At A Glance
Morgan State University, a coeducational institution, is located in a residential section of Baltimore, Maryland. The campus covers an area of more than 143 acres.
The University offers a comprehensive range of academic programs through the doctorate. Morgan is also a founding member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC).
Morgan State University is an equal opportunity affirmative action institution of higher education. See the Nondiscrimination Policy.
By action of the Maryland Legislature, the University has been designated as Maryland’s Preeminent Public Urban Research University, with the responsibility of addressing the needs of residents, schools, and organizations within the Baltimore Metropolitan Area. Morgan State University is located in a residential area of northeast Baltimore City. It is easily accessible from downtown, the Baltimore beltway, and Interstate 95. Each year, the school enrolls an average of 7,700 students in programs from the baccalaureate level through the doctorate.
Morgan was named after the Rev. Lyttleton F. Morgan, who served as Chairman of the Board of Trustees from 1876-1886. Morgan was formerly known as the Centenary Biblical Institute. It was named Morgan College in 1890.
Morgan attracts students from each state and many foreign countries. About 35% of all students enrolled at Morgan are from outside the State of Maryland. It is one of the leading institutions nationally in the number of applications received from African-American high school graduates. The largest sources of its enrollments outside of Maryland are New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania.
While Morgan is a historically black institution, it has served students of all racial and ethnic backgrounds. Its mission today is to enroll a student body that is diverse in its socioeconomic and academic status and to provide the full-range of experiences and services that permits it to successfully serve students with a wide variety of goals and needs.
The University awards more bachelor’s degrees to African-American students than any campus in Maryland. In many fields, but particularly in engineering and the sciences, Morgan accounts for large percentages of degrees received by African-Americans from Maryland institutions. An above-average percentage of Morgan graduates enter graduate and professional school. Historically, the University has ranked among the top public campuses nationally in the number of black graduates receiving doctorates.
Morgan State University (1867- ) •
Holmes Hall, Morgan State University, Baltimore, Maryland, April 28, 2017
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Morgan State University is the largest historically black college in Maryland. Located in Baltimore, the school was established in 1867 as the Centenary Biblical Institute by the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Members of the Methodist Churches in Baltimore recognized the need for a school to train ministers.
The Centenary Biblical Institute was chartered on January 3, 1867, with its first class consisting of 20 students taught by Reverend James H. Brown and Reverend William Harden. Although its original mission was to train young men in ministry, in 1875 it admitted women for the first time and began to train both men and women in teaching. The school changed its name to Morgan College in 1890 in honor of Reverend Lyttleton F. Morgan, who served as the first Chairmen of the Board of Trustees from 1876 to 1886 and donated the land for the original campus.
Morgan College remained a private institution until 1939 when the state of Maryland purchased the school in response to a statewide study that determined that the state needed to provide more opportunities for its black citizens. Although the school had received some state assistance as early as 1919, its funding by the legislature increased dramatically after 1935 when Donald Murray, a black resident, was initially refused admittance into the University of Maryland Law School and filed a lawsuit charging racial discrimination.
Murray eventually won admission into the law school, prompting the Maryland State Commission on Negro Higher Education to recommend that the state acquire the Morgan College campus and integrate it into the state system of higher education for African Americans. The increased funding and eventual purchase of the campus led some civil rights leaders to charge that Maryland acted only to keep other black students from seeking and gaining admissions to the then all-white University of Maryland.
On September 28, 1938, the Board of Trustees of Morgan College approved the transfer to the State of Maryland under the condition that the state maintain an institution of higher learning for blacks that offered a curriculum equivalent in quality to the curricula offered at the University of Maryland.
Morgan State University currently enrolls over 6,000 students at the undergraduate and graduate levels and offers more than sixty academic programs leading to a bachelor’s degree as well as graduate programs leading to Master’s and Doctoral degrees. Today, even after the integration of the University of Maryland, Morgan State University continues to award the largest number of degrees to African American students in the State of Maryland.
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Cite this article in APA format:
Martinez, E. (2010, January 06). Morgan State University (1867- ). BlackPast.org. https://www.blackpast.org/african-american-history/morgan-state-university-1867/
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Morgan State University ProfileMorgan State University also referred as MSU is a historically black college located in Balitmore, Maryland, United States. Founded in 1867 by the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church as a private institution, it became a public institution in 1939 and a doctoral-granting university in 1975. Throughout its history, MSU has been a comprehensive institution emphasizing the arts and sciences and a strong general education in all fields of study, a tradition that continues today. Currently, Morgan is a member of Thurgood Marshall College Fund and possesses its own governing board of regents. Morgan State University Profile
General InformationMorgan State University Campus Setting
Morgan State University is one of the few historically black colleges to offer a wide range of academic programs in engineering, business, education, architecture, hospitality management and social work. Moreover, there are programs in arts and sciences leading to the doctorate.Degree Programs PROGRAMS LEADING TO THE BACHELOR’S DEGREE
- Actuarial Science
- Architecture and Environmental Design
- Business Administration
- Computer Science
- Construction Management
- Elementary Education (Teacher Education)
- Engineering, Civil
- Engineering, Electrical and Computer
- Engineering, Industrial
- Family Consumer Sciences
- Fine Arts
- Foreign Languages
- Health Education
- History and Geography
- Hotel, Restaurant, and Hospitality Management
- Information Systems Management
- Medical Technology
- Military Science
- Multimedia Journalism
- Multi-Platform Production
- Nutritional Science/Dietetic
- Philosophy and Religious Studies
- Physical Education
- Physics and Engineering Physics
- Political Science
- Screenwriting & Animation (SWAN)
- Services and Supply Chain Management
- Social Work
- Sociology and Anthropology
- Speech Communications
- Strategic Communication
- Theater Arts
- Transportation Systems
- Visual Arts
- African-American Studies (M.A.)
- Architecture (M.Arch.)
- Bioinformatics (M.S.)
- Biology (M.S.)
- Business Administration (M.B.A.)
- Chemistry (M.S.)
- City and Regional Planning (M.C.R.P.)
- Economics (M.A.)
- Educational Administration and Supervision (M.S.)
- Elementary and Middle School Education (M.S.)
- Engineering (M.Eng.)
- English (M.A.)
- Higher Education Administration (M.S.)
- History (M.A.)
- Hospitality Management (M.S.)
- International Studies (M.A.)
- Journalism (M.A.)
- Landscape Architecture (M.L.A.)
- Master of Arts in Teaching (M.A.T.)
- Master of Professional Accountancy
- Master of Science in Project Managment
- Mathematics (M.A.)
- Mathematics Education (M.S.)
- Museum Studies & Historical Preservations (M.A.)
- Music (M.A.)
- Nursing (M.S.)
- Physics & Engineering Physics (M.S.)
- Project Management (M.S.)
- Psychometrics (M.S.)
- Public Health (M.P.H.)
- Science (M.S.)
- Science Education (M.S.)
- Social Work (M.S.W.)
- Sociology (M.S. & M.A.)
- Transportation (M.S.)
- Bio- Environmental Sciences (Ph.D.)
- Business Administration (Ph.D.)
- Engineering (D.Eng.)
- English (Ph.D.)
- Higher Education Administration (Ph.D.)
- Community College Leadership Program (Ed.D)
- History (Ph.D.)
- Industrial & Computation Mathematics (Ph.D.)
- Mathematics Education (Ed.D.)
- Psychometrics (Ph.D.)
- Public Health (Dr. P.H.)
- Science Education (Ed.D.)
- Social Work (Ph.D.)
- Urban Educational Leadership (Ed.D.)
- Community College Leadership Program (Ed.D.)
- Post-Baccalaureate Certificate in Project Management
Morgan State University Clubs and Organizations
The nine Greek fraternities and sororities at MSU include:
|Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity||Beta Alpha|
|Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority||Alpha Delta|
|Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity||Alpha Iota|
|Omega Psi Phi Fraternity||Pi|
|Delta Sigma Theta Sorority||Alpha Gamma|
|Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity||Gamma|
|Iota Phi Theta Fraternity||Alpha|
|Zeta Phi Beta Sorority||Gamma|
|Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority||Beta Tau|
MSU athletic teams are known as the Bears, and there are 12 varsity sports teams in total. They compete in the NCAA’s Division I Mideastern Athletic Conference. The football team competes in Division I-AA. Intercollegiate sports teams include men’s basketball, football, cross country tennis, and indoor and outdoor track and field. Women’s teams include bowling, volleyball, and softball.Morgan State University History Founded in 1867 by the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church to educate young men in ministry, the Centenary Biblical Institute, as it was known at the time, received the name Morgan College in 1890 to honor Reverend. Lyttleton Morgan, the first Board Chairman who donated land to the college. The school soon started training both men and women to become teachers, and the first degree was awarded to George F. McMechen in 1895. This college remained a private institution until it was purchased by the state in 1939 as an institution of opportunity for its black population. Finally, Morgan received university status in 1975.
Source: Morgan State University
| Founded in 1867 as the Centenary Biblical Institute by the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, the institution’s original mission was to train young men in ministry. It subsequently broadened its mission to educate both men and women as teachers. The school was renamed Morgan College in 1890 in honor of the Reverend Lyttleton Morgan, the first chairman of its Board of Trustees, who donated land to the college. Morgan awarded its first baccalaureate degree to George F. McMechen in 1895. McMechen later obtained a law degree from Yale and eventually returned to Baltimore, where he became a civic leader and one of Morgan’s strongest financial supporters.
In 1915 the late Andrew Carnegie gave the school a conditional grant of $50,000 for the central academic building. The terms of the grant included the purchase of a new site for the College, payment of all outstanding obligations, and the construction of a building to be named after him. The College met the conditions and moved to its present site in northeast Baltimore in 1917. Carnegie Hall, the oldest original building on the present MSU campus, was erected two years later.
Morgan remained a private institution until 1939. That year, the state of Maryland purchased the school in response to a state study that determined that Maryland needed to provide more opportunities for its black citizens.
From its beginnings as a public campus, Morgan was open to students of all races. By the time it became a public campus, the College had become a relatively comprehensive institution. Until the mid-1960s, when the state’s teachers colleges began their transition to liberal arts campuses, Morgan and the University of Maryland College Park were the only two public campuses in the state with comprehensive missions.
As Maryland’s teachers colleges began to broaden their objective, Morgan and other like institutions, were placed into a state college system governed by a Board of Trustees. However, in 1975 the State Legislature designated Morgan as a university, gave it the authority to offer doctorates, and provided for it to once again have its own governing board.
In 1988 Maryland reorganized its higher education structure and strengthened its coordinating board, the Higher Education Commission. The campuses in the state college system became part of the University of Maryland System. Morgan and St. Mary’s College of Maryland were the only public baccalaureate-granting institutions authorized to have their own governing boards. The legislation also strengthened Morgan’s authority to offer advanced programs and designated the campus as Maryland’s Public Urban University.
Morgan State University (MSU) Introduction and History
Located in Baltimore, Morgan State University (frequently known as Morgan State, MSU, and simply Morgan) is the biggest historically black college (HBCU) in Maryland. This public university is not a member of the state’s university system; it is governed by its own Board of Regents.
Accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools, MSU’s vision statement characterizes its mission as “that of providing an excellent undergraduate education to a broad segment of the population, including many of the best prepared as well as some who might not otherwise enroll in college but who have the potential to complete a degree.”
The school is classed as a Master’s College and University I by the Carnegie Institute and serves approximately 8,000 students each year.
|Overall Score (about)||82.5|
|Total Cost On-Campus Attendance||$24,101|
|Admission Success rate||N/A|
|ACT / SAT 75%ile scores||20 / 1080|
|Student Ratio Students-to-Faculty||14 : 1|
|Retention (full-time / part-time)||72% / 50%|
|Enrollment Total (all students)||7,712|
Founded by the Baltimore Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1867 to educate young men as ministers, the Centenary Biblical Institute, as it was known at the time, received the name Morgan College to honor Rev. Lyttleton Morgan, a Board Chairman who donated land to the college. The school soon started training both men and women to become teachers, and the first degree was awarded in 1895. This private college was purchased by the state in 1939 as an institution of opportunity for its black population. Morgan received university status in 1975.
Bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees are awarded at Morgan State, which is comprised of the following colleges and schools:
- Liberal Arts
- Business and Management
- Education and Urban Studies
- Computer, Math, and Natural Sciences
- Graduate Studies
- Architecture and Planning
- Community Health and Policy
- Social Work
- Journalism and Communication
The school is also home to the Environmental and Aquatic Research Library.
Bachelor’s degrees are offered in a variety of fields within the various colleges. Popular areas of study include accounting, architecture, environmental design, English, marketing, music, theatre arts, engineering, finance, education, and mental health technology.
Graduate degrees are offered in more than 30 areas. These include master’s level programs in African-American studies, architecture, city and regional planning, English, history, education, science, public health, and transportation. The university is recognized by the Carnegie Foundation as a Doctoral Research Facility and doctoral degrees are offered in such areas as bio-environmental sciences, business administration, engineering, English, higher education administration, community college leadership, history, mathematics education, public health, science education, and urban educational leadership.
Most Popular Fields of Study
The Institute of Architecture and Planning offers a Bachelor of Science degree in architecture and environmental design. The Institute was founded in 1977 to educate students in the technical aspects of design but also educate them in the cultural aspects of urban architecture. The Institute is very much dedicated to the revitalization of the Baltimore area.
The Center for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Education (CEMSE) was founded in 1988 to increase the number and quality of science teachers in Maryland and strengthen the quality of scientific education. In addition to opportunities for students, the CEMSE offers professional development activities for teachers and monthly seminars for the local community.
Students are automatically considered for the undergraduate Honors Program when they apply to the university, and scholarships are awarded to approximately 200 high-achieving students. Students in the Honors Program can take special Honors Sections of General Education Requirements.
Other Special Programs
MSU is involved in multiple pre-college programs, which help high school students advance to the college level. The school also offers special academic programs for current MSU students, including ones in mental health, biomedical research, and engineering. The National Center for Health Behavioral Change, the Institute for Urban Research, and the Connect Program collaborate with community colleges.
Along with the application and accompanying application fee, prospective students must submit official high school transcripts and standardized test scores. A minimum 2.0 cumulative GPA along with a combined SAT score of 900 or a composite ACT score of 19 is recommended. Students are advised to submit all application materials as soon as possible in order to allow plenty of time for consideration and financial aid processing.
Transfer students and international students will have varying requirements depending upon their prior educational background.
Accepted students are encouraged and welcome to attend the introduction to the university program for new freshmen. Components of this program include placement tests and assistance planning the first year’s curriculum, with faculty members and counselors on-hand to answer any questions. The event also includes some social activities that familiarize incoming students with the campus and its resources
General graduate school requirements include a bachelor’s degree with with minimum courses related to the field to which they are applying and a minimum GPA of 3.0; GRE, GMAT or other appropriate standardized test scores; three letters of recommendation; and a personal statement. Prospective graduate students should consult the individual department and/or school to which they are applying for additional requirements. Students with a GPA lower than 3.0 may be considered for conditional admission.
Students who seek financial aid will need to fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), which becomes available online each year in January.
MSU provides access to Federal Pell Grants, the Federal Supplementary Opportunity Grant, Federal Direct Loans, Alternative Loans, Federal Parent Loans, and Federal Work-Study, in addition to institutional scholarships, which can vary in size and eligibility. Some of the more significant and popular awards are the Honors Scholarship; Diversity Grants; Athletic Grants, which are determined by the Athletic Department; and Maryland State Scholarships, offered through the Maryland State Scholarship Administration. Applicants and current students are also encouraged to contact the appropriate school or department for awards related to their specific area of study.
Graduate students may be eligible to receive financial aid in the form of teaching or research assistantships, including a stipend and a waiver of some or all of the tuition and other fees. Graduate students should consult with their individual department about what sort of aid programs are available and the details of the application process.
Students should contact the financial aid office directly to get information about aid programs.
Student Financial Aid Details
Morgan is a historically black institution and awards more bachelor’s degrees to African-American students than any college in Maryland.
Student life includes opportunities in a diverse range of activities and organizations. The campus is home to numerous student-run groups and clubs, including the Caribbean Students Association, Minority Association of Pre-Health Students, the Pre-Medical Chapter of the American Medical Student Association, and various Greek letter organizations. There are also many other academic and professional groups, a band and choir, a student newspaper, and yearbook committee.
The McKeldin Center, which offers students a place to convene and relax outside of the classroom, is a hub of social activity on campus. The Center offers meeting facilities, lectures, and other public gatherings.
Student Enrollment Demographics
Student Graduation Demographics
The Morgan State Bears compete in the NCAA’s Division I Mideastern Athletic Conference. The football team competes in Division I-AA. Intercollegiate sports teams include men’s basketball, cross country, football, tennis, and indoor and outdoor track and field. Women’s teams include basketball, bowling, cross country, softball, tennis, indoor and outdoor track and field, cheerleading and volleyball.
The Bears have several alumni in the NFL Pro Football Hall of Fame, including Willie Lanier, Roosevelt Brown, Leroy Kelly, and Len Ford.
Athletic facilities include a stadium, a gymnasium, and a field house.
The Morgan State Marching Band, known as the “Magnificent Marching Machine,” performs for audiences in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ohio, and Washington D.C. on a regular basis. The band has performed at NFL games and championships as well as presidential inaugurations.
MSU is located in a residential section of Baltimore, Maryland. Both Philadelphia, PA and Washington, D.C. are within driving distance. Baltimore, located on the Chesapeake Bay and dubbed the Greatest City in America, is home to a seemingly infinite number of attractions, sources of culture, and civic pride such as the Baltimore Ravens NFL team and the MLB’s Baltimore Orioles. The Babe Ruth Museum, Baltimore Museum of Art, Edgar Allan Poe House, the Great Blacks in Wax Museum, and the National Aquarium are also located in the city.
Holmes Hall, Morgan State University
Constructed in 1952, Holmes Hall is named in honor of Dwight Oliver Wendell Holmes, a sociologist who became the first black president of Morgan State University in 1937. Morgan State is one of the four Historically Black Colleges and Universities in Maryland but had only white presidents prior to Holmes who led the university until 1975. During his tenure, the faculty almost tripled in number and the student body increased by over two hundred percent. This is one of three buildings that were erected during his presidency.
Morgan State University was founded in 1867 as a private institution, and is one of Maryland’s largest historically black colleges, also known as a HBCU.
It was first founded as the Centenary Biblical Institute, that trained young men in the ministry. In 1890, the college was renamed ‘Morgan College’, after the man that donated the land for the college, by the name of Reverend Lyttleton Morgan. Shortly after, ‘Morgan College’ handed out it’s first Bachelors Degree to George F. McMechen in 1895.
Morgan State University did not become the location it is today, until 1917; Which became because of Andrew Carnegie giving the school a grant that consisted of $50,000 and certain terms to abide by, one of the terms being a new site. A year after the new college was rebuilt, at the new location, problems arouse. in 1918, the white citizens of Lauraville insisted that the new college was built on their property, and was being taken by “negros”. They tried to take back the land through court, where it was dismissed. Although there was a lot of tension, ‘Morgan College’ expanded their buildings, and remained at the location.
It wasn’t until 1939, that MSU ended being a private institution, and switched it’s name over from ‘Morgan College’ to ‘Morgan State University’.
Largest Donation in Morgan State University Athletics History Paves Way for Return of Division I Collegiate Wrestling, Following 24-Year Hiatus
Story LinksBALTIMORE, Md. (October 21, 2021) — Morgan State University today announced the return of competitive collegiate wrestling to its athletic programs, making Morgan the only Historically Black College or University (HBCU) in the country to offer the sport of wrestling at the NCAA Division I Varsity level. Following a 24-year hiatus, the sport’s revival comes as the result of the largest donation in history to Morgan’s Athletic Department: a $2.7-million gift from HBCU Wrestling (HBCUW), a new initiative reestablishing wrestling programs on HBCU campuses, in partnership with billionaire philanthropist and former hedge fund manager Mike Novogratz. The University has also been working with Baltimore-based nonprofit Beat the Streets to make the return of wrestling at Maryland’s largest HBCU a reality.
The gift, which is among the largest received from a private donor to the University, will provide funding for men’s wrestling at Morgan and will support up to nine full scholarships annually. In addition to the re-emergence of Wrestling, Morgan State Department of Athletics is continually assessing the University’s sport portfolio to improve the access, equity, and opportunities for current for future Morgan Students.
“The purpose behind this donation is to create access and equity which will serve to further diversify the sport of wrestling by providing opportunities for student-athletes that do not currently exist,” said Edward Scott, Ph.D., vice president and director of Intercollegiate Athletics at Morgan. “We are extremely grateful to Mike Novogratz and HBCU Wrestling for this tremendous contribution to Morgan State University Athletics. This gift is the largest in Morgan athletics history and believed to be one of the largest donations to any HBCU athletics program from a private donor.”
The Morgan Bears have a rich and illustrious history in the sport of wrestling that began in the early 1950s. The Bears dominated competition throughout that decade and continued the trend in the ’60s, capturing Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) titles in 1963, 1964 and 1965, among many other achievements.
In 1975–76, the legendary coach James Phillips took over and led the Bears to unprecedented success over the next 20 years. Under Phillips, the Bears won 13 Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC) titles. He also earned MEAC Coach of the Year accolades 12 times and was instrumental in bringing the NCAA Eastern Wrestling Regional Championship to Morgan State University in 1984. Under his guidance, Morgan produced four national champions and had more than 75 wrestlers named All-American. Morgan’s wrestling program was
discontinued at the conclusion of the 1996–97 season, in part because of a lack of resources.
“Morgan as an institution is predicated on expanding opportunities, promoting equity and creating access, and by way of this generous gift, we will be able to resurrect a program that opened the door for so many young men to bask in the promise and experience the magic of education,” said David K. Wilson, Ed.D., president of Morgan. “Historically, Morgan has served as home to a nationally competitive, championship caliber wrestling program, producing numerous national champions in the sport. We embrace this opportunity of being the only HBCU nationwide offering a D1 varsity wrestling program, and we invite those seeking a competitive athletic experience in this sport, and a world-class education, to consider Morgan State University.”
There are nearly 400 men’s wrestling programs in colleges in the D1, D2, D3, NAIA and NJCAA divisions. For a number of scholar-athletes, the allure of competing at a D1 wrestling college is a huge draw, as the students are presented with the opportunity to compete at the highest level. Scholastic wrestling is now practiced in 49 of the 50 states in the United States.
“Wrestling teaches leadership. Fifteen of our 46 presidents wrestled as well as many important business, political, and community leaders.” says Mike Novogratz CEO of Galaxy Investment Partners. “That is what HBCUW is about, it’s about growing the sport of wrestling and our bench of future black leaders who will make our nation more justice and prosperous. I fully support the HBCU Wrestling Initiative and hope that many others will help push this endeavor forward.”
In addition to furthering the University’s relationship with Beat the Streets, which works to develop Baltimore’s youth through wrestling and STEM programs, Morgan will also engage the Coaches Association and the Black Wrestling Association as part of a broader effort to increase African-American participation in the sport. It is widely believed by those involved in the sport that wrestling builds character and teaches young people how to overcome obstacles, handle their emotions, respect authority and become good teammates. It also reinforces the knowledge that success has to be earned through hard work and determination.
“In partnership with Morgan State, we are working to enrich the HBCU experience and look forward to having more underrepresented students get involved with the wrestling community,” said Jahi Jones, Director of HBCUW.
Over the last decade, there has been an influx of African-American students participating in wrestling globally. Approximately 20% of the All-American wrestlers in NCAA Division I, II and III and NAIA are African American or are of mixed race with an African-American parent. In 2021 alone, five of the 10 NCAA Division I wrestling champions were African-American, continuing a tradition of representation and excellence in the sport.
Morgan State University, founded in 1867, is a Carnegie-classified high research (R2) institution offering more than 130 academic programs leading to degrees from the baccalaureate to the doctorate. As Maryland’s Preeminent Public Urban Research University, and the only university to have its entire campus designated as a National Treasure by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Morgan serves a multiethnic and multiracial student body and seeks to ensure that the doors of higher education are opened as wide as possible to as many as possible. For more information about Morgan State University, visit www.morgan.edu.
Larry Jones or Dell Jackson
Morgan State University | Cost | AdmissionMorgan State University ( MSU ) – state higher education institution in the USA. The history of MSU dates back to 1867. The main building of the university proudly stands in Baltimore inside an urban campus.
Admission and tuition fees. The admissions office of the university organizes the recruitment of applicants, evaluating the academic performance of the applicant, as well as the results of the exams passed.It should be borne in mind that MSU is not very competitive among applicants, and no more than 2 applicants apply for 1 position. The academic year at the university is divided into two semesters. Tuition per year at this university will cost around 15,000 USD. In addition, studying for a master’s degree at MSU will also be quite difficult to save money, since the cost of training is 15,000 USD per year. In addition, students can cover part of the costs if they receive financial support from the educational institution.You can get knowledge in this university not only in person, but also in a distance format. For more accurate information on tuition fees, deadlines, training programs, you can visit the official website of the university – http://www.morgan.edu.
Composition of the university. As a medium-sized university, Morgan State University accommodates over 7,000 students. The admissions office of the university accepts applications from both local and foreign citizens.Students of the university may have access to international exchange programs. You can find out more about student life and studying at the university on social media. University pages: Twitter, Youtube, Facebook.
Infrastructure of the University. The university library is also available to university students. The educational institution provides the opportunity for students to live on campus. The educational institution is part of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU), and is also a member of Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), Sport affiliations and memberships: National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).
[Assignment: 59-CF-DS-19466-05] African American History, Dean Feson Torium [featuring Morgan State University Choir and Speeches by Guest Speakers including: Secretary Condoleezza Rice; Bernard Lafuette, Jr., leader of the civil rights movement in the 1960s; director of the Center for the Study of Nonviolence and Peace at the University of Rhode Island; Dorothy Haight, longtime civil and women’s rights activist, honorary president of the National Council of Black Women; and Romeo Krennel, head coach of the Cleveland Broms National Football League… [Assignment: Anne Thomas-State] [59-CF-DS-19466-05 _ DSC _ 1794.JPG]
US National Archives and DVIDS
Items in this collection are from the National Archives Visual Information Dissemination Service and the Ministry defense of the United States. The United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) was created in 1934 by President Franklin Roosevelt. NARA maintains federal records that are deemed to have permanent value — 2 to 5 percent of those created in any given year.There are about 10 billion pages of text entries; 12 million maps, diagrams, architectural and engineering drawings; 25 million photos and graphics; 24 million aerial photographs; 300,000 rolls of film; 400,000 video and sound recordings; and 133 terabytes of electronic data. The Department of Defense’s Visual Information Dissemination Service provides a link between the global media and U.S. military personnel at home and abroad. All of these materials are retained because they are important to the work of government, have value for long-term research, or provide information of value to citizens.
Disclaimer: The work of the US National Archives and DVIDS is “work prepared by an official or employee” of the federal government “in the course of that person’s job duties.” Generally, under section 105 of the Copyright Act, such works are not subject to domestic copyright protection under US law and are therefore in the public domain. This website is designed to be part of the world’s largest public domain archive, PICRYL.com, and is not developed or approved by the US National Archives or DVIDS. https://www.picryl.com
May 18. Kazinform’s calendar “Dates. Events »
NUR-SULTAN. KAZINFORM – MIA “Kazinform” offers readers an informational calendar “Dates. Developments”.
Day of Turkic writing in Kazakhstan
By the decision of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2014, May 18 was declared and approved by the Government Decree as the Day of Turkic writing.The reason for choosing this date is that it was on May 18 that a copy of the Kultegin stone slab with ancient Turkic inscriptions was delivered to the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan from Mongolia. The ancient Turkic writing is called runic or cuneiform. Many monuments of ancient Turkic writing have been found in the territory of Central Asia. The most famous of them are those found in Northern Mongolia on the banks of the Orkhon, Selenga, and Tola rivers. Runic inscriptions are dedicated to the famous Turkic rulers Bilga Kagan, Kultegin, Tonikok.For the first time, monuments of ancient Turkic writing were found in the floodplain of the Yenisei in the 20s of the 18th century by the German scientist D. Messeshmidt and the captive Swedish officer I. Stralenberg accompanying him. In connection with the similarity of these inscriptions with the runic script of Scandinavia, they called these inscriptions “runic”. Although this name is not very accurate, it turned out to be suitable and entrenched in science. In 1889 N. Yadrintsev found large gravestones with runic inscriptions in Northern Mongolia, in the floodplain of the Orkhon River.The Danish scientist V. Thomson was the first to find the key to reading these texts, and the Russian Turkologist V. Radlov was the first to read them.
International Museum Day
Declared in 1978 by the decision of the XII General Assembly of the International Council of Museums (ICOM). Celebrated annually in more than 150 countries around the world. In museums, an open day is held, when everyone can visit all exhibitions and expositions free of charge. There are about 150 museums in Kazakhstan.
World AIDS Vaccine Day
On May 18, 1997, US President Bill Clinton delivered a speech to alumni of Morgan State University in Baltimore. In his speech, he called for setting new goals in the era of science and technology. Among those goals, he named the development of an AIDS vaccine, stating that only a truly effective HIV vaccine could ultimately eradicate the AIDS threat.
World AIDS Vaccine Day was first celebrated a year later in 1998.
Day of Remembrance for Victims of the Deportation of the Peoples of Crimea
On May 18, 1944, on illegal charges by the authorities of the USSR, the deportation of Tatars, as well as Germans, Armenians, Bulgarians, Greeks, from Crimea began. More than 200 thousand Crimean Tatars were deported to Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Siberia.
In 1992 President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev made his first official visit to the United States at the invitation of the President of the United States of America George W. Bush.
In 1996 President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev presented the poet Olzhas Omaruly Suleimenov with a certificate and a badge of the people’s writer of Kazakhstan.
In 2001 in Astana, at the Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyov, within the framework of the national action “Relay of Centuries” an international scientific and theoretical conference “Ancient Turkic civilization: written language monuments” was held, in accordance with the decisions of which the annual prize was established.L. N. Gumilyov with a gold medal. The prize is awarded on a competitive basis for outstanding achievements in the field of Eurasian research recognized by the scientific community.
In 2007 the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan adopted amendments to the Constitution limiting the powers of the President of the country to two terms. At the same time, the Parliament adopted the amendments proposed by a group of deputies that remove restrictions on the number of presidential terms for the First President – Elbasy.
In 2011 in Shymkent, the square of state symbols was solemnly opened, on which the Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Declaration of Independence and the map of the country made of granite were installed, which was adorned with the statement of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.
In 2011 in one of the economic, cultural, tourist centers in Bulgaria – the city of Plovdiv – the official opening ceremony of the Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Kazakhstan took place, which became an information center for Bulgarian citizens interested in modern Kazakhstan, and testifies to the development of cooperation between the two countries.
In 2012, , the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan announced the issue of a banknote with a nominal value of 10,000 tenge with a modified design of the 2012 sample.
The banknote is made on 149×79 mm paper. Obverse: Blue-violet predominant and images are vertical. Main images: the “Kazak Eli” monument on the right side of the banknote and images of flying pigeons in the middle below. Reverse: The predominant color is blue-violet, and the images are horizontal. The main image is the residence of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Akorda, in the background are the outlines of the contour of the map of Kazakhstan.
In 2015 Taraz State University named after M.-NS. Dulati (TarSU) entered the Eurasian Association, which unites 130 universities of the CIS countries.
The decision to admit the Zhambyl university to the association was made at the XIII Congress of the Eurasian Association, held in St. Petersburg with the participation of rectors and representatives of universities from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine.
In 2015 Elena Bezrukova (Musienko) became the first Kazakhstani writer to take part in the London Book Fair-2015.
The main aspect of participation in this fair was the presentation of the book by E. Bezrukova and V. Tikhomirova “Projective Graphics, First Album”, held as part of the “London Book Fair-2015”. The book was published in 2014 in London by the British publishing house Hertfordshire Press.
In 2016 President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev for his special contribution to the development of national literature, as well as active public activity aimed at strengthening peace and civil harmony, the poet, public figure Suleimenov Olzhas Omarovich handed the gold star “Kazakhstan” Enbek Yeri.
In 2017 President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev awarded the title of “Kazakhstannyk Enbek Yeri” to the actor, director of theater and cinema Asanali Ashimov. Nursultan Nazarbayev, on his own behalf and on behalf of the state, thanked Asanali Ashimov, noting his current fruitful work in theater and cinema.
In 2019 in the National Museum within the framework of the “Night at the Museum” campaign, the exhibition “Zhuz zhyldyk zhylnam” was opened, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the newspaper “Egemen Qazaqstan”, which tells about the history of the newspaper “Egemen Qazaqstan”.Copies of the edition from one century were presented to the public. At the same time, visitors could familiarize themselves with and see valuable things and manuscripts of persons who once headed the newspaper.
Captain Morgan: Facts, Legends and Fiction
How to choose the right drink and distinguish it from a fake
- Engraving. On the front of the bottle, above the label, there are two crossed sabers, and between them are the “initials” of the drink: CM. Above the counter-label is the engraving of a pirate sailing ship.In front of the bottom – volumetric points. All elements must be clear and embossed.
- There is a recess at the bottom of Captain Morgan Black – this is a technological element.
- Naturally, the labels should be even, without any mistakes in the name: only Captain Morgan Black, no “Kaptain” or “Morgann”.
- The drink is corked with a cork, which has the letters CM, and on the “shirt” under it is the inscription Captain Morgan.
- Please note that the volume is indicated not in liters, but in milliliters.
5 cocktail recipes
A selection of classic cocktails with Captain Morgan rum.
Home for the Holidays Punch
- Captain Morgan White Rum – 1 L
- Cranberry juice – 960 ml
- Simple syrup – 120 ml
- Lemon-lime soda – 360 ml
- Sparkling water – 360 ml
- Lime sorbet – 4 tbsp l.
- Mint sprigs – 4-5 pcs.
- Lime Slices – 4-5 pcs.
- Cranberries – 100 g
- In a punch bowl, combine rum, cranberry juice and sugar syrup.
- Then toss in ice and add soda.
- At the very end, toss in the lime slices, cranberries, mint and stir gently.
- Garnish with mint and lime sorbet when serving.
- Captain Morgan Original Spiced Rum – 165 ml
- Lime Juice – 15 ml
- Grapefruit juice – 60 ml
- Ginger Ale – 120 ml
- Grapefruit Slice
- Toss ice into a Glass Tankard, pour rum and citrus juice.
- Fill the empty space of the glass with ginger ale.
- When serving, garnish with a slice of grapefruit.
- Captain Morgan Grapefruit Rum – 45 ml
- Juice of half a lime
- Grapefruit soda
- Fill the glass with ice.
- Pour in rum, lime juice and fill empty space with grapefruit soda.
- When serving, garnish with a wedge of grapefruit.
- Captain Morgan Original Spiced Rum – 30 ml
- Lemon juice – 15 ml
- Apple Cider – 30 ml
- Brown sugar – 1 tsp
- Prosecco – 90 ml
- Cinnamon stick – 1 pc.
- Apple slice for decoration
- In a shaker, combine lemon juice, rum, cinnamon, brown sugar and apple cider with ice.
- Then strain the contents of the shaker into a glass and top up
- When serving, garnish with an apple slice and a cinnamon stick.
- Captain Morgan Original Spiced Rum – 15 ml
- Blue Curacao – 30 ml
- Pineapple juice – 60 ml
- Ginger Beer – 60 ml
- In a shaker mix rum, Blue Curacao liqueur and pineapple juice.
- Fill a glass with ice and strain the contents of the shaker into it.
- Then pour ginger beer to the top of the glass.
- Garnish with pineapple slice when serving.
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Who runs the business these days?
Morgana is a dynasty of the largest oligarchs. But nowadays everyone owns the business … and no one. The Morgan hold in their hands the vast capital of their empire. This is why everyone runs a business. Nobody, because none of the members of the modern Morgan dynasty has the power that the Corsair was endowed with.
The complex financial ties that are inherent in modern monopolies, and the facelessness of modern descendants of Morgan Sr. have led to the fact that none of them claim to be the sovereign and sole owner, and is not able to fulfill it.
Despite this, the descendants of the old Morgan still play a prominent role in the world of American business. They occupy prominent positions in the structure of big business. But are they the owners of the business that bears their family name? Opinions differ on this score.In the American economic literature, one can often find the judgment that the Morgan are no longer the same, that is, the surname has remained, but the influence is not.
Actually in America there is a very fashionable theory of the “managerial revolution”. That is, business owners are not owners at all, but only very rich people living off dividends, and real power has passed into the hands of managers who actually manage enterprises and corporations and serve not so much their owners as shareholders. This is the so-called “democratization of capital”.
Where did it come from
Henry Morgan was born and raised into a noble family in Wales. His ancestors had inhabited Tredegar Estate for many years. Like most boys, Morgan listened with delight to the heroic stories of pirates who plundered ships in the Caribbean.
He decided that he also wanted to be like this when he grew up, and, having matured, he went to the islands in the hope of fulfilling his dream. It turned out that he was not the only nobleman who dreamed of becoming a privateer.
Sir Christopher Mings became his mentor, who gave him the pirate code and taught him the principles of life as a “gentleman-adventurer.”
Portrait of Captain Morgan from the book “Pirates of America”. Photo: Wikimedia Commons.
To find a job, the privateers had to be a member of the Coastal Brotherhood. In between orders, they lost their legal status as a privateer and were engaged in banal piracy. The Brotherhood was a fairly democratic organization: all employees signed a contract, and they were allowed to vote to elect a captain who represented their interests.
Henry Morgan was so eager to become the best privateer that at the age of 23 several hundred people chose him as their leader.
In the contracts drawn up for his team, Morgan promised to pay each of them 150 Spanish gold coins. One such coin was equal to approximately $ 66 (ie, each privateer earned about $ 10,000 per trip).
In addition, in case of injury in battle, the navigator was also paid a bonus. For example, if a pirate lost his eye, he received an additional 100 coins.For a lost arm or leg, they gave 500-600 gold.
Morgan became famous for his successful robberies, on which he became rich. It is quite natural that the governor of Jamaica turned to him and his team – it was necessary to attack the city of Panama, where the Spaniards ruled.
At that time England and Spain fought for lands in the Caribbean and South America. Jamaica belonged to the British. Morgan agreed, but the task was not easy. Dozens of people from his team died from tropical fever, infections and hunger in the jungles of Panama, before even reaching the city.
Continue and Increase, or John Morgan
John Morgan (son of Junius) became a symbol of the era of the formation of monopolies. His enterprise stood out for its gigantism. He was an educated, strong-willed and intelligent person.
As a child, he was a very sickly and weak boy, suffered from lupus, which severely disfigured his face. Health problems have shaped his ability to overcome difficulties and obstacles.
He received an excellent education – graduated from the University of Gittingen.At 23, he headed the New York branch of his father’s firm (Junius Morgan).
In 1861, John Pierpoint Morgan founded J. P. Morgan & Co. This company initially served as the American office for the distribution and sale of European securities, the guarantor was the father’s firm, which was located in London.
At the same time, the American Civil War begins. Morgana’s son and father arrange military supplies. Their profits are growing, and the victory over the Confederation made it possible to cross out and forget all the dark affairs of the company.
In 1870 the Franco-Prussian War begins in Europe. Father and son finance the French government on fairly favorable terms. But in 1871 France was defeated. And the Morgan company, taking advantage of the situation, absorbs the French financial company Drexel, Harjes & Co, which is renamed Morgan, Harjes & Co.
In 1891, after Junius’s death, John becomes head of the family business. He is implementing the merger of the Thomson-Houston Electric Company and Edison General Electric.The newly formed trust is named General Electric.
In 1895, during the financial and economic crisis in the United States, John Morgan contributes $ 62 million to the budget, thereby stabilizing the dollar exchange rate, and receives quite profitable privileges from the state.
1901 is the peak of the Morgan-style financial and industrial association. John Morgan echoes the history of General Electric and forms the steel trust US Steel, which became the first company in the United States with a turnover of more than a billion dollars.When creating this trust, Morgan took the business from Andrew Carnegie, who was considered the steel king in the United States.
In the same year, Morgan founds monopoly companies:
- International Harvester is a monopoly in the production of agricultural machinery and tools.
- International Merchant Marine is a shipping monopoly, one of whose firms built the Titanic.
In 1912, the US government decided to “squeeze” John Morgan’s business.He was summoned to Congress for a commission, where they began to ask about the activities of his monopolies. He proudly told the Congressmen: “Money is not the main thing, the main thing in business is character. If I don’t believe a person, he will never see money from me ”. Soon after, he dies while traveling to Rome, leaving his life’s work to his son.
The Captain’s Story
Getting alcohol from cane and the appearance of pirates are approximately the same time. This drink and filibusters existed before our era.Their fates have been firmly intertwined since that time. The strong potion excited the minds of the sea robbers, pushed them on new adventures.
The fate of the brand was more complicated. Successful production was interspersed with market turmoil. Let’s briefly list the main development milestones:
The founders of the company, the Canadians, the Bornfman brothers, opened the production of alcoholic beverages in 1924. The equipment was purchased from the USA. In those years, there was a “dry” law, and the production of alcohol was stopped.
The family business was successful. There is information that the brothers illegally traded on the territory of a neighboring state, despite the prohibitions. In 1928 the Bornfman bought the firm Joseph E. Seagram & Sons, well known in the North American continent.
1944. Awarded with the purchase of a distillery in Jamaica and the purchase of a recipe for a local strong drink with an unusual vanilla flavor. It was this deal that played a leading role in the future in the creation of the eminent brand, named after the famous English pirate Henry Morgan.
Early fifties. Harsh taxation strangled Seagram in Jamaica. To alleviate the situation, they had to move to Puerto Rico, and also partially cede the right to the brand to the Jamaican company J. Wray and Nephew Ltd. Since then, this company has also traded a similar product, but only domestically.
Having got out of the crisis, by the eighties, Seagram is one of the five leading manufacturers of alcoholic beverages. The success was supported by the fashion for a drink that reigned in the world at that time.Having caught the situation, the company’s marketers played brilliantly, remembering the forgotten brand.
“Captain Morgan” spicy with a new label design set off to conquer the world. During these years, the Seagram management decided to repurpose their business and sold the brand to manufacturers from Serrales.
In 2001, the brand was bought by Diageo, which is the current owner of the brand.
Black Rum “Captain Morgan” has an exact date of birth. It appeared at a time when the pirate profession became obsolete.2012 is considered the beginning of a new product in the world of the alcohol business.
Now let’s talk about the story with the name. A beautiful legend was needed to promote a forgotten brand. It was invented in the early eighties of the last century in the marketing department of Seagram. Since the internet was not yet born, a beautiful story was conveyed through the media. Say, the recipe for this unusual type of alcohol was invented by the famous pirate himself.
In support of this, a colorful bottle label was drawn, where Henry, in full pirate uniform, stands with one foot resting on a barrel of rum.The legend worked, everyone wanted romance and a drink from the leader of the filibusters.
Few people thought about the fact that the refined alcoholic drink appeared only in the seventies of the XIX century thanks to Facundo Bacardi. What the real pirates drank was harsh and harsh drinking. Even domestic moonshine, in comparison with it, would seem like a sweet liquor.
The Pirate Henry Morgan in the Service of His Majesty the King of England
From this moment, a real epic begins in the life of the colonists and local residents of the coastal cities and ports of Haiti, Panama, Barbados and Providence.Pirates under the leadership of Henry Morgan rob, kill and rape, they behave like real thugs, showing neither pity nor compassion. Everything that is so beautifully written in the books is a successful attempt to hide the fact that these actions were performed to please the government.
Henry Morgan’s Ship – Black Pearl
The maintenance of a fleet and an army of many thousands to protect their interests from encroachments from Spain cost England considerable sums of money, while the maintenance of pirates, who actually carried out the same mission, did not cost the treasury a pound.On the contrary, Morgan, being an exemplary privateer, personally donated part of the loot to the treasury, owning by that time dozens of ships.
Wanting to cover up the iniquities perpetrated by pirates, the English king not only did not order to catch and hang the filibusters, but also awarded their leader Henry Morgan the honorary title of vice-governor of Jamaica, which he inherited. The title was awarded to the pirate not just anywhere, but in the capital of the British Empire – London, the most royal person.
And yet the years spent in robberies and revelry affected the governor’s health, he died in his own bed on August 25, 1688, having lived a long and adventurous life.
Related article: Henry Morgan is the most brutal pirate of all time
Glitter and shine of the pirate city
After the signing of the peace treaty with Spain, times have changed. King Charles knew to get rid of the outlaw pirates in the Caribbean. Hearing about the confusion over the attack on the English allies, Karl found the governor guilty and removed from office, and in his place was appointed Henry Morgan.
Morgan returned to Port Royal and began recruiting and sending groups of privateers on various expeditions.He was so successful in this and was so respected by the local population that Port Royal turned almost into Las Vegas of the 17th century.
Gambling and drinking establishments, brothels, musicians and mummers, and indeed any pirate or filibuster flourished in the city. Throughout Europe, Port Royal was famous as a city of sins, and the richest – new homes were being built everywhere, and ports were equipped with the latest technology and could receive the best ships of the Caribbean.
Having become rich, Henry Morgan bought a mansion and several sugar plantations in Jamaica.He had servants and slaves to work on the plantations. After getting married, he bought a second home in Wales to spend time there with his family.
Until his death at 53, he drank rum, walked recklessly and had fun as best he could. After his death, ships from all over the Caribbean flocked to Port Royal. To honor his memory, the pirates staged a salute with 22 cannons, which is still considered one of the loudest fireworks in history.
Port Royal was never the same without Captain Morgan.Four years later, in 1692, the city was nearly destroyed by one of the largest earthquakes in the Caribbean.
After the earthquake, a gigantic tsunami occurred, killing thousands of people. The beautiful buildings, expensive ships and even the cemetery where Morgan was buried were destroyed and washed into the sea.
Sin City Port Royal is still underwater today. His remains can only be seen by divers diving off the coast of Jamaica.
Born near New York, graduated from Union College in 1840, enrolled in the Bar in 1844.Rochester. In 1855 he became a member, later – one of the directors of a railway company, becoming a successful bourgeois. However, the main thing for Morgan was not business, but science. In addition to scientific and commercial activities, Morgan was engaged in politics, defending radical bourgeois democratic views, was a left republican. In 1861, he was elected from the Republican Party to the New York State House of Representatives, where he was a fierce opponent of slavery and a supporter of the struggle against the rebellious slave South.In 1868 he was elected to the New York State Senate, where he actively advocated a radical reconstruction of the South, for the complete abolition of all racial discrimination, and defended the introduction of voting rights for the Negro population. Due to the harshness of his views, he was already blackballed in 1869.
Back in 1840, he created a society called the “Great Order of the Iroquois”, which aimed to study and protect the rights of Indians, opposing the seizure of Indian territory by land speculators. The case was brought before the US Congress, which decided it in favor of the Indians; and in recognition of his merits, Morgan was admitted to the ranks of the tribe.Morgan was engaged in the defense of the Indians until the end of his life, exposing government corruption, openly, including in print, opposing military operations against the Sioux, Iroquois and other tribes.
In 1875 he was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and in 1879 – President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Problems in Morgan’s Biography
Henry Morgan is believed to have been born around 1635 in Wales and he died in 1688 in Jamaica.But the details of his origin and how he ended up in the Caribbean are unclear. Surgeon Alexander Exkemelin, who joined Morgan on his travels, wrote that Morgan’s father was a “wealthy farmer.” On the other hand, stories suggest that he is biologically related to the Morgan who resided at Tredegar House. However, it is impossible to confirm this fact. It is also possible that he married a woman whose father was associated with the Morgan Tredegar House.
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Regarding how he ended up in the Caribbean, Exkemelin claimed that Morgan went to sea on a merchant ship to escape the farming lifestyle, but was kidnapped and sold into slavery.Then he was hit by pirates and headed for Jamaica. According to another version, he voluntarily went to the Caribbean to help Oliver Cromwell conquer the Spanish colonies. Morgan outright denied that he had ever been kidnapped and sold, and later described many of Exkemelin’s statements about him as defamatory.
It would seem that when telling about the history of the creation of Captain Morgan rum and, in particular, its dark version of Black, it would be worth starting with the question, who is Captain Morgan.He was an interesting personality – until 1671 he pirated, terrifying sailors who roamed the seas near the Caribbean Islands, and later received the title of sir and “donkey” in Jamaica, becoming its governor-general.
However, Sir Henry has nothing to do with the creation of a rum named after himself: even if during his Jamaican governorship he was engaged in the production of alcohol, modern products were not like him. The fact is that they learned to purify the distillate much later than the death of the filibuster, in the middle of the 19th century.The legend was invented by marketers for the promotion of the Captain Morgan brand.
In fact, someone Samuel Bronfman, as well as his brother, had a hand in the creation of the rum. In the twenties of the last century, when prohibition was introduced in America, the enterprising Bronfmans bought the equipment of one of the ruined factories, took it to Canada, and it was there that they opened production. At first, the main product was whiskey, which was imported into the United States in huge quantities – of course, smuggled. Later, the brothers bought out the Canadian company Seagram, whose name was retained for the new association.
Rum in the range appeared in the forties of the last century, when Seagram acquired a distillery in Jamaica. Among her clients were the Levy brothers, pharmacists who insisted alcohol on spices. Bronfman sensed a “gold mine” and bought a prescription from pharmacists. By the way, no one makes a secret out of it – all the ingredients are honestly listed on the label. Having named the brainchild Captain Morgan, the manufacturer did not start promoting it.
This continued until the early eighties, when the popularity of the whiskey and therefore the revenue of Seagram plummeted.It’s time for the Captain Morgan spicy spirits Black and Gold to take the stage. However, the story did not end there: in 2001, the brand was bought by Diageo, which still produces Captain Morgan Black.
Personality [edit | edit source]
Equipped with two-hundred years ’worth of knowledge and a lifetime of experience, Henry has managed not just to acquire genius-level observational and logical reasoning skills, but also a deeper insight into the struggles and mundanities of life.For the better part of his immortality, his acquired erudition allows him to be extremely adept in his job as a medical examiner. The downside, however, is that he is forced to watch all his loved ones die in a way that he never could, leaving him nothing but the memories to cling to for comfort. In fact, it might be this precise reason why Henry has a tendency to keep to himself (as evidenced by the number of times he has rejected his co-worker’s offers to spend time together): he is simply tired of watching the people he cares about go somewhere he cannot follow.
Henry is loyal and is dedicated to his work to the point where, when he was a doctor, he actually quit because he chose to protect his own secret over saving someone’s life. Henry viewed this as a serious violation of the “Do no harm” oath that all doctors are required to take, and changed his field of specialty as a direct result. Regardless of this, he is still empathetic and understanding.
Drinks of the same class and taste
In the early 20th century, Canadian Samuel Bronfman was one of the most successful alcoholic tycoons.He traveled the world and bought all the interesting brands of alcohol to create a range in his own company. And in 1924, together with his brother, he moved one of the distilleries that had closed in America to Canada and began his own production.
To find the best flavor combinations, Bronfman went to Jamaica, where in 1944 he bought Long Pond – an old distillery, where he tasted a tart and spicy rum infused with herbs and spices by the distillery’s regular customers, the Levy pharmacists.It is their merit that the world saw the non-standard taste of a traditional drink.
The successful work of marketers was a success, because it was they who came up with the story that the new rum was made according to the old recipe of the famous pirate Captain Morgan.
In 2001, Diageo acquired the rights to manufacture Captain Morgan rum and the production moved to the UK.
Currently produced in two locations worldwide:
- In Jamaica – Captain Morgan Jamaica Rum
- In England Captain Morgan
compares favorably with other Captain Morgan rum.Its peculiarity is the most beautiful coal-black color and a special technology of production from a mixture of several varieties of the drink. The result is an amazing alcohol with a peculiar tangy flavor
You should also pay attention to the “white rum” brand “Captain Morgan”. This is an excellent variant of this brand of rum, which is the complete opposite of Captain Morgan Black. Alcoholic has a spicy taste with a peppery-vanilla aftertaste and is highly valued by connoisseurs of elite alcohol
Alcohol has a spicy taste with a peppery vanilla aftertaste and is highly appreciated by connoisseurs of elite alcohol.
- — Cuban rum — is wildly popular and is considered the benchmark among elite alcoholic beverages. Connoisseurs of high-quality alcohol highly appreciate its unique burning, tart taste.
- —Vietnamese Rum — has gained popularity thanks to numerous positive reviews from tourists. It is one of the top holiday souvenirs.
- —Dominican rum — is considered a real hallmark of the distant republic of the Dominican Republic. If you have visited the Caribbean Islands and have not tasted this wonderful alcohol, then you have made a trip in vain.
Now you know all the pros and cons of Captain Morgan Spiced Gold. Knowing all of the above information, you will not experience problems with the choice of a pirate drink, and you will not get into a mess among friends and will be able to teach them a tasting lesson. I wish you a good mood and a successful tasting!
What to drink with
Connoisseurs of pirate booze prefer to drink it undiluted and without a snack. This method is quite radical, therefore, during a regular feast, it is advised to have a drink with suitable snacks:
- To avoid losing the aftertaste, you can snack on Captain Morgan rum with a slice of bread.
- Fruits go well with strong alcohol. Orange, melon, pineapple, or cinnamon-sprinkled berries will do.
- Seafood will also complement the taste of your drink. Mussels and oysters should be served with both light and dark.
- The classic snacks include cheese, chocolate, sausages and meat.
How to use it correctly?
- White rum is served as an “aperitif” to increase appetite before meals.Such alcohol is poured exclusively into small vodka glasses. As a rule, they drink it in one gulp, snacking on any vegetable or meat dishes.
- At the end of the meal, as a “digestif”, they serve high-quality and seasoned varieties of this drink with dark and rich golden hues. For proper drinking, tall, rather heavy glasses with a thick bottom and walls are used. In order to get real pleasure, it is recommended to drink rum in small sips, enjoying every drop of intoxicating.
Any container must be filled with the desired liquid by a third or a quarter. Before the first sip, the glass is warmed in the palms and for a few seconds only the amazing aroma of the contents is inhaled. A cup of freshly brewed coffee can be a harmonious addition to aromatic alcohol. In addition, some connoisseurs of this drink cannot imagine drinking rum without a cigar or cigarette.
In order to have a positive impression of acquaintance with Captain Morgan, you should adhere to the generally accepted standards for the use of rum:
- White rum is good in cocktails.
- Dark rum is best consumed neat with ice.
- Golden varieties are suitable for both the first and second options.
- Ready cocktails do not need to be mixed with anything. They are used as they are.
Rum has a long history, and this is the main sign that the drink finds a response in the soul of a real esthete. The main thing is not to forget that only by preserving the culture of drinking, you can feel all the splendor of the pirates’ drink.
This drink with an interesting and long history obliges connoisseurs to taste it according to all the rules.Rum is no exception, and it also has its own drinking requirements
There are several ways you can drink pirate whiskey:
- Pure. In this case, alcohol is not mixed with other drinks and is not washed down. The method is suitable for spirit-hardened men, since the drink is strong. Suitable as an aperitif or as an end to a meal. If there is a need to snack on what you have drunk, it is advised to use a piece of fruit or a slice of chocolate.
- With ice. This is the way women choose to taste rum. Thanks to ice, the drink not only cools, but also loses some of its strength. Experts say that this method muffles the personality of the drink and loses its aftertaste.
- Cocktail. Today there are dozens, if not hundreds, of rum-based cocktails. It is difficult to taste a fine drink in this form, however, rum serves as an excellent ingredient in any composition. Drinking on its basis acquires a unique spice and light aroma of Jamaican rum.Captain Morgan Black is the best choice for preparing youth drinks.
- Diluted view. Those who do not like excessively strong drinks prefer to mix rum. It is advised to use lemon juice, cola for these purposes, but water from the well will also go.
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