DeMatha alumni Chase Young and Paul Rabil execute socially distant jersey swap
Chase Young hasn’t played a single snap for the Redskins yet and he’s already swapping his No. 99 jersey with other pro athletes.
Fellow DeMatha alumni and PLL star Paul Rabil got things started on Twitter by offering his No. 99 Atlas jersey for Young’s, all the while abiding by social distancing guidelines.
[email protected] sending u my 99 @PLLAtlas jersey but need to get that size right before print. XXX or 4X? 💪💪💪 @DeMathaCatholic pic.twitter.com/1gLgpuwt3J— Paul Rabil (@PaulRabil) July 1, 2020
Young then responded, which feels like an appropriate time to mention how nonchalantly these guys throw around the triple-XL jersey as their jersey size.
3X brotha!! You 2X or 3X? https://t.co/AeEEOh4ujz— CY2 (@youngchase907) July 2, 2020
2X got ground to make up https://t.
co/7Crffp5jm6— Paul Rabil (@PaulRabil) July 2, 2020
Rabil and Young, who share the same high school, have a mutual admiration for one another. A few months after the Redskins made Young the second overall pick in the 2020 NFL Draft, Rabil revealed he reached out to the young pass-rusher to congratulate him.
Chase is great, man,” Rabil said in June. “I shot him a note because obviously I think he’s a generational talent, his athleticism, his size and his work ethic… I’m pumped to see him wear No. 99. We have that in common. Sharing some additional commonalities is something Chase and I went back and forth on.”
From Rabil to Markelle Fultz, Young has plenty of support from local stars as he gets set to begin his career with his hometown team.
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Suiting Up with Paul Rabil on Apple PodcastsCory Booker
He was one of the nation’s top-ranked high school football recruits who decided to take his talents to Stanford University where the trajectory of his life took turn when he was cut from the team his senior year. The President of his class was tipped off by one of his professors to apply for the Rhodes Scholarship, where Senator Cory Booker tells us, “when God closes one door, he sometimes opens up the side of a building.”
Among dozens of bills Senator Booker is on the leadership team for, he’s currently championing the College Athletes Bill of Rights, legislation that would bring significant changes to the distribution of money in college sports.
To get to college sports, Senator Booker and I discuss the state of youth sports, including ways to help more niche, equipment-based sports like lacrosse, secure better funding for growth across all geographies in the US.
He tells us, “if you want extraordinary results, you must put in extraordinary effort.” I can’t thank Senator Booker and each of my 15 guests enough for their extraordinary work and willingness to share such fantastic wisdom with us during this Season 3 of Suiting Up Podcast.
I’m grateful for each of you, the PLL Podcasts team, and our presenting sponsors, Public.com and Outsystems. It was an honor.
Enjoy the show.
Lacrosse star Paul Rabil aims to redefine pro team sports
The line inside the Philadelphia convention center stretches several hundred feet, three or four people thick with giddy lacrosse fans, many of them kids with their parents in tow. They have traveled from all over the country to attend LaxCon, the annual event sponsored by U.S. Lacrosse (the sport’s official governing body), which offers three days of clinics, demos, vendor exhibits, and a chance to share oxygen with the world’s greatest lacrosse players, including the most famous of them all, Paul Rabil, who is at the head of this queue, greeting fans and posing for photos.
This year, the Major League Lacrosse (MLL) star known for his brawn, speed, and skill is here on a mission of his own: to promote the Premier Lacrosse League (PLL), which he and his brother, Mike, launched last fall. Rabil and nearly 160 of the world’s top players have opted out of playing for the 18-year-old MLL to join the PLL, lured by a guaranteed minimum salary about two or three times higher than the MLL’s as well as healthcare, coverage on NBC, a touring schedule set to begin on June 1, and an equity stake—a first for a professional sports league. The league’s investors—Creative Artists Agency and such private equity players as the Raine Group, the Chernin Group, Blum Capital, and others—see potential in an exploding market for an increasingly popular game.
Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in North America, invented by Native Americans nearly 1,000 years ago (the Iroquois called it the Creator’s Game). When Jesuit missionaries encountered it in the 17th century, the French priests saw the long wooden stick with a hook and webbing at one end and dubbed the game “la crosse.” It took root among settlers in Canada, where it was the country’s first official national sport (sorry, hockey), and gradually spread south. By the early 20th century, lacrosse had established itself as a provincial extracurricular activity among mid-Atlantic high schools and colleges and became a fixture at elite Northeastern prep schools. The sport earned a reputation as something rich white kids play.
But that’s been changing. Over the past two decades, lacrosse has been the fastest-growing team sport in America, with total participation (male and female) up more than 225% since 2001. The number of collegiate nonwhite players has more than tripled in the past 10 years as the sport has spread across the U.S. More than 200 colleges have added NCAA lacrosse programs since 2012, and over a million boys and girls in the U.S. currently play. Many of them are in Philadelphia today, clutching PLL hoodies for Rabil to sign. The line moves slowly, but nobody seems to be complaining.
Wearing a gray T-shirt with the PLL logo on the chest and a backward yellow PLL ball cap, the affable Rabil—6’3″ of shoulders, beard, and tattoos—greets each fan with a broad smile and a handshake or high five and asks where they are from. Most take the opportunity to lobby him directly to bring PLL games to their city. Lacrosse is on the rise at the exact moment that tackle football participation among high school players is cratering (down 6.6% over the past decade and even more at the youth level), and NFL TV ratings last year were about 12% shy of their high-water mark in 2015. Rabil knows a scoring opportunity when he sees one. Lacrosse involves “the contact of football, soccer, and the hand-eye skill of baseball and hockey,” he says. “There’s a large audience that the pro game hasn’t hacked into yet.”
Kylie Ohlmiller: The women’s Professional Lacrosse League player, calls the momentum “incredible”. [Photo: Aaron Richter; Hair, makeup, and groomer: Ana Siqueira at Bernstein & Andriulli using Clarins]Chances are you haven’t been to a professional lacrosse game and probably can’t even name a team. North America’s two existing leagues (the MLL, which is played outdoors, and the 32-year-old National Lacrosse League, which plays indoors) sold an average of 3,600 and 9,400 tickets per game last year, respectively, compared to the NBA’s 18,000 and the NFL’s 67,000, and neither league has full-season TV coverage. The NCAA Final Four lacrosse championship remains the sport’s marquee event, drawing 30,000 fans per game. Dom Starsia, the legendary University of Virginia coach who spent last season as an assistant coach for the MLL’s Boston Cannons, recalls a game last year at a 30,000-capacity stadium. “There must have been about 50 people in the stands,” he says. “You can’t get much worse than that.”
Both the MLL and the NLL, like most professional sports leagues, follow a franchise model: Teams are owned and controlled by wealthy individuals or groups and based in a home city. The leagues operate, essentially, as trade associations. Some revenue (from licensing, broadcast, ticket sales, merchandise) is shared among all teams, while some (from concessions, luxury-box sales, venue rental) accrues to individual franchises. Scaling a new league with this model has become prohibitively expensive. When the NFL was founded, in 1920, new franchises cost about $100; now they sell for more than $2 billion.
The Rabil brothers didn’t have that kind of money. They’d grown up in a middle-class family (paper-salesman dad, art-teacher mom) in Gaithersburg, Maryland, where every other yard had a lacrosse goal, and by the age of 12 budding athletes had developed either a deadly shot or expert glazier skills. The two brothers competed against each other so fiercely that neighborhood pickup games included a “Rabil rule”: Mike and Paul had to be on the same team in order to avoid game-ruining fistfights.
Mike went on to become captain of the Dartmouth football team. Paul concluded his college career at Johns Hopkins by becoming the first player selected in the 2008 MLL draft, signing with the Boston Cannons for less money per year than LeBron James earns during a postgame ice bath: $6,000. Like most professional lacrosse players, Paul had to take a second job. He chose commercial real estate. As it turned out, 2008 was a terrible time for that but perfect for experimenting with social media to build a personal brand. He began posting one video to YouTube a week, a habit he’s maintained for more than a decade; collectively, his videos have been viewed more than 25 million times.
Paul built a large, multiplatform following that helped drive the growth of the Maryland-based lacrosse camp and clinic business he was launching. Soon, he’d quit his real estate job to become a full-time lacrosse player/entrepreneur, and his continued dominance on the field—MVP of the MLL as well as the world championships— fueled a virtuous cycle (positive media coverage, expanding social footprint, speaking engagements, camp and clinic growth) that attracted sponsors such as Under Armour, New Balance, Red Bull, and Chevrolet. By 2014, his endorsement deals totaled north of a million dollars, a first for the sport.
Myles Jones: The former All-American player at Duke and an MLL All-Star, he’s now with the PLL. [Photo: Aaron Richter; Hair, makeup, and groomer: Ana Siqueira at Bernstein & Andriulli using Clarins]During the off-season, Paul worked with his brother, who’d parlayed two successful fitness endeavors—Turnstyle Cycle, in Boston, and seven Snap Fitness franchises in four states—into an investment career. Rabil Ventures provided early-stage capital and strategic advice to a variety of companies. (Its portfolio includes the sports-news website The Athletic and direct-to-consumer packaged-goods purveyor Brandless.)
Though amateur lacrosse was booming, the MLL was not, with attendance declining from its 2011 peak. In 2017, the Rabils were approached by several hedge funds and private-equity companies to assemble a deal to acquire the MLL and revamp its business strategy.
“We sat down with the MLL leadership [and had] three or four conversations over a year,” Mike recalls. “We said, ‘This isn’t working, and we have an idea of how to make it work.’ ” But the two sides were never able to agree on a price. “When you get to a place where the math doesn’t pencil out, you’ve got to go your own way.”
The Rabils have conceived the PLL as a single entity rather than an association of franchises. It’s owned by investors and PLL employees (the players and the league staff ), all of whom stand to benefit from future profits. To achieve national reach without having to assume the exorbitant costs required to host full-season schedules at six venues, the Rabils settled on a touring model: Players, who are guaranteed a minimum annual salary of $25,000, are assigned to a team and can reside wherever they like. Each weekend, all six teams descend on a different major-market city (13 in all, from Boston to San Jose, California) to play three games, two on Saturday and one on Sunday. Fans can buy tickets for individual games or a pass for all three for less than $50. Every week, the PLL will create the festival atmosphere of the NCAA championship.
Paul Rabil: “I knew the players [would be] supportive of trying to start something new.” [Photo: Aaron Richter; Hair, makeup, and groomer: Ana Siqueira at Bernstein & Andriulli using Clarins]After developing this plan throughout 2018, the Rabils began in November to approach investors whom Mike had met through work and Paul had encountered during speaking engagements at events such as South by Southwest and the MIT Sloan Sports Analytics Conference. “Over the past 25 years, I’ve sat through 50 to 60 pitches for taking professional lacrosse to the next level, and this was the first time I was inclined to say yes,” says Mike Levine, a onetime Cornell lacrosse player and now head of CAA Sports, a division of the Creative Artists Agency. “The current system was broken and wasn’t going to get better. We needed something different.” Levine was intrigued by the “barnstorming” tour model that would deliver the very best players in the world to the fans at a single venue every week.
He also liked the Rabils’ data-driven approach. “We put together a pretty robust quantitative analysis for targeting ideal cities,” Paul says, sitting in a cramped, overheated conference room at the PLL’s temporary New York office in January. “We looked at over 120 different cities. We looked at the level of lacrosse participation, household television ratings when lacrosse was being broadcast, growth of club participation, and venues. About 30 cities jumped out as finalists. ”
The Rabils closed their seed round in March 2018. Joining CAA were several mediatech-focused backers as well as a handful of individuals, such as former Penn State lacrosse player and current New England Patriots wide receiver Chris Hogan. “We think there’s an opportunity to build the defining platform in lacrosse that extends all the way down to the youth ranks,” says Raine Group venture partner Blair Ford, who was involved at this early stage. A second round followed, in January 2019, from investors including Alibaba cofounder and Brooklyn Nets owner (and former Yale lacrosse player) Joe Tsai and Hildene Capital Management founder, president and co-CIO (and former Syracuse lacrosse player) Brett Jefferson. Mike Rabil says that the funding is sufficient to carry the PLL through several seasons.
In February, the Rabils moved to Los Angeles, along with most of the PLL’s 25-person staff, to open a new league headquarters. The city offers great weather and an advantageous perch for courting sponsors, but that’s only part of it. According to Mike Rabil, lacrosse is “the fastest-growing sport in Los Angeles County, and 50% of the youth players there are African American or Latino.”
“Our youth strategy is important,” Paul adds, citing an upcoming clinic PLL players will be running in Oklahoma. “We’re going to all these different places to spread awareness of the sport and celebrate its history as the oldest team sport in North America, founded and created by indigenous people.”
The PLL is being founded on a simple premise: that the fast-growing, highly engaged fan base for lacrosse will translate into a thriving pro league. But professional leagues have historically required decades to find their footing. More than half a century ago, an increasing American appetite for soccer spawned the North American Soccer League, which sputtered after 16 seasons. Major League Soccer followed in 1993 and needed the better part of a generation to achieve major-league-level attendance and revenue. But digital technology has altered the way consumers engage with sports. The Rabils believe that the House of Highlights generation identifies more with individual players than with teams and will support the kind of tour-based model that works well in golf and tennis.
Not everyone is convinced the strategy will work. MLL commissioner Sandy Brown is committed to his league’s city-based paradigm. “We’re deeply ingrained in our communities,” he says. “That’s the model we feel is successful: drive ticket sales in individual markets.” Indeed, it’s hard for some people to imagine how momentum for the PLL’s roaming teams will build without the hope of a Red Sox–Yankees-style rivalry.
The PLL’s deal with NBC could act as an accelerant. Lacrosse “is a sport we’ve looked at for seven or eight years,” says Jon Miller, president of programming at NBC Sports. To “make it a unique television experience,” Miller continues, NBC will use eight cameras, including helmet and goal cams, plus audio from the players. Three PLL games will air live during the three-month season on NBC; the others will be available on its cable network NBCSN or via NBC Sports Gold, the network’s subscription-based streaming package. Miller says that NBC’s deal with PLL is a multiyear agreement.
“Getting the sport in front of as many eyeballs as possible is going to do great things for lacrosse,” says Kylie Ohlmiller, the all-time leading scorer in NCAA Division 1 women’s lacrosse and now a rising star in the (unrelated) Women’s Professional Lacrosse League, which has formed a strategic partnership with the PLL. The WPLL will play at least two of its games this season at shared venues with the PLL, and the two leagues will collaborate on some of their youth-clinic work.
For the entire North American sports market, PricewaterhouseCoopers predicts that revenue will exceed $80 billion in 2022, spread fairly evenly across ticket sales, sponsorship, merchandise, and media rights. Mike Rabil projects that during the PLL’s first three years, most revenue will come from ticket sales and sponsorship, but then broadcast rights will become the top driver. The timing here could favor the new league: Hungry for programming and loaded with cash, big tech companies have entered the bidding wars for broadcast rights. Last year, Facebook signed an exclusive deal with the MLB to stream 25 games, for a reported $30 million to $35 million; Amazon inked a soccer streaming-rights deal with the English Premier League. (Those terms weren’t disclosed, but one industry analyst estimated the price to be in the $100-million range.)
The TV cameras will lure brand attention, which will in turn likely improve the sport itself. Top athletes earn most of their money through endorsement deals. “If you knock it out of the park while you’re on national television,” Paul Rabil says, “brands will sign you.” Former college All-American and MLL All-Star Myles Jones, who twice experienced ESPN national coverage, winning two NCAA championships for Duke, has jumped over to the PLL and says that “everybody wants to be able to call their mom, dad, sister, brother, aunt, uncle, grandma, grandpa, and say, ‘Hey, I’m playing on TV.’ Now we have to change the way we train and treat our bodies to put the best product in front of the cameras. ”
Jones was the marquee attraction at a skills demonstration on the final day of LaxCon, and as he left one of the two fields that had been set up in the convention center, he was swarmed by boys and girls clamoring for an autograph. Jones smiled as he signed their programs and jerseys, and then he handed his stick to one stunned little boy. “You can keep this,” he said, hoisting his equipment bag over his shoulder and heading across the floor. The elated young fan sprinted back toward his parents, clutching the prize.
Forty Under 40: Paul Rabil
brett roberts / pll
Paul Rabil is one of the first Forty Under 40 honorees in Sports Business Journal history to have to balance his executive duties with his professional playing duties, and the lacrosse leader readily admits the grind has been stressful.
Rabil, the co-founder and CMO of the Premier Lacrosse League, is also a player for the Cannons Lacrosse Club, which was absorbed into the 3-year-old league this season as part of the acquisition of Major League Lacrosse.
Co-Founder, Chief Marketing Officer and Midfielder, Premier Lacrosse League Age: 35 Born: Gaithersburg, Md. Education: Johns Hopkins University, political science, with a minor in entrepreneurship and management I get fired up by … : Equally strong viewership and revenue trends as winning a big lacrosse game. Changed work habits during the pandemic: Unfortunately, I worked longer hours and booked more meetings per day … in a world where we envisioned more time on our hands with less travel. Advice to my 20-year-old self: If you want to lead an industry, you need to have a powerful work ethic, but more importantly, endurance. Profession I’d most like to attempt: Acting. Guilty pleasure: Caffeine. New skill/hobby picked up during the stay-at-home order: Tequila tasting. Cause supported: The Paul Rabil Foundation. Biggest lesson of the past year for sports: Change is upon us. Opportunity waits. Sports business leaders should be more mindful of … : Your management styles with our next generation of colleagues. You’d be surprised to know that I … : Wanted to quit lacrosse during the first season I played in middle school.
“The last four years have been the most intellectually challenging, physically excruciating, and emotionally fulfilling,” Rabil said. “Most people told us that building the PLL from scratch was a bad idea and too difficult to pull off. We were lucky to garner the interest of long-term investors and a strategic board. That, coupled with the grit of our operating team, turned the feat of building the PLL quickly into that of a merger with MLL a short 24 months later.
Recognition of that success has come in the form of positive media coverage, a recent guest appearance on a late-night talk show and a win for the PLL at the 2020 Sports Business Awards as the Sports Breakthrough of the Year.
Rabil said that due to the inherent demands of a startup, his first two seasons were muddled between trying both to play and execute as a businessperson for the league. But this season, “I’ve created more space to enjoy my play on the field again and focus on the most important thing — winning.”
“There’s no blueprint for this, but having an older brother, co-founder and CEO, Mike, leading the way, encouraging and supporting me, makes it all possible.”— Adam Stern
Breaking: Warrior Drops Paul Rabil
In the sport of lacrosse there are a handful of sponsorship deals that a professional player can have. STX and Warrior are the biggest and most central lacrosse companies that sponsor athletes, while other companies like TRUE, Under Amour, and Signature are making strides in the business. In the MLL, Warrior has the majority sponsorship deal. All of the jerseys are made by Warrior along with the cleats and apparel which is mandatory to wear. In the newly formed PLL, Adidas is the main sponsor and supplies all apparel and footwear. Many athletes in each league are permitted to use equipment from their individual sponsorship if they are paid enough by this company. For many players in the PLL, they sport some interesting combinations of brands for their equipment. For a while, it seemed a little peculiar how some of the athletes were able to wear gear outside of their sponsor.
On Tuesday morning, an article posted by Bloombergconfirmed that Warrior was no longer the sponsor to Paul Rabil after supposedly violating terms of their contract. Paul Rabil, for those that do not know, is known by many for being the best lacrosse player in the world, the creator of the PLL, and the sport’s biggest ambassador and entrepreneur. As the news broke about this termination of the relationship between Rabil and Warrior, there was more research done on why this came about. In a statement made by Warrior, they claimed that Rabil broke the terms of their contract by wearing Adidas socks, jersey, and practice pinnie in early June. This is a bit confusing because the players have no choice but to wear their team’s jersey, right? Well, this is where it gets political.
It seems that Warrior terminated Rabil’s contract because of their displeasure with him going off and creating his own league that was not the current league, which was sponsored by Warrior, and then did not decide to sponsor the new league by Warrior as well. Warrior took it to a personal level by terminating Rabil’s lucrative contract and deciding to keep all others in the PLL at the same time. Rabil made it known that “I’m disappointed in their decision, but remain resolute in the mission of the PLL to build a new future for players and our sport”, in a tweet earlier that morning. In my opinion, with the pressure all on him, Rabil did a tremendous job of keeping his focus on growing the sport and the league to the heights the sport has never seen. All in all, this contract termination is the first controversy we have seen between the two leagues so far. Hopefully this competition will not continue in this negative manner in the future.
Lizards Midfielder Paul Rabil Will Make Impact In More Ways Than One – CBS New York
By Peter Schwartz
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When it comes to lacrosse, Paul Rabil was a late bloomer.READ MORE: ‘Why Should We Live Like This?’: NYCHA Residents On Staten Island Say Gas Service Has Been Out For Nearly A Year
In fact, things didn’t come easy for Rabil when he first picked up a lacrosse stick at the age of 12. Playing in his first game for his middle school in Southern Maryland, he took a shot and couldn’t figure out where the ball went.
As it turns out, the ball was behind him.
“I suck” said an embarrassed Rabil as he ran off the field after the game.
Today, at the age of 29, Rabil doesn’t “suck” anymore. He’s considered by many experts to be the best lacrosse player in the world, and his new home office is going to be Shuart Stadium on the campus of Hofstra University.
In a blockbuster trade last week, the New York Lizards of Major League Lacrosse acquired Rabil from the Boston Cannons, and he’s bringing his game and his brand to the lacrosse hotbed of Long Island.
Paul Rabil (Credit: New York Lizards)
It’s not very often that the best player in a sport plays for a New York team. That exclusive list starts with Babe Ruth of the Yankees. Giants linebacker Lawrence Taylor certainly revolutionized the defensive side of the ball in the NFL. The Rangers had Wayne Gretzky at the end of his brilliant career, while Pele played the final three seasons of his career with the Cosmos.
Now the best lacrosse player on the planet is in the Big Apple.
“It’s a big move for the organization,” said Lizards general manager and head coach Joe Spallina. “He’ll help this organization in every possible way through tickets, merchandise (and) notoriety. And most importantly for me is his play on the field. (It) speaks for itself as one of the most dominant players in Major League Lacrosse.
The price tag for Rabil was quite high.
Spallina sent midfielder Max Seibald, defenseman Brian Karalunas, first- and second-round draft picks in 2016 and a first-round pick in 2017 to Boston for Rabil and fellow All-Star midfielder Mike Stone.
“If you want to get the best player in the game, it’s certainly not going to come free,” said Spallina. “So I think the biggest thing in any deal is that you want to get the best player in the deal.”
Spallina not only got the best player in the deal, but he also picked up arguably the best player in the world.
After a stellar career at Johns Hopkins, Rabil was taken by Boston with the first overall pick in the 2008 MLL Collegiate Draft. He is a three-time Offensive Player of the Year, a two-time MVP, a seven-time All-Star and a six-time First-team All-Pro.
So much for when he was 12, when he said he wanted to quit.
“Yeah, I absolutely did,” said Rabil. “It was very difficult. I still feel like there are times when I suck and I don’t know what I’m doing. Lacrosse came to me later in life. I had been playing basketball and soccer all my life, so I developed certain skills and all of a sudden I came into lacrosse and I was so far behind the rest of the middle school. So it was more, kind of, mentally challenging for me to start from square one where others were at four or five.”
Rabil won a championship with Boston in 2011. In 2012, he set an MLL single-season points record with 72. Internationally, Rabil played for the United States men’s national team in 2010 and 2014 and was named the world’s most valuable player in the 2010 World Cup. He led the USA to a gold medal.
Paul Rabil (Credit: New York Lizards)
The numbers are staggering, but there’s more to the best player in the world than just scoring goals. He gets his teammates involved and he wants to win.
“He’s become such a dominant passer,” said Spallina. “Every conversation I’ve had with him is about the team — never been about him — and has just been about winning championships. ”
The Lizards have won two MLL titles. Last year they fell just short of reaching the championship game, losing in the semifinals to Denver 14-13. Now with Rabil on board, the Lizards could very well be a preseason favorite to win it all in 2015.
If there was an area of weakness on the team last season, it was their play in the midfield.
“I’d like to think that’s going to make a huge impact on our quest for a championship,” said Spallina.READ MORE: Corrections Officers’ Union Sues Mayor De Blasio Over Vaccine Mandate
With this trade, the Lizards significantly upgraded the position. Rabil had 20 goals and 33 assists in 12 games for Boston last season.
“I couldn’t be more excited,” said Rabil. “It’s an awesome opportunity with a team already with a championship pedigree. It’s a great mix of young talent with the right veterans. I want to provide value from a leadership and experience standpoint, but also help contribute to what I think is going to be potentially the best offense in the league. ”
Rabil could also help the Lizards at the box office and in merchandise sales. Last season, the Lizards finished fourth in the league with an average attendance of 4,414. That number is expected to skyrocket in 2015, as the team’s office is already getting inundated with season-ticket inquiries.
He brings his impressive skill set to New York and joins a team that is on the cusp of a championship.
The sport’s biggest superstar is going to love playing on “Strong Island.”
“It’s one of the biggest hotbeds (of) lacrosse,” said Rabil. “My social-media analytics show that one of the biggest has always been New York and Long Island. It speaks volumes to the passion of the younger audiences, and even the (passion the) parents have for lacrosse.”
Rabil is certainly going to put more fans in the seats, but the Lizards are also going to capitalize at the merchandise stands. Many fans will likely purchase plenty of gear, especially his jersey, which the team is already selling on its website.
Paul Rabil’s jersey (Credit: New York Lizards)
But the arrival of Rabil in New York isn’t only going to help the Lizards’ organization. It’s also going to impact the attention given to lacrosse throughout the country.
“This is huge,” said Spallina. “This is something that can really help elevate the overall views of lacrosse nationally, by having the biggest name in the biggest market in the biggest lacrosse area. It’s something that I feel can help really impact this organization in every possible way.”
Rabil also makes an impact off the field.
He has his own website, a very popular YouTube channel, multiple endorsement deals and his own line of equipment with Warrior. Rabil has been referred to by Businessweek as “Lacrosse’s Million-Dollar Man.”
“There’s no real ceiling anymore in terms of exposure for the game,” said Rabil. “So I’m always trying to find new, unique and creative ways to build not only my brand, but to tell more people about lacrosse. ”
In an effort to share his knowledge and passion for the sport, No. 99 has also established the Paul Rabil Experience, a website that offers instructional videos, information on strength and conditioning and nutritional advice.
But perhaps his most significant off-the-field project is The Paul Rabil Foundation, a charitable initiative that helps children with learning differences through sports and scholarship.
“It’s incredibly important to me,” said Rabil, who plans on holding a future foundation event in New York City. “I grew up with learning differences. My younger sister grew up with dyslexia. We work with schools that specialize in private education for children with learning differences, and our first step is to help them create lacrosse programs. We also have a scholarship fund for children who are in need of financial aid.”
Rabil is the total package in the lacrosse world, and he could very well be the missing piece that the Lizards have been looking for.
He’s the best player on the planet. He scores goals and helps his teammates score goals. He’s hungry to win another championship and so are the Lizards, who haven’t held the Steinfeld Trophy since 2003.
Rabil has also become an entrepreneur off the field and is dedicated to giving back to the community.
The Lizards gave up a king’s ransom to bring Rabil to New York, but it figures to be a pretty smart investment. It’s not very often that a player of Rabil’s ability becomes available, and the Lizards didn’t hesitate in reeling in a big fish.
2015 is shaping up to be a special season for Rabil and the Lizards.
Welcome to New York, Paul!
Don’t forget to follow me on Twitter @pschwartzcbsfan. You can also follow @PaulRabil, @JoeSpallina, @LizardsLacrosse and @MLL_Lacrosse.
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Former Lizard Paul Rabil becomes all-time scoring leader in professional outdoor lacrosse
Paul Rabil has been the face of professional lacrosse for more than a decade. And on a rainy Saturday afternoon on Long Island, in the stadium he once called home when he was a member of the New York Lizards, Rabil became the all-time scoring leader in professional outdoor lacrosse when he recorded six points for the Cannons Lacrosse Club in their game against Chaos during the Premier Lacrosse League’s Long Island weekend at Hofstra’s Shuart Stadium.
Rabil, the co-founder of the PLL, along with his brother Mike, had three goals and three assists in the second game of Saturday’s doubleheader, giving him 647 points in his 14-season career, according to the PLL, to break the mark of 643 set by John Grant, Jr. Rabil passed Grant, Jr. with his second goal, which came with 5:14 remaining in the second quarter and gave the Cannons a 5-4 lead.
Rabil’s achievement wasn’t enough to save the Cannons, though. They lost 14-10 and fell to last place in the eight-team league with a 1-4 record. Their frustration showed at the end when the teams got into their second altercation of the game and Rabil got into a confrontation with Chaos defenseman Jack Rowlett — who wears Rabil’s signature uniform No. 99. Chaos defenseman Jarrod Neumann held Rabil back in the fracas.
Afterward, it was clear Rabil was bothered by the loss, but he understood the significance of his personal achievement.Cannons’ Paul Rabil (99) carries the ball against Redwoods’ Finn Sullivan (36) and Sergio Perkovic (16) during a Premier Lacrosse League game, Friday, June 4, 2021 against the Cannons in Foxborough, Mass. Credit: AP/Vera Nieuwenhuis
“It’s been a long road to get here,’’ he said. “A really long road. I remember my first game in New Jersey, as a Boston Cannon. I scored one goal, in the third quarter, and it was pretty pedestrian. And then, in my first game at home with the Boston Cannons, I scored four in a half. And I was like, ‘OK, this style play fits my style.’
“It’s just about being relentless,’’ he said. “There are a lot of athletes in any sport that have that desire to be great. But to accomplish it takes a lot of relentless work, and it takes a lot of perseverance, and pain.’’Get stories, photos and videos about your favorite New York teams in your inbox every morning.
It was actually the second time that Rabil has broken Grant, Jr.’s scoring record. He did it first in 2018, in the same stadium, as a member of the Lizards, surpassing Grant, Jr.’s then 541 point total. But Grant, Jr., who had retired in 2017, came out of retirement in 2019 and re-took the all-time scoring record, before retiring again in 2020.
At 35, Rabil is enjoying a bounce back season after what was clearly a down year in 2020 when he had one goal and four assists in five games in the PLL’s COVID-19 bubble season. His 13 total goals this year (12 one-pointers and one two-pointer) lead the league, and his 19 points are second to Smithtown native Rob Pannell, the former Lizard, who has 20.
Rabil attributed his underwhelming performance the last two years — the first two years of the PLL — to his struggle to find the proper balance between being the driving executive of the new league, and one of the league’s elite players.
“I was building the league with Mike and our operational team at the PLL, and trying to balance playing,’’ he said in a telephone interview with Newsday last week. “We’re trying to reach a place of normalcy around the complexity of what I do, which is spending a lot of time in the office, and thinking about the business, while also trying to spend as much time as I can, physically and mentally, on my play.’’
Rabil said he believes being traded this year from his first club, Atlas, to the Cannons, has helped his resurgence, and he hinted there might have been times when his position as the league’s co-founder and frontman made it hard for him to be seen by his Atlas teammates (and perhaps coaches) as just another player.
“I probably tangled some wires there on my previous team, in Atlas,’’ he said. “I don’t think there was a full level of comfortability and trust. And I’ll raise my hand in my participation in that, should there have been any.’’
With the Cannons — the team that joined the PLL this season from MLL after that league merged with the PLL in December — the team he played for the first seven seasons of his pro lacrosse career, Rabil said having teammates like 38-year-old defenseman Brodie Merrill and newcomer Lyle Thompson have helped him feel more comfortable in the locker room.
Rabil said the PLL is working on a few things as the league moves forward and expansion in the near future is a possibility. Long Island would be a candidate to have a team, he said, if and when the league changes its current tour-based model to a city-based model.
“There’s a world where some of the staple teams in MLL history are also a part of our future expansion plans,’’ he said. “Certainly, the markets where MLL had been for 20 years were ones that we want to continue to be in.’’
Colin Stephenson covers the Rangers for Newsday. He has spent more than two decades covering the NHL and just about every sports team in the New York metropolitan area.90,000 Losers of the season: what will the future hold for them?
Compared to last April, seven new clubs are joining the Stanley Cup. Almost half – the rotation is very serious, which suggests that most of the current losers will have a good chance to climb into cup boots next spring. But what awaits them in the near future?
After winning the 2006 Stanley Cup, the team is in a permanent state of restructuring and will not take part in the playoffs for the ninth time in a row. The season was for “Carolina” almost the same as the previous one – the team was balancing on the playoff waterline, but ultimately went on vacation in early April. The fate of head coach Bill Peters will be decided when it becomes known who will take the vacant post of general manager. It is possible that he will change how the Hurricanes remain one of the lowest-budget teams in the league, although this is unlikely.
Video: CAR-TBL: Lindholm scored in overtime
The future of the entire organization to a certain extent depends on how the negotiations for the new contract of Captain John Tavares will end.The Islanders have two picks in the first two rounds of the 2018 draft, and it is possible that some of the picks will go towards acquiring an experienced goalkeeper. Jaroslav Khalak and Thomas Griss are not the goalkeeper tandem that will lead the team to the Stanley Cup. If Tavares leaves, the Islanders will face an extremely volatile season, in which they will also have to play in Brooklyn and Long Island.
The first playoff absence since 2010 marks the beginning of the Rangers’ rejuvenation process and a high level of trust in youth, which Alain Vignot has always had difficulties with.That is why the Rangers go further without him. There will be quite a few contenders in his place, although there is also a strong internal candidate in the person of assistant head coach Lindy Ruff. The club has a ton of players becoming free agents in the offseason. Henrik Lundqvist may have a new understudy, it is possible that Alexander Georgiev will become one.
[See Also: Rangers Fired Coach Vigno]
The Panthers need a mentor.His absence led to a failure at the start, when the “Florida” simply could not stop losing in time and eventually remained one step away from the playoffs. On the other hand, the best player of the club, Alexander Barkov, is growing up and gaining strength every year. Other leaders – Vincent Trochek, Jonathan Huberdeau, Nick Bugstad, Aaron Ekblad – are also on multi-year contracts. There is still a year for Evgeny Dadonov, who only an injury did not allow him to reach the level of 30+ goals per season.
Ken Holland is returning next season, which means there is a good chance that Jeff Blashill will remain in office.”Rebuild” will continue, and there is every reason to believe that it will take at least another couple of seasons. Even in their current state, the Red Wings remain one of the highest paid teams in the league, where even players like Darren Helm have a no-trade clause. In the offseason, “Detroit” is waiting for a lot of negotiations, the new contracts of Dylan Larkin and Andreas Atanasiu will almost certainly squeeze out of the payroll the new agreement of the defender Mike Green, who did not have time to exchange before the deadline.
Video: DET-MON: Larkin beat defenders and goalkeeper
Shea Weber will recover someday, and Carey Price, who has already played for the Canadiens more than the legendary Jacques Plant, should shake himself up and become the dominant goalkeeper at the league level. Too many Montreal players have played below expectations this season. The club has four picks only in the second round, which could become the currency for acquiring experienced forwards. The loss of Alexander Radulov remained unclosed, the team did not receive an unconditional center of the first link either. Although Alex Galchenyuk does not lose hope of becoming one.
Frankly unlucky season happened to captain Eric Carlsson: at the beginning of the season he had to get in shape after surgery through matches, then rumors began about his imminent exchange, then a personal tragedy happened in the family.Karlsson has two months to decide on his career trajectory. Apparently, he would rather want to leave than stay. Another star player, Matt Duchenne, is in a similar contractual position, and his contract also expires in the summer of 2019.
[See also: Karlsson hopes to stay in Ottawa]
Jack Eikel, whose $ 10 million contract comes into force in the summer, should join collective. Phil Housley must prove he can choose a course. The Sabers, who have the best chance of getting the first pick in the draft (18.5%), should get lucky with the lottery. In the case of the suffering Buffalo, there are a dozen other things, but these three are where their revival should begin.
Any result other than reaching the playoffs can be considered unsatisfactory for St. Louis, although humanly the team is a little sorry.Before the deadline went to “Winnipeg” Paul Stiasny, which then seemed to be an indicator of the imminent slide “Blues” into the quagmire, but “St. Louis” fought honestly to the very end. In the last home game of the season, the Blues were leading 3-1 in the second period against the demotivated Chicago, but lost 3-4 in regulation time. As a result, the team was separated from the “Colorado” by one point. Mike Yeoh’s fate as head coach is in question.
Not qualifying for playoffs after losing eight in a row in March to Dallas. The reasons for this streak, three points behind the playoff zone, “Stars” have to figure out, because it was she who sent their ship to the bottom. Taking into account what was spent in the offseason on free agents, this is a flop for Ken Hitchcock’s team. Kari Lehtonen will probably leave, Ben Bishop will have a new stunt double. The team still needs more defenses and a new multi-year contract for Tyler Seguin, which looks like a cornerstone for the future.
Video: DAL-PHIL: Seguin helped Radulov score in OT
General Manager Stan Bowman and head coach Joel Kenneville remain at the helm of the crisis Blackhawks.Over the past three years, one of the strongest NHL clubs of the last decade has never made it past the first round of the Stanley Cup. Team leaders, including captain Jonathan Toews, need to shake things up, and Corey Crawford’s health means a lot more to the club than people thought. 36-year-old accountant Scott Foster’s goalkeeper exploits are a good illustration of what happened to the Blackhawks over the past season.
The Flames followed a similar path to Dallas.At the time of the exchange deadline, “Calgary” looked like a “buyer”, but exactly a month later it had already lost all chances to make it back to the playoffs after seven defeats in a row in March. The team had a wagon of expectations in the offseason, which also made it in common with “Edmonton”. As a result, all three became brothers in misfortune. The Flames are not being selected in the first two rounds of this year’s draft, so there won’t be much of a roster change.
A major lesson for the Oilers: Connor McDavid is not enough for the Stanley Cup.This lesson may well cost the coaching chair to Todd McLellan. The future of Peter Chiarelli is also not completely clear. What is much more obvious against the backdrop of the triumph of the “Devils”, “Edmonton” in the future should think three times before parting with the first draft numbers. Cam Talbot, who (albeit mostly in Edmonton) was considered the hidden winner of the Vezina Trophy last year, needs to be rehabilitated for his failure this year.
The Canucks have some top-notch young players, including Bo Horvath and Brock Beser, to build around for the future.The main question is how the $ 14 million gap in the payroll will be closed after the departure of the Sedin brothers and how the loss of experienced and reputable players will affect the locker room. When such figures leave, everything starts from scratch for any club. Vancouver believes this is a good sign. What else is left for them?
[See also: You can only dream of such an ending]
For the second season in a row, the Coyotes are playing like a blueprint: an indistinct beginning and middle and a very pretty ending.The latter circumstance allowed the goalkeeper Antti Raante to extend the expiring contract in the status of the first number. “Arizona” need to strengthen the line of attack, which remains one of the weakest in the league.
purple Dodge Neon II sedan 2001 on Automotive News
Well, hello! A car with problems, the car is not perfect, in general.
Dodge Neon 2001. Until 2004 he worked in a taxi in New York, then sailed to Germany with 74k miles of mileage. I came to Russia from Finland. The first three owners are some kind of relatives who did not drive it much (or lied), then the man who sold it to us and the last 2 owners are my wife 🙂 We took her in September 2012, thought that not for long, but that something went wrong.
A car is being sold stupidly because it is unnecessary and unwilling to bring it to a normal state, well, these reasons are connected. Well, we also have a wonderful renovation.
And now about “bring”, cons:
-Gur gushes. It began after replacing the pump and the hike had a problem in it. There is a bush pump, you can’t change your hands. I threw off the belt, you can go without a gur.
-The front right wheel found a slight camber, the hub came up to the campaign.
-Both windows do not work, the button for the passenger is stuck, the driver’s – it is not clear why.
– Crack on the front and crack on the torpedo.
-One headlight is old, dull, can be solved by polishing.
– Xenon headlights.
-For Feng Shui, you need to complete the muzzle (lip and grill).
– The cabin is dirty.
– Somewhere there is a current leakage – I just throw off the terminal.
-There is no light in the cabin – after staying in one service, the light bulb disappeared (found that sleep%:? **).
-Small rigs on the sills and rear right arch.
-3/4 doors bloom down the bottom.
-Katalik errors – it is knocked out and there is a flame arrester and the snag died.
And now the pros:
-In the summer and autumn the bottom was welded, new thresholds were made, the left rear fender was cured, a new door, the muzzle was almost completely replaced and minor updates on spare parts.
-Salon all life with us in covers, they are in the trash, but the salon should be ok (like somewhere a hole from a cigarette).
-Autumn 2018 was a rebuild of the steering rack.
– Cool rollers with a new triangle (one rubber is slightly damaged).
-Winter on spikes on native wheels.
-All repairs and maintenance were carried out immediately, they did not spare money, almost everything was installed new and originals, they were installed only if it was in the service and there was no need to wait.The car drove every day, albeit a little. The oil was actually changed every half a year, and not by mileage.
-Mileage, campaign, real)) because the timing belt broke for 120k miles, with all that it implies)) and its service life is 100k. Well, or, the mileage is twisted in half)
-Dofiga changed everything, together with the car I will give a bunch of papers.
– Everyone in the family loved the car, especially my mother, and if, after watching the car, a woman calls with the words “you don’t need such a car, brother”, apparently it’s her)
In general, as I wrote above, the car is simply unnecessary, I stood all winter in the garage and around the house, and already had to change the battery.
I’ll give it to anyone, the main thing is that with any .. money 🙂
Look at the car on weekdays after 20.00 or on weekends.
On weekdays from 8.00 to 20.00, messages are preferred for communication, you can write and I will call you back as I can.
For the entire time of driving this car, I realized one thing – the car is very simple, a Mitsubishi engine, an automatic machine can survive a nuclear war and then, without kicking, take you to a nearby bunker, so that problems go to the body – you need to help, and very much. And even now, after all these years, the machine feels quite the same, it just needs to be cheered up)
It is possible that I will gradually correct the minuses.
(PDF) Threat to the rebirth of knowledge under the influence of the liberal market
14 INNOVATIVE VECTOR OF ECONOMY
ECO N O M AND K A REGION No. 3/2010
knowledge. There is, however, inseparable, or
personal knowledge, which exists only
together with its carrier. This most un-
separable knowledge is a very interesting topic in the
knowledge economy, in particular, due to the fact that
it is directly related to the market of labor force
, which embodies knowledge.The market for intellectual labor force
begins to develop rapidly
, and in Russia too. In particular, tripartite contracts
are of particular interest, in which the following are involved:
1) the actual object of sale – for example,
2) the university itself as responsible for education;
3) the company to which the graduate will enter
How does the regular market work? The price is
some number that equalizes the demand and
supply, formed in the competitive market
.And there are so-called discriminatory prices – this is a negative phenomenon, it is
a sign of monopoly, in many countries they are prohibited
. The monopoly uses discrimination
national prices – raises the price as high as possible
until it grows to a value at which only the richest people buy products
, then the price decreases. It turns out not one
price, but a graduated system of prices, which are called discriminatory even at
.In the classic
market economy, it is considered, as I have already said
, that this is bad. Joan Robinson wrote a lot on this topic
and convinced the whole world,
, that discriminatory prices are bad. And
in developed countries in the antimonopoly law
discriminatory prices are prohibited
schena. If they appear, then this is a violation of
of the law, and you can start a lawsuit.
And in the knowledge economy – and this is mathematically proven, and life has shown – exactly
discriminatory prices are good, and
one price is bad.That is, there is not one price for knowledge
, but many prices, and this is exactly what is right.
Under precisely formulated conditions strictly
it is proved that when there are a lot of prices, it turns out
Pareto optimum, and if one price is bad for
everyone, both for the manufacturer and for the consumer,
is achieved. And in reality on the
knowledge market there are discriminatory prices –
prices – life pushes them to be
.Although the word “discriminatory” is not –
sounds nice – it suggests that someone
is being discriminated against.
And with the help of mathematical models to
it seems that step prices lead to
that the society is satisfied in the best way
. And the companies that produce
, say, software, are happy to do it
: they sell
to some consumers at one price, to others at another, they think that this hinders a prosperous
love.So in the knowledge economy, in contrast to
from the usual one, discriminatory prices are
not bad, but good.
If you are a university, then you buy pro
Microsoft grams at one price, and if you are a commercial organization – at another price. In general, on the
knowledge market, of course, not only
computer programs are sold. And in almost
every market you will find such a chain.
For example, if you are going to a scientific conference
, then there may be different contributions for different categories of participants
, depending on the country or organization,
.And no one has been brought to court
cabins for violation of antimonopoly legislation
How else is the classic market economy
different from the knowledge economy? In an ordinary
market economy, there is a producer of
ducts – the one who produces, for example, a table,
– a factory, and there is a consumer who buys it in the market. And when the knowledge economy began to spin up –
, everything was exactly the same and according to
– there are producers of knowledge, for example,
measures, inventors who invent something,
got an invention, then this invention is
pack correctly with the help of innovation managers, lawyers, who will do all
correctly and eventually offer
to the consumer – for example, an investment
company, which will then make
money on this. This is the classic scheme. However,
the further the knowledge economy develops,
the more the producer and consumer of knowledge get confused, and it becomes impossible
to clearly define who produced knowledge and who
This can be explained with a simple example.
You come to a restaurant. The classic system is
theme: a restaurant is a manufacturer, and you are a consumer
a beater.You poke at the menu, and the waiter
brings you what you ordered. And the new system
for the production of knowledge is as follows:
the waiter comes, brings the menu, and you enter into a dialogue with him
, you discuss the quality of
dishes. A process takes place, as a result,
is given this new product – an order that
the waiter and you created together as a result of
some discussion, some dialogue.In the
new system of knowledge production,
appears, especially with the use of the Internet,
How Game of Thrones began: a terrible pilot, replacement actors and the tears of the dead | TV series classics, TV Series
Game of Thrones has become one of the most successful TV series of our time. But her fate was not always so cloudless. Did you know that at one time buying the rights to A Song of Ice and Fire was considered an extremely risky step, that the series almost ended on the pilot episode, that Benioff and Weiss were seriously afraid that Game of Thrones would be closed after the first season, and the ratings did the first episodes fully confirm these fears? We will now tell you about this and many other things.
When George Martin became disillusioned with screenwriting and returned to literature, his intended book was to be the antithesis of everything he encountered on television. Martin the screenwriter was constantly forced to simplify the plot, reduce the number of characters, cut out particularly costly and large-scale scenes, fit into the budget and timing. Therefore, Martin the writer decided to write a book as epic, large-scale and gigantic as possible, with dozens of storylines, hundreds of characters, great battles and intricate special effects.“In the world I invented, there were huge castles, atmospheric locations, deserts, mountains, swamps, dragons, direwolves, battles of thousands of armies, sparkling armor, intricate heraldry, sword fights, tournaments and ambiguous characters. All this, of course, was absolutely not subject to film adaptation. ”
And of course, it was “A Song of Ice and Fire” that became the most coveted material for the film adaptation. Film producers started looking in Martin’s direction when Clash of Kings, the second book in the cycle, hit the bestseller lists.And after the furore of Peter Jackson’s film trilogy, the filmmakers seemed to be off the chain and rushed to shake up their bookcases in search of the second “Lord of the Rings”.
George and his agent Vince Gerardis answered many phone calls, went to several meetings, listened to a couple of suggestions, but the matter did not go beyond the initial discussion. Almost all of their interlocutors planned to film the entire “Song” in the form of one (at best, two or three) films, muffling the degree of sex and violence, throwing out half of the characters and storylines and highlighting one main character.
“I’ve heard the same thing at every meeting,” complains George. – Your plot is too voluminous, too many characters. The main character is Jon Snow. We’ll throw everyone else out and make a film about Jon Snow. Or about Daenerys. Or someone else. ” Every time Martin had to answer with a polite but firm refusal. “The volume of any of my books corresponded to three books by Professor Tolkien,” explains the writer, “and if“ The Lord of the Rings ”fit into three films, then“ A Song of Ice and Fire ”would take all twenty, if not more.And there was no studio in the world that would undertake such an undertaking. ”
At some point it occurred to Martin that the best option for the film adaptation of “The Song” would be a television series on one of the cable channels like Showtime, Starz or HBO. Cable channels were not scrupulous about censorship, did not shun sex and violence, and could afford to film projects such as The Sopranos, The Wire, Rome, Deadwood, Banshee and True Blood. There was only one caveat – not a single cable channel had shown an interest in fantasy yet.
And then Vince Gerardis invited Martin to meet with two Hollywood screenwriters: David Benioff and Dan Weiss.
Benioff and Weiss were huge fantasy fans when they were young. They eagerly swallowed the novelties of the genre, played Dungeons and Dragons, but over the years their interest has somewhat dried up. According to Benioff himself, they were frightened off by the dominance of the standard followers and exploiters of Tolkien’s ideas.
In 2006, Benioff was looking for another project to do, and was thinking about adapting some book source.Since the success of The Lord of the Rings was relatively recent, Benioff became interested in fantasy, and one of the literary agents recommended A Song of Ice and Fire. Out of curiosity, Benioff opened the first volume – and a hundred pages later he called his university friend Dan Weiss with advice to urgently drop everything and start “Game of Thrones”. Weiss swallowed a 900-page volume in three days, and soon his friends were already seriously considering options for a film adaptation of the cycle.
When your main source of income is the adaptation of literary sources for the screen, you are constantly in search of deep characters, exciting plots, passion, violence, intrigue, humanity, ambiguity of the described world … in a word, everything that simply cannot be found in one place But in A Song of Ice and Fire we found it all under one cover and we were delighted with a dash of horror.
– Dan Weiss
Fantasy is the most popular genre in the world, if you take a look at all the major franchises of the last two decades, be it “The Lord of the Rings” or “Harry Potter”, then all this is also fantasy, but aimed at teenagers. George’s books are unusually mature, and I’m not talking about sex or violence now, but about the topics they cover. These books are not about the conflict between good and evil. You may think that the Starks are a good and noble family, and the Lannisters are an evil and insidious family, but Tyrion is perhaps the most popular character in the saga, and the Starks have messed up a lot. Take, for example, the honorary matriarch of the family, Catelyn Stark, who simply burns out with hatred for this unfortunate Jon Snow, who did nothing to her. He was just unlucky to be born a bastard. The further we delved into reading, the more we thought: God, if only we can get it all started, then people will get hooked on the series just like we got hooked on books.
– David Benioff
Neither Benioff nor Weiss had any television experience, all of their previous projects were for the big screen.But after assessing the scale and scope of the book cycle, they came to the conclusion: it is possible to adequately adapt Game of Thrones for the screen only in the format of a television series. They told George Martin about this when they met.
The gatherings dragged on, and lunch smoothly turned into dinner – in total, Martin, his agent and two future Game of Thrones showrunners spent four or five hours in the restaurant.
Martin was skeptical at first. “I told them they were crazy,” the writer recalls.”What they were proposing was too voluminous, too complex and too expensive.” But the friends were determined. They believed that they could cope with the transfer of “Song” to television screens, they were not afraid of difficulties, and their enthusiasm gradually convinced Martin.
George was finally won over by the fact that Benioff and Weiss had correctly answered the question: “Who is Jon Snow’s mother?” “Probably, then George was finally convinced that we were in the spotlight,” smiles Dan Weiss, “although who knows, maybe he would have sold the rights anyway, even if we had answered incorrectly.”
But the matter was not limited to the purchase of rights alone – the showrunners still had to find a channel that would agree to invest a decent amount, even at that time, in an extremely risky project.
From the purchase of the rights to the “Song” to the filming of the pilot, four years passed, during which the fate of the series more than once hung in the balance. This is now “Game of Thrones” – one of the most successful series in the history of television, and twelve years ago it was an incomprehensible, expensive and risky project in a new genre for the channel from two newcomer showrunners with zero television experience, and the new HBO bosses – Richard Plepler and program director Michael Lombardo – the series inherited from the “old regime”.However, Benioff and Weiss managed to infect HBO executives with their vision for the project.
I met up with HBO’s new boss Richard Plepler shortly before filming for the pilot began. He was present at all working meetings and conferences, but this was the first time I had a chance to talk to him face-to-face, so I told him in general terms what we were trying to do here. And he got the gist very quickly. Impressive. Dan and I are fantasy geeks, we were Tolkien fans as kids, we played D&D and stuff like that.Richard was more interested in Washington politics. And he very quickly realized that, despite all these dragons, monsters and other fantasy surroundings, we were actually filming a series about power.
– David Benioff
David and Dan had bright eyes as they told us about their project with sincere, dedicated passion. And it won over.
But not everyone shared the confidence of the HBO bosses. The channel’s success was driven by harsh, hard-core and reality-based dramas like The Sopranos and The Wire, so even among TV people, HBO’s sudden interest in fantasy was perceived as either a sign of weakness or a step backwards.
The pressure was enormous. When it became known that we were going to shoot fantasy, there were rumors on the sidelines that our song was sung, witches even came up with a joke HBOver (pun, something like “HBO finished” – MirF) . When we heard this, we were tempted to send them away. ”
Sansa and Arya on the set of the pilot episode (Photo: HBO)
The British BBC threw another headache for HBO’s management. The channels were supposed to work on the filming of the series together, dividing the costs, but after the announcement the BBC fell away from the project, and the whole burden of “Game of Thrones” fell on the shoulders of Plepler and Lombardo.
Benioff and Weiss meanwhile wrote and rewrote the pilot episode. They submitted the first version of the script back in August 2007, the second – in June 2008. The channel’s management liked both versions, but HBO was slow to green-light the filming. According to the recollections of both Martin and Benioff and Weiss, this was the most difficult period of their life during the entire period of their work on the series.The lingering uncertainty reminded Martin of his own bad television experience in the early nineties, when none of the series he developed progressed beyond the pilot script. And Benioff and Weiss believed that they had got the chance of their whole life and lost it mediocrely.
Finally, in November 2008, HBO ordered filming of the pilot. And here the showrunners almost screwed up completely.
Theon was blond in the pilot
Filming of the pilot took place in the fall of 2009 in Northern Ireland and Morocco under the direction of independent film director Tom McCarthy, director of The Stationmaster and The Visitor, who, like Benioff and Weiss, had his first television experience.After the shooting was completed and McCarthy put together a rough cut of the editing, the showrunners invited several friends to their test show, among whom was Craig Mazin, the future creator of Chernobyl.
The showrunners expected their friends to point out the most egregious mistakes to them, but the reality surpassed all their expectations. Mazin, by the way, limited himself to the words: “You guys have a BIG PROBLEM.” “Craig didn’t help us that much,” Benioff complains. “We were expecting valuable advice from him, but what did he tell us? Re-shoot everything! ”
Nonetheless, Benioff and Weiss took the advice and re-filmed about 90 percent of the material.We can say that the showrunners were once again lucky – the leadership of HBO was able to discern the potential in the material shown to them.
The first pilot was a little disappointing, we had to re-shoot everything, replace two actors, but the kids … it was just incredible. The unknown actors, whom no one had heard of before, who had not really been filmed anywhere, looked very convincing on the screen.
The re-filming was directed by Tim Van Patten, who, unlike McCarthy, had a lot of experience in television.Tim has directed episodes for series such as The Sopranos, The Wire, and The Pacific. It was he who was indicated as the director in the credits, and McCarthy was awarded the title of producer. McCarthy was so impressed by this bad experience that he no longer worked on television at all.
Ten years later, both Benioff and Weiss refused to talk in detail about the first pilot, limiting themselves to phrases like “piece of g …”. For many years, one of the non-final versions of the pilot’s script could be found on the network, but the final one in the winter of 2019 was accidentally unearthed by Huffington Post journalist Bill Bradley, having looked into the Cushing Memorial Library, Texas, where George Martin has been sending old versions of his manuscripts for two decades in a row.And it was there, among the drafts of “A Feast for Vultures” and “Dance with Dragons”, Bradley and found the final script for the pilot.
Jennifer Eile (failed Lady Caitlin) in a training scene (which was not included in the final series)
With the exception of a number of scenes not included in the co-pilot, there is no significant discrepancy between the two versions. The whole difference lies in the manner of presentation of the material and the placement of accents.
The first version of the pilot simply lacked the information necessary to understand what was happening.According to Benioff and Weiss, during the test screening, their friends didn’t even realize that Jaime and Cersei were brother and sister to each other. In the new version, their kinship is spoken out already in the very first scene together. In addition, the showrunners placed accents differently in a number of scenes: for example, in the first pilot, Catelyn did not dissuade Ned from going south, but on the contrary, as in the books, asked her husband to accept the king’s proposal, the first wedding night of Drogo and Denis was held by mutual consent, and here Jaime, on the contrary, in the very tower from the window of which he threw Bran Stark, took Cersei almost by force.
The first pilot also featured a very strange scene of John Arryn’s death. The White Walkers spoke to each other in their own language. John got drunk at the king’s visit and made a laughing stock of himself. Cersei ordered to burn the raven feather left by her husband in the crypt of Winterfell. The most unexpected should have been the appearance in the flashback of the scene of the death of Ned’s father and brother in the throne room of the Mad King.
Tamzin Merchant and Emilia Clarke
Showrunners also replaced two actresses.Michelle Fairley replaced Jennifer Elle as Catelyn Stark, and the role of Daenerys Targaryen instead of Tamzin Merchant went to Emilia Clarke, a graduate of the London Drama Center, whose portfolio included only advertising and a couple of cameo roles in British soap operas.
Due to Daenerys’ replacement, the crew had to re-shoot all the scenes of the Dothraki wedding. The filming location moved to Malta, and all the material from Morocco went under the knife. Including a cameo by George Martin, who played in the first pilot of one of the guests at the wedding.Then both the producers and Martin himself frivolously waved their hand, deciding that Martin would still have time to appear in the series. However, no one got around to filming the second cameo.
George Martin cameo in Game of Thrones that nobody saw
Co-Pilot finally made George Martin’s magic work: In March 2010, HBO ordered the first season. Despite the impressive budget by television standards – about 50-60 million dollars – there was still not enough money, so the producers preferred to leave the most expensive book scenes behind the scenes.And when it became clear that the footage was not enough for all 10 episodes, the missing space was filled with specially filmed interior scenes of conversations between two or three characters.
Meanwhile, the hype around the series was slowly building up. HBO cleverly fueled interest by flooding potential viewers with announcements, press releases, previews, teasers, interviews and voice-overs. The channel even rolled out several food trucks in New York and Los Angeles offering Westeros cuisine.As a result, in January 2011, fifteen years after its release, the book Game of Thrones hit the New York Times bestseller list.
At first, the ratings were very mediocre – the first episodes were watched by just over two million viewers, significantly less than The Sopranos, Underground Empire and True Blood. Several shortsighted critics have recklessly dismissed the series, dubbing Game of Thrones “yet another show about men in togas and swords.” However, interest in the series grew steadily with each new episode, and over three million people already followed the show by the end.And the unexpected execution of Ned Stark at the end of the ninth episode had the effect of an exploding bomb. A bunch of viewers turned out to be not aware of the plot move known to readers for a decade and a half, and the series instantly gained a reputation of a show where anyone can die. Even the only famous actor to appear on all posters and promos.
Kanal and Benioffa and Weiss were inundated with tons of letters in which angry fans asked how the creators dared to do this to the audience and their favorite character.Naive summer children. They did not even suspect that the Red Wedding was ahead of them.
When Benioff and Weiss sold Game of Thrones to HBO executives, one of the main strengths of the series was the lack of epic battle scenes. The budget for the first season still grew to sixty million dollars, but for the second season this amount was not enough. At Denis, dragons were born and grew up, new heroes were added to the narrative, and the old ones scattered to all parts of the world, the War of the Five Kings broke out in Westeros, and the culmination of the season was to be the epic battle on Blackwater.
Writing the script for this episode, by the way, was entrusted to George Martin himself, who consistently wrote one episode a year from the first to the fourth season.
This is very difficult, David and Dan must hate me. In the book, the Battle of Blackwater unfolds over seven or eight chapters and is shown from three perspectives. If we shot exactly as it says in the book, it would take two months to shoot and cost $ 100 million. We just don’t have such budgets!
– George Martin
As a result, the budget for the second season increased by about 15 percent compared to the previous one, but this was not enough.“We had to go to HBO, kneel down and ask for more money,” Benioff recalls. The channel granted the request, but only partially – the showrunners had to curb their appetites and make compromises. So, according to Michael Lombardo, instead of the nine ships requested by the producers, only one was built. “It’s not in our interest to ask too much money from the channel,” Dan Weiss explained at the time, “otherwise the series would simply collapse under its own weight.”
Filming of the second season lasted 106 days, most of which two film crews worked in parallel in different countries – Croatia and Iceland were added to Northern Ireland and Malta, where scenes of Jon Snow’s forays beyond the Wall were filmed.One crew was led by Benioff and Weiss, the other was usually led by Brian Cogman, who started out as a showrunner’s assistant and had grown to a full-fledged producer by season five.
In order to save time and space, all episodes were filmed simultaneously, like one big ten-hour film. All the scenes, the events of which took place in the same location, were filmed one after another over several shooting days, after which the actors were transferred to another set.Sometimes the same actor in two days could take part in the filming of three different episodes under the direction of two different directors.
According to Brian Cogman, over time, work on each subsequent season of “Game of Thrones” has become a kind of routine. The discussion of the new episodes began on the set of the previous season, but usually all these discussions boiled down to phrases like “Character A starts the season at point B, and we want him to end it at point B”.
Then, close to the end of filming, Benioff and Weiss handed out a kind of “homework” – each of the writers was assigned to paint a complete storyline for a number of specific characters for the next season.For example, for the fourth season, Kogman completely prescribed the Arya story arc. He recalls that, after returning home from the set, for several weeks he thought over the future adventures of the youngest daughter of the Starks, keeping in mind a number of scenes that had already been discussed with the showrunners, as well as those events and chapters from books that definitely needed to be included in the narrative.
Then, around January of the following year, the writers met in Los Angeles and brainstormed together for the next two or three weeks.
You are discussing, leaving something, throwing out something, inventing something on the go. Sometimes the final version was very close to the initial individual sketches, and sometimes it was radically different from them.
– Brian Cogman
After the writers decided on the storylines of all the main characters and marked the main events with stickers of the desired color, all these events were distributed over different episodes, and the showrunners had a rough understanding of the content and order of the scenes of each episode.
Then the writers went home and over the next months each of them wrote detailed, one hundred pages, rough sketches of the episodes assigned to them. After that Benioff and Weiss brought each such sketch to mind, and the final versions of the scripts were written from the “polished” material.
Cogman recalls that it took him about a month and a half to complete two scripts, during which he first wrote the first version, then Benioff and Weiss commented on it, then Cogman rewrote the script in accordance with the comments received, then Benioff and Weiss polished some places again – and so on in a circle.
Usually, Cogman wrote the scripts for the episodes in the middle of the season, and one of the final episodes was assigned to George Martin. Since the fifth season, Martin has given up working on scripts, preferring to concentrate on “Winds of Winter” – according to Martin, one such script knocked him off the schedule for at least three weeks. True, according to Cogman, Martin still read the scripts for each episode and wrote comments to them.
With each season, the ambitions of the creators of the series grew, the scale of what was happening, the budgets and the number of storylines increased.By the third season, the two film crews, Wolf and Dragon, were supplemented by a third, The Raven, which meant that at any time during filming, three different film crews, led by three different directors, could simultaneously film on three different locations.
In addition, it was in this season that Benioff and Weiss tried their hand at directing for the first time and began to think about how the ending of the series should look like. But the main test awaited the film crew at the end of the third season, when it was time to transfer to the screen the Red Wedding, the most unexpected and cruel scene of the entire cycle.
I want my prose to remain unpredictable. I knew I was going to kill Robb Stark almost from the very beginning of the first book. I killed Ned because everyone was thinking: “Yeah, he is the main character, of course, he will get into a couple of troubles, but he will somehow get out.” Will not get out. It was predictable that his eldest son would now rise up and avenge his father. Everyone was waiting for this. So the next thing I just had to deal with Robb.
– George Martin
The Red Wedding shocked readers.Martin admits that he received a sea of letters in which readers accused him of cruelty, promised never to read his books again, talked about how they threw “Storm of Swords” at the wall, and then picked him up from the floor and began to read on. The red wedding managed to surprise even Benioff and Weiss. Surprise and hook.
In my life I have never experienced a stronger emotional reaction to what I read. I was afraid to turn the page because I knew something terrible was going to happen there, I didn’t want to believe it, I didn’t want it to happen.
– David Benioff
But it was precisely this reaction to the show that was needed to make sure that the show’s growing audience will continue to grow with each passing year. The Red Wedding became the hallmark of Song, and the showrunners expected that the TV version would work out exactly the same. And so it happened.
We have always told ourselves that if we manage to make it to the Red Wedding and correctly submit it, then everything will be fine with us. The series will receive a burst of energy, which is enough to bring the story to the very end.
– Dan Weiss
Although usually all scenes of the season were filmed in random order, the Red Wedding was saved for the end of filming and was filmed strictly in chronological order. Filming took a whole week, and with each passing day, the cast and crew were getting closer to the bloodbath, which ended the wedding feast of Edmar Tully and Roslyn Frey. By the way, George Martin did the same. In an interview, he said that he had postponed the Red Wedding until the very end of Storm of Swords and was the last to write these chapters.
The film crew until the very end tried to maintain the illusion in the viewer unfamiliar with the original source that everything would end well. Cinematographer Robert McLachlan tried to create a festive atmosphere, and just before the start of the massacre, the writers included a warm, loving and happy scene in which Robb reconciles with his mother, and Talisa tells her husband that she would like to name their first child Eddard.
The shooting of the massacre itself was extremely emotional. Make-up artists and hairdressers cried, actress Oona Chaplin (Talisa) cried, without leaving the frame and lying on the floor in a pool of fake blood.Director David Nutter had to remind her several times: “Oona, stop crying, dead people don’t cry. You’re dead, just lie silent. ” “I thought that since we were so emotional during the filming, we definitely shot something special, and the audience will definitely experience similar emotions,” says Nutter.
Getting emotional is not the right word. Michelle Fairley after filming for a whole week fell out of life. She did not answer calls, ignored messages in instant messengers, and only a week later sent the showrunners a letter in which she described her condition.Richard Madden admits that after filming he took a shower, washed off the blood, went to the airport and cried all the way to London.
“Maybe it would have been better for Robb to fall heroically in battle,” he muses, “but his death was so unexpected, cruel and terrible. I think given the way we portrayed Robb on the show, we couldn’t have killed him otherwise. He was beaten, and the fault is his kind heart and belief that other people will do the right thing. ” But what saddened Madden was how close Arya had gotten to reuniting with her family.“With each step Robb took more and more distance from the people he loves. But all we all wanted was to bring our whole family together again, even if only one of us came back. ”
One of the reasons people react so strongly to George’s books and, I hope, the series, is not that the characters don’t get through adversity and adversity. There are moments of real triumph in the book, as in the case when Daenerys burns slavers in Astapor.The point is that these scenes are mixed with those in which the heroes make terrible mistakes and pay for it in the most terrible way. If everything always ended in a dark and terrible way, the plot would lose its unpredictability, because the reader would always expect the darkest and most terrible ending. But the range of possible options makes the story more realistic, since this is how everything happens in our world. Sometimes something very good happens, sometimes something very bad happens.
– Dan Weiss
* * *
Game of Thrones has become one of the most successful projects of the last decade, but its path to the screens has been long and arduous.However, the subsequent success proves once again what heights can be achieved if you have your own opinion and clearly adhere to your vision. And also include blood, sex and death in your vision.90,000 The rabbi got up late Friday. – Tel Aviv: Owl, 1976
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interdisciplinary scientific seminar on the history of mutual perception of cultures
In light of the current epidemiological situation, the annual Round Table “Russia and the World” – 2021 will be postponed to a later date.
On February 4, 2020, the XXVII Annual All-Russian Round Table “Russia and the World” was held. Subtitle – “Culture and mentality of Others in the history of the New and Modern times.” The program and abstracts of speeches are posted here.
Until February 1, the opportunity to participate in the publication of the collection under the stamp of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences is open. We hope to publish the collection in 2020. The volume of the article is from 0.5 to 1 pp. (optimally 0.7 p.p.No restrictions on the topic – of course, within the general topic of the seminar. Footnotes are automatic, at the bottom of the page.
Samples of footnotes (please pay special attention to spaces):
Fateev A.V. The image of the enemy in Soviet propaganda. 1945-1954 M., 1999.S. 135.
Pavlova I.V. Formation of the Soviet system of information blockade // Culture and intelligentsia of the Siberian province in the XX century: theory, history, practice.Novosibirsk, 2000.S. 40.
RGASPI. F. 17. Op. 87.D.199.L. 69.
On February 5, 2019, the XXVI round table “Russia and the World” was held. The widest range of issues was proposed for discussion in the context of studying the history of relationships, self-identification and mutual perception of domestic and foreign. We chose the subtitle of the round table: “Russia and the World: Personal Impressions”.
We present to your attention the abstracts and texts of the articles of the participants: Abstracts of the XXVI round table.
We also bring to your attention the Round Table Program.
We bring to your attention information about the XXIV Roundtable that took place in 2017:
For information about the past XXV Roundtable, see here: Reports
The interdisciplinary scientific seminar on the history of mutual perception of cultures “Russia and the world through the eyes of each other” began its work in 1994 on the basis of the Center for the Study of Russian Culture of the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
During this time, 25 “round tables” were held, at which scientists from different cities and countries reported on their research in the field of education, on the theoretical foundations of studying the history of mutual perception and on particular examples. In total, more than 150 scientists from Italy, Russia, Ukraine, Finland, and France are members of the seminar.
During the seminar, six collections of articles “Russia and the World through the Eyes of Each Other” were published.
Ocean Lords of Steel,
You are not the brainchild of darkness or light.
You are only strength. You are outside of morality.
Not everyone realized it.
And descendants will learn,
Noble lords of steel,
And they will learn about how
You died in battles!
New visitors to the forum are asking the same old questions. I don’t know where this misconception about the inefficiency of large highly protected ships comes from, but it becomes a shame for the heroes of the past.
They fought, won, bled to death, so that after a century the home-grown “experts” would at once write everyone down to useless trash.Among the hackneyed cliches – “they stood in the bases”, “they were protected and not allowed into the sea”, “they stopped building”. Well, let’s start with the latter.
Everyone loved the giants, but especially the Americans.
Since entering the war, the United States has built 24 highly protected warships, incl. 8 battleships, 2 battle cruisers and 14 Baltimore-class heavy cruisers (TKr).
What do heavy cruisers have to do with it? Ha, even though the Baltimore was two meters longer than the battleship South Dakota.A person who has only a general idea of the Navy is unlikely to distinguish such a cruiser from a battleship at all.
“Baltimore” and man (when viewed through a magnifying glass)
How were such giants born? In contrast to the pre-war “freaks”, the TKRs of the war years were built in the absence of international restrictions, as a result they “expanded” to unprecedented sizes and combat power. They measured 17-20 thousand tons. By the way, this is the full displacement of the legendary Dreadnought (only if they were placed side by side, the Baltimore would be 40 meters longer).
Structurally, the TKr and LK still had differences: the battleship’s caliber was larger, the cruiser’s armor was thinner. However, from the position of our days that the one that the other had prohibitive combat resistance. And the creation of such ships was a real scientific and technical feat. Efforts and funds were not spared for their construction. We invested in them in full.
As for the official classification, it can be thrown into the trash. Look at real performance characteristics, not stickers.
Someone will remind you of the differences in tactical application.Come on! During the Second World War, TKr and LK always walked “by the handle”, often getting caught in the crossfire of each other. Approximately as shown in the illustration (the “Bismarck” campaign and the “Prince Eugen” cruise ship).
Remember who tormented the South Dakota in the night battle near Guadalcanal (most of the hits were 203 mm shells from Japanese cruisers). Or the composition of a motley Japanese unit that broke through with a fight into Leyte Gulf. High firepower, speed and exceptional resistance to combat wounds allowed them to operate in a single formation.
Cruisers and battleships had more in common than differences. And speaking of some, it is necessary to somehow take into account the existence of others. They were all monstrously large, expensive and complex. Let someone more, someone less. Battleships also differed in size at times twice (30 thousand tons from Queen Elizabeth, 45 thousand tons from Littorio, 70 thousand tons from Yamato), but they are still classified as a single class of “battle ships”. So why aren’t ships taking part here, albeit smaller in size, but no less technically complex ?!
If we break away from the usual classifications, we can talk about the so-called.n. “Floating fortresses”. These include all large highly protected ships with predominantly artillery weapons, born during the First World War, between both wars and during the Second World War.
We go further.
Realizing the futility of “floating fortresses” on the example of Pearl Harbor, the Americans continued to build such ships throughout the war. And they built later: the Baltimore series was followed by the even more formidable Oregon City and Des Moines. And also the light cruisers of the Worcester class, which turned out to be even larger and longer than the Baltimore itself! Sailors ironically nicknamed these monsters “well, very large light cruisers” (further confirmation that the official classification is often a lie).A unique feature of the Worcesters was the horizontal (deck) protection, surpassing all armored belts, traverses and barbets in mass: the ship was created to withstand air attack.
Let us return, however, to the main topic of our conversation. It suddenly turned out that the “floating fortresses” were still being built. And they were built in obscenely large quantities. So large that when the war ended, the victors simply did not know what to do with them. Some were put into reserve. And, of course, they stopped building new ships – before the era of rocket weapons.
Dear reader, of course, will not believe and will attack with criticism. Indeed, at the height of the war, no one except the United States built battleships. Which is quite natural. All developed powers built their battleships and TKr even BEFORE the war. And then, of course, they did not have the strength and resources.
Britain put into operation five new King George V-class aircraft before the war. The composition of the “combat core” of the fleet also included relatively fresh “Nelsons” mod. 20sand the legendary 270-meter battle cruiser Hood. And that is not all.
In the period between the world wars, the British brought more or less modern LKR standards “Rhinaun” and “Ripals” (they were modernized so seriously that they received the nicknames “Rebuild” and “Ripair” – “perestroika” and “repair”).
Five battleships “Queen Elizabeth” with 15-inch were also extensively upgraded. main guns. It was an outstanding project. “Queens” belonging to the era of the First World War, turned out to be so cool that they could confidently fight battleships of the 30s.Time, of course, took its toll – the “Queens” had problems (speed, PTZ), but they did not take up fire and protection in the surface of the side.
Total: 15 ready-to-fight sea monsters (of course, not counting the rest who did not have time to go through the modernization of the vessels left over from WWI).
The British did not have heavy cruisers, which it would make sense to mention within the framework of this article. All pre-war projects are deliberately weakened “Washingtonians”, somehow squeezed into a limited 10 thousand.tons of standard displacement. This is not “Zara”, not “Hipper” and not “Mogami”.
The Germans also did not sit idle, having given birth during the pre-war years, four battleships and three more exotic “large cruisers” with a caliber of 280 mm guns, which received the ironic nickname “pocket battleships”.
In addition to these freaks, the Nazis laid down five more heavy cruisers of the Admiral Hipper class. So heavy that their crews (1400-1600 people) outnumbered the crews of battleships of the era of the First World War.More people served on each German cruiser than on the heroically lost “Hood”! The stakes were great.
Nobody thought that the Germans would be able to rebuild their fleet so soon. They were not forced to sign international agreements prescribing strict restrictions on the displacement of ships. As a result, the Nazis built really huge cruisers, surpassing their peers – “Washington” by an average of 4000 tons.
Captured by the Americans TKR “Prince Eugen” (decontamination of the surviving cruiser after the atomic explosion at at.Bikini)
As befits all German “wunderwafls”, the cruisers had an overly complex design. In absolute prices of the 30s. The Hipper cost 2.5 times more than the London-class British heavy cruiser.
The entire displacement reserve was wasted. Why? It is necessary to ask about this the German “supermen” themselves. For example, the Americans managed to build much more balanced cruisers in the same dimensions. Of course, there is a six-year age difference, but comparing Hipper with Baltimore is simply a shame (despite the fact that Baltimore is just a development of pre-war projects, devoid of artificial restrictions, which the Germans did not initially have).
However, the funds were spent. Huge ships were built (4 + 1 unfinished “Luttsov” sold in the USSR). From a modern point of view, despite the existence of even more advanced designs, “Hippers” were a scientific and technical achievement. In total, at the beginning of the war, the Nazis had 11 modern “floating fortresses”. Quite modest, even by European standards.
In Italy, they seriously prepared for a naval war. The beauty and pride of Regia Marina are the three newest battleships of the Littorio class.Modest by world standards, nothing outstanding project, which nevertheless possessed all the advantages of a large super-protected ship.
The Italians also took a creative approach by modernizing five old battleships from the First World War. Serious work was done, the power plant of the battleships increased by 300%. It is clear what extensive design changes such experiments have led. The towers were removed, armor plates were installed, the modernization of the old “Cesare” came out as half the cost of building the new “Littorio”.Why did they do it? Italians have only two convolutions in their heads, and those are spaghetti. The modernization did not make the “old men” in any way equal to the new battleships. Although it increased their combat capabilities very significantly.
During the interwar period, four more highly protected ships, the Zara-class TKr, were built in Italy. Contractual “Washingtonians”, favorably distinguished from foreign peers by remarkable armor protection. It was possible to combine security with high speed and the classic weapons of the TKR of that era due to a clear violation of the terms of the Washington Treaty.All this led to very amusing consequences.
One of the “Zar”, having entered Gibraltar for emergency repairs, did not fit into the dock – where, according to the documents, it should have gotten up without any problems. An epic failure, as they say on the Internet. The British learned the truth, but it was too late.
In total, at the beginning of the war, the Italians had as many as 12 “floating fortresses”.
Japan is at the edge of the world, but its technological level is ahead of many.At the beginning of the war, the valiant sons of Amaterasu erected two impregnable fortresses in the ocean – battleships of the Yamato class. And before that, in 1920, they once again surprised everyone by building the world’s first type of battleship with a 16-inch. the main caliber is the great “Nagato”.
In addition to this “magnificent four”, by the time of Pearl Harbor, the Japanese had eight more modernized battleships and battle cruisers of the WWI era (“Fuso”, “Ise” and the battle cruiser “Congo”, which had nothing to do with an African country). The battleships that had undergone modernization were unrecognizable: the Japanese jokingly put 10-storey superstructures on them, simultaneously changing the armament, power plant and the battleship booking scheme.
Heavy cruisers were the special pride of the Imperial Navy. They brought many resounding victories on their decks and most of them held out until the last months of the war.
It is worth highlighting 12 cruisers, four projects: “Mioko”, “Takao”, “Mogami” and exotic “Tone”. The earlier types (“Furutaka” and “Aoba”) are too light and primitive, therefore they do not belong to the conversation.
A dozen samurai can be attributed to highly protected ships with some stretch: their protection was clearly weak, compared to the rest of the ships mentioned in this article.Although even in this form, the Japanese TKr demonstrated exceptional combat resistance, unattainable for modern ships. The most powerful torpedo and artillery weapons – in this parameter, the samurai surpassed all their opponents. Power plants with more power than battleships. Speed 35 knots. Crews of 1000+ people. Everything indicates that we have before us another armada of “sea fortresses” with rebalanced characteristics in the direction of speed and fire.
How did it fit into the set 10 thousandtons? No way. The Japanese cheated as best they could: at first, no one paid attention to the fact that the Mogami’s waterline did not pass where it should be, the board was too high above the water (the ship was structurally underloaded). With the start of the war, the Japanese tore off their masks and put on the cruiser, instead of six-inch, new towers with 8-inch. “Bangs”. This is what the Mogami project originally counted on.
In total, the Japanese had 26 large protected ships, and their fleet as of 1941 was the strongest in the world.
Heavy cruiser “Tikuma”
Well stupid …
The only ones who “kicked cotton wool” in the interwar period were the Yankees. Their last battleship was laid there in the years of the First World War, and then for 15 years they did nothing. Apparently, they hoped for the strength of their diplomacy, which bound Japan with the shackles of naval treaties (after all, the Japanese did not fiddle with rusty PMV battleships for a good life, instead of building new ships).
By the beginning of the war, the US Navy came in a depressing state – with a pile of “standard battleships”, whose caliber and low speed (21 knots.) did not allow them to operate effectively in the new era.
However, the Yankees woke up quickly enough, built a pair of North Caroline LCs just before the war and then made up for lost time with unprecedented speed.
A) Large, well-protected surface ships were available in sufficient numbers in the fleets of all developed countries.
B) Those who could build such ships throughout the war and even after the end of WWII.
B) TKr and LK occupied their own tactical niche. Protected ships have not lost their relevance with the advent of aviation (rather, as practice has shown, on the contrary). They are the only ones who could hold out under the intensified enemy fire.
About how the sea giants fought, will be told in the second part of the material about “sea fortresses”. Not afraid to kill the intrigue, I will say right away: they fought gloriously.
Or did someone seriously think that these majestic masters of defense, air defense and long-range combat modestly stood on the sidelines? Endowed with immense strength, inflexible and tenacious, like terminators, they were not afraid of anything and went where any “one-time” light cruiser / leader / destroyer could not go a dozen miles.The command was well aware of their capabilities, therefore they were sent to the very hell..