Rule 613 | Face-Off Procedures
(a) Play shall start when one of the officials drops the puck between the sticks of two opposing players.
For face-offs occurring at a designated end zone face-off spot, the players facing-off will stand squarely facing their opponents’ end of the rink and clear of the ice markings. The stick blades of both players shall be in contact with the nearest white area of the face-off spot and clear of the center red area.
For face-offs occurring at the center ice or neutral zone face-off spots, the players facing-off shall squarely face their opponent’s end of the ice and stand approximately one stick length apart.
The attacking player shall be the first to place his stick on the ice, except for a center ice face-off where the visiting team player shall be first to place his stick on the ice.
(b) No other player shall be allowed to enter the face-off circle or come within 15 feet of the players facing-off the puck.
(c) At the conclusion of the line change procedure [see Rule 205(a) and Glossary], the Official conducting the face-off shall blow his whistle. This will signal each team that they have no more than five seconds to line up for the ensuing face-off. Prior to the conclusion of five seconds, the Official shall conduct a proper face-off.
(d) If a player facing-off fails to take his proper position immediately when directed by the Official, the Official may order him replaced for that face-off by any teammate then on the ice.
If a player, other than the player facing off, fails to maintain his proper position, the center of his team shall be ejected from the face-off.
A second violation of any of the provisions of this subsection by the same team during the same face-off shall result in a minor penalty for delay of game being assessed to the player committing the second violation.
(e) A minor penalty for interference shall be assessed to any player facing-off who makes any physical contact with his opponent’s body by means of his own body or by his stick except in the course of playing the puck after the face-off has been completed.
What is a Face-off in Hockey?
A face-off in hockey begins the action. At the start of every game, we watch with great anticipation as the puck is dropped at center ice. Which team will get the first chance to go flying down the ice with the puck? At first glance, a face-off seems pretty straightforward, but as we’re about to find out, it can get a little more complicated.
A face-off occurs when two players from each team approach the face-off spot while an official drops the puck. Each player battles with their stick to determine who wins possession of the puck and the play. A face-off starts at the beginning of each period but also after a penalty, game stoppage, such as if the puck leaves the ice, and after a goal is scored.
Key Takeaways for a Face-off in Hockey
- A face-off involves two players facing off against each other while a referee drops the puck.
- A face-off occurs in one of the nine spots on the ice, after an infraction, a goal, or any other stoppage in play.
- Each team wants their player with the best face-off percentage to take the face-off.
- There are different strategies in which to approach a face-off.
Different Spots for a Face-off
Center ice is not the only spot that a face-off can take place. If you take a look at the ice rink, you will notice designated face-off spots or dots. There are nine in total. The first is the rink center; there are two more in each attacking zone and two more at each end of the neutral zone.
Each one serves its purpose. The center spot is used to begin each period and after a goal. As for the other eight zones, it depends on the situation. Typically, the four within the neutral zone are used after an unintended offside call has been made.
Lastly, I recently learned while watching a game last night with my husband; a face-off will occur at center ice if there was an error with a call. For the most part, however, face-offs will transpire at the closest face-off dot where the play was stopped.
How Do You Take a Face-off?
Without going into too much strategy, I’ll get into that more later. Let’s understand better how a player takes a face-off. This depends on the location of the face-off. In the attacking zone, he may look ahead to a teammate. In the defensive zone, he may want to clear the puck out from his end.
Let me elaborate further; within the neutral zone, a player may choose to get the puck back to his defensive player so that they can move the puck forward. In the face-off zone, players have to be careful that they don’t get kicked out. Here are a few reasons why this happens.
The first reason he is too quick to enter his body into the circle; the puck hasn’t been dropped yet. Second, his skates aren’t square within the hash lines outside of the dot. Lastly, another player on his team is encroaching too close to the hash marks.
To be kicked out once isn’t a big deal, but a penalty will be called if it happens again. I will admit to not seeing a penalty from being kicked out twice; players are careful not to get this careless penalty. Check out this video below where Colorado Eagles players explain and demonstrate face-off protocols.
Stick Strategy: Face-off in Hockey
Now, you may notice that one player puts his stick down before the other. But why can’t they put their stick down at the same time? The rules state that it is the player from the visiting team who strikes first, followed by the home team center.
While this may seem like a disadvantage for the home team, it can be quite telling. The home team gains the advantage of looking at the opposing center’s hand position. A hand position can reveal a lot, such as to which way he is trying to win the face-off?
Whether he has a backward or a forward grip, the opposing home team center can adjust his strategy accordingly. The second player may also gain quicker momentum as the visiting center has had his stick in a motionless position for a longer period.
The Face-off Video
Sometimes, when watching a game, stats will flash up on your TV screen. The NHL (and many fans) love to keep track of all kinds of stats, including face-off percentage. This percentage is the rate at which a player wins face-off draws.
Typically, if the rate is above 55%, this player is considered a good face-off contender. During a game, they will also flash the team’s face-off percentage for the game. For example, the Habs have won 67% of all face-offs. They may even include how that team ranks amongst all the 31 teams in the NHL.
Who Takes the Face-off?
In a perfect world, it would be the one with the best face-off percentage. Typically, though, the center player is the designated face-off contender. That said, if there are other great contenders on the team, they will be sent out on the ice during key moments, such as killing a penalty or during a powerplay.
Strategic Styles of a Face-off in Hockey
There are several little tricks of the trade that hockey players have regarding face-offs. First, they make sure to keep their body mass low.
Players will tell you that they will have to change their grip from their usual hold to win a face-off with their backhand. Both hands will face back on the stick. They also hold their stick closer to the middle (they choke up on it) to allow for better maneuverability.
A forehand style also requires that the players choke up on their stick. They also may choose to keep the tip of their stick on the ice. Their grip, however, goes back to a traditional hold where the higher hand faces back, and the lower hand faces forward.
The next strategy is a spin move and can be done with both backhand or forehand holds. The player will spin his body into the face-off dot. But some players prefer to avoid the puck altogether and instead go straight for their opponent.
By doing this, it can open the space up for another player on their team to swoop in and steal the puck. The same can be done if the centerman goes for his opponent’s stick directly, trapping him so he cannot reach the puck.
And while the puck can be passed forward, this isn’t likely a move you will as often lest they give the puck to the other team’s defensive players. Confused yet? It can be tricky to picture all the different styles, so check out this instructional video to better understand.
How to win Faceoffs Video
The Importance of a Face-off Win
Winning a face-off means possession of the puck. This, in turn, means more chances of scoring a goal. And goals have even been known to come straight off of a face-off win, so to some players, they spend a lot of time strategizing.
Officially, a win is determined by the team that ends up with possession of the puck after it leaves the face-off area. Now, I’ve already shown you a couple of instructional videos, so let’s spice things up with a nice mix of different face-offs styles in some games.
NHL Face-offs Video
Some may argue that face-off percentage is irrelevant to a team’s victory but tell that to the goalie who was scored on thanks to a face-off right outside his crease. Regardless of the team’s stats, I believe that the face-off in hockey makes for a more exciting game and demonstrates the players’ skills.
By Danielle L’Ami
Danielle, a Canadian born and raised, was first introduced to hockey by her Tampa-Bay-Lightning-loving husband back in university. She is a Habs fan. Despite this, they are still together and enjoy watching the rivalry between their two teams each time they play. The victory of the games determines who will get the silent treatment the next day.
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To the casual observer, face-offs may seem like an unimportant part of hockey. But they are actually an essential part of every hockey game. Are you struggling in the face-off dot? Or maybe you’re new to hockey and curious about how to win a face-off? Look no further. This helpful article tells you all you need to know about face-offs and the top tips on how to win them.
You win a face-off in hockey if your team gets possession of the puck off the draw. This occurs when a centreman either wins the puck to a teammate, or if the centreman initiates a puck battle that their team wins off the face-off. The centreman can win a face-off using strength, quickness, and hand-eye coordination. A mix of all three yields the best face-off approach. But if you lack one of the skills, you can still lean on particular strategies to win a draw.What Is a Hockey Face-Off?
A face-off is a play in hockey where the referee drops the puck between the centremen of the opposing teams. Face-offs occur to begin each period of a hockey game as well as after every stoppage in play. A face-off is also sometimes referred to as a “draw.”
The phrase “puck drop” would also refer to a face-off. Each face-off is either won or lost by one of the two centremen. The victor of the face-off is determined by which team recovers the puck off the draw.What Are Face-Off Rules?
Face-offs are held on one of nine spots (usually called “face-off dots”) on the ice. The dots are all the same size except for the one at center ice, which is smaller than the others. Face-offs that open a period or that come after a goal is scored are always taken at the center ice dot.
On an offside or neutral zone puck out of play stoppage, face-offs will occur at one of the four dots in the neutral zone just outside of the blue lines. For stoppages in the two team zones, there are two face-off dots per team zone where face-offs can happen. Face-offs also automatically begin in the penalized team’s defensive zone when it takes a penalty.
Face-offs occur when the referee drops the puck. The play clock resumes, whether to start a period or after a stoppage, only once the referee drops the puck at the face-off. The two centremen taking the face-off must keep their feet within the designated width and proximity from the face-off dot that is allowed by the markings surrounding the dot.
Their sticks also must not begin at a point further than the small marking that is cut into the red face-off dot. The referee will police the stick and skate the positioning of the two centremen.
If a centreman repeatedly violates these rules, the referee will kick them out of the face-off. At that point, one of the centreman’s teammates steps in to take the face-off. Centremen must also not go for the puck or attack their opponent’s stick until the puck has been dropped.
If a centreman attacks early, the referee may blow the whistle and drop the puck again with the centreman replaced for the new draw.Why Are Face-Offs Important?
Face-offs happen dozens of times in a game. Each and every one of these face-offs functions as a puck battle that one team wins and the other loses. Teams that win more face-offs begin to play with possession of the puck.
Puck possession is a pivotal component of the game – without puck possession, you’re not going to get any shots or goals. In other words, puck possession wins hockey games. Face-offs contribute to puck possession.
Face-offs are always important, but they’re especially relevant when you are in either the offensive or defensive zone. A won face-off in the defensive zone means that you’re on your way to suppressing an offensive zone opportunity for the opposition. A won face-off in the offensive zone means you’re on your way to creating a scoring chance for your team. Each statement gains double importance when there’s a power-play.
A power-play face-off win can lead to more time for high-quality scoring chances for an offensive team. But a win for the defensive team means they can ice the puck quicker and kill off more penalty time.How To Win A Face-Off 1. Have A Clear Goal.
Believe you can win every face-off and take enormous pride in it. You win a face-off when your team gets possession of the puck off the draw. A face-off is won if a centerman cleanly draws the pucks to a teammate and the team gets possession. Sometimes the two centremen scramble the face-off, and the puck is only recovered by one team in the scrum. This still counts as a face-off win for the centreman’s team.2. Create A Face-Off Strategy.
A centreman may also technically “win” the face-off even if their team loses possession of the puck. This could occur if the center pushes the puck to their winger, but the opposing team’s winger jumps in and steals possession.3. Learn How To Win At All Locations.
Keep in mind that centremen try to win the face-off to different spots in different areas of the ice. Most of the time, the center attempts to simply win the puck back to one of the defensemen. A face-off win to your defenseman is always the safest play because defensemen don’t line-up beside an opposing player like the wingers do on the face-off.
But especially when a team is in their defensive zone, the centreman will try to win the puck away from their own net. This means that for defensive zone face-offs, the center aims to win the puck to their winger on the boards or straight back to their defenseman behind them or in the corner.4. Know Your Strength and Establish a Power Position.
It is also important to keep in mind your “strong side” when taking a face-off. Nearly all players will say that their strong side for face-offs is their backhand. This is because players have more strength when drawing the puck back rather than trying to dig it backward on their forehand.
Many centers also prefer to overturn their bottom hand on the stick for the face-off. This adds strength to the backhand face-off motion and puck battle on their strong side. This means that right-handed centremen are on their strong side for face-offs at dots on the right side of the ice. Left-handed shooters are on their strong side for face-offs on the left side of the ice.
Centre ice face-offs are neutral because the centremen can win the puck to whichever side they prefer. It is not uncommon to see NHL teams exclusively use players to take face-offs on their strong sides – especially in the defensive zone. This means that sometimes even wingers will substitute in just for the face-off to relieve centreman on their “weak side” face-offs.Face-Off Win Tips
The act of taking a face-off can be a mix of strength, speed, and hand-eye coordination. A combination of all three will make you the best at taking face-offs, but all three aren’t necessarily required for success in the face-off dot.1. Hand-eye Coordination
Hand-eye coordination comes into play on the face-off because you’re timing your stick with the puck as the referee drops it. Centremen try to dig in for the puck with their stick just as it’s about to hit the ice. A face-off win can depend on this hand-eye coordination and how fast a center can touch the puck.
This timing and race method is the most standard approach to a face-off – though it is not always the best one.2. Strength
Face-offs often aren’t as smooth as one center outracing the other to a clean win. This is why strength is a major factor in face-offs. Face-offs routinely become puck battles between the two centremen.
The puck may bounce as it hits the ice. Or, more commonly, both sticks will arrive at the puck at nearly the same time, causing a battle of strength with the sticks. Once the face-off becomes a puck battle, winning the draw may come down to the centreman who is stronger. Wingers may also converge on the face-off dot in support if the puck drop turns into a scrum.How to Win a Face-Off with Strength
If a centerman knows that they’re not fast enough or skilled enough to win a clean face-off, they may deliberately turn the face-off into a battle of strength.
1. To do this, the center attacks the stick of the opposing centerman when the puck is dropped, rather than only going for the puck. This move can surprise a center who would’ve otherwise just tried to outrace you. This attack move can include lifting the stick of the other centerman or quickly trying to drive it out of the way with your stick.
2. The strength move is also largely foolproof because if you get the opponent’s stick, there’s no way they can entirely win the puck before a 50/50 battle ensues. Just make sure you don’t jump the gun too early, or you’ll get kicked out of the face-off.
3. However, if your opponent notices that you consistently use the attack method, they may lift their stick away from your attack and steal the puck when it’s dropped. So you may need to change things up if they catch on.
4. If you’re using this attack method, you can also work your skate into the technique. When the puck is dropped, you can cut forward with your stick and turn your body with your skate into the face-off dot. Your skate will be a stable force to either block your opponent’s stick or end up kicking back the puck to win the draw.
How to Take the Face-Off Forward
There are a few occasions when players can try to take the puck forward right off the draw.
1. One is to try to take advantage of the opposing centreman. You can try to chip the puck just in behind the center as the puck is dropped and pick it up on the other side. This can be an effective move because you know you’re doing it as the puck is being dropped, while the other center is probably just trying to win the puck backward.
Good centremen won’t allow you to make this move, however, because they will also be mindful of keeping body position with you on the face-off. But not all will be ready for the move.
2. If there is very little time remaining on the clock for an offensive zone face-off, the center may try to shoot the puck on the net as the referee is dropping it. This is usually only attempted with a few seconds left in a period because it’s an unlikely — and desperate — scoring strategy.
3. Centermen can also try to ice the puck off of a defensive zone face-off while killing a penalty. This isn’t all that common of a move, but it can be mixed in to surprise the opposing center. If you’re trying to ice the puck off a penalty kill face-off, make sure you see a lane to clear the puck out of the zone. This strategy will also require good timing.What Are Good Face-Off Statistics?
As a centerman, you should always aim to win at least 50% of your face-offs. A number above 50% is seen as successful, while anything below 50% is seen as ineffective. This type of stat can vary depending on the level of hockey that is being played. But for example, in the NHL, the very best centreman usually win up to 60% of their face-offs. But very few actually win 60% and above. Numbers in the high 50%-range do typically lead the league.
Players who especially struggle with face-offs can fall as low as 40% and below. However, if a regular centerman produces a face-off win percentage in the 30%-range, they will usually change positions, spend time practicing face-offs, or have a different linemate take their draws.
Every face-off in hockey is a chance for your team to get possession of the puck. If you’re a centerman, you should recognize the importance of face-offs and devise a strategy based on your abilities. A mix of strength, speed, and hand-eye coordination is a good skillset for taking face-offs.
But strength is often the most important aspect of face-offs. Speed can sometimes outrace strength, but most face-offs come down to puck battles and scrums.
Simon, the founder of Brave Stick Hockey, started playing hockey in 2003. He launched this website in 2018 to help new hockey players and fans learn more about the game and have more fun while learning.
Hockey Equipment Resource Center – Hockey Face-off Rules & Strategies
Game restarts are somewhat unique to ice hockey—no throw-ins or passes from out of bounds happen; instead, to begin play hockey players go stick-to-stick to compete for the puck dropped by the referee or linesman at the face-off spot. Face-offs begin the game and each period of play, restart the game following a goal, and resume play after the action is stopped for blown whistle or when the puck goes out of play.
Where Hockey Face-offs Happen
Hockey face-offs aren’t random. When plays stops and a face-off is needed, the referee or linesmen organize the restart at one of the designated face-off areas on the ice, five of which are seen as circles with dots in the centers and the largest of which is at center ice; four dots with no circles around them are found in the neutral zones just past center ice.
A hockey rink has a total of nine face-off spots. These areas are simply called “dots” or “face-off spots. ” Four face-offs spots, those in the end zones, have hashmarks on the circles to indicate where players should stand. The game starts at center ice, as do face-offs after a goal and at other times in a game as determined by the referee.
All hockey face-offs take place at one of those nine face-off spots on the ice, as directed by NHL Rule 76.2. This rule also stipulates that when two rules violations are called against one team, the face-off occurs at the dot giving the least territorial advantage to the offending team. If the play is stopped for any reason “not attributable to a specific team,” the rules say, the face-off should be at “the nearest face-off spot outside the blue line.” When the referee can’t determine which spot is nearest, the advantage goes to the spot in the neutral zone that favors the home team.
Face-offs are intended to be fair contests of possession, so if a player tries to gain an unfair advantage the referee may remove him from the face-off lineup, another player on the same team takes over, and the face-off happens.
If a team makes two face-off violations, they’re assessed a bench minor penalty for delay of game. In hockey, common face-off violations might include not getting into position when instructed to do so by the official, moving the stick before the puck is dropped, not placing the stick properly when instructed to do so, not being square to the face-off dot, or a teammate may encroach into the face-off circle.
A player taking part in the face-off (often the centerman on the team, but not always) has five seconds to get in position, after which the referee or linesman will drop the puck; past that five-second count, the referee or linesman may remove the player from the face-off.
No player can come within 15 feet of the face-off circle. Goalies may not participate in a face-off—though with their large puck-stopping sticks and all their pads, the question comes to mind—why would a coach want them to?
In the NHL, a visiting-team player places his stick on the ice first for the face-off at center ice. For all other face-offs, a defending team player must place his stick down first. Once they establish position at a face-off, players must hold that position until the puck is dropped.
The NHL rules also state: “The whistle will not be blown by the official to start play. Playing time will commence from the instant the puck is faced off and will stop when the whistle is blown or a goal is scored.”
In face-offs, communication is key. The team’s centerman should let other players know at the time of face-off or in practice what the plan will be—a forehand push, sending the puck to the side with a backhand, a spin move, or tying up the puck so another player can skate in and win it. Again: communication is key.
Hockey coaches will tell their players—get low, get balanced, and have a plan for winning the face-off. A player in a face-off will typically orient himself to favor the forehand or backhand, keeping a low center of gravity and shifting his weight to prepare to win the puck when it’s dropped.
Most coaches emphasize establishing solid defense when a face-off occurs in their defensive zone. That team is already at a territorial disadvantage, so the strategy is to protect their goal above all else if they lose the face-off. Of course, if the defensive team wins the face-off, they want to break out and attack the opposing goal quickly.
When the face-off is in a team’s attack zone, the offensive team usually plans to orchestrate options for scoring—after they win the faceoff. Coaches lose sleep over devising scoring options following an offensive-zone face-off, because they have a tactical advantage. The set-play options all lead to getting that all-important shot on goal.
NCAA Men’s Lacrosse Face-Off Rule Changes – LRT Sports – College Athletic News and Exclusive Coach Ratings
Spasmodic muscles of the face and a slowdown in blood circulation and lymph flow are most often to blame. Another reason is poor posture, in which the entire muscle tissue of the face is displaced. The clarity of the oval is lost, ptosis appears, puffiness, the corners of the lips crawl down, and the nasolabial folds become deeper.
In addition, the external signs of the evil face syndrome can also be a consequence of poor vision: a person squints all the time, straining his facial muscles, and over time it becomes a habit.
Why women are the main victims of the syndrome
A study showed that bitchy face syndrome is common for both men and women.This is a general problem not related to gender differences. Any person, regardless of gender, may have lowered corners of the mouth, frowned eyebrows and insufficiently open eyes, but the paradox is that men do not suffer from bitchy face syndrome.
Scientists explain this by the fact that the phenomenon is not associated with physiology, but with social norms. For men, a serious, stern or even angry face is in the order of things. In the mass consciousness, it is associated with strength, intelligence, determination and sexuality.
No one calls men bitches if their face looks serious or dull.
Women with a serious or stern face are often accused of arrogance. And it’s all about gender stereotypes. There is a social construct in society: “A woman should be gentle.” It developed in the previous centuries, when a girl was assigned the role of a housewife and a “good wife” in society. She did not have financial independence and equality with men, and the smile on her face was a manifestation of humility.
Much has changed since then, but the social attitude has remained. Women with insufficiently good looks continue to suffer 90,183 due to gender stereotypes. They can easily be called bitches because of an unfriendly expression on their faces, refuse a job or dissolve a lot of gossip behind their backs.Art project of American artist Tatyana Fazlalizade Stop telling women to smile, edition. cnn.com
How the syndrome spoils life
People judge others by their appearance .And no matter how we try to change this, the first impression is formed in one tenth of a second – faster than a person has time to realize something. At the same time, the brain has stable reactions to certain facial features:
- An outwardly attractive person seems to us more competent and intelligent.
- A pronounced chin, a large nose, and a narrow face are associated with imperiousness and a tendency to dominate.
- Big eyes or an open gaze mean kindness, naivety, humility.
- People with a wide face and chubby cheeks seem kind and open.
Based on all this, a person with bitchy face syndrome will almost always make a bad first impression. Others may think that he is an arrogant snob and despises everyone, although in reality this is not at all the case. This can be a hindrance both at a party and when applying for a job or at a business meeting.It has been proven that people with good looks are more successful and earn 10-12% more.
How to recognize the syndrome in yourself
Check your appearance using FaceReader. In the picture, the face should be full-face and in a relaxed, calm state. The higher the quality of the photo, the more accurate the result.
A significant disadvantage of the program is that it does not give the ratio of emotions as a percentage, so it is impossible to say for sure whether you have a syndrome. But if contempt is present or prevalent among the emotions, then there is a possibility that you still have it.Here are the results of the Lifehacker employees:
The face of the leading Lifehacker Irina Rogava is neutral, but expresses surprise, fear, disgust and contempt
The face of our videographer Olesya Shishko is neutral, but the prevailing emotion is happiness
The face of the author is calm in the author’s face surprise, anger and contempt
In addition, there are indirect signs of the syndrome:
- You do not recognize yourself in the photographs.
- You are constantly being told: “Don’t be sad” and asked to smile.
- You are often asked: “Are you dissatisfied with something?”
- You have a reputation for being tough, although you don’t know how you deserve it.
- They do not ask you for directions on the street, they do not get to know you and go around.
How to live with bitchy face syndrome
Do a facial massage
He is not able to remove wrinkles and rejuvenate. But the effect is still there: the procedure helps to tighten the oval, cope with tight muscles and relax them.In addition, the face after the massage looks fresher and more rested.
The massage can be done by a beautician or on your own. For this, there are many special devices that greatly simplify the process. Important: to get results, massage should be done regularly.
Work on facial expressions
In the company of friends and family you can be yourself, but if you want to make a good impression in public, you have to control your emotions.
For example, you want to look more welcoming during communication: try to smile a little, slightly straining and lifting your cheeks.The corners of the lips will also rise automatically. This half-smile looks natural and does not cause rejection from others.
Sometimes a contemptuous expression arises from an insufficiently open gaze: it seems that a person is looking at everyone arrogantly. In such a situation, you need to try to open your eyes a little wider: the gaze will become more wide open and not so depressed.
Correct your face with make-up
- The look may seem depressed or tired due to the impending eyelid.The problem can be corrected with makeup: draw arrows and lightly touch the inner corners of the eyes with light shadows or pencil. The “tail” of the arrow should aim upward. Do not lower it so that the look does not seem sad.
- To give your face a fresh look, apply blush to the apples of your cheeks and blend them.
- Do not use foundation that is too dense if you have pronounced wrinkles. The tone will gather in folds, emphasizing them.
Contact a beautician
Manifestations of the bitchy face syndrome can be removed with the help of cosmetics: smooth mimic wrinkles on the forehead and bridge of the nose with Botox, raise the corners of the lips with it, and fill the nasolabial folds with a filler based on hyaluronic acid.But this is an extreme measure. It may be worth working on self-esteem first, rather than giving injections.
Don’t take the problem too seriously
The syndrome was first discussed in the West, where a smile is a sign of politeness and an integral part of etiquette. People look welcoming and friendly, because it is so customary: this is a way to show your location to the interlocutor. And if a person does not smile, he violates social norms. And arrogance and contempt on the face even raise questions.
In Russia, the situation is different: it is not customary for us to smile for the sake of politeness, and the insincere smile of a stranger is alarming. We begin to think that he is a sycophant or a crook.
This feature of the mentality has evolved over the centuries: the life and everyday life of the peasants was a hard struggle for existence, so frowning has become a standard facial expression.
You need a reason to smile: a good mood, a pleasant companion or a funny joke. It is simply not accepted to do this in the same way.
Therefore, it is quite possible that you just made up a problem and everything is fine with you. And if you do not notice the consequences of the bitchy face syndrome in your life, forget about it and do not look for unnecessary reasons for suffering.
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How face recognition works and is it possible to cheat this system
The technology is based on two neural networks:
The first is a network-“equalizer” (eng.aligner). It takes a picture that comes from a surveillance camera, detects all the faces that it can find, “cuts out” and “aligns” them.
This is how it looks:
Stage 1. The program cuts out faces (Photo: wikipedia.org)
The program cuts out the detected faces (those that are close to each other, turned in profile, or just very small and indistinct, the system may not recognize).
Then it aligns them: detects the points of the eyes, nose and mouth on the face.
Stage 2. The program recognizes key points on the face (Photo: wikipedia.org)
Finally, rotates and resizes the photo so that the points of the eyes, nose and mouth are in certain places.
Stage 3.The program brings the photo to a standard form (Photo: Tsinghua University)
Some algorithms use more than seven points – that is, they outline the contours of the face. This may be needed, for example, to create deepfakes.
The second is a network “recognizer” .It accepts an aligned image at the input, which was transmitted by the first neural network, and at the output it gives out a face vector – that is, a set of numbers of fixed length. These vectors may differ for different networks, but most often they are some power of two. For example, 512:
How does the second neural network that recognizes faces work? (Photo: KDnuggets)
The network generates similar vectors for similar faces and vice versa.
Take one photo of Angelina Jolie and two images of Brad Pitt and run them across the web. The output will be three vectors. Let’s measure the distance between the vector of Angelina Jolie and the vector of the first Brad Pitt, as well as between the vectors of the two Brad Pitt. In the first case, the distance will be large – these are different people, and in the second – small: this is one person.
How a neural network distinguishes one person from another (Photo: KDnuggets)
Huge databases of human faces are used to train neural networks. At the input, neural networks tell who this person belongs to, and then, in the course of training, ensure that it produces the most accurate results. Having trained on millions of different people, the neural network begins to recognize new faces – those that were not in the database.
The Face ID technology in smartphones is arranged a little differently. The algorithm recognizes you not by a photo, but by infrared dots that are projected onto your face through the camera. After that, a 3D model is created and compared with the one that you have already entered earlier.
How FaceID technology works90,000 Moscow competition Faces of the district
Actor, director, master public speaking, business coach
ONF expert, President of the “Give sunshine “, member of the Public Council of the Ombudsman for the Rights of the Child of the Russian Federation
Chief Operating Officer, Member of the Board of ANO “Parkran”
Russian TV and radio presenter, journalist, actor, presenter of the author’s program and the face of the channel “Moscow 24”
Trainer in the field of project management, expert of VKMP Rosmolodezh, Candidate of Economic Sciences, Executive Secretary of the Moscow Council vice-rectors
Coach in the field of project management, expert of VKPM Rosmolodezh, candidate of psychological sciences, associate professor, director of science Institute of Youth Policy
Business coach, certified team and personal ICF standards coach, facilitator
Speaker, game practitioner, expert
ONF expert, member Public Chamber of the Russian Federation
Business coach, game practitioner, facilitator, expert in team management, game technology
Business coach, coach, consultant. Systems Builder corporate training
Public speaking expert, moderator of major city events
Independent Social Welfare Specialist media and personal branding
Communication expert, teacher of the First Academy media (MIRBIS), creative director of IMA Digital agency
Head of Marketing and Information Policy Department Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences
Independent Social Welfare Specialist media and personal branding
Communication expert, teacher of the First Academy media (MIRBIS), creative director of IMA Digital agency
Head of Marketing and Information Policy Department Moscow Higher School of Social and Economic Sciences
Chairman of the International Union for Aid and Support patients, expert of the Moscow Mayor Grant Competition, member of the Ethics Committee of the Federal State Budgetary Institution of National Medical Research Center DGOI them. Dmitry Rogachev, Ministry of Health of Russia
Deputy Director of the Financial Development Association literacy, expert in the field of education and development of SO NPO, expert ASI, platform ANO “Russia – Land of Opportunities” and competitions of grants of the Mayor of Moscow
Yuzhakova Ilona Yurievna
General Director of ANO Quality Center OKNO, editor-in-chief online publication “Quality of Social Services”, a member of the working groups for the preparation SDG Report at the Analytical Center of the Government of the Russian Federation.
Frolova Elena Viktorovna
Doctor of Sociology, Professor of Finance University under the Government of the Russian Federation, expert in public projects.
Rogach Olga Vladimirovna
Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, an expert in the field of project management.
Matyukhina Elena Nikolaevna
Deputy Director of the Creative Programs Directorate, Moscow State Pedagogical University, expert of federal design competitions.
Kolmagorova Zhanna Yurievna
Composer, poet-songwriter, member of the Writers’ Union of the Russian Federation, member The expert commission for conferring the titles of the Department of Culture of St.Moscow, honorary jury member of international competitions, producer of the International Festival-Competition “Two cat “.
Demina Svetlana Vladimirovna
Project Management Expert, Senior Lecturer RSSU for project and program management, head of the laboratory of state and municipal purchases Sberbank-AST.
Smirnov Yuri Ivanovich
Author of the first book in Russia on customer focus: “Customer focus as a way to generate additional profit.” Senior Lecturer at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, author and leader a unique advanced training program at the university – “The best domestic and world negotiating styles “.Selected by General Director magazine as the leading Russian speaker on business negotiations.
Vyakhirev Evgeniy Vladimirovich
Editor-in-chief, author and TV presenter of information and educational programs on the Moscow educational TV channel under the Department education and science of the city of Moscow.
How to use a face scrub
What is a face scrub?
Exfoliation is an important step in caring for your skin. This procedure is necessary in order to regularly free the skin of dead cells, stimulate the natural process of its renewal and help the active components of the subsequent care to penetrate deeper into the epidermis. If exfoliating is neglected, the complexion fades, blackheads and flaking may appear.Scrub is a cosmetic product that is necessary for accelerated skin regeneration.
The benefits of scrubs
There are other methods of cleansing the face, for example, acid peels, but unlike scrubs, they are not recommended for use in the summer because of the risk of provoking hyperpigmentation under the influence of UV. Also, peels can cause increased sensitivity of the skin to the sun’s rays.
Therefore, we can safely say that scrubs are the optimal solution for regular intensive cleansing of the facial skin.With proper use, the effect will be noticeable very soon: the skin will become smoother, more radiant, supple and firm. For example, the Clean Line Cleansing Scrub is able to cleanse pores, make the face smoother in tone and accelerate the processes of cell renewal.
What scrubs are there?
Scrub is a combination of base and abrasive particles. The base can be cream, gel, or even oil. The abrasives used – exfoliating particles – are of two types: natural and synthetic. Surfactants, acids or enzymes can be added to the scrubs to enhance the cleansing effect.Before choosing a product, be sure to pay attention to the size and softness of the particles. Your best bet is to ask a tester and try applying it to your wrist.
How to use scrubs?
The process of using the scrub itself is quite simple: apply to the skin, massage for a couple of minutes and rinse. But for the best effect, an additional set of actions and knowledge is needed.
How to use a face scrub correctly?
The scrub should only be applied to skin that has been previously cleansed of make-up.To do this, you can use the usual means: micellar water, milk or make-up remover lotion, and then wash with your favorite gel or foam. Then a scrub is applied to damp skin.
A good solution is to apply the scrub on the skin of the face steamed in the bath, at this moment the dead particles of the epidermis soften and are easier to remove. In addition, the pores of the steamed skin are opened and you can easily clean them of impurities. So, if you like to visit the steam room periodically, do not forget to bring a facial scrub with you.
How to massage?
For 1-2 minutes, distribute the product with light circular movements and gently massage your face – this will help to enhance blood microcirculation. Do not rub your skin hard to avoid injuring it. Do not forget to work out all zones: move from the middle of the forehead to the temples, then from the middle of the chin to the earlobes. In addition to the forehead and chin, apply the scrub to the nose and cheeks and massage gently.
How to wash off?
Gently rinse the product with water at a comfortable temperature, pat your face dry with a towel.Do not rub your skin to avoid causing redness.
How often to use?
It is worth using the scrub 1-2 times a week, depending on the type of skin. If your skin is normal or dry – once a week is enough, if combined or oily – you can use the intensive cleansing product twice. Owners of thin and sensitive skin should not use a scrub, an extreme option is to choose the most delicate cream-based product with a small amount of soft abrasive particles of the correct shape.
When to use?
It is worth cleansing the skin before going to bed, because at night it is less exposed to various influences. During the period of night sleep, the skin will completely recover, and by the morning, possible redness after a massage with a scrub will have time to disappear.
After cleansing your face with a scrub, apply a moisturizing mask or your usual night cream. The exfoliation procedure helps the skin to better absorb all the beneficial ingredients.For example, the Clean Line 3-in-1 Smart Face Cream is perfect for a comprehensive facial.
What is worth remembering?
Use only special products for the face. You should not use a body scrub when exfoliating the face, because its large and rather coarse particles can severely injure the skin of the face, cause a negative reaction.
Important: if, when using the product, persistent redness remains on the face, accompanied by tingling, tingling, burning, the product should not be reapplied, it does not suit your skin.90,000 Why do blackheads appear on the face?
Blackheads on the face look unaesthetic, and without attention to the problem, over time, inflammation joins them, which cannot be eliminated without medical help. Modern beauties, wanting to have perfect skin, use various methods. They do not always help, because you need to understand the cause of the appearance of blackheads and find an effective treatment.
What are black dots
Human skin is the largest organ that performs many functions.Among them are the protection of other tissues, respiration, thermoregulation, and the release of metabolic products.
The entire skin of the face is covered with glands. There are two types of sweat glands:
- eccrine – do not break down during the production of sweat, are evenly distributed over the entire face, except for the lips;
- apocrine glands – when sweat is released, cells are destroyed, they can be found on the skin of the forehead, eyelids, wings of the nose.
Apocrine glands are destroyed, are part of sebum, from where its unpleasant odor comes from.Most often, this type of gland reacts to stress and is not involved in thermoregulation. The ducts of the two types of sweat glands open into hair follicles.
There are a large number of sebaceous glands throughout the body, but most of them are on the face. In the area of the lip contour, on the eyelids, they open freely in the skin. The ducts of the remaining glands exit into the hair follicle. It is their blockage that leads to the appearance of blackheads.
The number of sebaceous glands per 1 cm2 can reach 380 pieces.They produce sebum, or sebum, which is necessary for moisturizing and softening the skin, as well as forming a film that serves as a breeding ground for beneficial microflora.
In children, sweat and sebaceous glands are inactive. In adolescence, under the influence of increased production of testosterone and growth hormone in boys and girls, the work of the sebaceous glands is stimulated, they produce a large amount of sebum. Therefore, in adolescents, the face shines, especially the area of the forehead, nose and chin suffers.
Epithelial cells constantly die and slough off naturally. But some of them are located in the ducts of the glands, from where they cannot always come to the surface. Thick sebum is not removed to the surface of the skin. It mixes with dead epithelium and clogs the ducts. It looks like a black dot on the face.
Due to the fact that the largest number of sebaceous glands and skin pores are located on the nose, forehead and chin, cheeks, lips, the area around the eyes is usually not affected by blackheads.
If at a young age it is possible to get rid of dots on the face, then in adulthood the edges of the skin pores are covered with dense keratinized cells. Therefore, it is no longer possible to remove pathological elements.
Reasons for the appearance of black dots
Blackheads on the face, which are otherwise called comedones, appear in most people, especially during the period of hormonal changes – in adolescence, in women – before menstruation, during pregnancy.With the onset of old age, the production of sebum and sweat decreases, so the rash goes away on its own.
The hormones androgens have the greatest influence on the work of the skin glands. In adolescents, there is a physiological jump in blood concentration, both in boys and girls, even before the onset of the first menstruation. But not all adolescents develop pronounced cosmetic defects. Sometimes there is an increased sensitivity of the sebaceous glands to androgens, then even a normal level of the hormone will lead to skin defects.
Hormonal causes of blackheads in women are associated with gynecological diseases. With polycystic ovary syndrome, the maturation of the follicle in the ovaries is disturbed, so the concentration of androgens in the blood increases. Skin pores secrete a lot of sebum, so the face looks permanently oily.
The appearance of black dots is associated with other factors:
- Violation of personal hygiene – in case of a tendency to comedones, it is necessary to properly cleanse the face. If dirt and dust particles are not removed at the end of the day, they will clog the pores even more, create conditions for the growth of bacteria and the appearance of inflammation.
- Improper diet – blackheads occur in people who eat large amounts of fatty, sweet foods and starchy foods.
- Disruption of the digestive tract – the condition of the skin reflects the health of the intestines and stomach, in chronic pathologies, the production of sebum may change.
- Unsuitable cosmetics – if the skin looks oily, special non-comedogenic creams must be used for it, which do not clog the pores.
Cosmetics can worsen the condition of the skin with blackheads, increase the number of clogged pores or cause their inflammation.When choosing a cosmetic product, it is necessary to avoid the composition of mineral oils. Lanolin, squalene and red coloring pigments are dangerous for the skin. It is also necessary to read where the cosmetics came from and the expiration date.
Propionic bacteria may be the cause of blackheads. They are conditionally pathogenic microflora of the skin, but they are able to penetrate the ducts of the glands, increase their activity and the volume of sebum secreted. The pores become clogged with secretions, and bacteria stimulate excessive keratinization of the pore edges.Therefore, black comedones are constantly present on the face, and after they are squeezed out, enlarged pores remain.
Comedones on the face are formed with the development of hyperkeratosis. This is a condition that develops under the influence of unfavorable external factors, lack of vitamin A. Intoxication during work in hazardous production, contact with oil products, industrial dust leads to hyperkeratosis.
Sometimes it is impossible to establish why black dots appear. They can be associated with a hereditary factor.But it is not comedones themselves that are transmitted, but an increased sensitivity to sex hormones or the peculiarities of sebum production.
To look attractive and restore healthy skin, you need to find the root cause of blackheads. A doctor who deals with skin diseases is called a dermatologist. You may need to visit an endocrinologist, gynecologist and gastroenterologist.
Special cosmetic procedures help to effectively remove blackheads.They can be used as a stand-alone treatment or as a complement to mainstream therapy.
People with problem skin first of all undertake to squeeze comedones on their own. But it is better to consult a beautician. This procedure is called mechanical cleaning in professional language. The face is pre-steamed, the points are removed with special tools, after which anti-inflammatory and pore-narrowing agents are applied.
In beauty salons, comedones are disposed of with the help of phototherapy.The procedure is so called because of the use of short flashes of light, which destroy disease-causing bacteria and regulate the sebaceous glands. Phototherapy removes points on the face, as well as freckles on the nose and rosacea on the cheeks in a course of 5-7 procedures.
Chemical peels also help get rid of comedones. For its implementation, substances are used that soften the horny scales, help open the skin pores. After application and light rubbing, you can achieve a reduction in grease and get rid of rashes.
It is possible to remove points on the face using the biodermabrasion procedure. For her, several types of peeling are taken, which prepares the epidermis for mechanical stress. Biodermabrasion removes superficial and deep blackheads, relieves inflammation and oily skin.
Remedies for blackheads
In uncomplicated cases, you can try to remove comedones at home. But before buying a remedy, it is better to consult a dermatologist.
Get rid of blackheads with medical cosmetics.Doctors prescribe drugs that include:
- retinoids are vitamin A, normally it is taken from food, but with blackheads it is necessary to increase its dose;
- benzoyl peroxide – has antimicrobial effect, suppresses inflammation;
- azelaic acid – regulates the sebaceous glands, keratinization processes;
- antibiotics – inhibit the growth of bacteria.
If blackheads become inflamed, wounds, scars or spots may appear in their place.To avoid such consequences, use means that accelerate the healing of the skin. These include zinc ointment, dexpanthenol cream, or salicylic acid.
For complex treatment at home, you can do the steaming of the skin. To do this, take a small pot of water and brew medicinal herbs in it. Chamomile, calendula, linden have anti-inflammatory effect, mint invigorates and tones the skin. Some people add essential oils of eucalyptus, tea tree or conifers to steaming.
For women with acne and inflamed blackheads on the forehead and cheeks, after consultation, a gynecologist may prescribe combined oral contraceptives. The drugs suppress androgen sensitivity and reduce sebum production. Drug names vary from manufacturer to manufacturer and may have different concentrations of the estrogenic component.
In severe cases of blackheads, the doctor prescribes oral antibiotics and retinoids. They are also necessary for gastritis caused by Helicobacter pylori infection.This condition also interferes with the production of skin secretions and causes blackheads to appear.
In order for comedone remedies to give a more pronounced effect, it is necessary to cleanse the skin with special lotions or tonics at least 2 times a day. It is also recommended to adhere to a diet that excludes spicy, fatty, sweet, chocolate, nuts, cheese and alcohol.
It takes a long time to get rid of blackheads. Even cosmetic procedures in one go will not make the skin smooth.There are no remedies that will remove the defect permanently either. Sebum production is a natural process. Therefore, to maintain health, it is necessary to adhere to hygiene rules, eat right and periodically carry out deep cleansing procedures..