The Evolution of Replacing Lacrosse Equipment » Powell Lacrosse Sticks
The Evolution of Replacing Lacrosse Equipment
What is every lacrosse player’s biggest fear?
This fear does not deal with the final score of a game, receiving an award, or letting their team down. This fear is much more personal because it is apart of every lacrosse player’s identity.
Every lacrosse player’s greatest fear is when the day finally comes that their stick, their gloves, or any piece of their equipment breaks.
At least it used to be.
In 2019, it is much easier to replace equipment than past decades thanks to the advanced technology and materials used in the mesh, shafts, cleats, heads, gloves, pads, and helmets that lacrosse players use today. The price of a high quality stick or pair of gloves has also gone down making lacrosse more accessible to everyone. Watching college and professional games recently at least one or two players are breaking sticks or having equipment issues every game. In the past this would be a huge problem, but players are now able to pick up their back up, that they may have never used before, and throw passes and take shots well enough to get the job done right away.
The death of a stick or a pair of gloves is not as devastating for players as it used to be.
When I go home and look at my old sticks and equipment from my first years playing and from high school, I get nostalgia for everything that had to be done to break in your pocket, gloves, and arm pads, but then I realize I definitely do not miss it. There was hard work and long hours of practice that had to put in to get comfortable with your stick or equipment to be able to play with them in a game. Practicing in the rain would mean having to work in the mesh all over again. Finally being able to hit the same brick during wallball, making a great play in a game, or even scoring a goal was worth all the hours of reading tutorials of how to break in mesh or trying to boil a lacrosse head in your kitchen to make it flexible for faceoffs.
I never played with a wooden stick, leather gloves, or used a traditional pocket so I personally do not know the struggles that came with breaking in, but I cannot even imagine the frustration of how long it took to get used to them and the devastation of a stick breaking back then.
When they played with those sticks and wore those gloves they earned every pass and goal they scored in the weeks before they ever took them. The stiff leather gloves needing to be softened up to be able to control the stick. The hard leather gutting in the heavy wooden stick had to be stretched and played with for days and weeks to form a pocket able to hold on to the ball and pas with precision. Adjustments to the leathers and strings had to made constantly especially in bad weather. If the stick broke the process would have to start all over again, but they could not be afraid of breaking them because they had to play as hard as they could to win the game. Every wooden stick having to be handmade was a huge reason that lacrosse remained a smaller sport for decades.
It is huge for the growth of lacrosse that equipment has become so easily accessible and ready to use especially at the youth level. Kids playing lacrosse for the first time can buy a stick at a sporting goods store or order one online like the Powell’s prestrung sticks that have a pocket ready to use right away. Ten years ago kids would have likely gotten a stick with bad factory stringing and mesh as hard as a rock from those same stores making playing lacrosse twice as difficult. The lacrosse equipment and mesh designers of the past suffered many sleepless nights to make it so easy for lacrosse players today to not have to stress about replacing their equipment.
So if you ever get annoyed at having to buy a new shaft, head, or mesh and having to take a couple of hours to get it ready to play with, think of all of the players before you who toiled away day after day that would be burning with envy if they could see you now..
Evolution of the Equipment
The evolution of the Lacrosse stick itself – could alone, be a separate website. There have been countless attempts at improvement and differentiation over the years, so much that single small start-up companies have become relevant in today’s market place due to the unique nature of their product. That being said – lets take a brief step back. For the first 200 or more years since the creation of the sport by the Native American, the only piece of equipment, in addition to the ball, was the lacrosse stick. The type of stick that was used 200+ years ago varied greatly depending on the region of North America you lived in. In south eastern and southern regions the stick took the form of bent wood and looked somewhat like a large spoon.
When you look at the stick that the Iroquois used 300 years ago it is essentially the same version that was used just 50 years ago – there was virtually no need for improvements. Even as recently as the 1880’s, the vast majority of sticks were more often hand crafted by individuals and not corporations. Many were made by local Indians and sold to eager players who desired a hand hewn “crosse”. As the 1800’s came to a close and the early 1900’s began to develop, the demand for equipment grew. Numerous companies were founded that produced and sold all types of equipment for Lacrosse, however, three specific companies began to emerge as the favorite amongst players in North America and United Kingdom. A. G. Spalding & Brothers in the United States, Lally’s Lacrosse Manufacturing Company in Canada and T.S. Hattersley & Son’s in the United Kingdom. Following shortly thereafter during the mid 20th Century, a handful of new companies entered this growing market with equipment of their own. The general time frame that this website tries to cover is from 1860 to 1960, however, I felt compelled to touch upon the dramatic shift in technology that the 1970’s and 1980’s brought to us as a result of the number of companies entering the market during this time frame. The most notable change was the introduction of synthetic or composite lacrosse heads – dying out was the demand for a wooden stick, that was strung with rawhide and catgut – at least in the men’s game – and taking its place were mass produced synthetic heads that were all had an identical feel and balance and could be played equally by a left handed or right handed player.
Between the 1940’s and the 1960’s there were numerous attempts at improving the manufacturing process. This fast evolving and extremely creative period included movement away from a one piece solid wooden stick that was steam bent and then strung by hand – to sticks that were made of laminated wood – essentially gluing thin layers of wood together and then steam bending – the theory being that the point of the bend on the head would no longer be exposed to a high degree of stress. The evolution also included sticks that were made entirely of fiberglass, double-walled heads, synthetic heads within wooden shafts, and then to synthetic heads with aluminum shafts. There have been further technological breakthroughs in the development of the shaft to include a more durable construction – however, this site will not yet make an attempt to document the numerous types of sticks beyond aluminum.
There are numerous pages within this site that will display and communicate the various technological breakthroughs that have been introduced over the past 35+ years from both STX LACROSSE, BRINE LACROSSE, WARRIOR LACROSSE, and a few smaller companies that no longer exist.
A collector looking to find a stick that is made entirely out of wood can do so on any of the major online auction sites, classified advertisement sites, or through local antique stores, thrift stores, and flea markets. Prices are still relatively reasonable and range anywhere from $30 for a generic unlabeled stick to $250 or more for a Goalie stick that still retains is maker’s mark or paper label.
Copyright 2009 Old School LAX Freak
The Perfect Holiday GIFT !!!
A Book On The History Of Lacrosse Sticks
Click on the book cover to the left to order!
The Complete Evolution of the Lacrosse Stick
You know that highly technological metal lacrosse stick that moves seamlessly through your gloves, perfectly balanced, strong and sturdy, comprised of the best material known to man? Well surprisingly enough, laxers haven’t always been so lucky to use such artfully crafted pieces of lacrosse equipment. There was a time as early as 1000 A.D. where laxers had to build their own lacrosse sticks, usually of wood, and pray that they wouldn’t break. Or even worse, hope that the ball wouldn’t hit the lip when passing or shooting. Cringe.
What’s worse is they didn’t have a place like Lacrosse Scoop to read reviews on the newest lacrosse equipment. Ah technology. Now that’s a story for another time. Onto the goodness!
Image from Wikipedia commons
Note: I should preface that there has been a very comprehensive book written on this subject by Michael Radecki. Also known as the “Old School Lax Freak,” this guy is an absolute maven when it comes to both lacrosse and lacrosse stick history.
The Pre Antique Era (1100 A.D.)
This is old-school lax gear, and I mean old-school, dating way back hundreds upon hundreds of years ago. We’re talking zero mass production, zero engineering. These were usually made of some basic wood, leather, and animal byproducts. In fact, they didn’t even have the U-shape of the head you play with. They looked more like a giant spoon, with netting. Hey, no matter how you put it, Paul Rabil would still smoke any one of us, even if he was rocking an old giant spoon. The lacrosse stick stayed pretty basic, that is until….
The Antique Era (Pre-1970)
Way back in the 1890s, Frank Lalley had retired from the sport of lacrosse and decided to open up a lacrosse stick factory on Cornwall Island in Canada (Eh?). He went to town, and developed some of the first widely adopted models of lacrosse sticks. These worked fine for years, but as the game evolved, the equipment needed to evolve with it….
The Vintage Era (1970-1980)
In comes two of the hottest lacrosse companies: Brine and STX. This is where they got their start. The significance of this time in lacrosse history comes from the engineering of the two-piece lacrosse stick. This was insanely important because the separation of the shaft from the head allowed each to be designed specially. The shaft made from wood or metal, and the head constructed of plastic. This separation allowed for crazy amounts of design and testing for sticks. Some of these designs were huge leaps for the lacrosse stick, while others were huge flops. You also had some other early movers in this era, like SportCraft and Amisco who unfortunately didn’t make it at lax brands. And thus, bringing us to….
The Modern Era (1990s)
The vintage era was where Brine and STX got their start–but the Modern Era is where they hit their stride. Competition between these two brands got steep, and there were even legal court cases on patent rights. This competition fueled some excellent creativity though. Sticks really started to take the form that you use today. With the heads you started seeing “pinch” instead of a straight V molds. And in the shafts you’d find stronger and lighter metals. Heads like the Viper, Excalibur, The Edge and the Superlight are some popular names from the 1990s
Technically we’re still in the Modern Era, but we’ve been seeing some awesome technological advances over the past few years that deserve attention. This is especially so from newer brands like Epoch, who have crafted some excellent spoons. But you tell us: What have been your favorite advances in lacrosse stick technology lately? Leave your comments below!
Bio: Sean is the founder and director at Lacrosse Scoop, an authority website dedicated to reviewing lacrosse gear and showing players the cheapest place to buy.
History of Lacrosse | Evolution of Lacrosse
Lacrosse is gaining popularity among teens and adults as a sport in the North of America, and also in countries like Canada and France. But many of us are not aware of the fact that lacrosse draws its roots from Indigenous North American Stickball. The tribal game was played by eastern Woodlands Native Americans and also the Plain Indians.
Being the oldest team sports in America and Canada, Lacrosse was nothing like it is today. The game was modified and professionalized in The Colonial Era. Since then, lacrosse has come a long way to be one of the most well-liked sports for teens and adults alike.
In this article, we learn about the origin of lacrosse and its evolvement with time.
The Indigenous Lacrosse
It is estimated that lacrosse was introduced as a recreational activity to the indigenous people of America as early as 1100 AD. Not only in America, but aboriginal Canadians were also familiar with the game and had religious and ceremonial significance.
The Canadian version of lacrosse involved a hundred to one thousand men in each team spread over several miles. The ball was tossed into the air and players from both sides would rush to catch it with sticks. Since the game involved a huge number of players, the players swarmed around the ball and kept moving it slowly. Passing the lacrosse ball was considered an advanced trick and dodging an opponent was the act of cowardice on the field.
The Native Americans and Aboriginal Canadians would play the game from dawn till dusk for days considering it to be the game to please the “Creator”. The players in the game took the role of warriors and played the game in order to bring glory to their tribe and tribesmen.
Rules of Aboriginal Lacrosse
The pre-defined rules were simple. The aboriginals would make a few areas of scoring on the stickball pole. Players would set a mark about chest-high which, when hit with the ball, would fetch the team a point. Hitting the ball below this point was not considered a score.
Hitting the mark set at the top half of the pole accounted for two points and hitting the very top of the pole, adorned with the figure of sacred animals, would score the team three points. These games were played for recreation and thus, the scores were loosely kept by the team members and even the audience. Typically, a player could reach twenty points before the game concluded.
Jean de Brebeuf, the French Jesuit Missionary saw the native Huron tribe played the game and named it la crosse or “the stick”.
Rituals in Native Lacrosse
Lacrosse was considered as a sacred ritual. The players would embellish their bodies with charcoal and paint and decorate their sticks with various objects symbolizing good luck and the qualities desired by them in the game.
The players would also restrict themselves from eating certain meals before the game and the tribes held special dance wearing the ceremonial grabs a night before the game. A medicine man was summoned to prepare the players and perform other rituals and sacrifices that were considered mandatory to please the Creator.
Tribesmen took great delight in a bit of gambling as well. Every player has to place a wager before the game started. The wager would typically include knives, handkerchief, tinkles, and horses. The items placed as wagers would be awarded to the winners of each quarter. On conclusion of the game, the players had the ceremonial dance and had a large feast.
The early lacrosse players carved the ball out of wood. Sometimes, they also used deerskin stuffed with hair for the ball. Generally, the diameter of the ball would be three inches. It is common for natives to have sticks with no nettings.
Back then, lacrosse sticks were just a wooden piece with the end that was bent into a circle with a diameter of 4-5 inch circle. The aboriginal lacrosse players did not wear any protective equipment during the game.
European Involvement and How it Changed Lacrosse Forever
The involvement of the Europeans is considered to be the turning point in Lacrosse. The very first westerners to discover the game was French Jesuit missionaries who discovered the game in the St. Lawrence Valley. Initially, the missionaries condemned the game as it included betting. Violence and beatings in the game were another major reason for the Frenchmen to condemn the game.
Eventually, the Frenchmen were so intrigued by the game that they started taking up the game by 1740. In fact, there is a popular trivia about lacrosse in Canada. The Ojibwas captured the Fort Michilimackinac using the game of lacrosse in the year 1763. The players planned and invited the British troops to come and watch the game. As the British men enjoyed whiling away their time, the natives walked closer to the gates of the fort and broke into the fort, carrying out a massacre.
Formation of the First Lacrosse Club
Montreal Lacrosse Club, founded by William George Beers in the year 1856 was the very first lacrosse club. He modified the game to have to redesign the equipment like the stick and the ball. He also shortened the duration of the game and reduced the number of players in each team. By the mid-1860s lacrosse had become the national game of Canada.
Lacrosse hit another milestone when Queen Victoria herself witnessed the game at an exhibition and applauded the game saying that it was “pretty to watch”. At the beginner of the 1890’s, the sport was popular enough to be taken up by English schoolgirls in French and also in the United States. Today, lacrosse has earned a reputation and plethora of players are introduced to this game every year.
The summer Olympics of 1904 and 1908 featured lacrosse as a game. However, lacrosse was later dropped as an official sport. Lacrosse was recognized as a sport in the World Games after 1908.
Last modified: July 9, 2020
History of Lacrosse – Origins and Evolution of Lacrosse
Lacrosse was a game played by the Native American Indians
that was originally known as stickball. It was discovered
by French settlers who named it after the crosier, as some suggest. Since a
netted racquet is used to hit the ball. it is easily differentiated from
other team sports. (Etc. team hokey and shinny).
The origin of lacrosse is rooted in religious customs of Native tribes who saw it as a
tool to resolve wars, heal sick people, develop endurance and strength
of male population
. Big events like lacrosse were played in large areas, and it is believed
that anywhere between 100 and 1,000 players could
participate in one game.
The events were played in huge areas between villages, and the goals would
range from 500 yards (460m) to 6 miles apart. The main rule was that the ball must not be touched with the hands. Other than that,
the rules were simple, and there were no boundaries. Trees and rock were
mostly used to mark the goals, but in later years these
were wooden posts. The beginning of the game was indicated
by the ball tossed in the air and players would rush to catch it first. The
ball used for lacrosse was not of standardized size. It would range between
a tennis ball and a softball. According to sources, balls were made of deer
hides filled with animal hair, however, some Indian tribes used wooden
balls. The game used to be very violent, often causing broken limbs and,
not uncommonly, deaths due to head blows.
Some French colonists were amongst the first to witness lacrosse being
played by Native American Indians almost 400 years ago. In 1636 the
Frenchman Jean de Brébeuf was one of the first white to write about
lacrosse. The contest that he observed was called Huron which is now
located in Ontario, Canada. Not so long after, colonists began to show
great interest in the game. Being impressed by the level of engagement,
speed and rough play, soldiers started to wager between each other and pick
their favorite players.
Players were traditionally involved in rituals prior to the game. Their faces and bodies would be decorated with paints and, as
would the stick racks. The shaman (medicine man) had a
crucial role in preparing the rituals and holding a dance on the night before the game. He used the comb-like
object made of turkey leg bone to scratch the players’ bodies and he would
repeatedly inflict wounds with the comb until the certain amount of blood
drops fell down an opponent’s elbow.
was one the primary purposes of playing lacrosse. It was a tool of diplomacy in early days. That is how tribes used
to resolve territorial disputes and cultivate political fellowships. Since
a persistent warfare was not the best answer, tribes would set a date for
lacrosse at convenient times.
Lacrosse appealed to tradition and set strong foundations for stability
within community. Tribes were creating myths of first ball game that was
played by the gods themselves. According to those stories the ball
symbolized the sun and the moon moving across the sky.
It was the summer of 1763 when Sauk and Ojibway people started forging out
a plan to recapture Fort Michilimackinac from British, who were at that
time at war with France. Since the two Indian tribes preferred French
trading practices to English ones, they thought of
organizing a lacrosse game in order to distract British soldiers
. The Natives set the date which was on the same day of king’s birthday
because the soldiers were not to be on duty but to be entertained by public
wagering. When the game began the players from both teams took the weapons
from the women spectating the game, attacked the British soldiers and
recaptured the fort. This event is considered the day when lacrosse defeated the empire.
Lacrosse has greatly chanced since the Natives played it in 15th and 16th
century. Many rules has been introduced to the game and the idea is to have
fun and enjoy recreational competition with friends. The size of the filed
today is only about 100 yards instead of many miles long. The goals are no
longer made of rocks and wood. The standard is 6 by 6 feet goal. Also, the
number of players is set to 10 at a time instead of hundreds
, but sometimes there can be 6, depending of the style of lacrosse. Over
the last 10 years the sport has seen a significant increase of players in
the USA, especially participants who are 15 and under.
The equipment used in lacrosse has undergone some major modifications.
While Native tribes didn’t use any pads at all, presently players wear them
on shoulders and arms. The helmets and mouth guards are also worn. In the
past, the sticks were made of wood, but today they are being made of
various metal. such as aluminum and scandium. The heads of lacrosse sticks
have also greatly evolved. They used to be part of the entire stick – also
made of wood – but now they are created out of plastic molded into various
shapes for better handling. Long time ago lacrosse was played in the plains
of the New World in the 16th century, while today people watch or play
lacrosse in stadiums.
Apart from the eastern United States and Canada, the game is now becoming
popular from coast to coast nationally and in other countries worldwide:
England, Australia, Ireland, Germany, Japan, Czech, Wales, France, South
Korea, Sweden, etc.
The father of modern lacrosse is considered to be, at the time, a young
dentist named William George Beers. In September 1860, he
made efforts to set new instructions and rules for Lacrosse, which had had
no written regulations. Additionally, he decided to replace the deerskin ball with one made of hard rubber.
The first modern appearance of lacrosse was in England in 1867, when 16
players along with Captain W.B. Johnson traveled for an exhibition game in
the town of Fulham, near London. Majority of the players were Native
Americans from the Iroquois nation, however, some other nationalities were
represented on the team as well.
The myth that lacrosse is the Canadian national sport still is still
echoing. Most likely due to the fact that Beer was so fascinated with the
sport that he campaigned for it to become the national game, although
during Confederation period, cricket was the most popular sport in the on
the continent. In 1867 Beers claimed that the Parliament had made Lacrosse
the national sport, and though many people in Canada believed him there
were no evidence that Lacrosse had been proclaimed as the national sport of
The first women’s lacrosse game was organized in the last
decade of 19th century in Scotland. Prior to that, there was an attempt to
start the women’s lacrosse in Virginia in 1914, but it eventually failed.
Miss Rosabelle Sinclair formed the first women’s lacrosse team in the
United States at the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore, Maryland.
Women played Lacrosse in Victoria, Australia, in 1936. However, due to the
unsuitable circumstances, the Australian Women’s Lacrosse Council was not
founded until 1962.
The same rules were applied for both men’s and women’s lacrosse offering no
protective equipment, until the mid-1930s. From that period, men’s lacrosse
started to evolve rapidly, while women had to obey the game’s original
The box lacrosse is an indoor version of
the game that originates from Canada. Not much after it was introduced it
became a prominent sport in the country. mostly due to harsh winters which
prevented the outdoor play.
A Brief History of Lacrosse Helmets
Hope everyone is enjoying the off-season. Given that it is the off-season, for this week’s post I’m taking a break from those tasty lacrosse goalie tips and delving into the history of the lacrosse helmet.
At the end of the 2017 NCAA season, Cascade released their model S helmet and I think the lacrosse world joined me in saying – “wow, these things are nice”.
Lacrosse is the oldest team sport in America with evidence of versions of the game being played in the 1600’s in northeast Canada and in the US by Native American tribes like the Onondaga.
No helmets were necessary for those boys.
But it’s now the year 2017 and helmets looks like the image above. So what was the progression?
This post will outline the history of the sport’s helmets from the bare heads of the Onondaga tribe in 1600’s to the Cascade S helmets worn by the NCAA Champion Maryland Terrapins in 2017.
The No Helmet Era
Lacrosse historians know that the 1st version of our game was played by Native American to settle disputes, to toughen young warriors for combat, for recreation, and for religious purposes.
These early lacrosse players did not wear any helmets, let alone any pads.
The sport of lacrosse continued without helmets for quite some time.
Lacrosse appeared at the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri and at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, England.
No player on those teams wore helmets. Although the referees wore some impressive suit / knee high sock / mustache combos.
Early versions of the game resembled women’s lacrosse of a few years ago where the speed of the game, the contact rules, and the shallow sticks didn’t justify players wearing helmets. That said, today’s women’s game is speeding up and some lightweight head protection is being introduced like the Cascade LX:
The Leather Helmet Era
The 1928 Olympics held in Amsterdam, Netherlands was the first documented use of helmets in the sport of lacrosse.
Lacrosse was downgraded to an exhibition sport at these games and featured just 3 teams representing Canada, Great Britain, and the United States.
Only the American team wore helmets as seen in the photo below.
Here’s another shot of players labeled “Annapolis lacrosse” where we see the leather protective helmets along with an impressive crowd size for a lax game.
So here we have the first lacrosse helmet, a leather contraption with no face mask designed to provide just a little more protection to the dome.
A “protective hat” might be a more appropriate name than a lacrosse helmet.
The Helmets Get a Face Mask
By the 1940’s it appears as if players were tired of getting hit in the face with the ball or checks. Whimps.
In this shot of a Naval cadet you see the primitive face mask attached to the leather helmet.
This version of the lacrosse helmet also contains ear flaps that fully cover the side of the players head and a chinstrap to keep the helmet on the head. The material of choice is still leather with a metal (likely iron) face mask.
The visor of the helmet of the helmet is still intact.
These early versions now resemble old torture devices but they served the purpose of protecting early lacrosse domes from collisions, checks, and errant shots.
The “Bucket” Helmet
Around the 1960’s a company by the name of Bacharach Raisin was the first to start producing the “bucket” lacrosse helmets.
The leather was replaced with a harder plastic exterior and a soft padded interior. The face mask was beefed up so balls wouldn’t enter.
Cascade Bursts on to the Scene
In the mid to late 90’s Cascade burst onto the lacrosse helmet scene with their original Cascade.
The big boxy design of the Bacharach Raisin was replaced by a sleeker shell. And boy did it look and feel good.
Even though many claim the Cascade didn’t protect as well as its predecessors, there’s no question they gave the helmet a much better look, a lighter feel, and set in motion a trend for lacrosse helmets to become just as stylish as they were protective.
College players like Syracuse’s Casey Powell instantly switched over to the newer, sleeker design of the Cascade that dominated lacrosse player’s heads in the late 90’s.
There were (and continue to be) other lacrosse helmet manufacturers but for the purposes of this post I’m going to focus on the progression of the Cascade helmet line to paint a picture of how the lacrosse helmet has advanced through the years.
After the original Cascade helmet came the Cascade C2 were the face mask and chin piece of the helmet becomes more aerodynamic.
After the Cascade C2 came the Cascade CLh3. Not a drastic change in look but you can see the visor no longer juts out beyond the face mask.
One innovative element of the CLh3 was the adjustable fit system, something Cascade called the SPRfit adjustable ratchet which allowed you to change sizes and get the helmet perfectly fitted in seconds.
Realizing that most concussions occur from ill-fitting helmets, Cascade input an adjustable strap into the back of the helmet to help achieve that snug fit for heads that may be in between sizes.
Sometime in 2010 the Gaits and UVA lacrosse thought this style of helmet would be a good idea –
It wasn’t and it quickly flopped.
Around 2009 Cascade launched the CPX helmet and the CPro:
The Cascade CPX utilized 3-D Form Foam that molds to your head and helped with protection. They also had something called the Wedge-X system to help with fit.
For the CPX, Cascade reworked the facemask to provide players with more vision. The bars are spaced further apart to give more vision while still providing enough protection.
The visor becomes more stylish and throat part extends down further to protect players necks a little more. However the shell essentially remained the same design on the exterior compared to its predecessors.
Here was the CPro which was very similar in looks and features to the CPX. All I know is CPX had a one size fits all feature while this did not. Although many preferred the fit of the CPro.
Then came the CPX-R:
With the CPX-R Cascade introduced a sleeker shell along with the tail fin. The fin according to Cascade was supposed to move the center of balance of the helmet towards the center and give it a more balanced feel.
I don’t know if that works or not but I think we can all degree – the tail fin looks dope. It gives the helmet a nice aerodynamic look and took player’s tilt game to a whole new level.
The shell also allowed for mohawk and rear decals so teams could really customize their helmets with colored visors, chins, and decals.
Next in the line of Cascade’s brand came the Cascade Pro 7:
The Cascade Pro 7 helmet was Cascade’s first attempt at fusing the lacrosse visor to the shell of the helmet for a more rigid frame and a streamlined look. This was very successful as all future lacrosse helmets would continue this trend of a solid piece for the shell and visor.
Protection and looks wise the Pro 7 was a huge jump forward from its predecessors like the Cascade CLh3.
Many people have compared the Pro7 to the CPX-R:
Cascade took a big step forward with the release of the CPV-R helmet. In addition to making the helmet look even nicer than its predecessor, there’s a lot of new functional features like a new liner system and downward sloping face mask for increased visibility and enhanced sweet looks.
The helmet continues the tail fin designed introduced with the CPX-R. This is a trend we see Cascade continue with on future designs.
Just when you thought lacrosse helmets couldn’t look any sweeter, here comes the R in 2013:
The Cascade R was also loaded with other features.
The dual SevenTech and PoronXRD liner system addresses both high and low energy impacts. A HardTail SPRfi system, coupled with custom jaw pad options created a system to provide better helmet fit. The exclusive SuperMonoTM R Shell, R-Series chin and mask created better peripheral vision and also a more rigid system for frontal impact management.
The helmet was really revolutionary when released in 2013.
Here’s a comparison of the Cascade R helmet to the CPX-R:
The shells of lacrosse helmets are now made of injection-molded plastic such as ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) plastic. Some helmets are also made of the same plastics as motorcycle helmets, such as polycarbonate plastics.
The facemasks, on the other hand, are made of strong, lightweight metals like titanium. The inside of the shell is lined with a polypropylene or other foam padding.
The Cascade S features something called the vision bar which essentially means they’ve made the top bar players look through flatter to improve vision.
As a goalie, I just hope they’ve tested it enough to ensure a 100 MPH rocket won’t be able to fit through that flattened bar.
The shell and interior padding was enhanced to create wider holes to really improve air flow throughout the helmet as well as reduce its weight.
Here’s Greg from ECD comparing the Cascade S to its predecessor:
The design allows for some serious helmet tilt, which is the angled downwards effect perhaps best exhibited by the Ohio Machine’s Jake Bernhardt:
Here are the current helmets from today’s top lacrosse helmet manufacturers:
Click here to purchase Cascade S.
STX Stallion 600
Purchase Stallion 600
Warrior Evo Helmet
Purchase Warrior Evo
I hope you enjoyed that brief history of the lacrosse helmet.
Interesting to see how the game has evolved from its primitive days into the game today that requires full head protection and also requires looking good while protecting.
Of course the modern lacrosse player needs that dome protected but he also needs some serious TILT.
I chose to focus a lot on the Cascade brand in this post but companies like STX, Warrior, and others have also produced some great and innovative helmets over the years. Cascade just happens to be my favorite and the industry standard, in my opinion.
Will be interesting to see where lacrosse helmets go in the future this of this game.
Until next time! Coach Damon
Any key elements I missed on the history of the lacrosse helmet? Also, I’m not a lacrosse helmet historian so if I screwed up some details please let me know so I can fix.
The Evolution of Lacrosse and Where it All Began
Originally known as stickball, many may be surprised at how long the game of lacrosse has been around. Created by the Algonquin tribe of Native Americans, it was originally played in the eastern part of the U.S. and eventually migrated into the Great Lakes region.
The Jesuit missionary, Jean de Brebeuf, was the first European to see the sport being played in the 1630s and dubbed it lacrosse. Annual games were held and they were major events that could involve up to 100,000 Native American players at the same time.
Word of the game spread to Canadian dentist, Dr. William George Beers. In 1856 he founded the first lacrosse club, created more specific rules, reduced the number of players, redesigned the stick, and introduced a rubber ball. It became Canada’s national game.
Exhibitions were played in England in 1876 that drew big crowds, including Queen Victoria. By 1883, lacrosse was touted as a reason to immigrate to Canada and it was played during the Summer Olympics in 1904 and 1908.
St. Leonard’s School in St. Andrews, Scotland, lays claim to being the first girl’s school to play the game in 1890. In 1895, the number of players was increased to 10, and then to 12 in 1913. Lacrosse was played primarily in schools at first and then lacrosse clubs began cropping up throughout England, with the first international match held in 1913 between Wales and Scotland.
Lacrosse came back home to the U.S. for women through the efforts of Rosabelle Sinclair, a Scotswoman who had attended St. Leonard’s and played the sport there. During the 1930s, Canadians introduced box lacrosse that was played indoors, enabling fans to engage during the harsh winters. In 1936, the sport was also being played in Australia, but an official organization wasn’t created there until 1962.
Today, lacrosse leagues abound worldwide and more are being formed each year in the U.S. It’s a game that’s being played by pee wee teams and children in grade school to the collegiate level. For a time it gained a reputation as a sport for the elite, but it’s shedding that image as more middle class youngsters discover lacrosse and claim it as their own.
Due to the popularity of lacrosse, the need for high-quality equipment is absolutely necessary for practice and gameplay.
We want YOU to have the best product at the best price. We want the game of Lacrosse to be promoted anywhere and everywhere around the globe and hope to be part of its growth.
Every ball we sell is officially approved and meets all the NOCSAE standards. We believe in offering top quality products and unparalleled customer service, therefore, we offer a money-back guarantee for every single ball sold.
lacrosse – hardware – tutorialspoint.com
Players can wear a long cross (also called d-pole ) in lengths from 52 to 72 inches. These long crosses are commonly used by defenders and midfielders. For players, the head of the cross must be 6.5 inches at its widest point and the neck of the cross must be at least 3 inches wide.
The goalkeeper must use a cross that is 42 to 72 inches long and the head can be 12 inches longer than other players, mainly to catch and / or defend the ball.
Lacrosse Sticks and Sticks Heads
Basically, each lacrosse head has 3 parts – scoop, sidewall and pocket. The scoop of the cross is the top of the stick that helps you pick up balls from the ground and also pass and / or shoot the ball.
The scoop can be flat for a more comfortable grip or more U-shaped for better ball control during fast movements.
Both have advantages and disadvantages: a flatter bucket helps lift the ball off the ground but makes it harder to keep it on your head, while a U-shaped bucket makes it harder to catch the ball but helps keep the ball in place.ball with precision.
The sidewall is the side of the head that determines its depth and stiffness. Stiffer sidewalls and heads are better for protection to better throw checks. Flexible sidewalls are best used for balls, throw-ins and fast moves.
The head pocket is a mesh that includes the width of the head at the basal part. A wider pocket helps you catch the ball, but reduces ball control. A narrower pocket makes it harder to catch, but increases ball control and accuracy.
Shaft is another piece of lacrosse stick that comes in different types. Attackers use a lighter shaft to move the ball quickly, while defenders use a heavy shaft to prevent the attacker’s throws. The different types of shafts are as follows:
Aluminum alloy shafts. These shafts are strong, lightweight and good for beginners.
Composite shafts – they are stronger and lighter than aluminum ones with a strong grip.This is good for mid to elite players.
Titanium rolls – They are strong and lightweight and are suitable for receiving and delivering checks.
Scandium shafts – These have the highest strength-to-weight ratio of all rods and are much more durable.
Wooden shafts are strong but heavy and bendable. This is good for tough checks.
Bamboo shafts – They are heavy and easy to break. It’s good for delivering painful checks.
Aluminum alloy shafts. These shafts are strong, lightweight and good for beginners.
Composite shafts – they are stronger and lighter than aluminum ones with a strong grip. This is good for mid to elite players.
Titanium rolls – They are strong and lightweight and are suitable for receiving and delivering checks.
Scandium shafts – These have the highest strength-to-weight ratio of all rods and are much more durable.
Wooden shafts are strong but heavy and bendable. This is good for tough checks.
Bamboo shafts – They are heavy and easy to break. It’s good for delivering painful checks.
All players on the field must wear a uniform with a unique number for them, and the shorts must match the players of the same team. The number on the form can be any one-digit number or any two-digit number from 1 to 99.
We have already discussed the cross and the ball. So let’s take a closer look at protective gear. Protective equipment is standardized for all players except goalkeepers. The standard equipment for players is as follows –
- Helmet with mouth guard and chin strap
- Shoulder pads
- Arm pads
Goalkeepers must have the following equipment –
Helmet with mouth guard, chin strap and throat guard that covers the neck.
Helmet with mouth guard, chin strap and throat guard that covers the neck.
Pants may be worn by goalkeepers; other players must wear shorts. While not technically required, a crotch guard is highly recommended for all players, regardless of position.
Lacrosse is a game of American tribes.
Lacrosse is a game of American tribes.
Today, Lacrosse is different from its 500-year-old predecessor, although the fundamentals of the game have been preserved. Initially, it was a game of indigenous American and Indian tribes, who were at that time in the territory of modern Canada. Although today this game is used for entertainment, then it played a huge role in resolving conflicts and even helped to heal those who were sick and was called the “game of the Creator.”Some Native Americans still call it that.
Among Native American tribes, lacrosse was a test of personal martial skills and was essential for maintaining morale. Some historians call lacrosse – “the younger brother of war”. The rules and inventory were very different from today’s. The games were held as follows:
Before the start of the game, the participants, in a military manner, painted their bodies with multi-colored paints. These decorations, as a rule, symbolized those qualities that were in demand during the game.Also on the night before the game, the players performed a special dance, along with sacrifice and shouts of sacred expressions. It is interesting to mention that the players themselves made bets on games where the objects of the bets were both animals and close people of the players (wives and children), who were displayed in front of the audience.
Wooden sticks and balls were used to play Lacrosse. It is noteworthy that initially the sticks for the game did not have a net for catching a ball and looked like large wooden spoons.Often these improvised spoons “players” inflicted serious injuries on each other. Only over time, a net appeared at the end of the base of the stick. The length of each stick ranged from 2 to 5 feet, depending on the height of the player.
The game was attended by from 100 to 1000 people. The games lasted for several days and were played from morning to evening. The gates into which the ball had to be thrown were at a great distance from each other. Sometimes wild animals tried to take away an improvised ball from the natives, and often sticks were used as weapons to protect themselves from predators.Currently, there are several varieties of lacrosse, which differ in field size, rules and number of players. Three main varieties are widespread — boxed lacrosse, field lacrosse, and women’s lacrosse.
In the early 17th century, this game was noticed by the French living in Canada. They really liked the game, but its warlike character frightened them for a long time. However, over time, the nature of the game became simpler, and the French began to actively engage in it.They say that the name of this game comes from the word “Je de la Crosse”, which the French often used to describe field hockey. The first official lacrosse match took place in Canada in 1867. And since 1974, the World Lacrosse Championships have been held, in which teams from various countries, as well as the Iroquois Indian tribe, take part.
Over time, the number of participants and the size of the playing field have decreased. The gates were set about a hundred feet apart. In the early 19th century, Canadians started organizing clubs and became actively involved in this game, which soon won a huge following.Further, the British Commonwealth began to develop this game in their region, as a result of which the popularity of this game in Europe increased. Also, Lacrosse’s popularity was influenced by the fact that she was included in the program of performances at the Olympic Games held in St. Louis in 1904, and at the Olympic Games held in London in 1908.
Thus, a game created by Indian tribes for conflict resolution and entertainment has become a game played all over the world, with most countries having their own Lacrosse associations.
The history of the emergence of lacrosse. Who invented and when
This popular overseas game is practically unknown in our country. Few North American traditional sports enthusiasts have any idea of it. Although recently, thanks to broadcasts on cable channels, interest in it has been growing. Moreover, the game is very similar to field hockey … and badminton. It’s about lacrosse, Iroquois hockey.
Lacrosse is played on a gated court.Two teams of 10 people (or 6, depending on the variety) try to hit the opponent’s goal with a small ball using a hockey net (like a net), the game resembles ball hockey, only the ball moves through the air and instead of a stick, a stick is used, a stick with mesh at the end.
History and development of the game lacrosse
The game of lacrosse originated a long time ago in what is now Canada. It was played by some Indian tribes, such as the Iroquois, Algonquins, Hurons, Seneca, Kayuga.This is reflected in their legends, and is also confirmed by the data of archaeological excavations. Moreover, the approximate date is known, the beginning of the 15th century. The game was called “baggataway” among the Iroquois, “dehuntshigwa” among the Ondonaga tribe, “la cross” is its French name. Initially, it was part of the religious ritual and military training of young warriors, and only later acquired a competitive character.
In the early stages of lacrosse development, the gates were located half a mile apart and there were no lateral field boundaries.They played tribe for tribe, the game could last from two to three days with breaks between sunset and sunrise. The players used sticks from three to four feet in length and balls made of wood and buckskin. Lacrosse had spiritual significance for the Indians. The match began with the players holding their sticks in the air and shouting to get the attention of the gods.
Although Europeans became familiar with this unique game in the 17th century, they began to play it themselves much later. In 1844, a match between the French and Indian teams took place at the Olympic Club of Montreal. The Montreal Club of Lacrosse was founded in 1856, when the first set of rules was created. The father of modern lacrosse is dentist George Bierce. He made adjustments to the rules, established the size of the field and the number of players for the team, it was his code that was adopted by the National Lacrosse Association of Canada in 1867. Lacrosse has become so popular in Canada that it has been called the national sport.
The name “la cross” was invented by the French, who also became the first Europeans to play lacrosse.He also made it to Russia, in 2007 the first Moscow Rebels team appeared, and in 2010 the first competitions were held in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Lacrosse has good development potential in our country. After all, you can play it everywhere, even without special platforms, as long as there is a field, a hockey net and a gate. So, perhaps, soon in every courtyard there will be their own Iroquois against the Hurons.
The appearance of a separate unit for completing the excavator
In the 90s.manufacturers continued to improve their products, and a new approach was introduced to the design of mechanisms. If earlier the harvester was created as a single structure, including a mobile base with a manipulator and the unit itself, which carried out a number of processes, then at that moment the concept was somewhat modified – the units began to be created separately. They can now be used to equip any excavator or tractor that suits the requirements and which was not originally created directly for logging.
The ability to convert an excavator into a harvester in a short time was very attractive, since it allowed, firstly, to save on the purchase of the entire harvester, and, secondly, the tractor could be used for earthwork when it is not needed in the cutting area. Such units are sold today along with other multifunctional equipment on a specialized wheeled or tracked platform. They are used where it is not possible to use an excavator with a unit.
By the way, the authorship of this technology also belongs to the already mentioned company, which was previously called Umeå Mekaniska, and then, having changed owners several times, today continues to work as part of the Komatsu industrial group. Thus, the experience gained over many decades continues to have a global impact on the transformation of the equipment market for this industry.
Recent History of Logging Technology
From 2000 to the present, forestry equipment continues to improve.Despite the fact that no radically new approaches to logging have been seen in the last decade, equipment companies have made significant improvements. They relate, first of all, to the reliability of the equipment, and its long-term resistance to loads, as well as to the safety and comfort of the operator’s work (which directly affects the productivity of his labor).
For example, harder alloys for cutting devices began to be used, which do not fail and do not lose their qualities for many years.More convenient modifications of cabins with a tilt function and manipulators that can sense the load have appeared.
At the moment, the equipment of the manufacturers of forestry equipment of the leaders of the global market is very effective, however, new models continue to be developed, new methods of harvesting are being sought and tested.
Thus, we can expect that in the near future new solutions will appear that will further reduce labor costs, equipment maintenance costs, and also increase the productivity of work in the felling area.
For example, Komatsu is constantly developing new technology solutions and working methods to make the use of forwarders and harvesters not only efficient, but also convenient.
For more information on why operating Komatsu equipment is convenient for operators, read the separate article: How Operator Comfort Is Achieved by Komatsu Forestry Equipment.
Front wheel screeching when driving after new brakes
- Rotor brake
Difference in injury rates between girls and boys lacrosse?
All parts are good, but the car won’t start
Transmission fluid CXL
Page 1 of 1
- 97664 Physics
- 76143 Soft
- 59110 Fantasy 59110 Fantasy Religion
- 47471 Finance
- 45004 Hobby
- 28125 Travel
- 25317 Work
- 20945 Sport
- 20755 Cinema
- 18172 Photo
- 16385 Biology
- 15423 Food
- 13719 Space
- 13166 Music
- 12494 9004 United States
931 9000 Auto Aviation
- 10035 Macos
- 9423 Philosophy
- 9082 History-identification
- 6983 Writing
- 6966 Electric
- 6788 Politics
- 5300 Alcohol
- 5253 Harry Potter
- 5083 Halakha
- 4967 Adobe-illustrator
- 4937 Adobe-photoshop
- 4819 Relationship Star-in oins
- 4713 Visas
- 4699 Plot-explanation
- 4605 Solidity
- 4501 Iphone
- 4390 Terminology
- 4226 Macbook
3877 Scientifically grounded
- 3859 Ios
- 3738 Quantum-field theory
- 3539 Electromagnetism
- 3409 Homework-and-exercises
- 3357 – Test-in-practice
- 3312 Windows
- 3185 General Relativity
- 3076 Magic-Gathering
- 3054 Taxes
- 3030 Applications
- 2960 Wiring
- 2940 9000 Microcontroller
- 2895 Nb Uytonov-mechanics
- 2802 Divo
- 2779 Communication
- 2718 Air-travel
- 2702 Power
- 2696 Operations
- 2684 Movies3 2600 9003 9000 2486 Go-Ethereum
- 2477 Audio
- 2449 Terminal
- 2434 Engine
- 2397 Evolution
- 2355 Tolkiens-Legendarium
- 2306 Power Supply
- 2300 DC
- 2298 UK
- 2266 Keyboard
- 2239 Professionalism
- 2237 Blockchain
- 2174 967 LED
- 2156 Gravity
- 2148 Video
- 2146 Interview
- 2144 Theory
- 2111 Temperature
- 2108 Catholicism3
- 2082 Technology
- 2053 Stocks
- 2043 Miracle Cinematic Universe
- 2033 Special-Theory of Relativity
- 1995 Repairs
- 1965s Guitar
- 1926 Ethics
- 1921 Oy
- 1910 Health
- 1903 Optics
- 1900 Investing
Olympic Lacrosse Rules.
Opinion. | Russia Lacrosse
Since the channel’s subscribers have repeatedly asked for their opinion on the new “Olympic” rules, I decided to present everything I think in a separate post.
But first you need to ask the question: “ Why do you need to come up with new rules?”
So, in order to get into the program of the Olympic Games, lacrosse must satisfy several requirements at once. In addition to the obvious requirements such as: sport should “… have a solid international status, both in terms of the number of countries and geographic distribution …”, there are also less obvious requirements, not spelled out in the Olympic Charter, but influencing the decision when voting.For example: sports should be represented in both men’s and women’s competition programs, while the playing field and the rules by which the Olympic tournament is held should not be fundamentally different for men and women. Due to the increase in the number of participants, there are difficulties with the accommodation and logistics of athletes, therefore, the IOC severely limits the number of teams and their composition. It should be noted that in recent years, those disciplines that are more attractive to young people and advertisers have been chosen most often.After all, statistics show that the attention of young people to the Olympic Games is fading year after year. Thus, it is desirable that the sport be dynamic, exciting, efficient and not boring, but at the same time affordable and does not require serious additional costs for the preparation of the competition.
What did we have until recently?
Field lacrosse, or simply lacrosse, has become widespread throughout the world. In principle, it has a stable international status, but bad luck, historically, women’s lacrosse and men’s lacrosse developed separately, and the centers of their development lay on opposite sides of the ocean.Because of this, serious differences arose, in the rules, the size of the court, the level of contact, and until 2018 in the number of players on the field. The second problem is the composition of the teams. In classic lacrosse, the roster is limited to 23 players, add coaches, massage therapists, doctors, service personnel and the size of the delegation is approaching 40 people. Suppose 12 teams will take part in the Olympic tournament (as in field hockey, basketball, volleyball, etc.), it turns out that about 480 people will be involved in men’s competitions, and together with women’s, the number of participants reaches 960.Accommodating and organizing an additional 1,000 people is a difficult and costly task.
Ok, then the reader will rightly remark: Why can’t you play box lacrosse at the Olympic Games?
The idea is basically sound, except for the fact that the girls are not yet playing box lacrosse. This should not be a problem, if you wish, you can quickly recruit and train the required number of teams, and there is some experience in women’s boxing lacrosse in Canada.The reason box lacrosse was rejected, I think, is due to its less availability. Firstly, you need more equipment and it is significantly more expensive, and secondly, the cost of equipment, construction of the box, covering, the hall in the end.
What is the bottom line?
As a result, the World Lacrosse Federation was faced with a difficult task: there are essentially three different sports and none of them meet the Olympic requirements. The solution was found in the form of a new 6v6 game format.Indeed, finding the best option, equating the rules “to a common denominator” is not an easy task, and, in my opinion, the World Federation did not cope with it.
On the one hand, the new format really meets the requirements of accessibility: there is no need to build a box, drive everyone into the hall, one football field can accommodate up to three playgrounds, only 12 players in the roster, the game becomes super dynamic, fast and highly productive.
On the other hand, much more global questions arise: in an attempt to equalize male and female lacrosse, they went in the wrong direction.The decline in contact, the prohibition of power moves, the rejection of throw-ins and defenders with long sticks, and the rejection of the throw-out rule deprived this game of a special identity that distinguished it from other sports. Basically, we got a handball with sticks. I’m just curious how much the top defenders and FOGO swore when, after seeing the new rules, they realized that they had almost no chance of participating in the Olympics.
Obviously, with these rules, the intensity will increase, the number of throws will increase, and with a decrease in the level of contact, the tactics of the game will change dramatically.The gameplay will become highly dependent on the individual actions of the players. One or two top players will be able to drag the game of the whole team. The role of goalkeepers is changing: they get more work, while they are actually forbidden to move to someone else’s half of the field, i.e. we will no longer see goals from goalkeepers, which is undoubtedly a peculiar highlight of the field lacrosse.
Can you still have something good in the new format?
Olympic lacrosse will be of international interest.Thanks to him, the hegemony of the USA and Canada can be shaken, because it is much easier to find and train 6-10 top players. I believe that the Iroquois and Israel will benefit more from the introduction of such a format. The number of tournaments and teams in Europe is likely to increase, which could breathe new life into lacrosse during these difficult post-epidemic times.
Well, what about what?
I don’t know whether the new format will take root or not, I’m honestly not sure that in the end the Olympic Games will be played by such rules.I don’t really understand at all what is the deep meaning of such a persistent desire to definitely get to the Olympics, so that what? To hang out in the Olympic Village and walk around the stadium for the opening and closing ceremonies? If so, the question is removed. If the goal of the presence of lacrosse at the Olympics is to popularize and develop sports all over the world, then the new format does not help this in any way.
Imagine, I came home, turned on the TV, opened a beer, and on the screen something new, seemingly dynamic and interesting. I am fascinated by this new sport and I go to look for information, and what turns out? Nobody plays this sport outside the Olympic Games, professional leagues play something different, more complicated, with some incomprehensible rules, the world and European championships are also held in a different format. Personally, I’m not sure that my interest in this sport will not die at this stage.
At this rate, lacrosse will become uninteresting to advertisers and after eight years it will be removed from the program again.
If we are talking about popularizing the sport, the Olympic Games are not the best option and certainly not the cheapest.
How many countries do you think play Muggle Quidditch? Yes, you will be surprised, but world championships are held on it and there are even semi-professional leagues. The answer is over 52 countries. Impressive, isn’t it? Can you imagine what effect the Harry Potter books had on the fact that the twice non-existent sport became popular?
Yes, Teen Wolf has done more to popularize lacrosse in ten years than the World Federation has done in thirty years.
A small amount of money and effort to introduce lacrosse into pop culture, clips, books, TV shows, add a cool picture here and the available broadcasts of professional leagues and the effect will be much stronger than from an incomprehensible game at the Olympics.
History and development of volleyball – Other 2021
Invention of sports
Morgan developed volleyball in 1895, four years after mentor James Naismith invented basketball. As director of physical education at the Holyoke, Massachusetts YMCA, Morgan was looking for a sport less energetic than basketball. “In search of a suitable game, tennis came to my mind, but it required rackets, balls, a net and other equipment, so it was ruled out, but the idea of the net seemed good,” explained Morgan.He raised the net taller than the average person and experimented with different balls. Morgan asked AG Spalding & Bros. develop a ball that can be hit back and forth. Morgan then began promoting his game.
Morgan demonstrated his new sport to the YMCA directors in 1896. At the suggestion of Professor Alfred T. Halstead, its name was changed to “volleyball” to match the action of the sport.It was played on a small court (25 feet by 50 feet) where an unlimited number of players hit the ball an unlimited number of times. The rules of the sport were published in the July 1896 issue of Physical Education and were included in the first official directory of the YMCA North American Sports League in 1897.
Volleyball spread to Canada and then around the world. In 1913, a variation with 16 players was played at the first Far Eastern Games.In 1918, the number of players on the court was limited to six per team. Another important rule change occurred in 1922, when the maximum number of strikes per side was set to three.
Volleyball gets big
This sport became a serious international competition in 1947 with the formation of the International Volleyball Federation in Paris.