Under Armour Adult Nitro Low MC Football Cleats
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5 Best Football Cleats for Linemen to Try This Year
Our focus today is to help you find the best football cleats for linemen. As we all know, when it comes to men’s football cleats, you cannot get the wrong pair.
Why Should You Choose Only the Best Football Cleats for Linemen?
Football is one of those sports where the equipment you use makes a significant difference in how well you play. Having a great pair of football cleats is especially important. They will give you more traction on the pitch, be more comfortable, and help you accelerate faster from a standing start.
If you are a lineman, you will really need a great pair of shoes. Because you push all of your weight forward to achieve momentum in a few seconds, you will require a lot of traction, good ankle protection, and a stable platform. If you choose the wrong cleats and are slipping on the ground, you will be beaten every time!
If you are interested in buying the right pair of cleats, you have come to the right place! This guide will give you all of the information you need to buy cleats that are perfect for a lineman. We will even share 5 of the best football cleats on the market.
Before you start browsing the market for the best football cleats, you should first know what they are and what purpose they serve. If you want to know more information on this subject, we recommend you check out this guide here! You will learn some important aspects about playing football in general and choosing/wearing cleats in particular.
What Kind of Cleats Do Linemen Need?
A lineman has very specific requirements when it comes to cleats. They require deep studs to help them gain traction in the ground as they drive their opponent backward. Their studs should be rounded because a lineman will often move laterally when they are pushing or blocking an opponent. If a player usually plays on artificial turf, plastic molded cleats are usually best. If they often play on wet muddy fields, replaceable studs are usually the best option.
Linemen cleats should have excellent ankle support because they are pushing so much power through their legs while moving side-to-side. Finally, the cleats worn by a lineman should have a very snug fit. This ensures that the foot is very stable within the shoe.
Moreover, if you have wide feet, not all cleats will help you to up your ante with your game. If this is your case, check out our guide on the best football cleats for wide feet as well. It is crucial to get the best football cleats for linemen with wide feet for the following reasons:
- You will enjoy more comfort during the game if you wear cleats designed for your particular type of feet. The last thing you want are pain, blisters, bleeding, soreness, and more;
- You minimize the risk of damage and injuries on the playing field;
- Buying the wrong cleats not only interferes with your game but your budget as well. Should they not fit you perfectly, you will have to buy another pair.
Tips For Choosing the Best Football Cleats For Linemen
Here are some simple tips to help you find the perfect pair of cleats!
Choose the right cleat style
There are 3 main variants of football cleats — low-cut, mid-cut, and high-top. The main difference between these variants are:
- Low-cut cleats
Low-cut cleats are very lightweight and minimalist. They are often used by running backs, who want as much agility, speed, and maneuverability as possible. The downside of low-cut cleats is that they do not offer much protection. The shoe ends below the ankle, so there is no ankle support.
Mid-top cleats are designed to offer more protection for the player’s ankles while remaining fairly lightweight. The shoe ends just above the ankle. They are designed to be a compromise between protection and mobility. They are often used by running backs, wide receivers, and quarterbacks.
High-top cleats provide the most stability and protection. The shoe ends well above the ankle and they are made from very tough materials. Most linemen will use high-tops so their ankles are protected as they move laterally.
Consider the fields you regularly play on
The types of fields that you play on will determine what type of studs you should choose. If you regularly play on artificial turf, short studs made from rubber or plastic are usually the best choice. They will deliver excellent traction on the hard, artificial surfaces.
If you usually play on grass, you may encounter hard surfaces and soft surfaces — including muddy fields where it is very hard to obtain traction. Detachable stud cleats will allow you to change your studs to match the condition of the field. If the field is hard, you would use 1/2-inch studs. If it is wet, you could use longer 3/4-inch or 1-inch studs.
Consider the durability of the shoe’s upper
The upper is the section of the shoe above the foot. It is usually made from leather or a synthetic material. Leather is quite flexible, comfortable, and durable — but it is more expensive and can be heavy. Synthetic materials have less durability, less breathability — but are more affordable. Linemen do benefit from having the most durable shoe available, so many players opt for leather. However, if your budget is tight or you prefer a lighter shoe, a well-made cleat with a synthetic upper will be fine.
Consider weight and protection
Because high-tops are bigger shoes with additional protection, they will always be heavier than mid-cuts and low-cuts. That doesn’t mean you have to wear shoes as heavy as a pair of bricks! You can now purchase very light high-tops that are still very durable and protect the feet. Having a light pair of shoes will help you accelerate faster and surprise your opponent. Just remember — the lighter the shoe, the less protection it has. You may have to compromise between weight and protection.
Choose shoes that are comfortable
Comfort is a crucial factor when it comes to football cleats. Here are a few pointers to consider when it comes to cleat fit:
- You shouldn’t be able to feel the studs through the sole of the shoe
- Your high-tops shouldn’t rub against your Achilles tendon, as this may cause an injury at some point
- Your cleats must be snug, but not too tight. If your toes feel cramped at all, get the next size up.
- There should be enough flexibility in the shoe for you to run naturally and turn quickly.
- You should be able to walk long distances in your cleats without any blisters occurring.
5 Best Football Cleats For Lineman | Reviews & Buying Guide
Here are a few of the best football cleats for linemen for you to try this year. They are all well-made and will help you improve your performance on the field.
|Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Football Cleats||Materials: Synthetic upper with rubber sole
Weight: 11.2 ounces
Colors: 18 color combinations available
|Check Latest Price|
|Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Football Cleats||Materials: Synthetic upper with a synthetic sole
Weight: 11 ounces
Colors: 4 color combinations
|Check Latest Price|
|Under Armour Men’s UA Spine Brawler Mid MC Sneaker||Materials: Synthetic upper with a synthetic sole
Weight: 14. 3 ounces
Colors: 4 color combinations
|Check Latest Price|
|Adidas Performance Men’s Filthyquick MD Football Cleat||Materials: Synthetic/Textile upper with rubber sole
Weight: 10 ounces
Colors: 4 color combinations
|Check Latest Price|
|Under Armour Men’s UA C1N MC Football Cleats||Materials: Synthetic upper with a synthetic sole
Weight: 11.6 ounces
Colors: 4 color combinations
|Check Latest Price|
1. Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Football Cleats
Under Armour has been releasing some excellent football cleats in the past few years. The UA Highlight MC is no exception — they are incredibly well-made and affordable cleats.
This shoe is very performance-orientated and is quite lightweight compared to other shoes in the same price range. It uses the UA ClutchFit® upper, a durable synthetic upper that provides plenty of support and comfort. This upper is very solid and perfect for a lineman.
Comfort is also a major selling point with the UA Highlight MC Football Cleats. They use a 3D folded MPZ® tongue to cushion the foot and provide additional protection in the scrimmage. The footbed uses Molded 4D Foam® to cushion the foot, provide support, and reduce cleat pressure. This cleat is a great choice for players of any skill level. It comes in 18 different stylish color combinations including white/metallic silver and black/gold. If you want more comprehensive reviews of Under Armour cleats, check out our guide. You will learn more about the Under Armour Men’s Highlight MC Football Cleats and the Under Armour Men’s Highlight MC Football Shoe.
2. Adidas Performance Men’s Crazyquick 2.
0 Mid Football Cleat
The Adidas Performance Crazyquick 2.0 cleats are designed for linemen who are looking for a light shoe that allows them to accelerate quickly from a standing start. It is a very comfortable cleat with plenty of padding in the upper and tongue. The molded ethylene vinyl acetate insole increases the comfort levels even more and the shoes’ durable synthetic upper keeps the foot firmly in place.
This cleat uses the Adidas quick frame plate with sprint studs and quick studs — making it a great choice for offensive linemen who want to be more agile as they drive. The blade studs in the heel also help players quickly stop and change direction, which gives the player even more mobility. This cleat uses a lock web system to keep laces from coming undone.
3. Under Armour Men’s UA Spine Brawler Mid MC Sneaker
The Under Armour Spine Brawler Mid MC is another lightweight pair of cleats that has some excellent features. The best feature of the shoe is the UA Power Clamp. It is designed to lock your ankle into place, reducing the risk of rolling or twisting your ankle as you move laterally. This cleat also has ClutchFit technology, which helps to mold the shoe to your foot and provide additional stability.
The UA Spine Plate helps players transfer their power evenly through their foot and reduces slippage. It is a great feature that is particularly helpful in soft or muddy conditions. These cleats are well made, with a synthetic upper and sole. The sole has molded studs that are long enough to work on most fields.
These cleats are quite comfortable to wear, thanks to the 4D Foam® collar and 3D-molded tongue. The 4D Foam® collar allows players to tweak how the cleats fit and help to secure the ankle.
4. Adidas Performance Men’s Filthyquick MD Football Cleat
This is another fantastic pair of cleats from Adidas. The Adidas Performance Filthyquick cleats are affordable, well-made, and comfortable to wear. These shoes were designed for the All-Pro player Von Miller and can be used for many positions including lineman and quarterback.
These cleats come with a durable synthetic/textile upper and molded rubber sole. The studs on the sole are perfect for both artificial surfaces and grass, although they might begin to struggle with muddy conditions. The forefoot overlay helps to keep the player’s foot centered in the shoe and provides more stability. The molded ethylene vinyl acetate insole is incredibly comfortable and stable. This is a very affordable option that can be used for players in many different positions.
5. Under Armour Men’s UA C1N MC Football Cleats
This is another outstanding product from Under Armor. Their C1N MC Football Cleats are stylish, hard-wearing, and deliver exceptional performance. They use a very tough synthetic upper and rubber sole with 1/2” studs. The level of craftsmanship is excellent with these cleats and they have a high level of durability.
This is the only pair of cleats reviewed here to have a removable ankle strap. This makes the cleats usable for positions other than a lineman. You simply take the strap off if you are asked to play quarterback or running back. Like the other Under Armor cleats we reviewed, it has a molded 4D Foam® footbed for additional comfort and stability. The chromed-out Pebax® cleat plate is stylish and provides a lot of traction on all types of fields. A great choice for players who require some versatility in their cleats.
Best Football Cleats for Linemen: Bottom Line
Thanks for reading the Best Football Cleats For Lineman! If you have any questions about football cleats, drop us a line!
Like to play ultimate frisbee? Check out these great cleats for ultimate frisbee.
We hope you now know better how to choose the best football cleats for linemen. In case you want more information on football cleats in general or on how to boost your game, feel free to ask us! We are here to answer your questions, help you find the best products for your favorite games and sports, and generally be here for you to have as much fun as you can!
Performance Styles from Nike & More – Footwear News
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As with many sports, a solid pair of socks is key to playing soccer at the top of your game.
When it’s time to hit the pitch, you should feel comfortable in what you’re wearing from head-to-toe and focused on your performance. The last thing you want to deal with is ill-fitting socks that keep slipping down your leg or bunching up in your cleats — not to mention socks that make your feet and legs hot and sweaty.
The best soccer socks for matches are designed to be worn over your shin guards as a means of supporting them. They should fit snugly and stay in place without being too tight that they cut off your circulation. However, soccer training doesn’t always call for shin guards, so your socks for training can vary a bit in terms of style. Some players may prefer sporting over-the-calf styles during training, while others may reach for crew length or lower-cut pairs.
And although your cleats offer a certain level of protection, the best soccer socks are typically engineered with strategic cushioning to ensure optimal comfort. Moreover, soccer socks should ideally be crafted from a material containing added spandex so they can stretch to fit athletes of different sizes.
Ready to find your perfect match? Look no further. We’ve rounded up the 10 best soccer socks for adults for matches as well as training.
Why Trust Our Recommendations
When compiling our list, we opted for styles made of moisture-wicking fabrics like nylon or polyester with mesh ventilation to keep feet dry and prevent blisters. We also considered features like targeted cushioning, compression and arch support, as they’ll help keep the socks from slipping and provide a supportive feel underfoot. Additionally, there are pairs on our list designed specifically to fit the left or right foot for a custom fit and feel. We also looked to top athletic brands like Nike, Adidas, Under Armour and Puma for our picks.
Adidas Rivalry Over-the-Calf Soccer Socks
Featuring moisture-wicking yarns, Adidas Rivalry Over-the-Calf Soccer Socks are designed to keep you cool and dry as you work up a sweat. You can also count on them to stay up thanks to double-welt construction at the top. We also love that they come in a pack of two.
- Targeted cushioning on the footbed provides shock absorption
- Arch and ankle compression offer added stability
- Available in five colors
- May be somewhat see-through with shin guards
CREDIT: Courtesy of Amazon
Under Armour Over-the-Calf Soccer Socks
Under Armour’s Over-the-Calf Soccer Socks help keep odors at bay thanks to a moisture-wicking nylon performance fabric blend with anti-odor technology. Boasting a lightweight knit construction, they’re also designed to be soft, breathable and quick-drying.
- Dynamic arch support helps minimize foot fatigue
- The footbed is fully cushioned
- Ventilation channels increase breathability
- Some may find they run slightly small
Puma Liga Soccer Socks
Another good over-the-calf style, Puma’s Liga Soccer Socks contain mesh knit throughout for added breathability and temperature regulation, and an ankle brace design for enhanced stability when showing off your fancy footwork.
- A cushioned cotton heel and toe add comfort
- Anatomically designed footbed for left and right foot
- Some may find they run a tad long
CREDIT: Courtesy of Soccer.com
Umbro Adult Soccer Socks
These Umbro Adult Soccer Socks are made to draw moisture away from the skin and promote breathability to keep players cool. They’re also designed to reduce friction and support the foot for minimized fatigue.
- Seamless toe construction delivers comfortable wear
- Mesh ventilation offers proper airflow
- Includes arch support
CREDIT: Courtesy of Walmart
DSG Soccer II Socks 2 Pack
Coming in a pack of two, these DSG Soccer II Socks are moisture-wicking and cushioned underfoot. What’s more, they’re equipped with an elasticized arch band and deep heel pocket for a secure, supportive fit.
- Comfort toe seams prevent irritation
- Mesh venting adds breathability
- Includes supportive shaft with foldover ribbed cuff
CREDIT: Courtesy of Dick’s Sporting Goods
New Balance Match Socks
New Balance’s Match Socks utilize NB Dry technology to keep sweat at bay. This pair is also designed with mesh ventilation on top to promote better airflow.
- Includes cushioned heel and toe for added comfort and durability
- Thick, ribbed cuff keeps the sock in place
- Only goes up to a men’s size 13
CREDIT: Courtesy of Soccer.com
Nike Squad Crew Socks
An ideal choice for training your hardest, Nike’s Squad Crew Socks are also rendered from a sweat-wicking fabric with added cushioning for support. They also boast a striped sole design for a sporty look.
- Cushioning in high-wear areas adds durability
- Offer anatomical left foot/right foot fit
- They don’t offer arch support
CREDIT: Courtesy of Nike
TruSox 3.0 Cushion Crew Socks
For players that prefer ample cushioning, these TruSox 3.0 Cushion Crew Socks have a thicker sole for plush comfort. Moreover, thanks to gripping pads on the inside and outside of the socks, they’ll ensure feet are locked into your cleats.
- Patented adhesive technology allows for easier change of direction and shot control
- Designed to meet the contours of your foot
- Features durable and moisture-wicking material
- Not for athletes with larger feet
CREDIT: Courtesy of Soccer. com
Drymax Running Lite Mesh No Show Socks
As the name indicates, Drymax’s Running Lite Mesh No Show Socks are made to keep feet dry and comfortable as you work hard. The low-cut style boasts a dual-layer construction that wicks moisture away from the skin for a cooler, drier feel.
- Includes an anti-slip heel design
- Has breathable mesh panels
- Includes vented arch band
- Features flat toe seams for reduced friction
- Y-heel stitch offers a better fit and feel
- May not fit feet over a men’s size 13
CREDIT: Courtesy of Zappos
Paplus Compression Running Ankle Socks
Designed to promote better circulation, Paplus Compression Running Ankle Socks may help boost performance. They’re made of a lightweight, breathable and moisture-wicking material that shoudn’t weigh you down or feel too bulky inside cleats. A heel tab provides protection and prevents them from slipping down.
- Six pairs come per pack
- Mesh ventilation zones deliver maximum airflow
- Targeted arch compression keeps your arch stable and secure
- Reinforced heels and toes add durability
CREDIT: Courtesy of Amazon
Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Lacrosse Football Cleats Shoes 1269693-611 Shoes & Cleats eurotasltd Men
Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Lacrosse Football Cleats Shoes 1269693-611 Shoes & Cleats eurotasltd Men
- Sporting Goods >> Team Sports >> Football >> Clothing, Shoes & Accessories >> Shoes & Cleats >> Men
- Under Armour Men’s UA Highlight MC Lacrosse Football Cleats Shoes 1269693-611
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Men’s Shoes & Footwear | Sport Chek
Shoes, Boots & Cleats for Men
Sport Chek is every guy’s destination for footwear whether you’re hitting the gym to train, the track to run, or heading anywhere in the great outdoors to get hiking. Before you plan your next workout, check out our selection of Nike, Under Armour and adidas training shoes engineered to offer support and stability so you can push through your limits. Even if your muscles are fatigued, designs like the Reebok Men’s Nano training shoes make every round in the gym worth it.
Running at your peak has never been easier thanks to new running shoe technology. When you start your training for a half-marathon or marathon, take a look at our running shoes from New Balance, ASICS and Nike. These shoes are crafted to reduce repetitive strains and pump up your stride. Shoes like the adidas Ultra Boost and adidas Alpha Bounce have taken the running world by storm thanks to their revolutionary cushioning system that’s as helpful on the street as it is on the track.
No guy can survive a Canadian winter without a pair of durable winter boots. Sport Chek has a wide range of styles that suit city commutes and rural conditions. It’s best to look for high-quality water-repellant or waterproof materials on the outside like the design of most Keen, The North Face or Helly Hansen boots. Other brands like Timberland and adidas have also made their mark on winter with rubber soles that grip ice better than ever.
Need something more casual for fall or summer? Try a skate or casual shoe from PUMA that’s good for hanging out at the skate park, walking down to the beach or hustling and bustling in the concrete jungle. Need something that never goes out of style? The Converse Chuck Taylor is a stylish icon that can never go wrong, and Sport Chek has a huge assortment to choose from.
When the season is right, gear up with new cleats for soccer or baseball from Nike, or try the new high-top design from adidas. Or if the golf course is where you spend all your free time, check out the Footjoy and Ecco golf shoes available at Sport Chek.
Best online sales right now
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Apple iPhone 11 Pro
Under Armour is encouraging you to get in the game with discounts on everything you need to play team sports, which are starting to make their long-awaited comeback. Take an extra 25% off select items like cleats, gloves, spikes, mouth guards and sunglasses, plus tons of workout-ready apparel, when you use code TEAM25.
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Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 2 5G (starting at $1,199.99, originally $1,799.99; samsung.com)
Samsung Galaxy Z Fold 2 5G
What’s cooler than a smartphone that’s foldable? A foldable smartphone that’s also on sale. Samsung just dropped the MSRP of its Galaxy Z Fold 2 from $1,999.99 to $1,799.99, which means that with an eligible trade-in you could snag the device for as low as $1,199.99. We praised the phone for its durability, improved hinge and impressively sized display in our full review last year. Read more of our thoughts on the Galaxy Z Fold 2 here.
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The Container Store
The Container Store
Get organized at The Container Store’s Kitchen and Pantry Sale, where you can save 20% on all the storage you need for your fridge, pantry, drawers and more. Plus, with 20% off Elfa-designed pantries, It’s the opportunity you’ve been waiting for to kick off your spring cleaning projects.
TaoTronics Cool Mist Humidifier ($42.49, originally $49.99; amazon.com)
TaoTronics Cool Mist Humidifier
If winter has done a number on your skin, consider picking up our top pick for best humidifier, now a few dollars off at Amazon. The TaoTronics Cool Mist Humidifier has a 4-liter tank to ensure 12 to 30 hours of continuous use, and it automatically shuts off when the tank is empty or lifted up. It’s designed to work in rooms up to 322 square feet — perfect for most bedrooms or home offices.
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Sur La Table
Sur La Table
Sur La Table
Spending more time at home means plenty of time to refine your culinary skill set and perfect your favorite recipes, so if you’re looking for the necessary cooking implements, head over to Sur La Table. The retailer’s Cookware Event is on, so you can upgrade your pots and pans for up to 55% off.
Just over 150 items are on sale, and you’ll find discounts on everything from individual Dutch ovens, saucepans and skillets to entire cookware sets. Top brands like Le Creuset, All-Clad, Demeyere, Staub, Green Pan and Scanpan are included in the promotion, so you can be sure that your new cookware is of excellent quality.
Anker Soundcore Life Q20 ($46.50, originally $59.99; amazon.com)
Anker Soundcore Life Q20
If you’re in need of a solid pair of headphones but don’t want to spend an arm and a leg, consider picking up a pair of our favorite budget noise-canceling cans. The Anker Soundcore Life Q20 headphones are even cheaper than usual at just $46.50 (just be sure to clip the on-page coupon for an extra 5% off at checkout), and they deliver on comfort and sound quality in addition to noise cancellation.
Frank And Oak
Frank And Oak
Frank And Oak
Sustainable clothing brand Frank And Oak is beloved for its stylish basics that take all the guesswork out of getting dressed. And right now the brand is having its biggest sale of the year: Take 25% off sitewide at the Spring Sale when you use code SPRING25 at checkout. It’s the ideal opportunity to stock up on wardrobe basics for a new season.
There’s only a week left to shop Nordstrom’s Spring Sale, featuring up to 50% off thousands of designer styles for men, women, kids and your home. Browse through all the department store deals if time isn’t a factor, or filter by your favorite brands, including some of your favorites like The North Face, Free People, Ugg, Madewell, Levi’s and much more.
For more great deals, check out CNN Coupons.
90,000 5 driver errors, due to which spikes fly out of the tires – Lifehack
Winter is close, and many drivers traditionally “change” their cars in studded tires. Those inexperienced car owners who have purchased such rubber for the first time run the risk of ruining it in just one season. However, even with some experienced carriers, the spikes are often lost at the same speed. To prevent this from happening, the AvtoVzglyad portal reminds of driving errors that significantly reduce the lifespan of studded tires.
Such tires are intended only for use with studs, and if they come out, then it is extremely dangerous to ride on it – the adhesion to the roadway deteriorates significantly and the braking distance increases. If 40% of the original number of studs remain on the tire, then it is no longer recommended to use it.
First of all, such tires deteriorate from strong slipping when starting and accelerating on ice or asphalt. Contrary to popular belief, the chances of losing them during braking are much less than when the wheels slip during acceleration.However, it is best to avoid any slipping.
But the most dangerous thing in this case is starting from a standstill with intensive slipping on bare asphalt. So it is better to accelerate on spiked tires without overglowing – smoothly and accurately.
Parking on the asphalt
The more the driver turns the steering wheel while standing still, the greater the risk of leaving spikes on the asphalt. It is no coincidence that in winter, in underground parking lots with a hard surface, where cars maneuver in a limited area, you can find many rounded scratches under your feet along with fallen out spikes.So, while parking, it is best to operate the steering wheel only while driving.
Infringement of pressure
The pressure in winter tires must always be normal, also because otherwise there is a high risk of studs falling out. After all, these metal elements are intended for operation strictly at a certain stiffness of the tires, which is provided only by the regulation specified by the manufacturer. This should not be neglected.
If the wheel is not properly balanced, an uneven contact pattern with the road surface is created.In this regard, a certain part of the spikes has an increased load, which is why they are deformed and disconnected. The more the balance is disturbed and the higher the speed, the worse it is for rubber.
Using winter tires in the warm season also does not bode well. And if the driver is also distinguished by a gambling manner of driving, during which studded tires overheat faster, then they will definitely not live long. After all, the composition of such tires is in no way designed for high temperatures, and the spikes do not stay there for a long time in such extreme conditions.
November 9, 2019
Five errors that cause spikes to fly out of tires – Russian newspaper
– for which tires lose their studs much faster than the manufacturer expected. At the same time, we give advice on how not to lose almost half of the “toothy” army in just one season.
Refusal to run-in
Not everyone knows, but studded tires need to be run-in in the same way as a new car.The fact is that during studding at the factory, a special grease is applied to the stud seat.
The first few hundred kilometers, the spikes and seats, figuratively speaking, rub in, and the lubricant participates in the mini-vulcanization process. At the same time, the spikes are leveled in length for the first few hundred kilometers during a careful ride.
No manufacturer can guarantee even immersion of studs in the tread. For these reasons, the first 500-1000 km should be avoided abrupt starts, active acceleration, especially on bends, and emergency braking.The optimum speed should not exceed 70 km / h. It is also not recommended to ride a spike on dry asphalt for the first 500 km. The optimal break-in time is when the temperature has dropped below +7 ° C.
Incorrect tire pressure
Under-inflating and over-inflating in the case of studded tires is equally harmful. In the first case, contact with the road in the center of the wheel weakens, and increases along the edges. At the same time, roll and swing increase in corners, and when driving through irregularities, the shock load on the suspension increases.As a result, you will lose some of the studs in the shoulder areas of the tires much faster than expected.
When pumping rubber, the contact patch with the road narrows. The main load is taken by the central part of the tread, respectively, the studs in this sector are the first candidates for departure.
In addition, with a pumped stud, the braking distance increases, the tires absorb impacts worse, and the ride smoothness suffers accordingly. Finally, it is important to remember that the pressure in the tires changes during a cold snap.Namely – if the tires are inflated in a warm garage to 2 bar, in severe frost this indicator can drop to 1.8 bar. Accordingly, pump up the wheels in proportion to the temperature drop overboard.
The above-mentioned techniques of active driving – with abrupt starts, acceleration, changing lanes, braking, cornering at high speed – contribute to the premature baldness of the “spike”. Slip should also be avoided whenever possible, especially on asphalt.
With extreme caution, you should also overcome pits, road junctions, tram tracks, speed bumps and other irregularities.
Rigid contact with the mentioned obstacles facilitates the release of the studs from the seats. Conversely, by practicing quiet driving in winter, you not only minimize the risk of an accident, but also prolong the life of your car’s rubber.
Overheating of tires
Winters are different. At temperatures overboard above +7 ° C, due to the nature of the rubber compound of winter tires, the latter will begin to warm up.
If the driver practices active driving with abrupt starts, acceleration and braking, the process will intensify. What happens in this case? The base of the studs is held in place by an internal rigid tire frame. The outer layer is much softer, thanks to which the spike sticks to the asphalt.
When driving during a thaw, the soft outer layer of the tire softens even more, the tire begins to break during turns, starts and brakes, and the load on the studs increases sharply.Friction and heating of the thorns themselves also increase, as a result of which the nests begin to soften. All this provokes an accelerated departure of the spikes. In addition, when the “stud” is operated at a positive temperature, the braking distance of the car increases, which also does not contribute to the preservation of studs in the seats.
And finally, if you want to keep more studs in your winter tires – give up the bad habit of turning the steering wheel when the car is stationary.
The fact is that the friction on the asphalt at the moment of turning the steering wheel in place is maximum.
Accordingly, excessive mechanical stress is exerted on the wheel studs of the front axle. In other words, it is highly desirable to carry out parking maneuvers while driving.
In this situation, you will also extend the life of the steering elements, which also do not like very much when the steering wheel is turned in place.
Under Armor unveils thorns at MLB All-Star
The 82 MLB’s lack of stellar power can be made up for with trendy player statements.While baseball has traditionally not attracted fans due to its uniforms or spikes for players – unlike the market for NBA jerseys and custom shoes – the Midsummer Classic will feature baseball players wearing a variety of personalized cleats, courtesy of Under Armor.
Under Armor, named the Official Athletic Shoes Supplier for MLB in 2011, will use today’s Home Run Derby and Tuesday’s All-Star Game at Chase Field in Phoenix to unveil three new baseball boots – the Heater IV [$ 90]. Natural III Low [$ 85] and Yard III Mid [$ 80].All three will go on sale in the fall, but for now, some of Under Armor’s most recognizable sponsors will be wearing them.
What is the height of the basketball
The lack of star power in the 82nd MLB can be made up for with fashion statements from players. While baseball has traditionally not attracted fans because of the shape or spikes for the players – unlike the market for NBA jerseys and custom shoes – in the Midsummer Classic, thanks to Under Armor, baseball players will wear a variety of custom boots.
In 2011, Under Armor, named Official Athletic Shoe Supplier by MLB, will use today’s Home Run Derby and Tuesday’s All-Star Game at Chase Field in Phoenix to unveil three new baseball boots: Heater IV [$ 90]. Natural III Low [$ 85]] and Yard III Mid [$ 80]. All three will go on sale in the fall, but for now, some of Under Armor’s most recognizable sponsors will be wearing them.
how to notice the bench press
One of the most notable players, New York Mets shortstop Jose Reyes, will not wear the blue and orange Mets Yard III spikes.Unfortunately, Reyes had to withdraw from the game due to tension on his left hamstring. However, several other MLB Under Armor players will wear spikes that will incorporate their team colors into the official All-Star argyle logo.
Other players for whom UA has produced personal spikes include Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Joel Hanrahan, Chicago White Sox first baseman Paul Konerko, Florida Marlins first baseman Gabi Sanchez, St.Louis Cardinals Lance Berkman, Milwaukee Brewers pitcher Yovani Gallardo, Atlanta Braves pitcher Jair Jurrjens. Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Clayton Kershaw.
According to Josh Rattett, director of field footwear for Under Armor, the development of the All-Star footwear took three months. The company worked with MLB officials to ensure that the shoe properly displayed the All-Star League logo and official team colors. [Under Armor has access to each team’s color style guide as part of the official shoe agreement.]
remedy for stretched neck muscles
Ruttett notes that the team’s secondary colors played an important role in the final cleat design. For example, about the bursts of play of Hanrahan, Rattett says, “We tried to take that Pittsburgh gold and turn it on, which is not usually found on many [pirate] boots.”
All three new UA models feature Fang Spikes that are angled to cover 20 percent more surface area than previous spikes.Ruttett says: “The goal is for the player to get faster bat speed, faster turns and moves from [the tester’s] box, and the ability to cut and move in a way they might not have with other pimples. ”
Photo: Getty Images // Thinkstock
90,000 Salomon Snowspike CSWP Review –
Winter Studded Running Shoe
Good winter footwear should be warm, non-slip, and protected from snow and slush.Added to the qualities of a winter running shoe is a comfortable fit and durability. The ancestor of the line, Salomon Snowcross, having undergone reincarnation in the second edition with the loss of thorns, to the delight of adherents of winter outdoor evolved into Snowspike CSWP. It is the “spike” that turns out to be in many ways the defining criterion when choosing a sneaker that is ready to challenge the vicissitudes of frosty days.
Salomon’s slogan for Snowspike CSWP is: “Face the harshest winter conditions with confidence!” And this can really be believed.The Snowspike is exactly what a winter running shoe should be. They are waterproof, protected, stable, securely fitting, soft and have a foundation that adheres to any winter surface, be it slush, snow or ice. Real leg armor for your winter runs. In the entire Salomon running shoe collection, this is the most “winter” shoe.
Noteworthy is the bright, attractive colors, aggressive outsole with pronounced tread, armed with carbide spikes.Outwardly, the shoe looks heavy, but it has good speed qualities, and the additional weight does not have a decisive effect, given the comprehensive protection and target orientation of this model – running on icy surfaces, where traffic safety is at the forefront. In addition, the mass of the sneakers on the feet is not so obvious.
Based on the Speedcross 5, the shoe gained a wider last compared to the Salomon Snowcross, which was based on the Speedcross 3 architecture.For winter shoes, a wider space in the area of the toes is a definite plus, since it will allow, firstly, to use denser socks, and secondly, it will allow you to avoid a back-to-back fit and create an air gap to keep your feet warm. This model protects well from frost – even at temperatures below minus 10 ° C, in thin socks, feet will not feel cold.
Snowspike is just the right tool on your feet that will allow you to boldly and even recklessly plow virgin snow and confidently cope with icy surfaces.
Model / Season
Snowspike CSWP / 2019-2020-2021
Focused on winter off-road: snow fields, icy trails, snow-covered ups and downs. They will be optimal for training at a moderate speed for up to 2-3 hours, since they have a rather large weight, but with proper preparation they can become a full-fledged competitive shoe on winter trails.Not recommended for use on open asphalt areas and other hard surfaces.
Any – for measured winter running and for participation in competitions at medium distances (conventionally up to 30-40 km) without a large reference to the pace of running, medium or high – for use in competitive conditions “for results” on “ultra” or when running on difficult terrain with a noticeable climb.
400 g (8.5 UK)
Type of setting foot
Mainly running from the heel thanks to the large drop of 10 mm. The high heel contributes to a comfortable positioning of the foot on the rear. The transitions to the toe are smooth, effortless.
Average. Wider compared to previous models (Snowcross and Snowcross 2). Based on the sock reviews, it is recommended to take 0.5 sizes larger than usual for an optimal fit. For example, if the usual trail crossover size is 10UK, then for Snowspike the size 10. 5UK together with a tight winter sock will be the most relevant option.
Sole of Salomon Snowspike CSWP
Resilient dual density EVA midsole with EnergyCell + technology provides a comfortable run with decent levels of shock absorption and energy return. With moderate responsiveness, the midsole does not gravitate towards fast movement, but does a good job with short bursts.
Considering that the midsole has a 10 mm drop, most of the material falls on the heel, which is clearly visible visually. The combination of a soft, high heel and a relatively stiff and springy forefoot with a high toe box delivers an efficient, fast, effortless roll.
Most of the midsole is hidden under the same waterproof shell that covers the upper. This smoothing of the outer surface of the upper and outsole distributes the weight better into the smaller tread contact area of the outsole for better grip.
Stabilization is provided by EnergyCell + midsole material designed to provide efficient rebound and high energy return. The OrthoLite insole enhances the fit of the foot.
3 out of 5 (moderate).The cushioning, thanks to EnergyCell + technology, even with a large midsole thickness (30 mm at the heel and 20 mm at the toe), is not excessive and gives a stable ride with good energy return – just what you need for running on soft surfaces. The high heel and cushioned OrthoLite footbed add extra cushioning.
4 out of 5 (pretty tough). The high level of stability of the model is ensured by the rather high density of EVA in the midsole. Most Speedcross-based models equipped with a membrane almost always have high torsional rigidity. That being said, due to the fact that the base of the Speedcross 5 is softer than the Speedcross 3-4, it seems that they are a little more flexible in twisting. This makes the model very suitable for rugged terrain.
4 out of 5 (low). The toe is flexible for flexion, mainly in the metatarsal area.They are not very flexible when manually operated, and yet they are quite responsive on the foot. The stronger the leg, the less this parameter is.
Level of protection of the foot from stones and sharp elements
4 out of 5 (good). The sole, having no protective plates in the structure, protects well on all surfaces. You don’t have to worry that the outsole will not stand up even on sharp stones: the proven architecture from Speedcross has proven to be highly resistant to external influences.The pronounced bumper will prevent injury to the foot from striking hard objects.
The outsole is based on the Speedcross 5 Patterned Contagrip TA rubber, but features 6mm deeper treads and 12 tungsten carbide studs for optimal grip on snow, icy or slush.
Multidirectional swept chevrons are well spaced across the sole area, and the rubber itself is soft with a smooth surface.This allows the outsole to clean itself well – even after running through a sticky mixture of snow, ice and mud, the outsole remains virtually clean.
The studs are now embedded in the lugs with a wider shape than their predecessors – this will provide them with greater wear resistance. They are distributed mainly along the outer perimeter of the sneaker, only in the middle zone of the toe are two pins. Likewise, rubber lugs and studs complement each other and function smoothly: aggressive chevrons provide traction in snow, mud, off-road, and carbide studs help to cope with rolling snow and ice. The forefoot has the most studs for increased contact on soft surfaces and aids in climbing.
Comparing the soles of the Snowspike and Spikecross 3, you can see how the outsole has evolved: the swept lugs in area and depth have become larger and acquired a transverse groove in the middle, the cleats are shifted to the outer contour of the outsole for better traction and are placed on polygonal lugs-bases. The metal outsole elements themselves have acquired a larger diameter with an increase in the size of the tips.
But we have to admit that for inclined surfaces with hard ice, the number and points of spikes may not be enough – it should be borne in mind that Snowspikes are focused on universal conditions without specific tasks. In such difficult ice areas, only soft running crampons will work effectively.
Upper mesh and moisture protection
The core of the upper is based on the Speedcross 5 last. The visible part of the fine mesh is mainly the part of the leggings.The frame of the upper of the sneakers, on which a high snow-protective gaiter is welded, is made of a denser material of greater “graininess” (its noticeable areas are on the tongue and on the sides in the form of black triangular areas in the zone of the “wings” of the Sensifit system). Seamless construction offers a smooth stocking fit.
The ClimaSalomon Waterproof membrane material is embedded in the textile upper of the inner boot. It is important to emphasize that the properties of the CSWP membrane differ from GTX in that it removes heat better, but it, accordingly, has slightly lower moisture protection properties, in any case, as the manufacturer previously stated and it is difficult to say whether this is relevant now, because the technology is not stand still, and CSWP can be considered a full-fledged analogue of GTX.Despite this, even with prolonged use on snow or in slush, the feet remain comfortable, keeping them warm and dry. Soft and dense to the touch, Lycra leggings are treated with a water-repellent impregnation, which provides a decent level of weather protection without losing flexibility.
The only seams that are visible are the bumper attachment over the sneaker and the zipper attachment to the fabric. The seams do not affect the integrity of the moisture protection in any way, because do not affect the membrane. However, lightning seemed to us to be a weak point in the overall design of moisture protection.She, of course, confidently holds dry snow, but a banal direct stream of water passes very quickly, and this seemed strange to us, because this was not noticed on the Snowcross 2 tests, or the water flow for the flow had to be longer. There is only one conclusion – it is better not to meddle in frank fords in Snowspike, however, they are not constructively intended for this anyway.
Due to the fact that the cuff of the gaiter constantly moves with the ankle, snow may get inside on winter off-road or on descents from snow-covered slides.To avoid this, tights can be pulled over the top of the shoe a little to cover the leggings, although sometimes this may not be enough to completely isolate the inner space of the shoe.
Subjectively, the cuff girth is really not too tight, especially if the legs are not massive. On the one hand, on top of a thick sock, it may fit more tightly. Among life hacks, in addition to letting the trousers over, you can suture the cuff a little by making just a few stitches, for example, at the back, thereby narrowing the neckline.
Low. The upper material from CSWP is very dense and not very breathable compared to summer sneakers. In fact, it has two layers – an inner sneaker with a membrane and an external water-repellent gaiter, so these sneakers are only suitable for winter running – that’s what they thought about, in fact. Calmly withstand frosts down to minus 15-20 ° C and even lower.
Foot retention, fit
4 out of 5.Very tall. The Sensifit System provides a secure yet comfortable, snug fit to the midfoot, working in conjunction with Quicklace lacing. Thanks to the molded Sensifit pads in the Snowspike, the foot is very stable – the feeling of the foot is in a kind of protective sleeve, without the tendency to tip over to the sides, which is important on unstable snow-covered surfaces. The heel counter is both sturdy and soft with a loop on top for quick donning. The built-in gaiter on the sides has padded pads to help protect the ankle while running and improve overall fit.
Shoe size must be taken at least 0.5 sizes larger.
The built-in gaiter closes with a YKK zipper diagonally to avoid inconvenience of use and arbitrary opening and fits the top of the shoe around the ankle. This helps prevent moisture, rocks, sand and snow from entering the shoe. The large snap-on button is designed to securely hold the gaiter and fit comfortably with gloves, and is built into a reinforced elastic cuff for added durability.Button elements are located on velvety material at both ends of the collar of the gaiter to protect the ankle. The shoe uses Quicklace lacing made from durable Kevlar fibers. The lacing is hidden under the protective gaiter, so it does not have the usual pocket on the tongue.
High-quality OrthoLite insole made from breathable and durable material based on a mixture of polyurethane and rubber granules for effective moisture wicking.EVA overlays in the heel create a unique cup that additionally cushions and protects the foot. And the antibacterial impregnation of the insole prevents the development of bacteria and odors.
Where to buy in Russia
Kant (Code MRace20 – gives a discount -20%)
90,000 New species of ankylosaurus from the USA
American paleontologists described a new species of dinosaurs – Tatankacephalus cooneyorum from the infraorder Ankylosauria.The skull of this dinosaur, which is 90% preserved, and other bones of the skeleton, were found back in 1997 by the spouses William and Kristen Parsons, paleontologists from the Buffalo Museum of Science. Fossilized bones have been found in Montana, in deposits of the Cloverly Formation in layers that are 112 million years old. These deposits formed at the boundary of the Early and Middle Cretaceous.
Ankylosaurus – four-legged herbivorous armored dinosaurs, were a kind of “tanks of the Mesozoic”.Low, squat, covered with solid armor made of thick and durable scales, often decorated with various spines and outgrowths, ankylosaurs could resist not only a three-meter Deinonychus antirrhopus, but also a twelve-meter Acrocantosaurus (Acrocanthosaurus) ). The bones of these predators are found in the same layers where a new species of ankylosaurus was discovered, during life these animals probably collided with each other.It was the predators that “forced” the ancestors of the ankylosaurs to acquire powerful armor.
Tatankacephalus cooneyorum was a typical ankylosaurus, its armored head was protected by additional bony outgrowths around the eyes and thickened bony plates in the nose. Cleaning and restoring the skull and bones of the skeleton of the animal took almost ten years, but after that it became clear that scientists had not yet found such ankylosaurs. From the deposits of the Cloverly Formation, only one species of ankylosaurs was previously known – Sauropelta edwardsorum, but Tatankacephalus cooneyorum is very different from it.Paleontologists believe that the ankylosaurus Gastonia burgei was the closest relative of the tatankacephalus, but in general, in structure, the tatankacephalus is closer to the few late Jurassic ankylosaurs than to the more famous and widespread Late Cretaceous species.
Paleontologists have published an article on a new ankylosaurus species in the Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, eurekalert.org briefly tells about this publication.
It is interesting that the author of the discovery, William Parsons, is a teacher by profession, and at the Museum of the History of Science he works as an illustrator, creates reconstructions of the appearance of extinct animals.This work is his first experience in studying and describing a new type of dinosaur. Parsons, as an illustrator, also drew “his” Ankylosaurus. When depicting Tatankacephalus cooneyorum, he proceeded from the assumption that the bony plates were covered with a horny sheath, like the shells of modern turtles, and had a complex coloration.
The illustration shows the head of Tatankacephalus cooneyorum. Image by William Parsons, the paleontologist who found and described this dinosaur species.Drawing from the site science.compulenta.ru
November 2, 2009
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Frost Mage 8.3 PvE Guide BFA / Battle for Azeroth
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Frost Mages in Battle for Azeroth Ice Mages are renowned for their ability to restrict enemy movement and inflict reliable and predictable damage.This specialization is great for pumping and mastering world content, it allows you to slow down and immobilize enemies, as well as deal damage to them without receiving retaliatory strikes. Ice helps you quickly eliminate priority targets by using the Mastery mechanic: Ice Crystals, which creates a Spike of Ice, and by holding on to spell-enhancing effects. Like other mages, the Ice Specialization is extremely mobile, making them suitable for specific raid roles.Thanks to the Floe of Ice, Shimmer and spells that are cast instantly, they practically do not suffer if they have to move a lot during the fight.
Guide for Shadowlands is here – link
WoW Mage Guides Shadowlands
WoW Mage Guides Battle for Azeroth
Ice Mage Guide is relevant for World of Warcraft version ” Battle for Azeroth “8.3. Below you will find everything you need to know to effectively complete raids and dungeons in Advanced Mythic difficulty.
1. Changes in patch 8.3
In patch 8.3, only one mechanic of the Ice specialization has changed. Ice Lance damage increased by 20%.
The main goal of the change is to increase the priority of Ice Lance in rotation. The goal was not fully achieved, however the Ice Lance appeared in rotation for 2-3 targets.
2. Advantages and disadvantages
- Strong damage to one and 2-3 targets
- High mobility, ability to inflict damage from afar without receiving retaliatory strikes
- Able to quickly eliminate fragile targets
- Predictability of outgoing damage
- Able to cope with the negative effects of corruption
- Strongly depends on the triggering of random effects
- Weak explosive damage on one target, despite the power of individual spells
- To deal good damage on 2-3 targets, specific talents are required
- Weak damage to several targets that are far from each other
3.A Brief Guide for Beginners
This section is intended for those who are just starting out as a magician, do not aim at visiting raids in Mythic difficulty, or simply seek to simplify their playstyle as much as possible, not wanting to constantly remember the priorities and monitor various effects.
Ice is a flexible specialization that gives you the freedom to choose your talents, where talents affect not only your playstyle, but also the amount of resources. In this section, we will look at a simplified build with a minimum number of abilities that does not require quick reactions, but still allows you to deal decent damage.
No Lonely Winter
When playing the Ice Specialization without the Lonely Winter talent, make sure you always have an Elemental from Summon Water Elemental. Use Support Mode to automatically attack your targets. The water elemental has a Cold ability that can be dragged to the panel or bind to a key. By default, Cold is located in the spellbook, under the Pet tab. This is a very useful ability, especially when leveling up. It can be used to maintain a distance with dangerous monsters or for Icing.
Choosing Talents for the Ice Mage
The choice of talents in this build is dictated by their ease of use. Of course, the most experienced players can make the most of some of the other talents, but for newbies, choosing more complex options often ends up with a drop in performance. In other words, the talents in question allow you to make mistakes from time to time.
BFA Ice Mage Stats Selection 8.3
The default priority is as follows, but you can build your own priority using simulation.
- Mastery> = Critical Hit (up to 33.34%)
- Versatility> = Speed
- Critical Hit (over 33.34%)
After mark 33, Critical hit value drops by 34%, since in this case all spells designed for a frozen target (for example, Ice Lance with Fingers of Frost) always deal a critical hit.
Note that this priority is for characters with low gear and the Frozen Abyss talent.For builds with Ice Spike and characters in raid gear, priority is irrelevant.
Basic rotation for a mage with the specialization “Ice”
- Use the cooldown Icy Blood as often as possible. Study the specifics of the battle in advance and determine the moments in which you can waste precious time or, conversely, take advantage of the boss’s vulnerability.
- Use an Azerite Essence ability.
- Use Frozen Ball on cooldown to generate charges of Fingers of Frost.
- Use Flurry only while you have Brain Freeze.
- Use Ice Lance to consume Fingers of Frost charges, or immediately after Flurry.
- Use Blizzard in combat with 2 or more targets.
- Use Frostbolt to fill rotation downtime and generate charges of Fingers of Frost and Brain Freeze.
Azerite Talents for Beginners
Get Instant Freeze or Dense Ice, Pulsing Waves if you have benthic items, and Heart of Darkness if you have corrupted items and at least 25.damage. All other talents are much inferior to the above. The above talents allow you to give out damage corresponding to the general level of equipment.
Azerite Essences for Beginners
If you are not raiding or participating in PvP, use Molten Crucible, Memories of Awakening Dreams, Essence of the Focusing Iris and Sigh of the Dying. They are easy to obtain and provide tangible benefits to your character.
Talents can be freely changed out of combat, while in a recreation area (for example, in a tavern or the capital).Tome of Tranquil Mind and Codex of Tranquil Mind provide temporary effects that allow players to swap talents out of combat regardless of where they are.
4. Frost Mage Talents in BFA 8.3
5. Azerite Talents and Armor of the Ice Mage in Battle for Azeroth 8.3
Below is a list of Azerite talents available to the Frost Mage, in order of decreasing utility. Remember, our tips are universal. If you want to find talents that will maximize the benefit of a particular character, run a simulation for him.The value of talents varies slightly depending on. The simulation was carried out for items of level 385.
Comparison of Azerite talents for single-target combat
External level talents
Below is the priority of external level talents, which ensures maximum outgoing damage. The value of talents varies slightly depending on the level of the item.
Below is the priority of the Mid Talents to ensure maximum outgoing damage.
Multiple Targets / AoE
Below is the priority of the Outside Talents to ensure maximum outgoing damage. The value of talents varies slightly depending on the level of the item.
In addition, the simulation assumes that all targets are at the same point, and therefore all AoE effects work perfectly.
Below is the priority of the Mid Talents to ensure maximum outgoing damage.
In addition, the simulation assumes that all targets are at the same point, and therefore all AoE effects work perfectly.
6. Essences for the Ice Mage
The Essence Guide contains all the necessary information about the entities, as well as a detailed description of the mechanics of each of them.
Entity priority for one target – reference.
Multi-Target Entity Priority – Reference.
7. Rotation of Frost Mage in BFA 8.3
To get started, you need to read Frostbolt several times to trigger the Ice Spike effect. Fingers of Frost must be used on the move, spending the effect on Frost Lance. Brain Freeze involves the following combination: non-instant spell like Ice Arrow or Ice Spike + Flurry.
Combination Ice Spike> Flurry is the foundation of all specialization. Once you learn to execute it accurately and apply it in a modern way, you can say that you have mastered the specialization.Plus, you’ll have to learn how to manage cooldowns, but it’s not difficult at all. Below is a list of priorities, but if you use cooldowns in principle , you should be able to do some decent damage.
In the realities of the current patch, the Ice Lance is not practically used in rotation (only during dashes).
There is also a build based on Dense Ice that deals maximum damage in a short amount of time.
Remember that this is a priority list, not a rotation. If the ability on the first line is not available, go to the second line, and so on. Scroll through the list until you find a suitable item, and then start iterating over the items from the beginning. The priority was drawn up for single-target combat with no raid mechanics at all. For example, if the boss entered the invulnerability phase, you shouldn’t use Icy Blood.
Never use Ice Spike unless you have the ability to hit 2 targets or the effect of Icy from Brain Freeze.Builds with Ice Spike still use Polar Arrow on cooldown, but you will have to spend or hold Brain Freeze charges depending on the number of pieces of ice: 0-3 – spend, 4-5 – hold for Ice Spike.
Builds without Ice Spike
- Use Ice Lance after every Flurry.
- Use Concentrated Life Force if you have one.
- Use Cold Blood.
- Flurry with Brain Freeze, immediately after Polar Arrow or Ice Arrow.
- Use any available Azerite Essence ability.
- Use an Ice Ball.
- Use Frost Lance with Fingers of Frost.
- Use Ice Arrow.
With Ice Thorn
- Use Concentrated Life Force if you have it.
- Use Cold Blood.
- Use Flurry if you have Brain Freeze and have just read Ice Spike.
- Use any available Azerite Essence ability.
- Use an Ice Ball.
- Only use Ice Spike if you have Brain Freeze or if it hits a target with five charges of Arcane Torrent.
- Use Ice Arrow.
Rotation for multiple targets
AoE priority takes effect in combat with 5 or more targets.In this case, the rotation described above will not give the desired results.
First of all, do not neglect the ability to Cold. It provides additional Icing and can affect multiple targets at the same time. Combine Cold with Comet Storm whenever possible, applying it when the storm is triggered. For maximum freezing efficiency, combine it with Cold Cone whenever possible.
Check the boxes for the talents you have or the situations in which you plan to use them for a list of priorities that suits you.
- Use Concentrated Life Force if you have one.
- Icy Blood
- Use any Azerite Essence ability you have.
- Use Ice Orb
- Use Blizzard
- Use Cone of Cold
- Use Flurry with the above requirements, depending on whether you have Ice Spike.
- Use Frost Lance with Fingers of Frost.
- Use Ice Arrow.
8. Key Concepts for the Ice Mage
The Ice Specialization is fairly easy to use, yet flexible enough to be successful, based on an understanding of its key concepts. There are 4 basic concepts to ensure the optimal functioning of the magician:
- continuous casting;
- correct movement;
- management of useful effects;
- Maximum spread of damage to an additional target.
Correct movement skills are fundamental to all spellcasting classes in World of Warcraft. The ability to move without harming the spells being uttered is of great benefit to mages of all specializations.
Correct movement is the basis for the success of the game for any spellcaster, however, it is not possible to describe all the existing methods of movement in dungeons and raids. Try not to use Ice Floe charges unnecessarily, but do not save too much.Be sure to use up your charges if you really need to change location. Use Jump in critical situations (for example, when you need to get to your destination as quickly as possible). The Ice Barrier will come in handy in order to take a few steps to the side, spending only one global cooldown. If you have to move a lot, plan carefully how you will use the charges of the Ice Floe. If you have the talent Shimmer, use it to simulate the effect of Ice Floe and remember that using it does not interrupt other spells.From a mobility standpoint, Ice is a profitable spec, as many of the spells available in it are instant cast. If you know you have to dash, save Fingers of Frost instants and charges. Finally, always try to stand where you are in the middle of the action. For example, if your tanks are driving the boss in a circle, stay inside this circle so you don’t have to run far.
Managing Effects is heavily dependent on the Ice Spike talent.If you are playing without Ice Spike, you need to spend Fingers of Frost and Brain Freeze on cooldown: Fingers of Ice on Ice Lance, and Brain Freeze on Frostbolt combo> Flurry> Ice Lance. Now let’s say you are going to spend an effect on the Frostbolt> Flurry> Ice Lance combo, but after the Frostbolt Fingers of Frost went off. It is unlikely that you will be able to react to Fingers of Frost quickly enough, so the best solution is to stick to your original plan and lose Fingers of Frost.In such situations, the effect is, of course, a pity, but according to calculations, this strategy is optimal.
Builds with Ice Spike have a slightly different approach. The above logic remains in the presence of 0-3 pieces of ice and changes if there are 4-5 pieces of ice – in this case, you need to hold Brain Freeze for the Ice Spike. The number of pieces of ice is calculated at the time of the intended reading of the Flurry, and not the Ice Arrow preceding it. If you have 3 pieces of ice and Brain Freeze, and you read Ice Arrow, it gives you the fourth piece of ice, and Flurry should not be used.If you have 2 pieces of ice and Brain Freeze, Frostbolt gives you the third piece of ice, and you should read Flurry to provoke Icing. If you’re lucky and Brain Freeze triggered twice in a row, use your charges on combos.
Flurry cannot be used twice in a row. Likewise, you will not be able to complete the Ice Arrow> Flurry> Ice Lance> Flurry> Ice Lance combo. Regardless of the build, before the Flurry, it is always necessary to cast a non-instant spell – Ice Arrow, Polar Arrow, or Ice Spike.
Maximum spread of damage to an additional target
The main goal of the mage with the specialization “Ice” is the timely use of certain abilities, and depending on the situation. The desired results can be achieved in various ways, but it is necessary to act rationally. Do not use abilities thoughtlessly and on a whim, otherwise the damage you inflict will be far from ideal. Just before the Ice Ball rolls back, start thinking about where and how you will direct it.Look at the boss timers to determine the next strategy (increased damage to one target or AoE). These tips seem obvious, but if you only knew how many players neglect them!
Talent Tier 3
Rune of Power
Rune of Power is extremely powerful when used correctly, but the presence of this talent significantly changes the style of play. There are many effective ways to use the rune. The best ones are listed below:
If you have just crafted the Frozen Orb, the next step is to use the Rune of Power.Additional charges can be spent on strong cooldowns like Comet Storm and Ray of Frost (if you don’t have Ice Spike) and on Ice Spike otherwise.
If possible, combine Mirror Image with Icy Blood. If you postpone the use of copies for Frostblood, but at the same time you manage to squeeze the copies the required number of times per battle, the delay will be beneficial. If this is not possible, call on Mirror Images on a cooldown.Let’s say the fight lasts 4 minutes. You can wait a bit and use the copies along with the blood instead of using the copies in the second minute and the blood in the third. It must be remembered that the Mirror Image lasts only 40 seconds, that is, you will have only 20 seconds. to use this ability once again. In some cases, the delay in using the Mirror Image is associated with objective circumstances (for example, the phase in which the boss is immune to damage).In this case, the next Mirror Image must match the Icy Blood.
If you’re not too familiar with combat, always use Mirror Cooldown.
Ignore the charges of this talent. Any attempt at optimization, as a rule, does not lead to anything.
9. Priority of characteristics
For a magician with specialization “Ice” the priority of characteristics is individual. It changes with each new piece of equipment, so it is impossible to give a general list.Be sure to run a simulation for your character.
If the mage is not your main character or you are dressing in a hurry, you can use the basic (probably inaccurate) priority:
- Critical hit (up to 33.34%)
- Critical Hit (over 33.34%)
bonus character.This is why we recommend simulating a specific character rather than relying on an average solution.
It should be noted that the simulator takes into account the available equipment and calculates the weights of the characteristics, which can then be used to evaluate improvements using tools such as Pawn, but when replacing this estimate is not always correct. For example, if you are close to the critical strike rating limit, its weight will be minimal, and the simulator will advise you on an item without a critical strike, which will move you away from the limit value.That is, in fact, simulation determines the value of each additional unit of the characteristic, and near the limiting value this value is minimal. Therefore, we recommend that you treat the simulation results with a fair amount of skepticism.
It’s also worth remembering that stats work together. You should not accumulate only one of them, forgetting about others. Speed is certainly good, but in some cases you need “slow” but stronger Frostbolt damage, which is provided by Mastery. The opposite is true – if you build up mastery and ignore speed, you will be powerless in a situation where you need to quickly deal damage. In other words, feature weights are not static. They change with each new piece of equipment.
For example, let’s take the coefficients of the characteristic of an average character:
If we assume that this character completely abandoned speed in favor of mastery, the coefficients will change:
As you can see, for such a character, speed has a higher priority than a critical hit, approximately on a par with intelligence.
Details about the characteristics
Intellect is the primary characteristic (in the sense that it gives the mage more advantages than strength and agility, and not that it is a priority in any situation). Intellect grants spell power that increases damage dealt.
Versatility directly affects the damage done and reduces incoming damage.
Critical Strike Rating increases your critical strike chance.In the “Ice” specialization, the critical strike rating increases passively, due to the effect of Icing.
Mastery: Ice Crystals when used with Frostbolt and Flurry, creates a crystal of ice that deals damage based on your current Mastery and spell power. Crystals are released passively by using Ice Lance or actively using the Ice Spike talent (if you have one). Mastery also increases Frost Orb damage.
Haste rating of increases casting speed.In particular, haste reduces the casting time of Ice Arrow, as a result of which the mage can use the arrow more often, provoking various effects and the appearance of more ice crystals through Mastery: Ice Crystals. Haste also reduces the global cooldown and cooldown of Blizzard. Haste also makes casting elemental spells and Mirror Image faster.
How Ice Floes Work
- Each time you use Ice Arrow or Flurry, the mage gains one crystal.
- The maximum number of crystals is 5 pieces.
- The sixth crystal replaces the very first one.
- Ice Lance allows you to send all existing crystals to the target, as well as all crystals created before the volley ends.
- Crystals disappear after 60 seconds, if you do not spend them and do not get new ones.
- Crystals can critically strike and are affected by Icing.
Mastery: Ice Crystals works a little differently if you have the Ice Spike talent.
- To use the Ice Spike you need 5 crystals, which are consumed in the process.
- Ice Lance no longer fires a volley of crystals at the target.
Critical Hit Limits
The Icing effect allows you to gain a critical hit rate of more than 100%. To determine the likelihood of a frozen target being critically hit, multiply your current critical strike rating by 1.5 and add another 50%. For example, if your critical strike rating is 33.34%, the chance to critically strike a frozen target is 100.01% (33.34% x 1.5 + 50%).
10. Stones for Equipment
Use Masterful Seacurrant (or its cheap equivalent Mastery Tidal Amethyst) on all nests.
11. Enchant equipment
Since different characters may have different priorities of secondary characteristics, we recommend that you conduct an individual simulation that will take into account all the features of a particular character. Most mages will benefit from upgrades with a bonus to critical strike.
Flasks and Potions
By default, Potion of Indomitable Rage is also used in raids.Drink Superior Battle Potion of Intellect in multi-target combat, or Superior Battle Potion of Intellect if targets are near you. In order not to complicate the process of buying and using potions, you can always drink Battle Potion of Intellect, since in a battle with one target, the difference will be minimal (~ 2%).
Use Strong Infusion of Bottomless Depths as an infusion.
The health stone restores 25% of the maximum supply. Deep Sea Healing Potion no longer shares cooldown with Healthstone, and can be used for emergency healing.
Eat Food Integrated Replicator or any food for +93. to the characteristic that is considered a priority for you. The real difference between these bonuses does not exceed 4 units. damage per second, so you can stick with the option that is easiest to get hold of.
If finances permit, be sure to buy a Battle-Scarred Augment Rune, which gives a bonus to primary characteristics. A large supply of runes will cost you dearly.Try not to waste them.
Starting with patch 8.3, you can use the Lightning Forged Reinforcing Rune, which also increases the primary stat.
13. Addons for a magician with specialization “Ice”
ElvUI completely replaces the standard interface. This addon is popular with the best players, including the guide authors. ElvUI removes all of the many flaws in Blizzard’s interface. It’s easy to use and you don’t have to spend a lot of time setting up.It has everything a raider needs – group panels, minimap, buff and debuff icons, etc. All components can be moved around the screen, adjusting them to suit your needs. Even novice players can use ElvUI.
WeakAuras is an essential addon for players looking to master their class and reach new levels of skill. It is invaluable if you plan on doing Mythic Raids. Weak Auras can display buffs anywhere on the screen, increasing your awareness of the battle.Most players use it to track accessory effects and important cooldowns, and as a timer for boss abilities. Weak Auras is easy to customize and greatly simplifies the gameplay. The disadvantage of the addon is its unfriendliness towards newbies. Weak Auras allows you to import data from other users into its interface, so many players don’t bother creating personal profiles. Weak Auras includes a tool for writing LUA scripts (i.e.That is, in fact, it is an addon for creating other addons). Currently, he is considered indispensable for all active raiders.
Boss Addons include ready-made timers to keep track of important combat mechanics. Each timer is accompanied by prompts, visuals and sound effects that grab the player’s attention.
Raids and dungeons. Deadly Boss Mods or Bigwigs
Warns of boss abilities and provides helpful mechanic tips.We strongly recommend downloading and installing them. Remember, Deadly Boss Mods are more popular than Big Wigs.
Health and Mana Indicators
Health and Mana Indicators are used to quickly switch between targets and track their status. ElvUI has standard indicators, but their choice is limited, and they do not always work stably. Alternative options are presented below.
KUI Nameplates provide maximum display accuracy and fine tuning.You will be able to increase indicators and change their color under certain conditions (for example, when the target’s health level falls below a given level, which can be useful for classes with Execution mechanics). KUI Nameplates correctly displays negative effects and clearly perceives mouse clicks. The addon requires easy customization, however it is very easy to use.
TidyPlates is not as flexible as KUI Nameplates, however it definitely outperforms the standard indicators and indicators from ElvUI.In addition, it can work without configuration, which is quite satisfactory for some players.
Damage metering addons
Damage metering addons collect useful information during a battle – for example, the amount of damage or healing done, the number of interrupted spells, etc.
Recount is a popular addon for damage assessment and healing. It consumes quite a lot of resources and sometimes causes a decrease in game performance, however, it provides a full report on the progress of the battle. In addition, it can be used to assess incoming damage and compare your own effectiveness with the effectiveness of other players.
A good alternative for Recount is Details! (functions are the same).
If you need a less demanding analogue, use the Skada Damage Meter.
These addons do not have a significant impact on the gameplay, but they can make your life a little easier.
Decursive adds a small sign to the screen with indicators of party or raid members. The cells of the tablet do not carry any information, but only show which of your allies has negative effects that you could dispel.By clicking on the cells, you automatically apply the Remove Curse to the targets.
Parrot or Mik’s Scrolling Battle Text
Parrot and Mik’s Scrolling Battle Text are add-ons with flexible settings, displaying floating text of the battle (incoming healing and damage, abilities used, etc.). Works great with default settings.
DeathNote shows the last few deaths of each party or raid member. With its help, you can find out what happened to the character during the last 30 seconds.before death – the level of his health, the amount of healing received, active positive and negative effects, protective effects, etc. In other words, DeathNote allows you to find out who is really to blame for the fact that everyone died.
When the cooldown ends, Doom CooldownPulse displays a warning with a large transparent icon. The list of abilities and the type of warnings are customizable by the player.
This addon allows you to broadcast text messages to all raid members who have this addon installed.It is suitable if you are raiding as part of a guild and have a clear agreement with your allies (who and when interrupts the boss’s spell, who and where runs when his ability is triggered, etc. )
General macros for magicians
Interrupt the current spell and Blink
- / stopcasting
- / cast Blink
When you press the Blink button, the character interrupts the current spell and instantly teleports in the specified direction.If you have the Blink talent, you don’t need this macro.
Cast and cast Ice Block with one key
- / stopcasting
- / cancelaura Ice Block
- / cast Ice Block
Cancels casting of the current spell and casts Ice Block. Pressing it again removes the Ice Block effect. Not recommended if you are used to pressing keys randomly (see below).
Undoing Ice Block
If you like to press keys erratically, you can create a separate macro to cancel Ice Block prematurely.
Special Macros for Ice Mages
- / use [talent: 7/1, nomod] Cone of Cold; [talent: 7/2, nomod] Ray of Frost; [talent: 7 / 2, mod] Cone of Cold; [talent: 7/3, mod] Cone of Cold; [talent: 7/3, nomod] Glacial Spike; [talent: 7/1, mod] Cone of Cold;
This is a macro that changes the icon of the same button depending on the tier 7 talent you have chosen. By default (and also when you press the modifier key or the Frozen Void passive talent), the macro displays the Cone of Cold icon.
- / use [@cursor] Blizzard
This macro allows you to direct the Blizzard to where the cursor is pointing without having to aim with the circular indicator. The macro can be used for other targeting abilities by substituting the desired names in it (see the example with Cold below).
- / cast [@cursor] Freeze
Macro is a button with Elemental Cold for a regular panel.It allows you to direct the ability to where the cursor is pointing, without having to aim with the circular indicator.
These macros are for controlling the element.
Causes the elemental to attack your target.
Makes the elemental follow you.
Makes the elemental move to the specified location. If your elemental is too far away and the tanks are moving the boss, the elemental will take time to get to him. In this case, it would be wise to place the elemental closer at once.
15. Equipment for Frost Mage in BFA 8.3
Since Improved (Titan-Forged) items can be obtained in Mythic Dungeons, the selection of worthy accessories for the Ice Mage is quite large. To determine the best option, we recommend using the Raidbots Top Gear service.
Simulation for one target
Simulation for AoE with one priority target
16.The intricacies of playing the Frost Mage in BFA
Reduce the idle time
The main ability of the “Ice” specialization is Ice Arrow. This ability triggers many different effects. And while the mage has an Ice Lance that can be used on the run, we recommend not overusing it. The magician is a spellcaster and must constantly cast spells.
First of all, we are talking about effects that work randomly and make ordinary spells instant.The choice of spells to cast on the move depends on how far you want to travel and how quickly you need to get there. If you have to move a few steps, save the Fingers of Frost effect for this moment (at least partially). If circumstances allow you to not run too fast, you can cast a series of instant spells, taking consecutive steps during the global cooldown.
However, you shouldn’t hold Brain Freeze for too long or keep two charges of Fingers of Frost with you while waiting to run.If you do not apply the cooldown once more, you will lose much more damage than with a normal dash.
Also, don’t forget about the Leap. If you need to move 20m or more, use this ability. It triggers a global cooldown, but even then you are losing less damage than a long 20m run. If you have the Blink talent, the global cooldown issue is removed (Blink allows you to cast Blink along with other spells). The advice seems obvious, but for some reason many sorcerers forget about the Leap.
If you have the Ice Floe talent, use it, it is very powerful! Customize the keys you want, practice, and you will understand that the Floe of Ice allows you to forget about problems with movement! A floating ice floe can be used while casting spells, and this allows you to budge at any time by reading the spell on the go. It is not recommended to use a Floe of Ice with Ice Arrow, as the arrow reads quickly and does not justify such a powerful effect. But generally speaking, if the Floe has been read in the last 500 milliseconds (0.5 sec.), the effect is not absorbed, but spreads to the next spell, that is, you can cover 1.3 Frostbolt with one charge. This mechanic has some interesting features. Suppose you read Ice Arrow, activate the Ice Floe just before the spell ends and immediately start casting another Ice Arrow on the move, and then activate the second Ice Floe before the end of the second Ice Arrow, none of the ice charges will be consumed and you can use them. ! Of course, this requires choosing the right moments for the application of the Ice Floe, but the result pays off 100%.Also, do not forget about the Blink, which can be added to this combination and overcome a huge distance without stopping to cast spells.
There is one very common mistake associated with the Winter Chill. Brain Freeze causes the target of a spell cast within 1.4 sec. after Flurry, it is considered frozen, as a result of which the mage can cast an unenhanced Ice Lance, and it will still deal triple damage and impose the Ice effect on the target.
It’s not obvious, but you can apply Icing up to Flurry. The fact is that the probability of a critical strike for the “Ice” specialization is calculated at the moment the spell collides with the target, and not at the moment when the magician finishes casting the spell. Flurry travels faster than Ice Arrow, Ice Spike, and Polar Arrow. By the time you finish casting one of the above spells, the cooldown it triggered will be over, and you can instantly cast Flurry.As a result, both spells will fly to the target at the same time, but the Flurry will fly faster and inflict the Winter Chill on the target. After that, the second spell will hit the target and receive a bonus from Icing. It is noteworthy that in this case the Ice Spike deals a critical hit, and all Mastery: Ice crystals also deal critical hits, significantly increasing the effectiveness of the Ice Spike. If you don’t have Ice Spike, use Flurry immediately after Ice Arrow or Polar Arrow.
Know the Benefits of Specialization
Each Specialization has areas in which they can excel more than other raid members, sometimes even at the expense of personal productivity.Remember that the main task of the raid is to kill the boss with minimal losses, which means that personal productivity always comes second.
Ice mages inflict superior AoE damage when targets are close to each other, and can quickly eliminate single targets with low health (for example, monsters summoned by Mythic Varimathras, which should die in 3 seconds .) For such cases, you should save Brain Freeze, which allows you to use Flurry and Ice Lance (this combination removes targets in this example about 40% of health).Of course, the damage emanating from the mage suffers in this case, but the raid as a whole wins, since a quickly killed monster cannot do harm. In short, this is a necessary sacrifice.
If you want to play the Ice Specialization at a decent level, learn how to use Raidbots and run a full simulation. Don’t trust your intuition when it comes to gear selection and upgrades. The simulation will help you solve any questions that seem intractable.
At this stage, to carry out the simulation, the player does not need specific knowledge and skills – just install the Simulationcraft addon and visit the Raidbots website. Below is a tutorial on how to use the site.
If you want to find out your mistakes and work on them, write down the battle log and go to the WoWAnalyzer website. The service will clearly demonstrate to you all the problems you have.
Using Ice Spike and Brain Freeze
The rule for Ice Spike and Brain Freeze sounds like this: if you already have 4-5 ice crystals, the effect is not worth spending.Players often ask the question: “My Brain Freeze worked, I read Ice Arrow and get X Crystals. Should I spend the Freeze?” The simplest answer is: “It is necessary to take into account the number of crystals at the time of casting Flurry, not Ice Arrow.”
If you have 2 crystals and Brain Freeze triggered, read Ice Arrow, which will give you the third crystal. Thus, by the time you use Flurry, you will have three crystals. Likewise, if you have 3 Crystals and a Brain Freeze, read Ice Arrow for the fourth crystal and save the Freeze for Ice Spike (along with Flurry).
“How to Apply Icing to the Ice Thorn” and other questions about the Winter Chill
“Ice” is a unique specialization for spellcasters. For all other specializations, the probability of a critical strike is calculated at the time the spell ends. The winter chill forces the mages to read Ice Lance right after the Brain Freeze, but since the effect is not applied until the end of the global cooldown, the developers decided to calculate the chance of hitting when the spell collides with the target.
This trait allows you to cast Ice Spike, Polar Arrow and Ice Arrow up to Flurry, as Flurry reaches the target faster and the target still gets the Icing effect. The combination looks like this: [non-instant spell → Flurry → Ice lance]. Be sure to learn how to use it, regardless of the talent you choose.
Ice Lance reaches the target rather quickly, so after each Flurry, you must use Brain Freeze. Winter’s Chill makes the target frozen, so Ice Lance inflicts Icy and deals triple damage like Fingers of Frost. Since the chance of a critical strike is calculated at the moment the spell hits the target, you should not wait for the Winter Chill to trigger. The effect will be applied before the spear reaches the target, so the target is considered frozen. If you hesitate, the moment will be missed.
Cancel Ice Arrows when Brain Freeze is triggered
Never cancel Ice Arrows.
In theory, Ice Arrow can be canceled, but only in the first 750 milliseconds after triggering Brain Freeze on 5 crystals, but in practice it does nothing, so no one uses the technique, not even players from the top guilds who care about every unit of damage.
Instead, we recommend that you pay attention to the usual rotation, minimize movement and study the specifics of combat – learn how to effectively plan the use of AoE spells and not waste time.
Is there a haste rating limit for the Ice Mage?
Technically, there are values, but in the current realities they are unattainable and you should not worry about them. Below we provide figures solely for the sake of completeness.
At 100% haste, the global cooldown is minimal.It is this limiting value that is usually called absolute. Since the Ice spec has Icy Blood, it is easier for its members to achieve this value than others. In the Legion, the limit has shifted from 50% to 100% and has become really unattainable.
All other limit values (relative) allow you to accommodate a certain number of spells during the duration of some enhancement (for example, Rune of Power or accessory, boss vulnerability timer) or equate the casting time of a spell to the global cooldown.At the moment, all of these scenarios seem unrealistic.
Is there a critical strike rating cap for the Ice Mage? What rating do I need to get?
The critical strike rating limit for Icing is 33.34%. In this case, all spells on frozen targets inflict critical hits. The absolute limit for critical strike rating is 100%.
The exact limit value for a particular character is determined by simulation.The mechanisms for calculating values for spells (for example, Icing) are not always accurate, but the tool for comparing items of equipment works flawlessly. Always simulate when replacing items. If you ask someone for help (be it a familiar theoricrafter or players on the Mages Discord), they will do the same for you.
Which race suits the Ice Mage best?
Dwarves are the best in single target combat. Void Elves do good damage to one or more targets, and Lightforged Draenei excel in AoE damage.In practice, the differences are minimal (~ 1%), so you can choose the race on which the armor fits better.
If you liked the guide on Frost Mage (Ice) in WoW Battle for Azeroth , then you can rate and repost, thereby providing a little help in the development of the site.
Ankylosaurus | 1111-1111
Ankylosaurus (Latin Ankylosaurus) is a genus of extinct herbivorous reptiles from the superorder of dinosaurs, the Ankylosaurus family.The genus is monotypic, since it includes only one species known to science – Ankylosaurus magniventris. Fossilized remains of ankylosaurus were found in geological formations dating back to the latest Cretaceous period (66.5-66 million years ago) in the west of the North American continent.
Despite the fact that the whole skeleton of an ankylosaurus has not yet been found, and the fact that related dinosaurs are better studied, it is an ankylosaurus that is considered to be the most typical (archetype) representative of armored dinosaurs.Moreover, it is one of the most famous dinosaurs, despite such scarce fossil material . Other ankylosaurids had similar features: a body covered with powerful, heavy armor, and a massive thickening, a kind of “club” on the tail. However, ankylosaurus is larger than all its relatives and is the largest of all known ankylosaurids .
One of the most striking features of the ankylosaurus is its armor, which consists of massive bumps and bony plates or shields called osteoderms.They grew into the skin , and, despite the fact that they were not parts of the skeleton, they played an important role in the life of the lizard . Today, osteoderms can be seen in crocodiles, armadillos and some lizards. The bony plates were probably covered on top with a hard, keratinized layer of keratin. The size of the osteoderms varied enormously, from large flat plates to small, round tubercles. The plates formed special horizontal rows stretching along the neck, back and thigh of the animal; even the lizard’s eyelids were armored ; a large number of small growths covered the unprotected space between the large plates.On the limbs and tail, there were smaller shields. Moreover, as an additional protection in the center of each such growth there was a thickening in the form of a thorn. The growths themselves were connected to each other by long stripes, which is one of the reasons why the lizard was given the name, meaning “welded lizard.” All of the armor was extremely heavy. In view of this security, the dinosaur is often described as a “living tank”  . Only the gut lizard remained without armor, but since he had clawed paws, he could protect him by bending his legs and burrowing deep into the soil, thereby depriving the enemy of the opportunity to knock him onto his back .
Compared to the evoplocephalus (also clad in armor, but smaller ), which lived a little earlier, the ankylosaurid, the plates of the ankylosaurus were relatively smooth in texture, without the long spines that were found on the armor of the Edmontonia, which lived at the same time as the ankylosaurus. A row of flat, triangular spines may have protruded from the lateral part of the tail. Tough, round scales protected the top of the skull, while four large pyramidal horns protruded at the corners of the back of the skull  , probably also to protect against large predator bites. 
Ankylosaurus Tail Mace
The famous ankylosaurus tail mace also consisted of several large osteoderms that were attached to the last few caudal vertebrae.It was heavy and rested on seven vertebrae of the tip of the tail, which were firmly fastened, forming a rigid shaft at the base of the club. Tendons were attached to these vertebrae, which were provided with reliable protection. These tendons were somewhat ossified and lacked elasticity, which, when waving the tail, allowed a significant force impulse to be transmitted to the end of the tail. Most likely, it was an active defensive weapon, which had significant destructive power and could break the bones of the attacker  or knock even the largest predators, including the Tyrannosaurus, to the ground.In addition, the position of the two-legged predators during the attack was much less stable than that of the Ankylosaurus. All this, most likely, doomed the carnivores to a long painful death . A 2009 study showed that “large nubs of the tail could generate enough force on impact to break bones, but small nubs did not” and that “tail swinging is a very plausible behavior for ankylosaurids, but it is not known whether whether the tail during interspecific struggle or intraspecific fights, or in both cases ”.It was also suggested that the tail mace was, as it were, a “false target” for the predator, since from a distance he could take it by the head. However, at present this hypothesis is widely contested .
Ankylosaurus lived at the end of the last, Maastrichtian, Cretaceous century – between 66.5 and 66 million years ago  (according to other sources, it appeared in the Campanian age ). It was one of the last species of dinosaurs to appear on Earth before the fall of the asteroid on the border of the Cretaceous and Paleogene.A type specimen was found in the Hell Creek Formation, Montana, while other specimens were found in the Lance Formation, Wyoming, and the Scollard Formation, Canada, Alberta, all dating from the late Cretaceous . Currently, there are a total of 15 collections of ankylosaurus remains, two of them are stored in Canada and the remaining 13 – in the United States .
Illustration of ankylosaurus in vivo
The aforementioned Hell Creek, Lance and Scollard formations represent different sections of the western coast of the shallow sea that divided the western and eastern parts of the North American continent during the Cretaceous.They were a wide coastal plain extending westward from the sea route to the newly formed Rocky Mountains. These formations are composed mostly of sandstone and mudstone, which is the hallmark of floodplains   . The Hell Creek Formation has been the most extensively studied for these ancient habitats. At that time, the region was subtropical, with a warm and humid climate. There grew a lot of plants, mainly flowering, less common were conifers, ferns and moths.The abundance of fossilized leaves that have been found in dozens of different deposits suggests that the area is densely overgrown with small trees.  Ankylosaurus shared its habitat with other dinosaurs, among which were the famous representatives of ceratopsids Triceratops and Torosaurus, hypsilophodontid tescelosaurus, hadrosaurid edmontosaurus, nodosauridadmononia, representative of Pachycephalosaurus Pachycephalosaurus.
Ankylosaurus fossils are rare in these deposits compared to Edmontosaurus and the super-abundant Triceratops, which made up most of the vast herbivorous fauna.There are also the remains of another representative of the ankylosaurus – Edmontonia. However, the Ankylosaurus and Edmontonia appear to have been separated both geographically and ecologically. The Ankylosaurus had a wide snout, probably designed to feed on a wide variety of plants, so it probably lived in higher areas, while Edmontonia, with a less wide snout and being, accordingly, more picky in feeding, lived on lower heights, closer to the coast .