69th Iron Horse Game: Ben Lomond, Ogden aim for rivalry win to offset difficult seasons | News, Sports, Jobs
BRIAN WOLFER, Special to the Standard-ExaminerBen Lomond’s Jayden Sawyer, left, tries to get a pass off while being tackled by an Ogden defender during the Iron Horse Game on Wednesday, Oct. 14, 2020, at Ogden High School.
Ben Lomond and Ogden meet Wednesday night for the 69th Iron Horse Game that, for the first time since 2014, will be played at a high school site with a full house (last year’s games at OHS had restricted attendance due to COVID-19).
The early kickoff trend for the football rivalry continues with this year’s game starting at 5:30 p.m. (last year’s game was a 4 p.m. start) for what’s been curtly described as “security reasons.”
Several years ago, both teams and both sets of fans got too hostile for the schools’ liking, so the game was moved to Weber State to better separate the two sides, but it’s now back at the schools (and so is that hefty chunk of gate revenue).
Ogden leads the all-time series 51-22 since 1953, and leads 48-20 in Iron Horse games (OHS and BLHS have played five times in the playoffs).
According to prep football historian George Felt, the Ben Lomond-Ogden series is the third-longest active, uninterrupted rivalry series in the state behind the Golden Spike Game (Bear River-Box Elder, 101 games) and the Cedar-Dixie (92 games) game.
The National Weather Service has forecasted a 50% chance of rain and snow Wednesday night in Ogden. That could make the game messy and it also means fans should be prepared for the cold, wet weather.
As for the game itself, both teams welcomed the switch to 3A back when the latest realignment was announced.
Apparently, so has 3A.
BLHS and OHS have a combined 3-15 record this season, are 0-8 in the 3A North region and the three combined wins are against 2A schools.
Here’s a quick look at both the teams heading into Wednesday’s game:
Record: 1-8, 0-4 3A North
Point differential: 77-355 (8. 6 ppg offense, 39.4 ppg defense)
Season synopsis: A season that started with legitimate promise and optimism lost a wing in August and has been mostly in free fall ever since, save for a 28-0 win over Judge Memorial in September.
“We, like everybody, have had a lot of guys get hurt, had some guys that were ineligible that we thought were going to be eligible. When we lose guys it’s a greater impact than anybody else. It’s just been a very challenging year,” BL coach Lyndon Johnson said.
There were a lot of moving parts for Ben Lomond this summer, including many new transfers into the program and some different coaches.
“All those things brought challenges that we probably didn’t overcome very well. Hopefully in the next couple weeks, we’ll have a chance to do that and we’re probably as healthy as we’ve been,” Johnson said.
Other than the Judge win and a 14-13 home loss to Evanston (Wyoming), the Scots have been out of games by halftime.
In some ways, the Iron Horse represents one of the last chances to make something good happen this season at BL.
“Things are getting better. We’re finally starting to click a little bit more. Hopefully, it should be good enough for Ogden,” senior Torsten Hawks said.
There’s a lot of energy in the school and the team right now in advance of the down-the-street rivalry, Hawks said.
As part of the festivities, there was a “Tiger Hunt” on Monday at the Green Acres Dairy corn maze out near West Weber, where whoever found a hidden tiger in the maze got a prize.
Playoff outlook: Ben Lomond is No. 11 in the 3A RPI standings, which puts the Scots in a first-round road playoff game. They’re far behind No. 10 Ogden mathematically, but close to No. 12 Carbon. A win Wednesday might not be enough to get to No. 10, but a loss could drop them to No. 12. At this point, though, any first-round opponent is six of one, half a dozen of the other.
Quotable: “We need to rally to the ball,” Hawks said about what needs to happen against Ogden. “They don’t have Logan Shobe, which is going to be a big help for us.”
Photo supplied, Robert Casey Ben Lomond’s Dahlen Workman (11) takes a hit from Ogden’s Ozzy Norton (20) during a 4A first-round playoff game Friday, Oct. 23, 2020, at Ogden High School.
Record: 2-7, 0-4 3A North
Point differential: 169-272 (18.8 ppg offense, 30.2 ppg defense)
Season synopsis: Head coach Erik Thompson’s public ALS diagnosis in the summer aside, this season has been hard for Ogden on the field, too.
Save for one game, the Tigers were competitive in all their non-region games, going 2-3. All four region losses so far have been by double digits, though one was 10-0 to Grantsville.
It seems like every year, this one included, Ogden’s has its fair share of injuries, both before and during the season. But the Tigers are in a better position now than they have been.
“All hands on deck. Everyone’s playing,” Thompson said after Monday’s practice.
Thompson didn’t want quarterback Chino Furniss to get hurt during scout team drills Monday, during which backup quarterback Kale Adams was playing safety, so one of the assistant coaches stepped in and played quarterback for a bit.
Thompson says the best is yet to come for Ogden this year.
“We’ve had a lot of adversity this season, so it’s kind of hard to be confident going into a game, but everybody has their head on right now,” senior Jaden Gallegos said. “We’re practicing hard and working for it. Everything’s finally coming together for us.”
Playoff outlook: Ogden is No. 10 in 3A RPI and likely on the road for the first round. The Tigers are well behind No. 9 Manti, so it looks like 10’s the magic number. If they jump to No. 9, they could get a rematch with No. 8 Canyon View, provided CV stays there.
Quotable: “The rivalry, plus we just saw a gauntlet of seeing like the three best teams in 3A with some injuries we’re dealing with. We battled in a couple of those games, but morale’s up and they know they have a chance to be playing in a game where it’s two even teams, they’re going against their friends, a lot to be excited about,” Thompson said.
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Ten reasons to avoid adding iron to your horse’s diet
Iron is the fourth most abundant element in soil and is vital for the transport of oxygen by red blood cells, along with other roles in immune function and metabolism.
Around a third of the “functional” iron in the horse is in haemoglobin inside red blood cells in the circulation or stored in the spleen (and released during exercise). Another third is in myoglobin in muscle (myoglobin moves oxygen inside muscle cells), but this has led to many myths, including that extra iron in feeds or supplements can act as an energy booster or to help horses recover from illness.
Iron supplementation in horses is almost only ever required when there has been significant blood loss and sub-clinical iron toxicity (not initially apparent from clinical signs) is many many times more common than iron deficiency. You may then ask, if all of this is true then why do so many supplements boast high iron content for “energy”, as a “tonic” or “to aid recovery”, to “improve performance”, “boost red blood cell numbers” or for “horses in hard work”?
Either these companies are ignorant of the science on use of iron in horses or they have products that sell well and don’t wish to educate horse owners.
You may also have seen that some of the brands with a strong science-based approach do not add iron to their feed and supplements.
So, why should you be avoiding products with added iron?
1. Iron deficiency is very rare
UK soils and forage are generally high in iron (›100mg iron per kg dry matter) and most horses get more than the recommended daily intake (400-500mg per 500kg per day; NRC 2007) from forage alone.
The estimated daily requirement of a 500kg horse in light work is 400mg of iron per day and rises to 500mg for a horse in hard work. Two-year old horses have a requirement around 530mg/day and the highest requirement is for lactating mares: 625mg/day. Forages tend to provide around 200-400mg iron per kg of dry material.
2. Most horses are over-supplemented with iron
Within the EU the inclusion of iron is actually limited to a maximum of 750mg per day in a complete diet (OJ L317/23. Commission Regulation (EC) No 1334/2003.). Even back as far as 20 years ago, some work in my group at the Animal Health Trust showed that event horses supplemented with iron had plasma total iron concentrations 2-3x higher than the typical normal range
3. Once ingested iron cannot effectively be excreted from the body
The horse has no mechanism to excrete iron once taken up from the gastro-intestinal tract other than via a very small amount excreted in urine. Once in the circulation, excess is removed by the liver or spleen and stored linked to protein either as ferritin or haemosiderin.
4. Iron acts as an oxidant increasing oxidative stress and inflammation
Iron in the body can act as a pro-oxidant, producing free-radicals which in turn cause tissue damage and inflammation. These damaging effects of free-radicals can be moderated by vitamins such as vitamins E and C or by antioxidant enzyme defences such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidise. However, this requires an increase in Vitamin C and E turnover and the need for a higher dietary intake to prevent depletion and secondary problems such as decreased immune function or increased respiratory inflammation. The damaging effects of high iron intake are made worse by exercise, stress and thermal environmental stress (hot or hot and humid weather or very cold weather). Mills et al. (1996).
5. Iron toxicity occurs at low intakes
Iron toxicity occurs at relatively low levels, perhaps only 2-3 times the recommended daily intake.
If a forage fed at 5kg dry matter provides 1000mg of iron (200mg/kg) and an additional 500mg per day comes from hard feed and supplements, this is already at three times the recommended intake. Initially the signs of toxicity may be unspecific and not readily recognised as being related to iron intake. Iron is corrosive and signs may include gastric irritation, gastric pain, gastric ulceration as well as damage to the small and large intestinal lining. Other signs associated with iron toxicity include diarrhoea, dehydration, depression and reduced immunity. There is also an increased risk of bacterial infections as bacteria use iron as an energy source. In more severe cases of iron toxicity, liver failure can be induced, which may be fatal. In people, iron supplementation can lead to undesirable overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine. Excess iron is especially toxic to young foals and death due to excess supplementation has been reported.
6. Iron does not boost red blood cell numbers
Feeding iron supplements will not increase the number of red blood cells. Fact.
7. Iron does not correct anaemia (low blood count)
Feeding iron supplements will not correct anaemia (low red blood cell count) unless this is due to high blood loss. Fact. Here is a fact sheet on anaemia.
8. Iron does not increase energy
The theory for iron as an energy booster seems to be related to the fact that people who are anaemic have low energy levels and giving them iron supplements can restore their energy levels. But as we have already said, horses are rarely anaemic and if they are it is rarely due to iron deficiency and iron supplements will have no effect unless there has been heavy blood loss.
9. Iron interferes with absorption of other minerals
Supplemental iron can decrease zinc and copper uptake from the diet and over time can lead to deficiency and other health problems such as poor coat and hoof quality.
10. Iron may be linked to equine metabolic syndrome (reduction in the normal response to insulin)
In people there are studies that show iron plays a role in metabolic syndrome (Mojominiyi et al. 2008) and obesity (Zafron et al. 2011). Nielsen et al. (2012) also identified a link between iron and insulin resistance in horses, which appears to be becoming more common.
Bottom line: You should use feeds with added iron or use supplements with iron only on the advice of a qualified nutritionist or your vet, and ideally following confirmation of low iron content of your horse’s diet and clinical evidence of iron deficiency. Most horses are receiving far too much iron and this has a high potential to cause long-erm health problems that are rarely ever attributed to high dietary iron intake.
Iron Horse, Steel Will | Baseball Hall of Fame
Over his lengthy career, Gehrig was faced with numerous injuries and handicaps that could have sent him to the sidelines, but he courageously played through pain.
Gehrig’s endurance record threatened to end abruptly when he was struck behind the right ear by Washington pitcher Earl Whitehill on April 23, 1933. Gehrig not only stayed in the game but would score a run that inning.
As 1975 J.G. Taylor Spink Award honoree Shirley Povich wrote in the next day’s Washington Post, “Whitehill’s pitch that beaned Gehrig in the sixth would have been a safe bunt if Lou had connected with his bat instead of his head. He staggered to first base via the right-field boxes like a drunk on an escalator.”
Arguably the most serious challenge to Gehrig’s streak came when the Yankees were playing one of their farm teams in an exhibition at Norfolk, Va., on June 29, 1934. After hitting a home run in the first inning, Gehrig was struck on the crown of the head by a Ray White pitch in the second inning. According to reports, Gehrig was unconscious for five minutes.
“I have a slight headache, and there is a swelling on my head where the ball hit,” said Gehrig after the game, “but I feel all right otherwise, and will be in there tomorrow. ”
In fact, Gehrig was ready to play the next day’s game in Washington when X-rays taken failed to disclose a serious injury. He even hit three successive triples, which proved, according to Povich, “that the wild pitch he took in the head at Norfolk the day before made him no more plate-shy than a starving Armenian.” But the game, which would have been Gehrig’s 1,415th consecutive, was washed away by the rain in the fifth inning before it would become official.
In a matchup at Detroit on July 13, 1934, in which Ruth would hit his 700th career home run, Gehrig would suffer so much pain in his back that he would be forced to leave in the second inning of his 1,426th consecutive game. There was speculation in the press that this “attack of lumbago” may very well spell the end to Gehrig’s record.
In order to keep his streak intact, the next game a still-suffering Gehrig, for the first time in his big league career, was listed in the starting lineup as anything but a first baseman. Designated as New York’s shortstop and leadoff hitter, he began the top of the first inning by slapping a single to right field and then gave way to a pinch-runner.
David Yarrow, The Iron Horse, 2021Close
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Hard Brain Teaser Solved and Explained
Do you know Riddles Sharpen your Analytical Skills?
If you want to give exercise to your brain, you can try to solve riddles/puzzles daily. To solve riddles easily, you need to combine what you already know with new information from the riddle. Riddles ask you to use existing knowledge (known matters) and context clues to come up with a tricky answer. When it comes with Puzzles, it help you learn to recognize patterns and order. For Example Jigsaw puzzles, require you to look at a situation in multiple ways to figure out the best solution.
You need to alternate your brain games regularly. When you repeat a certain type of task, your brain needs less task to expend to perform it. So you can try different types of riddles such as Hard Riddles, Funny Riddles, Rebus Riddles, Riddles for Kids and Riddles for Adults which is available on the FreshersLive website. So, alternating the types of games you play regularly will help keep your brain from taking shortcuts.
Write your own Riddle!
Anyone can design riddle as it is a form of oral literature. You need to be creative and intellectual to form a riddle.
♦ To create your own riddle, you need to first choose an answer. By choosing an answer, you can design the riddle according.
♦ Secondly, you have to pen down everything that comes to your mind about or related to the answer that you have chosen. It is more like Brainstorming about your answer.
♦ You need to look up to a thesaurus to find the meaning (synonym) to the word (answer) you have chosen. You can use a new synonym, promising words and phrases when you design your own riddle.
♦ You can use figurative language to describe the naswer, if it is an object. For example, if your chosen answer is water, you can use “I reflect like a mirror” as a Smilie.
♦ You should make sure to describe the answer from the correct point of view. Before writing your own riddle, you need to learn to solve riddles that can help you think more clearly about design problems.
Benefits of Solving Riddles
Riddles for Learning
Riddles will let you think and learn in new ways. These riddles will force you to challenge the idea that there’s only one way of doing things. It will train you to explore a range of options. It will lead you to increase your creative skills and develop an understanding of any situation.
It will introduce a taste of metacognitio, which means thinking about thinking. Riddles/puzzles will give you valuable insights into the way you approach problems. This will keep you alert when you solve the problem and the more alert you are, you will grow more and faster. After solving riddles/puzzles, you will challenge your friends. This experiences will also help others to unlock their creativity. By leading creative-thinking teams, you can make your organization or workplace more exciting, more innovative, and more successful.
Enhance Positive Problem-Solving Strategies
When you solve riddles, you will avoid the traps laid by puzzles writers. Hence, you will also find out or come up with a range of effective thinking strategies if you’re going to find the answers to the riddles. These riddles are a great way to build flexibility, confidence, open-mindedness and strengthen persistence. By solving riddles you can train yourself to take a strategic, energetic, and resilient approach to solve problems.
Are you aware that there is a huge relationship between riddles/puzzles and meditation techniques? Riddles will energize the mind and allows it to stay active and healthy. Riddles allow us to relax those brain cells to contemplate solutions and puts our mind in a sort of trance, which is more like meditation. Solving riddles will allow you to reduce your stress levels, increase productivity, enhance IQ and improve self-confidence.
Mentally active and fit
Riddles, puzzles and quiz are a great way to keep your mind mentally active and healthy. Solving riddles will allow your mind to engage in a situation that requires a great deal of concentration, thought, patience and perseverance. It is commonly said that keeping your mind active will allow you to feel and be more active. We all know that there are two hemispheres of the brain that controls different functions. The right side of the brain controls creativity and the left side of your brain controls analytic and logical thinking. So, when you are trying to solve riddles/puzzles, you are engaging both sides and giving your brain a real mental workout. Keeping your mind active will also allow you to reduce stress levels and reduces fatigue.
One of the most valuable benefits of solving riddles or puzzles is that it helps to improve Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores, irrespective age. Riddles allows one to improve general knowledge, memory, cognitive skills, concentration, and problem-solving skills.
Increase in Productivity
Solving riddles will increase one’s productivity. Figuring out the answers to fun puzzles, helps to increase productivity levels and enhances the efficiency of a person completing a task. Solving riddles improves vital skills, which will in turn help to improve productivity.
Improves Cognitive Ability
Puzzles are fantastic for improving visual performance. Children are able to improve their cognitive ability through recognition of shapes, colours and basic patterns. For adults, cognitive ability goes beyond the basics of recognition of patterns, and allows for more advanced reasoning.
Riddle solving improves a person’s concentration. it is a skill required for everyday life. Concentration is the act of giving your attention to a single object or activity. It is a great skill to improve upon. Riddles and puzzles require you to think analytically, and it requires a great deal of attention and patience to come to any conclusion. Concentration will allow you to begin a problem and be able to finish it.
Improve Your Memory
Riddle solving will improve one’s memory as it reinforces the connections between our brain cells and forms new ones. Solving riddles are a great way to improve short-term memory. Memory is used in the process of completing a jigsaw puzzle, as you need to remember shapes, sizes, and pieces and visualize where they fit in. Also, as per several studies, one of the greatest benefits of riddles/puzzles is the growth of new brain connections that are formed to help reduce the amount of brain damage in Alzheimer’s patients.
Lower Your Stress Levels
We already saw that the riddles will energize the brains and it relax one’s mind. When a person concentrates on how to solve the riddles, one’s minds is only on one task and it encourages our brains to go into a meditative state. This leads to a better mindset and better stress coping skills. Riddles and brain teasers will help you to relieve stress and anxiety. Exercising your brain, by riddles/quizzes, is one of the most important things you can do to combat stress.
Improve Visual and Spatial Reasoning
Riddle solving will be increasing one’s visual reasoning skills. In case of a jigsaw puzzle, you need to look at individual parts of a jigsaw puzzle, or available spaces in a crossword puzzle. As you need to figure out how to fit the pieces or words into their space. This will improve your visual and spatial reasoning skills.
Why Should One Solve Riddle?
In this pandemic situation, due to Covid-19, most of them are spending their time on mobile phones and laptops by playing games, reading, cooking, texting to their loved ones through social media. Apart from sharing updates related to Covid-19, most of them are challenging their friends and family to solve these types of puzzles and riddles. Solving riddles, puzzles, and brain teasers online are one of the many things that people have identified to spend their time with some productivity. These riddles help one develop critical and analytical skills, and sometimes they are also fun to solve.
Such mind-boggling riddles are making rounds on WhatsApp groups and on Social Media. During lockdown and self-quarantine, people are finding ways to pass their time. A lot of people are spending time on their hobbies like reading, gardening, cooking, playing online games, etc. Amidst the lockdown, more and more puzzles are being shared. One such riddle to solve is An iron horse with a flaxen tail. The faster the horse runs, the shorter his tail becomes Riddle. Share and challenge your friends and family. Have a look!
Check out An iron horse with a flaxen tail. The faster the horse runs, the shorter his tail becomes Riddle
Take a look at the Riddle. The riddle goes as follows:
“An iron horse with a flaxen tail. The faster the horse runs, the shorter his tail becomes.”
Check the answer to the Riddle!
The correct answer to the Riddle is “Needle”.
The right answer to the riddle is Needle. A needle with thread fixed is compared to the iron horse with a flaxen tail. The faster the needle runs, the shorter the thread will become.
Follow our FreshersLive page for more Funny and Tricky Riddles and puzzles to keep yourself relaxed and active! We update Funny Riddles, Riddles for the day, Riddles for Adults on our page every day, right here!
Disclaimer: The above information is for general informational purposes only. All information on the Site is provided in good faith, however we make no representation or warranty of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability or completeness of any information on the Site.
Iron Horse Theatre Company – Home
Our last Stand-up Comedy Club this year continues in November! On Friday night November 26 come to the Iron Horse Community Theatre and see some of the funniest stand-up comedians out there. Grab a drink and a snack at the Iron Horse Community Theatre and be prepared to laugh your a#% off!
Our November 26 lineup:
Headliner: Ray Zawodni- New York City comedian, Ray Zawodni has been called a son, a brother, a lover and a loser, but he mostly prefers to be called funny. Over the past decade, this lovable man-child has entertained audiences all over the country with hilarious tales about his dysfunctional family, his party animal lifestyle and his train-wreck of a dating life. He is a regular feature act at the Improv and Funnybone Comedy Clubs across the country. Working these clubs has allowed him to share the stage with the likes of Tom Segura, Tammy Pescatelli, Paul Virzi and Joe DeRosa. Before moving to NYC, he was a regular on the critically acclaimed WDVE Morning Show in his hometown of Pittsburgh. Ray has appeared on Sirius XM and is a sketch writer and producer on CBS’ FanNation. When not on stage you can catch Ray in his self-produced web series, “The Ray Zawodni Show.”
Feature: Helen Wildy – Helen Wildy is a stand up comedian and producer based in Seattle, WA. Originally from Belfast, Northern Ireland, Helen moved to the United States as a child and grew up in Pittsburgh, PA.
Helen has performed her act about growing up an Irish, lesbian immigrant at festivals all over the country including Baltimore, Pittsburgh, Detroit, and Louisville. She was nominated by Pittsburgh Magazine as “Pittsburgh’s Best Comedian” and was featured in an article “5 Funniest People in Pittsburgh (You Haven’t Heard Of).” In June 2020, she won Blue City Comedy’s Comic of the Month online competition, based in Boise, Idaho.
Feature: Miles Miller- Miles Miller, a Pittsburgh comedian that to NYC to pursue his career in wasting his savings on bad decisions. Miles has performed stand up many comedy clubs including the Arcade Comedy Theater, Hilarities Comedy club, NYC’s The Pit theater, and at Pittsburgh Comedy Festival as a feature for Todd Berry. When not performing stand up, Ian is a screenwriter, podcaster and animates his podcast clips with trash editing effects.
Host: Amanda Averell – Born and raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Amanda Averell is a stand up comedian, writer, producer, co-owner of the Burning Bridges Comedy Club, actor, educator, coach & improviser. Her quick wit, unique perspective & self deprecating sense of humor have made Amanda a rising comic to watch and a festival favorite. Amanda has opened for Todd Barry, Todd Glass, Dave Ross, Brandie Posey, Shane Torres & more!
Iron Horse – The Search
Welcome to the island of the Iron Horse, where on any given day there’s a wave breaking out the back (like this) without a soul in sight.
Bruno Santos and Guillermo Satt took a gamble with pulling the trigger on this trip. They didn’t know what they were in for. But when they woke up to an ocean like this, it became clear… the gamble paid off.
Bruno, his mates, their quiver of guns and a completely open and unknown road ahead.
One of the most defining characteristics of this island and its waves are how treacherous the experience of surfing can be. As photographer Ted Grambeau explains, just getting out to the lineup can be deadly.
And then once you’re out there, well, it doesn’t get any easier.
Reward. Risk. Two ideals that must be weighed up as a surfer in a remote area. In this case? Reward > risk.
It’s all about perspective, and when you put the man in the barrel, suddenly this wave looks a whole lot bigger.
Pitted, with room to spare.
This was one of the best days of the trip, they said, and we believed them.
But like all memorable days in big surf, there were moments that made their hearts stop.
”There are a lot of guys on the World Tour – most, actually – who wouldn’t be comfortable out there.” – Ted Grambeau
The look of a man who had a big day in the elements, and is looking forward to a long, sound night of sleep.
Each day the crew would wake up, speak to their guide and choose a route. And each route, no matter where it was, went a bit like this…
And then they’d drive around bends and twists and turns, past horses and goats…
Until they stumbled upon something like this.
Some days, it was just too big. 15-foot grinding death pits that the boys just weren’t willing to try to tame – and would have been silly to think they could.
But some days were sheer, empty, offshore perfection. Some days were the epitome of what the Search is all about.
If there were two men equipped to handle this perfection – this terrifying perfection – it was Bruno and Guillermo.
Alone, in the ocean, standing tall.
Racing down the line of beasts only a few select men have ever dared to ride.
Sessions this good are funny, because you never quite know when to get out. And when you do, there’s always one calling you back.
As the moon rose over the site of their day, the boys couldn’t help but sit and watch for one minute longer, one wave longer. It was quite a sight, this one.
Evenings were filled with fish and tradition, as the crew relaxed over a fire of fresh fish and took part in local ceremonies. This is the authentic side of the Search, and something that’s vital to every journey.
Four men, an iron horse and an entire island to explore – is there anywhere you’d rather be?
There weren’t just IRON horses…
When Ted Grambeau stared at Google Earth and tracked this swell, hunted this island, he never could have imagined that this is what they would find.
Another day of unforgettable barrels, another trip of unimaginable experiences.
One of those perfect moments, captured in time.
The crew from this trip still reminisces of these days, looking back on them collectively as one of the best trips of their lives. And it’s easy to see why…
They threw caution to the wind, pulled the trigger and it paid off.90,000 Iron. Varieties. The mechanism of action. Horse reactions. | Psychology of horses
Types of snaffles (first three lines) and lever iron (last line)
Types of snaffles (first three lines) and lever iron (last line)
The bit is the most common iron in equestrian sports. It is great for both young and experienced horses and riders. There are a huge number of types of snaffles: blown, eights, nines, with antennae and D-rings, etc.e. Basically, they all have the same mechanism of action, differing insignificantly from each other.
Leverage is an iron that acts both directly and indirectly on the horse’s mouth. The lever, according to the laws of physics, increases the applied impact several times. Those. to get the same pressure from the bit and the mouthpiece, you will have to exert less force on the mouthpiece.
The most common lever types of iron: mouthpiece, pelam, Pessoa (aka Olympic bit), Kimberwick.They have a different mechanism and intensity of impact. However, they all consist of iron (most often a hollow curved tube), which is connected to two side bows or rings, to which the reins from the bottom and the cheek straps cling to the top. The metal tube is the fulcrum and the arms or rings are the lever arm.
Chin chain . Most lever headbands have a chin chain. Its action, on the one hand, completes the action of the mouthpiece, on the other hand, it restricts the rotation of the arms and, consequently, the lever effect.In order to do its job well, it must be strapped in so that it rests on the chin when the reins are in progress. It should not be too tight, so as not to be too high in the part where the jaw bones are covered with only thin skin, but it should not dangle, so as not to disturb the horse and to be able to limit excessive hand actions that are reflected in the back of the horse’s head.
IRON IMPACT MECHANISM.
Before acting on a horse’s mouth, we must have a clear understanding of how iron works and what its possible consequences are.
Let’s analyze two different types of iron: bit and mouthpiece. It is known that the mouthpiece, like any other lever headband, exerts more pressure on the horse’s mouth than the bit. But even using the simplest bit can do real harm to a horse if in the wrong hands.
A special feature of the bit is the principle of operation: unlike the mouthpiece, it acts at the point of contact with the mouth. Those. the point of contact (pressure) is where the bit touches the horse’s mouth.In general, we can say that the action of the bit is aimed at raising the head, and the action of the mouthpiece is aimed at lowering it.
The mechanism of action of the lever iron. When pulling on the reins, the lower part of the bridle moves back and the upper part moves forward, thus lowering the cheek straps of the bridle. Due to the fact that the latter is connected to the neck strap, pressure is created on the back of the head, which prompts the horse to lower his head. Therefore, the longer the bow of such a mouthpiece, the stronger the applied force and the harder the iron.At the same time, the iron itself rotates, creating pressure on the tongue and corners of the lips, and the horse, moving away from the hand, relieves the pressure. Depending on the length of the lever, movement will be limited (short lever) or accentuated (long lever). The movement also depends on the shape of the iron itself: it can be flat, slightly curved, thin, or with a small bridge in the center. The pressure may be more on the tongue or lips.
There are horses with sensitive mouths that show a reluctance to work with iron.The reason for such sensitivity can be a stiff hand of a rider, especially a beginner, an overly strict iron, diseases of the oral cavity and a physiological feature.
First of all, it is necessary to exclude diseases, therefore, each call of the veterinarian must be accompanied by an examination of the oral cavity.
Take the time and pay attention to the study of the horse’s oral cavity and the mechanism of action of each gland. This does not mean that you should exclude working with iron altogether. But everything must be humane and not harm the horse.
Tact and sensitivity are the basic requirements for a rider.
Iron in the mouth can cause reactions ranging from mild discomfort to severe pain.
When a horse feels pain, it responds with one of four reactions: run, fight, fear and “blocking” (remember my post about the state of learned helplessness in horses).
As a result of excessive and improper use of the bridle, the horse may exhibit the following behavior:
- Slow breathing and impaired performance .If the horse begins to tire quickly at work, has trouble breathing, he often gets lost in a step or stops, pay attention to the iron that you are using. Excessive pressure on the tongue and corners of the mouth causes the horse to bend its head excessively, making it difficult for air to pass through the nasal cavity and pharynx to the trachea.
- Damage to the trigeminal nerve. The horse exhibits characteristic behavior: head shaking, pronounced sensitivity to bright light, sneezing, coughing, rapid blinking, sensitivity to touch in the forehead and ears.She will behave as if she is being tormented by a swarm of insects on her face. The main causes of this disease are: allergies affecting the respiratory tract, tight straps on the nose, overly strict iron and its misuse. According to research by Dr. R. Cook, long-term inappropriate use of iron causes acute and chronic pain, and this explains the cocked head. This pathology is most noticeable in males, as the roots of the canines lie close to the toothless edge of the mouth where the iron lies.
- Grinding and grinding of teeth, frequent chewing is a very clear indicator of the pain and stress experienced!
- Constant acceleration . Fleeing is one of the pain-avoidance reactions. Pay attention to the iron if the horse is accelerating, throwing his head up, arching his back and not responding to the hand.
- Candles, riots, riots, “goats” … These are already reactions of battle and resistance caused by pain.
Excessive flexion of the head, which can lead to breathing problems.Mimicry of pain and stress in a horse (leaf through the carousel)
Mimicry of pain and stress in a horse (leaf through the carousel)
Do not rush to punish the horse and hang a bunch of ropes on it, change the iron to a more strict one and twist the horse into a ram’s horn. Sometimes the answer lies on the surface: you just need to change the iron to a softer one or remove it altogether, replacing it with an ironless headband. Fortunately, the market is now replete with offers for every taste and budget…
Any iron you use must be justified and not harm the horse.
Tight horses or how to soften the mouth of a horse
Translation Nara Hakobyan
Translation of the article “HARD MOUTH OR HARD MIND?”
Written by Will Klinging
Most people with horses have had to ride a horse with a “hard mouth”. Lots of tips and tricks are designed to combat this problem, but understanding how the mouth gets stiff would help more than the harshest iron.Strong hands, improperly selected ammunition, neglect of dental care and possible injuries in the mouth can play a role here. I’m sure there is no such thing as a horse with a hard mouth, it’s just a horse with a “hard mind.”
The first thing to discuss is that the horse is only part of the equation. If you have stiff hands, the horse has no choice but to get used to putting too much pressure on his mouth. This not only makes her mouth sore, but also dulls her mind.For example, if you always pull with all your strength to get the horse to stop, you’ll teach the horse that any application of less pressure doesn’t mean he must stop. You must set the required minimum pressure. Over time, your horse will become so insensitive that it will become tougher. In the end, you will need more rigid devices just to get attention. Tight pulling is not the most serious problem; the real problem is pulling on the reins all the time, it teaches the horse to psychologically bond.
The devices we use are designed to cause pain or discomfort to get the horse to respond to pulling on the reins. Too often, the hands who use these devices are not well trained to use them correctly. The horse can only show its discomfort in various ways. She can open her mouth, so we tie it up. She can throw her head up – so we tie her from below. She can lie on the reins – so we pull him back even more.Every kind of interference has a penalty in a pair; all we have to do is step back a little to find the reason for the resistance. If your horse is not playing with iron when you pull, then you may be the cause of his stress. If she chews on iron all the time, she may not like your choice of ammunition. Just because you like a bit doesn’t mean she likes it.
If her teeth need treatment, then her jaw will not move as expected. Her jaw has to move back and forth and from side to side to chew food properly.If her teeth do not allow her jaw to do this, then it will cause her pain, although you will not pull her and your ammunition is comfortable.
If she has had a mouth injury, you should be prepared to change how you work with your mouth to help her heal. Understanding how different types of bit affect different parts of her mouth will help you decide how to make her more comfortable.
If your horse, for whatever reason, has a hard mouth and a hard mind, he is not hopeless. Before you can soften it, you must first soften yourself.Your hands should become soft, and this will only happen when you are ready to apply the least amount of force to your horse. When you reward her more for doing less, she will want to try harder to do what she is asked to do.
Horses with stiff mouths often lie down on the reins. If you don’t give her a chance to resist, she will stop trying. Soften the “contact” to “feel” and don’t let it be balanced at your expense.
To make a horse softer, you may have to be tougher than it is.Your pull may be strong, but the duration of the pull should be short. When you ask the horse to soften, you should only ask the horse to respond to the faint sensation. To do this, grab the reins with your thumb and pick the reins until you feel the bit. Your horse does not need to be on the bit; rather, you need to have enough feeling that the reins are taut, but not tight. If she doesn’t respond to your request, then gently pull the halter back. If she is still unwilling to listen, press your elbows to your sides and bend over backward, using torso force to become too strong for her to push through the pressure.She needs to understand that you are offering her the best deal. If she does not accept your offer, she will also understand that she will bump into a wall, where the wall is an increase in pressure from you. Repeat this process and be careful about increasing pressure. Give her time to respond, there is a certain amount of time after you have given the signal, so do not rush to move to the next level of pressure. You need to wait for her to be ready, either for her to react weakly (reward) or for her to ignore and continue doing what she is doing (increase the pressure).
You should also notice and encourage the slightest effort. If you feel that she is responding just a little to your proposal, inflate the event. When you get the first attempt at softening from your horse, ask for softer each time. When you ask for less, with less effort, you will more easily notice your horse’s slightest reactions. You will become better attuned to your horse. As a result, your horse will become more attuned to you.
It doesn’t matter if you ask to stop or try to put her on a rein.If it softens, you soften even more. If she resists, you become stronger than she. You should always be either softer or stronger than her, but never be in the same state. The initial goal is not for her to respond quickly, but for her to respond softly. Speed will come with trust and harmony.90,000 How to go from bridle to bridleless driving?
Author: Anna Mazina
Photographs in articles on HX techniques often show a rider riding a “naked” horse, or at least with a bridleless bridle, as an illustration of the horse’s obedience.The articles sound convincing, and the photos look tempting – many people also want to try to ride their horse without iron. Mr. Nevzorov, who thundered in his time, generally argued that iron causes hellish pain to a horse – you want to be good and you don’t want to be a torturer of horses!
However, just putting a sidepool on a horse and heading out into the fields is scary. These doubts are the voice of common sense warning of possible danger. Nevertheless, many ride well without a snaffle bit both in the fields and near the roads – how did they manage to train horses like this? By itself, HX does not promote ironless driving, but using HX methods you can achieve any goal, in particular this – safely ride without iron.How? Let’s discuss.
Do you really need this?
First, try asking yourself why you want to ride without a bit and how badly do you want to? Many are motivated by the desire to move with the horse to a new level of relationship through ironless riding, but at the same time they doubt whether the horse will obey them. These doubts are fully justified, most likely they will not. Relationships are not a magical consequence of the lack of iron, but iron can be removed when the relationship has ALREADY reached a new level! If the relationship has not yet been built, it is best to use equipment that is familiar to the horse to give the rider more control.It is possible, of course, that the horse does not listen well to the iron. But then the question is not in the choice of equipment, but in getting a person to ride skills. It would be very nice if there were magic methods or magic words that would shorten the time for long hard work on ourselves … but remember Vovka’s adventures in the Far Away Kingdom 🙂
Some are motivated by the desire to control the horse with something softer than in extreme cases, it cannot cause severe pain. For example, if the rider loses his balance in the saddle and only due to the reins is able to stay on the horse.Better to pull the muzzle than the mouth! It is this category of riders that most often include those who seem to want to switch to ironless riding, but have doubts about the horse’s controllability in emergency situations, feel fear, or are faced with a horse’s misunderstanding of the commands of a new control – and as a result, cannot decide to implement your desire to ride without iron. Here the rider must decide how much he wants to ride without iron, how ready he is to cope with difficulties and how much time he will have the patience to spend on training.If the rider himself is not sure whether it is necessary, he will not be able to convince the horse that it is needed 🙂
If you are an ideological enemy of iron, then willy-nilly you will have to learn to negotiate with the horse for some other means of control.
How can a horse be transferred to an iron-free ride using NX methods? As usual – in tiny steps! This global goal must be divided into smaller stages and gradually master them one by one. At each stage, you need to make the situation simple for yourself and the horse, so as not to provoke the horse into resistance, but yourself into doubts, fear and anger.The only difficulty is to figure out how to create such conditions 🙂
The first step is to make sure that the new control is understandable to the horse in simple situations. Decide on the simplest situation where you would not be afraid to try and where the horse would not be distracted by anything. Some find it easier to immediately mount a horse, but ride in a small fenced area, for example, on a parade ground or in a levada. Some find it easier to go for a walk with a horse on a halter. It all depends on you and the horse, it is impossible to give universal recommendations here.You are the trainer of your horse – it is up to you to decide what is best for both of you 🙂
If you encounter resistance from the horse, analyze what might be causing it. Some tend to blame the dominance of the horse for everything, but practice shows that when a person behaves consistently, even dominant horses become obedient. Try to start with yourself 🙂 Techniques like a join-up can temporarily convince a horse of your superiority over it, but seeing your inconsistent actions in the future, the horse, like Stanislavsky, will say to himself: “I don’t believe!” and the magic of the join-up charm will, unfortunately, dissipate.
More often than not, when changing from a harder control to a softer one, the horse is faced with the fact that his attempt to insist on his own is not as unpleasant as before. This usually makes her happy and encourages her to try to overpower the person over and over again. Horses are much stronger than us, so the path of strength is not the path we should choose, especially if we want to achieve mutual understanding and sensitivity in management. Instead, we must, firstly, not provoke the horse into resistance, and secondly (if the first point did not work out), have in our head tricky moves that will help quickly channel the resistance into a peaceful channel.We must develop the ability to anticipate dangerous situations from light signals in the horse’s behavior, monitor light tension and adjust our actions so that they do not cause this slight tension and subsequent wear. If we want to get the horse to be empathetic, we need to start working on ourselves and our own compassion for the horse. Mutual understanding is always “mutual” 🙂
Common reasons for resistance.
Horses often respond poorly to the halter and respond better to the bit, not because the bit is sore, but because of the difference in our communication with them on the bridle and on the halter.We ride on a bridle, while riding we try to work with our hand softly and “to the point”. On the halter, we do not think that we often exert constant, incessant pressure, pull, fiddle, tug … The compliance of a horse on a halter begins not with unpleasant knots of a rope halter on snoring, but with the work of a person on himself and on the ability to give a horse sagging in a tshombur. the time she responded to the command. The fewer the effects of the halter she receives, the more significant each of them will be.Conversely, if a person is used to keeping the chombur short, and the halter now and then presses on the horse’s face with varying force, it gets used to the fact that this pressure is just noise, it is not a command, and the real command may simply not be recognized.
Another reason for resistance is too much custody on the part of the person. The horse understands commands perfectly, but there are so many of them and they are so unjustified that it decides to get rid of them. Some take the horse out to graze, but instead of keeping the horse on a free tshombur and watching it move from one bunch of grass to another, they begin to decide for the horse which grass is tastier and pull it there, sometimes many, many times in a row.The horse, on the other hand, thinks that the impact of the halter is not as unpleasant as he wants that grass over there – and begins to invest in the halter. Control goes to “raised tones”. The same situation is when a person leads a horse for a walk and begins to pull the horse on a short chombur to where it seems to him that it would be better to pass. It seems to him that the horse can be crippled if he decides to go a different way, which is why a person literally tries to drag the horse on himself where it seems safer to him. As a result, the ground, with all the dangers, as well as the person’s feet, which cannot be stepped on, fall into the blind zone of the horse, and it has a choice – to hope that the person will transfer it to himself or to invest in a halter and still look under his feet , in order to navigate where to step 🙂 Here it is better to give the horse a large slack in the chombura, stop, draw its attention to the dangerous objects under its feet, let it be examined and orient itself how to get through them.By fixing her head against your hand, you will not be able to put her feet in the right places!
By the way, in such situations, you often see how a person fought the horse for some time, pulling the chombur, and then waved his hand and allowed the horse to overpower him. By this, he actually taught her that if you endure a little pressure, even strong, as a result, it will still weaken.
Another reason for resistance is distraction, when it is so important for a horse to get somewhere or to run faster that he will tolerate any discomfort.It is important to understand what can drown your commands and calculate such situations in advance. It is really very difficult to stop a horse that is already carrying you. But it’s much easier to take action when she’s just starting to pick up for speed. Again, it’s a matter of developing your own sensitivity to the horse.
In general, communication with a horse should not be based on the principle of “what can I oppose its resistance.” A person should always think about what he can do in order not to provoke the horse into resistance.If we want partnership, friendly relations with the horse, then there should not be winners and losers in them, in other words, there should be no conflict situations. Of course, they will still appear, but we must try to minimize them. And it’s not even that important who wins in the end in each of the random conflict situations. The horse is more influenced by our general communication style than by specific educational situations. If the horse runs off the line or blows you on the side-pull, it doesn’t mean anything.Because, ideally, you will analyze this situation, draw conclusions and in the future do not allow circumstances to develop in such a way that the horse overpowers you again. Let the horse be sure that if anything, it will blow you apart. Your task is not to make her want to resort to extreme measures. This is your leadership – the horse must be convinced of your wisdom and sensitivity.
Among horses there are those who are more prone to resistance and those who are more compliant. In the first case, you will need to develop a great sensitivity and good listening skills to the horse.In the second case, the horse will forgive you more mistakes. But as usual, you need to start with yourself.
If, in an ideal situation, the horse will respond to the bridleless bridle the way you would like, try to complicate the situation a little. Rely on your own feelings. If you feel doubt or fear, then don’t move on to the next step just yet. If you’re ready to try, try it. Also estimate the total number of times you needed more impact. If every now and then you had to be rude with your hand, pull and jerk, then stay on the simpler stage longer and achieve ease and sensitivity in control before moving on to horse racing 🙂90,000 Scientists have invented the “Trojan horse” among antibiotics: how it works
Photo author, Getty Images
Researchers claim they have developed a new antibiotic that at early clinical trials looks like promising.
The drug, made by Shionogi Inc, acts like the Trojan horse in Greek legend: it tricks the bacteria into exterminating them.
Tests on 448 people with kidney or urinary tract infections have shown that the drug was as effective as conventional treatments.
Experts say the invention is promising.
“Safe and well tolerated”
The creators of the drug were inspired by the story of a giant wooden horse with which Greek soldiers entered the ancient city of Troy.
But in order for antibiotics to infect bacteria, iron is used instead of wood.
“During an acute infection, one of our innate immune responses is to create an iron-deficient environment. In response, the bacteria increase their iron intake,” explains Dr. Simon Portsmouth, who led the international study.
A new antibiotic, cefiderokol, binds to iron, so the lethally deluded bacteria let it pass through protective barriers and into their cells.
“Found that cefiderokol is safe and well tolerated,” says Dr. Portsmouth.
This study is a rare advance in the industry.
The ability of bacteria to adapt to antibiotics makes the treatment of some infections very difficult.
The Review on Antimicrobial Resistance has made a dire prediction for the future – by 2050, 10 million people will die from drug-resistant infections each year.
“This important study gives hope for a new antibiotic that could potentially be an alternative for the treatment (of these diseases.- Red .), But it’s too early to talk about it, “says Professor Serge Mostovoy from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
More extensive studies are needed to make sure that the new antibiotic is effective. infections resistant to some of the most potent drugs – carbapenems – are already underway.
However, it should be noted that after cefiderokol gets inside, it kills bacteria in the same way as current antibiotics.
Experts say that there is an urgent need for a new class of antibiotics – capable of attacking bacteria in a completely new way.
A new experience of raising a horse: from torture to dialogue
Dialogue with the horse as a new degree of freedom for the rider. Germany is actively adopting the experience of a Russian horse riding coach. He promotes a human attitude towards animals. His know-how is high achievement without violence. Although, of course, it is not possible to completely abandon hard bits, the method in action changes both the person and the horse.
6 years ago Chagall narrowly escaped death. The former owners of this well-born Holsteiner were tired of correcting his complex character by beatings and after he crippled several horsemen, they sentenced him to a knacker. But this Russian appeared, who decided to give Chagall a second chance just at the moment when the violence had exhausted itself.
“It would seem that he is a great rider, a great master, a serious level of competition: the world championship …” says horse riding coach Igor Andreev.- And the horse does not jump, that’s not jumping, and that’s all. That is, the limit of her patience has come. Not a whip, not a whip, not a single iron will make a horse jump. “
Iron, with the help of which man turned a horse from a volunteer into a vehicle, does not look like a saw, but in the professional language it is the animal that is “sawed”. Equestrian sport is very beautiful. But if horses could talk, they would tell how painful it is.
“The bit is the most terrible weapon of violence for a jumping horse,” Andreev continues.“In Germany, it is forbidden to use them until the age of 9 because of the unbearable pain, pressure on the palate, that is, on the brain.”
He himself practically abandoned iron and is now teaching others. To the songs of Rosenbaum and Evgeny Doga’s waltz, Nora Aichelbaum and her Russian coach are preparing to become the champions of Berlin.
“It’s very difficult,” Nora admits. “If a horse doesn’t want to do what the rider wants, he won’t do it. I give him the love he needs. I want to show him that I don’t want from him. what he himself does not want.And so I have a feeling that he treats me well. “
The Germans know a lot about horses: they are favorites at every world championship, and at the last Olympics in Beijing they won 3 gold medals in equestrian sports. Russians – none, but they are gradually imbued with a non-violent method of working with a horse. Although, before giving the animal freedom, it is still necessary to decide the question of who rides whom:
– Initial education of a horse without bits is impossible. It will then be possible to do without them.The rider must trust his horse when, in fact, he has nothing in his hands to control it.
They certainly need discipline, which, however, is true not only of horses. Today Chagall refused to take the barrier, which means that tomorrow they will put on a bridle. But only for one day. And now he feels good – his second life is a success.
With a complete set of tools for turning a horse into a cattle, of course, it’s easier. But negotiating is more effective and more interesting: it turns out that the new philosophy of the relationship between the driver and the driver is another degree of freedom not only for an animal, but also for a person.
features, list of bits and bits, photo
What is a bit? This is a metal bit, which consists of two rings and a gnaw. For the rings, the snaffle is attached to the horse bridle and belts. Bitches differ in length between the rings (from 12 to 14 centimeters) and in the degree of severity, determined by the rigidity of the impact on the horse’s mouth. As a rule, the thicker the bit in the bit, the more intrusive its effect on the horse’s jaw is.
Before discussing the topic “Types of snaffles for horses”, it is worth noting an important feature that concerns all of them.When choosing a bit for your hoofed friend, remember that even branded manufacturers have snaffles with too great a distance between the rings. Such a snaffle bit for a horse can damage the horse’s mouth by pinching or rubbing his lips.
Avoid hollow mouthpieces – they break easily in the horse’s mouth. If this happens at a crucial moment, it is dangerous for the horse, and while riding for the rider. In addition, the heavier the bit, the more calmly they lie in the mouth of your hoofed friend and the more pleasant it is to him.
Made in links from two movable and independent parts. Thanks to them, it is possible to separately influence the right and left parts of the horse’s mouth. This is the simplest form of gnawing and is widely used with horses. But novice riders need to pay attention – careless and sharp control with the help of an ordinary two-link gnaw can injure a horse.Ordinary gnaw
An American variety of an ordinary two-link horse gnaw, but with some differences.Snaffle Bit is never made of stainless materials. On the contrary, they use “sweet iron”, ferrous metal with a burnt top layer or with an admixture of copper. This makes the bit more attractive to the horse. The fishing rings here are twice as large as those of a regular bit. This helps prevent the bit from pulling through the horse’s mouth. The main function of these two bit types is to keep the horse from pulling on the bit. Otherwise, the thin link gnaw hurts her.
In contrast to the above described two bit bits for horses, it consists of three links. This gnawed due to the three-link design, more ergonomic for the horse’s mouth. If the rings of the middle link are arranged vertically, the bit is rigid, and the horizontal position of the middle link softens the nature of the gnawing effect. The second option is suitable for horses with an overly sensitive jaw. French figure eight – gnawed with a horizontal very thin middle link in the shape of the number 8.A similar shape, but with a vertical middle link, is called the Bristol Eight.Variant “figure eight”
Designed for horses with a sharp jaw sensitivity as it has no articulations. It can be blown straight or arched. But, when using this type of snaffle bit for horses, one-sided influence is unacceptable. Otherwise, this gnaw will fidget in the mouth. The disadvantage of such a bit of a horse is that it gnawed poorly under the horse’s mouth.This must be taken into account!Solid bit
Snaffle with rubber bit
This is a solution to the discomfort of a solid gnaw, but not in competitions. It fits easily in the mouth and does not cause unnecessary irritation.
Snaffle link with chain gnaw
Gnaw, consisting of 5-9 links. Ideally follows the ergonomics of the horse’s lower jaw. But in serious dressage it is not acceptable, as it does not provide the necessary support for the horse.Bridle with chain
Special attention should be paid to such a variety of snaffles for horses as the English eider.It basically holds an ordinary bit. But the bridle straps here go straight through the additional holes in the rings, and at the exit they attach to the bit through the auxiliary ring. In this case, ordinary belts in a bridle must be replaced with round ones, which are terminated with an additional ring.
The bridle straps must be adjusted by yourself. This eider design makes it possible to fasten two separate halves. English eider is used for horses that do not want to work with a bit. In applications, it has not found approval for training dressage horses, but has become widespread in eventing and show jumping.English eider
Snaffle with a gnawing blade
This is a snaffle bit for a horse, which is designed to correct the position of the tongue in the horse’s mouth. It is used when the horse has a habit of throwing his tongue over the nibble. The horse does this when he wants to avoid exposure during intense work. The shoulder blade, located in the center of the gnaw, provokes the horse to flip the tongue and at the same time does not allow it to be done. So an unnecessary habit is fought off. However, in firm hands, the shoulder blade can have an overwhelming effect, and this will negatively affect the relationship between the rider and the horse.90,000 Iron in the horse’s mouth | koni.bitballoon.com
1) Restless mouth – when the horse OPENS his mouth whenever the rider uses the reins, or worse, when the bridle is simply put on.
2) She may also CHEW violently / rattle with iron or gnash her teeth. (not to be confused with healthy, relaxed chewing on iron)
3) The horse can stick out its tongue.
4) A horse with a fake mouth, avoids any contact with the reins and is always over-bent.
5) Hard as a stone, dead jaw or HEAVY MOUTH.
Another cause of a restless mouth can be the tethering of the horse’s head, through the back of the head — the bit rings — on the sides of the saddle. People call this “softening.” A few lessons in this “softening” and the young horse will become convinced that the iron is hurting her and she will start looking for ways to avoid the iron to avoid pain. She will open her mouth and / or pull her tongue out in an attempt to avoid the pressure of the iron.
A restless mouth can also be caused by a person who, while working on the long reins, will put too much pressure on the horse’s mouth.
Every time I mount a horse and feel a heavy, non-working mouth, when the horse does not soften and falls into my arms, I know that I am actually working with a horse with gaps in basic training.
Reason number one… the horse was systematically worked by a man who had absolutely no idea how to use his hands correctly!
I know this sounds really cruel, but it must be said, as it is an essential part of equestrian art.And yet, most people are ABSOLUTELY oblivious to this. They only concentrate on training techniques for the horse, which are completely meaningless until the rider begins to apply the correct arms, legs and body (and head 🙂 approx. per.)
I already know that I will receive unfriendly letters from people who will tell me that their horses have a dead mouth, but this is not their fault. They will blame the previous owner of the horse or the iron that the previous owner used. And it may be true that the previous owner was the root cause, but what have YOU done since the horse was yours to help it?
If your horse gives way to your hand all the time, pulling the jaw back “lightly” on the other end of the reins, we can talk about “fake mouth”.In other words, the horse has learned to avoid the iron. It is not uncommon for horses with a false mouth to substitute their jaw and rush, putting themselves in the rider’s hand.
1) Incorrect operation on long reins. Basic work, turns, stops, and backsplashes – all this, literally pulling the horse’s jaw to its chest. Until I become a professional with the reins, I will not work with a young horse.
2) Fastening and too tight fit of the junctions. The horse has no room to release the pressure, the only way to avoid pain is to overbend.
3) Lynching (Sliding Rein) – Using a lever to force the horse to yield with the jaw towards the chest.
4) The incompetent rider tries to teach the horse “contact” and “collection”. To collect a horse, the rider must rebalance it! The horse will balance when the rider allows the horse to collect his body, shorten his strides and adjust the collection level. The fake mouth problem begins when the rider begins to overbend the horse with his arms and then use too much leg.