Field Hockey Stick Sizing | Field Hockey Sticks
In Field Hockey your stick is the most valuable part of your equipment, since it contributes greatly to your performance. The most important thing when you are purchasing a hockey stick is to know your level of play and your position in the team. Aside from that, you should pay attention on these features: size, bow, material, and toe design.
What size field hockey stick do I need?
Field hockey stick length can affect your game and your control of the ball as well as hitting capability. There are two standard methods for finding the appropriate stick length for your body; the U.S. Method, and the Dutch Method.
- The U.S. Method is based on your height. To measure, you should hold your stick at your side and the top should be 2 inches below your waist.
- The Dutch method is based on holding the head of the stick in your armpit. The stick should end near the middle of your kneecap. Field hockey sticks’ length varies from 28’’ to 38’’.
field hockey stick sizing
These two methods aside its all down to feel. Forwards or attacking players may prefer shorter sticks to give the greater ball control when dribbling while defensive or midfield players may prefer slightly longer sticks to give them additional reach when tackling or a more powerful hit to send the ball out of defensive.
Is the most expensive hockey stick also the best?
Well, that is not always true. There are so many famous brands of sticks and you can buy a great stick for yourself without spending a lot of money. All the best brands such as: Gryphon, TK, Grays, Brine, STX, Addidas etc. have a large range of sticks for different levels at various prices/ The most expensive elite hockey sticks are very stiff because they have high carbon content. This makes it more difficult to stop and control the ball, which can be difficult for new or junior field hockey players. So, if you are an amateur, I strongly recommend to buy cheaper sticks and to practice with them first.
Proper toe design
There are four shapes of tick toes:
- Short – Offensive players use these at most times, as it offers them options when it comes to control, maneuvers and balance.
- Midi – Used by midfielders and beginners, these allow for the same level of agility when playing, while offering a larger hitting surface. These are preferred by newer players and midfielders, who find them easier to perform with.
- Maxi – Defensive players usually choose maxi toes, as they offer them a wider surface intended for receiving and striking the ball.
- Hook – When it comes to ball control, utilizing better drag-flicks and making reverse stick plays, there is no better than the hook toe. They have the extra surface area that makes this possible.
Stick material affects your performances
Sticks used to be made solely out of wood, but now they are mostly made using a combination of materials. These materials are: carbon, fiberglass, aramid and wood. When choosing, it is very important that you know what each material offers. Carbon gives harder hits and more power, so it recommended for advanced and professional players. Fiberglass adds durability, power, and feel to a stick, and it is also lighter and not so expensive. At the same time, it is designed for young, new, or developing players. Aramid absorbs vibrations sent through the stick when striking and receiving balls. Modern wooden sticks still exist, but the wood is usually wrapped in fiberglass to add strength and power. Wooden sticks, nowadays, are low cost and are splendid for young and developing players.
Right stick bow for my game
There are three types of bows: Regular Bow (measuring 20 – 25mm the middle section of the stick is also the highest point of the bend, which improves all parts of the player’s game), Control Bow (or “mega bow” – used by advanced players, who find the extra power in lifting and flicking to be extremely useful) and Late Bow (25mm – the bend is placed at the head of the stick, which is used mostly by elite players, because it offers much when it comes to maneuverability, ball control and performing aerials).
These are some tips how to buy proper field hockey stick. I hope that this text will be useful for you. If you are a fan of this sport, surely you understand the importance of proper equipment for the true enjoyment of field hockey.
Best Field Hockey Sticks in maxi, midi and short sizes
Bestseller No. 2
Brine Field Hockey C400 Stick 09
- Product Type: Sporting Goods
- Package Dimensions: 4.318 L X 11.684 W X 93.98 H (Centimeters)
- Country Of Origin: China
- Package Weight: 0.522 Kilograms
Bestseller No. 4
adidas FTX Compo 2 Field Hockey Stick
- 3D Head shape for increased ball control and enhanced 3D skills, especially on the reverse.
- Trapezoid stick shape reduces the weight of the stick and enhances 3D skills
- adigrip tape combining traditional PU with Chamois-like touch.
- 50% Carbon and low bow
Field Hockey Sticks
Welcome to Best Field Hockey Sticks.
We have made some changes and updates recently and are now happy to present unique field hockey stick information for the first time! We have been working hard in recent months and are pleased to bring the results of our research to our site viewers. While there are a variety of field hockey equipment and stick reviews out there on the web, there is no studies or research to verify what sticks really are the best. UNTIL NOW! We have gathered a huge amount of data to reveal what really are the best sticks out there. Our research also includes what are the best field hockey shoes too. Broken down into useful categories for you. Check the results below!
Also Check Out our new BUYING GUIDE, sort through the best field hockey sticks available, by; Price, Power, and level.
Our purpose here is to review as many of the top field hockey sticks currently available in the US so you can make an informed decision when choosing your next stick or piece of equipment. There are so many options available these days its hard to know what stick is going to be best for you or your child. We compare all the major brands not favoring one over the other but rather just looking at the attributes of each stick or piece of equipment.
Best Field Hockey Stick Brands
These days there are a lot of good brands out there making quality field hockey sticks. The technology and designs have improved greatly over the last ten years which has enhanced players potential. For the top sticks from the major brands check out this page.
These days there are a lot of good brands out there making quality field hockey sticks. The technology and designs have improved greatly over the last ten years which has enhanced players potential. For the top sticks from the major brands check out this page.
Best Field Hockey Sticks for Goalies
Check out the our list of some great goalie sticks with individual reviews on each.
- OBO Fatboy Field Hockey Goalie Stick – The most trusted brand in goal keeping gear, this is truly a quality stick. See more info…
Obo Goalie Stick
STX Shield Goalie Stick
STX Field Hockey Shield II Goalie Stick 2019 35″, Black/Bright Red
- The shape and 100% fiberglass construction of the Shield gives keepers the control they need when using their stick to play the ball
- Hook shape for increased surface area when stopping and clearing
- Engineered to cushion the ball upon impact and minimize deflection for accurate clearing
- Toe shape increases surface contact with the ball for more controlled sweeps
Grays GX 4000 Goalie Composite Field Hockey Stick
New Field Hockey Sticks
Best Youth Field Hockey Sticks
We have put together a list of the best field hockey sticks for young players ready to take their game to the next level. Also these are cheap field hockey sticks suitable for competitive players on a club level. See below for some of out top picks.
- Adidas LX24 Compo 5 – great stick for aiding players with greater ball control when developing their dribbling skills.
- Grays GX4000 – Great stick with Gray’s new scoop contour toe provides better ball control during dribbling.
- TK Trillium 4 – Great stick that lets you convert your maximum effort into maximum output, made of 70 % Carbon.
For the full list and reviews check out this page – Youth Field Hockey Sticks
Are you are your child just getting into the game and looking for a good beginners stick that won’t cost a fortune? Well check out some pretty cheap field hockey sticks that are great quality.
- Grays Surf 500 – Maxi shaped head provides bigger surface area soft feel/comfort during the game.
- DITA Exa 500 NRT – 100% composite stick with at J-Shape head that gives players the ability to dribble faster.
- STX Surgeon 100 – Professional grade stick for beginners, great fully composite stick.
Sticks By Position
What field hockey stick you need can heavily depend on what position you usually play or what style of play.
Best Field Hockey Sticks for Forwards in 2016
Forwards typically need a light weight stick that offers the greatest amount of ball control for getting past opponents. Putting shots away is whats its all about so a stick that can deliver a powerful hit or flick with good accuracy is also what you want.
For more info on sticks for forwards and recommendations have a look here…
Best Field Hockey Sticks for Defenders
Defenders need a stick that is durable and solid. Laying down tackles is a big part of a defenders position so what your stick is made out of will make a big difference in extending its lifespan. A lot of defenders also like to have something that has a lot of power to deliver the ball out of defense quickly. For more info on stick characteristics that suit a defender check out the full page tips.
Best Field Hockey Sticks for Midfielders
A mid-fielder’s stick is as the name suggests, some thing in middle of an attacking an defending stick. You need control as you are generally getting most of the play, so you don’t want to lose the ball when you have it. You will also need to be able to make tackles often but still have an agile stick in hand for dribbling skills. The other critical factor is being able to deliver a solid pass to your forwards.
For information and recommendations for what’s the best field hockey stick for a midfielder check out the full page.
Top Level Elite Field Hockey Sticks
We have put together a recommendation list of what we believe are the best field hockey sticks in 2015/2016 currently available for competitive and advanced players.
To see all the reviews the top field hockey sticks for sale this year. Check out our Top Ten Field Hockey Sticks Page
Field Hockey Shoes
Thinking about getting into field hockey and want to know what type of shoes field hockey players use? Or are you current pair of shoes due for a replacement ? Well we share the most popular and used shoes brands by international players. We also give reviews of our Top 3 Women’s and Men’s outdoor field hockey shoes and our Top 3 INDOOR Field Hockey Shoes reviews for competitive players. Also understand the four critical elements to look for when choosing a pair of field hockey shoes.
Field Hockey Stick Bag and Backpack Reviews
If your tired of awkwardly carrying around your field hockey sticks and equipment, its time to think about a stick bag or backpack.
Stick Bags and Backpacks can make getting ready for games, training and tournaments much easier. You carry carry from 1 to 4 sticks plus lots of gear like shin pads, mouth guards, gloves, balls and clothing. Check out the best bags available online here.
Field Hockey Accessories You Should Know About…
- Field Hockey Gloves – If your have been playing field hockey for a while you know why these can come in handy! And if you are new to the sport check out this page to learn how to protect your hands and fingers from minor and major pain while playing!
- Field Hockey Stick Grips – A little know fact about field hockey sticks is that a lot still come with very average grips on the handle, most experienced competitive players replace the stock grip from their stick with something that works better with their style of play, found out why here….
Additional Field Hockey Stick Information
Field Hockey Stick Sizing
Curious about field hockey stick sizes ? Want to know the different size sticks available and what stick size is right for you? Check out our Stick Size Guide here.
The evolution of the field hockey stick
Can you guess which sport is the most popular on the Indian subcontinent? Well, for those uninformed, it is field hockey, and not only in that part of the world. Field hockey is very popular in Western Europe, South America and Australia. In a game such as field hockey, the equipment is really important. Besides talent, will and motivation, every professional field hockey player must have quality equipment, and the most important part of it is the stick. There are many different types of the best field hockey sticks 2015. There are different sticks for amateurs and advanced players and aside from the player’s skill, quality of the stick is crucial. In this text, we will try to follow the evolution of that stick – how it looked years ago, when the sport was still young, and how it looks now with all the improvements, science and techniques. See how field hockey technology is helping out NCAA players at NCAA Field Hockey.
Old hockey stick
In the 19th century England, field hockey was developing as a young sport with a good perspective for the future. As we already said, when it comes to field hockey, the equipment is crucial, especially the stick. In that time, the stick was made of wood. Wood was the only material for stick construction and didn’t leave any possibility to players to play as well as they can. It was really a humble edition of the stick according to modern standards. After so many years, we now have modern and improved sticks.
New, modern field hockey stick
Today, when field hockey players choose their stick they must pay attention to different things, such as: position, level of play, size, toe design, composition, weight and bow. In the past, choices such as these were very limited. Nowadays, you can choose the material that works best for you and your game, and that proves that field hockey has developed as a game and that the field hockey stick has also developed technically to progress the sport furhter. Today, you have so many models on the market and there are a lot of companies that produce sticks. It is on you to find right field hockey stick for you and to use it on the field. Every company is trying to produce the best field hockey stick in the world, making for rapid advances in field hockey technology.
Want to know what is the best field hockey stick in the world? check out our list of the Top 10 Field Hockey Sticks.
Field Hockey Stick Part
A stick has 6 parts and the first is the handle/shaft/grip – located on the top end of the stick, it mainly has tape wrapped around it, or high-tack grip, which allows easier swings and more maneuverability. The second is the head – this part of the stick is the most used part, as it is in direct contact with both the ball and the field. The third part is the heel – the point where the head and the toe of the stick join together. The fourth part is the toe – depending on position and player’s skill level, this part offers various benefits. It is the ball-striking area. The fifth part is scoop – 2mm part located on the head, which helps when keeping the ball (called cradling), and maneuvering it around. And the last part is bow – the bend in the stick’s body, which can have a focal point at various places on the stick. It cannot be longer than 25mm, though.
In general, the best field hockey sticks 2016 offer the opportunity to a player to show his talent and to develop his or her game to the next level. From wooden sticks in the middle 19th century to modern composite sticks that bring opportunity for improvement, there have been many variations on the subject. With help of science and chemistry, today we have solid, functional high performance sticks. But do not forget, stick is only a part of the equipment – real heroes on the field are players who show their talents and skills in this beautiful sport- field hockey.
See image below for a better idea of the parts that make up the best field hockey stick.
Field Hockey Stick Research
The Best field hockey stick in the World –The Ultimate Brand Review conducted with the most conclusive results.
How the data was gathered and presented
- We compiled a list of over 200 top ranking international players and checked what stick they used to ensure their latest stick was reported.
- Covered players from more than 8 different strong field hockey countries both male and female.
- Three categories were created, Defender, Midfielder and Forward. Of course forward includes strikers, including wingers, and a center forward along with inside forwards which often cross over rolls with a midfielder. This being said it was fair enough to group them all in as forwards as they will all be in the attacking D during a game ready to score.
- Impact of Sponsorship; looking at this data, first thing you might think is, “well this doesn’t mean anything, players just will take whatever sponsorship deal they get, or whoever gives them the best incentives.” This might be one way to look at it but try looking at it another way. The athletes are all international players, the best of the best, this reason they get sponsorship deals in the first place. Would they really use a field hockey stick that isn’t going to allow them to perform to their maximum? The stick is a field hockey plays number one tool. International players do not use a specific stick because they are paid to, the stick is part of what lets them be great. They use a stick that suits them and is excellent in quality and performance. International players change brand and model of stick as often as they feel necessary. Field hockey Brands are always offering top players gear, they only take the stick believer will the job, which is winning international games.
Selecting a field hockey stick
Selecting a Size
Some players select a stick by measuring to the top of the hip bone, but they are never told that this method is only used for little kids and once a height of 5’3″ is reached the global standard is 36.5″. Players under 52 should follow the sizing chart below when picking the correct stick height. Once a player reaches 36.5 we highly suggest that they remain at that height. Field vision and control will greatly decrease with longer stick lengths. There are many Elite Players on the National team who are over 6 feet tall that still play with a 36.5 stick. Players with a more upright style, Pakistani or Indian technique, will need to move up in stick size when they grow past 510. If you play with a Dutch Style (most Americans do) then you should stay at a 36.5 stick. A wider stance will allow better reach & hits while maintaining field vision.
The bend in a stick is used to assist with lifts, aerials, drag flicks, and better maneuverability. The more bend a stick has the easier it will be for the player to have lifted shots or complete aerials. As the bend decreases, the stick can have more control and less accidentally lifted hits. For drag flicks, it is typically preferred to have a bend that is placed low on the stick and more toward the head (Late bow or Low bow).
Power is measured by how much carbon is in the stick. Less carbon will allow the player to have more control and forgiveness when trapping the ball. The more carbon in the stick the more power the stick will have, but the stick will be stiffer and not as forgiving on stops. Some prefer a stiff stick since they increase the players ability to use deflection to their advantage. Typically beginner players should start with a low amount of carbon and then slowly work their way up as their skill level increases.
There are 3 main types of head shapes on a stick: J-shape, Midi head, and Maxi head. Many players prefer the J-shape since it has more playing surface and is easier to dribble; it allows players to pass and receive more upright. Forwards who need to get off quick passes typically prefer the J-shape. The head curves up to form the letter J. Midi heads are preferred for players who like a really quick stick, since it is shorter than the J-shape and Maxi head it turns over the ball faster when dribbling. The Maxi head is larger than the Midi head, so it has an increased trapping area and sweet spot. The J-shape and Maxi head are the same length, the midi head is ” shorter.
The power hook is an unusual head shape. The toe of the head crooks forward to create a pocket for the ball. This increases the speed of the turn over while dribbling and can help with lifts. Many players may find it hard to adjust to the unusual shape of the head, but most know right away if they love it.
The weight of a stick can benefit different sets of skills that are preferred by different positions. Typically defenders prefer heavier sticks because it provides stronger block tackles. Heavier sticks or sticks with the weight concentrated in the head also provide more momentum on hits. Offensive positions typically prefer lighter weight sticks or ones with the weight distributed high up on the stick since they allow quicker stick movement for dribbling. Many players are using lighter sticks to increase speed in maneuvering and gain better control for 3D skills.
How To Measure A Field Hockey Stick
Having the right size of a field hockey stick can be the difference between playing well and having a hard time.
Field hockey sticks are not a one-size-fits-all piece of equipment. In fact, you cannot just assume a size based even on a guess. Instead, you need to be able to measure a field hockey stick in a few different ways. This is how.
Control Is Key
To begin with, in field hockey, you need a stick that you can comfortably control. You can measure for this comfort level by placing the index finger of your right hand on your right hip bone. Then, you need to put your middle and ring dingers next to the index finger.
The top of your field hockey stick should reach the side of your ring finger if it fits you correctly.
Another way to size, if the first is awkward, is to turn your hockey stick upside down and place the blade in your armpit, as you would if you were using a crutch. The top of the stick should reach the middle of your kneecap, but no lower.
Having a stick that is made for your height means that you will have a better handle on how it moves with you.
There are recommended field hockey stick lengths based on your height.
This Is The Breakdown
- Players 4’ or less, should look for 28” sticks
- Players 4’1 to 4’3” should look for 30” sticks
- Players 4’4” to 4’6” should look for 32” sticks
- Players 4’7” to 5’ should look for 34” sticks
- Players 5’1” to 5’3” should look for 35” to 35.5” sticks
- Players 5’4” to 5’9” should look for 36” to 36.5” sticks
- Players 5’10” and up should look at 37” to 37.5” sticks
These lengths are only recommendations and do not factor in your personal lengths as far as your limbs and body. You can start by going off of this guide, but you still need to measure the sticks in person to be sure that you have the right length.
The position that you play can also affect the length of stick that you get in field hockey. Players who need quick and agile movements might prefer a hockey stick that is shorter than the measured suggestion. Shorter sticks do allow you to carry it more freely and manoeuvre it with ease. This normally applies to forwards or other attacking players.
Meanwhile, defensemen, midfield players, and similar positions might prefer a longer reach that you can get out of a stick that is longer than the recommended length. This can help you reach out toward the puck without being too close to it. Longer sticks can also hit a ball out of the defensive due to the added power.
Beyond the length and your position, when you are looking for the best field hockey stick, you will also need to consider what material is right for you as well as the toe design.
You can choose from four main toe designs:
- Short: Offensive players prefer shorter toes for better control and manoeuvres.
- Midi: The midi toe design is best for midfielders, because they still help with agility, but are easier for beginners.
- Maxi: Maxi sticks are usually chosen by the defensemen because of their wider surface area for hitting the ball.
- Hook: Hook toe designs are a great choice for drag flicks, reverse stick plays, and anyone who would prefer to have a wider surface to work from.
Outside of the toe design, the material of your field hockey stick should also be a consideration when you are looking for one. Traditionally, field hockey sticks were made entirely out of wood. In modern times, they are made normally with carbon and fibreglass. These new materials make it easier to carry and control the sticks, and they are more durable than wooden sticks are.
There Are Many Pros To Each Stick Material, Which Breaks Down Like This:
- Carbon: The hardest material, these sticks are made for power, making it a great choice for pros and advanced players.
- Fiberglas: Fiberglas has an added level of durability, power, and stick feel. It is less expensive than carbon and lighter as well. Advanced players will need the carbon, however. Fiberglas is not a substitute.
- Wood: Yes, wood sticks are still out there. They are inexpensive and easy to replace. They are really only for traditionalists or for younger players who are just getting started on their skills
Just remember that you need to be able to carry and use your stick well, so you should not go with the first one that you find. Confirm that it fits well and will match your playing style before you commit to one stick over another.
Field hockey stick guide: length / size, materials
Are you a field hockey beginner or you just want to buy a new stick? There numerous options available that finding the ideal stick for you can be an overwhelming task. Also, there are various factors to consider when purchasing a new stick; weight, length, skill level, and the bend or bow of a stick. All these are qualities that impact your general play performance. A well-selected field stick will compliment your skill level and candidly raise your game. Where do you begin to find the best stick?
The Length of the hockey stick
It is essential to have a stick of the right size to accomplish both basic and advanced skills. The measurement lengthwise can be the deciding issue in the completion of a pass, tackling or even making a mistake. A midfielder or a defensive player might have a preference for a longer stick so as to drive the ball further while an offensive player may choose a shorter one for better ball control and handling. Sticks might range from 28 inches – 37.5 inches or further. Naturally, the stick should reach up to the top of your hip bone.
Which Materials are ideal for you?
The sticks are manufactured from a range of different materials such as Kevlar, aluminium, fibreglass, and even titanium. You need to know your level of playing and what use the stick will serve. For the serious players who know how to play the game better and will be playing with their stick regularly, a composite stick of Kevlar or graphite may be the perfect alternative. These tend to be custom designed with skilled players in mind.
A large assortment/ a wide choice of sticks:
There is a broad range of hockey sticks, and you should try out the many different sticks until you find out one that is perfect for you. There is no wrong or correct answer; it is entirely up to you to realise the stick that is most satisfactory and effectual for your game.
Goalkeeping is one of the most important jobs out on the pitch, and we want to help you be your best. As long as the stick feels comfy when you hold it, then it should be okay. Compared to the field sticks, they are usually straighter (to control deflections better), lighter (because keepers do not hit the ball as much, and balanced in a different way (because keepers hold the stick in a different way as well). A very long stick can be a problem if the handle keeps getting caught on your body while playing. Goalie sticks also come in different types.
Defender hockey stick
As a general ruling, defenders need a strong stick for tackling. They as well have to be powerful to assist in the ball clearance. To get both features, they will usually select a stick that is longer to aid reach in for tackles, and weighty to give better hitting power, than players in other hockey positions
Midfielder hockey stick
Midfield field players necessitate having speedy ball-handling skills and the ability to make great tackles. They do not need their sticks to be too weighty, but they require being long-lasting. The midi toe design is well even-handed and will provide for the requirements of a midfielder. Sticks that have strong fibre will assist the midfielder in ball control while dribbling and trapping.
Attacker hockey stick
Forwards are continuously on the attack and consequently, need speed accuracy and ball-handling ability. Their sticks ought to be lighter in weight than ones for defenders as it will aid with movement. Power is also vital, and sticks with a high content of carbon will assist with this without adding up unnecessary weight.
Material of fieldhockey sticks
Your stick is an essential piece of gear while playing the game of field hockey. Depending on what a player is searching for in a stick, various materials make a difference in the stick’s ability and feel during play. In the past sticks were customarily made from hard-word. Today, manufacturers use composite materials such as fibreglass, graphite, carbon and Kevlar. Kevlar is a material that can also be combined with different materials like carbon to make a stick or used on its own. Kevlar sticks are comparatively costly sticks, but one of the strongest and lightest available. The sticks for hockey are only made for right handed hockey players unlike in other sports with clubs, bats or sticks, field hockey needs players to make use of right-handed sticks – even for those who are left-handed naturally. Every stick has a rounded side and a flat side. You can only use the flat side of the hockey sticks, for both goalies and field players. Hitting the ball with the “back stick” or the rounded side is a violation of the rules. The length of the stick length varies in line with the player’s height, and the weight might fluctuate somewhere from 18 to 25.9 ounces. The sticks grip is made of various materials, such as rubber and suede, to reduce the amount of dampness on the stick. Also, the best players go for sticks with a high Carbon content as it adds power and stiffness. The higher percentage of carbon percentage translates to the excellent power production.
Even, mid-balanced or top-weight hockey sticks
Conventionally the stick manufacturers had categorised their merchandise with weight guides such as Heavy (H), Medium (M) and Light (L) each indicating a range of 30 – 40g. However, recently it has been specified by FIH (International Hockey Federation) that the maximum weight for a hockey stick must be 737 grammes, even though the general taste is considerably lower than this weight. The sticks are curled for left or right-handed players with so many not blades being straight nowadays. The blades are either curved at the heel, toe or middle and athletes feel they can lift the puck higher and faster. Though, backhand shots and passes are a little trickier to attain. Currently owing to the requirements of the current game very few manufacturers produce sticks that are heavy; this is because when a hockey stick is excessively weighty, a player eventually turns more gradually or slowly. Manufacturers today make Extra Light sticks that are either in the high specification because of the costs involved in producing a stick that keeps its power at this mass or a low spec one where power and stiffness are not a key concern. Attackers like to have a greater impact on the ball that comes with a heavier stick; it will strike the ball harder, and on condition that you are physically powerful enough to be in command of the head, it can make your shots against the goalkeeper more powerful. A defender would certainly benefit from the suppleness of a lighter stick with a brawny shaft that will permit them to respond more rapidly to the requirement to present a tackle. A midfield player would opt for a balanced stick to get the advantage of both. Beginners mostly start with supple sticks to facilitate in shock absorption. Skilled players typically prefer rigid sticks or composite sticks for amplified power. Those who intend to continue with the game should buy stiffer sticks; they produce more power on each hit, they are also lighter and durable.
Grips and such
A stick blade covered with an elastomeric polymer, for example, polychloroprene to offer a coating reveals perfection in feel, adhesion, water-absorption, resiliency and wear. It is not unusual to find players who cover the blade of their sticks with a coating material. There are various reasons why the hockey players cover the blades of their sticks. One explanation is to have a better “feel” of their stick grip. Another is to reduce damage and wear of the blade. Sticks may either a soft plane (Non-Grip) or a sticky textured surface (Grip) and have no different grip sizes. The plane of a non-grip stick is very smooth, permitting the bottom hand to move quickly up and down the shaft for greater stick passing, handling, and shooting. A Grip stick may be the best choice for a player. Some grips cover up the whole stick, while others are only found in the main region of the shaft where a player’s hands are found. Curls are built mostly on these three options: face angle, curve type and curve depth. Blade lie is as well an important quality. As a rule, defenders need good ball control when doing the outlet passes and the aptitude to shoot low and hard, so it is typically best to go with a moderate or slight mid or heel curl that has a slightly open or closed face angle. For example, 75 degrees and a 45 degrees corner could make an enormous difference. Forwards are inclined to do lots of ball handling and take more snapshots and wrist shots, thus a toe or mid curve somewhere from minor to deep, depending on a player, with an open or closed face angle would be suitable.
Hockey stick length
Stick length is mostly associated with your height. However, a player can have various inclinations based on field position, comfort level, style of play. If you are a midfielder or forward, you might need a shorter stick than what a defender would prefer since shorter sticks permit better movements. Conventionally senior hockey players used sticks that were 1 yard long or 36 inches, but over the past decade, the standard length has been increased to 36.5 inches. Currently, there is no set limitation governing the limit length of a stick; however, manufacturers avoid making many sticks that are longer than 38.5 inches or about 91cm. But some manufacturers might make customised sticks for lengths of up to about 42 inches. In most respects, the overruling factor that should control the length of the stick you select is your height, though is not the only consideration. In most young players choosing a stick of an appropriate length is vital in the development of ball control and skills. Determining the proper stick length is relatively easy if it is not above your belly button, then you are on the right track. There are three kinds of sticks:
– Baby sticks are from 21 to 26 inches (53 – 66 cm).
– Youth sticks are from 27 inches to 35 inches (69 – 89 cm).
– Adult sticks are from 36 to 38 inches (91 – 97 cm).
More lately with the development of technological advances in the curls of the sticks and quality control standards, some manufacturers have also launched some advances which intend to offer improved feel and overall control of the ball. There are also various sizes in the sticks curls:
– Shorti = A curl with a 20 degrees corner.
-Hook (J-shape) = A curl with a 75 degrees corner.
– Maxi/ Midi = A curl with a 45 degrees corner.
Weights of fieldhockey sticks
Sticks are obtainable in various weights. The stick weight is indicated heavy, medium or light. In general, the offensive players will select a lighter stick due to its ability to facilitate quick stick-handling. Defenders regularly opt for a weighty stick because it has more power, for instance during long passes. Many players favour using the standard-weight sticks. Attackers, however, normally like the lighter sticks for better control and movement. Midfield players prefer the average-weight sticks because they need hard hits and control. Beginners who have not determined their field position will be best served up by selecting the standard-weight sticks. This weight works well for any position. Here is a weight breakdown for the sticks (in ounces):
-Light weight: 18 oz to 19 oz
-Medium weight: 19 oz to 22 oz
-Heavy weight: 22 oz to 25.9 oz
Brands and prices
It was not long ago there was only a handful (or few) brands manufacturers that produced high-quality sticks. Nowadays, you can even search online for the dozens of manufacturers who make quality sticks. Be cautious though since many of the manufacturers also make low-quality sticks too. Here are a few brands to choose from. Adidas, Brabo, Cazador, Cyclone Hockey, Desii, Dita, Grays, Gryphon, Guerrilla, Indian Maharadja, Malik, Mercian, Osaka and many more. These sticks come in different prices and durability according to the manufacturer.
Hockey sticks and guarantees
In general, most brands provide you with a two months warranty or guarantee when you buy a stick from their shop. This warranty covers imperfections in manufacturing exposed when using the product as suggested by its manufacturer. The guarantee may not cover stolen or lost items, nor does warranty extend to damaged sticks caused by misuse, unauthorised modification and improper storage facilities.
Conclusion on how to buy a hockey stick
Try a multiplicity of sticks before deciding one that is best for you. Factors such as; shaft shape, weight, texture, length, circumference, flex; blade size, curve, lie, shape, face; and materials employed during the construction of the blade and stick can either develop upon or detract from anybody’s game in the sport of hockey. Go for a stick that suits your strength and size (dimensions and weight of stick), play type (style, level, position), and budget or price.
Field Hockey Stick Buyers Guide
Since just before the 19th century, modern field hockey had evolved in
England and today, it has developed into a universal sport. Other than your
own expertise, your
field hockey stick is your most valuable asset on the
field. It not only compliments your skills, but it also contributes to your
performance by allowing you to execute outstandingly come game time. Sports
Unlimited recognizes just how important finding the right
is. With brands such as Cranbarry, TK, Grays, Brine, STX and more, we?ve got
you covered! In order to narrow down some of your options, you should
consider the following features before making a purchase:
- Level of Play
- Toe Design
Is the most expensive field hockey stick the best one for me?
Field hockey sticks can, admittedly, get a bit pricey. But the key thing to
know is that the most expensive stick is not necessarily the best field hockey
stick for you or your child! If you or your little one is just starting out in
field hockey, and still learning the game, you may be short changing them by
buying the most expensive stick.
That’s because, typically, the more expensive hockey sticks have a
high carbon content, making them pretty powerful, but also really stiff.
This stiffness and power makes it a lot harder to stop the ball, control
it, and maneuver it on the field, making that expensive stick pretty
difficult to use for newer players.
More affordable hockey sticks are usually constructed with either
wood, fiberglass, or aramid, materials that deliver a lightweight, less
rigid, and also less powerful stick. These sticks make it easier to stop
the ball at the head, and control the ball across the field. In this
way, those sticks are much more forgiving for younger and developing
At the end of the day, if you or your child is just starting out in
field hockey, look for a more affordable, more forgiving field hockey
stick. Once they start playing, they will begin to understand which
stick works best for them, and they can move on to more expensive, more
advanced level sticks.
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What size stick is right for me?
Field hockey sticks come in a wide range of lengths, to fit any size
or age player on the field. Ranging from about 28″ to 38″ long, field
hockey stick length can drastically affect your game and your comfort on
For instance, a stick that is too long will be clunky and difficult
to maneuver, and may limit your agility on the field. On the other hand,
a stick that’s too short may not let you get enough power behind your
shots and passes, limiting your range on the field.
There are two standard methods for finding the appropriate stick
length for your body; the U.S. Method, and the Dutch Method, found
It’s important to keep in mind that, generally, the suggested length
will vary slightly by manufacturer, but all methods will produce similar
results. Also, if you’re stuck between two lengths (for example, 35″ or
36″), you should consider your child’s position:
- On defense, a longer stick is useful to provide a
longer reach and to allow the player to drive the ball further.
- On offense, a shorter stick improves a player’s
stick handling skills
If you’re still unsure, consult your child’s coach for further
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What are the parts of a field hockey stick?
Shaft / Handle / Grip – The top end of the field hockey
stick typically features a high-tack grip or tape to let you easily swing
and maneuver the stick.
Head – The end of the field hockey stick that makes
contact with the field and the ball. The head is flat on one side (face)
and rounded on the other, to give you a wide surface area to shoot,
stop, and pass the ball.
Heel – The bend of the head where it joins the toe
of the stick.
Toe – Where the head upturns, creating a striking
area for the ball. Toes come in a variety of styles and sizes offering
different benefits to players of varying skill levels and positions.
Scoop – The 2mm groove in the head of the stick, the
scoop aids in ball control, cradling, and other maneuvers.
Bow – The slight bend in the stick from handle to
head. The bow cannot exceed 25mm.
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Which toe design is right for my game?
A stick’s toe is curved and designed to complement that way a player
strikes the ball and handles the stick. Smaller toes provide maximum
maneuverability and agility, while limiting striking surface and power,
while larger toes provide plenty of striking and receiving area for the
ball, while reducing the stick’s overall maneuverability.
Typically, field hockey stick toes come in four shapes:
Shorti – A very common toe length, great for quickly
turning the stick over the ball. Generally used by offensive players for
its balance, maneuverability, and control.
Midi – By far the most widely used toe shape for
beginners and (as the name implies) midfielders. Slightly longer than
Shorti toes, Midi toes allow for a larger hitting surface without
reducing agility, making flicking, receiving, and reverse play easier
and more comfortable, especially for newer players.
Maxi – The largest standard toe, Maxi toes are
preferred by defensive players for their wide striking and receiving
surface, along with solid power.
Hook – A J-shaped toe, the Hook is a two-piece head
that allows for extra surface area, designed to increase ball control
for better drag-flicks and reverse stick play.
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Which stick bow is right for my game?
Almost every advanced composite stick you’ll see has a bow in the
shaft, meaning the stick bends slightly from the handle to the toe. Most
sticks feature a 20mm bow, but others can range up to 25mm. The bow can
also shift from stick to stick, altering the when the center of the
stick falls, and changing the way it plays.
For instance, a standard bow benefits every area of the game equally,
while a more dramatic bow creates a more dramatic head angle, to assist
in dynamic controls and lifts. Bow choice should depend on preference,
age, and skill level.
Understand the three types of bows to get a better
idea of which stick is right for you:
Typically measuring 20 – 25mm, with a regular bow, the highest point
of the bend falls in the middle section of the stick. This makes for
well-rounded performance, assisting in every aspect of the game from
ball control to advanced maneuvers.
With a control, or mega bow, the center of the bend moves closer to
the to toe, to provide extra power when lifting the ball and drag
flicking. Meant for more
advanced players, this bow allows for dynamic control and
competitive level maneuvers.
Measuring 25mm, the late bow, or low bow, places the bend at the
furthest end of the stick, right before the head. The late bow is meant
elite level players, and delivers extra assistance when controlling
the ball, lifting the ball, performing aerials, and drag flicking.
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How does a stick’s material affect its performance?
Field hockey sticks were once all made out of wood, but those days are
no longer. While you can still find solid wood sticks out there, most
modern and higher-level sticks are composite, or made
of a combination of materials. Varying levels of composites alter the
performance, weight, power, and stiffness of a stick, as well as its
price. So to make sure you’re getting the right stick for your skill
level and needs, it’s important to know what each material offers, and
what it is designed for:
- Designed for stiffness and rigidity, greater carbon content in a
stick gives it harder hits and more power.
- Carbon content can run as high as 90% of a stick’s make-up,
although even a 50% carbon stick is still going to give you
- Carbon-heavy sticks are inherently less-forgiving than other
materials, and require greater skill to maneuver and wield. They
also tend to be a little heavier than other sticks.
- Sticks with more carbon content are recommended for advanced and
- Found in almost every composite field hockey stick on the
market, in some level, fiberglass adds durability, power, and feel
to a stick.
- Similar in nature to carbon, but more economical, fiberglass
delivers the feel of a high-end, high-performance stick without the
high price tag.
- Fiberglass sticks also tend to be lighter, and less rigid than
carbon-heavy sticks, making them more forgiving and better designed
for young, new, or developing players.
- Meant to dampen and absorb vibrations sent through the stick
when striking and receiving balls, aramid is a great balancing
material found in many field hockey sticks.
- Modern wooden sticks still exist, although most are wrapped in
fiberglass to add strength and power.
- Known for their natural feel and solid control, as well as their
lower price tag, modern wooden sticks are great for young and
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Which toe design is right for my game?
Although, these days, most field hockey sticks are fairly light and
easy to maneuver, there are still variations in weight that make a stick
more appropriate for a player or position. Typically, manufacturers
provide approximate weights for the 35″ or 36″ versions of their sticks,
but to find the weight of your size stick, simply add or subtract about
10 grams for every inch. Once you have the weight of the stick, assess
which position the stick is designed for:
- 19 – 20 ounces (approx. 540 – 565 grams) –
Designed for forwards, a lightweight stick doesn’t interfere with,
or hold back rapid stick work.
- 21 ounces (approx. 595 grams) – Designed for
midfielders, a mid-weight stick benefits both defensive and
- 22 – 24 ounces (approx. 620 – 680 grams) –
Designed for backs, the heavier sticks put serious power and
distance behind your shots, making them great for clearing the ball.
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FAQ’s – Savage Field Hockey
How to choose the right stick for YOU Basic criteria for stick selection is:
– Player height.
– Level of play.
– Player preference.
Composite sticks are produced with different materials molded together. Each composite stick has an individual matrix formula to maximize its power, strength, feel and durability. Each stick from the mold will be exactly the same.The stick should be well balanced and should feel good in your hands. The weight in head should still allow you to have maximum stick speed when maneuvering and hitting the ball.
- Fiberglass is the basic material reinforcing the handle. It adds strength and durability.
- Carbon or Graphite add stiffness to the handle. The more experienced player can take advantage of the increased hitting power without it having an adverse effect on their receiving skills.
- Kevlar adds strength, while also dampening the vibration. The added flexibility allows for more control and feel when hitting or receiving
Generally most players play with a 36.5 inch stick, Junior players may select sizes 36 and below. Sticks from 37.5 inch and higher are mainly used by taller players or due to player preference.
Weight is quite important when choosing a stick. Generally the weight of a stick is classified as
- Light – weighing 17oz – 20oz. The light stick allows faster stick movement; if you rely on your skill to beat an opponent and are not too concerned about hitting the ball at high speed, then consider lightweight.
- Medium – weighing 21oz – 22oz. The Medium sticks are good for hard hitting out of the defense. If you are a midfield or a defender, consider using a medium weight stick.
BOW: All composite sticks have a bow from the handle to the toe, which cannot be greater than 25 mm. The bow, or rake as it is also known is the amount of curvature along the playing surface of the stick from the top of the handle to the base of the head of a hockey stick. The amount of bow is measured by placing the hockey stick face down on a flat surface and measuring the maximum distance between the surface and the playing surface of the stick.
Most have a standard bow measuring about 24 mm but some sticks are incorporating a “late/low bow”. This means that the center of the bow has moved down the shaft towards the head of the stick. This shift increases ball control and allows for a better ability to lift the ball. This type of bow tends to help players from the midfield up to the front line. Defenders usually prefer a more standard bow. This change to the rules was deemed necessary in response to the development of the drag flick technique for short corner routines, Internationals were regularly producing ball speeds of up to 140kph. This in turn led to a number of well publicized injuries resulting in the FIH’s decision to take action and reduce the maximum bow allowed.
Advantages of Increased Bow:
As the ball is propelled along the shaft of the stick it builds up speed so that when it leaves the end of the stick it is traveling faster than the speed of the head of the stick (if the technique is executed properly). This technique can be used on both a horizontal plane with the stick parallel to the ground (for passing or drag flicking) or a vertical plane with the stick at right angles to the ground (for aerial passes). Without going into a full explanation of the drag flick technique it is difficult to explain the benefits of increased bow. In general terms it enables the individual to build up initial speed over an increased distance without the ball slipping off the head, provides more energy into the ball in the desired direction of travel and due to the fact that so much of the ball speed is generated at end of the motion a greater level of control (and disguise) is/can be created.
Disadvantages of Increased Bow:
Hitting & Passing:
Due to the curvature of a hockey stick with an increased bow, the stick will come into contact with the ball sooner and at a different angle than with a straight or less bowed stick. Depending on the angle of the stick when attempting to strike or pass the ball two different effects are likely to occur. Striking the ball with the stick in a vertical position (i.e. at right angles to the ground) the ball will lift off the ground to a varying extent, depending on the power imparted to the ball. Striking the ball with the stick in a horizontal position (i.e. with the stick parallel to the ground) will cause the ball to move in a direction left of the intended target. Striking the ball with the stick in any position in between is likely to cause the ball to lift and and move in a direction left of the intended target, depending on the sticks angle and the power imparted to the ball
Receiving on the Reverse Side:
When receiving a ball on your reverse stick side, the tendency is to lean the leading edge of the stick towards the ball in order to trap it and instantly gain more control. With a hockey stick with an increased bow when you lean the leading edge of the stick towards the ball the bowed element of the shaft raises further off the ground sometimes leading to the ball slipping underneath the shaft of the stick.
Level of Playing:
Irrespective of whether you play for high school or university you have to take into consideration how often you play or practice as you will be using the stick a lot more than anticipated. It may be a good idea to go for the higher price range of sticks, which has stronger materials resulting in better performance.
These are just general guidelines to help you make your decision, however it all depends on personal preference. If you have any other questions about this topic or any field hockey equipment please email us.
Material support for the game of field hockey
Field hockey: playground.
Field hockey can only be played on a level ground. The most convenient are areas with short-cropped, well-rolled grass or artificial turf.
Hindus prefer firm platforms with a base (lining) of finely sifted sand without pebbles. In 1976 in Montreal, the first Olympic field hockey tournament was held on an artificial field.
The length of the playing field is 91 m, the width is 50-55 m. Each half of the field is additionally divided by quarter lines.
Each quarter line runs parallel to the goal line, 22.90 m away from it. Frequent nets are attached to the goal. Internal dimensions of the goal: width – 3.66 m, height – 2.14 m.In order to mark the penalty area, a line with a length of 3.66 m is drawn in front of each goal parallel to the goal line and at a distance of 14.63 m from it.
Then, from each end of this line, quarter circles are drawn up to the goal line, with each side goal post used as the center of the circle.The width of the goal line and the penalty area line must be 7.5 cm. At a distance of 7.31 m from the middle of the goal, a 7-meter mark is indicated immediately in front of them.
At the corners of the playing field, 4 corner flags are placed, 6 side flags denote the center line of the field and the quarter line and are placed at a distance of 0.91 m from the borders of the field. The height of the flagpoles must be at least 1.20 m. Penalty corners are marked with short chalk strokes on the goal line at a distance of 4.57 m and 9.14 m from each post.Corner markings are made on the goal line and side lines at a distance of 2.74 m from the corner flags.
Field hockey: ball.
The diameter should not exceed 7.4 cm. Weight ranges from 156 to 163 g. In accordance with the rules, the leather shell of the ball can be either entirely painted white or painted over with white stripes. The core of the ball is made of cork and felt. However, under the influence of dampness, such a ball changes weight and quickly loses its shape. During club meetings, a ball made from a mixture of cork sawdust, rubber and an astringent chemical is used.
Field hockey stick.
The allowed club weight ranges from 340 to 794 g and is measured in ounces (1 ounce = 28.35 g). There are no restrictions on the length, but usually it is equal to 85-90 cm. The handle is glued to the hook. The connection is made according to the wedge principle. 1, 2 or 3 rubber pads inside the handle give the stick the necessary elasticity.
The hook is made of walnut, mulberry, acacia or ash. The veins of the wood at the bend must be parallel to the outer sides, otherwise the stick can split easily.It is not recommended to wrap the stick in order to avoid its breakage.
This could change the size of the club so much that it does not comply with the rules: the club must go through a ring with an inner diameter of 5.08 cm and be flat on one side only. The Indian club, which is distinguished by a short curved hook and a monolithic handle, is almost ubiquitous.
Field hockey: clothing.
Hockey players are allowed to play in a jersey or T-shirt, shorts (for women: T-shirt and short skirt), leggings.From footwear, soft sneakers are preferred. Specialized hockey boots with a hard back (or toe), ribbed side and ankle protectors are less popular. Most players wear shin guards under their gaiters to protect against injury to the tibia.
The goalkeeper’s clothing consists of knee-length pads (pads are a lattice connection of bamboo sticks covered with leather), fastened to boots, gloves with cuffs and chain mail. Recently, many goalkeepers have been using masks to protect their faces.
90,000 Field Hockey Sticks – Making the Right Choice |
Despite the fact that such a sport as field hockey is not the most popular among our population, its history is many times ahead of other sports. This is a kind of team game, which pursues the most important goal – to drive the ball with a stick into the opponent’s goal. It is forbidden for every player to touch the ball with his hands or feet, with the exception of the goalkeeper, and therefore each player must be equipped with a special stick.
Like every other sport, field hockey has special regulations and rules that were originally developed and drawn up in England in 1891, and only six years later, in 1897, the rules became available to Russian fans of field hockey … This set of rules is quite simple, and includes very simple and precise instructions – special clubs are required to play the game.
The bottom line is that such a stick and ball have some differences in their structure and shape compared to standard ice hockey.The difference is that the ball has a curved bottom, not a straight one. When choosing a field hockey stick, you should pay attention to its main components, that is, the hook and the handle. When choosing, measure the outer side of the club bend, and it should not be more than 125 centimeters, in this case, the purchase will be successful and will last a long time and reliably. The fact is that this size will be ideal for any player, regardless of height and playing role.
The next step in choosing a club, which is a very important process, especially if you plan to play this sport professionally, is the hook width, which also varies and has its own size limitations.The classic version of the hook width, according to well-known professionals in field hockey, is no more than six and a half centimeters. Weight also plays an important role, because it is not so easy to carry a heavy club with you around the field, which still needs to be worked professionally.
Weight should not exceed 450 grams. Heavy weight will lead the player to rapid fatigue and impair the quality of the game. If the player’s stick weighs less than 450 grams, this will not bring the desired effect during the game, since you can forget about a strong and accurate hit.The best option would be if the participant of the game purchases several clubs at once, which will equally meet all the requirements.
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In the article “Field hockey” we will tell you about the elder brother of the game everyone loves – ice hockey.Let’s tell you a short history of the origin of the game, features and rules.
When the English say “hockey”, they mean something different from what you think. They are not talking about the familiar to each of us about ice hockey , but its close relative field hockey. It appeared much earlier than ice hockey.
It is believed that the Egyptians were the first to discover this entertainment. The oldest depiction of hockey players with a ball and a stick is about 4,000 years old and was found in a pyramid in the Nile Valley.However, the name of the game was not given by the Egyptians at all.
According to the most common version, the word “hockey” is derived from the old French word “hockey”. This was the name of the shepherd’s staff with a hook, with which the shepherds drove analogs of balls across the lawns. Well, field hockey received the status of a game in Great Britain in the Victorian era (during the reign of Queen Victoria), in the second half of the 19th century.
History of field hockey
In 1861, the world’s first ice hockey club was opened in London.Before the competition, the players carried out a kind of drawing of lots. Before the game, they gathered at the hotel and took turns taking out hats from the bag, which were of two colors, red and blue.
What color the hat got, for that team the players took part (there were no team names yet, and they differed only in color). In those days, the rules of the game did not prohibit playing with both clubs, and the rubber ball was much lighter than the modern one.
The first international game took place in 1895.This game was attended by two teams from foggy Albion (Ireland and Wales). Field hockey entered the list of 22 Olympic sports at the IV Games in London (1908).
Until the 1980 Moscow Olympics, only men’s teams competed at the Olympic stadiums. The debut of the women’s teams was successful for us, the Soviet hockey players won a bronze medal.
Field hockey 1979
By the way, the men’s team in 1980 also took third place. And then hockey players from India became champions.Interestingly, to this day, the Indians retain the title of the best players in field hockey.
In modern Russia, field hockey is not as popular as ice hockey, so we fail to achieve significant results at the Olympic Games, but we regularly win prizes at the European Championship. In 2018, the Russian national team won the first championship of the Hockey Series Open.
The first official field hockey rules were developed in the middle of the 19th century.Of course, a lot has changed since then. The rules are more similar to modern ones, they were adopted in 1907, some of them are still valid today.
The essence of field hockey is clear to many people. Players need to score as many goals as possible into the opponent’s goal, the dimensions of which are 2.14 m * 3.66 m. Prerequisite : athletes must run.
Field dimensions for field hockey
It is prohibited to play with hands in field hockey. The only player allowed to touch his hands or other body parts is the goalkeeper.At the same time, it is forbidden for goalkeepers to specifically pinch the ball, including lying on it. It is also considered a violation when the player’s stick is raised above shoulder level.
According to modern rules of the game, a player can only hit the ball with the flat side of the club. The rest of the strikes are considered illegal and count as a violation. A goal in the game is counted if it was scored from the “hitting circle”. The circle of impact is a semicircle near the goal, which has a diameter of 14.63 meters.
As in football, in field hockey there are also corner kicks and penalties, but at the same time there are differences, for example, in penalty corners. A penalty corner is awarded if a player of the defending team has violated the rules of the game in the “kick circle”.
Penalty (free kick from 7.31 meters) is ordered by the referee for a violation by a player of the defending team in the kick circle and this violation affected the intended goal.
The 23-meter line in field hockey is used to perform free kicks, as well as to limit the area beyond which players cannot enter when taking corner kicks and penalties (see photo above).
There are two judges who monitor the observance of all the rules, each of them is responsible for half of the field. Upon seeing a violation, the referee shows the player a green, yellow or red card. Green Card is a warning for a minor violation. Yellow card – removal from the field for a few minutes (usually 2 minutes).And the player who received the red card leaves the field until the end of the game.
In addition to the usual form, “Indoor-hockey” (from the English “indoor”, which means indoors, in halls) has become widespread in the world. This sport differs from the classic field hockey by the fact that 6 players play for the team at the same time. The playground is smaller, and the game itself is shorter (two halves, 20 minutes each). Indoor hockey is not included in the Olympic program.
Strictly speaking, field hockey these days is not just such. It used to be that grass fields were used for the game, but today, athletes most often chase the ball on a special artificial turf.
The hockey player’s main tool, his trusty stick, has also undergone a number of changes. Modern golf clubs are quite different from their 19th century great-grandmother. Previously, golf clubs were made of wood, most often of mulberry tree. But, in 1990, clubs with aluminum handles appeared and immediately became popular, because thanks to the innovation, the power of hitting the ball increased significantly.
Field hockey stick
Today, composite materials such as fiberglass, kevlar, carbon fiber and others are actively used for the manufacture of sticks. By combining these materials with wood, the designers have developed a modern, lightweight and reliable sports equipment.
What is the advantage of composite materials? Each material that a person uses has its own properties. Some materials are hard, but brittle, such is Diamond.Others, elastic, but do not tolerate high and low temperatures, such as rubber. In short, each material has its own strengths and weaknesses.
It is necessary to take several substances with different properties and combine them. The materials obtained as a result of such a combination are called composite materials, because they are a composition of several constituent parts. These materials are used in everything from medicine to spacecraft.
Composite materials are made in different ways.You can, for example, alternate layers of different substances. Or it is possible, from some substances to make a frame, which is called a reinforcing element, and fill it with a special filler, a matrix of composite material.
Designers use the best properties of each material in order to create a material with improved properties. It will be lighter, stronger and more resistant to temperature extremes.
Field Hockey Sections
Your stick may be made of the most advanced technology, but if you do not know how to handle it, then you will definitely not get into the Olympic field hockey team.So, if you want to become champions, start not with a club, but with a sports section.
While you are just learning to play hockey, trainings and fights are held according to the rules of mini-hockey. You can try yourself in different roles, striker, defender, goalkeeper. Your task is to understand what is best for you.
You will play in the section with a lightweight ball and small clubs. Adult golf clubs are too bulky, heavy and awkward for beginners. Separately, you need to learn how to hit the ball.In a word, field hockey is a whole science and we wish you success in mastering it.
Field Hockey ABC
Hockey is a fast and aggressive game
Football. History, rules, equipment and interesting facts
Rugby is a sport of the brave and desperate
Field hockey. Inventory and equipment. Rules and features
Field hockey – a competition between two teams, which consists in throwing the ball with a club into each other’s goal, the maximum number of times in the allotted time.This sports discipline has Olympic status. Competitions are held at the Summer Games for women and men.
The rules of the game are quite categorical. They prohibit any manifestation of physical superiority over an opponent in an effort to take possession of the ball. Of great importance are the skills of dribbling, the ability to handle the stick, roll the projectile around yourself and other players, roll, pass, etc. Hockey matches are always an exciting spectacle.
A little history
Scientists have established that field hockey has a long history.This is confirmed by archaeological finds in Egypt in the form of drawings of people with clubs trying to take possession of the ball. This kind of entertainment was practiced by the Japanese and Indians, it also existed in Western European states. A boy with a ball and a club is depicted on the stained glass window of one of the English cathedrals. The age of this creation is 1200 BC.
England is considered the birthplace of modern field hockey. It began to spread in the 19th century. in London universities. In 1861, the very first Blackheath Club was formed, followed by many others.The National Association was founded in 1886, at the same time the basic postulates were approved. The first international tournament was held in 1895 with the participation of athletes from Ireland and Wales.
By the beginning of the 20th century, hockey had already gained popularity across the globe. In 1924, the International Field Hockey Federation was formed in the capital of France. At the Olympics, men’s hockey has been represented since 1908, and women’s – in 1980.
Field hockey is a confrontation between two teams of 11 people each.In the match there are 2 halves of 35 minutes, between which there is a break. The side with the most goals wins.
The rules allow dribbling the ball only with a club, and with its flat side. It is strictly forbidden to use legs or hands for this. This rule does not apply to the goalkeeper defending the goal from a goal – he has the right to repel an attack with any part of his body.
At the beginning of each half and after it enters the goal, the ball is played from the center of the court. At the same time, the rest of the athletes focus on their half of the field.If the game is stopped for any reason other than violations, the ball is played from the position in which it stopped. When the projectile rolls out of the field during the attack, a goal kick is awarded, and when defending, a corner kick is awarded.
Sticks and the ball in the process of fighting can cause injuries to athletes.
Field hockey establishes the concept of a “dangerous game”. It includes a list of prohibited actions, namely, you can not:
- Raise clubs over your head.
- Direct the projectile into the air while firing.
- Block an opponent with a stick or body.
The referee scores a goal if the whole ball enters the goal. The winner is determined by the most goals scored. If the score is the same, a draw may be declared. But at international meetings, an additional period and a series of shootouts are usually announced – free throws, allowing to identify the strongest.
Violations and penalties
According to the principles of the game, violations are recognized:
- Pushing, stepping on the opponent’s feet, stopping him by the body.
- Touching the ball with your limbs instead of a club.
- Dribbling and hitting the ball with the round part of the club.
- Deliberate attacks or dangerous play.
- Unsportsmanlike behavior.
As for the goalkeeper, he is not allowed to lie on the ball.
For the above errors, the referee can assign to the player:
- Oral remark.
- Removal from the field.
In relation to the team, the penalty is a free and penalty corner kick, as well as a bullet.
Warning – a sanction for frivolous oversight. At the same time, the referee raises a green card (in the European Hockey League, it means a two-minute removal from the field). Repeated oversight is punished with a yellow card – withdrawal from the game for 2-5 minutes. No replacement is made.
A red card signals the removal of a hockey player from the game before its end without the right to substitute. The referee presents it for gross and repeated violation of the rules, unsportsmanlike behavior. The referees may issue a verdict on disqualification of the delinquent for time and other matches.
The game of hockey is played under the supervision of two referees located on different halves of the ice rink.
The referees have the following functions:
- Ensure compliance with the rules.
- Personal and team penalties are imposed.
- Fixing goals and cards for hockey players.
- Sound signals (whistles) sound when;
– start and end of the period;
– casting a projectile;
– committed violation;
– the implementation of a shootout;
– stopping and resuming the game;
Field hockey field
The field is made in the form of a rectangle with sides of 91.4 and 55 m. The markings include:
- Front and side lines – run along the perimeter of the field.
- The goal line is drawn between the posts.
- Center Line – Drawn in the middle of the site and dividing it into two equal halves.
- 23-meter lines – Drawn across at a distance of 22.90 m from the endlines.
- Kick circle – shaped like an arc centered in the middle of the goal line.
The corners of the court are marked with flags 1.2 – 1.5 m high.
According to the order of the International Federation, only artificial turf is used for matches. This is due to the fact that the artificial turf prevents the ball from bouncing, is durable, easy to maintain and reduces the risk of injury when falling.
The gates are 2.14 m high, 3.66 m wide and 1 m deep. The mesh is fixed on the sides and back.
Inventory and equipment
Field hockey provides a uniform uniform for hockey players of one national team.It includes a tank top, shorts, lengthened leg warmers, and athletic shoes. The goalkeeper’s jersey must have a different color. Accessories that are potentially dangerous to other participants in the match must not be worn by the athlete.
Protective gear includes:
- Shin pads.
- Teeth plates.
- Smooth, tight-fitting mask (clear or colored).
The goalkeeper’s outfit includes:
- Safety helmet.
- Shoe covers.
- Elbow pads.
- Goalkeeper shorts.
Stick and ball
The length of this accessory is 92.71 cm, weight is up to 737 g. The stick has a classic shape and a curved end, flat on the left. Along its entire length, it should be smooth, without flaws, protrusions and irregularities. It is allowed to use a winding. The golf clubs are usually made of acacia, walnut or ash.
Field hockey equipment round, white or other color, not prohibited by the rules. The main thing is that the coloring does not allow him to get lost against the background of the lawn. The circumference of the ball is 22.4—23.5 cm, weight — 156—163 g. The outer shell of the ball is made of any smooth material, and cork and felt are used as filler.
- British scientists have found that in the Middle Ages, the celebration of the harvest in English counties was accompanied by a special game.It consisted in the fact that two teams, using curved sticks, tried to get the ball into the opponent’s zone. The game was called hauki or hoki. Hence, in their opinion, the name “hockey” appeared.
- Field hockey is played both indoors and outdoors. This variety of indoor hockey is named. It has become widespread enough to stand out as a separate discipline. Its differences are also in the size of the field, its coverage and the number of teams. Indoor hockey has existed in Russia since 1995., and in 2000 the women’s team won silver at the European Championship.
- Field hockey among the beautiful half of humanity counts its history since 1876, when the first women’s hockey club was opened in England. It was organized by Oxford students. The first women’s national association was formed in 1894 in Ireland. Hockey players gained access to the international arena only in 1926.
- This sport is the only one where Asians are steadily taking the leading position.Since 1928 and throughout 9 Olympics, Pakistani and Indian hockey players have won gold.
Ice Hockey Equipment
Hockey sticks, balls and pucks are required to play hockey.
Ice hockey stick consists of a straight handle and a hook (fig.). The handle is made of wood plates (beech, ash, birch) or plywood board. The hook of the club is glued from several beech wood plates.The handle and hook are connected at an angle of 132-140 °. Both the hook and the lower part of the handle are reinforced on top with fiberglass or fiberglass mesh on epoxy glue.
Fig. Sticks: 1 – for ice hockey; 2 – for ball hockey; above – the goalkeeper for hockey
Depending on the size, weight and angle of the hook, the clubs are divided into adults, youth and children.
Depending on the direction of the hook bend, there are clubs for adults (right and left) and for children (right, left and straight).Goalkeeper sticks are longer and wider. The mass of the goalkeeper’s sticks reaches 1150 g. The goalkeeper’s sticks are produced in two standard sizes: for adults and young men.
Ice hockey stick consists of an oval profile handle, a shaft and a hook. For the handle, use spruce or pine wood, for the core of the middle part of the stick, oak wood. This part determines the elasticity and spring properties of the club. A rubber plate is glued on both sides of the hook of a stick, which is made of ash or elm wood, wrapped with insulating tape, and then pulled together with a rawhide belt.The hook of the club is shaped like an arc. Total length of clubs for adults – 106, for children – 82 cm.
Field hockey sticks are similar in shape to ice hockey sticks. Their distinctive feature is the length of the hook along the outer bend. It is smaller and measures 37 cm. In field hockey, it is allowed to play with only one side of the sports stick, so the right side of the hook is convex, and the left side is flat. The length of the stick handle is not standardized.The middle part of the club is wrapped in a colored cotton cloth.
Hockey puck is made of vulcanized rubber; washer thickness 25.4 mm (1 inch), diameter – 76.2 mm (3 inches), weight – no more than 170 g. For children, smaller washers are produced – diameter 60 mm, weight – no more than 110 g. be black.
Ice hockey balls can be of two types: leather with a cork center, braided on top with a cotton cord, and plastic with a cork core and surface embossing imitating a braid.
Plastic balls cushion well on impact, feel less painful when hitting a player, wear less clubs, but in severe frost, cracks appear on them and they break. Ice hockey balls must be red or orange, 60 mm in diameter and weighing 60 g.
Field hockey ball consists of a rubber cork core braided with white leather. A tightly rolled twine can be used as the core, and white plastic with a knurled braid can be used for the sheath instead of leather.It differs from the ice hockey ball in its large size (diameter – 71 mm) and weight (162 g).
90,000 FORTUNE AND COLD TEST! • SPORT.CENTER
Hockey in our country is undoubtedly one of the most popular sports. Despite the fact that we have been playing ice hockey for a long time and quite well, in Russia, its own kind of hockey was born – bandy, Russian hockey or bandy – all this is the name of one sport that we will talk about today.
By the end of the 19th century.bandy in Russia in many ways already resembled the game in its modern form. In the Russian capital, the first clubs appeared (where, along with hockey, football was also cultivated), from time to time they played with each other. On March 8, 1898, the first match under the new rules (between the teams of “white” and “black”) took place at the Northern skating rink, and a few days later a rematch took place. These historic matches were the impetus for the further development of bandy in Russia, and March 8, 1898 is considered the date of its “official” birth.Over time, there were more and more teams, hockey clubs were created in Tver, Arkhangelsk, Vladivostok, Riga, Novgorod and others, and St. Petersburg became the hockey capital of Russia.
As for the term “field hockey”, it is considered official on the territory of Russia. In other countries this kind of sport is called “bandy”.
Ball hockey is played on a rectangular ice rink 90-110 m long and 45-65 m wide. A plastic-coated ball (usually bright orange) is used for the game.The weight of the ball is 60–65 g. It is played (with the exception of goalkeepers) with sticks similar to field hockey sticks. The length of the club is 125 cm (from the hook to the end of the handle), the width of the hook is no more than 7 cm, the total weight of the stick is up to 450 g. The equipment of the players also includes skates, protective ammunition (additional means of protection are provided for the goalkeeper, including hand guards and legs, face mask) and uniform for the whole team. It must have a “dominant color”, while the goalkeeper’s uniform should be different in color from the uniform of the field players, and the uniform of the entire team should be easily distinguishable from the uniform of the opponents.
11 hockey players from each team (including the goalkeeper) participate in the game at the same time. 4 substitutes are also included in the team application for the match. The number of replacements is not limited. The game lasts 90 minutes. and is divided into two halves of 45 minutes. each with a 5-10 minute break in between. The referee may add a few minutes to regular time to compensate for long stops that occur during the game. In the event that a tie result in the match is excluded by the competition regulations, additional time (overtime) is assigned: 2 × 15 minutes.The game in overtime can go until the first goal or all 30 minutes. If the overtime ends in a draw, the winner is determined in a penalty shootout. According to the rules, only the goalkeeper – within his own penalty area – has the right to take the ball in his hands (except for a situation when partners give him a backward pass), while he can hold the ball for no more than 5 seconds. Only the goalkeeper can deliberately fall onto the ice to deflect an opponent’s kick. Field players are not allowed to play lying down or kneeling.
Thanks to our sports complex, this sport is also developing in the capital – the Dynamo-Moscow team continues its victorious traditions, the reserve is being prepared here and competitions of the highest level are held. We are the only sports school in Moscow with a bandy department. The sports school employs highly qualified coaches. Teams of five ages have been formed. Pupils of SK Krylatskoe-Young Dynamo team form the youth composition of the Dynamo-Krylatskoe team.Together, the guys go from the initial recruitment to the main team.
90,000 “Pro hockey sticks” – part four. Rigidity – HockeyScience – Blogs
Flexibility of a hockey stick is one of the important parameters. By choosing the flexibility that’s right for you, you can improve both the strength and the accuracy of your throw. Conversely, choosing a stick that is too flexible or too stiff will have a very negative effect on the power and accuracy of your throws. This guide will help you choose the right flex for you.
First, let’s imagine the types of flexibility of a hockey stick:
Youth = 40 flex – the flexibility used in children’s clubs.
Junior = 50 flex – for junior sticks
Mid or Intermediate flex = 60-75 flex – Medium flex
Regular flex = 85 flex –
Stiff flex = 100 flex – rigid stick
Extra stiff = 110 flex – extra stiff stick
How is Flexibility measured?
Flex is a unit of measure used to estimate how much a club will bend without breaking.The number that marks the stick indicates how much weight needs to be applied to the 2.5cm stick to bend. Why is it important? Quite simply, it’s important to understand that more than 100 pounds (45.36 kg) of force is required to bend a stiff flex stick. Can you do it? Question!
How to choose the right club type?
When it comes time to buy a golf club, you have only three options:
The difference between these options is in stick diameter, length and flexibility.Junior golf clubs have a smaller diameter, length, while intermediate and senior golf clubs have a larger diameter and length. Junior clubs are used by children, and intermediate clubs are used by both teenagers and adults, well, senior golf clubs are used by players 16 years of age and older.
I would like to immediately protect you from a typical mistake – do not allow yourself to choose a club based only on the age of the player. Some younger players have enough strength and sticking technique to select intermediate or senior.At the same time, experienced players, who are rather small in stature, for the most part, choose intermediate clubs instead of senior clubs that are suitable for their age.
How to choose the right flexibility?
The basic rule to follow when choosing flexibility is half your weight in feet. For example, if you weigh 180 lbs (81.65 kg), then a club with 90 flex would be optimal for you. This is your starting point and if you need an adjustment up or down, you can use the following tips:
+5 flex if you are a powerful player and have a high accuracy rate.
+5 flex if you are making a lot of shots, especially off the blue line
– 5 flex if you don’t have enough power.
– 5 flex if you do a lot of wrist throws
Let’s say you weigh 180 pounds (81.65 kg), powerful and making a lot of powerful clicks. According to the starting parameter (weight), a club with 90 flex suits you, to which you add 5 flex for power and throws from the blue line, as a result, a 100 flex stick will be optimal for you.It is worth remembering that flexibility is a very individual parameter, but practice shows that this formula works 100%
Does stick length affect flex?
Yes, it does! If you see a golf club with 85 flex, it means that this flex will only be at the current length. If you shorten the size of your club, you also change the flexibility. By shortening the stick by 5 cm, you increase the flex rate by 10 flex.A stick with an 85 flex that is shortened by 5 cm will change its flex by 10 flex and become 95 flex.