What is the Five Hole in Hockey?
When attempting to score in hockey, players tend to aim at areas left open by the goalie.
The better the goalie, the more they cover these openings on net, namely because of proper positioning. However, the closer you approach the goalie, the harder for them to protect all the angles.
One area that becomes more vulnerable as you get closer is the five hole. This is especially true if you can force the goalie to move laterally across the crease.
What is the five hole in hockey?
The five hole refers to the open space between the goaltender’s legs where the puck can pass through. The term is commonly attributed to the 5th pin in bowling, which is located at the center of the alignment. It is also the 5th of the five spots where players aim to shoot past the goalie.
Take a look at the image below, which identify each of the five areas to shoot on net.
Keep in mind that nobody refers to these corners as the three hole or one hole, for example. These terms never caught on.
Rather, players use terms such as stick-side and glove-side – high or low. (i.e. stick-side high)
Etymology of Five Hole
As mentioned earlier, the term “five-hole” is thought to have originated from the sport of bowling. In the standard 10-pin version, the 5th pin is the centermost in the triangular formation. Alternatively, the Canadian version of bowling consists of only five pins, with the middle pin being worth 5 points when knocked down.
In addition, Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines “five hole” as “the space between the legs of a goaltender”. It was added to their list of definitions back in 2017. While they do not provide an exact reference, Merriam-Webster states that its first known use was back in 1980.
According to Wikipedia, David Neal is credited with using the term “five hole” back in 1980. However, I can confirm that this statement is not true.
Neal’s name is mentioned in an article by Bardown, describing him using the term while writing for the sports section of the Miami Herald.
He states that Pavel Bure scored five hole on Jeff Hackett to help the Florida Panthers beat the Montreal Canadiens.
The problem is that the game never took place in 1980. The game was held sometime between 1999-2003, while both players played for the cited teams.
According to this Star Tribune report, the term “five hole” originated from Jacques Plante, the famous Montreal Canadiens goaltender. He is also the author of the book On Goaltending, written in 1972, which refers to the five holes goalies must protect.
As with the diagram above, Plante named corners one through four as stick-side low, glove-side low, glove-side high, and stick-side high. However, would the numbers flip if the goalie was left-handed (i.e. stick held on the left side)?
This is still in debate, which is another reason why reference to the one through four hole never stuck.
Scoring Five Hole
The farther you’re from the net, the harder it is to score five-hole. In all honesty, it’s hard to score on any good goaltender, unobstructed, from far.
As you approach the net, the goalie has less time to react with more angles to cover. There is also the threat of the player passing to a teammate stationed by the far post, exposing the opening between the legs.
We’ll cover some of these different techniques and provide video examples which target the five hole.
In the video below, Sidney Crosby managed to shake loose from the Tampa Bay Lightning defense and elected to shoot on net from the slot area.
This is pure example of shooting five hole on net. The shot was quick, precise and managed to elude the goalie’s blade guarding the space between the pads.
If you want to learn more about the different shots used by NHL players, make sure to check out my blog post here.
Hint: I’ve counted 15 shot types.
When you shift the goalie’s position, it opens up a small opportunity to slide the puck five hole. You can achieve this either by stickhandling side-to-side and release a quick shot.
In the video below, Alex Ovechkin (Washington Capitals) does a slight backhand to forehand shimmy to force Ondrej Pavelec (Winnipeg Jets) to move laterally.
The backhand five hole deke is a deception technique to open the goalie up between the legs.
In the video below, Sebastien Aho (Carolina Hurricanes) uses it to perfection against Ben Bishop (Dallas Stars).
When Aho stickhandles to his backhand, he forces Bishop to shift his position and displace laterally. Bishop probably thought Aho was aiming backhand glove-side, which shifted his focus away from his five-hole.
Official hockey lingo: Merriam-Webster adds ‘five-hole’ to the dictionary
Five-hole: a noun.
“The space between the legs of a goaltender,” Merriam-Webster defines the hockey jargon in its latest addition to the English language dictionary.
Please use it in a sentence.
“A blast through the five-hole of Montreal’s Jeff Hackett gave the Panthers a 1–0 lead 13:33 into the game,” the definition states.
May I get the country of origin?
Unknown, but the first known use of the word was in 1980 and the concept likely originated with from former NHL goalie Jacques Plante.
Five-hole is one of more than 1,000 new words added to the Merriam-Webster dictionary this this week along with airball, humblebrag, binge-watch, photobomb, FLOTUS, EpiPen and phytoremediation.
Hockey fans are very familiar with the five-hole, but the lingo has not been widely and officially recognized until now.
The new word has appeared three times in our Wild coverage this season.
Wild forward Erik Haula used it to tell “[Zack Mitchell] to stop shooting five-hole every time.”
Wild goalie Devan Dubnyk said “[Jared Spurgeon] almost scored on me first. I thanked him, but I was like, ‘Really, you’re the one that put it through my five-hole, so you better sweep it out of there or we’re gonna have to go on TV.’ No, that’s not the first and I’m sure it won’t be the last time he bails me out, so that was nice of him.”
Even beat writer Michael Russo mixed it into his writing: “The mental giant recalled immediately the bizarre five-hole goal [Patrick] Kane scored against him last year the moment Kane flubbed a knuckler to beat him in the first period. In the second, after a faceoff, a Kane shot funkily ramped up Matt Dumba’s stick to beat Dubnyk.”
Merriam-Webster also added sports words “up-fake” and “airball,” both basketball jargon, to the dictionary.
There are now 12 hockey words in the dictionary: Five-hole, slew-foot, deke, hat trick, dance, Zamboni, dangle, icing, slap shot, rink, puck and hockey.
According to Merriam-Webster, “The concept of the five-hole likely originated with Jacques Plante, NHL goalie and author of the 1972 book On Goaltending. Plante numbered five ‘holes’ in the net that goalies needed to protect: four at the corners of the net, and the hole between the goalie’s legs. Though there is some debate about how to number holes one through four — Plante lists one through four as stick-side low, glove-side low, glove-side high, and stick-side high — all sources follow Plante’s lead when it comes to the five-hole. Though no one uses one-, two-, three-, or four-hole when referring to shots or saves, five-hole has stuck for shorthand for ‘between the legs.’ ”
Here is an example of Haula scoring through the five-hole:
Every hero has an Achilles’ heel and for hockey goaltenders it’s the space between their legs, but new pads based on research from Western University could help to close that gap and make it easier for goalies to stop pucks.
Western University PhD candidate Ryan Frayne is a goaltender himself and knows all too well the disappointment of having a puck slip through the five hole.
“[It’s] almost kind of a shot to your ego because the puck goes through you. .. That means the player’s shot was more powerful than your ability to stop pucks,” Frayne told CBC Radio’s The Morning Edition host Craig Norris on Tuesday.
Of all the goaltending methods out there, perhaps the most common is when goalies drop to their knees while flaring their legs outwards to block pucks, a move called the butterfly. But the technique can leave goalies vulnerable to having pucks go between their legs, a problem made worse by heavy pads that can weigh goalies down and make it tricky to be swift on the ice.
An ‘arms race’ of goalie companies
Frayne says that’s spurred a whole field of research dedicated to improving goalies’ performance, involving everything from making pads water-resistant to using lighter-weight material such as synthetics instead of the traditional horse-hide leather.
Winnipeg Jets goalie Connor Hellebuyck stops a shot from St. Louis Blues’ David Backes during a game in St. Louis. Researchers at Western University have found a way to make goalie pads lighter, helping goalies to block shots to the five hole. (The Associated Press/Jeff Roberson)
“It’s the arms race of goalie companies right now,” Frayne said.
Together with industry partner Reebok-CCM Hockey, Frayne is studying goalie pad motion and the science of body mechanics, examining how goaltenders move in simulated performance exercises.
He says even the straps that attach pads to goaltenders’ legs can add bulk – up to one-fifth of the total weight of the pad.
“We wanted to figure out if we could correlate which straps were the most pertinent to performance,” Frayne said in a release Thursday.
‘Always looking for that edge’
As it turns out, it’s possible to remove select straps, keeping only the ones needed for prime goalie performance.
Together with industry partner Reebok-CCM Hockey, Western University PhD student Ryan Frayne is studying goalie pad motion and the science of body mechanics examining how goaltenders move in simulated performance exercises. (Western University)
“A goaltender can now have the ice sealed, blocked and protected in a way for pucks to not go between their legs versus somebody else, in a different setup, who is still vulnerable to pucks going through their five hole,” said Frayne.
The details can seem minute to some, Frayne admits, but it reflects how the goaltender’s role has changed.
“Goaltending has become a really academic position over the last ten years,” he said.
But he maintains interest in the technology behind goaltending equipment isn’t slowing down. “I think it’s because goaltenders are always looking for that edge,” he said.
And with the Kitchener Rangers getting set for their game against Guelph Tuesday night, Frayne’s research could make it that much easier for goaltender Luke Opilka and other goalies to take their teams to a win.
A hole is a hole is hole
We have all heard the announcers describe a goal that beat the goalie through the five hole. The fifth hole is the one between the goalies pads. Actually there are a total of six holes, or areas we isolate in order to teach goalies how to close holes (and to teach shooters how to score). So let’s examine these six holes.
Hole No. 1
Low to the Stick Side
This used to be the most popular place to score a goal. The goalie can only rely on the quickness of his pad on a butterfly or half butterfly save. The goalie stick is a non-factor on a shot to this spot. Goalies actually become better with their stick glove leg than their catch glove leg because the stick cannot be a crutch.
More and more goalies are reaching down with their blocker to cover this area, or are dropping their paddle to cover this hole in tight.
Hole No. 2
Low to the Glove Side
Most goaltenders are much weaker with this leg, but rely on their stick and possible catch glove. Less goals are scored here than through hole No. 1, just because of the stick and glove options not because of fast feet. Goalies must improve the use of their catch glove pad.
Hole No. 3
High Stick Side
This is an area that is very tough to score on. Because of the size of the stick glove, and its position, there is not a lot of room. It may look like net is available, but it is very hard, for example, for a righty to shoot the puck across his body over or past the stick glove of a goalie who holds his stick in his right hand.
Hole No. 4
High Catch Glove Side
This is an area players love to shoot at and rightfully so because there are lots of goals scored here. However, more probably miss the net and hit the glass than are saved.
Goalies hurt themselves with their glove positioning in this hole. Often they drop their glove too low, or position the glove in front of their chest so the entire middle to top portion of the net of the glove side is wide open. (We call this a claw). Shooters with good hands often change the location of the puck and goalies rarely adjust, further emphasizing the top shelf, glove side.
Occasionally, too, goalies try to catch the puck behind them and cannot get it as it rises past them. Ideally, the catch glove should be above the waist, in front of the body, and extended out the side.
Hole No. 5
Between the Pads
Having watched years of professional hockey games and practice, I am convinced that the 5-hole is the most popular location to shoot. With the advent of the butterfly style, and the fact that the bigger the goalie, the larger the legs and the longer the way down, the 5-hole is a mouth-watering target of many shooters. Goalies are scored on here for one of the following reasons:
A sloppy stick. Shots on the ice, which should be stopped by the stick, end up going in because of a stick that is not disciplined enough to stay in position, covering the 5-hole.
Soft Kneedrops. Whether a full of half butterfly, pucks go under goalies because they drop softly.
Lack of flexibility. A goaltender needs to be able to leave his or her feet, flair out the pads, yet still keep the knees together. That does not always happen and pucks make it through.
Bad equipment. The goal pants need to work with the pads to close all holes when the goalie drops. If the pants are too small, or the pads too short, holes open.
Hole No. 6
The New 6 hole.
With the increased use of the butterfly and half butterfly, a new hole has become a target of many shooters, the one between the body and stick glove (see Photo No. 2). If the goaltender is not disciplined with his stick, or especially if the paddle of the goal stick is too long, this hole becomes very large and tough to defend.
Goalie Tips – Goalie Technique – Goalie review – Butterfly Technique – Goalie Training
Part 2 of 3
Every day I am on the ice training goalies and one message that is consistently reinforced is stick positioning. With 70-90% percent of goals going in low in the NHL, having a strong stick position is crucial for success in the net. During my goalie sessions at Goalie U or in this Blog you will often here me referring to the “Phantom Stick” . This is when a goalie believes there stick is covering the 5 hole but in effect it is out of position leaving the area between the goalies legs wide open for a shooter to score. In part 1 I explained the importance of having the proper stick length. In part two of this three part article I will explain the 3 main causes of the “Phantom Stick” .
1) LEAD WITH YOUR STICK:
The most common mistake leading to a juicy 5 hole is when a goalie moves or is in transition and does not lead with their stick. I am sure you have all heard this expression before but really what does it mean? Well in effect every time a goalie moves, the stick should remain between their legs. Easier said then done! For example, when a goalie leaves their post, to challenge out to a player, their stick should first be to the side of the net. When the goalie begins their explosive push to square up to the puck, the first movement should be with the blocker arm allowing the stick to remain between the legs throughout the movement. If a goalie forgets the initial movement with the arm in order to square up the stick “Phantom Stick” will occur. The stick will drag behind the goalie’s body leaving the 5 hole completely exposed. This is especially common among younger goalies who either forget as they want to get to the puck as fast as possible or are not strong enough to push the stick in front of them while in transition.
2) KEEP YOUR STICK OF YOUR PAD:
Another very common mistake that leads to many 5 hole goals is when a goalie is in their stance and rests their blocker along the outside of their pad. In effect the goalie’s stick is on the ice but is only covering a small portion of the 5 hole. This bad habit leaves a big space between the inside of the trapper pad and the tip of the stick. This problem also creates a difficult blade angle with only the heel of the stick touching the ice. Having this overly relaxed stance creates an even wider 5 hole when the goalie is shuffling to their trapper side. Every time the goalie’s trapper leg moves laterally to shuffle the 5 hole widens. However, the stick is stuck on the side of the pad creating an open hole for the shooter. Simply moving the blocker forward off the pad will allow the stick to remain even between both pads. This way when a goalie shuffles the stick will move with the body as opposed to being delayed as a result of resting on the pad.
3) BRING YOUR STICK ALONG FOR THE SLIDE: ( A MUST READ)
Another common cause for the Phantom Stick perception is when a goalie pivots to load their slide and they leave their stick behind them. Even the top NHL goalies can be seen sliding with their sticks trailing behind. This tendency happens most often when a goalie is sliding to their trapper side. The momentum of the pivot brings the body away from the stick and if the goalie does not make an active effort to keep the stick in their 5 hole the stick will drag behind. The best way to avoid this mistake is to make a conscious effort to pivot with the skate and the stick. This means that the stick will rotate simultaneously with the pivot allowing the 5 hole to be covered throughout the slide.
This is less of an issue when sliding on the blocker side as the blocker arm tends to rotate naturally with the momentum of the pivot. The goalie should still focus on keeping the stick between the legs but it is done more naturally on the blocker side.
Keeping your stick in the 5 hole is often overlooked in practice and neglecting this skill can lead to many costly goals. I highly recommend you take the time to eliminate any of the bad habits mentioned in this article and watch your save percentage sky rocket.
Be the Hero, Post the Zero,
90,000 Cagliari, bitter debut at home: against Lazio: 0: 2
Defeat Di Francesco for Cagliari in the home debut of the 2020/21 championship.
Lazio won 2-0 at Sardenya Arena thanks to a goal from Lazzari in the first half, which was repeated by Immobile in the second half. For the Russians, regret that they missed a sensational opportunity with Simeone at the start of the second half.
COMPOSITION – For the match against Biancocelesti, the coach of Sardinia chooses Cranjo, Farago, Valukevich, Klavan, Lycogiannis, Nandez, Marina, Rog, Sottila, Joao Pedro, Simeone.
Instead, Inzaghi answers Strakoshi, Patrick, Acerbi, Radu, Lazzari, Milinkovic Savic, Leiva, Luis Alberto, Marusic, Correa and Immobile.
The direction of the race is assigned to the referee Mass.
FIRST HALF – The game starts immediately uphill for the hosts. Less than 4 minutes later, Correa kicks off Marusic, who flies offside on the left, kicks out Farago and replaces Lazzari, who is faster than Lykogiannis and finds a winning deviation for the visitors’ advantage from two steps.
After the strike was sunk by the guests, on the wave of enthusiasm that they storm. Cagliari, on the other hand, crushed in the area, is focused on restarts.
The first real chance for Rossoblu appears in the 25th minute: Strakosha misses a delay, causing Cagliari to act, the ball reaches the Horn, who tries to take a corner, but the goalkeeper from Biancoceleste knows how to neutralize the threat.
Cagliari is gaining courage, but the guests are still dangerous, first with Milinkovic and Lazzari, then with Immobile, but in both cases Cranjo shows his reaction.
João Pedro tries at the end of the half, but the Brazilian’s edge penalty does not go well and hits the target.
Yes before the break when the score is 0: 1.
<| AF-952635-Lazio_feast_after_the_gol_ansa |>
SECOND HALF – Recovery starts with a more motivated Cagliari. And after 3 minutes, a super chance comes: Joao Pedro takes the ball between the lines and finishes from 25 meters, Strakosha parries on Simeone’s feet, who, with the door open, incredibly breaks through the crossbar.
Lazio again at 65 ‘: Milinkovic tries from the edge, but finds the tip of Cranjo’s gloves, which hits on the corner.
A minute later Valukevich fails to find the winning shot after Likogiannis’s long free kick from the left.
Di Francesco realizes that it is time to change something, and calls for the first change: from Marina, in Caligara, which started in the opening match against Sassuolo.
But in the 75th minute Lazio found a double: Marusic is still running away from Farago, the ball is in the center for Immobile and the 17-hole bomber of the first intention of Cranjo, making 0: 2.
After receiving the second hit, Mr. Di Francesco shuffles the cards again, causing a triple substitution: from Sottila, Farago and Simeone to Pavoletti, Zappa and Despods. Then, 4 from the end, in Tripaldelli, instead of Lykogiannis.
In the last minutes and in the recovery, the Rossobla are counting on canopies and throws to the head of Pavoletti. But it’s too late to correct the match.
Lazio rejoices at triple whistle and Rossoblu win their first defeat of the season.
(Unioneonline / lf)
Trumbull, CT – ru.wikitechpro.com
City in Connecticut, USA
City in Connecticut, USA
Capage, Cupheag, Cuphege
City of Trambal
| Motto (s):
Pride in the Past, Faith in the Future
Located in Fairfield County and Connecticut.
|Coordinates: 41 ° 13’59 ″ N 73 ° 13′6 ″ W / 41.23306 ° N 73.21833 ° W / 41.23306; -73.21833 Coordinates: 41 ° 13’59 ″ N 73 ° 13′6 ″ W / 41.23306 ° N 73.21833 ° W / 41.23306; -73.21833|
|City Territory||Bridgeport Stamford|
|Incorporated||1797 as Trumbull|
|• Type||First Commissioner – City Council|
|• First Elector||Vicki Tesoro (h)|
|• City Council|
|• Total||23.5 square miles (60.9 km 2 )|
|• Land||23.3 square miles (60.3 km 2 )|
|• Water||0.2 sq.Miles (0.6 km 2 )|
|Altitude||266 feet (81 m)|
|Time Zone||UTC – 5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (Eastern)|
|City code (s)||203/475|
|GNIS function identifier||0213518|
|Website||http: // www.trumbull-ct.gov/|
Trumbull is a city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. It borders the towns of Bridgeport and Shelton and the towns of Stratford, Fairfield, Easton and Monroe. The population at the time of the 2010 census was 36,018 people. Trumbull was home to the Golden Hill Indian nation of Paugussett thousands of years before an English settlement was founded in 1639. The city was named after Jonathan Trumbull (1710–1785), a merchant, patriot and statesman when it was incorporated in 1797.Aviation pioneer Igor Sikorsky lived in Trumball during his active years when he designed, built and operated fixed-wing aircraft and put the helicopter into series production for the first time.
Main article: History of Trumbull, Connecticut
The territory that makes up the city of Trumbull was occupied by the Paugusset Indian nation thousands of years before English colonists arrived here during the Great Migration from England and founded the city of Stratford, Connecticut. in 1639.
In 1725, Stratford residents in the north of the city petitioned the Connecticut Colony to establish their own village. They wanted to name their new village Nikolsky Farms, in honor of the family who lived in its center. However, the Colony named it Unity instead. The village of Unity merged with the village to the west of it called Long Hill (organized in 1740), and in 1744 the city of North Stratford was formed.
In the late 1780s, North Stratford began petitioning the Connecticut General Assembly for independence from Stratford.The assembly finally granted full city rights in October 1797 and named the new city after Jonathan Trumbull (1710–1785), a merchant, patriot, statesman, and slave owner, when it was incorporated in 1797. Aviation pioneer Igor Sikorsky lived in Trembull during his active years, when he designed, built and operated fixed-wing aircraft and put the helicopter into series production for the first time.
Bodies of Water
The Peconnock River is the only major waterway in Trumbull, starting northwest of Old Mine Park bordering Monroe and flowing southeast through Peconnock River Valley State Park, Trumball Center and Twin Brooks Park …The river leaves Trumbull and continues into Beardsley Park in Bridgeport.
Major bodies of water include Canoe Brook Lake, Pinewood Lake, Tashua Hills Golf Club pond and six Twin Brooks Park ponds. Minor bodies of water include Lake Kizil, Frog Pond, Kaatz Pond, Kechele Pond, Porters Pond, Secret Pond, Thrush Wood Lake, and Unity Park Pond.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.5 square miles (61 km 2 ), of which 23.3 square miles (60 km 2 ) is land and 0. 2 square miles (0.52 km 2 ), or 0.98%, is water.According to the US Geological Survey in 1986, the lowest point in the city is approximately 40 feet (12 m) above sea level in Beach Park. The highest point is the top of Monitor Hill at 615 feet (187 m) above sea level.
According to the US Geological Society, Monitor Hill (Tashua Hill) at Trumbull is the highest point on the east coast of the United States at 615 feet. It is marked with a plaque on Monitor Hill Road.
Trumbull has 871.23 acres (3.5257 km 2 ) park facilities.These areas include:
- Abraham Nichols Park / Wood Manor (13.8 acres (56000 m 2 ))
- Aldo Memorial Park (Westwind Road) (7.0 acres (28000 m 2 ))
- Robert J. Beach Memorial Park (331.0 acres (1,340 km 2 ))
- Davidov Park (15.2 acres (62,000 m 2 ))
- Great Oak Park (69.9 acres (283,000 m 2 ))
- Gunther Pond Park (1.3 acres (5300 m 2 ))
- Indian Ledge Park (104.6 acres (0.423 km 2 ))
- Island Brook Park (47 0 acres (190,000 m 2 ))
- Kaatz Pond Park (17.5 acres (71,000 m 2 ))
- Kaechele Football Fields (12.23 acres (49,500 m 2 ))
- Long Hill Green (0.1 acres (400 m 2 ))
- Middlebrooks Park (13.7 acres (55,000 m 2 ))
- Misha Brook Park (16.6 acres (67,000 m 2 ))
- Meme orial Notnagle Field (4.0 acres (16,000 m 2 ))
- Old Mines Park (dedicated to the historic mine) (72.1 acres (292,000 m 2 ))
- Parlor Rock Historic Amusement Area (2.5 acres (10,000 m 2 ))
- Strawberry Brook Estates (4.4 acres (18,000 m 2 ))
- Tashua Recreation Area (20 acres (81,000 m 2 ))
- Twin Brooks Park (83 , 2 acres (337,000 m 2 ))
- Unity Park (35.1 acres (142,000 m 2 ))
Trumbull Township, Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and Bridgeport Hydraulic agreed to jointly purchase the city and state of land in the Peconnock Valley in 1989.The 382-acre (155 ha) land was priced at $ 9,275,000 and is maintained by the Department of Environmental Protection.
- Daniel’s Farm
- Long Hill
- Trumbull Center
See Also: List of Connecticut Locations by Income Per Capita Census
11,911 households and 9,707 families living in the city.The population density was 1,470.6 people per square mile (567.7 / km2). 2 ). There were 12,160 housing units at an average density of 522.2 per square mile (201.6 / km). 2 ). The racial makeup of the city was 94.02% White, 1.88% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.38% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% other races and 0.88% from two or more races. Hispanics or Hispanics of any race made up 2.70% of the population.
90,052 There were 11,911 families, of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.7% were married couples living together, 7.4% of families were women without husbands, and 18.5 % did not have a family.16.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.82 and the average family size is 3.17.
90,052 In the city, the population was dispersed: 26.0% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64 and 17, 3% are aged 65 and over. older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there are 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.
According to the 2000 census, the average income for men was $ 62,201 compared to $ 41,384 for women. The per capita income for the city was $ 34,931. About 1.4% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.4% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those over 65.
The American Community (ACS) estimate for 2008 had 37,134 people, 12,338 households and 10,021 families in the city.The population density was 1,593.73 people per square mile. There were 12,651 housing units (93% ownership, 7% rentals) with an average density of 542.9 per square mile. 90,003 90,052 There were 12,338 families of which 40.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69% were married couples living together, 7.9% of families were women without a husband and 18.8% were not had families. 17.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.90 and the average family size is 3.31.
In the city, the population is 25.5% under the age of 18 and 20.1% at the age of 65 and over. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females there are 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.
The median household income in the city was $ 103,082 and the median family income was $ 115,686. The per capita income for the city was $ 46,307. About 1.7% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those over 65.
The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 4.1% Asian, 2.9% Black or African American, 0.5% from other races, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 3.70% of the population. The ten largest ethnic groups were 11,025 Italians (29.70%), Irish 9166 (24.70%), Germans 4363 (11.70%), British 3112 (8.40%), Poles 2762 (7.40%). Russians 1558 (4.20%), Hungarians 1447 (3.90%), French (except Basque) 1087 (2.90%), Portuguese 885 (2.40%) and Slovak 881 (2.40%).
Trumbull time capsule.
Bicentennial Fountain and Time Capsule
City Bicentennial Fountain is located at the corner of Quality Street and Church Hill Road (Connecticut Route 127), near the main library branch and town hall. It features Trumbull’s city seal and a memorial plaque for donors. In 1997, a time capsule was laid at the base of the 200-year-old fountain, which opened on October 12, 2097, Trumbull’s three-centenary.
About the National Register of Historic Places
- Christ Episcopal Church and Tashua Burial Ground – 5170 Madison Avenue (added May 25, 2001)
- David Mallett Jr. Home – 420 Tashua Road (added March 20, 1986)
- Historic Nichols Farm Area – Central Road, 1681-1944 Huntington Turnpike, 5-34 Priscilla Place and 30-172 Shelton Road (added September 20, 1987)
- Old Mines Park Archaeological Site (added 1990))
The revised city budget for 2009–2010 is USD 140 054 187.23. Trumbull retained its $ 26.3 million AA bond rating in 2009 as part of new general bond issues. The total amount of Trumbull GOs is $ 98.1 million. Trumbull has about 1,400 businesses.
Westfield Trumbull Shopping Center is located on Route 111, or Main Street, bordering the city with Bridgeport and has over 180 stores including Target, J.C. Penney and Macy’s.
Hawley Lane Mall is located on Hawley Lane just south of Highway 8 on the city-Stratford border and offers Best Buy, Kohl’s and Target stores.
Corporate and industrial parks
Located north of Merritt Parkway and east of Route 8 near the city border with Shelton and Stratford, 93,000 square feet (8600 m 2 ) of commercial space is zoned to include offices of major firms such as Helicopter Support, Sun Products, Unilever and United Healthcare.It is also home to the Integrity Market office of the NASDAQ OMX Group.
Planning and Zoning Rules
Professional office overlap areas (former design districts) have been established at designated sites along White Plains Road (Route 127), Church Hill Road and Main Street (Route 111) … A Combined Commercial Commercial Multi-Family Residential Zone or Mixed Zone was created around the Long Hill Green Historic District (dating from 1720) to stimulate new commercial development.
Adaptive Reuse was adopted to permit the reuse of all historic structures located on government-numbered roads that were previously occupied by inappropriate use or are considered historic for the city, and for which the use permitted by the existing zones is no longer viable – resulting in to the emergence of structures that may be in poor condition, underutilized, empty or demolished due to negligence.
The City amended its Municipal Code effective October 1, 2012 to establish a Disease Prevention Ordinance under section 7-148 (c) (7) (H) (xv) of the the municipal powers of the General Statute of Connecticut. This new regulation encourages the restoration of damaged premises by prohibiting any owner (s) or occupant (s) of real estate; permission, creation, maintenance or inducement to create or maintain the damaged premises.
According to the city’s large list, Trumbull’s taxable value is estimated at $ 5.114 billion, and the rate for 2017 is $ 33.39. The total value of Trumbull’s real estate is $ 4.615 billion.
- Route 8 passes through the southeastern part of the city. Route 8 is the freeway that leads to Waterbury and Interstate 84, continues into Massachusetts as Massachusetts Route 8, and finally ends in Searsburg, Vermont.Nichols residents petitioned the legislature and won bypass 8, which was originally proposed to be built right through the center of the historic village in the early 1900s.
- Route 15, historic Merritt Boulevard, runs north (east) to New Haven (eventually connecting to Interstate 91) and south (west) towards New York. Route 15 ran through the center of Nichols, replacing Nichols’ house, old shop and Trinity Episcopal Church in 1939.
- Route 25 runs north-south, merging with Route 8 on the Bridgeport Line and continuing to intersect Route 8 (commonly known as the Route 8/25 connector) to Bridgeport, ending on Interstate 95. Continuing north on Route 25. the freeway ends on it. crosses Route 111 and continues on the land road to I-84 at Newtown heading to Danbury.
- Route 108, also known as Nichols Avenue and Huntington Turnpike, leads north to Trumbull from Stratford on Hawley Lane.The Trumbull portion of Nichols Avenue was completed and its dimensions and adjacent landowners were entered in the Land Registers on December 7, 1696, making it the third oldest documented highway in Connecticut. It ends at Shelton at the intersection with Route 110 (Howe Avenue). Route 108 can be accessed via Exit 52 from Route 15 or exit 8 from Route 8.
- Route 111, also known as Main Street, starts at the intersection of Route 15 (Exit 48) in the north of Bridgeport.In 1801 the road connecting Bridgeport and Newtown was called Bridgeport and Newtown Turnpike. From 1826 to 1852 the road from Trumbull to Stevenson was chartered as a highway and called Monroe Highway and Zohar Bridge . Route 111 ends on Route 34 at Monroe. Prior to the opening of the last section of Route 25 in 1982, the portion of current Route 111 from Route 15 to the intersection with the northern terminus of the split section of Highway 25 was known as Route 25 instead of Route 111.with Route 111 starting at the intersection of Route 25.
- Route 127, also known as White Plains Road and Church Hill Road, passes through the city center from south to north of the East Side of Bridgeport. A section at Trumbull was built to Pulpit Rock in 1705. Route 127 ends at the Main Street intersection (Route 111) at City Hall.
Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority provides bus services to Trumbull.
There are 3 train stations near Trumbull:
- Bridgeport, 7.6 km.
- Stratford, 7.9 km.
- Fairfield Tube Station is 6 miles away.
All three stations are served by the New Haven Metro-North line. Bridgeport Station is served by the Northeast Corridor Amtrak and Vermont. They are all easily accessible by bus or car. The New Haven Railroad used to serve the city.
Public schools are administered by the Trumbull Public School system and include approximately 6,955 students, 450 teachers and 240 staff.The borough was ranked 18th (out of 164) in Connecticut according to the National Center for Education Statistics.
The system includes Trumbull High School, which is also home to Agriscience & Biotechnology, Alternative High School and REACH. Trumbull has two high schools: Hillcrest High School and Madison High School. The six elementary schools in the city include Booth Hill Elementary, Daniels Farm Elementary, Frenchtown Elementary, Jane Ryan Elementary, Middlebrook Elementary, and Tashua Elementary.The Trumbull Preschool Center serves as the city’s preschool.
Trumbull has several private schools, including (non-denominational) Christian Heritage School (K-12) and St Catherine of Siena (Catholic) School (K-8), St Joseph High School and St Teresa School ( K -8). A private kindergarten, Montessori Early Learning Center, is located in Trumballa.
Trumbull provides adult education in a variety of subjects at Trumbull High School, usually early in the evening.
Trumbull EMS is a joint volunteer / paid organization founded in 1976. Trumbull EMS is headquartered at 250 Middlebrooks Avenue. EMT-B and EMT recertification classes are offered regularly.
Firefighting in Trumbull is operated by three independent and fully volunteer fire brigades. Each fire department has its own tax structure and fundraising, but does not receive funding from the city.There are seven fire departments in total, equipped with a fleet of six engines, three trolleys with a ladder (including one five), three rescue stations, two departments, two fire boats, one city commander’s trailer, five auxiliary units and numerous support services. units. The current City Fire Marshal is Megan Murphy.
90 107 860 White Plains Rd.
Trumbull Police Department was created in 1941 by a state legislature. It is under the jurisdiction of a six-member Council of Police Commissioners appointed by the First Chosen. Currently, the department employs eighty officers and ten civil servants, including a dog handler. The current chief of police is Mikael Lombardo. The Police Department is located at 158 Edison Road.The revised budget for the department for 2009-2010 is US $ 6,819,421.
Government and Politics
|2020||55.7% 1172 11 9.175||1.5% 76|
|2016||46.86% 9.299||49.14% 9.753||4.00% 794|
|2012||46.12% 8.703||52.92% 9.986|
|2008||49.17% 9.757||50.03% 9.927||0.80% 158|
|2004||44.02% 8.656||54.86% 10.789||1.12% 221|
|2000||46.82% 8.659||49.43% 9.1431 9029 6972|
|1996||42.21% 7.338||46.02% 8.001||11.77% 2.047|
|1992||31.81% 6.353||47.49% 9.486||20.70% 4.135|
|1988||34.06% 6.179||64.88% 11.769 9029 19229|
|1984||26.61% 4.920||73.07% 13.512||0.32% 60|
|1980||27.92% 4.880||61.69% 10.782||10.39% 1.816|
|1976||37.35% 6.194||61.96% 9000 908 10.277|
|1972||28.11% 4.437||69.88% 11.028||2.01% 317|
|1968||34.07% 4.642||58.16% 7.923||7.77% 1.059|
|1964||50.47% 5.780||49.53 9029% 5.673 9029 0.00|
|1960||41.46% 4.435||58.54% 6.261||0.00% 0|
|1956||21.06% 1.677||78.94% 6.286||0.00% 0|
Rambal is a reliable stronghold of Republicans in the presidential elections. However, the city has seen some swing in favor of Democrats in recent years, suggesting a shift to the left in suburban areas. In 2008, John McCain brought the city just 0.86%. In 2016, Hillary Clinton lost just 2.28%. In 2020, Democrat Joe Biden made the city blue.
Notable Sports Teams
The Trumbull National Minor League defeated the Kang Tu Minor League in Kaohsiung, Taiwan in the 1989 Minor League World Series Championship.
Activities and Organizations
- The Nichols Improvement Association was founded in 1889 and covers 47 acres (0.19 km). 2 ) open space. Its gazebo is used for wedding pictures, social gatherings, and for the sale of Christmas trees.
- Tashua Recreation Center, on 268 acres (1.08 km 2 ) in size, includes basketball, tennis courts, pool, playground, picnic area, multipurpose course and Tashua Halls, an 18-hole course for golf course, built in 1976 and designed by renowned golf architect Al Zikorus.The track features a driving range, two golf courses, a golf supply store, changing rooms, Eagle’s Nest Grille and a banquet hall. There is also Tashua Glen, an “Executive style” 9 hole course, opened in 2004. Both fields have trolley tracks. The course has a men’s club, a men’s club for the elderly, a women’s 9-hole and a women’s 18-hole.
- The Trumbull Women’s Society is a group dedicated to the advancement of civil service. It is open to all women over the age of 18, and there is also a Young Women Club.They meet in the Trumbull public area, usually on the first Tuesday of the month from September to June.
- Concerts are held in the gazebo of the Town Hall, mainly on Tuesdays in summer.
- The Trumbull Historical Society, founded in 1964, maintains the Trumbull Past Museum on the 1856 Huntington Turnpike at the Abraham Nichols Farm.
- Trumbull Nature and Arts Center is located at 7115 Main Street and coordinates fishing trips, butterfly hunting, gardening, outdoor photography and other nature-related activities.
- The Trumbull Teen Center was located in a barn in Indian Ledge Park and offered activities such as air hockey, table football, local band concerts, table tennis and basketball for Trumbull residents. The barn has not been used as a teenage center for several years, but efforts are being made to reopen it.
- Trumbull Nursing Center is located at 23 Priscilla Place. The Department of Transportation for Seniors continues to provide effective door-to-door services for seniors aged 60 and over who have no transportation or are unable to drive.Services include doctor’s appointments, shopping, nutritional program, dental appointments and legal advice. It provides a variety of resources such as continuing education and social services, as well as activities.
- The Farsarotul Society, the cultural organization of Arumyn, is headquartered in Trumbull.
The Trumbull Library System (TLS) is the city’s premier library with 15 employees and two branches. The library has online book searches and updates, statewide interlibrary lending, adult and youth sections, and several conference rooms.Internet terminals and photocopiers are also available for use. Various groups use the library for meetings and seminars. The library’s catalog includes over 148,000 printed materials, 10,000 videos, 4,500 audio materials and 200 subscriptions available as audiobooks on CD / cassettes / MP3s, books, DVDs, graphic novels, magazines, music CDs and VHS tapes. The annual circulation exceeds 373,000 transactions.
The library has two branches:
- The Trumbull Library (main branch) is located next to the Town Hall at 33 Quality Street.
- The Fairchild-Nichols Memorial Library is located at 1718 Huntington Turnpike.
Local retail outlets
- Trumbull Public Television , available via Charter Cable on Channel 17 and Frontier Communications on Channel 99. Educational Access Cable Program includes coverage of school events and programs, government television ( GATV) provides coverage to all city government commissions and councils.and legislative assemblies. It also provides emergency announcements, public information and city service announcements.
- Public TV is available through Charter Cable Community Vision 192.
- The Trumbull Times is a local community newspaper, published weekly on Thursdays.
Films Filmed in Trumball
- Isn’t that delicious? , Independent Film (2011)
- Dance of Grace (2010)
- Revolutionary Way (2008)
- Oprah Winfrey presents Another day which aired on ABC in December 2007.
Family Circle was ranked 7th by Trumbull in their 2011 “Top 10 Family Towns”. U.S. News & World Report Magazine named Trumbull as one of Connecticut’s Top 15 Retirement Destinations. RelocateAmerica.com has included Trumbull on its annual list of America’s 100 Best Places to Live. Money Magazine ranked Trumbull as 68th in the Top 100 US Cities to Live in 2007 and 77th in 2009.
- Lee Abbamonte, travel blogger and youngest American to visit all 193 UN member states
- Dick Allen (1939-2017), American poet and Connecticut poet laureate John
- W. Beach (b. 1825), 7th President of Wesleyan University
- James Beebe (1717–1785), Rev. Unity Ward, Army Preacher during the French-Indian War and Patriot
- Truman Bradley (1826–1900), American Indian from the Shahtikok tribe
- Craig Breslow (b.1980), professional baseball player (reliever) Oakland Athletics and Boston Red Sox, Trumbull High School graduate in 1998
- P.V. Catanese, author of Umbra Books and Further Tales Adventures Series
- Joseph DiMenna, Hedge Manager Foundation and Patron
- Nancy DiNardo, Chairman of the Connecticut Democratic Party
- Chris Drury, professional ice hockey player, won the Stanley Cup, two-time Olympic silver medalist and member of the 1989 Minor League championship team from Trumbull.
- Ted Drury, former NHL player
- Felli, rapper
- Will Gere (1902–1978), actor and folklorist, supported Gere Gora Gardens.
- Nero Hawley, (1742–1817), slave, served in the Continental Army, earning his freedom.
- Robert Hawley, (1729-1799), Captain of the North Stratford Railway Band in the US Revolutionary War
- Caroline Hux (b. 1966), writer and columnist Washington Post and author of the advice column ” Tell me about it. ”
- Tony Horton, actor, personal trainer and creator of the home fitness program p90x
- Harvey Hubbell (1857-1927), inventor
- Joseph Judson (1619-1690), one of the first settlers, police officer and local official.Agreed to purchase Long Hill Paugussett Indian Habitat
- Bert Kearns, Television and Cinematographer and Producer, Journalist and Author of Tabloid Baby
- Lisa Lampanelli, Comedian, Actress and Writer
- January LaVoy
- Broadway and Television Actress
- Mark Longwell, professional footballer and member of the US men’s national soccer team
- Brian E. Luther, Rear Admiral of the US Navy
- Manya Makoski, professional soccer player (Los Angeles Sol)
- Charlie Morton, two-time MLB All-Star pitcher for the Tampa Bay Rays winner of Game 7 of the 2017 World Series with the Houston Astros.
- Alyssa Naeher, goalkeeper of the US women’s soccer team at the 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup
- Wayne Norman, WILI-AM morning radio host and author
- Igor Sikorsky (1889-1972), pioneer of aviation and inventor of the helicopter.
- Benjamin Silliman (1779-1864), first professor of science at Yale and first to distill oil
- Chris Soul, Olympic skeleton (sports) athlete
- Jim Tennant, former MLB player
Xinyi, Jiangsu (China) since 2008
- Ephraim Hawley’s House
- Golden Hill Paugussett Indian Nation
- Gregory’s Burial Ground
- Minor League World Series Trumbull 1989 World Champions
- Nichols Historic District
- Rev. Orcutt, History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut , Fairfield Historical Society, 1886
- Anniversary book “The Story of Trumbull Dodraska” dedicated to the centenary of 1797–1972. Trumbull Historical Society, 1972
- Isaac William Stewart, Life of Jonathan Trumbull, Senator, Governor of Connecticut Crocker and Brewster, 1859
- Henry Phelps Johnston, Yorktown Campaign and Surrender to Cornu 17 , Ayer Publishing, 1971
- Charles S. Hall, The Life and Letters of Samuel Holden Parsons , Ostenigo Publishing Co., Binghamton, New York, 1905
- E. Merrill Beach, They Face the Rising Sun, Trumbull Historical Society, 1971
- E. Merrill Beach, Trumball Church and City, Historical Trumbull Society, 1972
- Dorothy Seely, Tales of Trumbull’s Past, Trumbull Historical Society, 1984
- Gifford, Frank and Richmond, Peter, The Game of Glory: How the 1958 NFL Championship Changed Football Forever Harper Collins Ebooks ISBN 978-0-06-171659-1
- Sirbhall O Dale, fifth President of Ireland
- Dara O Brien, comedian and TV host
- Denzil Lacey, former RTÉ 2fm and current presenter Spin South West
- Eddie Jordan, former race car driver and founder of the Jordan Grand Prix
- Seamus Costello, Founding Member of the Irish National Liberation Army [ citation needed ]
- Ed Joyce, pro cricketer
- Fergal Dewitt , WWE pro wrestler who wrestles as Finn Balor
- Fionn Regan, musician
- James Joyce, writer
- Jordan Devlin, WWE pro wrestler
- Katie Taylor, World, European and Olympic boxing champion
- Laura Whitmore TV Presenter and Host
- Lennox Robinson Playwright and Poet
- Maria Doyle Kennedy, singer and actress who lived in the city as a child.
- Mary Coughlan, a singer living in the city
- Sinead O’Connor, a singer living in a city
- Sheridan Le Fanu, author of gothic horror and detective novels
- William Wilde and Jane Wilde, parents of Oscar Wilde built the terrace Esplanade in 1863, one of which now houses the Strand Hotel.
- Thomas Langlois Lefroy, politician and judge who lived on his family estate in Newcourt
- Darren Randolph, goalkeeper of the Irish national football team
- Gary O’Toole, former Irish Olympic swimmer from Bray
- Eamon de Buit director and traditional Irish musician
- Keith Nolan, professional golfer, former UK and Ireland Walker Cup player and PGA Tour player
- Fran O’Toole, former vocalist for The Miami Showband.Was killed by gang members Ulster Volunteer Force and Glenanne during the Miami Showband massacre in July 1975.
- Begle, France
- Dublin, CA, USA
Mogul 9099 Recommendations 9099 Sources
Leixlip – Russian
When using text, please include a link to this page.
Leislip (or) is a city in the northeast of County Kildare, Ireland, near Dublin. Its location at the confluence of the Liffey and Rye Water rivers has made it a historically frontier town – on the border between the ancient kingdoms of Leinster and Brega, as an outpost of Settlement, and on the border between Kildare and County Dublin. Leislip was also a civil parish in the ancient Salt North barony.
As of 2016, the population of the city was 15 504 people. It is the fourth largest city in Kildare and the 29th largest in Ireland.
The name of the place comes from the old Scandinavian weak hlaup (Younger Futhark- ᛚᛅᚼᛋ ᚼᛚᛅᚢᛒ), which means “salmon jump”. The Irish title (Laim Bhadain) is a direct translation of this, and was first adopted in the 1890s. (see archival records) In Latin, it is Saltus salmonis, from which the names of the barons of North Salt and South Salt are derived.
Lakeslip was the eventual site of the Battle of Confit, in which the Viking king Sigtrig Kaech of Dublin defeated the Irish king Leinster around 917.The first settlement at Lakeslip was an outpost of early Scandinavian Dublin, built at the farthest point where long ships could be paddled up the Liffey. Its status as an outpost of Dublin has persisted for centuries, marking the border of Settlement.
Arthur Guinness’s first brewery appeared in the city in 1756, where he brewed ale, until he moved to the St. James’s Gate Brewery in Dublin in 1759.
The first history of the city was published in 2005.
Leislip is part of the Kildare North Constituency, which elects four members to Dyle Erianne.
Leislip, along with Selbridge, constitutes the Selbridge-Leislip electoral zone, which elects seven members to the Kildare County Council. Two of these members are based in Leixlip.
Between 1988 and 2014, Lakeslip had a nine-member city council (formerly Lakeslip city councilors), headed by Cathaoirleach (chairman).In 1990, the city’s coat of arms was introduced by Minister Padreig Flynn. The 2014 Local Government Reform Act abolished city councils, including Lakesleep, in 2014
Dublin Bus provides Leixlip services. Between 66a, 66b, and 66e, Leixlip has a bus service in either direction, usually at 15-minute intervals.
From Dublin city center number 66 goes to Maynooth through Leixlip village 66a goes to Leixlip Confey through Leixlip village and 66b goes to Leixlip HP through Leixlip village.All buses have equivalent return routes back to Dublin.
66x Express provides express buses from parts of the city directly to Dublin city center in the morning and back in the evening. 66n Nitelink provides late night service on Friday and Saturday nights from Dublin city center to Lakeslip.
Airport Hopper provides services to / from Dublin Airport.
Leixlip is connected to the Irish rail network on the Dublin-Sligo rail line, and two stations from Dublin Connolly to Sligo, with two stations, Leixlip (Louise Bridge), opened September 1, 1848, and Leixlip (Confey), opened July 2, 1990, located at both ends of the city.While InterCity services in Sligo do not serve the city, Maynooth / Longford Commuter services do peak train frequencies in the mornings and evenings. Some of these services are still outbound to Mullingar and Longford. Leixlip is honored to be the only city in the Republic of Ireland with two operational railway stations.
Weston Airport is a government licensed airport. Its traffic is mostly private and commercial training. Dublin Airport is a 20-minute drive from the Leixlip on the M50 motorway.
Built on a cliff at the confluence of the Liffey and Rye Water rivers, the central section of the castle dates back to 1172, just after the Norman invasion in 1171, and is one of the oldest continuously inhabited buildings in Ireland, predating Dublin Castle by 30 years. It was used as a hunting base by King John when he was Lord of Ireland in 1185. It was of little military importance, but withstood a 4-day siege by the army of Edward the Bruce in 1316.The 90,160 Leixlip and 809 acres around it (excluding the castle) were purchased by William Conoletti of nearby Castletown House for approximately £ 12,000 in 1728. The castle was bought by Conoli’s nephew and heir, William James Conoli, in 1731. His family sold it in 1914. Notable tenants of the Conollys at the castle included Archbishop Stone, the Protestant Primate (1750s), Viceroy Lord Townsend (1770s), Lord Aqua Park, and Baron de Robeck (drowned in a salmon ride).In the 1920s, it was the seat of the first French ambassador to the Irish Free State. In 1945, the castle was sold to William Kavanagh, before being bought in 1958 by the Honorable Desmond Guinness.
Castlettown House Wonderful Barn
Located on the main street of nearby Kelbridge, Castletown House is Ireland’s first grand Palladian house – a building project that led to the construction of Leinster House and from there to the White House in Washington, DC. The beginning was laid in 1722 by Speaker William Conolly (1662-1729), Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, the land and the house itself lie in Kelbridge, however, there is also an entrance from Lakeslip, therefore, there are two modern residential complexes named Castletown, one in every city.In 1743, a conical building was built on the east side of Castlettown – the Wonderful Barn, with stairs leading up the outside of the building.
Priory of St. Catherine
The Catherine Monastery was acquired by Judge Nicholas White and was an important monastery in the Middle Ages.
British publisher and cartographer Samuel Lewis mentions Confit Castle in the first volume of his 1837 Topographic Dictionary of Ireland.In it, he comments that the population of Confi (or Confoi, as he pronounces it) was 165 people, before he had a city and a castle, which were noticed by Camden. The remains of the tower were a massive five-story structure with towers at the north and west corners, which in the north corner contained a spiral staircase leading through pointed arches to each floor. The main entrance was under a semicircular arch. It is said that during the war of 1688 there was a strong garrison in the castle and it withstood the attack.
Leixlip Spa was found in 1793 by workers working on the construction of the Royal Canal, which runs through the Leixlip.
Jump with salmon
The main attraction of Leixlip in the past was the Salmon jump, from which the city is named, a 5-meter waterfall at Liffey just upstream of the then village. In 1945, the construction of the hydroelectric power plant was completed, and its lake was flooded with a waterfall. The dam generates 4 megawatts.
Leislip is divided into two parishes of the Roman Catholic Church, Leislip (Nativity of the Virgin) and Confey (St. Charles Borromeo), each with its own parish church. The parish of St. Mary’s Irish Church also has a church in Lakeslip located on Main Street. This medieval church was renovated in the 1750s with Gothic windows, and the clock on its bell tower dates back to 1720. People from the parish of the Nativity of the Virgin also have their own personality, which is different from the people in the confey parish.The members of the Confey parish are known as “hillers” and the people of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary parish are known as “farmers.” There is a common local rivalry between the two different parishes, which is especially noticeable during sporting events.
Education and Library
As with religion and sports, education in Lakeslip is divided into two Catholic parishes – Lakeslip (Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary) and Confit (Saint Charles Borromeo).
Relevant schools in the Confey area are Community College (community school), Scoil San Carlo (elementary school), and Scoil San Carlo Senior School (both national schools).Confey College has a total of approximately 750 students and, like Coláiste Chiaráin, has a mixed gender and non-denominational teaching. The name “San Carlo”, although used as the Irish names for national schools in the parish of St. Charles Borromeo, is actually Italian and not an actual Irish translation (which would be “Naomh Cathal”).
Lakeslip also has one of the few Montessori elementary schools in Ireland, Weston Primary Montessori School.Founded in 2016 by the parents and teachers of Gleb’s former school, this school provides Montessori education to children from 3 to 12 years old and is located on the territory of the Barnhall rugby club.
The public library opened in Leixlip in May 2006. It is located in Confey, next to the city council office. It is also close to Scoil San Carlo and Confey Train Station. The Leixlip Library hosts a variety of events and activities, and offers free internet access to its members.
Shopping & Local Business
There are four supermarkets in the city – SuperValu, Eurospar, Aldi and Lidl. Apart from Eurospar, there are also three Spar convenience stores: Mace and Tuthill’s in Lakeslip. Liffey Valley Shopping Center is a short drive on the N4, and Lakeslip is also within easy reach of Dublin’s shopping districts, including Blanchardstown.
In addition to local supermarkets and convenience stores, there are several other local businesses.These include professional services businesses such as lawyers, architects, and insurance companies.
The Leixlip Festival (formerly known as the Salmon Festival) has been held every year since 1990 on a June holiday weekend. It features live pub entertainment, a range of open-air concerts, a street carnival and fireworks.
Lakeslip Salmon Festival Limited also provides a youth education program with Foras Ayseanna Saothair.
Bands such as The Coronas, Aslan in 2011, The Blizzards in 2017, The Hothouse Flowers, Republic of Loose, Delorentos in 2015 and The Riptide Movement in 2011, 2015 and 2019 have performed at the festival. Solo artists have also performed, including Damien. Dempsey and Niall Breslin.
Leixlip’s local employers include Intel Corporation, which owns a complex of 10 14 (IFO), 24 and 24-2 Intel manufacturing plants.Hewlett Packard Enterprise is also a local employer from 1995 until the plant closed in 2017. Most of the other jobs in Lakeslip are in retail.
Allen, an English singer, actress and fashion designer, lived in Lakeslip as a child and attended school there.
Brennan, Irish international rugby player.
Byrne, Ireland women’s national football team and Arsenal goalkeeper
Carroll, a professional footballer, attended Confey College High School in Lakeslip.
Collins, professional footballer
Conolly, Member of Parliament for Great Britain (1759-1780) and Parliament for Ireland (1761-1800), born in Lakeslip
Geraghty, musician and member of Bell X1
Goff, soldier during the Irish War of Independence and for Kildare in six Irish finals.
Gray, former professional footballer in the League of Ireland and Australia.
Guinness, co-owner of the Lakeslip brewery business with his brother Richard. Richard lived on the main street of the city and owned the Salmon Lip Hotel.
Kriegel, a schoolgirl murdered in May 2018, was the youngest person ever convicted of murder in Ireland.
Lennon, Irish International Tennis Player
Matthews, Athlete and Ireland’s 800m record holder.
Murphy (politician), politician, member of Dáil Éireann and co-leader / co-founder of the Social Democrats (Ireland)
Murphy, former captain of Kildare Gaelic Football Club, represented Ireland in the International Rule Series
Nash, former professional football player in Ipswich Town and the current manager at Ipswich Town Reserves.
Omobamidele, a Norwich City professional footballer, grew up in Lakeslip at the age of 12 and originally played for Lakeslip United. Kerry Gaelic footballer
Price, Archbishop of Cashel and Guinness benefactor is buried under the aisle of St. Rangers.
Stokes, professional footballer
Sports Club “Le Chéile” was founded in 2003 to offer Leislip youth and trains at their base at the Leislip Entertainment Center.
The Salmon Leap Canoe Club, founded in 1961, is located on the shores of Lake Leislip. The club won the Ribadesella Trophy in 2017. One of the club’s inspirations was the international canoe race Liffey Descent from Straffan to Dublin, which runs through Lakeslip and celebrated its 50th anniversary in 2009.
Leixlip has two Gaelic Athletic Association clubs, Leixlip GAA founded in 1887 and Confey GAA founded recently in 1989.
90,052 There are five amateur soccer clubs, Confey F.C., Leixlip United F.C., Leixlip Town FC, Barnhall Rovers and Liffey Athletic. Leinslip FC and Leinslip United FC participate in the Dublin County Championships (or, in the case of the senior teams of both clubs, the Leinster Senior Football League). Leislip Town Football Club, on the other hand, participates in the UCFL Dublin League. While Barnhall Rovers and Liffey Athletic compete in the Kildare District Football League.
Barnhall Rugby Football Club, a rugby club that competes in the All Ireland League is also located on the outskirts of the city in Parsonstown.
Liffey Celtics Basketball Club is a local basketball club for girls aged 7-18 and boys aged 7-18. The Liffey Celtics juvenile basketball teams compete in the Dublin Regional League and Cup. Training and home matches take place at the Leixlip Convenience Center, Confey GAA hall and Colaiste Cois Life (Lucan). The club has a senior women’s team playing in the Irish Premier League basketball.
Lakeslip was the site of a major fishing competition due to the constantly crossed section of the Royal Canal.The Leixlip site consists of 62 marked pegs, and the Confey site consists of sixty pegs.
RV paradise passes through the box and state property through Intel’s site in Ireland. The Leixlip site is controlled by the Leixlip Fisheries Association and the District Angling Association.
Golf, Pitch Putt
Elm Hall Golf Club on Laughlinstown Road offers golf and two 18-hole pitch putt courses.
Sister cities – Sister cities
Leixlip twinned with the following cities –
Niles, Illinois, USA
Text on this page is based on translation of the Wikipedia page Leixlip
Material used under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License
Sudden death (sport)
In sport or game, sudden death (also sudden death or sudden death ) is a form of competition in which the game ends as soon as one participant gets ahead of the others, and this participant becomes the winner.Sudden death is usually used as a tie-break when the duel is equal at the end of the main (normal) playing time or at the end of a normal game task.
An alternative method of sudden death tiebreak is to play an additional shorter segment of the game. AFA 30 minutes extra time (overtime) after 90 minutes of normal time or through golf one playoff round (18 holes) after four standard rounds (72 holes) – two alternatives. The sudden death playoffs usually end more quickly than the shortcut playoffs.Reducing the variability in event duration helps those planning TV shows and team trips. Fans may view sudden death as an exciting and unsettling situation, or they may see the format as a trade-off for the sport versus playing in regular time. For example, prior to 2012, the National Football League (American Football) used the sudden death rule, which encouraged the team in possession to simply score a field goal to end the game, rather than trying to score a touchdown.
Sudden death gives away the winner of the competition without requiring a specific period of time. This may be called “ next score wins ” or the like, although in some games the winner may be the punishment of another participant for a mistake. Called sudden death sudden victory avoiding mention of death and serious illness, especially in sports with a high risk of physical injury. This euphemism became one of the announcers of Kurt Gaudíidiosyncrasy in 1971, when the AFC divisional championship game between the Kansas City Chiefs and Miami Dolphins went to overtime.
North American professional sports using the sudden death method to resolve a draw includes a modified version now used by the National Football League, the National Hockey League, and in the modified sense of the PGA Tour (golf). Baseball uses a unique problem-solving technique that includes elements of sudden death. In baseball, the home team’s winning streak in the extra inning is often called to leave , as players can leave the field immediately.
In some goal-scoring games, sudden death may be given overtime in which the first goal scored wins. In associative football, this is called the golden goal , although it was canceled from the FIFA Law of the Game in 2004.
Sudden death was perceived as unfit for the net football [ citation needed ] because this process gives an inherent advantage to a team that starts with possession: they can end the game immediately by driving a relatively short distance within shot range and then kick a field goal, but protection points such as six or safety are much less common.
All organized forms of American football have canceled net sudden deaths for overtime work since the 2011 season. High school football and college football never used it, instead either letting the ties stand or using alternatives such as the Kansas playoffs.
Until 1940, all National Football League games tied at the end of regular time ended in draws. At the end of the 1940 season, the President of the NFL. Karl Stork announced that periods of sudden death will be allowed for any playoff game required to determine the name of any division.This did not apply to the league championship game, which, in the event of a tie, would have crowned the second champion.  Commissioner Elmer Leiden approved a similar scheme for the 1941 season with the same restriction.
Sudden Death Overtime was approved for the 1946 NFL Championship game.  and remains in effect.   The first playoff game requiring overtime was the 1958 NFL Championship. 
In 1974, the NFL introduced 15-minute sudden death overtime for regular season games; in 2017, it was cut to 10 minutes.The game ends in a draw if neither team scores in extra time. When a team gets near the end of the zone, he usually tries to kick a field goal. An extra game can also be won by hitting a landing (in which case no extra point is taken). This usually happened in a game that started with a field far enough from the end zone to make a shot for a field goal difficult, if not impossible, but it could also be the result of a team choosing not to attempt a field goal until reaching fourth position. even if the team enters the simple shot for a field goal; this strategy only works if the team can retain possession and do not carry the ball, intercept or lose enough yards to leave the field of play.Security won only three times in overtime. In recent years, sports commentators have referred to such high-score games as “leaving,” as both teams can leave the field after the game.
Since the 2010-11 playoffs, each team has been allowed to score at least one possession in extra time in the postseason, unless the team that kicked off scores a touchdown or if the defending team scores a touchdown or safe possession at the same time. possession. These sudden death rules apply if both teams originally had the ball and the game remains level.This rule did not actually apply during the 2010 playoffs, as the first overtime game under the new rules did not take place until 2011. The Denver Broncos scored a long touchdown in their first game against the Pittsburgh Steelers.
This rule was adopted for the start of the 2012 regular season. It was adopted to counter criticism that the outcome of overtime games was very often a coin toss, as the team that won it usually took enough attacking action to maneuver within throwing range and rarely made a real effort to score a touchdown…. In the regular season, games that are still equal after one full overtime will be allowed to end in a draw.
Tie in the rules did not occur in the Super Bowl until Super Bowl LI (51).
For games that have been in sudden death for a long time, see After a while.
In arena football from 2007 to 2019, each team was allowed one possession in the first overtime, after which the leading team wins if the score remains tied, after which the sudden death rules apply.(A similar modified 10-minute sudden death format was used in the NFL Europe League.) Until 2007, the league used overtime, an extra period of 7.5 minutes; if at this stage the game was still equal, it was recorded as a draw. The modified sudden death rules led to a final conclusion after one overtime period. (Only one draw has been recorded under each of the previous two overtime rules.) From 2007 to 2019, all football matches in the Arena, both regular season and playoffs, ended as winners.Any subsequent overtime periods were real periods of sudden death. This includes both games from all semi-final series.
Sudden death has a controversial history in the football association. Important matches have traditionally been played by replaying the entire match, but in the era of television and busy travel schedules, this is often not possible. Replays are still used in some major events (eg the FA Cup).
In many matches, if after a full 90 minutes the score is tied, a draw ends; however, if one team is to be thrown, some form of tie-break must take place.Initially, two 15-minute halves were spent, and if at the end of the halves the teams remained equal, kicks from the 11-meter mark were taken.
To try to reduce the likelihood of hitting the 11-meter mark, the IFAB, the world’s sport legislature, experimented with new rules. In a golden goal, the Rule transformed overtime periods into sudden death until the periods of shootouts ended. As this became unpopular, a silver goal was set to rule that the game would end if the score was not tied either after the first 15 minute period or after the second.The Silver Goal also went into disrepute, so Euro 2004 was the last event to use it; after which the original methods of dispute resolution were restored.
The main criticism of the “golden goal” is the speed at which the game ends, as well as the pressure on coaches and players. Once a goal is scored, the game is over and the opponent cannot try to answer the goal in the remaining time. Therefore, teams will pay more attention to not conceding a goal rather than scoring a goal, and many additional golden goal periods have remained zero.
In the NCAA However, the US collegiate play adopted in 1997 for all championship games other than regular season games remains. In 2005, the Division II women’s championship game ended in sudden death as a goal was scored after three minutes of extra time to complete the championship match.  Sudden death is also widespread in youth games for player safety reasons.
If, after the initial number of penalties, the teams still have an equal number of points, play proceeds to a sudden death penalty in which each team receives another penalty, repeated until only one team scores, resulting in play.
In amateur boxing, if both points are equal and there is no draw option allowed by the rules of the competition, an additional round is assigned; the one who wins this round gets a plus to his score and wins the match by a narrow margin.
In badminton, if the set is 29 – all, the golden dot is played; the one who scores this point wins it.
Baseball and softball
Baseball and softball are not true sudden death sports, but they do have one comparable situation.
Baseball and softball games cannot end until both teams have played an equal number of bat moves, unless play continues (by the home team if they lead after 8 1 ⁄ 2 innings) may affect the result. In the final scheduled inning (usually ninth inning in professional and advanced amateur leagues, but usually seventh for youth leagues and softball and sixth for teen leagues such as the Little League), if visitors end their move with a bat but are still following the hosts , the game is over.If the guests are in the lead or the game ends in a draw, the hosts take over the “last ups”. If the home team exceeds the guest score, the game ends at the end of the game in which the home team takes an overwhelming advantage. (If the last scheduled inning ended in a draw, several extra innings will be played and this procedure will be repeated until one of the teams leads the game that wins the game.)
The ability to hit last is an advantage to be a home team.They say that “guests have to play to win; the hosts only need to play to draw, “because a draw requires an extra inning.
A draw at the end of the last scheduled half puts pressure on the guests. For example, with a third base runner and fewer than two outs, visitors cannot even afford certain types of outs that would allow a late game run to score points after an out.
An effective game that ends the game is called “Leaving” – a term originally coined by Hall of Famer Dennis Eckersley around 1988 to refer to the home run at the end of the game as “waste” as all the visiting team had to do was leave. fields.It was popularized by sports TV channels after 2000, and it is sometimes mistakenly thought that it was named so because “everyone leaves the field” after a winning streak.
And the final of the game is an exception to the above rule; the game does not end when the outcome wins, but continues until the batter and all the runners score points (assuming they are running the bases correctly), although until 1920 the batter hitting the ball outside the park to end the game. only credit was given for as many bases as necessary to win; if, when hitting the ball, the winning streak was in the third, the batter was counted only one.
Basketball has traditionally not used sudden death to decide the game; instead, several five-minute time periods are used to determine the outcome of the games equal after the base game. The entire overtime is played; if the game remains equal, this procedure is repeated.
The NBA Summer League, Summer Development League, uses sudden death basketball after the first overtime. The rules say Double overtime followed by sudden death (first team to score wins). In Sudden Death’s first professional basketball game, Devin Ebanks hit the winner of the game in 45 seconds for the D-League Select team, beating the Atlanta Hawks Summer League. 
Another type of basketball requires overtime work associated with sudden death. 3×3 is a formalized version of a three-on-three half court game that uses unlimited overtime, which ends by the rule as soon as one of the teams scores 2 points. In this sport, shots made from behind the three-point arc are worth 2 points, and all other shots are worth 1 point. 
The lunge was previously used as a tie-break in cricket. Similar to penalty shootouts in other sports, players from both teams received 5 wicket attempts at one end of the serve by throwing the ball at the other end; if after 5 attempts both teams were equal in the number of hits, the bowling proceeded to sudden death, with both teams receiving one additional attempt at a time, and the team that received more hits after both teams had an equal number of attempts to win.
Individual fencing a fight lasts five touches in a bullet match or 15 touches in an elimination match (DE) in all three weapons (epee, foil and saber. Also timed (three minutes for a pool match and three periods of three minutes for DE) If none of the fencers scores five or 15 points in the time allotted, the lead fencer is declared the winner, however, if the fencers are tied after the allotted time, one minute of extra time will be added.
Prior to the resumption of the bout, one fencer is randomly assigned a “priority”. The fencer who hits first in extra time wins the match; if no valid hits have been scored during this time, that fencer with priority is declared the winner.
In the normal course of a match, a de facto situation of sudden death occurs if both fencers have equal four (or 14) touches of each. The final hit is called “beauty”.Fencers may greet each other before playing for the final point.
In an individual match, players level after 18 or 36 holes will play additional holes in the event of sudden death. In team tournaments, players can get half a point for a draw, and not play for sudden death; this is so in the Ryder Cup, For example. In the Presidents’ Cup, there was a sudden death shootout clause for one player if all competitions ended in a draw.When this happened in 2003, the tie-break was incomplete at dusk. There was no extra game day, and both team captains agreed to declare the match equal and share the trophy. 
Traditionally, professional draw golf tournaments were lost the next day – an eighteen-hole match. Modern considerations such as television coverage and the busy travel schedules of most top golfers have resulted in the practice being largely abandoned, and in all but the most important tournaments, the champion is determined by sudden death.All players who receive an equal number of points after completing the main game go to a predetermined hole and then play it and other players in order as needed. If at least two players have an equal number of points, the player (s) with more points on the hole than the other competitors are eliminated immediately, and those with a tie continue to play until one of the remaining players scores fewer points per hole than any of the others. the remaining one, which is declared the winner.
Of the four men major championships, only the Masters use the sudden death playoff format first used in 1979. Through 2017 (and last used in 2008), the US Open had an 18-hole playoff the day after the main event , with sudden death if necessary after 18 holes. A two-hole cumulative playoff used since 2018, followed by sudden death if necessary.  The Open first used a four-hole all-out playoff in 1989, which was reduced to three holes for 2019.  The PGA Championship uses a three-hole full stroke playoff, first used in 2000, it introduced sudden death playoffs for major players in 1977,  and used it seven times 1996. Sudden death is used if there is a tie at the end of the scheduled playoffs.
Overtime work with sudden death has traditionally been used in the playoffs and ice hockey championships. It has been used by the National Hockey League throughout the history of the league.The first NHL game with sudden death extra time was the fourth game of the 1919 Stanley Cup Final. Currently, the NHL, the American Hockey League, and the ECHL also use the sudden death system in their regular seasons, playing a five-minute overtime period when the score is tied at the end of regular time.
In 2000, the AHL reduced the number of teams to four players each during a five-minute overtime. (But any two-man advantage comes from playing five on three, not four on two.) Both the ECHL and the NHL switched to a four-by-four overtime format in 2001. International Olympic Committee no later than 2010. By 2015, the NHL had switched to a three-by-three format. in SPHL, lower league class A, overtime is three by three, with the team that will play on the powerplay instead being given a fourth and fifth striker, respectively, and any penalty in the last two minutes results in a penalty instead of a power play.
If neither team scores points during this period, the teams will use a penalty shootout of three NHL players or five minor leagues to determine the winner.In the NHL, if neither team wins this shootout, a sudden death penalty kicks in. No player may shoot twice until every goalkeeper on the bench has shot.
However, during the playoffs of the championship, all games are played to the end, with the result that one team wins and the other loses. These are real sudden death games that last up to six additional full 20 minute periods with five players instead of a five minute period with a minimum of three players.
IIHF Ice Hockey from 2019 repeats overtime procedure for gold medal games if neither team scores after one 20-minute overtime period with sudden death; otherwise there will be skirmishes.  Shootout is decided in rounds to the best of the 5 rounds, then round by round (in other words, if one team scores in round 6 or later and the other loses, the game is over, unlike most professional leagues) and players can shoot.as many times as the team wishes (the first 5 rounds are played in order, then in reverse; new or same players can be used). (There is a 5 minute extra time in round robin games [10 minutes in elimination games / bronze medals] and a 5 round best score penalty procedure.)
In the event of a tie in a judo competition, the match goes to the Golden Score, another form of sudden death. Sudden death in competition.Judo consists of a 5-minute match during which the first competitor to score is eligible for the match. Judo penalties are awarded to the other competitor, so fair play is paramount. If the winner is not determined in the Golden Score, the match will be determined based on the decision of the referee. The Referee’s decision is a vote by the Referee and both Judges of the match.
Mixed Martial Arts
Mixed Martial Arts Competitions with an even number of rounds sometimes use a sudden death type if each competitor scores the same number of points.This is not a real sudden death that ends on the first point scored, as MMA competitions usually do not score any individual points. Rather, it is the final round of the fight, the winner of which is declared the winner of the match. This particular rule, known as “Sudden Victory”, was often applied in previous seasons of the reality show Ultimate Fighter when the contest consisted of two rounds. The surprise round rule was also applied in the tournament to decide the Ultimate Fighting Championship, 1st Flyweight Champion. 
Sudden Wrestling Death is most commonly seen in Real Canadian Wrestling tournament matches where a winner is to be determined. This happens in the event of a double knockout or double count. In the United States, sudden death rules apply mainly in the Iron Man Match when there is a tie after the deadline. (Most notably at WrestleMania XII when the match between Sean Michaels and Bret Hart ended 0-0 after the 60-minute limit.)
An example involving sudden death occurred in Royal Rumble (2005). John Cena and Batista were abandoned, and both men’s feet touched the ground at the same time. A similar draw leading to sudden death can occur if the shoulders of the submission hold are resting on the mat.
Drawn National Rugby League premiership and State of Origin game series are subject to sudden death in extra time after 80 minutes of play, called the golden dot.Golden Point consists of two five-minute halves in which teams switch places at the end of the first half.
Any result (try, penalty or field goal) in the form of a gold point results in a win for the team scoring the ball – no conversion is performed if the attempt is successful.
In the NRL, the gold point winner receives two competition points, the loser none. In the event that no more points occur, the game ends in a draw and each team receives one point.
In the rugby playoffs, primarily the Rugby World Cup, a match, a draw after 80 minutes, does not go straight to the conditions of sudden death. Two 10 minute extra time periods are played first, if the score clears after 100 minutes then the rules require one 10 minute sudden death period to be played.  If the Sudden Death Extra Period does not count, the Kicking Competition is used to determine the winner.
However, no match in the history of the Rugby World Cup has ever exceeded 100 minutes of extra time with sudden death.
In the World Series of Rugby Sevens, a match that ends in a draw continues until several sudden deaths of 5 minutes each.
Tennis and volleyball
In contrast to the usual sudden death procedure, in which the victory is awarded to the next side by the score, tennis and volleyball require a win rate of two.The game of volleyball with a set target score continues until the score of one team exceeds the score of the other by two points.
The traditional requirement for a tennis set to be won in two games, sometimes resulting in five sets for men lasting more than six hours (including an 8 hour 11 minute set at Wimbledon) or, in women’s / doubles matches of three sets, lasting more than three hours, which is a serious violation of the TV program. To shorten matches, sets of six games each can now be split into one tie-break game (for US Open & Olympics, decisive set only).It is awarded to the first player to score seven points. The winner must be two points ahead of the loser, so the tie-break can be long on its own. [The exception applies to a super tie-break from 2019 in which whoever scores 10 points or two points in a row after 9 draws wins (Australian Open only), provided the deciding set is 6 – all; at Wimbledon it is used at 12 – all in the deciding set].
Tie-breaks are not used in the final set of the French Open. rugbybworldcup.com. Rugby World Cup. www.rugbyworldcup.com . Archived from the original on 2016-02-01. Retrieved on 2016-02-09.
List of used literature
Bray, County Wicklow – en.atlantida-pedia.org
City in Leinster, Ireland
City view from Bray -Head
Coat of Arms
| Motto (s):
Féile Agus Fáilte (Irish)
Show map of Ireland
Show map of Europe
|Coordinates: 53 ° 12′04 ″ s.NS. 6 ° 06′41 ″ W / 53.20102 ° N 6.11136 ° W / 53.20102; Coordinates: 53 ° 12’04 ″ N 6 ° 06′41 ″ W / 53.20102 ° N 6.11136 ° W / 53.20102; -6.11136|
|• General||7.55 km 2 (2.92 sq miles)|
|Altitude||18 m (59 ft)|
|• Density||4.317 / km 2 (11.180 / Miles)|
|Time Zone||UTC + 0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST )||UTC-1 (IST (WEST))|
|Eircode (routing key)||
|City code (s)||01 (+3531)|
|Irish grid guide||O264185|
Bray (Irish: Bré [bʲɾʲeː]) is a coastal town in northern County Wicklow, Ireland. It is located about 20 km south of Dublin city center on the east coast. It has a population of 32,600, making it the ninth largest urban area in Ireland (according to the 2016 census).
Bray was a spa town and its proximity to Dublin makes it a destination for tourists and daytriders from the capital. [ Quote Required ] Bray is home to Ardmore Studios and has a small industry in the city and several business parks and shopping malls on the southern outskirts. Commuter services between Bray and Dublin are provided by rail, the Dublin Bus and the M11 and M50 motorways.
Name Bray Anglicization of Irish Bré , the meaning of which is unclear. Liam Price suggested that it might be the old name of the Dargle River or its tributary.In 1875, PW Joyce mistakenly assigned the Irish name Brí , an old word for “hill,” in this case referring to Bray Head. In a 1905 Gaelic League publication promoting the use of Irish-language postal addresses, Seosam Laoid coined the name. Bree Kualann “Brí in Cualu” as part of his policy: “If the name of a city [in Irish] is a single word, the territory [of ancient Gaelic] in genitive must be added to it.” Brí and Brí C [h] ualann remained in use in the mid-20th century, despite being refuted by Price and Osborne Bergin. Bré was passed by law in 1975.
During the Middle Ages, Bray was located on the southern border of Settlement, and the coastal region was ruled directly by the English crown from Dublin Castle. Inland, the countryside was largely under the control of Gaelic chieftains such as the O’Toole and O’Byrne clans.Bray is depicted on the 1598 map of Abraham Ortelius’ Modern Representation of Ireland, One of the British Isles as “Bray.” Count Meath acquired the Killruddery estate in Bre in 1627 with the establishment of the title of count. During the 17th and 18th centuries, Bray was a small manor village, but in the second half of the 18th century, Dublin’s middle class began to move to Bray. [ citation needed ]
The Dublin and Kingstown Railroad, the first in Ireland, opened in 1834 and was extended to Bray in 1854.With the advent of the railway, the city turned into a seaside resort. Hotels and residential terraces have been built in the immediate vicinity of the embankment. Railroad entrepreneur William Dargan designed Moorish-style Turkish baths for £ 10,000; they were demolished in 1980. By the mid-20th century, the use of the city as a resort had fallen into disrepair as holidaymakers began to take advantage of the opportunity to travel abroad. [ citation needed ] However, during the summer months, day tourists continued to arrive in Bray.
Quay and Bray Head
The city is located on the east coast south of County Dublin. Shankill, County Dublin, is to the north and Greystones, County Wicklow, to the south. Enniskerry Village is located west of the city, at the foot of the Wicklow Mountains. People practice sports such as sailing, rowing and swimming. The beach and promenade are used by residents and guests. While the Breya Promenade and South Beach meet the Blue Flag standard, the North Beach suffered from erosion and leaching pollution following the closure and sale of a municipal landfill in the late 20th century.
The Dargle River, which flows into the sea at the northern tip of Bray, has its source in the Juice region of the Wicklow Mountains. Bray Head is located at the southern end of the Victorian Waterfront with paths leading up to the summit and along the sea cliffs. The Bray Head rocks are a mixture of Greywack and Quartzite. There is a large cross at the top.
Bray has a temperate oceanic climate (Köppen: CFB ), like most other cities in Ireland, with little extreme temperatures and heavy rainfall year round and an average annual rainfall of 800 millimeters (31 inches).The weather in Bray is very similar to nearby Dublin. The average annual temperature is 9.9 ° C (49.8 ° F).
Bray Daily Railroad Station.
A public transport network running north to Dublin and south to County Wicklow and County Wexford serves the city. Bray is on the Irish DART rail network, which runs north to Malahide and Howth and south to Greystones. The city is also on the Iarnród Éireann InterCity and the commuter train network that connects north to Connolly Station in downtown Dublin and further to Drogheda and Dundalk.In the south, the railway line passes through Arklow and Gorey before reaching Rosslare Europort. Bray railway station is named after Edward Daly, the executed leader of the 1916 Easter Rising. Bray Station was opened on July 10, 1854.
Bray is along the M11 motorway corridor; the junction on its north side connects to the M50 bypass in Dublin.
Six bus companies pass through Bray: Dublin Bus, Go-Ahead Ireland, Bus Éireann, Finnegan’s Bray, Aircoach and St.Kevin’s Bus Service in Glendalough. Dublin Bus and Go-Ahead Ireland are the two main bus operators in city services on behalf of the NTA. Buses serving the city include 145, which serves the city between Ballywalltrim south of Bray and Houston station serving UCD and downtown Dublin along the way. Other routes serving the city include 45A / B, 84 / A, 84N, 155, 184 and 185. Finnegan’s Bray also offers night flights from Dublin. Aircoach serves Dublin Airport and back.
Dublin Airport can be reached via the M50 motorway, which runs west of Dublin. AirCoach has two stops in Bre to and from Dublin Airport. Newcastle Airfield is the closest private airfield just south of Bray.
Bray Harbor, October 2014
Bray’s permanent residents are constantly growing. It increases during warmer seasons with tourists from Dublin and other countries. [ citation needed ]
County Wicklow has two local constituencies.Bray East makes up roughly two-thirds of the city, while Bray West is another third and includes the neighboring villages of Enniskerry and Kilmakanog, as well as several smaller towns such as Glencree. [ citation needed ] The Bray Municipal District consists of both of these local constituencies.
Below are eight councilors representing Bray in Bray Municipality and Wicklow County Council. Local elections were held in 2019.
|Bray East||Bray West|
|Green||Erica Doyle *||Independent||Joe Behan|
| Shinn Fein
|Fine Gael||Aoife Flynn Kennedy||Sinn Féin||Dermot O’Brien|
|* Stephen Matthews was an advisor to Bray East from June 2019 to February 2020.Following his election as Dyle Erianne in the 2020 general election, Erica Doyle was nominated for the Green Party seat.|
Bray was formerly governed by the City District Council until it was replaced by the City Council by the Local Government Act 2001. This, in turn, was repealed by the 2014 Local Government Reform Act, when the powers and functions of the city council were transferred to the district council, but its functions could be carried out by the new municipal district council created by the law.
Part of the northern region of Bray lies within the Dun Laogueir-Rathdown municipal area and is part of the Shankill-Kyllini local constituency. The border between County Wicklow and County Dublin (Dún Laoghaire – Rathdown) runs along Old Connaught Avenue and runs along and across Dublin Road to Ravenswell, forming all areas north of this line to Bray, County Dublin.
Hikers on the hills at the cross at the summit of Bray Head.
Bray is a longstanding resort with hotels and guesthouses, shops, restaurants and evening entertainment. The city also hosts a number of festival events.
In the vicinity of the town there are 18-hole golf courses, a tennis club, fishing, a sailing club and horse riding. Other highlights of Brey are entertainment galleries and the National Marine Life Center. It has over 1.6 km (0.99 miles) of sand and pebble beach, in front of it is the esplanade and Bray Head, which rises 241 m (791 ft) from the coast, offering mountain and sea views.A concrete cross atop Bray’s head was erected in 1950 in the holy year.
Killruddery House, Elizabeth’s Renaissance mansion built in the 1820s.
Bray is used as a hiking base and has a mile-long promenade that stretches from the harbor, with its mute swan colony, to the base of Bray Head at the southern end. A trail leads to the top. Walkers also use the 7 km cliff walk along Bray Head to Greystones.
In January 2010, Bray was named “the cleanest city in Ireland” in a 2009 Irish Business Against Trash (IBAL) survey conducted in 60 cities.
Tourist sites in the area include the Elizabethan Revival Killruddery House (which is open to the public during the summer months) and the hill and headland at Bray Head (where there are several hiking trails). Rachin-a-Kluig, a medieval church listed as a National Monument, is located on the north side of Bray Head. Other religious sites and churches in the area include the Cross of Fassaro (12th century), Church of the Holy Redeemer, Bray (1792).) and the Gothic Revival Church of Christ Church (1863) and the Brey Methodist Church (1864).
Festivals and Events
Bray Air Show 2016
Bray St. Patrick’s Carnival and Parade is held by the Bray & District Chamber in honor of St. Patrick’s Day and is a five-day festival of carnival events, parades and live entertainment. [ citation needed ]
Bray also hosts an annual silent film festival, the Killruddery Film Festival at Killruddery Gardens.The Bray Jazz Festival is held annually on a May holiday weekend and features performances by jazz and world music performers.
The annual Bray Summerfest runs for six weeks in July and August and includes free entertainment, live music, markets, sporting events and carnivals. Headlining artists included Mundy, Brian Kennedy, The Undertones, The Hothouse Flowers and Mary Black. In 2006, the festival weekend in mid-July was attended by over 60,000 visitors. [ Quote Required ]
Hell & Back is an adventure race that takes place at Kilrudery Estate. The 10 km Cliff Run from Bray to Greystones is an annual coastal run around Bray Head.
Pubs & Restaurants
Bray’s Pubs & Restaurants includes the first Porterhouse, brewing its own ales, stouts and beers. In 2010, the Lonely Planet Guide magazine named the Harbor Bar in Bray as the best bar in the world and the best bar in the world outside of abandoned places.The O’Toole family owned the bar for three generations, but in 2013 it was bought by the Duggan family. The Duggans also own two waterfront properties, Katie Gallagher’s and Martello, both of which have restaurants.
There are twelve fully licensed restaurants in Bre, several unlicensed restaurants and cafes, and fast food outlets. In 2015 The Irish Times published a study that analyzed the availability of fast food outlets in Ireland. Bray was found to have the lowest per capita concentration of the ten cities on the list, with just 0.09 stores per 1,000 people.
Bray is home to Ireland’s oldest film studio, Ardmore Studios, founded in 1958, where films such as Excalibur , Braveheart and Breakfast on Pluto were shot. Caster’s last fight was filmed in Bray and the city was also used for the filming of Neil Jordan’s 2012 film. Byzantium , part of which was filmed at the Bray Head Hotel. Neil Jordan’s 1991 film Marvel is set in Bray.
The Little Mermaid Art Center is the only place to watch films in Bre. [ citation needed ]
Theater & Literature
Bray hosts several theater groups, including the Bray Arts and Square One Theater Group, at venues such as the Little Mermaid Arts Center. [ citation needed ]
Authors who lived in Bray included James Joyce, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, Molly Keane, and Neil Jordan. The Carnegie Library, built in 1910, is located on Eglinton Road.There is also another library serving the Balliwaltream area on Boghall Road, in the south of town.
At Bray People , the newspaper focuses on news in local areas and neighborhoods, as does the Free Sheets Wicklow Times (Northern Edition). An East Coast FM radio station also operates locally.
Bray is home to the Irish League Football Club Bray Wanderers, which plays at Carlisle Grounds.It is also home to the Ardmore Rovers High School Football Club and the Wolf Ton Football Club. Local clubs of the Gaelic Sports Association are Fergal Og’s and Bray Emmets. Bray Emmets Founded in 1885, the club hosts the annual All Ireland Kick Fada Championship.
There are several golf clubs and golf courses in the area, including Bray Golf Club, Dun Laoghaire Golf Club and Old Conna Golf Club. Bray also has the Bray Bowling Club, which trains in Fáilte Park, and the Bray Bowling has 10 pins.
Fishing is available on both the Dargle River and the seaside, as well as several local clubs including the Bray Head Fishing Club and the Dargle Anglers Club. Other clubs and facilities in the area include the Bray Wheelers Cycling Club, Brennanstown Riding School, Bray Sailing Club, Wicklow Lawn Tennis Club, founded in 1894 and located on Vevey Road, Bray Hockey Club and Wicklow County Cricket Club.
Presentation College, Bray
The short-lived racetrack in the city existed from 1949 to 1955 and was run by the Bray Greyhound Racing Association Ltd.In December 1947, notice was received that the track would be built at Sunnybank, but the Wicklow County manager rejected the application. However, the greyhound company continued to build facilities, and in 1949 the track opened. In 1950 alone, the High Court ruled against the company for building without a building permit and imposed a £ 470 fine. The controversy continued until 1955, when the track was bought by the city council of Bray by compulsory order. The nearly five-acre site was purchased at £ 440 an acre and 36 homes were built on it.
Thousands of people walk onto the waterfront to see Olympic boxing champion Katie Taylor returning home from London in August 2012.
There are approximately 13 primary schools in the Bray area, including national schools (eg St Cronan’s National Boys’ School), gaelscoileanna, a coeducational day school (St Gerard’s School) and special needs schools. High schools in the area include St Brendan’s College, Loreto High School and St Kilian Public School and Presentation College, Bray.A number of English as a foreign and tertiary schools also operate locally, including the Bray Institute for Continuing Education.
Bray has several commercial and industrial parks, including Bray Industrial Zone, Killarney Road Industrial Zone, Solus Tower Industrial Zone and Southern Cross Business Park. [ citation needed ]
Swans at the confluence of the Dargle River into the harbor
Christ Church, Bray
SeeAlso: Category: People from Bray, County Wicklow
The city’s former or current residents included:
See also: List of Sister Cities and Sister Cities in the Republic of Ireland
Bray has City Sister Agreements with:
| Wikivoyage has a guide to Bray .