Extra point | American Football Wiki
In American football, the extra point or PAT, is the act of lining up to attempt a one-point field goal from the opponent’s 2 yard line, immediately following a touchdown.
If the kick goes through the uprights, the team is awarded 1 point.
The extra point is among the oldest parts of the game of gridiron football and dates to its soccer roots. In its earliest days, scoring a touchdown was not the primary objective. Scoring a field goal was worth 5 points, scoring a touchdown was worth 1 point, and the extra point would be worth 4. By the start of the 20th century, touchdowns had become more important. By this time, the point value for the P.A.T. kick had reduced to its current value, one-point The touchdown was now worth five. In 1912, the touchdown was increased to six.
An extra point attempt
If two points are needed or desired, a two-point conversion try may be attempted by running or passing from scrimmage instead of the extra point kick. A successful two-point conversion is worth 2 points (hence the name).
In the National Football League, the scrimmage for point after touchdown takes place from the two-yard line. In American high school and college football, it is from the three-yard line. In Canadian football it is from the five-yard line. The game clock does not run during an extra-point attempt, except for some rare circumstances at the high-school level.
In the NFL, the play is over once either the attempt fails or the defense takes possession. In many other levels of football, including the Canadian Football League and college football, the play continues until the ball is otherwise dead. This allows the defense to recover the ball to return it to the opponent’s end zone for two points.
In the NFL, the extra point attempt is required after a touchdown during regulation, because points are used for some tiebreakers in the standings. Rarely, this can result in such an attempt having to be made at the end of the game when it cannot change the outcome of the game. If the game is in sudden death overtime, there is no extra point.
- Point After Touchdown
- Point-after Try
NFL extra-point rule changes this season are changing football strategy — Quartz
There are few things more routine in American football than scoring the extra-point kick after a touchdown. At 20 yards out from the goal posts, the kick has long been a given for teams—only eight were missed in the entire 2014 season—and the National Football League wants to reintroduce some drama. The league made a few changes to the rules this season to make the extra point a little less routine, and after just three weeks, it’s already having an impact.
Under the new rules which the NFL is trying out this season, extra-point kicks are now taken 33 yards from the goal posts (which is 15 yards out from the goal line.) That additional distance has already caused kickers across the league to miss 13 attempts. Since 2000, the kicker success rate for extra points has been either 99% or 98% every season, the New York Times reported, and this season it’s currently 95%.
“This is exactly what the league was hoping for—to change a ceremonial play into a competitive play,” John Mara, the co-owner of the New York Giants, told the Times.
While the extra-point success rate is down, it hasn’t cost any teams a game yet. It has, however, caused teams to attempt far more two-point conversions than in previous seasons. (In the NFL, after scoring a touchdown, teams can elect to kick for a single extra point, or try for two points by running or passing the ball over the goal line.) For a two-point conversion attempt, the football is still placed two yards from the goal line. Through three weeks, teams have attempted 25 two-point conversions, which is half as many as were attempted in the entire 2010 and 2011 seasons.
The Pittsburgh Steelers have embraced the new rule, going 3-for-3 on two-point conversion attempts so far, and quarterback Ben Roethlisberger said the team is going to keep doing it all season. For a team that’s successful, the two-pointer pays dividends, as it puts the onus on the other team to respond similarly. ”If you’re up 8-0 and they go score, they have a decision to make,” Roethlisberger told ESPN, speaking about his opponents. “We feel like we’re a team that’s going to do it enough that it’s going to be hard to get a beat on us.”
The NFL also added additional risk to the two-point conversion: If the defending team intercepts the ball or recovers a fumble, it can now run the ball back and score two points itself. Defending teams can also return a blocked extra-point kick for two as well. There’s no accepted name for this scoring play—which has yet to happen this season—although on the first episode of Bill Simmons’ new podcast, it was suggested it could be called the “failed attempt returned for two” or FART for short.
The Jets’ offensive coordinator apparently worked up a whole range of new two-point conversion plays for this season, and now the team has two coaches up in the press box during games to analyze whether it’s worth going for one or two points after a touchdown. Who knows—in the future, if teams get better at going for two after touchdowns, we could actually see an increase in the number of points scored in the NFL. For now, at least, kicking has become a little less routine.
When to go for two in the NFL: Breaking down the success rate for 2-point conversions vs. extra points
NFL teams are attempting two-point conversions in 2020 more than ever before, and it’s something the math says should’ve happened a long time ago.
According to the Associated Press, the NFL has “gone for 2” more through six weeks of a season than it ever has since the two-point conversion’s inception in 1994. That’s likely due in part to more NFL teams embracing the analytics movements that have hit most professional sports, because in this case, the numbers often say teams should try the two-point conversion more than they do.
The two-point conversion is also more aesthetically pleasing and more football-centric than an extra-point attempt. Kickers feel like such a break in flow of an offensively powered football game, so keeping the offenses out and going for two can often add drama and excitement to the game. Here’s what you need to know about the NFL’s play on the rise.
What is a two-point conversion in the NFL?
After a touchdown, an NFL team has two options: It can attempt a point-after kick, which if successful adds one point to their score; or it can attempt a two-point conversion, which functions like a basic offensive play where the team needs to find the end zone (like on a touchdown) to earn the two points. The NFL adopted the two-point conversion in 1994.
NFL two-point conversion success rate
Across the 2018 and 2019 NFL seasons, teams converted two-point conversion attempts 49.4 percent of the time. That compares to making the one-point point after kick 94.1 percent of the time.
Those numbers can be used to have a point expectation per conversion attempt, which some call “Expected Points Added.” Since two-point conversions are worth, yes, two points, converting them at a 49.4 percent rate means you can expect to score an average of 0.988 points per two-point try.
At a 94.1 percent extra point rate, PATs come with an expected points added of 0.941. That means two-point conversions, on average, can be expected to bring slightly more scoring in the long run than extra points at the 2018-19 conversion rates.
Kick an extra point from the 15 or go for two from the 2
The NFL moved extra points back to the 15-yard line in 2015 to conceptually increase their difficulty level, and it worked in lowering the success rate on extra points by about four percentage points. That’s the move that also swung the Expected Points Added on two-point conversions above the EPA on extra points.
These yard lines also play an interesting role in post-touchdown decisions when penalties come into play. If a team is kicking an extra point and the defense goes offside, they can attempt the point-after from five yards closer or take half the distance from the 2-yard line instead. Any penalty movement of course alters the percentages, but it’s worth noting when playing out whether to go for two or not.
What happens if you intercept a two-point conversion try?
A defensive team is eligible to score on an offensive two-point conversion attempt. If the offense turns the ball over, via interception or fumble, the defense has the opportunity to return the ball to the opposite end zone. If they make it, it’s two points.
Chiefs safety Eric Berry won a game with a “pick-two” in 2016.
How important is leading by certain point totals in the NFL?
The smart folks at FiveThirtyEight did a lot of work on two-point conversion possibilites a few years ago. They broke down how much win probability as a team’s lead increases by increments of one in a game with 10 minutes remaining. One notable finding was that going from an eight-point lead to a nine-point lead (making it a two-possession game) only increases win probability by 2.9 percent. Going from a seven-point lead to an eight-point lead increases win probability by 3.3 percent.
The overall trend of the chart in that FiveThirtyEight piece is that the larger a lead, the less win probability changes with an extra point. That suggests that teams with big leads should kick the extra point, which they usually do. However, the converse of that also suggests that teams in a big hole should frequently go for two when they score, because the closer the score gets, the less valuable that extra point is.
When should NFL teams go for two?
There are classic situations when teams go for two. If you’re down 16 and score a touchdown late, you go for two to get within eight, for example. Most people can do the math on the eight-point increments to figure out when that type of two-point conversion helps. But teams don’t go for two enough, according to FiveThirtyEight and a number of other mathematical breakdowns.
FiveThirtyEight came up with 11 post-TD margins that teams should go for two during, with 10 minutes left in the game: Down 15, down 13, down 11, down 10, down eight, down five, down four, down two, up one, up five and up 12.
One scenario that almost never sees teams go for two is when a touchdown cuts the deficit to four. Coaches want to be within three to allow a field goal to tie the game. But the chances of winning the game go up more by being within two (where a FG wins the game) than being down four (where a TD is needed). The game-tying field goal only gives a team a roughly 50-50 shot of winning the game, rather than taking a roughly 50-50 shot on the two-point conversion to then be in position to win the game with a field goal.
Of course, there are a lot of game states other than 10 minutes remaining, where the above data comes from. The general rule of thumb is that there’s less penalty for going for two early in a game than late, although in a tight game late, the two-point conversion often proves to be the best play to alter the margin in the scoring team’s favor.
FiveThirtyEight reached a number of conclusions, including that a team down two points should basically always go for two, especially in the second half. It also says that going for two when up five points or eight points early shows a clear advantage, allowing a team to get up seven or 10 instead of six or nine.
Another website, Over The Cap, suggests that a team should essentially always go for two. This is based on the Expected Points Added from extra points rarely being higher for a given team than two-point conversion EPA. A team would need a deadeye kicker and a poor offense for that to be the case. Of course game state still matters in this thinking, but the idea would be that in the long run, going for two every time would lead to more points for your team than kicking the extra point every time (and more points likely mean more wins).
How should coaches handle two-point conversions in the final seconds?
Week 6 of the NFL season created quite the two-point conversion controversy. Romeo Crennel and Ron Rivera both called for their teams to go for two, both failed, and eventually both teams lost. The data above shows that both coaches had a case.
Crennel went for two in an effort to go from up seven to up nine with limited time remaining. With so little time, being up two possessions would have made a comeback by the other team nearly impossible, and jumping from a seven-point lead to an eight-point lead wouldn’t increase win probability nearly as much.
Rivera took a riskier swing, going for two with less than a minute left down just a point. An extra point would’ve likely sent the game into overtime, where two bad quarterbacks would’ve dueled for a win (let’s say it was roughly a 50-50 chance for either team in overtime, especially considering the coin flip). Rivera chose instead that a two-point conversion, with an average success rate of almost 50 percent, was his preferred call. In a tie game, Washington’s win probability likely heading to overtime would’ve been about 50 percent. But Rivera took the 50-percent play to try and increase Washington’s win probability to 99 percent.
No all teams or two-point conversions are created equal, of course. Whether a team is on the road or at home matters, as does the offense on each side. A far inferior team with a chance to pull a road upset, for example, might want to go for two rather than letting the other side’s better offense get a chance to win it in overtime. There’s also the matter of a two-point conversion playbook. If a team has a play they feel almost automatically works and that the other team won’t be expecting, it’s especially worth using late in the game, even if you save it earlier on.
There is so much out of an offense’s control after an extra point ties the game or takes a field goal or touchdown lead. Anything that an offensive coordinator or head coach can do while in control of the offense to make that out-of-control situation more difficult for the opposing team to overcome is probably the way to go.
NFL to change extra-point kicks to longer distance
SAN FRANCISCO — As expected, NFL owners on Tuesday voted 30-2 to approve a change in the rule governing extra points after touchdowns.
The owners considered three proposals but ultimately approved a rule change endorsed by the competition committee. The new rule pushes the kick back to the 15-yard line and leaves the two-point conversion at the 2-yard line.
It also makes the play “live,” meaning the defense could return a blocked kick or a turnover on a two-point play for two points.
The New England Patriots proposed snapping the ball from the 15 for a one-point kick or placing the ball at the 2-yard line for a two-point try. According to the Patriots’ proposal, a team’s choice was not final and was subject to change following a timeout or penalty.
The Philadelphia Eagles proposed snapping from the 15 for the kick but moving the ball to the 1 for a two-point conversion. The Eagles also wanted the defense to be able to score points if it returned a turnover on the two-point conversion to the other end zone.
Houston Texans general manager Rick Smith pointed to the high rate of success of extra points as a reason for the change.
Washington and Oakland were the only teams to vote no. The rule change will be reviewed after one year.
NFL place-kickers have converted at least 98 percent of their extra points since 2000. That figure has hovered above 99 percent since 2010, providing little incentive to go for two-point plays. Coaches attempted them after just 4. 9 percent of touchdowns last season; they were converted at a rate of 47.5 percent.
NFL owners voted to move extra-point kicks to the 15-yard line and allow defenses to score on two-point conversion turnovers. Mitchell Layton/Getty Images
There were 41 field goal attempts last season from 33 yards. Only two were missed. The conversion rate for 33-yard field goals over the past five seasons is 92.8 percent (154-of-166). Extra-point kicks are currently from the 2-yard line.
Although it has been proposed as a one-year rule to see how it plays out in 2015, Smith says the intent from the competition committee is that rule change stays a part of the game for the long haul.
“We tried to add some skill to the play, which is the reason why we moved it back to the 15,” Smith said. “And then the other element is how do we create a more exciting play? And so to give the defense an opportunity to score, it adds an element there, as well as obviously incentivizing teams to go for two.
“So our hope is what we’ve done is we’ve added skill to the play, and then we will also see some increase in the attempts to go for two. We just felt like it was a play that was almost a ceremonial play, the way it has languished here recently.”
And Troy Vincent, the league’s vice president of football operations, noted that placekickers can handle such an alteration.
“The feedback that we got when we adjusted the field goal at the Pro Bowl didn’t go over too well,” Vincent said. “But they understand. The kicker is a skill position now. They are extremely accurate. We are not trying to remove the foot out of the game.”
NFL kickers are not necessarily on board with the change.
“What did the NFL really accomplish?” said kicker Jay Feely, a 14-year NFL veteran, via Twitter. “It’s still nearly automatic (90%vs 99%) but greater risk of injury to Oline.”
NFL’s New Extra-Point Rules a Good 1st Step, But There’s Still More to Be Done | Bleacher Report
Maddie Meyer/Getty Images
Every point scored in a football game affects the outcome. Therefore, every point should be contested and should have some degree of difficulty. Anything automatic is useless in a sport that presents equal doses of mental and physical challenges.
Nothing should be assumed, and the home audience shouldn’t be given a convenient break to step aside and replenish the living room’s supply of bacon-wrapped everything.
The extra-point attempt had long passed its expiration date. It was the league’s two-week-old deli meat shoved to the back of the fridge. A successfully booted ball from the 2-yard line after a touchdown was such a formality that kickers missed only five of 1,267 extra-point attempts in 2013.
That translated to a conversion rate of 99.6 percent (an all-time single-season high), and more near-flawlessness followed in 2014 with a 99.3 percent success rate. NFL kickers have reached the 99 percent plateau in each of the past five seasons, and there hasn’t been a season below 98 percent since 1993, according to Matthew Futterman of the Wall Street Journal.
Change had to come for this utterly obsolete act of clinging to tradition. But the NFL generally hides under the warm comfort of bed covers when faced with any radical shift in gameplay.
So which option was given 30 thumbs up and only two dissenting votes by owners during their spring meeting in San Francisco? The one that felt safe, of course. Dan Blandino, the NFL’s vice president of officiating, provided a recap of the rule changes:
Dean Blandino @DeanBlandino
The extra point rule for 2015 just changed. Snap for kick from the 15-yard line, 2-pt try stays at 2-yard line and defense can return.
The league’s decision in part implements a preseason experiment that injected some periodic blinking into a play on life support. For two weeks during the 2014 preseason, a team lined up at the 15-yard line after scoring a touchdown. The extra point was then a 33-yard try, whereas previously chip shots came from 20 yards out.
The result? Well, something.
|Comparing extra point conversion percentages|
Sure, those eight misses are from a minuscule sample size when compared to 2013. Over two weeks of preseason games, kickers attempted 133 extra points, and there were 1,316 in 2013. But inexperience is a standard preseason flaw, and many of the kickers who participated in the experiment were released before meaningful football began.
What we have with the approval of a new approach is a tiptoeing start. It’s a beginning and a natural evolution toward something more permanent to fix an afterthought. Courtesy of Barry Petchesky of Deadspin, Sportsnet New York’s Andrew Vazzano provided insight on the NFL’s kicking percentages from 1932-2013:
Andrew Vazzano ⚽️ @AVRBNY
The NFL kicking percentage for extra points and field goals from 1932-2013, via http://t. co/hNpyBFU9xs | http://t.co/zHL5m81gdS
Tuesday’s decision is potentially a temporary rule change, too, and will be revisited following the 2015 season. Which is where hope can be found.
There’s reason to believe this tweak—and let’s be clear: The 33-yard extra point cranks the change knob no more than one notch—will be followed by more tinkering with the post-touchdown procedure in the coming seasons.
The first source of optimism simply comes from other proposals under consideration this year, even if they weren’t adopted. An idea floated from the Philadelphia Eagles suggested moving up two-point conversion attempts to the 1-yard line. That would have fundamentally changed strategy and led to the importance of extra-point specialists like the Eagles’ own quarterback/throwing running back Tim Tebow.
Another proposal from the New England Patriots was identical to the competition committee idea eventually accepted, but without an opportunity for the defense to score.
The owners delicately took a middle ground between those three options. They shied away from drastic two-point change, but introduced the potential to be punished for a longer extra-point miss if a blocked kick is returned. In that case, the defense gets two points.
Overall, this still represents a step forward, albeit a slight one. When this half-measure flounders, hopefully 32 rich men, whose votes matter, will be far more open to a larger stride next year.
Because while there’s encouragement to be found if you’re the optimistic type, any play with a 90-plus percent success rate is still barely avoiding irrelevant status. Nathan Jahnke of Pro Football Focus shared some stats on field-goal accuracy:
Nathan Jahnke @PFF_NateJahnke
30-35 yard FG accuracy in 2013 and 2014 by location: Left Hash 91.6%, Center 97.6%, Right Hash 93.8%
Kickers connected on 95.8 percent of attempts in the 30- to 34-yard range in 2014, per Futterman.
There will be change, just not a whole lot, and the coaches set to make rapid decisions in high-pressure moments know their thought process won’t be affected much.
“It’ll be interesting, because I don’t really think things are going to change, except the fact that percentage goes down from 32 or 33 yards,” said Denver Broncos head coach Gary Kubiak, via Ben Swanson of Broncos.com.
“So the minute you miss that extra point, the two-point play comes into effect.”
The scenario Kubiak describes was standard thinking under the old rules, and now perhaps sprinkling a few more missed PATs throughout the season will in turn lead to a marginal uptick in two-point conversion attempts. But any increase will barely be noticeable.
And while added risk is introduced through the threat of a defensive score, it’s minimal at best, too. During the 2014 regular season, 31 kicks were blocked. That includes attempts from any distance, and clearly there are far fewer thuds for shorter kicks not requiring a low trajectory. Only two of those blocked kicks were returned for touchdowns, coming on attempts from 48 and 41 yards.
The next step is to either back kickers up further or embrace the 1-yard line as a starting spot for two-point conversion attempts. That would bring a new strategic wrinkle, as teams had a 57.5 percent scoring rate in 2014 from the 1-yard line, according to SB Nation’s Katie Sharp, as opposed to the 47.5 percent two-point conversion rate from a yard further back.
Or there’s another idea that’s been tossed around, one Broncos kicker Connor Barth supports.
“Narrowing the uprights would make it a lot more challenging than moving the extra point,” he told Nicki Jhabvala of the Denver Post. “Most guys can hit 33-yarders in their sleep.”
Barth added that the new distance will “probably change the percentages a bit,” but nothing of significance.
“I still think we’ll be in the high 90 percent range on extra points from the 15. I think they’re just trying to find something to change. “
He’s right: This will be mostly useless tweaking if the NFL stops here. However, as a first step for a league sluggish in its acceptance of change, the new extra-point distance has value.
Strategizing and managing risk are at the root of football, and both will eventually be needed for every play.
Buccaneers involved in bizarre preseason situation where extra point went through uprights but did not count
The Buccaneers’ preseason game against the Bengals on Saturday featured something you almost never see in the NFL: A team kicking an extra point wasn’t given credit for the kick even though the ball went through the uprights.
The bizarre situation happened late in the first quarter of Cincinnati’s 19-14 win over Tampa Bay.
The odd play started after Buccaneers running back Ke’Shawn Vaughn scored on a 2-yard run. Following the touchdown, Buccaneers coach Bruce Arians decided he wanted to get a little tricky with his extra point play.
The Bucs indicated that they wanted to go for two, so the officials set the ball up at the 2-yard line. At that point, the Buccaneers sent out their kicking team, but with a twist: The team’s holder (Bradley Pinion) lined up at quarterback and the team’s kicker (Ryan Succop) lined up at running back.
This extra point attempt didn’t work out so well for the Buccaneers.
NFL Game Pass
After realizing that the Bengals were ready for the trick play, Pinion called for his teammates to set up in a normal extra point formation so that they could kick the ball and that’s exactly what they did.
Here is Succop knocking the extra point through.
After the kick went in, the scoreboard still said 6-0, which confused a lot of people who were watching the game.
This guy even offered to send the Buccaneers a video of the kick going through.
Although many fans thought the officiating crew messed something up with the extra point, they actually got the call right. The extra point didn’t count because of where the Buccaneers kicked it from.
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Back in 2015, the NFL moved the extra point snap back from the 2-yard line to the 15-yard line, which means that if a team wants to KICK an extra point, they have to snap it from the 15. If a team wants to attempt a two-point conversion, they get to snap it from the 2, however, if they go that route, they’re absolutely not allowed to kick it.
The Buccaneers kicked it anyway marking the first time that a team has tried an illegal extra point since the rule changed six years ago.
So what happens if a team tries an illegal extra point? Glad you asked. The kick goes down as an “aborted” attempt in the NFL’s official play-by-play summary, which means it doesn’t count, even if it goes in.
After the game, Arians was asked about the bizarre extra point attempt and he definitely didn’t sound happy about how his team handled it.
“We had really bad communication on the faked extra point,” Arians said, via TampaBay.com. “The kicker didn’t know the rule. You can’t line back up and kick it. You don’t get a point for it. Evidently, it wasn’t communicated well enough that you can’t do that, so that’s on me.”
The good news for the Buccaneers is that it happened in a preseason game, so it won’t matter much in the larger scheme of things. Also, the rest of the NFL now knows that kicking an extra point when the ball is snapped from the 2-yard line is a horrible idea.
Six Key Differences Between College and NFL Football (That We Tend to Forget About)
Most football fans love watching both college and NFL games. To be sure, it’s easy to catch a handful of games on Saturday (including your favorite college team), then catch an NFL game or two on Sunday…and Monday.
Kicks, passes, runs and touchdowns—It’s all the same in both leagues, right?
More or less. It’s so easy to get caught up in the games (they’re always exciting) that we forget that the games do have some distinct differences.
And some of those differences can definitely affect the outcome of a game, or at least the way it’s played. Here’s a look at the differences between NFL and NCAA football:
1. Sideline catches. Watch your feet.
Speed, cuts, and hands. Those are the trademarks of a great receiver at both college and pro levels.
But good receivers need to be aware of where their feet are in the NFL.
A college receiver only needs to get one foot inbounds for a legal catch. In the NFL, the receiver must get both feet in for the catch to be good.
One of last season’s best plays was Aaron Rodgers’ 36-yard pass to Jared Cook on 3rd and 20 against Dallas, with time running out, in a Divisional playoff game. It was a completion because Cook made sure he got both feet in before momentum took him out of bounds, stopping the clock. Green Bay then kicked the game-winning field goal.
2. Stop the clock.
In the pros, teams know that there’s an automatic clock-stoppage when there are two minutes left in each half, and they work it into their clock management. For the team with the ball, it gives them an extra timeout and more help coming up with a strategy to score before time runs out.
There’s not a two-minute warning and automatic clock stoppage in college football, so they don’t get that extra freebie timeout.
However, college teams get an advantage with clock stoppages that the NFL teams don’t have.
In college, the clock stops after every first down, just long enough for the down markers to be reset. Once the chains are moved, the clock starts running. It’s not much, but those seconds add up and might be all a team needs to spike the ball to stop the clock, or line up for a “Hail Mary. “
3. Shifting hash marks.
Few of us pay much attention to the hash marks at all, since they rarely affect the outcome of a game, but they do affect how the game is played on the field. (Chances are, the casual fan knows little about them at all.)
But hash marks are distinctly different on Saturdays and Sundays.
There are two hash marks that run parallel to the sidelines, the entire length of the playing field, excluding the end zones. When the ball goes out of bounds on the sideline (say a runner gets pushed out), the ball is marked on the closest hash mark. Or, if the ball is downed between the sideline and a hash mark, the ball is placed on the that hash mark for the next play.
It works that way for the NFL and college, but the hash marks are not laid out the same.
Take a look at the graphic above. Here’s what it reveals:
How does that affect the game? For one, college place-kickers (if they’re kicking from a hash mark), have a tougher angle (and kick) than a pro kicker. And when the ball is marked on a hash mark in college, the offensive team has less in-bounds territory on one side.
In the pros, the closer hash marks give a team more field to work with. And, as it turns out, the left and right hash marks in pro football line up with the uprights on the goalposts.
Speaking of goalposts, they’re the same width in college and the pros: 18’ 6”.
4. Overtime play.
College football has a much different approach to overtime than the pro game, which is more traditional but can lead to a game ending in a tie.
There aren’t any tie games in college.
Here’s an explanation of how overtime works at both levels.
Overtime in the NFL. The team who wins the coin toss always elects to receive. There’s a kickoff to start a 10-minute overtime period. That’s NEW for 2017—overtime had been 15 minutes. If the receiving team gets a touchdown on their first drive, the game is over. If they get only a field goal or if they don’t score, the other team gets its shot.
If neither team scores in the one and only overtime, the game ends in a tie. Surprisingly, there aren’t too many of those. Last season, the Bengals and Redskins played a 27-27 game, and the Cardinals and Seahawks ended up in a 6-6 tie.
Overtime in college. There’s no kickoff in college overtime. The team that wins the coin toss gets the ball 25 yards from the end zone and tries to score a touchdown…or at least a field goal. When their possession is over (whether they score or not), the other team gets the ball at the 25-yard line. Their objective to win the game or at least tie it, based on what the other team did on its possession. If the score is tied after the first overtime, then there’s a second overtime. Each “round” (where both teams get a chance to score) is called an overtime.
If there’s a third overtime, any team that scores a touchdown must attempt a 2-point conversion. Games can’t end in a tie, so they keep playing until one team wins. In 2003, a game between Arkansas and Kentucky went into seven overtimes before there was a winner. Arkansas won 71-63.
Here’s a funny tidbit about college “overtime.” There is no clock in the extra periods.
5. Down and out.
This is one rule difference where it seems the NFL has it right and college has it wrong.
In the NFL, if a player with the ball slips and falls, he can get up and run. He’s only ruled down if he hits the ground due to contact with a defender or if he falls to the ground (maybe after a reception) and a defender touches him before he gets up.
In college, a player is ruled down once his knee or another part of his body (other than his feet or hands) touch the ground. So, if a runner has the ball and slips and falls, he’s ruled down.
That just doesn’t seem right. It’s called tackle football, not slip-and-fall football.
Who knows? It just might be the difference between a score and quadruple overtime.
6. The (not-so-automatic) extra point.
In 2015, the NFL introduced a major change to the PAT (point-after-touchdown), which had become a routine and fairly automatic one point that was kicked from the two-yard line. From where the placeholder kneeled, the PAT attempt was only 20-yards long.
That’s why it was simply called the extra point.
Now in the NFL, the ball is placed on the 15-yard line. If the team wants to go for one point, they need to convert a 33-yard kick. However, the ball is still placed on the two-yard line for a two-point conversion attempt.
What about college? In the NCAA, the ball is placed on the three-yard line for both one- and two-point conversion attempts. But there’s already some talk about changing that someday.
The list goes on.
There are likely more differences between professional and college football you know might know about or could discover on your own.
Here is one that almost all football fans are aware of: There’s not a formal playoff system in college football.
We don’t even want to get into that.
90,000 for what they give, how to get
Additional points for the exam are a small number of points that you get not for the exam result, but for other achievements and directly from the university you are entering.
Let’s just say that all universities have the right to add points to applicants, but not all universities enjoy this right. In addition, you will get with a maximum of 10 points per applicant.
The list of achievements for which you can get a bonus is determined by each university independently and is in the admission rules.
Speaking “additional points for the Olympiad”, we, first of all, mean a very specific All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren, participation in which can add points to the exam, but bring a cash prize or even “free” auto-admission to your chosen university.
In addition to this super-olympiad, there is a list of olympiads and smaller contests approved by the Ministry of Education and Science, the victory in which is not so legendary, but still will bring several additional advantages.
Excellent study for all the time spent at school should be rewarded and this is how it works, with only one caveat – the medalist must confirm his school medal with at least 70 points on the Unified State Exam in Russian and profile mathematics, or a solid 5th in mathematics basic, if it does not pass the profile.
TRP and sport
Not only academic success is valued in modern education, but also sports achievements, as well as readiness for work and defense. Good physical fitness, being close to professional sports, or winning sports championships can also add a few points to your entrance tests.
Volunteering and creative portfolio
Help to neighbors and creative success, performances in art, literary, poetry, theater, journalism and many other competitions, which you can confirm with certificates or award lists, can also be taken into account in admission, if not in the form of specific points, then as an advantage over applicants who are more inert in the public sense.Keep your diplomas and certificates, carefully keep the personal book of the volunteer and boldly bring all this to the admissions office – universities need activists.
Finally, let’s say that some universities take into account your final essay, the very one that served as your admission to the exam. Therefore, when passing it, be guided not only by the level of the school test, but also by the level of the university.
In striving to do well, it is important to measure your strengths and not try to keep up with all the opportunities for admission, but carefully prepares for the main exam along the way, capturing for yourself a couple of advantages that are really good for you and will not take a lot of energy.Don’t try to put everything into one rush for admission – you still need a reserve of strength and enthusiasm for many years of university studies.
On Vuzopedia.ru, on the page of each university, we indicate how many points each specific university adds for certain achievements.
90,000 Additional tests or USE – what universities choose – Rossiyskaya Gazeta
Today it is no surprise to anyone that the passing score to a prestigious university sometimes turns out to be higher than 300 – the maximum possible score based on the results of three USEs.Where do “extra” points come from? For example, the School of Advanced Studies of Tyumen State University takes into account the individual achievements of applicants, Moscow State University and the Higher School of Economics themselves conduct additional tests, and St. WorldSkills Russia) “and” Professionals of the future (JuniorSkills) “. The percentage of applicants based on the results of the Olympiads is growing annually.So, this year only at Moscow University, out of more than six thousand budgetary places, almost half went to the winners and prize-winners of such competitions. For talented young people, one exam is not enough.
What to do? Do we need radical changes in the system of assessing the knowledge of applicants?
“The moment has come when the USE alone is no longer enough, universities need tools for a finer selection of students,” said Olga Nazaikinskaya, director of the Center, during a discussion at the Skolkovo Moscow School of Management Education Transformation Center.- Ten years ago, the introduction of a unified state examination was necessary to eliminate corruption and make the system of admission to universities transparent. However, today this task has been “removed”.
“Based on the USE results, universities compete for talented and motivated students,” said Anna Tyshetskaya, Vice-Rector for Academic and Educational Work of the Far Eastern Federal University. The unified state examination, according to her, is primarily a tool for an independent and objective assessment of knowledge.And whoever says anything, the points received at the state exam directly depend on a person’s ability to learn.
But the students themselves seem to look at the Unified State Exam differently.
“I have a high score, but I do not consider this exam the only objective way to test knowledge,” said Lada Volokhova, a student at Tyumen State University. In 2019, Lada scored 100 points in literature. but the circumstances: excitement, lack of sleep, family problems… and, as a result, the Unified State Exam – a failure. An appeal, as a rule, does nothing in this case. Alas. “
The employers are even more radical. After all, not all universities provide the same high level of student training.
– It would be logical to ask: does the level of higher education in Russia allow accepting applicants with the current level of training after the USE? – asked the entrepreneur Ilya Sozontov, blogger, founder of the project to popularize the history of HISTRUCTOR – And further: is the preparation for the USE sufficiently connected with the real requirements of the market? . ..
However, today’s Russian universities have quite justified claims to global competitiveness – Russian universities are regularly included in the tops of international university rankings. In addition, new non-standard educational programs appear with their own requirements for applicants.
– Universities claiming global leadership should have the right to self-determination, including in the selection of future students: For some, only the USE will be an acceptable tool, and some universities should have the right to additional tests.But this right must be earned, – Olga Nazaikinskaya summed up.
The Center for Education Transformation named three criteria that must be met by a university that claims the right to “its” exams. First, there is a high minimum passing score, which has been maintained for several years. Secondly, there is a big competition even with a high passing score. And the third point is the dropout of students from the first year. And this is why? It turns out that it is the growing number of dropouts from elementary courses that is the main argument for the introduction of their own entrance examinations in universities. Lots of royalties? This means that not everyone who passed the USE was able to cope with the university program.
According to experts, additional tests will help universities find “the very” applicants motivated to study at a particular university at a particular faculty. The Unified State Exam does not always cope with this.
For which they give additional points upon admission
Even one point can be decisive for admission. In this article, we will tell you why HSE gives extra points.
Higher School of Economics
The sum of points awarded to an applicant for individual achievements cannot exceed 10 points.
An applicant can get additional points for:
- Certificate / diploma with honors – 3 points.
- Availability of the status of a winner or prize-winner of the All-Russian competition “Volunteer of Russia”: federal stage – 2 points , regional stage – 1 point.
- Availability of the status of the winner (prize-winner) of the national and (or) international championship in professional skills among disabled people and people with disabilities “Abilympix” – 3 points.
- Availability of the status of champion, medalist of the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Deaflympics, world champion, European champion, person who took first place in the world championship, European championship in sports included in the programs of the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Deaflympics – 5 points.
- Availability of the status of world champion, European champion, winner of the world championship, European championship in sports not included in the programs of the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Deaflympics – 5 points.
- Availability of the gold insignia of the All-Russian physical culture and sports complex “Ready for labor and defense” and a certificate for it – 2 points.
- Other sporting achievements: having a sporting title – 4 points ; the presence of a valid sports category – candidate for master of sports – 3 points.
- The status of a member of the national teams of the Russian Federation, who participated in international Olympiads in general subjects, the winner of the final stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren – 10 points .
- Prize-winning in the final stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren – 8 points .
- Victory and prizes in the regional stage of VOSh – from 4 to 8 points .
- Victory and prizes in university Olympiads – from 1 to 8 points.
- Victory and prizes in other Olympiads – from 1 to 8 points.
90,000 How to enter a university: life hacks from experts
All graduates want to enter a prestigious university on a budget. Indeed, for paid education you need to pay at least 300 thousand a year, which not every family can afford. And this – if we are talking simply about a decent, and not at all about a top university! Anyone who is even a little interested in this topic knows that you can increase your chances of admission.There are many ways to do this, such as targeted training, individual achievement points, or a rare specialization. Most of these methods require quite a lot of preparation. But this year’s graduates can still do something if they prioritize correctly.
Target direction to the university
Not everyone knows that it is possible to enter the university in the target direction from a private company or government organization. Then this organization or the state budget will allocate money for your training.In this case, after training, you will have to work a certain amount of time (usually up to 5 years) at a low salary and without the right to change jobs. For many, this is a great way to get free education and guaranteed employment. The disadvantages and risks are that you cannot change your mind and leave the university without completing your studies, or choose another place of work. Otherwise, all the money spent on your education will have to be paid in court.
If you decide that the risks are not high, find out in the selection committee of the selected university, with which companies they have already signed contracts for targeted training of students.And then go to these companies with a request to send you to study as a target. Or find an employing company yourself. State organizations usually send a request to the administration for the allocation of a budgetary place in a university for a certain applicant. It is necessary to conclude an agreement with the found organization at least six months before the exam. It should indicate how many years and under what conditions you are required to work after training. By April-May, all issues with funding, lists of applicants and the number of allocated target places are resolved. If there are more target groups than allocated places, then a separate competition is held among them on the basis of USE scores. But it is much easier to go through this competition than on a general basis.
Certificate with honors or victory in the Olympiad
According to the existing rules, each university has its own system for adding additional points to the exam, the so-called accounting for individual achievements. “Thus, if there are two graduates, each of whom received the same number of USE points in all subjects, but one of them has bonus points, the priority for admission will remain with the last of them,” says founder and head of the CENTRiUM network of training centers Atash Shirmamedov .- One of the highest additional points is awarded to the holders of the medal “For special academic success”. For example, at Moscow State University it is 5 points, at HSE – 3. To get them, a student must have a certificate with honors. Obviously, this is one of the most difficult options on the path to obtaining the coveted points. Given the complex school curriculum, a graduate should devote almost all his free time to study. ”
Another no less laborious way to get additional points is participation in the Olympiads for schoolchildren in specialized subjects.Of course, Olympiads are of different levels, and not all of them are recognized by universities. Having the status of a winner or prize-winner of the final stage of the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren is a direct road to the best universities in the country. But many other Olympiads are also recognized by individual universities. Every year, universities post on their websites a list of Olympiads, successful participation in which gives additional points for admission to them. First of all, participate in those Olympiads in which the chosen institute or university recognizes a victory for a special achievement.
Even if you won a ranking Olympiad in a non-core subject, it will still increase your chances of becoming a student. It’s just that such a victory will not be counted as an individual achievement, but as 100 points in the Unified State Exam in the relevant subject.
What to do if the USE points are not enough
Of course, not all applicants are Olympiads winners. But for other achievements, additional points can also be awarded. The maximum number of points for individual achievements is 10, but even 1 point can be decisive, so it’s definitely worth working for the extra bonuses!
“Now there are real opportunities for an applicant to increase their chances of entering a university,” shared her experience Natalya Mikhailova, mother of a graduate of 2019 .- I have studied in advance all possible ways to gain additional points. For admission to the faculty of the NRNU MEPhI chosen by your son, you need to score 275 points. This means that each of the three exams (Russian, mathematics and physics) must be passed at least 92 points. This is not an easy task! While the son writes the probes to 76. So we have an urgent need for additional points. And here are our life hacks. ”
Participation in the pre-professional exam in the chosen profile . These are tests for students of specialized classes.They allow you to identify the most gifted graduates. Such an exam can give from 1 to 10 points or, with excellent delivery, even an agreement with a university for targeted training. Since the new year, the son has registered for such a pre-professional exam. If this is not done in time, then you may miss your chance to participate and get additional points.
Delivery of TRP standards . They, according to Natalia, also cannot be handed over in one day! The standards are adopted throughout the year at different sites in Moscow by prior registration.You can pass up to 4 standards at a time. And, most importantly, get into your age category! If it turns out in the middle of the school year that the child, due to reaching a certain age, moves to the next age category, and his old one has not yet been closed, the standards have not been passed, then he remains without a badge. He will not have time to pass the standards of the new age category.
Membership and active participation in the volunteer organization . There are many registered volunteer organizations now.Due to employment, the son has not yet begun to join any one. But for those who have relied on volunteering, there is no problem to choose a direction to their liking and join any of them. True, not all universities award points for volunteering. You need to find out this information on the website of the selected university.
Final essay. “Another way to get additional points is available to everyone, but not everyone uses it,” says Atash Shirmamedov. – The compulsory USE program includes writing a final essay, which can be used for admission as an individual achievement.At the same time, different universities have their own criteria for evaluating essays and their own point system, so at Moscow State University you can get up to 3 additional points, and at HSE up to 10! On the website of the admissions committee of the university you have chosen, you must familiarize yourself with the information on the requirements for the essay and on the procedure for submitting final essays as an individual achievement. The obvious plus is that you still have to write a good essay. So why not approach the preparation more seriously and consciously, and not use this opportunity, having previously estimated the requirements of the chosen university? “
Competently composed portfolio
How to correctly register your achievements so that they are taken into account by the selection committee, methodologist of Foxford online school Veronika Krasnova told MIR 24 correspondent . According to her, each applicant should think about creating his own portfolio, which will help to get additional points when entering a university. What does a portfolio look like?
“This can be a folder containing documents confirming achievements in studies, creativity, sports and social life,” says the expert.- An important point: it must comply with the requirements of a particular university, and the documents themselves must be correctly drawn up. When submitting applications to several educational institutions, it is worth creating a separate such folder for each of them. Each university has its own list of achievements, for which points are awarded. It is worth looking for this information on the websites of educational institutions in the sections “for applicants”.
For example, the gold TRP badge at MGIMO is estimated at 1 point, at MIPT and Moscow State University – at 2 points, at HSE – 5 points.“In regional universities, additional points can be awarded for active participation in volunteer activities, which is confirmed by the presence of a volunteer book. It can be created on the Rosmolodezh website and maintained electronically. When applying for creative specialties, you must attach a certificate of graduation from a music or art school with grades. As well as samples of work on the profile, if any. For example, painting, composition or drawing. Therefore, it is worthwhile to carefully save all the work. Separately, you can provide copies of publications in the media, if any, and photographs.All reviews of scientific advisers must be correctly drawn up: with the signature of the curator and the seal of the authorized organization. A copy of the certificate of awarding the VFSK TRP insignia will help to confirm the sporting achievements, ”says Krasnova.
Additional entrance exams
The most prestigious Russian universities, in addition to the USE, use additional entrance tests. It can be a foreign language exam, a creative assignment, or a math exam that is more difficult than the exam.It is difficult to prepare for them, but it is possible.
Here is what Associate Professor of the Department of Mortgage Lending and Insurance of the Financial University under the Government of Russia Yulia Gryzenkova told : “In some cases, there are courses in universities where you can get the necessary knowledge quite officially and with high quality. These courses may not be obvious, but they sometimes decide the fate of the applicant. For example, at MGIMO there are Courses of Rare and Oriental Languages (CRL), in which it is quite possible to prepare for both the exam and the additional entrance exam in a foreign language in two years. For example, you can enroll in a Khmer or Amharic language course. Getting a high score on the additional entrance test significantly increases the chances of admission, because the order for graduates who know rare languages comes directly from the founder of MGIMO – the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. ”
Prospective applicants should know: believe me, the chances of getting on the budget are not so small. And every point can decide your admission! Therefore, do not neglect any opportunity to earn even one point, participate in all kinds of Olympiads, sports, volunteer and educational activities – it’s worth it!
90,000 For what can you get additional points at the university to the sum of the USE points? | MAXIMUM Zen
When graduates apply to a university, in addition to the sum of the USE points, additional points that can be obtained for various achievements are very important.
Get the maximum points
Get the maximum points
Today in this article we will analyze in detail what you need to know about additional points, for what and how they are given.
How many points do universities give?
The first thing to understand is that not all universities award additional points. Some do not have this opportunity at all: everyone enters only on the basis of the USE results.
However, if the university decides to add points for achievements, then the amount cannot exceed 10.That is, by entering the three USE subjects with additional points, you can score a maximum of 310 points in total.
What do universities give points for?
The second important point that you must take into account: the university itself decides for which achievement how many points to give. As you already understood, the university can add from 0 to 10 points for each point.
IMPORTANT! The university has no right to “take away” points. If you are told that you have a “bad” essay, for which the university will certainly remove points, do not believe it.You can only not add points, withdraw – never.
Not all Olympiads provide benefits when entering universities, therefore, we will talk, first of all, about the All-Russian Olympiad for schoolchildren , which makes it possible not only to enter the university of dreams, but also to receive a cash prize. and in the second – about the Olympiads from the list (approved by the Ministry of Education and Science). Keep in mind that additional points are the least that a diploma of a winner or a prize-winner can give you, because according to the results of the Olympiads, the guys go to the budget or automatically receive 100 points for the subject.Keep this in mind when considering whether to participate or not.
The essay is checked by a very small number of universities, for example, Moscow State University, Russian State University for the Humanities and, of course, HSE. This university gives up to 10 points for the December essay, checks it according to its own developed criteria, so everyone who plans to go to the HSE knows: you will need to prepare especially carefully for the final essay.
The rest of the universities, if they give points, are few, and they do not impose any special requirements for work.You just need to find out whether the university takes into account the essay or not, if so, do not forget to enter it into the list of individual achievements!
Certificate with honors is highly rated, therefore, a rule was recently introduced that every medalist must confirm his result with at least 70 USE points in Russian and profile mathematics (or five in basic).
If you have a college degree with honors, you will also receive additional points for it.
The TRP badge in some universities is valued even more than a red certificate, so you should think about your physical fitness in advance, because you need a gold badge! Run a distance of 100 meters and 3 kilometers, pull yourself up and tilt from a standing position – and now, you are even a little closer to a budget place!
the status of a champion or medalist of the Olympic Games, world champion, European champion, Olympiad in physical education, the status of a candidate master of sports will be assessed, like the TRP, in many universities, so you should not interrupt sports in high school, if you are making progress in this area.
Participation in various creative circles, competitions, conferences (especially from the university), which you can confirm with a certificate or diploma, can play a decisive role if, for example, you have the same number of points with another applicant. Therefore, everything, everything, everything until the moment of enrollment should be carefully stored in a separate daddy.
If you have a personal volunteer book, some universities are ready to add a couple of points to the creators of good deeds.If this occupation is close to you, be sure to start a volunteer book and have documentary evidence of your activities. Who knows, maybe the extra point will be decisive?
How to find out what additional points the university gives?
Information about additional points hangs on the university website, you can also contact the admissions office with clarifying questions (call, come or ask questions at the open day).
Additional points – really a chance to improve your position in the ranking.In the conditions of insane competition, you should not neglect these opportunities in any case, because the last person who did not pass on the budget is sometimes separated from the coveted line by only 1 point.
Hamilton received ten points for the performance in Styria – Rambler / sport
Journalists from the British Sky Sports appreciated the performance of the drivers at the Styrian Grand Prix …
Lewis Hamilton has seriously launched a campaign to win the seventh title. His dominant performance, which brought the Mercedes driver 85th victory, can be entered into the textbooks.But none of them will tell you how Lewis was 1.2 seconds ahead of his closest rival in the rain qualification.
“Incredible lap”, – Toto Wolff commented on the result. Lewis is not from our world – there is no longer any doubt about that.
Valtteri Bottas: 7.5
Valtteri Bottas took a step back from the start of the season a week ago. In qualifying, the Finn lost 1.4 seconds to his partner in exactly the same car, explaining that he could not warm up the tires and problems with the brakes.This disappointing performance only earned him fourth place at the start.
In the race, Valtteri quickly overtook Carlos Sainz, and then fought for a long time with Verstappen. Second place is the expected minimum considering the speed of the Mercedes. Bottas continues to lead the championship, but could have performed better.
Max Verstappen: 9
Max couldn’t seem to have done more in his attempts to stop Mercedes from winning the double. On the sixth lap between the two Mercedes drivers, Verstappen had to go first to the pit stop, and closer to the finish line there was a classic overtaking when Bottas took the lead thanks to fresher tires.
Max was the only one who tried to impose a fight on Hamilton in qualifying, but lost speed in the final when the weather conditions got worse. However, the reversal on the last loop proves that he tried.
Red Bull Racing’s persistent rejection of Sebastian Vettel’s rejection has become music to Alex Albon’s ears, but the young rider shouldn’t be so far behind Verstappen on the lap if he wants to get a contract for 2021.
Albon lost half a second to his partner in qualifying.In the race, he had to overtake rivals from the teams of the middle group, but he was still far enough behind Max. As a result, Verstappen was able to safely make a second pit stop without any threat from Elbon. Alex defended well against the attacks of Perez, but in Hungary he must go faster.
Lando Norris: 8
Physical chest pain at the start of the weekend gave way to Lando Norris sporting disappointment after losing three start spots for overtaking under yellow flags.However, the Englishman forgot about it in the race, having spent a long first stretch on Soft, and then attacked at the finish line. He overtook Daniel Riccardo on the penultimate lap, Lance Stroll in the middle of the last, and then Sergio Perez in the last corner.
Fifth place in the race and third in the individual competition. Not bad, Lando, not bad at all.
Sergio Perez: 8.5
An amazing performance in the race, although the result was not what he wanted. Starting 17th, Perez quickly broke into the top ten, making masterful overtaking of rivals, including his team-mate.At some points he was even faster than the Mercedes drivers, but when he caught up with Elbon, his way up was interrupted.
Perez tried to attack inside the fourth corner, but there was not enough space between the riders. Contact has occurred, resulting in damage to the front wing on Sergio’s car. Because of this, Perez fell back to sixth place, but still an excellent performance.
Lance Stroll: 7.5
At the finish line, Lance Stroll was equally close to both sixth and eighth, so he can be happy with seventh, especially considering that he could not score points in the first race in Austria …
It was Lance who became the driver of Racing Point, who entered the second part of the rain qualification, and in the race on the last lap was able to defeat Daniel Riccardo.
Daniel Riccardo: 7.5
The more recent Soft tires should have given Daniel an advantage in the last laps, but for whatever reason – Renault’s lack of speed or reliability concerns, Riccardo was not so fast. as was expected. First he was overtaken by Perez, and then by Stroll and Norris.
Overtaking from Stroll’s side was on the edge, and Lance risked the same as Daniel. Despite the fact that Renault is happy with their car, the team earned only two eighth places in the first two races of the season.
Carlos Sainz: 8
After the finish, Carlos Sainz noted that he missed fifth place due to problems during the pit stop. However, the Spaniard was the only one to beat Mercedes and Red Bull in the rain qualification, finishing third at the start – the best result of his career so far.
Carlos also earned an extra point for the best lap with a “free” pit stop shortly before the finish line.
In qualifying, Daniil Kvyat lost six positions to his partner, but rehabilitated himself in the race, demonstrating confident piloting. Yes, he lost a lot to Carlos Sainz, but finished with a comfortable advantage over Kimi Raikkonen.
For the seventh fastest championship team, the finish on the verge of the top ten is the maximum that AlphaTauri can count on now, and Kvyat brought this result to the team.The result is all the more impressive as there were fewer retirements in the second race than in the first.
Kimi Raikkonen still hasn’t opened the scoring account in his 18th Formula 1 season. At least he finished 11th with an impressive pace for Alfa Romeo.
Finn traditionally performs well in Hungary, and he has no choice but to hope for points in the next race.
Haas drivers are having a tough time, and after the race, Kevin Magnussen noted that 12th position is the maximum for the team given the lack of speed.
Kevin advanced to the second part of qualification, and played three positions on the first lap. However, then he only had to fight with Raikkonen and his teammate.
Technical problems prevented Roman Grosjean from qualifying, and in the race he was at a disadvantage due to the start from the pit lane. However, the Haas rider overtook several rivals to finish 13th behind Magnussen.
Unlucky weekend for Antonio. In qualifying, he was unable to qualify for the first part, and in the race finished behind his team-mate and both Haas riders – his only rivals at the moment.
Pierre performed brilliantly in qualifying, showing the eighth time, but he did not succeed in the race. The team believes that his car was damaged after being hit by Riccardo in the first corner.
Gasley stopped twice in the pits, which finally deprived him of his chances to compete for a place in the top ten.
George Russell: 8
George Russell not only left the first qualifier for the first time in his career, but he was only tenth short of reaching the final at the wheel of Williams.He started 11th and tried to win back the position on the first lap, but after a fight with Magnussen he found himself in gravel.
After that, Russell had the usual fight with his partner from the previous season, from which he again emerged victorious.
In qualifying, Nicholas could follow Russell to the second part, and in the race he finished behind his partner – Williams simply did not have the pace to fight the rivals in front.
Esteban Ocon: 7
Esteban Ocon qualified brilliantly and started fifth, but he did not have the speed to defend this position. He skipped ahead of his teammate, and then altogether withdrew due to technical problems. Second consecutive retirement for Renault in the first two weekends.
Examples of final essays 2021-2022 in all areas of FIPI
We collect various examples of final essays in all areas of the 2021-2022 academic year.
Among all examples, examples will be presented that have already passed the examination by an expert and received the “PASS” rating.
To see examples – use the links in the directions:
Read the best examples in all areas below – there are 3 examples for each area.
All works were written and verified within the framework of the project https://vk.com/ege100ballov heading EXPERT RESULTS https://vk.com/topic-10175642_47983604
Best examples in the direction of “A person traveling: the road in a person’s life”
Composition No. 1 “A person traveling: the road in a person’s life”
Why do people travel?
A person traveling: the road in a person’s life
Gabov Anton Alekseevich
Why do people go on a journey? Of course, everyone will answer this question in their own way, but in my opinion, there are several reasons.The first is rest, changing the usual environment and visiting new places in the world. Another reason is more complex: travel can help rethink yourself and your values in life.
For examples, let’s turn to works of fiction. For example, in the story of Jerome K. Jerome “Three in a boat, not counting a dog,” three London bachelors Jay, Harris and George decide to set off on a two-week sailing along the Thames with the Montmorency Fox Terrier. The author clearly explains the purpose of their journey – firstly, a rest from the monotonous city life and restoration of shaky health, and secondly, this is the only way with which you can somehow brighten up an empty pastime.During the voyage, the heroes find themselves in various comic situations, a lot of funny stories happen to them. However, they remain in complete admiration from the voyage, because they had a unique opportunity to enjoy the beauty and landscapes of the majestic river.
A more serious journey in all its senses, capable of radically changing a person’s worldview, is described in the play by A. Griboyedov “Woe from Wit”. Previously, the main character Chatsky was part of the Famus society and could not grasp the true essence of the Moscow nobility.However, after traveling to Western countries, he completely changed his opinion not only about his environment, but also about Russia as a whole. Chatsky realized that the country is characterized by serious backwardness, and the ruling elite is only capable of plundering wealth. The author draws attention to the fact that the main character has completely rethought himself and has become much smarter than his previous environment.
Summing up what has been said, we come to the conclusion: on the one hand, travel is a way to escape from the monotonous routine, and on the other hand, it is a source of spiritual enrichment and the search for a new “I”.
Anton, your work is very hard, reasoning is logical and weighty. Good level of speech literacy and vocabulary used. It can be seen that you are a well-read and reasoning young man. Of the minuses, please pay attention to the tautology. This is one of the main repetitive speech mistakes in your composition. It can be eliminated by more careful checking of the written composition and proofreading.
Composition No. 2 “A person traveling: the road in a person’s life”
Why do people travel?
A person traveling: the road in a person’s life
(The author of the composition is Darya Alexandrovna Sonina)
Why do people travel? I think there is no single answer to this question, since different people pursue different goals.But still, I would emphasize that absolutely everyone expects to get new emotions and impressions from travel. A change in the usual environment always presupposes a change of environment, making new acquaintances, obtaining all sorts of information and facts, interesting discoveries, inspiration and motivation. I think it’s not for nothing that they say: “Travel is a small life.”
In Leo Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace, Pierre Bezukhov travels from St. Petersburg to Moscow. The purpose of his journey, he sets the desire to find a new meaning in life, to gain an understanding of life and an occupation that would be to his liking.During the trip, Pierre is introduced to the Masonic society. He becomes initiated into this secret teaching. Studying his postulates, Bezukhov gradually finds for himself new meanings of being, changes his way of life, lights up with the idea of housekeeping. His subconscious is changing, absorbing new ideas. In his travels, Pierre finds what he is looking for. Thus, the journey can indeed be made in search of something new and something that could change your life.
However, travelers do not always set themselves such grandiose goals.The hero of IA Bunin’s story “The Lord from San Francisco” is a very rich and noble person. The author tells us that this gentleman worked most of his life to become a financially secure person. Having reached the desired level of well-being, the master decides to go on a journey to the Old World. What prompted him to do this and what does he expect from it? The gentleman from San Francisco understands travel as a well-earned rest after endless and difficult work. At the same time, with this trip, he wants to show his status, so he chooses the best hotels, hotels and restaurants.Traveling for the master is something obligatory and ostentatious. He does not enjoy the journey itself, but rather the comfort and luxury available to him. Thus, we can say that not everyone travels based on specific goals, but simply for the very fact of its accomplishment.
To summarize, I want to say that every journey is made for very different reasons. But for sure, every trip for something needs a person.
Dasha, on top of that, you have a good transition between examples, you contrast them, showing the different travel goals of the two characters.It is very good! Be careful: in the introduction you indicated that “absolutely everyone expects to get new emotions and impressions from the trip”, but in the case of “The gentleman from San Francisco” this was denied. Do not be so unfounded, think carefully about the composition of the essay and choose the correct expressions.
The work, in my opinion, is good and worthy. I advise you to pay attention to punctuation (in particular, confuse introductory components and sentence members) and avoid speech repetitions. Good luck! Practice, everything will work out!
Composition No. 3 “A person traveling: the road in a person’s life”
Why do people travel? Man traveling
Berdinskikh Denis Vladimirovich
Probably everyone thought about the purpose for which people plan travel.What motivates these people to visit new places, change their surroundings, discover new cultures?
Pierre Bezukhov is one of the central characters in the epic novel “War and Peace” by L.N. Tolstoy. At the very beginning of the novel, we meet a young, ambitious Pierre, who recently returned to Russia. He is a fan of Bonaparte, considers him a genius. Some time passes, Pierre marries Helen Kuragina, marriage brings him only disappointment, and the young count realizes that his life has turned in the wrong direction.During a trip from Moscow to St. Petersburg, he meets the head of the Russian Masonic society and subsequently joins the ranks of the Freemasons. To find himself, to put his life in order, Pierre visits abroad, and then goes to his Kiev estates, in order to improve the life of the peasants. He travels not just to visit as many places as possible, but to understand his true self, to find peace of mind and peace.
In the poem by N.V. Gogol’s “Dead Souls” there is also a character who went on a journey – this is Chichikov, a collegiate adviser.He is a careerist, striving for wealth, respect and high position in society. To achieve this cherished goal, he does not even hesitate to deceive the state and trade in already dead peasants, that is, “dead souls.” It is for this that he sets off on his journey through the province from one landowner to another. What prompted him to such an adventurous journey? Probably stinginess, prudence and a passion for easy money.
So why do people travel? I think that each person finds his own goal: the first goes somewhere just to visit new places, the second is looking for himself, his purpose in life, and the third is completely led by a mean calculation and a lot of money.
Thus, the reasons for travel are different for everyone, entirely depending on the character of the person, his beliefs and the life situation in which he finds himself.
Everything worked out, good work, easy and pleasant to read!
Pay attention to mistakes: grammatical, punctuation and speech errors are present in your work. In this work, they did not play a role, but you will lose points on the exam.
Best examples in the direction “Who lives well in Russia? – a citizen’s question “
Composition No. 1 “Who lives well in Russia? – a citizen’s question “
Do you need to help those who find themselves in a difficult situation? Who lives well in Russia.
Asylaeva Regina Astemirovna
Both good and bad events can happen in a person’s life. And in such difficult moments, a person needs help. Is it necessary to help those who find themselves in a difficult situation? I believe that it is imperative that you help. The help provided can save the life of one person or several people. To prove my opinion, I will give examples from classical literature.
So, in H. Andersen’s story “The Girl with the Matches” we see a poorly dressed girl with wooden shoes on her feet, selling matches on New Year’s Eve.She could not sell a single match, as passers-by did not pay attention to her. To the girl, not only people passing by were indifferent, but her own father was cruel to her. He sent her to sell these matches in the bitter cold, and he didn’t care what happened to her. For him, the main thing was that she did not return home without money. Thus, we can say that the girl died from the indifference of others rather than from the cold.
And in the story of AI Kuprin “The Wonderful Doctor” we see the kind and sympathetic doctor Pirogov, who did not pass by the Marmeladovs’ misfortune.The family found itself in a dire situation: the father could not get a job, there was a hungry wife and three children at home, one of whom was a baby. Out of despair, the father of the family wanted to hang himself, and at that moment he met a doctor who not only examined the sick child and wrote out a prescription, but also left the money on the table. Thanks to this help from Pirogov, the family improved their position. So, the doctor saved an entire family from starvation.
Thus, we can say that anyone can be grasped by trouble, the main thing in this situation is not to pass by grief, but to show humanity.
Examples from literature should be supplemented with theses: start or end a paragraph with an example with an answer to the question posed in the essay.
Composition No. 2 “Who lives well in Russia? – a citizen’s question “
Do you need to help those who find themselves in a difficult situation?
Who Lives Well in Russia
Brinkis Alika Alexandrovna
Difficult situations arise in the life of every person.Sometimes he can overcome them on his own. But it also happens that you simply cannot do without the help of other people. Sometimes it takes very little for a person’s life to change for the better. Therefore, it is necessary to provide assistance to those who need it. I think that the desire to help is inherent in the very nature of man. There are many works of fiction in Russian literature that reflect this quality.
Let us recall Kuprin’s story “The Wonderful Doctor”. The author painted a picture of complete despair that reigned in the Mertsalov family.After a serious and prolonged illness, the hero of the story lost his job and there was nothing to support his family. His wife, children and he himself were forced to live in terrible conditions. There was no money either for food or medicine for the sick daughter. The head of the family fell into despair and even thought about suicide. But in the city garden he met an old man who, having listened to Mertsalov, hastened to help. The old man turned out to be a famous doctor. He examined the girl, wrote out a prescription and left money for the family. Probably, for a famous doctor, this amount was not very large.But for the Mertsalov family, the help of Dr. Pirogov was of great importance. The daughter recovered, the head of the family found a job. A complete stranger helped people overcome difficult life circumstances. The whole family was able to find happiness again.
As another argument, one can recall an episode from the novel by Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky “Crime and Punishment”. Rodion Raskolnikov in the tavern meets Marmeladov, who tells him about himself and his family. Raskolnikov learns about how difficult the life of this family is.Escorting Marmeladov home, Rodion imperceptibly leaves the money earned for the watch from the old woman-pawnbroker on the windowsill. This act of Raskolnikov, who is not in the best financial situation, suggests that it is common for a person to respond to someone else’s misfortune and provide assistance.
Summing up, I would like to note that many people are ready to help those who find themselves in difficult situations. For example, we see how children in need of expensive treatment receive help from millions of complete strangers.Of course, those who need help should get it. And there will always be people who will provide this help.
Alika, your essay is logical, well-structured, contains successful and full-fledged examples from fiction. It can be seen that you are a reading person. Please pay attention to the isolation of adverbial phrases, as well as exceptions to this rule.
Composition No. 3 “Who Lives Well in Russia? – a citizen’s question “
Do I need to help those who find themselves in a difficult life situation? Direction “Who lives well in Russia”
The author of the composition – Yulia Sergeevna Butrova
Our life is a series of ups and downs.In the life of every person, there are always both joyful and happy moments and difficult ones. Of course, all problems can be dealt with alone, but it is much easier when there are people nearby who will always help. Sometimes even simple words of support are enough to inspire a person not to give up, instill in him faith in a bright future and in a better outcome of the situation. Each of us must understand that in the place of a person who is in a difficult situation today, tomorrow we may be ourselves.Helping each other is very important, this is what the world is based on. Examples from fiction can be cited as arguments.
Pyotr Grinev from the novel by A.S. Pushkin’s “The Captain’s Daughter” helped Pugachev by giving him his favorite hare sheepskin coat. The young man showed his indifference, mercy, kindness, and despite the fact that this thing was very dear to him, he gave it to the needy. You can often hear that good is returning, and in the case of Pyotr Grinev, this was confirmed. When the fortress was captured, Pugachev recognized his savior and saved his life, let him go home, and in pursuit sent a sheepskin sheepskin coat, which was very useful to Peter, since he had to go in severe frosts.
In A. Kuprin’s story “The Wonderful Doctor”, the doctor helped a poor family. For the Mertsalovs, he became a hero, a savior. Their daughter was seriously ill, there was no money for medicines, no one agreed to help them, there were no more hopes, and at that moment Doctor Pirogov appeared. He agreed to examine the girl, wrote out a prescription and gave money for medicine. This family was not at all familiar to him, but he took pity on them and provided help, showing mercy and compassion.
Helping others, we make the world kinder.Even insignificant help from our point of view can be salvation for someone. Good, it really does return, and if each of us understands this and begins to share his kindness, the world will get rid of evil and fill with bright colors.
Julia, you are great! We selected very good examples that successfully complement each other, showed examples of showing mercy when a person does not expect anything in return. Be attentive to punctuation: in this work, such mistakes did not play a significant role, but in the essay on the Unified State Exam in Russian you could lose points.I advise you not to break apart the examples, draw a small conclusion after the first example and smoothly move on to the second. I advise you to supplement examples from literature with theses: start or end a paragraph with an example with an answer to the question posed in the essay.
On the whole, the work, in my opinion, is good and worthy. Good luck! Practice, everything will work out.
Best examples in the direction “Crime and Punishment is an eternal theme”
Composition No. 1. “Crime and Punishment is an eternal theme”
Can indifference be called a crime?
Gabov Anton Alekseevich
Can indifference be called a crime? Unfortunately, there is a disappointing answer to this topical question.In the modern world, many people stop paying attention to what is happening around them. For example, they can calmly walk by a person who needs help, thereby showing their indifference. I believe that such indifference is very cruel, so it can be attributed to a real crime.
Let’s turn to the works of fiction, which reveal the theme of indifference. So, Grigory Pechorin from the novel by Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov “A Hero of Our Time”, on a whim, decided to steal the beautiful girl Bela, whom he fell in love with at a Caucasian wedding.He went to great lengths to achieve what he wanted, and did not at all think about the consequences of his actions. But, having achieved his goal, Pechorin quickly lost interest in Bela and seemed to cease to notice her existence. The girl suffered from his indifference and could not return home to her family, since she was considered disgraced there. At the most important moment, Pechorin showed his indifference and went hunting, leaving Bela, who was in danger from his enemy, the robber Kazbich. Lermontov shows that this act led to the irreparable.Kazbich stabbed the girl, and she died in agony. Thus, Pechorin’s indifference not only broke the fate of a very young Bela, but also put an end to her life – and this can rightfully be called a crime.
Also, the theme of indifference is vividly revealed in the play by Alexander Ostrovsky “The Thunderstorm”. The main character Katerina endured humiliation and insults from her domineering mother-in-law Kabanikha for many years, while never seeing protection from her husband Tikhon. He, in turn, began to rarely appear at home and seemed to have completely forgotten about his wife.In a difficult moment, Boris was next to Katerina, and she cheated on her husband, despite all her convictions. However, she had the courage to confess her sin to her mother-in-law. She counted on Boris’s support, but he too showed indifference and left the city. Ostrovsky emphasizes that Katerina found herself in a hopeless situation and decided that it was better to throw herself into the river than to continue living as a twice devotee. The writer shows that the indifference of Tikhon and Boris led to tragic consequences that are comparable to a crime.
In conclusion, I would like to express the hope that people will cease to be indifferent to everything around them, otherwise their indifference and inaction will grow into a real crime.
Anton, your work is pleasant, deep and fully corresponds to the final composition. The arguments are well chosen, they reflect your idea, stated in the thesis.
I would like to draw your attention to speech errors and shortcomings.Be careful when combining words and using a particular word in the appropriate context.
The composition left a good impression in general, you are great! Good luck! Don’t lower the bar! S. Tarasov
Composition number 2. “Crime and Punishment is an eternal theme”
Can indifference be called a crime?
What is indifference? Each of us understands this word differently.I see in him a betrayal, which in my understanding is inextricably linked with crime. I believe that human indifference, regardless of the form of its manifestation, can be considered a crime. To prove my point, I want to give examples from fiction. In the story “He killed my dog” Yuri Yakovlev tells us about how his father betrayed his son. The boy, having a very kind soul, could not pass by the homeless dog, which was abandoned by the owners, having left for the city. Sasha brought the dog home, hoping for understanding and compassion from his parents, but Taborka’s father did not want to see the animal at home and, while Sasha was at school, killed the dog.Of course, he did not commit an illegal act to be considered a criminal, but he went against his son. The father was completely indifferent to the feelings of his child, did not understand how serious the consequences would be. I believe that the act of Sasha’s father can be regarded as a crime, because the indifference of the closest people breaks a person from the inside.
The story “Button, Button”, written by Richard Matheson, shows us what human indifference can lead to. Nora, having learned how much money can be obtained with one click of the button, was ready to commit a crime and kill a person.She was completely indifferent to those around her, because she was told that she would not know the victim. Justifying herself with thoughts of a luxurious vacation, Nora pressed the button secretly from her husband, who was extremely against it. But every crime is punishable, and the girl very quickly received retribution for her inhuman act. Nora killed her husband, wanting to become rich, but money is never easy. The image of the main character shows us that indifference to a stranger and his life is a crime, because sometimes it has fatal consequences.
Unfortunately, human indifference often leads to irreparable consequences. If people think not only about themselves, but also about those around them, then there will be much less death in the world, because every crime begins with the indifference of the criminal.
Nastya, well done! The work is good, thoughtful and interesting. The arguments are well chosen, they reflect your idea, stated in the thesis. The first example, of course, I would count only conditionally, because you did not show how the father’s indifference was reflected on Sasha, what changed in their attitude towards each other.Pay close attention to the logic of the story and try to avoid speech repetitions. The composition left a good impression in general, you are smart! Good luck! S. Tarasov
Composition No. 3. “Crime and Punishment is an eternal theme”
Can indifference be called a crime? Crime and Punishment
Zorina Anastasia Viktorovna
Can indifference be called a crime? Obviously, this question can be answered in different ways.Someone thinks that indifference is not a crime, because it’s even good that people do not meddle in the lives of others, and someone is sure that indifference is a factor that gives rise to all other dangerous crimes. And I agree with the latter, because indifference is a lack of initiative, indifference to everything around us, which arose as a result of the loss of humanity in people and has become a real problem of our time. Indeed, in today’s world, people have really become indifferent to everything that happens around them.You can see how people calmly pass by the committed crime or by those who need medical help, moral support. And it’s scary! I think that indifference can be equated with a real crime, because here we also step over the norms of morality, and sometimes the law. To formulate my point of view more precisely, I will give literary examples. In the story of A.P. Chekhov’s “Ionych”, on the example of the protagonist, the path from simplicity and cordiality to indifference is shown. Dmitry Startsev, a young and promising doctor, falls in love with a girl who made a spiteful joke at him and left a serious wound in the hero’s heart forever.Now the hero gets more and more fat, moves little, works only for the sake of money, becomes indifferent to the sick and even refuses to communicate with Katerina, with whom he was so deeply in love. Isn’t indifference here a crime against society and, above all, against oneself? This example clearly shows us the path of spiritual degradation of a person, Dmitry becomes absolutely indifferent to everything that surrounds him: to the profession, to the vocation to help people, to the sick, to his beloved girl and her family.I think that people who are able to leave another person in trouble and not lend a helping hand in a difficult situation can rightfully be called criminals.
But in literature we can also find an example of a person who could not pass by someone else’s grief. So in the story of AI Kuprin “The Wonderful Doctor” the sympathetic doctor Pirogov helps the Mertsalov family when they find themselves in a difficult financial situation. The hero examined the Mertsalovs, secretly left a large sum of money for his life and left without identifying himself.This is a real miracle, in which Pirogov, with his help, made the Mertsalov family believe. But if it were not for this “wonderful doctor”, the indifference of society would have led to sad consequences: the Mertsalovs could have perished from cold, hunger and various diseases! The writer shows us an example of a person to look up to.
Summarizing what has been said, we can conclude that in today’s world people have lost the humanity that once lived in their souls, became indifferent to others and began to commit real crimes against society – to pass by the troubles of others.And this indifference to other people’s destinies is frightening. Let’s revive the germ of compassion and sensitivity in our hearts!
Nastya, smart girl! The work is deep, interesting and thoughtful. I was very pleased that you picked up the arguments, which you subsequently opposed, showing both indifference, which became a crime, and responsiveness. The examples reflect your idea stated in the thesis.
You will find small remarks on punctuation and speech design in the work itself, but in general the essay left a good impression in general, you are great! Good luck! WITH.Tarasov
Best examples in the direction “Book (music, performance, film) – about me”
Composition No. 1. Direction “Book (music, performance, film) about me”
Topic: “What book would I discuss with my parents?”
The author of the composition is Kasa Daniil Vitalievich.
As you know, the book is one of the most important types of leisure in the history of mankind. This type of entertainment can serve as an excellent source for obtaining new information or help to immerse yourself in the mysterious world that the authors are so skillfully able to represent and describe.Of course, there are many different books: adventure, detective, children’s, domestic, foreign – you can list endlessly. However, I would like to discuss with my parents a book that deals with social issues.
As one of them I will take the work of Maxim Gorky “At the Bottom”. This play should be called realistic. How varied is the author’s description of the position of the heroes in this book! Take Anna, for example. The life of the heroine turned out to be very difficult.Constant poverty, regular violence by her husband … And so it goes all the time! How I feel sorry for the woman to tears! Real misfortune befell her. And this is far from a complete list of problems that are so inherent in today’s society. We can say that the fate of the heroine was truly sad. Tell me: how different is the modern way of life from that at the beginning of the twentieth century? Of course, a lot. It is not surprising that, living in difficult conditions, the heroine turned out to be unhappy and began to think that then everything would be as bad as now.Having lived an unhappy life, she dies without being satisfied with fate. However, why did Anna get such a bitter fate? Unfortunately, I cannot answer this question. Modern life, as you know, cannot be called ideal, but it, as it turned out, is much better than the outright poverty of one of the heroines that Gorky noted in the work. What is not a reason for discussion in the company of parents?
Thus, the book can rightfully be called one of the stimuli to immerse yourself in the world described by its author.It is well known that there are a huge number of them in the world. People have different book preferences, no doubt. I decided to discuss with my parents one that vividly reveals the way of life of ordinary people and their problems, and I think that you can discuss with your loved ones as much as you like about “how it was before” and “how it is now”. And it turned out to be the play At the Bottom.
Daniel, smart girl! Your work is good and meets all the criteria for the final essay.There are practically no punctuation or spelling mistakes, good reasoning and a smooth train of thought.
I would only advise to work a little on the style: excessive emotionality does not always go to the place, sometimes it is better to omit some exclamation sentences.
On the whole, the work left a good impression. You are well done! Good luck! S. Tarasov
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