Everything You Didn’t Know About Chazz Princeton
Chazz Princeton was the first rival character for Jaden Yuki, the protagonist for Yu-Gi-Oh! GX. The character starts out as a preppy, spoiled individual from Obelisk Blue, but is quickly humbled by a loss to Jaden.
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But that’s only where the story begins for Chazz, who goes on to experience more character development than any other rival character in history. Chazz is forced to confront not only his status as the next best duelist at Duel Academy but also his worth to his family carrying the Princeton name.
10 His Favorite Food Is Fried Shrimp
Chazz’s favorite food is listed by the show as fried shrimp, which more accurately is probably tempura shrimp. The character’s least favorite food is carrots, which seems to lean into the character’s childish personality since he’s skipping healthy things like carrots and running straight for more unhealthy food like fried shrimp.
9 His Japanese Name Is Jun Manjoume
In America, Chazz gets the name Chazz Princeton as a way of indicating his stuck-up personality. But in Japan, his name is actually Jun Manjoume. There’s also a completely different catchphrase in the original version involving the kanji in his name and how it’s read. Because the kanji for “Man” also means ten thousand, Manjoume would often shout “Ichi, ju, hyaku, sen, Manjoume-san, da!” This would translate to “One, Ten, Hundred, Thousand, It’s Manjoume.” People in the series also referred to him as Manjoume Thunder because of a mispronunciation of “It’s Manjoume-san.”
8 His Manga Deck Has Light And Darkness Dragon
7 Has More Decks Than Any Other Rival
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6 The True Rival Who Beat Aster Phoenix But Not Jaden
5 Has Problems With His Brothers
Chazz has a lot to live up to in the anime, which makes it all the more frustrating when the character is unable to defeat Jaden in battle time after time. The character is the youngest of three brothers who have all built up the Princeton name. His brother Slade is important in the political world, and his brother Jagger is important in the world of finance. With dueling being a major sport, it’s expected of Chazz to become a top-ranked duelist to allow them to rule everywhere, so Chazz’s performances are key—but his brothers often look down on him for not already being on top.
4 Shares Voice Actors With Rex Raptor, Sailor Moon’s Pegasus, Inuyasha’s Koga, & More
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3 Is The Deuteragonist In The Manga
Though the anime makes him more of a comedic character, the manga takes the character far more seriously. There, he begins as a rival but grows to become not only a major character but also a deuteragonist in his own right. He’s focused on far more there and is a major part of the last set of duels where he and Jaden work to fight against the manga’s final boss, Tragoedia.
2 Climbed His Way Through The Ranks
Eventually, after quitting the school out of frustration, Chazz is accepted back into Duel Academy even though he loses to Jaden in a winner take all sort of duel. But because Chazz loses to Jaden, he’s forced to start back as a Slifer Red. This is a fall from his time as an Obelisk Blue, but the character climbs his way back into becoming an Obelisk Blue by the time he graduates, though he no longer cares about the uniform which accompanies the higher level dorm rooms.
1 Lost His Room In The Slifer Dorms
Hilariously, Chazz becomes not only an Obelisk Blue again but also one of the best duelists in the school. He snaps many of the Obelisk Blue members who became part of the Society of Light back to normal and wound up winning the Genex Tournament at the school. This should’ve allowed him to become an Obelisk Blue, but a painting mishap leads to him being forced into Slifer Red again for a time. But with the latest Slifer Red needing a place to stay and being the only girl, she took over his room and forced him to be roomies with Jaden, his rival.
NEXT: Yu-Gi-Oh! 10 Most Important Duels In History (& Why)
Next Naruto: 5 Characters Who Are Exactly Like Their Parents (& 5 Who Aren’t)About The Author Sage Ashford (945 Articles Published)
Staff Writer for CBR, Sage Ashford has also written for Comicon as well as other sites such as The Gamer, and has been doing freelance work since 2014, and been working for CBR since 2017. His focus is primarily on spreading the word on obscure anime, comic books, and games whenever possible. Follow him on Twitter @ sageshinigami, or on Twitch @ sageshinigami.More From Sage Ashford
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How UNC’s Chazz Surratt went from starting QB to prized LB prospect
Thigpen can’t say exactly what kind of chess piece the NFL club that drafts Surratt will be getting. He knows it will be a valuable one, and very much contemporary with the way defensive skill sets are evolving at the pro level: speedy, quick, and well-suited for pass defense. The linebackers coach describes the current state of the college game as “basketball on grass” and lauds Surratt’s natural ability to chase down mobile quarterbacks, blanket both tight ends and running backs in coverage, and disrupt the backfield as a pass rusher. But he’s realistic about the experience factor. The difference between a two-year starter who’s played linebacker his entire life and a two-year starter who’s previously played nothing but quarterback since the 10th grade isn’t to be overlooked.
“Last year was like his freshman year,” Thigpen said of the fifth-year senior. “This year, he’s like a sophomore.”
In other words, Surratt’s transition wasn’t easy.
Following the switch, he was limited in UNC’s 2019 spring practice due to a cast on his right hand, protecting a surgical repair of the injury he suffered on the disheartening interception against Miami the previous September. That impairment gave the UNC coaching staff an incomplete picture of Surratt’s effectiveness because he couldn’t use his injured hand to shed blocks. He practiced full speed in the preseason, but coaches still weren’t exactly sure what they had in Surratt because the Tar Heels’ defense didn’t tackle to the ground in fall camp.
Surratt earned a starting role for the season opener against South Carolina, and his first attempt at a full-speed tackle in seven years had a predictable outcome: Running back Tavien Feaster beat the inexperienced linebacker with a spin move in the hole and broke off a 34-yard touchdown. Defensive coordinator Jay Bateman naturally barked at Surratt on the sideline before being asked to back off by Brown.
“I said, ‘Jay, he’s never made a tackle in a college game, so let’s go easy on him,’ ” Brown recalled.
But the missed tackle on Feaster wasn’t his only memorable play early in the South Carolina game; he also made a play in coverage that helped the UNC staff foresee his eventual success.
“He bit up a little on some play-action, but then he gets into his drop, covers 15 yards in no time and breaks up a pass to the tight end,” said Schoettmer, who now works as a defensive quality control assistant at UNC. “And everyone in the room is saying, ‘That’s an NFL-caliber play.'”
By season’s end, Surratt’s countermove was proving to be a powerful one. He led the Tar Heels in tackles (115), solo stops (66), tackles for loss (14.5), sacks (6.5) and QB hurries (10). He was also runner-up for ACC Defensive Player of the Year in his first year at the position. His breakout game — the one that convinced Thigpen he was overseeing the transformation of a college quarterback into an NFL linebacker — came against defending national champion Clemson. In his fifth career start at the position, Surratt made seven stops, broke up two passes, dropped Tigers star QB Trevor Lawrence for a sack and hurried him on three more pass attempts.
“He’s got everything he needs for the pros. He’s fast, he’s smart, he’s tough, and it’s really important to him,” Brown said. “Nothing in his life right now is more important to him than helping this team win and being the best player he can be.”
Despite his statistical productivity, missed tackles were the most problematic adjustment in his first year as a starter. The UNC staff believes the issue had less to do with his tackling form and more to do with taking poor pursuit angles. He’s improved in that area in 2020, but not quite to his own satisfaction. Thigpen, nevertheless, sees untapped playmaking even in his mistakes.
“People can’t outrun him, but sometimes they’ll feel him in pursuit and put the brakes on, and he’ll fly by,” Thigpen said. “But that’s something we work on every day. I tell him, ‘They can only cut back on you. They can’t turn the corner on you.’ “
He again led UNC in tackles last year (91) and notched six sacks in 11 games. The missed tackles haven’t gone unnoticed by NFL scouts, but neither has his athleticism. Beyond pursuit angles, they’ve noted Surratt’s improvement in a different area: hand use.
“First year, he had to sift to make tackles and didn’t really know how to use his hands,” said a scout for an AFC team who sees Surratt as a likely second-round selection. “This year, that has improved, and he’s gotten stronger. He still misses some tackles, and in pass rush he doesn’t have much of a plan yet. But he has the physical traits to get to the quarterback. There could be a big ceiling there.”
Linebacker Chazz Surratt, North Carolina, 78th Overall
Stephenson was able to see Surratt live in a game against Notre Dame and described him as a “phenomenal playmaker. “
“I believe the first series he made, like, three or four plays in a row,” Stephenson said. “He’s a great blitzer; you just see the speed, sideline-to-sideline; his instincts, for a guy who’s only played linebacker for two years, are unbelievable. We’re very excited about him and his upside and what he brings to the Vikings.”
Surratt totaled 207 tackles, 22.5 tackles for loss, 12.5 sacks and two interceptions in his two seasons on the defensive side of the ball.
Surratt is expected to add to a group of Vikings linebackers that was decimated by injuries in 2020. Anthony Barr, who thrived at linebacker after switching from running back at UCLA, didn’t play six full quarters before suffering a torn pectoral muscle. Eric Kendricks missed the final five games of last season after suffering a calf injury during a practice.
Barr and Kendricks are set to return in 2021, and Surratt could be their new running mate in Minnesota’s 4-3 base defense, or it could be veteran Nick Vigil, who signed during free agency, or 2020 fourth-round pick Troy Dye.
Asked about Barr and Kendricks, Surratt said, “I know they’re really good linebackers in this league, so I’m going to try to learn the most I can from them.”
“They’ve played a while in the league at a high level, so the opportunity to be around that type of guys will be good for me, and I’ll just try to soak up as much as I can,” he added. “I’ll just try to be a sponge, really.”
Surratt ran the 40 in 4.59 seconds and the 3-cone drill in 7.04 seconds. His vertical was 31.5 inches.
Listed at 6-foot-2 and 229 pounds on his NFL.com bio, Surratt was ranked as the fifth-best linebacker in the draft by NFL.com’s Bucky Brooks and as the fourth-best inside linebacker by ESPN’s Mel Kiper, Jr.
UNC Football: Chazz Surratt’s versatility makes him a match-up nightmare
For the second time in two games, Chazz Surratt led the Tar Heels in tackles (with eight against Boston College) and tied for the lead in sacks (with one). His numbers are impressive, yes. But his versatility is his biggest contribution to Carolina’s defense.
A quick aside… I was not an accomplished basketball player in high school. I rode the bench when I made varsity and played less than the Dook towel-wavers on Senior Night. When I got to Carolina, I just about lived in Woolen and played pick-up most every day, often with my good friend David Galloway. David’s younger brother Brian was a star player at his high school, along with his friend and teammate Drew Murphy. Brian disrespected my game so much, that when I torched Drew to the tune of five made shots in a row, he was yelling at him in front of all ten players on the court.
I gave Drew the business. I gave him lay-ups, I gave him a three-pointer, I posted him up. Everything was going down. Drew was shocked, since the scouting report Brian gave him said “McKay is garbage. Disrespect him and pass me the ball.” After hitting my last five shots, I demanded the ball on game point. David passed to me at the top of the key, and I got in a three-point stance and asked Drew, “How do you want it?” He looked at me confused, then turned to look at Brian. As soon as he looked away, I drove left and got an uncontested lay-up. Game.
Afterwards, I told Drew that I was not garbage. I was good, and versatile. So too was Chazz Surratt against Boston College. So let’s take a look at a few random plays throughout the game that show you just how versatile Chazz Surratt is on Jay Bateman’s defense, and how dangerous he was to Boston College’s offense (to follow along, here’s the condensed game replay, courtesy of the ACC Network):
- 1st Quarter, 5:44, 1st & 10: BC lines up in a jumbo package, two tight-ends, one on either side of the line. Chazz stands tall and wide, past the right tight-end, spying the backfield which only has one tailback standing directly off the QB’s right hand. One wideout is split left and goes in motion once summoned by Jurkovec. Before the wideout crosses in front of the QB, he takes the shotgun snap. It looked like it could be a jet sweep, as the tailback began his run by sweeping wide, as if to lead block for the tailback. Instead, he cuts upfield. The tight-end does not block and immediately goes vertical. The wideout was a ruse and BC never intended to run the jet sweep.
Chazz Surratt was not fooled. He immediately starts running downhill, releasing the tight end to safety Trey Morrison, who had dropped in to a linebacker spot pre-snap and is now covering the tight end man-to-man. He ignores the wideout running the jet sweep fake and makes a direct line to the QB. Fair credit to Jurkovec, he makes a great throw under pressure to the tailback, and Chazz puts his hands on the QB, but does not hit him. This play was made in the film room, as Chazz knew not to key on the jet sweep on this play. NFL brain.
- 2nd Quarter, 11:51, 1st & Goal: After the Sam Howell tipped-pass interception, Boston College begins on the UNC 5-yard line. The Eagles put out another huge formation with two tight-ends on the right; a big, “thicc” receiver on the left, two yards off the left tackle. The wideout out right motions to the left side of the line. Surratt and Gemmel are squated four yards off the LOS, Surratt on the right side. Gemmel immediately heads to the action of the play, in this case a fake hand-off, while Surratt waits. The moment, and I mean THE MOMENT, Surratt sees Jurkovec roll out to his right hand side, he is shot out of a cannon trying to hit him before he can throw. Surratt probably does not know what routes are being run behind him, he has one mission. As Jurkovec begins his windup, Surratt runs over one of those arrows on the track of Mario Kart and seems to pick up a bit of speed before putting his shoulder in Jurkovec’s left armpit, forcing a bad throw and an incomplete pass to Zay Flowers, who had Kyler McMichael beat for a touchdown.
Note: The next two plays were back-to-back.
- 3rd Quarter, 6:25, 1st & 10: BC have a bunch right formation with two tight ends and Dazz Newsome-like receiver Zay Flowers behind them. Flowers goes in motion towards the quarterback, who is under center. Chazz is directly behind the defensive tackle, lined up between the center and right guard. Gemmel is one step in front of and to the left of Surratt. Flowers makes it to the other side of the line and Jurkovec snaps, faking a hand-off to the lone tailback, while Flowers sprints back to the spot where he came from. Chris Collins has already set the edge to contain Jurkovec running and Flowers artfully dodges behind him and in front of Gemmel to get into space. Jurkovec flicks a pass that Flowers catches in stride.
Rewind to the snap. Surratt is literally sitting in place watching the quarterback. Once he knows the handoff is a fake, he sees Flowers coming out to the right side of the field and breaks. Flowers catches the ball on the right hash mark, and Surratt is catching up to him, but has a poor angle. He’s in danger of missing the tackle. Nope, never mind! He flattens his angle, gets his arms around the receiver’s waist, and drags him down after a minimal 3-yard gain. That is great coverage by a linebacker on a quick and slippery receiver.
- 3rd Quarter, 5:53, 2nd & 7: BC has a jumbo left formation with two tight-ends right next to the left tackle. One wideout is two yards off the right tackle, the other split wide left, one tailback. Surratt and Gemmel are equally deep, about three yards apart. On the snap, Surratt smashes into the center and left guard like a cop trying to bust down a door. That chaos allows Jahlil Taylor and Myles Murphy to meet at the quarterback with their hands in his face, with Des Evans behind just in case he tried to scramble backwards. The pressure causes Jurkovec to badly underthrow a wide-open Flowers who would’ve had a first down.
The strides Chazz Surratt has made since the beginning of last season are incredible. His fundamentals are more solid, he feels comfortable, understands what he needs to do, and is letting his natural athletic talent shine. Imagine for a moment that a team like the New England Patriots drafts Surratt at the end of the first round and puts him through their versatile-linebacker academy. He could be the next Tedy Bruschi or Mike Vrabel. There is literally no roof for his ceiling.
Ohio Machine’s Chazz Woodson balances on, off the field aspirations – The Lantern
Chazz Woodson is a Major League Lacrosse player for the Ohio Machine, but the Brown University graduate said his athletic prowess isn’t the only thing that defines him.
“Professional lacrosse is three days a week for 14 weeks and a summer,” Woodson said. “Lacrosse is a small piece of what we do.”
Woodson, who made an appearance an ESPN’s Top 10 plays segment for an acrobatic goal, aspires for a career outside of athletics to improve childhood education. He even taught in a low-income area for two years out of college.
“At the end of the day I’m not trying to be the best lacrosse player in the world, that’s not my end goal,” Woodson said. “It’s great that getting recognized for my lacrosse talent is giving me the opportunity to do these other things, that at the end of the day, those other things are what I really want to succeed in and people to recognize me for. ”
The “other things” are a long list of work outside the white-painted lines of the lacrosse field.
During Woodson’s senior year of college, he and other Brown University student-athletes developed Makin’ Moves, a mentoring program through the Education Department at Brown.
The program was inspired by Woodson’s personal experience teaching in Manhattan through the Urban Education Semester program offered at Brown. The (UES) program introduces students to difficult issues faced in urban public education, according to their mission statement.
The Makin’ Moves mentoring program is designed to help student-athletes of color develop skills in preparation for the standards of higher education.
“I know for at least a good five years (Makin’ Moves) was up and running and doing some positive things,” Woodson said. “Not only were we able to help kids, but other student-athletes at Brown really took into the idea and wanted to continue it.”
Machine coach Ted Garber said he is happy to have Woodson be a part of the Machine because he is such a well-rounded person.
“His heart is helping kids develop mentally, good lacrosse skills, but good values and ethics,” Garber said. “He is not just a great lacrosse player, but a great person.”
Woodson made it clear that he understands the importance of the game with respect to everything else he is involved in.
“One thing I really enjoy doing, and lacrosse has given me the platform to do it, is inspiring people and motivating people,” Woodson said.
With that in mind, Woodson decided to get back into the education system, this time as a teacher for the Teach For America program.
Woodson was assigned to the Miami-Dade County Public School system during his first two years out of college. He began teaching fourth-grade students at Phyllis Wheatley Elementary School in the Miami neighborhood of Overtown.
“Every Teach For America school has its own issues, so I definitely had my ups and downs in the classroom,” Woodson said. “My experience was unbelievably valuable and in many ways rewarding. ”
Woodson spent two years in the school system and said that after coming out of the experience, he developed a love for that area.
“As I continue to develop the lacrosse initiatives down here, that’s one area that I want to focus on,” Woodson said. “Despite the fact that I’m not teaching there anymore, I still would like to affect change in the area.”
In 2009, Woodson was injured and didn’t play a full season. In that same year, Woodson co-founded the creation of Dade Lacrosse, Inc., which is helping to raise awareness of the game and promoting a youth league in that area.
In 2010 he was injured, traded, and then deactivated from the MLL.
“I just felt like I had more to offer this league and this sport than what I was able to put forth in the last two years of playing MLL,” Woodson said. “This was just kind of a perfect storm.”
The Machine selected Woodson in the 2012 MLL Supplemental Draft in an announcement the MLL made on Dec. 14.
“He is a matchup nightmare,” said Ohio Machine general manager and president John Algie. “His ability forces other teams to be creative in a way that they’re going to defend him. Even if they are able to slow him down, that’s really only opening things up for other people.”
Woodson, who plays the attack position, is known for his rare style of play. During a win against Rochester on May 19, he made a play that landed him on SportsCenter’s Top 10.
“Lacrosse is meant to be played creatively, and that’s what I really enjoy about it,” Woodson said. “It’s not necessarily something I go out and try to do every time, but it’s tough to stop somebody when they’re right on top of the goal.”
Garber said he hasn’t really given Woodson any boundaries out on the field and that Woodson’s footwork, quickness and vision are tough traits for defenses to handle.
Woodson is the leading scorer for the Machine with nine goals.
Algie said it’s the work by guys like Woodson that make the lacrosse one of the fastest-growing sport in the country.
“When you have the opportunity to present yourself to the world, you have to do it in the right way,” Woodson said. “Lacrosse is not the be all and end all for me, I am well aware of that; I was taught that long, long ago.”
Chazz Palminteri’s one man show in San Francisco | ABC7 San Francisco | abc7news.com
A Bronx Tale
9/23 – 10/19
Golden Gate Theater
Tuesday through Saturday evenings at 8:00pm
Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday matinees at 2pm
Tickets range from $40 to $85
(415) 512-7770 and at all Ticketmaster Ticket Centers.
A BRONX TALE, the funny and touching one-man show written by and starring Academy Award-nominated actor Chazz Palminteri, which became a major film directed by Robert DeNiro. A BRONX TALE was first mounted Off Broadway in 1989 and helped establish Palminteri as a writer and actor with a distinct voice. In A BRONX TALE, Palminteri brings 18 characters to vivid life, depicting a rough childhood on Bronx streets populated by a cast of friends and enemies. Kicking off its national tour in San Francisco, this production of A BRONX TALE directed by Tony Award-winner Jerry Zaks was a critical success on Broadway last season.
A BRONX TALE, written by and starring Chazz Palminteri, was first mounted Off Broadway in 1989 and helped establish Palminteri as a writer and actor with a distinct voice. In A BRONX TALE, the writer/star brings 18 characters to vivid life, depicting a rough childhood on Bronx streets populated by a cast of friends and enemies. Chazz Palminteri’s tour de force performance on Broadway was heralded by critics and audiences. Charles Isherwood of The New York Times called it, “a rejuvenating act of faith in the powers of acting and storytelling.” And The Associated Press described A BRONX TALE as “enormously entertaining. A vibrant, warmhearted saga. Palminteri conjures up a parade of appealing characters with humor, great affection and more than a little heartbreak.”
During the original Off Broadway and Los Angles’ engagements of A BRONX TALE, Palminteri caught the attention of studios, producers and directors – all of whom wanted to make the film version – without him. Palminteri turned down a million dollar offer for the film rights, despite having $200 in his bank account at the time. Then, Robert DeNiro came to see the show, and brought the story and star Palminteri to the screen in 1993, making his directorial debut in the process.
About Chazz Palminteri:
He has over 50 movies to his credit including The Usual Suspects, Bullets over Broadway, Analyze This, Hurly Burly, Mulholland Falls, and A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints. He has also directed the HBO series Oz (episode, Unnatural Disasters), Showtime’s Women vs. Men, and the feature film Noel, starring Susan Sarandon, Penelope Cruz, Robin Williams and Paul Walker. He was last seen on the New York stage in the play The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui starring with Al Pacino, John Goodman, Steve Buscemi, and Billy Crudup.
The pre-eminent theatrical entertainment company in San Francisco and owns and operates the Curran, Orpheum and Golden Gate Theatres-San Francisco’s premier theatrical venues. SHN’s Best of Broadway theater series provides Bay Area audiences with pre-Broadway world premieres, original Broadway cast productions, award-winners and current hits fresh from Broadway. For information on all SHN shows, please visit shnsf.com.
Copyright © 2021 KGO-TV. All Rights Reserved.90,000 Rublev overtook Medvedev and Djokovic in the ATP championship race :: Tennis :: RBK Sport
The Russian climbed to the second line, only Tsitsipas overtakes him, despite this in the ATP rating he was able to rise only one line and takes seventh place
Read us atnews news
Andrey Rublev (Photo: Global Look Press)
Russian tennis player Andrei Rublev climbed to second place in the updated version of the championship race of the Association of Professional Tennis Players (ATP). This was reported on the APR website.
The only athlete the Russian could not get around was the Greek Stefanos Tsitsipas, to whom he lost in the final of the Masters tournament, which was held in Monte Carlo. The match ended with a score of 3: 6, 3: 6, for the Russian it was the first final of the series tournaments in his career.Rublev lost the first-ever final of the tennis tournament of the Masters series
In the previous version of the rating, the second line was occupied by another Russian – Daniil Medvedev.He was also going to participate in a tournament in Monaco, but was forced to withdraw after he tested positive for coronavirus. Now Medvedev has dropped to fourth place in the championship race. The first place in the previous version of the list was the Serbian Novak Djokovic, he also played in Monte Carlo, but was defeated in the third round match. Now the Serb is on the third line.
In the ATP championship race, only the results of the current season are taken into account, based on this rating, the participants in the final ATP tournament are determined.
At the same time, the top three in the ATP world ranking remained unchanged, Djokovic took the first place, Medvedev took the second, and the Spaniard Rafael Nadal took the third place. Rublev climbed to 7th place, he managed to bypass the Swiss Roger Federer.
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A cat will come to you, do not chase him – it will be me ›News of St.Petersburg› MR-7.ru
Cats are loved by both employees and visitors. And cats feel at ease not only in the old Sheremetev garden, where they lie on the paths or walk in the grass, but also in the museum itself. Usually they lie near the wardrobe, allowing themselves to be ironed and photographed, wander into the Saray gallery and watch attentively the visitors who purchase tickets and souvenirs, and now, in a new reality, measure the temperature. Before the epidemic, cats leaked silently to literary evenings, and now they can meet visitors on the steps of historical stairs.
For a long time already, with the light hand of a veterinarian and founder of the Cat Museum and two cat cafes – the Republic of Cats and the Republic of Cats Anna Kondratyeva has been called the “cat-cultural capital”.
By the way, Anna is not only a doctor of the famous Hermitage cats, but also a doctor who is always ready to help the cats of the Anna Akhmatova museum in the Fountain House, a friend of the museum. Last summer, the famous oracle cat Achilles visited the Akhmatov cats.
The history of each of the Akhmatov cats is unique – they all came to the museum in different ways, and the youngest, Peach, was literally saved from the cold several years ago by the first director and now president of the Museum Friends’ Fund, Nina Ivanovna Popova.
Three ginger cats have become unique keepers of museum stories, museum warmth and the entire atmosphere of the modern Fountain House.
And the book that saw the light of day is a souvenir, a sketchbook, that is, both a book and a notebook with blank sheets of paper, where you can write something down or make sketches. The authors of the text – researchers from the American Study of Joseph Brodsky Irina Borodina and Yekaterina Pechenik – talk about cats and cats in the Punin family, in the apartment where Anna Akhmatova lived, as well as about cats and the attitude towards cats of Nobel Prize winner Joseph Brodsky. The book contains photographs by Alexander Ivanovich Brodsky, drawings by Joseph Brodsky, texts that deal with cats.
And here is, for example, a story told by Nina Ivanovna Popova: “About four years ago we had a seminar, and Thomas Venclova gave a lecture about Brodsky. As I remember now, it was in the Small Hall (the museum, where literary evenings were held before the epidemic. – Approx. Ed. .). And so he finishes: “Joseph told me:” Thomas, if you ever sit at home and see that a cat comes to you, do not chase him – it will be me. “
A minute later, the door opens and a ginger cat enters. We can say that this is a literary game, but the phrase was still hanging in the air when the cat entered. “
Brodsky wrote in his famous essay about Venice “Embankment of the Incurable”: “Squinting into the sun, I suddenly realized that I was a cat. The cat who ate the fish. If someone addressed me at this moment, I would meow. ” Brodsky called his essay on poetry, written in 1995, A Cat`s Meow. About Nastya the cat in Punin’s apartment, about Brodsky’s cat in Leningrad and Brodsky’s cats – Smadzha and Mississippi – in the USA, about the current cats of the Fountain House and not only about them – this elegant book of the museum.90,000 why the archives of Adolf Eichmann are still closed Irina Lagunina: 50 years ago On May 11, 1960, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Mossad agents captured and soon brought to Israel one of the organizers of the Holocaust, former SS Obersturmbannfuehrer Adolf Eichmann. Eichmann’s name was mentioned at the Nuremberg trials, his actions during the war were well studied. But until now, his archives remain classified. As it is still not fully known – how he and many with him were so organized taken to Argentina.Our correspondent in Berlin Yuri Veksler continues his story about Adolf Eichmann.
Yuri Veksler: Adolf Eichmann unsuccessfully fought in the Jerusalem trial for his life and therefore, of course, did not say what he thought. But since he had to look convincing in his conclusions that he was almost a victim of his obedience, then at some point he, most likely, himself began to believe in his version. In prison he wrote something like a memoir with a subtitle that can be translated as “My Gods” – this is Eichmann about those leaders whom he believed and whose orders he followed.To some extent, in these memoirs, Eichmann shifts his own guilt to them, to his gods. But the true Eichmann frankly and not without pride stated his credo earlier, in Buenos Aires, in numerous conversations with the Dutch SS man Willem Sassen. Sassen recorded his conversations with Eichmann on a tape recorder. Here is a snippet.
Adolf Eichmann: Based on the above motivations, you should be clear if I say: if we killed 10.3 million of our sworn enemies, then only then would our mission be accomplished.
Yuri Veksler: Commentary by German journalist Gabi Weber, who is seeking to declassify German intelligence documents on Eichmann.
Gabi Weber: This means that he considers the task entrusted to him unfulfilled – not all Jews in Europe have been exterminated. This was the task at hand. And it was not fulfilled. Sassen’s notes show us the true Eichmann; here he freely expounds what he thinks, because he sees a like-minded person in the interlocutor.Therefore, he does not need to hide his views.
Yuri Veksler: It was these views expressed in a friendly atmosphere that complicated Eichmann’s defense at the Jerusalem trial. Sassen, who intended to publish Eichmann’s revelations, printed them out and gave them to Eichmann, who made many notes and corrections with his own hand and added several pages as an addition. This text, marked by Eichmann, fell into the hands of the Jerusalem judges. But how? At first, suspicion fell on Sassen.Sassen, learning about Eichmann’s arrest, decided to make money on it and offered the texts to various publishing houses, but the court needed a document that Eichmann could not renounce. And such a document became the property of the court, but not as a result of Eichmann’s betrayal by Sassen, of which the latter was accused of numerous former Nazis who settled in Buenos Aires. A unique person lives in Germany who managed to get the text with notes and additions by Eichmann and send it to Israel. But I hope to tell you about this as yet unknown story separately.
In the meantime, I will dwell on the fact that for many post-war decades in Germany there was a confrontation between former Nazis and those who wanted to establish democracy in the country. One of these people was the prosecutor Fritz Bauer, who passed the information he received about Eichmann’s whereabouts to the Israelis. The same person is now 81-year-old Thomas Harlan Thomas Harlan, a filmmaker and hunter of Nazi criminals – a Naziger, as these people are called in Germany. The biography of this man deserves attention.He is the son of Faith Harlan, the favorite filmmaker of Hitler and Goebbels. Veit Harlan is the author of the Nazi propaganda anti-Semitic film “Jew Suess”. As a child, Thomas Harlan sat at the same table with Hitler, and Goebbels, who visited Harlan’s dad, gave Thomas a toy railroad. But as an adult, Thomas took a different path: he went to France and his children, who were born and raised there, due to the principled attitude of their father, do not know German.
By agreeing to give an interview to documentary filmmaker Ilona Tsiok for the film about Fritz Bauer, which I talked about earlier in the program “Time and Peace”, Thomas Harlan told her that he was outraged by many omissions during the Eichmann trial.He is absolutely sure that there is an agreement between Ben Gurion and Adenauer.
Ilona Tsiok, director of the documentary about Fritz Bauer “Death in Parts”, quotes Thomas Harlan’s statement:
Ilona Tsiok: The process was the embodiment of a fulfilled promise of peace for the FRG, and this is a shame.
I asked him if you think there would be no better process at all?
No, no, Harlan replied, but the process shouldn’t have been so delicate. On it, only Eichmann was the accused, why not others, too, because his bosses were still alive, no one accused or named them, and Eichmann himself was not such a big boss.
Yuri Veksler: Thomas Harlan named two surnames – the former SS Brigadeführer Franz Alfred Six, Franz Alfred Six, and the former SS Navigator Albert Hartl. Sixtus gave testimony for the Eichmann trial, but agreed to give them only in Germany, as he feared a possible arrest in Israel. By this time, he was one of the leaders of the FRG intelligence. There is a very important fact in the biography of Albert Hartl. In 1943, he established contact with the Austrian-born Catholic priest in Italy, Alois Hudal, who, after the war, provided assistance and support to many former Nazi criminals, including Eichmann in transporting them to Argentina and other Latin American countries.
Adolf Eichmann testified in court that he managed to go overseas in 1950 with the help of a Franciscan priest in Genoa, who secured him a Red Cross passport in the name of Ricardo Clement and a visa to enter Argentina. But how much could one priest? And here we come to the question of the secret documents of the FRG intelligence. The main thing that is expected of them is the answer to the question of how many Nazi criminals could live for several years in the FRG and not fall under prosecution, who warned them in time about the danger of persecution and helped not just hide, but go to Latin America, where such how they ended up being thousands and thousands.The official chief hunter for Nazi criminals, the head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation of Nazi Crimes, Prosecutor Kurt Shrim, would also like to get answers to these questions. He, too, does not have access to Eichmann’s acts. Shrim often visits Latin America, in particular Brazil, where he commented on the classification of Eichmann’s documents and spoke about the massive exodus of the Nazis overseas in the 50s.
Kurt Schrim: This escape could not only be organized from within Germany, it had to be organized outside Germany as well. The mere fact that many, many people quickly received false documents under a new name, suggests that all this was and should have been carefully organized, but who was behind such an organization, I have no idea.
Yuri Veksler: To be honest, it sounds too naive for the main state hunter for the Nazis. Curt Schrim continues:
Curt Schrim: It is a political decision to keep Eichmann’s acts a secret, and it is a decision that I refuse to understand.One can only assume that there are facts there, in keeping secret to this day there are those interested. If we knew exactly which ways the Nazis left, then we would understand some patterns, and this could help us, perhaps, to get on the trail of some still living criminals.
Yuri Veksler: Of course, the likelihood of catching major Nazi criminals decreases every day, and if count, then the score will be clearly in favor of the Nazis. Why and how did they do it? Who financed all this and from what funds? From the gold reserves of the Nazi party, as the journalist Gabi Weber, fighting to remove secrecy from Eichmann’s documents, suggests. The hope of getting answers to these questions is motivated not only by her, but also by the author of a book on this topic, journalist and historian Uki Goñi based in Argentina, Uki Goni. The book is called “Odessa”. And here Odessa, you ask?
This is an abbreviation – German. “Organization der ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen”, “Organization of Former SS Members”) – the name denotes an international Nazi organization founded by former SS officers who survived the Second World War.
The purpose of this organization was allegedly to help those former SS men who were put on the wanted list by law enforcement agencies in order to escape persecution (including by sending them to other countries and to other continents). German historians do not believe in the existence of such a single organization, but, for example, such a famous hunter for Nazi criminals like Simon Wiesenthal was convinced of its existence. Whether there was one network or there were several, but one way or another, Kurt Schrim is right – without help organized outside Germany, the escape of Adolf Eichmann, Joseph Mengele, Aribert Heim and others would have been impossible.One of those who know about “Odessa” more than others is the Argentine journalist and historian Uki Goni, who has devoted more than 10 years of work to the topic. It testifies to the massive nature of the Nazi resettlement to Argentina and the support of this circle from the Argentine authorities, especially during the reign of Perron. Uki Goni is convinced that outside Germany, the most important parts of the organization and points of the routes leading, for example, to Argentina, were Switzerland, in particular, the Bureau for Emigration to Argentina in Bern at Marktgasse 49, which organized the receipt of Red Cross passports, Argentine visas and etc.It was also engaged in monetary transactions, up to laundering and transfers to other countries. It is now known that the Swiss authorities were well aware of everything.
Uki Goni: Swiss documents paint a clear picture: the Swiss government turned a blind eye to everything and allowed ex-Nazis to enter the country and travel through it to Italy in order to sail from there to Argentina. All this was done in agreement with the Argentine government, which asked the Swiss government to allow former Nazis to pass through Switzerland in order to be able to take them back to Argentina.Switzerland, in return, demanded that Argentina agree to accept refugees, mostly Jewish, whom it did not want to keep. An agreement on such conditions was then reached by the chief of the Swiss police for foreigners, Heinrich Rothmund.
Yuri Veksler: And yet, was there a single organization called Odessa? After several years of work, Uki Goni gives this answer.
Uki Goni: Odessa is three different organizations.The Argentine government, which needed engineers and scientists, carried out an appropriate campaign and under its auspices also hosted former Nazis, since Perron sympathized with the Nazis and wanted to save them from persecution. Then Switzerland, in which diplomats, former Nazis and pro-fascist Swiss citizens collaborated among themselves, who created something like a gateway to send those wishing to Argentina. Well, in between there was Italy, or rather the church, with its own refugee aid organizations and its own capabilities.These organizations operated simultaneously – in Italy, Switzerland and Argentina. This was true Odessa.
Yuri Veksler: Not only Perron, but also, it seems, the legendary Evita was involved in the Odessa processes. Her trip to Europe in 1947 looks mysterious. Instead of the planned three weeks, she spent three months in Europe. She visited Spain, Italy, where she was received by Pope Pius XII, and instead of the trip to Great Britain announced in the program, she spent time… in Switzerland. This trip was announced as unofficial, private, but Evita met with bankers, politicians and ambassadors of different countries. Since then, there have been rumors that she also met with those who helped the Nazis to escape, but there is no evidence of such meetings. But it was after her return to Argentina that this path for Nazis from Europe, which some call the “rat path”, functioned without interruption. Uki Goni speaking.
Uki Goni: In Argentina, many fear that this topic – “the Nazis in the country” – may tarnish the clean in the minds of the majority of the uniform of Perron or Evita, whose figure also remains popular.This made my work very difficult and difficult.
Yuri Veksler: Many documents of this time related to the topic were destroyed in the archives of Argentina, and nevertheless, Uki Goni managed to find out and understand a lot.
This is what he writes in the book “Odessa”.
The day after the announcement of Eichmann’s execution, in Buenos Aires, a young Jewish woman, Graziela Narsia Sirota, the daughter of the owner of the house, about whom there were rumors that the Israelis who had stolen Eichmann stayed in it, was abducted and tortured – she was burned on chest swastika. Another innocent Jewish girl, Mirta Penerek, who was rumored to have bought food for Mossad agents, was killed.
Yuri Veksler: The book “Odessa” by Uki Goni was published in English and Spanish in 2002. It took four years for a publisher to be found ready to publish it in German.
Comedy “Drive the grandmother. Summer in New York “Adam Leon
Adam Leon’s directorial debut “Drive the Grandmas. Summer in New York “is a touching comedy about the life of adolescents, in which drugs, burglaries and extortion are just charming attributes of a passing childhood.
Malcolm and Sophia, two not the most prosperous black teenagers from the Bronx, have a dream: they really want to “bomb” – to make their own graffiti on the symbol of the baseball team they hate, a huge blue-orange apple, hung out in the stadium before the game. To do this, they need to bribe the stadium guard. $ 500 – the money is huge by the standards of Malcolm and Sophia, but they are not going to retreat, but they are going to earn it honestly.
True, in the usual ways – to deal with the delivery of marijuana, push a friend’s sneakers, rob a friend.
In the intervals between attempted crimes, friends exchange pleasantries (“Here you are a bitch”; “Well, you are a shit”), discuss the peculiarities of sex without a condom (“You haven’t fucked her yet, and she already fucked your brain ?!”) and regulate their position on the social ladder (“Don’t bomb in our area if you can’t take a blow”).
All this criminal ghetto, oddly enough, looks extremely attractive and touching.
“Drive the Grandmothers” is the first film by American music video director Adam Leon, who acted here as a director and screenwriter.The debut comedy was included in the program of the Cannes Film Festival “A special look”, and now they pin great hopes on the young director.
Actually, it’s understandable why: “Drive the Grandma” completely rethinks the genres of black comedy and romantic comedy for teenagers.
It so happens that you go to a friend so that he would pay you for a print on a T-shirt with the name of your beloved girl, he does not pay you, and you take your favorite sneakers away from him. Meanwhile, your bike is stolen, you catch up with one of the hijackers and squeeze his mobile phone.You try to drive him into a pawnshop, and they throw you in the same place for money. And in the end, sneakers are taken away. The Bronx is a vicious circle of delinquency, especially if you are a black teenager, wandering the streets day and night in the same stretched and washed T-shirt and want to make money for a vandalism.
In the movie “Drive the Grandmas”, teenagers are drowning in the smoke of marijuana, and tattooed uncle-authorities help them break into the apartments of their peers. But every face that Leon’s camera slides over holds a gigantic potential of cozy and safe good, and every street teeming with villains and thieves is flooded with pacifying sunlight.In the Leonov Bronx, it is not rap or hip-hop that sounds, but elegiac soul.
Even tattooed uncles who steal TVs from grandmothers scour the stalls in search of exclusively vanilla cigarettes.
“Drive the Grandmas” in its touching dysfunction resembles the cartoon “Hey, Arnold”, only narrowed down to one episode and with the resolution section canceled.
It is felt that Leon, a tall curly haired brunette in hipster glasses, is exclusively his own in the world of his dark-skinned heroes.Apparently, the past of the street graffiti artist affected. In the frame of the film “Drive the Grandmas” the heroes do not play, but exist, and Leon invites you to watch with sentimental tenderness.
The absence of any contrived melodrama creates an almost documentary feeling.
By the way, the main actors, Taishib Hickson and Tashiana Washington, can also be considered debutants in feature films – hence their charming lack of professionalism. It seems that it is not the heroes who are periodically sprinkled with laughter, but the actors themselves (along with the entire set).And rightly so: it is completely impossible to utter a monologue on the topic of a baseball cap with a serious face.
“Drive the Grandmas” is not only a “district” New York comedy, it is also a very subtle movie about first feelings. It is so subtle and unspoken that it immediately stands on a par even not with the fashionable youth rom-coms of recent years, but somewhere next to Julia Loktev’s “The Loneliest Planet”. In the end, the feelings of two young aspiring graffiti artists from the Bronx may turn out to be no less mysterious than the relationship of thirty-year-old intellectuals in the landscapes of the Georgian mountains.90,000 “Drive a ruble, relative – this, in my opinion, is not funny”
For the first time “Afonya” was released on screens on October 13, 1975. 62 million people watched the picture in a year. We talked with screenwriter Alexander Borodyansky about the creation of the script, the experience of working with Georgy Danelia and other directors, as well as why the desire to make records and perfectionism are destructive for screenwriters.
– I really love this film, but I heard from colleagues that you yourself do not consider it a masterpiece.
– Of course I don’t. I haven’t created any masterpieces yet (laughs).
– Well, everything is ahead
– Was this a film story originally? “About Borshchov, plumber of ZhEK No. 2”?
– No, I wrote the film story later, this is practically the same script, only I added a little “for literature” there and sent it to the magazine “Sever” and this is not connected in any way, everything went in parallel.It was originally written at VGIK as a course script. It was called “About Borshchov plumber of housing office number 2”.
– Well, it was different from what happened?
– No, not at all different. In the process, it has changed a little, however, but insignificantly. When Georgy Nikolaevich liked this script, and everything was humorous, he began to add some lines, lines. Of course, we added something to some scenes. Because my idea for the script was this: “Grieve”, or rather, don’t live and grieve, but if you have profited your life, then you have profited.And Georgy Nikolaevich believed that his life was already difficult, so that he could still shoot a movie in a dark tone. He said: “I have to make films in the key of“ rejoice ”. But the material of the script did not allow to do this, this is not an optimistic scenario.
– So the script softened during the making of the film?
– Not really. Let me give you an example. The girl played by Zhenya Simonova was originally older. And Danelia wanted a pure and young girl to carry hope for Athos. And for this she must be young.We had an argument about the scene where she appears at the airport. I hated the happy ending, and Danelia reassured me that this was not true, it was just an image of a dream.
Zhenya Simonova in the film Afonya. Source: Kinopoisk
My script did not end with a scene at the airport and the appearance of a girl. With me, he returned to the city and walked so morally broken, passed the cinema, where a cheerful billboard hung, which created a contrast to his profane life. In general, the fact that Danelia made the heroine more youthful created some problems.He had to suffer, figure out how to justify why she loves him. I said: “Well, I fell in love – that’s all.” And he: “No, they say Afonya once played volleyball with her brother, and she saw and admired him as a girl and fell in love with him.”
Danelia needed external motivation why Katya (Zhenya Simonova) fell in love with this Athos. Well, me: “Well, why not fall in love, there he is, how handsome, in a wig, still, funny.”
– Were there any other discrepancies between the script and the result?
– The very first scene where he comes out of the toilet was not in a theater with ballerinas, but simply … it was based on a real story that happened in the management of one.I worked as a painter and stood in line at the cashier for money. On the other hand, there was a toilet typical of a barrack building. And then a lady in a veil came up to the toilet, and the future Afonya came out and said loudly:
“Citizens, no one has a piece of paper?” People were confused. Then he went into the accounting department, then he was like: “Oh, and no one has a pen?” I found a pen, then wrote on a piece of paper: “Repair”, and announced to the people: “The siphon flew” and went whistling: “We will go, we will rush on deer in the early morning. ” Danelia had a theater.This, of course, changed the tone of the film. Globally, this scenario does not change, but it became so much easier.
– As Danelia wanted.
– Yes, the problem was that he was tormented. The material did not give in. He couldn’t make something so light out of him, in the spirit of “And I am walking, walking around Moscow.” And he explained to me: “You see, for the first time I shoot a movie not according to my script.” He always wrote scripts with someone, but then he took someone else’s script …
By the way, when they already started writing the director’s script, Georgy Nikolaevich came up with different things, he was generally a dreamer.And many were fascinated by this, confused. I was not carried away, but I myself saw how the scenes change a little, it was fun. And when I read the director’s cut, I was very upset. I thought I would come to him and tell him about it.
And here I come, he asks: “Well, how?”. I shrugged, “Fine.” And he sits like this on the couch and sighs: “Complete shit.” And tossed the script into the paper bucket. Because with us the alcoholic Fedul became the main one. It has less depth, but it is more effective.
I always wondered why people laugh at this phrase of his “Drive a ruble, relative”, I did not see anything funny in this, and then I realized that the whole thing is in Brondukov, how he pronounced it.If there were another actor, it would not be funny.
– Yes …
– By the way, I can say what my complaints were about Athos, and then with age they smoothed out. I don’t like it when everyone likes movies. And everyone liked this one – critics, spectators, and relatives. All over the world. Maybe I’m a masochist, but I was not very happy about it.
– What scenes are still taken from life?
– For example, the story when Afonya fell in love with the beautiful Elena, the heroine of Nina Maslova, and brought her a Finnish shell. One day I noticed that a plumber had fallen in love with my wife. Platonically. He also began to offer her help in every possible way. He just wanted to see her more often. But I also inserted this line into the cinema. If you start like this: everything was in the script – both the trainees and the meeting (public court). It’s just a different tonality.
Georgy Danilia liked to emphasize when he was told that the script had changed dramatically: “Why are they talking nonsense? We haven’t changed anything. Inside the scenes – yes, tonality, mood, but essentially nothing.Some remarks – yes. ” Then the scene at the airport when a policeman came up and asked for documents.
He also liked the scene when a drunken Afonya brings home a drunken plasterer Kolya (Evgeny Leonov), and the heroine of Nina Ruslanova kicks Kolya out. Because one day Danelia himself came home with his student and was also drunk, to visit him, and the student’s wife kicked him out. Therefore, he liked this scene. Danelia himself did not tell me anything about it, I learned about it from Razbaev. Well, it’s such a coincidence.
– Funny (laughing).
– By the way, if it comes to that, Afonya is not the most typical Daneliev film.
– Yes, in principle I watched this film for the first time, when I had not yet thought about Danelia as a director with his own handwriting and it seemed to me for a long time that another director had shot Afonya altogether.
– Yes, he is very out of his filmography. It turns out that before that he shot the film “Lost” by Mark Twain, and he did not win the audience’s love, but before that he was a success.This is how the management loved him, he was adored at GOSKINO. I love him all because he was a charming, cheerful and benevolent person.
1975 On the set of Georgy Danelia’s comedy Afonya.
– As I understand it, he managed to extinguish conflict situations, bypass sharp corners and at the same time remain himself.
– Yes. At the same time, “Completely Lost” is a good movie. Not that “ah”, but good quality. Not Daneliev’s, really. And he was in such a trance, from failure.But this was a failure in his understanding, against the background of “I walk around Moscow” and “Do not cry.” At this time, the editor of Goskino Antonova gave him my script to read. Maybe because he was not in the best condition, he wanted to work with me. In fact, he believed that Afonya was a script about him, but I said no, he was about me.
– Well, everything is clear, he just understands Borshchov’s attitude well.
– Danelia believed that he was like that in life, although I think not.But there was something in him from Borshchov.
– By the way, you wrote the script when you were the same age as Athos?
– I wrote in 1972 when my son was born. I was 28 years old. But I imagined in the role of Afoni not Kuravlev, although I really loved this actor, young Yuri Nikulin. And not Nikulin from these “Three boobies” (“Coward, Goonies and Experienced”), but from the picture “When the trees were big.”
V. Shukshin and Y. Nikulin in the film “When the trees were big”
I imagined such a funny sloven, but not handsome.Zhenya Borshchov performed by Kuravlev is still handsome, especially with a wig. Maybe if he was bald he wouldn’t be like that.
When I write a script, I always imagine someone. And I knew that it would not be Nikulin, but this still again speaks in favor of the fact that the tonality of the script and the film at the end is different. Not Nikulin’s tonality, but Kuravlev’s tonality. Then the scenes would have sounded completely different.
– This is how we talked about Brondukov: if someone else said, “Drive a ruble, relative,” it would not be so funny.
– By the way, initially “Afonya” was supposed to be filmed at the Dovzhenko studio and it was to be directed by Leonid Osyka, a good director, by the way (“Grandfather of the left extreme”, “Troubled Veresen month”, “Sketches about Vrubel”). And, by the way, Brondukov was supposed to play the role of Borshchov. But then my script was transferred to Mosfilm, I was not even the initiator of this, although some people think so.
From the outside it turns out that I betrayed Borya (Brondukov), although I did not give the script to Danelia. He confessed to me, then, that he was offended by me.That’s what I said: “How can I give the script if I have already promised it to Dovzhenko’s studio ?!” They did it cunningly: they took the script away from Dovzhenko’s studio. Because the USSR State Committee for Cinematography believed that since the script won the competition, it does not belong to me. I was even confused. They told Osyka that I was giving the script to Danelia, he called and was indignant: “How is that ?!”. And it was they who translated the script by order from the Dovzhenko studio – Mosfilm.
– Well, the Internet is replete with information that it is you who initiated the transfer of the script … They say they themselves decided that Moscow will give more opportunities to the film.
– (laughs). Of course, I understood that if the film was staged at Mosfilm, it would have greater coverage. But I have such a character – I did not want to give the script, since there was an agreement. Danelia later said that he was offended by me because I did not want to give him the script. But I didn’t say that I didn’t want to give the script to him. It’s just that I’ve already promised another person. Then he admitted that he had respect for me.
When we already became friends and became close, I did not manage to make a single film with him.We tried to write scripts several times, but nothing came of it. Because the movie he loves to make is not my movie. For example, I would not write the script for “Don’t Cry”. Well, not my movie. The movie he wanted, I didn’t like it, but I couldn’t say it directly. I respected him. But he felt something when we discussed the scenes that I didn’t like what he was offering.
– Has this happened to other directors too? Here is a discrepancy.
– Yes.For example, I refused to write the script for the film “Bless the Woman” for Govorukhin, so he took offense at me for the rest of his life and did not offer any more joint work.
– Well, did you continue to communicate in general?
– Yes, they were even friends, but did not work together. His wife even asked: “Slava, why don’t you want to write something else with Sasha?” And he tactfully turned the conversation on other tracks. I’m not saying that he made a bad movie, normal, but nothing more.
– Got it.You wanted to do something more interesting.
– Yes, I have one criterion: “It should be interesting.” That is, I myself have a lot of scenarios about which you can ask: “What is this ?!” Nice but common story of a woman’s destiny. And because of this, I could not work with many other famous directors.
If the director is interested, but I am not, well, I cannot work like that.And first of all, because if I’m not interested, I’ll write badly. That’s what’s the matter, not because I’m stubborn. Why would I let a person down ?!
One director, Zarkhi, told me:” Let’s write about love, “to which I replied:” I love a good movie about love, but I can’t write a good script myself. ” Therefore, I have only one movie about love. Zarkhi asked: “Why don’t you want to? Have you never loved? ” I answer: “Why ?! – I loved”.But I didn’t write. And it was, of course, offensive to him, hurt his pride. Who am I? Of course, I already had Afonya, but I was still a young screenwriter, while he was already an Honored Artist of the USSR from that pre-war generation.
I just remembered how many venerable directors I refused to work with, but I will not name them. Many of them are alive and working today, and if they read about it in the press, they will think that I am bragging.
– Well, it is not necessary.And so the essence is clear. It turns out that there were no such scenarios that you didn’t want to do, but you had to?
– I didn’t have one. My criterion “to make it interesting and not boring” did not allow. I have never written about all sorts of party committees and so on.
– I would like to clarify more about Afoni. There was a version that in one of the versions Afonya commits suicide.
– (laughs). This probably comes from the times when, in the process of writing the script, I gave interviews and did not yet know what it would be.I studied in absentia and was passing through Moscow. My second master, Vera Tulyakova, studied with me (the first master, Ilya Vaysfel, generally crushed the Afoni script). And so I once met with her and said that I wanted to make a script about a painter. She asked what he would be about. And I didn’t know and began like this: “Well, there will be a girl who loves him, but he does not love her, and she will hang herself.” And Vera Vladimirovna in such a tragic voice: “Sasha, in no case do not make the heroine hang herself.” I told her then: “Okay, okay, she will not die.”And so, probably, from this rumors and nourished.
Somewhere I told something in an interview forty years ago, and it was overgrown with a bunch of speculation. And Afonya I had to go to the village after being fired. When I write the scripts, I don’t know what will happen next. I didn’t know that he had to go to my village or commit suicide there. Moreover, such a hero could not commit suicide after he was fired. This is some kind of nonsense.
– I thought it didn’t sound like you.
– Yes, the only time my hero committed suicide was in the film “The Horseman named Death” based on the story “Pale Horse” by Boris Savinkov. But this is a real story, he really threw himself out of a window on the Lubyanka.
Well, I’ve already lost count, I already have more than 70 films, but I didn’t count them. I swear there is a Writers Guild, they figured it out. They made me remember all the films that I made, it is beneficial for them to have them all. Plus, there are still undelivered scripts – half of them were bought, paid for.I was horrified: “Almost 100 scenarios.” This is not normal. And I’m not joking now (laughs).
Maybe because everything is easy and it turned out that I never tried to set a record and write a masterpiece. I didn’t think about it at all, the only thing that mattered to me was that it was interesting. Not to critics, not to colleagues. And me and the viewer. I understood that my audience, like me, loves unusual cinema. Like Fellini and Bunuel, for example. For Fellini they were not abstruse, for Buñuel they were grotesque, but it was interesting to me from my youth.And I never suffered, did not rewrite the scripts. I understood that the pursuit of perfection is endless, so you can write one script all your life.
– Thank you, Alexander Emmanuilovich, for an interesting conversation and your time.
Alexander Borodyansky. Source: www.cinemotionlab.com
Column Races – Auto Review
Let’s go by electric cars! To St. Petersburg.For a while.
In principle, any of these sentences can be considered a symptom of a specific diagnosis. But we did it anyway. We assembled the Audi e-tron, Jaguar I-Pace and Porsche Taycan, which are officially on sale in Russia, added Nissan Leaf, Volkswagen ID.3 and Tesla Model 3. And we drove a race almost to St. Petersburg: we arranged a 1000-kilometer run from Moscow and back on the M11 highway.
At that time, we did not know yet that only one electric car could handle the entire distance.
I knew from the beginning how to win this race. Although the very word “race” was forbidden to us: we cannot repeat the exploits of Edward Beale. Therefore, we immediately decided that we would go within the framework of the traffic rules. But – who is faster.
The colleagues liked the idea so much that we discussed the regulations for only six months. We will omit hundreds of letters in e-mail, but in the end it was decided that we would not go to St. Petersburg, but to a distance of 1000 km – from Sheremetyevo to Tosno and back, in order to meet at least a day.We do not start all at once, but with an interval – like in a rally, so as not to interfere with each other on exercises.
Why M11? Because six months ago, it was on the Neva highway that the Rosseti company installed 13 stations for charging electric vehicles – six on the side to St. Petersburg and seven on the side to Moscow. The stations have a set of almost all charging connectors known in nature, including fast charging DC plugs with a power of up to 120 kW. And if you consider that the speakers are still working in free mode, it turns out almost “Russian Supercharger”.Moreover, the speakers stand every 100-120 km, which means that the distance between them is within the shoulder even of an electric car with the most modest battery.
When we were preparing this race, we assumed that all its participants would cover the distance in about 14-16 hours. The spread could not be large, because 1000 km is about ten hours on the road along the highway, plus the time for a quick charge, the speed of which is about the same for everyone. The difference between a winner and an outsider, expressed in hours and minutes, was supposed to reflect the price of progress: the more efficient the electric car, the better it saves our time
We took electric cars of almost all brands that we could reach – except that JAC iEV7S was left out of the box, given its single sales.Yes, Nissan Leaf is not officially sold in the Russian Federation, but on the secondary market, even in our country, this is the current bestseller. And the future one is probably the Volkswagen ID.3, and for our run this very car, imported to Russia for informational purposes, was changed into summer tires.
Well, Tesla is, of course, Tesla. In addition, we found the Model 3 in the longest-range Long Range configuration.
However, I did not think that the champion was obvious. I had a plan to win from the very beginning. You just had to stick to it.
So, welcome to the wonderful world of electric vehicles, where everything is almost like Lewis Carroll’s. To go fast, you need to go slowly. For an electric car, speed is a brake. The faster you go, the more energy you use up and the more time you waste on charging. It’s like jogging with an open parachute, when the best thing is to just walk quietly. Just keep walking.
But back in January I took an Audi e-tron, drove about the M11 highway and comprehended the secret knowledge: if the technician does not allow to go fast in an electric car, then the psyche interferes with crawling.
Yes, on the one hand, at a speed of 150 km / h legal for the M11 (taking into account the unpunished threshold of 20 km / h), the battery charge is barely enough to listen to at least one RHCP album. But on the other hand, driving at 100 km / h on the M11 is the pace at which from post to post you have time to reach the rope and soap it in order to hang yourself out of boredom right on the rear-view mirror. To reach Tosno in this way is beyond human strength, and I was sure that the bet on the strategy “you drive quieter, you will continue” will bring you not to the finish line, but to a psychiatric hospital.Therefore, I decided to bet on zero, that is, to plant the battery at zero. The logic is simple: go as fast as possible and charge as quickly as possible. And in order to spend as little time as possible on charging, you need to fill the batteries with exactly the amount of energy that is needed for the next haul. The life hack lies precisely in the fact that an empty battery charges the fastest. I already once wrote that this process can be easily compared with filling a beer mug: while it is empty, the tap can be opened all the way, but “under the cap” you have to filter it drop by drop.