What Is Your Head Position Doing To Your Spine?
Did you know that the human head weighs about a dozen pounds? But for every inch that the head tilts forward and bends down, the pressure on the spine significantly increases. At a 15-degree angle, this weight is about 27 pounds, at 30 degrees it’s 40 pounds, at 45 degrees it’s 49 pounds, and at 60 degrees it’s 60 pounds. Sixty pounds! That’s like carrying a husky around on your neck all day – ouch!
“A recent study published by the National Library of Medicine found that smartphone users spend as much as two to four hours per day, or 700-1400 hours per year hunched over their phones.” (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25393825). Over time, this constant positioning of the neck can lead to early wear-and-tear on the spine, muscle strain, pinched nerves, herniated discs, and early degeneration of the spine. It is not surprising the frequency of complaints of neck pain, shoulder pain and headaches is on the rise with more and more people, especially teenagers and younger folks.
Example of improper and proper head position.
Tips to take the stress off your neck
- Be aware of how you are using and hold your smartphone, small electronic devices and sitting at your computer.
- Bring the device up to you rather than looking down at the device.
- Try to look at the device with your eyes – not by taking your head down.
- Use the voice recorder function so you spend less time looking down to type.
- Be aware of how often you are using your device.
- Limit your time doing more time consuming activities on smaller devices – i.e. reading a book, searching the web, etc. Do these activities on your laptop or PC.
- Take breaks.
- Perform postural correction exercises (see below).
- Watch and be aware of your posture doing any activities.
Now that you know the tips to help eliminate stress off your neck here are two postural correction exercises you can easily do throughout the day.
You can do this standing or sitting. Start with your hands in front of your chest. Turn your palms away from you and pull elbows back and down – as if your elbows were reaching for your back pants pockets. Do not arch your low back, jut your chin out or lift your chest. Hold for 2-3 seconds. Repeat 4-5x.
Sitting or standing – start with your arms at your sides, palms facing in toward your body. Turn your arms out, reaching your thumbs towards the heels of your feet. Gently squeeze your shoulder blades together. Do not arch your back, jut your chin out or lift your chest. Hold 2-3 seconds. Repeat 4-5x.
Remember, watch and be aware of your posture during your daily activities.
A BIG THANK YOU to Amira Ranney, Director of Mountain Physical Therapy Services and voted best sports therapist in the southeast by Blue Ridge Outdoors for writing this article for our newsletter.
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How much Meat to Pack Out on an Elk?
Young cow elk – Packed out 192 lbs – 156 lbs of boneless meat
This post is related to the last post; How much Meat to Pack Out on a Mule Deer? As an attempt to answer common questions about how much meat is on an animal and how do you pack out large animals, especially without horses. I continue the theme with elk.
As with mule deer, the best source I am aware that answers the question about how much meat is on the average elk comes from a University of Wyoming publication; The Elk Carcass (also see The Mule Deer Carcass).
For the record, the University of Wyoming study is on the Rocky Mountain subspecies of elk. For these elk, a field dressed weight (defined as viscera and feet removed) is 70% of the live weight and field dressed weights range from 176 lbs for a calf to 540 lbs to mature bulls and yield between 88 to 270 lbs of boneless meat.
Table 1. Average Rocky Mountain Elk Field Dressed Weight and Weight of Boneless Meat
|Field Dressed Weight||Boneless Meat||Field Dressed Weight||Boneless Meat|
|3½ – 4½||400||200||329||164|
|5½ – 6½||504||252||359||179|
|7½ – 8½||506||253||355||177|
In the sample, field dressed cow elk averaged between 176 lbs for calves up to 394 lbs for an old cow. The Roosevelt subspecies of elk found in the coastal Pacific Northwest (primarily Oregon and Washington) are larger.
You can quickly see that packing an elk is whole ‘nuther ballgame than packing a deer, as even elk calves can weigh more than 4½ year old mule deer bucks (See Table 3 below).
Despite many stories of 1,000 lb elk, and luckily from a packing standpoint, the vast majority of of bull elk will weigh less than 800 lbs and after field dressing would be about 560 lbs.
Also keep in mind the average elk head weighs 39 lbs and the skin weighs 34 lbs, so you could easily find yourself with 250-300 lbs to pack out. If you got lucky and killed that bull of a lifetime, you could be packing as much as 350 lbs or more.
Packing Out an Elk without a Horse
Elk Down! Woohoo! Now what? If you have horses, or several friends and family members on standby, you have the means to pack out a large animal like an elk and you’ve obviously already made plans for packing the animal out. Just hope the weather stays cool and it doesn’t take everyone too long to show up.
This subject reminds me of a comment made by an Air Force general responding to reporters at the beginning of the 2nd Iraq war. He said the amateurs (referring to some politician), always start talking about tactics, but the professionals start planning the logistics. Before you go elk hunting, you have to plan the logistics of packing an an elk out.
When you have a deer down, you have more options, because most deer aren’t too big to drag out by yourself. Unless you are very close to a road, an elk is too big to drag. At the very least, you should know how to quarter it (need a simple butchering kit to skin and quarter?) and many times an elk might have to be completely de-boned.
Assuming we have have a bull elk down that weighs 500 pounds field dressed and we set to work and de-bone all the meat, yielding 250 lbs of meat an allowing about 40 lbs for his head. It will take 3 trips at 97 lbs per trip, 4 trips at 73 lbs per trip and 5 trips at 58 lbs per trip. Of course I would rather carry 58 lbs instead of 73 lbs, but five trips out and 4 trips back can add up to a lot of miles. Each trip takes time and time increases the chances that the meat spoils or that predators (2 and 4-legged) steal the meat. More on packing strategies later.
Skinning a quartered elk shoulder the next morning.
I am no longer in the prime of my life. I am going “over the hill”, but not so far that I can’t still hunt alone.Since 2014, I have packed out 3 elk by myself and 3 more with one person helping. Closest was about a quarter mile and farthest has been just over half mile from the road.
For the longest pack-out, I shot an elk just before dark about 6:00 pm and we had it in the truck six hours later by midnight. I can’t tell you how proud I was of Sonia and wish it hadn’t been too dark to take a picture of her with an elk shoulder sticking out the top of her REI backpack.
Elk Packing Strategies
I have used two different strategies for packing out an elk without a horse.
- Build a travois to drag the meat out (read post)
- Pack the meat in short stages
If good poles are available and if you have enough paracord or rope to build a travois, that will be the easiest method in the long run even though it takes time to collect poles and lash them together.
I have packed leg quarters (hide on and hide off) and game bags full of boneless meat on a pack frame and I have carried leg quarters over my shoulder for short periods of time. Obviously removing the hide and bone lightens the load, but it is easier to handle a leg quarter with the bone in than a loose game bag full of meat. And despite rumors of elk quarters weighing 100 lbs, most hind quarters (hide on, bone in & feet removed) weigh much less.
Cow Elk – Packed out 238 lbs – 197 lbs of boneless meat
We packed out 238 lbs of meat, bone & hide from this cow elk. That resulted in 197 lbs of fresh boneless meat after processing (see Table 2). We packed the hind quarters separately, but included the back straps with each shoulder and the other trimmed meat was added to the game bag with shoulder 2, so our heaviest load was 65 lbs and the lightest was 52 lbs.
Table 2. Cow Elk Pack Weight
|Section||Weight in Pounds|
|Hind Quarter 1||51.5||6.5||7.0||65|
|Hind Quarter 2||51.5||6.5||7.0||65|
|Back straps (2)||16||16|
|Rib, Neck & Loin Meat||10||10|
By staging the meat, I mean to move the meat in stages from one shady spot or snow bank to another 100 – 200 yards away, then return for another load. This way, you may work very hard carrying a heavy load for a few hundred yards, but you get to rest on the trip back. You can even stage quarters without a pack frame by throwing them over your shoulder.
I can keep going longer if I work hard for short periods of time and take many short breaks instead of packing one heavy load on a death march all the way to the truck and then walking all the way back with an empty pack. In the end, it is the exact same amount of walking and the same amount of meat gets packed out.
There are several other advantages of staging the meat. If you are never more than 100 to 200 yards from any portion of the meat, you don’t have to worry about coyotes or two legged predators. Mr. Griz may be another issue (read post on where to watch out for Grizzly Bears).
It’s also easier to make sure the meat stays cool if you are nearby to make sure all the meat is in the shade or covered in snow.
At night, you don’t have to worry about losing meat or wasting time because you can’t find the stash in the dark. I have looked for meat in the dark with GPS and wasted nearly an hour because for what ever reason, the GPS was pointing 60 meters away from the spot. That may not a big deal in the daylight, but it is in the dark.
Hint: Carry Glow sticks (chem lights) or flashing fishing bobbers to leave at each stash site in the dark so you can find them quicker.
Packing out an Elk Calf
Elk Calf – sledded out 97 lbs – 59 lbs boneless meat
I have harvested several elk calves. Ever since I saw a calf nursing as late as November, I don’t shoot cows that have calves. So I have harvested several elk calves.
One year I had hunted by myself for 6 days and probably covered about 30 miles in a foot of snow. I saw tons of tracks and sign, but saw only one bull elk during that time.
Sonia said she would go with me the next day if I waited to hunt after lunch. We went to a different area and trudged about half a mile through the snow to a ridge. Sonia spotted elk about 1,000 yards away, so we started in that direction. At the bottom of the hill before we came out of the trees, I caught sight of two calves and a cow elk feeding in the open sage at 135 yards. So I took one of the calves.
I have never used a game cart, or panniers made for humans, but would like to try them in the right circumstance. But since there was so much snow on the ground, we finally got to use an old ice fishing sled to haul out the elk calf. We each still had our packs (an excellent game pack) and I still had my rifle, but the quartered elk calf and hide was carried in the sled in one trip (see Table 3).
It was a tough haul uphill and we had to dodge lots of sage in the flats. It took us about 2½ hours to make the 1,050 yards (0.6 miles according to the GPS) back to the truck. Assuming our actual path was about 1,200 yards, we blazed along at 0.27 mph. There is no substitute for GPS to find the closest point on the road to pack out an elk.
I think it’s worth noting the boneless meat from the elk calf quarters were about 28% the weight of the cow elk in Table 2. The weights in Table 3 include the entire foot on each quarter.
Table 3. Elk Calf Pack Weight
|Section||Weight in Pounds|
|Each Hind Quarter||14.5||6.5||0||21|
|Back straps (2)||6.2||6.2|
|Rib, Neck & Loin Meat||1.6||1.6|
A Friend’s Elk Packing Experience
I still tease one of my good friend’s about his elk packing experience. About 15 years ago, while he was a big strapping young man in the prime of his life, he killed a cow elk over three miles from the road. He de-boned the meat and left the head and skin behind and packed it all out in two trips. We were roommates at the time and when he got back home about 2 a.m., the first words out of his mouth was “I’ll never do that sh*t again!
We didn’t actually weigh all the meat as we finished butchering, wrapping steaks and roasts and making sausage, but we estimated the weight at about 160 lbs. Counting his initial hike in to where he shot the cow, he walked well over 12 miles in very steep country. He packed out nearly 120 lbs his first trip counting his pack and rifle and the last six miles was in total darkness using a puny headlamp. He packed at least 80 lbs on the last trip out. He lives in another state now and despite his vow to never do it again, he still hunts elk. But now he has a horse to pack into camp and pack out the meat. We’re planning a hunt in Wyoming next year.
Packing Alone Limits the Hunt
When I have to pack an elk by myself, it limits the places I can hunt. As I move farther away from the truck, I start thinking about what it would take to get an elk back from where I am. I may want to climb a nearby ridge, but no way would I drop down the other side unless it was just to scout.
I was in situation where I had a shot at an elk on top of a knife blade ridge that dropped very steeply off both sides. The elk was facing downhill in the wrong direction. If I shot and he dropped like a stone, it would mean a long pack out down a very steep ridge, but he was more likely to bolt downhill the wrong direction. If he went the wrong way, I was screwed because the weather was very warm and there was no snow on the ground. The elk would probably be lying in the Sun on the south facing slope. If so, I doubt I could have salvaged all the meat before it spoiled.
I know people with horses that I can call in an emergency if I need help packing out an elk. The problem is, I would be most in need of help if the elk was down a long distance from a road. Here in the west, that usually means a long walk out and then driving to find cell service just to make the call. Then the person has to be home and ready to put a horse on the trailer and haul it out to meet me. What are the chances they have absolutely nothing going on? How long is all this going to take?
In the situation mentioned above, it would have taken me two hours to get to an area with cell service. If my friend with the horse was ready to immediately load up and come to my rescue, It would take at least 3½-4 hours more to get back on the ridge with a horse. On top of that, the ridge was so steep, I also didn’t want to be responsible for the safety of his horse. I didn’t take the shot.
I decided to wait to see if he would turn around so he was more likely to run downhill toward the truck and the shady side of the hill. I don’t deserve to be so lucky. I regret not having an elk in my freezer that year, but I do not regret passing on the shot. If it had been cooler or if there had been patches of snow on the ground, or If someone had been with me, I would have taken the chance.
Hint: I always pack a small tarp to make shade, have a clean place to lay meat and knives or for shelter if necessary.
I saw a T.V. hunting show where an elk was down and the hunter went back to town and rented a horse and trailer and then drove back to the site to pack it out. He didn’t say how long it took and I don’t remember seeing much footage that proved they packed out much except the head and antlers.
Make the Effort to Salvage all the Meat
I give my friend credit for making that last trip, because most people would have left that last load for the coyotes. Many of us hunt for the meat, not just antlers, so we do all we can to make sure it doesn’t go to waste. I think a lot of people leave the 2nd load and that includes most of the T.V. hunting shows.
Of all the shows I have seen, only two (“Meat Eater” with Steve Rinella and “On Your Own Adventures” with Randy Newburg) regularly show the butchering and packing out of more than just the head and antlers. I know that doesn’t make for exciting T.V., but they should all have one quick shot to prove they didn’t waste the meat. Many of us don’t give a crap about antlers and it insults our intelligence when they talk about how difficult the pack out was, but rarely show enough to prove they packed anything out except antlers. You know what I mean; they go from “hero shot” with the downed elk, then the closing shot has the elk head and antlers in the back of the truck.
As “sportsmen”, we have an obligation to make use of as much of the meat as possible. I encourage everyone to do their own butchering and to make their own sausage and ground meat. Why go to so much trouble to take care of the meat, then take it to the butcher so he can mix it in with every elk brought in by Tom, Dick and Harry, some of which haven’t even been field dressed. I especially admire people that salvage and tan the hides. The resource is ours to use, but not to waste.
More Related Outdoor Tips, Reviews & Info:
How Much Does a Human Head Weigh and How Do You Measure the Mass and Density of a Human Head?
Measuring the weight of your head involves effectively isolating it from the rest of your body.
Decapitation has the obvious disadvantage of your not being alive to see the results. However, there is a solution.
Your neck vertebrae are responsible for holding your head’s weight. If you hang upside down from your feet the vertebrae in your neck move apart slightly because of the weight of your head pulling on them.
To weigh your head you must simply lower yourself slowly onto a scale while hanging upside down.
You continually observe the distance between the top vertebra of your neck and your skull, using, say, an ultrasound scanner, and the instant the vertebra starts moving toward the skull you stop and read the scales.
Because your neck is not imparting any force on to your head, this isolates your head from your neck, thus giving an accurate measure of your head’s weight.
When learning how to do an Eskimo roll when kayaking, instructors usually tell their students to make sure that however much they needed a breath, the last thing to leave the water as your body emerged should be your head. They say the average human head weighs around 10 pounds.
Unfortunately, our head is a lot of extra weight to lift clear of the water using only the blade of a paddle.
The human head does weigh a fair bit.
We aren’t able to measure the weight of a head directly but we can measure its volume and guess its density on the assumption that the brain, like the rest of the body, is mostly water and we know the density of water at 32°F.
To measure the volume of the head, find a suitable bald volunteer, and lower his head into a bucket of water filled to the brim.
The water should be as close to 32°F as the volunteer can bear and his head lowered vertically and crown downward until the water reaches the base of the chin. The water that spills over the sides of the bucket is collected in a larger bowl in which the bucket is standing, and its volume measured.
This is repeated five times so we can obtain an average.
The average volume of water displaced is about 260 cubic inches, giving an estimate of the weight of a human head at 9.4 pounds.
7 Science-Backed Methods To Get You Out Of Your Head
People get stuck in their heads all the time – some of us more than others. Although it’s lovely to ponder life and inquisite about yourself, the problem is that the majority of our thoughts are not so upbeat. When we’re in mind-wandering mode (a.k.a., “in your head”), thoughts usually turn to what bills are due, why your partner was a jerk last night, why a coworker took credit for your work today, why you reacted in a particular way to a family member, and so on. And, funnily, at times like this, when we’re not focusing on anything in particular, the brain’s default mode network (DMN) is “on,” which means that the brain literally defaults to this kind of (worry-based) thinking much of the time.
When your mind is wandering in any direction from what you’re doing, you’re a lot less likely to be feeling happy. One Harvard study a few years ago used a specially designed iPhone app to query people about what they were doing at random times throughout the day, whether they were thinking about that task or not, and how happy/unhappy they were. The verdict was clear, and became the title of the paper: “A wandering mind is an unhappy mind.”
So getting out of our heads and back to the present is the key. How to do this has been the subject of psychologists’ debates for centuries, and philosophic debate for even longer. Here are tried and true (and science-based) methods to help get you out of your head and back into the present.
Man thinking on a train journey. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
1. Get ready to “go there”
This sounds like a way to do exactly the opposite of getting out of your head, but it’s not. Getting in touch with your internal stuff allows you to process it, which lets you move on from it. The reality is that most people, especially depending on your generation, grew up with the notion that it’s better to hide your feelings than to talk about them. This, of course, is one of the most destructive ideas you to carry with you, because it means that thoughts never get processed – they just spin around your head ad infinitum. But addressing them by talking about them (with friends or better yet, a psychologist) is one way to step out of them.
“From the earliest exchanges between infants and parents, a self grows in relationship with those around them,” says Todd Essig, PhD, fellow Forbes contributor and practicing psychologist in NYC. “So too is the case in adulthood. We come to know ourselves in dialogue with others.”
And people are starting to talk more openly about their experiences and pain, which is a very good thing. It should be pointed out that medication can absolutely be useful – and life-saving – for some. But if you’re not processing your experiences at the same time, then the underlying problems will continue. Even if you can’t go to formal therapy, talking about how we feel with close friends helps us process events and emotions in a way that going over and over them in your head simply can’t.
2. Be a storyteller, not an ruminator
That said, there’s a double-edged sword: The danger of introspecting too much, of course, is that it can easily turn into full-blown rumination – an endless cycle of self-examination and worry that goes nowhere. David Brooks wrote a great piece on this issue last week, pointing out that it’s critical that we create a narrative, rather than a cycle of overly-detailed self-inquiry. “When people examine themselves from too close,” he writes, “they often end up ruminating or oversimplifying. Rumination is like that middle-of-the-night thinking — when the rest of the world is hidden by darkness and the mind descends into a spiral of endless reaction to itself. People have repetitive thoughts, but don’t take action. Depressed ruminators end up making themselves more depressed.”
Instead, as he and others have argued, you should think of yourself like a storyteller, trying to fit events into a general framework, rather than pouring over each little piece of information. “Introspection is a closed system,” adds Essig. “Patterns of growth only emerge by opening yourself to input from others. Can you imagine doing a search on an iPhone with no network connection? Even the best search strategy, i.e., introspection alone, would be terribly limited. So too with cognition, feeling, and desire.”
3. “Be slightly inappropriate”
This may be the best method of all, though it’s easier said than done. While it may not be scientifically “proven,” you’ve surely witnessed it in action many times: When someone asks you a question that’s a little too personal, you may have noticed that after the initial surprise, it actually feels good to answer it, because it opens the conversation up to another level. The truth is that most of us actually want to be more open and connected with one another, but just don’t know how to go about it – it’s so ingrained in us not to offend anyone and not to over-share, that we end up being too conservative.
Gretchen Rubin put it well in her article about small talk a few months ago, when she noticed that when people are a little too inquiring, it actually doesn’t put others off – it opens them up. “I can’t use this strategy, myself,” she wrote, “because I don’t have the necessary gumption, but my husband is a master. Over and over, I hear him ask a question that seems slightly too prying, or too cheeky, and I feel a wifely annoyance, but then I see that the person to whom he’s talking isn’t offended–if anything, that person seems intrigued and flattered by his interest.”
4. Talk to a stranger
In the same vein, building connections with others – even if you don’t actually know them – is another good way to step outside your head, particularly in these days of iPhone isolation. A recent study at the University of Chicago found that when participants were asked to talk to a total stranger on the train or bus, doing so brightened their moods considerably – and even more amazingly, it also brightened the mood of the stranger. Again, this is probably because we really do want to connect with one another more – even with strangers – but just aren’t sure if others want to. It turns out they do.
So try overstepping the bounds just a little – not so much as to freak the other person out, but enough to show them that you’re up for feeling a little more connected. Or talk to the guy next to you on the bus. It will certainly get you out of your head, not to mention brighten your day, and his.
5. Deactivate the “Me Centers” of your brain by meditating
There’s almost no mental practice that has more research behind it than meditation: Studies from Harvard, Yale, Princeton, UCLA, Stanford, and UMass, to name a few, are showing the effects of meditation training on brain function and brain structure. But among its more striking benefits, meditation seems to deactivate the “me centers” of the brain, the areas that are active when we’re having thoughts related to the self – self-referential thoughts.
In fact, the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is an area that’s “on” when we’re having these thoughts, and meditation has been shown to quiet activity this area of the brain. In fact, experienced meditators’ brains were also shown to co-activate areas involved in self-monitoring, suggesting that their brains may always be on the “lookout” for me-centered thoughts, ready to bring them back to the present moment just as fast.
Of course, meditating has also been shown to help treat other related mental health issues, like depression, addiction, anxiety, and attention deficit disorders, as well as to improve concentration, attention, and cognitive performance. So give it a try: Start with sitting, and focusing on your breath for five minutes. If your mind wanders, just observe that wandering, with a sense of curiosity, and pull it back to your focus. That part – the pulling the mind back, again and again – is really the heart of the practice.
6. Focus on someone else
Lots of people have said that helping others is actually a selfish deed because it’s such a good way of helping yourself. We know this on an intuitive level, and studies also show it to be true. Last year a study at the University of Exeter Medical School found that people who volunteered their time for various causes were less depressed, and had greater well-being and life satisfaction than people who didn’t. (They also lived longer, but that’s another story.) Helping others helps you because it forces you get out of your own schtick and focus on something outside yourself. If you’re a parent, you know that focusing on another person (even if they’re a tiny, demanding one) does a similar thing. But when you actually set out to spend your time on another person or cause, you’ll find that it’s a very good way to move the focus away from you. Try asking someone who looks down if they need to talk. It’ll certainly make them feel better, just to be asked that question. And you’ll be the better for it, too.
7. Learn what mindfulness really is
If you still can’t seem to hop outside your head, try a few minutes of mindfulness whenever you notice yourself getting stuck there. Although it’s become a buzzword over the last few years, mindfulness really is an effective way to introspect productively. If you find yourself spinning a thought around in your head, try to stop and investigate it. (Here’s a good how-to on that.) Notice what it feels like, what sparked it (if you can), and how your body feels in response to it. Often, just observing it curiously can make it much less scary.
Many mindfulness experts have said that the most important thing to remember is that thoughts don’t have to be believed – they come and go into our heads like clouds, often very randomly. So if you can just acknowledge a thought non-judgmentally and then let it go, you’ll be in good shape. The letting-go part is, of course, the hard one, but with practice, it can happen. And then your thoughts lose their power over you.
* * *
So if you find yourself in an endless cycle of rumination, step back and try one of these methods. Talk with a friend or a psychologist; mediate for five minutes; ask another person (or stranger, if you’re feeling bold) how they are; share a little (too much?) about yourself; introspect curiously into your thoughts and then try to let them go.
The mind is a pretty cool place – but when it gets to be too much, it’s important to know how to take a break from it.
Your baby in the birth canal: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Certain terms are used to describe your baby’s position and movement through the birth canal.
Fetal station refers to where the presenting part is in your pelvis.
- The presenting part. The presenting part is the part of the baby that leads the way through the birth canal. Most often, it is the baby’s head, but it can be a shoulder, the buttocks, or the feet.
- Ischial spines. These are bone points on the mother’s pelvis. Normally the ischial spines are the narrowest part of the pelvis.
- 0 station. This is when the baby’s head is even with the ischial spines. The baby is said to be “engaged” when the largest part of the head has entered the pelvis.
- If the presenting part lies above the ischial spines, the station is reported as a negative number from -1 to -5.
In first-time moms, the baby’s head may engage by 36 weeks into the pregnancy. However, engagement may happen later in the pregnancy, or even during labor.
This refers to how the baby’s spine lines up with the mother’s spine. Your baby’s spine is between his head and tailbone.
Your baby will most often settle into a position in the pelvis before labor begins.
- If your baby’s spine runs in the same direction (parallel) as your spine, the baby is said to be in a longitudinal lie. Nearly all babies are in a longitudinal lie.
- If the baby is sideways (at a 90-degree angle to your spine), the baby is said to be in a transverse lie.
The fetal attitude describes the position of the parts of your baby’s body.
The normal fetal attitude is commonly called the fetal position.
- The head is tucked down to the chest.
- The arms and legs are drawn in towards the center of the chest.
Abnormal fetal attitudes include a head that is tilted back, so the brow or the face presents first. Other body parts may be positioned behind the back. When this happens, the presenting part will be larger as it passes through the pelvis. This makes delivery more difficult.
Delivery presentation describes the way the baby is positioned to come down the birth canal for delivery.
The best position for your baby inside your uterus at the time of delivery is head down. This is called cephalic presentation.
- This position makes it easier and safer for your baby to pass through the birth canal. Cephalic presentation occurs in about 97% of deliveries.
- There are different types of cephalic presentation, which depend on the position of the baby’s limbs and head (fetal attitude).
If your baby is in any position other than head down, your doctor may recommend a cesarean delivery.
Breech presentation is when the baby’s bottom is down. Breech presentation occurs about 3% of the time. There are a few types of breech:
- A complete breech is when the buttocks present first and both the hips and knees are flexed.
- A frank breech is when the hips are flexed so the legs are straight and completely drawn up toward the chest.
- Other breech positions occur when either the feet or knees present first.
The shoulder, arm, or trunk may present first if the fetus is in a transverse lie. This type of presentation occurs less than 1% of the time. Transverse lie is more common when you deliver before your due date, or have twins or triplets.
CARDINAL MOVEMENTS OF LABOR
As your baby passes through the birth canal, the baby’s head will change positions. These changes are needed for your baby to fit and move through your pelvis. These movements of your baby’s head are called cardinal movements of labor.
- This is when the widest part of your baby’s head has entered the pelvis.
- Engagement tells your health care provider that your pelvis is large enough to allow the baby’s head to move down (descend).
- This is when your baby’s head moves down (descends) further through your pelvis.
- Most often, descent occurs during labor, either as the cervix dilates or after you begin pushing.
- During descent, the baby’s head is flexed down so that the chin touches the chest.
- With the chin tucked, it is easier for the baby’s head to pass through the pelvis.
- As your baby’s head descends further, the head will most often rotate so the back of the head is just below your pubic bone. This helps the head fit the shape of your pelvis.
- Usually, the baby will be face down toward your spine.
- Sometimes, the baby will rotate so it faces up toward the pubic bone.
- As your baby’s head rotates, extends, or flexes during labor, the body will stay in position with one shoulder down toward your spine and one shoulder up toward your belly.
- As your baby reaches the opening of the vagina, usually the back of the head is in contact with your pubic bone.
- At this point, the birth canal curves upward, and the baby’s head must extend back. It rotates under and around the pubic bone.
- As the baby’s head is delivered, it will rotate a quarter turn to be in line with the body.
- After the head is delivered, the top shoulder is delivered under the pubic bone.
- After the shoulder, the rest of the body is usually delivered without a problem.
|MRI of the head and departments|
|MRI of the brain (overview)||4500||4300|
|– MRI of the brain with epilepsy||5700||5500|
|– MRI of the brain with dementia||5700||5500|
|MRI of the brain in neurovascular conflict||5700||5500|
|MRI of the pituitary gland of the brain||4300||4100|
|MRI brain + pituitary gland||5700||5500|
|MRI of the paranasal sinuses||3700||3500|
|MRI of the brain + paranasal sinuses||5500||5300|
|MRI of the brain + eye orbits||5500||5300|
|MRI of the brain + ear canals||5500||5300|
|MR-angiography of cerebral veins||3100||2900|
|MRI of the brain + angiography of the veins of the brain (venography)||5700||5500|
|MR-angiography of cerebral arteries||3100||2900|
|MRI of the brain and angiography of the arteries||5700||5500|
|MR-angiography of veins and arteries of the brain||5700||5500|
|MRI of the brain and angiography of veins and arteries||6500||6300|
|MRI of salivary glands||4300||4000|
|MRI of salivary glands + sialography (duct patency)||5500||5300|
|MRI of the spine and departments|
|MRI of the cervical spine||4500||4300|
|MR-angiography of neck arteries||3100||2900|
|MRI of the cervical spine + angiography of the arteries of the neck||5700||5500|
|MRI of the thoracic spine||4500||4300|
|MRI of the lumbosacral spine||4500||4300|
|MRI of the sacroiliac joints||4500||4300|
|MRI of joints|
|MRI of the knee joint (1 joint)||4900||4700|
|MRI ankle joint (1 joint)||4900||4700|
|MRI of the shoulder joint (1 joint)||4900||4700|
|MRI of the elbow joint (1 joint)||4900||4700|
|MRI wrist joint (1 joint)||4900||4700|
|MRI of the hip joints (pair)||4900||4700|
|MRI of internal organs|
|MRI of abdominal organs (liver, pancreas, spleen, biliary tract)||6300||6100|
|MRI of abdominal organs (liver, pancreas, spleen, biliary tract) + cholangiography (image of bile ducts)||6900||6700|
|MRI of the abdominal and retroperitoneal organs (liver, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, adrenal glands, biliary tract)||7500||7300|
|MRI of kidneys, adrenal glands||4800||4600|
|MRI of the kidneys, adrenal glands + angiography of the renal arteries||5500||5300|
|Cholangiography (image of the bile ducts)||4500||4300|
|MRI of the female pelvic organs (uterus, appendages, bladder)||5800||5600|
|MRI of the male pelvic organs (bladder, prostate)||5800||5600|
|MRI of male genital organs (penis, scrotum)||4800||4600|
|MRI of soft tissues – one area (arm, leg, buttocks, neck)||5500||5300|
|MRI of the entire spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbosacral)||9900||9900|
|MRI of the Central nervous system (CNS) – brain, veins and arteries, cervical and neck arteries, thoracic, lumbosacral||17000||17000|
|MRI of the abdominal cavity and small pelvis – liver, pancreas, spleen, biliary tract + cholangiography, uterus, appendages, prostate gland, bladder + non-contrast urography)||9400||9400|
|MRI of the urinary tract (kidneys, adrenal glands, ureter, bladder)||5900||5900|
|MRI of the urinary tract (kidneys, adrenal glands, ureter, bladder + non-contrast urography)||6400||6400|
|MRI of the male small pelvis and external genital organs (bladder, prostate gland, external genital organs)||7800||7800|
|Additional printing of the study on film (1 sheet)||300|
|Additional recording of research results on CD||200|
CT of the head – prices and addresses of centers where you can do tomography in Moscow
Computed tomography of the head makes it possible to obtain a layer-by-layer image of the structures of the head and brain using an X-ray beam.It is actively used in neurosurgery, neurology, traumatology, dentistry, maxillofacial surgery and other fields of medicine.
For a more accurate designation of the scope of the diagnostic search, the doctor may recommend not just a CT scan of the head, but a targeted examination of a certain area of the head, for example, the orbits, sinuses of the nose or the dentoalveolar apparatus.
What shows CT
- State of the brain, membranes and bones of the facial and cerebral parts of the skull
- The shape, integrity and content of the paranasal sinuses and orbits
- The state of the vessels, the reason for the narrowing of their lumen
- Arrangement of teeth in a row and the state of the bone structures of the jaw
- The presence of foreign bodies and neoplasms, as well as cysts and abscesses in the orbit, brain, sinuses, etc.
When a CT of the head may be helpful
- For head injuries and suspected bone damage, brain contusion
- If damage to the orbit or membranes of the eye is suspected
- For the detection of atherosclerotic plaques and structural anomalies of the vessels and for the assessment of the degree of narrowing of the vascular lumen
- For detecting inflammation of the paranasal sinuses and their consequences
- For suspected circulatory disorders in the brain, hemorrhage, inflammation of the membranes
- For suspected neoplasms, cysts, abscesses in different areas of the head (sinuses, tooth roots and dental alveoli) and brain
- When planning dental implantation, as well as deciding on orthodontic treatment (for choosing a bracket system, determining the need to preserve or remove a tooth, etc.).
Symptoms that may require a CT of the head
- Dizziness, loss of consciousness, headache, memory and speech disorders, convulsions and fainting
- Strabismus, change in the position of the eyeball after trauma, some types of vision problems
- Pain in the frontal or maxillary sinuses, frequent rhinitis and sinusitis
- Problems with the placement of teeth in a row, defects in the dentition, etc.
Each case is individual, therefore, with the described or any other symptoms, it is advisable to consult a doctor who will help determine the method of examination.Sometimes, with a similar pathology, the doctor prefers the CT method, sometimes the MRI method. The specialist can also indicate the projections required for the study or justify the need for the introduction of a contrast agent. CT-heads are a convenient and effective way at an early stage of diseases and in a very short time to identify changes in the bone and other structures of the head and make the right decision about further treatment.
Ultrasound of the head
Ultrasound of the head and neck is an important and very informative type of examination.In addition to providing excellent visualization of immobile objects such as lymph nodes or mucous membranes, the method also provides information about dynamic environments such as the bloodstream. The combination of these characteristics makes sonography a mass screening method for a wide variety of patient groups. Moreover, ultrasound of the head is so safe that it is performed even in babies who are literally a few days old.
Where in Khabarovsk can you get an ultrasound of the head?
Despite the fact that today many clinics offer a variety of methods of functional diagnostics, questions such as where a woman should get an ultrasound of the thyroid gland, or where an ultrasound of the vessels of the brain and neck is done, remain relevant.The fact is that not all medical institutions have modern equipment – the latest generation of ultrasound scanners. But it is high-quality technology that provides excellent visualization, and also allows you to use some pre-installed functions that greatly facilitate diagnosis.
The second important factor in the score, but not least, is the qualifications and experience of the doctor performing the scan. It’s not enough just to get a high-quality picture on the screen.It is very important to be able to correctly interpret every detail, even if to ordinary people it seems like a banal gray spot.
To quickly and effectively pass the examination, make an appointment with us at the Art Medic medical center. We are located at Khabarovsk, st. Panfilovtsev, 38. To make an appointment, call the phone number: 8 (4212) 55-60-61.
Prices for ultrasound of the head, neck and thyroid gland
Prices for ultrasound of the vessels of the head and neck, as well as for examination of the thyroid gland, are traditionally among the most affordable in Khabarovsk.At the same time, finding out how much an ultrasound of the thyroid gland costs in other clinics, it is imperative to clarify the model and year of manufacture of the scanner on which the diagnostics are carried out. We examine patients only on the latest devices that provide the highest quality picture.
|Code||Name of procedure||price|
|7.20||USDG of brachiocephalic vessels (neck vessels)||2000|
|7.21||USG of intracranial vessels of the head||2000|
|7.28||Ultrasound of the thyroid gland||750|
|7.29||Ultrasound of lymph nodes (one group)||600|
|7.36||Ultrasound of the thymus||600|
|Ultrasound of the cervical spine (children)||700|
Our clinic often carries out promotions for ultrasound examinations of the head and neck, therefore, to take advantage of the discount, check regularly for updates on our website.
Types of research
In addition to the classical ultrasound of the head and neck, which allows you to obtain a static image, a Doppler of blood vessels is performed in our clinic. This technique makes it possible to assess the properties of the elements of the bloodstream, as well as to check the blood filling of the vessels and the intensity of the blood supply to individual organs and entire systems.
Ultrasound of the vessels of the brain and neck
Many patients are wondering what an ultrasound of the cerebral vessels shows in an adult? After all, the brain is closed from the outside with a dense cranium, which can be an obstacle to examination. In fact, this is not the case. As a result of an examination of the brain, it is possible to clearly determine the intensity of the blood supply to this most important organ, as well as the state of the extracranial vessels feeding it. At the same time, sometimes it is possible to determine even the presence of ischemic areas (blood supply is poor or completely absent), as well as cystic-solid formations.
It is easier to answer the question of what the ultrasound of the neck vessels shows, because the main vessels passing through it are close enough to the surface of the body. Ultrasound of the cervical vessels allows to determine the level of blood supply to the brain, as well as to diagnose injuries of the cervical spine, to suggest the degree of their severity and possible consequences.
Ultrasound of lymph nodes
Examination of the lymph nodes located on the neck using ultrasound can diagnose or exclude the presence of various formations of a benign and oncological nature with very high accuracy.Of course, the conclusion of a functional diagnostics doctor is not a final verdict, but rather a kind of screening. According to the results of ultrasound, other instrumental methods of analysis are usually prescribed, for example, a biopsy.
On ultrasound, one can consider not only signs of oncology, but also common inflammation of the lymph nodes as a result of infection, which can be an important diagnostic sign.
Ultrasound of the maxillary sinuses
Ultrasound examination of the paranasal sinuses is mandatory during the diagnosis of diseases of the ENT organs with suspected sinusitis, frontal sinusitis and ethmoiditis.Most often, we are talking about sinusitis, which was previously diagnosed with an X-ray. Ultrasound of the maxillary sinuses is also necessarily performed before some dental operations and manipulations in maxillofacial surgery. Ultrasound in most cases successfully replaces X-ray, which is less safe.
Ultrasound of the salivary glands
Ultrasound of the salivary glands is often indicated in children at the same time as examining the lymph nodes of the neck. This makes it possible to diagnose inflammation of the salivary gland or the presence of certain infectious diseases, the main symptom of which is the inflammation of the lymph nodes of this group.Sometimes a simple survey is enough for an adult doctor to carry out differential diagnostics, and difficulties often arise with children who cannot yet explain what hurts and where they are in pain.
Ultrasound of the thyroid gland
Thyroid ultrasound and blood flow assessment is the most frequent examination performed in our clinic. We can not only undergo an ultrasound, but also pass the necessary tests for thyroid hormones, which is absolutely necessary for a diagnosis.Our endocrinologists calculate the volume of the thyroid gland according to the results of ultrasound, based on the norms indicated in the tables.
Patients often wonder if thyroid ultrasound is done for children and men? Of course, despite the fact that women are more often faced with the pathology of this organ, thyroid diseases are diagnosed in all age groups of both sexes.
Preparation for procedure
No special preparation is required before ultrasound of the thyroid gland, vessels of the neck and paranasal sinuses.The patient can eat before the examination and have it at any time of the day according to the record.
How is the survey carried out?
The patient lies down on the couch, and the doctor applies a thin layer of conductive gel to the body surface in the areas of projections of the organs to be examined. Then the specialist brings the scanner to the skin and guides it over the body with slight pressure. At this time, a picture is displayed on the screen of the diagnostic station, according to which the doctor makes a conclusion.
Modern ultrasound systems have many additional functions, such as “Clear picture” or “Three-dimensional image”, as well as a huge database of diagnostic parameters, which is immediately entered into the computer.
During the ultrasound, the patient does not experience any pain or discomfort. At the end of the diagnosis, the gel is easily removed from the skin with a towel, without staining the clothes.
Are head ultrasounds done for children?
Mothers often call our clinic to find out if Art Medic performs ultrasound of the head vessels for young children? Yes, we can do an ultrasound of the brain of a baby and even undergo a similar diagnosis for a fetus still in the womb.This allows you to identify a variety of developmental pathologies and neoplasms, because for babies in the first year of life, this technique is more informative than for adults. This happens because the examination is carried out through the fontanelle on the crown of the head, where there is a temporary non-union of the bones of the skull.
How many months a planned ultrasound of the head of a newborn baby is carried out is decided by the pediatrician, depending on the behavior and condition of the baby himself.
Surgical department of head and neck tumors
The department deals with surgical, complex and combined treatment of head and neck tumors.
The specialists of the department carry out the treatment of such diseases as:
According to indications, patients also receive combined and complex methods of treatment, including various types of radiation therapy, systemic (including continuous) or regional chemotherapy. The department provides all types of chemotherapy treatment (preoperative, prophylactic, curative and palliative).
Our specialists have prepared booklets for patients undergoing treatment at the Department of Head and Neck Tumors.They will help you understand how the treatment is organized, what problems may arise during therapy and how to solve them.
Patients with locally advanced tumors simultaneously with the removal of the tumor undergo a reconstructive stage, which contributes to the shortening of the rehabilitation period for patients, as well as earlier restoration of spontaneous breathing, speech and swallowing. Various types of reconstructive plastic surgeries are used: restoration of the skin of the face, neck and scalp, including the eyelids and tissues of the periocular region, upper and lower lips, tongue and oral cavity, restoration of the continuity of the lower jaw, closure with pharyngostom.
More than 600 patients with head and neck tumors receive specialized treatment in the department annually. The department has 25 beds of a round-the-clock hospital (8 wards: 7 for four, 1 for enhanced comfort (double). Specialized care is provided using the latest technologies: laser-surgical methods, cryosurgical, for common tumors, combined treatment is carried out (surgical treatment with radiochemotherapy)
In the treatment of patients, the most modern surgical, medicinal and radiation methods are used, used in the form of combination and complex therapy, in accordance with international standards.One-stage and one-stage interventions are widely used to reduce the number of operations in a patient and the length of hospital stay. Endovideosurgery, flexible fiber endoscopy, laser and radiofrequency technologies, as well as under the control of ultrasound and X-rays are used.
Operations are carried out using the latest modern installation “Harmonic Focus” (USA), electrosurgical device “Liga Sure” (USA), stapling and cutting device “ETS Flex compact”, which allows to reduce blood loss and tissue trauma during tumor removal, to shorten the time of wound healing and reduce the number of postoperative complications.The operating room is equipped with a universal operating microscope OPMI VARIO 700 (Germany), which has no analogues in the world. Autofocus with SpeedFokus ™ provides optimal visualization and enables microvascular plasty, recurrent laryngeal nerve microneurolysis and microneuroplasty to restore facial muscle mobility.
The department performs all types of specialized surgical treatment:
- Physical methods of treatment for head and neck tumors: radiofrequency thermal ablation; laser removal; photodynamic therapy; cryodestructive operations.
- Microsurgical, extended, combined and reconstructive plastic surgery for tumor diseases of the head and neck organs, including video endoscopic using the method of microsurgical tissue autotransplantation.
- Complex treatment of benign and malignant tumors and tumor-like diseases of the jaws, mucous membranes of the oral cavity, salivary glands using the method of one-step compensation of the resulting defects
- Unique operations for radical removal of tumors of the maxillofacial region and neck with simultaneous reconstruction and restoration of basic functions: microsurgical reconstruction of facial and jaw defects with a complex of own tissues – soft tissues and bone structures.Microneuroplasty to restore the mobility of facial muscles
- Reconstruction of the facial skeleton using autotissue and allogeneic materials, biocompatible composite materials, bioengineering of the head and neck organs.
- Combined resections of tumors of the tongue, oropharynx and oral cavity with the reconstruction of the postoperative defect with displaced flaps on the vascular pedicle or free flaps using microsurgical techniques.
- Removal of scalp tumors with various options for one-stage plasty.
- Microsurgical reconstructive plastic surgery for head and neck tumors.
- Wedge-shaped lip resection, square lip resection, subtotal lip resection, lip removal with facial skeleton resection
- Orofacial resection with orostomy design
- Tongue resection
- Combined glossectomy with resection of the jaw and floor of the mouth with orostomy.
- Removal of a tumor of the oral cavity
- Surgical treatment for tumor diseases of the paranasal sinuses in accordance with the principles of minimally invasive surgery
- Removal of neoplasms of connective and other soft tissues of the head, face, neck
- Surgical treatment of diseases of the salivary glands with microneurolysis of the branches of the facial nerve
- Surgery of the larynx and upper trachea
- Surgical treatment of thyroid diseases, including oncological ones with microneurolysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve
- Immediate and delayed placement of the voice prosthesis is performed.
- Removal of metastases on the neck, including with prosthetics of large vessels of the neck
- Removal of lymph nodes and cervical tissue
- Extended cervical lymphadenectomy
The original reconstruction methods developed at the department make it possible to successfully treat patients with advanced thyroid tumors that require complex surgical procedures in order to restore the deficit of the lost tissues.
Head of department
Zamira Akhmedovna Radjabova, Head of the Department of Head and Neck Tumors, Oncologist, Researcher, Associate Professor, Candidate of Medical Sciences
Oncologist warns: Head and neck cancer is growing so fast that you can not wait for the end of the pandemic
Artemiev Semyon Sergeevich – oncologist, surgeon
Kotov Maxim Andreevich – oncologist
Kustov Maxim Olegovich – oncologist, otorhinolaryngologist, candidate of medical sciences
Mitrofanov Alexander Sergeevich – oncologist, postgraduate student
Nazhmudinov Rustam Asuldinovich – oncologist, candidate of medical sciences
Sinyachkina Daria Aleksandrovna – oncologist, candidate of medical sciences
The staff of the department are highly qualified surgeons-oncologists, they are proficient in all modern types of medical and diagnostic manipulations.
The department conducts scientific research aimed at improving diagnostic methods, conservative and surgical interventions
MRI of the brain in Irkutsk at the Expert Clinic
For clear visualization of all structures of the brain, orbit, sinuses and the possibility of detecting pathological foci in them at an early stage, experts recommend an MRI of the head.
The high prevalence of the study raises a number of questions about the procedure.Here are the most relevant ones.
How is an MRI of the head done and how often can it be done? Is it harmful?
This non-invasive study is carried out on a special apparatus – a tomograph, its work is based on the action of a magnetic field, which is absolutely harmless to humans. That is why it is possible to carry out multiple MRI diagnostics for almost all patients without damaging the body. The images obtained by scanning in different projections have a high degree of resolution and are saved on electronic media.
You can find out about contraindications and preparation for an MRI of the head by referring to the corresponding section on the page.
What is included in an MRI of the head?
Identification of tumors, aneurysms, strokes, traumatic brain injuries, various changes in the orbits and paranasal sinuses. It is carried out both with the use of contrasting, and without it.
How long does it take for an MRI of the head? The duration of the procedure varies from 10 to 15 minutes.
Which is better than an ultrasound, X-ray or MRI of the head? The choice of a diagnostic technique in this case depends on the objectives of the study.The expediency of using a particular diagnostic method is determined by the attending physician.
What is the difference between CT and MRI of the head? In addition to differences in the technical principles of the equipment operation, MRI examination allows one to notice pathology in the first hours of its development. Unlike computed tomography, an MRI scan of the head can examine parts of the brain such as the brainstem and cerebellum.
If you are puzzled by the question of where to get an MRI of the head and how much this procedure costs, please contact. One of the advantages of conducting this study in our clinic is the ability to perform an MRI of the head without a referral and by appointment at a convenient time for you.
You can get the latest price and make an appointment for an MRI of the head by contacting the clinic administrator.
Make an X-ray of the brain in Moscow
The brain is the most important human organ that protects the cranium. In case of violations of its functions, it is important to find out the degree of damage in order to take measures to correct the situation. X-rays are used to visualize the bones of the skull – an X-ray of the head is performed. It is an inexpensive and accessible research method that has no alternative.In some cases, this is the only opportunity to identify pathology at an early stage and conduct effective treatment.
The method is based on the different ability of the rays to penetrate tissues of different densities. The device fixes the radiation after passing through the organs on a light-sensitive film. The image of bones and dense structures is white, soft tissues with good penetration are dark.
X-ray of the entire skull in two projections 1100
Indications for X-ray of the brain (skull)
The basis for the appointment of a study is:
- Injuries, headaches;
- Darkening of the eyes;
- Trembling hands;
- Pain when chewing;
- Decreased vision and hearing;
- Asymmetry of the bones of the face;
- Suspected brain cancer;
- Endocrine disorders.
A referral for diagnostics can be prescribed by a traumatologist, neurologist, endocrinologist, surgeon. The procedure is not prescribed for pregnant and lactating women. This is the only contraindication.
What an X-ray of the head shows
X-rays will show the presence of:
- Signs of bone tissue destruction;
- Hernias and brain tumors;
- Brain tumors;
- Deformities of the skull;
- Bone calcification.
How to take x-rays of the head and neck
Preparation for diagnosis does not imply any restrictions on food and medication. The patient undergoing examination should not have:
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The patient’s body is covered with an apron to protect against radiation. It is important to keep the head still.
If necessary, take several pictures in different projections.
- Assesses the shape, size and thickness of the cranial bones;
- Analyzes the condition of the cranial sutures and sinuses;
- Draws attention to the vessels;
- Indicates the intensity of pathological changes.
How harmful is X-ray
The radiation dose received by an adult patient is a small part of the annual norm (about 4%).This value is comparable to an hour’s stay on the beach. Doctors point out that this approach is incorrect. Indeed, in some cases, the study is carried out for health reasons, in order to detect a fatal disease. Therefore, the amount of research carried out should be subordinated to the main goal – to save human life. It so happens that the diagnosis is carried out for pregnant women, carefully covering the abdomen with an apron.
Advantages of CDB RAS
- Radiography is absolutely safe in terms of radiation exposure, thanks to modern equipment
- High level of professionalism and responsibility of radiologists
- No preliminary preparation and quick results
X-ray of the child’s head
A different approach is used to study the skull of children:
- A child is more susceptible to receiving a higher dose of radiation;
- Exposure to radiation may be harmful to children.
For these reasons, an X-ray of the head of a baby is prescribed only as a last resort, if other diagnostic methods are not informative, and the baby’s life is in jeopardy. It is difficult to find an alternative method, since the bones of the skull have a complex structure, and ultrasound does not recognize all pathologies.
The main reason for prescribing an X-ray to a child under one year old is trauma. Irradiation of babies is an undesirable moment, but often this is the only way to identify birth injuries that threaten the child’s life.In the case of an X-ray of the head of a newborn, all other organs are protected as much as possible.
Features of diagnostics for babies
The X-ray process is too complicated for a child – the baby cannot lie still. A native person will help here, who will hold and calm down. Newborns are prescribed sedatives or sleeping pills.
Head scan during pregnancy
X-rays of the bones of the head may be required for a pregnant woman:
- For the provision of dental care;
- For dislocations;
- For fractures, to determine the location of bone fragments.
When deciding on the need for a diagnosis, the risk and benefit of the procedure should be weighed. The conditions in which this issue is being resolved already pose a danger to the health of the mother. Refusal to take an X-ray can lead to serious consequences – the lack of medical care will lead to the development of dangerous diseases. Then there can be no question of normal childbirth. In addition, the precautionary measures effectively reflect the radiation.
According to scientific research, the effects of X-rays are especially unfavorable in the early stages of pregnancy.The result may be abortion or fetal abnormalities.
Where to get an X-ray of the head
If you need to take a head scan, contact the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences. We guarantee prompt and accurate diagnostics thanks to the use of advanced digital equipment that provides the lowest level of radiation. Experienced doctors carry out the decoding of X-ray results. You can make an appointment on the CDB website online or by calling the specified phone number.You can find out how much the procedure costs at the clinic. Also, current prices are indicated on our website.
You can find out the prices for brain x-rays and make an appointment online on our website or by calling the clinic.
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