The Lacrosse Institute | 10 v 10 Offensive Strategy
When we are discussing offensive strategy, no matter how many players on each side, we need to start with the transition game. When the ball is brought up the field during play (not out of a dead ball situation), we want to make sure we follow a few rules:
- Do your best to bring the ball up the side of the field that is opposite the bench. This helps avoid all of the confusion that often is generated as players are exchanging through the box. this does not mean that you can never bring the ball up “box side”, but it is best to first look to the “off box side” to clear.
- Hustle on and off the field. There is no reason for players to jog on and off the field. Running hard off the field allows players to change quicker, and running hard on the field puts pressure on the defense to match up with players and affords an opportunity for them to miss something.
- Maintain some offensive pressure to keep the defense honest and not allow them to easily settle into their defense.
Once the transition has ended and all offensive players are in a particular set, we begin everything with a specific dodge, carry or pick that initiates the motion for that set. Off ball movement off of this dodge/carry/pick depends on the particular motion ( dodge, carry, pick), how effective that particular move is and how the defense reacts.
Different sets allow offenses to attack the defense in different ways. I will go over 4 different basic sets and discuss the philosophies for each one. I will be calling the sets from behind the cage to the top. Meaning a 1-3-2 would have one player behind the cage, 3 across the top of the crease (one on the crease and one on each wing) and 2 on the top of the box.
In this set, we have the ability to drive the ball from “x” and hopefully create a slide from the defense. Even if we never get a full slide, we can get the off ball defenders looking behind the cage and allowing our off ball offensive players to cut to open space for a good shooting opportunity.
A-Teams – Red Hawks Lacrosse
The Red Hawks exist to support lacrosse players at all levels. While we welcome new players to the game at any age, we also aim to provide the best possible instruction and experience for our most dedicated and capable players.
A-level play provides an opportunity for stronger players to play at a higher level of competition with teammates of a similar skillset. A-Level teams must develop an elevated level of cohesiveness and common understanding of offensive plays and defensive strategies. Practices are planned for a level of attendance and some plans require a number of players to be effective. We run A-level rosters small to ensure team consistency and performance. All of these circumstances mean that player commitment directly affects the performance of the entire team at the A-Level.
The Red Hawks ask for your and your child’s commitment. The Club recognizes that certain players may participate in other sports and activities. In doing so, conflicts arise as to what takes priority which affects a players commitment to their assigned team. We ask more from our A Team players and families than we do other Red Hawks. We expect A-Level players and families to prioritize the following:
- Work on your game outside of practice: use the wall, memorize plays and tactics, and improve your game every day
- Attendance at all games in the season (absence of one can be expected, two is difficult). Games cannot be missed regularly due to other commitments.
- Attendance at the significant majority of practices in the season. Kids often have intermittent conflicts like a play production or another sports season’s winding down. This is acceptable, so long as issues are flagged with your coach well in advance, and it is not a regular occurence.
- Other practices — band, soccer, or sports — cannot trump A-team practices. If you’re looking to split time event between sports, A-Level play is not be the best option. Working around schedules is acceptable if cleared with your coach, but lacrosse practice comes first in the spring season.
- Singular events — games, plays, productions — may trump practice, but should not result in a player’s missing both practices in a week, or missing practices regularly.
Additionally, while we hope that all of our Red Hawks players at every level will work to get better outside of practice, for A team players, additional stickwork and or quickness & agility work may be assigned to players to complete outside of practice and players are expected to complete that work on a weekly basis outside of practice.
The Red Hawks encourage athletes and talented youth, so we want to make accommodations for conflicts when they arise. However, you and your Red Hawks will be held to a higher standard when playing A-Level ball.
Above all else, please communicate actively with the coach at the beginning of every season, and well before of any conflicts. If you see potential conflicts arising before the team selection is made, please flag these with your coaches for open and frank discussion. It is difficult to make codified rules around this subject without being overly draconian or discouraging a player, so we want to stress that good communication is paramount to addressing conflicts before they arise.
We ask parents and players to agree to these expectations, and commit to this standard, before accepting a position on a Red Hawks A Team.
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Mayor R. Rex Parris of Lancaster, CA has created a raffle for 16- to 18-year-olds. [Images via city of Lancaster] LANCASTER – Individuals ages 12 and up can get the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for free at the Antelope Valley Fairgrounds, Lancaster city officials announced Thursday. Individuals 12-17 years of age are eligible to receive a Pfizer vaccine but because they are minors, there are a few more steps to booking an appointment. … OAKLAND, CA 94611. COVID-19 PFIZER VACCINATION SITES / SITIOS DE … 43322 Gingham Ave Ste 102 Lancaster CA 93535 Centro Medico MacArthur Park 2011 Wilshire Blvd Los Angeles CA 90057 Central Neighborhood Health Foundation 2707 S Central Ave; Los Angeles CA 90011 — 8:45 a.
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NCAA women’s lacrosse tournament 2019: Analyzing Maryland’s offensive onslaught vs.Northwestern
Maryland women’s lacrosse opened its 11th consecutive Final Four with a 25-13 rout of Northwestern, earning a spot in the 2019 NCAA championship game
Putting the scoring numbers in perspective is not easy, simply because they were so out of this world. The NCAA Tournament record for goals by a team is 26, and is held by Maryland in a first-round defeat of Temple in 2003. That mark is just 10 goals under the NCAA record by one team in any single game, which was set back in 1986 when Delaware defeated Towson 36-2.
Coming into Friday’s matchup, there was just about no chance to predict Maryland would come out with this much firepower and be this successful. Just a few weeks earlier, Northwestern dominated the Terrapins, 16-11, in the Big Ten championship game, leaving many with the assumption this rematch would be a tough battle.
In that Big Ten championship game, Northwestern utilized face-guarding of Jen Giles, which seemed to throw off the Terrapin game plan. Head coach Cathy Reese was mum on her plan to battle the Wildcats’ face-guarding this time around, simply telling reporters to “wait and see.”
The strategy that Maryland used was simply keeping defenders busy away from the ball. It was very clear with 10:30 remaining in the first half, as Hannah Warther dumped the ball off to Brindi Griffin, who then cut inside and scored. The entire Maryland offense overloaded the opposite side of the field and kept the tight man coverage busy, opening up the middle of the offensive zone for a one-on-one chance.
In the second half, the Terrapins were still finding success on the clearout play, as Catie May dumped it off to Warther from behind the cage and she scored her second goal of the night. Northwestern struggled to adjust and defend this play due to playing a man-to-man set, which makes it difficult for helping defenders to slide in and cover much open ground without also leaving their man open.
Maryland managed to score 16 unassisted goals, which does not include the six goals it scored off free-position chances. Just three Terrapins goals came on assists, with two coming in the first half off cutting opportunities that helped change up the look of the offense so it could not be easily deciphered.
The Terrapin defense also played a key role in simply giving the offense breathing room, as Megan Taylor came up huge in net and the defensive unit held Northwestern to just one goal on seven free-position chances.
The Wildcats struggled to find their footing after going down early, and Maryland was able to create chances off turnovers and hustle plays. Julia Braig even hung around the offensive end after a possession clock violation by Maryland and was able to intercept a pass and score her first career goal in transition.
Maryland’s offense will face a much tougher test Sunday, as Boston College’s defense allows just 10.13 goals per game, good for 21st in the country. The Eagles utilize a zone defense, but are very liberal in their sliding and switching to help, which may cause problems for Maryland if they attempt to clear the middle out consistently.
Opening draw for Maryland vs. Boston College is set for noon ET on Sunday at Homewood Field in Baltimore, and will be televised on ESPNU.
MEN’S LACROSSE: Former defender guides No. 1 Yale’s offense
“We only need everybody.” This mantra of inclusiveness and dependability has earned the Yale men’s lacrosse team the No. 1 ranking in the country heading into the final weekend of regular-season play. However, in addition to the Elis’ raw talent and relentless hard work, there is another crucial factor behind the team’s new status as top dogs: offensive coordinator Andrew Stimmel.
“More than anything, [Coach Stimmel] stresses doing the things that don’t take talent in our offense — hustle plays, simple reads and passes,” midfielder Joe Sessa ’19 said. “He constantly reminds us that within our offense it’s ‘we over me’ — in other words, the success of the group is more important than the success of the individual. We all trust him — he has everyone truly bought in on the process and constantly fighting to get better as a unit.”
Stimmel’s involvement in collegiate lacrosse dates back to 2007, when he began playing for Penn State. After his rookie season, he transferred to Ohio State University, where he went on to record 58 ground balls, captain the team and earn multiple Ohio State Scholar-Athlete and Academic All Big-Ten accolades. After his own playing career ended, the Pennsylvania native joined Yale’s coaching staff under head coach Andy Shay. During his two seasons working closely with the Bulldog defense, Stimmel helped the team attain a top-20 goals against average nationally and win an Ivy League title.
Unfortunately for the Elis, he received a promotion opportunity and departed to Marquette University in 2014. For the next two years, Stimmel led the Golden Eagles to success as the defensive coordinator and assistant coach. Spearheaded by its top-10 defense, Marquette won its first Big East title with Stimmel’s help in 2016 and the former Ohio State midfielder was counting on another season in Wisconsin before Shay came calling to invite him back to New Haven.
“Marquette was an incredible opportunity, career-wise,” Stimmel said. “We had a great year in 2016 and, in all honesty, my wife and I didn’t anticipate leaving anytime soon. Sure enough, one year later, Coach Shay called me about the opportunity and we knew it felt right. On top of that, I’ve had a great relationship with [defensive coordinator] Andrew Baxter since he coached me at Ohio State in 2009 and Coach Shay has become a mentor after giving me my first DI coaching opportunity in 2013. I looked at the chance to be a coordinator at Yale as the best job in our sport.”
Now under Stimmel’s tutelage for the second season, the Elis own the fourth-best scoring offense in the country, averaging almost 14 tallies per contest. Captain and attacker Ben Reeves ’18 continues to be Yale’s primary scorer down the stretch or at the rare moments when the rest of the offense becomes stagnant.
The Macedon, New York native sits seventh in the country in goals scored per game and sixth in points per game with 2. 92 and 5.46, respectively. However, no other player on the roster ranks in the top 50 in goals, assists or points per game — a testament to the team’s offensive depth.
“All the credit goes to the guys and the culture they’ve built,” Stimmel said. “We have guys who aren’t playing that won’t hesitate to call out a starter for not making the right play and those guys own it. The same players get more excited about a great ball movement goal versus them individually scoring. No one cares who scores or who gets the credit; they want to win and they understand that we need every single guy on a daily basis to accomplish that.”
That depth starts with attackers Jackson Morrill ’20 and Jack Tigh ’19, who have both notched 26 goals this season while adding a combined 24 assists to their point totals. Sessa has racked up a total of 16 goals and seven assists thus far, while four other Elis have tallied double-digit scoring totals and 11 more have added their name to the scoring sheet.
This aspect of Yale’s offensive scheme is what makes it so dangerous, especially compared to other lacrosse powerhouses such as No. 3 Maryland and No. 5 Albany, which rely on two to three players to carry the load.
“He does a phenomenal job reaffirming our mission about being patient and detail-oriented and the guys love him,” Shay said. “We think he’s one of the top coaches — we thought he was one of the top coaches available and that’s why we hired him.”
The next challenge for the Eli offense will be finding success against Harvard’s defense in its search for a perfect conference record and a win in the final game before the Ivy League Tournament. Yale will host the Crimson at noon on Saturday.
Jane Miller | [email protected]
Cristofer Zillo | [email protected]JANE MILLER
Lacrosse GLE 2 Man Attack
Lacrosse is game of strategy, agility, and most important, teamwork. This deceptively simple game moves very fast, and field conditions change rapidly. So successful lacrosse players need to keep up with these changes and support each other even more than athletes in most other team sports. Drills like the lacrosse GLE 2 man attack drill can help offensive players learn to rely on each other during the rapid twists in game control that take place close to the net.
In this drill, two offensive players work together to execute a two second maneuver designed to deceive defenders and open up a clear shot at the net. When completed properly, the move happens so fast that defenders are unable to intervene. But chances of scoring are lower if players move slowly or don’t synchronize their intentions fast enough to complete the exchange.
The drill demonstrated in the video below can help players develop an instinctive feel for this pass-shot combination that they can then execute in high speed game situations. If athletes apply the added tension of the Kbands while they complete the practice drill, they’ll also build strength and balance in the muscles of the core, which will in turn lead to greater agility and control over direction changes.
Lacrosse GLE 2 Man Attack Drill: Setting Up the Drill
This drill will require a standard set of lacrosse equipment for each participant, including pads, sticks, a ball and a net. Players will also need a set of Kbands resistance training bands each, and the complete arrangement will require a set of agility cones. Both the agility cones and the Kbands can be purchased through Kbands Training.com.
The cones can be laid out around the net with just enough distance to keep the offensive players operating at wide angles. In an effort to generate realistic game conditions, both athletes participating in this drill should execute a wide turn toward the point of the pass and the shot on goal. Players can coaches can use the video as a guide for determining the distance between the cones and the net.
In the meantime, both players can stretch, warm up, and attach the Kband straps to the upper legs. The tension of the bands will help players build the strength and speed necessary to maneuver in the high traffic areas around the scoring zone. When the straps are in place, the resistance bands can be clipped to the metal rings and the drill can begin.
Lacrosse GLE 2 Man Attack Drill: Executing the Drill
This drill works on multiple fronts to build a wide range of game skills, but the most essential goal will be teamwork. Both players should be working hard to read each other’s signals and operate as a united front when the game activity accelerates and moves closer to the net. While one athlete—the passer– works to create a space around the net free of defenders, the other—the shooter– will attempting to open a clear line to the net before accepting the pass and taking a shot on goal.
Passers should run directly at the cage and make the nearest defender cut them off. As soon as the defender moves in for the cut off, that’s when the passer should break upfield and find clear access before executing a pass across the middle of the action.
Meanwhile, the shooter will make a wide swing around the scoring zone, assisted by the placement of the speed and agility cones. The shooter’s hands should stay high, and when the pass takes place, the shooter should be ready to receive the ball and immediately send it toward the goal.
Lacrosse Attack Drills: Making Maximum Use of the Kbands Resistance Training Bands
As both players approach the goal—especially the shooter—they should not allow the added resistance of the bands to slow their stride or diminish their velocity across the field. In fact, both players should actively accelerate through the resistance. A full stride and explosive speed with the bands in place will mean powerful control, agility, and explosivity when the bands are removed.
If players accelerate through the cuts and work through the tension of the bands, they’ll build power in the hip flexors, which will support quick stops and direction changes. And if players move quickly through the sequence described below and repeat each rep with full explosivity and minimal breaks, they’ll make the most of this exercise and generate faster results.
Lacrosse GLE 2 Man Attack Drill: Sets and Reps
The lacrosse GLE 2 man attack drill can be executed by adult or youth players at any skill level. Each individual on the team can begin by playing a role as the shooter, completing three complete reps with the bands in place. Then players can adjust their roles and complete three more reps in the position of the passer.
After six total resisted reps—three in each role—players can remove the bands and complete two more reps in each role with no resistance in place. Athletes should take advantage of the temporary sensation of lightness after the removal of the bands in order to concentrate on speed and accuracy while passing and shooting.
Lacrosse Attack Drills: Final Notes
For a wide range of video training tutorials for offensive and defensive lacrosse players, athletes and coaches can explore the lacrosse training section of KbandsTraining.com. The videos in the lacrosse training section provide drills and exercises like this one that can help players build speed, agility, passing and catching skills, and game winning team strategies. These drills are demonstrated by experienced athletes and can help team maximize the benefits of their practice time and their use of resistance and suspension training equipment.
The Kbands Training website also offers similar training materials and video breakdowns for a growing list of other sports, including basketball, baseball, football, track and field, and soccer. For questions and additional information, coaches and players can use the site to contact the Kbands trainers directly.
Lacrosse Training Equipment
Why You Need to Maintain an Offensive Mindset, in Business as Well as Lacrosse
6 min read
Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.
I’m so passionate about maintaining an offensive mindset that it’s my number one rule for my own business; and I devote an entire chapter of my new book Stadium Status to the strategy behind it. That strategy involves what I call The Law of Sevens.
Related: Are You Playing Offense or Defense in Your Business?
This means that your audience members need at least seven different ways to connect the dots between your brand and what you do. They also need a minimum seven impressions or offers before they are moved to make a purchase decision or commit to the value proposition you offer. In sum, the Law of Sevens is about always being on offense.
My philosophy as a coach (and now as an executive coach) is that the best defense is a good offense. It’s the ultimate differentiator because most teams and people spend way too much of their time on defense. Why would you want to be on the offensive all the time? Five reasons:
- Being on offense is proactive; being on defense is reactive.
- You’re on your toes on offense, but on your heels on defense.
- You dictate the pace of the game, whatever game that might be.
- You create momentum.
- You’re attacking not defending.
Back in the day, as a college lacrosse player, I was an attackman, which meant strictly playing offense, as my position didn’t cross midfield into the defensive zone. When I first started playing lacrosse in high school, I chose the position; it didn’t choose me.
It was my preference (and not because you only had to run half the length of the field), because it was a proactive position. You attacked the goal; you didn’t sit back and wait for things to happen “to you” or “against you.”
When I went from player to coach, I took this philosophy to the extreme. I wanted our defensive players and even our goalie to approach their roles, too, with an offensive mindset. So, our defensemen and goalies practiced shooting drills every day with the offensive players. If a defenseman crossed midfield with the ball, I wanted him to put pressure on the other team, attack the goal and see what opportunities he could create.
I charted time of possession, because we wanted to dominate the time anyone had possession in every game. Later in my career, I even timed how long it took us to clear the ball and get it on offense — the faster the better.
The mindset I tried to drive into my players was that the ball can only be one of three places: on the ground, in our sticks or buried in the back of our opponents’ goal. Which meant that we didn’t sit back on defense; we attacked. I wanted my defensemen to assume an offensive mindset. We didn’t sit back and react; we took the game to them.
Trapping, double-teaming, applying constant pressure on and off ball: We dictated the tempo, and the opposition had only one choice: keep up or give up.
What’s important here is that offense didn’t remain just a lacrosse position for me; it became the lens through which I view the world. I try to live my life on offense rather than on defense. I’d rather be making something happen than waiting for something to happen.
Related: A Strong Balance of Confidence and Paranoia is the Best OffenseHow can you make sure you’re on offense all the time?
By choosing it. You can choose how you want to approach any given situation: by being proactive or reactive. I coach my clients to be offensive. I’ll ask them: Are you moving toward something positive, or are you moving away from something negative you’re trying to avoid? (If you’ve ever hit a golf ball and tried to avoid the water hazard instead of focusing on the center of the green, you know what I’m talking about.) Offensive means attacking the green, defensive means avoiding the water. It’s the difference between playing to win versus playing not to lose.
Teams and companies that take a defensive posture under pressure tend to play not to lose. A fascinating study by McGraw-Hill Research’s Laboratory of Advertising Performance, analyzing 600 companies, 1980 to 1985, found that in that time period, companies that were aggressive recession advertisers enjoyed sales increases of 256 percent over those that didn’t keep up their advertising.
Similarly: Research by University of Illinois professor Hayden Noel on companies during the ’80s recession found that those that cut back on advertising suffered long-term losses, with some never recovering. Companies that maintained their advertising saw increases in revenue of between 20 percent and 80 percent during that same 1980-to-1985 span.
The reasoning is simple: Companies that got reactive (defensive) instead of proactive (offensive) suffered self-inflicted wounds. That’s why I believe in offense.
I left coaching and started my business in 2008, during the biggest economic downturn since the Great Depression. The speaking industry alone contracted by 50 percent, 2008 to 2009. What did I do? I made sure I stayed on offense and applied the Law of Sevens.
That meant that I maintained a media presence, brokering a deal to have a radio show in Boston. I realized it would be less expensive and more valuable to have my own show than to advertise in other platforms: I essentially had a 60-minute commercial on Sundays for four straight years.
The lesson here? Offense wins, regardless of conditions. When times are tough, you need to remind prospects about the value of doing business with you. If your competition stays on the offensive, and you don’t, you’ll lose. If your competition gets defensive and doesn’t advertise, you can gain revenue and market share by staying on offense. Again . . . Either you control the process or it’s going to control you.
Related: Robert Herjavec: Why You Should Never Play Defense in Business
Do you have at least seven ways for customers to connect the dots to you? If not, it’s time to generate some offense.90,000 lacrosse: team sports strategy
Lacrosse Player Positions Lacrosse Rules Lacrosse Strategy Lacrosse GlossaryLacrosse has offensive and defensive strategies for different situations. Some of these game situations include:
- Settled – Settled is when all players are ready or settled when the attacker goes on the attack. This can happen after play has been interrupted, for example after a foul or off-court play.
- Unsettled – An unsettled situation occurs when a rapid change of ownership occurs, giving one team an advantage such as a fast break.
- Power Play or Man-up Man-down is when there is one less player in one team due to a penalty. While a player is absent, a team with an additional player or a majority will press and try to score. The other team will focus on defense and try to hold on until their player’s penalty time expires.
Offensive Lacrosse Strategies:
In normal or timed situations, teams will comply with established violations. A common settled offense is called 2-3-1. This means the first line of 2 midfielders at the top of the field, the second line directly in front of the goal with two strikers outside and a midfielder in the center, and a third striker located just outside the goal (sometimes called the X position). Players will then pass the ball out of bounds or run in triangles to confuse the defense and try to get an opportunity. Some other stable formations include 1-4-1 and 1-3-2. Some setups can give attackers more attack power, but also leave the defense open for a quick breakthrough. Other strategies used include selection customization or rule-based validation. A key offensive strategy in lacrosse is trying to get quick breaks or unresolved clear. This can give the attacker an advantage for a short time. By quickly moving the ball up the field, a team can draw more attackers than defenders into the attacking zone.
Lacrosse Defense Strategies:
In normal or timed play, defense can play a personal defense where each lacrosse defender is assigned a striker to cover, or a zone where each defender is assigned a zone or zone to cover. In individual defense, players need to communicate and perform “sliding” duties as they cover a defender who passes by. Knowing when and how to switch players is key to personal defense in lacrosse.The most common zone defense is 3–3, where the top three are midfielders and the bottom three are defenders.
Man Up, Man Down:
Power play or Man-up Man Down is another key area in lacrosse strategy. The situation in a match with a player is a great opportunity to score, and teams must be ready to capitalize on these situations. At the same time, if you can build strong defenses against humans, you can upset the other lacrosse team as well as contain them.
Substitutions are also a key strategy in lacrosse. It is important that the players, especially the midfielders, are fresh and fast. The best strategies and players in the world will not be able to win games if they are too exhausted to run.
Positions of lacrosse players Lacrosse rules Lacrosse strategy Lacrosse glossary
Non-printing test – Firm secret – Kommersant
With the release of the Buick LaCrosse, GM did not take into account the French slang for masturbation. Agencies conducting multilingual brand analysis are ready to protect companies from language blunders.
Text: Tatiana Filimonova, Aleksey Gostev
“And they drink this ?! I’m going to vomit from just one thought!” – said in 2003 an American woman reading Russian Laura Batrast , who came to visit one of the authors of this article. In Moscow, which was enjoying an incipient consumer boom, ads for Hooch cocktails hung everywhere. But for a guest from the United States, brought up in New York slang, the word hoochie meant “more than accessible” girl, and the word “hooch” evoked sickening associations.
In order not to fall into a linguistic trap and not sell a drink with the name “hooch” in the New York suburbs, you can do your own research – or you can contact the American firm Choice Translating. Michelle Menard, who founded it in 1995 , initially set out to make money by translating ordinary documents. However, then I realized that translating only the names of companies and brands is much more profitable.
What does your product name sound like in another language? It is better to find out in advance.Since 2003, Choice Translating has been offering a package of services “What does your brand mean in another language?” Especially for companies entering foreign markets. It will cost the client $ 13 thousand, but you can “track” how the brand sounds in 80 languages. So far, Choice Translating services are used by small companies focused on the Latin American market. “They start to wonder what their brand would mean in Spanish or Portuguese,” says Michel Menard. For example, Hershey’s was promoting Elegancita bars with cajeta cream on the Mexican market, unaware that the Spanish slang for cajeta was female genitals.
Choice Translating employs mostly freelancers, about a thousand people from 80 countries. Not a single unpleasant consonance will hide from students and housewives immersed in a living language environment – and sometimes this saves companies from serious mistakes. For example, one pharmaceutical company has launched the Tegro slimming product. But in French there is a phonetically similar construction t’es gros – “you are fat”.
Clients are beginning to understand the seriousness of the problem: in 2007, Choice Translating generated $ 600,000 in revenue from multilingual analysis.Michelle Menard is confident that in the next two years, language analysis of brands will bring about 80% of the company’s total revenue, the remaining 20% will be provided by ordinary translations.
Another “brand translator” is the American Translatus, founded in 2001. The company also offers clients multilingual brand analysis. But it does have a service that Choice Translating does not: Translatus offers a list of similarly named firms in the market the firm is going to enter.Translatus is confident that they have staked out a very promising market, because in the era of globalization, more and more companies want to protect themselves from “translation difficulties”.
Football tactics – football.ua
Football.ua presents to your attention a new section, which will be completely devoted to football tactics: the history of development, basic principles and concepts, modern problems.
As an introductory material, we propose to get acquainted with an excerpt from the book by Boris Andreevich Arkadiev Tactics of the football game , which for several decades has been considered one of the main textbooks for coaches and those interested in this kind of football art.
Any method of fighting the enemy can be called tactics. An expediently constructed tactic gives the desired result, an inexpedient tactic does not lead to it.
Applying appropriate methods of struggle means knowing how to fight. Thus, tactics is the ability to fight the enemy.
Football tactics are the ability to play with the greatest success. With a high degree of this skill, the tactics of the game rises to the height of art.
The body of knowledge underlying football tactics is small, and they themselves are simple and accessible to all who play football.The whole point is for the player’s knowledge to become his skill.
A completely different matter is the method of tactical training of players and the team as a whole and its staffing for some forthcoming cycle of games based on the “diagnosis” of the players’ playing abilities. This requires a wide range of special knowledge, but all this refers to the football strategy that ensures the team’s success, for example, in the championship or the Cup of the country, that is, in some tournament cycle of games as a whole.
Still, what takes place in the game on the field should be considered the subject of tactics, up to the choice of the technical means of the game, and is primarily a matter of the skill of the players.
The ability to fight for the ball, “hold” the player and move away from the holding player, dodge the opponent and take the ball away from him – all this is an individual tactic of a football player, more precisely – a single combat tactic, while team tactics of collective effort combines the unity of purpose and method individual actions of the players.
When a player uses his feint (deceptive movement) skill to dodge an opponent, this is an individual tactic; the very same outline of the player, applied in terms of the organized collective effort of the team, will be a means of team tactics of the game.
Football tactics are the art of a team to make the most of all its playing possibilities, building the game in accordance with the characteristics of the opponent.
Practically in the game, this is expressed in a certain offensive system of sending the ball and fast movements of players with and without him for the final throw of the ball into the opponent’s goal and in a defensive system of actions aimed at depriving the opponent of the opportunity to score a goal.
Thus, no matter what tactical system the team plays, all its offensive efforts are reduced to scoring as many goals as possible into the opponent’s goal and not allowing them to enter their own.
To this end, the team, in an organized effort, tries to give its attacking players the opportunity to shoot at the opponent’s goal from a distance and from positions that allow them to score a goal. Her defensive tactics boil down to preventing the enemy from doing this.
In order to be able to score a goal, the attacking player must at some point be in a position where the opponent would not interfere with him to send the ball into the goal net.
At this moment, the state of the attacking player, as a rule, is not static and can be called a position only conditionally, since the player usually only in motion finds the freedom of action necessary to score a goal.
However, the defensive players try to approach a free-standing or moving opponent at their goal and “close” him, even if he does not possess the ball, if his partners can pass the ball to him at the moment.
The technical means to bring the ball closer to the opponent’s goal are to kick and dribble the ball.
I will call the transfer of the ball by kick from one player to another, as it is customary for us, a pass, dribbling the ball across the free field – rushing the ball, and dribbling the ball past the opponent – dribbling.
The simplest football tactic is to play according to the principle of “hit and run”, that is, without a precise purpose (unaddressed) sending the ball towards the opponent’s goal and the players’ aspiration after the ball.
This is a long-passed stage of the tactical development of the game, to which football will never return.
Modern tactics of the game are based mainly on the pass, combined with the movement of the players, the ball chasing and dribbling.
Playing only “in passing”, without moving the players and dribbling the ball, is impossible, since the transfer of the ball between standing motionless players will never bring the ball closer to the opponent’s goal.
The movement of the attackers will certainly cause the defending players to pursue them.
Breakthroughs to the goal and outlining will meet organized defense opposition.
Thus, all the main tactical means of the game are immediately determined, namely: kick on goal and pass, ball rush and dribble, “holding” the player and taking the ball, moving without the ball and taking positions, that is, the placement of players.
The distribution of game functions between the players and the resulting arrangement of players determine the tactical system of the game.
Hidden Ball Trick
A Hidden Ball Trick is a game in which a player tricks the opposing team into the location of the ball. The hidden ball trick is most commonly seen in Baseball, where defense misleads the runner as to the location of the ball by trying to tag out the runner. In goal-based sports (such as American football and lacrosse), offense misleads the defense about the location of the ball by trying to force the defense to work in the wrong direction, such as in fumblerooski.
Baseball and Softball
In the sports of baseball and softball, the hidden ball trick usually involves the fielder using manual dexterity or misdirection to confuse the base runner with respect to the position of the ball, allowing the fielder to mark out the runner by surprise. Although there are several variations of the game, they usually assume that the fielder is holding the ball unbeknownst to the runner while waiting for the runner to retire. base and then quickly marking the runner. For the trick to work, the fielder (usually the infielder) must receive the ball while the ball is still in play, and the runner must either not know that the fielder is in possession of the ball or think that the game is over. [ citation needed ]
Fielders usually try to trick a runner by imitating a throw to a pitcher or other defender, and the baseball is hidden from view, often with a glove on. If a runner is oblivious and assumes that the nearest fielder is no longer in possession of the ball, he may stray from base and be flagged.  A related tactic is to quickly re-tag the runner after a failed mark in the hope that his arm or leg has lost contact with the base after the slide but before the time has been called. 
In most situations, the pushing rule prevents the pitcher from performing the hidden ball trick.  In high school and college baseball, a stop is called (NFHS R6-S2-A5) if the runner or runners are on the base and the pitcher, without touching the pitcher’s plate, makes any movement naturally associated with his serve, or he puts his feet on or on top of the pitcher’s plate, or stands about five feet away from the pitcher’s plate without having the ball. In professional baseball according to Rule 6.02 (a) (9), a push up occurs if the pitcher stands on the swinging rubber without the ball.  How to play after a foul ball, hit a batsman, or a time-out should not resume until the pitcher is on the pitcher’s mound, then the infielder cannot use this time to get the ball.
Although variations exist, use of the game in major league baseball is quite rare. Some say the hidden ball trick has been used less than 300 times in over 100 years of major league baseball. 
And the first baseman can try to play after the pitcher in an attempt to cut off the runner shoots first. The first baseman then simulates a throw back to the pitcher while holding the ball in his glove and, if and when the runner leaves base, marks the runner.  Dave Bergman is a former first baseman who has done this a number of times.  A second baseman may try to play a similar game after successfully stealing second base by being shot by a catcher.
Former second baseman Marty Barrett has also done the trick successfully on more than one occasion.  After the runner reached second base after the ball went into the far field and after he received a throw-in from the far field, he faked a throw to the pitcher while holding the ball.  To help cheat, Barrett fired his back to the runner, then placed the ball between the back of his glove and one of his fingers: thus he exposed his glove to the runner with no ball in his pocket, assuming he had no ball.  The other players hid the ball under their armpits. 
Former third baseman Matt Williams used a different technique in which the runner was asked to leave the base so Williams could brush the dirt off, then tagged the runner when the runner complied.  This worked twice. 
Former third baseman Mike Lowell also made the trick work twice, each time a throw-in. The keys to Lowell’s success were action, placement, and anticipation: act as if nothing had happened, stand to the side of the bag, but not too far from it, and wait at least 10 seconds for the runner in step three to will take a few steps. 
June 8, 2007, stop Julio Lugo from Boston Red Sox caught by Alberto Callaspo from Arizona Diamondbacks. However, third baseman Lowell, Lugo’s teammate, stated that it was not a real hidden ball trick, as the pitcher did most of the work “selling” the trick.  Before Lugo caught Callaspo, Lowell claimed the last successful hidden ball trick and held that position for eight years. Lowell’s illness occurred on August 10, 2005 when he, then with the Florida Marlins, caught Arizona Diamondbacks Luis Terrero, with feeder Todd Jones at the mound.Lowell also caught Brian Schneider from the Montreal Expo in 2004.
On returning the sphere to the infield, the ball was thrown to our sly third baseman and he quickly did a little sleight of hand, his hands moved faster than the coaches’ eyes, and shoved the ball under his arm, and took his position as everything was in order. Carrick stood in the box as if he was about to throw a ball, and Cronin loosened the ottoman slightly, but enough to be caught, and he returned to the bench amid the ridicule and yells of the people. 
Mike Lowell did it again on September 3, 1906, catching George Stone in the first inning. In the second game of the 1907 World Series, Coughlin is caught by Jimmy Slagle with a hidden ball ploy, the only one in World Series history. The play went with Germany to Schaefer Koflin. 
Willie Kamm was considered another trick master.  April 30, 1929, against the Cleveland Indians, Camm participated in a rare triple hidden ball trick game.  The Indians had baserunners at first and second bases when Karl Lind was grounded to a stop. Johnny Hodapp, who was at second base, tried to score, but got into a run between third and home. Charlie Jamison climbed to third place. Kamm took the ball and marked both runners, after which the referee ruled that Hodapp was out. Kamm then tucked the ball under his arm and waited for Jameson to leave base. When he did, Kamm tagged him to complete the triple play. 
12 July 2013San Diego Padres stop Evert Cabrera attempted a hidden ball trick on the San Francisco Giants third baseman Pablo Sandoval after Sandoval hit a double. As pitcher Sean O’Sullivan stepped onto the embankment and Sandoval took the lead, Cabrera, holding the ball, tagged Sandoval. However, Sandoval requested and received time from the second referee of the base. Laz Diaz right after his take. Since O’Sullivan never took his position on the pitcher’s plate with a baseball, the referees accordingly never called “Play,” and therefore Sandoval Cabrera’s tag was illegal.In , Fantasy League Bailout explains why a concealed ball trick can never be performed after a base hit, a visit to a hill, or other event called “timing”: the pitcher must use the rubber to get the ball back into play, and if the pitcher catches rubber without the ball, it is an obstacle under Rule 8.05 (i). 
August 10, 2013, 5-0 to Tampa Bay Los Angeles Dodgers, Evan Longoria, Tampa Bay Races Third baseman tricks in the fourth inning at Juan Uribe.With bases loaded and no exits, A.J. Ellis flew into midfield, with André Ethier marking the mark, Uribe placing third and Skipping Schumaker marking to the second. Tampa first baseman (and former Dodger) James Loney cut off center fielder Will Myers toss into the embankment, flip to shortstop Yunel Escobar, who turned to third baseman Longoria, standing a few feet behind third base, out of Uribe’s line of sight. Longoria just stood behind the bag looking bored and kicked the dirt for a few seconds before he had a chance.“I watched it and didn’t know what to do to stop it,” the pitcher said. Zach Greinke who was on deck. “I didn’t want to yell at Uribe because I could pull him [out of the bag]. I didn’t know what to do. He simply lifted his leg a tenth of a second, and Longoria was ready for it. Uribe shifted his weight and lifted his foot off third base bag, Longoria sneaked up from behind and slapped Uribe on the thigh with a tag. Longoria looked over his shoulder at referee Angel Hernandez, who challenged Uribe to a double play 8-3-6-5.After the game, his teammates presented Uribe with baseball shoes taped to the base. 
September 19, 2013 Colorado Rockies first baseman Todd Helton caught Matt Carpenter of the St. Louis Cardinals for the first inning final of the day’s game at Coors Field. Helton, who had announced his retirement days earlier after 17 seasons in the Rocky Mountains,  noted Carpenter after faking a throw to pitcher Roy Oswalt after a break-in attempt.Carpenter was wiping his hands off after sliding his head forward as he stepped from the back of first base towards Judge 1B Bill Miller. The Cardinals first base coach Chris Maloney was unable to help Carpenter until Helton caught him with a token. “I wanted to do this for 17 seasons. Now I can take that off my wishlist, ”said 40-year-old Helton:  who was the oldest active professional athlete in Denver at the time.  The Rockies won 7-6 in a 15-inning match that was the second longest in Coors Field history. 
Minor League On August 31, 1987, catcher Dave Bresnahan of the Williamsport Bills used an unusual hidden ball trick against the Reading Phillies in the Eastern League. With the runner at third base, Bresnahan changed the catcher’s mittens and put on the glove in which he hid the peeled potatoes. As the field cleared, Bresnahan fired white potatoes down the third baseline, enticing the runner to run home. Bresnahan then marked the runner with a baseball, which he was holding in a glove. The judge awarded the runner with a home plate for cheating Bresnahan.Bresnahan was subsequently cleared of bills for the incident, but Bill’s fans loved the game and the team ended up ditching Bresnahan’s number.   
In goal-based sports (such as American football and lacrosse), offense misleads the defense about the location of the ball by trying to get the defense to move in the wrong direction.
The hidden ball trick is considered a trick in American football.
In American football, there are various ways of hidden ball play, including the Statue of Liberty to play and Fumblerooski.
On November 9, 1895, John Heisman performed a hidden ball trick using defender Reynolds Tychenor to get Auburn The only landing on a 6-9 loss to Vanderbilt. During the game, the ball was chained to the midfielder, who was able to slip it under the quarterback’s jersey, and he, in turn, was able to run to the touchdown.It was also the first game in the south to have a goal-field goal.  Heisman later used this trick against Georgia’s Pop Warners Team. Warner picked up this trick and later applied it at Cornell v. Pennsylvania in 1897.  He then used it in 1903 at Carlisle v. Harvard and attracted the attention of the whole country.
The hidden ball trick was famously parodied in the 1930s. The Marx Brothers in the film Horse Feathers and by Three Puppets in the short comedy Three Little Pigs . a b c d e W 1 90 h i Kelly, Malcolm. “Ozzy, chicken legs, and the old hidden ball trick: great stories surround the ancient game of trickery.” “Keys to the Hidden Ball Trick in Lacrosse – Win – ESPN Video”. ESPN.com . Retrieved on 2018-11-12. 90,000 Comments / Bookmarks / Profile of mFoxRU / Habr Sir Ernest Rutherford, President of the Royal Academy and Nobel Prize Laureate in Physics, told this story: The student’s answer was: “You need to climb with the barometer on the roof of the building, lower the barometer down on a long rope, and then pull it back in and measure the length of the rope, which will show the exact height of the building.” Rutherford suggested that the student try to answer again. After giving him six minutes to prepare, he warned him that the answer must demonstrate knowledge of physical laws. After five minutes, the student still did not write anything on the exam sheet. Rutherford asked him if he was giving up, but he said that he had several solutions to the problem, and he just chose the best. Interested, Rutherford asked the young man to start answering, without waiting for the expiration of the allotted time.The new answer to the question read: “Climb the barometer to the roof and throw it down, measuring the time of the fall. Then, using the formula, calculate the height of the building. ” Here Rutherford asked his fellow teacher if he was pleased with this answer. He finally gave up, finding the answer satisfactory. However, the student mentioned that he knew several answers and was asked to open them. “There are several ways to measure the height of a building with a barometer,” the student began. – For example, you can go outside on a sunny day and measure the height of the barometer and its shadow, as well as measure the length of the building shadow.Then, having decided a simple proportion, determine the height of the building itself. “Not bad,” Rutherford said. – Are there other ways? – Yes. There is a very simple way that I am sure you will like. You take the barometer in your hands and climb the stairs, placing the barometer against the wall and making marks. By counting the number of these marks and multiplying it by the size of the barometer, you get the height of the building. Quite an obvious method. “If you want a more complicated method,” he continued, “then tie a string to the barometer and, swinging it like a pendulum, determine the amount of gravity at the base of the building and on its roof.
One day a colleague turned to him for help. He was going to give the lowest grade in physics to one of his students, while he claimed that he deserved the highest grade.Both the professor and the student agreed to rely on the judgment of a third party, a disinterested arbiter. The choice fell on Rutherford. The exam question read: “Explain how you can measure the height of a building with a barometer?”
The case was indeed difficult, since the answer was absolutely complete and correct! On the other hand, the exam was in physics, and the answer had little to do with the application of knowledge in this area.
The student’s answer was: “You need to climb with the barometer on the roof of the building, lower the barometer down on a long rope, and then pull it back in and measure the length of the rope, which will show the exact height of the building.”
Rutherford suggested that the student try to answer again. After giving him six minutes to prepare, he warned him that the answer must demonstrate knowledge of physical laws. After five minutes, the student still did not write anything on the exam sheet. Rutherford asked him if he was giving up, but he said that he had several solutions to the problem, and he just chose the best.
Interested, Rutherford asked the young man to start answering, without waiting for the expiration of the allotted time.The new answer to the question read: “Climb the barometer to the roof and throw it down, measuring the time of the fall. Then, using the formula, calculate the height of the building. ”
Here Rutherford asked his fellow teacher if he was pleased with this answer. He finally gave up, finding the answer satisfactory. However, the student mentioned that he knew several answers and was asked to open them.
“There are several ways to measure the height of a building with a barometer,” the student began. – For example, you can go outside on a sunny day and measure the height of the barometer and its shadow, as well as measure the length of the building shadow.Then, having decided a simple proportion, determine the height of the building itself.
“Not bad,” Rutherford said. – Are there other ways?
– Yes. There is a very simple way that I am sure you will like. You take the barometer in your hands and climb the stairs, placing the barometer against the wall and making marks. By counting the number of these marks and multiplying it by the size of the barometer, you get the height of the building. Quite an obvious method.
“If you want a more complicated method,” he continued, “then tie a string to the barometer and, swinging it like a pendulum, determine the amount of gravity at the base of the building and on its roof.