Girls’ Rules | US Lacrosse
US Lacrosse in collaboration with the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) writes the rules for high school girls’ lacrosse. US Lacrosse writes and publishes a stand-alone youth rule book for ages 14U and below. The rule sets in this book align with the principles of the Lacrosse Athlete Development Model (LADM), helping to ensure age-appropriate rules that allow athletes to progress and reach their maximum potential. US Lacrosse also publishes rule sets to govern box lacrosse.
High School Girls’ Lacrosse
High School Rulebook Uniform Guidelines Submit a Rule Change
Youth Girls’ Lacrosse
Youth Rulebook Youth Rulebook – DigitalSubmit a Rule Change
Box Rules – Digital
2021 NFHS Girls’ Rules Interpretation Video
2021 Youth Girls’ Rules Interpretation Video
2020 NFHS Girls’ Rules Interpretation Video
2020 Youth Girls’ Rules Interpretation Video
2020 NFHS Girls’ Rules Changes Webinar
2020 Youth Girls’ Rules Interpretations Webinar
Girls’ & Women’s Headgear Info
US Lacrosse Stick Check Video
A Closer Look at Shooting Space
Legal and Illegal Contact
Game Management Webinar
Preparing for Playoffs Three Person System Review
Note: click on YouTube icon to expand video player.
Rules | World Lacrosse
As the international governing body for lacrosse, World Lacrosse is responsible for the rules of Men’s and Women’s (10 a-side), Men’s Indoor Lacrosse and the new small-sided game (6 a-side). Additionally, World Lacrosse also endorses rules developed for Wheelchair and Mixed Lacrosse.
The Rules for each of the approved games are overseen by separate Rules Sub-Committees for each, with the World Lacrosse Chair of Rules having oversight of the change process. Member nations are invited to propose rule changes for consideration. Rule Change requests can be made by completing the Rule Change Form and send to World Lacrosse.
MEN’S LACROSSEWL 2019-2020 Men’s Field Lacrosse Rulebook
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MEN’S BOX LAROSSEWorld Lacrosse Box Lacrosse Rulebook 2020-2022
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World Lacrosse 2020-2022 Women’s Lacrosse Rules
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World Lacrosse 2021 RULES MEMORANDUM – Womens Lacrosse
Womens Lacrosse Stick List – 2020 August
Men’s Wheelchair Lacrosse Rules
Mixed Field Rules
Mixed_Lacrosse_RulesHow to Propose Rule Changes
World Lacrosse encourages its athletes, coaches, officials and National Governing Bodies to play an active part in the creation and evolution of the playing rules across all forms of the international game.
To this end, we ask Full Members who wish to propose a potential new rule, change to an existing rule, or to provide guidance for any rule, to please use the Rule Change Proposal to Committee Form
The proposal will need to be completed in full, have the necessary endorsements and shall be submitted in line with the published deadlines below in order that it may be considered by the relevant rules committee.
The following disciplines will be accepting Rule Change Proposals for consideration in 2021
- Women Rules
- Indoor Rules
- Six v Six Rules
- Harmonized Rule Changes impacting two or more disciplines
Rule Changes for Men’s Lacrosse can be submitted in 2021 however, they will not be considered until 2022.
2021 Rule Change Timelines
Deadline for open submission of rules changes to Committee from National Governing Bodies to the World Lacrosse Rules Committee
Friday 9th April 2021
Member Webinars to present proposed changes
|Proposed Rule changes to the Board||
|Circulation of the rule change proposals to the National Governing Bodies||
Tuesday 10th August 2021
Should you have any questions or require further clarification, in the first instance please contact Brent Nowicki – World Lacrosse Rules Chair [email protected]
We thank you the members in advance for your interest and involvement in helping to shape rules to grow and develop lacrosse now, and into the future.
Riverview Lacrosse History Sarasota County
BASIC RULES OF LACROSSE
10 Important Boys’ Lacrosse Rules
Offside. Midfielders can enter any area of the field, but attackmen, defensemen and goalies are confined to their area of the field. To prevent an offside, a team must have four players on each side of the field at all times.
Face-offs. When the official blows his whistle on a face-off, the four players in the wing area (two from each team) that surrounds the two face-off players at midfield can release to get the ball, but the other players must wait until a player has gained possession of the ball or the ball has crossed the goal line.
Body checks. Think of a baseball player’s hitting zone. A boys’ lacrosse player can make only a body check to the front side of an opposing player and between the knees and shoulders. It is illegal to check to the head or back side. Also, if a player is in an unprotected position – say he’s scooping a ground ball – it is illegal to check him.
Slashing and spearing. In boys’ lacrosse, an illegal slash is a stick check to the helmet or back, or a poke check to an opponent’s body other than his gloved hand as he holds the stick. In the bantam division, a one-handed check is considered a slash. A spear – hitting an opponent with the helmet – also is illegal.
Holding. Just as a boys’ lacrosse player cannot hold another player with his hands, he can’t use his stick to hold a player with or without the ball. On ground balls, it is considered holding if a player uses his stick to deny another player the ball.
Unnecessary roughness. This lacrosse rule often is a judgment call of the referee. Basically, a lacrosse player can’t make an excessive check against an opponent. He can’t step into a check from more than five yards or two steps away. Also, he must attempt to slow down if the offensive player has just released the ball.
Offensive interference or screen? An offensive player cannot purposely impede a defensive player’s path with his body or stick. Although this is not a time-serving penalty, the offensive team loses possession of the ball. An offensive player can screen a defender if the two are near the ball, but the screener must have his feet stationary and hold his stick up straight.
Kicking a stick. Obviously, kicking is not allowed in boys’ lacrosse. It also is illegal to kick an opposing player’s lacrosse stick, even inadvertently. This happens when players are tightly bunched and trying to move a ground ball to open space.
Crease violation. Many shots are taken from close range and attackmen cannot step on or within the lacrosse goalie’s crease until the ball goes into the net. This does not pertain to an offensive player being pushed inside the crease by the defense. It’s best to practice footwork around the crease, so attackmen learn to avoid stepping on and into the crease.
Goalie clear. When a lacrosse goalie gains possession of the ball, he has four seconds to clear the ball from his crease or must step outside the crease with the ball.
2020 NFHS Rule Changes/Modifications <-
2019 NFHS Rule Changes/Modifications.
10 Important Girls’ Lacrosse Rules
Draw control motion. On draw controls, the two opposing players must move the ball with an up-and-away motion with their lacrosse sticks. A downward or outward motion is illegal, and the ball is awarded to the non-offending team with a free position.
Restraining line. An offside is called when a team has more than seven players on or over the restraining line in its offensive end or more than eight players on or over the restraining line in its defensive end.
3-second rule. Girls’ lacrosse encourages ball movement when the person with the ball is closely guarded within the restraining area. The offensive player has three seconds to pass the ball or change her cradle – either switching her hands or the level she is holding the ball. If the ball remains stationary for more than three seconds, the referee awards the defense with a free position. This lacrosse rule is exempt if the offensive player is behind the goal and the defensive player guarding her is in front of the goal and mirroring her.
Avoid the goalie circle. Players must stay out of the goalie circle. A goal does not count if the shooter or another offensive player steps on or into the goal circle or interferes with the goalie. A defensive player can reach her stick inside the goal circle to block or redirect a shot. Below the ninth-grade level, a shooter may not follow through with her lacrosse stick into the goalie circle.
Free position or indirect free position. The penalty for fouls is a free position. When a team is awarded the ball after a foul, the player can run, pass or shoot it. However, an indirect free position is awarded for minor defensive fouls inside the 12-meter fan, and the player who restarts the ball can’t shoot until a defensive player or a teammate touches it. Only a goalie can take a free position within the 8-meter circle and no free position can be taken within four meters of a field boundary.
Major or minor fouls. All players must stand at least four meters away from the player restarting a free position or indirect free position. On a major foul, the offending player must stand four meters behind the player taking the free position. On a minor foul, the offending player stands four meters away in the direction from which she approached before committing the foul.
Empty stick check. A girls’ lacrosse player can’t check another player’s stick that isn’t in contact with the ball. This applies only when the opponent could have gained possession of the ball.
Offensive charging. A girls’ lacrosse player with the ball cannot push into a defensive player who has established position. This major foul often occurs within the 12-meter fan when a player is going toward the goal.
Dangerous propelling. A player cannot maneuver the ball in her lacrosse stick in a dangerous manner and without regard to the people around her.
Pick or screen? An illegal screen occurs when a player without the ball, by her positioning, forces an opponent to take another route. To be legal, the player must be set within the visual field of the opponent, allowing the defender time and space to change her direction.2016 US Lacrosse Girls Rule Book
2016 US Lacrosse GIRLS Rulebook
Riverview High School, Sarasota County School Board and FHSAA require ALL student athletes to complete and submit an Athletic packet PRIOR to trying out or playing any High School sport. Updated Athletic packages can be downloaded HERE. Completed packets can be turned in at the RHS Athletic Department.
THSLL games are played in accordance with all NCAA lacrosse rules, with waivers approved at the annual meeting of member teams. The THSLL also publishes a rulebook specific to the league for rules, policy, and procedure.
Rulebooks / Waivers
No one document exists that explicitly calls out what THSLL Member School Programs get in return for the fees they pay to the THSLL and SWLOA. However, THSLL Member School Programs get the League, a 501c3 not for profit organization that has made possible boys high school lacrosse in the State of Texas for 24 years. That includes the organization, management, and oversight of the THSLL Season including scheduling of games, tournaments, and championships, and associated SWLOA official assignments, the oversight and management of the League and its Membership, including eligibility and code of conduct enforcement, and management of all the Federal and State Reporting requirements for a 501c3.
The THSLL Rulebook and TSLA, Inc. bylaws (available on www.thsll.org under the League Rules link under Site Navigation) define the totality of the Board and the League what is done on behalf of the Membership. A THSLL Member School Program representative is part of the budget approval which includes the fees and reflects where the Board plans to distribute the fees.
Through www.thsll.org, and assigned usernames and passwords, we allow our THSLL Member School Program representatives to enter and submit their team information and game information, and to make modifications up to the cutoff date voted on by the Membership. For management, quality control, and audit purposes we do not allow THSLL Member School Programs to modify their game information and/or schedules online after the cutoff date, instead requiring them to contact the State Administrator, via email and telephone for changes and additions.
The THSLL is in the third year of a three-year contract, and is in partnership, with the SWLOA for League officiating and the scheduling software and scheduling process.
SWLOA Fees and Cancellation Policy
The change form located on the district webpage under “Forms/Dates” is required for game changes. Please DO NOT use the contact form on the THSLL website for game changes.
If the game change is 24 hours or less, please send to the above AND to the assignor. See below for rainout procedures.
Game Day cancellations should be made by a phone call to assignor and coaches. In the event games are cancelled less than two (2) hours prior to game time, Member Teams are responsible for paying officials for such scheduled games. If two (2) games are scheduled, the officials will be paid the higher of the fees. Officials will also be paid for suspended games.
Regular Season Game Fees:
Payment of official’s fees shall be the sole responsibility of each Member Team. Failure to pay official’s fees may result in forfeiture of League games.
- Varsity Game Fee (per official) – 12 minute quarters $77
- JV Game Fee (per official) – 10 minute quarters $67
- Additional Fee Officials will receive an additional $5 for assignments requiring travel between 30-40 miles. Officials will receive an additional $10 for assignments requiring travel in excess of 40 miles. This fee will be paid by the Member Team through the official’s game voucher.
Payment may be made at the field by cash or check (made out to named official) or by payment voucher from official . Teams have 20 days to submit payment.
SWLOA Dues cover up to a 15 game schedule per team, A $10 fee per game above that, will be billed and collected by the SWLOA Treasurer.
Teams are responsible for paying fees directly to the SWLOA for each game o
Board of Director’s Meeting Minutes
The THSLL Board of Directors meet regularly and minutes are kept for each meeting. If you would like to view current and past meeting minutes, please go to the Document Library link on the left menu. Meeting minutes are separated out by year.
Rules – SliderLax
Significant changes in the rules for Girls Lacrosse in High School are coming in 2020. The rules changes were recommended by the joint National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and US Lacrosse (USL) Girls’ Lacrosse Rules Committee, and subsequently approved by both the NFHS and USL boards of directors.
USL and NFHS both released advance summaries of all changes on 23 July 2019.
FREE MOVEMENT ON A WHISTLE OR STOPPAGE OF PLAY
The allowance for free movement by players on a whistle or stoppage of play is the most significant rule change for high school girls’ lacrosse in 2020, and one of 12 rules changes approved for high school girls’ lacrosse, effective January 1, 2020.
Free movement allows players to move freely around the playing field, instead of being required to hold their positions on stoppages. The primary intent of the rule change is to improve the pace of play, and allows for a less restrictive experience for the athletes.
The change to free movement impacts several areas of the NFHS/USL Rules Book. The change has an impact on rules 4.2.3, 4.3.3, 5.1.2, 5.1.3, 5.3.1, 6.3.1, and 10.1.
Rule 4-3-3 will change to allow players to be substituted for during a possession time-out, except for the player being awarded the ball and the offender.
ADMINISTRATION OF MAJOR FOULS AND OTHER STOPPAGES OF PLAY IN THE CRITICAL SCORING AREA
To limit potentially dangerous play in the critical scoring area and allow for consistent administration of the free position, a major foul between the 12 and the 8 will now be administered as a free position taken on the 12-meter fan closest to the spot of the foul. This is a change to rule 10.1.
However, when a stoppage in play causes the ball to become dead that was in the critical scoring area, rules 4.3.3, 5.1.3, 5.3.1 and 7.3 PENALTY now indicate play will resume on the closet dot.
[EDITOR”S NOTE: Initially, these two changes seem to be in conflict. However, rule 4.3.3 addresses time out; 5.1.3 addresses indirect free positions; 5.3.1 addresses major and minor foul penalty administration; 7.3 PENALTY addresses penalty administration for Goal Circle violations. Please watch for further clarifications.]
Self-starting when self-start is not an option is now considered a major foul in rule 10.1 under false starts.
CHECK TO THE NECK AND HEAD
Under major fouls in rule 10.1, a check to the neck is now included under check to the head with a mandatory card assessed.
In a change to Rule 9.1, the description of the minor foul, covering, is now described as covering a ground ball, instead of guarding. Additionally, preventing an opponent from playing the ball by covering the ball with the body now constitutes a minor foul. Previously, using a foot or crosse to guard a ground ball was a minor field foul.
Rule 5.4.4 has been amended to allow self-starts on boundary restarts. On boundary restarts, opponents must give the player in possession of the ball at least two meters — an additional meter from the previous requirement (Rule 6.3.1b).
A change to Rule 6.3.2 clarifies that a player’s body or crosse that is inbounds and nearest to the ball when it goes out of bounds on a shot on goal determines possession of the ball when play resumes.
NUMBER OF PLAYERS ON THE FIELD AT THE DRAW
Rule 5.2.2 was amended to allow any number, up to 12 players from each team, on the field prior to the start of each draw. Prior to the change, each team was required to have 12 players on the field unless a team could not do so legally.
There are changes to Rules 2.2.5 and 2.4.3 to amend crosse and stick requirements. A crosse now meets specifications if the ball moves freely in the front of the pocket, removing the requirement for the back of the pocket. During stick checks, game officials will ensure that the ball rolls out of the back of the pocket when placed in the upper third of the head at its widest point and the stick and head are tilted 90 degrees. This rule helps limit the on field check requirements for the back of the pocket to those issues only related to performance.
For eyewear, the SEI (Safety Equipment Institute) mark for certification must be on the equipment by January 1, 2025. Eyewear must still be SEI certified for the 2020 season (rule 2.7.2), but the requirement for a physical mark on the eyewear does not take effect until 2025. All approved eyewear is listed on the SEI website at www.seinet.org.
MODIFICATION OF EQUIPMENT
In a change to Rule 2.7.4, equipment cannot be modified from its original manufactured state and it must be worn in the manner the manufacturer intended.
Rule 2.8.4 now prohibits the use of video replay to review an official’s decision, consistent with other NFHS rules.
USBOXLA certified officials are by far the most qualified and educated referees in the country today. While most non-USBOXLA groups simply officiate games using unsafe hybrid rules, hijack rule books they don’t fully understand or without the use of a rule book altogether, USBOXLA referees are fully trained and certified, always ensuring game play is officiated using the ultra-safe USBOXLA Rule & Situational Book.
“When you talk about why the box game has had kind of a bad rap in the US, one of the main reasons is because the game had never been officiated correctly,” said USBOXLA Co-Founder and University of Denver Associate Head Coach Matt Brown. “You can start a league, you can put players on a team, you can have small goals, you can pad goalies up, but when that ball is loose, if you don’t have officials that can officiate correctly, then it’s going to turn into mayhem. It’s going to be an absolute nightmare.
“We’ve spent a lot of time on referee training, and that’s really important if this game is going to succeed in the US like we all hope and know it can.”
How to Become an Official
Step 1: Find a Club
In order to become a referee, you’ll need to find USBOXLA sanctioned game play near you. Find a club in your area at usboxla.com/clubs and contact them to find out if they need new officials. Most clubs that offer league or tournament play are always interested in adding additional officials.
Step 2: Train
Your club director will provide you with online training tools through the USBOXLA Backstage PASS Referee Certification Portal and access to the USBOXLA Rule & Situational Book. Once you complete these online courses, you’ll be fully certified.
Step 3: Officiate
You will now be able to officiate USBOXLA sanctioned leagues, tournaments, and exhibition games.
Step 4: Improve
USBOXLA provides the advancement of officials through various levels of certification. Higher level certification takes place during the USBOXLA Nationals every summer. Top USBOXLA referees have also officiated at elite events held in Canada, like the Jr. NLL Tournament in Oakville, Ontario, and even in the NLL itself.
Since the channel’s subscribers have repeatedly asked for their opinion on the new “Olympic” rules, I decided to present everything I think in a separate post.
But first you need to ask the question: “ Why do you need to come up with new rules?”
So, in order to get into the program of the Olympic Games, lacrosse must satisfy several requirements at once. In addition to the obvious requirements such as: sport should “… have a solid international status, both in terms of the number of countries and geographic distribution …”, there are also less obvious requirements, not spelled out in the Olympic Charter, but influencing the decision when voting.For example: sports should be represented in both men’s and women’s competition programs, while the playing field and the rules by which the Olympic tournament is held should not be fundamentally different for men and women. Due to the increase in the number of participants, there are difficulties with the accommodation and logistics of athletes, therefore, the IOC severely limits the number of teams and their composition. It should be noted that in recent years, those disciplines that are more attractive to young people and advertisers have been chosen most often.After all, statistics show that the attention of young people to the Olympic Games is fading year after year. Thus, it is desirable that the sport be dynamic, exciting, efficient and not boring, but at the same time affordable and does not require serious additional costs for the preparation of the competition.
What did we have until recently?
Field lacrosse, or simply lacrosse, has become widespread throughout the world. In principle, it has a stable international status, but bad luck, historically, women’s lacrosse and men’s lacrosse developed separately, and the centers of their development lay on opposite sides of the ocean.Because of this, there were serious differences in the rules, the size of the court, the level of contact, and until 2018, in the number of players on the field. The second problem is the composition of the teams. In classic lacrosse, the roster is limited to 23 players, add coaches, massage therapists, doctors, service personnel and the size of the delegation is approaching 40 people. Suppose 12 teams will take part in the Olympic tournament (as in field hockey, basketball, volleyball, etc. ), it turns out that about 480 people will be involved in men’s competitions, and together with women’s, the number of participants reaches 960.Accommodating and organizing an additional 1,000 people is a difficult and costly task.
Ok, then the reader will rightly note: Why can’t you play box lacrosse at the Olympic Games?
The idea is basically sound, except for the fact that the girls are not yet playing box lacrosse. This should not be a problem, if you wish, you can quickly recruit and train the required number of teams, and there is some experience in women’s boxing lacrosse in Canada.The reason box lacrosse was rejected, I think, stems from its less availability. Firstly, you need more equipment and it is significantly more expensive, and secondly, the cost of equipment, construction of the box, covering, the hall in the end.
What is the bottom line?
As a result, the World Lacrosse Federation was faced with a daunting task: there are essentially three different sports and none meet the Olympic requirements. The solution was found in the form of a new 6v6 game format.Indeed, finding the best option, equating the rules “to a common denominator” is not an easy task, and, in my opinion, the World Federation did not cope with it.
On the one hand, the new format really meets the requirements of accessibility: there is no need to build a box, drive everyone into the hall, one football field can accommodate up to three playgrounds, only 12 players in the roster, the game becomes super dynamic, fast and highly productive.
On the other hand, much more global questions arise: in an attempt to equalize male and female lacrosse, they went in the wrong direction.The decline in contact, the prohibition of power moves, the rejection of throw-ins and defenders with long sticks, and the rejection of the throw-out rule deprived this game of a special identity that distinguished it from other sports. Basically, we got a handball with sticks. I’m just curious how much the top defenders and FOGO swore when, after seeing the new rules, they realized that they had almost no chance of participating in the Olympics.
Obviously, with these rules, the intensity will increase, the number of throws will increase, and with a decrease in the level of contact, the tactics of the game will change dramatically.The gameplay will become highly dependent on the individual actions of the players. One or two top players will be able to drag the game of the whole team. The role of goalkeepers is changing: they get more work, while they are actually forbidden to move to someone else’s half of the field, i.e. we will no longer see goals from goalkeepers, which is undoubtedly a peculiar highlight of the field lacrosse.
Can you still have something good in the new format?
Olympic lacrosse will be of international interest.Thanks to him, the hegemony of the USA and Canada can be shaken, because it is much easier to find and train 6-10 top players. I believe that the Iroquois and Israel will benefit more from the introduction of such a format. The number of tournaments and teams in Europe is likely to increase, which could breathe new life into lacrosse during these difficult post-epidemic times.
Well, what about what?
I don’t know if the new format will take root or not, I’m honestly not sure that in the end the Olympic Games will be played by such rules.I don’t really understand at all what is the deep meaning of such a persistent desire to definitely get to the Olympics, so that what? To hang out in the Olympic Village and walk around the stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies? If so, the question is removed. If the goal of the presence of lacrosse at the Olympics is to popularize and develop sports all over the world, then the new format does not help this in any way.
Imagine, I came home, turned on the TV, opened a beer, and on the screen something new, seemingly dynamic and interesting. I am fascinated by this new sport and I go to look for information, and what turns out? Nobody plays this sport outside the Olympic Games, professional leagues play something different, more complicated, with some incomprehensible rules, the world and European championships are also held in a different format. Personally, I’m not sure that my interest in this sport will not die at this stage.
At this rate, lacrosse will become uninteresting to advertisers and in eight years it will be removed from the program again.
If we are talking about popularizing the sport, the Olympic Games are not the best option and certainly not the cheapest.
How many countries do you think play Muggle Quidditch? Yes, you will be surprised, but world championships are held on it and there are even semi-professional leagues. The answer is over 52 countries. Impressive, isn’t it? Can you imagine what effect the Harry Potter books had on the fact that the twice non-existent sport became popular?
Yes, Teen Wolf has done more to popularize lacrosse in ten years than the World Federation has done in thirty years.
Small funds and efforts to introduce lacrosse into pop culture, clips, books, TV shows, add a cool picture and available broadcasts of professional leagues and the effect will be much stronger than from an incomprehensible game at the Olympics.
Alex Bledso “Burn Me Deadly”
Eddie LaCrosse, the protagonist of Alex Bledsoe’s debut novel The Sword-Edged Blonde, is heading back to his readers in Burn Me Deadly, the second installment of a private detective and hired swordsman in a world that combines classic fantasy and cool detective. In the new book, the author did not reinvent the wheel and kept intact all the strengths of his first major work, along the way getting rid of a number of shortcomings that slightly spoiled the impression of “The Blonde”.
Like the first book, Burn Me Deadly is narrated from Eddie’s perspective. However, this time Bledsoe decided to avoid excursions into the protagonist’s past, focusing exclusively on his present. Since the situations in “The Blonde” in which Eddie definitely knew much more than he said, sometimes confused what was happening, such an author’s decision looks justified. Moreover, now readers have the opportunity to compete with laCross in the high-speed unraveling of the tangle of intrigues.And if you consider that Eddie sometimes does not shine with the presence of deductive abilities …
Without flashbacks, the plot became more linear, but this did not affect the quality of the novel. The author still masterfully twists the intrigue, deftly hides the ends in the water and prepares the most tricky and unexpected surprises for the gape of the heroes. Combining unexpected and banal plot moves, Bledsoe achieves a very skillfully constructed balance, in which the reader, on the one hand, remains in the dark about the general direction of movement, but at the same time is able to guess the presence of smaller forks and turns.
Bledsoe has repeatedly said that he is much more interested in the development of characters than in the space in which they live. This time, the author generally focused solely on the description of the town of Nesedy and its environs, completely abandoning the rest of the world. And what is most interesting, this state of affairs does not bother at all. The secret must be that with even a few paragraphs, Alex creates a surprisingly cozy atmosphere perfect for books like this.
The main feature of the work is, of course, the characters led by Eddie.Last time laCross had to deal with his past and find a life partner, this time our hero solves the problems of trust in relationships, explores the limits of his luck and endurance, and also once again convinces himself of the existence of magic and higher powers. Moreover, despite the already existing experience of collisions with something divine, LaCrosse’s cynicism and pragmatism to the last prevent him from accepting the most obvious explanation, until Eddie face to face with what he denies the right to exist.
Other characters are a little lost against the background of Eddie, but even so, Bledsoe managed to create a number of very charming characters. First of all, the main women in the life of laCross, Liz, Angelina and Callie turned out very well, but in addition to them, there are many pretty inhabitants in Nesed, who will undoubtedly still appear in the next series. In addition, Alex laid the foundations for Eddie’s relationship with the local king of the underworld. This can be considered another nod to Glen Cook, however, unlike Garrett, laCross did not lend any services to the local big boss and immediately crossed the road.
Alex does not forget to joke regularly. Eddie’s extremely pertinent remarks, witty picks involving other characters, funny, absurd and sometimes ridiculous situations more than once or twice throughout the book will make the reader smile. “Burn Me Deadly”, in general, like the rest of the series, is a rather easy and quickly absorbed reading, and this despite the fact that Bledsoe is often very cruel to his characters.
Summary: Compact, dynamic and witty novel. All fans of the adventures of private detective Garrett must read it without fail, especially since Bledsoe’s language is simple, the book is easy to read and you shouldn’t have any problems absorbing it.
RUSSIAN HOCKEY FEDERATION. OFFICIAL BOOK OF RULES 2018-2022
iv. A lacrosse maneuver in which a fielder places the puck on the hook
hockey sticks and turning the puck in mid-air is not allowed.
v. If one of the following occurs, then a goal will be scored
The puck hits the post and bounces into the goal;
The puck hits the goalkeeper and bounces back into the goal;
The puck hits the post, bounces at the goalkeeper and then into the goal;
The puck hits the goalkeeper, bounces into the post and then into the goal;
The puck hits the goalkeeper, who slides into the goal with the
vi. When the coaches of the respective teams opted for
of a specific fielder and goalkeeper for the free throw and
goal defense, no substitutions are allowed if a second
shot is to be made due to a foul or a foul committed by
by the goalkeeper, except in the event of injury.In such a case, coach
may appoint another skater to take the shot or
as a substitute goalkeeper to defend the goal on the free throw.
vii. During the execution of a free throw or series of throws defining
winners of the match, when the puck enters the goal and the goal frame is moved from the
plastic clips or is in a non-standard position
due to the goalkeeper’s actions or his attempt to deflect the puck, the goal is scored
without video viewing
viii. If during a free throw or shot series,
defining the winner of the match, the goal frame is moved from the plastic
clips or is in a non-standard position due to the goalkeeper’s
actions or his attempt to deflect the puck, but the puck does not enter the goal
, and the goal is not scored.
ix. The free throw is considered complete and no goal is scored,
if the throwing field player commits
to distract the goalkeeper by using any available means by the
x. If a spectator interferes with the order of the free throw, at
as a result of which the field player or goalkeeper is unable to perform his functions properly
, the Referee will order a re-shot
xi. If a free throw is realized when one of the teams is playing in the number
majority, the penalized fielder is not allowed to return
to the ice.
xii.During the free throw, the match time on the scoreboard must be
stopped. It remains disabled during Free Shot
xiii. If the team plays without the goalkeeper wearing goalkeeper equipment, when at
goal of this team is awarded a free throw, the team must designate a skater as the goalkeeper
and grant him full goalkeeper rights
. This skater must follow the same rules as the
regular goalkeeper during the free throw.However, he is not obliged to wear all the goalkeeper’s equipment. After free throw
, he will be reassigned back to fielder. This situation
only applies in the event of a Free Throw being awarded.
GAME SITUATION 1:
If a field player breaks his club during
free throws, i.e. four possible solutions:
If a field player shoots the puck into the goal and the stick breaks during the shot time
, the goal will be scored;
If a fielder misses the goal and the stick breaks at the
shot time, the free throw is completed;
If a skater’s stick breaks and then shoots and scores
the puck into the net, no goal is scored;
If a skater breaks his stick at any time before the throw,
The free throw is completed.
RULE 179 – DETERMINING GATE OPEN
i. The referee has the right to score a goal, even if the puck did not enter
goal if the defending goalkeeper is replaced by an additional
skater before the offense is committed.
ii. A goal is scored if the goalkeeper is out of the game and the puck is still
in the three-dimensional space of the goal area, and the skater intentionally:
1. Falls onto the puck, holds or picks it up;
2.Raises the puck off the ice with his hands;
3. Covers the puck with your hand.
iii. A goal is scored if the goalkeeper is out of the game and against
attacking player going one-on-one with the goalkeeper,
forbidden reception from behind is applied in order to prevent a clear scoring chance.
iv. A goal is scored if the goalkeeper is out of the game and the field player
of his team moves the gate of his team at the moment when the attacking player
goes one-on-one against an empty goal.
v. A goal is scored if the goalkeeper is out of the game and the hockey player or
the official of his team makes an illegal exit onto the ice
from the players’ bench or from any part of the arena and in every possible way obstructs an attacking player
going against an empty goal.
vi. A goal is scored if the goalkeeper is out of the game and the hockey player or
his team official, from the players’ bench or
from the penalty box, uses a stick or any other object,
or any part of his body, to prevent the puck from progressing beyond
outside the opponent’s blue line.
GAME SITUATION 1:
The goalkeeper of team “A” has been replaced by an additional
fielder when “A” 3 is thrown under the puck in the goal area and the puck after a
shot is under it. If he does not try to cover the puck, fall on it or hide it in his equipment and the puck remains motionless, the referee will not score a goal
unless A 3 deliberately tries to cover the puck.
RULE 180 – DETERMINATION OF ACCEPTANCE / OBSTACLES ON
WAY OF THE PUCK INTO THE GATE
i.If the goalkeeper is removed from the ice, and the hockey player, preventing the entry into the goal,
leaves an object in front of his goal and the puck hits
such an object, a goal must be scored.
ii. If the goalkeeper, preventing the puck from entering the goal, leaves the stick
or any other piece of its equipment or any item, or
shovels snow in front of its goal before its replacement, and the puck
“Everything for the game” Nora Sakavik / HerbstRegen
I have wonderful friends who advise me to read something, and then I yell in their faces. I suppose they are happy with my fanatic suffering, otherwise they would not have slipped the series that is on the Amazon next to “Song of Achilles” and “Captive prince”. And so, for the umpteenth time, I was pins over questionable books.
That they are dubious, I realized only when I tried to retell my delight in words through my mouth. It turned out that every single character is one-legged black dogs playing a strange kind of lacrosse. Even their lacrosse is not normal! Maybe I easily fell for a banal emotional divorce, or maybe the author was really able to arrange the stamps so that they sparkled with new colors.I cannot adequately assess when I have before my eyes a rather colorful PTSD of the main character presented as a snider cat. In any case, the first book is technically good. Naturally, it has an exposition of characters: teams of 9 people, plus a coach, a nurse and a psychologist. Such a set could easily turn a book into a dossier, interspersed with explanations of “what is lacrosse and how it is played.” But everything went pretty smoothly. In the second, there is already garbage: the moment where GG just walked and asked everyone “what is going on” despite the fact that there is enough retelling in the book, and the girl of one of the characters who suddenly emerged unexpectedly, it is not clear why, and again we do not see her, talk about her.The third is just the beginning. It has not been translated and I will suffer over it for a long time)
Another questionable fact: all this was written 17 !!! years.
Now I really want to draw some fan art, with the maximum benefit for the fandom, without spoiling it. I want a lot. While there is an idea to do something like a fest, but with a call for proposals. So that I could overpower every disabled person whose legs or an acute lack of time could participate.
As a conclusion, I can not help but attach the animation, which I have lived for a year as an illustration of all angstonic plots. It has ALL
Origin stories of famous sports gamesWhether you play them or just watch as a spectator – sports games are a significant part of many people’s lives. In addition to being a sight to behold, sports games are also linked to the national identity of many countries, being a billion dollar industry.
Have you ever wondered how these sports games originated? Even if you think you know, the most interesting thing is that the origin stories of sports games are filled with myths and legends.Here are the true stories of how these favorite games came to be:
Lacrosse is the oldest team sports game in North America, originating among the Native Americans of East Woodland and some of the Indian tribes of the Great Plains. The game was played by the warriors of the tribe to keep fit. Many of the rules were different from modern lacrosse.
In addition to keeping the warriors in good shape, this game was also important to society, helping to strengthen diplomatic alliances and maintaining social conformity.In addition, they used it as a form of worshiping the gods.
In the 1840s, Europeans became interested in the game, and in August 1844 the first match took place between a team from Europe and the Mohawk Indians.
In 1856, the Montreal Lacrosse Club was formed in Quebec, Canada. After a visit to Montreal by the Prince of Wales in August 1860, the popularity of lacrosse increased even more.
A month after the Prince’s visit, a dentist named William George Beers wrote the first official rules of the game and instructions and replaced the buckskin ball with a rubber version.Since then, the game has grown in popularity and there are currently two professional lacrosse leagues in North America.
The origins of golf are a matter of heated debate. All the credit is attributed to themselves by the Scots and, I must say, they have a certain right to this. The modern education of the game began in the middle of the 15th century in Scotland. The rules of the time included swinging the club over the ball and moving it from point A to point B using as few moves as possible.
However, there is evidence that the roots of the game go back to the small town of Loenen aan de Vecht in the Netherlands when the game was played there in 1297. This year was the start of an annual tradition where, on Boxing Day (December 26), the townspeople played a game called “colf”. The game consisted of two teams of 4 people who took turns hitting a wooden ball with a wooden stick in the direction of several consecutive targets.
In addition to the 1927 mention of “colph”, there is other evidence of golf-like games played throughout the Netherlands centuries before the first mention of golf in Scottish literature in 1636.However, as stated earlier, there is a heated debate on this issue, and many Scots do not believe that this is true.
8. Hockey (on ice)
Canadians are generally considered polite and humble people. However, there is one thing that many Canadians can proudly and emotionally boast of, that ice hockey is their national heritage. According to them, this is their game. They are the best at it, and they came up with it.
However, according to one book published in 2014, hockey probably originated in England.There are references to this game dating back to the early 1790s, and furthermore, it remains unclear who exactly invented the game. The game is known to have been popular in England for centuries. Famous people who played hockey include King Edward VII and Charles Darwin.
With regard to why the game was named that way, there is a theory that a cork plug was originally used as a puck. Corks were commonly used as stoppers for beer kegs, and the popular drink of the time was hock ale.
The reason Canada is often associated with hockey is because the first public match was staged in Montreal on March 3, 1875. Before that, this game was just played on the occasion.
Rugby allegedly got its start in 1876 when 16-year-old William Webb Ellis, playing football at the Rugby School in Warwickshire, England, took the ball in hand and ran with him. Unfortunately, this story cannot be true, because Ellis died in 1872, that is, 4 years before the events that are attributed to him.
In reality, the game actually originated in a school in the city of Rugby, and this was facilitated by the headmaster Thomas Arnold. The rules were first written in 1845 and the game is believed to have grown out of football, but it remains unclear who was the first person to pick up the ball and run with it.
After leaving school, the students who learned the game wanted to continue playing it as adults. This was how the first inter-county games were organized, leading to the formation of the first clubs, which in turn led to the formation of the International Rugby Football Board in 1884.
For many North Americans, cricket is a bit mysterious and seems like a rather complicated game. However, cricket is loved in many other countries around the world, attracting billions of spectators. In fact, it is the second most popular sport in the world.
Cricket is believed to have originated in the 13th century in the English countryside, where it was played by shepherds. The goal was the gate of a sheep pen, and a ball made of rags or wool was driven into the target.The opposing player had to use a curved shepherd’s cane to hit the ball and prevent it from hitting the target.
The game gained popularity throughout the region and continued to be played for centuries. The first recorded cricket match (with 11 players on each team) took place in 1697 in Sussex. His prize fund was 50 guineas.
Eight years later, the first inter-counties match took place with the teams of Kent and Surrey.Probably, the rules already existed at that time, but the oldest rules of the game known to experts date back to 1744.
It is believed that even the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans played a peculiar form of tennis. However, the origins of modern tennis date back to around 1000 AD, when monks began to play it in a French monastery. They played with their hands and a wooden ball, so the game was more like volleyball.
The netting was usually a rope stretched across the courtyard. This is also where the name of this sports game was born. During the game, the monks shouted “shadows” (“tenez”), which in French means “hold!”, While throwing the ball.
Over the next two centuries, the game gained popularity throughout Europe, and by the 13th century there were already 1,800 indoor courts. By 1500, wooden racket frames tied with strings made from sheep’s intestines, as well as balls made of cork, became widespread.
However, that game was significantly different from modern tennis, which appeared in 1873, when the rules of the game were first published. In 1877, the first tennis tournament took place in Wimbledon, at which a decision was made on the form of refereeing and the tennis method of scoring was adopted.
We bet it came as no surprise to you that Canadians claim to be the inventors of hockey. However, did you know that Canadians actually invented one of America’s most beloved sports games, basketball?
Dr. James Naismith of Almonte, Ontario, was born in 1861.After several years as a lumberjack, he earned a degree in physical education from McGill University in Montreal. After graduation, he moved to the United States, where he got a job at the International YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.
There he was instructed to find a suitable occupation for a group of “irreparable”. Winters in New England were chilly and the boys were forced to stay indoors: they quickly got bored with indoor games they played all day.Naismith developed basketball from a game called Duck on a Rock, which he played as a child. Naismith took two fruit baskets from the janitor, which he hung on opposite sides of the gym, and used a soccer ball.
The first game took place on December 21, 1891 and ended 1-0. In the end, holes were cut at the bottom of the baskets, because the janitor was tired of going up the stairs every time to take out the ball.
Since then, the game has grown in popularity and Naismith lived to see basketball became an Olympic sport in 1936 in Berlin. The creator of this sports game passed away on November 28, 1939.
The most common legend about baseball’s origins is that it was invented in Cooperstown, New York, in the summer of 1839 by Abner Doubleday. Having come up with the game, Doubleday went further and became a hero of the American Civil War.The only problem is that it’s not true. In 1839, a man with that name and surname lived in West Point (West Point).
Baseball probably evolved from two English games. The first game, called rounders, was a children’s game that came to New England with the colonists, and the second was cricket.
The founding year of modern baseball is 1845, when a group of New Yorkers formed the New York Knickerbocker Baseball Club.The most influential member of the club was a bank clerk named Alexander Joy Cartwright, who came up with many of the rules that became the foundation of baseball.
2. American Football
The first game, which eventually became American football, was played between Princeton and Rutgers on November 6, 1869. However, it was more of a football match. After the game, the Yale people developed their own sports game and called it “The Boston Game”.
It looked a bit like football, but if a player was chased by an opponent, he could pick up an oval ball and run with it, or throw it away, or pass it. If a player from the opposing team did not run after him, then he should have kicked the ball.
On May 14 and 15, 1874, the Yale hosted the McGill University team from Montreal, which also had their own set of rules for football. On the first day, they played the Boston Game. On the second day, they played a “McGill version” of football, which had more rugby elements.Each team had 11 players, they played with an oval ball, and the player could pick up the ball and run with it at any moment.
After two games, the Yale team decided they liked the McGill University version better and accepted the rules. Yes, you read that correctly: the fundamentals of American football were developed by a Canadian university.
Football is the most popular sports game in the world today, and perhaps because it is an innate part of human life.Games like soccer can be dated as far back as 2500 BC, when people in ancient Egypt kicked a ball during a fertility festival.
In China from 476 to 221 BC. people played a game called jichu, which roughly translates to kick the ball. The idea of the game was to throw a leather ball stuffed with feathers through a cloth hung between two posts. Players could use any part of their body, except for the hands. Warriors played this game to keep fit.
A similar game was also played in ancient Rome. Each team had 27 players and all they had to do was get the ball into the other team’s goal. And since the action took place in ancient Rome, people were often injured and killed while playing, which sounds much more exciting than watching modern football.
Football-like games continued to be played until the Middle Ages, and the modern era of football began in 1863. Then rugby football and football split from each other, and the Football Association was formed in England.This governing body has developed most of the rules and guidelines that gave birth to modern football.
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Svechnikov was the first in NHL history to score a “lacrosse goal”
Svechnikov was the first in NHL history to score a “lacrosse goal”
Svechnikov was the first in NHL history scored a lacrosse goal
Russian Carolina Hurricanes forward Andrey Svechnikov became the first hockey player in NHL history to score a lacrosse goal.Sport RIA Novosti, 30.10.2019
national hockey league (nhl)
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MOSCOW, October 30 – RIA Novosti.Russian forward of the Carolina Hurricanes Andrei Svechnikov became the first hockey player in NHL history to score a lacrosse puck. On Tuesday, Carolina beat the Calgary Flames (2: 1) in the regular season of the National Hockey League (NHL) … 19-year-old Andrei Svechnikov scored both goals for the hosts, making the Russian’s first goal in the match a masterpiece. The forward, being behind the opponent’s goal, lifted the puck on the hook and brought it over the line. Such washers are usually called “lacrosse goal” or “Granlund goal” (in honor of the puck of the Finnish hockey player against the Russian national team at the 2011 World Cup).Previously in the NHL, no one was able to excel in this way. Svechnikov has already scored four goals in the current NHL season. The Russian moved overseas in the summer of 2018, signing a three-year contract with Carolina.
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Fox Nora book review
First Popcorn Books published in early March from Nora Sakavich’s trilogy “Everything for the sake of the game”.This is a novel about maturing athletes who overcome themselves both in the game and in their difficult life, which is filled with secrets.
In 2013, aspiring American writer Nora Sakavich published the manuscript of Fox Hole through an e-book publisher and immediately received positive reactions from readers around the world.
The first volume of “Fox Hole” introduces readers to the fictional game of the Exie, described by the author as a mixture of lacrosse on the football field and tough hockey tricks.Exi is a game where men can play with women on the same team. All the heroes of the book are passionate about this sport and spend the maximum of their time on it
The protagonist of the novel is an 18-year-old boy named Neil Josten, who has an unbelievable talent for exs. He has a terrible and mysterious past. Throughout his adult life, he is forced to hide, hide in different parts of the United States and Europe, change names, passports, languages and appearance – just to stay alive. Neal’s only dangerous weakness is his passion for the Exs.The game that became the meaning of his life.
At the beginning of the book, Neil is an Exie on the school team in the small town of Milport, Arizona. After losing a game in a home match, eminent coach David Wymack and his players meet with him. They invite Neal to join the famous Exxy Fox team from Palmetto University. It is famous for its players with a difficult fate and bad character. Constant squabbles and mutual hatred prevent them from being a friendly and well-played team.
Throughout the book, the Fox friends put Neal to the test.They do not want to see a mysterious boy with a false past next to them, as they are afraid of him and the possible threats that he will bring. Neal, in turn, is trying to figure out whether to trust new friends and reveal his true identity to them. After all, this information can be extremely dangerous for everyone around you.
Heroes sort things out and play, and the background is the story of a slightly different genre. Crime showdowns, the origin of the game, and most importantly its purpose. But they don’t go too deep into it.All interesting things were left to continue.
The first part of the trilogy ends with an unexpected twist, making the reader want to continue. The plot ends abruptly, as if in the final episode of the series, which has already been renewed for a second season. Obviously, in the second part, the heroes will have to deal with the consequences of the final and prepare for the most important match with their nemesis: the team of “Ravens” from Edgar Allan University.
Nora Sakavich vividly describes each character, revealing them from different angles.We know the motives for the behavior of each of them, we know the reasons for the quarrels and hostility between all the players. It is the heroes that are the strongest side of the work. They are realistic, and their types are very familiar to each of us.
What is the second key character – the famous player Kevin Day, who from early childhood Kevin played in the exi under the guidance of the harsh creator of the game Tetsuji Moriyama and part-time coach of the “Crows” team.