What Is A Lacrosse Ball Made Of?
Lacrosse balls have been made out of several different materials throughout the history of lacrosse, but the modern lacrosse ball is made of solid rubber. Different lacrosse brands produce their lacrosse balls differently and with varied formulas. Despite these differences, all lacrosse balls used in lacrosse games must be a certified lacrosse ball.
What Were Lacrosse Balls Made of?
Just as it says above, lacrosse balls have been made out of many different materials throughout the history of the game of lacrosse. The earliest lacrosse balls were made from buckskin, wood, or sometimes rock. These lacrosse balls were naturally occurring and kept the game connected with nature. It was not until after Dr. William George Beers wrote down rules to the game of lacrosse in the 1860’s that lacrosse balls became more uniform.
What Are Lacrosse Balls Made of Now?
The modern lacrosse ball must be made out of a solid, elastomeric material according to the certification standards. There are many elastomeric materials available to lacrosse ball manufacturers, such as silicone, polyurethane, rubber, and various types of vinyl. Most modern lacrosse balls are produced with solid, vulcanized rubber.
Vulcanizing rubber makes it stronger and mixes natural rubber with other additives. The process of vulcanizing rubber is very common and often used in the production of footwear.
What’s Inside A Lacrosse Ball?
You may have heard someone ask, ‘are lacrosse balls made of cement?’ and thought it sounded strange. Well, at one point, some lacrosse balls had cement in the middle of them. This era is behind us, and most of these lacrosse balls are no longer in existence. None of these lacrosse balls with cement in the inside of them are legal for play.
You can even cut a lacrosse ball in half to see that the middle of a lacrosse ball is essentially the same as the outside. Each certified lacrosse ball is 7.75 inches to 8.0 inches in circumference of one material that’s most likely vulcanized rubber.
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Do Lacrosse Balls Have Cement In Them? – Get Hyped Sports
Lacrosse balls are one of the hardest balls in sports. The hard structure on the outside leads many people to think lacrosse balls have cement in them.
Lacrosse balls are not made of cement. The entire ball is made from vulcanized rubber and polyurethane.
In this article, we look at the lacrosse ball and how it has changed over the years to become the ball today.
What Lacrosse Balls Are Made Of
The lacrosse ball is one of the more unique balls that are used in sports. Its soft, rubbery texture can be shot by players at over 100mph+. When the ball hits the ground creates an opposite spinning motion which is then propelled at an even high speed than the first bounce.
Since the beginning of time, Lacrosse balls were made out of wooden balls, then deerskin stuffed with fur, vulcanized rubber, and now shifting to a newer model of polyurethane. The polyurethane helps lacrosse balls last longer and provides a non-stick surface over time.
Lacrosse balls have a unique feel and bounce when they’re playing on hard surfaces. If you’ve ever bounced a ball on turf or any hard surface, you’ll notice it bounces differently from any other ball.
The lacrosse ball generates backspin immediately when it hits the ground. If you’ve ever thrown a ball with either a lacrosse stick or a hand, it seems like the ball doesn’t go as far on the first bounce.
However, on the second bounce, the ball will fly forward at almost twice the speed. This is because of the vulcanized rubber and the spin that it generates when it hits the ground.
To test this, simply bounce a ball in the air and watch it hit once and twice off the ground.
Despite the softness of youth lacrosse balls and training balls, the lacrosse ball does not have cement in the middle and is composed entirely of a rubber material.
Five Earn Inside Lacrosse Media Women’s All-American Accolades
IL Media Release
BALTIMORE, Md. (May 21, 2021)
– Five Colonial Athletic Association (CAA) women’s lacrosse student-athletes earned Inside Lacrosse Media All-American accolades announced Friday by Inside Lacrosse.
The trio of Drexel’s Karson Harris, Hofstra’ Alyssa Parrella and Molly Dougherty of James Madison were slotted as Third Team All-Americans by Inside Lacrosse.
Additionally, Drexel’s Colleen Grady and James Madison’s Emma Johnson both received honorable mention All-American accolades.
Harris, the CAA Player of the Year, led the league in goals (61) and draw controls per game (5.75) this season while breaking Drexel’s single-season goals record in addition to the program’s career draw controls (266) record. Her teammate, Grady led the CAA in points (89) and assists (41) en route to breaking both the Drexel program records for single-season assists and career assists (99).
Dougherty, the CAA tournament’s Most Outstanding Player, posted a .506 save percentage in between the pipes allowing just 8. 71 goals-against average while recording 8.44 saves per game. Johnson, the CAA Defensive Player of the Year, led the conference in ground balls (44) and ranked second in caused turnovers (30) while she moved into first place in the Dukes’ record books in career caused turnovers (126) during the year.
Parrella recorded 63 points on 45 goals and 18 assists throughout the spring. She finishes her career as the CAA’s all-time leader in points (355) and goals (261) after breaking both of the previous records during her senior campaign.
2021 CAA IL Media All-American Honorees
|Third Team All-American|
|Alyssa Parrella – Attack||Hofstra|
|Karson Harris – Midfield||Drexel|
|Molly Dougherty – Goalkeeper||James Madison|
|All-American Honorable Mention|
|Colleen Grady – Attack||Drexel|
|Emma Johnson – Defense||James Madison|
Inside Lacrosse Names Nolting Second Team All-American; Troutner Jr.
Earns Honorable Mention
HIGH POINT, N.C. – Sophomore Asher Nolting of High Point University men’s lacrosse team was named an Inside Lacrosse 2019 Media Second-Team All-American, while senior Tim Troutner Jr. earned honorable mention honors, the magazine announced today (May 12).
Nolting set the single-season record for points in Southern Conference (SoCon) and HPU program history at 92 with 44 goals and 48 assists. His 48 assists were an HPU single-season program record, while the 44 goals tied the High Point single-season record. The Greenwood Village, Colo., native ranked fifth in the NCAA in points per game at 5.75 and assists per game at 3.00. In 2019, Nolting was the first Panther in program history to be named to the Tewaaraton Award Nominee List when he earned the honor in 2019. He was the second player to ever win SoCon Offensive Player of the Year twice after winning the award in the 2018 season. The sophomore attackman set a program-record with six assists against Air Force on April 6. Nolting scored a career-high five goals at VMI on March 15 and at Mercer on April 13. This is the first time Nolting has been named an All-American by Inside Lacrosse after earning honorable mention honors from the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association in 2018.
Troutner Jr. finished the 2019 season ranked 17th in the nation in save percentage at .541, 18th in saves per game at 12.38 and 35th in goals against average at 11.05. The senior goalie made 198 saves in the 2019 season, which ranked second in a single-season in HPU program history. He recorded the first shutout in HPU history when he did not allow a goal on Feb. 2 against St. Bonaventure. The Annapolis, Md., native made a season-high 19 saves in the Purple & White’s 13-9 win at then-No. 2 Duke. The senior goalie made 17 saves against then-No. 9 Virginia in the Panthers’ 14-13 win. He made double-digit saves in 13 of 16 games the 2019 season. He was second on the team in ground balls at 51 and caused turnovers at 16 in 2019.
Troutner Jr. finished his career with the program-record in wins at 31 and saves at 668. He is tied for first in program-history with 57 career-caused turnovers. The Annapolis, Md., native is third in program-history with 167 ground balls in his career.
Three Generals Earn Inside Lacrosse All-America Accolades
LEXINGTON, Va. — Inside Lacrosse released its Maverik Women’s Division III Media All-America teams on Friday, and Washington and Lee had three players honored.
Senior defender Caitlin Anderson (Manhasset, N. Y./Manhasset) made the first team, while senior attacker Dani Murray (Denver, Colo./Kent Denver) and senior goalkeeper Elliot Gilbert (Bedford, N.Y./Deerfield Academy) each garnered honorable mention accolades.
A 2019 IWLCA First Team All-America honoree, Anderson started all six games for the Generals during the 2020 season. She led the team in draw controls (34), ground balls (24) and caused turnovers (18). She was the top defender on a team that was holding the opposition to 7.33 goals per game, while playing the third-toughest schedule (.718 opponent winning percentage) in Division III.
Over her career, Anderson totaled 146 draw controls, 124 ground balls and 63 caused turnovers. The 146 draw controls are the sixth-most in program history, and she likely would have moved to third all-time with a full senior season. She was also named the IWLCA National Defensive Player of the Week on March 10. Anderson is the third player in program history to earn First Team All-America laurels over two seasons.
Murray was the Blue and White’s leading scorer this season with 18 goals and seven assists for 25 points, as she started all six contests. She also registered the 100th goal of her career in a 10-7 victory at then fourth-ranked Salisbury on March 1.
In 53 career games, Murray totaled 106 goals and 26 assists for 132 points. She also had 82 draw controls, 26 ground balls and 10 caused turnovers. Murray likely would have moved into the program’s Top 10 list for career goals if the season did not end abruptly. This is her first All-America honor.
Gilbert started all six games for W&L, recording a 7.56 goals-against average in 325:23 minutes. She also made 43 saves on a .512 save percentage. She was second on the team with 17 ground balls and 11 caused turnovers. She was named the IWLCA National Defensive Player of the Week on March 3.
Over her career, Gilbert appeared in 63 games with 56 starts. She recorded a 6.49 goals-against average in 2,811:55 minutes. She totaled 275 saves on a .475 save percentage and notched a 49-7 record. She also had 95 ground balls and 46 caused turnovers. Gilbert’s goals-against average is the second-best mark in program history. This is her first All-America accolade.
The Generals held a 5-1 record with three victories over ranked opponents and were ranked fourth by the IWLCA when the season ended prematurely. With its 12-9 win over then third-ranked Gettysburg on March 8, W&L also extended its program-record home winning streak to 22 games.
— www.generalssports.com —
Two Selected as Inside Lacrosse Preseason All-Americans
BALTIMORE- Two Boston College women’s lacrosse players highlight the Inside Lacrosse Preseason All-American List, which was released last week.
Senior midfielder Sarah Mannelly garnered Preseason First Team All-American accolades while fellow midfielder Caroline Margolis was selected as an Inside Lacrosse Preseason Second Team All-American.
The two seniors, who have each had crucial roles in the Eagles offense over the past three seasons, look to continue their success as they complete their final season at Boston College in 2016.
Mannelly, who last season was selected to the Inside Lacrosse Preseason Third Team All-American list, paced the Eagles with 50 goals and 17 assists on 117 shots in a season that saw Boston College advance to the second round of the NCAA Tournament after going 15-3 during the regular season. She is the fourth Eagle to be selected to the Inside Lacrosse Preseason All-American First Team in the last three seasons.
The New Canaan, Conn. native was the first-ever Boston College Tewaaraton Award finalist after she recorded four game-winning goals during the 2015 campaign. Her 21 caused turnovers were a team-high while her 31 groundballs and 40 draw controls were second best, respectively. Mannelly’s 67 points were the eighth-most points recorded in a single season at Boston College.
Joining Mannelly is Caroline Margolis, who led all Eagles with 28 assists while totaling 37 goals for 65 points in 2015. Named to the 2015 All-ACC Academic Team and the IWLCA All- Northeast Regional second team, Margolis picked up 28 ground balls and won 34 draw controls.
A product of Raleigh, N.C., the midfielder’s 65 points were the ninth most in a single season by a Boston College women’s lacrosse player.
The Inside Lacrosse Preseason All-Americans lists are put together after consideration by IL’s staff and longtime contributors, according to the release. Of the 31 members on the Inside Lacrosse Preseason First and Second All-American Teams, 13 players are from ACC schools.
Both Mannelly and Margolis were recently selected as two of the four team captains for the 2016 season by head coach Acacia Walker. They will kick off the season on February 14 at Boston University.
Dealing with the Physical and Painful Realities of the Goalie Position
Awhile back I asked my audience what challenges they were running up against when it comes to the mental game.
I got an interesting one from a Goalie Mom/Dad or perhaps a coach:
How do we help our goalies cope with the physical, painful realities of this position?
This is a really interesting question. Part of the answer does have to do with the mental game but part doesn’t.
Let’s explore how we can help youth goalies deal with the painful realities of the goalie position. Painful realities like this:
Get Padded Up
There’s no easy way to say this – getting hit in the shins with a lacrosse ball $#%& sucks.
Let’s not make this position more painful than it needs to be.
So how do we help our goalies cope with the physical, painful realities of this position?
You start by encouraging them to pad up.
Football pants to protect the thighs and the knees (you can remove the hip and tailbone pads from the pants). Shin guards to protect the shins.
Many youth goalies watch their favorite goalie on TV and don’t see any leg padding so they think they don’t need any either.
But what you don’t see are these goalies in practice. I’ve spoken with all the PLL goalies and while most don’t wear padding in game (some do), lots do wear the padding during practice. And they definitely wore the padding as a youth and still advocate that youth wear padding today.
There’s a lot of great padding that doesn’t restrict your movement all that much and will help goalies cope with the pain by preventing it in the first place. When you stop associated shots with pain, your confidence will go up.
Get padded up when you’re first starting out in goal.
When you lose the fear of the shot and wanna strip off the padding, by all means, go ahead.
Or when its game day and you want to strip off the padding. By all means, go ahead.
But when you’re practicing and seeing tons of shots, get padded up.
And remember, even if you are padded up, we’re still using great save technique every single time.
Bruises are Saves
Back when I was coaching youth goalies live, I made sure to do one thing every practice session.
Go absolutely nuts on saves.
A save in lacrosse is a difficult thing to accomplish. 55-60% is amazing. Sarah Reznick led the D1 NCAA women at 56%. Brett Dobson led the men at 60%.
So anytime a goalie makes a save, we need to celebrate. We need to go nuts!
Doesn’t matter if its a stick side high piece of popcorn or a save like this –
Go nuts. Celebrate that save!
Having your sideline go nuts for every save is an addicting sensation for a goalie.
When that happens, us goalies get into a mindset that says – I want a bruise because it means a save.
Coach Chris Buck in his book “Thinking Inside the Crease” calls this the “Bring It” mindset. Let’s go…bring it!!
It absolutely possible to change a goalie’s mindset from being intimidated and fearful to one of confidence and pure commitment to each shot.
In my podcast with goalie legend Greg Cattrano he talked about his mindset of being aggressive to the point where was trying to “hurt the ball”.
Helping goalies achieve this mindset starts with going nuts on every save. That is a goalie’s reward.
And we need to make that reward so awesome that it overwhelms any feeling of fear that we may have.
History of Lacrosse
Lacrosse has its roots with Native American tribes.
For those tribes, this beautiful game served many purposes. Some games were played to settle inter-tribal disputes. Some for recreation. Some for religious reasons and entertaining the creator.
Another purpose of the game was to toughen young warriors for combat.
While we always respect our opponents and the game, there is a violent nature to the sport. When there is a loose ball, it’s imposing your will and physicality on the opposition to win possession.
Whether its an attackman’s arms or a goalie’s thigh, after a game the body bears the bruises of battle. There’s a level of physicality that comes with the sport of lacrosse.
I think understanding this about the sport helps a goalie cope with the painful realities of the position.
You’re a young warrior forging toughness game by game, or shot by shot.
Playing other physical sports like football, hockey, or wrestling is no different. It builds your physical and mental toughness.
You can’t deal with a little pain to receive the tremendous benefits that lacrosse will give you? That’s fine, play another sport.
Or stick with lacrosse and become a young warrior.
Push Beyond Your Fear
I was listening to this Tim Ferriss podcast with 4-Star General Stanley McChrystal.
Ferriss asked the retired general: What are three tests or practices from the military that civilians could use to help develop mental toughness?”
- Push yourself harder than you believe you’re capable of
- Put yourself in groups who share difficulties and discomfort
- Overcome some fear
Great points that every lacrosse goalie can use to deal with the physical nature of this sport.
To improve as an athlete you must push yourself harder than you believe you’re capable of. That means you must push yourself beyond the pain.
When doing conditioning or strength training the mind is usually the first thing to quit. This is too painful, too tough – says the mind.
We all have deep wells of strength that we may never even know exist, as they are closely guarded by a brain that would rather be lazy and maintain the status quo than take you to the next level.
But don’t be fooled by your own lazy mind – you’re physically, mentally, and emotionally stronger than you think. So push yourself harder than you believe you’re capable of during practice and you’ll see improvements in your mental toughness.
The 2nd point of General McChyrstal is covered by simply being on a lacrosse team. By being a team member we’re going through shared difficulties and discomfort. That’s a great thing.
The final point he recommends civilians try is overcome some fear. What a better situation than to overcome the fear you’re facing now?
All lacrosse goalies will face fear in their careers. By overcoming it they will be a better person.
If you sign up to be the team’s lacrosse goalie, you’re also signing up to get hit with the ball.
I won’t sugar coat it – it will hurt. It will be painful.
So how can a youth goalie cope with that reality?
Here’s my advice:
- Get padded up
- Embrace bruises as saves
- Understand the violent nature of this game forges toughness
- Push Beyond your Fear
Until next time!
What advice would you offer a young goalie for dealing with the painful realities of this position? Let me down below in the comments.
90,000 field lacrosse – Russian
When using text, please include a link to this page.
Field lacrosse is a full contact outdoor men’s sport played with ten players on each team. The sport originated among Native Americans, and the modern rules of field lacrosse were originally codified by Canadian William George Bierce in 1867. Field lacrosse is one of the three main versions of lacrosse played internationally.Other versions, women’s lacrosse (founded in the 1890s) and box lacrosse (originated in the 1930s), play by significantly different rules.
The object of the game is to use a lacrosse stick, or cross, to catch, carry and pass a solid rubber ball in an attempt to score by shooting the ball into the opponent’s goal. A free net is retracted into the triangular head of the lacrosse stick, allowing the player to hold the lacrosse ball. In addition to the lacrosse stick, players must wear a certain amount of protective gear.The protective object is to keep the opposing team from hammering the ball and to deprive them of the ball by means of a stick check and physical contact. The rules limit the number of players in each part of the field. It is sometimes called “the fastest two-legged sport”.
Lacrosse is internationally regulated by 62 members of the “World Lacrosse” organization, which sponsors the World Lacrosse Championship every four years. A former Olympic sport, attempts to restore it to the Olympic Games have been hampered by insufficient international participation and a lack of standard rules between men’s and women’s games.Field lacrosse in North America is played semi-professionally by the Big League lacrosse and professionally by the Premier League lacrosse. It is also played at a high amateur level by the US National Collegiate Athletic Association, the Australian Adult Lacrosse Championship Series, and the Canadian University Field Lacrosse Association.
by George Catlin, illustrates different American Indians playing lacrosse.
Lacrosse is a traditional Indian game.Vennum, p. 9 Liss, p. 13. According to Native American beliefs, playing lacrosse is a spiritual act used to heal and be grateful to the “Creator”. Another reason for playing lacrosse is the resolution of minor conflicts between tribes that were not worth going to war, the so-called “younger brother of war”. These games could last for several days, with 100 to 1000 people from opposing villages or tribes playing on open plains, between goals at a distance of several miles from each other.Vennum, p. 183.
The first Europeans to see it were French Jesuit missionaries in the St. Lawrence Valley in the 1630s. The name “lacrosse” comes from their reports, which described the players’ sticks in French as bishop’s cross. Native American tribes used different names – in the Onondaga language it was called dehuntshigwaes (“they hit with their hips” or “men hit with a round object”) da-na-wushdi (“little war”) for the eastern Cherokee in Mohauke, tevaarathon (“war’s younger brother” ) and bagataway in Ojibwe. The variations in the game weren’t limited to the title. In the Great Lakes region, players used an all-wooden stick, while the Iroquois stick was longer and fitted with a cord, and the southeastern tribes played with two shorter sticks, one in each hand.
In 1867, Montreal Lacrosse Club member William George Beers codified the modern game. He founded the Canadian Lacrosse Association and created the first written rules of the game, Lacrosse – Canada’s National Game. The book included the layout of the pitch, the size of the lacrosse ball, the length of the lacrosse stick, the number of players and the number of goals needed to determine the winner of the match.Pietramala, pp. 8-10.
Lacrosse is played by two teams on the pitch, each competing to shoot at the opponent’s goal. The lacrosse ball is made from solid rubber, measuring 7.75 to 8 inches (19.7-20 cm) in circumference and weighing 5 to 5.25 bounces (140-149 g). Each team plays with ten players on the field – three defenders on the defensive, three midfielders free to wander around the field, and three strikers trying to score a goal at the attacking end.Players are required to wear protective equipment and must wear a lacrosse (or cross) club that meets the specification. The rules define the duration of the game, the boundaries and the permitted activities Fines are assessed by officials for any rule violation.
The game has undergone significant changes compared to the original Pivtsov codification. In the 1930s, the number of players on the field per team was reduced from twelve to ten, rules on protective equipment were established, and the field was shortened.Fisher, p. 131-132 Pietramala, p. 14.
A standard lacrosse field is length from each line and width from the sidelines NCAA NCAA Rule 1.
Field lacrosse goals are centered between each sideline, located on each line, and distinct from each other. The good placement of the heads within the lines allows you to play behind them. The head is wide in height, with nets attached in the shape of a pyramid. The circular area surrounding each target, known as “folds,” is measured in diameter.
If during a bout on goal a player enters the folds, the referee calls a foul and the ball is passed to the other team.
A pair of lines, both from the midfield line and from each goal line, divides the field into three sections. From the point of view of each team, the closest target is the defense zone, then the midfield zone, followed by the attack or attack zone. These truncated lines are called “limit lines”. A straight angled line is drawn from each sideline, connecting each line to its nearest forbidding line, creating a “forbidding line”.Morris, p. 29 If an official considers a team to “brake” that is not moving to attack while in control of the ball, then the team in possession must keep the ball within the offensive line to avoid loss of possession penalties. NCAA Rule 6.
The field markings dictate the position of the players during faceball. Faceoffs are how the game starts at the start of each period and after each goal. During the face-off, six players (excluding goalkeepers) are in each of the zones defined by the restraining lines.Three midfielders from each team occupy the midfield zone, while three forwards and three defenders of the opposing team occupy each offensive zone. These players must remain in these areas until the midfielder has earned possession of the ball or until the ball crosses any of the restraining lines. The wing zones are marked on the pitch on the midfield line on each side. This line marks the location where the two midfielders from each team are not located near the front line.These players can be positioned on either side of the midfield line. During the face-off, two players position their sticks horizontally next to the ball, the head of the stick inches from the ball and the back end pointing down the midfield line. As soon as an official blows the whistle to start the game, the face-off midfielders scrape the ball to gain possession and the other midfielders move forward to play the ball. If the ball takes possession of the ball of a player in the face-off, he can move the ball himself or pass it to a team-mate.
The rules also require the substitution areas, penalty area, coaching area and bench areas to be marked on the field.
A lacrosse fielder’s outfit includes a lacrosse stick as well as protective gear including a lacrosse helmet with face mask, lacrosse gloves, and hand and shoulder pads. Players must also wear a mouthguard and a sports fan with a cup pocket and protective cup. However, MLL and PLL field players are not required to wear shoulder pads.
Each player carries a long (“short cross”) or long (“long cross”) lacrosse stick. In most modern circles, the word “cross” is replaced by “stick”, and the terms “short stick” and “long stick” or “pole” are also used. In each team, up to four players can use a long cross at the same time – three defenders and one midfielder. The cross consists of a head and a shaft (or handle). The head is roughly triangular in shape and stretched loosely with mesh or leather and nylon strings to form a “pocket” that allows you to catch, carry and throw the ball.In field lacrosse, a crown pocket is illegal if the top of the ball, when placed in the head of the stick, is below the bottom of the side of the stick.
The maximum width of the head at its widest point shall be 1.25 “up from the bottom of the head with a minimum of 3” between the side walls of the intersection. Most modern sticks have a tubular metal shaft, usually made of aluminum, titanium, or alloys, while the head is made of hard plastic.Metal shafts should have a plastic or rubber end cap.
The growth of this sport is hindered by the cost of a player’s equipment – uniforms, helmet, shoulder pads, hand protectors and lacrosse sticks. Many players have at least two lacrosse sticks prepared for use in any competition. Fisher, p. 163 Traditionally, players used sticks made by artisans from the indigenous population of America. They were expensive and at times difficult to obtain. Fischer, p. 258 Vennum, p.286 The introduction of plastic heads in the 1970s gave players an alternative to wooden sticks, and their mass production led to greater availability and expansion of the sport. Fischer, p. 262
The goalkeeper is responsible for preventing an opponent from scoring a goal by directly defending the opponent at goal. The goalkeeper must stop shots that can intercept the ball and is responsible for directing the team’s defense. Pietramala, p. 130
Goalkeepers have special privileges when they are on the bench.The circular area surrounding each target with a radius of attacking players cannot play the ball or make contact with the goalkeeper while he is on the bench. As soon as the goalkeeper leaves the scrum, he loses these privileges. NCAA Rules, Rule 4.
Goalkeeper equipment is different from that of other players. Instead of shoulder and elbow pads, the goalkeeper wears a protective chest. He also wears special “goalkeeper gloves” that are padded to protect against impacts. The goalkeeper’s head can be much wider than that of field players.
The defender is the position of the player whose job it is to help the goalkeeper prevent the opposing team from scoring the ball. Each team has three defenders. These players usually remain in the midfield half of the field. NCAA Rules Rule 2 Unless the defender gets the ball and decides to run up the field and try to score or pass, he needs to cross the midfield line and signal one midfielder to stay away.The defender carries a long cross pass, which gives the reach advantage to intercept the pass and check. Morris, p. 39 Pietramala, p. 154
Tactics used by defenders include positioning and body checking. A check is an attempt to neutralize an opponent with the ball through contact with the body or with a stick. A check may include a “stick check” where a defender hits the crossbar at the top of the hand or the crossbar of an opponent in possession (similar to a billiard shot), or a “slap” where a player strikes a short two-handed kick to the hand or crossbar of an opponent in possession of the ball …Pietramala, p. 113 A “sideways check” is permitted as long as the ball is in possession or the free ball is within five yards of an opposing player and contact is made to the front or side of the opponent’s torso. It is desirable that the defenders remain in a position relative to their attacking partner known as the “top edge,” which usually means a stick and body position that forces the ball carrier to move in a different direction, usually away from the goal. LAXICON
Midfielders contribute to the offensive and defensive and can roam the entire playing area.Each team has three midfielders at the same time. One midfielder on each team can use a long intersection, in which case he is called a “long intersection midfielder”. Long bar midfielders are usually used for defense and attack, but can engage in attack as long as they don’t fight back.
Over time, the midfield has developed into a specialist position. During the game, teams can freely substitute players, so-called “on the fly” substitutions.The rules state that substitutions must take place within the designated exchange area in front of the substitutes’ bench. Teams often rotate specialist midfielders offside and on the field depending on possession of the ball. Some teams have a dedicated midfielder called the “Fogo” (acronym for “face off and elimination”) midfielder who plays most of the faceoffs and is quickly replaced after the faceoff. Some teams also refer to midfielders as “attacking midfielders” or “defending midfielders” depending on their strengths and weaknesses.
Each team has three attacking players at the same time, and these players, as a rule, remain in the attacking half of the field. The attacker uses a short crossover.
Duration and methods of binding
The duration of the games depends on the level of the game. In international competitions, student lacrosse and major league lacrosse, the total playing time is 60 minutes, consisting of four 15-minute quarters plus a 15-minute half-time break.High school games usually consist of four 12-minute quarters, but can be played in 30-minute halves, while youth league games can be shorter. The clock usually stops during all dead ball situations, such as between goals or if the ball goes out of bounds. The draw infringement method usually consists of several 5 minute overtimes (4 in an NCAA game, 10 in [MLL / PLL]) in which the goal scoring player gains a sudden victory. A faster option for a sudden victory is the Braveheart method, in which each team sends one player and one goalkeeper, and then a sudden victory.NCAA Rules Rule 3 International lacrosse plays two 5-minute overtimes in a row and then enforces the sudden win rule if the score is still tied.
Ball movement and offside
Teams must propel the ball forward or suffer a loss of possession. Once a team gains possession of the ball in their own defense zone, they must move the ball over the midfield line within 20 seconds. If the goalkeeper is in possession of the ball in the scrum, he must pass the ball or leave the area within four seconds.If the goalkeeper does not leave the scrum, the opposing team will receive the ball outside the restricted area. Once the ball has crossed the midfield line, the team has 10 seconds to move the ball into the offensive zone indicated by the restraining box, or to take it from their opponents. The term used to define the movement of the ball from the defensive zone to the offensive zone means “clearing” the ball. The offensive players are responsible for the “movement” of the opponents, i.e. an attempt to deprive an opponent of free “clearing” of the ball behind the midfield line.
If the ball goes out of bounds, play is restarted with possession, which is awarded to the opponents of the team who last touched the ball, unless the ball goes out of the playing area due to a hit or a deflected hit. In this case, possession of the ball is awarded to the player who is closest to the ball when the ball leaves the playing area.
In most cases, the offending player is sent to the penalty area, and his team has to play without him and one less player for a short time.Fines are classified as personal or technical. Personal fouls are of a more serious nature and are usually penalized with a 1 minute suspension. Technical fouls are rule violations that are not as severe as personal fouls and are penalized within 30 seconds or for loss of possession. In some cases, more serious offenses may be subject to a longer sentence. Players charged with 6 personal fouls must miss the game. The team being penalized is considered to be playing defense while the other team is at the top, or playing “additional offenses”.During a typical game, each team will have three to five additional offenses. Pietramala, p. 151.
Personal Failure (PF) includes slash, stumbling, illegal body checking, cross-checking, unsportsmanlike behavior, unnecessary rudeness and equipment violation. While a stick check (when a player makes contact with an opponent’s stick in order to knock the ball out of hand) is legal, a stick offense is called oblique when a player maliciously makes contact with an opponent or his stick.Illegal body check is called for any contact when the ball is farther than in high school, and for boys and girls – behind, above the shoulders or below the knees, or it could be avoided after the player released the ball. Cross-control, in which a player uses the shaft of his stick to knock an opponent off balance, is prohibited in field lacrosse. Both unsportsmanlike behavior and unnecessary rudeness are at the discretion of the refereeing panel, while breaking equipment is strictly regulated by the rules.NCAA Rulebook, Rule 5 Any willful intent to harm rivals may result in immediate disqualification. The replacement must be submitted within 30 seconds.
Technical faults include holding, obstructing, pushing, unlawful attack (commonly referred to as “moving brick”), “hitting”, stalling and offside. The screen used in basketball strategy is a blocking move of an attacker standing next to or behind a defender to free a teammate to shoot or receive a pass, as in basketball players must remain stationary when tackling.Blocking occurs when the attacking player uses his free hand to control the opponent’s stick.
Offside has a unique implementation in field lacrosse. Pietramala, p. 35 Introduced as a rule change in 1921, limits the number of players allowed on either side of the midfield line. Offside ”occurs when there are fewer than three players on the attacking side of the midfield line, or when there are fewer than four players on the defensive half of the midfield line (note – if players exit through the special substitution area, an offside violation is not defined).NCAA Rule 4
A technical foul requires a defensive player who fouls an opposing player to be placed in the penalty box for 30 seconds. As with a personal foul, no player substitution is allowed before the penalty time has expired and the team must play one player for a short time. The player (or substitute) is allowed to re-enter the game at the end of the time allotted for the penalty area, and thus the team is back in full strength.
College Spring Lacrosse, a spring sport in the United States, was first introduced by New York University in 1877.Pietramala, p. 4 The first intercollegiate tournament was held in 1881 with the participation of four teams – New York University, Princeton University, Columbia University and Harvard University. This tournament was won by Harvard. In 1885, the United States Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (USILA) was formed, and in 1936 the University of Maryland was awarded the first Wingate Memorial Trophy as National Champions. The award was given to the team (or teams) with the best performance until the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) introduced the playoff system in 1971.Pietramala, pp. 15-16 The NCAA sponsored its premier men’s lacrosse championship with the 1971 tournament in which Cornell University defeated the University of Maryland in the final. In addition to the three divisions in the NCAA, college lacrosse in the United States is played by non-male Lacrosse Association and National College Lacrosse League club teams. Pietramala, p. 19
Lacrosse was first seen in England, Scotland, Ireland and France in 1867. when a team of Native Americans and Canadians traveled to Europe to demonstrate the sport.The English Lacrosse Association was formed a year later. In 1876, Queen Victoria visited the exhibition and was impressed, saying, “The game is very beautiful to watch.” Numerous club teams play lacrosse throughout Europe and is controlled by the European Lacrosse Federation. Lacrosse was brought to Australia in 1876. The country sponsors various competitions among its states and territories, culminating in the annual Senior Lacrosse Championship tournament.
In 1985, the Canadian University Field Lacrosse Association (CUFLA) was formed, in which twelve universities in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec compete in an intercollegiate league.The league spends its season in the fall. Unlike the NCAA, CUFLA allows players who are professional boxing lacrosse players in the National Lacrosse League, stating that “although the stick skills are identical, the game and the rules of the game are different”.
Professional Field Lacrosse first appeared in 1988 with the formation of the American Lacrosse League after five weeks of play. Fisher, pp. 289-290 In 2001, professional field lacrosse resumed with the arrival of the Major League Lacrosse (MLL), whose teams based in the US and Canada play throughout the summer.MLL has changed its rules from the established field lacrosse rules of international programs, college and high school programs. To increase the number of goals scored, the league used 60-second shots – a two-point goal scored outside the established perimeter – and reduced the number of long shots to three, rather than the traditional four. Prior to the 2009 MLL season, after eight seasons, the league followed traditional field lacrosse rules and allowed a fourth long cross.In 2018, the Lacrosse Premier League kicked off with 140 players who left the MLL to form a league with higher media coverage, salaries, healthcare, access to licensing, and other perks. The 140 players included 86 Americans, 25 members of the US national team and 10 former Tevaaraton Prize winners.
World Lacrosse is the international governing body for lacrosse and oversees field, women’s and boxing lacrosse competitions.In 2008, the International Lacrosse Federation and the International Federation of Women’s Lacrosse Associations merged to form the International Lacrosse Federation. The former International Lacrosse Federation was founded in 1974 with the aim of promoting and promoting the game of men’s lacrosse throughout the world. In May 2019, FIL changed its name to World Lacrosse. World Lacrosse is a sponsor of the World Lacrosse Championship and the World Lacrosse Championship U19, which are played locally according to the rules of the local lacrosse game.She also oversees the Lacrosse World Indoor Championship, which is played by the Boxing Lacrosse Game, and the Women’s World Lacrosse Championship and the Women’s Under 19 World Lacrosse Championship, which is played by the Laws of the Boxing Game.
Lacrosse in the Olympics was a medal-winning sport at the 1904 Summer Olympics and 1908 Summer Olympics. In 1904, three teams competed at games held in St. Louis, Missouri.The games featured two Canadian teams, the Winnipeg Shamrocks and the Iroquois Confederate Iroquois team, as well as the American team represented by the local St. Louis AAA lacrosse club, and the Winnipeg Shamrocks won the gold medal. At the 1908 Games, held in London, England, only two teams participated, representing Canada and Great Britain. The Canadians again won the gold medal in the singles championship match with a score of 14:10.
At the 1928, 1932 and 1948 Summer Olympics, lacrosse was an exemplary sport.Three teams took part in the 1928 Olympics – USA, Canada and Great Britain. The 1932 Games featured a triple play between the All-Star Canada team and the United States. The United States was represented by Johns Hopkins Blue Jays lacrosse at both the 1928 and 1932 Olympics. In order to qualify, the Blue Jays won tournaments in the Olympic years to represent the United States. The 1948 Games featured an “All-England” team exhibit organized by the English Lacrosse Union and the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s collegiate lacrosse team representing the United States.The exhibition ended in 5-5 draws.
There are obstacles to the restoration of lacrosse as an Olympic sport. One obstacle was overcome in 2008 when the international governing bodies for male and female lacrosse merged to form the International Lacrosse Federation, which was later renamed the World Lacrosse Federation. Lack of international participation is another obstacle. To be considered an Olympic sport, the game must be played on four continents and at least 75 countries must participate.In the words of one of Lacrosse’s representatives in the US in 2004, “it will take 15-20 years for us to get there.” For the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, and the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia, efforts were made to incorporate lacrosse as an exhibition sport, but these efforts were unsuccessful.
World Lacrosse Championship
Final match between USA and Canada
The Lacrosse World Championship began in 1967 as a four-team tournament sanctioned by the International Lacrosse Federation.The 2006 World Lacrosse Championship was a record for 21 competing nations. The 2010 World Lacrosse Championship was held in Manchester, England. Only the USA, Canada and Australia took the first two places in this tournament. Since 1990, the National Iroquois Games team, consisting of six nations of the Iroquois Confederation, has been participating in international competitions. This team is the only Native American team qualified to compete in any men’s sport internationally.The International Lacrosse Federation has also sanctioned the U19 World Lacrosse Championship. The 2008 U19 Lacrosse World Championship spanned twelve countries, with three participating countries – Bermuda, Finland and Scotland.
Other regional international competitions are held, including the European Lacrosse Championship sponsored by twenty-one European Lacrosse Federation members and eight Lacrosse Team Tournaments in the Asia Pacific region.
Lacrosse attendance has grown with the popularity of the sport. The 2008 NCAA Division Men’s Lacrosse Championship was won by Syracuse University, beating Johns Hopkins University 13-10 ahead of a record crowd of 48,970 at Gillette Stadium for the title game. The 2007 Men’s I Lacrosse Championship weekend match at MT Bank Stadium in Baltimore, Maryland was played in front of a total crowd of 123,225 in a three-day event.The current attendance record for a regular season lacrosse-only event was set in the 2009 Big City Classic, a triple run at Giants Stadium that attracted 22,308 spectators. Inside Lacrosse, April 6, 2009. The Denver Outlaws set a lacrosse singles attendance record on the professional pitch, playing in front of 31,644 fans on July 4, 2015.
At the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles, California, more than 145,000 spectators watched the three game streaks between the United States and Canada, including 75,000 who witnessed the first game in the series while watching the marathon finals.Pietramala, pp. 201-202.
– Video submitted by US Lacrosse
Text on this page is based on a translation of the page from Wikipedia field lacrosse
Material used under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License
90,000 Lacrosse – what kind of sport, who invented, how to play?
For many, a game like lacrosse is unknown, although it has an ancient history.In it you can find elements of different sports trends, for example, football and hockey. The essence of a team battle is to get the ball into the opponents’ goal, for which clubs are used.
What kind of sport is lacrosse?
Two teams of 6 or 10 people are competing, who run across the field, holding unusual sticks in their hands, which are called “stick”. They help the athlete catch and hold the ball. The team has forwards, defenders, midfielders and a goalkeeper. As in football, each player has their own zone on the field.Only a midfielder can play anywhere. In high-level clubs, such players are also divided into attackers and defenders. Lacrosse is a sport judged by three judges.
Who Invented Lacrosse?
This sport has deep roots and was played by the ancient North American Indians. The name comes from the French word “la cross”, which translates as “hockey stick”. The history of lacrosse tells that the game was originally used to train warriors and even to resolve disputes between tribes.In those days, teams had hundreds of participants, and the size of the field reached several kilometers. On a professional level in Canada, lacrosse began to spread in 1867, when the first club was organized in Montreal.
In the same year, the first masts took place. Throughout the history of the sport, lacrosse was twice included in the list of the Olympic Games in 1904 and 1908. The medals were taken by athletes from Canada both times. Thereafter, lacrosse can only be seen at these competitions as demonstration performances.So far, the Olympic Committee does not officially recognize lacrosse, but international competitions have been held since 1967.
Lacrosse – Game Rules
The game was most developed in Canada and America, but every year interest in it is growing in other countries. There are a number of rules regarding how to play lacrosse:
- The team that was able to score more goals in the allotted amount of time wins. A goal is scored when it is scored from outside the circle outlined around the goal.
- The throw-in is carried out after the goal and at the beginning of each quarter. The team in possession of the ball makes passes until the ball is close to the opposing goal. The attackers are forbidden to go beyond the line, near the opponent’s goal.
- In lacrosse, there are no restrictions on the number of passes that must be made before the ball enters the goal and the minimum time for a team to have possession of the ball.
- The time limits apply to three basic rules regarding ball advancement.After the ball is in the hands of the goalkeeper, he must take it out of the goal area in 4 seconds. If the conditions are not met, the ball is given to the other team. Defenders in their own half of the field can hold the ball for no more than 20 seconds. During this time, they must make a pass or move the ball to another part of the field. When the ball hits the other half of the field, the defender must within 10 seconds. transfer it to the attack zone, which is indicated by a large square.
- The sport of lacrosse also has this rule – if the ball goes out of bounds, then it is passed to the team whose players are closest to the outside line.
- There are personal violations: tripping, hitting the body, and so on. The player receives at least a minute of penalty, but the time can be increased.
Depending on the composition, two types of teams are distinguished:
- Men’s Lacrosse . Such teams in lacrosse have the right to use power techniques and contact wrestling, therefore protective ammunition is mandatory. The game includes four periods of 15 minutes. everyone. During them, nine substitutions can be made.The size of the field for men’s lacrosse is 100×55 m.The distance between the opponents’ gates is 72 m, and the width of the gates themselves is 1.8 m.
- Ladies Lacrosse . Competitions include two periods of 25 minutes. The number of substitutions, the size of the goal and the field are identical to the men’s lacrosse, but the goal is 92 m apart. Strength techniques are prohibited, for which fines are imposed.
The stick is a stick with an unusual design.It is worth saying that the male and female lacrosse hockey stick is different. The design includes the following elements:
- Stick head – The upper part of the club, which is made of plastic. It is needed to control the ball.
- Lacrosse golf clubs have a net made of rope that is attached to the inside of the stick head. It helps you catch, carry and throw the ball.
- The handle can be made of wood or tough metal alloys and are distinguished by their weight and strength.
Rubber is used to make the ball. The parameters of the ball are strictly limited, so, its diameter is 63-65 mm, and its weight is 140-147 g. At the competition, these parameters must be checked. The color of the ball is irrelevant, but in most cases it is white to make it easier to see on green grass. In lacrosse, the ball is rarely on the ground as it is either carried in the net or passed to each other. Interestingly, it is also used in other sports areas, for example, in yoga and even massage.
Equipment for lacrosse
There are no restrictions on clothing, the main thing is that the athlete is comfortable to move around, he is neither cold nor hot. The game of lacrosse involves the use of protection, on the field during the competition will not be allowed without a helmet, gloves that look like hockey, and shoulder protection. The choice of footwear depends on the surface on which the game will be played. It must be made of quality material and fit the size of your foot.
90,000 3 WAYS TO USE SELF-MASSAGE TO RELIEVE CHRONIC PAIN – HEALTH
What I have learned is not revolutionary or radical: healing comes through daily acts of caring. We include products that we believe are beneficial to our readers. If you buy on ss
What I have learned is not revolutionary or radical: Healing comes through daily acts of caring.
We include products that we find useful to our readers.If you buy from the links on this page, we may receive a small commission. Here’s our process.
Contrary to popular belief, most healing does not take place in a doctor’s office.
For many years, I hoped that the doctor would give me the proverbial magic bullet that would relieve my chronic pain and other symptoms. I’m not sure what I was expecting: a pill? Injection? A wise and witty dictum that puts things in perspective and makes my body cease to exist?
What I have learned is not revolutionary or radical: Healing comes through daily acts of caring – from good sleep hygiene to exercise and all kinds of nutrition.
Today I am going to focus on self-massage for chronic pain relief.
Why self-massage, and not a traditional one, done by another person? Well, can you afford a massage every day? Me neither.
Fortunately, it costs nothing to devote 10-15 minutes a day to self-massage.
As I wrote in my first Life’s a Pain article, the fascia is “a strip or sheet of connective tissue, primarily collagen, under the skin that attaches, stabilizes, surrounds and separates muscles and other internal organs.”
Some doctors, physical therapists, and other healthcare professionals are starting to focus on treating pain by treating trigger points, painful points that form inside the fascia.
Usually painful to touch, trigger points cause muscles to tense and stretch and can cause reflected pain throughout the body. Trigger point pain is now recognized as a separate disease: myofascial pain syndrome.
In self-massage, you focus on releasing these trigger points by directly or indirectly applying pressure to the trigger points.When used regularly, myofascial release techniques can relieve muscle pain over time.
So how do you get started? You will need at least one tool to help you. Why don’t I recommend doing it yourself? First, it’s unrealistic: even the most hypermobile person in history cannot easily reach every inch of their body.
But the main reason I don’t recommend using your hands is that the massage is time consuming.If you are already dealing with chronic pain, you will most likely make it worse with your hands. The strength needed to massage the trigger points can quickly stretch your shoulders or wrists. I don’t want you to get hurt chasing pain Less than .
So let’s talk about what equipment you should use, where to get it and how to use it.
Tennis and lacrosse balls
I use reed massagers so often that I have
You may have seen foam rollers in the gym or in physiotherapy.Foam rollers popular for many years among athletes are included in
Exercises to try
10 minute episode
Where: I put a lacrosse ball between my back and the kitchen wall. If you want, you can instead lie down and place the ball between your back and the floor.
Start: Use a lacrosse or tennis ball, placing it between your back and the wall or floor. While typing all day, I often suffer from back and neck pain.So every night I set a timer for 10 minutes and start a massage.
How to massage: Move the ball with your body until it hits a particularly tender place. Focus on that weak spot by pushing the ball into it. You can stand still and snuggle against him or slowly roll over the sore spot.
Yes, some will be hurt, but it shouldn’t be so painful that you cry in pain or suffer. Adjust the pressure as needed – and remember to breathe!
After a few minutes of focused pressure, you will feel relieved.Proceed to the next actuation point, then rinse and repeat. Other areas that lend themselves well to tennis / lacrosse massage are the buttocks and the back of the legs.
Gentle cane massage
Where: Because the canes are very portable, you can use them on the road for quick relief (they travel well – keep one in the car!).
Get Started: Massage canes are especially useful in areas that are either too difficult to reach with a lacrosse ball or too sensitive for such strong pressure.Identify these more sensitive triggers.
Personally, I like using the cane on the trapezius muscles. My tender pectoral muscles also benefit from the softer pressure of the short lugs at the end.
Foam Rolling Bliss
Foam rollers allow you to massage a wider area. The pressure is usually less intense as it spreads. The wider area makes it less effective at targeting trigger points that require the ball or cane to focus.
Start: Foam rolling is best for sore, aching muscles. I recommend
- Do not massage the bones or spine.
- Don’t overdo it. Start with a few minutes a day and build up gradually. Self-massage too often can make the pain worse.
- Listen to your body and as you experiment with self-massage, you will learn to recognize the sensation of what I call “pain relief” that occurs when you effectively self-massage.
- Visit YouTube for even more foam rolling and self-massage lessons.
90,000 “I spoke to the US Secretary of State not on behalf of Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, but on behalf of 577 political prisoners – Bialiatsky and Ivulin, Filatchenkova and Gebremariam,” Svetlana Tikhanovskaya reports – Others
Politician Svetlana Tikhanovskaya told about the meeting with US Secretary of State Anthony Blinck.
“Yesterday we already held talks with US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken. We discussed how important it is right now to support Belarusian journalists and human rights defenders, doctors and workers, students and innocent convicts. I spoke with the Secretary of State not on behalf of Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, but on behalf of 577 political prisoners – Ales Bialiatsky and Alexander Ivulin, Olga Filatchenkova and Alana Gebremariam. I spoke on behalf of all democratic forces and people of Belarus.
The people of Belarus expect decisive action from the United States – the stronger the measures of pressure on the regime, the faster they will achieve their goal.America has already recognized Lukashenko as illegitimate, and now it is necessary to recognize him as criminal. Yesterday, at a meeting with Blinken, I said that we will continue to fight for the freedom of Belarus, with or without international support – but the solidarity of other countries will make this path less painful and faster.
Today I visited the White House and met with the US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan. We already spoke with him – right after the hijacking of the Ryanair plane. Both then and now he knows in detail what is happening in Belarus and how important it is for the United States as a bearer of the values of democracy to help our country in the struggle for freedom.Think about it: the last visit of a representative of the Belarusian people to the White House was 28 years ago – in 1993 Stanislav Shushkevich came here. Much has changed since that time – the regime came to power, and our country froze in time for almost 30 years and disappeared from the US agenda. And now is the time to bring her back.
This week I will also meet with the bipartisan group of US senators – after all, the US policy on Belarus depends on the Congress. And I am glad to announce that by our joint efforts, the Belarusian Caucus will appear in the US House of Representatives – this is a group of American congressmen who will work on the topic of Belarus.Just compare – many countries have had representative groups in the United States for decades – and now, finally, Belarus has received this recognition. And we are working for such a group to appear in the Senate.
It is very important that both parties, the White House, the State Department and the US Congress are united in their support for the Belarusians. So our challenge now is to turn this support into concrete action. Therefore, after Washington, we will continue working meetings in New York and other cities. In each of them I will be glad to meet with the diaspora, and in each I will talk about how important it is to help those who are inside Belarus.