|1-1||Blue Devils–||The Marketplace|
|1-2||Blue Devils–||Rick’s Americain|
|1-3||Blue Devils–||Conflict In Morocco|
|1-4||Blue Devils–||As Time Goes By|
|1-5||Blue Devils–||Squib Cakes|
|1-6||Blue Devils–||Well, You Needn’t|
|1-7||Blue Devils–||MacArther Park|
|1-8||Blue Devils–||The Groove|
|1-9||Blue Devils–||Your Still A Young Man|
|1-10||Blue Devils–||When A Man Loves A Woman|
|1-11||Blue Devils–||Adagio For Strings|
|1-12||Blue Devils–||Stars And Stripes|
|1-13||Blue Devils–||The Ditty|
|1-14||Blue Devils–||1996 Championship Recording|
|2-1||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Year Of The Dragon|
|2-2||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Tocatta|
|2-3||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Celebration|
|2-4||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Not While I’m Around|
|2-5||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Cadence|
|2-6||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||“Baroque” Hoedown|
|2-7||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Danny Boy|
|2-8||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Salvation Is Created|
|2-9||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Cadillac Of The Skies|
|2-10||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||America The Beautiful|
|2-11||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||Zippity Doo Dah|
|2-12||The Cadets Drum And Bugle Corps–||1996 Championship Recording|
Blue Devils 1996: Looking Back On WGI’s Most Influential Shows Of All Time
Groundbreaking shows are not always the ones that finish first, but they always have a lasting impact on the direction of the sport many years after their final performance.
Groundbreaking shows are not always the ones that finish first, but they always have a lasting impact on the direction of the sport many years after their final performance.
In this ongoing series, FloMarching has asked one of color guard’s top experts, Courtney Allyson Mills, to take a look back at some of WGI’s most influential shows.
Courtney Allyson Mills has taught color guard and dance at over 150 high schools and universities. A two-time WGI gold medalist with The Company and a DCI finalist with Carolina Crown, she is also the founder and facilitator of ColorguardEDU.
Blue Devils 1996
In 1996, the Blue Devils Winter Guard performed one of the highest-scoring shows of all time. With a score of 99.55 and a show that captivated the audience, the Blue Devils created an audio/visual journey that paved the way for many color guards for years to come.
The set is simple but architecturally stunning. Abstract window frames surround the floor, creating an environment that is familiar yet intriguing. The beautiful operatic soprano sounds of “Summertime” fill the arena and the same feeling of intriguing familiarity washes over the audience.
Duets find each other in the negative space to create different partnerings. Some of the duets connect, some of the duets “duel.” As the beautiful melody continues, the stage begins to fill with sabres working through the blade and into the hilt — and always with movement that brings out the choreographic nature of the equipment. The feeling is sultry, fluid, and feminine.
Rifles begin to file into the space and, musically, something changes. Underneath the operatic sounds of “Summertime,” a percussive quality softly sounds and then fades away. Sabres are still working in the sultry feeling already established and the rifles choreographic choice begins to change the feeling on the floor. The work is quick, strong, and masculine.
Soon the sounds of a third rendition of “Summertime” enters the space, as do the flags. This version is filled with pain, blues, and heaviness. The flag choreography mimics the sound, helping to create a new aesthetic.
All three sections of the guard are performing in harmony, to different versions of the same song. The three versions continue to overlap, audibly, sounding like someone is adjusting a radio knob to get the most clear sound. Although there are multiple sounds overlapping, as well as visual ideas, the energy never feels overwhelming. Each performer commits to his or her version of “Summertime” until the entire floor is taken over by one sound and one piece of equipment.
Suddenly a funky, percussive, Latin version of “Summertime” takes over. The nuance on the floor shifts to unify the guard in the same stylistic idea for the first time since the show began. The entire color guard presents a strong and energetic flag feature. The energy in the space is over the top, as the cast uses an enormous amount of space to fulfill the sonic responsibility.
Just as sudden as the flag feature begins, it ends. The music then begins to change back into the other versions of “Summertime” and the performers begin to disperse from their unified flag block. As they scatter, they pick up different qualities within the soundtrack and fill the floor with motion.
To finish the show, the funky “Summertime” reappears and the performers fill the space with musicality and energy. In the very last moments, the guard finds itself sitting on the floor, looking out at the audience, as a duet moves toward each other and finishes with a passionate embrace. The sonic idea, to take three versions of the same song and align them to three different visual ideas made for an epic moment in WGI history.
By Courtney Allyson Mills
Previous Year Back to History Next Year
Record-setting 35-2 Blue Devils in KCKCC Hall of Fame Friday – Welcome to Wyandotte Daily!
108-106 triple overtime win catapulted Lady Blue Devils to record 31 straight winsA member of KCKCC’s 35-2 team in 1996-1997 and current Lady Blue Devil softball coach, Kacy Tillery put up a shot in an 81-57 win over Casper (Wyo. ) as Blue Devils finished fifth in NJCAA Division I national tournament. (KCKCC photo by Alan Hoskins)
by Alan Hoskins, KCKCC
It was the greatest single season in Kansas City Kansas Community College women’s basketball.
Built on a foundation of a team that had won 28 games and shared the Jayhawk Conference championship at 15-1 the previous season, the 1996-1997 Lady Blue Devils wrote marks into the record book that will never be broken:
The winningest team in KCKCC history (35-2), the Blue Devils also won an all-time best 31 straight games and became the first team in Jayhawk Conference history to finish 18-0. Their only two losses came at the hands of the No. 1 seeded team in the NJCAA Division I national tournament (Central Florida) and the 1997 national champion, Trinity Valley.
The Blue Devils were also the first and only KCKCC to ever qualify for the Division I national tournament, finishing fifth and fourth in the final NJCAA poll – both all-time bests.
The outstanding feats of the 1996-1997 team will be recognized Friday when it will be inducted into the KCKCC Athletic Hall of Fame, only the second Blue Devil team to be so honored. The induction will come about 7:45 p.m. between the KCKCC women’s and men’s games in the Keith Lindsey Classic. While members of the team have spread as far away as Europe, head coach Leslie Crane will attend along with at least two players, current KCKCC softball coach Kacy Tillery and Heather Horyna.
“Coach Crane told us from the beginning that we had a chance to go to the national tournament,” said Tillery, a Piper graduate. “I remember she had a pyramid drawn up with bricks and whoever had a good game, got to color in one of the blocks. I believe I got the Highland game because I scored 12 or 14 points. It was a pretty tight team.
Not only did the 1996-1997 team re-write the record book, it took part in what is widely recognized as the greatest game in Jayhawk Conference history. Playing at Independence, the team that prevented the Blue Devils from a national tournament berth the previous season, the Blue Devils won 108-106 in three overtimes in a game that would set the tone for the remainder of the season.
“I’ll remember it until I die,” said Crane, who ironically is in her fourth season as head coach at Independence. “Coaching here now, I think about it often. We may have scored first but on Indy’s first possession, the Feurborn kid from Garnett who I had recruited had a shot from the far corner hit the corner of the backboard and bounce in and right then I knew we were in for a battle. It was great offensive battle. No defense.”
KCKCC lost Petronyte on fouls in the first overtime; the All-American, Kausaite, in the second.
“I thought there was no way and then Sonata (Pranaityte) and Erica Lewis turned it on in the third overtime. They just took over, bringing ball down the floor, rebounding, scoring. I think Maryam Malone was still in the game at the point and maybe Heather Horyna, Anne Shepherd, Mellisa Washburn or Kacy.
“It was a total team effort. Everyone played and contributed and they were not going to be denied. When you get mentalities like that, it grows and after that game, I saw a complete change. They were not going to face anything tougher. That game shaped the rest of the season for us.”
When the dust had settled about 11 o’clock (the men’s teams had played the first game), Kausaite had scored what still is a KCKCC record 44 points and grabbed 14 rebounds. A Kodak first team All-American, who averaged 21.6 points and 10.9 rebounds while shooting 58.6 percent from the field, Kausaite was also named the MVP for the Jayhawk Conference and was selected to the all-tournament team at the national tourney.
She was also one of four Blue Devils to average in double figures for the season.
“You can’t compare that kind of talent,” said Crane, who would go on to serve as an assistant coach at the University of Missouri and then was head coach at Western Illinois from 1998-2011. “They were better than many four-year college teams. Any of our starting five could have started for any team in the conference and we had a 6-5 post coming off the bench.
“Jurgita Kausaite was a machine, a scoring machine. I’ve never had players as good as Jurgita and Rima (Petronyte) at those positions. They made me look good. Great players make great coaches.” Kausaite is now a coach in Sweden while Petronyte has a business in her native country of Lithuania.
To get to the national tournament, KCKCC knocked out Cowley 76-56 and Barton County 62-50 before ousting Seward County 76-56 in the championship game.
“Going into the final game, I had two or three of the players come up to me and say, “There’s no way we’re going to lose. Their goal was the national tournament and they weren’t going to let it get away.”
KCKCC opened national tournament play with a 77-51 rout of Savannah Tech but then fell in the quarterfinals to No. 1 seeded Central Florida 78-58. Dropped into the consolation bracket, they finished the season with wins over Casper (Wyo.) 81-57 and North Idaho 71-59. The Blue Devils only other loss had come in just the third game of the season, a 74-64 setback at Trinity Valley (Texas), the team that would go on to win the national championship over Central Florida.
A footnote to the national tournament. The head coach at Trinity Valley was Kurt Budke, a former men’s assistant coach at KCKCC and interim women’s head coach for one season. Budke was head coach at Oklahoma State when he was tragically killed in a plane crash while on a recruiting trip.
THE BLUE DEVILS OF NADA
by Russell Banks ‧ RELEASE DATE: Nov. 12, 2013
One of America’s great novelists (Lost Memory of Skin, 2011, etc.) also writes excellent stories, as his sixth collection reminds readers.
Don’t expect atmospheric mood poems or avant-garde stylistic games in these dozen tales. Banks is a traditionalist, interested in narrative and character development; his simple, flexible prose doesn’t call attention to itself as it serves those aims. The intricate, not necessarily permanent bonds of family are a central concern. The bleak, stoic “Former Marine” depicts an aging father driven to extremes because he’s too proud to admit to his adult sons that he can no longer take care of himself. In the heartbreaking title story, the death of a beloved dog signals the final rupture in a family already rent by divorce. Fraught marriages in all their variety are unsparingly scrutinized in “Christmas Party,” Big Dog” and “The Outer Banks.” But as the collection moves along, interactions with strangers begin to occupy center stage. The protagonist of “The Invisible Parrot” transcends the anxieties of his hard-pressed life through an impromptu act of generosity to a junkie. A man waiting in an airport bar is the uneasy recipient of confidences about “Searching for Veronica” from a woman whose truthfulness and motives he begins to suspect, until he flees since “the only safe response is to quarantine yourself.” Lurking menace that erupts into violence features in many Banks novels, and here, it provides jarring climaxes to two otherwise solid stories, “Blue” and “The Green Door.” Yet Banks quietly conveys compassion for even the darkest of his characters. Many of them (like their author) are older, at a point in life where options narrow and the future is uncomfortably close at hand—which is why widowed Isabel’s fearless shucking of her confining past is so exhilarating in “SnowBirds,” albeit counterbalanced by her friend Jane’s bleak acceptance of her own limited prospects.Old-fashioned short fiction: honest, probing and moving.
Pub Date: Nov. 12, 2013
Page Count: 304
Review Posted Online: Sept. 1, 2013
Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2013
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Duke out of ACC tournament after positive COVID-19 result within program
Duke has withdrawn from the ACC tournament and ended its season after a positive COVID-19 test within the program.
The ACC announced Thursday that the Blue Devils’ conference tournament quarterfinal game against Florida State was canceled after “a positive test, subsequent quarantining, and contact tracing within the Duke men’s basketball program.”
Duke athletic director Kevin White said in a statement that the cancellation “will end our 2020-21 season,” snapping the Blue Devils’ streak of 24 consecutive NCAA tournament appearances.
The Blue Devils (13-11, 9-9 ACC), who won their first two games in the conference tournament, entered the week knowing that they likely needed to win the ACC tournament to extend the NCAA streak dating back to 1996.
“I feel deeply for our players, who have done a terrific job all season in taking care of each other and the team,” Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski said as part of a statement released by the school. “I am extremely proud of their collective attitudes and effort, which could not have been stronger. We are disappointed we cannot keep fighting together as a group after two outstanding days in Greensboro. This season was a challenge for every team across the country and as we have seen over and over, this global pandemic is very cruel and is not yet over. As many safeguards as we implemented, no one is immune to this terrible virus.”
Florida State will advance to the tournament’s semifinal round to play North Carolina, an 81-73 winner over Virginia Tech on Thursday night.
Duke beat Louisville 70-56 on Wednesday to keep its NCAA tournament hopes alive. The Blue Devils had moved into Joe Lunardi’s Next Four Out in his latest Bracketology; they needed to beat Florida State and perhaps get another win to receive an at-large bid on Sunday.
“Unfortunately, after going an entire season with no positive COVID-19 tests among our men’s basketball student-athletes and coaching staff, one member of our program tested positive following Wednesday’s ACC Tournament game in Greensboro,” White said. “After working with our medical professionals and following Duke and ACC Medical Advisory Group health, safety, and contact tracing protocols, the student-athletes on our team are now in quarantine. Since last March when the pandemic started, we have listened to our medical experts and always put safety at the forefront of any determinations regarding competition. As a result, this will end our 2020-21 season. We wish every team still playing college basketball good health and the very best during the next few weeks.”
Louisville (13-7, 8-5) announced all Tier 1 individuals within its program have tested negative for COVID-19 and that the team is “on a path to have the requisite consecutive days of negative tests to be able to compete in the NCAA tournament.”
“While our season was different than any other that I can remember, I loved the 2020-21 Duke Basketball team and was honored to be their coach,” Krzyzewski said. “We have not asked more of any team in our history, and they deserve enormous credit for handling everything like the outstanding young men they are.”
Blue Devils run over Bruins
Blue Devils run over Bruins
Disciplinary action keeps O’Bannon out for first half of
By Scott Yamaguchi
Daily Bruin Staff
DURHAM, N. C. — Before Sunday afternoon’s match-up against UCLA,
Duke won 94 consecutive nonleague games in cozy Cameron Indoor
Arena dating back to the 1983 season.
Heading into Sunday’s contest, however, the streak appeared to
be in serious peril. After all, UCLA crushed the Blue Devils in
their last meeting, a 100-77 shellacking in Westwood last February,
and the No. 16 Bruins rode in winning 17 of their last 20
Duke, unranked since Jan. 8, struggled to a 16-10 record,
including a 7-7 mark in the Atlantic Coast Conference and only one
victory over a top 20 opponent.
As it turned out, the Blue Devils were able to capitalize on the
first-half absence of UCLA forward Charles O’Bannon and blow the
Bruins out of the gym in an 85-66, denying the Bruins their first
road victory at Duke in four attempts.
“I thought that Duke played nearly flawless,” UCLA head coach
Jim Harrick said. “They were a lot more aggressive than we were –
they played a great game. “
True, the Blue Devils turned in an impressive performance. They
committed just six turnovers, forced 18, and held the Bruins, who
lead the NCAA with a 53.0 field goal shooting percentage, to just
42.9 percent from the field.
But Duke’s cause was clearly helped by the first-half absence of
O’Bannon, UCLA’s third leading scorer (14.5 points per game) and
rebounder (6.2 per game).
O’Bannon, who hit the game-winner in the UCLA’s win at USC on
Thursday, sat out of the first half for disciplinary reasons that
neither player nor coach cared to discuss.
“That was my decision, I didn’t want to play him in the first
half,” Harrick said. “It had nothing to do with performance –
sometimes a coach does what he wants to do.”
Not that Harrick wanted to lose this game, and even afterward,
he was wary of gauging the impact that his decision had on his
“I don’t think Charles’ absence affected the team,” he said.
“Maybe it did, because we played a lot better in the second
Without him, the Bruins had struggled through a shaky first half
that saw Duke’s lead reach 16 points when Chris Collins hit the
first of his four three-pointers with 8:36 left.
Bruin sophomore Kris Johnson, who was replaced in the starting
lineup just last week, filled in admirably for O’Bannon, scoring a
team-high 21 points, 12 of which came before halftime.
However, UCLA missed O’Bannon’s presence in the paint as the
Bruins yielded 11 offensive rebounds in the first 20 minutes. On
the game, the Bruins (19-7) were out-rebounded 41-35 and gave up 19
on the offensive glass.
“We’ve been an awfully good rebounding team,” Harrick said. “But
we weren’t today.”
Part of that can be attributed to Duke’s inside tandem of Greg
Newton and Taymon Domzalski, who combined for 20 rebounds. Part of
that can also be attributed to J.R. Henderson and Jelani McCoy –
UCLA’s best inside players.
Henderson, who leads the Bruins in scoring with 15.4 points per
game grabbed nine boards but was held to four points. And McCoy,
who leads the Bruins with 7.3 rebounds per game, scored 12 points,
but collected just four boards while earning a pair of three-second
Things improved for UCLA when O’Bannon finally checked into the
game with 16 minutes remaining. Consecutive three-pointers by he
and Toby Bailey sparked a 12-5 run that cut the gap to 62-57 with
six minutes to go.
But in the end, Collins proved to be too much. The senior guard,
who finished with a game-high 27 points, ended UCLA’s short run
with a 24-foot bomb at the 5:32 mark. Henderson posted up and
answered with a lay in on UCLA’s ensuing possession, but that would
be their last field goal of the game.
Collins sealed UCLA’s fate, collecting two steals, assisting
Newton on a monster tomahawk dunk, and scoring five of the Blue
Devils’ final 10 points down the stretch.
“Collins is a senior, and the experience showed for him,”
FRED HE/Daily Bruin
Kris Johnson filled in for Charles O’Bannon and scored 21
points.Comments to [email protected]
Awards and prizes: Berlin Film Festival 1996
| Dates: February 15 – February 26 |
Location: Zoopalast Theater, Berlin, Germany
Sense and Sensibility
|Other participants of the competition program:|
|Participants of the competition program:|
Sean Penn – Dead Man Walking
Anouk Grinberg – Mon homme
Richard Loncraine – Richard III
Ho Yim – The sun has ears
Ho Yim – Taiyang you er
Yoichi Higashi – Eno nakano bokuno mura
Lust och fägring stor
|Berlinale Camera Award of Honor|
|Children’s section of the festival: Senator’s Prize in honor of women, youth and family|
My Friend Joe
|Children’s section of the festival: Prize for the best short film|
|Children’s section of the festival: Prize for the best short film – honorable mention|
|Festival Children’s Section: Special Mention|
The Celluloid Closet
I’ll Be Your Mirror
The Watermelon Woman
Taiyang you er
Bulan tertusuk ilalang
Chacun cherche son chat
Dead Man Walking
En avoir (ou pas)
Ri guang xia gu
Devils Don’t Dream!
Welcome to the Dollhouse
En avoir (ou pas)
|United Nations Children’s Fund Prize (UNICEF)|
De jongen die niet meer praatte
|United Nations Children’s Fund Prize – Special Mention|
|Alfred Bauer Prize|
|Alfred Bauer Prize – Honorable Mention|
Ri guang xia gu
|Blue Angel Festival Special Prize for Best European Film|
Lust och fägring stor
|Caligari Award for Innovation in the Young Cinema Program|
|Mionetto Film Award|
Stagona ston okeano
|New York Film Academy Awards (Panorama Program)|
|New York Film Academy Awards – Special Mention (Panorama Program)|
|New York Film Academy Scholarship|
Shoot Me Angel
|Peace Film Award|
Devils Don’t Dream!
|Wolfgang Staudte Prize|
|German Art House Guild Prize|
Dead Man Walking
|Berliner Morgenpost Newspaper Prize|
Dead Man Walking
Sense and Sensibility
Sense and Sensibility
|Berliner Zeitung Newspaper Prize|
|Siegessäule Newspaper Prize|
Paris Was a Woman
Duke Blue Devils (basketball) is… What is Duke Blue Devils (basketball)?
|Duke Blue Devils|
|Head coach||Mike Krzyzewski (31st year)|
|Arena|| Cameron Indore Stadium
|Colors|| Blue and White
|1991, 1992, 2001, 2010|
|1964, 1978, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1999|
|1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2010|
|1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2010|
|1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011|
|1955, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012|
|Conference Tournament Winners|
|1938, 1941, 1942, 1944, 1946, 1960, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1978, 1980, 1986, 1988, 1992, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011|
|RF Conference Winners|
|1940, 1942, 1943, 1954, 1958, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1979, 1986, 1991, 1992, 1994, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2010|
Duke Blue Devils (eng. Duke Blue Devils ) is a Duke University men’s basketball team playing in the NCAA Championship, Atlantic Coast Conference. The Blue Devils are 4-time NCAA champions, last won the title in 2010. In terms of the number of victories in the championship, Duke is second only to the UKLA Bruins (11 titles), Kentucky Wildcats (8), North Carolina Tar Hills (5) and Indiana Hoosiers (5).
In 1906, Wilbur Wade Card (eng.) Russian. – the sports director of Duke University, which at the time was called Trinity College – introduced the public to a new sport – basketball. On January 30, Vestnik Trinity published the news about the new sport on its home page. Trinity lost their first-ever match 24-10 to Wake Forrest University. Trinity won their first title in 1920, winning the North Carolina State Championship. In the 1920s, the institution changed its name to Duke University  .
In 1970, Duke won its 1,000th victory, becoming the eighth university to achieve this number. Bill Foster (basketball) – Head coach of the Blue Devils who led the team to the 1978 NCAA Finals, where it lost to the Kentucky Wild Cats at  .
Mike Krzyzewski took over the team in 1980. Under him, Duke made 11 NCAA Final Fours and 4 NCAA champions. With him, the team has won more than 900 championship victories, which is a record for the current NCAA team coaches.
During the First World War, a unit called the Alpine Archers operated in the French army, it was also known by the nickname “Blue Devils” (fr. “les Diables Bleus” or English “Blue Devils” ). They were renowned for their bravery and gallantry, when the United States entered the war, American soldiers were impressed by the beautiful blue uniform they wore. Stories about this interesting unit spread throughout the United States.In September 1921, a campaign dedicated to choosing a name for a football team began on the pages of the Trinity Messenger. The administration of the educational institution wanted to achieve immediate recognition of the new name, so that it was immediately on everyone’s lips. The candidates were: “Blue Titans” (eng. “Blue Titans” ), “Blue Eagles” (eng. “Blue Eagles” ), “Polar Bears” (eng. “Polar Bears” ), “Blue Devils ”(eng. “ Blue Devils ”),“ Royal Blazes ”(eng. “ Royal Blazes ”) and“ Blue Warriors ”(eng. “Blue Warriors” ). The Devils option did not win with a clear advantage – many did not like the name for religious reasons. As a result, the editors of Trinity Vestnik came to the conclusion that they would name the team after the candidate with the most votes, and that was the Blue Devils. In the first season, even the cheerleaders did not give the team their chosen name, but the newspaper stubbornly continued to print the Blue Devils and the name stuck to  .
Current NBA Players
- Battier, Shane
- Brand, Elton
- Boozer, Carlos
- Dunleavy, Mike Jr.
- Deng, Luol
- Jones, Dantei
- Duhon, Chris
- Irving, Kyrie
- Maggetti, Corey
- Macroberts, Josh
- Redick, JJ
- Rivers, Austin
- Singler, Kyle
- Smith, Nolan
- Williams, Shelden
- Henderson, Gerald
- Hill, Grant
BLUES | DANCE DICTIONARY
[eng. Blues – melancholy, blues]
1. Solo lyric song of African American origin.
2. A popular jazz style of music born in the late 19th century based on songs from black Americans. Distinguish between its urban (City Blues) and rural (Country Blues) varieties. He had a great influence on the development of world dance culture.In particular, the urban City Blues was the progenitor of popular music and dance styles: Boogie-Woogie, Swing, Rhythm and Blues, Rock and Roll.
3. American ballroom dance of a lyrical character. Musical size – 4/4. The tempo is slow, 20 beats per minute. All beats of the measure are accented. Performed in pairs, in a closed position, moving through the hall. The dance is characterized by an alternation of fast and slow steps and a slight tread when changing legs. The blues is popular in small venues and discos as the easiest slow pair dance.
4. Compulsory dance in ice dancing sports. Musical size – 4/4. The pace is slow.
Originally, the Blues was exclusively a song genre that grew out of African American labor and religious chants during the US slavery period. The name is supposedly derived from an American idiomatic expression that literally translates to “feel the blue of the sky.” to feel blue – fig.”To be in sorrow”]. This probably gave rise to the idiom “blue devils”, corresponding to the Russian expression “green longing” [eng. blue devils – letters. “Blue devils”, figures. “Blue melancholy, melancholy, blues”], which then transformed into the monosyllabic word “blues” [eng. Blues ].
Blues songs are characterized by a certain structure of stanzas and special “blues” intonations in the melody. For example, the typical form of an early 20th century American blues song is stanzas with three lines of text, four measures per line.Moreover, the last two lines repeat each other, which further enhances the feeling of sadness.
In the late 1910s, a rougher and more aggressive urban version of the Blues, the City Blues, emerged in Chicago. City Blues – city blues]. In contrast, rural blues samples came to be called Country Blues. Country Blues – country blues]. Later, these two branches of American music existed relatively independently, but constantly “intertwined” with each other, exchanging characteristic elements.
The City Blues direction developed especially rapidly. The attractiveness of his musical form and the possibility of improvisation attracted the best jazz musicians to him. Blues tunes sounded in cabarets and music halls, and soon began to be released on record. They were then called “racial gramophone records”, since the first performers of the Blues were black Americans.
The blues has proven to be an extremely multifaceted phenomenon. At one time, his measuredly balancing rhythms gave rise to the Boogie-Woogie piano style.Rhythm and Blues grew out of it. He also helped to create Rock and Roll, Skiffle, Soul Music and many other musical directions. At the same time, the Blues itself has always remained a self-sufficient song and musical genre.
In the 1920s, Blues was used as entertainment music in bars with small dance halls, otherwise known as “dance diners”. Juke Joint – Lit. “Gramophone gathering”]. Here the first dances to his melodies appeared.They were performed at a very slow rhythm, in keeping with the original blues patterns. Such dances required a high degree of control when moving in pairs. Later, the dance rhythm of the Blues accelerated somewhat, under the influence of Foxtrot. The blues became more lively, gained additional popularity and became the basis of a series of ballroom dances such as the Blues Trot [eng. Blues Trot ] and Yale Blues [eng. Yale Blues ].
In 1923, the Blues appeared as a dance in England, and by the late 1920s it had established itself throughout Europe as a slow dance to lyrical tune.Since then, he has been dancing like this: the partner and the partner, being in a close position, step from foot to foot in the rhythm “slowly – slowly – quickly-quickly.” In this case, the movement of the hips emphasizes the second and fourth beats of the measure. However, it must be admitted that there are also more complex choreographic interpretations of the Ballroom Blues.
Blues musical elements, in a somewhat simplified form, were widely used in popular dance music of the 20th century: for example, they determined the character of such fashionable dances as Madison and Twist.
Blues is the slowest of ballroom dancing. It is readily performed when the dance floor is small or when you need to take a break from the abrupt nervous rhythms of other dances. The Blues’ success has not diminished over the years. He is now danced to almost any slow music of lyrical mood. There is even a waltz blues dance of this type – when the tempo of the music is too fast for waltz whirling, but the melody is so cute that it requires you to hug each other and step from side to side.The blues will always be danced, because it is so romantic! And he also does not need to be trained – only a sense of rhythm is required.
Watch video – complicated interpretation of ballroom dance Blues:
Watch the video – Sports Ice Dance Blues:
At the festival “Baltic House” – Newspaper Kommersant № 73 (1031) from 27.04.1996& nbsp At the Baltic House festival
From the life of puppets
At the Baltic House festival in St. Petersburg, a performance by the Vilnius Youth Theater “Doll House” directed by Jonas Vaitkus was shown.
The famous play by Henrik Ibsen is dearly loved by the Russian psychological theater, which preserves the memories of Nora performed by Vera Komissarzhevskaya. Vaitkus staged “A Doll’s House” in a surrealist aesthetics that is completely unusual for us. Two themes stated by Ibsen turn into the main stage metaphors – the theme of the doll house and the theme of the masquerade. The image of the doll house has been expanded to the image of the doll world – poisonous aniline colors, bizarre lines, a huge chandelier dressed in a dress of the bride of death, a blue and white backdrop with a hand painted on it, costumes devoid of any functionality – all this brings to mind metaphysical painting de Chirico and Dali’s surrealism (artist J.Achikauskas). The house of Nora and the lawyer Helmer is cleared of everyday life, like Ibsen’s play as interpreted by Vaitkus. The king of this puppet kingdom, this world of reptiles and insects, the disgusting Helmer (I. Bareikis) sits on a scarlet fantastic construction that looks like a cage, a dentist’s chair, a snake egg and a cobweb at the same time. Like a huge spider, he controls the doll house and plays the puppet Nora, as if sucking blood from her (in the last act, this metaphor is literally embodied – the red scarf around Nora’s neck symbolizes both the thread pulled by the puppeteer and a trickle of blood).
In the third act of the play, we are talking about a Christmas masquerade. In Vaitkus, a masquerade is the initial state of a doll house, all the inhabitants of which are not just dolls, but cartoons. The main victim, terrified to death and entangled to death in a poisonous web, is Nora herself (D. Overaite). Middle-aged and ugly, luridly painted and dressed up in a ridiculous wig, she is forced to grimace, depicting a “doll” and “squirrel”. Nora’s children, because of whom so many stage tears and critical ink were shed, are plastic dolls in the hands of the nurse-fate, who is continuously on the stage.There are perhaps a lot of symbols of providence in the Lithuanian “Doll’s House” – and a pointing hand on the backdrop, and a maid reminiscent of a maid from Uncle Vanya by Nyakrosius, and a fatal copper-haired Christina (D. Storite), creeping into Nora’s life like an emerald snake.
During the first two acts, united by Vaitkus into one, the audience deciphers the scenographic and mise-en-scene rebuses. The symbolism of the performance, with all its spectacular catchiness and mathematical thoughtfulness, sometimes seems unambiguous and intrusive.Having read Ibsen as a symbolist and surrealist, in the first two acts the director does not always cope with the so-called Ibsen psychologism – for example, with long dialogues that sag in a Lithuanian performance and slow down the action. Sometimes doubts arise – whether the performance, if deprived of its bizarre surrealist clothes, will turn out to be rather traditional and boring in its nakedness. However, these doubts disappear in the brilliantly resolved final act. Ibsen, defending himself against those who forced him to redo the “immoral” third act, said that he was writing the play for the sake of the finale.Probably, following the great Norwegian, Vaitkus could repeat that he staged the play for the finale.
The third act of “A Doll’s House” with its long discussion and painful exposure (“Sit down, Torvald. We have something to talk about …” colloquial rhetoric. In Vaitkus’s play, Nora’s release is decided by pure theatrical means. Her red costume of a circus acrobat seems soaked in blood, and her dull black dress in the finale is a mourning for a doll’s life.A bloody, grinning fox, draped over the heroine’s shoulders, is about to grab her throat. In the finale, Helmer, on the other hand, undresses, remaining almost naked (exposed) and helpless, the hypnotic spell dissipated, Nora escaped from his web. The solution to the ending and some other scenes (for example, the similarity between Christina’s dress and Nora’s final costume) refers to Bergman’s “Dollhouse”, who also undressed Helmer and forced Nora to go into the hall.
Nora’s final monologue turns not to the pathetic Helmer, who squeezed into a spider’s chair, but to the audience.She frantically parodies Nora the doll, Nora the lark and Nora the little squirrel, mocking her past life and thus outliving it. The depth and passion of self-exposure allows the performance to get rid of all the speculativeness of previous acts, and the audience – to experience a real catharsis. In the final scene, all the characters in the play perform a dance of wind-up puppets and leave in the direction indicated by the huge hand on the backdrop. Nora leaves in the opposite direction. The play by Jonas Vaitkus in the third act manages to make an equally sharp turn, decisively breaking with stage arithmetic and leaving the artificial world of puppets.
List of Duke Blue Devils Football Seasons
Wikimedia list article
This is a list of seasons ended Football Duke Blue Devils team. Representing Duke University, Blue Devils compete in the Atlantic Coastal Conference Division at the NCAA Division I FBS. Since 1929, Duke has played his home games outside Wallace Wade Stadium in Durham, North Carolina.The Blue Devils began playing football as an independent player in 1888, although the school did not have a team from 1895 to 1919. 1930, the program entered the Southern Conference, where they won nine conferences in 22 years. The Blue Devils joined the ACC as a charter member in 1953 and have been participating in the conference ever since.
The Duke’s main rival is the Tar Hills of North Carolina. The series dates back to 1888 and has been running annually since 1922. Teams compete for the Victory Bell. As of the 2018 season, North Carolina leads the 59–39–4 streak.Location / Playoff Result
|Season||Team||Head Coach||Conference||Division Regular Season Results||Postseason Results||Final Ranking |
|Overall||Conference||Bowl Play / Playoff Result||AP Poll||Coaches Poll|
|Trinity Blue & White|
|1890||1890||No coach||0||1||0||48||000 9000 9000 9000 9000 –|
|7 187 9000 9000 9000|
|7 18792 9000 9000 9000||–||–||–||–|
|1893||1893||3||1 900 08||0||–||–||–||–|
|1922||1922||Hermann Steiner||29000 1||–||–||–|
|Trinity Blue Devils|
|Duke 1124 9138||Howard Jones||Independent||–||4||5||0||–||–||–||–|
|1925 9000 9000er|
|1925 9000 9000er|
|1926||1926||James DeHart||37 0||–||–|
|1931||1931||Wallace Wade||5||3||30007 30007||1||8th||–||–||–|
|1933||1933 †||9||1||0||4||09000-9000 †||–||–||–|
|1934||1934||7||2||0||3||1||T –– –||–|
|1935||1935 †||8||2||0||5||0||0|| 1st † || – |
|1936||1936 †||9||1||0||7||0||0||1st †||– 0007 –|
|9||1||0||5||0||0||1st †||Lost 1939 Rose Bowl vs USC8, 3-7 3 9000||–|
|1939||1939 †||8||1||0||5||0||0|| 1st † || – |
|1940||1940||7||2||0||4||1||0||2nd||–||18||–||9||1||0||5||0||0||1st †||Lost 1942 Rose Bowl 16–20 Oregon 9000||2||–|
|1943||1943 †||8||1||0||4||0||0||1st †||–||1944||1944 †||6||4||0||4||0||0||1st †||Sugar Won A labama, 29–26 ^||11||–|
|1946||1946||Wallace Wade||4||5||0||3||0||29000 9000 9000 –||–|
|1951||1951||Bill Murray||5||4||4||th 2||–||–||–|
|1953||1953 †||AKK||7||2||1||4||0 9008||09000 10 T – 1st †||–||18||18|
|1954||1954 †||8||2||1||4||07 1 th †||Won 1955 Orange Bowl against Nebraska, 34-7 ^||14||14|
|1955||1955 †||7||2||1||0||0||T – 1st †||–||–||16|
|1957||1957||6||3||2||5||1||1||Lost 1958 Orange Bowl against Oklahoma, 21-48 ^||16||14|
|1960||1960 †||8||3||0||5||1||0||1st †||a against Arkansas, 7-6 ^||10||11|
|1961||1961 †||7||3||0||5||190 007 0||1st †||–||20||14|
|1962||1962 †||8||2||0||1st †||–||–||14|
|7 1967 9000 9000 9000 9000||0||2||4||0||Sixth||–||–||–|
|1968||1968||4||6||0||9000 9000 9000 9000||5th||–||–||–|
|1971||1971||Mike McGee||6||5||0||2||3||0||3rd||–||–9000 1972 1972||5||6||0||3||3||0||4th||–||–||–|
|1973||1973 80008 9000 1||1||4||1||5th||–||–||–|
|1980||1980||2||9||0||1||0 90 008||7th||–||–||–|
|1982||1982||6||5||0||3||3||0||T – 3rd||–||–||1983||Steve Sloane||3||8||0||3||3||0||4th||–||–||–|
|1985||1985||4||0 9000||2||5||0||T – 6||–||–||–|
|1988||1988||7||3||1||3||3||1||Sixth||–||–1989||†||8||4||0||6||1||0||T – 1st †||Lost 1989 All-American th bowl against Texas Tech, 21-49 ^||–||–|
|1991||1991||4||6||1||1||6||0||T – 7|
|1994||1994||Fred Goldsmith||8||4||0||5||3||0||T – 3rd||Lost 1995 Bowl Hall of Fame vs.||–||–||1995||3||8||0||1||7||0||8th||–||–||–|
| 1996 9338 || 0 || 11 || 0 || 8 || 9th || – || – || – |
|1998||1998||4||7||2||6||T – 6||–|
|1999||1999||Karl Franks||3||8||3||5||T – 6||–||–||–||11||0||8||9th||–||–||–|
|2002||2002||2||10||0||8||9th||–9000||2003||2003|| Karl Franks |
|2004||2004||Ted Ruf||2||9||1||7||T – 10||–||–||–||1||10||0||8||Sixth||–||–||–|
|2009||2009||5||7||3||5||5th||–||–||–||9||1||7||T – 5||–||–||–|
|2012||2012||6||7||3||5||5th||Bowl lost 2012||–||–|
|2018||2019||5||7||3||5||6th||–||–9004||14 All time: |
| Conference: |
|–|| Postseason: |
(. Overtime rules were introduced in varsity football in 1996, eliminating draws.
Longest losing streaks in college football history
Losing is never fun and when a team loses for a long time it can be reflected in the players and the fans. But what happens when a football team can’t win a single game over several seasons? That’s when things get really tough and you have to appreciate each player’s desire to keep going.
In the history of college football, there have been many teams that have been losing for a long time. While teams and fans would like to forget those years, it is interesting to take a look at teams that are not doing the sport very well.
Longest losing streaks in FCS (Division I-A)
The nation’s largest college football conference is called the Football Championship Division, Division 1-A. And in this epic scene, the Northwestern Wildcats have one record that they would probably like to cross out of the record books.When it comes to Division I-A football, they hold the title with the longest losing streak in history.90,026 Between 1979 and 1982, the Wildcats lost 34 games in a row. That’s six more than their closest competitors, the Virginia Cavaliers, who lost 28 humans (1958-1961), and the Kansas feral cats, which also lost so many (1945-1948).
Here are all the FBS teams that have suffered long losses in at least 20 games.
Longest losing streak in college football history
You may not have heard of this bad streak because it didn’t happen in Division 1-A, but Northwestern’s statistics sheet looks great when compared to Prairie View A&M report.In the 1990s, the football team from this small I-AA school in Texas lost 80 games in a row.
Prairie View A&M Panthers cut their program in 1990 due to huge budget deficits. In June of that year, The Houston Chronicle reported that there was a $ 100,000 shortfall and many people in the sports department, including head football coach Haney Cutchings, were charged.
In 1991, the school brought football back despite the lack of scholarships, and the next seven seasons saw no victories.To make matters worse, in 1991, the Panthers scored only 48 points for the entire season (1992 was not much better, but this year they scored 55 points).
After the 1997 season, the Panthers ended their streak of failures, and since the mid-2000s they have really succeeded. They even won the SWAC Conference Championship three years in a row from 2005 to 2007.
The small school comeback is harrowing, and it pays homage to the team’s success in the 1950s and 60s Black College Championships.You really have to give it to those players who weathered this long drought and played hard against some strong teams.
German Football League – en.wikituscany.com
For the organization that manages two of Germany’s leading football leagues, also known in English as the German Football League, see the Deutsche Fußball Liga.
| Current season, competition or release: |
German Football League 2020
|Previously||American Football 958-958 1999)|
|Number of Teams||16|
|S||New Yorker Lions|
|Most titles||New Yorker Lions (12)|
| Related |
| German Bowl |
German Football League 2
|33 9000 Official Website 9000 g13.info|
B German Football League ( GFL ) is the American Football League in Germany, formed in 1979. The rules of the game are based on the rules of the American NCAA. In 1999, the league changed its name from American Football-Bundesliga to German Football League .
Organization of the league
German federal states with GFL teams in 2020
GFL north GFL south
GFL is divided into northern and southern conferences, each with eight teams.At each conference, each team plays against all other teams in their conference, both at home and away. Prior to 2011, each team also played home and away in interconferences against a team from the opposing conference that ended the previous season at the same location. However, this was abandoned with the expansion of the league to 16 teams. After the end of the regular season, four teams from both conferences advance to the playoffs to determine the German championship. The winner of the conference plays against the team that took 4th place in the other group, the second against the third team in the other conference.The final is called the German Bowl. The lowest ranked team in each conference plays against the winner of the second division and can be demoted if they lose.
For the 2011 season, the league was expanded from 12 to 14 teams. In 2012, the number of teams increased to 16.
Below GFL sits GFL 2 , previously 2nd Bundesliga , which was formed in 1982. It is also divided into North and South divisions, with eight teams each. The 2011 season promotes both the North and South champions, while the runners-up in the two divisions will play the runner-up in the GFL division above for a different league spot in 2012.
For most of its history, the GFL was divided into northern and southern parts. Only in 1979 it was played in the format of a separate division, and from 1986 to 1990 it was divided into four regional divisions. 90,029 90,026 As of 2010, the Munich Cowboys have played more GFL games than any other team, 335, followed by the Berlin Adler with 312, the only other team to have played more than 300 games in the league. The Cowboys have played 29 of 32 possible seasons at the highest level in Germany – more than any other club.
The history of American football in Germany, outside of the US Army bases in the country, began in 1977 when Frankfurter Löwen was founded as the first club to play the game in Germany. At first, this team could only play with US Army teams, without German opposition. The formation of the league goes back to a German TV interview with Alexander Sperber, the son of a US Army soldier and mother of a German woman, which generated enough interest to form a series of teams and a league known as the German American Football League.In March 1979 AFBD , the German American Football Federation (German: American Football – Bund Deutschland ), was created the first of its kind in Europe. This organization was replaced in 1982 by AFVD , German American Football Association (German: American Football – Verband Deutschland ).
In 1979 American Football-Bundesliga , later renamed the German Football League, was formed from six clubs: Frankfurter Löwen, Ansbach Grizzlies, Düsseldorf Panther, Munich Cowboys, Berliner Bären and Bremerhaven Seahawks.Of these six, the top two teams will compete in the first ever German Bowl on November 10, 1979. The first league game took place on 4 August 1979, played between Frankfurter Löwen and Düsseldorf Panther, and ended with a victory for Frankfurt. …
A split occurred in the league’s second and third seasons: Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven left the competition to take part in a separate, short-lived competition, Football League Nordwestdeutsche – NFL . By 1981 Bundesliga had been expanded to two regional divisions of seven clubs each.The early years of the league were dominated by two teams, Frankfurt and Ansbach, who faced each other in the first three editions of the German Bowl. Of these, Frankfurt won the first two without losing in 1979, and Ansbach the last. The Frankfurter Löwen era ended there and the club ceased to exist in the mid-1980s, while the Ansbach Grizzlies continued to be an outstanding team, appearing in all of the first eight German Bowls. Unlike the first season, the playoff semi-finals were played in 1980 and 1981 to determine the two participants in the German Bowl.Since 1982, the playoffs have been expanded to include a quarter-final round.
Ansbach against the Düsseldorf era
In the 1982 season, when Ansbach repeated their title undefeated all season, this time against the Crocodiles of Cologne, the number of clubs increased to fifteen, including two breakaway clubs, Düsseldorf and Bremerhaven. This was followed by an era of rivalry between the Düsseldorf Panther and the Ansbach Grizzlies when the two teams faced off in the next four finals.Of these, the Düsseldorf team won the 1983, 1984 and 1986 championships, and the Grizzlies earned their third championship in 1985. Thanks to the Panthers in 1983 and 1986 and the Grizzlies in 1985, both teams were able to win the title without a loss. all Seasons. With the 1986 final, the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies ended and by 1991 the club had completely disappeared from the upper echelons.
League expansion from 1986 to 1990
Since 1986, the wild card round has been introduced in the playoffs, bringing the number of teams in the playoffs to twelve.The league has now expanded to 24 teams, divided into four divisions. Two of them were in the north, one in the south and the fourth in Central Germany.
In the 1987 German Bowl, two completely new teams competed against each other: Badener Greifs is currently the only league appearance, and Berlin Adler won its first of six national championships in 2016. Both teams advanced to the German Bowl unbeaten throughout the season. In 1988, the Red Barons Cologne beat Düsseldorf Panther in the final, and since 1989 Berlin Adler became the first team to win three championships in a row, all against teams from Cologne.Adler also managed to remain undefeated in 1989 and 1990 and suffered only one defeat in 1991 at home against the Cologne crocodiles. After the 1990 season, the playoffs were again reduced to eight teams, abandoning the wild card round, the system was still in effect as of 2010. The league, which peaked at 26 clubs across four regional divisions in 1990, has been scaled down to a two-division format with eight teams per division.
Düsseldorf Panther Age
The Panther earned their fourth title in 1992 by beating the Munich Cowboys, who won the championship themselves the following year, against the Crocodiles of Cologne, who suffered their fourth defeat in the fourth German Cup.The Munich title in the undefeated 1993 season was to be the last time in the next twelve years for a team from the South to reach the final, and the last time before 2011 when a team from the South wins the championship. In the Bundesliga was and the German Bowl was now dominated by the North. After the 1993 season, which was still attended by 16 clubs, the number of clubs was gradually reduced. In 1994, 14 clubs competed in the league in two of the seven divisions; since 1995, the division has been reduced to six.Over the next 16 seasons, six teams in the division were numbered, with rare seasons being reduced due to late retirement. In addition, an inter-conference round was introduced in 1994, where teams from different divisions now meet for the first time during the regular season.
In 1994 and 1995, the Düsseldorf Panther once again won the German Bowl, winning the second title against the new force in Germany, the Hamburg Blue Devils. In 1996, the Blue Devils changed fate and defeated the Panthers in the final.
Name change; Braunschweig Lions vs Hamburg Blue Devils era
In 1999 the competition adopted its current name and initials. The unusual decision to operate exclusively under an English name and initials in their own country was made to try to prevent confusion among German speakers between the GFL and the country’s more popular football associations.
The most dominant era of any team in German football began in 1997, when the Braunschweig Lions first reached and won the German Cup.Until 2008, Lions played in each of the next twelve German Bowl tournaments and won seven of them. Their first title in 1997 was won against the Cologne Crocodiles, who were now five out of five in the German Bowl. Over the next six seasons, the Lions and Blue Devils fought five times in the finals, with the Lions winning in 1998 and 1999 and the Blue Devils winning in 2001, 2002 and 2003. It wasn’t until 2000 that neither of the two won the Bowl; instead, the Cologne crocodiles finally changed their fortunes and won the championship in their sixth attempt.Meanwhile, in 1999 Bundesliga was renamed the German Football League. In 2002, the league also lost its longest-serving founding member, the Munich Cowboys, to its first relegation, along with another of the original six, Düsseldorf Panther, who missed the 1980 and 1981 seasons due to a split league.
Braunschweig lost its fifth final in a row in 2004, when Berlin-based Adler won his first title in 13 years. The Braunschweig Lions then set a new record by winning four German Bowls in a row, beating four different teams in the final.The Blue Devils faced off against again in 2005, followed by two southern teams, the Marburg Mercenaries in 2006 and the Stuttgart Scorpions in 2007, for an unbeaten season for the Lions. The seventh title “Lviv” received in 2008 against the new force of the Kiel Baltic hurricanes.
Keel also played in the 2009 final, losing to Berlin’s Adler, before finally making it big in 2010 and winning his first title against the same team.90,029 90,026 The 2011 league season was extended from 72 to 98 games due to the expansion of the league. It also marked the end of an 18-year title drought for the south, with the Schwäbisch Hall unicorns defeating Kiel 48–44, winning the national championship for the first time.
In the 2012 season, the Mönchengladbach Mavericks, who finished second in the northern division in 2011, were denied a license, leaving an extra league seat that was granted by Lübeck Cougars. The Schwäbisch Hall unicorns repeated their 2011 success and once again defeated the Kiel Baltic Hurricanes in the German Bowl, becoming the first team from the south to win consecutive championships since the 1982 Ansbach Grizzlies.90,029 90,026 The 2013 season saw a return to northern dominance, with all four southern teams knocked out in the quarterfinals and the German Bowl battling the resurrected Braunschweig Lions, now the New Yorker Lions, and the Dresden Monarchs, first appearing in the championship. In the final, the Lions won their eighth German Cup in a close game 35-34, with the only loss occurring in the last game as Dresden drove down the field with a potentially winning score.
The 2014 season kicked off with the departure of the Hamburg Blue Devils ahead of the season, leaving just seven clubs in the northern division.In the north, Braunschweig won another division with a great season, while the Schwäbisch Hall unicorns won the southern division for the fourth time in a row (who then beat Kiel and Dresden in the playoffs to advance to the final). In 2014, two division champions fought in the German Bowl: Braunschweig won their ninth title and Schwäbisch Hall only scored from a field to the fourth quarter. The Lions won their ninth German Cup win with the highest wins margin, beating the Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns 47-9.
The 2015 season was similar to the previous one, with Schwäbisch Hall and Braunschweig winning their divisions and then advancing to the final, where Braunschweig won again, this time with a narrower margin of 41–31.
Success in American football in Germany and in the German Bowl varies greatly between clubs from the North and South divisions: South, as of 2015, won only eight German Bowls, while North won the remaining 29. Exactly similarly, the southern clubs have only played 20 matches in the Bowl, while the northern clubs have played 54 times.After the first three German Bowl events, the two southern clubs have never played in the final again. Since the end of the golden era of the Ansbach Grizzlies in 1986, the southern clubs have played just nine league games and suffered a drought in the championship from 1993 to 2011. From 1993 to 2006, no southern team reached the German Bowl, with twelve consecutive games. the final was played without southern participation. On five occasions, none of the southern teams made it past the quarterfinals. In 1989, 1995, 1996, 1999 and 2013, all four semi-finalists moved out of the northern division.
The discrepancy is also confirmed by the games between conferences held from 1994 to 2011 between the North and South divisions. Of the 190 games played during this era, North won 140, almost 75 percent, South only 48, and two were tied:
|19959000 9000 0||2|
|1997||North South||0||9513 0||000 1998||North South||10||8||0||29 0013|
|2000||North South||9||6||0||3 9000 9000 9000||12||9||0||3|
|2005||North South||10||9513 09000 2006||North South||12||8||0||4|
|2008||North South||12||9||2||1||North South||10||10||0||0|
As a sign of the strong American influence over the game in Germany with the formation of Bundesliga in 1979, there were no restrictions on the number of foreigners on a team. The only condition was that each team had to field at least three German citizens at the same time. That soon changed, and the number of foreigners allowed on the pitch for a team at any given time, in this case specifically Americans, was reduced to five.90,029 90,026 In 1982 that number was reduced to four, in 1983 to three, and by 1986 only two were allowed on the field for a team at any given time.
In November 2010 Bundesspielordnung issued a set of rules for American football in Germany. One of the important changes was that the sport now put the citizens of the European Union countries on par with the citizens of Germany, which means that there was no longer a limit on the number of these players on each team on the field.However, the restrictions for non-EU nationals remained in place, unless those players were able to prove that they had spent at least three years playing for the youth team in the sport in Germany.
For the 2011 season, a club can register up to ten non-EU players, six of whom will be on the roster for any game, but only two of them are on the field at any given time. These restrictions apply specifically to citizens of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Japan, and exceptions may be made upon request for players from countries without established sports structures.This rule is intended to prevent wealthier clubs from gaining an advantage, which might otherwise hire large numbers of players from countries where American football is traditionally considered.
German Football League 2020
|Berlin Rebels||Berlin 9000||New Yorker Lions||Braunschweig||Eintracht Stadium||25.500|
|Cologne Crocodiles||Cologne||Höhenberg Sports Park||6,2148Monhee 007 Dresden||Heinz Steyr-Arena||3.000|
|Elmshorn Martial pirates||Elmshorn|
|Hildesheim Invaders||Hildesheim||Eintracht Houmfild|
|Kiel Baltic hurricanes||Kiel||Kiliya Platz||5,500|
|Potsdam Royals||Potsdam||Sportpark Luftchiffhafen|
|Frankfurt Universe||Frankfurt||Frankfurter 900 Volksbank Stadion 1242.53||Ingolstadt Dukes||Ingolstadt||Tuya Stadium||11.418|
|Marburg mercenaries||Marburg||Georg Hassmann Stadium||Georg Hassmann 9000 9000 Kov.|
|Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns||Schwäbisch Hall||Optima Sportpark||2,200Gaz8|
Main article: German Bowl
German Bowl participants since 1979:
|Appendix.||Team||Wins||Losses||Winning Percentage||Seasons) †|
|18||New Yorker Lions ‡||12. 1998 , 1999 , 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 , 2006 , 2007 , 2008 , 2013 , 2014 , 2015 , 2016 , 2017 , 2019|
|9||Düsseldorf Panther||6||3||.667||1983 , 1984 , 1985, 1986 , 1988, 1992 , 1994 , 1995 , 1996|
|8||Berlin Adler||6||2||. 750||1987 , 1989 , 1990 , 1991 , 1994, 2004 , 2009 , 2010|
|8||Schwäbisch Hall Unicorns||4||4||.500||2011 , 2012 , 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 , 2018 , 2019|
|8||Hamburg Blue Devils||4||4||.500||1995, 1996 , 1998, 1999, 2001 , 2002 , 2003 , 2005|
|8||Ansbach Grizzlies||3||5||.375||1979, 1980, 1981 , 1982 , 1983, 1984, 1985 , 1986|
|6||Cologne crocodiles||1||5||.167||1982, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1997, 2000|
|5||Kiel Baltic hurricanes||1||4||.200||2008, 2009, 2010 , 2011, 2012|
|3||Frankfurter Leuven||2||1||.667||1979 , 1980 , 1981|
|2||Red Barons Cologne||1500||1988 , 1989|
|2||Munich Cowboys||1||1||.500||1992, 1993|
- † Brave marks victory in the German Bowl.
- ‡ Known as Braunschweig Lions from 1987 to 2010
Season placement GFL
Main article: List of German Football League clubs
League positions since the league was renamed GFL after the 1999 season:
|New Yorker Lions||2||2||1||1||1||1||1||0 1 9000||4||6||6||1||1 900 11||1||1||1||1||1|
|Monarchs of Dresden||4||30007 3||4||3||3||5||3||2||2||2||2||3||2||914ders 914ders 914ders 914ders 914ders|
|Berlin insurgents||4||9000 9000 9147 9147||9000 9000 5||6||5||4||4||3||4|
|Cologne Crocodiles||1||4||3||5||918||918 918||5||4||5|
|Potsdam Royals||9137 6188000 9000 9000||00 9000 900 4||6||6||3||1||2||1||1||1||3||3 9000||29000 7 6||7|
|Cologne falcons||5||4||5||6||8||3||3||9000 Daegu||2||2||4||2||2||4||4||7||6||4 918||8|
|Assindia Cardinals||5||5||6||4918 914 914||4914|
|Champions GFL|| Prize winners G8FL |
- In 2000, the northern division consisted of only five clubs.
- In 2004 and 2005, the southern division consisted of only five clubs.
This is the list of winners of the regional divisions of the GFL. A record 14 divisional titles have been won by the New Yorker Lions, while the Schwäbisch Hall unicorns hold a record of nine in the south. The Ansbach Grizzlies still won their second titles in the South, seven despite not playing in the league since 1990:
|1980||Frankfurter Leuven||Hanau Hawks|
|1981||Frankfurter Leuven||Ansbach Grizzlies|
|1982||Cologne crocodiles||Ansbach Grizzlies|
|1983||Düsseldorf Panther||Ansbach Grizzlies|
|1984||Düsseldorf Panther||Ansbach Grizzlies|
|9000 9007 Ansbach 813 9003 9000 A||North B||Central||South|
|1986||Düsseldorf Panther||Berlin Adler|| Badener Greifs |
Since the Eurocup was founded in 1986, German clubs have competed in most of the seasons.In most cases, the previous season’s German Bowl winner was qualified. More than one German club took part in the competition in individual seasons. Clubs from Germany have won European Cups ten times. The participation of German clubs in the European Football League, and since 2014 in the European Football League BIG6: