
Prohibiting writing on the eye black does not infringe upon free speech, said Jacksonville attorney Len Magid, who specializes in labor and employment law from an employee’s perspective. The First Amendment prohibits the government from restricting free speech. It doesn’t apply to an employer-employee relationship.
“The general public confuses the constitutional rights people have with the rights that they have with their employer,” Magid said. “Theoretically, Kmart could fire everybody with a bumper sticker that said Obama or Bush. There’s no law that prevents them from doing that. The reason they don’t do that is it makes no business sense.”
Magid said employers can demand whatever they want from their employees regardless of the reason -except if it involves race, gender, national origin, religion, age or disability. That means that an employer can have a rule prohibiting employees from having facial hair or tattoos or wearing green shirts.
The NFL is different because the players have a union and the collective bargaining agreement between the owners and players covers the employment relationship. The CBA includes the rules governing the game and equipment, which means players have agreed to follow those guidelines.
Magid said the NFL should not be allowed to selectively single out Tebow for his religious expression if it allows others to express themselves in a similar way. But because the league’s rule prohibits all writing, religious discrimination doesn’t apply.
“You can’t make a decision against an employee based upon religious beliefs, but I don’t think Tebow can claim that putting [eye black with Bible verses on it] under his eyes is a religious belief,” Magid said. “He’s just announcing to everybody what he believes. It’s not a religious requirement for his religion.”
Tebow’s eye black did carry a religious message, but the trend of writing on the black patches that were designed to cut down on glare began with something a lot more secular. It’s hard to trace the first person who wrote anything on their eye black, but running back Reggie Bush, who played at Southern California from 2003-05, is generally credited with popularizing it. Bush wrote “619” on his, the area code of his hometown of Spring Valley, Calif.
Tebow wore his first message against LSU in 2008, writing Phil 4:13 (for Philippians 4:13), and did it the rest of his career. He was criticized by opposing fans and some members of the media for it, but there is no doubt that it has had a profound effect on people. He wore John 3:16 for the BCS National Championship game in January 2009, and the verse was the most-searched item on Google the next morning.
But there won’t be any more eye black messages on Saturdays now, either, because the NCAA’s Playing Rules Oversight Panel voted on Thursday to prohibit words, numbers, logos or symbols on eye black. It will take effect in the 2010 season.
Naturally, it has been dubbed the Tim Tebow Rule.
Not by the NCAA, however, which denies that Tebow’s biblical eye-black messages spurned the change.
“By no means was any one team or student athlete focused on,” said Cameron Schuh, the NCAA’s associate director of public and media relations. “It was kind of a culmination over the years.
“[Tebow’s eye black] did garner a lot of attention but there have been things on eye black well before Tebow was even playing. The committee had talked about it, but I think the amount of student athletes over the last couple of years and the prevalence of seeing it out there with different logos and messages kind of prompted the committee to say, ‘Let’s just make sure we have a clear statement on what is and what isn’t permissible.’ “
Schuh denied that the rules committee wanted to ban the eye-black writing because they were worried about the kind of messages some players might try to use, such as someone protesting Tebow’s Christian messages with a Muslim phrase, for example.
“The decision wasn’t made worrying about what could happen,” Schuh said. “The decision was made so that there was no room for interpretation of what could or could not be [put on the eye black]. The intended use of eye black is to shade eyes from the sun and when you’re putting something on there, you’re taking away from the intended purpose of it.
” … The committee just decided just to be uniform. We’re going to say it’s going to be mandated that it’s solid black. No words, no numbers, no logos, no symbols.”
It turns out Tebow, Bush and others who wrote on their eye black were technically violating one of the NCAA’s rules governing illegal equipment. According to the 2009-10 football rules and interpretations manual, no words, numbers or symbols are permitted on a player’s person or tape (except game information on a player’s wrist or arm).
Punishment for wearing illegal equipment is the loss of a timeout. The fourth infraction in a half is a 5-yard penalty.
Tebow and Florida were never penalized.
“That’s one of those situations where the rule was in place but it was kind of left up to the discretion of the officials on the field to make the decision,” Schuh said. “The committee coming out with this exact wording kind of alleviates the interpretation the officials had to make. We’re going to set the hard and fast rule: no messages of any kind on eye black. “
For Tebow, there is one way around the rule in the NFL. The league has no regulations in place regarding tattoos, which means Tebow could mark his body with as many Bible verses as he likes. Including under his eyes.
Tebow might get some weird looks, but he wouldn’t be short any cash.
Follow him on Twitter @mjdirocco.
The Meaning of Eye Black
This year, the San Francisco 49ers want you to Put Your Game Face On in support of the team’s 2008 season. Fans are invited to show their loyalty and help provide a unique home field advantage by having nearly 70,000 49ers Faithful wearing eye black in Candlestick Park.
Chief Operating Officer Andy Dolich considers the 49ers Faithful the best fans in football and sees no better connection between them and the team than to literally have it shown on people’s faces.
“That can be a really exciting and powerful opportunity,” Dolich said. “You just look forward to a stadium where you have nearly 140,000 eyes with eye black under them and everybody’s got their game face on along with our players on the field.”
Despite not even knowing the name of the person who might be sitting in the aisle in front of or behind you, the 49ers believes the eye black allows fans to identify with one another and make an automatic connection.
According to game-goer Wayne Buder, a 49ers Faithful, the concept is catching.
“I feel as if I’m as much a part of the team as the players are,” Buder said. “Forget the terrible towels, forget the 12th man, this is about nearly 70,000 fans at the stadium on game day that are an extension of the team.”
Guard Tony Wragge quickly noticed the passion and excitement from the fans over the eye black stickers.
“I think it’s awesome when the fans put their Game Face on,” said Wragge, who has worn eye black since college. “It’s just something to see them out there in the stands with the eye black on. It’s their game day, too, and they’re ready to go. I love it. Every time I see it, it pumps me up.”
Wragge isn’t the only player who appreciates the fans sporting the eye black.
“Any time the fans can get involved with the game and bring their intensity, it gives us extra energy to feed off of,” linebacker Tully Banta-Cain said.
While the 49ers are using eye black to build a connection between players and fans, the history of eye black can be traced to 1942. The first known documentation of its use in football occurred when Andy Farkas, a Washington Redskins fullback, was pictured wearing it in their 1942 team photo. In an attempt to reduce the glare from the sun during games, Farkas simply smeared the black soot from burnt cork ashes onto his cheekbones to help deflect the glare so he could see the football better.
Times have definitely changed from Farkas’ day. Presently, 49ers Equipment Manager Steve Urbaniak supplies players with team-issued equipment that gives the players both a psychological and competitive edge. Part of that equipment is the eye black.
“With some players, that’s part of their pregame routine,” Urbaniak said. “That’s kind of the switch that clicks it on. They put the eye black on and that’s one of the last things they do as they go out to the field. It’s kind of like they look at it as a switch to turn up their game.”
Urbaniak recalled former 49ers such as Marquez Pope, Jeff Garcia and Bryant Young who used eye black as part of their intense game day preparation.
How Do Football Players Go to the Bathroom During a Game?
When you gotta go you gotta go but when you’re in the NFL and playing in front of thousands of fans, where do you go?
That’s a question that many people have wondered about over the years, however, it’s not something too many athletes care to discuss. It is a legitimate question though especially since we know the players have to stay hydrated on gameday and with all that Gatorade flowing, they must need to urinate at some point during a three-hour game. So what do they do?
Hold it the whole time? Try to run off the field during a commercial break? Or something else?NFL Logo | Nick Laham/Getty Images
Of course, the having-to-go urge while playing in a game extends beyond just NFL players.
“Every single athlete has to deal with this in a different way, but one thing is the same: No one ever talks about it,” Jocelyne Lamoureux-Davidson of the U.S. women’s national hockey team told ESPN. “It’s a pretty universal thing we all share, relative to everybody: Everyone has to go.”
Where other athletes go?
MLB fans have witnessed what some baseball players choose to do when they need to relieve themselves. They take a restroom break while the game is being played.
You may recall when former Red Sox outfielder Manny Ramirez calmly walked over to the Green Monster and disappeared behind a door during a pitching change in 2005. He returned before actually missing a pitch and the moment was just thought of as one of those “Manny being Manny” instances. But the outfielder proved that day just how powerful nature’s call was.
Angels pitcher Jered Weaver also experienced having to go at an inconvenient time. In 2012, he was only three outs away from a no-hitter but couldn’t bear the urge any longer and rushed to the clubhouse bathroom as fast as he could. Likely feeling much better, he returned to the mound and got the last batters he needed out to cement his place in history.
Some other athletes like Michael Phelps have it a bit easier when they want to go. Yes, the greatest Olympian of all time has admitted that he has peed in the pool during many of his races.
Where NFL players pee?Channing Crowder | Gregory Shamus/Getty Images
Since we don’t see too many players doing disappearing acts during NFL games and there is no pool for them to relieve themselves in, there must be another tactic they have.
Well, you may be shocked, or grossed out, to learn that sometimes they just go on themselves right in plain sight. According to former Miami Dolphins star Channing Crowder, he did just that in every single NFL game he played in.
“I would just be in the huddle, just pee, like you wouldn’t even … nobody in the stands would know unless you looked down like ‘That … That’s not water, man!’” he said.
And Crowder isn’t alone. “Guys are peeing all over the sideline in every game, into cups, on the ground, in towels, behind the bench, in their pants, everywhere,” Carolina Panthers center Ryan Kalil explained.
Some players though try to be discreet about urinating on the sideline. In 2011, Nick Novak was the kicker for the then-San Diego Chargers and was crouching down trying to go but was caught by one of CBS’ cameras. As Kalil pointed out though while fans may not have been aware, it’s common knowledge among the players that everyone is relieving themselves during the game wherever they can.
So now you know.
Why Every Serie A Player Has Red Paint On Their Face This Weekend
Serie A players had red stripes on their cheek this weekend as part of a social media campaign to create awareness against violence to women.
A number of players this weekend, including Napoli captain Marek Hamsik and AC Milan stop-stopper Marco Storari, posted pictures of themselves alongside their wives and girlfriends with the hashtag: #unrossoallaviolenza (a red card against violence.)
Over the last few days, Serie A players have been posting images on social media alongside their wives and girlfriends, featuring only two blotches of colour, initiative fighting violence against women.
It is a red streak down the cheek of the man and red lipstick on her mouth. https://t.co/3UiEzX0MJs
– Mahdi Ghaffaribarzi (@MGhaffaribarzi) April 21, 2018
Among the big names supporting the campaign by having the red streak on their face during games include Roma’s Radja Nainggolan and their goalkeeper Alisson, who donned the stripe during Saturday’s early match against relegation strugglers SPAL 2013.Credit: Twitter
Italian humanitarian organisation WeWorld Onlus teamed up with the players’ association and the Lega Serie A to bring the campaign to the light and so far, the response has been fantastic among both the players and supporters.
The hope is now that the campaign will continue to build momentum, and help bring such an important message to the public.
Liking the the ‘red mark’ on the players faces in tonight’s Serie A match to support domestic violence. Understand it is happening in all games this weekend. #Classy
– Vic (@Vic_Auld_Reekie) April 21, 2018
If you’re wondering why so many Serie A players have red paint on their faces this weekend, it’s part of a campaign by the league called: ‘Give violence against women the red card.’ https://t.co/Gs7CJLbIBQ90,000 Why do baseball players paint their eyes with black paint?
– Blair Newman (@TheBlairNewman) April 22, 2018
Baseball is one of the most popular sports in America, so it’s not strange that so many films have been made about it. You’ve probably seen at least one similar picture and certainly noticed how the players put black stripes under their eyes before the match. Why are they doing that? Mythbusters learned the answer to the question.
Read also: Dangerous baseball: TOP-6 insidious moments
As part of the first experiment, Adam Savage was put on black make-up, and Jamie Heineman was put on flesh.Cosmetic procedures were supposed to show whether the color of the eyeliner affects the quality of vision. The presenters had to pass a special exam by reading the orthometric table against the sun. Unfortunately, this test did not confirm or disprove the myth. Each of the participants made one mistake, which only confused the situation.
Read also: TOP-16 most expensive stadiums in the world
In the next test, the guys removed the human factor and tested it on a dummy.A light meter was inserted into the eye socket of the “painted” subject. As a result, he showed that the putty did not affect the amount of light reflected from the cheek into the artificial eye.
Read also: Baseball players will answer for a strong man’s ass
a baseball cap on a mannequin, without which no athlete enters the field. The difference turned out to be tangible.With the baseball cap, the black putty really reduced the amount of reflected light.
Read also: Beauty of the day: juicy besyball player Joana Gomez
So, it turned out that with the help of makeup and a cap it is really possible to protect your eyes from the sun. Who said that athletes are not very smart? Get it! The legend is believable.
Watch the full episode of the program and practice your knowledge of the English language:
Watch more interesting experiments in the program “Mythbusters” on the UFO TV channel.
How Effective is the Eye Black that Athletes Wear? –
How Effective is the Eye Black that Athletes Wear?
Sometimes it’s literally a glob of grease, other times it’s a synthetic sticker. We’ve all seen baseball and football players with the black rectangles under their eyes on sunny days, which is thought to help reduce the sun’s glare and allow athletes to better pick up the ball. But does it actually work?
The underlying concept behind eye black is that it reduces the amount of glare that reaches your eyes thanks to the fact that the color black absorbs most light frequencies.In theory, excessive light from sources in our peripheral vision will be absorbed by the black color, increasing the contrast of the objects we’re looking at and focusing on directly.
There have been a handful of studies done in the past decade, including one by the University of New Hampshire and one by Yale University. Although these two and others began with skepticism and have all yielded slightly different results — while accounting for the effect of variables such as eye color and gender — they have agreed that traditional eye grease made of beeswax, paraffin, and carbon does in fact reduce glare and improve contrast sensitivity.They also all concluded that anti-glare stickers and petroleum jelly have no impact.
“I thought we would find it to be like war paint and a psychological advantage more than anything else,” Dr. Brian M. DeBroff, the lead author of the Yale study, told The New York Times . “We were surprised to find a benefit from the grease.”
Even though the effect was found to be somewhat minimal, DeBroff has adopted somewhat of an “it can’t hurt” stance regarding its application to high-intensity sport situations.
“Certainly in football and baseball, where tracking a ball at high speed is an important aspect, any competitive advantage could be beneficial,” DeBroff said.
Despite this, researchers are still unsure how much impact the glare reduction and contrast improvement translates into an “on-the-field” advantage for athletes. Dr. Kenneth Fuld, chairman of the University of New Hampshire’s psychology department and the sponsor of the aforementioned study conducted by the university, points out that tennis players regularly perform at a high level despite the fact that they do not wear eye black.
“I would be highly doubtful that it would have much of an effect, if any,” Fuld said.
Although it is extremely reasonable to conclude that it is a coincidence, it is interesting to note that last year’s two top NFL receivers in terms of receiving yards, Calvin Johnson of the Detroit Lions and Andre Johnson of the Houston Texans, both regularly wear eye black during games.
Why Do Athletes Wear Eye Black and Does it Even Work?
You may notice black paint or black stickers under an athletes’ eyes during sports games.Most commonly football players, MLB, softball, and lacrosse players rock this eye black look for matches. While the black under the eyes looks cool, you may be surprised that there is a functional reason to use this for games according to players. So does eye black work, or is a gimmick? Here is the breakdown of why football players wear eye black and more!
What Is the Eye Black Under the Eyes?
The eye black under an athlete’s eye is typically grease, strip, or a sticker.The eye black is most common among athletes, but the eye black sticker is popular as well. You will usually find MLB, football players, lacrosse, and softball players wear this under their eyes for games, so what exactly is this?
What is Eye Black Made Of?
Over the years, amateur and professional athletes have made eye black out of numerous materials. Some materials for eye black include burnt cork and shoe polish. Today, you can find most eye black grease made from beeswax, paraffin, and charcoal powder.The antiglare stickers and strips are made from a fabric with a matte finish.
When Did Players Begin Using Eye Black?
The earliest known instance of a professional player using eye black came in the 1930s with Babe Ruth. Babe Ruth began using the eye black during games to reduce the sun’s glare during day games. A few years later, Andy Farkas, a football player of the Washington Redskins began using eye lack during games a well. As the years went by, you would see more and more players use eye black during games.
Why Do Football Players Wear Black Under their Eyes?
Football players and other athletes wear eye black to improve their vision during a game. The concept is that eye black grease can absorb bright lights and sun glare away from their cheekbone and eye, which makes seeing the ball easier. Many players wear eye black even during night games to absorb the stadium lights from temporarily blinding them when trying to catch the ball. Wearing the eye black is most common for outfielders who need to track a ball during day and night games.
Another reason why NFL American Football players and other athletes wear eye black stickers is for the look. Some players like to use antiglare stickers to create a war paint look on their faces. Other players want to use eye black to promote bible verses, tributes, logos, and more. Whatever the reasons for using the grease, many players see this as part of their personality when competing.
Professional Athletes Who Use Eye Black
There are many past and present high-profile NFL players that use eye black during games.Some football players who use eye black include Tom Brady, Cam Newton, Mark Sanchez, Rey Lewis, and Tim Tebow. You will find Aaron Judge, Mookie Betts, Bruce Harper, Dustin Pedroia, and Manny Machado for baseball players using eye black as well.
What Sports Don’t Wear Eye Black?
While football players and baseball players regularly wear eye black during matches, some sports don’t allow the use of eye black. Some sports that don’t enable eye black during games include Rugby, Soccer, or Cricket matches.In addition to those sports, you won’t find swimmers to use eye black because it will dissolve.
What is the Best Eye Black?
There are many eye black and strips on the market to consider. Here are some of the most famous brands below that amateurs and professional athletes use.
- Franklin Sports Eye Black
- Warriorblack Single Stick Eyeblack
- EyeBlack Black Grease Seal
- Franklin Sports Football Eye Black Stick
- Wilson Black Make
- Elite Choice Sports Paint Eye Black
- Glare Gone Sports Anti-Glare Skin Care Stick
Is Eye Black Safe to Use?
Yes, using eye black and black stripes to improve contrast sensitivity is perfectly safe.Dermatologists recommend washing your face immediately after the game to keep your pores as clean as possible. If you keep the eye black on too long under your eyes, you may develop a slight rash or acne.
Does Eye Black Work: Does it Actually Do Anything?
There have been many studies measuring the effectiveness of using eye black to block out the sun’s glare. One test back in 2003 from Dr. Brian M. DeBroff and Pahk had participants use eye black, antiglare stickers, and petroleum jelly to reduce the glare.While results favored eye black in reducing the glare, there was some inconsistent data that made the experiment inconclusive.
Another experiment in 2005 took place at the University of New Hampshire to measure eye black effectiveness. Benjamin R. Powers found that the data was not statistically significant in using eye black to reduce glare. You can learn more about the entire study of the experiment in this PDF link.
Finally, Mythbusters ran an experiment seeing if eye black is valid or not to reduce the sun’s glare for athletes.The verdict of the research has that eye black does not minimize glare, but it does improve seeing the difference between light and dark. That means that you can potentially track objects better in a sunny environment by using eye black.
There are many reasons why athletes choose to wear eye black or MLB stickers during a game. Some wear the black stripes for glare reduction, while others wear it for intimidation purposes. Other athletes will use the black lines under eyes for both reasons, so it comes down to choice.Whatever the real goal is to wear the black under your eyes, you can expect to find many athletes rocking this look during football, baseball, and lacrosse games.
Why Do Baseball Players Put Black Under Their Eyes?
When watching a baseball game, you may notice that almost all the players wear black under their eyes. The patterns of the “eye-black” are usually unique to each player. They may leave you wondering why do baseball players put black under their eyes? The answer is a combination of history, eye protection from the sun, and a new personal statement of style.
Why Do Baseball Players Put Black Under Their Eyes?
The history of why baseball players put black under their eyes, is said to have originated with Babe Ruth in the 1930s, to help reduce glare from the sun. Ruth would smear grease under his eyes. Seeing Babe Ruth was the most famous baseball player, it led to many other players copying his eye-black use. As time went on, the use of eye-black spread throughout baseball. Now, almost every player uses eye-black of some sort.
Further History and “Spread” of Eye-Black
After gaining massive popularity in baseball, the use of eye-black “spread” into other American sports, increasing the most use in football and lacrosse.
As they play outdoor sports in the sun or powerful floodlights, the need to reduce glare was critical, especially when athletes couldn’t wear sunglasses. In football and lacrosse, they could not wear sunglasses because of the physicality of the sport.
What Was Used as Eye-Black?
As time went by, the use of eye-black in all sports evolved with changing cultures. At the beginning of its use, eye-black was mainly grease that could be easily found by all baseball players.
In football, ash was often used from burnt cork. After years of using grease or ash, specialty eye-black was explicitly created for athletes. This new commercial eye-black was less messy, not as damaging to the skin, and were more comfortable to wear than grease or ash,
Why Are There Different Styles of Eye-Black?
With the use of commercial eye-black many different ways to apply and style, the eye-black became popular.In modern baseball, many players will “paint” their faces in eye-black replicating war paint.
Different symbols have been drawn on players ’faces using eye-black, many for religious purposes. There have even been many colors that aren’t black worn by players, usually to match their uniforms.
Many players have signature eye-black styles that are replicated by fans in attendance. There have been eye-black brands that have been marketed as sweat-proof, but many players continue to use traditional paint.This is due to some players wanting to look intimidating when eye-black smears across their faces from sweating and “playing with great passion” during the game.
Why Do Some Players Use Stickers for Eye-Black?
Along with sweat-proof types of eye-black, there have been many brands that created stickers in the shape of eye-black. These stickers are also used so that the eye-black doesn’t smear due to sweat or from being rubbed. The labels are also more comfortable for players to apply themselves as it can be difficult to draw perfect eye-black on your own face.
With the increased use of stickers, many players have added words or brands to the labels on their eye-black. Popular writings on stickers include favorite quotes, slogans, team logos, or funny images.
The use of writing on eye-black stickers has been banned in college sports; however, due to league officials wanting to keep possible corporate logos or personal beliefs off of athletes’ faces.
Is Eye-Black Actually Effective at Reducing Glare?
One of the most polarizing discussions about eye-black is if it actually reduces the sun’s effect on players’ vision.The old scientific explanation of eye-black was that skin reflects the most light, but eye-black with absorb all light so glare won’t affect the athlete’s vision.
This has been debated by many athletes, fans, and scientists. Some athletes don’t wear eye-black because they don’t believe it improves their vision while playing. The debate between scientists has mostly asked: why do athletes put black under their eyes if the actual effects are not that helpful in reducing glare? To answer this question, much r esearch has taken place, which actually proves that eye-black helps improve vision while playing.
Glare does not always seem to be reduced due to eye black, which has made the old explanation not as accurate in modern trials. However, in all studies, eye-black allows players to tell the difference between light and dark better, which is useful for finding a ball in the sun.
Eyes Towards the Future of “Eye-Black”
So, why do baseball players put black under their eyes? It’s mostly for style and because they have worn it throughout baseball history.However, because it is scientifically proven to improve vision, it allows for an advantage for those who wear it. No matter what the explanation, eye-black will continually be used in baseball throughout the rest of history.
Eye Black Used to Cut Glare, or Turn Up Spotlight
UPPER DARBY, Pa., Dec. 1 – As Upper Darby High played its annual Thanksgiving Day football game, a northeaster raked the Philadelphia suburbs, turning the field into a muddy pudding. The last thing any player needed was protection from the sun’s glare.And because the game began in late morning, no one bothered turning on the stadium lights.
Still, the dreariness did not keep many Upper Darby players from spreading eye black on their cheeks. Some dabbed a line of grease under the eyes. Some wore adhesive antiglare patches that resembled Morse code for the face. Others smeared the stuff like shaving cream.
“It’s just the look,” Brandon Murray, an Upper Darby halfback, said after his team had been upset, 20-8, by its archrival, Haverford High.“Most kids think it’s intimidating or it looks good. No one uses it to block out the light. ”
That is not necessarily the case in the National Football League. Jerricho Cotchery described a scene in the Jets’ locker room before a game last Sunday, when he and his fellow receiver Laveranues Coles applied eye black as if they were showgirls applying false eyelashes.
They were carrying out a decades-old tradition. A Yale University study found evidence of eye black use dating at least to a 1942 photograph of a Washington Redskins player named Andy Farkas.The eye black origins in baseball are more obscure, the study said.
Coles said that playing without eye-black grease was like “playing with no shoulder pads or no helmet.” Although he grew up in sunny Florida, Coles said he never used eye black until he reached the N.F.L. and struggled with glare.
“I don’t know if it was one of those placebo effects, but it was one of those things that stuck with me,” he said.
But many athletes do not seem to care much about the intended use of eye black.Instead, those smudges and patches and decals have become popular fashion accessories, miniature billboards for personal messages and war-paint slatherings aimed at gaining a psychological advantage more than a visual edge.
“I think it kind of lost its purpose,” said Nick Ciccone, a safety at Bloomsburg University in Pennsylvania. “It’s a fashion thing now. A lot of guys say, if you look good, you feel good, and if you feel good, you play good. ”
Reggie Bush, the 2005 Heisman Trophy winner who is now a running back for the New Orleans Saints, inscribed the 619 area code for his hometown in San Diego County on his antiglare stickers while at the University of Southern California.Seizing the moment, Bush had plans to unveil a 619 cologne.
Rutgers running back Ray Rice wears stickers that run cheek to cheek, across his nose. He writes a weekly eulogy to a deceased cousin: RIP 914 SUPE.
Sometimes eye stickers are used for more frivolous purposes. In a game against Arkansas on Nov. 24, running back Keiland Williams of Louisiana State University wore an LSU patch under one eye only, looking like a kind of decal pirate.
Rory Jones, a receiver at South Plaquemines High in Port Sulfur, La., said he had no idea what the eye-black stickers were intended for. “I use them for showboating,” he said.
Tim Heagy, a defensive end at Lycoming College in Pennsylvania, said he thought the smeared-cheek look might give him a slight edge over a larger opponent. “If he’s a little bigger, maybe he thinks you’re crazy because you have eye black on,” Heagy said.
Researchers wondered, too. In the past few years, they have begun to examine the accepted truth that eye black does indeed decrease glare reflecting off the skin.
Recent studies have shown that eye black reduces glare somewhat, while improving contrast sensitivity. Yet it remains debatable among experts whether glare is diminished sufficiently to increase a kick returner’s ability to field a ball out of the stadium lights or a shortstop’s ability to pluck a pop fly out of the sun.
Through the years, players have fashioned eye black from burnt cork and shoe polish. Today’s commercially produced eye-black grease is made from such items as beeswax, paraffin and charcoal powder, while antiglare stickers are made of patented fabric with a dull, matte finish.
The Yale study placed 46 students in the sun and tested their reactions using a sensitivity contrast chart. Some participants wore eye-black grease, while others wore adhesive stickers. A third group wore smudges of petroleum jelly as a placebo.
The study found a small, but statistically significant, improvement in contrast sensitivity and glare reduction for participants who wore the eye grease, but not for those who wore antiglare stickers. The results were published in 2003 in Archives of Ophthalmology.
“I thought we would find it to be like war paint and a psychological advantage more than anything else,” Dr. Brian M. DeBroff, the lead author of the Yale study, said in a telephone interview. “We were surprised to find a benefit from the grease.”
Asked if the benefits were significant enough to enhance athletic performance, Dr. DeBroff said, “Certainly in football and baseball, where tracking a ball at high speed is an important aspect, any competitive advantage could be beneficial.”
He added: “Does it translate in terms of being able to pick up the ball if looking back into the sun? Possibly. Certainly, it would be interesting to do further study to determine the exact benefit. ”
A study of eye-black grease at the University of New Hampshire also found a small improvement in contrast sensitivity. The findings, published last year in an undergraduate research journal, were considered preliminary, said Dr. Kenneth Fuld, chairman of the university’s psychology department and the study’s sponsor.
Even so, Dr. Fuld, a former New Hampshire assistant baseball coach, said he was skeptical that the grease enhanced a player’s performance.
“I would be highly doubtful that it would have much of an effect, if any,” Dr. Fuld said, noting that tennis players performed at high levels without eye black while constantly dealing with the sun’s glare.
Placing a brand name on adhesive strips in white letters, writing messages on stickers and adorning them with initials and logos appeared to defeat the antiglare purpose of the patches, Dr.Fuld said.
Among the findings of the New Hampshire study were: Eye-black grease did not work as effectively with blue-eyed participants, who have less iris pigment to screen out unwanted light. And women had better results than men, although that might be explained by the smaller sample size of male participants (18) than female participants (28).
While it may seem counterintuitive that all skin tones benefit from eye black, oiliness of the skin and sweating, not simply skin color, affect how much light is reflected into the eyes, said another researcher, Mike Maloney, president of Bjorksten Research Laboratories in Wisconsin.
His company has done testing for Mueller Sports Medicine, a Wisconsin manufacturer of antiglare patches, which were judged ineffective in the Yale study. Brett Mueller, president of the company, said that Yale researchers tested “couch potatoes” rather than attempting to replicate on-field distractions an athlete encounters in his peripheral vision.
The research commissioned by Mueller used a mannequin with a photo diode attached to the right eye. The findings indicated that antiglare stickers reduced the amount of light that entered the periphery of the eye to a greater extent than eye-black grease did.
“But what I can’t tell you is the amount of difference that will make in athletic performance,” Mr. Maloney said.
For elite athletes, the chance that eye black might provide even the slightest advantage can be convincing, said Jeremy Bloom, a kick returner and two-time Olympian who was formerly the world’s top-ranked moguls skier.
“It’s very symbolic of football, whether science proves it works or not,” said Bloom, who is on injured reserve with the Philadelphia Eagles.“If it works just a little, that’s helpful. It can’t hurt. ”
On the high school level, though, the ostentatious use of eye black and facial decals has led to a backlash by some coaches. Brian Sipe, a former All-Pro quarterback now coaching Santa Fe Christian School near San Diego, said he limited his players to a thin smudge no wider than the eye.
“It really serves no purpose other than adornment,” Sipe said.
In suburban Philadelphia, Haverford High prevailed over Upper Darby on Thanksgiving without any players wearing eye black.Coach Joe Gallagher had banned its use.
“That’s just frills,” he said. “They were too concerned about how they looked.”
10 Best Football Eye Black Reviews With Buying Guide 2020
An eye-black is a handy accessory football players use to keep sun rays or excessive light out of their eyes. This way, they can forget about glaring and loss of sight. And when it comes to playing, this is the best way to stay in the game on a very sunny day.
But as a simple accessory, eye blacks still offers different designs and advantages depending on which one you pick.If you want the best football eye black, you’ll need to know what you’re looking and why.
Here, we answer all the demands you may have about these accessories. If you care to learn more, then come down to find out!
Are These Safe? What are These Made Of?
Yes, eye-blacks are a totally safe product everyone can use. They are either strips or grease / paint applied under to eyes or any other part of the face that help reduce glare and prevent visibility issues.
Many people use it as makeup too for different things, including intimidation or other psychological effects.
While eye-blacks are generally safe to use and don’t produce dangerous effects in any way, they could actually create rash in players’ faces and sometimes even damage pores.
That’s why it’s recommended to prevent using any type eye-black when you suffer from skin allergies. Normally, though, they are safer than normal women’s makeup.
These products vary in construction depending on what you get.For example, football eye black stickers are peel-n-stick papers that reduce glaring. They are easy to apply in the face and easy to take off due to their adhesive design, which makes them incredibly versatile.
On the other hand, you have grease or paint eye-blacks. These can be made of many things, including beeswax, paraffin or even carbon. They are easy to apply, offering more opportunities to use as makeup or drawing.
And of course, they are not hard to take off but may take a little more than stickers as they have the purpose of lasting many hours in the face without fading off.
Best Football Eye Black Picks
While they seem like easy work to pick, you may want to know which options are worth it and which are not. Here, we talk about 8 excellent eye-black choices for those interested.
1. EyeBlack Black Athletic Eye
Coming from one of the most reliable brands in the market, the EyeBlack Athletic black-eye comes in a pack of eighteen pairs at a fantastic price so you can use it for several matches without issues.
It stands out for being among the thinnest options, delivering a mild but significantly useful result without really affecting your gameplay in any way.While you play, you won’t remember that you have something attached to your face – that’s how thin and handy they are.
They come in a peel-n-stick design, of course, so you don’t need to do much to put them much. Just detach the sticker from the glue part and stick it in under your eye to get its effect. And surely, it doesn’t smell of anything, so you never feel distracted.
It works really well for anyone, though. Even fans can use this sticker on sunny days to receive the benefits it offers.As it costs practically nothing for the quality it provides, anyone can enjoy a great experience, no matter if they’re in the field or in the seats.
They also produce little to no damage to the skin and last for long when you apply them correctly. Even the sweatiest of players will never experience a falling sticker, even in the hardest of matches. So, this eye-black is no short of amazing.
- Highly reliable anti-glaring build to reduce visibility problems
- Excellent peel-n-stick design for great sticker result that never falls down
- Very thin design works really well without causing distractions
- Non-toxic and safe to use for any player or fan
- Glue can be a little too hard to take off and cause pain or redness
2.Franklin Sports Eye Black
The Franklin Sports eye black is one of the best options to pick from, not only because they offer great reliability after sticking them to the face, but also for their excellent versatility.
Yes, these magnificent eye-black stickers will reduce glare from the sun and lights really well, but the unique advantage they offer is the customization feature. You’ll be able to write all kinds of stuff with an addition white pencil that comes with the pack.
This way, you can not only the advantage of anti-glaring effects but also to intimate your opponents without losing its benefits.
This pack comes with 24 stickers along with the white pencil. The pack can last up to 24 matches, which is a very long-lasting pack for those players who want to play a lot. However, it also works for anyone, including child football players and fans.
Anyone can enjoy these stickers without problems and works for a wide array of other sports too.And if you want to take them to a disguise party or something of the like, they work exceptionally well too. You simply get top-notch results with great construction and little to no drawbacks.
But for those who don’t sweat much, there’s come an additional advantage: you can actually use these stickers twice.
Yes, if you are a fan, for example, who doesn’t sweat too much and wants to get the benefits of an anti-glaring eye-black two days or matches in a row, these stickers may allow you to do so.That’s how amazing they are.
- Excellent versatility as it works for anyone and many different sports
- Additional white pencil offers the chance of writing intimating stuff in the sticker
- Very long-lasting 24-pack of eye black stickers
- Reliable and handy glue capacity that can be used up to twice
- White pencil may not be the most reliable extra item
3. Warriorblack Single Stick Eyeblack
A sticker is not the only design of eye-black you can pick.The Warriorblack is the exact exception, which comes as a marking stick you can use to create the eye-black on your cheek safely & reliably.
This mode of application offers several benefits over a sticker. Not only it is easy to wash and prevents the damage from glue when unsticking it from the skin, but it also makes it easier to apply & more long-lasting.
The formula that comes inside the stick is one of the most durable in the market with a non-greasy build.You can enjoy a superb experience with it, blocking glaring from affecting your game and getting no side effects when using it.
It comes in a 15-ounces stick, which means it lasts a lot. But the real advantage comes from the ingredients, including Vitamin E to add health effects to your skin, antioxidants to prevent damage, and aloe which soothes any unwanted effect.
It also comes with caffeine to add a little alertness to the user, and beeswax to stick nicely and last for hours.Finally, it offers a cooling effect by using menthol.
Add it all together, and you get a product that won’t let you down. This black-eye stick will reduce glaring exceptionally well while delivering no side effects and making your skin feel & look better in the process. There’s practically not an option as effective and healthy as this one.
- Exceptional non-greasy formula provides a long-lasting result
- Keeps glaring away more effectively than sticker options
- Much easier and comfortable to apply in different parts of the face
- Formula prevents side effects better when compared to sticker designs
- Small stick doesn’t last too much
4.EyeBlack Black Grease Seal
A patch of black-eye is useful, yes – but nothing compared to a Black Grease Seal. This one from EyeBlack is easily one of the most durable & reliable out there, and all thanks to its greasy formula.
While many people tend to get away from grease, it is actually an excellent choice for anyone who wants a cheap yet highly reliable black-eye for playing.
Whether it is football or any other sport, grease stays for longer and doesn’t fall off with sweat or any other effect.You just need to add the paint under the eye and let it dry. Then you’ll have a black-eye for hours.
It is one of the harmless options too. Compared to stickers, a grease seal doesn’t harm the skin in any way and provides an easier way to play. You just need to use it similarly to a lipstick, applying it on the desired place and that’s it.
For those who want to play with black-eye this design even offers the chance to make different shapes – so imagine the possibilities.For fans and players alike, an EyeBlack product is always a great option to go for. The black grease seal is not an exception.
If you want to receive a product that not only blocks glaring at a professional level but also offers excellent versatility & safety – this is an option you don’t want to dismiss. It comes in a 4.5-grams tube, so it lasts several matches without issues.
- High-quality greasy formula that sticks for long and produces no side effects
- Superb versatility so you can apply it easily on any part of your face
- Completely reliable seal that stays for long in the face even with sweat
- Blocks glaring outstandingly well while offering a non-distracting result
- May cause a little irritation in children
5.Franklin Sports Football Eye Black Stick
Franklin Sports is one of the few brands that never let players down when it comes to quality. And the Football Eye Black Stick is precisely of the quality we’re talking about.
To reduce glare from beams and the sun, a sticker is helpful, but nothing close to a stick with paint. With a non-toxic formula and an excellent application method, you’ll waste no more than a few seconds doing it – anywhere on your face.
The versatility this product offers not only helps to apply it more easily but also to enjoy the benefits of a more performance-oriented eye black.
For example, using this close to the eyes may not only reduce glare but also help to focus more easily. It even helps to adjust reaction speed in some players, which is a magnificent benefit not to dismiss.
But when we talk about a Franklin Sports product, we talk about something that lasts. And this eye-black stick is precisely that – a product that won’t fall down easily from your face.
Even with the sweatiest of players, the paint will stay put and deliver exceptional results for long.To take it off will actually be difficult, as you may have to wash it off two or three times to entirely get rid of it.
- Provides outstanding performance for preventing glaring & adjust focus
- Exceptional formula quality for strong & durable results with no side effects
- Completely easy to apply on any part of the face
- Very long-lasting stick that lasts several matches
- Can smudge easily if not operated with care
6.Wilson Black Make
Wilson is a brand that never disappoints, and the Black Make stick of eye-black grease is undoubtedly one of their best yet simplest products.
If you are expecting exceptional quality in every way, a super easy to apply the product, and something that will make your performance better by increasing overall focus – this is the eye-black to go for.
What strikes users the most about its performance is how easy it really is to apply. It comes exactly like a lipstick would come and provides the chance to simply slide it on your cheek.You won’t believe how soft and smooth the process of application is, all thanks to a superb formula.
But it’s not only easy to apply but magnificently effective at reducing glare. You get the chance of promoting a huge performance boost while playing under a hard sun as well as you get advantages while playing under powerful night lights. And of course, it keeps you focused and glare-free at all times.
The formula, on the other hand, is totally waterproof and non-toxic.This means you’ll enjoy an eye-black that lasts a long time in your cheek, even after very exhausting games or plays where you sweat a lot. And with its non-toxic ingredients, it will be entirely safe for use, also if you have fragile or weak skin.
- Exceptional formula quality with beeswax and paraffin for safety
- Comes in a highly convenient tube for easy application and handling
- Resistant and durable formula provides waterproof results
- Best value for what you get only Wilson can offer
- Needs two or more swipes to apply nicely & mark skin
7.Elite Choice Sports Paint Eye Black
For those who won’t accept the fact that eye-black needs only to be black – you can get the Elite Choice Sports that offers ten different colors and more.
Yes, you get the chance to pick between Black, Yellow, Purple, Red, Blue, Orange, Maroon, Pink, Gold Metallic or Silver Metallic. Whether you want this for a girl, for a boy, or whether you are a woman or man looking to wear some stylish yet useful eye-black – this is the option you should consider at all times.
It’s amazing how many colors you have, but the exceptional formulate it offers is what matters the most. Using only natural ingredients, it won’t only help you prevent glaring from affecting you, but also increases safety and focus in the process.
Your skin will be totally healthy after wearing, and you won’t have a single bad thing to say about it.
The product is also entirely easy to apply and remove. Thanks to a superb formula, it needs no more than a few seconds to use on your cheek and wash it off.And you can wear it for practically anything, including football, a party, for festivals, and much more.
It comes in a little but handy tube, so you can bring it anywhere without issues and receives its amazing results. This eye-black is also durable, reliable, and won’t fade off with sweat or water. So you’re getting a top-notch choice for demanding users when it comes to quality & color availability.
- Fantastic array of colors to choose from for practically any user
- Top-notch formula offers excellent durability and application / removal
- High-quality anti-glaring effect despite its varied set of colors
- Convenient & simple tube for easy application & portability
- Small tube may be a little disappointing for its price
8.Glare Gone Sports Anti-Glare Skin Care Stick
For those who want something that’s a little more than just an anti-glare eye-black, the Glare Gone Sports Care Stick will probably fit their demands.
Its formula is one of the best in the market, both because it’s highly effective at getting rid of glare and because it can last many hours in the player even after a long match full of sweat and tears.
But the formula is not only effective and durable but also safe to the skin.You get a product that won’t produce any side effect and instead increase the chances of softening and smoothing the skin.
Applying this eye-black under the eye will be a total piece of cake too. The stick comes in a tube with the design of a deodorant tube, which means applying won’t be a problem. While it is small, it still makes it easy, even if you want to use it for different parts of your face.
The main difference in the stick is that you can make either a thick or a thin line according to your needs.You’ll get a far more versatile product, especially if you don’t only want it for playing football but for other activities too.
The stick can last several matches or activities too, thanks to a 9-ounces capacity which increases the number of applications. And for its price, this is an amazing deal for anyone looking for a budget-friendly yet highly effective and safe eye-black to wear.
- Superb formula lasts a lot of time with waterproof capacity
- Totally reliable and easy to apply with skin-safe results
- Small but convenient stick lasts a lot of time
- Offers a versatile application method with thick or thin lines
- Can get oily or too smudgy with high temperatures
What To Look For Before Buying?
There aren’t many things to consider when we talk about football eye black stickers or sticks.However, you may need to know exactly how different designs vary and how you can pick one from the other according to your needs.
Here’s a quick guide on what you should look for.
Sticker or Paint
Eye black for football or any other sport comes in two ways: paint, balm or grease, or it comes in the form of stickers or peel-n-stick papers. Both are excellent to get anti-glaring benefits, but they differ in application methods, side effects and performance.
Let’s start with stickers. They are like any other sticker decorative sticker, but this time with a skin-safe glue that doesn’t harm or produce any side effect.
The problem with this type of sticker is that they are a little hard to put on as you won’t have much space or areas to do it apart from under the eye. But of course, they work really well and produce little to no smudge or disastrous results.
A paint or grease stick, on the other hand, needs to be literally painted in the face of the user.It uses no glue and provides no side effect. To put it on is a piece of cake, but to take it off the user may need to wash the face at least two times.
But of course, they last longer than stickers, don’t get affected by sweat as stickers do, and offer great versatility as you can paint an eye black practically anywhere.
The formula of the eye black only applies to stick, paint or grease eye-blacks. You’ll need to pick something that offers no side effects, doesn’t harm your skin, and instead provides protective benefits.
For this, we recommend going for natural options if possible. But grease and balms still work really well. However, grease may cause a little rash on the skin with too much sun.
Some stick eye-blacks are made with menthol and antioxidants, which help not only to increase overall comfort while wearing the eye-black but also to offer a beneficial effect on the skin.
This reduces side effects and actually benefits your face.
How Do You Get Eye Black Off?
To remove a sticker eye-black, you’ll only need to take it off as any type of sticker.Just peel it off the skin, and that’s it. This could leave a little rash if the glue is too strong or if the skin is fragile.
Removing a stick or paint eye-black is a little harder than removing stickers. You’ll need to apply a lot of water to the mark or eventually use a cotton ball with alcohol to wipe it off more easily.
We recommend following the specific instructions of each product before getting it off. This way you can prevent wasting your time or harming yourself.
Frequently Asked Questions
There’s nothing more important before buying a product than to be particular about it. To help you pick the ideal product and get rid of doubts, here are a few questions that will make the process easy.
Q: What can I do if the sticker eye-black doesn’t stick to my face?
A: Normally, this happens either because you have a moist / sweaty face or because the adhesive of the sticker is old or just not working.We recommend drying the face before applying either a sticker or grease eye-black.
Q: Will grease / paint eye-black smear if I swipe it off by mistake?
A: It’s probable, but most of the time these eye-blacks are made with high-quality products that are totally waterproof and anti-smearing. However, if you apply a thick layer, it is likely to start spreading off even without touch.
Q: Should I clean my face before putting any eye-black on?
A: While it is not necessary and sometimes counter intuitive, washing your face could help to get rid of any oil or dirt that may decrease the durability or harm the application method.It is essential to dry the face off thoroughly before applying though.
Q: Can I customize an eye-black?
A: Most of the time, yes. But this only works with sticker eye-blacks. Other options, especially greasy ones, may not offer enough quality to modify with a marker or pencil.
Q: Will I experience any side effect on my skin after wearing an eye-black?
A: No, you shouldn’t. But there’s a probability, especially if you have a weak or fragile skin, to start developing a rash or abrasion on the skin.If you swipe the grease too hard or try peel a sticker wrongly, you may also cause damage to your face. Side effects, however, are very uncommon.
When it comes to picking the best football eye black , you’ll have to both consider all options as well as go over all the different factors that make an ideal eye-black. disappointment eventually.
So, don’t hesitate and start going for the eye-black that you think is the best – always with care and thinking it through.
Mythbusters: Lacrosse Eye Black IS Function!
Makes me say, “hmmmm”.
In our last episode of Lacrosse Mythbusters , we asked if eye black was just fashion or if there was some actual function involved too. We didn’t truly understand what was going on with the product, but it certainly started some serious conversation. Some said it was just “the warrior look”, while others swore that eye black actually works. So what did we do? We checked with a scientist.
Dr. Brian M. DeBroff, of Yale, had been interested by the concept of eye black, and decided to do an independent study on whether or not it actually worked. He found that it could be effective but this information didn’t cause his interest in his eye black to die down, in fact, it did just the opposite.
Dr. DeBroff was then approached by Farkas Eye Black with the hope that he could help them make the MOST effective eye black possible. From there, Dr. DeBroff eventually became their scientific advisor and an investor in Farkas.We got the chance to speak with Dr. DeBroff about eye black, how it works, and what the future might hold for this product.
How does eye black really work? Are we talking about absorbing more light than the skin? Reflecting less light? Does it keep beads of sweat from forming under the eyes? What’s the science behind eye black?
The reported function is similar to that of the natural masks found on wolves, (side note: “Farkas”, as in Andy Farkas the first player to wear it in the NFL, is Hungarian for Wolf) badgers, and even killer whales.It is thought to reduce reflected glare into athletes’ eyes from the cheekbone by absorbing incident light with its dark pigment.
What defines the optimal formula of eye black? How has the formula changed over the years?
Eye black grease is made from a mixture of beeswax, paraffin, and carbon.
I have worked with the Farkas family to help them develop the precise adjustment of concentrations of paraffin, petroleum, beeswax, black and zinc oxide, and talc that was ascertained to achieve a durable product that improves visual performance.
Over the years, players have used different substances from shoe polish to burnt cork.
Old School still works!
Is there a location on the face where eye black works best? Would using MORE eye black (i.e. large triangles on your cheeks vs. a straight line) actually make a difference?
The cheekbone itself reduces glare by reflecting light away from the eye socket. Placing a pigment on top of the cheekbone could theoretically absorb more light.Farkas Eye Black and I are currently planning future studies to help elucidate the best location and material for maximal improvement of contrast sensitivity.
Does it work with the sun only, or does it also work at night under stadium lights?
Scattered light (Sun or Stadium) degrades contrast sensitivity by splashing extra, noninformation-containing light onto the retinal image and reducing the contrast of the image.
LIGHT DAMAGES eye structures as a result of the physical phenomenon of energy transmission.Light also has a psychophysical component that affects the quality of vision. Scattering of light can produce glare, which in turn can lead to visual disability. Athletes are particularly challenged by the effects of light radiation and glare. Glare from sunlight or stadium lighting impairs an athlete’s contrast sensitivity and impairs the ability to see detail if the light source is from elsewhere in the visual field.
Why don’t the stickers work? Could an eye black sticker ever work if it were made of the right stuff?
In summary, we found eye black grease to be statistically superior to control and to antiglare stickers in 3 situations.There was a statistically significant difference between eye black grease and antiglare stickers in binocular testing. There was also a statistically significant difference between the control and eye black grease in binocular testing and in the combined data from the right and left eyes. Based on this study, eye black grease appears to be more than psychological war paint. These results suggest that eye black grease does in fact have antiglare properties, whereas antiglare stickers and petroleum jelly do not.Perhaps the mixture of wax and carbon in eye black grease is superior for reducing reflected light than is the fabric material in antiglare stickers.
Where did the idea for eye black come from? How has glare reduction evolved over the years?
The first known glare-reducing devices were made by Eskimos from Alaska, Canada, and Siberia approximately 2000 years ago. Ivory or wooden goggles with horizontal slots effectively allowed peripheral vision while blocking out light reflected by snow and ice.The Chinese used colored transparent pebbles gathered from riverbeds for protection. The earliest recorded use of “sports sunglasses” is attributed to Nero, who viewed gladiators through an emerald. More recently, Tuberville, a 15th-century English ophthalmologist, prescribed silk veils for his post-operative patients complaining of photophobia, and, in 1886, the mail order company Sears, Roebuck, and Company began to offer sunglasses.
Wow. That’s some pretty cool history on the subject, Doc! Thanks! We appreciate you taking the time out to speak with us!
Now here’s a great PSA video from Farkas and Jim Leonhard of the New York Jets! Athletes Against Stickers! Ha! Very creative and funny!
Eye Black for Athletes – Hardy Facepaint
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HARDY FACEPAINT is great for athletes looking for a durable and effective eye black to help prevent the harsh glare from the sun and bright lights during an important game.Our no mess wand applicator makes it easy to quickly swipe eye black under your eyes and across your face. Unlike those oil based products that are greasy and heavy that don’t allow your skin to breath, HARDY FACEPAINT’s water-based formula dries within seconds to a smooth, smudge-proof and sweat-resistant finish. Our FDA approved, non-toxic and non-irritating ingredients are safe for the most sensitive skin and will not sting your eyes.
HARDY FACEPAINT is the perfect option for parents that are you fed up with messy, greasy face paints that stain your clothes and car seats.Once dry, our face paint will not stain fabric. So breathe easy knowing your fabrics are no longer at risk.
FORMULATED WITH NO:
parabens, formaldehyde, phthalates, alcohol, BHT / BHA, DEA / TEA / MEA, sulfates, gluten, nanoparticles, synthetic dyes, fragrances, or other harmful ingredients
For large quantity team discounts, please email us at [email protected]
Blaze Pink Face Paint
FEATURES & BENEFITS ZERO grease, water-based formula Smudge-proof Water & Sweat-resistant Lightweight, Won’t clog pores Black is scent free within minutes of drying Fast drying, will not stain fabric once …
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EyeBlack: Small Black Tube
FEATURES & BENEFITS ZERO grease, water-based formula Smudge-proof Water & Sweat-resistant Lightweight, Won’t clog pores Black is scent free within minutes of drying Fast drying, will not stain fabric once …
View full product details »
RefectoCil Eyebrow and Eyelash Tint (blue-black) No. 2
RefectoCil Eyebrow and Eyelash Tint (blue-black) No. 2 is suitable for permanent dyeing of eyebrows and eyelashes in black and blue-black colors.Suitable for people who use blue-blue tones in makeup and blue-black hair. The dye will give a deep rich color to black or natural brown eyebrows and eyelashes. It paints well even fine and fine hairs.
RefectoCil Eyebrow and Eyelash Tint (blue-black) No. 2 is perfect both for home use and for use in beauty salons.Thanks to the wide color palette, you can always choose the color that suits you. The paint does not damage the structure of the eyebrows and eyelashes and is absolutely hypoallergenic.
How to use RefectoCil Eyebrow and Eyelash Tint (blue-black) # 2:
Squeeze 2 cm of RefectoCil Tint and 10 drops of RefectoCil Oxidant Liquid (or 15-20 drops of RefectoCil Oxidant Cream) into a mixing bowl, stir to a creamy paste. Apply to lashes with a special white plastic stick.After 5-10 minutes (depending on the desired intensity of staining), remove the paint with a dry cotton swab. Use a slightly moistened cotton swab to remove the remaining paint. ATTENTION! In order to avoid getting the dye into the eyes, the entire application / staining / removal procedure is performed with the client’s eyes closed.
Colored eyelashes and eyebrows. The result lasts up to 6 weeks.
For best results use RefectoCil oxides:
Benefits of RefectoCil eyebrow and eyelash tint:
- A plastic spatula is supplied with the tube for easy stirring and application.
- Rich color after staining lasts up to 6 weeks.
- Does not worsen the appearance of eyebrows and eyelashes even exposure to ultraviolet radiation, lamination and biowave.
- Hair remains shiny and silky, 100% gray is painted over.
- One RefectoCil tube is enough for 30 applications.
- Dark hair can be lightened up to 3 tones.
- You can mix different shades to obtain the most suitable color and create a harmonious look.
- Result always matches the color swatches.
- RefectoCil penetrates deep into the structure of each hair for long-lasting color stability.
- A professional eyebrow and eyelash correction product can be used even by those who wear contact lenses.
- Men can use the paint for coloring, toning beards, sideburns and mustaches.
Made in Austria.
View the entire RefectoCil collection
Only registered customers who have purchased this item may post reviews.
Eyebrow and eyelash dye Estel Professional ONLY looks – “PHOTO TUTORIAL # 5: How to paint eyebrows with paint? How to get dark but not heavy eyebrows? I show my way of applying Estel Only looks in a brown shade.”
Good afternoon to those who love makeup and personal care!
This review will be dedicated to those girls who plan to dye their eyebrows with paint, but do not know how best to do it, or those who think about such a procedure, but do not dare to carry out it on their own.
Dyeing eyebrows with paint is not that difficult. This is a salvation for girls with light eyebrows, because it allows you to “not lose face” even after removing makeup.Today I will tell you how to dye your eyebrows yourself and not be mistaken! And, of course, let’s talk about Estel Only looks:
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Why do I choose this particular paint?
I trust Estel in principle.These are professional cosmetics at an affordable price from a domestic manufacturer. I have never been let down by the quality of these products. I regularly dye my hair with Estel dye, I also have several hair care products from this company, I was pleased with all of them.
Here are some reasons why I choose eyebrow tint from Estel:
- The set has everything you need for the procedure
- Convenient to use and store
- Brown shade in the palette without redhead
- Affordable price: 100-150 rubles
- Easy to find on sale
- Super economical, lasts for a year of use.
- Stains leather
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Does the paint color the leather – minus or plus?
The fact that the paint stains the skin may seem like a disadvantage to someone. If you do not know how to dye your eyebrows neatly, and you can go beyond the border of the eyebrows or accidentally get dirty, then you risk getting brown spots on the skin that will be difficult to wash off.
But for me this is a very significant plus, because this technique allows you to fill in the bald spots and the space between the hairs, which visually makes the eyebrows thicker.After a couple of days, the paint is washed off the skin, but still for a while I can walk with perfect eyebrows even after removing the makeup.
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1 STEP: PREPARING THE MIX:
1. Squeeze a small amount of the dye base into a bowl.
2. Add a drop of emulsion here.
3. Sew with a stick.
For coloring, we need the mixture itself, a brush – the thinner the better, and cotton swabs to correct irregularities.
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2 STEP. WE APPLY THE MIXTURE ON THE EYEBROWS.
The manufacturer advises to apply the mixture evenly on the eyebrows and wait 10-15 minutes. But if you have sufficiently wide and thick eyebrows, then applying the paint evenly over the entire surface of the eyebrows, you risk getting too heavy eyebrows, equally dark from beginning to end.
To avoid this, I paint in this sequence …
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Advice for those who are not sure about the accuracy of their movements:
Contour the eyebrows with an eyebrow pencil.When applying paint, try not to go beyond it. You can apply a nourishing cream around your eyebrow just in case.
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1. Apply paint from the middle of the eyebrow and wait 10 minutes.
I paint in bald spots and areas where hairs hardly grow, but I constantly paint over them with a pencil to give them a more elegant shape.It is due to the staining of the skin that this place becomes dark and the shape becomes the way I need it.
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2. Apply paint at the beginning of the eyebrow and wait 3-5 minutes.
Due to the fact that we apply the paint for a few minutes, it does not bite into the skin as much and only slightly stains the hairs. The base of the eyebrow remains light and transparent.
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Paint washes off easily. If the result seems too bright to you, you can thoroughly wash your eyebrows with soap or rub your skin well with a scrub.
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By nature, I have fairly wide light eyebrows of medium density.They are especially light at the tips, which is why the shape of the eyebrows does not seem to be pronounced.Eyebrow dyeing solves this problem, and at any time of the day I have bright, thick, but not heavy eyebrows with a well-defined shape without bald spots. This result lasts for about a week. This means that for a week I can forget about pencils and eyebrow shadows, in the summer it is especially convenient.
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Do I recommend Estel Only looks? Of course.For myself, I did not find a single drawback in this dye and the eyebrow dyeing procedure itself.It is important for me that the paint is easy to apply and colors not only the hairs, but also the skin. In addition, the brown shade should not go red. All this, and even more, I found at Estel and I am happy to resort to this procedure, especially in the summer, when I don’t want to spend a lot of time on makeup. I definitely advise girls with light eyebrows who regularly color their eyebrows for this very reason. Save both time and money The main thing is to be careful!
My other reviews on eyebrow care and coloring :
How I grew eyebrows and found the perfect shape
No less popular eyebrow tint – Estel Enigma: comparison with Only Looks
Everyone’s favorite eyebrow pencil Catrice
Photo tutorial: how I paint eyebrows with pencil and shadows
Thank you for your attention!
RefectoCil Blue-Black Eyelash Tint @ beauty123.eu
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RefectoCil Blue-Black Eyelash Tint 15ml
RefectoCil Red Eyelash Tint 15ml
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€ 3.99 (10%) €
RefectoCil Eyelash and eyebrow tinting set
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Paint oxidant 3%, 100ml
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RefectoCil paint remover 100ml
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€ 10.32 (39%) €
RefectoCil Black @ beauty123 eyelash tint.eu
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RefectoCil “Black” eyelash tint 15ml
RefectoCil Light Brown Eyelash Tint 15 ml
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€ 3.99 (10%) €
RefectoCil Red Eyelash Tint 15ml
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€ 3.99 (10%) €
RefectoCil Eyelash and eyebrow tinting set
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Paint oxidant 3%, 50ml
.Delivery time: 3
Small station convenient for use.It has a built-in handle that allows it to be carried from one workstation to another.
- All 8 colors of RefectoCil
- Blonde Brow
- Firming eyelashes and oil-free micellar water for removing eye make-up
- All the necessary accessories for the staining procedure. With integrated holders for RefectoCil stains and staining accessories.
. Delivery time: 3 päeva
Estel Professional Eyes Estel Professional Enigma Eyebrow and eyelash tint black
Contents of the set: tube with cream helmet + bottle with developing emulsion 6% + bowl for paint + stick for stirring and applying + spatula for stirring and applying + protective eyelid leaflets + instruction
Thick eyelashes and a clear line of eyebrows make a woman’s look enigmatic and mysterious, helping ladies to charm the surrounding men in the blink of an eye.To highlight the beauty of your eyes, use Estel Professional Enigma paint. This product gives the lashes and eyebrows a rich color and guarantees a long-lasting color result. Black will suit most women.
Estel paint does not cause allergic reactions, so its use is absolutely safe even for women with sensitive eyelid skin. This handy kit contains all the products you need for coloring, so this professional paint can be used at home as well. The plastic consistency of the dye mixture allows it to be conveniently applied, it does not spread at all and is as comfortable as possible to use.Thanks to this practical tool, you can emphasize your natural beauty and accentuate the mystery of your look.
How to use: Before starting work, remove decorative cosmetics from the eyes using cleaning agents. Apply a small amount of cosmetic petroleum jelly to the areas around the eyes, and put protective eyelash sheets under the eyelashes.
Squeeze 2 cm of cream paint into a bowl and add 5-6 drops of developing emulsion (3: 1) to the contents. Stir thoroughly using a stick or spatula until smooth.Attention! Use only freshly prepared mixture for coloring eyebrows and eyelashes. Apply the prepared mixture gently to your eyebrows and eyelashes.
Action time no more than 15 minutes. For eyebrows with gray hair, it is recommended to increase the exposure time to 20-25 minutes.
After the exposure time has elapsed, gently remove the paint with a cotton swab and then rinse thoroughly with water.
Ingredients: Cream paint: Aqua, Cetearyl Alcohol, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Glyceryl Stearate, Lactic Acid, Ceteareth-30, P-Phenylenediamine, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Glycerin, Hydrolyzed Ceratonia Siliqua Seed Extract (Zea ) Starch, Polyquaternium-7, Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride, Sodium Benzoate, Potassium Sorbate, m-Aminophenol, Resorcinol, 2,4-Diaminophenoxyethanol HCL, Mica, Titanium Dioxide, Ammonium Hydroxide, Aminomethyl Sodium Sodium Sodium, Sodium Sodium Sulfate 4-Chlororesorcinol, Sodium Hydrosulfite, Tetrasodium EDTA
Developing Emulsion 6%: Aqua, Hydrogen Peroxide, Cetearyl Alcohol, Mineral Oil (Paraffinum Liquidum), Cetrimonium Chloride, Ceteareth-20, Phosphoric Acid00 MAKEUP :: EYES :: EITYEER Liquid eyeliner MATT BLACK 4g
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Price in points: 90 101 91 111 162 points 91 112
VITEX Liquid eyeliner MATT BLACK 4g buy in the online store Home Beauty
Vivienne Sabo Feutre Fin Eyeliner Black (0.8ml) – 801 Black
Not a public offer
The FEUTRE FIN felt eyeliner is easy and convenient to use, thanks to the fine tip of the brush it draws a clear outline.
It helps to draw spectacular arrows without difficulty and special skills that will not lose their shape throughout the day.
Modern air-tight packaging prevents drying out. The eyeliner fixes quickly, does not tighten the skin of the eyelids.
The eyeliner contains a polymer fixing component for impeccable durability and an effective moisturizing component sodium hyaluronate (a derivative of hyaluronic acid).
Black: AQUA (WATER, EAU), PROPYLENE GLYCOL, MAGNESIUM ALUMINUM SILICATE, CARBOMER, METHYLPARABEN, CI 77499 (IRON OXIDES).Brown: AQUA (WATER, EAU), VP / DMAPA ACRYLATES COPOLYMER, PROPYLENE GLYCOL, GLYCERIN, GLYCERYL ACRYLATE / ACRYLIC ACID COPOLYMER, HYALURONIC ACID, PHENOXYETHANOL CI OI OI 77992, IRANOL 9000
Mode of application
Start drawing from the middle of the eyelid, gradually expanding the line closer to the outer edge of the eye.
Continue Reading90,000 photo instructions on how to make bright makeup
Bright red arrows can be used in daytime, evening, and thematic makeup.We analyze simple instructions for those who decided on such an experiment
All reputable beauty brands include colored eyeliners in their collections, with more shades and textures every day. It’s a sin not to take advantage of such an offer! In this article, we will analyze how to make makeup with red arrows.
© Getty images
Who are the red arrows for?
The answer is obvious – absolutely to everyone.Another thing is more important: how exactly to use such a bright shade? There are several secrets.
If you put a bright accent on the eyes, the rest of the image should be sustained in neutral tones.
Carefully prepare the face skin, otherwise the red tint will accentuate the slightest redness and other skin imperfections.
Do not use red eyeliner makeup if you have not slept well. In this case, you cannot hide a sleepless night.
© Getty images
We advise you to read:
How to draw red arrows: step by step photo instructions
Simple and graphic eye makeup with red arrows – in our detailed instructions.
Prepare the eyelid by leveling skin tone to match your face. Then powder your eyelid to help keep the makeup lasting.
2Work out the space between the eyelashes with a black pencil. The contrasting demarcation line will save makeup with red arrows from the effect of a tired look.
3With a thin eyeliner brush (we used NYX Professional Makeup Vivid Brights Eyeliner in Fire), draw a red line exactly along the upper lash line.Treat the lower mucosa with a nude or pale pink pencil (for example, Urban Decay Glide-On 24/7 in Heartless shade).
You can stop at the previous stage: makeup “arrow without arrow” with a seemingly chopped off tip is now at the peak of its popularity. But if you are more into the classics, extend the arrow and end it with a narrow, sharp tip.
Important! Keep two makeup brushes handy as you work. One – for the eyeliner, the second – soaked in micellar water – to adjust the make-up.
© Getty images
How and what to complement the red arrows on the eyes?
To make the image suggested in the photo instructions above look more balanced and harmonious, you can complement the makeup with one more red accent.At the same time, you should not use bright lipstick: as we already wrote, makeup should be generally neutral. It is better to just highlight the arch above the upper lip with the same eyeliner. But first you need to prepare the lips – completely remove makeup from them and treat with a concealer to match the skin tone. The image will immediately become more interesting and effective.
If this is not enough for you, make a simple drawing on the cheekbone – all with the same red eyeliner.You will get a simple art make-up for a party.
3 makeup options with red arrows
Three more ways to easily integrate red eyeliner into your makeup look.
Combo with bright shadows
Eyelids, as if painted with bright crayons, are one of the main trends of 2020.Use the most juicy shades – yellow, pink, green – on the mobile eyelid and complement with a curly red arrow. A special chic is contrasting makeup with a geometric arrow, as in the example below.
Another fashionable trick is a shining rainbow for the century. A red arrow in this makeup will be very appropriate.
The combination of black and red looks great not only on the uniforms of the Milan players. Such two-color arrows will appeal even to those who are far from football.
Would you risk trying on red arrows? Write a comment.
How the smell of paint and extraneous noise interfere with the work of the brain
The smell of chemicals contained in building materials, such as varnishes, paints, solvents, affects the brain so strongly that even after half a century after actively working with such fluids, the cognitive activity of the brain is not fully restored. The Science Department of Gazeta.Ru talks about what other dangers are inherent in repairs.
Autumn is the time of the year when residents of not the warmest regions of our country begin to make repairs, relying on the fact that the heating turned on after the summer cold will help the paints, plaster and wallpaper glue dry quickly.However, do we know what chemical processes take place in drying paint and how the substances released during this affect our health?
Experts note that paints are divided into two large groups: those based on water (they are usually called acrylic emulsions), and solvent-based paints.
Both types of paints contain solvents (mixtures of light hydrocarbons) and volatile organic substances, including alcohols, hydrocarbons, aldehydes, ketones and others.All these classes are capable of being released into the air in sufficiently significant concentrations even at room temperature and normal pressure from paints and varnishes when they dry.
A research team led by Erica Sabbat of the Center for the Study of Population and Development at Harvard University decided to find out how quickly the brain can recover from this exposure. The results of work were published by in the journal Neurology.
The direct mechanism of the effect of substances emitted by paints has been investigated several times, and articles about this have been published in many scientific journals: for example, Indoor Air and Canadian Medical Association Journal .Scientists have found that volatile organic substances enter into chemical reactions with nitric oxide, resulting in new compounds. They cause irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and larynx, provoke headaches, nausea, loss of coordination of movements, damage the liver, kidneys and the central nervous system. Some of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are suspected by scientists of causing cancer – for example, the World Health Organization claims that the risk of lung cancer in painters is 20% higher than the average .
In the study of Erica Sabbat, 2143 people took part, who, due to their work, were constantly exposed to the substances emitted by paints and varnishes. 33% worked with chlorine-containing solvents, 26% with benzene, and 25% with hydrocarbon-based solvents. At the time of the study, all subjects had already completed their professional activities and were not exposed to constant exposure to chemicals, having been in retirement for an average of ten years (however, there were also those who left harmful work half a century before the study).Participants performed eight tests that aimed to determine the level of cognitive ability of people.
As a result of the work, it turned out that the level of mental abilities of the subjects was below normal. The worst results were shown by those who last worked with chemicals relatively recently – 12-30 years before the experiment.
These people poorly remembered information perceived by ear, they had a reduced ability to recall facts already known to them. This is verified with tasks such as listing as many wild animal names as possible in one minute.However, the scientists were completely surprised by the fact that the brain is not able to recover from exposure to solvents and volatile compounds even 30-50 years after leaving work – in this case, the negative effects were less pronounced, but still outside the normal range. “The subjects had problems with the work of even those parts of the brain that are believed to be unaffected by solvents. However, as it turned out, they have side effects on these areas of the brain, ”- comments the lead author of the article Erica Sabbat.By the way, her research group managed to find out another interesting fact – the degree of negative impact of solvents and volatile organic compounds on the brain is directly related to education:
The better educated a person is, the less the evaporation of varnishes and paints affects his mental abilities.
A separate article was devoted to this discovery, which also appeared in in the journal Neurology.
However, inhalation of vapors of paints and varnishes is not the only danger that lies in wait for a person during repairs.Usually interior remodeling is associated with noise: drilling, hammering in nails, replacing the floor covering, inserting new window frames. However, it is impossible to unequivocally answer the question of how noise affects the work of our brain. So, a few weeks ago, the European Heart Journal published a study , the authors of which assure: the noise from highways can significantly shorten a person’s life. It was found that where daytime noise exceeds 60 dB, people die 4% more often than in areas with noise levels less than 55 dB.Adults living in areas with the busiest traffic (over 60 dB) are 5% more likely to end up in hospital with a stroke than those in quieter areas (less than 55 dB), and for older people the rate is 9% … Scientists say deaths and strokes can result from high blood pressure, sleep disturbances and stress from exposure to noise.
It is worth noting, however, that the article deals with a very loud noise. The effect of white noise on our brain is very beneficial: was proven by that it improves the ability of children to remember new information.However, in real life, pure white noise – the spectral components of which are evenly distributed over the entire range of frequencies involved (an example is the sound made by a nearby waterfall) – is not so common.
But the noise that we have to listen to more often: the sounds of repairs in the apartment, telephone conversations of colleagues in the office, voices and music of television programs – it does not lead to death, but it significantly interferes with work and concentration.
Mark Andrews, professor of physiology at Seton Hill University ( Seton Hill University, , Pennsylvania, USA), told Scientific American in an interview with : “Low background noise at home, work or school often interferes with concentration.According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, background noise also affects human health, increasing stress levels and, as a result, causing high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stomach ulcers and headaches. Prolonged exposure to noise is not addictive – on the contrary, the situation only gets worse.
Several studies have shown that stress caused by white noise increases the production of the hormone cortisol – it helps the body to restore homeostasis after any physical shock.However, “extra” cortisol affects the functioning of the prefrontal cortex, the center responsible for emotions and learning, which allows us to control our desires, plan and make decisions. Recent research also shows that the prefrontal cortex is responsible for the formation of short-term memory. Therefore, changes in the work of this area can prevent a person from thinking clearly and remembering information. In addition, noise-induced stress affects other brain functions, including learning ability and long-term memory. ”.