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|Peterson, Chris||2021||G||Howard Community College (NJCAA)|
|Shinavier, Brendan||2021||A/M||Indiana Tech (NAIA)|
|Sitterley, Cole||2021||M||Milwaukee School of Engineering (D3)|
|Routt, Eli||2021||M||Kalamazoo (D3)|
|Magda, Macie||2021||Cleary (NAIA)|
|Mahmud, Brodie||2021||A||Michigan-Dearborn (NAIA)|
|Ohren-Hoeft, JJ||2020||D/LSM||Kalamazoo (D3)|
|Torzewski, Jakob||2020||M||Kalamazoo (D3)|
|Krummenacher, Tanyr||2019||A||Amherst (D3)|
|Leyden, Caroline||2019||D/M||Findlay (D2)|
|LaFleur, Mason||2019||G||Grand Valley St. (M:MCLA W:D2)|
|Routt, Adrian||2019||D/LSM||Grand Valley St. (M:MCLA W:D2)|
|Roof, Celest||2019||D||Cleary (NAIA)|
|Crawford, Cameron||2019||D||Alabama-Huntsville (D2)|
|Doorlag, Eva||2019||D||Calvin (D3)|
|Loveland, Jack||2018||M||Kalamazoo (D3)|
|Olson, William||2018||LSM||Onondaga (NJCAA)|
|Winkelseth, Shane||2018||G||Onondaga (NJCAA)|
|Leslie, Jake||2018||M||Michigan St. (M:MCLA W:WCLA)|
|Mahmud, Omar||2018||D/LSM||Michigan-Dearborn (NAIA)|
|Hill, Emily||2018||M||Albion (D3)|
|Bruneau, Davis||2018||A||Michigan St. (M:MCLA W:WCLA)|
|Winkelseth, Matt||2016||M||Potomac St. (NJCAA)|
|Turner, Liam||G||Michigan-Dearborn (NAIA)|
|Simion, David||2016||A||Concordia-Ann Arbor (NAIA)|
|Needham, Tom||2016||M||Alma (D3)|
|2015||A||Grand Valley St. (M:MCLA W:D2)|
|Krueger, Chris||2015||D||Beloit (D3)|
|Harris, Brad||2012||M||Detroit Mercy (D1)|
|Harris, Scott||2008||A/M||Detroit Mercy (D1)|
Erin Melcher’s Lacrosse Profile | ConnectLAXErin Melcher’s Lacrosse Profile | ConnectLAX
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Quick, coachable, 2 way middie, disciplined, hard worker, ambidextrous, multi-sport athlete
I started playing lacrosse when I was in sixth grade. After playing on a community league for my middle school, I became really interested in the game and played some tournaments that summer and fall. Later that year, I joined my current travel team Triumph Lacrosse and have been playing year round since. In my Freshman year, I was the leading scorer on my high school varsity team. I always hustle up and down the field and am quick at running in for the draw. I also played basketball for my school team for 2 years. I do a lot of volunteer work for a club I am involved in called Key Club, and recently became a member of the National Honors Society.
Honors & Awards:
3rd year Varsity player
SEC honorable mention for All Conference Team
Earned Scholar Athlete patch for having earned a GPA of 3.5 or higher
Links to Press:
Other HS Sports Played:
Freshman Basketball, JV Basketball
Play 2 Sports In College?
Relevant Lacrosse Accolades:
Member of the 2019 National Lacrosse Classic team – HSG 2022 Midwest, Fall 2019 Fall Brawl Champs, Fall 2019 Boo Bash Champs HS achievements: 1st year Varsity HS player and leading scorer, SEC honorable mention for All Conference Team
See HS Stats
Saline High School
Triumph Lacrosse 2022 National Team
See Contact Info
93-96; 4. 0; A
See All Academics
Energizer bunny + honey badger combo! Erin is tenacious in her play & execution. 2-Sport athlete,fast,skilled,smart,dedicated, focused & goal-oriented. Erin possesses a tireless work-ethic and winning attitude that motivates her to improve every day. Ambidextrous player, with amazing play-making ability thru dodging, scoring & feeding. Great teammate. Future NCAA stud.View All Endorsements
Washtenaw County boys lacrosse teams at a glance
AnnArbor.com’s series of high school spring sports previews continues with a look at boys lacrosse teams in Washtenaw County:
PLAYERS TO WATCHKyle Harris (sr., A), Saline: A second-team Division II All-State selection last season, Harris is off to a fast start with six goals in the Hornets’ first two games.
Matt Kolevar (sr., A), Father Gabriel Richard: The team’s leading scorer the past two seasons is back for his senior campaign. He was named All-State honorable mention after contributing 39 goals and 15 assists last year.
Dylan Swanson (so., M), Pioneer: Coach Darren Millman calls Swanson “arguably the best sophomore player that I’ve ever coached at Pioneer.” Last year, he was the first freshman that started the season on varsity during Millman’s tenure.
Henry Upton (sr., A), Huron: The River Rats’ second leading scorer last year will be counted on for even more points with the graduation of Andrew Laycock (50 goals).
Max Zwolan (sr., D), Pioneer: A first-team Division 1 All-State player as a junior is back to lead a strong Pioneer defense. He’ll play alongside another player to watch, senior Nick Mrjoian, who was named third-team All-State.
TEAM-BY-TEAM CAPSULESCHELSEA BULLDOGS The third-year program can now claim plenty of experienced players, particularly in its midfield. And it can draw on last year’s inaugural junior varsity squad for additional depth.
Coach: Ron Twigg (3rd year). Last season: 4-9. Key returners: Dan Hudson (sr., M), Matt Gillespie (jr., M), Austin Centofanti (jr., M), Cal Bauer (sr., D), Derek Twigg (jr., G). Key newcomers: Nick Rosol (so., M/A), Bobby Beneteau (so., M/D). Strength: Goaltending and a strong, experienced midfield. Weakness: “Coaching,” Twigg says with a laugh. Outlook: The team went 7-7 in its first year of existence and is hopeful that it can reach, or exceed, that .500 mark again this year. Coach Ron Twigg says: “I’m very optimistic, especially getting Derek back in net (he didn’t play last season). I think we will be a better-than-.500 team.”
DEXTER DREADNAUGHTS First-year coach Brian Callanan brings 22 years of East Coast coaching experience with him to Dexter, where the Dreadnaughts have ramped up their program from club to varsity status.
Coach: Brian Callanan (1st year). Last season: 7-6 against JV and club teams. Key returners: John Brosch (sr., GK), Andrew Erber (jr., M), Kevin Mors (sr., A), Jake Gillis (sr., D), Ryan Wesley (sr., D). Key newcomers: John Grover (jr., M), Corey Dymond (jr., M), Ian Wiesenberg (jr., MF). Strength: Fundamentally strong defensively. Weakness: Inexperience, and it will take some time to fully comprehend a new coach’s system. Outlook: This Dexter team is the cornerstone of the program Callanan hopes to build. The more success it has, the easier it becomes for the coach to “make Dexter a lacrosse town.” Coach Brian Callanan says: “Even our returners have never played varsity lacrosse. It was like pick-up lacrosse. We need to learn how to play the game, the nuances and the complex nature of the game.”
FATHER GABRIEL RICHARD FIGHTING IRISH The Fighting Irish were last season’s hard-luck story. After three years of struggling to build a winning program, they were on the verge of contending for a Catholic High School League championship before a swine flu outbreak at the school kept them from competing in the league’s postseason tournament. Thirteen seniors return to make another run.
Coach: Jim Carl (1st year). Last season: 13-6, runner-up in CHSL regular season, lost in regional semifinal. Key returners: Matt Kolevar (sr., A), Robert Modes (sr., D), Joe Miekstyn (sr., D), Dustin Audtritsch (sr., A), Colin McMahon (jr., M). Key newcomers: Carl Pressprich (jr., M), Michael Ramos (so., GK). Strength: Carl says the defense will be strong and offensively, in Matt Kolevar, the team “has one of the best there is in the state, certainly the best we’ve ever had.” Weakness: Midfield play. That’s where graduation hit the hardest, and the Irish have had trouble transitioning from one end of the field to the other in their early games. Outlook: The goal is clear: Reach the CHSL postseason tournament championship game. It’ll be a tall, but achievable, task with strong programs like Flint Powers and Pontiac Notre Dame Prep in the way. Coach Jim Carl says: “When you have 13 seniors, you have great leadership. They’re not all great players, but the leadership they provide in the locker room will be key.”
GREENHILLS GRYPHONS Mike Costello, who coached three different teams at the Plymouth-Canton Educational Park over the past eight years, takes over the Greenhills program for the 2010 season. Four freshman starters will be similarly new to the program.
Coach: Mike Costello (1st year). Last season: 10-6. Key returners: Jack Schueller (sr., M), Josh Khan (sr., M), Michael Bak (sr., D), Sravan Rengarajan (sr., GK). Key newcomers: John Lazarsfeld (fr., A), Henry Astegren (fr., A), Jake Oestrich (fr. , MF), Jon Saltzman (fr., D). Strength: Energy and willingness to learn. Weakness: Costello says installing his new defensive system will take time and practice. Outlook: Despite its youth, Costello thinks his team can reach the 10-win plateau again this season. Winning a playoff game or two would be icing on the cake. Coach Mike Costello says: “I think we have a great work ethic and a lot of smart kids. We just need to get them more lacrosse experience and I think we’re going to be developing a good program here.”
HURON RIVER RATS The River Rats graduated 15 starters, including 11 starters. Huron’s midfield will be completely new since returning players John Helvie and Alex Heatley have moved back to form the team’s defensive core in front of promising junior goalkeeper Joe Fingerle.
Coach: Joe Koengeter (2nd year) Last season: 9-6, lost to South Lyon in first round of district play Key returners: Sandy Welch (sr. , A), Henry Upton (jr., A), John Helvie (sr., D), Alex Heatley (sr., D). Key newcomers: Joe Fingerle (jr., GK), Chris Welch (so., A). Strength: Koengeter thinks this team can establish a style of play focused on possessing the ball and dictating the pace of the game. Weakness: Turnovers, which would prevent the aforementioned goal. Outlook: This is the first year every team in the Southeastern Conference will play each other in a round-robin schedule, so that should mean some extra wins when the established Huron program goes head-to-head with the area’s fledgling teams. Last year, Huron split two games with Saline and lost to Pioneer. Coach Joe Koengeter says: “Our goal will be to win the SEC, which means beating Pioneer, and making a nice deep run into the playoffs.”
LINCOLN RAILSPLITTERS One of the most established programs in the county, behind Pioneer and Huron, the Railsplitters are chasing the 100th win in school history after going 96-85 through its first 10 years. Jeff Daniels, the only coach the program has had, thinks four-year defensemen Ryan Bottorff and Samii Ismail will be a strongpoint.
Coach: Jeff Daniels (11th year) Last season: 7-10, lost to Farmington in first round of district play. Key returners: Ryan Bottorff (sr., D), Samii Ismail (sr., D), Jarrett Pfeiffer (sr., M), Corey Macisaac (sr., M), Josh Anne (sr., A). Key newcomers: Zack Arnold (sr., A), Robbie Barnett (jr., M) Strength: An experienced starting lineup, particularly on defense. Weakness: Goalkeeper. With an expected returning starter lost for the season, an inexperienced player will suit up in that key position. Outlook: Should be among the favorites to win the first Southeastern Conference White Division title. The division also includes Chelsea, Dexter, Tecumseh and Ypsilanti. Coach Jeff Daniels says: “We should have a solid starting lineup with eight or nine seniors, but we don’t have a lot of depth. If everybody stays healthy, we’ll probably be alright. A couple injuries could be hard on us.”
PIONEER PIONEERS Two straight trips to the Division 1 semifinals have left the Pioneers craving more. The biggest obstacle to reaching it may be finding the scoring punch to replace All-State attackman Nathan Meyer, who graduated as the school’s all-time leading scorer. Senior Ben Weber and sophomore Mike Jones are battling for another key position vacated by All-State goalkeeper Cy Abdelnauer.
Coach: Darren Millman (7th year). Last season: 16-6, lost to Detroit U-D Jesuit in a Division 1 state semifinal. Key returners: Max Zwolan (sr., D), Nick Mrojian (jr., D), Aidan Barrer (sr., M), Justin Bose (sr., M), Dylan Swanson (so., M), Kevin Grupe (jr., A). Key newcomer: Mike Jones (so., GK). Strength: Defense. It’s an experienced, athletic group with good stick skills. Weakness: Currently, generating enough offensive firepower. Outlook: The Pioneers, undoubtedly Washtenaw County’s most successful program, should once again be among the state’s elite teams. Coach Darren Millman says: “The bar has been set with trips to the state semifinals two years in a row. Our program is to a point now where I certainly don’t want us to ever set our sights lower. Our goal is to not only get to that game again, but hopefully take it one or two steps further.”
SALINE HORNETS Matt Ceo, the team’s junior varsity coach the last two seasons, takes over a program he helped create when he was a sophomore at the school eight years ago. The team is coming off its most successful season to date.
Coach: Matt Ceo (1st year). Last season: 13-7, lost to Bloomfield Hills Cranbrook-Kingswood in regional final. Key returners: Alex Smith (sr., D), Kyle Harris (sr., A), Ryan Mickevicius (sr., A), T.J. Braun (sr., MF), James Gentile (sr. , MF). Key newcomers: Cam Frotten (jr., A). Strength: Senior leadership. Ceo says this year’s seniors “are really interested in taking our program to the next level on the field, academically and in the community.” Weakness: Need to improve on transition game. Outlook: Expectations are high because of last year’s success. And with plenty of players returning, the Hornets should maintain that course this season. Coach Matt Ceo says: “We’ve experienced a bit of success and are looking forward to advancing farther in the playoffs than we ever have, which would be a regional championship.”
SKYLINE EAGLES Talk about a fast start. Skyline posted a 10-1 win over Belleville in its first-ever varsity contest on March 24. The Eagles are splitting their schedule against varsity (seven games) and junior varsity (10 games) opponents. They will also participate in the MHSAA postseason.
Coach: Nick Zorova (2nd year). Last season: Won a single game against junior varsity competition. Key returners: Sam Olson (so., MF), Matt Laubach (so., MF), Don Weidner (so., A), Andy Irwin (so. D). Key newcomers: John Crowley (fr., A), Ben Brinkerhoff (fr., D), Tanner Gerhart (fr., G), Kevin Vasher (fr., MF). Strength: Size and speed. Despite a roster full of still-growing underclassmen, Zorova has numerous players over 6-feet tall with solid athletic ability. Weakness: Lack of experience. Outlook: Zorova says his team’s goal is to win every junior varsity game and its share of varsity games, too. Coach Nick Zorova says: “Watching these young kids in practice you can envision that they’re going to be outstanding as seniors.”
YPSILANTI PHOENIX Ypsilanti’s Ian Clarewood is another in the list of first-year coaches in the county. He was an assistant coach at his alma mater, Tecumseh, last season. His goal in this maiden voyage as a head coach is to improve the Phoenix to a .500 program.
Coach: Ian Clarewood (1st year). Last season: 5-12. Key returners: Skylar Caudill (jr., M), Sam Riddle (sr., A), Dan Korte (sr., D), Trey Sweeney (jr., D). Key newcomers: Bryce Jackson (so., D), Joel Harris (so., M), Aljon Dellvale (so., A). Strength: Defense. Cody Grams joins Korte and Sweeney as core defensemen who’ve played together for three years. Weakness: Possession. The Pheonix must improve on getting the ball up and down the field. Outlook: Ypsilanti joins the Southeastern Conference at the same time the league has its first full round-robin schedule. There are many other up-and-coming programs in that mix that Ypsilanti will be comparing itself to. Coach Ian Clarewood says: “We’ll focus on one game at a time, but when it’s over I’d like to see these guys win more games than they did last year. I think we could have a .500 season.”
|Bera Ajala||Jumps||So.||Edinburgh, Scotland / George Watson’s College|
|Dubem Amene||Sprints||So.||Farmington Hills, Mich. / Southfield Christian|
|Xander Black||Distance||Fr.||Phoenix, Ariz. / Brophy College Prep|
|Tom Brady||Distance||Jr.||Park Ridge, Ill. / Maine South|
|Miles Brown||Distance||Fr.||Novi, Mich. / Novi|
|Chris Chuparkoff||Sprints||So.||Saline, Mich. / IMG Academy|
|Anthony DeKraker||Distance||Sr.||Saline, Mich. / Saline|
|Tom Dodd||Distance||Gr.||Birmingham, England /|
|Aiden Felty||Throws||Jr.||Billercia, Mass. / Innovation Academy Charter|
|John Florence||Distance||Jr.||Ann Arbor, Mich. / Ann Arbor Pioneer|
|Nick Foster||Distance||Jr.||Ann Arbor, Mich. / Ann Arbor Pioneer|
|Leo Gabaron||Sprints/Hurdles||So.||Ann Arbor, Mich. / Ann Arbor Pioneer|
|James Gedris||Distance||Jr.||Grosse Ile, Mich. / Grosse Ile|
|Lawrence Gilliam||Sprints||Fr.||Farmington Hills, Mich. / University of Detroit Jesuit|
|Anthony Hancock||Distance||So.||Dearborn, Mich. / Dearborn Divine Child|
|Michael Hancock||Distance||So.||Dearborn, Mich. / Dearborn Divine Child|
|Cassidy Henshaw||Jumps||Sr.||Traverse City, Mich. / Traverse City Central|
|Christian Hubaker||Distance||5th||Grand Ledge, Mich. / Grand Ledge|
|Cole Johnson||Distance||Sr.||Rockford, Mich. / Rockford|
|Henry Johnson||Distance||Fr.||Houghton le Spring, England / Kepier School|
|Jack Juds||Sprints||Fr.||Bryanston, South Africa / St. Davids Marist – Inanda|
|Jacob Koerner||Sprints||Fr.||Waxhaw, N.C. / Cuthbertson|
|Will Landowne||Distance||Sr.||Westport, Conn. / Staples|
|Mason Mahacek||Multi-Events||Jr.||Grand Haven, Mich. / Grand Haven|
|Job Mayhue||Sprints/Hurdles||Sr.||Grand Rapids, Mich. / East Kentwood|
|Ryan McCloskey||Sprints||Jr.||Flemington, N.J. / Hunterdon Central Regional|
|Joe Meyers||Distance||So.||Kalamazoo, Mich. / Kalamazoo Loy Norrix|
|Devin Meyrer||Distance||Gr.||Wildwood, Mo. / Lafayette (Wildwood)|
|Gabe Piepergerdes||Sprints/Hurdles||Gr.||Westfield, Mass. / Westfield|
|Joost Plaetinck||Distance||Gr.||Novi, Mich. / Novi|
|Oli Raimond||Distance||So.||Sydney, Australia / Caringbah|
|Austin Remick||Distance||Sr.||Rochester, Mich. / Rochester|
|Henry Sheldon||Pole Vault||So.||Dexter, Mich. / Dexter|
|Thomas Shilgalis||Distance||Jr.||Naperville, Ill. / Naperville (Central)|
|Derrick Simmons||Distance||Sr.||Queens, N.Y. / Poly Prep Country Day|
|Tony Sommers||Throws||Gr.||San Diego, Calif. / San Dieguito Academy|
|Jack Spamer||Distance||So.||Brighton, Mich. / Brighton|
|Noah Stallworth||Sprints||Jr.||Rockford, Mich. / Rockford|
|Zach Stewart||Distance||So.||Brighton, Mich. / Brighton|
|Nick Trevisan||Distance||Sr.||Farmington, Mich. / Farmington|
|Eli Winter||Throws||So.||Alpena, Mich. / Alpena|
|Colton Yesney||Distance||Sr.||Negaunee, Mich. / Negaunee|
|Joshua Zeller||Hurdles/Sprints||Jr.||Wokingham, England / The Henley College|
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North Shore up to 7th in Texas 6A after top-10 showdown
Dave Campbell’s Texas Football magazine and TexasFootball.com’s high school rankings after Week 10, distributed by The Associated Press.
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Austin Westlake (9-0) W: Austin High, 77-3 1
2 Katy (9-0) W: Katy Taylor, 67-17 2
3 Southlake Carroll (9-0) W: Keller Timber Creek, 42-7 3
4 Duncanville (7-1) W: Mansfield, 63-17 4
5 Rockwall Heath (8-1) W: Tyler Legacy, 49-27 6
6 Spring Westfield (9-0) W: Aldine, 66-0 7
7 Galena Park North Shore (9-1) W: Humble Atascocita, 31-21 8
8 Lake Travis (8-1) W: Austin Akins, 56-7 9
9 Spring (8-1) W: Aldine Nimitz, 34-3 12
10 Denton Guyer (9-1) W: Little Elm, 45-31 11
11 Humble Atascocita (7-2) L: Galena Park North Shore, 31-21 5
12 SA Northside Brennan (9-0) W: SA Northside Holmes, 55-3 13
13 Rockwall (7-2) W: Mesquite Horn, 52-26 14
14 Arlington Martin (7-2) W: Grand Prairie, 66-20 15
15 Euless Trinity (8-1) W: Haltom, 42-0 16
16 Cibolo Steele (9-0) W: Converse Judson, 35-30 17
17 Midland Legacy (7-1) W: San Angelo Central, 69-28 18
18 Austin Vandegrift (9-0) W: Hutto, 49-9 20
19 Allen (7-2) L: Prosper, 28-23 10
20 The Woodlands (7-2) W: Conroe, 45-32 21
21 Fort Bend Ridge Point (8-1) W: Fort Bend Bush, 49-21 22
22 DeSoto (7-2) W: Mansfield Lake Ridge, 54-35 23
23 Dickinson (7-2) W: League City Clear Springs, 35-24 24
24 Jersey Village (9-0) W: Houston Stratford, 28-21 25
25 Katy Tompkins (8-1) Idle NR
CLASS 5A DIVISION I
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Denton Ryan (8-1) W: Frisco Independence, 41-7 1
2 College Station (9-0) W: Waller, 70-0 2
3 Dallas Highland Park (8-1) W: West Mesquite, 60-28 3
4 Amarillo Tascosa (8-1) Idle 4
5 Frisco Lone Star (8-1) W: The Colony, 49-6 8
6 Colleyville Heritage (8-1) W: Burleson Centennial, 37-27 7
7 Dripping Springs (9-0) W: Buda Johnson, 52-7 10
8 Manvel (7-2) W: Katy Paetow, 33-28 NR
9 Katy Paetow (8-1) L: Manvel, 33-28 5
10 Magnolia West (9-0) W: New Caney, 31-24 NR
CLASS 5A DIVISION II
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Aledo (9-0) W: Arlington Seguin, 55-21 1
2 Lucas Lovejoy (9-0) W: Frisco Lebanon Trail, 55-7 2
3 Fort Bend Marshall (8-0) W: Houston Sterling, 56-0 3
4 Ennis (9-0) W: Royse City, 48-20 4
5 Lubbock Cooper (8-1) W: Abilene Wylie, 38-10 5
6 Dallas South Oak Cliff (8-1) W: Dallas Kimball, 59-7 6
7 Texarkana Texas (8-0) W: Nacogdoches, 37-20 7
8 Montgomery (9-0) W: Huntsville, 35-28 (OT) 8
9 SA Alamo Heights (9-0) W: Lockhart, 49-35 9
10 Crosby (7-2) W: Santa Fe, 57-0 10
CLASS 4A DIVISION I
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Austin LBJ (9-0) W: Burnet, 45-3 1
2 Stephenville (9-0) W: Midlothian Heritage, 38-27 2
3 El Campo (8-1) W: West Columbia, 63-42 3
4 Melissa (7-2) W: Terrell, 36-14 4
5 Argyle (8-1) W: Kaufman, 48-21 5
6 Kilgore (8-1) W: Athens, 42-13 6
7 WF Hirschi (7-2) W: Decatur, 28-22 7
8 CC Calallen (8-1) W: Beeville Jones, 60-7 8
9 Waco La Vega (6-3) W: Alvarado, 56-10 9
10 Lindale (6-3) W: Palestine, 53-23 NR
CLASS 4A DIVISION II
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Carthage (8-0) W: Madisonville, 54-3 1
2 Gilmer (8-1) W: Paris North Lamar, 56-6 2
3 Celina (7-1) Idle 3
4 West Orange-Stark (7-1) Idle 4
5 China Spring (9-0) W: Robinson, 52-21 5
6 Bellville (9-0) W: La Marque, 35-0 6
7 Cuero (8-1) W: Smithville, 53-25 8
8 Sinton (8-1) W: Rio Hondo, 56-14 9
9 Wimberley (7-2) W: Grapevine, 35-17 10
10 Van (9-0) W: Canton, 55-54 7
CLASS 3A DIVISION I
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Tuscola Jim Ned (9-0) W: Breckenridge, 35-12 1
2 Brock (9-0) W: Peaster, 80-7 2
3 Mount Vernon (9-0) W: Pottsboro, 37-14 4
4 West (9-0) W: Grandview, 28-20 6
5 Lorena (7-2) W: Caldwell, 56-0 8
6 Columbus (7-2) W: Hallettsville, 14-13 10
7 Tatum (8-1) W: White Oak, 35-14 9
8 Hallettsville (7-2) L: Columbus, 14-13 3
9 Edna (8-2) W: Vanderbilt Industrial, 26-16 NR
10 Grandview (8-2) L: West, 28-20 7
CLASS 3A DIVISION II
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Franklin (10-0) W: Clifton, 57-0 1
2 Gunter (9-0) W: Lone Oak, 77-15 2
3 Childress (8-0) Idle 3
4 Holliday (9-0) W: WF City View, 41-0 4
5 New London West Rusk (9-0) W: Grand Saline, 49-26 5
6 Newton (7-1) W: Hemphilll, 52-22 6
7 Lubbock Roosevelt (9-0) W: Coahoma, 52-19 7
8 Waskom (8-1) W: Elysian Fields, 42-12 8
9 Abernathy (8-1) W: Stanton, 40-7 10
10 Odem (10-0) W: Hebbronville, 28-20 NR
CLASS 2A DIVISION I
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Refugio (9-0) W: Kenedy, 62-0 1
2 Shiner (9-0) W: Ganado, 49-7 2
3 Timpson (7-0) W: Joaquin, 47-0 3
4 Crawford (9-0) W: Itasca, 54-0 4
5 Hawley (9-0) W: Colorado City, 55-0 5
6 New Deal (8-1) W: Floydada, 48-15 6
7 Beckville (9-0) W: Big Sandy, 66-0 7
8 Mason (8-1) W: Brackettville, 51-0 8
9 Coleman (8-0) W: San Saba, 49-7 9
10 Forsan (9-0) W: Stamford, 30-6 10
CLASS 2A DIVISION II
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Mart (9-0) W: Hubbard, 77-0 1
2 Muenster (9-0) W: Chico, 51-0 2
3 Windthorst (8-1) W: Petrolia, 45-21 3
4 Albany (8-0) W: Santo, 33-6 4
5 Stratford (8-1) W: Vega, 35-0 5
6 Falls City (8-1) W: Agua Dulce, 54-0 6
7 Tenaha (8-2) W: Overton, 42-8 7
8 Clarendon (8-1) W: Wheeler, 48-20 8
9 Wellington (5-3) Idle 9
10 McCamey (7-1) W: Plains, 62-8 10
CLASS 1A SIX-MAN DIVISION I
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 May (9-0) Idle 1
2 Jonesboro (10-0) W: Lometa, 62-14 2
3 Abbott (9-0) W: Aquilla, 52-0 3
4 Water Valley (9-0) Idle 4
5 Rankin (8-1) W: Midland TLC, 72-0 5
6 Springlake-Earth (7-1) W: Nazareth, 54-50 6
7 Sterling City (7-2) Idle 7
8 Garden City (8-2) W: Lenorah Grady, 59-8 8
9 Herrmleigh (10-0) W: Ira, 66-48 10
10 Westbrook (5-4) W: Robert Lee, 45-0 NR
CLASS 1A SIX-MAN DIVISION II
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Matador Motley County (9-0) W: Southland, 64-0 1
2 Strawn (9-0) Idle 2
3 Richland Springs (6-1) Idle 3
4 Balmorhea (7-1) W: Dell City, forfeit 4
5 Follett (9-0) W: Miami, 64-0 5
6 Anton (8-0) W: Amherst, 76-38 6
7 Jayton (9-0) W: Afton Patton Springs, 52-0 7
8 Throckmorton (9-0) W: Moran, 52-6 8
9 Benjamin (9-0) W: Rule, 54-8 9
10 Lamesa Klondike (8-1) W: Wilson, forfeit 10
PRIVATE SCHOOLS — 11-MAN
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Austin Regents (8-0) W: CC John Paul II, 45-6 1
2 Dallas Parish Episcopal (8-1) W: FW Nolan, 63-35 2
3 Houston Second Baptist (8-1) W: Spring Frassati, 49-0 3
4 Episcopal School of Dallas (10-0) W: Dallas St. Mark’s, 51-30 5
5 San Antonio Cornerstone (6-3) W: Nike Dallas FC, 14-7 NR
PRIVATE SCHOOLS — SIX-MAN
Rank School (Record) Week 10 Prv rank
1 Waco Live Oak (9-0) W: Rockwall Heritage, 46-0 1
2 Marble Falls Faith (8-0) W: Austin Hill Country, 64-6 2
3 Bulverde Bracken Christian (8-0) W: San Marcos Hill Country, 69-12 3
4 Austin Veritas (8-1) W: Round Rock Christian, 78-7 4
5 Texas School for the Deaf (7-1) W: SA Castle Hills, 46-22 5
Haiti PM condemns gangs, kidnappings in public address
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) — Prime Minister Ariel Henry condemned gangs and kidnappings in a prerecorded address posted Friday in which he also reassured Haitians that the country was not running out of fuel despite severe shortages that have frustrated millions and sparked recent strikes.
It’s the first time Henry has acknowledged those issues in a public address since the Oct. 16 kidnapping of 17 members of a U.S.-based missionary group.. The 16 Americans, one Canadian and their Haitian driver were abducted amid a spike in gang-related kidnappings that police are struggling to control.
“If they do not stop their wrongdoing, the law will apply to them,” Henry said in his message. “The only option for bandits and all their sponsors is imprisonment or death if they do not want to change professions.”
The leader of the 400 Mawozo gang that kidnapped the missionaries, including five children, has said he would kill them if his demands are not met. Haitian officials have said the gang is seeking $1 million per person, but that it wasn’t clear if that included the children, the youngest of whom is 8 months old.
Henry did not mention the abduction of the missionaries, but denounced kidnappings in general, saying, “All those who take the Haitian people hostage, terrorize the population, are the enemies of the people.”
He also condemned those who are helping criminals by giving them weapons, ammunition and money, including “all those who deal with them so that they can take power. They are all enemies of the Haitian people, and we are treating them as enemies.”
Henry noted that he became prime minister roughly three months ago following the July 7 assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and found “a country torn, divided, with a state in tatters whose democratic institutions are dysfunctional.
“The nation lives under the thumb of bandits. Citizens cannot leave the capital to go to the south. The country’s economic situation is dire. Inflation and high cost of living keep their hold on national life. The budget deficit has reached an unprecedented level and the gourd (currency) continues to drop sharply against the US dollar.”
The prime minister spoke days after a widespread strike led to schools, businesses and public transportation to shut down in the capital of Port-au-Prince and beyond to protest the lack of fuel and the country’s worsening situation. Gangs have been blamed for blocking gas distribution terminals, with at least one gang leader saying he would lift the blockade if Henry stepped down.
Henry said ships are waiting to unload fuel and that the country, which shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, would not run out of gas. He added that he has created a crisis unit with top officials from finance, justice, police, public works, trade and other departments to find a “quick solution” to the fuel distribution problem.
He said the government has already placed additional fuel orders and said police have created a “security corridor” to the fuel supply center. He said the airports, Coast Guard boats and some hospitals and telephone companies have already received new fuel shipments and that police escorts are available for truck drivers who fear they will be kidnapped or killed.
He said he would not share further details to guarantee the operation’s success.
The shortages have affected hospitals, ambulances, schools, public transportation and many other parts of daily life.
“This is really catastrophic,” said Solon Cledion, director of a private school in Port-au-Prince, in a telephone interview. “The day-to-day is difficult. … We wonder how long this is going to last.”
Meanwhile, Doctors Without Borders said that its trauma hospital in Tabarre has been forced to limit patients and is only treating life-threatening emergencies. The aid group relies on generators due to ongoing power outages in Haiti.
“Without fuel, we can’t run our hospital,” Dr. Kanouté Dialla, the hospital’s manager, said in a statement. “We are doing our best to maintain our activities by adapting them from day to day, but this situation is unsustainable.”
Henry acknowledged the dire situation, noting that patients with COVID-19 who depend on respirators are among those who are at risk of dying if fuel is not available. In his speech, he congratulated one man who he said drove through dangerous communities to transport fuel and oxygen to a hospital and saved the lives of 60 patients.
The prime minister also announced that the office of the judge overseeing the investigation of the president’s slaying had been attacked. He did not provide details but said authorities are searching for those responsible. The previous judge in the case stepped down for personal reasons a day after one of his assistants died under unclear circumstances.
Henry said he is aware of people’s anger and that his administration is addressing the country’s multiple problems.
“To all those who have legitimate demands, who have declared they are fed up with inflation, poverty and insecurity, I guarantee that their voice is heard by the government,” he said. “Gangs are our enemies. No real solution to the country’s problems will emerge if we do not arm ourselves with the courage to fight and eliminate this scourge.”
Coto reported from San Juan, Puerto Rico.90,000 General Motors will recall almost 840 thousand cars in the USA – DRIVE
In the first nine months of 2020, the Chevrolet Tahoe sold 59,540 vehicles in the US, while the Chevrolet Suburban and GMC Yukon / Yukon XL sold 24,059 and 38,681 respectively.
General Motors ends 2020 on a minor note. The concern will have to recall 837 thousand cars due to problems with the seat belt and rear suspension. In the first case, the dealers will invite owners of 624 thousand cars with a three-seater front sofa, which may have a defective fastening of the central seat belt to the seat frame. The list includes pickups Chevrolet Silverado 1500 and GMC Sierra 1500 (2021 model year), Silverado 2500/3500 and GMC Sierra 2500/3500 (2020 and 2021).), as well as SUVs Chevrolet Tahoe, Suburban and GMC Yukon XL (2021).
The most popular of the soplatform sedans is the Chevrolet Malibu, which found 389,113 buyers in the United States in 2013–2014. For the Buick LaCrosse and Regal models, the figures for the same period are much more modest – 100 266 and 41 245.
The second problem concerns 213 thousand Buick Regal cars of 2012 and 2013 model years, Chevrolet Malibu of 2013 and Buick LaCrosse of 2010–2013.which may have rust on the rear toe levers. It is caused by reagents with a high salt content, which are actively used by the road services of the states of the so-called salt belt. This includes Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rod Island, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Washington.
Batteries | obzory-testy-sravneniya | vsyo-o-la-crosse
see also: Batteries Eneloop – made in Japan
Battery is a device designed for storing electrical energy, and the energy in this device is stored in a chemical form. The principle of the battery is that two metals are in an acid solution, and in doing so they generate electricity. Batteries are characterized by such basic characteristics as: capacity, internal resistance, self-discharge current, service life.
Battery capacity refers to the amount of stored electricity that the battery has. This is one of the most important characteristics of a battery, because the operating time of electrical appliances connected to the battery depends on the capacity. This parameter is measured in milliampere-hours (mAh). In this case, the nominal capacity is indicated on the label or directly on the battery. The fact is that the nominal capacity does not always equal the real one. The actual battery capacity may differ from the nominal in the range from 80 to 110%.This is due to the fact that throughout the entire life of the battery, its real capacity is gradually changing, usually in the direction of decreasing, and, among other things, depends on many additional factors. The operating and maintenance conditions, the operating time and the way of charging the battery have a strong influence on the real capacity.
Internal resistance is also quite an important parameter of the battery. The unit for internal resistance is milliohm (mΩ).Resistance, in turn, depends on the capacity of one cell (cell) of the battery, the number of these cells, the type of battery, service life and operating conditions. The internal resistance is determined using analyzer instruments. During battery operation, the internal resistance gradually increases. If the battery has a resistance of as much as 500 ohms, then we can conclude that it has a very solid age, or it was simply misused. A large internal resistance leads to an increased power consumption, and, as a consequence, to a shorter operating time of devices, since, according to Ohm’s law, a large resistance significantly increases the current consumption and the simultaneous voltage drop.And in case of a strong voltage drop, the connected electrical appliance takes the battery for a discharged one, or simply for one that is not able to work. As a result, the battery cannot deliver all the stored energy, which significantly reduces the operating time of electrical appliances.
Self-discharge of a battery is a spontaneous leakage of electricity from a charged battery over a period of time. Almost all types of batteries are susceptible to this phenomenon, regardless of their design and electrochemical type.To quantify self-discharge, the amount of energy that the battery loses over a certain period of time is used, and it is calculated as a percentage of the value of a fully charged battery. The self-discharge value is not constant, so, in the first days after charging, it reaches its maximum values, and then gradually decreases. In this regard, it is customary to measure the value of self-discharge on the first day, and then one month after charging. Self-discharge is also influenced by ambient temperature, and the relationship between self-discharge and temperature is proportional.It means that as the temperature rises, the self-discharge value also increases. For example, in some types of batteries, when the temperature rises from 20 to 30 degrees, the self-discharge value doubles. If we talk about its more specific values, then for Ni-Cd type batteries, 10% per day is considered normal, and Ni-MH type batteries have a slightly higher self-discharge value, for Li-Ion and for Li-Pol this value is how small that it is only evaluated one month after being charged.As for the monthly self-discharge, for the same types of batteries, respectively, we have the following parameters: Ni-Cd – 20%, Ni-MH – 30%, Li-Ion – 10%. These figures are average, and may differ slightly for each specific battery.
To determine the value of the battery life , the number of cycles between charging and discharging the battery that it can withstand during operation is used without changing its main parameters, such as capacity, self-discharge value, internal resistance, within significant limits.The time that has elapsed since the manufacture of the battery is also taken into account. In the event that the capacity decreases to 60% of the nominal value, the battery is considered to be out of order. Various factors affect battery life: battery type, charging method, operating conditions and correct maintenance.
Depending on the electrochemical system used, all batteries are divided into the following types: SLA / Pb – classic lead-acid, Ni-Cd – nickel-cadmium, Ni-MH – nickel-metal hydride, Li-Ion – lithium-ion, Li- Pol is a lithium polymer, which is a relatively new word in modern technology.
For the first time rechargeable batteries of the nickel-cadmium type were developed 100 years ago by Waldemar Younger, it happened in 1899. In this battery, internal gases that are released during the electrochemical reaction are released directly into the atmosphere. Batteries with this feature are called open batteries. In those days, the main elements – nickel and cadmium, were quite expensive, for this reason these batteries did not have much success.However, in 1947, a new development appeared – a sealed nickel-cadmium battery. The peculiarity of this battery was that the gases were not released into the atmosphere, but circulated inside. In addition, the parameters of this battery were significantly improved due to the fact that the nickel electrode was made in the form of a porous plate, in the pores of which there were active substances. Such a device has also significantly reduced the cost of the battery. At present, the design of nickel-cadmium batteries has remained practically unchanged.
Their main advantage is, perhaps, the fact that they can work in any weather conditions. The nickel-cadmium battery can be charged even in cold weather, i.e. at subzero temperatures. These qualities make batteries of this type practically indispensable in the northern regions. Subject to the rules of operation, they can withstand about a thousand charge cycles. With a decrease in capacity, as well as after long-term storage, these batteries are easily restored. Even if you need to charge the battery every day, it will last more than three years, which is a pretty good result.There is also one more plus – a short charge time, and they can give a much higher current compared to other types of batteries.
And, finally, a fly in the ointment. Nickel-cadmium batteries have a rather low energy density (meaning the ratio of the battery capacity to its mass), which implies a large weight and dimensions with the same capacity as other types of batteries. Cadmium, which is used in the electrochemical process, is considered a very “unfriendly” material in relation to the environment.Therefore, nickel-cadmium batteries require special disposal after the resource has expired. The next disadvantage is the high self-discharge. So during the first day about 10% is lost, and within a month up to 20% of the maximum energy. And finally, it is worth mentioning that batteries of this type are subject to the so-called memory effect.
Memory effect refers to the reversible loss of battery capacity associated with unfavorable operating conditions.Very often this effect appears when charging incompletely discharged batteries, in which case only nickel batteries are susceptible to it. This is due to the fact that the working substance has the form of small crystals, which provides a large area for contact with the electrolyte. Gradually, during operation, this substance changes its structure, which reduces the area of the working surface. The consequence is a decrease in voltage and a decrease in capacitance. If the operating conditions are unfavorable, then the crystals become larger, sometimes increasing up to 150 times.Sometimes it even goes so far that with their sharp edges, the crystals cut the separator, which is the cause of a high self-discharge or even a short circuit.
To avoid the consequences of this effect, it is necessary to perform training on the battery. Exercise is called cyclic (3-4 times) charges and discharges of the battery to a voltage of about 1 volt for each cell. Workout is performed using desktop chargers that have a discharge function. This procedure is performed once a month.It is not recommended to do this operation more often, there will be little benefit, but battery wear will increase significantly. However, with a severely neglected state of the battery, training becomes ineffective, and the result can only be achieved by applying recovery, which is based on a very deep discharge, about 04 volts per cell, which is performed using a special algorithm.
Nickel Metal Hydride (Ni-MH)
Nickel Metal Hydride ( Ni-MH) batteries were originally intended to replace nickel cadmium batteries.Development began back in the 70s, but the first results appeared only in the 80s. And in the late 1980s, the performance of NiMH batteries began to gradually improve. At present, batteries of this type have almost completely replaced nickel-cadmium ones, and are one of the most common types of batteries. Compared to nickel-cadmium, they have almost 40% higher energy density, which can significantly reduce the size and weight of the battery. In addition, these batteries do not contain cadmium and are therefore environmentally friendly.The memory effect is much less pronounced, which allows training only once every two months.
However, some parameters are still poor. So, their resource is only 500 discharge and charge cycles, in addition, self-discharge sometimes reaches 10% per day, and up to 30% per month. And the charge time is almost twice as long. Needless to say, such a disadvantage as a high price. In 2006, the new Sanyo Eneloop Nickel-Metal Hydride batteries appeared, created using the new LSD technology, the problem of self-discharge in these batteries is practically solved.These batteries can withstand up to 1500 charge-discharge cycles, they can operate under heavy loads, and they have 15% self-discharge after a year of storage, after 3 years of storage they are discharged by only 25%.
The development of these batteries began back in 1912. Despite this, batteries of this type appeared on store shelves only in the 70s. In the 80s, an attempt was made to create a rechargeable battery, but in those days it turned out to be impossible due to the high danger during the operation of these batteries.In 1991, several people were injured in explosions of mobile phones with lithium batteries. That is why the very first batches of these batteries, which were released on the Japanese market, had to be urgently withdrawn from sale. Due to the instability of lithium, the developers turned their attention to non-metallic lithium batteries that used lithium ions. Within a very short period of time, during the same 1991, the first samples of lithium-ion batteries were launched on the market. These batteries have a built-in control system that allows you to limit the voltage and current during battery operation.The use of the control system made it possible to ensure the safety and durability of the battery, as well as to take control of the temperature of the battery.
At present, the technology of manufacturing lithium-ion batteries is constantly being improved, since the use of batteries of this type is most promising. Even despite the rather high price, there are so many advantages in using these batteries that they can easily compensate for the money spent.
The list of advantages should start with a large capacity of these batteries, which exceeds the capacity of nickel batteries by 20-30%. The value of the daily self-discharge is no more than 1%, and does not exceed 10% per month (and this with the consumption of electricity to power the built-in control system). The big advantage is that Li-Ion batteries are absolutely maintenance-free, since in this case there is no memory effect. As a result, it is possible to recharge the batteries at any convenient time, and it is not at all necessary to wait for a complete discharge. As for the durability, here it is also at a high level and is about 1000 discharge / charge cycles.
But still, there is a small minus. The fact is that after some time the batteries begin to age (lose their capacity). Moreover, this process is irreversible and begins immediately after the manufacture of the battery. In addition, it doesn’t matter if the battery is working or if it just sits on the shelf. The drop in capacity begins to show itself noticeably after one year. And few batteries last more than two years. For this reason, it becomes unprofitable to buy lithium batteries for use as spare and storage.It is also necessary to take into account the fact that the aging of the battery is strongly influenced by the state of charge and the ambient temperature. The most optimal mode for storing lithium batteries is a temperature below +15 degrees, and at the same time it should be charged by about 40%. If these conditions are met, no more than 5% of the original capacity is lost during the year. To charge lithium batteries, never use a charger that is not designed for these batteries.Failure to do so will result in incomplete charging and reduced service life. These batteries are charged, as a rule, within 4 hours, and if this time is exceeded, the built-in control system simply turns off the device, and the battery can stay connected to the network for an indefinite amount of time.
Lithium Polymer Batteries (Li-Pol)
Lithium Polymer Batteries – a new dimension in consumer electronics. The difference from all other batteries is the electrolyte.There are three types of electrolytes for lithium-polymer batteries: 1. dry polymer (polyethylene oxide plus lithium salts), 2. homogeneous gel-polymer (a mixture of lithium plasticizers and various polymers), 3. microporous polymer matrix and lithium solutions sorbed in it.
Dry polymer electrolyte is more often used instead of porous separators impregnated with electrolytes. Outwardly, they resemble a thin plastic film. In terms of characteristics, lithium-polymer batteries are in many ways similar to lithium-ion, but they can only work at temperatures above +60 C.At lower temperatures, such as room temperature, lithium polymer batteries have reduced electrical conductivity. To increase the electrical conductivity of such batteries, electrolyte with a gel-like consistency is added. Advanced lithium polymer batteries can only operate at positive temperatures. The cost of these devices is prohibitively high and is justified only in cases where the battery must be manufactured in some non-standard form, since the battery can fill any empty space in the equipment case.For example, in ultra-thin mobile phones. For them, accumulators with a thickness of 1 mm can be made.
“Aging” of this type of battery occurs in the same way as lithium-ion. Even if the battery is inactive, it loses 20% of its capacity in 2 years. It is recommended to store such devices semi-charged (40-50%) at a temperature of 0-10 C. At low temperatures, the polymer crystallizes and its electrical conductive properties decrease.
The advantages of lithium-polymer batteries are low self-discharge, high energy density per unit of mass and volume, small voltage drops during the discharge process, flexible shapes and cell thickness up to 1 mm, 300-500 working cycles.To prevent overheating and overcharging, the devices are equipped with a special microcircuit that regulates the intensity of the discharge. Due to the fact that there is no liquid electrolyte in the devices, they are safer. Modern lithium-polymer batteries have improved properties, high intensity of electrical output, increased temperature range for use, therefore they are successfully used in the production of various electronics (cell phones, laptops, cameras).
Content:Grades in test:
Alkali salt is a close relative. Most consumers, when buying batteries, do not even think about the very fact of the type of battery – the main thing is that the size is suitable. This is partially justified and doesn’t really matter. But not always.The more complex and energy-consuming the device, the more energy it needs and, accordingly, the longer it will work.
The most common types of batteries are alkaline and saline. Structurally, they are the same and differ in the type of electrolyte. Accordingly, their capabilities and prices are somewhat different. Alkaline (on which Alkaline is most often written) are stored longer than salt ones, have a higher capacity (with a constant discharge, they provide a higher capacity), and a lower self-discharge during storage. Well, of course, with a higher cost.
Salt batteries are simpler. By the way, manufacturers of alkaline batteries like to compare themselves with them, calling them “ordinary”.
It was these very affordable batteries that went through the thorny path of comparative testing. In our research, we took the most popular size, the so-called “finger”, or to be more precise, the AA format (aka R6).
Marking and Packaging
Packaging and Marking. A significant part of the batteries can be sold individually, and most often they are packaged in 4 pieces in ordinary cellophane with a very small label. A much more acceptable packaging and, accordingly, marking is a cardboard label with glued plastic with batteries inside. But from the point of view of protecting the contents (primarily from contact closure), there were no comments on the packaging, and we considered it possible not to evaluate the packaging, but to focus on the labeling.
And here we go back to the little label. So small that even very necessary data, and not just necessary, but obligatory, is missing on it. For this, of course, we have significantly lowered the marks. Examples include GP and Philips batteries with ratings of “very bad” and “bad”. They had no information at all about the manufacturer and supplier. Marking marks for Maxell, Panasonic and Sony batteries have been downgraded to “satisfactory”.
Discharge time. Everything is clear here, the longer the discharge time, the more the battery and the electrical appliance will work. Naturally, high loads are characterized by the shortest operating time. The operating time ranges from 5 hours 55 minutes (“Our strength”) and 5 hours 25 minutes (Philips) to 3 hours 05 minutes (“Expert”). The scores are accordingly evenly divided depending on the indicator.
At medium loads, the operating time was from 13 hours.20 minutes (“Our strength”) and 12 hours 20 minutes (Panasonic) to 8 hours 00 minutes (“Expert”).
At low loads the operating time of the tested batteries ranged from 87 hours 36 minutes (Sony) and 85 hours 12 minutes (Varta) to 62 hours 24 minutes (“Expert”).
Energy delivered. The energy received by the device and correspondingly delivered to the batteries is expressed in Joules (J). At this point, the dependence is the same as for the discharge time: the more energy the battery gives, the better for the user (all the data obtained are reflected in the table below).
Price for 1 kJ (kilojoule). As a matter of fact, as mentioned above, energy is measured in Joules and the task of the battery is to give us the energy we need at minimal cost. Those. the less money, the better for our pocket. It is calculated simply based on the price of one battery and the energy supplied. Since the energy supplied differs depending on the load, and then the price will differ.
At high load, the most profitable samples were batteries “Our Power” (1.02 UAH.), Maxell (UAH 1.19) and Philips (UAH 1.59).
With an average load, the most profitable batteries turned out to be Maxell (UAH 0.82), “Our Power” (UAH 0.84) and Panasonic (UAH 1.20).
At low load, the most profitable batteries turned out to be Maxell (UAH 0.48), “Our Power” (UAH 0.60) and Panasonic (UAH 0.73).
Internal resistance. This measurement point shows how long the battery will last without work (i.e. has less energy loss), and accordingly has a low self-discharge.It is measured in ohms and the lower the figure obtained, the better.
Initial voltage. Data received at the start of battery operation, i.e. what was the real voltage in the batteries. All samples are declared with a voltage of 1.5 V, in fact, a little more for all. So there were no comments here.
test data are advisory and informational in nature for consumers and are not binding.The final the decision is up to the consumer.
General descriptions of testing principles here …
ICRT – ENERG (# 488)
Car tires Triangle PL01 225/60 R16 103R
Winter tires Triangle TRIN PL01 – inexpensive premium tires from the popular Chinese manufacturer Triangle Group.
Rubber Triangle model TRIN PL01 was created in collaboration with the engineers of one of the leading European brands.The specially formulated rubber compound retains its elasticity at low temperatures. The tread pattern of the wheel Triangle TRIN PL01 forms an anti-snow and anti-water wedge, guarantees low rolling resistance.
If you are a resident of Novokosino, Vykhino, Kozhukhovo, Lyubertsy districts and the nearest districts, you can use our professional tire fitting. We also have our own delivery service, which in a short time will deliver you tires, wheels and other car accessories, in a short time.
Tires with size 225/60 R16 fit the following vehicles:
Audi A6 (4G2, C7, 4GC), Audi A6 Avant (4G5, C7, 4GD), Audi A8 (4D2, 4D8), Buick Century, Buick La Crosse, Buick Le Saber, Buick Lucerne, Cadillac DeVille VIII, Cadillac Eldorado, Chevrolet Camaro IV, Chevrolet Camaro IV Cabrio, Chevrolet Impala, Chevrolet Lumina, Chevrolet Monte Carlo, Chevrolet Venture, Chrysler Concorde II, Chrysler Voyager II, Chrysler Voyager II III, Citroen C5 II (RC), Citroen C5 II Break (RE), Citroen C5 III (RD), Citroen C5 III Break (TD), Dodge Caravan III, Dodge Caravan IV (RG), Dodge Intrepid, Ford Crown Victoria, Ford Freestar, Honda CR-V II (RD), Hyundai Azera, Infiniti Q45, Kia Sportage (K00), Lexus LS II (UCF20), Mercedes S-Class (W140), Mercedes S-Class (W220), Mercedes V- Class (W447), Mercedes Viano (W639), Mercedes Vito Bus (W639), Mercedes Vito Mixto (W447), Mercedes Vito Mixto (W639), Mercedes Vito Tourer (W447), Mercedes Vito Van (W447), Mitsubishi L400 / Space Gear Bus (PDW, PCW, PAV, PBV), Mitsubishi L400 Van (PDW, PCW, PBV, PAW, PAV), Oldsmobile Aurora, Oldsmobile Silhouette, Peugeot 807, Pontiac Bonneville VIII, Pontiac Grand Prix, Pontiac Montana, Pontiac Trans Sport, Renault Espace IV, Renault Espace V, Subaru Forester (SG), etc.
Accumulators, Batteries in Odessa from the “Technical safety” company.
by order by price increase by price reduction by newness
On order, 1 day
On request, 1 day
UAH 1 188.
UAH 1 109
- RITAR DC12-80
4 752 UAH.
5 148 UAH
1 003 UAH.
- LR6 AA
Out of stock
Out of stock
Tractor is not a hindrance to dance – Newspaper Kommersant No. 50 (6288) dated 26.03.2018
The Bolshoi Theater’s Historic Stage hosted the premiere of the two-act ballet Anna Karenina staged by John Neumeier – a co-production of the Hamburg Ballet, the Bolshoi Theater and the National Ballet of Canada, released with the support of VTB CEO Andrei Kostin in partnership with Cartier and Severstal. Tatiana Kuznetsova, having looked at two cast of performers, found that she had seen two different ballets.
After “Tatiana” – also a co-production at the Stanislavsky Musical Theater, in which prostitutes jump out of the bed of bald Onegin, and Red Army men dance at Tatyana’s birthday – any escapades could be expected from the living classic John Neumeier. Anxiety was reinforced by information from the Hamburg premiere of Anna Karenina in July last year: Karenin is running for president, Levin is driving a tractor around the stage, and the sexually mature Seryozha enters into a duet relationship with his mother.
The sole creator of the play, John Neumeier (director, choreographer, author of the libretto, scenography, costumes, lighting concept and musical score composed of works by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Alfred Schnittke and Cat Stevens) staged his Anna Karenina in Moscow without cuts, so tractor, and the presidential election was in place. However, they were not in the least shocked. The motives of the choreographer, who transferred the action to our days, seemed justified, the logic of the stage action – infallible, the music – cleverly selected and delicately composed.The new Anna Karenina looked reassuringly traditional, both in terms of the choreographic language and the interpretation of the novel. John Neumeier did not forget about the “social and everyday” aspect of the novel, although he did not emphasize it. He also remembered rock, personifying it in the image of a station man, but did not fall into mysticism. And he did not sin with moralizing, giving the floor to almost each of the main characters.
John Neumeier put his multi-figured narration in a deliberately ascetic set. White walls rolling on wheels with doors cut through them replace all the novel interiors, and at the same time the station; the wide-open stage denotes Levin’s arable land, the blue backdrop with a delicate cloud symbolizes Italy.But the characters in the novel, their characters, relationships are written out in great detail. This “Anna Karenina” is made as a TV novel – with lengths that are legal for this genre (the first act lasts as much as 105 minutes), with close-ups, instantaneous changes of places of events and sharp editing. The attendants move the scenery right during the action, the episodes, as is often the case with Neumeier, crawl over each other – for example, while Anna, lying on the floor on a huge pillow, is experiencing the first intercourse with Vronsky, and he, sitting over her on a transparent plastic chair, trying to comprehend what happened, a participant in the game of lacrosse, which replaced Tolstoy’s races, is already walking past the lovers to the match.
As in the television series, in this ballet, a lot depends on the artists – only they are able to add tension to a leisurely narrative. In Moscow, John Neumeier and his assistants trained three sets of performers. In fact, this is a rarity: during the tight deadlines set aside for the production, the invited choreographers usually concentrate on one composition. The Kommersant observer saw the first and the third, and the third team bypassed the first, although the main stars of the theater were gathered in the “base”. There is nothing to be surprised at: in such a choreography, the technical and physical capabilities of the artists are not so fundamental, the acting gift is much more important, moreover, a subtle, almost “cinematic” gift.The ballerina’s data of the first Anna – Svetlana Zakharova – are undeniable, the lines of Zakharov’s legs caress the eye, but all her adagios – with her husband, Vronsky, with the nightmarish station man – look the same: all the same splits, coups over the back, stretching legs for six o`clock … Svetlana Zakharova also acted without halftones, as diligently as she danced, and whitewashed her heroine to complete sterility. There was no more sexuality in her Anna than in the official USSR, in Vronsky she was looking for a kindred spirit, she swallowed drugs like a child – caramel, with Serezha she was tender with the fake enthusiasm of her stepmother.
Anna No. 3 – Kristina Kretova, not spectacular, almost nondescript – was first of all a woman, and only then a ballerina (although one cannot find fault with her dance either). Sensual, sexual, diverse, but natural everywhere and always: with her husband, in society, with a child, in love with Vronsky, alone with herself. Making her follow every step, every breath of the heroine, Kristina Kretova made it possible to see all the nuances of Neumeier’s choreography, which turned out to be extremely subtle and psychological.
Denis Rodkin, the first Vronsky, matched Svetlana Zakharova.Tall, courageous, effective, athlete and leader, he jumped high, held his partner perfectly, showed ardor of feelings, but was one-dimensional, like a slogan. By the end of the performance, this Vronsky enthusiastically switched to Princess Sorokina – neither let nor take the young Steve Oblonsky. Artemiy Belyakov’s Vronsky is more infantile and sensitive, his love for Anna-Kretova is full of remarkable details, the affair with Sorokina looks like a secular flirtation – no more, and even the lack of daring in Belyakov’s solo dance plays on the image of a reflective intellectual invented by him.
And the main success of this “Anna Karenina” is Levin, the spitting image of an American farmer in a checkered cowboy shirt and hat, dancing his non-academic pats either barefoot or in rubber boots to the ballads of Kat Stevens. The character, whom no one managed to make anything entertaining, turned out to be the most lively in the play. (Both Moscow Levins are magnificent, although, perhaps, the young Georgy Gusev is a little more accurate and sincere than the experienced Denis Savin.) The adagio of Levin in love with sick Kitty – a simplest duet, enlarged by a video image, consisting of three supports and a couple of elementary combinations – turned out to be the emotional culmination of the whole performance, proving that a real tractor is not a hindrance to the stage truth.90,000 which to choose in 2021 • Verified personally!
Now let’s talk about other batteries and chargers, which will be distinguished by their constructive price. Let’s dwell on the characteristics of the batteries and the minimum required functionality of the chargers.
Why was the article about NiMH batteries and chargers written
I have been using Warta, Durasells and GPs and various China for many years, and switched to Eneloop back in 2013, right after buying Lacrosse charging instead of the deceased “cool four-channel” from Duracell.With the help of La Crosse, I saw the mess that my “branded” batteries were after Duraselov charging – a range of capacity from 600 to 2200 mAh and a loss of 30% of the charge during the first day.
The only batteries that had the same capacity as the nominal (surprisingly) and which held a charge normally were purchased in 2010 by Sanyo Eneloop and Gsyuasa Enitime. Googling, I found out that both brands are made according to the LSD standard. Googling a little more, I found that there are already HR-3UTGA and HR-3UTGB, which hold the charge even better.I then switched to the latter, judging that the original is always better than the clone. Gs Yuasa Enitime began to lose capacity only at the end of last year (10 years after purchase), and Sanyo regularly serve to this day.
Thus, in 2013, I bought the first La Crosse BC 700 smart charger and did the first test cycle, and now I have a whole laboratory with a dozen high-precision measuring devices. I am constantly updating the park and following new products, so I can not just talk about batteries, but operate with numbers based on their testing and use in the field.Testing batteries and chargers has become my second profession, hundreds of batteries, dozens of chargers have passed through the test bench, and I want to share my observations with you.
AA and AAA batteries: which is better
AA and AAA batteries are divided into three categories, “branded”, “Chinese” and LSD (low self-discharge). The first two categories can be combined into one called “junk”. You should not look at the big name like Duracell or Energizer and the numbers 3000Mah – these are all batteries, let’s call it, of instant use.I charged it, immediately inserted it into the device, snapped it off (or flashed it), put it back into the memory. These batteries self-discharge very quickly, even without load (up to 20% on the first day and up to 50% in the first week), do not know how to deliver high current and die very quickly (one hundred charge-discharge cycles and into the trash), and the worst thing is that for batteries from one box, the characteristics may differ by half.
LSD batteries have low self-discharge and high current output. They are more expensive, they have figures written on them two times less than on samples from the first category, but these are honest numbers and more than 1000 charge-discharge cycles.LSD batteries are also good because they can be used in low-power or rarely used devices (watches, remotes, flashlights, etc.) – self-discharge is only 10% per year. The best of the second category batteries are Eneloop batteries. An interesting fact: the top-end SkyRC chargers have a separate program for charging Eneloop batteries. In fact, the same as for charging conventional NiMH batteries, but it implies charging b to with higher currents. The Eneloop battery will easily charge in one hour with a current of 2A, from which ordinary nickel batteries will simply boil.
Chargers for AA / AAA batteries
They are divided into three categories: “branded”, “Chinese” and good. We combine the first two categories into one. Charges from Durasel, Warta, Energizer, etc. – This is the same consumer goods as the two-dollar chargers from Gearbest, only five times more expensive. Even four-channel ones do not know how to do anything except charge. What else do you need? Control. As I said above, for bad batteries already out of the box, the characteristics may differ by half.But even good ones (remember, these are LSD batteries) characteristics begin to jump after some time of use, for example. Imagine that you put 4 batteries into the flash, about which you know only one thing for certain: they are fully charged. But the trouble is, three batteries have a nominal capacity, and you once accidentally dropped the fourth and its capacity dropped by half. You insert it into the flash, and it stops turning on after 20 shots. The end of the batteries, you think, and you throw the whole set into the trash, although you could have bought one battery and use the set for many more years.
So, good memory devices are able to show how discharged each battery is, how much it was “poured” into each battery during charging, calculate the capacity of each battery, and the best ones can even restore it. The best of the inexpensive chargers for AA and AAA batteries today is the SKYRC NC1500, and of the universal ones – the Opus BT-C3100 V2.2.
“People’s” Liitokala Lii-500S, Lii-600 and others – for an amateur. By clicking on the name, reviews of these devices will open, from which you will understand why I do not recommend them.
There are more universal chargers. For example, SkyRC B6 nano. Its plus is the ability to charge anything and how you want, from charging batteries for radio-controlled models to lead-acid car batteries and lithium batteries for cameras and mobile phones. The downside is that excessive versatility greatly complicates the device, and in general, for full use, a basic understanding of the basics of electrical engineering is required, and you need to buy additional wires with connectors and sockets for each battery size.
The king of chargers for batteries of all (generally all) standard sizes today is SKYRC MC3000, which can charge NiCd, Ni-MH, LiIon, LiFePO4, NiZn batteries in cans of sizes C, D, AA, AAA, 18650, 14500 , 16340, 32650, 14650, 17670, 10440, 18700, 18350, RCR123, AAAA, 18500, 18490, 25500, 13500, 13450, 16650, 22650, 17500, 10340, 17650, 10500, 26500, 12340, 12500, 12650, 14350 , 14430, 16500, 17350, 20700, 21700, 22500, 32600, Sub-C. In addition, the MC3000 has a Bluetooth interface and can display battery status directly on your smartphone.Due to the high price, it did not gain much popularity, but this device guarantees the most comfortable charging conditions and, accordingly, the maximum service life for your batteries.
Recommendations for choosing AA and AAA batteries
- Xiaomi ZMI ZI7 and ZI5. ZI7 is AAA, ZI5 is AA. Genuine LSD batteries are manufactured in the Panasonic factory, in the same place as the Eneloop. Can be purchased for about $ 4 apiece.
- The inexpensive one is the green PKCELL, you can buy it for one and a half dollars.Holds three amperes, which, together with a relatively low self-discharge, allows them to be classified as LSD (see the results of testing AA PKCell 2200 batteries).
- Of course, well-known manufacturers also have LSD-batteries. For example, Varta Longlife Ready2Use, Duracell StayCharged or GP ReCyko +. But, although they are more expensive, they are not better in terms of characteristics. So we do not consider them.
- Eneloop and Eneloop Pro are excellent batteries, but the price is also considerable.
And finally, a tip.The basic rule when switching to good batteries is to choose some one and buy several sets of them at once, since the use of batteries from different manufacturers (albeit of the same capacity) is ineffective due to different characteristics.
Let’s say that all of them, when discharged from the nominal to 0.9V (this is considered a full discharge), give 2000 mAh, but some batteries are discharged faster in the range of 1.2-1.1 V, and others in the range of 1.1-1.0 V Or they heat up differently under load. When installing them in one set, due to different discharge curves, a situation may arise when one battery is discharged to zero and the rest of the cells begin to charge it in the opposite direction, which will lead to battery failure.Today you have four 2000mAh batteries, and tomorrow only three.
Batteries and chargers relevant for 2020
This article is already 6 years old, but I am constantly updating it, so the above remains true for 2019.