Baird’s Financial Advisors Group – The Lee & Dunn Group, Grass Valley, CA: Welcome to Baird
A true financial partner with your best interests in mind
People choose their careers for many different reasons. When we decided to become Financial Advisors, we were driven by a genuine passion for creating great outcomes in clients’ lives and a deep desire to help them achieve the things they wanted for themselves and the people they care about.
We have closely guided high-net-worth individuals, corporate executives and families through many market cycles, led by a thorough understanding of their unique situations and an unwavering commitment to keep their best interests first.
In Baird, we have a partner that shares our passion for wealth management, with world-class resources and deep expertise to support us in our mission to provide the very best advice and service we can in important areas, including:
- Portfolio management
- Saving for higher education
- Planning for retirement
- Estate planning services
- Investment tax planning
While many financial advisors focus exclusively on Investment Consulting, we take a broader approach, seeking to integrate quality investment management with other areas of financial planning, asset protection, and estate planning. We refer to this as Lifetime & Inter-generational Strategic Planning.
Our process is highly personalized and collaborative resulting in a much more comprehensive overview of your values and goals. From this cornerstone we believe we are able to create a more holistic and wide-reaching financial plan that addresses not only your needs today and those later in life, as well as generations to come.
To discover the difference true partnership can make in your financial life, contact us today.
| If you’re driving around Starkville, Miss., at 3 in the morning, you’re one of two things:|
If New York is The City That Never Sleeps, Starkville is The City That Always Gets Eight Hours. There’s nowhere to go and nothing to do at that time of night in the Southeastern Conference’s drowsiest little hamlet.
Unless you are Joe Lee Dunn. Then there’s plenty to do. You’re motoring into the office for some routine pre-dawn film work.
Once two-a-days start, this is the way Dunn begins every work day.
“Ain’t nobody here,” said one of the nation’s premier assistant coaches. “Nobody walking in your office, no telephone calls, none of that. It’s really a wonderful time to be at the office and get things done.
“It’s just the way I do things.”
Dunn’s way of doing things is rarely the conventional way. From his marsupial work schedule — which allows him to go home right after practice to see his wife and three kids — to his befuddling defensive alignments, Joe Lee is not afraid to be different.
When Tim Couch and Kentucky came to Starkville in 1997, Dunn greeted him with 11 defenders in a two-point stance. For the first couple of series, not a single Bulldog paw touched the turf before the snap.
Other times he’s played with two down linemen. Or he’s rushed eight or nine at the quarterback. He’ll start five defensive backs, five linemen and a single linebacker if that gets his best players on the field — which is exactly what he intends to do again this season. (It helps to have a sideline-to-sideline stud at linebacker, and the Bulldogs do in Mario Haggan, an All-America candidate.)
State will play two corners, a free safety and two “Dog” safeties, who are prone to line up about anywhere and do about anything. This year’s star Dog, Pig Prather, was as much a blitzing linebacker as anything last year, recording 11 tackles for loss, including five sacks, to go with an interception and four pass deflections — despite missing most of the last two regular-season games and the Independence Bowl with a knee injury.
With five defensive backs, Mississippi State can handle today’s spread offenses and still get in the backfield regularly.
“I think the game dictates that,” Dunn said. “The people that win the championships throw the ball, so if you want to win, you’ve got to stop that.”
Mississippi State is winning at its highest rate ever, averaging more than eight victories over each of the last four seasons and playing in three straight bowl games. Credit head coach Jackie Sherrill for a lot of that, but don’t forget the defensive coordinator’s role.
Last year the Bulldogs’ defense scored eight touchdowns. In 1999, Dunn’s unit led the nation in both rushing and total defense, was fourth in pass efficiency defense and sixth in scoring defense. (Not coincidentally, State tied the school record with 10 victories.) In ’98, Dunn’s D scored five touchdowns and was the last school in the country to surrender a passing touchdown.
That high-impact defense blends well with Sherrill’s conservative, low-risk offense. The game plan at State often calls for the offense to avoid losing the game while the defense goes about winning it.
Dunn loves betting on the ponies and will make trips to Las Vegas to watch races nationwide, while his wife plays the slots. But he disputes the assumption that he gambles on the football field. His pressure-everywhere defense will not send extra men after the quarterback if it’s going to leave a receiver uncovered.
His reputation having gone national, Dunn said other college coaches regularly visit Starkville in the spring to study his strategy. What they find might be less revolutionary than they thought.
“The main thing you need are guys who can tackle,” Dunn said.
Putting those tacklers in unexpected places is where Dunn comes in. Early every morning. Opposing coaches might not like knowing that while their offensive coordinator is hugging his pillow, Joe Lee Dunn is rolling videotape and looking for weaknesses.
Pat Forde covers college football for the Louisville Courier-Journal.
Roy Lee Dunn, Appellant, v. United States of America, Appellee, 318 F.2d 89 (5th Cir. 1963) :: Justia
Douglass D. Hearne, Hume Cofer, John D. Cofer, Austin, Tex., Cofer, Cofer & Hearne, Austin, Tex., for appellant.
Ernest Morgan, U. S. Atty., Andrew L. Jefferson, Jr., Asst. U. S. Atty., San Antonio, Tex., for appellee.
Before RIVES and GEWIN, Circuit Judges, and SHEEHY, District Judge.
RIVES, Circuit Judge.
This appeal is from a judgment of conviction based on an indictment drawn under the Mann Act, 18 U.S.C.A. § 2421, which charged:
“That on or about February 15, 1961, ROY LEE DUNN knowingly and unlawfully transported and caused to be transported in interstate commerce a woman and girl, to-wit: Lynn L. Willis, from the State of Oklahoma to the Austin Division of the Western District of Texas, for the purpose of prostitution, debauchery and other immoral purposes.”
Only two questions need be answered: 1) whether the district court erred in denying Dunn’s motion for a judgment of acquittal; and 2) whether the district court committed reversible error in failing to caution the jury as to “accomplice” testimony.
At Caldwell, Burleson County, Texas, during January and February of 1961, Dunn operated the Tradewinds Club and, on the other side of the road, the “Big House,” a house of prostitution. The Club specialized in mixed drinks, gambling, and strip tease; the “Big House” featured mixed drinks and the companionship of the prostitutes in residence there. As fees were collected by the prostitutes from customers, they were given to the Negro maid who kept a record of each girl’s earnings. The girls were paid on a weekly basis by Dunn who kept fifty per cent of the proceeds as his commission.
Lynn Willis was employed by Dunn as a prostitute and resided at the “Big House.” Raymond Medina was employed by Dunn and worked in and around both establishments. His principal duties, however, were centered at the Tradewinds Club. Rodolfo (Rudy) Medina, brother of Raymond, was employed at the Tradewinds Club.
On or about February 10, 1961, Lynn Willis was taken, against her will, from the “Big House” by a panderer named Thomas Dominic Butler in the company of a man known to her only as “Billy” and a woman whose name was Dolores Reeves. Butler and his companions took Lynn Willis to Galveston, Texas, where they met another panderer named William Edward Rafferty. Butler and Rafferty then took her to Lawton, Oklahoma, where she worked as a prostitute. From Lawton, she was taken to the Shaffer Hotel, Altus, Oklahoma. While she was at the Shaffer Hotel, she also plied her trade.
On or about February 14, 1961, Lynn Willis made three telephone calls in an effort to contact Dunn or Bud Simmons, the bartender at the “Big House.” The first call was made to the Tradewinds Club. Rudy Medina answered the phone. This call was not completed because neither Dunn nor Bud Simmons happened to be at the Club. The second call was attempted shortly thereafter. This call was also placed to the Club. Again she failed to reach Dunn or Bud Simmons. Instead, Lynn Willis talked to Raymond Medina who had answered the telephone. She told Raymond Medina that she was in Altus, Oklahoma, that she was going to catch a bus for Dallas, Texas, and asked Medina to have Dunn send somebody to meet her there. The third call was made to the “Big House.”
As to this third call, Lynn Willis testified:
“A. Well, I placed the third call and I asked for Roy Dunn or Bud Simmons.
“Q. All right. Now, you placed this call also from Altus, Oklahoma?
“Q. And where was it placed to?
“A. I believe it was placed to the `Big House.’
“Q. And that’s the place where you had been living?
“A. Yes, the house of prostitution.
“Q. All right. Now, tell us about that call?
“A. And somebody took the phone up, I don’t know who it was; I didn’t much care at the time.
“A. Yes, I was. It was trying to get away from these pimps.
“Q. All right. What did you say in that telephone call?
“A. I told them that I could not catch a bus until 7:00 o’clock in the morning, and then I told him that I was in Altus, Oklahoma, in the Shaffer Hotel, and I gave him the room number and told him that I would be ready.
“Q. Now, do you know who you were talking to?
On further examination by both the prosecution and the defense, Lynn Willis stuck to her testimony that she did not know to whom she talked on this third telephone call. It is crucial that the only testimony that Dunn was the recipient of this third telephone call came from Raymond Medina, who admitted that he actually transported Lynn Willis from Altus, Oklahoma, back to the house of prostitution in Caldwell, Texas.
Raymond Medina testified that, on the third call, he answered the telephone when it rang at the “Big House” and handed the receiver to Dunn; that Dunn conversed with the calling party and afterwards handed Raymond Medina a piece of paper (which had been destroyed) bearing the following information: Pam Watson (Lynn Willis’ trade name), Shaffer Hotel, Altus, Oklahoma; that Dunn then instructed Raymond Medina to go and get the prostitute.
The evidence is without dispute that, following this third telephone call, Raymond Medina borrowed an automobile from Vivian Accardo, the “dice girl” and sometimes “black jack” dealer at the Tradewinds Club; drove to Altus, Oklahoma; picked up the prostitute, and returned her to the “Big House” where she resumed the practice of her profession. That Dunn was the recipient of the third telephone call which resulted in the transportation of Lynn Willis from Oklahoma to Texas was a necessary link in the chain of evidence going to establish Dunn’s guilt. Whether that link was proved or not depended on whether the jury believed the testimony of Raymond Medina, who was either the principal guilty party or an accomplice of Dunn.
The appellant recognizes the well-established rule that in the federal courts a conviction can be sustained on the uncorroborated evidence of an accomplice if the jury is convinced of the defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Appellant’s insistence on error in the denial of his motion for judgment of acquittal is based upon the contention that the evidence failed to establish the necessary guilty intent and purpose for the interstate transportation of the woman. He points out that Lynn Willis made the telephone calls that initiated her return trip from Oklahoma to Texas, and insists that the dominant purpose of that trip was her escape from Butler and Rafferty.
His principal reliance is on the case of Mortensen v. United States, 1944, 322 U.S. 369, 64 S. Ct. 1037, 88 L. Ed. 1331. In that case, a man and wife who operated a house of prostitution had taken two of the girls with them on a trip planned and consummated purely as a vacation. Upon their return, the girls resumed prostitution. The Court held that a conviction of the man and his wife under the Mann Act for the interstate transportation of the girls on the return trip could not be sustained, and said in part:
“The fact that the two girls actually resumed their immoral practices after their return to Grand Island does not, standing alone, operate to inject a retroactive illegal purpose into the return trip to Grand Island. Nor does it justify an arbitrary splitting of the round trip into two parts so as to permit an inference that the purpose of the drive to Salt Lake City was innocent while the purpose of the homeward journey to Grand Island was criminal. The return journey under the circumstances of this case cannot be considered apart from its integral relation with the innocent round trip as a whole. There is no evidence of any change in the purpose of the trip during its course. If innocent when it began it remained so until it ended.” 322 U.S. at 375, 64 S. Ct. at 1041, 88 L. Ed. 1331.
The Mortensen case was a five-to-four decision contrary to the rulings of the two lower courts. Its doctrine should not be extended to cover this case where the purpose of the return trip was separate from that of the outgoing trip, especially in the light of Raymond Medina’s testimony that, “I knew I was going to get her back, and any girl that was brought back to the house of prostitution at Burleson County came there for one purpose, and the purpose was to work as a prostitute.”
We conclude that the district court properly denied Dunn’s motion for a judgment of acquittal.
The district court gave to the jury the general instructions as to the credibility to be accorded the witnesses, substantially in the language quoted in Joseph v. United States, 5 Cir., 1960, 286 F.2d 468, 469. Dunn’s attorneys objected and called attention that, “there can be a conviction on accomplice testimony, but that particularly in this case, where the accomplices are the persons who actually committed the act, and the government relies on the fact that this defendant caused them to do that, that it is extremely important that the effect and the character and the weight of accomplice testimony be commented upon.”
We quote some further amplification of the objection.
“MR. HUME COFER: * * * The thing I wanted to ask the Court now is, the Court does understand that we do request a charge concerning accomplice testimony, and, of course, the Court’s ruling on that, is not, I’m sure, based upon the fact we did not write one out, because the charge on accomplice testimony is a form charge which I’m sure is easily available. If there is any question about it, we would like permission to write one out now and request — (interrupted)
“MR. JOHN COFER: That’s all right, son, because we have got a sufficient objection on it. I have reviewed the charges, Your Honor, and read the testimony, but I never saw one before where the case depended upon accomplice testimony that didn’t have a charge on accomplice in it, so — (interrupted)
“MR. JOHN COFER: I have made an objection, Your Honor, the fact that there was no charge on accomplice in the Court’s Charge.”
The court overruled the objection and declined to charge further.
When the court fails to instruct on some question, the safer practice under Rule 30, F.R.Crim.P., is for counsel to submit a written request for instructions. However, oral requests are sufficient, if the omission has not been foreseen and if the court is clearly informed of the point involved.
In Joseph v. United States, 5 Cir., 1960, 286 F.2d 468, 469, this Court collected many of the cases on cautionary instructions as to “accomplice” testimony, and commented that the better practice is to give a cautionary instruction, but that failure so to do is often not reversible error. Again in Phelps v. United States, 5 Cir., 1958, 252 F.2d 49, 53, Judge Wisdom, after commenting on the advisability of “including a caution against placing too much reliance upon the testimony of an accomplice,” said: “Whether the error is reversible error depends on the circumstance of each case and the conduct of the trial as a whole.” See also, United States v. Persico, 2 Cir., 1962, 305 F.2d 534, 536.
We think that the circumstances of the present case clearly required the giving of a cautionary instruction as to the testimony of the witness Raymond Medina. Failure to give the instruction may well have been injurious to the defendant. Late Friday evening the jury had reported that they were hopelessly deadlocked. It was not until after about two more hours of deliberation on Saturday morning that the jury returned a verdict of guilty.
The judgment is therefore reversed and the cause remanded.
Perry Lee Dunn Stats, News and Video – RB
Perry Lee Dunn Stats, News and Video – RB | NFL.com
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Obituary | Johnny Lee Dunn (Tulia)
Johnny Lee Dunn (Tulia)
December 04, 1953 – December 20, 2016
Tulia, Texas—Johnny Dunn, 63, passed away on Tuesday, December 20, 2016 in Tulia. Funeral services will be held at 10:00 am Friday, December 23, 2016 in the First Baptist Church with Rev. Jason Stone, pastor, officiating. Burial will follow in Rose Hill Cemetery under the care of Kornerstone Funeral Directors of Tulia.
A visitation will be held on Thursday, December 22, 2016 from 6:00 to 7:00 pm at the funeral home.
Johnny Lee Dunn was born on December 4, 1953 in Hale Center to John and Wilma Dunn. They moved to Tulia when Johnny was 3 years old. He grew up here and graduated from Tulia High School in 1972. He moved to Lubbock in 1981. He attended Texas Tech. While in Lubbock he worked for Rusty’s Weigh Co. for several years. He later moved back to Tulia. He was an excellent carpenter with great wood working skills. He was also very good with any kind of machinery, especially the “Big Green Heavy Machinery”. He loved to help his son farm and watch his grandkids grow up. He was a true agriculturalist and the Swisher County soil ran through his veins. He loved to plant cotton and watched it grow. Most importantly he loved his family, especially his grandchildren.
He is preceded in death by his mother: Wilma Dunn.
He is survived by his son and daughter-in-law: Austin and Megan Dunn of Tulia, his father: John Dunn of Tulia, his sister and brother-in-law: Debbie and Ricky Cox of Lubbock, his two brothers and sisters-in-law: David and Sheila Dunn of Tulia and Donald and Brenda Dunn of Waxahachie, his three grandchildren: Shailee Wilhelm, Kyanne Dunn and Ella Dunn and several nieces and nephews.
Memorials may be made to the First Baptist Church, 101 N. Crosby, Tulia, Texas 79088.
Online condolences may be made at www.kornerstonefunerals.com
Thursday, December 22, 2016
201 W. Broadway
Tulia, Texas 79088
Friday, December 23, 2016
101 N. Crosby
Tulia, Texas 79088
Noel Lee Dunn (born January 18, 1942), American insurance company executive
Noel Lee Dunn, American insurance company executive. Awards in Visual Arts, 1980-1982. Member Development Council U. North Carolina, Rotary, Old Town (Winston-Salem), Union League (New York City), University; Club (Houston), Long Hope, Cane River.
Dunn, Noel Lee was born on January 18, 1942 in Cleveland. Son of Leon John and Ruth Doctorate. Bachelor, U. North Carolina, 1964. Chartered Property Casualty Underwriter. Marketing supervisor Aetna Casualtyand Surety, Charlotte, North Carolina, 1964-1969.
Partner Pilot Insurance Agency, WinstonSalem, North Carolina, 1969-1986. Chairman, chief Executive officer Rollins Burdick Hunter of the Carolinas, Incorporated. (now Rollins Hudig Hall), 1987, also senior managing director and southeastern regional manager.
Board directors First Union National Bank.
Trustee National Nature Conservancy, 1978-1980, 81, also vice chairman, North America Wildlife Foundation. Board director National Audubon Society, vice chairman, 1985.
Trustee Ducks Unlimited, 1974-1982, senior vice president, 1976-1981, trustee imeritus, 1981. Honorary president Izaak Walton League American, 1978.
Trustee North Carolina School Arts Foundation, 1976-1980.
Chairman steering committee North Carolina School of Arts, 1980. Board directors Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, 1976, chairman of the board of trustees, 1977-1979. Chairman steering committee Awards in Visual Arts, 1980-1982.
Trustee Forsyth County Nature Science Center, 1978-1982.
Board visitors Wake Forest U.
Marketing supervisor Aetna Casualty and Surety, Charlotte, 1964—1969. Partner Pilot Insurance Agency, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 1969—1986. Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, senior managing doctor and southeastern regional manager Rollins Hudig Hall (formerly Rollins Burdick Hunter of the Carolinas, Inc.), since 1987.
Vice chairman Northern American Wildlife Foundation. Board directors National Audubon Society, vice chairman, since 1985. Trustee Ducks Unlimited, 1974-1982, senior vice president, 1976-1981, trustee imeritus, since 1981.
Honorary president Izaak Walton League American, 1978. Trustee North Carolina School Arts Foundation, 1976-1980. Chairman steering committee North Carolina School of Arts, since 1980.
Bed. directors Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, Winston-Salem, since 1976, chairman board trustees, 1977-1979. Chairman steering committee Awards in Visual Arts, 1980-1982. Trusteee Forsyth County Nature Science Center, 1978-1982.
Board visitors Wake Forest University. Member Development Council University North Carolina, Rotary Club, Old Town Club Winston-Salem, Union League New York City, University Club Houston, Long Hope Club, Cane River Club.
Obituary | Deanna Lee Dunn
Deanna Lee Dunn
January 11, 1943 – January 02, 2014
Deanna Lee (Harvey) Dunn, 70, of Memphis, Missouri, passed away on Thursday, January 2, 2014, after suffering a stroke on January 1st. Born January 11, 1943, in Peoria, Illinois, she was the daughter of the late Ruth Harvey Bryant and the late Leland Frank Harvey and the step-daughter of the late Paul Bryant. She was raised in Memphis and married Kent Dunn on March 3, 1963. She was preceded in death by her husband, Charles Kent Dunn, in 2005. She is survived by her two children: Stacie (Dunn) Juhl and husband, Tom, of Bloomfield, Iowa and Kris Dunn and his wife, Angie (Wickert) Dunn, of Birmingham, Alabama; four siblings: Bill Harvey and wife, Carol, of The Villages, Florida; Mary Lou Harper and husband, Richard, of Memphis, Missouri; Judy Gardner and husband, Ron, of Worthington, Ohio and Dennis Bryant of Worthington, Ohio; five grandchildren: Jason Juhl and Katy Juhl, both of Des Moines, Iowa; Derek Juhl of Chicago, Illinois and Drew Dunn and Brady Dunn of Birmingham, Alabama; brother-in-law, Jack Dannenhauer and wife, Darlene, of Memphis; Aunt Edith Dochterman of Kahoka, Missouri and Aunt Ruth Speer of Memphis as well as many nieces and nephews. Deanna was a teacher in the Scotland County school system, teaching 1st grade and Title I Math for 33 years. She was also very involved in the community, serving in the V.F.W. Ladies Auxiliary, the Epsilon Iota Chapter of Beta Sigma Phi Service Sorority, was a volunteer at Downing House and served on the Scotland County Memorial Library Board.
Saturday, January 04, 2014
04:00 PM – 07:00 PM
378 South Market Street
Memphis, MO 63555
Visitation will open at 9:00 A.M. Saturday.
Sunday, January 05, 2014
Applying data validation to cells
Download a sample book with all the data validation examples from this article
If you are creating a worksheet that requires users to enter data, you might want to restrict input to a specific range of dates or numbers, or only allow positive integers to be entered.In Excel, you can restrict data entry to specific cells by using Data Validation, which prompts users to enter valid data when a cell is selected and displays an error message if the user enters invalid data.
Data entry limitation
Select the cells for which you want to restrict data entry.
On the Data tab, click Data Validation > Data Validation .
Note: If the check command is not available, the sheet may be protected or the workbook is shared. If the workbook is shared or the sheet is protected, you cannot change the data validation options. For more information on securing your workbook, seeFor more information, see Protecting a Book.
In the Data Type field, select the data type you want to allow and fill in the constraints and values.
Note: Fields where you enter constraints are flagged based on the data and constraints you select. For example, if the data type is Date, you can enter restrictions on the minimum and maximum value fields marked Start date and End date .
Prompt for users to enter valid values
When the user clicks a cell containing data entry requirements, a message can be displayed indicating what data is valid.
Select the cells where you want users to be prompted to enter valid data.
On the Data tab, click Data Validation > Data Validation .
Note: If the check command is not available, the sheet may be protected or the workbook is shared. If the workbook is shared or the sheet is protected, you cannot change the data validation options. For more information on securing your workbook, seeFor more information, see Protecting a Book.
On the tab Input Prompt , select the check box Display prompt if cell is current .
In the Header field, enter a header for the message.
In the Input Prompt field , enter the message you want to display.
Display of an error message when entering invalid data
If there are data restrictions and if the user enters invalid data in a cell, you can display an error message.
Select the cells where you want to display the error message.
On the Data tab, click Data Validation > Data Validation .
Note: If the check command is not available, the sheet may be protected or the workbook is shared. If the workbook is shared or the sheet is protected, you cannot change the data validation options. For more information on securing a workbook, see Securing a workbook.
On tab Error message , in the Title field , enter a title for the message.
In the Message field, enter the message to display when invalid data is entered.
Do one of the following.
In the context menu
Require users to correct the error before proceeding
Warn users that data is invalid and require them to select Yes or No to indicate whether to continue
Warn users that data is invalid, but allow to continue after closing warning message
Legal – Apple ID & Privacy
- When you sign in with your Apple ID, you enable services such as iCloud, App Store, iMessage, and Find My on this iPhone.
- Some data, including information about contacts, calendars, photos, documents, health, activity, and other application data, will be sent to Apple for storage and backup on your behalf.
- In addition, your device will be associated with your Apple ID for improved service and support.
Your information with your Apple ID and all Apple services is protected. We make every effort to collect only the data that we need to improve the services we provide.When we do collect data, we will certainly notify you of this fact, as well as of what caused this need, so that you can make an informed decision.
Apple ID is a personal account that provides access to various Apple services such as iCloud, App Store and other Apple online stores, iMessage, FaceTime, as well as to your content on devices or on the Internet. Your Apple ID includes the information you use to sign in, as well as all contact, billing, and security information such as trusted phone numbers or security questions that you answer on Apple services.Apple retains the name, serial number, and other identifiers of your device to improve service and support, including to provide warranty information for your device and to provide service offers after you have activated your device. You can change your Apple ID account information and view a list of devices on the Apple ID account page (appleid.apple.com).
When you sign in with your Apple ID, you activate services on this iPhone such as iCloud, App Store, iMessage, FaceTime, and Find My.These services use information from your Apple ID account. In addition, certain data from your device, including contacts, calendars, photos, documents, health data, activities, Safari tabs, and other app data, will be sent to Apple for storage and backup on your behalf.
iCloud & Privacy
Sign in to iCloud
When you use iCloud, some of the data you save on your device is automatically transferred to Apple for storage.This allows you to access data from all of your devices or computers (collectively “devices”) that are signed in to iCloud. The specified data may include:
• Safari Tabs.
• Health application data.
• Home application data.
• Wallet data.
• Bunch of keys and passwords.
• Account and device settings.
• Data from third-party applications using iCloud.
iCloud Backup is also included to create an up-to-date copy of the data stored on your device that you can use to replace or restore data.
You can choose which iCloud features to enable and what data to transfer to iCloud at any time.
iCloud Data Security
The iCloud service, which protects your information, encrypts your data during transmission and stores it encrypted in iCloud using secure tokens for authentication.Apple uses end-to-end encryption on certain information. Thanks to this, only you can access your information only from those devices on which you are signed in to iCloud. No one else, not even Apple, can access end-to-end encrypted information. Learn more about iCloud data security at support.apple.com/kb/HT202303.
In some cases, your data in iCloud may be stored on the servers of third-party partners; however, Apple never provides encryption keys to third parties.
iCloud Keychain keeps your Safari usernames and passwords, credit card information, and Wi-Fi information up to date so that all your devices can access it. ICloud Keychain also stores credentials used in Mail, Contacts, Calendar, Messages, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and other Internet accounts. This information is automatically transmitted to all your devices.
iCloud Keychain uses end-to-end encryption.Thanks to this, only you can access your information only from those devices on which you are signed in to iCloud. No one can access iCloud Keychain, not even Apple. You can turn off iCloud Keychain anytime in your iCloud settings.
When you back up to iCloud, the backup can include photos, videos, messages (iMessage, SMS and MMS), health data and other applications, location settings (such as customized geolocation reminders), Visual Answering Machine data, device settings and characteristics, and other data of your iOS or iPadOS device, depending on Settings.
You can turn off iCloud backup for specific apps. To do this, go to Settings> [your name]> iCloud> Manage storage> Backups, then in the backup section, select your iOS or iPadOS device and turn off backups for individual apps.
You can turn off iCloud backups completely in iCloud preferences and use Finder (macOS Catalina 10.15 or later) or iTunes (macOS Mojave 10.14 or later) to back up your iOS or iPadOS device to your computer. If you want to completely delete your iCloud backup, please delete individual backups before turning off iCloud backup. Otherwise, the data will be backed up for 180 days.
If you use iCloud to publish restricted or public content to Notes, Pages, Numbers, Keynote, and third-party apps, Apple will save and have access to that content.Your name and surname associated with your account, and the file name will be available to anyone who has the link, regardless of whether access to the published materials is restricted or not. If access is restricted, the identities of participants will only be disclosed to those users who were invited and accepted the invitation.
iCloud & Apps
Some apps use iCloud to store the data and content you provide in those apps, and you can access that data from any device you sign in to iCloud.The app may store some or all of the data you provide in iCloud. Third-party apps may request permission to view your data so that other app users can see your first and last name if they search for your Apple ID.
You can prevent an application from storing data in iCloud by turning off iCloud access for that application. To do this, go to Settings> [your name]> iCloud, then tap to turn off apps in the Apps using iCloud list.
When you sign in and turn on iCloud on your device, certain Latitude features are automatically turned on. These features include participation in the Locator network (a crowdsourced network of Apple devices that helps you find lost devices or compatible items, as described below), as well as the ability to play a beep on the device, remotely lock the device, display messages on its screen, or remotely erase data. … You will also receive a notification if you move away from a supported device or item.Your iPhone, iPad, iPod touch, Apple Watch, and some Mac computers will be protected by Activation Lock, which prevents you from erasing and reactivating data without entering your password. More information is available at support.apple.com/kb/HT208987. If you turn on Find My on iPhone, it automatically turns on on your paired Apple Watch. Alternatively, you can turn on Find My’s network separately on your Apple Watch, and it automatically turns on on your paired iPhone.
When you use Latitude, your device’s location, device and account information is stored with Apple to enable this service. The location of your device is only shared with Apple if the location of the device or accessory is explicitly requested by you or a member of the Family Sharing group with whom you are sharing your location. Apple retains location information and provides access to it for 24 hours, after which it is deleted.When Location Services is turned on, you can also share your device’s current location using the Share Location feature. If your device and the device of your friend with whom you are sharing your location have iOS 15 or later, using this feature will automatically update your location using end-to-end encryption. If an earlier version of the software is installed on your device and on the device of your friend with whom you are sharing your location, your location will be sent to Apple only when it is directly requested by the friend with whom you are sharing your location.It persists for two hours and then is removed. The Share Location feature is enabled only if you decide to share your location with another user.
Latitude can show the geolocation of your devices on the map, which have Geolocation Services enabled. If you turn on Last Location, the last known location of your device will be automatically sent to Apple every time your device’s battery reaches a critically low level.
Locator can use Locator’s network to find devices even if they are not connected to the Internet, and for supported devices even if they are turned off or have all data erased. Locator devices use Bluetooth wireless technology to discover nearby lost devices and compatible items, including AirTag and compatible third-party products registered with Apple ID. Once the device is found, its approximate location is reported to the owner.Even if the device is turned off or all data has been erased from it, its location is also visible to family group members with whom the owner of the device decided to share the location. The transmitted data is protected with end-to-end encryption, and Apple does not have access to the geolocation of devices not connected to the Internet, as well as devices reporting the location of the missing device. If your device is on the Locator network, the network can locate it and, while maintaining the anonymity of all participants in the process, use it to find other missing devices.You can opt out of your iOS or iPadOS device from the Latitude network. To do this, go to Settings> [Your name]> Latitude> Find [device], then tap to turn off Latitude Network. You can opt out of your Mac’s participation in the Latitude network. To do this, go to System Preferences> Apple ID> iCloud, next to Find My Mac, click Options, then turn off Latitude Network. For details on AirTag and compatible third-party products, including instructions for adding those products to Find My and registering with an Apple ID, visit support.apple.com/kb/HT211331.
You can turn off Latitude and Activation Lock. To do this, on your iOS or iPadOS device, go to Settings> [your name]> Latitude> Find [device] and turn off Find [device]. On your Mac, go to System Preferences> Apple ID> iCloud, then in the list of Apps on this Mac that use iCloud, deselect Find My Mac. On your Windows PC, open iTunes.
If you agree to receive notifications when you are away from supported devices or things, the device will offer you geo-locations (such as home or work) where you will not receive these notifications.These geolocation data is stored in such a way that Apple cannot read it. You can also turn off notifications about distance from devices in Find My on iOS or iPadOS. To do this, tap Devices or Things, select a device or thing, tap Notify When Forgotten, and then tap to turn off Notify When Forgotten. In Find My on your Mac, click Devices or Things, select a device or thing, click the info button on the map, then turn off Notify When Forgotten.
Apple services available after signing in to iCloud
To access Apple features and services, such as Apple Pay, activity sharing, Home app, Handoff, Universal Clipboard, and unlocking from Apple Watch, you must be signed in iCloud on your device. Apple uses your iCloud plan information to check if you can set up and use the Secure Video Surveillance feature in the Home app. Apple does not access the content of the videos.You don’t need to use all iCloud features. You can turn off iCloud features you don’t want to use in your device’s settings.
Sign out of iCloud
If you don’t want to use iCloud on your iOS or iPadOS device and your Apple Watch paired with it, sign out of your iCloud account. To do this, open Settings, select [Your Name], and then tap Sign Out. To stop using iCloud on your Mac, go to System Preferences> Apple ID> Overview and sign out of iCloud.You may need to enter your Apple ID password.
Apple may use your account information, such as what Apple products and Apple service subscriptions you have, to send you information about iCloud and other Apple products, services and offerings that may interest you , including the Apple One subscription. The serial number of your device can be used to provide you with suitable offers. If you use Family Sharing, Apple may send you information about products, services, and offers available to you through Family Sharing.If you subscribe to Apple One, we can send you information about the features that are available in the services you subscribe to.
You can receive this information by email if you consent to receive promotional mailings. You can change your email settings and opt out of receiving these emails. To do this, go to appleid.apple.com/ru or on your iOS or iPadOS device open Settings> [Your name]> Name, phone numbers, e-mail.
You can also receive this information as push notifications. To update your notification settings or opt out of notifications, on your iOS or iPadOS device, go to Settings> Notifications.
Family Sharing allows family members to share specific content, location information, subscriptions, and screen time with each other. The organizer can choose which sharing features to enable.If Family Sharing is turned on for Apple Music, Apple TV, Apple Arcade, or Apple News +, family members can access these services by signing in with their Apple ID. This ensures the privacy of personal libraries and recommendations, but retains the benefits of sharing. Likewise, when you turn on Family Sharing for iCloud storage, each family member has access to the family storage plan, but the family member’s personal accounts and files remain available only to that family member.
When Purchase Sharing is turned on, your family members will automatically have access to many of your past and future App Store, Apple Books, and Apple Music purchases unless those purchases are hidden. You can hide individual purchases in the iTunes Store, Apple Books, and App Store, or turn off sharing your purchases in your individual Family Sharing preferences. The family organizer will continue to receive receipts for purchases made in the App Store, Apple Books, and Apple Music, even if you hide them.
If you give your family access to your location, all family members can find out the location of all your devices in the Find My application. Thanks to this, they will be able to help you find the missing device and see on the map where you are at the moment. You can control access to your location or close access to individual family members in the Find My settings on your device.
If you, as a family organizer, turn on Screen Time for your Family, you can view certain information about your family’s device usage.With Screen Time, a family organizer can limit the amount of time that family members can use devices. These restrictions will automatically apply to children’s accounts. The family organizer can give family members the right to view information about the screen time of other family members.
iMessage and FaceTime
When you sign in with an Apple ID on your iPhone, you are automatically signed in to iMessage and FaceTime. Everyone you communicate with will be able to view your Apple ID or phone numbers.Users can contact you using your Apple ID, email addresses, or phone numbers associated with your account. For more information about iMessage, FaceTime, and privacy, go to Settings> Messages and tap About iMessage & FaceTime Privacy.
iTunes Store, App Store and Apple Music
When you sign in with your Apple ID on iPhone, you are automatically signed in to the iTunes Store, App Store and Apple Music for your convenience, so you can quickly start shopping or using Apple Music.All purchases you make will be recorded in our systems so that you can download your purchased content again at any time. If you use Apple Music, your listening history can be saved and used to provide personalized recommendations in the Listen section. You can deny access to your listening history in Apple Music settings.
If an iTunes Match subscription is available in your area and you subscribed to it, iCloud will collect information about the contents of your iTunes library and either match the content with songs available in the iTunes Store, or upload songs that are not matched and access those songs can only be obtained from your compatible devices.
Payment methods, gift cards and Apple ID credits
To make purchases in the App Store, iTunes, Apple Music and other services, you must add a valid payment method to your Apple ID. To add a payment method on your iOS device, go to Settings> [Your Name]> Payment & Shipping, tap Add Payment Method, and enter the required billing information. You can enter your billing information manually or take a photo of your payment card.If you choose to add billing information by taking a photo of your payment card, your device will extract the information you need from the image and fill in the required fields. The image will not be submitted for viewing or saved to Apple. Apple collects and stores payment information we collect from you, including account number and expiration date, for purchase, legal compliance, and fraud prevention. You may also provide Apple with a billing and shipping address that can be used to collect analytics and conduct marketing, legal compliance and fraud prevention.
When you use a payment card, Apple can save and automatically update your card number and billing information for future purchases, recurring transactions, and other actions you approve. Apple may receive this information from your financial institution or payment system, and may use this information for fraud prevention and verification purposes.
If you’ve turned on Apple Pay, Apple will also check to see if it’s possible to add other Apple Pay payment methods to your Apple ID.These payment methods may appear under the Found in Wallet heading. When you use your Apple ID to complete a transaction, Apple may also verify that the payment method associated with your Apple ID is eligible for Apple Pay. If so, Apple can activate Apple Pay for that payment method to help protect your payment information. You can change your payment methods at any time. To do this, open “Settings”> [your name]> “Payment and delivery”.
You can purchase an Apple Gift Card using the payment method associated with your Apple ID and give it to the recipient by providing the recipient’s email address, your name, and the amount on the gift card to Apple.You can also add a custom message. Apple will use recipient information to sell and redeem gift cards, comply with laws, and prevent fraud.
You can also redeem an Apple Gift Card by replenishing your Apple ID with the gift card amount. When you redeem an Apple Gift Card, information about it will be linked to your Apple ID account and may be used by Apple to comply with the law and prevent fraud. Certain gift card redemption information, such as the number of gift cards you redeemed, may also be used to personalize the card redemption process and Apple’s interactions with you.You can opt out of using your gift card information for personalization. To do this, open the iTunes Store, scroll down, tap Apple ID> View Apple ID, then tap to turn off Personalized Recommendations.
You can deposit funds directly to your Apple ID account using your preferred payment method. When you deposit funds to your Apple ID account, you can set up automatic top-ups for a specific amount at specified time intervals.By setting up automatic recharges, you will receive on-device messages or emails from Apple about your current balance and recurring top-ups (for example, confirmations, receipts, and post-signup reminders). You can set up or cancel automatic top-ups at any time in your Apple ID settings.
To improve the convenience of making payments, gift cards, and depositing funds to your Apple ID account, Apple may collect certain data about your actions, including clicks and touches on the payment setup page for your Apple ID.
We also collect data about how you use iCloud in order to improve this service and keep it running. For customer support, some information may be associated with your Apple ID. We may use your IP address to determine from which region or from which country you are accessing the service, but we do not store this information.
Russians will give more consent to the processing of personal data :: Politics :: RBC
The new law significantly tightens the rules for the processing and distribution of personal data of individuals for operators and businesses, Alexander Nadmitov, managing partner of the law firm Nadmitov, Ivanov and Partners, told RBC. So, before processing personal data from open sources, it will be necessary to make sure that the person has consented to their dissemination. In addition, it will be necessary to check the existence of conditions and restrictions on data processing by other operators, Nadmitov explained.The new law spelled out the conditions for the processing of those personal data that Russians will allow to disseminate, Ekaterina Tyagay, partner of the Pen & Paper Bar Association, told RBC.
Read on RBK Pro
How consent will be provided
Russians will be able to provide consent directly to the operator or using the information system of Roskomnadzor, said Ekaterina Tyagai. In his special consent, the subject will have to directly determine the list of personal data that can be disseminated by the operator.The operator will be obliged to provide the subject with the opportunity to make such a determination for each category of personal data permitted for dissemination specified in the consent to their processing, the lawyer said.
Nadmitov noted that the law does not contain a requirement for a mandatory written consent form for distribution. According to him, the requirements for the content of consent for distribution will be established by Roskomnadzor. At the moment, there are no relevant acts of the regulator. In any case, operators will have to supplement and concretize their standard consent to the processing of personal data, the lawyer said.
The new law will especially affect the owners (operators) of online resources and services that allow users to share information with an unlimited number of people. The law will also affect those who use information from open sources in their work, in particular the media, companies that use systems for monitoring behavior on the Internet, Nadmitov said.
How personal data will be deleted under the new law
Russians will be able to demand to stop the transfer or dissemination of personal data at any time, recalled the provisions of the Nadmitov law.The consent to the processing of personal data is terminated from the moment the operator receives the request of their owner.
At the same time, the prohibitions on the use of personal data do not apply to cases of information processing in the state, public and other public interests determined by the law, the lawyer pointed out.
At the beginning of December, the Big Data Association (which unites Yandex, Mail.ru Group, Sberbank, Gazprombank, mobile operators) asked the State Duma not to adopt innovations in the law on personal data.Companies feared that the law would complicate the processing of publicly available personal data. In particular, the statement said that the law could create legal uncertainty in the use of data in cases where the user gives two social networks consent to the processing of data, but with different parameters.
Also, the requirements can lead to additional costs for the sites to finalize the interfaces, and Russian resources will be at a disadvantage, since it will be impossible to monitor compliance with the requirements by foreigners, business believes.Alexander Zhuravlev, chairman of the commission on legal support of the digital economy of the Moscow branch of the Russian Bar Association, noted that the changes could complicate the work of companies that use artificial intelligence and big data.
Savushkin Product is catching up with Danone and Wimm-Bill-Dann in the CIS market
Savushkin product catches up with Danone and Wimm-Bill-Dann in the CIS market
The Savushkin Product Company remains the undisputed leader of the dairy industry in the Republic of Belarus, whose revenue approached $ 742 million.This is evidenced by the data of the rating of the country’s largest companies, which was prepared by the National Union of Milk Producers (SOYUZMOLOKO), the consulting company Streda Consulting and the Milknews news agency. The project was supported by the official partner Zinpro Corporation and the rating partner HUESKER.
The company ranks third not only in the market of the Union State, but also in the entire CIS space, increasing the gap from the 3 closest competitors by 1.5–2 times.
“Thanks to the successive takeover of the Berezovsky, Orshansky and Baranovichi plants, the company was able to almost double its revenue in two years, and the investment projects implemented at the acquired sites will allow in the coming years to create one of the largest cheese producers in Eastern Europe with a capacity of more than 80 thousand tons per year”, – emphasized General Director of Soyuzmoloko Artem Belov.
Slutsk cheese-making plant (No. 2), Babushkina krynka (No. 3), Minsk dairy plant No. 1 and Lida milk cannery (shared 5th place) have retained their positions in the TOP-5 of the largest companies in Belarus.On the 4th place, overtaking 4 players at once, the Molochny Mir company burst into the only due to joining MK “Novogrudok Dary”.
In terms of the composition of players and their positions in the rating, 2020 did not bring any surprises, although changes have occurred even in the TOP-5 players, the authors of the rating note. The era of large-scale investment projects in the dairy industry in Belarus ended a few years ago, so most of the changes in the ranking are related to M&A.In particular, for the first time one of the few independent private cheese producers, the Belovezhskiye Syry company, entered the ranking for the vacant position.
“The total revenue of the TOP-20 dairy companies in Belarus in 2020 exceeded $ 3.1 billion and increased by 22% in rubles,” explained General Director of Streda Consulting Alexey Gruzdev . “At the same time, the dynamics of sales in dollars, against the background of the gradual devaluation of the Belarusian ruble, is much more modest, and for half of the rating participants it generally decreased by 5-15%”.
According to analysts, the export of Belarusian dairy products to Russia at the end of the year amounted to $ 2.38 billion. “Belarus remains a key external supplier of dairy products to Russia with a share of 72%,” reminds Artem Belov. “In recent years, the country has diversified its export supplies, and we see a noticeable increase in the export of cheese to Russia and the supply of whey to China.”
In Belarus, the consolidation of dairy enterprises continues: in 2018, 42 dairy companies operated on the state dairy market, and by the end of 2021.according to the Government’s plans, only 32 should remain. According to experts’ forecasts, several more large M&A are expected in the next couple of years, which will affect the alignment of forces in the markets of Belarus and Russia.
Federal Law of December 30, 2020 N 519-FZ “On Amendments to the Federal Law” On Personal Data “”
Adopted by the State Duma on December 23, 2020
Approved by the Federation Council on December 25, 2020
Introduce into the Federal Law of July 27, 2006 N 152-FZ “On Personal Data” (Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation, 2006, N 31, Art.3451; 2009, N 48, Art. 5716; 2010, N 31, Art. 4173, 4196; 49, Art. 6409; 2011, N 23, Art. 3263; 31, Art. 4701; 2013, N 14, Art. 1651; No. 30, Art. 4038; 51, Art. 6683; 2014, N 23, Art. 2927; No. 30, Art. 4217, 4243; 2016, N 27, Art. 4164; 2017, N 27, Art. 3945; 31, Art. 4772; 2018, N 1, Art. 82; 2019, N 52, Art. 7798; 2020, N 17, Art. 2701) the following changes:
1) Article 3 shall be supplemented with clause 1 1 of the following content:
“1 1 ) personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination – personal data, access of an unlimited number of persons to which is provided by the subject personal data by giving consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution in the manner prescribed by this Federal Law; “;
2) Clause 10 of Part 1 of Article 6 shall be declared invalidated;
3) Article 9 shall be supplemented with part 9 of the following content:
“9.Requirements for the content of consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination are established by the authorized body for the protection of the rights of subjects of personal data. “;
4) paragraph 2 of part 2 of Article 10 shall be stated as follows:
” 2) processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination is carried out in compliance with the prohibitions and conditions provided for by Article 10 1 of this Federal Law; “;
5) supplemented by Article 10 1 of the following content:
” Article 10 1 . Features of the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution
1. Consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution is drawn up separately from other consent of the subject of personal data to the processing of his personal data. The operator is obliged to provide the subject of personal data with the opportunity to determine the list of personal data for each category of personal data specified in the consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution.
2. In case of disclosure of personal data to an indefinite circle of persons by the subject of personal data himself without providing the operator with the consent provided for in this article, the obligation to provide evidence of the legality of the subsequent distribution or other processing of such personal data lies with each person who disseminated or otherwise processed them.
3. In the event that personal data was disclosed to an indefinite circle of persons due to an offense, crime or force majeure circumstances, the obligation to provide evidence of the legality of the subsequent distribution or other processing of such personal data lies with each person who disseminated or otherwise processed them.
4. If from the consent provided by the subject of personal data to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination, it does not follow that the subject of personal data has agreed to the dissemination of personal data, such personal data is processed by the operator to whom they were provided by the subject of personal data. data, without the right to distribute.
5. In the event that from the consent provided by the subject of personal data to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination, it does not follow that the subject of personal data has not established prohibitions and conditions for the processing of personal data provided for in part 9 of this article, or if such consent provided by the subject of personal data does not indicate the categories and list of personal data for the processing of which the subject of personal data establishes conditions and prohibitions in accordance with part 9 of this article, such personal data is processed by the operator to whom they are provided by the subject of personal data, without transfer ( distribution, provision, access) and the possibility of performing other actions with personal data to an unlimited number of persons.
6. Consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution can be provided to the operator:
2) using the information system of the authorized body for the protection of the rights of personal data subjects.
7. The rules for using the information system of the authorized body for the protection of the rights of subjects of personal data, including the procedure for interaction of the subject of personal data with the operator, are determined by the authorized body for the protection of the rights of subjects of personal data.
8. Silence or inaction of the subject of personal data under no circumstances can be considered consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination.
9. In consent to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination, the subject of personal data has the right to establish prohibitions on the transfer (except for providing access) of these personal data by the operator to an unlimited number of persons, as well as prohibitions on processing or processing conditions (except for receiving access) of these personal data to an unlimited number of persons.The operator’s refusal to establish the prohibitions and conditions provided for by this article by the subject of personal data is not allowed.
10. The operator is obliged, no later than three working days from the date of receipt of the corresponding consent of the personal data subject, to publish information on the processing conditions and on the existence of prohibitions and conditions for the processing of personal data by an unlimited number of persons permitted by the personal data subject for dissemination.
11. Prohibitions established by the subject of personal data on the transfer (except for providing access), as well as on the processing or processing conditions (except for obtaining access) of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination, do not apply to cases of processing personal data in state, public and other public interests determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
12. The transfer (distribution, provision, access) of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution must be stopped at any time at the request of the subject of personal data. This requirement should include the last name, first name, patronymic (if any), contact information (phone number, email address or postal address) of the subject of personal data, as well as a list of personal data, the processing of which must be terminated.The personal data specified in this requirement can only be processed by the operator to whom it is sent.
13. The consent of the subject of personal data to the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for distribution is terminated from the moment the operator receives the request specified in part 12 of this article.
14. The subject of personal data has the right to request to stop the transfer (distribution, provision, access) of his personal data, previously authorized by the subject of personal data for distribution, to any person processing his personal data, in case of non-compliance with the provisions of this article, or contact such a requirement to the court.This person is obliged to stop the transfer (distribution, provision, access) of personal data within three working days from the receipt of the request of the subject of personal data or within the period specified in the court decision that has entered into legal force, and if such a period is not specified in the court decision, then within three working days from the date of entry into force of the court decision.
15. The requirements of this article shall not apply in the case of personal data processing in order to fulfill the functions, powers and duties imposed by the legislation of the Russian Federation on federal executive bodies, executive bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies.”;
6) Clause 3 of Part 4 of Article 18 shall be reworded as follows:
” 3) the processing of personal data permitted by the subject of personal data for dissemination is carried out in compliance with the prohibitions and conditions provided for in Article 10 1 of this Federal Law; “;
7) Clause 4 of Part 2 of Article 22 shall be amended as follows:
” 4) Personal data permitted by the subject for dissemination, provided that the operator observes the prohibitions and conditions provided for in Article 10 1 of this Federal Law; “.
1. This Federal Law shall enter into force on March 1, 2021, with the exception of paragraph ten of Clause 5 of Article 1 of this Federal Law.
2. Paragraph ten of Clause 5 of Article 1 of this Federal Law shall enter into force on July 1, 2021.
President of the Russian Federation V. Putin
Sampling in Google Analytics and how to bypass it
Sampling helps to draw generalized conclusions when it is impossible or impractical to analyze all the collected data.Google Analytics selects only a certain part of the total amount of data and uses it to build reports.
Sampling is not unique to GA – it is used in opinion polls, consumer tests, statistical research, etc. Every time sampling is applied, there is a risk of inaccurate results. In this article, you will learn what the causes and problems of sampling are, and how to avoid it.
bonus for readers
Comparison Chart: 8 Ways to Avoid Sampling
When and why sampling occurs
Processing huge amounts of data in the shortest possible time is not an easy task, even for Google.To reduce the load on servers and achieve a balance between processing speed and accuracy, Google Analytics analyzes only a portion of the data.
How do you know that a sample was used? Hover over the shield icon at the top of the report and you will see the message “The report was generated based on the analysis of N% of the total number of sessions.” If the figure is less than 100%, then the data is sampled.
This usually happens if the number of sessions for the selected period exceeds 500 thousand. However, it is worth remembering that sampling depends not only on the number of sessions in the reports.The more complex the query, the higher the risk of getting inaccurate data. However, the sampling principle is different in different GA reports.
In standard reports from the sections “Audience”, “Traffic Sources”, “Behavior” and “Conversions”, sampling is not applied. Why it happens? For each property, Google Analytics stores a complete set of data. In turn, for each view in the resource, aggregated tables are created with combinations of certain parameters and indicators taken from the complete data.The information in the aggregated tables is updated daily. This means that the indicators for the parameters in the default reports have already been calculated, and it will not take much time to build the report.
In the screenshot below, a standard report based on complete data without sampling:
When you make changes to the default report — apply a bucket, filter, or add a parameter — Google Analytics queries the data in the aggregated tables.The same thing happens when you create custom reports with combinations of dimensions and metrics that are not present in the default reports.
If the requested information is not in the tables, GA accesses the raw data. If there were more than 500 thousand sessions in the selected period, the data in the report is sampled. However, in some cases, sampling in quick reports can be applied on a smaller number of sessions – it depends on the complexity of the query, filters and segments used in the report.
Here is an example of a report based on sampled data:
Transition visualization (Flow-visualization reports)
For Behavior Map, Event Map, Goal Map, User Paths, and other referral maps, Google Analytics processes a maximum of 100,000 sessions. Above this threshold, data is always sampled. Since the reports with transition visualization and reports by default are built on samples of different sizes, the same metrics may not be the same in them.
This is how the Goal Map report looks based on sampled data:
Multi-channel funnels and attribution reports
In Multi-Channel Funnel and Attribution Reports, sampling is not applied unless you modify the report in some way, such as adding a segment or parameter. Otherwise, the sampling limit will be 1 million conversions.
What are the disadvantages of sampling
If the sample size is, say, 90% of sessions, then the information in your reports is likely to be reliable.However, the lower the percentage of data used for analysis, the less accurate the results will be. Let’s say you are seeing a report based on 1% of 100 sessions. This means that Google Analytics analyzed 1% of sessions, multiplied the result by 100, and presented it in the report. How objective would your assessment be if 99% of the data remained covered in darkness? The question is rhetorical.
Without seeing the whole picture, you cannot completely trust your data. When a toothpaste manufacturer claims that 8 out of 10 dentists recommend it as the best, how do we know how many doctors were interviewed? Suddenly, loyal dentists were specially selected to provide the right opinion.Your brain reads “8 out of 10” and interprets it as 80%, although a lot is left behind the scenes. When sampling, Google Analytics works the same way.
Sampling is a bit of a problem if you’re only looking at the number of sessions. However, when it comes to money-related metrics like goals, conversions, and income, sampling can cost you a fortune. Sampled reports distort metrics. Because of this, you risk not seeing ads that are profitable, or vice versa – wasting money on ineffective campaigns.
How to avoid sampling
Whether it is worth fighting with sampling depends on what level of error you allow in the reports. If you think sampling has become a problem, here are some tips on how to avoid or minimize it.
In the Google Analytics interface
Let’s start with ways that don’t require additional tools – you can bypass sampling using the settings in your Google Analytics account.
1. Shorten the reporting period
The longer the period in the report, the more data needs to be processed by Google Analytics, and the higher the risk of sampling. And vice versa – more accurate data can be obtained in a shorter period. For example, you need a half-year report, but GA is sampling data due to the high number of sessions. If your website has less than 500,000 visits per month, try looking at the data for each month and adding up the results.
2.Don’t use quick reports
Analysts are sometimes tempted to use customized, quick reports, although often the same information can be viewed in the default reports. As we wrote above, most standard Google Analytics reports do not use sampling. This means that by avoiding segments and additional parameters in reports, you can get more accurate numbers.
For example, you want to estimate the volume of organic traffic to a website. You can apply the Free Traffic segment in the Login Pages report, or you can open the standard Channels report and look at organic traffic with the main parameter Login Pages.In the first case, the data can be sampled, and in the second, you will see a report based on 100% of sessions.
It should be mentioned that the default daily report can contain a maximum of 50 thousand rows. In quick reports, this limit is 1 million lines per day. When the number of rows in reports exceeds this threshold, then Google Analytics aggregates any remaining data into the Other row.
3. Set up filters at the presentation level
Google Analytics samples data after applying presentation tier filters.That is, the selection is made from sessions that have passed through the filter. You can avoid sampling by collecting only the data you need in the view and cutting out all that is unnecessary. For example, you want to see how many visitors came to your site through search queries, and using the “Free Traffic” segment results in sampling. In this case, you can create a duplicate view and apply a filter to it to see only organic traffic:
This approach is not a panacea for fast queries, as they can still fetch with large amounts of data.On the other hand, the default reports will definitely provide you with reliable, unsampled information.
Please note that it is not recommended to filter data by page level parameters. Let’s say you have an Ecommerce site with various product categories and pages. If you use different views for each type of page, the session of one user can be accounted for in different views. Because of this, the total number of sessions can be greatly overestimated.
4. Create a separate resource for each site
It is a common practice to track multiple sites in one Google Analytics resource and use filters if you need to look at the data of a particular site.The more data you collect in one resource, the higher the risk of getting a sampled report. If this is your case, use a separate resource for each site. This will reduce the amount of traffic in the resource, and with it, the risk of sampling.
Outside the Google Analytics interface
You can also avoid sampling by uploading data from GA to Google BigQuery or Google Sheets. Keep in mind that it is not possible to extract raw demographic data from Google Analytics as the system always aggregates it.
1. Use OWOX BI Pipeline
OWOX BI collects data in Google BigQuery directly from the site. The service does not depend on the limitations of Google Analytics, which will allow you to build reports without sampling and for any parameters.
At the same time, OWOX BI uses a data structure compatible with the Google Analytics structure, for which many examples of SQL queries have been written. This will save your team time for preparing reports.
OWOX BI Pipeline How to Get Unsampled Data from Google Analytics
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- 05 December 2018
By collecting raw data using OWOX BI, you can:
- Build reports without sampling and restrictions.The service transfers data from the site to Google BigQuery in full and in a non-aggregated form, and the size of the transmitted hit has been increased to 16 KB. You will get a complete picture of the actions of users on your site.
- Send an unlimited number of custom parameters and metrics to BigQuery. This will allow you to segment users on any basis and build deeper reports for detailed analysis.
- Analyze data in real time. With OWOX BI, you will quickly generate triggered emails or find problems on the site, because data about user actions appears in your BigQuery project within 1-5 minutes after these actions have taken place.
- Compare the profitability of cohorts, landing pages and product groups. The service calculates the value of each session. This allows you to calculate ROI / ROAS for new and returning users. Find out how much you spend and how much you earn on each of the product groups. Evaluate the effectiveness of advertising for different regions, landing pages, mobile versions and applications.
- Track redemption orders, post-purchase returns, or find out what a new subscriber has done on your site in the last 30 days prior to registration.The service allows you to retrospectively update data on costs, users and transactions already uploaded to Google BigQuery.
- Don’t worry about the quality and safety of your data. OWOX BI compares the data in your BigQuery with information from Google Analytics on a daily basis and reports significant discrepancies. This means that you will not lose any important data, which third-party trackers cannot provide. Also, the service automatically saves data in case of failures in your GA and Google Cloud project and guarantees compliance with the level of quality of data collection and processing (SLA) above 96% in the contract.
- Collect personal data of users. Unlike Google Analytics, BigQuery can collect and use customer personal data, including email and phone numbers.
For more information on all the benefits of collecting data from a site using OWOX BI, see the article “How to bypass sampling and collect complete data for advanced analytics.”
You can try all the features of OWOX BI
2.Use Google Analytics API
Another way to solve the sampling problem is to access the data programmatically through the Reporting API. Yes, API responses can contain sampled data if a long time period is selected. However, the API allows you to specify how much data you want to receive in a single request, as well as set the sampling level. If your site has high traffic, you will need to run hundreds of queries to fetch all the data without sampling. The API allows you to send up to 50 thousand.requests per day per project and returns up to 10 thousand rows per request.
The disadvantage of this approach is that it is time consuming. It is not possible to run thousands of daily queries manually, so programming skills are required to automate the process. In addition, the API allows you to get a maximum of 7 parameters and 10 indicators in one report:
In this case, the request must always contain at least one indicator, and not all parameters can be requested together. You can learn more about the Reporting API in the Google Developer Guide.
3. Use addon Google Analytics Spreadsheet
The official addon allows you to automatically and without programming receive data from Google Analytics into Google Sheets, calculate new parameters and metrics, build reports and share them with partners and colleagues. The add-on has another advantage: it can be used to unload up to 9 parameters, which is 2 more than through the Reporting API.
However, Google Analytics Spreadsheet has a limit of 400 thousand.cells in one table. Because of this, it will not be possible to upload and process large amounts of data.
4. Go to Google Analytics 360
The paid version of Google Analytics provides several anti-sampling solutions:
- High sampling threshold – 100 million sessions at the presentation layer. That’s 200 times more data than the free version.
- Unsampled Reports, which can contain up to 3 million unique rows of data.The full report can be run on a one-time basis, as needed, or on a schedule.
- Custom Tables with up to 1 million rows per day that provide instant access to unsampled data grouped by a specified combination of parameters, metrics, segments and filters. Each table can contain up to 6 parameters, 25 indicators, 5 filters and 4 segments.
Learn more about Google Analytics 360
Thanks to the high sampling limit in Google Analytics 360, your reports will contain complete data:
In addition, Google Analytics 360 is integrated with Google BigQuery cloud storage.This allows you to automatically import unsampled data into the warehouse and create reports of any structure and complexity using SQL queries in a matter of seconds. GA 360 users also receive a $ 500 coupon every month to pay for Google BigQuery expenses.
Google Analytics 360 is a solution for large businesses that requires a significant investment. You should think about switching to the paid version if your site receives more than 10 million hits per month, sampling constantly distorts the data, and annual income allows you to invest in a license.We discussed how GA 360 is priced in more detail at the webinar.
Summing up, we have collected in one table all the ways to bypass sampling, their pros, cons and the recommended amount of data. Find the solution that’s right for you.
bonus for readers
Comparison Chart: 8 Ways to Avoid Sampling
How do you solve the sampling problem? Share ideas and leave questions in the comments.
What is Sampling in Google Analytics?
Google Analytics selects only a certain part of the total amount of data and uses it to build reports.When sampling is applied, there is a risk of inaccurate results.
Why is sampling happening?
To reduce the load on servers and achieve a balance between processing speed and accuracy, Google Analytics analyzes only a portion of the data.
How to avoid sampling using Google Analytics settings?
- Shorten the reporting period in the report.
- Use Default Reports instead of Ad-hoc Reports.
- Configure filters at the presentation level.
- Create a separate Google Analytics resource for each site.
How to avoid sampling outside of the Google Analytics interface?
- Collect raw data from the site in Google BigQuery using OWOX BI.
- Access data programmatically through the Google Analytics Core Reporting API.
- Get data from Google Analytics into Google Sheets using the Google Analytics Spreadsheet add-on.
- Switch to paid Google Analytics 360.
90,000 What is data migration? – Dropbox
What is data migration?
Data migration is the process of moving large amounts of data from one place to another.For example, if you need to move files from your PC to an external hard drive, this is the easiest way to migrate data, but this concept usually implies a much larger scale.
What is data migration used for?
Data Migration is used to modernize business technologies to improve business efficiency or security. Moore’s Law says that about every two years, there is a significant increase in the speed and capabilities of technology, which means that it is important to stay one step ahead of progress at all times.
Modernization of technologies and abandonment of outdated systems is an inevitable part of modern business. This process also involves transferring all of your data from one system to another. This is data migration.
What are the types of data migration?
There are several types of data migration, and each has a different application:
- Stored Data Migration – Converting data from one storage format to another, such as digitizing paper documents for online storage.
- Application Migration – Replacing the application with a newer one. For example, the transition from legacy business programs to Xero for financial accounting.
- Database Migration – Move the entire database to a new location, such as from local office computers to the cloud.
Is cloud migration the same as data migration?
Cloud migration is a form of data migration that moves data from your desktop computer or office file server to the cloud.This term is also used to refer to the movement of data from one cloud to another.
Are cloud solutions the same for all businesses?
Essentially, the cloud refers to the Internet, but how you access the cloud depends on the service you choose. For example, Dropbox is different from Google Drive. Both offer cloud storage, but access to one storage does not automatically access files stored in the other. Migration to the cloud means moving data from one cloud storage to another.
How do I plan for data migration?
A plan is required for a successful data migration. Lack of a plan can result in total data loss or long-term downtime that your business does not need at all.
Here are some basic steps to take before starting a migration:
Decide on data quality
Look at the current status of your data: how sensitive is it, what format is it in, will migration change? By identifying potential problems before they arise, you can amend your migration plan and adapt it to avoid data loss.
Back up data
Perhaps you have already done something in this direction, but if not, then it must be done. Data migration is a massive undertaking, and if things don’t go as planned, you need to be sure that your business data is safe and can be used for disaster recovery. When it comes to files for your team’s day-to-day work, such as Word documents, it’s best for everyone to move their files to the cloud themselves.This way everyone will know where their documents are stored.
Decide on a time frame
Data migration is a big undertaking, so don’t count on the fact that one day you’ll just complete it and cross it off your to-do list before lunch. Remember, you are about to move all of the business data, which will affect both your entire team and others in the process. You may need to prepare for a downtime period and budget for it, or schedule your migration over the weekend.In any case, do not start the process until you have a clear idea of what and how to do.
Decide on the employees who will be involved in the migration
Who will handle the data migration? Will it be your professional IT team or will you give your programmer a chance to prove himself? Moving your data is just as important as moving your business funds: if it is lost or damaged, you will suffer losses. The best data migration tools are as important to your business as the right management tools or any other key process, so you need to be careful when choosing them.Fortunately, the Dropbox Cloud FastPath Data Migration Add-on has expert guidance for your business to make the entire process easier for your team.
Best Data Migration Strategies
Are you ready to start? Then remember the following rules:
Grant access rights correctly
Perhaps you did not take into account this point, but for migration it is very important that those who have no relation to the data do not get access to it, and those who participate in the project, on the contrary, get it.Basically, this is a transplant of the heart of your business, so I don’t want someone to accidentally press the wrong button. Also, you are unlikely to want to deal with access issues in the midst of a crisis. Make sure everyone knows their role and has all the necessary tools.
Make sure someone is monitoring
If done correctly, your data migration should go smoothly, but don’t count on it. You must have a staff member who can resolve any issues that arise.Even if you use special programs or services, you should not lose your vigilance.
Test your system
Do not call everyone as soon as the migration is complete. You need to test everything, and this is something to keep in mind when planning downtime. You may need to bring in some staff to help determine if the migration has affected any day-to-day tasks. If you find problems, it can take several days to fix them.
Keep everything in order and create backups
Some problems may not appear immediately, so it is important to have a backup of your data. If you are confident that the migration was successful and that all issues have been resolved, update your backups to the current versions of the files so that you are ready for the next migration date.
Preparation is the key to success
Data migration can be the most global IT challenge your business will face, so make sure you’re doing it right by providing yourself and your company with the best tools to do the job.The Dropbox Data Migration Add-on is the perfect professional solution to keep this process simple. Robust analytics can help you manage access rights, which will speed up all stages of the migration process, while you can get help from the support team at any time.
Your business may have reached the point where data migration is inevitable, but with proper preparation, data loss can certainly be avoided.