The Basics of Lacrosse Team Defense: Man on Man
As goalies we are the last line of defense. However defense is a team game and the stronger your lacrosse team defense operates as a unit the less the team will need to rely on the goalie making hero save after hero save.
As a leader of the defense the goalie has the responsibly to always understand what the opposing offense is doing and how the defense needs to react given the offensive set, position of the ball, and all the other factors going on in the game.
In a sense, goalies need to know where every defenseman should be and when. You can’t be the quarterback of the defense without knowing the plays.
Understanding team defense is also going to help aid in goalie communication and general team defense communication as you’ll always know what each defender should be doing in every moment.
I’ve already written a guide for goalies on how their defenders should play individual defense. That is going to cover individual 1×1 play on the ball.
Today’s post is everything a lacrosse goalie needs to know about how to play team defense. This guide covers a basic man-to-man, slide and recover defense. This does not cover zone defense which I can cover in another post if you’re interested.
First rule of lacrosse team defense: Do not get beat over the top when playing on-ball defense.
The slide packages that I’m going to describe in a little bit are all based on this one premise: that the on-ball defender does not get beat over the top.
Defenders should cheat and position themselves such that they never get beat top side.
D-men should also position their sticks top side to persuade the attackman or middie to dodge where they want them to.
Here’s what that looks like for dodges from different points on the field.
We never want to get beat top side:
- For ally dodges, this means forcing the attack man down the side of the field, not towards the center.
- For wing dodges, this means forcing the attack man towards goal line extended.
- For dodges from X, this means you force an inside roll.
As a goalie you’ll have a better view of whether a defender is setup in the right position on the field to force his attackman down the side and avoid getting beat over the top.
If you notice a defender is out of position, speak up! Or if he’s in fine position, speak up! Either way, speak up.
- SHIFT LEFT or SHIFT RIGHT – Will let defenseman know he needs to move his position left or right.
- YOU’RE GOOD – Will let defenseman know his positioning is perfect.
And as you’re going through practice and drills with your team always remind defenders – thou shalt not get beat top side.
Guarding an attackman or middie 1×1 in the sport of lacrosse is a hard task. So we’re going to assume that defenders will get beat and will need help. That’s a basic principle of lacrosse team defense.
This help comes in the form of a slide.
If a defender is in the crease area, the primary slide will come from the crease, appropriately called a “Crease Slide”.
You’ll want to imagine a circular area directly in front of the goal (dark green in image below) that is also the size of the crease. If a defender is in this area covering an attackman, the slide will come from the crease.
In practice you can setup cones to simulate this area and help the defense get accustomed to it.
Same idea applies to wing dodges and dodges from X. If a defender is in the dark green area, the slide comes from the crease.
As a goalie, it is your responsibility to recognize where the slide should be coming from and ensure the responsible defender is aware he is the slide.
The goalie will also want to understand the matchup to determine when to send the slide. If its a strong attackman vs. a rookie defender, the slides comes earlier. And the slide can wait just a second longer if its a All-Star defenseman on a rookie attackman.
If there is no defender in that designated area, sending a slide from the crease is too difficult as the defender doing the slide will have to travel a long distance to arrive at the right spot before a shot is taken.
In this case, the defense will use another strategy.
So what if there is no crease defender? How does this effect our slide package?
In the absence of a crease defender, the slide will come from an adjacent defender, also called an “Adjacent” or “Near Man” slide.
It is the defense’s responsibility, and especially the goalie’s, to understand what slide package the team will use. That package should be clearly and loudly called out so that every defender knows his role.
In the case of a wing dodge, the defense has a few options depending on where defenders are setup when guarding their assigned attackman.
Again, this is why defensive communication is so important. The team must be communicating as to who will be the slide.
During an offensive set, a defender could start out as the primary slide but then be moved out of position when his attackman moves to another spot on the field.
He should yell – “I’m off”. The teammate with the new responsibility should yell “I’ve got the go” (or whatever defensive terminology your team uses).
This way the defense communicates immediately as who then is the primary and secondary slides.
In the image below, the slide could come from a player below the crease (righthand side) or above the crease (lefthand side).
In the case of a dodge from X the near man typically comes in the from of a coma slide where the defender sprints in front of the goal to stop the attackman and provide help.
Notice that the defender who is responsible for the coma slide must cheat off of his assigned man to be properly positioned to arrive on time.
Cheating in this way is perfectly fine because as the ball carrier starts to drive that attackman isn’t really a threat. If the driving attackman stops and moves back towards X the primary slide can recover and get closer to the player he’s guarding.
So far we’ve covered the primary or 1st slide. Another important element of team defense is the “second slide” or the 2.
The primary slide will leave an open attackman and thus we need another slide to pickup this open man or fill the open space. This is called the 2nd slide.
In all the images above I’ve only shown the primary slide. Now let me add a few more players to demonstrate what a 2nd slide should look like.
Here the offense is in a basic 1-3-2 set. D1 is the primary slide and D2 is the second slide.
D2 will cheat off of his assigned man to be in good position to help guard the crease attackman when the slide occurs. This is known as “splitting two”.
When splitting two you’ll keep your head on a swivel and/or use peripheral vision to see both the man you’re responsible for guarding and the man that the primary slide is responsible for.
The dimensions of this picture are off a little but this should give you a general idea of how the second slide fills the space left by the primary slide.
It’s really important that all defenders especially the 2 slide keep their sticks in the passing lanes to intercept or deflect any potential through passes.
As a goalie you want to not only ensure the team knows who is the primary slide, but also knows who is the 2nd slide?
Who’s the 2?
That way when its time to initiate the slide the team is moving as a fluid unit.
For those defenders not involved in the primary or secondary slides and not guarding an attackman adjacent to the ball, they’ll want cheat off of their man towards the crease to help protect the open space left from sliding teammates.
Regardless of where the slide comes from, defenders need to slide the right way.
How many times have you seen an attackman simply blow by a sliding defender and score 1×1 with the goalie? When a defender initiates a slide, he needs to do it using the proper technique.
That proper technique consists of these 5 rules:
Slide to where he’s going, not where he’s been
Defenders should anticipate the path of the driving attackman and slide to where he’s going to cut off his path and engage the ball carrier.
So always slide to where the offensive player is going, not where he’s been.
Breakdown on arrival
When a sliding defender arrives at the ball carrier he needs to “break down” to be ready to play solid defense.
Breaking down means getting into a solid defensive stance that’s taught in 1×1 lacrosse defense — knees bent, back straight, balls of feet.
This technique takes a lot of practice as its very difficult to go from a sprint to this defensive position but its what all elite defenders know how to do.
Stay In Front of the Attacker
Remember that if the on-ball defender is playing defense the right way, he’ll be forcing the ball carrier down the side of the field.
So as a slider its important to consider this as you take your angle of attack.
If you stay in front of the ball carrier, you can often get a double team and a takeaway before the original on-ball defender must peel away and recover.
Slide Man Stays on the Ball
Once a defender initiates the slide, he must go.
And once he goes, he is now responsible for guarding the attackman with the ball.
The original on-ball defender will peel back to the crease and pickup an open offensive player.
Original On-Ball Defender Retreats to the Crease to pickup Open man
If the ball carrier peels away from the slide or passes the ball, the original on-ball defender should retreat back to the crease to pickup the open man.
This is where communication is going to help the defense as his teammates should be helping him find the open man.
Remember as I mentioned above the primary slide stays on the ball carrier. If the opportunity presents itself the original on-ball defender can stay engaged and attempt to double team the ball carrier.
However if this isn’t possible because the attacker peels back or passes the ball to a teammate, the original on-ball defender recovers back to the crease, picks up the open man and the team is right back in the same defensive strategy.
Lead with the stick, follow with the body
In the event that the slide comes very close to the goal, i.e. the coma slide, the defender will want to immediately body check the ball carrier as opposed to breaking down.
When you slide with intent to body check, always lead with your stick. Long poles can reach the ball carrier 6 feet away so use this to your advantage.
After leading with the stick, you’ll follow through with your body lowering the shoulder to make contact.
It’s important to keep your head up and see what you are hitting. This will avoid injury and penalties.
Here’s the guide from US Lacrosse on body checking:
There are of course many different strategies for playing team defense in lacrosse. However the 1×1, slide and recover strategy I outline in this guide is by far the most common.
This is the defensive system that I teach with my youth teams and the one most college teams run today.
If you play summer league where you’ve never played with any of the players, by learning this defense you’ll have a base that everyone can default to and understand.
When executed properly it makes the shots that us goalies have to face a lot easier to save. Also by understanding how to play lacrosse team defense the goalie can feel much more confident and be the leader that lax goalies are supposed to be.
Until next time! Coach Damon
Any questions on how to play lacrosse team defense? Let me know in the comments.
Mastering the Not-So-Simple Art of Sliding
One of the trickiest concepts to master in lacrosse is providing support on defense by sliding. It may seem simple — when an attacker beats a defender one-on-one, another defensive player leaves his assigned man and “slides” to stop the threat.
But what constitutes “beats?” When does that offensive player become a threat to score? And how can you ensure that the slide doesn’t create offense, setting up an easy pass to the open off-ball teammate?
Before installing first and second slides or associated recovery patterns, focus on these fundamentals within your defense to get everyone sliding effectively and in unison.
1. Define the most dangerous area of the field—with a name.
At Cornell, we called it the “heart.” I have also heard it called the “red zone” and even the “honey pot.” It’s anything inside of the distance at which your goalie can save an outside shot. For high school, it may be 10 yards from the goal line and six yards to each side. At the youth level, it could be six and four, respectively. Give this area a name and outline it with cones or paint. Your players must know that this is the most dangerous area on the field —this is where slides should arrive if defenders get beaten.
2. Practice covering inside out and back again.
On-ball defenders have one responsibility: Stop the ball carrier. Off-ball defenders need to worry about protecting the inside (the dangerous area you just named), keeping an eye on their assigned attacker, and preparing to cover open players in that area should a teammate slide away from them.
Use the Star Recovery Drill (see below) to practice moving from an on-ball position to a support position with stick and feet inside the “heart.”
3. Teach the basics of breaking down on ball.
Rather than trying to take the ball away or knocking the dodger down, coaches should reinforce a controlled approach by the slider.
- Short, choppy steps as he approaches the dodger
- Stick and body engaged to slow the dodger’s progress
- Slide on an angle that forces the dodger away from the “heart”
This approach should stop the threat and allow teammates ample time to recover so that all players can get back into position.
Here are two drills that will help your team practice sliding.
Star Recovery Drill
- Interior cones mark out the “heart,” or most dangerous area of the field.
- Exterior cones represent an offensive player preparing to dodge.
- Defender slides to cones on an angle, not a direct line.
- Stick should be up field when breaking down on the exterior cones.
- Stick should be to the inside (in passing lanes) at interior cones.
- Players match up one-on-one running from the midline down the side alley.
- Defender drives dodger down the alley, stays on his back hip/shoulder.
- Once the offensive player crosses the restraining line, he tries to break across the line marking the side of the box.
- A second defender slides from the middle of the “heart” to prevent the dodger from entering the box.
- Focus on sliding under control, maintaining the double team and communicating.
- The original defender should prevent the dodger from rolling back when the slide arrives.
Mitch Belisle is VP of Marketing for Trilogy Lacrosse and a defenseman for Team USA, the Boston Cannons and the Minnesota Swarm.
Coma Slide – LAXPlaybook
A Coma Slide is primarily used when offense attacks the goal with a drive from X.
Let’s say the ball is behind the goal at X.
The attackmen at X will drive it up one side or the other.
The on-ball defender’s responsiblilty is to not get beat top side. This means the defender needs to position his feet and body to force the ball carrier to roll back towards the endline and behind the goal, preferably before the ball gets above Goal Line Extended (GLE).
Good attackmen get used to this and will drive into the defender in an attempt to get above GLE and to a place where they can be a threat to score. The most desirable place for the driver is to get to the spot 5 steps to the side of the goal and 5 steps above GLE, which is called the Island, where they have the full options of shooting or driving to shoot.
If the defenseman is doing a good job of staying topside, the ball carrier will not be able to run around or roll around outside over the top of the defender to make a move to the center of the field for a shot. Instead, the ball carrier will be forced to roll under using what’s called an inside roll to make that move to the center for a shooting chance.
Within a Coma Slide package, while this is happening the crease defender needs to lock down his man. This will prevent an easy dump pass in front of the crease. The d-middies up top need to have their heads on a swivel and be sluffed towards GLE ever-so-slightly, ready for the 2nd (backup) slide.
Then there is the issue of the two other defenders — depending on which direction the offense is driving from X, the defender who is guarding the attack on the wing in the direction of which the X Attack is driving needs to lock off his man (this prevents a dump pass and a reset of the offense). The pole on the other wing needs to start to gradually sluff in towards the crease, to the point where when the driving attacker is turned and starts his inside roll the remaining defenseman can slide across the crease. This slide is the Coma Slide, for “COMe Across the crease”.
When the slide goes, just as a safeguard the middies up top need to sluff in and split the attack on the wing and their o-mids up top.
Below is a diagram of the Coma Slide out of 3 different sets.
Lax Film Room: Why Vermont is Winning With Defense
Anyone who knows me, knows that my perspective on lacrosse is shaped by efficiency numbers and film study.
Right now, the adjusted efficiency numbers are signaling in bright neon lights that there is something special with the Vermont defense. Through seven games, the Catamounts have allowed opponents to score on an average of 18.5% of their possessions. That’s the best in the country, and it’s better than the 19.7% mark that the Richmond defense posted last year to lead the country. Granted, their slate of opposing offenses hasn’t exactly been a murderer’s row, but even adjusted for their slate of opponents they still come out as the second-best defense in Division I. It’s a dramatic improvement over their performance last year, when they were ranked a below-average 52nd in adjusted defensive efficiency.
So naturally I had to dig into the film and try to figure out what has been going on up in Burlington. Well, technically it’s been happening mostly places other than Burlington; so far as the Catamounts played their first six games on the road. The Catamounts continue that this weekend, as they visit America East foe Albany on Saturday for a matchup of two of the last three undefeated teams in college lacrosse.
The first thing that jumps out on film is all the lefties. Goalie Nick Washuta and all of the poles that play in front of him are left-handed. Not just the three starting close defenders either, but both LSMs too. The SSDMs are right-handed, but they switch hands, so it’s not unusual to see six of the seven players out there with their sticks in their left hands.
In addition to lending itself to the nickname the Lefty Legion (Which isn’t yet a thing, but I’m trying to make it one. Make the shirts?), it potentially offers a slight advantage with most offensive players so used to playing against right-handed defenders. One left-handed attackman who played against Vermont this season said, “It really threw me off. I’m just so use to playing against righties.”
It’s impossible to have a great defense without great goalie play. Washuta leads the country in save percentage at 63.2% even after what was easily his worst game of the year last week against Sacred Heart.
Washuta’s play in the cage sets the basis for the play of the six guys in front of him. “The guys trust our goalies. There’s no ego with 1v1 matchups, and we understand where we want to get beat and see shots.” said assistant coach and former Princeton goalie Brian Kavanagh.
Watching the film, you can see it in the quality of the shots that opponents take. Defenders who are confident that their goalie will make the save on bad shots know that all they have to do is force a low angle shot or contest a shot rather than prevent one entirely which helps avoid mistakes that lead to great shots. Take a look at all 20 of the shots on goal they allowed against Quinnipiac, in which Washuta made 15 saves:
Washuta has been playing well, but it’s the group in front of him that really stands out.
The defense starts when they turn the ball over on the offensive end. Ian MacKay is Vermont’s leading scorer on offense, but back home in Canada he is known as an electric defense-to-offense transition player in box lacrosse and potential first round NLL draft pick. Running offensive midfield for the Catamounts, he brings that transition hustle to the field game and will often run someone down in transition to either head off a potential fast break or cause a turnover.
That helps set the tone for Vermont’s defensive effort from the entire group, and the hustle back on defense from the entire group of offensive midfielders minimizes the number of fast breaks and other transition opportunities that they give up.
Defensively, the five poles of the Lefty Legion are all juniors and seniors who have played in at least 20 games for UVM over the past three seasons. It’s that experience that helps create the defining characteristic that has led to their success this season. They communicate as well as any defense in the country and have clearly improved their understanding of the schemes their running in their second year under head coach Chris Feifs.
At 5-foot-10, 185 pounds, James Leary isn’t particularly big. He often ends up with what most people would consider the second or third cover assignment. With 13 groundballs, six caused turnovers and an assist through Vermont’s first six games, his stats aren’t anything outstanding. When you watch him play, he doesn’t stand out as particularly fast or athletic. But there might not be another defender in the country who brings as much as he does to the Vermont defense.
Team defense and communication aren’t just the responsibility of one player, but you don’t have to watch many possessions of the Vermont defense to realize that Leary is the air traffic controller of that defense.
Great on-ball cover guys, no matter how great they may be, can only ever cover one player. They help your team defense by minimizing their own mistakes and eliminating the need for other players to slide to them. However, a great off-ball defender and communicator can functionally defend two, three or four players and make up for or prevent the mistakes of other players.
Vermont makes some mistakes defensively. But they’re usually an individual mistake in which a player gets beat or is just a bit late getting there on a slide. Very rarely are there communication mistakes where they don’t have a second slide ready, have two players sliding to the same guy or don’t recover in time after a slide.
Take a look at a series of slides and recoveries during their game against Quinnipiac.
The first thing that happens is there is a dodge that sweeps topside from the wing with a clear through to the crease ahead of it. No. 23 Graham Bocklet slides from the clear through and replaces No. 26 Spencer Decker on ball. No. 50 Leary is the second slide into the crease from adjacent behind the ball, and then Decker bumps him back out to his original man. Good execution of a slide and replace with a bump recovery.
One pass and Quinnipiac will dodge against, this time from the other wing out of a 1-4-1. No. 12 Matt Burke slides from the crease to the ball and replaces No. 28 Zach Bucci. As Bucci goes to recover, the trouble starts. Both of the crease guys have vacated leaving an open set. No one has picked up No. 19 in white, and it’s not clear Bucci realizes that’s the open guy. He goes to No. 26 Decker’s man and Decker looks to find the open guy to matchup again. Meanwhile, there is another clear through from the top and a redodge of the slid,e and No. 23 Bocklet hedges ready to slide again. A second slide before the defense has fully recovered from the first is a crisis-level situation.
Leary sees what’s happening and points toward No. 26 on the crease, presumably calling for someone to pick him up. Meanwhile the ball is moved to the backside leaving Leary defending a 2v1. He approaches the ball while realizing that the recovery needs to happen over to the open player. Playing on ball doesn’t stop him from continuing to direct traffic; you can see him point out to the open player during his approach.
He comes out just enough to leave the Quinnipiac player guessing whether he should step up and shoot it or pass and manages to delay that decision for long enough to allow the recovery to happen. That’s an example of a play that’s only possible if you trust your goalie to make the save. Then, as the Quinnipiac player dodges the recovering SSDM, Leary slides to help force a shot wide of the net.
All that happens in a span of about 20 seconds. It’s no doubt a team effort to make that happen, but it highlights the important role Leary plays in the Vermont scheme. Few players have the ability and awareness to direct traffic behind them as they step out to play the ball.
Here he is again against Jacksonville pointing at someone up by the box while his man has the ball.
Vermont tends to pack in its defense to be willing to concede outside shots that Washuta can save and be willing to slide quickly when needed. Thus, it’s not a surprise they will go to an invert zone when teams want to dodge against their shortstick defenders from X.
Take a look at their invert zone frustrate Jacksonville’s invert offense.
Other than potentially conceding step-down looks from the top corners, the problem that most teams run into when playing an invert zone is the transition into it from their man-to-man defense and then back out of it to the man-to-man again. Half of the defense playing man while the other half is in a zone will tend to leave players wide open in front for goals.
That’s not an issue Vermont’s defense often has, in part because you can see that Leary is there directing traffic to get them set up in the invert scheme.
Highlighting each individual instance of good communication from a defense might not make it seem like much, but when you watch some of the mistakes being made by defenses on many of the most talented teams in the country, it makes the top-notch communication that’s taking place on the defensive side of the ball for Vermont seem more important than having even the best cover defender in the country.
Crease Defensive Play – Coaches Insider
By: Jack Kaley and Rich Donovan
Originally Published in: Lacrosse Essentials
Provided by: Human Kinetics
Crease defense is essential to success; offensive players in the crease area have the highest percentage shot on the field due to close proximity to the cage. Any brief defensive lapse in this area can result in a goal being scored.
Playing the creaseman has its own set of rules and techniques because you are playing the most dangerous scorer on the offensive half of the field. Because he is the closest man to the cage and in the middle of the offense at all times, he is a constant threat to shoot and score. Therefore, it is essential that the defensive player guarding him does not allow him to catch the ball. The defender must play between the creaseman and the ball whenever possible. The defender should have a feeler on the crease man at all times. By this we mean, if possible, he should have his stick on the offensive player’s stick or body at all times. If he has to slide off of him to pick up a dodger, he must always keep his body and stick in the lane of the dodger and the creaseman. The most important rule for a defensive player who is playing the crease is to keep his stick in toward the creaseman and his body out toward the ball carrier (see figure 6.15).
This is sound defensive play regardless of the location of the offensive player with the ball. An offensive player who catches the ball in the crease (defined as the 4-by-4-yard area directly in front of the goal) normally takes a quick shot on the goal. Positioning your stick close enough to make a check if the ball is fed to the crease area normally prevents the offensive team from forcing the action. Placing your body between the ball and your man allows for a shorter slide to the dodger if he gains a step on his defender and is attacking the goal.
CREASE PLAY WHEN THE BALL IS BEHIND THE GOAL
The offensive crease attack player is most dangerous when the ball is behind the cage. He is in a position to see the ball at all times and may be aided by other players setting up picks for him. The defensive player must always be between the ball and the creaseman on the ball side to prevent being blocked out on an inside feed. The defensive player should use peripheral vision and maintain contact with the offensive player (see figure 6.16). If the offensive creaseman is active or working off of picks by teammates, the defender must forego his peripheral vision to see the ball and rely on the goalie’s call for ball location. He must focus on the player he is defending more than on seeing the ball’s location. He should be close enough and ready to react to check calls from the goalie and to clear the crease when a shot is taken. Clearing the crease means checking the offensive player’s stick and physically moving him out of the immediate area of the crease. This is essential so that the goalie is free to gather up loose balls and to clear on breakouts.
PLAYING THE CREASEMAN WHEN THE BALL IS AT MIDFIELD
When the ball is at the midfield, you must maintain top-side position to stay between the creaseman and the ball. Using your peripheral vision to locate your man and the ball is a little easier in this situation. It’s important that you are aware of ball position at the midfield. You must be ready to back up on a dodge that comes directly toward you. When you slide to back up, keep your stick and body in the lane between the dodger and the creaseman, thereby making it difficult for the dodger to feed the crease. Keep your stick position so that you can feel your offensive player without looking directly at him (see figure 6.17). As previously mentioned, a feeler is when your stick is on the stick of the offensive player (see figure 6.18). You can’t prevent him from moving his stick. However, if the pressure on the stick is light, the officials will allow your stick-on-stick contact. If you’ve been given a warning by the officials, then place your stick on a portion of his body and not his stick. When a shot is taken, drive out the crease attack player to keep him from screening the goalie. If a loose ball is in the crease area, the crease defenders must check the sticks and bodies of the offensive players to prevent a rebound. The defense has a 7v6 advantage, which should allow the goalie to gain possession if all the defensive players neutralize their assigned opponents.
Top 3 Lacrosse Defense Drills
We all crave the glory of scoring goals – there are few better feelings than watching your shot fly past the goalie and nestle into the back of the net! However, while scoring remains the primary aim of any team, it is just as important to know how to keep the ball out of your own goal, too. The defensive side of lacrosse may be less glamourous, but every player needs to perfect their skills – whether it be blocking, positioning, footwork or winning back possession of the ball. In this article, we will look at some lacrosse defense tips to help you improve both individually and as part of your team, therefore helping your chances of chalking up more wins. Because it’s true what they say – defense wins championships!
How do I get better at lacrosse defense?
Because being in the right place at the right time is key to good defense, let’s start with footwork and positioning. These defensive footwork drills also help to direct the attacker into just the area where you want him to be – a predictable, controlled attacker is much easier to defend against.
Zig Zag 1 on 1
This drill teaches good positioning while defending. Set up 7-8 cones in a zig zag pattern, and start at the bottom corner with your stick in an upright position. Set your feet about shoulder-width apart, bend your knees and keep a low center of gravity. Move backward from cone to cone with wide, lateral steps, and keep your body facing forward. Change direction quickly at each cone, keeping your stick in line with the direction you are moving. The zig zag is one of the best lacrosse drills for one person – just grab one of your long defense lacrosse sticks and get working on your technique.
Practice good defensive technique when defending against a fast break with this drill. Start with a line of defenders players at the 5 and 5 mark, with offensive players placed a few yards in front of them. An attacker carries the ball toward the defense on a fast break and a defensive player goes out to counter the threat, taking away the sweep. To do this, the defender leads with his left foot and stick upfield in order to cut off the option of the sweep. After preventing the sweep, the defender takes control of the play by ensuring a strong defense on his player.
Transition Defense Drill
This is a more advanced drill, which is designed to teach defensive players to quickly get back into their positions ahead of the attackers and the ball. The aim is to beat your attacker to the hole, preventing them from getting off a shot. Set up 4 cones above the attacking area, 2 offense and 2 defense. Also place 2 cones at the side of the field, one defense and one offense.
Attackers 1 and 2 attack the zone in possession of the ball. Defenders 1 and 4 sprint out to slow the attack, preventing attackers 1 and 2 from creating a fast break. Defenders 2 and 3 protect the middle, guarding the ball or the pass to also prevent a fast break. The defense focus should be on protecting their zone, slowing down the offense and allowing for reinforcements from midfield.
As well as lacrosse defensive positioning, these popular and easy to set up exercises also work well as defensive line agility drills, keeping defensive players on their toes and working on their fitness and conditioning.
What does slide mean in lacrosse?
Defending is tough, you’re up against skillful and agile attackers that are going to use all of their smarts to get past you. Therefore, you’ll sometimes need help! This comes in the form of a defensive slide, where a covering defender slides across to take care of the situation if you get beaten 1 on 1. Communication is key when it comes to who provides the slide – the goalie is usually the primary manager of his defense and it’s up to him to direct proceedings. Sliding defenders should anticipate where the attacker will go, in order to cut off his path and engage the ball carrier. Always remember – slide to where he’s going, not where he’s been.
What is close defense in lacrosse?
The close defense comprises the 3 players who work in coordination with the goalie to prevent the opposition from scoring. If you enjoy the tactical and physical battle, working as a unit along with your goalie to build an impenetrable barrier between the attackers and the goal, the close defense is the right position for you! Defenders play with special, long sticks, which are easier to block and tackle with, but harder to cradle. Only 4 long sticks are allowed on the field at any given time, so if you are one of the chosen few, it is really important to work hard on your defensive lacrosse drills.
What is topside in lacrosse?
Finally, let’s address the golden rule of defending – NEVER get beaten topside. What does this mean? Topside is the side that leads the defender toward the middle of the field, in front of the goal. As a defender, you should always be directing the play away from the middle and toward the sideline, using your body position and stick as you learned in the lacrosse defense drills above. If you allow the attacker to gain topside advantage, he’s able to shoot or feed into a dangerous area with a good view of the defense. So by winning this battle, you take away his advantage and keep him in less productive parts of the field.
How is your defensive game? If you want to sharpen your skills at the defensive end, drills, workouts and positioning tips like these can really help you to become a more all-round player. Try out the drills at your next practice and remember – the teams with the strongest defenses are almost always the most successful.
Nike Lacrosse Tip: Girls Offensive/Defensive Hammer Drill
Lacrosse Video Tip
Presented by Brittni Hall, Camp Director
Nike Girls Lacrosse Camp at Berry College
Rationale: Attackers/defenders work on tight space man-up/ man-down scenarios.
Set Up: Place two cones, each on opposite sides, out wide by the 15-meter. Coach is positioned at the top with all the balls facing the goal. Defense/midfielders should be on the right side lined up behind the cone.
Attacker/midfielders should be on the left side lined up behind the cone.
Drill: Attack will always start a man-up.
Have one attacker (x) step out in the 8-meter.
The first person on each line is ready to go. How to start:
Coach starts action by blowing the whistle and throws or rolls a ball to the first attacker on the left line. As this happens, the first defender immediately runs out and plays the scenario.
It is a 2 v 1 and the play continues until defense (o) gets the ball out of the 12-meter or attack scores.
As soon as ball is dead, those 3 players remain in; the coach immediately rolls or throws another ball out to the attack line.
It is a 3 v 2.
This continues until a 5 v 4.
After attack is man-up for a certain number of sets, defense will start with a player in the 8-meter to have a man-up for the whole set up to 5 v 4.
Points to Focus Upon:
Attack man-up: move the ball quickly; emphasize communication and full attention as the play is unfolding. Work to always be in scoring position; constantly moving feet.
Defense man-down: COMMUNICATE, slide quickly, all defenders should be rotating; one person does not constantly have two players to mark.
Attack man-down: don’t hold onto the ball for too long, quick movements and stay wide. Take care not to “creep in” and inadvertently reduce offensive operating room.
Defense man-up: double team ball with adjacent defenders tight on players. Constantly communicate and make short slides to double.
I also found this great girls lacrosse drills video by Chris Robinson. He has successfully built McDonough into state and national champions through his innovative “dodge first” offense. His philosophy empathizes dodging to score rather than the more traditional offenses, which emphasize feeders behind the goal looking for cutters. Robinson’s “dodge first” offense will limit your turnovers and increase your time of possession which puts more pressure on the defense and creates more scoring opportunities for your offense.
Check out more lacrosse training tips to help take your game to the next level!
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90,000 Hockey free throw procedure – special situations
In the event that a player representing the opposing team interferes with the actions of the hockey player who takes the free kick, because of which the throw was unsuccessful, by the decision of the head referee the penalty is taken again, and the violator is subject to a disciplinary penalty.
In case of interference of the official representative of the team, the goalkeeper of which stands at the goal, in the actions of the player making the throw, or to distract his attention, if the throw was ineffective, he is made again. The representative is subject to a disciplinary penalty until the end of the match.
During a free throw, it is prohibited for a field player to use the snail (360 ° turn in motion) and lacrosse (placing the puck on the hook of the club and turning it over in the air while moving) maneuvers.
A goal is scored in the following cases:
- hitting the puck in the post and rebounding into the goal;
- hitting the goalkeeper and rebounding into the goal;
- consecutive hits on the post, goalkeeper and goal;
- consecutive hits on the goalkeeper, post and goal;
- Hitting the goalkeeper while sliding into the goal.
The designated player for the free throw and the goalkeeper remain unchanged on the re-throw associated with the foul.The exception is getting injured.
If the goal was moved or its non-standard position was caused by the actions of the goalkeeper reflecting the puck, when the puck hits the goal, a goal is scored, and the video will not be watched.
If the goal was moved or its non-standard position was caused by the action of the goalkeeper, reflecting the puck, and the puck did not end up in the goal, the goal will not count.
A free throw is scored without a goal if an outfield player acts to distract the goalkeeper’s attention.
In the event of a spectator intervention, which makes it impossible for the goalkeeper or field player to perform his functions, a second free throw will be awarded.
In the case of a free throw when one of the teams was in the majority, the player on the penalty bench cannot return to the game.
Timing will be suspended on a free throw.
In the absence of a fully equipped goalkeeper on the court to defend the goal during the free throw, a skater will be appointed to receive full goalkeeper rights.The same rules apply to him as to a regular goalkeeper. He has the right not to use goalkeeper’s equipment. After the free kick has been taken, the player acting as goalkeeper becomes an outfield player again.
90,000 Fuel, Construction, Sports and ASTM International
ASTM International shared information on new standardization projects covering the following topics: estimation of the volume of organic deposition in ethanol, measurement of road surface / sidewalk slip resistance, assessment of rock deformability in situ, identification of climatic impacts on communities; effectiveness of field hockey eye protection equipment.
ASTM WK76255 will help estimate the amount of organic deposition in ethanol
Interested parties are encouraged to participate in the development of an international standard for the determination of organic deposition (non-volatile residues) in ethanol and ethanol solutions used in biofuels and other products.
A proposed standard is currently being developed by the ASTM International Technical Committee on Bioenergy and Industrial Biomass Chemicals (E48). The authors of the document note that monitoring the content of non-volatile residues is an important aspect of maintaining the proper quality of the relevant product.
Ethanol manufacturers and testing laboratories as well as regulatory bodies in the future may find this standard useful, with the working title ASTM WK76255 New Test Method for Non-Volatile Residues in Ethanol and Ethanol Solutions.
The proposed standard will be based on ASTM D381, Standard Test Method for Resin Content of Fuel Using Jet Evaporation, but will be tailored to suit specific market needs.The new document will support the use of ethanol not only as a biofuel, but also as a disinfectant for hands and a variety of surfaces.
Proposed ASTM WK66334 will help measure surface slip resistance
ASTM International’s Technical Committee for Transportation and Road Systems (E17) is developing a document that will help measure the resistance of a wide variety of sliding surfaces. The proposed standard will describe the procedure for the use of portable continuous reading equipment.
The document was given the working title ASTM WK66334 “A new test method for measuring the resistance of sidewalks, roadways and other surfaces on which people and vehicles move to slip using continuous reading of walking speed and the fixed slip method.”
The proposed standard will assist construction equipment manufacturers, road builders, and national and local authorities. Specifically, government agencies can use the document to establish reliable and accurate skin friction rates and inspection frequency based on a fast and reliable measurement system.
Using the method described in the document allows slip resistance measurements in areas where alternative methods cannot be used for safety reasons or because a suitable workspace is not available. The required equipment weighs only about 25 kilograms and is easily transported to the testing areas. The equipment allows you to evaluate both dry and wet surfaces in summer or winter.
Similar devices are already being used today by, among other things, racing teams to identify slippery areas on race tracks.Car and tire manufacturers are also using this approach on test tracks.
The method described in the standard can additionally be used to determine how much salt is required to be dumped on cycle / walking paths during winter to prevent salt water contamination in protected areas while providing acceptable anti-slip properties for surfaces.
Surface types that can be assessed using this technique include:
- Bus lanes;
- Cycle paths;
- Parking lots and more.
The new ASTM D8359 standard describes in situ rock deformation testing
ASTM International’s Technical Committee on Soils and Rocks (D18) has developed a new voluntary consensus-based standard to assist in the construction of tunnels, concrete dams and bridges. The document was named ASTM D8359 “Standard Test Method for Determining In-situ Rock Modulus and Other Associated Rock Properties Using a Flexible Volumetric Dilatometer.”
The new standard describes a procedure for conducting flexible volumetric dilatometer testing inside a rock formation. The test involves the use of a radially expanding cylindrical probe to determine the deformability properties of rocks without displacing the latter.
The new standard will be useful to engineers and geologists as it is an extremely valuable tool for rock testing personnel. The target audience is private and public engineering companies and their contractors responsible for the design of tunnels and dam foundations, preparation for excavation and construction of bridge / arch supports, and the development of related specifications.
ASTM International forms new Climate and Community Subcommittee
ASTM International’s Technical Committee on Environmental Assessment, Risk Management and Corrective Action (E50) has formed a new subcommittee, E50.07, to address climate impacts on communities.
Interested parties are invited to participate in the development of new standards through the newly formed subcommittee. Initiatives from professionals with knowledge of community climate issues as well as those specialized in resilience projects are welcomed.
Subcommittee E50.07 said its expert group will focus on standards that reflect trends, new developments, industry goals, scientific advances and government regulations, shortening decision cycles and speeding up the identification of common problems. In particular, the standards developed by the new subcommittee E50.07 will be useful to:
- Manufacturers and installers of infrastructure systems based on renewable energy sources;
- Energy management specialists;
- Manufacturers of energy storage and transmission solutions;
- Consulting service providers that help design and construct housing, public spaces and utilities infrastructure to adapt to climate change and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other air pollutants;
- Municipalities and local planning authorities;
- Military and many other interested parties.
The work of the subcommittee will be directly related to the achievement of a number of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs), including, in particular, UN SDG 13 on combating the negative impacts of climate change.
Revision of ASTM F2713 Eye Protection Equipment for Grass Hockey
Subcommittee F08.57 on Eye Safety in Sports of ASTM International Technical Committee on Sports Equipment, Playgrounds and Facilities (F08) invites interested parties to participate in the revision of ASTM F2713 Standard Specification for Eye Protection in Field Hockey …
ASTM F2713, as the name suggests, deals with the safety of the eyes of hockey players playing on turf. The purpose of the revision is to include information on prescription corrective lens holders in the text of the document.
According to the chairmen of the profile subcommittee, the current version of the document defines the parameters for testing eye protection with integrated flat or corrective lenses or devices without lenses. Adding information on prescription corrective lens holders will provide a more convenient and efficient option for players seeking vision correction.
Eye protection that meets ASTM F2713 criteria is the safest choice in field hockey equipment, protecting the eyes from both direct and indirect effects and minimizing the likelihood of eye injury.
Rigorous on-site testing required to ensure compliance with ASTM F2713 ensures a high level of safety for all players wearing eye protection during matches.
In addition to goggles for field hockey, Subcommittee F08.57 encompasses equipment for many other sports, including skiing and snowboarding, paintball, lacrosse and racquetball. To maintain the accuracy and relevance of the standards, the subcommittee is open to cooperation with representatives of third-party laboratories, sports equipment manufacturers, government agencies.
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