SF Shock score a win over Houston Outlaws
Photo by Robert Paul via Blizzard Entertainment
Since the start of the Overwatch League season, San Francisco Shock were a team awaiting reinforcements. Two of their initial nine players are underage, preventing them from entering the lineup. Their 5-12 start to the season is disappointing, but the mantra since the beginning has always been to wait—help is on the way.
They can’t field those two underagers just yet, but this week, one reinforcement did arrive: Newly-signed support player Grant “Moth” Espe. The American support player isn’t exactly as exciting an addition as underager Jay “sinatraa” Won or Korean DPS wizard Park “Architect” Min Ho, who was signed alongside Moth, but Moth is in the lineup, and he’s already making an impact.
Yesterday, the San Francisco Shock gave one of the league’s best teams a match in a 3-1 loss against the London Spitfire, taking Hollywood convincingly and nearly winning other maps with their improved level of play. Today, the Shock scored Moth’s first series victory, besting the slumping Houston Outlaws in a 3-1 match where the Shock looked like the better team throughout.
The Shock opened the series with a win on Hanamura, the only map they feature a winning record on in the OWL season. Shock’s ability to shut down Outlaws’ vaunted tank duo, in part thanks to stellar play and focus from Tracer player and the match’s MVP Dante “Danteh” Cruz, proved key in the map win. Nepal went in similar fashion.
Next was Hollywood, the map Shock took from Spitfire a day prior. This time, though, Outlaws pulled out the win, but in a close game where both team’s strong defenses led by excellent Junkrat play from Shock’s Danteh and Outlaws’ Jake Lyon kept the door mostly shut on the offense.
With Outlaws squeezing out a win, it looked like they might take the series. Next came Watchpoint: Gibraltar, a map where the Outlaws were undefeated backed by the incredible Widowmaker of Jiri “LiNkzr” Masalin, who has a knack for shutting down enemy Widows. Despite LiNkzr going on a spree, the Shock eventually won the day.
The addition of Moth to the lineup seems to make a previously inconsistent Shock team more stable. The support player is supposed to take some shotcalling duties away from DPS player Andrej “Babybay” Francisty, allowing him to frag out more consistently. Moth also has eliminated many mistakes that led to early deaths that his predecessor was often prone to make. It’s a big step forward for a team that always had moments where they can play with anyone, but failed to keep that form long enough to take series wins.
The win moves the Shock to 6-12 on the season and 3-5 in stage two, but it’s an important step forward for a team that looks ready to leap up the league standings when the rest of their crew is ready to play.
Outlaws, Push headed to pivotal Game 3
Jul. 10—The Outlaws cruised to a 109-95 win over the Houston Push on Friday with their backs against the wall in Game 2 of the Central Conference finals at the Stride Bank Center.
Enid jumped out to a 65-38 lead going into halftime after holding the Push to just 15 points in the second quarter. On Tuesday, Outlaws head coach Ed Corporal said he thought his team came out and played well in the first quarter, before being outscored 32-22 in the second quarter to create a deficit they couldn’t overcome.
Corporal said he thought the zone defense his team started the game in affected Houston, but that his team started to get complacent late in the first quarter. On Friday, the Outlaws held one of the top shooting teams in the league to a season-low 95 points
Houston gave itself a chance late in the game after outscoring Enid in the third and fourth quarter by 21 points, but the Outlaws were able to ice the game late through smart play and by knocking down free throws.
Corporal credited his team’s experiences early in the season, for their ability to stay focused and pull out the win.
.The Outlaws were able to keep Houston from being too comfortable on the offensive end, by playing with a lot of pressure and “taking away their options,” which Corporal said was the key to the game.
“All season we’ve really prided ourselves on our defense,” Corporal said after the game. “When we guard like we normally do, people can’t stop us. We gave great effort tonight on the defensive end.”
The win keeps Enid’s season alive and forces a Game 3 in Enid on Saturday at 4 p.m.
Chance Comanche led all scorers with 37 points on 14 of 21 shooting and pulled down 12 boards. Tavares Sledge had a double-double with 14 points and a game-high 16 rebounds. The Outlaws had five players score in double figures in the game after having three in the Game 1.
Houston was led by Jevonlean Hedgeman who scored 21 points on eight of 15 shooting. The Outlaws outrebounded Houston 56-32 in the game including 14 offensive rebounds to Houston’s seven.
Both teams came into the playoffs 22-2 on the season, a league record.
“They’re a very good team, that’s why we have the two best records in the league, they’re very well coached and I really tip my hat off to (Houston head coach and former NBA All-Star Martyn “Moochie” Norris) he’s class act and that’s two good teams, this is real playoff basketball. “
Corporal said that after all the adjustments made in games 1 and 2, Game 3 will just come down to who wants it more.
“It’s a live or die situation, there’s no tomorrow. You’ve got to win this or you’ve got to go home. They’re not ready for the season to be over so tomorrow’s gonna be a dog fight.”
Masri is sports editor for the Enid News & Eagle.
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Gravel and Friesen score Sunday victories to sweep World of Outlaws Bristol Throwdown | News | Media
David Gravel swept the weekend of racing Sunday in the NOS Energy Drink Sprint Car Series by taking the checkered flag in a thrilling feature race at the World of Outlaws Bristol Throwdown, the first time the “Greatest Show on Dirt” has visited BMS in nearly two decades.
In other racing Sunday at dirt-transformed Bristol Motor Speedway, NASCAR Camping World Truck Series standout Stewart Friesen also made it a clean sweep for the weekend by taking the victory in the Super DIRTcar Series race.
In the Outlaws feature, pole-sitter Logan Schuchart led 23 of the 25-lap feature race before Gravel reeled him in and passed him with two laps to go. Schuchart’s car then broke which brought out a late caution and set up a final two-lap dash for the cash between Gravel and fellow front-runner Donny Schatz, who was in hot pursuit of his milestone 300th career victory. On the restart, Gravel’s orange and black No. 2 machine got the jump and pulled away, grabbing his third win of the season and 60th of his career.
Gravel, who won Friday night’s 25-lap feature race for $10,000, earned $25,000 for today’s victory and added another much sought after BMS Gladiator Sword from Thunder Valley to his trophy collection.
Gravel, who dominated Friday’s feature, had to navigate his way to the front today. He said his car was a bit sluggish early on.
“I slipped back to third early and didn’t know if I could pass them,” Gravel said. “Our car was a little lazy in the first few laps and just needed to get the momentum going. Logan had a hellacious pace going there and then when he got in lapped traffic he had to slow down and figure things out. He made a couple mistakes, I made a couple of mistakes and so did Donny too. I know Logan hadn’t broke when I passed him, but it must’ve been shortly after that.”
Gravel said he continued to keep his foot in the gas the entire race, he said he was aggressive the entire time as Schatz’ No. 15 car was filling his rearview mirror for most of the race.
“You never give up and just keep fighting and I’m happy it worked out,” Gravel said. “I don’t know what happened to Logan. I felt like we had a good chance with five to go. It seemed like it took a while for my motor to get going. Logan seemed to have more gear or something, but for me it just seemed like I needed time to get momentum built up.”
Schatz, who finished fifth on Friday, passed Gravel for second place at one point in the race and looked like he might power into the lead, but Gravel quickly moved back around him. The 10-time series champ said the track was in good shape despite having to race in the daylight after Saturday night’s racing was postponed due to weather. After a slow start to the season, Schatz’ two top-five Bristol feature finishes are very promising for he and his Tony Stewart-owned team.
“I wouldn’t say we are back, but we had a solid finish today, we had good speed,” Schatz said. “We changed so many things to make it right but that’s just the nature of the beast. The guys have done a great job with the car. I think we were a third-place car there, but we ended up second so we will take it.”
Aaron Reutzel finished third and was followed by Giovanni Scelzi and Paul McMahan in the top-five. Other notable finishers were Carson Macedo in sixth, points leader Brad Sweet at 11th, Sheldon Haudenschild at 14th and Schuchart ended up 19th after his late race issue. Kyle Larson, who posted a sixth place finish Friday, wasn’t able to compete Sunday in Paul Silva’s No. 57 as he had to travel to Alabama for the NASCAR Cup Series race.
Sam Hafertepe Jr. wowed the Bristol crowed by winning the World of Outlaws quick time award during Sprint Car qualifying with a stunning track record performance of 13.326 seconds at 142.098 mph, but his celebration was short-lived as he ultimately had issues early in the feature race and finished last.
In the Super DIRTcar Series feature race, Friesen scored his 28th career victory and third in a row for the season by holding off Demetrios Drellos in the closing laps to pocket another $10,000 payday.
“It’s a testament to this race team,” Friesen said. “All our guys are great. We just had a plan and it worked out for us. I had some speed when I could get in clean air. I needed a long run to get the tires to come in. This is the best afternoon track I’ve ever seen. It’s really cool. It’s unbelievable. This is awesome for Modified racing.”
Friesen has competed at BMS six times in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, made his NASCAR Cup Series debut here in the Food City Dirt Race in March and has also raced a Super Late Model at Thunder Valley during the U. S. Short Track Nationals in the past. He has wanted a BMS Gladiator Sword for a long time and now he has earned two in one weekend.
“It was very special to win here again,” Friesen said. “It was nice to have a day to celebrate in between and rest up and then come back and do it again. It’s a great weekend. I’m proud of the whole race team, it’s a pleasure to work with those guys.”
Drellos, who finished 25th on Friday night, showed some power in the Sunday feature by winning his heat race and then mounting a strong challenge to Friesen in the final two laps.
“If we had one more lap it might’ve been different,” Drellos said. “We did everything we could to get up there but it just didn’t fall our way. It was a roller-coaster experience for sure. I think the trick here at Bristol is that under-adjusting is your friend here. I think our lap notes from Friday really helped us this afternoon.”
Max McLaughlin finished third and was followed by early race leader Mike Mahaney, and Ryan Watt completed the top five. Tyler Dippel was sixth, Billy Decker took seventh and was followed by Jimmy Phelps, Mike Gular and Matt Sheppard.
Super DIRTcar Series top qualifier Chris Hile, who set a track record performance of 16.240 seconds at 116.601 mph, finished 20th.
Sunday feature results
World of Outlaws NOS Energy Drink Sprint Car Series
25-lap, $25,000-to-win feature
- David Gravel
- Donny Schatz
- Aaron Reutzel
- Giovanni Scelzi
- Paul McMahan
- Carson Macedo
- Brock Zearfoss
- Spencer Bayston
- James McFadden
- Cory Eliason
- Brad Sweet
- Tyler Courtney
- Wayne Johnson
- Sheldon Haudenschild
- Ryan Taylor
- Parker Price-Miller
- Derek Hagar
- Kraig Kinser
- Logan Schuchart
- Jac Haudenschild
- Rico Abreu
- Tim Shaffer
- Jason Sides
- Sam Hafertepe Jr.
Super DIRTcar Series
40-lap, $10,000-to-win feature
- Stewart Friesen
- Demetrios Drellos
- Max McLaughlin
- Mike Mahaney
- Ryan Watt
- Tyler Dippel
- Billy Decker
- Jimmy Phelps
- Mike Gular
- Matt Sheppard
- Brett Hearn
- Erick Rudolph
- Justin Haers
- Tim Sears Jr.
- Marc Johnson
- Jordan McCreadie
- Brian Swartzlander
- Mat Williamson
- Pat Ward
- Chris Hile
- Peter Britten
- Carey Terrance
- Jessey Mueller
- Brandon Walters
- Marcus Dinkins
- Dave Rauscher
- Kevin Root
- Larry Wight
- Jack Lehner
- Jackson Gill
- Chad Brachmann
Varin Represents Against Outlaws, Scores Hard Charger Honors at Weedsport – DTD Exclusive
By MIKE MALLETT
Danny Varin got to experience the full gambit of emotions after racing two nights with the World of Outlaws NOS Energy Drink Sprint Car Series.
Things didn’t go to plan for Varin on Friday night at the Ransomville Speedway. Varin’s night ended early after tagging the outside wall. He was disappointed afterwards with his performance.
Saturday night Varin more than made up for the mishap, representing the New York Sprint Car contingent with a strong outing at Weedsport Speedway where he earned a sixth-place finish in the Empire State Challenge. Varin advanced from 15th to sixth which allowed him to pick up hard charger honors as well.
“We’ve been searching all year,” cited Varin. “We haven’t really felt good. It seems like every time we hop into this 410 it’s the best car that I’ve driven all year. I’m super happy tonight. I’m super stoked for the guys. I’m glad I made it up for them. I just wish I could have grabbed a couple more there.
“I pulled the wing back with two to go and lost all my drive. We were good in the middle of the corner, but I kind of lost all my drive. That’s where we were picking them up. It was a blast.”
For Varin, the sixth gave him some redemption. His team gave him a good car both nights and he wasn’t able to give them the finish he felt they deserved on Friday.
“I just got into the fence,” commented Varin of the incident. “I had a really good car. It was only lap two. I was kind of hustling. No one went to the top. I blew it in there and put it in the fence. We had a really good car. Driver error. I’m not used to going that fast. The car pushed up a little bit. All driver error there.
“I think we could have finished up toward the front there too. I screwed that up so tonight kind of rebounded.”
Varin is no stranger to Weedsport. He’s got Empire Super Sprint wins at the tricky third-mile. That experience helped him find success on Saturday.
“It gets so slick here,” Varin said of Weedsport. “We can park it on the bottom and get things rolling for us. Being here four times a year, knowing kind of what the track is going to do, is kind of a home turf advantage a little bit. ”
Varin isn’t sure how much more racing in the 410 Sprint Cars he’ll be doing as the season continues. His focus remains on the local scene competing with the 360’s. The 410 will continue to be reserved for rare occasions, which makes it tough to get completely comfortable in the car.
“I don’t know, we might pick off a couple at the end of the year,” stated Varin. “Like Ransomville, never been there before, and we jump in with the World of Outlaws at a track you’ve never raced at before in a car that I haven’t driven in three years.
“Going down to Pennsylvania is tough for us. You expect a lot, but in reality, if you haven’t raced there, it’s tough. We wanted to go to Williams Grove this year, but we didn’t make it due to work. I don’t know, if something breaks free we’ll be going.”
Varin is hoping to get things rolling in the 360 as well as the season hits the final couple of months. The team has a new chassis on order as they look to make improvements to their team for the stretch run.
“We are fiddling around there,” he said about his 360 program. “We haven’t been very good there. We have a brand-new X-1 on its way through Jason Barney. We haven’t been good. We’ve been searching for the last two years really. Hopefully we can get back on track and put some W’s in our bank.
“We took a big leap of faith, but we are going to jump on board with Jason. The information I get back from him is very good and it’s truthful. He’s always helped me out in the past. I don’t know, we’ll see what we can do.”
Kings Score Season High 149 points, Stomp Outlaws at Home
The San Diego Kings score a season high in points as they sweep the season series with the Phoenix Outlaws 149-133. This performance really showed how exciting the Kings are at home, nailing 17 3’s for the game. They also dished out a season high 30 assists and were able get to the free-throw line 24 times making 22 of them in the process.
Manny Perez had a massive game dropping 30 points, 6 rebounds, 3 assists and recorded 2 blocks while making 5’s 3’s throughout the contest. He really got his jumper going in the 3rd scoring 15 points and hitting 3 of his 5 3’. He got the whole EL Cajon arena singing his “Puerto Rico” anthem, a theme song that the DJ plays after Perez gets a bucket.
Deonte Jones finished the night one-point shy of 30 with 29 points and 3 steals in 29 minutes of action. He was also able to knock down 5 3’s in the game, 3 of them in the 1st and he helped the Kings jumpstart their offense in the beginning stages of the game.
“I just stayed confident like I always do and just take what the defense gives me,” Jones explained. “The guys just told me to keep shooting and coach was giving me the green light, we use a lot of pin downs to get guys open for shots and it was my night, so they kept going to me.”
When asked about the season high in points as a team, Jones explained that this nights like is what makes the Kings an exciting team to watch.
“We just played together on the offensive end for 48 minutes, that’s what we’ve been trying to do this entire season. We know we can score with anybody and when we just play within ourselves, we are tough to beat. I’m loving the way we are playing.”
As usual the Kings were able to start the game hot, commanding a 23-10 lead in the early in the 1st. Deonte Jones continued his hot shooting stroke at home scoring 13 of his 29 points in the 1st quarter. Jones credited his scoring effort to his coaches for giving him the green light and his teammates for finding him early in the game.
Marcus Bell helped the Kings separate in the first with great passing from the post. Getting two assists from to Julian Sampah inside for layups. The Kings full-court pressure forced the Outlaws to take rushed shots which led to transition layups on offense to put the Kings up 37-22 at the end of the 1st.
The Kings once again got great production from their bench in this game, particularly from James Hancock who was a force in the paint and on the boards for the Kings. Hancock and Bell both combined for 32 points and 26 rebounds between them and they were both anchors on the defensive end.
In the 2nd quarter the Kings began to open their lead by continuing to force turnover and take care of the ball themselves on the offensive end. Ray Williams ran the show tonight for the Kings, dishing out 12 assists and setting the table for his teammates to eat. Julian Sampah played a great two-way game as he finished with 14 points and sent 4 shots away from the rim. Once he was able to get his first jumper late in the 2nd, he started to find his rhythm. He capped his night off with a breakaway steal that turned into a one-handed flush that got the Kings crowd hyped!
Two New Kings made their debuts tonight Spencer Mattox and B.J Mathews. Mattox was able to make an impact with his hustle and ball handling ability. He helped Williams facilitate the offense and finished the night with 8 points and 4 assists. Mathews showed that he can be instant offense for the Kings off the bench. He sank back-to-back 3’s in the 1st and looked very comfortable in the Kings offense.
Kings Head Coach Davion Famber said he was happy but not surprised by Mattox effort on the floor tonight.
“BJ Mathews and Spencer Mattox can play, their professionals and they come in and work hard every day. The guys have embraced them and they are fitting in smoothly. The sky’s the limit for how good they can be with our squad this year.
The Kings also got big help from LJ Kimbrough who had his best game offensively finishing with 11 points, 6 rebounds. He was able to get some great offensive putbacks off rebounds and ran the lanes in transition finishing at the rim strong. Alec Calloway and Yuriy Kozhanov were both able to add 5 points apiece, playing solid perimeter defense and getting after every loose balls They were both able to space the floor and make 3’s to add to the 17 total for the Kings.
The Kings led by as many as 31 points in the 3rd. Famber was able to space his minutes and every active player on the Kings roster scored and made an impact on the game. Even though the Outlaws battled back in the 4th quarter cutting that 31-point lead to 9 with 4:27 left to go in the 4th but were unable to close the gap further as the Kings continued to get buckets at will. Their 16-point win was capped off with a two-hand alley-oop from Ray Williams to Marcus Bell!
The Kings (6-3) are now on a two-game winning streak and will look to make it a trifecta of dubs as they go on the road next Saturday to take on the Seven City Knights of Arizona. They will be back home next year in 2020 on January 4th when they host Team Trouble from Stockton, CA. Tickets go on sale today, make sure you visit the link below to get 5$ of your ticket prices for a regular or courtside seat.
MLL Recap: Outlaws Outlast Bayhawks in OT Thriller
Brian Kormondy scored two goals, including the game-winner in overtime, as the Denver Outlaws defeated the Chesapeake Bayhawks 13-12 at Navy-Marine Corps Stadium in Annapolis, Md.
Brian Kormondy scored with 6:41 remaining in overtime to lift the Denver Outlaws to a 13-12 win over the Chesapeake Bayhawks in a battle of Major League Lacrosse unbeatens and rematch of the 2019 MLL title game Wednesday at Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium in Annapolis, Md.
Buoyed by a 22-for-25 performance by faceoff specialist Max Adler, the Outlaws (4-0) scored the last three goals of regulation to force overtime. They trailed 12-9 after a pair of sensational dunks by Bayhawks attackman Lyle Thompson before rallying. The three-goal margin was the widest at any point in the back-and-forth game.
Chesapeake goalie Brian Phipps made his 16th save on the first possession of overtime, but the Bayhawks could not capitalize on their lone opportunity. After a pair of turnovers, Kormondy got a full head of steam coming out of the substitution box and sent a lefty blast past Phipps for the game-winner.
Adler’s excellence at the stripe allowed Denver to outshoot Chesapeake 54-36 and overcome 20 turnovers. Attackman Ryan Lee scored a game-high five goals.
Thompson led the Bayhawks (3-1) with three goals.
Hammerheads Win First Game
Bradley Voight scored four goals and Sean Sconone made 15 saves to lead the Connecticut Hammerheads to a 10-8 victory over the New York Lizards and the first win in team history.
Connecticut (1-2) withstood a first-quarter barrage thanks to Sconone, the reigning MLL Goalie of the Year. He made eight saves in the first 15 minutes, as New York outshot the Hammerheads 16-5 in the frame but came away with just a 2-1 advantage.
Connecticut blanked the Lizards in the second quarter, took a 4-2 lead into halftime and never trailed again.
New York (0-4) twice pulled within one goal, but could find little success on offense beyond the contributions of midfielder Sean O’Brien (two goals, three assists) and attackman Andrew Pettit (two goals). The Lizards shot just 8-for-44.
Play of the Day
Lyle Thompson was in MVP form.
4 p.m. — Lizards vs. Barrage, ESPN+
7 p.m. — Outlaws vs. Cannons, ESPN+
Buy it… only if you seek a more overtly Western variation on the
Avoid it… if you agree that there’s something just a little fishy
American Outlaws: (Trevor Rabin) There was a short
Never mind the fact that his music for things like this
No review of American Outlaws would be complete
Total Time: 37:47
The insert includes no extra information about the score or film.
Natural Born Criminal: Lombroso’s Theory This science tries to explain the connection between the anatomical and physiological characteristics of a person and his propensity to commit crimes. Lombroso came to the conclusion that there is such a connection, and it is direct: crimes are committed by people with a certain appearance and character *.
As a rule, criminals have physical and mental defects, Lombroso believed. We are talking about anomalies of the internal and external anatomical structure, characteristic of primitive people and apes. Thus, they do not become criminals, but are born. Whether a person is a criminal or not depends only on an innate predisposition, and each type of crime has its own anomalies.
Lombroso devoted his entire life to the development of this theory.He examined 383 skulls of the deceased and 3839 skulls of living criminals. In addition, the scientist studied the characteristics of the body (pulse, temperature, bodily sensitivity, intelligence, habits, diseases, handwriting) 26,886 criminals and 25,447 respectable citizens.
Appearance of criminals
Lombroso identified a number of physical signs (“stigmata”), which, in his opinion, characterize a person who is endowed with criminal inclinations from birth. This is an irregular shape of the skull, a narrow and sloping forehead (or a forked frontal bone), asymmetry of the face and eye sockets, overdeveloped jaws.Red-haired criminals are extremely rare. Most often, crimes are committed by brunettes and brown-haired people. Brunettes prefer to steal or engage in arson, and brown-haired people are prone to murder. Blondes are sometimes found among rapists and scammers.
Appearance of a typical rapist
Large bulging eyes, full lips, long eyelashes, a flattened and crooked nose. Most often, lean and rickety blond, sometimes humpbacked.
Appearance of a typical thief
Irregular small skull, elongated head, straight nose (often upturned at the base), running or, conversely, a tenacious gaze, black hair and a sparse beard.
The appearance of a typical killer
Large skull, short head (width greater than height), sharp frontal sinus, voluminous cheekbones, long nose (sometimes curved downward), square jaws, huge orbits of the eye, protruding quadrangular chin, motionless glass gaze, thin lips, well-developed canines.
The most dangerous killers most often have black, curly hair, a sparse beard, short hands, excessively large or, on the contrary, too small earlobes.
Appearance of a typical scammer
The face is pale, the eyes are small, severe, the nose is crooked, the head is bald. In general, the appearance of the scammers is quite good-natured.
Features of criminals
“I myself observed that during a thunderstorm, when epileptics have more frequent attacks, prisoners in prison also become more dangerous: they tear their clothes, break furniture, beat the ministers,” wrote Lombroso.In his opinion, criminals have decreased sensitivity of the sense organs and pain sensitivity. They are incapable of realizing the immorality of their actions, therefore, repentance is unknown to them.
Lombroso was able to identify the features of the handwriting of various types of criminals. The handwriting of murderers, robbers and robbers is distinguished by elongated letters, curvilinearity and certainty of features in the endings of the letters. For the handwriting of thieves, letters are characteristic, extended, without sharp outlines and curvilinear endings.
The nature and way of life of criminals
According to the theory of Lombroso, criminals are characterized by the desire for vagrancy, shamelessness, laziness. Many of them have tattoos. People prone to crime are characterized by boasting, pretense, weak character, irritability, highly developed vanity bordering on megalomania, quick mood swings, cowardice and painful irritability. These people are aggressive, vindictive, they are not capable of repentance and do not suffer from remorse.Graphomania can also indicate criminal inclinations.
Lombroso believed that people from the lower class become murderers, robbers and rapists. The middle and upper class are more likely to be professional fraudsters.
Criticism of Lombroso’s theory
While Lombroso was still alive, his theory was criticized. Not surprisingly, many senior government officials had an appearance that completely coincided with the description of natural-born criminals.Many are sure that the scientist exaggerated the biological and completely did not take into account the social component in the cause of crime. Perhaps this is what made Lombroso to reconsider some of his views towards the end of his life. In particular, he began to argue that the presence of a criminal appearance does not necessarily mean that a person has committed a crime – it rather speaks of his propensity for illegal acts. If a person with a criminal appearance is successful, he falls into the category of hidden criminals who have no external reason to break the law.
Lombroso’s reputation suffered greatly when the Nazis began to use his ideas – they took measurements of the skulls of concentration camp prisoners before they were sent to the ovens. During the Soviet period, the doctrine of the natural-born criminal was also criticized for its contradiction to the principle of legality, anti-nationality and reactionary character.
As far as we were able to find out, Lombroso’s theory was never applied in litigation – even the scientist himself did not see any practical value in it, as he said at one scientific dispute: “I am not working in order to give my research an applied application in the field of jurisprudence; as a scientist, I serve science only for the sake of science. “Nevertheless, the concept of a criminal person proposed by him came into use, and his developments are still used in physiognomy, criminal anthropology, sociology and psychology.
* Information taken from the following books: Cesare Lombroso. “Criminal Man”. Milgard. 2005; Mikhail Shterenshis. “Cesare Lombroso”. IsraDon. 2010
90,000 The killer of the “sausage king” staged a daring escape of five prisoners
The search circle for prisoners who have escaped from the Istra IVS has been expanded as much as possible, additional posts and barriers have been set up on routes and in places where criminals are most likely to move.Two criminal cases were initiated: on the fact of the escape itself, which was supposedly carefully planned, and on the fact of abuse of official powers by the employees of the detention center. A police major on duty was detained on charges with this wording.
A massive iron gate is directly adjacent to the temporary detention center, which is located on the territory of the Istra police department. Through them, five fugitives in the middle of the night could escape to freedom. Around there is a huge garage cooperative, where you can easily get lost.
The fugitives leaving the walls of the isolation ward at about 3 am were filmed by CCTV cameras. All five are walking briskly along the road. They were reported to have followed in the direction of the train station.
Policemen are now on duty at the gate through which the defendants left. Law enforcement officers say that they themselves do not understand how the prisoners could break free.
– Did they leave through this gate?
– Like yes …
– Is there just a bolt?
– Bolt and lock.
Immediately behind the gate is another wall of gratings and only behind it is the building of the isolation ward. It is not clear how 5 people at once could overcome all barriers and leave the walls of a regime institution. The prosecutor’s office is checking the fact of the escape.
“During the inspection, which is entrusted to the Istra city prosecutor’s office, the reasons and circumstances of the incident will be established, as well as an assessment of the actions of responsible officials will be given,” said Natalia Grigorieva, head of the press service of the Moscow region prosecutor’s office.
This is how the insulator looks from the inside: as it should be in such institutions, at every step of the lattice. And this is the door to the cell where the five fugitives were kept. In the cell itself, there are two bunk beds, and a few more mattresses are on the floor, apparently for those who did not have enough beds. It is reported that the prisoners opened the door from the inside with a wrench – they twisted the lock through the window for supplying food, which for some reason was open. All other doors were already opened with keys.
The employees of the detention center claim that they did not hear how the five suspects escaped at once.Now those who were on duty in the isolation ward on the night of the escape are being interrogated by investigators.
“A criminal case has been initiated on the fact of abuse of office by employees of the temporary detention facility, which led to the escape of 5 people,” said Olga Vradiy, senior assistant to the head of the Main Investigative Directorate of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation for the Moscow Region.
In the cell from which five people escaped, there were two more persons under investigation. They claim they were asleep and did not hear anything.
The Moscow Region police are now on alert, looking for the defendants.According to some reports, four of them were in isolation after being accused of a series of burglaries. Another – Alexander Mavridi, he is called the organizer of the escape. According to security officials, he may turn out to be the most dangerous of the five fugitives. Mavridi is accused of the murder of the famous businessman Vladimir Murugov, who is also known by the nickname “sausage king”. In November last year, Murugov was shot with a crossbow in his own home.
The fugitives are now being sought not only in the Moscow region of Istra, but throughout the entire Moscow region and even in neighboring regions.Investigators do not exclude that the daring escape could have been planned and prepared for a long time by Mavridi’s accomplices, who are now at large.
90,000 Why do not all states extradite Nazi criminals
The trial, which ended on October 27 in the Novgorod region, confirmed the timeless relevance of the UN Convention on War Crimes.
The Convention on the Inapplicability of the Statute of Limitation to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity had no analogues in the legislative practice of international organizations.Nevertheless, it cannot be said that it was created from scratch. The preamble refers to a number of decisions of the UN General Assembly, of which two resolutions are of paramount importance: confirming the principles of international law recognized by the Charter of the International Nuremberg Military Tribunal and the verdict of this court (of December 11, 1946) and on the extradition and punishment of war criminals (of 31 October 1947).
The mention of the two 1966 resolutions condemning crimes against humanity, violation of the economic and political rights of the indigenous population and the policy of apartheid is also significant.According to the convention, responsibility should not be avoided both by representatives of state authorities and private persons who have committed such crimes or incited to them. Moreover, the countries that signed the document undertake to take all necessary measures to facilitate the extradition of persons guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity, as well as to provide in their legislation norms designed to create conditions for the extradition of such persons in accordance with international law.
Commitment to dogma
Burmese U Thant, who headed the UN at that time, in a report made even during the development of the draft convention, stressed: “The statute of limitations, as well as the principle that laws are not retroactive, should not be used in international law to alleviate the situation of those responsible in the commission of grave crimes against international law and order ”.
The Secretary General has proposed, in such cases, the adoption of customary or constitutional law in countries in doubt, correcting the specifics of local laws that are contrary to the convention.
However, not everyone agreed with him. The Belgians, for example, allowed the law to be reversed if the statute of limitations had not yet expired, but did not recognize the convention with respect to the expired term. The Norwegian representative said that the proposal of the UN Secretary General violated the basic principle of the Constitution of 1814, “which is a living reality in the minds and hearts” of the inhabitants of his country.The Swedes spoke in the same spirit. Great Britain stated that for the country the specific problem of “prosecuting and punishing war criminals, as well as persons guilty of crimes against humanity” is irrelevant, but the situation of those countries where the laws provide for expired statutes of limitations should be taken into account …
Be that as it may, but 58 delegations voted for the adoption of the convention, 7 voted against, and 36 abstained.It is noteworthy that loyalty to dogma, even for countries that experienced Hitler’s “new order”, sometimes turned out to be more weighty than common sense.
Extradition: How It Is Done
In accordance with the established international practice, it is noted on the website of the Russian Agency for Legal and Judicial Information, the requirement for the extradition of the offender (this applies to all crimes, including those falling under the convention on the inapplicability of the statute of limitations) is presented by the state in cases where:
- the crime was committed on its territory;
- the offender is a citizen of this state;
- the crime was directed against this state and caused it harm.
In reality, it is generally recognized in the world that the extradition of a citizen at the request of foreign law enforcement agencies is not the duty of the state, but only its right.
Usually Interpol is used for this. Moreover, Russia has an extradition agreement with 65 member countries of Interpol.
The prosecutor’s office of the country requiring extradition must send a request to its headquarters with an explanation of what the person is accused of and on what grounds. According to official data, approximately every fifth criminal wanted through Interpol channels is arrested.However, after that, the court of the country where the wanted person was detained must make a decision on his extradition. And Interpol can no longer influence this process.
If there is an agreement on mutual extradition between countries, you can do without Interpol. However, the decision of the court of the country where the accused tried to hide is still binding.
Many international legal documents and decisions are devoted to the issues of extradition. These include UN documents (for example, the Model Treaty on Extradition adopted on December 14, 1990, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court 1998), the 1957 European Conventions on Extradition and on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters 1959, the Berlin Convention on the Transfer of Persons sentenced to imprisonment to serve their sentences in the state of which they are citizens, 1978 and international treaties.
The 1968 Convention is based on the principles of international law recognized by the Charter of the International Nuremberg Military Tribunal and its judgment. Photo REUTERS
Requests for extradition to different countries are sent by the Prosecutor General’s Office of Russia. We have established relatively successful contacts in the capture and detention of criminals with Germany and Spain. One of the reasons for the rejection of requests is the absence of bilateral interstate extradition agreements with a number of countries, such as Lithuania and Estonia.Our country and Great Britain do not have it …
Moreover, if in Russia the decision to satisfy the extradition request or to refuse it is made by the General Directorate of International Legal Cooperation of the Prosecutor General’s Office, in Europe the final decision is in the court. And here, too, there are numerous delays.
No matter how many years have passed
On October 27, the first trial in the history of Russia was completed on the recognition of the actions of the Nazis against the peoples of the USSR as genocide and the massacres of civilians in the village of Zhestyanaya Gorka, Novgorod Region in 1942.”To establish a fact of legal significance: to recognize the newly revealed crimes in 1942-1943 by the soldiers of the Tailkommando against at least 2.6 thousand Soviet citizens as war crimes against humanity, genocide of ethnic groups,” the judge of the Soletsky District Court announced Marina Malysheva …
The case was opened after the search engines discovered the remains of civilians, including children, and Soviet prisoners of war, shot by punishers near the village of Tin Gorka, under the project “No statute of limitations” by search engines.In 1942, a special punitive police and SD team, formed by the German fascist invaders, operated in this area. It was headed by German and Austrian officers, and the executors were immigrants from the Latvian SSR, the press service of the Prosecutor General’s Office reported.
Civilians were shot, hacked with melee weapons and beaten to death. In total, according to archival data, more than 2,600 people were killed and thrown into pits outside the village – mainly residents of the territory of the present Novgorod and Pskov regions, according to the report of the Investigative Committee of Russia.
In Soviet times, only the organizer of the mass executions, the German General Herzog Kurt, was brought to trial. In 1947 he was sentenced to 25 years in camps for “atrocious massacres of Soviet citizens” – he died a year later in a camp near Vorkuta. “At the same time, the direct perpetrators of these crimes were not brought to justice, their criminal actions were not given a procedural assessment,” wrote the Prosecutor General’s Office. According to the Investigative Committee, they fled from justice in the USA, Canada and Germany.
Then more than two dozen Nazi criminals escaped punishment. The explanation for this lies in the unwillingness of Soviet ideologists to somehow raise the issue of the nationality of the criminals. Political scientist, member of the central council of the Russian Military-Historical Society Armen Gasparyan noted to the Parliamentary Gazette that the authorities did not want mentions that the murderers were natives of the Latvian SSR. By the way, the Belarusian Khatyn was incinerated by SS accomplices from among the Ukrainian nationalists, but it was forbidden to mention this for fear of casting a shadow on the “friendship of peoples”.
According to Gasparyan, the Latvian side avoids any attempts to objectively look at the events of the war years. Therefore, the process in the Novgorod region gives rise to dotting the “i”. If the court recognizes these massacres as genocide, then it will be much more difficult to extol the executioners as fighters for independence. And the fact that they were able to go to another world before the trial does not matter in this case.
The trial in Novgorod region confirms the timeless relevance of the UN Convention on the Inapplicability of the Statute of Limitation to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity, which entered into force 50 years ago.Then, in 1968, most countries voted for it, confirming their commitment to the highest justice. True, a considerable number of states claiming the status of civilized ones, under various and sometimes casuistic pretexts, preferred to avoid categorically denying the very possibility of coming to terms with the nightmares created by beasts in human form.
On October 22, in the village of Zhestyanaya Gorka, a museum and memorial complex was opened, dedicated to civilians who died at the hands of the occupiers during the Great Patriotic War.Photo: Government of the Novgorod Region
“The UN Convention is not outdated at all,” First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on State Building and Legislation Mikhail Emelyanov told the Parlamentskaya Gazeta. – Recently, more and more statements have been made about the guilt of the Soviet Union in inciting World War II and justifying the actions of the Nazis. It seems that few people decide to openly deny the legitimacy of the decisions of the International Tribunal in Nuremberg, they prefer to simply ignore them or interpret them in the style of characteristics such as “justice of the winners”.
South America has become a true sanctuary for fugitive Nazis. It is no coincidence that Israel did not get involved in the protracted and unpromising process of demanding the extradition of the war criminal Eichmann discovered in Argentina, and without regard to international law, in May 1960, organized the kidnapping of the Nazi responsible for the deaths of millions of people. And he arranged a show trial with the final death sentence … But the demands of the USSR and Russia to extradite those accused of such crimes remained without results, says Armen Gasparyan.
In April, the Investigative Committee of Russia opened a case against Helmut Oberlander , who was hiding in Canada, , of the Sonderkommando that committed atrocities in the Krasnodar Territory. But the representative of the Council for Immigration and Refugees of Canada Anna Pape said that consideration of the issue of possible deportation is suspended and a decision is not expected in the near future due to COVID-19.
“Unfortunately, not all murderers of civilians, innocent children, prisoners of concentration camps and people who were guilty only of the fact that their nationality did not suit the taste of the ideologists of the Third Reich, were justly punished.Demands for the extradition of war criminals were often rejected by the justice authorities and courts of Western countries under frankly far-fetched and casuistic pretexts. It is safe to say that the UN convention was fully implemented only by the Soviet Union, and later by the Russian Federation, ”said the deputy Mikhail Yemelyanov.
26 November 1968, UN. Voting results for the Convention on the Inapplicability of the Statute of Limitation to War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity (adopted by 58 votes against 7, with 36 abstentions)
In favor: Algeria, Bulgaria, Burma, Byelorussian SSR, Central African Republic, Ceylon, Chad, Chile , China, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Dahomey, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, South Yemen, Sudan, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Ukrainian SSR, USSR, United Arab Republic , United Republic of Tanzania, Upper Volta, Yugoslavia, Zambia.
Vs : Australia, El Salvador, Honduras, Portugal, South Africa, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, USA.
Abstaining: Afghanistan, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, France, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Laos, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Anti-money laundering and currency control
The effectiveness of the mechanism for countering illegal financial flows is possible only if the financial system itself puts a barrier to the economic activity of criminal elements. Thus, banks have the right to refuse to open accounts, deposits or conduct transactions for clients whose integrity is questionable.
But sometimes bona fide clients can be rejected if they did not provide the banks with enough information or the banks mistakenly regarded their operations as dubious.To prevent such situations from leading to difficulties and additional costs for honest business, the Bank of Russia has created a two-tier system for reviewing bank decisions on refusals. At the first stage, a client who disagrees with the bank’s decision turns to the bank itself, and if again receives a refusal – to the interdepartmental commission at the Bank of Russia. To contact the interdepartmental commission, you must send an application by mail or electronically through the Internet reception of the Bank of Russia.
For banks, identifying suspicious transactions is a complex and expensive job.The Bank of Russia constantly provides them with methodological support, for example, identifies the main signs of suspicious transactions, and also provides banks with information about persons who were previously denied banking services due to doubts about their integrity.
In the second half of 2021, the Bank of Russia plans to launch the Know Your Client platform for banks, a system that will provide the necessary information on the level of risk of potential and existing customers being involved in suspicious transactions.This will reduce both the costs of banks and the number of unreasonable refusals to their clients.
Illegal financial transactions are often cross-border, therefore the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing is carried out at the international level. To effectively combat these phenomena, international standards have been developed and are constantly being updated in the field of combating money laundering, the financing of terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (AML / CFT / FROMU).The development of standards and control over their implementation by all states is carried out by a specialized intergovernmental organization – the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). The Bank of Russia takes an active part in the work of the FATF and actively interacts with foreign partners in the area of AML / CFT.
The main provisions governing AML / CFT / FROMU are contained in Federal Law No. 115-FZ dated 07.08.2001 “On Counteracting Legalization (Laundering) of Criminally Obtained Incomes and Financing of Terrorism”.
The Bank of Russia also controls the conduct of foreign exchange transactions by credit and non-credit financial institutions. Foreign exchange control is part of government policy. It is aimed at ensuring the stability of the currency of the Russian Federation and the stability of the country’s domestic foreign exchange market.
This area of activity is regulated by Federal Law No. 173-FZ of December 10, 2003 “On Currency Regulation and Currency Control”.
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Page last updated: 05.08.2021
International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg
As early as the winter of 1942, the Allied governments declared their determination to punish Nazi war criminals.
On December 17, 1942, the leaders of the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union drew up the first joint declaration, which officially declared the mass extermination of European Jews and spoke about the decision to punish the perpetrators of violence against the civilian population.Although some political leaders favored quick reprisals instead of justice, the Allies ultimately decided to take the case to the International Military Tribunal. According to Cordell Hull, “the conviction of the perpetrators after such a trial is entirely in the court of history, so that the Germans cannot argue that the confession of guilt for war crimes was pulled out of them under duress.”
In October 1943, US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin signed the Moscow Declaration.It stated that after the cessation of hostilities, the persons responsible for war crimes were to be transferred to the state on whose territory these crimes were committed, and convicted in accordance with the laws of that state. The main war criminals, whose atrocities not only affected a particular geographic area, were to be punished by a joint decision of the Allied Governments.
INTERNATIONAL MILITARY TRIBUNAL
Trials of German leaders before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) – the most widely known post-war trials of war criminals – officially opened in Nuremberg (Germany) on November 20, 1945, just six and a half months after Germany’s surrender.On October 18, 1945, the chief prosecutors of the MWT read the indictments against 24 top Nazi leaders. They were charged with the following four charges:
- Conspiracy to commit crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
- Crimes against the world.
- War crimes.
- Crimes against humanity.
From each of the four Allied Powers – the United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and France – a judge and a prosecution team were involved.The Lord Justice of Great Britain, Jeffrey Lawrence, was elected President of the Court. The Tribunal Rules were formulated as a result of a careful comparison of the Anglo-American and European legal systems.
Interpreters provided simultaneous translation of all sessions into four languages: English, French, German and Russian.
After a lengthy debate, 24 defendants were selected, who were prominent representatives of the diplomatic, economic, political and military leadership of Nazi Germany.
Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler and Joseph Goebbels were never brought to trial, as they committed suicide shortly before the end of the war. The IMT decided not to prosecute them posthumously to avoid giving the impression that they might still be alive.
In fact, only 21 defendants appeared before the court. German industrialist Gustav Krupp was included in the original indictment, but he was already old and in serious health problems.During the preliminary hearing, it was decided to exclude him from the list of the accused. Nazi Party Secretary Martin Bormann was convicted in absentia. Robert Leigh committed suicide on the eve of the trial.
MW accused the defendants of crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Tribunal defined crimes against humanity as “murder, extermination, enslavement, deportation … or persecution for political, racial or religious reasons.”
A fourth conspiracy charge was added, 1) to cover crimes committed under domestic Nazi law prior to the outbreak of World War II, and 2) that subsequent courts would have jurisdiction over the indictment of any person belonging to an organization whose criminal activities were proven. Therefore, the IMT also indicted several Nazi organizations recognized as criminals, namely: the Cabinet of Ministers of the Reich, the corps of the leaders of the Nazi party, the elite guard (SS), the security service (SD), the secret state police (Gestapo), stormtroopers (SA), the General Staff and the High Command of the German Armed Forces.
The defendants had the right to choose their own lawyer.
American Chief Prosecutor Robert Jackson decided to argue his position mainly on the basis of documents written by the Nazis themselves, and not only on the testimony of witnesses, so that no one could accuse the court of relying on biased or dubious evidence. The testimony presented in Nuremberg revealed to the world much of what we know about the Holocaust, including a detailed description of the Auschwitz death machine, the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto, and a six million estimate of the death toll of Jews.
The judges delivered their verdict on October 1, 1946. Conviction required the consent of three of the four judges.
Twelve defendants were sentenced to death; among them were Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hans Frank, Alfred Rosenberg and Julius Streicher. They were hanged, their bodies were cremated at Dachau, and their ashes were scattered over the river Isère. Hermann Goering escaped the executioner’s noose by committing suicide the night before his execution. Three of the defendants were sentenced by the Tribunal to life imprisonment, and four – to imprisonment for a term of 10 to 20 years.Three of the defendants were acquitted.
OTHER LEGAL PROCESSES
The Nuremberg MW trial was one of the earliest and best known in comparison to several subsequent war crimes trials. More than 400 people attended the sessions of the tribunal every day, as well as 325 correspondents from 23 countries.
Most of the war crimes trials that have taken place since 1945 have been conducted against officers and lower-ranking officials.These were the guards and commandants of concentration camps, police officers, members of the Einsatzgruppen (operational punitive squads) and doctors who participated in experiments on prisoners. Their cases were tried by military tribunals of the British, American, French and Soviet occupation zones in Germany and Austria, as well as in Italy in the first years after the war.
On October 17, 1946, just a day after the IMT convicts were executed, President Harry Truman appointed Telford Taylor as America’s new top war crimes prosecutor.He indicted 183 high-ranking German executives in 12 separate trials. These trials, conducted by the American Military Tribunal, are often referred to as the Subsequent (Minor) Nuremberg Trials. Gestapo and SS officials, as well as German industrialists, were convicted for the role they played in the implementation of the Nuremberg Laws and the policy of so-called “Aryization”, in the massacres of Jews in concentration camps, in executions by Einsatzgruppen and in deportations.
Other war criminals were tried in the countries where they committed their crimes. In 1947, a Polish court sentenced to death the commandant of the Auschwitz camp, Rudolf Höss. In West German courts, many former Nazis escaped harsh sentences because their claims that they were simply following orders were often considered a mitigating circumstance. Therefore, some Nazi criminals returned to normal life in German society; many of them have become businessmen.
The activities of “Nazi hunters” (such as Simon Wiesenthal and Beata Klarsfeld) made it possible to arrest, extradite and prosecute some Nazis who fled Germany after the war. The trial of Adolf Eichmann, which took place in Jerusalem in 1961, attracted the attention of the whole world.
However, many war criminals were never tried and punished.
90,000 How pedophiles are punished: from castration to life imprisonment | World Events – Estimates and Forecasts from Germany and Europe | DW
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has supported a bill to toughen the punishment of pedophiles.DW has collected data on what liability is provided for sexual crimes against children in other countries, and where measures such as those approved in Kiev are still applied.
Ukraine: Forced castration and 15 years in prison
Two bills on punishment for rape or abuse of minors were submitted for discussion in the Ukrainian parliament on Thursday, July 11. The MPs voted for a more radical option.
The building of the Verkhovna Rada
It provides for an increase from 7 to 15 years (without the right to parole) of the term of imprisonment for those convicted of such crimes, as well as the creation of an open register of pedophiles and forced chemical castration – when the convicts are injected with chemicals that reduce sexual activity.
In addition, the adopted bill provides for lifelong administrative supervision over persons convicted of rape of minors.The sanctioned sanctions – forced castration and open criminals – have drawn criticism from human rights circles. Meanwhile, this practice already exists in a number of countries, for example, in Poland.
Poland: chemical castration and an open list of pedophiles
In Poland, neighboring Ukraine, for several years there has been an open register of pedophiles posted on the website of the Ministry of Justice. Despite the fact that many criticize this practice for violating the principles of protection of personal data, the register contains the names, photographs, dates of birth and addresses of residence of 768 convicted of pedophilia.In addition to the open registry, there is also an expanded list, in which there are about 2,600 persons convicted of less serious sexual crimes against minors.
This list is available only to law enforcement officials, the management of schools, kindergartens, summer camps for children, and so on. In addition, chemical castration of pedophiles is used in Poland. For crimes of a sexual nature committed against children, it is punishable by imprisonment for a term of 15 to 20 years.Many Poles are in favor of tightening it, in particular, demanding the introduction of mandatory surgical castration of pedophiles.
USA: chemical and surgical castration of pedophiles
Since 1996, chemical castration of pedophiles has been used in the USA. The first state to resort to this kind of punishment for pedophilia was California. According to the laws of this state, any pedophile convicted of having sex with a child under the age of 13 for the second time must be subject to chemical castration upon release from prison.Surgical castration has also been voluntary in the state of Texas since 1997.
Various types of punishment are provided for sexual crimes against children
In addition, restrictive measures are applied in the United States against pedophiles who have been released. After being released from prison, they are registered at their place of residence. Information about where they live, as well as photographs of convicted pedophiles, are publicly available in a national database on the Internet.
In 14 states, they are prohibited from settling in the immediate vicinity of schools and school bus stops, kindergartens or playgrounds. There is a special mailing list through which parents can find out if there is a pedophile living nearby.
Russia: life imprisonment awaits pedophiles
Russian legislation for sexual crimes against children provides for punishment in the form of imprisonment for a term of 4 to 20 years. For pedophiles who have repeatedly committed a crime, the victim of which is a child under the age of 14, life imprisonment is provided, as well as compulsory medical procedures, in particular, chemical castration.
In many countries, they require tougher punishment for crimes against children.
Such medical measures are applied by a court decision on the basis of a mandatory forensic psychiatric examination. In addition to compulsory, if there is a petition or consent of the convicted person, a voluntary procedure for the use of chemical castration may be established. At the same time, the law stipulated that it was not irreversible. Termination of medical exposure will be possible by court order.
Now in Russia they want to toughen punishments for such crimes. In July 2018, the State Duma in the first reading approved a bill providing for life imprisonment for sexual crimes against children under 14 years of age. In accordance with the current version of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (Article 134), the sentence in this case can be up to 10 years in prison.
Germany: prison term and treatment
In Germany, according to various sources, there are between 50,000 and 250,000 pedophiles.Not all of them are considered dangerous to society, not all of them commit crimes against children. About 15 thousand children fall victim to sexual harassment every year. But these are only those cases that were reported to the police. For crimes of a sexual nature against children, the punishment is from 6 months to 10 years in prison.
Capital punishment, that is, life imprisonment, is given in Germany for fatal rape. For less serious crimes, in particular, sexual harassment of children, the terms are shorter.However, in a number of cases, when it comes to pedophiles who have been declared incorrigible, German courts decide to leave the criminals in custody even after they have served their sentence, some five, some ten years, some forever. The most popular measure in the country is the latter.
In this case, pedophilia in Germany is considered a mental illness. For pedophiles who pose a threat to society, compulsory drug treatment is provided. In other cases, medical measures are applied on a voluntary basis.
In addition, Germany is one of the few European countries where, since 1969, the law allows the use of voluntary surgical castration as one of the methods of treatment for offenders of a sexual nature.
It is prescribed for rapists who suffer from serious illnesses and mental disorders arising from a painfully increased sex drive. The main conditions for the operation: the minimum age of the patient is 25 years, as well as a guarantee that castration will not lead to moral and physical injury.
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Artists spoke out against violence
Struggle for life
November 25 is declared by the UN International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in memory of the Mirabal sisters killed for resisting the dictatorial regime in the Dominican Republic …Paying attention to the problem of violence is the task of the artists whose work is on display in the Women’s Museum in Bonn. The paintings of the series “Kurdish Women and Their Struggle for Life” were painted by refugees from Iraq, Syria and Turkey.
Artists opposed violence
Sticks, knives, bottles – objects of photographs by photographer Dirk Dähmlow. The series called “Calling a Spade a Spade” captures the weapons of bullying women from Germany, Russia, Brazil, India, Ethiopia, Zambia and Burkina Faso.
Artists opposed violence
One hundred thousand a year
According to the Federal Office for Criminal Affairs (Bundeskriminalamt – BKA), in 2015, more than one hundred thousand women became victims of domestic violence in Germany. In 331 cases, their injuries were fatal.
Artists opposed violence
In the EU, every third woman has experienced sexual and physical violence at least once.In most cases, the perpetrators are former and current husbands and partners.
Artists opposed violence
Violence includes not only beatings, but also threats, insults, psychological and emotional pressure. These actions in relation to women can be the first signals of possible physical violence.
Artists opposed violence
The topic of violence is still a taboo.However, crime victims’ hotlines operate 24 hours a day in all cities in Germany. In addition to German, the consultants speak several foreign languages and can provide the necessary support. In addition, women can go to special homes – Frauenhäuser, where they can spend the night and receive first aid.
Artist: Ksenia Safronova
90,000 Financial crime risk associated with COVID-19 pandemic
Supply chain fraud, cybercrime, and investment scams are just a few examples of how criminals can take advantage of a pandemic crisis.What legal measures should organizations take to reduce the risk of financial crime caused by COVID-19?
- The high risk of financial crime due to the spread of COVID-19 requires organizations to use the best Internet practices and take strict measures to ensure the security of data and other resources.
- Supply chain fraud is particularly prevalent in the healthcare industry because companies cannot always determine whether they are indeed dealing with a legitimate supplier of equipment or drugs.
- Dealing with the risk of financial crime associated with COVID-19 requires a combination of proven data and a risk-based approach.
While it may seem like the whole world has been paused, criminals are on the alert and looking for new opportunities to illegally cash in on the COVID-19 pandemic. This is why it is important to be especially careful now.
Watch the Supply Chain and COVID-19 webinar: Is it Under Control? (EN) to understand the challenges organizations face during a pandemic and how Refinitiv can help deal with them.
| Incidence statistics, worldwide:
Data from April 13, 2020
Total number of cases Daily increase
January February March April
Source: Refinitiv Datastream data
| Mortality analysis:
France, Italy, UK,
Belgium, Netherlands, Spain,
Iran, China, USA, Germany
Source: Refinitiv Datastream
The need for self-isolation has significantly changed the way we do business and interact with people.Internet traffic has skyrocketed, making us vulnerable to criminals who want to capitalize on the sudden digital invasion of work and privacy.
Organized crime networks are now adapting their methods of operation to meet the opportunities presented by the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new report from Europol (EN). As emphasized in Europol, the most common types of crime were cybercrimes, fraud and operations with counterfeit medical equipment.
COVID-19 and financial crimes
In addition, Interpol reported an increase in internet sites selling fake virus protection (EN), including face masks, substandard hand sanitizers and unregistered antivirals.
As many companies increasingly use virtual workspaces or allow new connections to their systems, the FBI is gearing up for an increase in the number of criminals attempting to steal personal information and intellectual property.
This often occurs through phishing emails purporting to be from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (EN) or other organizations that are responsible for providing information about COVID-19.
The financial crime risk associated with the spread of COVID-19 requires us to use the best online practices and take strict steps to ensure the security of our data and other resources.
Regulatory and operational risks
As countries enter an emergency regime and new laws come into force to address the situation in a pandemic, timely communication of regulatory changes is becoming increasingly important.
Strict self-isolation, which has been introduced in many countries, has forced companies to move to business continuity planning. This has seriously impacted business processes, including working with new customers and suppliers.
Refinitiv Qual-ID is an efficient and accurate Refinitiv Qual-ID solution for digital identity verification and risk assessment. Find out more about Qual-ID now.
For example, financial institutions are faced with an urgent need to move their work online.This is a great opportunity to get a closer look at digital customer experience, but it will require robust digital solutions to ensure security and prevent identity fraud.
Global supply chain disruptions are also forcing companies to seek new resources and suppliers. Despite the need to urgently search for new business partners, one should not sacrifice legal measures, because the risks associated with attracting third parties are only growing.
Fraud in the supply chain
The US Department of Justice has warned of an increase in supply chain fraud, where criminals seize funds and do not deliver promised goods.
In particular, Europol was investigating a case involving the transfer of a European company of 6.6 million euros to a supplier from Singapore, which offered alcohol-based gels and face shields. According to unofficial information, the goods never arrived.
Another example: an attempt to purchase 3.85 million face masks ended in a loss of € 300,000 due to fraud.
Supply chain risks are particularly relevant in the healthcare sector. Many companies are faced with the challenge of finding reliable suppliers due to the incredible demand for medicines and remedies to fight the virus.
Despite the high risks, only 50% of healthcare companies are taking proper legal precautions, according to an upcoming study by Refinitiv. This is 7% less than in other sectors.
4% of the company’s turnover is spent on average on due diligence of customers and third parties
Source: Innovation and the fight against financial crime report
Bribery and Corruption
The health sector is also at risk of bribery and corruption.Corruption often thrives in times of crisis, according to Transparency International (TI).
The supply of medicines and medical supplies is a particularly vulnerable area.
- The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime has found that corruption loses 10 to 25% of health funds.
- In Europe, 28% of all corruption cases are related to the supply of medical equipment.
This TI (EN) data was obtained even before the current crisis and the situation is sure to have worsened due to a global shortage of essential supplies.
Government agencies can become a victim of not only fraudulent schemes, but also overpricing, in which hospitals are forced to either overpay heavily for medical supplies, or to fight the virus, doing without them altogether.
SIX BASIC PRINCIPLES OF EFFECTIVE ABC MANAGEMENT:
- High-level commitment
- Risk management
- Related procedures
- Communication and training
- Legal assessment
Risk of investment fraud
While the majority of firms suffer losses or temporarily suspend operations, investments in the production of medical devices are growing.Forbes magazine even listed medicine as one of the 20 sectors worth investing in amid the coronavirus epidemic.
However, criminals also remain vigilant and invent new fraudulent schemes in response to the changing environment. In this regard, US security services warn investors about companies whose representatives claim to have goods or services that can detect or cure COVID-19.
The Department of Justice also calls for caution in the use of “research data” that is devoted to forecasts of microcapital or low stock prices of companies, information about which is publicly available is very scarce.
The value of a risk-based approach
With the rise in supply chain and investment fraud and financial crime, reliable data is more important than ever to reduce risk without giving up new opportunities.
While it is sometimes urgent to start working with new suppliers, proper legal safeguards cannot be neglected in the face of ever-increasing corruption and fraudulent schemes.
It is in this situation that reliable data, coupled with best practices and a risk-based approach, becomes an essential tool for regulatory compliance and risk reduction (RBA).
According to a document released by the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, the implementation of the RBA is useful for dealing with the challenges posed by COVID-19, as well as for detecting new risks of illegal financial activity.
Now people are struggling with new realities, including fear and lack of stability, and it is more important than ever to be one step ahead of criminals in the field of finance.
The right data, the right tools, and the right knowledge will help you make better decisions and protect communities and organizations from growing corruption and crime.
Watch the English-language webinar Supply Chain and COVID-19: Under Control?
WEBINAR ON REQUEST: SUPPLY CHAIN AND COVID-19: UNDER CONTROL?
Linda Rogers – Global Compliance Manager, Pentair PLC
Sharman Simmons – Director of Strategy and Performance, Refinitiv
Nicholas Belani – EDD Transformation Manager, Refinitiv